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1.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 59-64, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283550

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El hipotiroidismo subclínico (HSC) se define bioquímicamente por una elevación en la concentración sérica de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides (TSH), con niveles normales de tiroxina libre (T4L). La asociación entre el HSC y el daño cardiovascular ha sido un tema controversial. OBJETIVO: determinar la asociación entre el HSC y el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular mediante la cuantificación de la proteína C reactiva ultrasensible PCR-us y la determinación de lípidos circulantes asociados a la enfermedad cardiovascular y la ateroesclerosis. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional de corte transversal realizado en el Hospital IESS de Riobamba, Ecuador en el periodo comprendido desde enero a diciembre de 2019. Se estudiaron 70 individuos (40 pacientes con HSC y 30 controles) con edades entre 18 y 75 años. Se realizaron las historias clínicas y el examen físico a cada paciente y la toma de las muestras sanguíneas para determinar la concentración sérica de los siguientes parámetros bioquímicos y hormonales: colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL colesterol y LDL colesterol, TSH, T4L y PCR-us. RESULTADOS: Se encontró un incremento significativo en la concentración de colesterol total (p<0.0001), LDL colesterol (p<0.01) y PCR-us (p<0.0001) en los pacientes con HSC vs los controles. Se observó una correlación positiva (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) entre la TSH y la PCR-us en los pacientes con HSC. CONCLUSIÓN: los pacientes con HSC experimentan una elevación en los niveles séricos de PCR-us la cual está correlacionada con un incremento en la concentración sérica de TSH. Estos parámetros asociados a un aumento del colesterol total y de la LDL colesterol sugieren un estado inflamatorio de bajo grado que podría estar asociado con el desarrollo de aterosclerosis y daño cardiovascular.


INTRODUCTION: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined biochemically by an elevation in serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration, with normal levels of free thyroxine (T4L). The association between SH and cardiovascular damage has been a controversial issue. OBJECTIVE: to determine the association between SH and the development of cardiovascular disease through the quantification of the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-PCR) and the determination of circulating lipids associated to cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. METHODS: Observational, correlational cross-sectional study with patients captured in the internal medicine office as well as those attending screening activities at the IESS Hospital in Riobamba- Ecuador, in the period from January to December 2019. Seventy individuals (40 patients with SH and 30 controls) between the ages of 18 and 75 years were studied. Each patient's medical history and physical examination were performed, and blood samples were taken to determine the serum concentration of the following biochemical and hormonal parameters: total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, TSH, T4L and hs-PCR. RESULTS: A significant increase in the concentration of total cholesterol (p<0.0001), LDL cholesterol (p<0.01) and hs-PCR (p<0.0001) was found in patients with SH vs. controls. A positive correlation (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) was observed between TSH and hs-PCR in patients with SH. CONCLUSION: patients with SH experience an elevation in serum hs-PCR levels which is correlated with an increase in serum TSH concentration. These parameters associated with an increase in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol suggest a low-grade inflammatory state that may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hypothyroidism/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador , Atherosclerosis , Hypothyroidism/complications , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
2.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 65-73, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283551

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las dislipidemias favorecen la formación precoz de placas ateroscleróticas, aumentando el riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECVs). La Actividad Física (AF) es un factor protector de ECVs, por lo que el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la asociación entre AF medida objetivamente y dislipidemias en población pediátrica. METODOLOGÍA: La AF fue evaluada en 159 niños (9-13 años) de la Región de La Araucanía a través de acelerometría (ActiGraph GT3X+). Por este medio se estimó el porcentaje de AF moderada a vigorosa (AFMV) y el de conducta sedentaria (CS). Sujetos con ≥60 min de AFMV se consideraron físicamente activos según recomendación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Individuos con %CS>75° percentil fueron considerados sedentarios. El perfil lipídico fue determinado usando métodos convencionales. Fueron calculados índices de aterogenicidad TG/cHDL e índice de aterogenicidad del plasma (IAP). RESULTADOS: 37,1% presentó dislipidemia, 8% hipercolesterolemia, 19,5% hipertrigliceridemia, 6,3% cLDL elevado y 25,2% cHDL disminuido. Solo un 9,4% fueron considerados físicamente activos de acuerdo a la recomendación de la OMS. En los sujetos físicamente activos no hubo caso de dislipidemias (p= 0,032) y tampoco bajos niveles de cHDL (p= 0,013). El %AFMV estaba reducido en sujetos con cHDL bajo y se correlacionó positivamente con HDL-c (r= 0,157, p=0,048). Además, el %AFMV se correlacionó con menores valores de TG/cHDL (r= -0,193, p=0,015) e IAP (r= -0,214, p=0,006). Si bien el comportamiento sedentario no estuvo asociado con riesgo de dislipidemias, el %CS se correlacionó positivamente con niveles de glucosa (r= 0,159, p=0,044) y HOMA-IR (r= 0,178, p=0,037) y negativamente con Quicki (r= -0,160, p=0,044). CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la AF se correlaciona a menor frecuencia de dislipidemias y la práctica de AFMV aumentaría los valores de HDL-c y reduciría los índices aterogénicos, por lo que promoverla puede significar disminuir el riesgo de ECVs en nuestra población. Además, la CS se relaciona con un aumento en valores de glucosa e índices de resistencia insulínica en escolares de la Región de La Araucanía.


Dyslipidemias cause early formation of atherosclerotic plaque, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Physical Activity (PA) is a protective factor against CVDs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between objectively measured PA with dyslipidemias in a pediatric population. METHOD: The PA was evaluated in 159 children (9-13 years old) from Región de La Araucanía using accelerometry (ActiGraph GT3X +). The percentage of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were estimated. Subjects with ≥60 min of MVPA were considered physically active according to the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO). Individuals with %SB >75th percentile were sedentary. The lipid profile was determined using conventional methods. TG/HDL-C ratio and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) were calculated. RESULTS: 37.1% presented dyslipidemia, 8% hypercholesterolemia, 19.5% hypertriglyceridemia, 6.3% elevated LDL-C and 25.2% decreased HDL-C. Only 9.4% were physically active according to the WHO recommendation. In physically active subjects where no cases of dyslipidemias (p =0.032) and no low HDL-C (p = 0.013). The %MVPA was reduced in subjects with low HDL-C and positively correlated with HDL-c (r = 0.157, p = 0.048). In addition, %MVPA was correlated with lower TG / HDL-C values (r = -0.193, p = 0.015) and AIP (r = -0.214, p = 0.006). SB was not associated with risk of dyslipidemia, % SB was positively correlated with glucose levels (r = 0.159, p = 0.044) and HOMA-IR (r = 0.178, p = 0.037) and negatively with Quicki (r = -0.160, p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that PA is it correlates to a lower frequency of dyslipidemia and the practice of MVPA would increase HDL-c values and reduce atherogenic index, promoting it may been reducing the risk of CVDs in our population. In addition, the SB is related to an increase in glucose values and insulin resistance index in schoolchildren in Región de La Araucanía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Dyslipidemias/blood , Students , Triglycerides/blood , Body Weight , Insulin Resistance , Chile , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Primary and Secondary , Atherosclerosis/blood , Sedentary Behavior , Accelerometry , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Homeostasis , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11035, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285659

