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1.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(2): e201, dic. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358026

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existen pocas pautas para el tratamiento del cáncer de mama (CM) en pacientes añosas, lo que puede conducir al sub o sobre tratamiento. Objetivo: Conocer las características, manejo y la evolución del CM precoz en mujeres añosas. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal. Se recolectaron datos relacionados con las características clínico-patológicas y la evolución de pacientes de 70 años o más tratadas por CM en el período comprendido entre el 1/1/ 2011 y el 31/12/ 2018, asistidas en el Hospital de Clínicas. Se utilizaron herramientas de estadística descriptiva y para calcular la sobrevida global (SVG) se utilizó el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: se incluyeron 31 pacientes; la edad mediana al diagnóstico fue 76,8 años; las características clínico-patológicas fueron: carcinoma ductal: 71%; GH 1-2: 74,2%; estadio I: 54,8 %; sin metástasis axilares: 80,6 %; HER2-RE/RP+ 80,6%; HER2+ 16,7%, y triple negativas 3,2%. El 29% de las pacientes fueron diagnosticadas mediante tamizaje poblacional y el 74,2% recibieron tratamiento según pautas vigentes, mientras que el 38,7% fueron subtratadas y el 16,1% sobretratadas. La mediana de SVG fue de 98,7 meses. Conclusiones: Una minoría de las pacientes fue diagnosticada mediante tamizaje poblacional, el tipo histológico más frecuente fue el ductal y la prevalencia de los tumores HER2-RE/RP+ fue mayor que en las pacientes más jóvenes. La mayoría de las pacientes recibió tratamiento estandar.


Introduction: There are few guidelines for the treatment of breast cancer (BC) in older patients, which can lead to under- or over-treatment. Objective: To understand the characteristics, management and evolution of early BC in older women. Material and methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. Data were collected on the clinical-pathological characteristics and evolution of patients aged 70 years or older, treated for BC in the period from 1/1/ 2011 to 31/12/ 2018, at the Hospital de Clínicas. Descriptive statistical tools were used and the Kaplan-Meier method was applied to calculate the overall survival (OS) rate. Results: 31 patients were included; median age at diagnosis was 76.8 years old; the clinical-pathological characteristics were: ductal carcinoma: 71%; HG 1-2: 74.2%; stage I: 54.8%; no axillary metastases: 80.6%; HER2-ER/PR+ 80.6%; HER2+ 16.7%, and triple negative 3.2%. Of all the patients, 29% were diagnosed through screening and 74.2% were treated according to current guidelines, while 38.7% were under-treated and 16.1% over-treated. The median OS was 98.7 months. Conclusions: A minority of patients were diagnosed by screening, the most frequent histological type was ductal and the prevalence of HER2-RE/RP+ tumors was higher than in younger patients. Most patients received standard treatment.


Introdução: Existem poucas diretrizes para o tratamento do câncer de mama (CM) em pacientes idosos, o que pode levar ao sub ou excesso de tratamento. Objetivo: Conhecer as características, manejo e evolução do MC precoce em mulheres idosas. Material e métodos: estudo observacional, descritivo e transversal. Foram coletados dados relacionados às características clínico-patológicas e à evolução dos pacientes com 70 anos ou mais atendidos por CM no período de 01/01/2011 a 31/12/2018, atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas. Ferramentas de estatística descritiva foram usadas e o método de Kaplan-Meier foi usado para calcular a sobrevida global (SVG). Resultados: 31 pacientes foram incluídos; a mediana de idade ao diagnóstico foi de 76,8 anos; as características clínico-patológicas foram: carcinoma ductal: 71%; GH 1-2: 74,2%; estágio I: 54,8%; sem metástases axilares: 80,6%; HER2-RE / RP + 80,6%; HER2 + 16,7% e triplo negativo 3,2%. 29% dos pacientes foram diagnosticados por triagem populacional e 74,2% receberam tratamento de acordo com as diretrizes atuais, enquanto 38,7% foram subtratados e 16,1% supertratados. O SVG médio foi de 98,7 meses. Conclusões: A minoria dos pacientes foi diagnosticada por rastreamento populacional, o tipo histológico mais frequente foi ductal e a prevalência de tumores HER2-RE / RP + foi maior do que em pacientes mais jovens. A maioria dos pacientes recebeu tratamento padrão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Trastuzumab/therapeutic use
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248722

ABSTRACT

La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.


Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.


Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 297-303, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the number of patients with early-stage breast cancer who could benefit from the omission of axillary surgery following the application of the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial criteria. Methods A retrospective cohort study conducted in the Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. The study population included 384 women diagnosed with early-stage invasive breast cancer, clinically negative axilla, treated with breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, from January 2005 to December 2010. The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria were applied to this population and a statistical analysis was performed to make a comparison between populations. Results A total of 384 patients underwent breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Of the total number of patients, 86 women underwent axillary lymph node dissection for metastatic sentinel lymph nodes (SNLs). One patient underwent axillary node dissection due to a suspicious SLN intraoperatively, thus, she was excluded fromthe study. Among these patients, 82/86 (95.3%) had one to two involved sentinel lymph nodes andmet the criteria for the ACOSOG Z0011 trial with the omission of axillary lymph node dissection. Among the 82 eligible women, there were only 13 cases (15.9%) of lymphovascular invasion and 62 cases (75.6%) of tumors measuring up to 2 cm in diameter (T1). Conclusion The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria can be applied to a select group of SLNpositive patients, reducing the costs and morbidities of breast cancer surgery.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o número de pacientes com câncer de mama em estágio inicial que se beneficiariam da omissão da linfadenectomia axilar segundo o protocolo Z0011 da Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG). Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectiva conduzido no Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Foram incluídas mulheres diagnosticadas com carcinoma invasivo de mama em estágio inicial, com axila clinicamente negativa, tratadas com cirurgia conservadora e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela, radioterapia, quimioterapia e/ou hormonioterapia, de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2010. Os critérios do estudo da ACOSOG Z0011 foram aplicados a essas mulheres e foi realizada uma análise estatística que comparou ambas as populações dos estudos. Resultados Foram estudadas 384 mulheres submetidas a cirurgia conservadora de mama e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela. Entre elas, 86 mulheres foram submetidas a linfadenectomia axilar por metástase presente no linfonodo sentinela. Uma paciente foi submetida a linfadenectomia axilar por ter um linfonodo palpável suspeito no intraoperatório, não incluída no estudo. Entre essas 86 pacientes, 82 (95,3%) tiveram de 1 a 2 linfonodos sentinela comprometidos e seriam elegíveis para omissão da linfadenectomia axilar pelos critérios do ACOSOG Z0011. Entre as 82 pacientes elegíveis, apenas 13 (15,9%) delas apresentaram tumores com invasão angiolinfática, e 62 (75,6%) dos tumores mediram até 2 cm (T1). Conclusão Os critérios do estudo ACOZOG Z0011 podem ser aplicados a um seleto grupo de pacientes com linfonodo sentinela positivo reduzindo os custos e a morbidade cirúrgica do tratamento do câncer de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mastectomy, Segmental , Lymph Node Excision , Axilla/pathology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
4.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(3): e20200378, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154705

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improves survival of patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen has been associated with a significant risk of clinically relevant toxicity. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of AC for NSCLC patients in a real-world setting. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of patients with stage I-III NSCLC undergoing surgery with curative intent between 2009 and 2018. AC was administered at the discretion of physicians. The patients were divided into two groups: AC group and no AC (control) group. Study outcomes included overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), as well as the safety profile and feasibility of the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen in a real-world setting. Results: The study involved 231 patients, 80 of whom received AC. Of those, 55 patients received the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen. Survival analyses stratified by tumor stage showed that patients with stage II NSCLC in the AC group had better RFS (p = 0.036) and OS (p = 0.017) than did those in the no AC group. Among patients with stage III NSCLC in the AC group, RFS was better (p < 0.001) and there was a trend toward improved OS (p = 0.060) in comparison with controls. Of those who received the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen, 29% had grade 3-4 febrile neutropenia, and 9% died of toxicity. Conclusions: These results support the benefit of AC for NSCLC patients in a real-world setting. However, because the cisplatin-vinorelbine regimen was associated with alarming rates of toxicity, more effective and less toxic alternatives should be investigated.


RESUMO Objetivo: A quimioterapia adjuvante melhora a sobrevida de pacientes com câncer pulmonar de células não pequenas (CPCNP) ressecado. No entanto, o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina está relacionado com risco significativo de toxicidade clinicamente relevante. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar a eficácia, segurança e viabilidade da quimioterapia adjuvante para pacientes com CPCNP em um cenário de mundo real. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de coorte realizado em um único centro com pacientes com CPCNP em estágio I-III submetidos a cirurgia com intuito curativo entre 2009 e 2018. A quimioterapia adjuvante foi administrada a critério dos médicos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: quimioterapia adjuvante e sem quimioterapia adjuvante (grupo controle). Os desfechos estudados foram sobrevida global (SG) e sobrevida livre de recidiva (SLR), bem como o perfil de segurança e viabilidade do esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina em um cenário de mundo real. Resultados: O estudo envolveu 231 pacientes, 80 dos quais receberam quimioterapia adjuvante. Destes, 55 receberam o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina. As análises de sobrevida estratificadas pelo estágio do tumor mostraram que os pacientes com CPCNP em estágio II que receberam quimioterapia adjuvante apresentaram melhor SLR (p = 0,036) e SG (p = 0,017) do que os do grupo controle. Entre os pacientes com CPCNP em estágio III que receberam quimioterapia adjuvante, a SLR foi melhor (p < 0,001) e houve uma tendência a melhor SG do que no grupo controle (p = 0,060). Dos que receberam o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina, 29% apresentaram neutropenia febril de grau 3-4, e 9% morreram em virtude de toxicidade. Conclusões: Os resultados confirmam o efeito benéfico da quimioterapia adjuvante em pacientes com CPCNP em um contexto real. No entanto, o esquema cisplatina-vinorelbina relacionou-se com taxas alarmantes de toxicidade e alternativas mais eficazes e menos tóxicas devem ser investigadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cisplatin/adverse effects , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Vinorelbine/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 67(1): e-171188, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147737

