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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 47-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic features of a child with autosomal dominant mental retardation type 40 (MRD40) due to variant of the CHAMP1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical characteristics of the child were analyzed. Genetic testing was carried out by low-depth high-throughput and whole genome copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq) and whole exome sequencing (WES). A literature review was also carried out for the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of patients with MRD40 due to CHAMP1 gene variants.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 11-month-old girl, has presented with intellectual and motor developmental delay. CNV-seq revealed no definite pathogenic variants. WES has detected the presence of a heterozygous c.1908C>G (p.Y636*) variant in the CHAMP1 gene, which was carried by neither parent and predicted to be pathogenic. Literature review has identified 33 additional children from 12 previous reports. All children had presented with developmental delay and mental retardation, and most had dystonia (94.1%), delayed speech and/or walking (85.2%, 82.4%) and ocular abnormalities (79.4%). In total 26 variants of the CHAMP1 gene were detected, with all nonsense variants being of loss-of-function type, located in exon 3, and de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1908C>G (p.Y636*) variant of the CHAMP1 gene probably underlay the WRD40 in this child. Genetic testing should be considered for children featuring global developmental delay, mental retardation, hypertonia and facial dysmorphism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Genetic Testing , Phenotype , Exome Sequencing , Heterozygote , Mutation , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 357-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, treatment regime, and outcome of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Methods: The clinical data, genetic and molecular results, treatment process and survival status of 7 cases of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML children admitted to the Pediatric Blood Diseases Center of Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2015 to February 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML accounted for 1.02% (7/683) of pediatric AML diagnosed in the same period, with 4 males and 3 females. The age of disease onset was 8.2 (7.5, 9.5) years. The blast percentage in bone marrow was 0.275 (0.225, 0.480), and 6 cases were M5 by FAB classification. Pathological hematopoiesis was observed in all cases except for one whose bone marrow morphology was unknown. Three cases carried FLT3-ITD mutations, 4 cases carried NRAS mutations, and 2 cases carried KRAS mutations. After diagnosis, 4 cases received IAE induction regimen (idarubicin, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received MAE induction regimen (mitoxantrone, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received DAH induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine) and 1 case received DAE induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and etoposide). Complete remission was achieved in 3 cases after one course of induction. Four cases who did not achieved complete remission received CAG (aclarubicin, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), IAH (idarubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine), CAG combined with cladribine, and HAG (homoharringtonine, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) combined with cladribine reinduction therapy, respectively, all 4 cases reached complete remission. Six patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after 1-2 sessions of intensive consolidation treatment, except that one case was lost to follow-up after complete remission. The time from diagnosis to HSCT was 143 (121, 174) days. Before HSCT, one case was positive for flow cytometry minimal residual disease and 3 cases were positive for DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Three cases accepted haploid donors, 2 cases accepted unrelated cord blood donors, and 1 case accepted matched sibling donor. The follow-up time was 20.4 (12.9, 53.1) months, the overall survival and event free survival rates were all 100%. Conclusions: Pediatric AML with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene is a unique and rare subtype, often diagnosed in relatively older children. The disease is characterized with a low blast percentage in bone marrow, significant pathological hematopoiesis and a high mutation rate in FLT3-ITD and RAS genes. Low remission rate by chemotherapy only and very high recurrence rate indicate its high malignancy and poor prognosis. Early HSCT after the first complete remission can improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 454-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. Methods: The clinicopathological data of gastric carcinoma cases with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification diagnosed from January 2011 to September 2020 at the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, China, were collected. The clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and molecular pathological features were analyzed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 cases of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. All 4 patients were male, aged 57-67 years (average, 63 years). Tumor sizes ranged from 3.5 to 5.2 cm (average, 4.8 cm). All tumors were in the antrum. All 4 patients underwent radical gastrectomy and were followed up after the surgery. Morphologically, all tumors showed histological features with enteroblastic-differentiated gastric carcinoma. Tumor cells showed predominantly tubular/papillary architecture, with conspicuous vesicular nuclei and pale staining or transparent cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry showed pan-TRK expression in all cases, with various degrees of positivity in the cytoplasm. All cases were subject to NTRK1/2/3 detection using fluorescence in situ hybridization. There were NTRK translocations in 2 cases and NTRK amplifications in 2 cases. These cases were further verified by RNAseq next generation sequencing which confirmed that NTRK1 gene translocation (TPM3-NTRK1) and NTRK2 gene translocation (NTRK2-SMCHD1) occurred in two cases, respectively. Conclusions: NTRK mutation occurs less frequently in gastric cancer. In this study, the cases mainly occur in the antrum. The morphology has the characteristics of enteroblastic differentiation. The tumors have unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics, which require much attention from pathologists to effectively guide clinicians to choose the best treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Receptor, trkA/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Carcinoma , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 425-433, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine Fuzheng Kang'ai Formula (, FZKA) on tumor microenvironment (TME).@*METHODS@#CIBERSORTx was used for analysis of TME. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology and Analysis Platform was applied to identify compounds-targets network and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was employed to identify the differential expression genes (DEGs) between tumor and paracancerous tissues in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) from TCGA-LUAD. Additionally, DEGs with prognosis in LUAD was calculated by univariable and multivariate Cox regression. The core targets of FZKA were analyzed in lung adenocarcinoma TME. Protein-protein interaction database was employed to predict down-stream of target. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was employed for biological experiment in A549, H1299 and PC9 cell lines.@*RESULTS@#The active and resting mast cells were significantly associated with prognosis of LUAD (P<0.05). Of the targets, CCNA2 as an important target of FZKA (hazard ratio=1.41, 95% confidential interval: 1.01-2.01, P<0.05) was a prognostic target and significantly associated with mast cells. CCNA2 was positively correlated with mast cell activation and negatively correlated with mast cell resting state. BCL1L2, ACTL6A and ITGAV were down-stream of CCNA2, which were validated by qRT-PCR in A549 cell.@*CONCLUSION@#FZKA could directly bind to CCNA2 and inhibit tumor growth by regulating CCNA2 downstream genes and TME of NSCLC closely related to CCNA2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , DNA-Binding Proteins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10213, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249312

