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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1885-1891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981407

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Humulus scandens, this study isolated thirteen compounds by different chromatographic methods including silica gel column, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Based on comprehensive analysis, the chemical structures were elucidated and identified as citrunohin A(1), chrysosplenetin(2), casticin(3), neoechinulin A(4), ethyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate(5), 3-hydroxyacetyl-indole(6),(1H-indol-3-yl) oxoacetamide(7), inonotusic acid(8), arteannuin B(9), xanthotoxol(10), α-tocopherol quinone(11), eicosanyl-trans-p-coumarate(12), and 9-oxo-(10E,12E)-octadecadienoic acid(13). Among them, compound 1 was a new dihydrochalcone, and the other compounds were obtained from H. scandens for the first time.


Subject(s)
Humulus , Chalcones , Indoles , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2210-2220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common malignant tumor of biliary tract. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a natural compound with chalcone structure extracted from the roots of licorice and other plants. Relevant studies have shown that ISL has a strong anti-tumor ability in various types of tumors. However, the research of ISL against GBC has not been reported, which needs to be further investigated.@*METHODS@#The effects of ISL against GBC cells in vitro and in vivo were characterized by cytotoxicity test, RNA-sequencing, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, lipid peroxidation detection, ferrous ion detection, glutathione disulphide/glutathione (GSSG/GSH) detection, lentivirus transfection, nude mice tumorigenesis experiment and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#ISL significantly inhibited the proliferation of GBC cells in vitro . The results of transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis showed that ferroptosis was the main pathway of ISL inhibiting the proliferation of GBC, and HMOX1 and GPX4 were the key molecules of ISL-induced ferroptosis. Knockdown of HMOX1 or overexpression of GPX4 can reduce the sensitivity of GBC cells to ISL-induced ferroptosis and significantly restore the viability of GBC cells. Moreover, ISL significantly reversed the iron content, ROS level, lipid peroxidation level and GSSG/GSH ratio of GBC cells. Finally, ISL significantly inhibited the growth of GBC in vivo and regulated the ferroptosis of GBC by mediating HMOX1 and GPX4 .@*CONCLUSION@#ISL induced ferroptosis in GBC mainly by activating p62-Keap1-Nrf2-HMOX1 signaling pathway and down-regulating GPX4 in vitro and in vivo . This evidence may provide a new direction for the treatment of GBC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Chalcones/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Glutathione Disulfide , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1 , Mice, Nude , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6624-6634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008861

ABSTRACT

Carthami Flos, as a traditional blood-activating and stasis-resolving drug, possesses anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory pharmacological activities. Flavonoid glycosides are the main bioactive components in Carthamus tinctorius. Glycosyltransferase deserves to be studied in depth as a downstream modification enzyme in the biosynthesis of active glycoside compounds. This study reported a flavonoid glycosyltransferase CtUGT49 from C. tinctorius based on the transcriptome data, followed by bioinformatic analysis and the investigation of enzymatic properties. The open reading frame(ORF) of the gene was 1 416 bp, encoding 471 amino acid residues with the molecular weight of about 52 kDa. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CtUGT49 belonged to the UGT73 family. According to in vitro enzymatic results, CtUGT49 could catalyze naringenin chalcone to the prunin and choerospondin, and catalyze phloretin to phlorizin and trilobatin, exhibiting good substrate versatility. After the recombinant protein CtUGT49 was obtained by hetero-logous expression and purification, the enzymatic properties of CtUGT49 catalyzing the formation of prunin from naringenin chalcone were investigated. The results showed that the optimal pH value for CtUGT49 catalysis was 7.0, the optimal temperature was 37 ℃, and the highest substrate conversion rate was achieved after 8 h of reaction. The results of enzymatic kinetic parameters showed that the K_m value was 209.90 μmol·L~(-1) and k_(cat) was 48.36 s~(-1) calculated with the method of Michaelis-Menten plot. The discovery of the novel glycosyltransferase CtUGT49 is important for enriching the library of glycosylation tool enzymes and provides a basis for analyzing the glycosylation process of flavonoid glycosides in C. tinctorius.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius/chemistry , Phylogeny , Flavonoids/analysis , Glycosides/analysis , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chalcones
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 292-297, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982700

ABSTRACT

Five new flavonoid derivatives, cajavolubones A-E (1-5), along with six known analogues (6-11) were isolated from Cajanus volubilis, and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and quantum chemical calculations. Cajavolubones A and B (1 and 2) were identified as two geranylated chalcones. Cajavolubone C (3) was a prenylated flavone, while cajavolubones D and E (4 and 5) were two prenylated isoflavanones. Compounds 3, 8, 9 and 11 displayed cytotoxicity against HCT-116 cancer cell line.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/chemistry , Cajanus , Molecular Structure , Chalcones/chemistry
5.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 29(3): 1-7, 2022-08-18. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1393174

