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1.
Rev. biol. trop ; 69(1): 23-35, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1290962

ABSTRACT

The excessive use of antibiotics has increased pathogenic microorganisms resistance, which derives in patient mortality. Therefore, the strategies for searching new natural and unconventional strategies has become constant and important. Objective: To determine the antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) against stingless bees propolis. Methods: We evaluated nine (20 %) propolis from stingless bees ethanolic extracts from different regions: Melipona beecheii, Melipona solani, Tetragonisca angustula and Scaptotrigona mexicana. The chemical characterization was performed by liquid chromatography (HPLC) and microbial resistance tests by the macrodilution method, to determine the effect of the combinations. Results: The compounds that were of interests and the most abundant were the following; hydroxycinnamic acids, flavanones, flavonoids and the glycosylated derivatives. Four of the nine propolis were effective against MRSA, which came from the following species; one from M. solani and three from S. mexicana. The minimum inhibitory concentration for S. mexicana was in the range of 3-8 mg mL-1 and for M. solani it was 4 mg mL-1. Isobolographic studies resulted in an additive effect (ɤ = 1) for the combination of Allium sativum with the S. mexicana propolis sambles and an antagonistic effect (ɤ > 1) for the combination of A. sativum with the propolis of M. solani. Conclusions: the combination of extracts with lower concentrations of A. sativum, may be the most effective, than those that were individually tested. More detailed studies are required to define the mechanisms of stingless bees propolis as well as their combination with other organic substances.


Introducción: El uso excesivo de antibióticos ha traído el aumento de resistencia en los microorganismos patógenos que provocan mortalidad de los pacientes. Por consiguiente, la búsqueda de nuevas estrategias naturales y no convencionales se ha vuelto constante e importante. Objetivo: Determinar la actividad antimicrobiana contra Staphylococcus aureus resistente a meticilina (SARM) de los propóleos por abejas sin aguijón. Métodos: Nueve fueron los extractos etanolicos de propóleos al 20 % de las abejas sin aguijón de distintas regiones: de Melipona beecheii, de Melipona solani, de Tetragonisca angustula y de Scaptotrigona mexicana. Se realizó la caracterización química de los compuestos por cromatografía liquida y las pruebas de resistencia microbiana por el método de macrodilución para determinar el efecto de las combinaciones. Resultados: Los compuestos de interés fueron detectados, y destacan como los más abundantes los ácidos hidroxicinámicos, flavanonas, flavonoides y sus derivados glicosilados. Cuatro de los nueve propóleos resultaron efectivos contra SARM, los cuales provinieron, uno de Melipona solani y tres de Scaptotrigona mexicana. La CMI para S. mexicana está en el rango de 3-8 mg mL-1 y para M. solani fue de 4 mg mL-1. Los estudios isobolográficos dieron como resultado un efecto aditivo (ɤ = 1) para la combinación de Allium sativum con los 3 propóleos de S. mexicana y un efecto antagónico (ɤ > 1) para la combinación de A. sativum con el propóleos de M. solani. Conclusiones: la combinación de extractos menores puede ser más efectiva que usando la CE50 de los extractos de forma individual. Se requieren estudios más detallados para definir los mecanismos de los propóleos de las abejas sin aguijón, así como su combinación con otras sustancias orgánicas.


Subject(s)
Propolis , Garlic , Chromatography , Anti-Infective Agents
2.
Rev. biol. trop ; 69(1): 36-44, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1290965

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In recent decades, studies related to the search and characterization of bioactive molecules in marine organisms have increased exponentially, demonstrating the enormous wealth of secondary metabolites of diverse structural composition that cannot be found in organisms present in the terrestrial environment. A significant number of the new marine natural compounds discovered have contributed to solving some of the problems of humanity, mainly those related to human health. Objective: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the bactericidal and fungicidal activities of the methanolic extract of sea cucumber Holothuria princeps collect from the bay of Cispatá in the Colombian Caribbean, in addition to chemically identifying its fatty acids. Methods: A methanolic extraction was performed from the collected biological material, by the cold maceration method. The extract obtained was fractionated using chromatographic techniques and the fatty acids were obtained, which were derivatized and identified by means of gas chromatography in coupling with mass spectrometry. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the methanolic extract of Holothuria princeps was performed through the microdilution method against reference strains and clinical isolates. Results: We found 16 fatty acids present in Holothuria princeps according to the analysis of their mass spectra. Antibacterial activity showed that Enterococcus faecalis was the most susceptible to the extract at low concentrations, while Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the highest at the higher concentrations. In antifungal treatment, the fungus with the highest inhibition was the clinical isolate of Candida albicans (blood sample). Conclusions: Taking into account previous studies in the genus Holothuria, it is considered that the environment plays a fundamental role in the presence and diversity of fatty acids. The evaluation of the antibacterial activity against reference strains of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterococcus faecalis demonstrated the existence of a considerable effect in the reduction of bacterial growth by the extracts applied, mainly at low concentrations (less than 1 000 ppm). On the other hand, the antifungal activity against the reference strain of Candida albicans and the clinical isolates of Candida albicans (blood sample) and Candida krusei (catheter sample), the extract showed that the best results were presented at higher concentrations (above 1 500 ppm).