ABSTRACT

Sevoflurane (SEVO) is widely applied as an anesthetic, which exerts antitumor capacity in various cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Previous studies indicated that long non-coding RNA KCNQ1 opposite strand/antisense transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) was upregulated, while microRNA-29a-3p (miR-29a-3p) was downregulated in HCC. Thus, we aimed to explore the roles of KCNQ1OT1 and miR-29a-3p in HCC cells exposed to SEVO. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assays, respectively. The levels of genes were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or western blot. Furthermore, the interaction between miR-29a-3p and KCNQ1OT1 or chromebox protein homolog 3 (CBX3) was predicted by Starbase or Targetscan, and then confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. We found that the levels of KCNQ1OT1 and CBX3 were decreased, while miR-29a-3p was increased in SEVO-treated HCC cells. KCNQ1OT1 overexpression weakened the inhibitory effects of SEVO on HCC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. Interestingly, KCNQ1OT1 bound to miR-29a-3p, and miR-29a-3p targeted CBX3. KCNQ1OT1 upregulated CBX3 level by repressing miR-29a-3p expression. Furthermore, KCNQ1OT1 exerted tumor promotion in HCC cells via suppressing miR-29a-3p to regulate CBX3 expression. Collectively, our findings demonstrated that KCNQ1OT1 regulated the antitumor effects of SEVO on HCC cells through modulating the miR-29a-3p/CBX3 axis, providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , MicroRNAs/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Sevoflurane/pharmacology
6.
Biol. Res ; 53: 54-54, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505780