ABSTRACT

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most diagnosed cancers worldwide. Chemoprevention of HCC can be achieved using natural or synthetic compounds that reverse, suppress, detect, or prevent cancer progression. Objectives: In this study, both the antiproliferative effects and luminescent properties of 2'-hydroxychalcones were evaluated. Methods: Cell viability was evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay, spectroscopy assays, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used to determine the luminescent properties of 2 ́-hydroxychalcones. Results: Cytotoxic effects of 2 ́-hydroxychalcones were observed over the HepG2 and EA.hy926 cells. Since the chalcone moiety could be used as a fluorescent probe, these compounds may be helpful in cancer diagnosis and tumor localization. They may enable tumor observation and regression through the fluorescence during treatment; therefore, the compounds are a potential candidate as novel anticancer agents acting on human hepatomas. Conclusions: This report describes the chalcones' use as a specific luminescent biomarker in tumor cells. We also report the cellular uptake of 2'-hydroxychalcones, their cellular distribution, and the mechanisms that may be responsible for their cytotoxic effects


ANTECEDENTES: El carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) es uno de los cánceres más diagnosticados en todo el mundo. La quimio prevención del CHC se puede lograr utilizando compuestos naturales o sintéticos que reviertan, supriman, detecten o prevengan la progresión del cáncer. OBJETIVOS: En este estudio, se investigó tanto los efectos antiproliferativos como las propiedades luminiscentes de las 2'-hidroxicalconas. MÉTODOS: La viabilidad celular se evaluó usando el ensayo colorimétrico (MTT), los ensayos de espectroscopia y los cálculos DFT se usaron para determinar las propiedades luminiscentes de las 2 ́-hidroxichalconas. RESULTADOS: Se observaron efectos citotóxicos sobre las líneas celulares del tipo HepG2 y EA.hy926. Dado que la estructura de la 2 ́-hidroxichalcona puede ser usada como sonda fluorescente, estos compuestos pueden ser útiles en el diagnóstico del cáncer y la localización del tumor, ya que pueden permitir la observación a través de la fluorescencia y la regresión del tumor durante el tratamiento, por lo que son candidatas potenciales como nuevos agentes anticancerígenos que podrían actuar sobre hepatomas humanos. CONCLUSIONES: Este trabajo describe el uso de las 2 ́-hidroxichalconas como un biomarcador luminiscente específico para células tumorales. También informamos la captación celular de 2>-hidroxicalconas, su distribución celular y los mecanismos que pueden ser responsables de sus efectos citotóxicos


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Chalcones/pharmacology , Luminescent Agents , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells/drug effects
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 878-885, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of isobavachalcone (IBC) on cell death of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#MCF-7 cells were treated with different concentrations of IBC, and the changes in cell proliferation were assessed using MTT assay. Apoptosis of MCF-7 cells following treatment with 10, 20, and 40 μmol/L IBC was analyzed using flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI double staining and fluorescence microscopy, and the expressions of apoptosis- and autophagy-related proteins (Bax, Bcl-2, Akt, p-Akt, p62, and LC3) were detected with Western blotting. Electron microscopy was used to observe the changes in submicrostructure of the cells following treatment with 40 μmol/L IBC. JC-1 assay kit, ATP assay kit, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) kit were used to determine the effect of IBC on mitochondrial function of the cells.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that IBC significantly inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 38.46, 31.31, and 28.26 μmol/L at 24, 48, and 72 h, respectively. IBC also concentration-dependently induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. IBC-induced cell death was inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a caspase inhibitor (P < 0.05), but not by the necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1 (Nec-1). Western blotting showed that IBC-induced MCF-7 cell apoptosis by increasing Bax expression and down-regulating the expressions of Bcl-2, Akt and p-Akt-473 (all P < 0.05). With the increase of IBC concentration, the expression of autophagy-related protein p62 and the LC3-II/I ratio increased progressively. Electron microscopy revealed the presence of autophagic bodies in IBC-treated MCF-7 cells. IBC treatment also resulted in decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular ATP level and increased ROS accumulation in MCF-7 cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IBC is capable of inducing both apoptosis and autophagy in MCF-7 cells, suggesting the potential value of IBC as a lead compound in the development of anti-breast cancer agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Triphosphate , Cell Death , Chalcones , MCF-7 Cells , Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1152-1164, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405284

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. (C. tinctoria Nutt.) can protect diabetic kidneys, but the mechanisms are unclear. This work is to investigate the potential mechanisms of C. tinctoria Nutt. in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy based on network pharmacology analysis of its active ingredients. Twelve small molecular compounds of C. tinctoria Nutt. and targets related to diabetic nephropathy were docked by Discovery Studio 3.0. DAVID database was used for GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct active ingredient-target network. Cell viability was detected with MTT. Glucose consumption was analyzed with glucose oxidase method. Protein expression was measured with Western blot and immunofluorescence. Electron microscopy observed autophagosomes. The core active ingredients of C. tinctoria Nutt. included heriguard, flavanomarein, maritimein, and marein. Twenty-one core targets of the 43 potential targets were PYGM, TLR2, RAF1, PRKAA2, GPR119, INS, CSF2, TNF, IAPP, AKR1B1, GSK3B, SYK, NFKB2, ESR2, CDK2, FGFR1, HTRA1, AMY2A, CAMK4, GCK, and ABL2. These 21 core targets were significantly enriched in 50 signaling pathways. Thirty- four signaling pathways were closely related to diabetic nephropathy, of which the top pathways were PI3K/AKT, insulin, and mTOR, and insulin resistance. The enriched GO terms included biological processes of protein phosphorylation, and the positive regulation of PI3K signaling and cytokine secretion; cellular components of cytosol, extracellular region, and extracellular space; and molecular function of protein kinase activity, ATP binding, and non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity. In vitro experiments found that marein increased the expression of phosphorylated AKT/AKT in human renal glomerular endothelial cells of an insulin resistance model induced by high glucose, as well as increased and decreased, respectively, the levels of the microtubule-associated proteins, LC3 and P62. C. tinctoria Nutt. has many active ingredients, with main ingredients of heriguard, flavanomarein, maritimein, and marein, and may exert anti-diabetic nephropathy effect through various signaling pathways and targets.


