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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2275-2286, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921142

ABSTRACT

Surgical resection (SR) is recommended as a radical procedure in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, postoperative recurrence negatively affects the long-term efficacy of SR, and preoperative adjuvant therapy has therefore become a research hotspot. Some clinicians adopt transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) as a preoperative adjuvant therapy in patients undergoing SR to increase the resection rate, reduce tumor recurrence, and improve the prognosis. However, the findings of the most relevant studies remain controversial. Some studies have confirmed that preoperative TACE cannot improve the long-term survival rate of patients with HCC and might even negatively affect the resection rate. Which factors influence the efficacy of preoperative TACE combined with SR is a topic worthy of investigation. In this review, existing clinical studies were analyzed with a particular focus on several topics: screening of the subgroups of patients most likely to benefit from preoperative TACE, exploration of the optimal treatment regimen of preoperative TACE, and determination of the extent of tumor necrosis as the deciding prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 155-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880972

ABSTRACT

Hepatic resection represents the first-line treatment for patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the 5-year recurrence rates of HCC after surgery have been reported to range from 50% to 70%. In this review, we evaluated the available evidence for the efficiency of adjuvant treatments to prevent HCC recurrence after curative liver resection. Antiviral therapy has potential advantages in terms of reducing the recurrence rate and improving the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival of patients with hepatitis-related HCC. Postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization can significantly reduce the intrahepatic recurrence rate and improve OS, especially for patients with a high risk of recurrence. The efficacy of molecular targeted drugs as an adjuvant therapy deserves further study. Adjuvant adoptive immunotherapy can significantly improve the clinical prognosis in the early stage. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies evaluating adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing, and the results are highly expected. Adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy might be beneficial in patients with vascular invasion. Huaier granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to be effective in prolonging the recurrence-free survival and reducing extrahepatic recurrence. The efficiency of other adjuvant treatments needs to be further confirmed by large RCT studies.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879195

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different oral Chinese patent medicines combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of primary liver cancer. Randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines for primary liver cancer were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases from inception to May 2020. According to the Cochrane recommendation standard, the quality of the included articles was evaluated, and the data were analyzed by RevMan, R software and GeMTC software. A total of 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 68 RCTs were included. Network Meta-analysis results showed that: as compared with TACE alone, 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with TACE showed advantages in effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence. In the pairwise comparison of oral Chinese patent medicines, the results showed that Cidan Capsules were superior to Jinlong Capsules and Xihuang Pills in 1-year survival rate. According to the probabi-lity ranking results: Shenyi Capsules and Ganfule were more obvious in improving the effective rate; Cidan Capsules and Shenyi Capsules were more effective in improving the 1-year survival rate; Pingxiao Capsules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving 2-year survival rate; Huaier Granules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving the quality of life; Huisheng Oral Liquid and Ganfule were more effective in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions(such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis). The current evidence showed that oral Chinese patent medicine combined with TACE was superior to TACE alone in efficacy and safety. In terms of the effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence, the optimal treatment measures were Shenyi Capsules, Cidan Capsules, Pingxiao Capsules, Huaier Granules and Huisheng Oral Liquid in turn. However, due to the limitations of the research, the current level of evidence is not high, and clear conclusions and evi-dence strength still need to be further verified and improved by high-quality researches.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality of Life
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878899

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of Dahuang Zhechong Pills combined with hepatic arterial chemoembolization(TACE) on tumor index and immune function of patients with primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type), observe its application values in treatment of such patients, and provide effective treatment means for this disease. From June 2019 to December 2019, 79 patients with confirmed primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type) treated in Wenzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were included in this study, all of which were grouped with random number table method before inclusion in this study. 40 patients in the control group were treated with TACE, while 39 patients in the observation group were treated with Dahuang Zhechong Pills combined with TACE. The efficacy was compared between two groups after 4 weeks of treatment. The immune function indexes of serum CD4~+ cells, CD4~+/CD8~+, CD3~+ cells of the observation group were higher than those in control group after treatment(P<0.05), and tumor indexes such as serum alpha-fetoprotein(AFP), carbohydrate antigen 199(CA199) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(ALT), total bilirubin(TBiL) levels were lower than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), and matrix metalloprotei-nase-2(MMP-2) levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment, with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 87.18%, higher than 67.50% in the control group, and the benefit rate was 94.87% in the observation group, higher than 85.00% in the control group(P<0.05). The total incidence of adverse reactions such as bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal reaction, fever, renal function injury and peripheral nerve injury in the observation group was 48.72%, lower than 82.50% in the control group, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05). In summary, the combination of Dahuang Zhechong Pills with TACE could improve immunity, protect liver function, and reduce the risk of metastasis and the incidence of adverse reactions from chemotherapy, so it is worth popularizing for patients with primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type).