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A enterocolite neutropênica (EN) consiste em ulceração ou necrose da mucosa do ceco, íleo terminal e cólon ascendente, sendo uma condição clínica ocasionada como evento adverso de medicamentos, principalmente em esquemas quimioterápicos. Por ser uma condição com alto índice de mortalidade, o presente relato tem como objetivo contribuir significativamente para discussões que envolvem a EN e a participação da equipe multiprofissional no desfecho clínico. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 75 anos, com diagnóstico de câncer de mama, evoluindo com EN após tratamento com quimioterapia adjuvante. A presença de comorbidades e a idade foram os principais fatores complicadores do quadro de tiflite. Por ser uma toxicidade importante e que pode levar à piora do quadro clínico do paciente com câncer, abordar esse tema é fundamental para um diagnóstico mais rápido, com possibilidade de medidas preventivas. Conclusão: Sendo assim, em virtude do notório aumento dos casos de EN, aponta-se como perspectiva a qualificação da equipe de saúde para a inserção de profissionais ainda mais especializados, capazes de contribuir e identificar os sinais e sintomas relacionados com toxicidades hematológicas, resultado de tratamentos quimioterápicos.


Introduction: Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) consists of ulceration or necrosis of the mucosa of the cecum, terminal ileum, and ascending colon, being a clinical condition caused by an adverse drug event, mainly in chemotherapy regimens. As it is a high mortality rate condition, this report aims to contribute significantly to discussions involving NE and the participation of the multidisciplinary team in the clinical outcome. Case report: This is a 75-year-old male patient diagnosed with Breast Cancer, who developed EN after treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy. The presence of comorbidities and age were the main complicating factors in typhlitis. As it is an important toxicity and can lead to a worsening of the clinical condition of cancer patients, addressing this issue is essential for a faster diagnosis with the possibility of preventive measures. Conclusion: Therefore, in view of the notorious increase of cases of NE, the perspective of the qualification of the health team is pointed out, for the inclusion of even more specialized professionals capable of contributing and identifying the signs and symptoms related to hematological toxicities, result of chemotherapy treatments.


Introducción: La enterocolitis neutropénica (EN) consiste en la ulceración o necrosis de la mucosa del ciego, íleon terminal y colon ascendente, siendo una condición clínica causada por un evento adverso farmacológico, principalmente en regímenes de quimioterapia. Al tratarse de una afección con una alta tasa de mortalidad, este informe tiene como objetivo contribuir de manera significativa a las discusiones que involucran al EN y la participación del equipo multidisciplinario en el resultado clínico. Relato del caso: Paciente masculino, 75 años, diagnosticado de cáncer de mama, que desarrolló EN después del tratamiento con quimioterapia adyuvante. La presencia de comorbilidades y la edad fueron los principales factores de complicación en Tiflite. Como se trata de una toxicidad importante y puede conducir a un empeoramiento de la condición clínica de los pacientes con cáncer, abordar esta cuestión es fundamental para un diagnóstico más rápido con la posibilidad de medidas preventivas. Conclusión: Por tanto, ante el notable incremento de casos de EN, se apunta la perspectiva de la calificación del equipo de salud, para la inclusión de profesionales aún más especializados capaces de aportar e identificar los signos y síntomas relacionados con las toxicidades hematológicas, un resultado de los tratamientos de quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Breast Neoplasms, Male , Enterocolitis, Neutropenic/drug therapy , Patient Care Team , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 661-665, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1178716

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar os estudos que descrevem a prevalência de xerostomia em pacientes com câncer de mama e em quimioterapia. Método: Revisão integrativa, partindo da questão norteadora << Quais as evidências científicas sobre a prevalência de xerostomia em pacientes com câncer de mama e em quimioterapia? >>. Foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados: US National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e Scientific Electronic Library Online por meio dos Descritores em Ciências da Saúde. Foram encontrados 63 artigos, analisados por dois pesquisadores seguindo os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Resultados: A prevalência de xerostomia foi descrita em 10 artigos que utilizaram como método de avaliação escalas, questionários com respostas dicotômicas e sialometria. Conclusão: Identificou-se uma prevalência de 47% a 77,3% de xerostomia durante a quimioterapia


Objective: To identify studies describing the prevalence of xerostomia in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: Integrative review based on the guiding question << What is the scientific evidence on the prevalence of xerostomia in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy? >>. We searched the US National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases using the Health Sciences Descriptors. We found 63 articles, which were analyzed by two researchers, following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The prevalence of xerostomia was described in 10 articles that used scales, questionnaires with dichotomous answers, and sialometry as evaluation methods. Conclusion: A prevalence of 47% to 77.3% of xerostomia during chemotherapy was identified


