Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 128
Filter
1.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 32(2): 180-193, 2 de Agosto del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391900

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía laparoscópica es una alternativa segura para el tratamiento en el cáncer de colon y además permite todas las ventajas de un procedimiento de mínima invasión. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue medir el impacto en la morbilidad de la técnica quirúrgica abierta vs cerrada en cáncer de colon. Metodología: El estudio se realizó en el Hospital Solón Espinosa Ayala, en Quito-Ecuador, período marzo del 2012 hasta marzo del 2017, con una muestra no probabilística, se incluyeron pacientes mayores de edad, con cáncer de colon. Se incluyen variables socio-demográficas, histología, días de hospitalización, sangrado quirúrgico, tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria, márgenes quirúrgicos, ganglios reseca-dos, inicio de dieta, % de conversión quirúrgica, complicación quirúrgica, recidiva, morbilidad quirúrgica, mortalidad quirúrgica. Se utiliza estadística descriptiva univariada y bivariada.Resultados: Se analizan 85casos, 52 casos se realizaron cirugía abierta y 33 casos se realizaron cirugía laparoscópica.La conversión quirúrgica fue 75% por adherencias y 25% por infiltración a duodeno. El tiempo quirúrgico similar 121 a 180 minutos 61%. Complicaciones laparoscópicas 2,3% y 9,4% abierta (colecciones pélvicas y fistulas intestinales 2.4% vs 1.7%). La desnutrición no presentó relación. Inicio de dieta 2 a4 días 83% laparoscópica y 67% abierta. Hospitalización de 4 a 8 días fue laparoscópica 87% y abierta 78%. Pérdida sanguínea menor a 100cc fue laparoscópicas 82%, y abiertas 60%. La resección de ganglios (+13) en laparoscopía 69.6% y abierta 68.1%. El margen proximal de pieza quirúrgica por laparoscopía 5.1 a 10cm (43.5%), por abierta (55.3%), la recaída tumoral del 56.2%y 52.3%. El estado vital por laparoscopía fue fallecido 12.5%, y abierta 28.8%, en relación a su enfermedad tumoral Conclusión: Las comorbilidades quirúrgicas y recuperación fueron menores por laparoscopía, pero la cirugía abierta mostro mejores resultados anatomopatológicos post quirúrgicos


Introduction:Laparoscopic surgery is a safe alternative for colon cancer treatment and allows all the advantages of a minimally invasive procedure. The objective of the present investigation was to measure the impact on morbidity of the open vs. closed surgical technique in colon cancer.Methodology: The study was carried out at the Solón Espinosa Ayala Hospital, in Quito-Ecuador, from March 2012 to March 2017, with a non-probabilistic sample, including elderly patients with colon cancer. Socio-demographic variables, histology, days of hospitalization, surgical bleeding, surgical time, hospital stay, surgical margins, resected lymph nodes, the start of the diet, % surgical conversion, surgical com-plication, recurrence, surgical morbidity, and surgical mortality are included. Univariate and bivariate de-scriptive statistics are used.Results: 85 cases are analyzed; 52 underwent open surgery, and 33 underwent laparoscopic surgery. The surgical conversion was 75% due to adhesions and 25% due to duodenal infiltration. The similar surgical time is 121 to 180 minutes 61%. Laparoscopic complications 2.3% and 9.4% open (pelvic col-lections and intestinal fistulas 2.4% vs 1.7%). Malnutrition was not related. Start of diet 2 to 4 days 83% laparoscopic and 67% open. Hospitalization from 4 to 8 days was laparoscopic 87% and open 78%. Blood loss less than 100cc was laparoscopic in 82% and opened in 60%. Lymph node resection (+13) in lapa-roscopy 69.6% and open 68.1%. The proximal margin of the surgical piece by laparoscopy is 5.1 to 10cm (43.5%), by open (55.3%), the tumor recurrenceof 56.2% and 52.3%. The mortality in laparoscopy surgery was 12.5%, and in open surgery was 28.8%.Conclusion: Laparoscopy's surgical comorbidities and recovery were lower, but open surgery showed better post-surgical pathological results


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending
2.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 201-206, jul.-sept. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391545

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 40 años de edad, con estreñimiento de un año de evolución y antecedentes de enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico, se realiza endoscopia digestiva alta y baja y se realiza diagnóstico sincrónico de adenocarcinoma de estómago, recto y colon descendente, realizamos tomografía por emisión de positrones con tomografía computarizada pre quirúrgico y cirugía como tratamiento primario. Mostramos una descripción del caso y una revisión de la bibliografía.