ABSTRACT

In this eight-year retrospective study, we evaluated the associations between climatic variations and the biological rhythms in plasma lipids and lipoproteins in a large population of Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil, as well as temporal changes of outcomes of cardiovascular hospitalizations. Climatic variables were obtained at the Center for Meteorological and Climatic Research Applied to Agriculture (University of Campinas - Unicamp, Brazil). The plasma lipid databases surveyed were from 27,543 individuals who had their lipid profiles assessed at the state university referral hospital in Campinas (Unicamp). The frequency of hospitalizations was obtained from the Brazilian Public Health database (DATASUS). Temporal statistical analyses were performed using the methods Cosinor or Friedman (ARIMA) and the temporal series were compared by cross-correlation functions. In normolipidemic cases (n=11,892), significantly different rhythmicity was observed in low-density lipoprotein (LDL)- and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C) both higher in winter and lower in summer. Dyslipidemia (n=15,651) increased the number and amplitude of lipid rhythms: LDL-C and HDL-C were higher in winter and lower in summer, and the opposite occurred with triglycerides. The number of hospitalizations showed maximum and minimum frequencies in winter and in summer, respectively. A coincident rhythmicity was observed of lower temperature and humidity rates with higher plasma LDL-C, and their temporal series were inversely cross-correlated. This study shows for the first time that variations of temperature, humidity, and daylight length were strongly associated with LDL-C and HDL-C seasonality, but moderately to lowly associated with rhythmicity of atherosclerotic outcomes. It also indicates unfavorable cardiovascular-related changes during wintertime.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Climate , Lipids/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Periodicity , Seasons , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
4.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(1): e00028019, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055615

ABSTRACT

Anormalidades lipídicas e inflamação sistêmica subclínica estão associadas ao processo de aterosclerose, sendo utilizadas como marcadores de risco cardiovascular. Estudos sugerem um possível efeito benéfico dos produtos lácteos na saúde cardiovascular, mas os resultados em marcadores lipídicos e inflamatórios ainda são controversos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a associação entre o consumo de produtos lácteos e seus diferentes subgrupos e proteína C-reativa (PCR), LDL-colesterol (LDL-C) e razão triglicerídeo/HDL-colesterol (TG/HDL-C) nos participantes do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) (n = 9.372). O consumo de lácteos foi avaliado por meio de questionário de frequência alimentar validado e apresentado em porções/dia. O consumo total de lácteos foi descrito em quatro categorias (≤ 1 porção/dia a > 4 porções/dia). As associações foram estimadas por meio do odds ratios (OR), utilizando-se o grupo de menor consumo (≤ 1 porção/dia) como referência. Os menores valores de OR para TG/HDL-C no modelo multivariado (0,70; IC95%: 0,55-0,90 em homens; e 0,55; IC95%: 0,43-0,70 em mulheres) foram encontrados no grupo com consumo > 4 porções/dia de lácteos totais. Esses resultados foram apoiados pelas associações inversas encontradas entre diferentes subgrupos de lácteos e a razão TG/HDL-C. Não foi encontrada associação entre consumo de produtos lácteos e seus subgrupos e valores de LDL-C e de PCR. Os resultados sugerem um possível efeito benéfico dos lácteos no perfil lipídico, porém são necessárias evidências de estudos longitudinais e de intervenção que elucidem os mecanismos de efeito dos diferentes tipos de lácteos.


Lipid abnormalities and subclinical systemic inflammation are associated with atherosclerosis and are used as markers of cardiovascular risk. Studies have suggested a possible beneficial effect of dairy products on cardiovascular health, but the results in lipid and inflammatory markers are still controversial. This study aimed to assess the association between consumption of dairy products and their different subgroups and C-reactive protein (CRP), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) in participants in the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) (n = 9,372). Consumption of dairy products was assessed via a validated food frequency questionnaire and expressed as servings/day. Total consumption of dairy products was described in four categories (≤ 1 serving/day to > 4 servings/day). The associations were estimated via odds ratios (OR), using the group with the lowest consumption (≤ 1 serving/day) as the reference. The lowest ORs for TG/HDL-C in the multivariate model (0.70; 95%CI: 0.55-0.90 in men; and 0.55; 95%CI: 0.43-0.70 in women) were found in the group that consumed > 4 servings day of dairy products. These results were supported by the inverse associations between different subgroups of dairy products and the TG/HDL-C ratio. No association was found between consumption of dairy products and their subgroups and LDL-C and CRP. The results suggest a possible beneficial effect of dairy products on lipid profile, but longitudinal and intervention studies are needed to elucidate the effect mechanisms of different types of dairy products.


Las anormalidades lipídicas e inflamación sistémica subclínica están asociadas con el proceso de arteriosclerosis, siendo utilizadas como marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular. Los estudios sugieren un posible efecto benéfico de los productos lácteos en la salud cardiovascular, pero los resultados en marcadores lipídicos e inflamatorios todavía son controvertidos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la asociación entre el consumo de productos lácteos y sus diferentes subgrupos y proteína C-reativa (PCR), LDL-colesterol (LDL-C) y razón triglicéridos/HDL-colesterol (TG/HDL-C) en los participantes del Estudio Longitudinal de Salud del Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) (n = 9.372). El consumo de lácteos fue evaluado mediante un cuestionario de frecuencia alimentaria validado, y presentado en porciones/día. El consumo total de lácteos se describió en cuatro categorías (≤ 1 porción/día a > 4 porciones/día). Las asociaciones fueron estimadas mediante odds ratios (OR), utilizando el grupo de menor consumo (≤ 1 porción/día) como referencia. Los menores valores de OR para TG/HDL-C en el modelo multivariado (0,70; IC95%: 0,55-0,90 en hombres; y 0,55; IC95%: 0,43-0,70 en mujeres) se encontraron en el grupo con consumo > 4 porciones/día de lácteos totales. Estos resultados se apoyaron en las asociaciones inversas encontradas entre diferentes subgrupos de lácteos y la razón TG/HDL-C. No se encontró asociación entre consumo de productos lácteos y sus subgrupos y valores de LDL-C y de PCR. Los resultados sugieren un posible efecto benéfico de los lácteos en el perfil lipídico, pese a que se necesitan evidencias de estudios longitudinales y de intervención que eluciden los mecanismos de efecto de los diferentes tipos de lácteos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Diet Surveys , Dairy Products/statistics & numerical data , Feeding Behavior , Lipids/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil , Biomarkers/blood , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Middle Aged
5.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 18, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088642