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: UV-B signaling in plants is mediated by UVR8, which interacts with transcriptional factors to induce root morphogenesis. However, research on the downstream molecules of UVR8 signaling in roots is still scarce. As a wide range of functional cytoskeletons, how actin filaments respond to UV-B-induced root morphogenesis has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of actin filaments on root morphogenesis under UV-B and hydrogen peroxide exposure in Arabidopsis. RESULTS: A Lifeact-Venus fusion protein was used to stain actin filaments in Arabidopsis. The results showed that UV-B inhibited hypocotyl and root elongation and caused an increase in H2O2 content only in the root but not in the hypocotyl. Additionally, the actin filaments in hypocotyls diffused under UV-B exposure but were gathered in a bundle under the control conditions in either Lifeact-Venus or uvr8 plants. Exogenous H2O2 inhibited root elongation in a dose-dependent manner. The actin filaments changed their distribution from filamentous to punctate in the root tips and mature regions at a lower concentration of H2O2 but aggregated into thick bundles with an abnormal orientation at H2O2 concentrations up to 2 mM. In the root elongation zone, the actin filament arrangement changed from lateral to longitudinal after exposure to H2O2. Actin filaments in the root tip and elongation zone were depolymerized into puncta under UV-B exposure, which showed the same tendency as the low-concentration treatments. The actin filaments were hardly filamentous in the maturation zone. The dynamics of actin filaments in the uvr8 group under UV-B exposure were close to those of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that UV-B inhibited Arabidopsis hypocotyl elongation by reorganizing actin filaments from bundles to a loose arrangement, which was not related to H2O2. UV-B disrupted the dynamics of actin filaments by changing the H2O2 level in Arabidopsis roots. All these results provide an experimental basis for investigating the interaction of UV-B signaling with the cytoskeleton.


Subject(s)
Ultraviolet Rays , Actin Cytoskeleton/physiology , Arabidopsis/growth & development , Plant Roots/growth & development , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Arabidopsis/radiation effects , Arabidopsis Proteins
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 797-801, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gene mutation occurved in AML patients with 29 kinds of fusion genes and 51 kinds of tumor gene.@*METHODS@#Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detected the 49 kinds of targeted gene. FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), CALR, NPM1 and CEBPA mutation were detected by DNA-based PCR and Sanger sequencing. Twenty-nine kinds of fusion genes were dected by multiplex nested RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The total gene mutation rate was 91% (109/121) in all the 121 patients. On average, 2.1 mutated genes per patient were identified, among these 121 patients, coexistence of ≥ 3 mutations was frequent (34.7%). The most commonly mutated genes were NRAS (23.96%, n=29), followed by NPM1 (14.04%, n=17), CEBPA double mutations (14.04%, n=17), KRAS (11.57%, n=14),FLT3-ITD (10.74%, n=13), CSF3R (10.74%, n=13), TET2 (9.92%, n=12) and IDH1 (9.1%, n=11). Overall, fusion genes were detected in 47 (37.3%) patients, including AML/ETO (n=12), CBFβ/MYH11 (n=11), PML/RARa (n=12), MLL rearranagement realated mutation MLL-X (n=10). TLS/ERG (n=1) and DEK/CAN (n=1) in an order of decreasing frequency. Patients with normal karyotype (NK)- AML exhibited more mutations in CEBPA, NPM1, TET2, RUNX1 and IDH1, comparing with abnormal karyotype patients. KRAS mutation in abnormal kayotype patients was significantly higher than that in normal kayotype patients (P=0.014). TP53 mutations were predominantly associated with complex cytogenetics (P=0.199). KRAS mutations were more frequent in core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 11q23/MLL rearrangement leukemia, compared with NK-AML (P=0.006 and 0.003, respectively). KIT mutations predominated in CBF-AML (P=0.006). JAK2V617F mutations were detected in two patients and co-occurred with AML-ETO fusions.@*CONCLUSION@#At least one mutation is observed in more than 90% patients. On average, more than 2 mutated genes per patient are identified. Some gene mutations are associated with gene rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Genomics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins , Prognosis
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 311-318, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The clinical trials emerged centromere protein E inhibitor GSK923295 as a promising anticancer drug, but its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain needs to be fully elucidated, especially as chemotherapy after hepatectomy for liver tumors. We aimed to describe anti-HCC activities of GSK923295 and compare its antiproliferative effects on liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH).@*METHODS@#All subjects were randomized to treatment with either vehicle or GSK923295. Antitumor activity of GSK923295 was assessed by xenograft growth assays. The C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 70% PH and the proliferation was calculated by liver coefficient, further confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The proliferation and cell cycle analysis of liver cell AML12 and HCC cells LM3, HUH7, and HepG2 were investigated using the cell counting kit-8 assay and Flow Cytometry. The chromosome misalignment and segregation in AML12 cells were visualized by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with GSK923295 induced antiproliferation in HCC cell lines. It also caused delay on HCC tumor growth instead of regression both in a HCC cell line xenograft model and patient-derived tumor xenograft model. With microarray analysis, CENtromere Protein E was gradually increased in mouse liver after PH. Exposure of liver cells to GSK923295 resulted in delay on a cell cycle in mitosis with a phenotype of misaligned chromosomes and chromosomes clustered. In 70% PH mouse model, GSK923295 treatment also remarkably reduced liver regeneration in later stage, in parallel with the mitotic marker phospho-histone H3 elevation.@*CONCLUSION@#The anticancer drug GSK923295 causes a significant delay on HCC tumor growth and liver regeneration after PH in later stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Liver Regeneration , Physiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sarcosine , Therapeutic Uses , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 485-490, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813276

