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1.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(5): e00033020, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278600

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the association of vegetable and fruit consumption with carotid plaque (CP) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), two predictors of carotid atherosclerosis, within urban and rural adults at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in regional China. A total of 11,392 adults at high CVD risk were identified from general population of 71,511 in this cross-sectional study, conducted between November of 2015 and May of 2016 in the Jiangsu Province. Among these 11,392 high risk participants, CP prevalence was 36.7%. The independent variables, vegetable and fruit intake frequency, were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. The outcome variables, CIMT and CP, were measured by ultrasound examination. The ANCOVA analysis showed no association between CIMT values and vegetable and fruit intake frequencies. Multivariate logistic regression models were introduced to examine the association between vegetable and fruit intake and CP. After adjustment for potential confounders, the odds ratios (ORs) for participants who occasionally and daily consumed vegetable to experience any CP were 0.67 (95%CI: 0.58-0.78) and 0.70 (95%CI: 0.62-0.79), respectively, compared with those rarely consumed vegetable. While the adjusted ORs were 0.77 (95%CI: 0.64-0.92) and 0.80 (95%CI: 0.68-0.94), separately, for occasional and daily vegetable consumers to develop single CP relative to their counterparts who rarely consumed any vegetables. However, no significant association between fruit consumption and CP was observed. Among the Chinese population at high CVD risk, consumption of fresh vegetables was negatively associated with the risk of developing carotid plaque.


O estudo buscou investigar a associação entre consumo de frutas e verduras e placa carotídea (PC) e espessura íntima-média carotídea (EIMC), dois preditores de aterosclerose entre adultos das áreas urbana e rural com alto risco de desenvolver doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs) em uma região da China. Foram identificados 11.392 adultos com alto risco de DCV, entre 71.511 indivíduos da população geral, em um estudo transversal entre novembro de 2015 e maio de 2016 na Província de Jiangsu. Entre esses 11.392 participantes de alto risco, a prevalência de PC foi de 36,7%. As variáveis independentes, ou seja, frequências de consumo de frutas e verduras, foram avaliadas através de um questionário de frequência alimentar. As variáveis de desfecho, EIMC e PC, foram medidas por ultrassom. A análise ANCOVA não mostrou associação entre valores de EIMC e frequências de consumo de frutas e verduras. Foram introduzidos modelos de regressão logística multivariada para examinar a associação entre consumo de frutas e verduras e PC. Depois de ajustar para potenciais fatores de confusão, as ORs para participantes com consumo eventual e diário de verduras para qualquer PC foram 0,67 (IC95%: 0,58-0,78) e 0,70 (IC95%: 0,62-0,79), respectivamente, comparado com aqueles com consumo raro de verduras. Enquanto isso, as ORs ajustados foram 0,77 (IC95%: 0,64-0,92) e 0,80 (IC95%: 0,68-0,94), separadamente, para adultos com consumo eventual e diário de verduras para desenvolver uma PC única, comparado aos que relatavam consumo raro de verduras. Entretanto, não foi observada uma associação significativa entre consumo de frutas e PC. Entre a população chinesa com alto risco de DCV, o consumo de verduras frescas mostrou associação negativa com o risco de desenvolvimento de placa carotídea.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la asociación del consumo de frutas y verduras con la placa carotídea (PC) y el grosor íntima-media carotídeo (GIMC), dos predictores de la aterosclerosis carotídea en adultos urbanos y rurales, con alto riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) en una región de China. Se identificaron, en este estudio transversal, a 11.392 adultos con alto riesgo de ECV dentro de una población general de 71.511, realizado entre noviembre de 2015 y mayo de 2016 en la provincia de Jiangsu. De estos 11.392 participantes en alto riesgo, la prevalencia de PC fue de un 36,7%. Las variables independientes, así como la frecuencia de consumo de verduras y fruta, se evaluaron mediante un cuestionario de frecuencia de comidas. Las variables de resultado, GIMC y PC, se midieron por un examen de ultrasonido. El análisis ANCOVA mostró que no existía asociación entre los valores GIMC y la frecuencia en el consumo de verduras y frutas. Los modelos de regresión logística multivariantes se introdujeron para examinar la asociación entre el consumo de verduras y frutas y la PC. Tras el ajuste para los factores potenciales de confusión, las ORs de haber tenido alguna PC para los participantes que ocasionalmente y diariamente consumían verduras fueron 0,67 (IC95%: 0,58-0,78) y 0,70 (IC95%: 0,62-0,79), respectivamente, comparadas con quienes raramente consumían verduras. Mientras que las ORs ajustadas fueron 0,77 (IC95%: 0,64-0,92) y 0,80 (IC95%: 0,68-0,94), separadamente, para los consumidores ocasionales y los consumidores diarios de verduras de desarrollar una única PC, en relación con sus contrapartes que raramente consumían verduras. No obstante, no se observó una asociación significativa entre el consumo de frutas y la PC. Entre la población con alto riesgo de ECV, el consumo de verdura fresca estuvo negativamente asociado con el riesgo de desarrollar PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Vegetables , Carotid Artery Diseases/etiology , Carotid Artery Diseases/epidemiology , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Fruit
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10602, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278584