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Correlate serum magnesium (Mg) and Calcium (Ca) levels with body composition and metabolic parameters in women with fibromyalgia (FM). Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study compared with a control group paired by age and body mass index (BMI) of adult women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. All participants went through assessment of their body composition through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and had blood samples collected for dosing of Mg, Ca, C-reactive Protein (CRP), lipidogram and glycemia. Results: 53 women with FM (average age 48.1 ±8.2 years, average BMI 26.6 ±4.5 kg/m2) and 50 control women (average age 47.1 ±9.9 years, average BMI 25.6 ± 3.6 kg/m2) participated in the study. Serum levels turned out to have inverse correlation with CRP in the FM group (r = −0.29, p = 0.03) and with BMI and glycemia in the control group (r = 0.31; p = 0.02 and r = 0.48; p = 0.0004 respectively). Serum levels of calcium correlated with triglycerides (r = 0.29; p = 0.03) in the FM group and with glycemia in the control group (r = 0.64; p = 0.0001). Conclusions: In patients with FM, magnesemia turned out to have inverse correlation with CRP and calcemia had positive association with triglycerides.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Calcium/blood , Magnesium/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose , Body Composition , C-Reactive Protein , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
6.
Clinics ; 75: e1183, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the acute effects of a session of water-based aerobic exercise on the blood lipid levels of women with dyslipidemia and to compare these results according to their training status. METHOD: Fourteen premenopausal women with dyslipidemia, aged 40-50 years, participated in two water-based aerobic exercise sessions, the first when they were generally sedentary and the second after they were trained with a water-based aerobic training program for 12 weeks. Both experimental sessions were performed using the same protocol, lasted 45 min, and incorporated an interval method, alternating 3 min at a rating of perceived exertion (RPE) of 13 and 2 min at an RPE of 9. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and lipoprotein lipase enzyme (LPL) were obtained through venous blood collection before and immediately after each session. A generalized estimating equation method and Bonferroni tests were conducted (with time and training status as factors) for statistical analyses. RESULTS: At enrollment, the mean age of the participants was 46.57 years (95% confidence interval [CI] 44.81−48.34). The statistical analyses showed a significant time effect for all variables (TC: p=0.008; TG: p=0.012; HDL: p<0.001; LPL: p<0.001) except for LDL (p=0.307). However, the training status effect was not significant for any variable (TC: p=0.527; TG: p=0.899; HDL: p=0.938; LDL: p=0.522; LPL: p=0.737). These results indicate that the TC and TG levels reduced and the HDL and LPL concentrations increased from pre- to post-session in similar magnitudes in both sedentary and trained women. CONCLUSIONS: A single water-based aerobic exercise session is sufficient and effective to beneficially modify the lipid profile of women with dyslipidemia, regardless of their training status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Water , Exercise/physiology , Dyslipidemias/therapy , Physical Exertion/physiology , Lipids/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Dyslipidemias/blood , Lipoprotein Lipase/metabolism , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(11): 1337-1342, Nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057079

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between physical activity during life and cardiovascular risk factors among adults. DESIGN: The sample was composed of 101 adults (59 men) between 30 and 50 years old, who were recruited from different gyms and from a University in Brasil. Participants were divided according to their engagement in sports in early life (self-reported) and current physical activity (pedometer) (sports participation during childhood/adolescence and currently active [n=26], sports participation during childhood/adolescence and currently inactive [n=26], and control [n=49]). Cardiovascular risk factors were measured, such as body fat (through DXA), HDL-C, triglycerides, HOMA index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and C-reactive protein. We adopted the covariates of chronological age, sex, alcohol consumption, tobacco, and body mass index. General estimating equations were used, with p<0.05. RESULTS: After the adjustments of the final model, individuals engaged in sports during childhood and adolescence and inactive during adulthood presented lower body fat, when compared to participants persistently inactive (p<0.001). Participants persistently active presented lower body fat (p<0.001) and lower c-reactive protein (p=0.010) when compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Early sports participation was associated with reduced body fat, and being physically active throughout life was associated with reduced body fat and C-reactive protein.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre atividade física durante a vida e fatores de risco cardiovasculares entre adultos. DESIGN: A amostra foi composta por 101 adultos (59 homens) entre 30 e 50 anos, os quais foram recrutados em diferentes academias de ginástica e uma universidade brasileira. Os participantes foram divididos de acordo com o engajamento prévio (autorrelatado) e atual de atividade física (mensurada por pedômetro) (participação esportiva durante a infância/adolescência e prática atual [n=26], participação esportiva durante a infância/adolescência e ausência de prática atual [n=26] e controle [n=49]). Como fatores de risco cardiovasculares foram mensurados gordura corporal (por meio de DXA), HDL, triglicérides, índice Homa, pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, além da proteína c-reativa. Foram adotadas como covariáveis: idade cronológica, sexo, consumo de álcool e índice de massa corporal. Equações gerais de estimativa foram utilizadas adotando p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Após os ajustes no modelo final, indivíduos engajados em esporte durante a infância e adolescência e inativos durante a idade adulta apresentaram menor gordura corporal quando comparados com participantes persistentemente inativos (p<0,001). Participantes persistentemente ativos apresentaram menor gordura corporal (p<0,001) e proteína c-reativa (p=0,010) quando comparados ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: Prática esportiva prévia (durante infância e adolescência) foi associada com redução da gordura corporal e ser fisicamente ativo ao longo da vida foi associado à redução da gordura corporal e proteína c-reativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sports/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise/psychology , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue , Risk Factors , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Middle Aged
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(5): 896-902, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055036

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In view of the increased global prevalence of cardiovascular and hepatic diseases, the diet lipid content and its relationship with the accumulation of fat in hepatocytes have been investigated as key factors in preventing these diseases. Objective: To evaluate the metabolic effects of a high-lard diet supplemented or not with cholesterol on a modified dyslipidemia model. Methods: We divided 24 adult male Wistar rats into three groups: standard diet (STD - 4% lipids), high-lard diet (HLD - 21% lard), and high-lard and high-cholesterol diet (HL/HCD - 20% lard, 1% cholesterol, 0.1% cholic acid). After six weeks of treatment, blood and liver were collected for biochemical (serum lipid profile and liver enzymes) and morphological analyses. Statistical analysis included one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey test for mean comparisons, and a 5% probability was considered statistically significant. Results: Animals fed HL/HCD showed increased total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, LDL-c, non-HDL-c, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum levels compared to those fed STD. In addition, the HL/HCD animals presented higher relative liver weight, with moderate macrovesicular hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltrate. Conclusion: A high-fat diet with lard (20%) and cholesterol (1%) triggered dyslipidemia with severe liver damage in rats in a shorter experimental time than the previously reported models. The high-lard diet without supplementation of cholesterol led to body weight gain, but not to dyslipidemia.


Resumo Fundamento: Tendo em vista o aumento da prevalência global de doenças cardiovasculares e hepáticas, o conteúdo lipídico da dieta e sua relação com o acúmulo de gordura nos hepatócitos têm sido investigados como fatores-chave na prevenção dessas doenças. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos metabólicos de uma dieta rica em banha suplementada com colesterol ou não, em um modelo modificado de dislipidemia. Métodos: Foram divididos 24 ratos Wistar machos adultos em três grupos: dieta padrão (DP - 4% de lipídios), dieta rica em banha (DRB - 21% de banha) e dieta rica em banha e colesterol (DRB/RC - 20% de banha, 1% de colesterol e 0,1% de ácido cólico). Após seis semanas de tratamento, o sangue e o fígado foram coletados para análises bioquímicas (perfil lipídico sérico e enzimas hepáticas) e morfológicas. A análise estatística incluiu análise de variância unidirecional (ANOVA), seguida do teste de Tukey para comparações de médias. Uma probabilidade de 5% foi considerada estatisticamente significativa. Resultados: Animais alimentados com DRB/RC apresentaram um aumento nos níveis séricos de colesterol total, triacilglicerol, LDL-c, não-HDL-c, alanina aminotransferase (ALT) e aspartato aminotransferase (AST) em comparação com aqueles alimentados com DP. Além disso, os animais tratados com DRB/RC apresentaram um peso relativo do fígado maior, com esteatose hepática macrovesicular moderada e infiltrado inflamatório. Conclusão: Uma dieta rica em gordura com banha (20%) e colesterol (1%) desencadeou dislipidemia com danos graves ao fígado em ratos em um tempo experimental menor do que os modelos previamente relatados. A dieta rica em banha sem suplementação de colesterol levou ao ganho de peso corporal, mas não à dislipidemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dyslipidemias/chemically induced , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Organ Size , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Body Weight , Dietary Fats/adverse effects , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Cholesterol/blood , Rats, Wistar , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Dyslipidemias/metabolism , Dyslipidemias/blood , Fatty Liver/pathology , Inflammation , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Liver/metabolism , Liver/pathology , Metabolic Diseases/metabolism , Metabolic Diseases/blood
9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 428-434, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040335