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(1): 60-63, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is thought to prevent recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its efficacy is a matter of controversy. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of preventive TACE on the tumor, nodes, metastasis (TNM) classification in cases of stage II HCC (T2N0M0) after R0 resection. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case-control study conducted in a tertiary-level public hospital. METHODS: We analyzed recurrence rates and mortality rates over time for 250 consecutive cases of HCC in TNM classification cases of stage II HCC (T2N0M0) after R0 resection. These cases were divided into patients who underwent TACE (TACE+) and presented microvascular invasion (MVI+; n = 80); TACE+ but did not present MVI (MIV−; n = 100); MVI+ but did not undergo TACE (TACE−, n = 30); and TACE−/MVI− (n = 40). RESULTS: MVI+ patients in the TACE+ group had significantly lower recurrence rates and mortality rates at one, two and three years than those in the TACE- group (all P < 0.05). Among MVI- patients, the TACE+ group did not have significantly lower recurrence rates and mortality rates at one, two and three years than the TACE- group (all P > 0.05). Regardless of whether TACE was performed or not, MVI− patients had significantly lower recurrence rates and mortality rates at two and three years after their procedures than did MVI+ patients (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Recurrence rates and mortality rates for MVI+ patients were significantly higher than for MVI− patients, beyond the first year after TACE. Postoperative adjuvant TACE may be beneficial for HCC patients with MVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
6.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4990, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium-90 microspheres is a palliative locoregional treatment, minimally invasive for liver tumors. The neoadjuvant aim of this treatment is still controversial, however, selected cases with lesions initially considered unresectable have been enframed as candidates for curative therapy after hepatic transarterial radioembolization. We report three cases in which the hepatic transarterial radioembolization was used as neoadjuvant therapy in an effective way, allowing posterior potentially curative therapies.


RESUMO A radioembolização transarterial hepática com microesferas de ítrio-90 é uma modalidade paliativa de tratamento locorregional minimamente invasiva. O objetivo neoadjuvante deste tratamento ainda é controverso, mas casos selecionados de lesões consideradas inicialmente irressecáveis reenquadram-se como candidatos à terapia curativa após a radioembolização transarterial hepática. Relatamos três casos em que a radioembolização transarterial hepática foi utilizada como terapia neoadjuvante de forma efetiva possibilitando aplicação posterior de terapias potencialmente curativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Cholangiocarcinoma/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Yttrium Radioisotopes , Treatment Outcome , Disease Progression , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Middle Aged
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900710, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038119

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of 17 platelet-based prognostic scores in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE therapy. Methods: In total, 92 patients were divided into death group and survival group according to long-term follow-up results. The AUC was calculated to determine the optimal cut-off values for predicting prognosis. To determine better prognostic models, platelet-based models were analyzed separately after being showed as binary according to cut-off values. Cumulative survival rates of malignant hepatic tumors were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and differences were analyzed by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify platelet-based prognostic scores associated with overall survival. Results: Univariate analysis showed that APGA, APRI, FIB-4, FibroQ, GUCI, King's score, Lok index, PAPAS, cirrhosis, number of tumors, vascular cancer embolus, AFP, ALP and APTT were significantly related to prognosis. A multivariate analysis showed that the APGA, number of tumors, ALP and APTT were independently associated with overall survival. Conclusion: This study showed that the APGA, a platelet-based prognostic score, was an independent marker of prognosis in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE and was superior to the other platelet-based prognostic scores in terms of prognostic ability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Blood Platelets/chemistry , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/blood
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8467, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055474