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has impacted the mental health of healthcare providers at the frontline. Therefore, we conducted this study to estimate the prevalence rate of anxiety and insomnia and identify associated risk factors among healthcare workers in Jilin, China, during the period from January 25 to February 25, 2020. Zung's Self-Reported Anxiety Scale (SAS) and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scale were used to diagnose anxiety and insomnia, respectively. Associated risk factors were identified through a multivariate logistic regression model. A total of 300 healthcare workers were invited and 236 completed the study. Of them, 234 (99.15%) were medical workers, 197 (83.47%) were working at frontline departments, and 159 (67.37%) were fighting against COVID-19. Fifty-seven respondents (24.15%) had anxiety (SAS index score ≥45) and 94 (39.83%) had insomnia (ISI score ≥8). Based on the multivariate analysis, contact with people from Hubei province during work (no vs not clear) [OR=0.25, 95%CI: 0.10-0.61] and personal protective equipment (PPE) (not in place vs in place) [OR=6.22, 95%CI: 2.23-17.40] were significantly correlated with anxiety. PPE (not in place vs in place) was the only significant risk factor of insomnia [OR=10.56, 95%CI: 4.00-27.87]. The prevalence of anxiety and insomnia was high in our study, reflecting the psychological impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers. The unavailability of PPE in place was a significant risk factor of both anxiety and insomnia.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Personnel , Depression , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the predictors and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*OBJECTIVE@#This retrospective observational study was conducted among patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to Hankou Hospital between January, 5 and March 8, 2020. We evaluated the association of AKI with the demographic and biochemical parameters and clinical outcomes of the patients using univariate regression analysis.@*OBJECTIVE@#Atotal of 287 COVID-19 patients, including 55 with AKI and 232 without AKI, were included in the analysis. Compared with the patients without AKI, the patients with AKI were older, predominantly male, and were more likely to have hypoxia and pre-existing hypertension and cerebrovascular diseases. The patients with AKI also had higher levels of white blood cells, D-dimer, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, a higher prevalence of hyperkalemia, lower lymphocyte counts, and higher chest computed tomographic scores. The incidence of stage 1 AKI was 14.3% and that of stage 2 or 3 AKI was 4.9%. The patients with AKI had much higher mortality rate than those without AKI.@*OBJECTIVE@#AKI is an important complication of COVID-19. An older age, a male gender, multiple pre- existing comorbidities, lymphopenia, increased infection indicators, elevated D-dimer, and impaired heart and liver functions are all potential risk factors ofAKI. COVID- 19 patients with AKI that progresses into stages 2 or 3 AKI have a high mortality rate. Prevention of AKI and monitoring kidney function is critical in the care of COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Aged , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To understand the influence of medical insurance policy reforms in Guangxi on the hospitalization expenses of breast cancer patients by analyzing the composition and changing trend in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment expenses in the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital, and to provide the evidence for the improvement of medical insurance policy reform.@*METHODS@#A total of 3 950 breast cancer patients were collected from 2014 to 2017 and analyzed. Kruskal-Wallis test and multiple linear regression model were used to discuss the breast cancer related epidemiology and analyze the composition of hospitalization expenses and its influential factors.@*RESULTS@#The median hospitalization cost of breast cancer patients in our hospital from 2014 to 2017 was 29 266.94 Chinese Yuan. Single factor analysis showed that the impact of year, hospitalization days, age, payment method, tumor stage, and treatment method on hospitalization cost was significant (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Reasonably controlling hospitalization days and actively promoting the integration of urban and rural medical insurance can effectively reduce the economic burden for breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Cancer Care Facilities , China/epidemiology , Female , Health Expenditures , Hospitalization , Humans , Policy , Universities
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China put forward the idea of "promoting the equalization of basic public services". The utilization of basic public health services by the floating population is an important indicator to measure the equalization of basic public health services. This study aims to understand the intergenerational differences in the utilization of basic public health services between the older generation and the new generation of floating population, and to analyze the influential factors.@*METHODS@#We employed the personal questionnaire (A) of the national health and family planning dynamic monitoring survey on floating population in 2017. Pearson Chi-square test, bi-grouping logistic regression, and Poisson regression were applied to analyze the basic situation of the floating population and the intergenerational differences in the use of basic public health services between the new and old generations.@*RESULTS@#The proportions of the new generation and the old generation who had established the residents' health records in the inflow area were 36.42% and 34.96%, respectively, with the significant difference (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the coverage of basic public health services for the two generations of floating population is obviously different, the utilization of basic public health services of the floating population is still at a low level both in the new generation and in the old generation. There is an urgent need to improve the utilization of public health services for the whole floating population according to the characteristics of generations.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Educational Status , Health Services , Humans , Rural Population , Urban Population
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The rapid growth of health expenditure has always been the focus of health policy. This study aims to project health expenditure in Shanghai and to carry out policy simulations on the impact of chronic disease prevention programs on health costs in the Healthy Shanghai Initiative.@*METHODS@#Based on the Shanghai health accounts, component-based model was used to project Shanghai total health expenditure of 2020-2035, and the policy stimulation was implemented.@*RESULTS@#In 2020-2035, Shanghai's health expenditure is expected to grow continually, the proportion of total health expenditure in GDP will exceed 8.00% in 2023, reach 9.00% in 2025, and 10.03% in 2035. The proportion of current health expenditure in GDP will exceed 8.00% in 2024 and reach 9.55% in 2035. The chronic disease prevention plan help saving the medical expenditure of respiratory diseases,endocrine system diseases, and circulatory system diseases, accounting 3.28% to 10.58% of total health expenditure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sustainability of health financing in Shanghai is facing challenges under the new normal of economy. It is necessary to promote the prevention and control of chronic diseases and strengthen cost control from both the supply and demand sides.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Health Expenditures , Humans
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The prevalence of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in China is lower than that in European and American countries and the study about the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT was rare in China. This study aims to explore the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 150 patients with PHPT confirmed by operation and pathological examination were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned into a symptomatic PHPT group (@*RESULTS@#The proportion of adenomas was higher than that of adenocarcinoma in the asymptomatic PHPT group. The proportion of the first diagnosis due to hypercalcemia found via biochemical examination in the asymptomatic PHPT group was higher than that in the symptomatic PHPT group (76.92% vs 25.81%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Only a minority of PHPT patients are asymptomatic. Compared with the symptomatic PHPT patients, the primary cause of diagnosis is hypercalcemia, the duration of diagnosis and the diameter of parathyroid gland are shorter, the levels of serum calcium, and PTH are lower, the proportion of adenomas, vitamin D, and the BMD of L