RESUMEN: Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. (C. tinctoria Nutt.) puede proteger riñones diabéticos, sin embargo los mecanismos son desconocidos. Este trabajo se realizó para investigar los potenciales mecanismos de C. tinctoria Nutt. en el tratamiento de la nefropatía diabética basado en el análisis de farmacología en red de sus principios activos. Doce compuestos moleculares pequeños de C. tinctoria Nutt. y los objetivos relacionados con la nefropatía diabética fueron acoplados por Discovery Studio 3.0. La base de datos DAVID se utilizó para el enriquecimiento GO y el análisis de la vía KEGG. Se usó Cytoscape 3.6.1 para construir una red de ingrediente-objetivo activa. La viabili- dad celular se detectó mediante MTT. El consumo de glucosa se analizó con el método de glucosa oxidasa. La expresión proteica fue determinada mediante Western blot e inmunofluorescencia. En la microscopía electrónica se observó autofagosomas. Los principales ingredientes activos de C. tinctoria Nutt. incluyeron heriguard, flavanomarein, maritimin y marein. Veintiún de los 43 objetivos potenciales fueron PYGM, TLR2, RAF1, PRKAA2, GPR119, INS, CSF2, TNF, IAPP, AKR1B1, GSK3B, SYK, NFKB2, ESR2, CDK2, FGFR1, HTRA1, AMY2A, CAMK4, GCK y ABL2. Estos 21 objetivos principales se enriquecieron significativamente en 50 vías de señalización. Treinta y cuatro vías de señalización estuvieron estrechamente relacionadas con la nefropatía diabética, de las cuales las principales vías fueron PI3K/ AKT, insulina y mTOR, y resistencia a la insulina. Los términos GO enriquecidos incluyeron procesos biológicos de fosforilación proteica, la regulación positiva de la señalización de PI3K y la secreción de citoquinas; componentes celulares del citosol, región extracelular y espacio extracelular; y la función molecular de la actividad de la proteína quinasa, la unión de ATP y la actividad de la proteína tirosina quinasa que no se extiende por la membrana. Los experimentos in vitro encontraron que la mareína aumentaba la expresión de AKT/AKT fosforilada en células endoteliales glomerulares renales humanas en un modelo de resistencia a la insulina inducida por niveles elevados de glucosa, así como aumentaron y disminuyeron respectivamente, los niveles de las proteínas asociadas a los microtúbulos, LC3 y P62. C. tinctoria Nutt. tiene muchos principios activos, con ingredientes principales de heriguard, flavanomarein, maritimain y marein, y puede ejercer un efecto de nefropatía antidiabética a través de distintass vías de señalización y objetivos.


Subject(s)
Coreopsis/chemistry , Diabetic Nephropathies , Network Pharmacology , Microscopy, Electron , Blotting, Western , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Chalcones
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1635-1645, dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385530

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Marein is the main active substance of Coreopsis tinctoria nutt. It not only has anti-oxidation and anti-tumor effects, but also can lower blood lipid, prevent high blood glucose, improve insulin resistance, inhibit gluconeogenesis and promote glycogen synthesis. However, the exact mechanism of its action is still unclear. Here, we explored the effect and mechanism of Marein on insulin resistance. The mice were divided into db/m, db/db, metformin+db/db, and marein+db/db groups. The body weight and kidney weight were recorded. Serum biochemical and renal function tests were measured after 8 weeks of continuous administration. Kidney tissues were subjected to HE staining, PAS staining, and Masson staining. The effect of marein on PI3K/Akt signal and autophagy pathway was detected by Western blot. After 8 weeks of Marein intervention, the body weight and kidney weight of mice did not change significantly, but the fasting blood glucose and blood lipid levels were significantly reduced than db/db group. Marein significantly improved the insulin resistance index, increased serum adiponectin and improved glucose and lipid metabolism disorders of db/db mice. Moreover, marein improved the basement membrane thickness of glomeruli and tubules, improved glomerular sclerosis and tubular fibrosis, as well as renal insufficiency, thereby protecting kidney function and delaying the pathological damage. Furthermore, marein increased the expression of PI3K and the phosphorylation of Akt/Akt (Ser473), and promoted the expression of LC3II/I, Beclin1 and ATG5. Additionally, it promoted the expression of FGFR1 in the kidney of db/db mice, and promoted the increase of serum FGF21 and FGF23. Marein has a protective effect on the kidneys of diabetic mice. It protects diabetic nephropathy by regulating the IRS1/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to improve insulin resistance. Therefore, marein may be an insulin sensitizer.