Objetivo: Identificar estudios que describen la prevalencia de xerostomía en pacientes con cáncer de mama y quimioterapia. Método: Revisión integradora, basada en la pregunta guía << ¿Cuál es la evidencia científica sobre la prevalencia de xerostomía en pacientes con cáncer de mama y quimioterapia? >>. Se realizaron búsquedas en las bases de datos US National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health, Literatura Latino-Americana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y Scientific Electronic Library Online utilizando los Descriptores de Ciencias de la Salud. Encontramos 63 artículos, que fueron analizados por dos investigadores siguiendo los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: La prevalencia de xerostomía se describió en 10 artículos que utilizaron escalas, cuestionarios con respuestas dicotómicas y sialometría como método de evaluación. Conclusión: Se identificó una prevalencia de xerostomía del 47% al 77,3% durante la quimioterapia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Xerostomia/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Prevalence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922212

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the treatment strategy of locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) has changed from surgery alone to multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment (MDT) based on surgery. Many evidences have shown that perioperative therapy can improve the survival of most patients with late-stage LAGC compared to surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. However, there is still a lack of standards and guidelines for precise preoperative staging, indications of perioperative neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy, and regimen selection. Based on relevant literature and clinical practice, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery combined with Gastric Cancer Association, China Anti-Cancer Association took the lead and organized multidisciplinary experts to discuss, and finally formulate this expert consensus. This consensus aims to improve surgeons' and physicians' cognition on the MDT of LAGC, especially for doctors in primary hospitals; to clarify the preoperative staging, the indication and regimen selection of perioperative neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy; so as to improve the diagnosis and treatment level of gastric cancer and the prognosis of LAGC in China. The level of evidence and recommendation of this consensus is determined by the criteria of Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE).


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Consensus , Gastrectomy , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The side effects of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and myelosuppression reduce the cancer patients' adherence to chemotherapy. Many Chinese patients choose Chinese medicine (CM) during chemotherapy to reduce side effects; however, the evidence is lacking. The efficacy of a CM herbal treatment protocol, Jianpi Bushen Sequential Formula (, JBSF) will be evaluated on chemotherapy completion rate among patients with colon cancer.@*METHODS@#A multi-center double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted on 400 patients with colon cancer who will receive 8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CAPEOX). Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive the JBSF or placebo formula. The primary outcome is the overall chemotherapy completion rate. The secondary outcomes include individual chemotherapy completion rate, 4-cycle completion rate of chemotherapy, time to treatment failure, relative dose intensity and treatment toxicity. Follow-up visits will be scheduled before every and after last chemotherapy.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will provide evidence on whether JBSF can improve the chemotherapy completion rate and reduce side effects among patients with colon cancer. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT03716518).


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2700-2709, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is limited information about thymosin α1 (Tα1) as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy, either used alone or combined with other treatments, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant Tα1 treatment on long-term survival in margin-free (R0)-resected stage IA-IIIA NSCLC patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 5746 patients with pathologic stage IA-IIIA NSCLC who underwent R0 resection were included. The patients were divided into the Tα1 group and the control group according to whether they received Tα1 or not. A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce bias, resulting in 1027 pairs of patients.@*RESULTS@#After PSM, the baseline clinicopathological characteristics were similar between the two groups. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were significantly higher in the Tα1 group compared with the control group. The multivariable analysis showed that Tα1 treatment was independently associated with an improved prognosis. A longer duration of Tα1 treatment was associated with improved OS and DFS. The subgroup analyses showed that Tα1 therapy could improve the DFS and/or OS in all subgroups of age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), smoking status, and pathological tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, especially for patients with non-squamous cell NSCLC and without targeted therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Tα1 as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy can significantly improve DFS and OS in patients with NSCLC after R0 resection, except for patients with squamous cell carcinoma and those receiving targeted therapy. The duration of Tα1 treatment is recommended to be >24 months.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Humans , Immunomodulation , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Thymalfasin
11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 155-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880972

ABSTRACT

Hepatic resection represents the first-line treatment for patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the 5-year recurrence rates of HCC after surgery have been reported to range from 50% to 70%. In this review, we evaluated the available evidence for the efficiency of adjuvant treatments to prevent HCC recurrence after curative liver resection. Antiviral therapy has potential advantages in terms of reducing the recurrence rate and improving the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival of patients with hepatitis-related HCC. Postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization can significantly reduce the intrahepatic recurrence rate and improve OS, especially for patients with a high risk of recurrence. The efficacy of molecular targeted drugs as an adjuvant therapy deserves further study. Adjuvant adoptive immunotherapy can significantly improve the clinical prognosis in the early stage. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies evaluating adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing, and the results are highly expected. Adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy might be beneficial in patients with vascular invasion. Huaier granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to be effective in prolonging the recurrence-free survival and reducing extrahepatic recurrence. The efficiency of other adjuvant treatments needs to be further confirmed by large RCT studies.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888496

