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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 930-938, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012300

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of endothelin A receptor (ETAR) expression in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). To design ETAR carboxyl terminal (ETAR-C) amino acids derived polypeptide and to study the inhibitory effect on ovarian epithelial carcinoma cells in vitro. Methods: (1) A total of 126 patients who received surgical treatment and were diagnosed with HGSOC by postoperative pathological examination in Central Hospital of Xuzhou from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2017 were selected. All patients had completed clinicopathological data and follow-up data. Cancer tissue samples were collected and ETAR mRNA expression in HGSOC tissues was detected by reverse transcript-PCR. The clinical significance was analyzed. (2) ETAR-C fusion polypeptide was designed based on the sequence of carboxyl terminal amino acids of ETAR, expressed and purified in vitro. The effects of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on migration and invasion ability of ovarian cancer SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells were detected by scratch test and invasion test, respectively. The effect of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on chemosensitivity of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer SKOV3/cDDP and CAOV3/cDDP cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay. The effect of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on β-arrestin-1 expression in ovarian cancer SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells was detected by western blot. Results: (1) The relative expression level of ETAR mRNA in HGSOC tissues was 18.6±5.1. Patients with HGSOC were divided into high ETAR mRNA expression (n=76) and low ETAR mRNA expression (n=50) with 61.7% as cut-off value analyzed by X-Tile software. High expression of ETAR mRNA was significantly correlated with abdominal water volume, platinum drug resistance, and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) value in HGSOC patients (all P<0.05), but was not related to the age of patients with HGSOC and the size of postoperative residual lesions (all P>0.05). The 5-year progression free survival rates were 18.4% and 28.0%, and the 5-year overall survival rates were 38.2% and 52.0% in HGSOC patients with high and low ETAR mRNA expression respectively, there were statistically significant differences (P=0.046, P=0.034). (2) The results of scratch test and invasion test showed that the scratch healing rate and cell invasion rate of SKOV3 or CAOV3 cells treated with endothelin-1 (ET-1) and ET-1+ETAR-C were respectively compared, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). MTT assay showed that the inhibition rates of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide treated in SKOV3/cDDP and CAOV3/cDDP cells were significantly higher than those of control cells after the addition of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 μg/ml cisplatin (all P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed that the relative expression levels of β-arrestin-1 in SKOV3 or CAOV3 cells treated with ET-1 and ET-1+ETAR-C were 1.85±0.09 and 1.13±0.09 (SKOV3 cells), 2.14±0.15 and 1.66±0.12 (CAOV3 cells), respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: The prognosis of HGSOC patients with high expression of ETAR mRNA is significantly worse than those with low expression of ETAR mRNA. ETAR might be a new target for HGSOC treatment. The ETAR-C fusion polypeptide that interferes with the interaction of ETAR and β-arrestin-1 has good inhibitory effect on ovarian cancer cells in vitro, and might have clinical application potential.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Amino Acids/therapeutic use , beta-Arrestins/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Clinical Relevance , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Receptor, Endothelin A/therapeutic use , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2343-2351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 207-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971481

ABSTRACT

A series of chemotherapeutic drugs that induce DNA damage, such as cisplatin (DDP), are standard clinical treatments for ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, and other diseases that lack effective targeted drug therapy. Drug resistance is one of the main factors limiting their application. Sensitizers can overcome the drug resistance of tumor cells, thereby enhancing the antitumor activity of chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we aimed to identify marketable drugs that could be potential chemotherapy sensitizers and explore the underlying mechanisms. We found that the alcohol withdrawal drug disulfiram (DSF) could significantly enhance the antitumor activity of DDP. JC-1 staining, propidium iodide (PI) staining, and western blotting confirmed that the combination of DSF and DDP could enhance the apoptosis of tumor cells. Subsequent RNA sequencing combined with Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) pathway enrichment analysis and cell biology studies such as immunofluorescence suggested an underlying mechanism: DSF makes cells more vulnerable to DNA damage by inhibiting the Fanconi anemia (FA) repair pathway, exerting a sensitizing effect to DNA damaging agents including platinum chemotherapy drugs. Thus, our study illustrated the potential mechanism of action of DSF in enhancing the antitumor effect of DDP. This might provide an effective and safe solution for combating DDP resistance in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Disulfiram/pharmacology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fanconi Anemia/drug therapy , Alcoholism/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/drug therapy , Apoptosis , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation
4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 87-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970677