RESUMEN: Marein es la principal sustancia activa de Coreopsis tinctoria nutt. No solo tiene efectos antioxidantes y antitumorales, sino que también puede reducir los lípidos en sangre, prevenir la glucemia alta, mejorar la resistencia a la insulina, inhibir la gluconeogénesis y promover la síntesis de glucógeno. Sin embargo, el mecanismo exacto de su acción aún no está claro. Se analizó el efecto y el mecanismo de Marein sobre la resistencia a la insulina. Los ratones se dividieron en grupos db / m, db / db, metformina + db / db y mareína + db / db. Se registró el peso corporal y el peso de los riñones. Se midieron las pruebas de función renal y bioquímica sérica después de 8 semanas de administración continua. Los tejidos renales se sometieron a tinción HE, tinción PAS y tinción Masson. El efecto de la mareína sobre la señal de PI3K / Akt y la vía de autofagia se detectó mediante Western blot. Al término de 8 semanas de tratamiento con mareína, el peso corporal y el peso de los riñones de los ratones no cambiaron significativamente, pero los niveles de glucosa en sangre y lípidos en sangre en ayunas se redujeron significativamente en relación a los del grupo db / db. Marein mejoró significativamente el índice de resistencia a la insulina, aumentó la adiponectina sérica y mejoró los trastornos del metabolismo de la glucosa y los lípidos de los ratones db / db. Además, la mareína mejoró el grosor de la membrana basal de los glomérulos y túbulos, mejoró la esclerosis glomerular y la fibrosis tubular, así como la insuficiencia renal, protegiendo la función renal y retrasando el daño patológico. Además, la mareína aumentó la expresión de PI3K y la fosforilación de Akt / Akt (Ser473), y promovió la expresión de LC3II / I, Beclin1 y ATG5. Además, promovió la expresión de FGFR1 en el riñón de ratones db / db y el aumento de FGF21 y FGF23 en suero. Marein tiene un efecto protector sobre los riñones de ratones diabéticos. Protege la nefropatía diabética regulando la vía de señalización IRS1 / PI3K / Akt para mejorar la resistencia a la insulina. Por tanto, la mareína puede ser un sensibilizador a la insulina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Insulin Resistance , Chalcones/administration & dosage , Diabetic Nephropathies , Autophagy/drug effects , Blood Glucose , Body Weight/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Lipids/blood
9.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 38(3): 424-433, jul.-sep. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357372

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la toxicidad de tres chalconas sintéticas administradas por vía intraperitoneal en ratones BALB/c. Materiales y métodos: La dosis letal media (DL50) se estimó por el método Up-and-Down de Dixon. La toxicidad subcrónica de las chalconas se evaluó a 20 y 40 mg/kg por 21 días. Se evaluó el efecto tóxico a nivel de comportamiento, fisiológico, bioquímico e histológico. Resultados: La chalcona 43 generó moco en las heces, daño visceral (hígado) y alteración en el coeficiente de órganos (riñón, p = 0,037 y cerebro, p = 0,008) en comparación con el grupo control. Además, en el análisis histológico se observó que esta chalcona produjo edema, inflamación y necrosis en los órganos evaluados, aunque no hubo diferencia significativa con el control. Todos los parámetros bioquímicos no difirieron significativamente entre los grupos de tratamiento a dosis de 40 mg/kg y el control. Conclusiones: La DL50 para las tres chalconas fue superior a 550 mg/kg de peso corporal. Las chalconas 40 y 42 son relativamente no tóxicas. Ambas pueden considerarse seguras para la aplicación vía intraperitoneal en ratones BALB/c y, en consecuencia, son posibles candidatas para ser usadas en el tratamiento contra las leishmaniosis.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the toxicity of three synthetic chalcones administered intraperitoneally to BALB/c mice. Materials and methods: The median lethal dose (LD50) was estimated by Dixon's Up-and-Down method. Subchronic toxicity of chalcones was evaluated at 20 and 40 mg/kg for 21 days. Behavioral, physiological, biochemical, and histological toxic effects were evaluated. Results: Chalcone 43 produced mucus in feces, visceral damage (liver) and alterations in organ coefficient (kidney, p = 0.037 and brain, p = 0.008) when compared to the control group. In addition, histological analysis showed that this chalcone produced edema, inflammation and necrosis in the evaluated organs, although there was no significant difference with the control. None of the biochemical parameters differed significantly between the treatment groups at 40 mg/kg dose and the control. Conclusions: The LD50 for all three chalcones was greater than 550 mg/kg of body weight. Chalcones 40 and 42 were found to be relatively non-toxic. Both can be considered safe for intraperitoneal application in BALB/c mice and, consequently, are potential candidates for use in the treatment of leishmaniasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chalcones , Toxicity , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Chalcone , Toxicity Tests, Subchronic , Drug Development , Leishmania , Mice
10.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2020. 190 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290975