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Given the importance of incorporating simple and low-cost tools into the pediatric clinical setting to provide screening for insulin resistance, the present study sought to investigate whether waist-to-height ratio is comparable to biochemical markers for the discrimination of insulin resistance in children and adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved students from nine public schools. In total, 296 children and adolescents of both sexes, aged 8 -14 years, composed the sample. Waist-to-height ratio, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C ratio were determined according to standard protocols. Insulin resistance was defined as homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance with cut-off point ≥ 3.16. Results: Age, body mass index, frequency of overweight, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, insulin, glucose, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, triglycerides, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C were higher among insulin resistant boys and girls. Moderate correlation of all indicators (waist-to-height ratio, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C ratio) with homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance was observed for both sexes. The areas under the receiver operational characteristic curves ware similar between waist-to-height ratio and biochemical markers. Conclusion: The indicators provided similar discriminatory power for insulin resistance. However, taking into account the cost-benefit ratio, we suggest that waist-to-height ratio may be a useful tool to provide screening for insulin resistance in pediatric populations.


Resumo Objetivo: Considerando a importância de incorporar ferramentas simples e de baixo custo no cenário clínico-pediátrico para a triagem de resistência à insulina, o presente estudo buscou investigar se a razão cintura/estatura é comparável a marcadores bioquímicos na discriminação de resistência à insulina em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Este estudo transversal envolveu estudantes de nove escolas públicas. No total, 296 crianças e adolescentes, de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 8 e 14 anos, compuseram a amostra. A razão cintura/estatura, o índice triglicerídeos/glicose e a razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C foram determinados de acordo com protocolos padrão. A resistência à insulina foi definida por meio do modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência insulínica, com ponto de corte ≥ 3.16. Resultados: Idade, índice de massa corporal, frequência de excesso de peso, circunferência da cintura, razão cintura/estatura, insulina, glicemia, modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência insulínica, triglicerídeos, índice triglicerídeos/glicose e razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C foram maiores entre meninos e meninas com resistência à insulina. Também foram observadas, em ambos os sexos, correlações moderadas de todos os indicadores (razão cintura/estatura, índice triglicerídeos/glicose e razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C) com o modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência à insulina. As áreas sob as curvas ROC foram semelhantes entre a razão cintura/estatura e os marcadores bioquímicos. Conclusão: Os indicadores forneceram poder discriminatório similar para a resistência à insulina. No entanto, levando em conta o custo-benefício, sugerimos que a razão cintura/estatura pode ser uma ferramenta útil para a triagem de resistência à insulina em populações pediátricas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Blood Glucose/analysis , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Biomarkers/analysis , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Waist Circumference/physiology , Waist-Height Ratio , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Overweight/physiopathology , Overweight/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
10.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 345-350, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019353

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to carry out an epidemiological analysis of metabolic syndrome among Brazilian Army soldiers. Subjects and methods: Two thousand seven hundred and nineteen male soldiers of the Brazilian Army were evaluated from 2014 to 2016. Characteristics: age = 27.77 (± 8.59) years and BMI = 25.15 (± 3.41) kg/m2. Blood tests and anthropometric measures were performed following the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on MS Epidemiology and Prevention, 2009. The epidemiological analysis was based on Odds ratio (OR) with confidence interval (CI). Results: The prevalence of MS found was 12.21%. Both WC and BMI proved to be good predictors of changes in MS physiological markers. Increased WC and BMI were strongly associated with all physiological markers. Soldiers with WC ≥ 90 were more likely to present MS with OR = 33.37 (24.37-45.7). Soldiers with WC ≥ 90 also presented high risk of: high triglycerides with OR = 5.98 (4.69-7.61); low HLD-c with OR = 1.78 (1.47-2.16); and increased systolic blood pressure OR = 3.10 (2.55-3.76). Soldiers with BMI ≥ 30 had a high risk of: increased glucose with OR = 2.69 (1.93-3.75); and increased diastolic blood pressure with OR = 3.02 (2.22-4.10). Conclusion: Both WC and BMI can be considered as good predictors of changes in MS physiological markers. We believe that WC and BMI should be used as screening tools to indicate the soldiers that must undergo blood tests to monitor MS prevalence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Military Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Pressure , Brazil , Biomarkers , Body Mass Index , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Waist Circumference , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
11.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(2): 161-166, jun. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019249

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de la presente investigación consistió en revisar si los valores de referencia producidos por la industria de diagnóstico in vitro eran transferibles a una determinada población. Para este estudio fueron analizadas muestras de suero de una población de 23 individuos. El análisis de las muestras estudiadas fue realizado mediante el método de colorimetría usando equipos Rx Daytona. Los analitos determinados para el estudio fueron glucemia, colesterol, triglicéridos por método enzimático y creatinina por método cinético, empleando el kit de reactivos de la misma casa comercial del instrumento. Para la evaluación y análisis estadístico de los datos fue empleado el logaritmo de decisión propuesto por Ventimiglia y Fink en 2002. Como resultado se obtuvieron porcentajes de transferibilidad de 100% para la totalidad de los analitos. De acuerdo con los resultados obtenidos, se dieron por verificados y se aceptó la transferibilidad de los intervalos de referencia comerciales para la población en estudio.


The aim of this investigation was to review if the reference values produced by the in vitro diagnostic industry were transferable to a specific population; for the study, serum samples from a population of 23 individuals were analyzed.The analysis of the samples was carried out using the colorimetric method with Rx Daytona equipment. The analytes determined for the study were glycemia, cholesterol, triglycerides by enzymatic method and creatinine by kinetic method, using the reagent kit from the same commercial brand of said equipment. The statistical analysis was done applying the decision logarithm proposed by Ventimiglia F and Fink N (2002). As a result, percentages of 100% of transferability were found on all the analytes. According to the results obtained, the transferability of the commercial reference intervals for the population under study was accepted.