Introducción: En las últimas décadas los estudios relacionados con la búsqueda y caracterización de moléculas bioactivas en organismos marinos han aumentado de una manera exponencial, lo que demuestra la enorme riqueza de metabolitos secundarios de diversa composición estructural que no pueden ser encontrados en organismos presentes en el medio terrestre. Estas nuevas moléculas halladas poseen numerosas actividades biológicas que ayudan a resolver muchos problemas que ha tenido el hombre a lo largo de su existencia, lo que las convierte en productos de gran importancia para la humanidad. Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio es la identificación de los ácidos grasos presentes en el pepino de mar Holothuria princeps recolectado en costas del Caribe colombiano, además del análisis de las actividades antibacterianas y antifúngicas de su extracto metanólico frente a cepas de referencia y aislados clínicos. Métodos: Del material biológico recolectado se realizó una extracción metanólica usando el método de maceración en frío. El extracto obtenido se fraccionó usando cromatografía en columna y se lograron obtener los ácidos grasos, los cuales fueron derivatizados e identificados por medio de cromatografía de gases en acople con espectrometría de masas. La actividad antibacteriana y antifúngica del extracto metanólico de Holothuria princeps se realizó a través del método de microdilución. Resultados: Los resultados arrojaron la identificación de 16 ácidos grasos presentes en Holothuria princeps de acuerdo con el análisis de sus espectros de masas. La actividad antibacteriana mostró que Enterococcus faecalis fue la bacteria más susceptible al efecto del extracto a bajas concentraciones, mientras que a las más altas lo fue Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A nivel general en el tratamiento antifúngico, el hongo que presentó una mayor inhibición fue el aislado clínico de Candida albicans (muestra de sangre). Conclusiones: Teniendo en cuenta estudios previos en organismos del mismo género, se puede considerar en cuanto a los ácidos grasos identificados, que el entorno juega un papel fundamental en la presencia y composición de estos compuestos. La evaluación de la actividad antibacteriana contra cepas de referencia de Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae y Enterococcus faecalis, demostró la existencia de un efecto considerable en la reducción del crecimiento bacteriano por parte de los extractos utilizados, principalmente a bajas concentraciones (menos de 1 000 ppm). En cuanto


Subject(s)
Holothuria , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antifungal Agents , Mass Spectrometry , Candida albicans , Chromatography
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(1): 51-60, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145969

ABSTRACT

El extracto de cloroformo (CE) y las fracciones obtenidas de las raíces de Aldama arenaria se evaluaron para determinar su actividad antiproliferativa in vitro contra 10 líneas celulares tumorales humanas [leucemia (K-562), mama (MCF-7), ovario que expresa un fenotipo resistente a múltiples fármacos (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), pulmón (NCI-H460), próstata (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovario (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251) y riñón (786-0)]. CE presentó actividad antiproliferativa débil a moderada (log GI50 medio 1.07), mientras que las fracciones 3 y 4, enriquecidas con diterpenos de tipo pimarane [ent-pimara-8 (14), ácido 15-dien-19-oico y ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presentaron actividad moderada a potente para la mayoría de las líneas celulares, con un log GI50 medio de 0.62 y 0.59, respectivamente. Los resultados mostraron una acción antiproliferativa in vitro prometedora de las muestras obtenidas de A. arenaria, con los mejores resultados para NCI/ADR-RES, HT29 y OVCAR-3, y valores de TGI que van desde 5.95 a 28.71 µg.mL-1, demostrando que los compuestos de esta clase pueden ser prototipos potenciales para el descubrimiento de nuevos agentes terapéuticos.


Chloroform extract (CE) and fractions obtained from Aldama arenaria roots were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against 10 human tumor cell lines [leukemia (K-562), breast (MCF-7), ovary expressing a multidrug-resistant phenotype (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovary (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251), and kidney (786-0)]. CE presented weak to moderate antiproliferative activity (mean log GI50 1.07), whereas fractions 3 and 4, enriched with pimarane-type diterpenes [ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid and ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presented moderate to potent activity for most cell lines, with mean log GI50 of 0.62 and 0.59, respectively. The results showed promising in vitro antiproliferative action of the samples obtained from A. arenaria, with the best results for NCI/ADR-RES, HT29, and OVCAR-3, and TGI values ranging from 5.95 to 28.71 µg.mL-1, demonstrating that compounds of this class may be potential prototypes for the discovery of new therapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arenaria Plant/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents , Plants, Medicinal , In Vitro Techniques , Brazil , Plant Extracts , Chromatography , Medicine, Traditional
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the amount of residual monomers released after polymerization by the compomers in different colors and viscosities over time. Material and Methods: The compomer samples of different colors and viscosities (flowable compomers; blue-pink and packable compomers; A2-blue-pink-gold) were prepared in molds with an inner diameter of 5 mm and a height of 2 mm. In polymerization of samples, a LED unit was used. The amount of monomers released from the samples kept in 75% ethanol/water solution was measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) instrument in the 10th minute, in the 1st hour, and in the 1st, 7th, and 14th days. For statistical analyses, the paired sample t-test, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA with Tukey's post hoc test were used. Results: The amount of residual monomers released from all materials increased over time. At the end of the 14th day, the most released monomer from all compomer samples was BisGMA. The total amounts of released monomers from the packable compomers were Gold>A2>blue>pink. The amount of residual monomers released from flowable compomers was higher in blue than in pink. Conclusion: The color and the viscosity are the factors affecting the residual monomer release in compomers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography/instrumentation , Compomers , Dental Materials , Polymerization , Turkey/epidemiology , Viscosity , Analysis of Variance , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric
5.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190749, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278444

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bacteriocin has been identified as an excellent alternative to chemical preservatives due to its astonishing antimicrobial activity against food spoiling and food-borne pathogens. So there is a need to identify the newer and potent sources of bacteriocin producers. This study aims the isolation of potent bacteriocin producing microorganism from fresh fruits and vegetables, its production, purification, and characterization. Firstly, 43 isolates were analysed for its antimicrobial potential, out of which7 were found to inhibit the growth of various pathogens. Considering the results of antimicrobial activity; the microorganism isolated from mango was regarded as the most potent one; which was identified as Bacillus subtilis VS.70% ammonium sulphate precipitated and dialysed bacteriocin was purified using DEAE cellulose and sephadex G75 chromatography. Bacteriocin was purified by 24.64 fold with 8.65% recovery and its molecular weight was found to be 31.2kDa. The Purified bacteriocin was found to be stable at broad pH and temperature. It was found to be degraded by various proteases studied confirming its proteinaceous nature. Considering all these attributes; the purified bacteriocin isolated from Bacillus subtilis VS can be exploited by various food industries.