ABSTRACT

Apesar da grande relevância médica e social, e por serem responsáveis por grande parte das mortes em países subdesenvolvidos e em desenvolvimento as doenças negligenciadas (DN), ainda, não apresentam terapêutica eficaz. Dentre as diversas DN, doenças como a doença de Chagas, a Leishmaniose visceral e a malária, se destacam no cenário nacional, por terem alta incidência e prejuízos sociais. Os fármacos disponíveis para o tratamento destas parasitoses, apresentam alta toxicidade e, em alguns casos, resistência por parte dos parasitas. Assim sendo, faz-se necessário o planejamento e desenvolvimento de novos agentes quimioterápicos mais seguros e eficazes. Dentre as diferentes estratégias de planejamento de fármacos, selecionamos o planejamento de fármacos baseado na estrutura do ligante - LBDD (Ligand-Based Drug Design) - como base para desenvolvimento deste trabalho. Nesta estratégia, utiliza-se o conhecimento de moléculas (ligantes) e de suas atividades biológicas conhecidas previamente determinadas experimentalmente, como protótipos para a busca de novas entidades químicas com atividade biológica semelhante ou melhorada. Sendo assim, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo a síntese e avaliação biológica de moléculas bioativas para o tratamento de doenças parasitárias. Baseando-se no conhecimento prévio da atividade antiparasitária de compostos carbonílicos α,ß-insaturados e hidrazonas, foram sintetizados séries de compostos destas classes químicas na busca de novos agentes quimioterápicos. Os compostos obtidos foram avaliados contra a forma epimastigota de Trypanosoma cruzi, promastigota de Leishmania donovani, amastigota de Leishmania infantum e, também, determinou-se o seu grau de citotoxicidade (CC50) frente a células de macrófago humanos diferenciado (THP-1). As 31 moléculas obtidas foram caracterizadas por técnicas de ponto de fusão, RMN 1H e RMN 13C e avaliada sua pureza por HPLC. Os compostos da classe da cinamoil-hidrazonas apresentaram-se como promissores antiparasitários, mostrando atividade frente a forma promastigota (Leishmania donovani), 4 dos 12 compostos foram ativos (IC50= 1,27 - 13,68 µM) e frente a forma amastigota (Leishmania infantum), 10 dos 12 compostos apresentaram atividade (9,09 - 63,5 µM). Mesmo apresentando citotoxicidade moderada (CC50 = 8,83 - 87,47 µM), os compostos obtiveram valores inferiores ao fármaco de referência (doxorubicina: CC50 = 0,26 µM). Diante do exposto, o planejamento de fármacos realizado por LBDD mostrou-se bem-sucedido, pois a classe de cinamoil-hidrazonas mostrou-se promissora como antiparasitários, visto sua atividade na escala de baixo micromolar e moderada citotoxicidade em células humanas. Esses resultados assinalam que a classe de compostos descrita está passível a continuar sendo investigada no intuito de aprimorar os protótipos obtidos na busca de novos agentes quimioterápicos antiparasitários e desvendar os mecanismos de ação leishmanicida


Despite to the great medical and social relevance and the amount of deaths in underdeveloped and developing countries, neglected diseases (ND) still do not have an effective therapy. Among the various ND, illnesses such as Chagas disease, visceral leishmaniasis and malaria holds a great importance in the Brazilian scenario due to high incidence and social damage. The drugs available for the treatment of these parasitosis present high toxicity and, in some cases, resistance by the pathogens. Thus, the planning and development of new, safer and more effective chemotherapeutic substances are urgent needed. Among the different drug planning strategies, we selected ligand-based drug design (LBDD) as the basis for the development of this work. In this strategy, we use the knowledge of molecules (ligands) and their known biological activities previously determined experimentally, as prototypes to search for new chemical entities with similar or improved biological activity. Therefore, the present work aimed the synthesis and biological evaluation of bioactive molecules for the treatment of parasitic diseases. Based on previous knowledge of the antiparasitic activity of α,ß-unsaturated and hydrazone carbonyl compounds, series of compounds of these chemical classes were synthesized in search of new chemotherapeutic agents. The compounds obtained were evaluated against the epimastigote form of Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania donovani promastigote, Leishmania infantum amastigote and their cytotoxicity (CC50) against differentiated human macrophages (THP-1). The 31 molecules obtained were characterized by melting point, 1 H NMR and 13C NMR techniques and their purity were characterized by HPLC. The cinnamoyl hydrazone class compounds showed promising antiparasitic activity, showing activity against promastigote form (L. donovani), 4 of 12 compounds were active (IC50 = 1.27 - 13.68 µM) and amastigote form (L. infantum), 10 of the 12 compounds showed activity (9.09 - 63.5 µM). Even presenting moderate cytotoxicity (CC50 = 8.83 - 87.47 µM), the compounds had values below the reference drug (doxorubicin: CC50 = 0.26 µM). Considering the results, LBDD drug planning proved to be successful and the class of cinnamoyl hydrazones were promising as antiparasitics due to its activity in low micromolar scale and moderate cytotoxicity in human cells. These results indicate that the described class of compounds can be further investigated in order to improve the prototypes obtained in the search for new antiparasitic chemotherapeutic agents and to unravel the mechanisms of action of leishmanicidal molecules


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chalcones/adverse effects , Neglected Diseases/complications , Antiparasitic Agents/adverse effects , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Health Strategies , Developing Countries/classification , Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Antineoplastic Agents/analysis
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1403-1409, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774542

ABSTRACT

The qualitative analysis of flavonoids in Coreopsis tinctoria was carried out by a combination of 2 D-TLC and HPLC-IT-TOF-MS. The separation was conducted on 2 D-TLC and a Phenomenex Kinetex Evo C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.6 μm) with methanol-0.05% aqueous formic acid by gradient elution. Electrospray ionization-(ESI) source was applied and operated in both positive and negative ionization modes. Eighteen flavonoids including three flavonoids, one flavonol, nine flavonones, one flavanonol and four chalcones, were putatively identified from the flavone-enriched fraction of C. tinctoria. 2 D-TLC could separate the flavonoids from C. tinctoria. HPLC-IT-TOF-MS was able to quickly and accurately analyze the flavonoids in C. tinctoria. The results would provide experimental information for the efficacy material basis clarification of C. tinctoria.