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Patients (n=102) diagnosed as primary HCC were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Treatment responses were assessed following the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated, and adverse events (AEs) as well as liver function-related laboratory indexes of all DEB-TACE records (N=131) were assessed. Complete response (CR) rate, objective response rate, and disease control rate were 51.0, 87.3, and 95.1%, respectively, at 1-3 months post DEB-TACE. The mean PFS and OS were 227 (95%CI: 200-255) days and 343 (95%CI: 309-377) days, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that portal vein invasion and abnormal total protein (TP) were independent predictive factors for worse CR, and multivariate Cox's regression analysis showed that multifocal disease independently correlated with shorter PFS. Most of the liver function-related laboratory indexes worsened at 1 week but recovered at 1-3 months post-treatment, only the percentage of patients with abnormal ALP increased at 1-3 months. In addition, 112 (85.5%), 84 (64.1%), 53 (40.5%), 40 (30.5%), and 16 (12.2%) patients had pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and other AEs, respectively. DEB-TACE is efficient and safe in Chinese HCC patients, and portal vein invasion, abnormal TP level as well as multifocal disease could be used as unfavorable prognostic factors to DEB-TACE treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal Africain de l'Imagerie Médicale ; 11(1): 248-254, 2019. ilus
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1263869

ABSTRACT

But : évaluer notre technique de chimioembolisation en rapportant les problèmes techniques, les complications et les résultats obtenus. Matériels et méthodes : il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective, descriptive, à propos de 14 patients porteurs de CHC sur cirrhose CHILD A selon les critères de BCLC. Un total de 20 procédures de chimioembolisation lipiodolée (CEL), a été réalisé en 3 ans d'activité avec un maximum de 2 séances chez 6 patients. Résultats : l'âge moyen de notre population d'étude était de 40,5 ans avec des extrêmes de 21 ans et 52 ans. Six patients avaient une lésion unique de plus de 5 cm, Quatre avaient 2 lésions et le reste présentait des lésions multiples de plus de 3 cm. Trois variantes anatomiques ont été répertoriées. Nous avons eu à réaliser un cathétérisme sélectif des artères hépatiques droite et gauche au cours de 9 procédures et 6 cathérismes sélectifs isolés dont 5 à droite et 1 à gauche. Un cathétérisme supra sélectif a été réalisé dans 6 cas. Un seul problème technique a été rencontré en rapport avec un spasme artériel. Le syndrome post chimioembolisation a été observé au décours de 5 cures. Aucune complication majeure n'a été notée en per ou post procédure. La réponse tumorale était satisfaisante dans 65% des cas avec nécrose tumorale chez 9 patients. Sept cas de progression tumorale ont été notés. Le taux de survie est évalué à 78% à 1 an et à 50% à 2 ans avec 3 cas de décès et 4 patients perdu de vue. Conclusion : Le respect strict des indications et l'application rigoureuse des procédures techniques constituent les meilleurs garants pour éviter les complications, maximiser l'efficacité de la CEL et augmenter la survie des patients. La CEL constitue un traitement palliatif de choix au Sénégal, un pays où le diagnostic de CHC est souvent fait à un stade tardif, limitant les possibilités de traitement curatif


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Senegal
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 172-181, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775513

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor originating from liver cells. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main cause of HCC in 80% of Chinese patients. Pathologically, HCC is usually a kind of tumor with rich blood supply. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) can block the blood supply of the tumor, besides, high concentration of chemotherapeutic drugs can be accumulated within the tumor, and therefore TACE can kill tumor cells to the maximum extent. TACE has been recognized as one of the most commonly used non-surgical treatments for HCC. In view of this, after in-depth discussion the expertsfrom Chinese College of Interventionalists, Chinese Medical Doctor Association, put forward,《Chinese clinical practice guidelines for transarterial chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma》. This《Guidelines》contains the following contents about TACE: brief introduction of HCC, indications and contraindications, perioperative treatment, euipment and drug preparation, ethical and informed consent, preparation of the patients, procedure,complications and management, evaluation and follow-up, and comprehensive therapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Hepatitis B , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785656

ABSTRACT

Ultraselective conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE), defined as cTACE at the most distal portion of the subsubsegmental hepatic artery, is mainly performed for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≤5 cm. Distal advancement of a microcatheter enables injection of a larger volume of iodized oil into the portal vein in the limited area under non-physiological hemodynamics. As a result, the reversed portal flow into the tumor through the drainage route of the tumor that occurs when the hepatic artery is embolized is temporarily blocked. By adding gelatin sponge slurry embolization, both the hepatic artery and portal vein are embolized and not only complete necrosis of can be achieved. Ultraselective cTACE can cure small HCCs including less hypervascular tumor portions and replace surgical resection and radiofrequency ablation in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Drainage , Gelatin , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable , Hemodynamics , Hepatic Artery , Humans , Iodized Oil , Necrosis , Porifera , Portal Vein
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813277