ABSTRACT

Extracellular matrix (ECM) has been implicated in tumor progress and chemosensitivity. Ovarian cancer brings a great threat to the health of women with a significant feature of high mortality and poor prognosis. However, the potential significance of matrix stiffness in the pattern of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression and ovarian cancer drug sensitivity is still largely unkown. Here, based on RNA-seq data of ovarian cancer cell cultured on substrates with different stiffness, we found that a great amount of lncRNAs were upregulated in stiff group, whereas SNHG8 was significantly downregulated, which was further verified in ovarian cancer cells cultured on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) hydrogel. Knockdown of SNHG8 led to an impaired efficiency of homologous repair, and decreased cellular sensitivity to both etoposide and cisplatin. Meanwhile, the results of the GEPIA analysis indicated that the expression of SNHG8 was significantly decreased in ovarian cancer tissues, which was negatively correlated with the overall survival of patients with ovarian cancer. In conclusion, matrix stiffening related lncRNA SNHG8 is closely related to chemosensitivity and prognosis of ovarian cancer, which might be a novel molecular marker for chemotherapy drug instruction and prognosis prediction.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Elasticity/physiology , Etoposide , Extracellular Matrix/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 527-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) in regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cisplatin sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#Six NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1299, H1975, SPCA1, H322, and H460) and a normal bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) were examined for MYH9 expression using Western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect MYH9 expression in a tissue microarray containing 49 NSCLC and 43 adjacent tissue specimens. MYH9 knockout cell models were established in H1299 and H1975 cells using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and the changes in cell proliferation cell were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and clone formation assays; Western blotting and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis of the cell models, and cisplatin sensitivity of the cells was evaluated using IC50 assay. The growth of tumor xenografts derived from NSCLC with or without MYH9 knockout was observed in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#MYH9 expression was significantly upregulated in NSCLC (P < 0.001), and the patients with high MYH9 expression had a significantly shorter survival time (P=0.023). In cultured NSCLC cells, MYH9 knockout obviously inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001), promoted cell apoptosis (P < 0.05), and increased their chemosensitivity of cisplatin. In the tumor-bearing mouse models, the NSCLC cells with MYH9 knockout showed a significantly lower growth rate (P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that MYH9 knockout inactivated the AKT/c- Myc axis (P < 0.05) to inhibit the expression of BCL2- like protein 1 (P < 0.05), promoted the expression of BH3- interacting domain death agonist and the apoptosis regulator BAX (P < 0.05), and activated apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and caspase-9 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High expression of MYH9 contributes to NSCLC progression by inhibiting cell apoptosis via activating the AKT/c-Myc axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1362-1368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969796