O objetivo da presente investigação foi revisar se os valores de referência produzidos pela indústria de diagnóstico in vitro eram transferíveis para uma população específica. Para esse estudo amostras de soro foram analisadas de uma população de 23 indivíduos. A análise das amostras estudadas foi realizada utilizando o método de colorimetria, utilizando equipamentos Rx Daytona. Os analitos determinados para o estudo foram glicemia, colesterol, triglicerídeos pelo método enzimático e creatinina pelo método cinético, utilizando o kit de reagentes da mesma casa comercial do instrumento. Para a avaliação e análise estatística dos dados foi utilizado o logaritmo de decisão proposto por Ventimiglia F e Fink N 2002. Como resultados, percentuais de transferibilidade de 100% foram obtidos para todos os analitos. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, foram tidos como verificados e se aceita a transferibilidade dos intervalos de referência comerciais para a população em estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic/standards , Biological Variation, Population , Reference Values , Triglycerides , Venezuela , Blood Glucose , In Vitro Techniques/methods , In Vitro Techniques/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
12.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(2): 255-266, jun. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019259

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. HDL es cuantitativamente la lipoproteína más importante en la mayoría de las especies y la evidencia mecanicista sugiere que HDL tendría un papel en la función inmunológica normal. Probamos la hipótesis que sugiere que las concentraciones plasmáticas de HDL están asociadas con el riesgo de enfermedades autoinmunes. Métodos. Se incluyeron 107.954 y 9.387 individuos con mediciones basales de colesterol-HDL provenientes de 2 estudios de la población general: el Estudio de la Población General de Copenhague y el Estudio del Corazón de Copenhague. Los pacientes fueron seguidos mediante el Registro Nacional Danés de pacientes desde el inicio del período 2003-2015 o 1991-1994 hasta 2017, tiempo durante el cual 4.078 y 1.101 individuos desarrollaron enfermedad autoinmune en los 2 estudios respectivamente. Resultados. En el Estudio de la Población General de Copenhague, en comparación a los individuos con colesterol de HDL =2,0 mmol/L (77 mg/dL), los índices de riesgo para cualquier enfermedad autoinmune, ajustados de manera multifactorial fueron 1,06 (IC 95%, 0,94-1,19) para individuos con colesterol-HDL entre 1,5 y 1,99 mmol/L (58 a 77 mg/dL), 1,18 (IC 95%, 1,04-1,35) para individuos con colesterol-HDL entre 1,0 y 1,49 mmol/L (39 a 58 mg/dL) y 1,84 (IC 95%, 1,52- 2,22) para individuos con colesterol-HDL <1,0 mmol/L (39 mg/dL) (p<0,001 para tendencia). Estos resultados fueron similares cuando: se excluyeron los eventos dentro de los 5 años del inicio del estudio, tanto en mujeres como hombres por separado, eventos en el inicio del estudio, independientemente de la inflamación de bajo grado o concentraciones de triglicéridos, para diferentes niveles de apolipoproteína A1 y para definiciones de punto final más restrictivas. Finalmente, el Estudio del Corazón de Copenhague proporcionó una confirmación independiente. Conclusiones: Los bajos niveles de colesterol-HDL se asocian con un alto riesgo de enfermedad autoinmune en individuos de la población general. Nuestros hallazgos observacionales no pueden determinar la causalidad.


Background. HDL is quantitatively the most important lipoprotein in most species and mechanistic evidence points toward a role for HDL in normal immune function. We tested the hypothesis that concentrations of HDL cholesterol are associated with risk of autoimmune disease. Methods. From 2 studies of the general population-the Copenhagen General Population Study and the Copenhagen City Heart study-we included 107,954 and 9,387 individuals with baseline measurements of HDL cholesterol. These were followed with the national Danish Patient Registry from baseline in 2003-2015 or 1991-1994 through 2017, during which time 4078 and 1101 individuals developed autoimmune disease in the 2 studies. Results. In the Copenhagen General Population Study, compared to individuals with HDL cholesterol =2.0 mmol/L (77 mg/dL), the multifactorially adjusted hazard ratios for any autoimmune disease were 1.06 (95% CI, 0.94-1.19) for individuals with HDL cholesterol of 1.5-1.99 mmol/L (58-77 mg/dL), 1.18 (95% CI, 1.04-1.35) for individuals with HDL cholesterol of 1.0-1.49 mmol/L (39-58 mg/dL), and 1.84 (95% CI, 1.52-2.22) for individuals with HDL cholesterol <1.0 mmol/L (39 mg/dL) (p for trend <0.001). These results were similar when excluding events within 5 years of baseline, in women and men separately, for events at baseline, irrespective of low-grade inflammation or triglyceride concentrations, for the apolipoprotein A1 part of HDL, and for more restrictive end point definitions. Finally, the Copenhagen City Heart Study provided independent confirmation. Conclusions. Low HDL cholesterol level is associated with high risk of autoimmune disease in individuals from the general population. Our observational findings cannot determine causality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Epidemiologic Studies , Denmark , Cholesterol, HDL/urine
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(2): 173-179, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002470

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine decision limits for total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides in healthy children and adolescents from Cuiabá, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 1866 healthy children and adolescents randomly selected from daycare centers and public schools in Cuiabá. The desirable levels of serum lipids were defined using the classic criteria, i.e., total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides levels below the P75 percentile, and HDL-c above the P10 percentile. Results: For CT, P75 was: 160 mg/dL for the age range of 1 to <3 years, 170 mg/dL for ≥3 to <9 years, and 176 mg/dL for ≥9 to <13 years. For non-HDL cholesterol, it was 122 mg/dL for the age range of 1 to <13 years. For LDL-c, it was 104 mg/dL at the age range of 1 to <9 years and 106 mg/dL from ≥9 to <13 years. For TG, it was 127 mg/dL from 1 to <2 years; 98 mg/dL from ≥2 to <6 years; and 92 mg/dL from ≥6 to <13 years. As for HDL-cholesterol, P10 was 24 mg/dL, 28 mg/dL, 32 mg/dL, and 36 mg/dL, for the age ranges of 1 to <2 years, ≥2 to <3 years, ≥3 to <4 years, and ≥4 to <13 years, respectively. Conclusion: The decision limits for the serum lipid levels defined in this study differed from those observed in the current Brazilian and North-American guidelines, especially because it differentiates between the age ranges. Using these decision limits in clinical practice will certainly contribute to improve the diagnostic accuracy for dyslipidemia in this population group.