ABSTRACT

To explore the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of glioma with Brg/Brm-associated factor 53a (BAF53a) expression.
 Methods: A total of 121 patients with glioma was divided into a BAF53a high expression group (n=79) and a low expression group (n=42) according to the results of immunohistochemistry. Then the MRI characteristics, including lesion location, number, boundary, maximum diameter, peripheral edema, midline structure shift, homogeneity, cystic necrosis, hemorrhage, strengthening degree, ependymal strengthening, pia mater enhancement, deep white matter invasion and lesion across the midline (total 14 items), were analyzed.
 Results: The results showed that there were significance difference in lesion border, lesion edema, enhancement of the lesion, and deep white matter invasion between the 2 groups (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The MRI characteristics, such as lesion border, lesion edema degree, enhancement degree of the lesion and deep white matter invasion, might be associated with BAF53a expression in gliomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins , Metabolism , Brain Neoplasms , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Glioma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Necrosis
10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 419-424, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776016

ABSTRACT

The chromosomal aneuploidy in oocytes is one of main causes of abortion and neonatal birth defects.It is mainly due to the premature separation of sister chromatid caused by the loss of Cohesin protein complex and the non-disjunction sister chromatids caused by abnormal microtubule dynamics aneuploidy.As a pathway of protein post-translational modification,SUMO modification(or SUMOylation)involves many physiological regulation processes including cell proliferation,differentiation,apoptosis,and cycle regulation.In the oocytes,SUMOylation can regulate the localization of Cohesin protein complex on the chromosome to affect the chromosomal aneuploidy in oocytes caused by premature separation of sister chromatid.On the other hand,SUMOylation can regulate the microtubule dynamics to affect the chromosomal aneuploidy in oocytes caused by non-disjunction sister chromatids.Therefore,SUMOylation plays an important role in regulating the chromosomal aneuploidy of oocytes;the exact mechanisms via which the SUMOylated substrates affect aneuploidy in oocytes remain unclear.This articles reviews the roles of SUMOylation in premature separation and non-isolated chromatid aneuploidy in oocyte from the effects of SUMOylationon Cohesin protein complex and microtubule dynamics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneuploidy , Cell Cycle Proteins , Chromatids , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Chromosome Segregation , Microtubules , Oocytes , Cell Biology , Sumoylation
11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 792-803, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757369