ABSTRACT

Objective: To inhibit the stemness maintenance potential of endometrial cancer and increase the sensitivity of endometrial cancer side population cells to chemotherapy drugs by inducing extensive deSUMOylation modification of proteins. Methods: Flow cytometry was used to sort and culture CD133(+) CD44(+) KLE endometrial cancer cell clone spheres. Protein expression level of small ubiquitin-related modifier 1 (SUMO1) and two stemness maintenance genes of tumor side population cells, octamer binding transcription factor-4 (Oct4) and sex determining region Y-box2 (Sox2), were detected by western blotting method. Lentivirus-mediated Sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases 1 (SENP1) gene was stably transfected into KLE side population cells. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of SENP1, SUMO1, Oct4 and Sox2. The clone formation rate was compared between KLE side population cells with or without SENP1 overexpression. Flow cytometry was applied to detect cell cycle changes. 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazole-2)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) experiment and flow cytometry apoptosis method were used to detect the chemosensitivity of the side population of endometrial cancer cells to cisplatin. Tumor-bearing mouse models of endometrial cancer were established to detect the effect of SENP1 overexpression on the chemotherapy sensitivity of cisplatin. Results: Compared with CD133(-)CD44(-) KLE cells, CD133(+) CD44(+) KLE side population cells could form clonal spheres and express higher levels of SUMO1, Oct4 and Sox2 proteins (P<0.05). Compared with KLE side population cells that were not transfected with SENP1 gene, the expression level of SENP1 protein in KLE side population cells overexpressing SUMO1、Oct4 and Sox2 were lower. The clonal sphere formation rate was reduced from (25.67±5.44)% to (7.46±1.42)%, and cell cycle shifted from G(0)/G(1) phase to G(2) phase. IC(50) of cisplatin decreased from (55.46±6.14) μg/ml to (11.55±3.12) μg/ml, and cell apoptosis rate increased from (9.76±2.09)% to (16.79±3.44)%. Overexpression of SENP1 could reduce the tumorigenesis rate of KLE side population cells in vivo and increase their chemotherapy sensitivity to cisplatin (P<0.05). Conclusion: Overexpression of SENP1 can induce protein deSUMOylation modification, inhibit the stemness maintenance potential of endometrial cancer side population cells, and enhance their chemotherapy sensitivity, which provides a new reference for gene therapy of endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Side-Population Cells/pathology , Sumoylation
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of down-regulation of retinol binding protein 2 (RBP2) expression on the biological characteristics of ovarian cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: Knockdown of RBP2 and cisplatin (DDP)-resistant ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i was established, the negative control group and blank control group were also set. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the cell proliferation ability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, scratch test and Transwell invasion test were used to detect cell migration and invasion ability, real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot were used to detect the expressions of molecular markers related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The effect of RBP2 on the growth of ovarian cancer was verified through experiment of transplanted tumors in nude mice, and the relationships between RBP2 expression and tumor metastasis and patient prognosis were analyzed using the clinical data of ovarian cancer in TCGA database. Results: After down-regulating the expression of RBP2, the proliferation ability of SKOV3/DDP cell was significantly reduced. On the fifth day, the proliferation activities of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were (56.67±4.16)%, (84.67±3.51) and (87.00±4.00)% respectively, with statistically significant difference (P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (14.19±1.50)%, higher than (8.77±0.75)% of the negative control group and (7.48±0.52)% of the blank control group (P<0.001). The number of invasive cells of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (55.20±2.39), lower than (82.60±5.18) and (80.80±7.26) of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The scratch healing rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (28.47±2.72)%, lower than (50.58±4.06)% and (48.92±4.63)% of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin in the SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were higher than those in the negative control group (P=0.015, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.006, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expression of N-cadherin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.012, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.005, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were also lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.016, P=0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.011, P=0.001). Five weeks after the cells inoculated into the nude mice, the tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were statistically significant different. The tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was smaller than those of negative control group and blank control group (P=0.001). Bioinformatics analysis showed that the expression of RBP2 in patients with metastatic ovarian cancer was higher than that without metastasis (P=0.043), and the median overall survival of ovarian cancer patients with high RBP2 expression was 41 months, shorter than 69 months of low RBP2 expression patients (P<0.001). Conclusion: Downregulation of the expression of RBP2 in SKOV3/DDP cells can inhibit cell migration and invasion, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of EMT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Gene Silencing , Mice, Nude , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular/metabolism
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 405-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of cisplatinresistant testicular cancer cells (I-10/DDP) and the effect of carbenoxolone on the activity of RSL3 against testicular cancer.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to evaluate the survival rate of I-10/DDP cells following treatment with RSL3 (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 μmol/L) alone or in combination with carbenoxolone (100 μmol/L) or after treatment with Fer-1 (2 μmol/L), RSL3 (4 μmol/L), RSL3+Fer-1, RSL3+carbenoxolone (100 μmol/L), or RSL3+Fer-1+carbenoxolone. Colony formation assay was used to assess the proliferation ability of the treated cells; wounding-healing assay and Transwell assay were used to assess the invasion and migration ability of the cells. The expression of GPX4 was detected using Western blotting, the levels of lipid ROS were detected using C11 BODIPY 581/591 fluorescent probe, and the levels of Fe2+ were determined with FerroOrange fluorescent probe.@*RESULTS@#RSL3 dose-dependently decreased the survival rate of I-10/DDP cells, and the combined treatment with 2, 4, or 8 μmol/L RSL3 with carbenoxolone, as compared with RSL3 treatment alone, resulted in significant reduction of the cell survival rate. The combination with carbenoxolone significantly enhanced the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on colony formation, wound healing rate (P=0.005), invasion and migration of the cells (P < 0.001). Fer-1 obviously attenuated the inhibitory effects of RSL3 alone and its combination with carbenoxolone on I-10/DDP cells (P < 0.01). RSL3 treatment significantly decreased GPX4 expression (P=0.001) and increased lipid ROS level (P=0.001) and Fe2+ level in the cells, and these effects were further enhanced by the combined treatment with carbenoxolone (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Carbenoxolone enhances the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of cisplatin-resistant testicular cancer cells by promoting RSL3-induced ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carbenoxolone/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Fluorescent Dyes/pharmacology , Lipids , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Reactive Oxygen Species , Testicular Neoplasms
9.
Biol. Res ; 54: 22-22, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Accumulated evidence demonstrates cisplatin, a recommended chemotherapy, modulating pro-survival autophagic response that contributes to treatment failure in lung cancer patients. However, distinct mechanisms involved in cisplatin-induced autophagy in human lung cancer cells are still unclear. RESULTS: Herein, role of autophagy in cisplatin resistance was indicated by a decreased cell viability and increased apoptosis in lung cancer H460 cells pre-incubated with wortmannin, an autophagy inhibitor, prior to treatment with 50 µM cisplatin for 24 h. The elevated level of hydroxyl radicals detected via flow-cytometry corresponded to autophagic response, as evidenced by the formation of autophagosomes and autolysosomes in cisplatin-treated cells. Interestingly, apoptosis resistance, autophagosome formation, and the alteration of the autophagic markers, LC3-II/LC3-I and p62, as well as autophagy-regulating proteins Atg7 and Atg3, induced by cisplatin was abrogated by pretreatment of H460 cells with deferoxamine, a specific hydroxyl radical scavenger. The modulations in autophagic response were also indicated in the cells treated with hydroxyl radicals generated via Fenton reaction, and likewise inhibited by pretreatment with deferoxamine. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the possible role of hydroxyl radicals as a key mediator in the autophagic response to cisplatin treatment, which was firstly revealed in this study would benefit for the further development of novel therapies for lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Autophagy , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Hydroxyl Radical/therapeutic use , Hydroxyl Radical/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11156, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285646