Subject(s)
Calcium , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/epidemiology , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#There are almost one million families who lost their only child in China, and 65.6% of them had severe and long lasting depression and needed timely psycho-intervention. This study aims to explore the relationship among resilience and its influential factors, and to compare their effect on depression.@*METHODS@#A total of 212 only-child loss person in 9 administrative regions in Changsha were assessed by using Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Zung Self-rating Depression Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Simplified Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, and General Self-efficacy Scale. A hypothetical model was tested based on Kumpfer resilience framework and stress-coping theory.@*RESULTS@#The influential factors of resilience were: positive coping (the total effect value was 0.480), support utilization (the total effect value was 0.359), neuroticism (the total effect value was -0.326), negative coping (the total effect value was 0.279), extraversion (the total effect value was 0.219), and objective support (the total effect value was 0.077). The process of individual-environment interaction showed a greater impact on resilience, which had a direct effect on depression (the total effect value was -0.344, 67.1%), and also indirect effect through self-efficacy (the total effect value was -0.169). The total effect of resilience accounted for 20.1% of the total effect of all variables.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Resilience mainly impacts depression directly, and can negatively predict depression in only-child loss parents. Resilience, located before self-efficacy, is a significant stress mediating variables. Personality traits and support utilization indirectly impact resilience via negative and positive coping. The key to promote the reorganization of resilience is the process of individual-environmental interaction, involving support utilization, positive coping, and some sorts of negative coping strategies, which plays an important role in developing a resilience intervention program and can improve the depression of the only-child loss person.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Child , China/epidemiology , Extraversion, Psychological , Humans , Only Child , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a massive impact on public health, resulting in sudden dietary and behavioral habit changes. Frontline epidemic prevention workers play a pivotal role against COVID-19. They must face high-risk infection conditions, insufficient anti-epidemic material supplies, mental pressure, and so on. COVID-19 seriously affects their dietary and behavioral habits, and poor habits make them more susceptible to COVID-19. However, their baseline dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of COVID-19 remain unclear for these workers in China. This study aimed to explore the baseline dietary and behavioral habits of frontline workers and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, susceptible subgroups were identified by stratified analyses as targets of protective measures to keep them from being infected with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a sample of 22,459 valid individuals living in China, including 9402 frontline epidemic prevention workers.@*RESULTS@#Before COVID-19, 23.9% of the frontline epidemic prevention workers reported a high-salt diet, 46.9% of them reported a high frequency of fried foods intake, and 50.9% of them smoked cigarettes. After the outbreak of COVID-19, 34.6% of them expressed a willingness to reduce salt intake, and 43.7% of them wanted to reduce the frequency of pickled vegetables intake. A total of 37.9% of them expressed a willingness to decrease or quit smoking, and 44.5% of them wanted to increase sleep duration. Significant differences in the baseline dietary and behavioral habits and the willingness to change their habits were observed between frontline epidemic prevention workers and other participants. Among the frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19, frontline epidemic prevention experience was a promoting factor for adopting worse dietary and behavioral habits, including those in the high-salt intake subgroup (OR, 2.824; 95% CI, 2.341-3.405) and the 11-20 cigarettes/day subgroup (OR, 2.067; 95% CI, 1.359-3.143).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/standards , Female , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Risk Reduction Behavior , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880374