Subject(s)
Peptide Hydrolases/analysis , Bacteriocins/analysis , Anti-Infective Agents/analysis , Bacillus subtilis , Chromatography
6.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): e37287, dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1367628

ABSTRACT

Especiarias são produtos constituídos de partes de espécies vegetais com importante valor alimentício e diversos benefícios para a saúde. O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar adulterações na composição de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa Linnaeus), gengibre (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), noz-moscada (Myristica fragrans Houttuyn), páprica (Capsicum annuum Linnaeus), pimenta-do-reino (Piper nigrum Linnaeus) e colorífico (mistura de urucum, Bixa orellana Linnaeus, com fubá). Foram analisadas 180 amostras adquiridas em municípios do estado de São Paulo. A investigação dos elementos histológicos foi feita por microscopia óptica, a análise dos corantes por cromatografia em papel e a quantificação da bixina por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. Das amostras analisadas, 16,1% apresentaram elementos histológicos estranhos ao produto, sendo que nenhuma amostra apresentou corante orgânico artificial. A concentração de bixina nas amostras de colorífico variou entre 0,6 e 105,3 mg/100g, com média de 18,9 mg/100g e desvio padrão de 17,7 mg/100g. A avaliação microscópica revelou que a maioria das adulterações ocorre pela adição de amido de Zea mays. O colorífico não apresentou adulterações, porém foi constatada a necessidade de uma padronização da concentração de bixina. Este estudo demonstrou a necessidade da intensificação do monitoramento de adulterações em especiarias para que a comercialização de alimentos fidedignos seja garantida. (AU)


Spices are products made up of parts of plant species, with important nutritional value and many health benefits. The aim of this work was to evaluate adulterations in turmeric (Curcuma longa Linnaeus), ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houttuyn), paprika (Capsicum annuum Linnaeus), black pepper (Piper nigrumLinnaeus) and colorific (mixture containing Bixa orellana with cornmeal). A total of 180 samples purchased in the municipalities of the state of São Paulo were analyzed. The investigation of the histological elements was performed by optical microscopy, the analysis of the dyes was carried out using paper chromatography and the quantification of the bixin was performance by high performance liquid chromatography. Of the 180 samples analyzed, 16.1% presented strange histological elements, classified as adulterations. Among the adulterated samples, none showed organic dye. Bixin analysis was carried out on colorific samples, ranging from 0.6 ­ 105.3 mg/100g, with an average of 18.9 mg/100g and standard deviation of 17.7 mg/100g, demonstrating the need to regulate the annatto extract concentration range added into the condiment. The evaluation demonstrated the necessity to monitor adulteration in spices, so that producers and merchants provide food with quality to the consumer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Brazil , Capsicum , Food Contamination , Chromatography , Spices , Ginger , Myristica , Piper nigrum , Curcuma , Colorant , Legislation, Food , Microscopy , Fraud
7.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200098, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1154770

ABSTRACT

Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is a hematophagous insect and the main vector of Trypanosoma cruzi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae). In the present study, the authors investigated whether a serine protease activity from the saliva of T. infestans has a role in vasomotor modulation, and in the insect-blood feeding by cleaving and activating protease-activated receptors (PARs). Methods T. infestans saliva was chromatographed as previously reported for purification of triapsin, a serine protease. The cleavage activity of triapsin on PAR peptides was investigated based on FRET technology. Mass spectrometry was used to analyze the sites of PAR-2 peptide cleaved by triapsin. NO measurements were performed using the DAN assay (2,3-diaminonapthalene). The vasorelaxant activity of triapsin was measured in vessels with or without functional endothelium pre-contracted with phenylephrine (3 µM). Intravital microscopy was used to assess the effect of triapsin on mouse skin microcirculation. Results Triapsin was able to induce hydrolysis of PAR peptides and showed a higher preference for cleavage of the PAR-2 peptide. Analysis by mass spectrometry confirmed a single cleavage site, which corresponds to the activation site of the PAR-2 receptor. Triapsin induced dose-dependent NO release in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), reaching a maximum effect at 17.58 nM. Triapsin purified by gel-filtration chromatography (10-16 to 10-9 M) was applied cumulatively to mouse mesenteric artery rings and showed a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator effect (EC30 = 10-12 M). Nitric oxide seems to be partially responsible for this vasodilator effect because L-NAME (L-NG-nitroarginine methyl ester 300 µM), a nitric oxide synthetase inhibitor, did not abrogate the vasodilation activated by triapsin. Anti-PAR-2 antibody completely inhibited vasodilation observed in the presence of triapsin activity. Triapsin activity also induced an increase in the mouse ear venular diameter. Conclusion Data from this study suggest a plausible association between triapsin activity mediated PAR-2 activation and vasodilation caused by T. infestans saliva.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Peptides , Triatoma , Trypanosoma cruzi , Vasodilation , Chromatography , Receptor, PAR-2 , Nitric Oxide
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879048