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of human esophageal fibroblast-derived exosomal miR-21 on cisplatin sensitivity against esophageal squamous EC9706 cells. EC9706 cells were co-cultured indirectly with human esophageal fibroblasts (HEF) or miR-21 mimics transfected-HEF in the transwell system. The exosomes in HEF-culture conditioned medium were extracted by differential ultracentrifugation. EC9706 cells were co-cultured with HEF-derived exosomes directly. The cisplatin sensitivity against EC9706 cells was revealed via half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values using MTT assay. The expressions of miR-21, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) mRNA, and gene of phosphate and tension homology deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) mRNA were determined by qRT-PCR. The changes of the protein level were detected using western blot assay. IC50 values of cisplatin against EC9706 cells were increased after EC9706 cells were co-cultured with either HEF or exosomes derived from miR-21 mimics-transfected HEF. Following the increased level of miR-21, the mRNA expression and protein levels of PTEN and PDCD4 were decreased in EC9706 cells. The cisplatin sensitivity to EC9706 cells was reduced by HEF-derived exosomal miR-21 through targeting PTEN and PDCD4. This study suggested that non-tumor cells in the tumor micro-environment increased the tumor anti-chemotherapy effects through their exosomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Fibroblasts/metabolism
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 315-326, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Drug-resistance and metastasis are major reasons for the high mortality of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a critical role in OC development. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of COX-2 on migration and cisplatin (cis-dichloro diammine platinum, CDDP) resistance of OC cells and explore its related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the cytotoxicity effects of celecoxib (CXB) and CDDP on SKOV3 and ES2 cells. The effect of COX-2 on migration was evaluated via the healing test. Western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to analyze E-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, and Slug levels.@*RESULTS@#COX-2 promoted drug-resistance and cell migration. CXB inhibited these effects. The combination of CDDP and CXB increased tumor cell sensitivity, reduced the amount of CDDP required, and shortened treatment administration time. COX-2 upregulation increased the expression of Snail and Slug, resulting in E-cadherin expression downregulation and vimentin upregulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COX-2 promotes cancer cell migration and CDDP resistance and may serve as a potential target for curing OC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2/physiology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9330, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098112