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of obesity and overweight in childhood has increased dramatically over the past decades globally. Thus, the risk factors of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents must be studied.@*OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to reveal the prevalence of childhood obesity and examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and z-body mass index (z-BMI) via parental obesity and dietary intake using path analysis.@*METHODS@#Stratified cluster sampling was used to select 17,007 participants aged 6-12 years on two avenues per region in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Path analysis was conducted to examine the mediators between SES and z-BMI.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 13.36% and 8.60%, respectively, and were positively correlated with the father's education level, family income, a birth weight > 3000g, a parental obesity history, vegetable intake and red meat intake (all P < 0.05). Four mediators (paternal obesity history, red meat intake, vegetable intake, and nutritional supplements) were observed, and the four path analyses were significant (all P < 0.05). The adjusted total effects on z-BMI were significant for income (β@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of overweight/obesity in children was notable, and the relationship between SES and z-BMI was mediated by paternal obesity history and dietary intake.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eating/psychology , Fathers/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Male , Obesity/psychology , Pediatric Obesity/etiology , Social Class
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Understanding the association between floods and bacillary dysentery (BD) incidence is necessary for us to assess the health risk of extreme weather events. This study aims at exploring the association between floods and daily bacillary dysentery cases in main urban areas of Chongqing between 2005 and 2016 as well as evaluating the attributable risk from floods.@*METHODS@#The association between floods and daily bacillary dysentery cases was evaluated by using distributed lag non-linear model, controlling for meteorological factors, long-term trend, seasonality, and day of week. The fraction and number of bacillary dysentery cases attributable to floods was calculated. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the association across age, gender, and occupation.@*RESULTS@#After controlling the impact of temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, long-term trend, and seasonality, a significant lag effect of floods on bacillary dysentery cases was found at 0-day, 3-day, and 4-day lag, and the cumulative relative risk (CRR) over a 7-lag day period was 1.393 (95%CI 1.216-1.596). Male had higher risk than female. People under 5 years old and people aged 15-64 years old had significantly higher risk. Students, workers, and children had significantly higher risk. During the study period, based on 7-lag days, the attributable fraction of bacillary dysentery cases due to floods was 1.10% and the attributable number was 497 persons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study confirms that floods can increase the risk of bacillary dysentery incidence in main urban areas of Chongqing within an accurate time scale, the risk of bacillary dysentery caused by floods is still serious. The key population includes male, people under 5 years old, students, workers, and children. Considering the lag effect of floods on bacillary dysentery, the government and public health emergency departments should advance to the emergency health response in order to minimize the potential risk of floods on public.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cities , Dysentery, Bacillary/epidemiology , Female , Floods , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880366