Resumo Objetivo: Determinar limites de decisão (LD) para o colesterol total (CT), LDL-colesterol (LDL-c), colesterol não-HDL (c-NHDL), HDL-colesterol (HDL-c) e triglicérides (TG) em crianças e adolescentes saudáveis de Cuiabá. Método: Estudo transversal envolvendo 1.866 crianças e adolescentes saudáveis de creches e escolas municipais públicas de Cuiabá, aleatoriamente selecionadas. Os LD desejáveis dos lipídeos séricos foram definidos pelos critérios clássicos, isto é, níveis de CT, LDL-c, c-NHDL, TG abaixo do percentil 75, e de HDL-c acima do percentil 10. Resultados: Os P75 para CT foram: 160 mg/dL para a faixa etária de 1 a < 3 anos, 170 mg/dL para ≥ 3 a < 9 anos e 176 mg/dL para ≥ 9 a < 13 anos. Para o c-NHDL, de 122 mg/dL na faixa etária de 1 a < 13 anos. LDL-c: 104 mg/dL na faixa etária de 1 a < 9 anos e 106 mg/dL de ≥ 9 a < 13 anos. TG: 127 mg/dL entre 1 a < 2 anos; 98 mg/dL de ≥ 2 a < 6 anos; e 92 mg/dL de ≥ 6 a < 13 anos. Quanto ao HDL-c, o P10, foi de 24 mg/dL, 28 mg/dL, 32 mg/dL e 36 mg/dL, para as faixas etárias de 1 a < 2 anos, ≥ 2 a < 3 anos, ≥ 3 a < 4 anos e ≥ 4 a < 13 anos, respectivamente. Conclusão: Os LD dos níveis séricos de lipídeos definidos neste estudo diferem daqueles apresentados nas diretrizes brasileiras e americanas atuais, especialmente por fazer a diferenciação entre as idades. Utilizar tais LD em nossa prática clínica certamente contribuirá para melhorar a acurácia do diagnóstico de dislipidemia nesse grupo populacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Nutritional Status , Lipids/blood , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 28-33, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance, especially that induced by obesity, plays a central role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Although the evaluation of overweight patients is important, the nutritional assessment tools used in clinical practice have limitations. Neck circumference (NC), from this, becomes a viable and low-cost alternative, which seems to be related to the accumulation of fat in the hepatic tissue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between NC and metabolic alterations in patients with non- alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study performed in 82 patients, of whom 76 underwent liver biopsy. We performed weight, height, abdominal circumference and NC measures. Values of NC ≥42 cm and ≥36 cm were considered as altered for men and women, respectively. Laboratory tests and liver biopsy result were collected in the participants' charts. We evaluated fasting blood glucose levels, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), ferritin, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyltransferase, albumin, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and the HOMA-IR index. RESULTS: We evaluated eighty-two patients. Patients with altered NC had increased body mass index (P=0.043), abdominal circumference (P=0.007), insulin (P=0.003) and HOMA-IR (P=0.029) when compared to those with adequate NC. NC was significantly correlated with reduced levels of high-density cholesterol (HDL-C) in men (r= -042, P<0.05), increased insulin levels in men and female (rs=0.47; P<0.05 and rs=0.51; P<0.01, respectively), as well as higher HOMA-IR index both males (rs=0.49; P<0.01) and female (rs=0.30; P<0.05). There was no significant association between NC and liver outcomes (r=0.145; P=0.36). CONCLUSION: NC is associated with the HOMA-IR index in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. NC can be used in the screening of insulin resistance in these patients, considering that insulin resistance plays a key role in the progression of the disease.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A resistência à insulina, em especial a induzida pela obesidade, desempenha papel central no desenvolvimento da doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA). Embora seja importante a avaliação de pacientes com excesso de peso, as ferramentas de avaliação nutricional utilizadas na prática clínica apresentam limitações. A circunferência do pescoço, a partir disso, torna-se uma alternativa viável e de baixo custo, a qual parece estar relacionada ao acúmulo de gordura no tecido hepático. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre a circunferência do pescoço (CP) e as alterações metabólicas em pacientes com DHGNA. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado em 82 pacientes, dos quais 76 foram submetidos à biópsia hepática. Foram realizadas as medidas de peso, altura, circunferência abdominal e CP. Valores de CP ≥42 cm e ≥36 cm foram considerados alterados para homens e mulheres, respectivamente. Os exames laboratoriais e o resultado da biópsia hepática foram coletados dos prontuários dos participantes. Foram avaliados os níveis glicêmicos em jejum, insulina, hemoglobina glicosilada, triglicerídeos, colesterol total, lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL-C), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-C), ferritina, fosfatase alcalina, gama glutamiltransferase, albumina, bilirrubina total, bilirrubina direta, transaminase glutâmico-oxalacética, transaminase glutâmico-pirúvica e o índice HOMA-IR. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 82 pacientes. Os pacientes com CP alterada apresentaram aumento do índice de massa corporal (P=0,043), circunferência abdominal (P=0,007), insulina (P=0,003) e HOMA-IR (P=0,029) quando comparados àqueles com CP adequada. A CP foi significativamente correlacionada com níveis reduzidos de colesterol de alta densidade (HDL-C) em homens (r= -042, P<0,05), aumento dos níveis de insulina em homens e mulheres (rs=0,47, P<0,05 e rs = 0,51; P<0,01, respectivamente), bem como maior índice HOMA-IR, tanto do sexo masculino (rs=0,49; P<0,01) quanto do feminino (rs=0,30; P<0,05). Não houve associação significativa entre CP e os desfechos hepáticos (r=0,145, P=0,36). CONCLUSÃO: A CP está associada com o índice HOMA-IR em pacientes com DHGNA. A CP pode ser utilizada no rastreamento da resistência à insulina nesses pacientes, considerando que a resistência à insulina desempenha um papel fundamental na progressão da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Neck/anatomy & histology , Biopsy , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Homeostasis/physiology , Insulin/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Liver/pathology , Middle Aged
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 10-14, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001326

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with the development of gastric adenocarcinoma. Currently, the prevalence in developed countries is 40%, but this value increases considerably in developing countries, which can reach rates bigger than 90%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the mean and annual prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients from Itajaí during the period from July 1992 to April 2016, as well as the gender and age groups most affected. METHODS: After consent of the clinical director of the Gastroclinica Itajaí and confidentiality commitment about the research, the database of the Endoscopy Service of the clinic was evaluated. All the patients who underwent their first upper digestive endoscopy with urease test and/or histological analysis were included. The data were submitted to statistical analysis of prevalence by gender, age group and years of study, with subsequent correction through the confidence interval. RESULTS: The mean prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection thru all years of study was 50.07%. With the calculation of the annual prevalences, it was evident the gradual reduction of infection in the population of Itajaí, that was 81.3% in 1992, declining to 33% in the year of 2016. When classifying the prevalence of infection by gender, it was higher in males (53.59%), and gender distribution by age group showed no statistically significant difference among genders between the ages of 40 and 80 years. In relation to the age group, the highest prevalence was in the group between 40 and 49 years. CONCLUSION: Although this study is retrospective and based on endoscopic database analysis, without access to clinical data of patients such as prior use of proton pump inhibitor and antibiotics to endoscopy, its results are important because they may reflect the current panorama of Helicobacter pylori infection in the city under study, where it has been presenting a gradual reduction of prevalence over the years, with current rates similar to that of developed countries (33%). Future studies are needed to confirm our data.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A bactéria Helicobacter pylori associa-se fortemente ao desenvolvimento do adenocarcinoma gástrico. Atualmente, a prevalência em países desenvolvidos é de 40%, porém esse valor cresce consideravelmente em países em desenvolvimento, que chegam a alcançar taxas de até 90%. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar a prevalência média e anual da infecção por Helicobacter pylori nos pacientes de Itajaí durante o período de julho de 1992 a abril de 2016, assim como o sexo e as faixas etárias mais acometidas. MÉTODOS: Após consentimento do diretor técnico da Gastroclínica Itajaí e comprometimento de sigilo em relação à pesquisa, foi avaliada a base de dados do Serviço de Endoscopia da clínica. Foram selecionados todos os pacientes que realizaram pela primeira vez o exame de endoscopia digestiva alta com teste da urease e/ou análise histológica. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística de prevalência por sexo, faixa etária e anos do estudo, com posterior correção dos dados através do intervalo de confiança. RESULTADOS: A prevalência média da infecção por Helicobacter pylori em todos os anos de estudo foi de 50,07%. Com o cálculo das prevalências anuais, ficou evidente a redução gradual da infecção na população de Itajaí, que era de 81,3% em 1992, passando a 33% no ano de 2016. Ao classificar a prevalência da infecção por gênero, foi maior no sexo masculino (53,59%) e a distribuição dos gêneros por faixa etária não mostrou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os sexos entre as idades de 40 a 80 anos. Em relação à faixa etária, a maior prevalência foi no grupo entre 40 e 49 anos. CONCLUSÃO: Embora este estudo seja retrospectivo e baseado em análise de banco de dados de endoscopias digestivas, sem acesso a dados clínicos de pacientes como uso prévio de nibidor de bomba de próton e antibióticos à endoscopia, seus resultados são importantes, pois podem refletir o panorama atual da infecção por Helicobacter pylori no município em estudo, que vem apresentando uma redução gradual da prevalência ao longo dos anos, com taxas atuais semelhantes às dos países desenvolvidos (33%). Estudos futuros são necessários para confirmar nossos dados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Neck/anatomy & histology , Biopsy , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Homeostasis/physiology , Insulin/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Liver/pathology , Middle Aged
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(2): 101-105, Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983887