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether chemotherapy could prolong the postoperative survival time in patients with early stages pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A total of 5280 stage ⅠA -ⅡB PDAC patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2015 were selected from surveillance,epidemiology,and end results (SEER) database. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was adopted to reduce the baseline differences between the groups. Univariate survival analysis was conducted with the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate survival analysis was performed with the Cox proportional hazards model. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses showed that age, differentiation, stage, chemotherapy were independent risk factors for the survival of PDAC patients. After PSM, it is found that adjuvant chemotherapy could prolong the median overall survival time (mOS) for stage ⅠB, ⅡA and ⅡB patients. However, for stage ⅠA patients, there were no significant differences in 3-year survival rate and mOS between patients with chemotherapy (=283) and without chemotherapy (=229) (57.4% vs 55.6%, vs all >0.05). Further analyses show that among 101 patients with well differentiated PDAC and 294 patients with moderately differentiated PDAC, there were no significant differences in survival rate and mOS between patients with and without chemotherapy (all >0.05). Among 117 patients with low-differentiated + undifferentiated PDAC, 3-year survival rate and mOS in patients with chemotherapy were significantly better than those without chemotherapy (48.5% vs 34.1%, vs all <0.05). Chemotherapy regimen used currently is not beneficial for patients with moderately and well differentiated stage ⅠA PDAC, but it is an independent prognostic factor for low-differentiated + undifferentiated PDAC patients.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Propensity Score
13.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 88(2): 104-109, jul.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152098

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es la malignidad más frecuentemente diagnosticada en mujeres, representando casi 1 de cada 4 casos de cáncer. Objetivo: Describir los resul-tados oncológicos de las pacientes tratadas con cirugía conser-vadora y adyuvancia por cáncer de mama estadios clínicos I-II, Hospital San Felipe, Tegucigalpa, 2017-2019. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal retrospectivo. Extracción de información de expedientes clínicos de pacientes con diagnostico nuevo de cáncer de mama. Se registró datos sociodemográficos, estadio clínico pre- y post-operatorio, tratamiento y sobrevida. Resul-tados: De 49 pacientes, 59.2% (29) >50 años, 71.4% (35) pro-cedencia urbana, 61.2% (30) estadio IIA, las modalidades tera-péuticas fueron radioterapia 73.5% (36), hormonoterapia 69.4% (34), quimioterapia 40.8% (20). La combinación más frecuente fue radioterapia/hormonoterapia 46.9% (23); 26.5% (13) recibió monoterapia. El tiempo promedio de inicio de radioterapia fue 25 semanas (rango 4-90 semanas) y 13 semanas (rango 4-35 sema-nas) para quimioterapia. La sobrevida a 36 meses en estadio IA y IIB con adyuvancia fue 100.0% (5) y 86.0% (12), respectivamen-te. La sobrevida global a 36 meses fue 95.9% (47). Discusión: La sobrevida global identificada es comparable a estudios que si-guen las guías internacionales. Recomendamos implementar las recomendaciones de las guías internacionales para el manejo de cáncer de mama estadios tempranos, donde la adyuvancia debe iniciar en un periodo no mayor a 8 semanas postoperatorias. Este manejo contribuiría a reducir la morbilidad y el impacto psicoso-cial que presentan abordajes terapéuticos más radicales. Es ne-cesario y urgente contar con equipo y medicamentos adyuvantes de acuerdo a los avances científicos y tecnológicos...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Surgical Oncology
14.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 237-249, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145729

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento neodyuvante del cáncer de mama HER2 positivo ha ido evolucionando a través del tiempo, con la implementación de nuevas estrategias de manejo terapéutico. Es de esta manera como el trastuzumab, un anticuerpo monoclonal anti-HER2sigue siendo el tratamiento estándar en este subtipo de cáncer, los primeros estudios en los que se evidencia su eficacia son el realizado por el Dr. Buzdar y el estudio NOAH en los cuales las pacientes alcanzaron mayores tasas de respuesta patológica completa en comparación con quimioterapia sola, así como también un mayor número de cirugías conservadoras de mama en lugar de mastectomía.Con el paso de los años se han ido desarrollando nuevas estrategias de manejo terapéutico, así tenemos el doble bloqueo anti-HER2 con los anticuerpos monoclonales trastuzumab y pertuzumab que han mejorado las tasas de respuesta patológica completa. Además se ha incluido al lapatinib un inhibidor de tirosina quinasa como parte de las terapias dirigidas. Se ha dilucidado si las antraciclinas confieren un beneficio adicional al tratamiento neoadyuvante y los estudios demuestran que el beneficio es el mismo queotros esquemas de quimioterapia. Es en realidad la quimioterapia indispensable en la neoadyuvancia, el estudio PHERGain demuestra que existen pacientes que pueden alcanzar respuesta patológica completa solo con el doble bloqueo anti-her2 (trastuzumab y pertuzumab) lo que evitaría la toxicidad innecesaria por quimioterapia, y se podrían desarrollar estrategias para el manejo de aquellas pacientes que no alcanzaron una respuestapatológica completa posterior al doble bloqueo. Aún queda un campo amplio por explorar y con estudios en curso al momento. Palabras claves:DsCS:Receptor ErbB-2, Trastuzumab, Neoplasias de la Mama, Quimioterapia Adyuvante, Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina


Introduction:The neodyuvanttreatment of HER2 positive breast cancer has evolved over time, with the implementation of new therapeutic management strategies. It is in this way that trastuzumab, an anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody continues to be the standard treatment in this subtype of cancer, the first studies in which its efficacy is evidenced are the one carried out by Dr. Buzdar and the NOAH study in which patients achieved higher rates of complete pathological response compared to chemotherapy alone, as well as a higher number of breast-conserving surgeries rather than mastectomy.Over the years, new therapeutic management strategies have been developed, thus we have the double anti-HER2 blockade with the monoclonal antibodies trastuzumab and pertuzumab that have improved the ratesof complete pathological response. In addition, lapatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been included as part of targeted therapies. It has been elucidated whether anthracyclines confer an additional benefit to neoadjuvant treatment and studies show that the benefit is the same as other chemotherapy regimens.It is actually the essential chemotherapy in neoadjuvant therapy, the PHERGain study shows that there are patients who can achieve a complete pathological response only with the double anti-her2 blockade (trastuzumab and pertuzumab), which would avoid unnecessary toxicity due to chemotherapy, and strategies could be developed for the management of those patients who did not achieve a complete pathological response after double blockade. There is still a wide field to explore and with studies underway at the moment. Keywords:MESH:Receptor, ErbB-2;Trastuzumab; Breast Neoplasms; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant; Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
15.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 249-279, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores gliales, dentro de las lesiones neuroepiteliales, son las neoplásicas intraaxiales más comunes. Representan alrededor del 45% de todos los tumores primarios del sistema nervioso central (SNC) y el 77% de todos los tumores primarios malignos del SNC. El promedio de supervivencia media de los pacientes con glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cuando se utiliza el tratamiento multimodal es de 15-18 meses y de 2 a 5 años con gliomas anaplásicos. Los tratamientos convencionales de los tumores cerebrales incluyen cirugía, radioterapia y quimioterapia. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la primera aproximación para la gran mayoría de tumores cerebrales, sin embargo, la resección total no siempre es alcanzable en relación con la localización del tumor, de vital importancia para preservar estructuras nerviosas o vasculares. Modalidades de tratamiento agresivas han extendido la supervivencia media, pero la supervivencia a menudo se asocia con un deterioro significativo en la calidad de vida. La eficacia de quimioterapia sistémica está limitada por la presencia de la barrera hemato encefálica (BHE), la que limita el paso de una amplia variedad de agentes anti cancerígenos, la acción de los agentes alquilantes, está limitado por la activación de metil-guanina-metil-transferasa. El advenimiento de los estudios moleculares permite una nueva evaluación de la biología de los gliomas con, un nivel de precisión que promete interesantes avances hacia el desarrollo de terapias específicas eficaces. Las terapias dirigidas bloquean la activación de vías oncogénicas, ya sea a nivel de la interacción ligando-receptor o mediante la inhibición vías de transducción de señales, corriente abajo, inhibiendo así el crecimiento y la progresión del cáncer. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica acerca de los aspectos relacionados con la patogénesis molecular en la progresión de estos tumores en los adultos, y sus potenciales blancos terapéuticos.


Introduction:Glial tumors, within neuroepithelial lesions, are the most common intraaxial neoplastic. They represent about 45% of all primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors and 77% of all malignant primary CNS tumors. The median median survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) when multimodal treatment is used is 15-18 months and 2-5 years with anaplastic gliomas. Conventional treatments for brain tumors include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgical treatment represents the first approach for the vast majority of brain tumors; however, total resection is not always achievable in relation to the location of the tumor, which is vitally important to preserve nerve or vascular structures.Aggressive treatment modalities have extended median survival, but survival is often associated with a significant deterioration in quality of life. The efficacy of systemic chemotherapy is limited by the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which limits the passage of a wide variety of anticancer agents, the action of alkylating agents, is limited by the activation of methyl-guanine-methyltransferase. The advent of molecular studies allows a new evaluation of the biology of gliomas with, a level of precision that promises interesting advances towards the development of effective specific therapies. Targeted therapies block the activation of oncogenic pathways, either at the level of ligand-receptor interaction or by inhibiting downstream signal transduction pathways, thus inhibiting cancer growth and progression.The objective of the present work was to carry out a bibliographic review about the aspects related to the molecular pathogenesis in the progression of these tumors in adults, and their potential therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
16.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(4): 9-19, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278136