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few studies have explored the modifications by family stress and male gender in the relationship between early exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and allergic rhinitis (AR) risk in preschool children.@*METHODS@#We conducted a case-control study of 388 children aged 2-4 years in Shenyang, China. These children AR were diagnosed by clinicians. By using measured concentrations from monitoring stations, we estimated the exposures of particulate matter less than 10 μm in diameter (PM@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of AR in children aged 2-4 years (6.4%) was related to early TRAP exposure. With an IQR (20 μg/m@*CONCLUSIONS@#Family stress and male gender may increase the risk of AR in preschool children with early exposure to PM


Subject(s)
Air Pollution/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cities , Family/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Rhinitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological/complications , Traffic-Related Pollution/adverse effects
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880329

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Current studies on the COVID-19 depicted a general incubation period distribution and did not examine whether the incubation period distribution varies across patients living in different geographical locations with varying environmental attributes. Profiling the incubation distributions geographically help to determine the appropriate quarantine duration for different regions.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study mainly applied big data analytics and methodology, using the publicly accessible clinical report for patients (n = 543) confirmed as infected in Shenzhen and Hefei, China. Based on 217 patients on whom the incubation period could be identified by the epidemiological method. Statistical and econometric methods were employed to investigate how the incubation distributions varied between infected cases reported in Shenzhen and Hefei.@*RESULTS@#The median incubation period of the COVID-19 for all the 217 infected patients was 8 days (95% CI 7 to 9), while median values were 9 days in Shenzhen and 4 days in Hefei. The incubation period probably has an inverse U-shaped association with the meteorological temperature. The warmer condition in the winter of Shenzhen, average environmental temperature between 10 °C to 15 °C, may decrease viral virulence and result in more extended incubation periods.@*CONCLUSION@#Case studies of the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen and Hefei indicated that the incubation period of COVID-19 had exhibited evident geographical disparities, although the pathological causality between meteorological conditions and incubation period deserves further investigation. Methodologies based on big data released by local public health authorities are applicable for identifying incubation period and relevant epidemiological research.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Geography , Humans , Infectious Disease Incubation Period , Male , Middle Aged , Quarantine , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880325