Subject(s)
Chalcones , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coreopsis , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 181-186, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687781

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of isoliquiritigenin on the migration and invasion of human glioma stem cells and the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The stem cell markers CD133 and Nestin in SHG44 human glioma stem cells were examined with immunofluorescence microscopy. The migration and invasion ability of glioma stem cells was determined by transwell method. The mRNA and protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were detected by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CD133 and Nestin were positive in SHG44 cells. The number of migrated cells in SHG44 cells treated with 20 and 80 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin for 48 h were significantly lower than that in control group (76±5 and 42±4 vs. 85±6, all <0.01), and the number of migrated cells in 80 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group was lower than that in 20 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group (<0.01). The numbers of cells crossing through membrane in 20 and 80 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin groups were 190±13 and 130±9, respectively, which were significantly lower than that in control group (230±14, all <0.01), and the number of crossed cells in the 80 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group was lower than that in 20 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group (<0.01). The mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were decreased compared with control group (<0.05 or <0.01), and the expression levels in 80 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group were lower than those in 20 μmol/L isoliquiritigenin group (<0.05 or <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Isoliquiritigenin exhibits antitumor effects on glioma stem cells by inhibiting cell migration and invasion, which may be related to the down-regulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Chalcones , Down-Regulation , Glioma , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplastic Stem Cells , RNA, Messenger
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(3): e17343, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974391

ABSTRACT

The hymenolepiosis by Hymenolepis nana is a major public health problem in developing countries, and the commercial drugs against this parasitosis are not enough effective. The combination of antiparasitic and antioxidant agents has improved the treatment of some parasitoses. Thus, the development of new cestocidal and antioxidant agents to treat the hymenolepiosis cases is important. In the present study, four hydroxy- and four dihydroxy-chalcones were synthesized using the catalyst boron trifluoride diethyl etherate (BF3•OEt2). The antioxidant activity and antiparasitic against H. nana of chalcones were tested, as well as the toxicity by the brine shrimp lethality bioassay and the method of Lorke. The antioxidant activity was measured by three radical scavenging assays: 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). The hydroxyl substitution pattern (number and position), mainly in ring B, was responsible for the chalcone antiparasitic activity. At least one meta or para hydroxyl group in ring B was essential for activity of the synthetic chalcones against H. nana; The time taken for the parasite to die by the 3b and 3e chalcones (20 mg/mL) treatment was up to six times lower than the control drug Praziquantel. On the other hand, chalcones with catechol structure in ring B (3g and 3h) showed the highest antioxidant values. The toxicity evaluations suggests that synthetic hydroxychalcones with cestocidal (3b and 3e) and antioxidant (3g and 3h) activities are safe compounds and potential in vivo agents to treat this parasitosis


Subject(s)
Parasitic Diseases/drug therapy , Hymenolepis nana/immunology , Chalcones/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/adverse effects , Antiparasitic Agents/adverse effects
14.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 6(8): 209-215, ago. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-998821

ABSTRACT

Aim. To evaluate the osteogenic potential of chalcones using the rat critical size calvarial defect. Methods. The chalcones were synthesized from acetophenone following the Claisen-Schmidt aldol condensation method by varying the substituted benzaldehydes (3,4-Cl; 4-Cl; 4-CH3; 4-OCH3, H). The five chalcone molecules were evaluated in three concentrations (1 percent, 5 percent and 10 percent) in comparison to control and vehicle (Vaseline) groups. The results of the remaining wound areas were calculated statistically by the ANOVA method followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test and the histological sections were analyzed qualitatively by light microscopy. Results. All molecules at 10 percent concentration showed significant bone closure compared to the control, vehicle and chalcone groups at 1 percent concentration (p<0.01). Active osteoblasts were observed on the repair surfaces in all groups treated with chalcones. Treatment with the C5 molecule at concentration of a 10 percent resulted in greater bone neoformation compared to the other molecules, with features of secondary bone observed. Conclusion. The chalcones evidenced a dose-dependent osteogenic potential and C5 was more effective in bone repair


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Osteogenesis , Chalcones/chemical synthesis , Rats, Wistar
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(6): 555-560, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841154

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the influence of phenyl-propanedione on yellowing and chemical-mechanical properties of experimental resin-based materials photoactivated using different light curing units (LCUs). Material and Methods Experimental resin-based materials with the same organic matrix (60:40 wt% BisGMA:TEGDMA) were mechanically blended using a centrifugal mixing device. To this blend, different photoinitiator systems were added in equimolar concentrations with aliphatic amine doubled by wt%: 0.4 wt% CQ; 0.38 wt% PPD; or 0.2 wt% CQ and 0.19 wt% PPD. The degree of conversion (DC), flexural strength (FS), Young’s modulus (YM), Knoop hardness (KNH), crosslinking density (CLD), and yellowing (Y) were evaluated (n=10). All samples were light cured with the following LCUs: a halogen lamp (XL 2500), a monowave LED (Radii), or a polywave LED (Valo) with 16 J/cm2. The results were analysed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α=0.05). Results No statistical differences were found between the different photoinitiator systems to KNH, CLS, FS, and YM properties (p≥0.05). PPD/CQ association showed the higher DC values compared with CQ and PPD isolated systems when photoactivated by a polywave LED (p≤0.05). Y values were highest for the CQ compared with the PPD systems (p≤0.05). Conclusion PPD isolated system promoted similar chemical and mechanical properties and less yellowing compared with the CQ isolated system, regardless of the LCU used.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Chalcones/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Photoinitiators, Dental/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Materials Testing , Camphor/analogs & derivatives , Camphor/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Prosthesis Coloring , Color , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pliability , Phase Transition , Curing Lights, Dental , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Hardness Tests
16.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(6): 1512-1521, nov./dec. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-965789