ABSTRACT

The development of chemotherapy resistance significantly impairs the efficiency of chemotherapy, but the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in gastric cancer (GC) are complicated and still need to be further explored. Here, we aimed to reveal the effects of miR-4290/PDK1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1) axis on chemotherapy resistance of GC in vitro. The expression patterns of miR-4290 in GC tissues and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Kaplan-Meier was used to assess the relationship between miR-4290 expression levels and patients' overall survival. CCK-8 and flow cytometry technologies were applied to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis. The luciferase gene reporter assay was used to evaluate the interaction between miR-4290 and PDK1. miR-4290 was lowly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with the shorter overall survival of GC patients. miR-4290 mimics significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, as well as induced a significant reduction in the expression of PDK1. Moreover, miR-4290 significantly inhibited glycolysis and decreased the IC50 value to cisplatin in SGC7901 cells, whereas these effects were abolished and cell apoptosis was promoted when PDK1 was overexpressed. In conclusion, this study revealed that miR-4290 suppressed PDK1-mediated glycolysis to enhance the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/metabolism , Glycolysis/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/genetics
13.
Biol. Res ; 53: 13, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common tumor of the biliary tract. The incidence of GBC shows a large geographic variability, being particularly frequent in Native American populations. In Chile, GBC represents the second cause of cancer-related death among women. We describe here the establishment of three novel cell lines derived from the ascitic fluid of a Chilean GBC patient, who presented 46% European, 36% Mapuche, 12% Aymara and 6% African ancestry. RESULTS: After immunocytochemical staining of the primary cell culture, we isolated and comprehensively characterized three independent clones (PUC-GBC1, PUC-GBC2 and PUC-GBC3) by short tandem repeat DNA profiling and RNA sequencing as well as karyotype, doubling time, chemosensitivity, in vitro migration capability and in vivo tumorigenicity assay. Primary culture cells showed high expression of CK7, CK19, CA 19-9, MUC1 and MUC16, and negative expression of mesothelial markers. The three isolated clones displayed an epithelial phenotype and an abnormal structure and number of chromosomes. RNA sequencing confirmed the increased expression of cytokeratin and mucin genes, and also of TP53 and ERBB2 with some differences among the three cells lines, and revealed a novel exonic mutation in NF1. The PUC-GBC3 clone was the most aggressive according to histopathological features and the tumorigenic capacity in NSG mice. CONCLUSIONS: The first cell lines established from a Chilean GBC patient represent a new model for studying GBC in patients of Native American descent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate/genetics , Indians, South American/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Ascitic Fluid/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Carcinogenicity Tests , Chile , DNA Fingerprinting , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred NOD , Clone Cells/drug effects , Clone Cells/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Genes, erbB-2/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Keratin-19/genetics , Keratin-7/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
14.
Biol. Res ; 53: 18, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin resistance (DDP-resistance) remains one of the major causes of poor prognosis in females with ovarian cancer. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to participate in the regulation of cellular processes, including chemoresistance. The aim of this study was to explore the role of HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) in DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3/DDP and A2780/DDP) were established. Real-time PCR, western blot, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and flow cytometry were then used to evaluate the effect of HOTAIR/miR-138-5p axis on chemoresistance of DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cells to DDP. RESULTS: We found that HOTAIR was upregulated in DDP-resistant cells, while miR-138-5p was downregulated. Knockdown of HOTAIR increased the expression of miR-138-5p in DDP-resistant cells and miR-138-5p is directly bound to HOTAIR. Upregulation of miR-138-5p induced by HOTAIR siRNA or by its mimics enhanced the chemosensitivity of DDP-resistant cells and decreased the expression of EZH2 (enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit) and SIRT1 (sirtuin 1). Furthermore, the HOTAIR silencing-induced chemosensitivity of DDP-resistant cells was weakened by miR-138-5p inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that HOTAIR acts as a sponge of miR-138-5p to prevent its binding to EZH2 and SIRT1, thereby promoting DDP-resistance of ovarian cancer cells. Our work will shed light on the development of therapeutic strategies for ovarian cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Up-Regulation , Apoptosis/drug effects , MicroRNAs/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockout Techniques/methods , Sirtuin 1/antagonists & inhibitors , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein/antagonists & inhibitors
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1550-1556, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) on chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin (DDP) and explore the mechanism in light of autophagy regulation.@*METHODS@#Ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells cultured @*RESULTS@#DDP increased the expression of IL-17RA in ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. Treatment with IL-17A significantly reduced the susceptibility of SKOV3 cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis (@*CONCLUSIONS@#IL-17A/IL-17RA can decrease chemosensitivity of SKOV3 cells to DDP by upregulating DDP-induced autophagy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis/drug effects , Autophagy/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Receptors, Interleukin-17
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e6359, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839294