ABSTRACT

To investigate the value of the total liver CT perfusion imaging in the evaluation of rabbit VX2 liver tumors treated with TACE and apatinib.
 Methods: Thirty-six rabbit VX2 liver cancer models were established and randomly divided into 4 groups. Group A: simple TACE group; Group B: simple oral administration of apatinib mesylate; Group C: TACE + oral apatinib mesylate; Group D: control group, administration of saline. CT perfusion imaging (CTPI) was performed before treatment and on the 7 and 14 days after the treatment to acquire perfusion parameters including blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), MTT (mean transit time), surface permeability (PS), and hepatic artery fraction (HAF). One tumor rabbit was sacrificed in each group after the first perfusion scan, and the remaining tumor rabbits were sacrificed after the last perfusion scan on the 14th day of the treatment. The borders of the tumors were stained immunohistochemically, and microvascular density (MVD) was measured by anti-CD34. The differences of perfusion parameters were compared to evaluate the liver hemodynamic changes, and statistical repeated measurement variance analysist correlation analysis were performed.
 Results: There were no significant differences in CTPI parameters of BF, BV, MTT, HAF and PS between the 4 groups before treatment (P>0.05). After the treatment, HB, HAF and PS were decreased significantly in Group A, B, and C and slightly increased in the Group D. The value of MVD after 14 d treatment was 80.1±16.4 in Group A, 50.2±11.2 in Group B, 27.4±9.7 in Group C, 68.7±12.7 in Group D, respectively. The value of MVD in the Group C were significantly lower than that in Group A, B, and D. It showed positive correlation between BF, HAF, PS and MVD in Group B, C, and D, and there was no significant correlation between BV, MTT and MVD. It showed no significant correlation between MVD and each CTPI parameter in Group A.
 Conclusion: Total liver CT perfusion can quantitatively evaluate the blood perfusion information of rabbit liver VX2 tumor after TACE. TACE combined with oral apatinib can effectively inhibit tumor growth and improve the therapeutic effect of VX2 tumor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Liver Neoplasms , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Perfusion Imaging , Pyridines , Rabbits , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762676

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic factors and compare the long-term outcomes of staged hepatectomy and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This study is a multicenter, retrospective analysis of patients with newly diagnosed ruptured HCC. To compare overall survival between staged hepatectomy group and TACE alone group, we performed propensity score-matching to adjust for significant differences in patient characteristics. To identify prognostic factors, the clinical characteristics at the time of diagnosis of tumor rupture were investigated using Cox-regression analysis. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2014, 172 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed ruptured HCC were treated in 6 Korean centers. One hundred seventeen patients with Child-Pugh class A disease were identified; of which 112 were initially treated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for hemostasis and five underwent emergency surgery for bleeder ligation. Of the 112 patients treated with TAE, 44 underwent staged hepatectomy, 61 received TACE alone, and 7 received conservative treatment after TAE. Those that underwent staged hepatectomy had significantly higher overall survival than those that underwent TACE alone before matching (P 1,200 mL, and tumor size >5 cm were associated with poor overall survival. CONCLUSION: Staged hepatectomy may offer better long-term survival than TACE alone for spontaneous rupture of HCC. Staged hepatectomy should be considered in spontaneous rupture of HCC with resectable tumor and preserved liver function.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Diagnosis , Emergencies , Hemostasis , Hepatectomy , Humans , Korea , Ligation , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous , Venous Thrombosis
14.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(2): 164-168, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014076