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: glioblastoma multiforme is considered to be highly lethal, for which the optimal duration of adjuvant temozolamide chemotherapy has not been determined. Objective: to evaluate survival according to the length of adjuvant chemotherapy based on the standard Stupp platform protocol. Materials and methods: a retrospective cohort analysis of 299 high-grade central nervous system tumors seen at Oncólogos del Occidente, focused solely on glioblastoma multiforme, according to clinical, treatment and outcome variables. Results: one hundred ninety-three patients with glioblastoma; 84 (44%) received standard Stupp platform treatment; mean age 54 years; 55% males; mean tumor size 28,793 mm2; 48% right hemisphere; 21% crossed the midline; 33% had seizures and 42% neurological deficit; 55% Karnofsky less than 70% and 66% RPA IV classification; 77% received radiation with 60.00 Gy or more; 19% had complications; 79% partial resection and 12% total resection; 77% relapsed; at closure, 57% were alive, global survival of 26% and mean of 26 months, with a difference of 31 months for adjuvance of <or> 6 months and 30 months for adjuvance of <or> 12 months, without reaching a median in the 18 and 24 month groups, all of them favoring the group with the longest time. Conclusion: a clear increase in survival is shown with adjuvant temozolamide for periods longer than six months, as well as a tendency towards better results with increased duration of adjuvance.


Resumen Introducción: el glioblastoma multiforme se considera altamente letal, donde la duración óptima de quimioterapia adyuvante con base en temozolamide no ha sido definida. Objetivo: evaluar la sobrevida según la duración de quimioterapia adyuvante basada en el esquema estándar de plataforma Stupp. Material y métodos: análisis de cohorte retrospectiva de 299 tumores del sistema nervioso central de alto grado, valorados en Oncólogos del Occidente enfocado sólo a glioblastoma multiforme según variables clínicas, terapéuticas y de resultados. Resultados: ciento noventa y tres pacientes con glioblastoma, 84 (44%) recibieron manejo estándar tipo plataforma Stupp; edad media 54 años; hombres 55%; tamaño tumoral medio 28.79 mm2; hemisferio derecho 48%; 21% cruzaban línea media; 33% presentaron convulsiones y 42% déficit neurológico; 55% Karnofsky menor a 70% y 66% clasificación RPA IV; 77% recibieron radioterapia con 60.00 Gys o mayor; 19% presentaron complicaciones; resección parcial 79% y 12% total; 77% recayeron; al cierre 57% se encontraban vivos, sobrevida global de 26% y media de 26 meses con diferencia de 31 meses para adyuvancia en <o> a 6 meses y 30 meses en adyuvancia <o> a 12 meses sin alcanzar mediana en los grupos <o> de 18 y 24 meses favoreciendo en todos al grupo de mayor tiempo. Conclusión: se demuestra aumento claro en la sobrevida con el empleo de temozolamide adyuvante por periodos mayores a seis meses y una tendencia a mejores resultados mientras mayor sea el tiempo de adyuvancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Glioblastoma , Central Nervous System , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Survivorship , Neoplasms
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 356-364, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137840

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present paper reports on the local treatment of breast cancer from a historical perspective. A search for articles written in English was made in the Medline and EMBASE databases, and 40 papers were selected. Over the past 10 years, various randomized, controlled clinical trials on the local treatment of breast cancer indicated that patients with the samemolecular subtypemay receive different individualized surgical treatments aimed atoptimizing systemic adjuvant therapy. With a view to retaining the gainsmade in diseasefree and overall survival, surgical techniques have advanced from radical surgery to conservative mastectomies, thus reducing sequelae, while adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapies have contributed toward controlling the disease, both distant metastases and local recurrence. Current studies evaluate whether future breast cancer therapy may even succeed in eliminating surgery to the breast and axilla altogether.


Resumo Este artigo discute o tratamento local do câncer de mama a partir de uma perspectiva histórica. Uma busca de artigos publicados em inglês foi realizada nas bases de dados Medline e EMBASE, sendo selecionados 40 artigos. Nos últimos 10 anos, vários ensaios clínicos controlados e randomizados sobre o tratamento local do câncer de mama indicaram que pacientes com o mesmo subtipo molecular podem receber diferentes tratamentos cirúrgicos individualizados como objetivo de otimizar a terapia adjuvante sistêmica. Pretendendo reter os ganhos obtidos na sobrevida livre de doença e na sobrevida global, as técnicas cirúrgicas avançaram progressivamente da cirurgia radical para mastectomias conservadoras, reduzindo sequelas, enquanto as terapias adjuvantes e neoadjuvantes contribuíram para o controle da doença, tanto em relação às metástases distantes quanto à recorrência local. Estudos atuais avaliam se a terapia futura contra o câncer de mama poderá até mesmo eliminar a cirurgia da mama e da axila por completo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 118-125, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092902