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in drug resistance and modulate the efficiency of chemotherapy. A recent study indicated that miR-340 functions as a tumor suppressor in various types of cancer. However, the role of miR-340 in chemotherapy has not been reported yet. In this study, we found that miR-340 enhanced cisplatin (CDDP)-induced cell death. Induction of miR-340-5p expression decreased the IC50 of CDDP and increased the apoptosis of CDDP-resistant MG-63 and Saos-2 cells. Moreover, miR-340-5p decreased the accumulation of MRP1 and MDR1. We further explored the mechanism underlying the promoting effects of miR-340-5p on CDDP-induced cell death. We identified a potential target of miR-340 in the 3′ untranslated region of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAATβ) using the online program Targetscan (http://www.microrna.org). Luciferase reporter assays showed that miR-340 binds to the 3′UTR of LPAATβ. Enforced expression of miR-340-5p decreased the accumulation of LPAATβ in both MG-63 and Saos-2 cells. Silencing LPAATβ decreased the IC50 of CDDP and increased the apoptosis of CDDP-resistant MG-63 and Saos-2 cells, which is consistent with the effect of miR-340-5p on CDDP-induced cell death. Moreover, induced expression of LPAATβ compromised the effects of miR-340-5p on CDDP-induced cell death and accumulation of MRP1 and MDR1. Taken together, our data indicated that miR-340-5p enhanced the sensitivity to CDDP by targeting LPAATβ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acyltransferases/physiology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Bone Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/physiology , MicroRNAs/physiology , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Acyltransferases/analysis , Acyltransferases/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Bone Neoplasms/physiopathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/analysis , MicroRNAs/drug effects , Osteosarcoma/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(4): 603-611, dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-950926