ABSTRACT

To study phenylpropanoids from Eleocharis dulcis and their hepatoprotective activities. The compounds were separated and purified from ethyl acetate part by conventional column chromatography and preparative liquid chromatography, and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques. The HL-7702 cells damage model of hepatocytes induced by APAP was used to screen and evaluate the hepatoprotective activities of these compounds. Sixteen compounds were isolated from ethyl acetate part of E. dulcis, and their structures were identified as 6'-(4″-hydroxy-3″-methoxy-phenylpropenyl)-1-(10-methoxy-phenylacetone)-1'-O-β-D-glucopy-ranoside(1), susaroyside A(2), clausenaglycoside B(3), clausenaglycoside C(4), clausenaglycoside D(5), emarginone A(6), emarginone B(7), thoreliin B(8), 4-O-(1',3'-dihydroxypropan-2'-yl)-dihydroconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(9), 2-[4-(3-methoxy-1-propenyl)-2-methoxy-phenoxy]-propane-1,3-diol(10), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(11), methyl 3-(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethoxyphenyl) propanoate(12), clausenaglycoside A(13), 9-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(14), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(15), 2'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(16). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2-16 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Among them, compounds 2 and 8 showed certain hepatoprotective activities.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Eleocharis , Hepatocytes , Plant Extracts
9.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 25(1): 24-33, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279651

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Comparar las concentraciones plasmáticas y tisulares de florfenicol (FFC) y su metabolito florfenicol amina (FFC-a) entre ovinos y conejos, posterior a la administración intramuscular de 20 mg/kg de FFC. Materiales y métodos. Cinco ovinos Suffolk Down y seis conejos Neozelandés fueron utilizados en el estudio. Se colectaron muestras de sangre, previo a la administración de FFC, y a las 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3 y 4 horas posteriores al tratamiento. A las 4 horas posteriores al tratamiento, a los animales se les aplicó la eutanasia. Las concentraciones plasmáticas y tisulares de FFC y FFC-a fueron determinadas mediante HPLC. Resultados. Las concentraciones plasmáticas máximas, tasa de absorción, vida media de absorción, tasa de distribución y área bajo la curva de FFC, fueron significativamente mayores en conejos respecto a los ovinos. Asimismo, para FFC-a, las concentraciones plasmáticas máximas y área bajo la curva de concentraciones plasmáticas en el tiempo fueron significativamente mayores en conejos respecto a los ovinos. La proporción de metabolito fue mayor en conejos (12.7±3.07%) en comparación con ovinos (3.99±0.87%) (p<0.05), al igual que las concentraciones tisulares de FFC y FFC-a. Conclusiones. Se observaron diferencias significativas en la farmacocinética y concentraciones tisulares de FFC y FFC-a entre estas dos especies. La mayor concentración de FFC-a en conejos indica un mayor nivel de metabolismo de FFC, respecto a los ovinos. Esto es importante de considerar al momento de establecer dosificaciones y frecuencia de administración de FFC en conejos.


ABSTRACT Objective. The aim of this study was to compare tissue and plasma concentrations of florfenicol (FFC) and its metabolite florfenicol amine (FFC-a) between sheep and rabbits, after intramuscular administration of 20 mg FFC/kg. Materials and methods. Five Suffolk Down sheep and six New Zealand rabbits were used in this study. Blood samples were collected before FFC administration and at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3 and 4 hours after treatment. At 4 hours after treatment, euthanasia was applied to animals. Plasma and tissue concentrations of FFC and FFC-a were determined by HPLC. Results. For FFC, maximum plasma concentrations, absorption rate, absorption half-life, distribution rate, and area under the plasma concentration-time curve were all found to be significantly higher in rabbits than in sheep. Similarly, for FFC-a, significantly higher maximum plasma concentrations and area under the concentration-time curve were observed in rabbits as compared to sheep. The metabolite ratio was higher in rabbits (12.7±3.07%) compared to sheep (3.99±0.87%) (p<0.05), as were the tissue concentrations of FFC and FFC-a. Conclusions. Significant differences in the pharmacokinetics and tissue concentrations of FFC, and its metabolite FFC-a, were observed between these two animal species. The higher concentrations of FFC-a in rabbits indicate a greater level of FFC metabolism as compared to sheep. This should be considered when establishing dosage and frequency of FFC administration for rabbits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits , Sheep , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography , Metabolism
10.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 29(1)ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094635

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo se presenta la aplicación del Análisis de Componentes Principales, mediante el programa THE UNSCRAMBLER versión 8.0, a los datos registrados en un período de 2 años en la etapa de purificación de una planta de producción de Eritropoyetina Humana Recombinante que está basada en varios pasos cromatográficos, de forma similar a los procesos de purificación de proteínas recombinantes que se utilizan como vacunas preventivas o terapéuticas. Se logró reducir dimensionalidad al obtenerse dos componentes principales que explican el 81 por ciento de la varianza de 18 variables originales relacionadas con cuatro pasos cromatográficos. Como resultado se llegó a definir cuáles son las variables que mayor aporte tienen a la variabilidad del proceso en la etapa de purificación, permitiendo extraer información útil para lograr un mayor entendimiento del proceso y enriquecer las estrategias de control en la planta. Dichos resultados corroboraron experiencias prácticas de especialistas de la planta y permitieron dar recomendaciones a considerar en el plan de verificación continuada del proceso como proponer cinco variables como controles de proceso y tener en cuenta que el rendimiento del segundo paso cromatográfico es el más influyente de los rendimientos considerados en la variabilidad(AU)


This paper presents the application of the Principal Component Analysis, using the program THE UNSCRAMBLER version 8.0, to the data recorded during two years in the purification stage of a Recombinant Human Erythropoietin plant that is based on several chromatographic steps, similar to the purification process of recombinant proteins that are used as preventive or therapeutic vaccines. Dimensionality was reduced by obtaining two main components that explain 81 percent of the variance of 18 original variables related to four chromatographic steps. As a result, it was possible to define which variables have the greatest contribution to the variability of the process in the purification stage, allowing to extract useful information to achieve a greater understanding of the process and enrich the control strategies in the plant. These results corroborated practical experiences of plant specialists and allowed for recommendations to be considered in the continuous verification plan of the process, such as proposing three variables as process controls and taking into account that the performance of the second step is the most influential of the performances considered in the variability(AU)