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El tratamiento estándar del cáncer de mama es la cirugía conservadora, aunque actualmente existe un incremento de cirugías más radicales, incluyendo reconstrucción. Estas técnicas, aparentemente más complejas, pueden suponer mayor índice de complicaciones y, por ende, mayor intervalo de tiempo entre la cirugía y el inicio de terapias adyuvantes, lo que puede condicionar peores resultados de los tratamientos, traducido en el índice de recidivas locales y/o sistémicas o incluso de las tasas de supervivencia. Objetivo Revisar si la mastectomía bilateral con reconstrucción inmediata (MBRI) supone un retraso en el inicio del tratamiento adyuvante (TA). Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes con MBRI como tratamiento de cáncer. Variables principales: tiempo transcurrido entre la cirugía y el inicio de la TA, definiendo retraso como más de 90 días. Otras variables: datos del paciente, tipo de intervención, complicaciones. Se analizan datos por tipo de intervención y si presentaban cirugía conservadora previa. Resultados 296 pacientes con MBRI, 171 (57,7%) por cáncer de novo y 125 (42,3%) por neoplasia recidivada o un segundo primario (ipsi o contralateral). La tasa general de complicaciones fue de 21% y no difirió entre los grupos con y sin radioterapia previa (p 0,05). La técnica quirúrgica asociada a una tasa mayor de complicaciones fue el patrón corto de Wise. No hubo diferencias en el resto. No existió un retraso significativo mayor de 90 días en los grupos con o sin radioterapia, ni según la técnica quirúrgica. Conclusiones La MBRI no ocasiona retrasos significativos en el inicio de TA.


Background Breast conserving surgery is already the standard treatment of breast cancer although mastectomy and radical techniques including reconstruction are currently increasing. These techniques, apparently more complex, can develop more complications and delay adjuvant therapies initiation, conditioning worst results of treatments, with higher rates of local and/or systemic recurrences or even survival rates. Aim Review whether bilateral mastectomy with immediate reconstruction (MBRI) conditionate a delay in the initiation of adjuvant therapy (TA). Materials and Method A retrospective analysis of patients with MBRI as a cancer treatment. Main variable: Time to TA, was defined as the number of days between surgery and the first dose of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Other variables: patient data, type of intervention and complications. We analyzed the data by type of intervention and if they had been previously treated from another breast tumor. Results In all, 296 patients with MBRI were included, 171 with a Cancer de novo and 125 already treated that now have a relapsed neoplasia or a second primary (IPSI or contralateral). Overall complication rate was 21%. Complication rate did not differ between groups either or neither previous radiotherapy. The surgical technique associated with a higher rate of complications was the short Wise pattern, with no differences in the others. There was no delay greater than 90 days in the groups with radiotherapy or without, or according to the surgical technique. Conclusions MBRI does not cause significant delays in the beginning of adjuvant therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Chi-Square Distribution , Comorbidity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
19.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(1): e160, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126456

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El fenómeno de las neoplasias primarias múltiples se ha descrito en cabeza y cuello, de forma metacrónica y sincrónica. Caso clínico: Hombre de 54 años, piel negra y procedencia rural con carcinoma escamoso de laringe T3N1M0, etapa III, que en disección de cuello se encontró incidentalmente metástasis ganglionar de carcinoma papilar de tiroides, sin evidencia clínica de lesión tiroidea. Luego se realizó ecografía y gammagrafía de la glándula cuyos resultados no mostraron alteración alguna. Conclusiones: El carcinoma de tiroides es hallado incidentalmente en el espécimen resecado después de cirugía por cáncer de cabeza y cuello en 0,3 - 1,9 por ciento de los pacientes. Por este motivo debe evaluarse bien la glándula tiroides previa cirugía de cabeza y cuello(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The phenomenon of multiple primary neoplasms has been described in the head and neck in a synchronous and metachronous way. Clinical case: A 54 years old man, black skin and rural origin with a T3N1M0 larynx squamous cell carcinoma, stage III that in a neck dissection was incidentally found a node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, without clinical evidence of thyroid lesion. This was followed by ultrasound and nuclear scan of the gland, whose results did not show any alteration. Conclusions: The thyroid carcinoma is found incidentally in the resected specimen after surgery by head and neck cancer in 0.3 - 1.9 percent of patients. The thyroid gland must be well assessed after head and neck surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Laryngectomy/methods
20.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(1): 31-33, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102182

ABSTRACT

El sinus pilonidal es una patología frecuente cuya malignización es infrecuente aunque su pronóstico puede ser fatal. El objetivo de esta publicación es presentar un caso de un paciente intervenido en múltiples ocasiones de escisiones de sinus pilonidal con degeneración maligna del mismo y evolución fatal, con el fin de recalcar la importancia del examen anatomopatológico sistemático de todas las muestras de escisión quirúrgica. (AU)


The pilonidal sinus is a frequent pathology whose malignization is uncommon although its prognosis can be fatal. The objective of this publication is to present a case of a patient intervened on multiple occasions of pilonidal sinus excisions with malignant degeneration and fatal evolution, in order to emphasize the importance of the systematic pathological examination of all surgical excision samples. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pilonidal Sinus/surgery , Pilonidal Sinus/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasms, Second Primary/surgery , Pilonidal Sinus/mortality , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Reoperation , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , Neoplasms, Second Primary/mortality , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage
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