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis is diagnosed, most of times, when it is not susceptible to curative treatment. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a palliative therapeutic option with heterogeneous results. The HAP score stratifies patients who will benefit from the first TACE. Objective: To evaluate if the HAP score is a prognostic factor of HCC treated with TACE. Materials and methods: Retrospective cohort study in cirrhotic patients with HCC and first TACE at the Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital, Lima-Peru, from June 2011 to June 20139. The HAP score was applied, mortality and survival were observed with a follow-up of 36 months. Results: We included 54 patients with age of 67.7±9.9 years, 59.3% Child-Pugh A and 40.7% Child-Pugh B, MELD score of 11±2.7; 51.9 and 40.7% were BCLC A and B, respectively; 66.7% had a single tumor and 70.4% had a predominant tumor <5cm. The HAP score classified 8, 14, 26 and 6 patients as HAP A, B, C and D, respectively. The overall survival was 19.5±11.2 months and 32.8±6.5 months for HAP A, 24.9±14.8 months for HAP B, 13.9±5.2 months for HAP C and 14±6.6 months for HAP D. There were no deaths at 12 months in HAP A. At 24 months, mortality for HAP C and D was 100%. At 36 months, the survival rate for HAP A and B was 75 and 42.9%, respectively. Conclusions: The HAP score is a useful tool to guide the management decisions of cirrhotic patients with HCC requiring TACE due to its value in predicting mortality and survival.


Introducción: El carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) en cirrosis es diagnosticado, la mayoría de veces, cuando no es susceptible de tratamiento curativo. La quimioembolizacón transarterial (QETA) es una opción terapéutica paliativa con resultados heterogéneos. El HAP score estratifica a los pacientes que se beneficiarán con la primera QETA. Objetivo: Demostrar si el HAP score es un factor pronóstico del CHC tratado con QETA. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohortes retrospectivo en pacientes cirróticos con CHC y primera QETA en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, Lima-Perú, junio-2011 a junio-2013. Se aplicó el HAP score, y se observó la mortalidad y sobrevida con un seguimiento de 36 meses. Resultados: Se incluyeron 54 pacientes con edad de 67,7±9,9 años, 59,3% Child-Pugh A y 40,7% Child-Pugh B, MELD de 11±2,7; 51,9 y 40,7% fueron BCLC A y B, respectivamente; 66,7% tuvo tumor único y el 70,4% tumor predominante menor a 5 cm. Se clasificó como HAP A, B, C y D a 8, 14, 26 y 6 pacientes, respectivamente. La sobrevida general fue 19,5±11,2 meses; y 32,8±6,5 meses para HAP A, 24,9±14,8 meses para HAP B, 13,9±5,2 meses para HAP C y 14±6,6 meses para HAP D. A los 24 meses, la mortalidad para HAP C y D fue 100%. A los 36 meses, la sobrevida para HAP A y B fue 75 y 42,9%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El HAP score es una herramienta útil que orienta al manejo del CHC tributario de QETA por su valor pronóstico de mortalidad y sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Decision Support Techniques , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Peru , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/therapy
16.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 121-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765694

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The treatments and outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with bile duct invasion are not well known. We aimed to confirm the safety of transarterial chemolipiodolization (TACL) and identify prognostic factors for patients with bile duct invasion treated with TACL. METHODS: Fifty patients with central bile duct invasion treated with TACL between 2005 and 2017 were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin ≥2.5 mg/dL) with pre-TACL biliary drainage, hyperbilirubinemia without biliary drainage, and without hyperbilirubinemia. Tumor response to TACL, survival outcomes, length of hospitalization, adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), and factors affecting overall survival were compared. RESULTS: TACL-induced changes of mean CTCAE grades for albumin, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine, prothrombin time, and platelet were not significantly different among patients with or without initial hyperbilirubinemia. Serum bilirubin level was not significantly changed after TACL in all the three groups. Overall survival was not significantly different among the three groups (P=0.097). On multivariate analysis, alpha-fetoprotein < 400 ng/dL (hazard ratio [HR]=0.477, P=0.048) and highest total bilirubin level of < 2.5 mg/dL within one month after TACL (HR=0.335, P=0.004) were significantly associated with longer survival. CONCLUSIONS: TACL was a safe treatment for HCC patients with central bile duct invasion, irrespective of the presence of initial hyperbilirubinemia.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , alpha-Fetoproteins , Bile Ducts , Bile , Bilirubin , Blood Platelets , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Creatinine , Drainage , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Multivariate Analysis , Prothrombin Time
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739760

ABSTRACT

Acute obstructive cholangitis due to the migration of necrotized tumor fragment(s) has been rarely reported after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We report an unusual case of it, which was demonstrated by computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. We suggest that in the setting of acute biliary obstruction after TACE with a CT-demonstrated new intraductal soft tissue lesion with or without a radiopaque portion, along with no or less visualization of a previous tumor located inside or near the duct, the possibility of intraductal migration of a necrotic tumor fragment should be considered. Both clinicians and radiologists should become familiar with this condition because it may be ignored or misinterpreted as biliary calculi.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Cholangiography , Cholangitis , Cholestasis , Gallstones
18.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 255-262, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887230