ABSTRACT

MRG proteins are conserved during evolution in fungi, flies, mammals and plants, and they can exhibit diversified functions. The animal MRGs were found to form various complexes to activate gene expression. Plant MRG1/2 and MRG702 were reported to be involved in the regulation of flowering time via binding to H3K36me3-marked flowering genes. Herein, we determined the crystal structure of MRG701 chromodomain (MRG701). MRG701 forms a novel dimerization fold both in crystal and in solution. Moreover, we found that the dimerization of MRG chromodomains is conserved in green plants. Our findings may provide new insights into the mechanism of MRGs in regulation of gene expression in green plants.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis , Genetics , Metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Binding Sites , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Crystallography, X-Ray , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Histones , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Models, Molecular , Oryza , Genetics , Metabolism , Peptides , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Protein Isoforms , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Multimerization , Protein Structure, Secondary , Recombinant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Viridiplantae , Genetics , Metabolism
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 885-890, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a eukaryotic expression vector of bromodomain-containing protein 7 (BRD7) with deletion of bromodomain (BRD7△brd) using the homologous recombination and reverse PCR amplification techniques.@*METHODS@#The linear DNA fragments of bromodomain-deleted mutation of BRD7 (pIRES2-EGFP- 3Flag/BRD7△brd) were amplified by one pair of reverse PCR primers using high-fidelity enzyme, and then these fragments were transformed into E.coli to obtain the eukaryotic expression vector expressing BRD7△brd protein based on homologous recombination and plasmid cyclization.@*RESULTS@#Bromodomain-deleted clones were identified by digestion with restrictive enzymes, and then the sequence and protein expression were further confirmed by sequencing and Western blot assays. The results suggest that pIRES2-EGFP-3Flag/BRD7△brd was successfully constructed.@*CONCLUSION@#We establish a simple and quick method to construct plasmids with pIRES2-EGFP- 3Flag/BRD7△brd using reverse PCR amplification and homologous recombination techniques. We also found that the concentration of template in PCR reaction system is one of the critical factors that affect the rate of homologous recombination. Of all, this improved technique could be widely used in the construction of gene mutations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Homologous Recombination , Mutation , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sequence Deletion , Transfection , Methods
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(2): 179-186, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-746537

ABSTRACT

Since the beginning of their lives, all living organisms are exposed to the influence of geomagnetic fields. Objectives : With respect to the positive effects that magnetic fields have on human tissues, especially the bactericidal effect, this investigation aimed to assess their influence on the reduction of oral microorganisms. Material and Methods : In order to obtain adequate specimens of dental plaque deposit, microbes such as Streptococcus parasanguinis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Rhodococcus equi and Candida albicans were isolated from the human mouth. To establish the intensity of microbial growth on the basis of the modified optical density (OD) of agar turbidimetry assay, microbial count and spectrophotometry were applied. The study was carried out with two microbial concentrations (1 and 10 CFU/ml) after periods of incubation of 24 and 48 h and using micromagnets. Results : A positive effect of the magnetic field, resulting in the reduction of dental plaque microbes in vitro, was found. In the first 24 hours of exposure to the magnetic field, the number of all isolated microbes was significantly reduced. The most potent influence of magnets and the most intensified reduction after 24 hours were evident in Candida albicans colonies. The decrease in the influence of magnets on microbes in vitro was also detected. Conclusions : Magnets reduce the number of microbes and might be recommended as a supplement in therapy for reduced periodontal tissues. This is important because periodontal tissues that are in good conditions provide prolonged support to the oral tissues under partial and supradental denture. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cell Survival/physiology , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Survival/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Damage/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
14.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 37(1): 49-54, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741937

ABSTRACT

Objective: Peritraumatic reactions feature prominently among the main predictors for development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Peritraumatic tonic immobility (PTI), a less investigated but equally important type of peritraumatic response, has been recently attracting the attention of researchers and clinicians for its close association with traumatic reactions and PTSD. Our objective was to investigate the role of PTI, peritraumatic panic, and dissociation as predictors of PTSD symptoms in a cohort of police recruits (n=132). Methods: Participants were asked to complete the following questionnaires during academy training and after the first year of work: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version (PCL-C), Physical Reactions Subscale (PRS), Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire (PDEQ), Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS), and Critical Incident History Questionnaire. Results: Employing a zero-inflated negative binomial regression model, we found that each additional point in the TIS was associated with a 9% increment in PCL-C mean scores (RM = 1.09), whereas for PRS, the increment was 7% (RM = 1.07). As the severity of peritraumatic dissociation increased one point in the PDEQ, the chance of having at least one symptom in the PCL-C increased 22% (OR = 1.22). Conclusions: Our findings highlight the need to expand investigation on the incidence and impact of PTI on the mental health of police officers. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/physiology , Leukemia/pathology , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Neoplastic Stem Cells/pathology , Oncogenes , Repressor Proteins/physiology , Apoptosis , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia/genetics , Leukemia/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Repressor Proteins/genetics
15.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(3): 620-632, 03/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744835