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a severe global burden in terms of both health and the economy. Few studies, however, have thoroughly assessed the influence of air pollution on COPD-related mortality among elderly people in developing areas in the hinterland of southwestern China. This study is the first to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient airborne pollutants and COPD-related mortality among elderly people in the central Sichuan Basin of southwestern China.@*METHODS@#Data on COPD-related mortality among elderly people aged 60 and older were obtained from the Population Death Information Registration and Management System (PDIRMS). Data on airborne pollutants comprised of particulate matter < 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM@*RESULTS@#A total of 61,058 COPD-related deaths of people aged 60 and older were obtained. Controlling the influences of daily temperature and relative humidity, interquartile range (IQR) concentration increases of PM@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased concentrations of ambient airborne pollutants composed of PM


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Air Pollutants/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/mortality , Time Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880323

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a life-threatening contagious disease among young children and infants. Although enterovirus A71 has been well acknowledged to be the dominant cause of severe HFMD, there still remain other unidentified risk factors for severe HFMD. Previous studies mainly focused on identifying the individual-level risk factors from a clinical perspective, while rare studies aimed to clarify the association between regional-level risk factors and severe HFMD, which may be more important from a public health perspective.@*METHODS@#We retrieved the clinical HFMD counts between 2008 and 2014 from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, which were used to calculated the case-severity rate in 143 prefectural-level cities in mainland China. For each of those 143 cities, we further obtained city-specific characteristics from the China City Statistical Yearbook (social and economic variables) and the national meteorological monitoring system (meteorological variables). A Poisson regression model was then used to estimate the associations between city-specific characteristics (reduced by the principal component analysis to avoid multicollinearity) and the case-severity rate of HFMD. The above analysis was further stratified by age and gender to examine potential modifying effects and vulnerable sub-populations.@*RESULTS@#We found that the case-severity rate of HFMD varied dramatically between cities, ranging from 0 to 8.09%. Cities with high case-severity rates were mainly clustered in Central China. By relating the case-severity rate to city-specific characteristics, we found that both the principal component characterized by a high level of social and economic development (RR = 0.823, 95%CI 0.739, 0.916) and another that characterized by warm and humid climate (RR = 0.771, 95%CI 0.619, 0.960) were negatively associated with the case-severity rate of HFMD. These estimations were consistent across age and gender sub-populations.@*CONCLUSION@#Except for the type of infected pathogen, the case-severity rate of HFMD was closely related to city development and meteorological factor. These findings suggest that social and environmental factors may also play an important role in the progress of severe HFMD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/virology , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880322

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have suggested that screen time (ST) has a negative effect on children's emotional and behavioral health, but there are few longitudinal studies that have been conducted with infants and toddlers. This study sought to examine the effect of ST in early childhood on emotional and behavioral problems in children aged 4 years, based on a birth cohort study in China.@*METHODS@#A total of 2492 children aged 4 years were enrolled in this study. The parents and guardians of each child completed a questionnaire that included items eliciting information on children's birth information, socio-demographic information at baseline, and ST at each follow-up. Emotional and behavioral problems were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) at 4 years of age. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the effects of ST on emotional and behavioral problems.@*RESULTS@#The percentages of children with ST > 0 h/day at age 0.5 years, ST > 2 h/day at age 2.5 years, and ST > 2 h/day at age 4 years were 45.7, 55.5, and 34.5% respectively. The prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems was 10.8%. ST at 6 months was a risk factor for emotional symptoms and hyperactivity at the age of 4 years. ST at age 2.5 years was a risk factor for hyperactivity at the age of 4 years. However, ST at age 4 years was a risk factor for total difficulties, conduct problems, peer problems, hyperactivity, and prosocial behavior.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Higher ST exposure at early childhood is associated with later emotional and behavioral problems. In particular, sustained high ST exposure is a risk factor for behavioral problems. These findings suggested the importance of controlling ST to prevent the occurrence of emotional and behavioral problems in the early years.