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignancy that develops in cirrhotic livers. Its clinical and epidemiological characteristics and mortality rates vary according to geographical region. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile, epidemiological characteristics, laboratory parameters, treatment and survival of patients with HCC. Material and methods. Patients with HCC seen between 2000 and 2012 were studied. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis according to variables in question. Results. The study included 247 patients with a mean age of 60 ± 10 years. There was a predominance of males (74%). The main etiologies of HCC were HCV infection (55%), excessive alcohol consumption (12%), and HBV infection (8%). Liver cirrhosis was present in 92% of cases. The mean tumor number and diameter were 2 and 5 cm, respectively. Patients meeting the Milan criteria corresponded to 43% of the sample. Liver transplantation was performed in 22.4% of patients of the Milan subset and in 10% of the whole sample. The overall mean survival was 60 months, with a 1-, 3- and 5-year survival probability of 74%, 40% and 29%, respectively. Lower survival was observed among patients with alcoholic etiology. Survival was higher among patients submitted to liver transplantation (P < 0.001), TACE (P < 0.001), or any kind of treatment (P < 0.001). However, no difference was found for surgical resection (P = 0.1) or sorafenib (P = 0.1). Conclusion. Patients with HCC were mainly older men diagnosed at an advanced stage. Treatment was associated with better overall survival, but few patients survived to be treated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Ablation Techniques , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/mortality , Niacinamide/analogs & derivatives , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tertiary Care Centers , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatectomy/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Neoplasm Staging , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
19.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 247-254, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887229

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background & Aim. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or sorafenib is recommended for hepatocellular carcinoma BCLC stages B and C respectively. We studied the role of combination of TACE and sorafenib in BCLC stages B/C. Material and methods. We undertook an observational study on a cohort of cirrhotics with HCC from August 2010 through October 2014. Patients in BCLC stages B/C who had received TACE and/or sorafenib were included. mRECIST criteria were used to assess tumor response. The primary end point was overall survival. Results. Out of 124 patients, 47.6% were in BCLC-B and 52.4% in BCLCC. Baseline characteristics were comparable. The predominant etiology was cryptogenic (37.2% and 38.5%, p = NS). 49.1% in BCLC-B and 56.9% in BCLC-C had received TACE+sorafenib. In BCLC-B, the overall survival improved from 9 months (95% CI 6.3-11.7) using TACE only to 16 months (95% CI 12.9-19.1) using TACE+sorafenib (p < 0.05). In BCLC-C, addition of TACE to sorafenib improved the overall survival from 4 months (95%CI 3-5) to 9 months (95%CI 6.8-11.2) (p < 0.0001). As per mRECIST criteria, patients on TACE+sorafenib had reduced progressive disease (37.8% vs. 83.3%), improved partial response (43.2% vs. 3.3%) and one had complete response compared to those on sorafenib alone (p < 0.0001) in BCLC-C but not in BCLC-B group. Hand foot syndrome was noted in 27.7% patients on sorafenib and post TACE syndrome in 80.2% patients, but both were reversible. No major adverse events were noted. Conclusion. TACE+sorafenib was more effective than TACE or sorafenib alone in HCC BCLC stages B or C with a significant survival benefit and improved tumour regression especially in BCLC-C patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phenylurea Compounds/therapeutic use , Niacinamide/analogs & derivatives , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds/adverse effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/mortality , Niacinamide/adverse effects , Niacinamide/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Neoplasm Staging , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70258

ABSTRACT

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a common treatment modality to locally manage hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver abscess and bile duct injury are common complications of TACE. However, hepatobronchial fistula is a rare complication. Herein, we report a case of lung abscess due to hepatobronchial fistula after TACE. A 67-year-old man, who had underwent TACE 6 months ago, presented cough and bile-colored sputum. He was diagnosed with lung abscess and hepatobronchial fistula. We performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; however, there was no improvement in his symptoms. Thereafter, partial hepatectomy and repair of fistula were successively conducted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bile Ducts , Bronchial Fistula , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cough , Fistula , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Abscess , Lung Abscess , Lung , Sputum
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