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. Las tiosemicarbazonas y sus complejos de paladio (II) poseen actividad antineoplásica con pocos efectos secundarios, por lo cual se las considera como una nueva alternativa terapéutica. Sin embargo, existen diferencias en los rangos de la concentración inhibitoria media (CI50) asociada a la divergencia estructural y la solubilidad de los complejos, así como a la sensibilidad de los blancos celulares. La inclusión de fármacos en la beta-ciclodextrina con fines terapéuticos ha mejorado su solubilidad y estabilidad, pero los efectos de su combinación con los complejos de paladio (II) y las tiosemicarbazonas no se han comprobado aún. Objetivo. Estudiar el efecto citotóxico de los complejos de paladio en la beta-ciclodextrina. Materiales y métodos. La actividad citotóxica de los complejos de paladio en la beta-ciclodextrina se evaluó en la línea celular de cáncer de mama (MCF-7), empleando el método de la sulforodamina B. Resultados. Los ligandos MePhPzTSC y Ph2PzTSC, sus complejos de paladio (II) libres e incluidos en la beta-ciclodextrina y el cisplatino mostraron actividad citotóxica en la línea celular MCF-7; sin embargo, la citotoxicidad fue mayor con la inclusión en la beta-ciclodextrina ([Pd(MePhPzTSC)2]•ß-CD y [Pd(Ph2PzTSC)2]•ß-CD). La concentración inhibitoria media (CI50) para estos complejos se obtuvo en concentraciones de 0,14 y 0,49 μM, y con dosis hasta cinco veces inferiores comparadas con las concentraciones de los ligandos libres (1,4 y 2,9 μM), de los complejos de paladio (II) libres (0,57 y 1,24 μM) y del cisplatino (6,87 μM). Conclusiones. El uso de la beta-ciclodextrina mejoró significativamente la actividad citotóxica de las tiosemicarbazonas y sus complejos de paladio (II), lo cual probablemente está asociado al incremento de la solubilidad y biodisponibilidad del compuesto, estrategia que se puede sugerir para el diseño de futuros fármacos antineoplásicos.


Abstract Introduction: Thiosemicarbazones and palladium (II) complexes have antineoplastic activities with mild side effects, for which they are considered new alternative antineoplastic drugs. However, the IC50 ranges of these complexes vary due to differences in their structure and solubility and their sensitivities for various cellular targets. Beta-cyclodextrin is an additive used to improve the solubility and stability of various drugs for therapeutic use, but the combination of beta-cyclodextrin with palladium (II) complexes and thiosemicarbazones has not been tested yet. Objective: To study the cytotoxic effect of palladium (II) inclusion complexes in beta-cyclodextrin. Materials and methods: We tested the cytotoxic activity of palladium complexes combined with betacyclodextrin in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using a sulforhodamine B assay. Results: We tested the antiproliferative activity of palladium (II) complexes with and without the ligands MePhPzTSC and Ph2PzTSC and with and without beta-cyclodextrin in MCF-7 cells and compared them to that of cisplatin. All combinations showed antiproliferative activity; however, the activity was greater for the combinations that included beta-cyclodextrin: ([Pd (MePhPzTSC) 2] • ß-CD and [Pd (Ph2PzTSC) 2] • ß-CD), at concentrations of 0.14 and 0.49 μM, respectively. The IC50 for this complex was 5-fold lower than that of the ligand-free combinations (1.4 and 2.9 μM, respectively). The IC50 for free palladium (II) complex was 0.571.24 μM and that for cisplatin was 6.87 μM. Conclusions: Beta-cyclodextrin significantly enhanced the cytotoxic activities of palladium (II) complexes and thiosemicarbazones probably by improving their solubility and bioavailability. The addition of betacyclodextrin is a possible strategy for designing new anticancer drugs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology , Palladium/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic/pharmacology , beta-Cyclodextrins/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Organometallic Compounds/chemistry , Palladium/chemistry , Solubility , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Biological Availability , Drug Design , Molecular Structure , Cell Division/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Cytotoxins/pharmacology , Cytotoxins/chemistry , Drug Synergism , MCF-7 Cells , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry
18.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-9, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinical use of chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin is limited by its toxicity and drug resistance. Therefore, efforts continue for the discovery of novel combination therapies with cisplatin, to increase efficacy and reduce its toxicity. Here, we screened 16 medicinal plant extracts from Northeast part of India and found that leaf extract of Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (ZALE) induced cytotoxicity as well as an effect on the increasing of the efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs (cisplatin, mitomycin C and camptothecin). This work shows detail molecular mechanism of anti-cancer activity of ZALE and its potential for combined treatment regimens to enhance the apoptotic response of chemotherapeutic drugs. RESULTS: ZALE induced cytotoxicity, nuclear blebbing and DNA fragmentation in HeLA cells suggesting apoptosis induction in human cervical cell line. However, the apoptosis induced was independent of caspase 3 activation and poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage. Further, ZALE activated Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathway as revealed by increased phosphorylation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (ERK), p38 and c-Jun N-ter-minal kinase (JNK). Inhibition of ERK activation but not p38 or JNK completely blocked the ZALE induced apoptosis suggesting an ERK dependent apoptosis. Moreover, ZALE generated DNA double strand breaks as suggested by the induction γH2AX foci formation. Interestingly, pretreatment of certain cancer cell lines with ZALE, sensitized the cancer cells to cisplatin and other chemotherapeutic drugs. Enhanced caspase activation was observed in the synergistic interaction among chemotherapeutic drugs and ZALE. CONCLUSION: Purification and identification of the bio-active molecules from the ZALE or as a complementary treatment for a sequential treatment of ZALE with chemotherapeutic drugs might be a new challenger to open a new therapeutic window for the novel anti-cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Zanthoxylum/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , HeLa Cells , Apoptosis/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , Enzyme Activation/drug effects
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1188-1198, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140361