ABSTRACT

O estudo descreve os pontos de venda de alimentos e sua associação com sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Desenho transversal com amostra probabilística de 2.506 escolares de escolas públicas (n = 19) e privadas (n = 11). O sobrepeso/obesidade foi classificado pela referência da Organização Mundial da Saúde de 2007. Foram realizadas análises brutas e ajustadas por meio de regressão de Poisson. A prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade foi de 34,2%. Na rede pública, foram verificados 19,6% de sobrepeso e 13,5% de obesidade. Na rede privada, observaram-se 22,4% de sobrepeso e 11,1% de obesidade. Na rede pública, foi encontrada associação entre sobrepeso/obesidade e utilização da padaria (p = 0,004). Na rede privada, observou-se que os escolares de famílias que utilizaram o supermercado apresentaram 26% menos de sobrepeso/obesidade do que os escolares que não utilizam esses pontos de venda de alimentos (p = 0,003). Os dados encontrados evidenciam a existência de associação entre a utilização de alguns tipos de pontos de venda de alimentos (supermercado e padaria) e a prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade na população escolar.


The study analyzes retail food outlets and their association with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The study used a cross-sectional design with a random sample of 2,506 schoolchildren from public (n = 19) and private schools (n = 11). Overweight and obesity were classified according to World Health Organization guidelines for 2007, and crude and adjusted analyses were performed using Poisson regression. Prevalence of overweight/obesity was 34.2%. In public schools, 19.6% of the children were overweight and 13.5% were obese, as compared to 22.4% and 11.1% in private schools. An association was found in the public school system between overweight/obesity and the use of bakeries for food purchases (p = 0.004). In the private school system, children of families that bought groceries at the supermarket showed 26% less overweight/obesity compared to those who did not (p = 0.003). The data show an association between some types of food outlets (supermarkets and bakeries) and prevalence of overweight/obesity in the school-age population.


El estudio describe los puntos de venta de alimentos y su asociación con el sobrepeso/obesidad en escolares de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Se trata de un estudio transversal con una muestra aleatoria de 2.506 escolares de las escuelas públicas (n = 19) y privadas (n = 11). El sobrepeso/obesidad se clasifica, en función de la OMS en 2007, con análisis ajustados y crudos que se realizaron mediante la regresión de Poisson. La prevalencia de sobrepeso/obesidad fue de un 34,2%. En el sistema público el resultado fue de un 19,6% sobrepeso y un 13,5% obesidad. En el privado se observó un 22,4% de sobrepeso y 11,1% obesidad. En el primero se encontró una correlación entre el sobrepeso/obesidad y el consumo de bollería (p = 0,004). En las escuelas privadas se observó que los escolares de familias que habían utilizado el supermercado tenían un 26% menos de sobrepeso/ obesidad que los niños en edad escolar que no utilizaron este punto de venta de alimentos (p = 0,003). En el momento del estudio existe una asociación entre el uso de algunos tipos de punto de venta de alimentos (supermercado y panadería) y la prevalencia de sobrepeso/obesidad en escolares.


Subject(s)
DNA, Fungal/chemistry , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Nucleic Acid Conformation , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism , Telomere/chemistry , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/metabolism , DNA, Fungal/metabolism , Enzyme Activation , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Telomerase/metabolism , Telomere-Binding Proteins/genetics , Telomere-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Telomere/metabolism
16.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e155-2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147137

ABSTRACT

The long-term storage of memory requires the finely tuned coordination of intracellular signaling with the transcriptional, translational and epigenetic regulations of gene expression. Among the epigenetic mechanisms, however, we know relatively little about the involvement of chromatin remodeling-dependent control of gene expression in cognitive brain functions, compared with our knowledge of other such mechanisms (for example, histone modifications and DNA methylation). A few recent studies have implicated the Brm/Brg-associated factor (BAF) chromatin-remodeling complex, a mammalian homolog of the yeast Swi/Snf complex, in neuronal structural/functional plasticity and memory formation. The BAF complex was previously known to have a critical role in neurodevelopment, but these recent findings indicate that it also contributes to both cognitive functions in the adult brain and human mental disorders characterized by intellectual disability. In this review, we provide a brief overview of the BAF complexes, introduce recent research findings that link their functions to memory formation, and speculate on the yet-unknown molecular mechanisms that may be relevant to these processes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Actins/metabolism , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Learning , Memory , Multiprotein Complexes/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Protein Binding , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factors/metabolism
17.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 639-642, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56792