Subject(s)
Biological Products/therapeutic use , Chromatography/methods , Principal Component Analysis/methods , Reference Drugs , Biopharmaceutics
11.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(2): 383-389, 01-03-2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146261

ABSTRACT

A sensitive and reliable process was established using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to distinguish conventional varieties of glyphosate-resistant genetically modified crops via shikimate detection in soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) seeds. Glyphosate has a well-defined mechanism of action. It is the only herbicide that specifically inhibits 5-enolpiruvilshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS E.C. 2.5.1.19), which catalyzes the condensation of shikimate with phosphoenolpyruvate. This study is based on the concept that shikimate significantly accumulates in soybean plant tissues after EPSPS inhibition by glyphosate. In plants not subjected to glyphosate, shikimate is not easily detected because it quickly metabolizes into shikimate 3-phosphate and subsequently into 5-enolpiruvilshikimate 3-phosphate through the action of EPSPS. Conversely, in non-genetically modified plants subjected to glyphosate, shikimate metabolism is impaired, resulting in its accumulation. This metabolite can be detected in extremely low quantities (in the microgram range), through HPLC. In this study, six different contrasts were analyzed, each being formed by a transgenic cultivation and its parental strain, subject or not subject to the treatment of soaking with a 0.6% glyphosate solution. Chromatographic analyses indicated shikimate accumulation only in conventional cultivars with seeds previously soaked in a 0.6% glyphosate solution. Thus, this shikimate detection method can be used as a rapid and accurate means to distinguish soybeans with glyphosate-resistant qualities.


Este estudo estabelece um processo, sensível e confiável, com aplicação de cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC) para distinguir variedades de soja convencionais de geneticamente modificadas, resistentes ao glifosato, por detecção de chiquimato nas sementes. O mecanismo de ação doglifosato é bem definido. É o único herbicida que inibe especificamente a enzima 5-enolpiruvilchiquimato-3-fosfato sintase (EPSPS, E.C. 2.5.1.19), que catalisa a condensação do chiquimato com fosfoenolpiruvato. O trabalho está baseado na concepção do chiquimato se acumular significativamente nos tecidos vegetais de soja convencional, após a inibição da EPSP sintase pelo glifosato. Em plantas não submetidas ao glifosato, o chiquimato não é facilmente detectado, pois rapidamente é metabolizado a chiquimato 3-fosfato e, a seguir, em 5-enolpiruvilchiquimato 3-fosfato, pela ação da EPSPS. Por outro lado, em plantas não geneticamente modificadas submetidas ao glifosato, a metabolização do chiquimato é prejudicada, resultando em seu acúmulo. Este metabólito pode ser detectado em quantidades extremamente baixas (na faixa de µg), por HPLC. Neste trabalho foram analisados seis contrastes diferentes, sendo cada contraste formado por uma cultivar transgênica e sua respectiva cultivar parental convencional, submetidas ou não a embebição com solução de glifosato 0,6%. As análises cromatográficas indicaram o acúmulo de chiquimato apenas em cultivares convencionais, nas quais as sementes foram previamente embebidas em solução de glifosato 0,6%. Os resultados demonstraram que adetecção de chiquimato pode ser utilizada como um método rápido e preciso na diferenciação de soja resistente ao glifosato de soja convencional.


Subject(s)
Soybeans , Chromatography
12.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(2): 578-590, 01-03-2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146424

ABSTRACT

Population growth has raised food production, and new sources are needed to increase quantity and quality of agricultural products. Carbamates and organophosphates are insecticide classes used worldwide as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. Plants have a natural resistance to insects, which can be employed in pest control as a new alternative to reduce the use of chemicals. An alternative may be the use of α-amylase inhibitors, which are digestive enzymes that impair pest species growth and development. Another would be acetylcholinesterase inhibitors since they damage the normal functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system, by releasing high concentrations of acetylcholine in cholinergic synapses. This substance accumulation increases stimulations that lead to behavioral changes, asphyxia, hyperactivity, and death. Botanical agrochemicals are believed to have advantages over synthetic ones, as they are rapidly degraded in the environment. In this scenario, plants have played an important role in pest control as sources of interest for the synthesis of new molecules for agricultural use. The present study evaluated acetylcholinesterase and α-amylase inhibition by microplate method, from leaf extracts of Mouriri elliptica Martius with different polarities.


O crescimento populacional tem aumentado a quantidade de produção alimentícia, sendo necessárias novas fontes para o aumento da quantidade e qualidade dos produtos agrícolas. Os carbamatos e organofosforados são classes de inseticidas utilizadas em todo o mundo, são inibidores da acetilcolinesterase (AChE). Os vegetais possuem uma resistência natural aos insetos, e esse método de resistência pode ser utilizado no controle das pragas como uma nova alternativa para redução do uso de inseticidas químicos, tais como os inibidores da α-amilase, enzima digestiva, a qual sua inibição prejudica o crescimento e desenvolvimento de espécies de pragas. E os inibidores da acetilcolinesterase que danificam o funcionamento normal do Sistema Nervoso Central e Periférico, através de elevadas concentrações da acetilcolina que ficam depositadas nas sinapses colinérgicas. Este acúmulo de ACh provoca uma grande estimulação que leva á alterações comportamentais, asfixia, hiperatividade e a morte. Estudos já realizados mostraram que os agrotóxicos botânicos têm vantagens sobre os sintéticos, sendo degradados rapidamente no meio ambiente. Neste cenário os vegetais têm desempenhado um importante papel no controle de pragas, através da síntese de novas moléculas para uso na agricultura. O presente trabalho avaliou a inibição das enzimas acetilcolinesterase e α-amilase através do método da microplaca a partir dos extratos das folhas de Mouriri elliptica Martius em diferentes polaridades.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Pest Control , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , alpha-Amylases , Pesticides , Food Production , Chromatography , Agrochemicals , Crops, Agricultural , Grassland
13.
Rev. peru. med. integr ; 5(3): 100-109, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1179413