ABSTRACT

Alternaria brown spot (ABS), caused by the fungus Alternaria alternata pathotype tangerine, is one of the main phytosanitary problems for mandarin growers. About 15 applications per year of harmful fungicides are required for controlling ABS disease in citrus orchards. As chalcones seem to be less toxic to humans and environment than the commercial fungicides in use, this study initially aimed at synthesizing 137 chalcones through aldolic condensations between benzaldehydes and acetophenones. The resulting chalcones were screened for activity against A. alternata through a fungal growth assay that was carried out in 96-cell polypropylene plates, using the same concentration to all studied substances. The four active chalcones underwent conidia germination and mycelial growth, which confirmed the antifungal activity of the compounds. These chalcones were then poured onto Murcott tangor fruit that had been inoculated with conidia of the fungus. All four chalcones reduced the ABS progress to values significantly smaller (P0.05) than that observed for the control. Statistical calculations showed that the best results were afforded by two compounds, bearing a 2,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl group at position 3 of prop-2-enal and a 3-nitro- or 3-hydroxyphenyl group at position 1 of the aldehyde. Such compounds reduced the incidence of the disease in Murcott tangor fruit to values that did not differ statistically from those obtained with a commercial fungicide.


A mancha marron de Alternaria (MMA), causada pelo fungo Alternaria alternata patótipo tangerina, é um dos maiores problemas fitossanitários dos produtores de tangerina. Aproximadamente 15 aplicações de fungicidas de elevada periculosidade, por ano, são necessárias para o controle de MMA em várias plantações de citros. Como as chalconas parecem menos tóxicas para os seres humanos e para o ambiente que os fungicidas comerciais atualmente em uso, este estudo teve como objetivo inicial sintetizar 137 chalconas através da condensação aldólica de benzaldeídos com acetofenonas. As atividades das chalconas resultantes contra A. alternata foram avaliadas através do emprego de teste de crescimento fúngico em placas de polipropileno com 96 cavidades, empregando a mesma concentração para todas as substâncias estudadas. As quatro chalconas mais ativas foram submetidas a testes de germinação de conídios e de crescimento micelial, que confirmaram as atividades antifúngicas dos compostos selecionados. Estes foram então, aplicados em frutos de tangor Murcote que tinham sido inoculados com conídios do fungo. Todas as quatro chalconas reduziram o progresso de MMA a valores significativamente inferiores (P0.05) ao observado para o controle. Cálculos estatísticos mostraram que os melhores resultados foram obtidos para dois compostos, que tinham um grupo 2,4,5-trimetoxifenil na posição 3 do prop-2-enal e um grupo 3-nitro- ou 3-hidroxifenil na posição 1 do aldeído. Tais compostos reduziram a incidência da doença em frutos de tangor Murcote a valores que não diferiam estatisticamente do obtido com um fungicida comercial.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chalcones , Alternaria , Fungicides, Industrial
17.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 27(supl.1): S55-S59, 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-907655

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents an increasing health problem in Chile and worldwide. In some cases NAFLD presents with a progressive form that can lead to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Current pharmacological therapies (pioglitazone and vitamin E) show limited response and are associated to significant adverse effects. During recent years several novel and promising pharmacological therapies have been developed to prevent fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and reduce liver related deaths. The present article summarizes some of these promising strategies, including reported efficacy in clinical trials and associated adverse effects. Hopefully in the near future these new therapies will help to improve NAFLD management and reduce liver related complications.


El hígado graso no alcohólico (HGNA) es un creciente problema de salud pública en Chile y el mundo. En un subgrupo de sujetos, el HGNA puede presentarse con un fenotipo de daño hepático progresivo que puede evolucionar a fibrosis progresiva, cirrosis y carcinoma hepatocelular. Las estrategias farmacológicas actuales (pioglitazona y vitamina E) presentan eficacia limitada y no están exentas de efectos adversos. Durante los últimos años se han desarrollado múltiples estrategias farmacológicas novedosas y promisorias que buscan evitar la progresión hacia cirrosis y reducir la mortalidad de causa hepática. El presente artículo resume los principales nuevos fármacos, los efectos beneficiosos reportados y sus efectos adversos. Es de esperar que en un futuro próximo estas terapias permitan cambiar el pronóstico de nuestros pacientes con HGNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chenodeoxycholic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Chenodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Liraglutide/therapeutic use , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Propionates/therapeutic use , Chalcones/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/prevention & control
18.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 36(1)mar. 2015. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-761223