Subject(s)
Altruism , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Emotions , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Problem Behavior/psychology , Psychomotor Agitation/psychology , Screen Time
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880236

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence in China. Early detection and identification of symptomatic lung cancer patients and timely screen out asymptomatic patients from high-risk groups require multiple cooperation. At present, although combined imaging, serology, genomics, proteomics and other methods have been combined to screen for suspected lung cancer, there are still problems such as missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Meanwhile, the spread of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has brought new challenges to early lung cancer screening. Under the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, the work of early lung cancer screening should be changed accordingly: improve the population's awareness of cancer prevention and control, strengthen the management of medical procedures, improve the efficiency of tumor detection, optimize detection technology, and utilize internet and big data platforms rationally. We should establish an ideal model, combining multiple screening methods, which is streamlined and efficient for early lung cancer screening under normal epidemic prevention and control.
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Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Epidemics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/prevention & control
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene defect types and distribution characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia in Lingui District of Guilin City, Guangxi, so as to provide scientific basis for genetic consultation and prevention measures.@*METHODS@#A total of 6 496 suspected cases for screening the thalassemia during physical examination, premarital examination, pregnancy examination and hospitalization in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University from May 2016 to October 2019 were analyzed. Gap-PCR, PCR-RDB and DNA sequencing techniques were used to detect the types and constituent ratios of gene defects in α- and β-thalassemia positive cases.@*RESULTS@#Among 6 496 suspected patients, 1 363 were thalassemia carriers, the total positive rate was 20.98%. There were 677 cases of single-gene deletion and 26 cases of double-gene detetion on the deletional α-thalassemia, 115 cases of non-deletion α-thalassemia mutation and 4 cases of deletion plus mutation. The positive rate of α-thalassemia was 12.66%. There were 11 gene abnormalities for α-thalassemia, of which --@*CONCLUSION@#Lingui district of Guilin city is a high incidence area of thalassemia. The mutation rate of α-thalassemia --


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879966

ABSTRACT

To investigate the postoperative serum triglyceride (TG) levels in predicting the risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in patients following allogeneic liver transplantation. One hundred and forty three patients undergoing allogeneic liver transplantation in Shanghai General Hospital from July 2007 to July 2014 were enrolled in this study. The NODM developed in 33 patients after liver transplantation. The curve of dynamic TG levels in the early period after liver transplantation was generated. Independent risk factors of NODM were determined by univariate and multivariant logistic regression analyses. The clinical value of TG in predicting NODM was analyzed by area under the ROC curve (AUC). Serum TG levels were gradually rising in the first week and then reached the plateau phase (stable TG, sTG) in patients after surgery. The sTG in NODM group were significantly higher than that in non-NODM group (=-2.31, <0.05). Glucocorticoid therapy (=4.054, <0.01), FK506 drug concentration in the first week after operation (=3.482, <0.05) and sTG (=3.156, <0.05) were independent risk factors of NODM. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of sTG in predicting NODM was 0.72. TG shows a gradual recovery process in the early period after liver transplantation, and the higher TG level in stable phase may significantly increase the risk of NODM in patients.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Humans , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Tacrolimus/adverse effects , Triglycerides
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879955

ABSTRACT

To explore early prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak based on system dynamics model analysis. The data of early outbreak of COVID-19 were collected from the World Health Organization,covering countries of the China,United States,United Kingdom,Australia,Serbia and Italy. The susceptible-exposed-infected-recovered (SEIR) model was generalized and then its parameters were optimized. According to the parameters in the basic infection number expression,the sensitivity in the system dynamics model was used to quantitatively analyze the influence of the protection rate,infection rate and average quarantine time on the early spread of the outbreak. Based on the analysis results,targeted prevention and control measures for the early outbreak of COVID-19 were proposed. The generalized SEIR model had a good fit for the early prediction and evaluation of COVID-19 outbreaks in six countries. The spread of COVID-19 was mainly affected by the protection rate,infection rate and average quarantine time. The improvement of the protection rate in the first ays was the most important:the greater the protection rate,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. The infection rate in the first 5 days was the most critical:the smaller the infection rate,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. The average quarantine time in the first 5 days was very important:the shorter the average quarantine time,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. Through the comparison of key parameters of six countries,Australia and China had implemented strict epidemic prevention policies,which had resulted in good epidemic prevention effects. In the early stage of the outbreak,it is necessary to improve the protection rate,shorten the average quarantine time,and implement strict isolation policies to curb the spread of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2
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