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Detectar metabolitos secundarios y caracterizar estructuras químicas de flavonoides de los extractos metanólicos de hojas de dos tipos de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Materiales y métodos. Se elaboraron extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Se llevó a cabo la prueba de solubilidad de los extractos obtenidos utilizando solventes de polaridad creciente. Posteriormente, se detectaron los metabolitos secundarios presentes en los extractos mediante la ejecución del tamizaje fitoquímico, donde se utilizaron diversos reactivos Shinoda, Dragendorff, Borntrager, entre otros. Se utilizó el método de cromatografía en capa fina, espectrofotometría UV/Vis y reactivos de desplazamiento para caracterizar las estructuras químicas de los flavonoides presentes en los extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Resultados. El extracto metanólico de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ presentó una mayor afinidad por solventes polares, mientras que en el extracto metanólico de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda hembra¼ fue soluble en solventes medianamente polares. Se detectaron metabolitos secundarios tales como: taninos, alcaloides y flavonoides en ambos tipos. Por otro lado, se caracterizaron diez estructuras químicas tipo flavonoides a través del análisis de los espectros UV/Vis y utilizando reactivos de desplazamiento, de las cuales cinco corresponden a Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y las restantes a Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda hembra¼. Conclusiones. Se detectaron algunos metabolitos secundarios caracterizándose diez estructuras químicas de flavonoides en los extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Asimismo, la presencia de rutina en «ruda hembra¼ es la principal característica que la diferencia de «ruda macho¼.


Objective. To detect the secondary metabolites and characterize the chemical structures of the flavonoids in the methanolic extracts of leaves of the Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra" types. Materials and methods. We elaborate the methanolic extracts of Ruta chalepensis L. leaves "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra". Then, the solubility test of the obtained extracts was carried out using solvents of increasing polarity. Subsequently, the secondary metabolites present in the extracts were detected by executing the phytochemical screening, various reagents were used: Shinoda, Dragendorff, Borntrager, among others. The method of thin layer chromatography, UV / Vis spectrophotometry and displacement reagents was used to characterize the chemical structures of the flavonoids in the methanolic extracts of leaves of the Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra". Results. The methanolic extract of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" leaves showed a greater affinity for polar solvents, while the methanolic extract of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda hembra" leaves was soluble in moderately polar solvents. Secondary metabolites were detected, such as: tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids in both types. On the other hand, ten flavonoidtype chemical structures were characterized through the analysis of UV / Vis spectra and using displacement reagent, of which five of them correspond to Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and the others to Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda hembra". Conclusions. Some secondary metabolites were detected and ten chemical structures of flavonoids were characterized in the methanolic extracts of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra" leaves. Likewise, the presence of rutina in "ruda hembra" is the main characteristic that differentiates it from "ruda macho".


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Ruta/chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chromatography , Alkaloids , Phytochemicals
14.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(5): 495-507, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145991

ABSTRACT

La composición química del aceite esencial obtenido de las ramas de Ocotea paranaensis se estudió por cromatografía de gases/espectrometría de masas (CG/MS). Se identificaron veintisiete compuestos, que comprenden el 94,82% de los componentes totales. El aceite se caracterizó por una concentración relativamente alta de sesquiterpenos (62,96%), sesquiterpenos oxigenados (33,33%) y diterpeno (3,70%). En cuanto a los compuestos principales, se destacaron Z-nerolidol (19,16%), germacreno D (12,92%) y α-bulnesene (8,47%), que correspondieron al 40,55% de las sustancias encontradas. El aceite esencial analizado de Ocotea paranaensis tiene una buena acción reductora de fosfomolibdeno y es moderadamente tóxico para la Artemia salina (LC50 = 147,91 µg/mL). Mostró potencial hemolítico y actividad moderada contra Staphylococcus aureus (concentración inhibitoria mínima MIC = 250 µg/mL) y Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC = 500 µg/mL). No se observaron resultados satisfactorios de citotoxicidad en el linaje H460 y HeLa.


The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from the branches of Ocotea paranaensis was studied by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Twenty-seven compounds, comprising 94.82% of the total components, were identified. The oil showed relatively high concentration of sesquiterpenes (62.96%), oxygenated sesquiterpenes (33.33%), and diterpene (3.70%). Regarding the major compounds, Z-nerolidol (19.16%), germacrene D (12.92%) and α-bulnesene (8.47%) could be highlighted, which corresponded to 40.55% of the substances that were found. The essential oil from Ocotea paranaensis has phosphomolybdenum reducing action and is moderately toxic to the Artemia salina (LC50 = 147.91 µg/mL). It showed haemolytic potential and moderate activity against Staphylococcus aureus, (minimum inhibitory concentration MIC = 250 µg/mL) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC = 500 µg/mL). No satisfactory cytotoxicity results were observed in lineage H460 and HeLa.


Subject(s)
Ocotea/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents , Antineoplastic Agents , Antioxidants , Plant Extracts , Chromatography , Medicine, Traditional
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(4): 363-375, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145995

ABSTRACT

Thevetia peruviana ha sido utilizada en la medicina tradicional mexicana por sus efectos adelgazantes. Para la identificación de las fracciones y los compuestos activos de T. peruviana se utilizó cromatografía en columna abierta y las fracciones obtenidas se evaluaron en ratones con obesidad inducida con glutamato monosódico. Como control positivo se utilizó Orlistat y los tratamientos se administraron oralmente una vez al día durante 8 semanas. La fracción con mayor actividad fue sub-fraccionada y, con la intención de evitar el uso de más ratones, los productos fueron seleccionados por su capacidad para inhibir la adipogénesis en la línea celular 3T3-L1. Los animales tratados con la fracción F-B mostraron un aumento de peso significativamente menor y mantuvieron la sensibilidad a la insulina, así como, niveles significativamente más bajos de colesterol y triglicéridos. El análisis de GC-MS indicó que esta fracción activa está compuesta principalmente por los ácidos palmítico (1), oleico (2) y octadacanoico (3), 2-palmitoil glicerol (4), 2-oleoil glicerol (5) así como la estigmastenona (6).