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but serious cause of acute stroke. Inflammation is a hypothetical etiological factor in CVT. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate inflammatory marker levels in CVT patients and compare these with healthy individuals. Methods: This prospective case-control study was conducted with 36 newly-diagnosed CVT patients age- and sex-matched with 40 healthy individuals. The laboratory investigations included a serum hemogram, full biochemistry profiles, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-to-HDL cholesterol ratio (MHR) values were calculated and compared between the patients and healthy participants. Results: The mean age was 41.4 ± 11.8 years for patients, and 39.3 ± 12.5 for controls. Lymphocyte, total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, and HDL levels were significantly lower in CVT patients (p < 0.05), while CRP, and ESR values were significantly higher. In the CVT patients the mean NLR and PLR values were significantly higher than in the control individuals. Smoking rates, alcohol consumption, white blood cell, neutrophil, platelet, and MHR values were similar in both groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: We suggest that NLR, PLR, CRP, ESR, and bilirubin can be used in clinical practice for prediction of CVT in suspected patients as they are inexpensive parameters and widely available. However, further large-scale studies are required to confirm this relationship.


RESUMEN la trombosis de la vena cerebral (CVT) es una causa rara pero grave de accidente cerebrovascular agudo. La inflamación es un factor etiológico hipotético en CVT. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los niveles de marcadores inflamatorios en pacientes con CVT y compararlos con los sujetos sanos. Métodos: Este estudio prospectivo de casos y controles se realizó con 36 pacientes con TVC recién diagnosticados y 40 sujetos sanos con edad y sexo similares. Las investigaciones de laboratorio incluyeron hemograma sérico, perfiles bioquímicos completos, proteína C-reactiva (CRP) de alta sensibilidad y velocidad de sedimentación eritrocitaria (ESR). Se calculó la relación de neutrófilos a linfocitos (NLR), relación de plaquetas a linfocitos (PLR) y monocitos a HDL-colesterol (MHR) y se compararon entre pacientes y sujetos sanos. Resultados: La edad media fue de 41,4 ± 11,8 años para los pacientes y de 39,3 ± 12,5 para los controles. Los niveles de linfocitos, bilirrubina total, bilirrubina indirecta y HDL fueron significativamente más bajos en pacientes con CVT (p ≤ 0.05), mientras que los valores de CRP y ESR fueron significativamente más altos. En los pacientes con CVT, los valores medios de NLR y PLR fueron significativamente más altos que en los sujetos control. Las tasas de tabaquismo, consumo de alcohol, glóbulos blancos, neutrófilos, plaquetas y MHR fueron similares en ambos grupos (p > 0.05). Conclusiones: Sugerimos que la NLR, la PLR, la CRP, la ESR y la bilirrubina se pueden usar en la práctica clínica para la predicción de la CVT en pacientes sospechosos, ya que son parámetros económicos y están ampliamente disponibles. Sin embargo, se requieren más estudios a gran escala para confirmar esta relación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cerebral Veins , Venous Thrombosis/blood , Inflammation/blood , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Bilirubin/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Mean Platelet Volume , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Neutrophils
17.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 3-9, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981498

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome and traditional atherosclerotic risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, diabetes and hypertension. Endothelial function and vascular stiffness are surrogate markers of early atherosclerosis, able to predict cardiovascular events. Objective: To compare endothelial function and pulse wave reflection between women with PCOS and healthy controls. Methods: Observational and cross-sectional study that included women with PCOS, age between 18 and 40 years-old and body mass index between 25.0 and 35.0 kg/m2, and healthy controls. Rotterdan criteria was used to diagnose PCOS. Subjects underwent clinical and anthropometric evaluation, laboratory and hormonal assays and imaging tests to measure pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed normal distribution of most parameters. Unpaired Student t-test was used with significance level established at p < 0.05.Results: A total of 52 patients were included, 29 (56%) in PCOS group and 23 (44%) in control group. Clinical and laboratory parameters were similar between the groups. Women with PCOS had lower FMD (8.8 ± 1.0 vs 12.8 ± 1.2%, p = 0.021); PWV and AIx were similar between the groups (7.5 ± 0.2 vs 7.5 ± 0.3 m/s, p = 0.671 and 21.0 ± 1 vs. 20 ± 2%, p = 0.716, respectively). In the PCOS group, women with higher testosterone levels had higher AIx (25 ± 2 vs. 17 ± 3%, p = 0.045). Conclusions: PCOS women had endothelial dysfunction and those with higher testosterone levels had higher pulse wave reflection as compared with controls


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Women , Endothelium, Vascular , Testosterone , Brachial Artery , Body Mass Index , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis , Dyslipidemias , Overweight , Hypertension , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(1): 3-8, Jan. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985011