ABSTRACT

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can induce drug transporter genes such as the ATP-binding cassette G member 2 (ABCG2), which contributes to multidrug resistance. We investigated the effect of TCDD pretreatment on drug transporters induction from cancer cells of various origins. Cell viabilities after treatment of cisplatin were measured to evaluate acquiring cisplatin resistance by TCDD. Acquring cisplatin resistance was found only in cisplatin senstivie cancer cells including gastric SNU601, colon LS180, brain CRT-MG and lymphoma Jurkat cells which showed a significant increase in cell viability after combined treatment with TCDD and cisplatin. High increase of ABCG2 gene expression was found in SNU601 and LS180 cells with a mild increase in the expression of the ABCC3, ABCC5,and SLC29A2 genes in SNU601 cells, and of major vault protein (MVP) in LS180 cells. The AhR inhibitor kaempferol suppressed the upregulation of ABCG2 expression and reversed the TCDD-induced increase in cell viability in LS180 cells. However, in CRT-MG cells, other transporter genes including ABCC1, ABCC5, ABCA3, ABCA2, ABCB4, ABCG1, and SLC29A1 were up-regulated. These findings suggested the acquiring cisplatin resistance by TCDD associated with cancer cell-type-specific induction of drug transporters.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Equilibrative-Nucleoside Transporter 2/genetics , Jurkat Cells , K562 Cells , Kaempferols/pharmacology , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins/genetics , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/metabolism , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/pharmacology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles/genetics
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1188-1198, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140360

ABSTRACT

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can induce drug transporter genes such as the ATP-binding cassette G member 2 (ABCG2), which contributes to multidrug resistance. We investigated the effect of TCDD pretreatment on drug transporters induction from cancer cells of various origins. Cell viabilities after treatment of cisplatin were measured to evaluate acquiring cisplatin resistance by TCDD. Acquring cisplatin resistance was found only in cisplatin senstivie cancer cells including gastric SNU601, colon LS180, brain CRT-MG and lymphoma Jurkat cells which showed a significant increase in cell viability after combined treatment with TCDD and cisplatin. High increase of ABCG2 gene expression was found in SNU601 and LS180 cells with a mild increase in the expression of the ABCC3, ABCC5,and SLC29A2 genes in SNU601 cells, and of major vault protein (MVP) in LS180 cells. The AhR inhibitor kaempferol suppressed the upregulation of ABCG2 expression and reversed the TCDD-induced increase in cell viability in LS180 cells. However, in CRT-MG cells, other transporter genes including ABCC1, ABCC5, ABCA3, ABCA2, ABCB4, ABCG1, and SLC29A1 were up-regulated. These findings suggested the acquiring cisplatin resistance by TCDD associated with cancer cell-type-specific induction of drug transporters.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Equilibrative-Nucleoside Transporter 2/genetics , Jurkat Cells , K562 Cells , Kaempferols/pharmacology , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins/genetics , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/metabolism , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/pharmacology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles/genetics
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