Thevetia peruviana has been used in Mexican traditional medicine for its slimming effects. Active fractions and compounds from T. peruviana were isolated and identified by means of gravitational open-column chromatography, and the fractions were evaluated on mice with MonoSodium Glutamate-induced obesity. Orlistat was used as positive control, and treatments were administered, orally, once a day for 8 weeks. The fraction with higher activity was sub-fractioned and, with the intention of avoiding using more mice, the fractions were analyzed by evaluating their capability to inhibit adipogenesis in the 3T3-L1 cell line. Animals treated with the F-B fraction revealed a significantly smaller weight increase and maintained adequate insulin sensitivity, and significantly lower blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. The active compounds that demonstrated greatest adipogenesis inhibition were palmitic acid (1), oleic acid (2), octadecanoic acid (3), 2-palmitoyl glycerol (4), 2-oleoyl glycerol (5) and stigmastenone (6).


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anti-Obesity Agents , Thevetia/chemistry , Sodium Glutamate , Chromatography , Medicine, Traditional , Mexico
16.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20200025, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135152

ABSTRACT

Antivenoms are the only validated treatment against snakebite envenoming. Numerous drawbacks pertaining to their availability, safety and efficacy are becoming increasingly evident due to low sustainability of current productions. Technological innovation of procedures generating therapeutics of higher purity and better physicochemical characteristics at acceptable cost is necessary. The objective was to develop at laboratory scale a compact, feasible and economically viable platform for preparation of equine F(ab')2 antivenom against Vipera ammodytes ammodytes venom and to support it with efficiency data, to enable estimation of the process cost-effectiveness. Methods: The principle of simultaneous caprylic acid precipitation and pepsin digestion has been implemented into plasma downstream processing. Balance between incomplete IgG breakdown, F(ab')2 over-digestion and loss of the active drug's protective efficacy was achieved by adjusting pepsin to a 1:30 substrate ratio (w/w) and setting pH at 3.2. Precipitation and digestion co-performance required 2 h-long incubation at 21 °C. Final polishing was accomplished by a combination of diafiltration and flow-through chromatography. In vivo neutralization potency of the F(ab')2 product against the venom's lethal toxicity was determined. Results: Only three consecutive steps, performed under finely tuned conditions, were sufficient for preservation of the highest process recovery with the overall yield of 74%, comparing favorably to others. At the same time, regulatory requirements were met. Final product was aggregate- and pepsin-free. Its composition profile was analyzed by mass spectrometry as a quality control check. Impurities, present in minor traces, were identified mostly as IgG/IgM fragments, contributing to active drug. Specific activity of the F(ab')2 preparation with respect to the plasma was increased 3.9-fold. Conclusion: A highly streamlined mode for production of equine F(ab')2 antivenom was engineered. In addition to preservation of the highest process yield and fulfillment of the regulatory demands, performance simplicity and rapidity in the laboratory setting were demonstrated. Suitability for large-scale manufacturing appears promising.(AU)


Subject(s)
Mass Spectrometry , Antivenins , Chromatography , Downstream , Plasma , Immunotherapy
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816640

ABSTRACT

Canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1) causes infectious hepatitis in members of the family Canidae, including dogs. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA) that detects CAV-1 antibodies is required for large-throughput tests of dog sera. We collected 165 serum samples from dogs of Chungbuk and Gyeongbuk provinces between February 2016 and October 2018. The Korean CAV-1 vaccine strain CAV1V was propagated in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells and purified via Nuvia cPrime anion-exchange chromatography; the virus served as an I-ELISA antigen. Virus-neutralizing anti-CAV-1 titers in dog sera were measured using the virus neutralization (VN) method. The I-ELISA was optimized using purified CAV-1 antigen and serum samples. This kit was used to evaluate dog sera. The VN and I-ELISA data were compared. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the I-ELISA were 97.0%, 74.2%, and 92.7% compared to the VN assay, respectively. The I-ELISA data significantly correlated with those of VN (r = 0.88). These results suggest that the I-ELISA is useful for serosurveillance of CAV-1 in dog sera.


Subject(s)
Adenoviruses, Canine , Animals , Antibodies , Canidae , Chromatography , Dogs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis A , Humans , Kidney , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 78: 1-5, dez. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1253835

ABSTRACT

Esta nota apresenta a validação de um método para realizar a determinação de lítio em concentrações menores do que 40 µg L­1 em amostras de águas de abastecimento público, utilizando­se cromatografia de íons e calibração externa, com a curva analítica obtida por regressão linear (mínimos quadrados ordinários). O método é seletivo, e apresenta limite de detecção igual a 1,0 µg L­1e limite de quantificação igual a 2,0 µg L­1.Os ensaios de recuperação em três níveis de concentração apresentaram resultados entre 99,4 e 101,9%. Na avaliação da precisão nos mesmos três níveis de concentração, os coeficientes de variação exibiram valores entre 1,1 e 4,0%. (AU)


This note presents the validation of a method for determining the lithium at concentrations less than 40 µg L­1 in the public water supply, by using the ion chromatography and external calibration, and the analytical curve was obtained by the linear regression (ordinary least squares). The employed method is selective, showing the detection limit equal to 1.0 µg L­1 and the quantification limit equal to 2.0 µg L­1. Recovery tests in three concentration levels presented results from 99.4 to 101.9%. On the precision evaluation in the same three concentration levels, the coefficients of variation exhibited values between 1.1 and 4.0%. (AU)