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Diabetes is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular mortality. Over the last years, mortality has decreased significantly, more in individuals with diabetes than in healthy ones. That is mostly due to the control of other cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of our study was to analyze the dyslipidemia control in two diabetes cohorts. METHODS Patients from two distinct cohorts were studied, 173 patients from the BHS (Brasília Heart Study) and 222 patients from the BDS (Brazilian Diabetes Study). The data on dyslipidemia control were studied in both different populations. All patients had diabetes. RESULTS There are significant differences concerning comorbidities between the LDL-C and BDS groups. The average glycated hemoglobin is of 8.2 in the LDL-C > 100 group in comparison with 7.7 and 7.5 in the 70-100 and < 70 groups, respectively (p = 0.024). There is a higher percentage of hypertensive patients with LDL between 70-100 (63.9%), when comparing the < 70 and > 100 groups (54.3% and 54.9%, respectively; p = 0.005). Diastolic pressure is higher in the group with LDL > 100, with an average of 87 mmHg, in comparison with 82.6 mmHg and 81.9 mmHg in the 70-100 and < 70 groups, respectively (p = 0.019). The group with LDL > 100 has the greatest percentage of smokers (8.7%) in comparison with the groups with LDL between 70-100 and < 70 (5.6% and 4.3%, respectively; p = 0.015). There is also a difference in the previous incidence of coronaropathy. In the group with LDL < 70, 28.3% of patients had already experienced a previous infarction, compared with 11.1% and 10.6% in the 70-100 and > 100 groups, respectively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS The data in our study have shown that the dyslipidemia control in diabetic patients is inadequate and there is a tendency of direct association between lack of blood glucose control and lack of dyslipidemia control, in addition to the association with other cardiovascular risk factors, such as diastolic hypertension and smoking. This worsened control might be related to the plateau in the descending curve of mortality, and investments in this regard can improve the cardiovascular health in diabetic patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O diabetes é importante causa de mortalidade cardiovascular. Nos últimos anos, a mortalidade diminuiu substancialmente, mais em diabéticos do que em não diabéticos, em grande parte devido ao controle de outros fatores de risco cardiovasculares. Nosso estudo tem como objetivo analisar o controle de dislipidemia em duas coortes de diabéticos. MÉTODOS Foram estudados pacientes de duas coortes distintas, sendo 173 pacientes do BHS (Brasília Heart Study) e 222 pacientes do BDS (Brazilian Diabetes Study). Os dados sobre controle de dislipidemia foram estudados nas duas populações diferentes. Todos os pacientes eram diabéticos. RESULTADOS Há diferenças significativas em relação às comorbidades entre os grupos de LDL-C no BDS. A média de hemoglobina glicada é de 8,2 no grupo com LDL-C > 100, comparado com 7,7 e 7,5 nos grupos 70-100 e < 70, respectivamente (p = 0,024). Há maior porcentagem de pacientes hipertensos com LDL entre 70-100 (63,9%), quando comparado aos grupos < 70 e > 100 (54,3% e 54,9%, respectivamente; p = 0,005). A pressão diastólica é mais elevada no grupo com LDL > 100, com média de 87 mmHg, comparado com 82,6 mmHg e 81,9 mmHg nos grupos 70-100 e < 70, respectivamente (p = 0,019). O grupo com LDL > 100 tem maior porcentagem de tabagistas (8,7%) quando comparado aos grupos com LDL entre 70-100 e < 70 (5,6% e 4,3%, respectivamente; p = 0,015). Há, também, diferença na incidência prévia de coronariopatia. No grupo com LDL < 70, 28,3% dos pacientes já apresentaram infarto prévio, comparados com 11,1% e 10,6% nos grupos 70-100 e > 100, respectivamente (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO Os dados do nosso estudo mostram que o controle de dislipidemia em diabéticos é inadequado, e há uma tendência de associação direta entre descontrole glicêmico e descontrole de dislipidemia, além de associação com outros fatores de risco cardiovascular, como hipertensão diastólica e tabagismo. Esse pior controle pode estar relacionado ao platô no descenso da curva de mortalidade, e o investimento nesse quesito pode melhorar a saúde cardiovascular dos diabéticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Pressure , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(1): 43-50, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985007

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequency of food consumption in apparently healthy men and their association with cardiovascular risk factors and biomarkers of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS In this observational study, 88 men had their food standard obtained through the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Associations of dietary patterns with cardiovascular risk factors, such as anthropometric data, laboratory and clinical evaluations, carotid-femoral arterial stiffness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity were evaluated. RESULTS The highest values were observed, for most of the risk factors evaluated, with the highest frequency of weekly consumption of dairy products, meats, sweets, fats, cold meats, sodas, milk and white chocolate; and lower frequency of weekly consumption of fruits, cereals, vegetables, legumes, oilseeds, and soy. There was no significant difference for coffee and dark chocolate CONCLUSIONS A diet with high consumption of animal products has a higher correlation with cardiovascular risk factors; the opposite is true for the consumption of plant-based food, associated with the profile of more favorable biomarkers for cardiovascular health and better biochemical and structural parameters.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a frequência do consumo alimentar de indivíduos homens aparentemente saudáveis e a associação desta com fatores de risco cardiovascular e biomarcadores de aterosclerose subclínica. MÉTODOS Neste estudo observacional, 88 homens tiveram o padrão alimentar obtido por meio do questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA). Foram avaliadas as associações dos padrões alimentares com os fatores de risco cardiovascular, como dados antropométricos, avaliações laboratoriais e clínica, rigidez arterial determinada pela carótida-femoral (IMT) e velocidade da onda de pulso (VOP). RESULTADOS O padrão observado para a maioria dos fatores de risco avaliados foi de valores mais altos, segundo maior frequência de consumo semanal de lácteos, carnes, doces, gorduras/frituras, embutidos, refrigerantes, chocolates ao leite e branco; e de menor frequência de consumo semanal de frutas, cereais, legumes, verduras, leguminosas, oleaginosas e soja. Não houve diferença significativa para café e chocolate amargo. CONCLUSÕES Uma dieta com alto consumo de produtos animais apresenta maior correlação com fatores de risco cardiovascular, sendo o oposto para o consumo de alimentos de origem vegetal, associado ao perfil de biomarcadores de saúde cardiovascular mais favorável e melhores parâmetros bioquímicos e estruturais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dietary Fats/adverse effects , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Atherosclerosis/blood , Feeding Behavior , Food Handling , Meat/adverse effects , Triglycerides/blood , Vegetables , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Meat/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
20.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1264321

ABSTRACT

This study investigated serum lipid profile, liver function indices and electrolyte levels in diabetics and hepatitics in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. 210 subjects comprising 70 subjects each for diabetics, hepatitics, and control matched for age and sex were sampled for the purpose of the study based upon specified criteria. 45 each were males while 25 each were females. Mean alanine and aspartate aminotransferases (ALT and AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) activities, respectively, were significantly elevated (p<0.05) in the diabetics (22 U/L, 30 U/L, 91 U/L, and 12 U/L respectively) and hepatitics (86 U/L, 161 U/L, 113 U/L, and 50 U/L respectively); mean triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels respectively, were significantly elevated (p<0.05) in the diabetics (1.8 mmol/L, 4.6 mmol/L, and 2.6 mmol/L respectively) and hepatitics (1.4 mmol/L, 3.6 mmol/L, and 1.8 mmol/L respectively) except the hepatitics mean LDL-C level, whereas mean high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) level was significantly reduced (p≥0.05) in the diabetics (1.2 mmol/L) and hepatitics (1.0 mmol/L). Mean sodium and potassium levels were significantly reduced (p≥0.05) in the diabetics (135 mmol/L and 3.5 mmol/L respectively). Mean sodium level was reduced in the hepatitics while mean potassium level was elevated in the hepatitics. Mean bicarbonate level was significantly elevated (p<0.05) in the diabetics (28 mmol/L) but slightly elevated in the hepatitics. Conclusively, differences in lipids, electrolyte levels and liver function indices found in diabetics and hepatitics have a great potential as a diagnostic means in clinical practice


Subject(s)
Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Diabetes Mellitus , Electrolytes , Hospitals, Teaching , Hyperargininemia , Liver , Nigeria
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