ABSTRACT

Candida albicans é uma levedura oportunista que apresenta um conjunto de fatores de virulência que conferem uma maior patogenicidade a estes micro- organismos. Neste trabalho foram estudadas a expressão de determinados fatores de virulência de C. albicans isoladas de cavidade bucal, com ênfase na formação de biofilme, e a atividade antifúngica e o impacto de concentrações subinibitórias de derivados de chalconas na formação de biofilme por estes micro-organismos. Os compostos foram avaliados quanto à toxicidade pelo ensaio de letalidade de Artemia salina e determinação da dose letal a 50% (DL 50 ) ao micro-crustáceo. Nas chalconas sintetizadas, manteve-se o grupameno hidroxil no anel B e foram feitas modificações no anel A que resultaram em diferenças na toxicidade dos compostos variando de 714,3 a 1798,1?g/mL. As leveduras expressaram de forma variável os fatores de virulência com predomínio de alta produção de fosfolipases, aspartil proteinases e com formação do tubo germinativo em até duas horas. A formação de biofilmes foi categorizada em dois grupos distintos nos quais 16 (48%) leveduras foram consideradas como formadoras fracas e 17 (52%) como formadoras fortes. A susceptibilidade as chalconas foi > 1000?g/mL exceto para (E)-1-fenil-3-(4-hidroxifenil) prop-2-em-1-ona que apresentou uma concentração inibitória mínima de 62,5?g/mL para os isolados e de 250?g/mL para a cepa de C. albicans ATCC 10231. Entretanto, concentrações subinibitórias das chalconas apresentaram uma significativa atividade inibitória da formação de biofilme por C. albicans, com graus de inibição variando de 75 a 90%, o que indica a potencial utilização destes compostos na inibição deste importante fator de virulência.(AU)


Candida albicans is an opportunistic yeast that has a number of virulence factors that increase pathogenicity of these micro-organisms. In this study the expression of certain virulence factors were studied of C. albicans isolated from the oral cavity with emphasis on biofilm formation and antifungal activity and the impact of subinibitory concentrations of derivatives of chalconas in biofilm formation by these micro-organisms. The compounds were evaluated for toxicity testing of brine shrimp lethality and determination of 50% lethal dose (LD50) to the micro-crustacean. In synthesized chalconas, remained grouping the hydroxyl in ring B and ring modifications were made on the resulting differences in toxicity of the compounds ranging from 714.3 to 1798.1 ?g/mL. Yeasts shown variable expressed virulence factors with prevalence of high production of phospholipases, aspartyl proteases and formation of germ tube within two hours. The biofilm formation was categorized into two distinct groups in which 16 (48%) yeasts were considered as poor and 17 trainers (52%) as forming strong. Susceptibility was chalcones ? 1000 ?g/mL except for (E)-1-phenyl-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) prop-2-en-1-one, which showed a minimum inhibitory concentration of 62.5?g/mL for the clinical isolates and 250?g/mL for the strain of C. albicans ATCC 10231. However, subinibitory concentrations of chalcones showed significant inhibitory activity of biofilm formation by C. albicans with degrees of inhibition ranging from 75 to 90%, indicating the potential use of these compounds in the inhibition of this important virulence factor.(AU)


Subject(s)
Candida albicans/virology , Biofilms , Virulence Factors , Chalcones
19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 450-455, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250396

ABSTRACT

During the screening of a traditional Chinese folk herb library against HepG2 and Hep3B cell lines, the EtOAc extract from the Tibetan medicine, Caragana tibetica (CT-EtOAc) exhibited potential anti-hepatocellular carcinoma (anti-HCC) activity. HPLC-based activity profiling was performed for targeted identification of anti-HCC activity from CT-EtOAc by MS-directed purification method. CT-EtOAc was separated by time-based fractionation for further anti-HCC bioassay by a semipreparative HPLC column (150 mm × 10 mm i.d., 5 μm) with a single injection of 5 mg. Bioassay-guided and ESIMS-directed large scale purification was performed with a single injection of 400 mg of CT-EtOAc by peak-based fractionation. A 1.4-mm heavy wall micro NMR tube with z-gradient was used to measure one and two dimensional NMR spectra for the minor or trace amounts of components of the extract. Two active compounds could be elucidated as naringenin chalcone (CT-1) and 3-hydroxy-8, 9-dimethoxypterocarpan (CT-2) relevant to anti-HCC effects for the EtOAc extract of C. tibetica rapidly and unambiguously by this protocol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetates , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Caragana , Chemistry , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Chalcones , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hep G2 Cells , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4475-4481, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279213

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanisms of total flavonoid from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (TFGR) and its ingredient isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on their regulation of M2 phenotype polarization of macrophages. IL-4 (60 μg x L(-1)) induced RAW264.7 cells for 6 h to establish the M2 macrophage model. TFGR and ISL restrained breast cancer cells migration with the aid of M2 macrophages in vitro. TFGR and ISL inhibited gene and protein expression of Arg-1, up-regulated gene of HO-1 and protein expression of iNOS, enhanced the expression of microRNA 155 and its target gene SHIP1, meanwhile down-regulated.the phosphorylation of STAT3 and STAT6. So TFGR and ISL were the bioactive fraction and ingredient in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma to reverse M2 phenotype macrophages polarization. TFGR and ISL inhibited the promotion of M2 macrophages to breast cancer cells migration in vitro, STAT signal pathways and miR155 were partly involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Polarity , Chalcones , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Interleukin-4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rhizome , Chemistry
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