ABSTRACT

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous congenital anomaly. Mutations in the NIPBL gene account for a half of the affected individuals. We describe a family with CdLS carrying a novel pathogenic variant of the SMC1A gene identified by exome sequencing. The proband was a 3-yr-old boy presenting with a developmental delay. He had distinctive facial features without major structural anomalies and tested negative for the NIPBL gene. His younger sister, mother, and maternal grandmother presented with mild mental retardation. By exome sequencing of the proband, a novel SMC1A variant, c.3178G>A, was identified, which was expected to cause an amino acid substitution (p.Glu1060Lys) in the highly conserved coiled-coil domain of the SMC1A protein. Sanger sequencing confirmed that the three female relatives with mental retardation also carry this variant. Our results reveal that SMC1A gene defects are associated with milder phenotypes of CdLS. Furthermore, we showed that exome sequencing could be a useful tool to identify pathogenic variants in patients with CdLS.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Asian People/genetics , Base Sequence , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , DNA , DNA Mutational Analysis , De Lange Syndrome/diagnosis , Heterozygote , Pedigree , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Proteins/genetics , Republic of Korea
18.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e166-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30204

ABSTRACT

CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a highly conserved zinc finger protein and is best known as a transcription factor. It can function as a transcriptional activator, a repressor or an insulator protein, blocking the communication between enhancers and promoters. CTCF can also recruit other transcription factors while bound to chromatin domain boundaries. The three-dimensional organization of the eukaryotic genome dictates its function, and CTCF serves as one of the core architectural proteins that help establish this organization. The mapping of CTCF-binding sites in diverse species has revealed that the genome is covered with CTCF-binding sites. Here we briefly describe the diverse roles of CTCF that contribute to genome organization and gene expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Genome , Protein Binding , Protein Interaction Maps , Repressor Proteins/analysis
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 411-419, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757492

ABSTRACT

Genetic information stored in DNA is accurately copied and transferred to subsequent generations through DNA replication. This process is accomplished through the concerted actions of highly conserved DNA replication components. Epigenetic information stored in the form of histone modifications and DNA methylation, constitutes a second layer of regulatory information important for many cellular processes, such as gene expression regulation, chromatin organization, and genome stability. During DNA replication, epigenetic information must also be faithfully transmitted to subsequent generations. How this monumental task is achieved remains poorly understood. In this review, we will discuss recent advances on the role of DNA replication components in the inheritance of epigenetic marks, with a particular focus on epigenetic regulation in fission yeast. Based on these findings, we propose that specific DNA replication components function as key regulators in the replication of epigenetic information across the genome.


Subject(s)
Cdc20 Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Centromere , Metabolism , Chromatin , Metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Metabolism , DNA Replication , DNA, Fungal , Metabolism , Epigenesis, Genetic , Histones , Metabolism , Schizosaccharomyces , Genetics , Metabolism , Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 285-294, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320525

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death in women worldwide. Cisplatin is the core of first-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Many patients eventually become resistant to cisplatin, diminishing its therapeutic effect. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have critical functions in diverse biological processes. Using miRNA profiling and polymerase chain reaction validation, we identified a panel of differentially expressed miRNAs and their potential targets in cisplatin-resistant SKOV3/DDP ovarian cancer cells relative to cisplatin-sensitive SKOV3 parental cells. More specifically, our results revealed significant changes in the expression of 13 of 663 miRNAs analyzed, including 11 that were up-regulated and 2 that were down-regulated in SKOV3/DDP cells with or without cisplatin treatment compared with SKOV3 cells with or without cisplatin treatment. miRNA array and mRNA array data were further analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software. Bioinformatics analysis suggests that the genes ANKRD17, SMC1A, SUMO1, GTF2H1, and TP73, which are involved in DNA damage signaling pathways, are potential targets of miRNAs in promoting cisplatin resistance. This study highlights candidate miRNA-mRNA interactions that may contribute to cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Cisplatin , Cysteine Endopeptidases , DNA-Binding Proteins , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Endopeptidases , MicroRNAs , Nuclear Proteins , Ovarian Neoplasms , Phosphoproteins , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factors, TFII , Tumor Protein p73 , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Up-Regulation
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