Subject(s)
Water Supply , Chromatography , Ions , Lithium
19.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 24(1): 7108-7112, ene-abr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013269

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective. To determine egg production in laying hens treated with oligofructose from agave. Materials and methods. Eighteen weeks old Hy-line W-36 hens (n = 300) were distributed randomly into 3 treatment groups: no feed supplementation (control) or feed supplementation with 0.1% of 0.2% oligofructose from agave (OFA). Hens were monitored from development until 30 weeks of egg laying. Results. A significant (p<0.05) increase in the percent of egg-laying hens as well as increased in egg weight and egg quality occurred in hens from the OFA treatment groups relative to the control hens. Significantly lower levels (p<0.05) of fecal putrescine were observed in hens from the OFA treatment groups. Conclusions. The oligofructose from agave may be used as an alternative feed additive in laying hens.


RESUMEN Objetivo. Determinar la producción de huevos en gallinas tratadas con oligofructosa de agave (OFA). Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 300 gallinas de la línea genética Hy-line w-36, de 18 semanas de nacidas, distribuidas aleatoriamente en tres tratamientos con cuatro repeticiones de 25 gallinas cada uno. Los tratamientos consistieron en tres niveles de OFA, 0, 0.1 y 0.2% en alimento. La prueba duró desde las 18 hasta las 30 semanas de postura. Resultados. Se presentó un incremento significativo (p<0.05) en el porcentaje de postura y peso del huevo, así como en índices de calidad del huevo a favor de tratamientos con OFA. Se encontraron valores significativamente (p<0.05) más bajos de putrescina fecal en las gallinas tratadas con OFA. Conclusiones. El uso de la OFA en gallinas ponedoras puede ser una alternativa como aditivo en la alimentación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Polyamines , Chickens , Chromatography , Prebiotics , Fructans
20.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(1): 43-51, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001077

ABSTRACT

Las epidemias de cólera afectan a un gran número de países africanos, asiáticos y del Caribe. Los cambios climatológicos y las constantes migraciones hacen que esta enfermedad se extienda, por lo que resulta necesario disponer de vacunas protectoras. En el presente trabajo se caracterizó una nueva vacuna de vesículas de membrana externa (VMEs) obtenidas de Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor serotipo Ogawa cepa C7258, en el Instituto Finlay de vacunas (Cuba), a través de métodos proteómicos. Se identificaron 53 proteínas presentes en las VME (4 proteínas por banda electroforética) separadas por electroforesis unidimensional (1D) y digeridas con tripsina. Los fragmentos obtenidos fueron separados por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución (HPLC) acoplada a espectrometría de masa, secuenciados e identificados mediante bases de datos de proteínas Swiss-Prot y TrEMBL. El patrón proteico obtenido presentó algunas de las proteínas (12 proteínas citoplasmáticas y 5 proteínas de membrana externa) sugeridas dentro del proteoma de buena calidad para candidatos vacunales. Se estudiaron las mejores condiciones para la separación de las proteínas a través de electroforesis bidimensional. Las VME evaluadas cuentan con una composición fundamentada en proteínas necesarias para garantizar una respuesta inmune que proteja contra Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor serotipo Ogawa.


Cholera epidemics affect a large number of African, Asian and Caribbean countries. The climate changes and the constant migrations cause this disease to spread, making it is necessary to obtain protective vaccines. In the present work, a new vaccine of outer membrane vesicles (OMV) from V. cholerae O1 El Tor biotype Ogawa serotype strain C7258 at Finlay Institute of vaccines (Cuba) was characterized by proteomic methods. A total of 53 proteins present in the OMV (approximate ratio of 4 proteins by electrophoresis band) were identified, separated by one dimension electrophoresis and digested by tripsin method. The fragments were separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry, sequenced and identified, using Swiss-Prot and TrEMBL protein databases. The pattern showed some proteins (12 cytoplasmic proteins and 5 outer membrane proteins) suggested within the highest quality proteome for vaccine candidate. The best conditions for proteins separation by two dimension electrophoresis were studied. The OMV composition was based on proteins described to the immunity response and protection against V. cholerae O1 El Tor biotype Ogawa serotype.


As epidemias de cólera afetam um grande número de países africanos, asiáticos e caribenhos. As mudanças climáticas e as constantes migrações fazem com que esta doença se espalhe, portanto é necessário ter vacinas protectoras. No presente trabalho, uma nova vacina de vesículas de membrana externa (VMEs) obtidas de Vibrio cholerae 01 biotipo El Tor sorotipo Ogawa cepa C7258, no Instituto de Vacinas Finlay (Cuba), através de métodos proteômicos. Foram identificadas 53 proteínas presentes nas VME (4 proteínas por banda eletroforética) separadas por eletroforese unidimensional (1D) e digeridas com tripsina. Os fragmentos obtidos foram separados por cromatografia de alta resolução (HPLC) acoplada a espectrometria de massa, sequenciados e identificados usando bancos de dados de proteínas Swiss-Prot e TrEMBL. O padrão proteico obtido apresentou algumas das proteínas (12 proteínas citoplasmáticas e 5 proteínas de membrana externa) sugeridas dentro do proteoma de boa qualidade para candidatos vacinais. As melhores condições para a separação de proteínas através de eletroforese bidimensional foram estudadas. As VME avaliados possuem uma composição baseada em proteínas necessárias para garantir uma resposta imune que proteja contra Vibrio cholerae O1 biotipo El Tor sorotipo Ogawa.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins , Vaccines , Cholera/drug therapy , Proteomics , Mass Spectrometry , Climate Change , Cholera , Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Quality Management , Vibrio cholerae O1 , Electrophoresis , Microbiology
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