We present the case of a 40-year-old man with a one year evolution constipation and a history of GERD. An upper and lower digestive endoscopy was performed and a synchronous diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the stomach, rectum and descending colon was established. A PET-CT pre-surgical was performed and the surgery was carried out as primary treatment. We show a description of the case and a bibliographic review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/epidemiology , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Incidence , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Colon, Descending , Positron-Emission Tomography , Informed Consent , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 40-49, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of intratumoral Fusobacterium nucleatum in colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: F. nucleatum DNA was quantitatively measured in a total of 593 CRC tissues retrospectively collected from surgically resected specimens of stage III or high-risk stage II CRC patients who had received curative surgery and subsequent oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy (either FOLFOXor CAPOX). Each case was classified into one of the three categories: F. nucleatum–high, –low, or –negative. RESULTS: No significant differences in survival were observed between the F.nucleatum–high and –low/negative groups in the 593 CRCs (p = .671). Subgroup analyses according to tumor location demonstrated that disease-free survival was significantly better in F.nucleatum–high than in –low/negative patients with non-sigmoid colon cancer (including cecal, ascending, transverse, and descending colon cancers; n = 219; log-rank p = .026). In multivariate analysis, F. nucleatum was determined to be an independent prognostic factor in non-sigmoid colon cancers (hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.18 to 0.97; p = .043). Furthermore, the favorable prognostic effect of F. nucleatum–high was observed only in a non-microsatellite instability-high (non-MSI-high) subset of non-sigmoid colon cancers (log-rank p = 0.014), but not in a MSI-high subset (log-rank p = 0.844), suggesting that the combined status of tumor location and MSI may be a critical factor for different prognostic impacts of F. nucleatum in CRCs treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Intratumoral F. nucleatum load is a potential prognostic factor in a non-MSI-high/non-sigmoid/non-rectal cancer subset of stage II/III CRCs treated with oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , DNA , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Fusobacterium , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Microsatellite Instability , Microsatellite Repeats , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 286-291, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718753

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stage-IIIC colon cancer is an advanced disease; however, its oncologic outcomes and prognostic factors remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to determine the predictors of disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage-IIIC colon cancer. METHODS: From a multicenter database, we retrospectively enrolled 611 patients (355 men and 256 women) who had undergone a potentially curative resection for a stage-IIIC colon adenocarcinoma between 2003 and 2011. The primary end-point was the 5-year DFS. RESULTS: The median age was 62 years; 213 and 398 patients had right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC), respectively. The 5-year DFS in all patients was 52.0%; median follow-up time was 35 months (range, 1–134 months). A multivariate Cox regression revealed that female sex (hazard ratio [HR], 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19–1.90; P < 0.01), right-sided tumor location (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.29–2.11; P < 0.01), lymphatic invasion (HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.08–2.15; P < 0.01) and a high (≥0.4) metastatic lymph node ratio (HR, 3.72; 95% CI, 2.63–5.24; P < 0.01) were independent predictors of worse 5-year DFS. Female patients with RCC were 1.79 fold more likely to experience recurrence than male patients with LCC. CONCLUSION: Female sex and right-sided tumor location are associated with higher tumor recurrence rates in patients with stage-IIIC colon cancers. Aggressive treatment and close surveillance should be planned for patients in these groups.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 614-627, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740758

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) are common in children, the accurate pathogenesis of FAPDs is not known yet. Micro-inflammation, particularly tissue eosinophilia of gastrointestinal (GI) tract, has been suggested as the pathophysiology observed in several GI disorders. We aimed to evaluate eosinophilic infiltration throughout the entire GI tract in children with FAPDs, compared to those with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and to normal reference values. METHODS: We included 56 children with FAPDs, 52 children with Crohn’s disease, and 23 children with ulcerative colitis. All subjects underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopic and colonoscopic examination with biopsies. Tissue eosinophil counts were assessed in 10 regions throughout the GI tract. RESULTS: Eosinophil counts of the gastric antrum, duodenum, terminal ileum, cecum, and ascending colon were significantly higher in children with FAPDs compared to normal reference values. Eosinophil counts of the stomach and the entire colon were observed to be significantly higher in children with IBD than in those with FAPDs. Even after selecting macroscopically uninvolved GI segments on endoscopy in children with IBD, eosinophil counts of the gastric body, cecum, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and the rectum were also significantly higher in children with IBD than those with FAPDs. CONCLUSIONS: Significantly high eosinophil counts of the stomach and colon were observed in the order of IBD, followed by FAPDs, and normal controls, regardless of endoscopically detected macroscopic IBD lesions in children. This suggests some contribution of GI tract eosinophils in the intrinsic pathogenesis of FAPDs in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy , Cecum , Colitis, Ulcerative , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Colon, Sigmoid , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastrointestinal Tract , Ileum , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Pyloric Antrum , Rectum , Reference Values , Stomach
6.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 87-95, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740729

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence and severity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) declines with age, but the cause of this is unknown. This study tested 2 hypotheses: (1) autonomic nervous system responses to eating and bowel distention, measured by heart rate variability (HRV), differs by age in IBS patients and (2) HRV is correlated with colonic motility and IBS symptoms. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six Rome III positive IBS patients and 31 healthy controls underwent colonic manometry with bag distention in the descending colon, followed by ingestion of an 810-kcal meal. HRV, evaluated by low frequency (%LF; 0.04–0.15 Hz) component, high frequency (%HF; 0.15–0.40 Hz) component, and the LF/HF ratio, was measured during colonic distention and after the meal. Motility index and subjective symptom scores were simultaneously quantified. RESULTS: Both colonic distention and eating decreased %HF and increased the LF/HF ratio, and both indices of autonomic nervous system correlated with age. In IBS patients, %HF negatively correlated with the postprandial motility index after adjusting for age. The %HF and LF/HF ratios also correlated with psychological symptoms but not bowel symptoms in IBS patients. CONCLUSION: Decreased vagal activity is associated with increase in age and greater postprandial colonic motility in patients with IBS, which may contribute to postprandial symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Nervous System , Colon , Colon, Descending , Eating , Gastrointestinal Motility , Heart Rate , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Manometry , Meals , Postprandial Period , Prevalence , Prospective Studies
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 830-834, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876587

ABSTRACT

The aim of this report was to describe the clinical findings and therapeutic management of a case of papillary adenocarcinoma of the descending colon in a Beagle. The patient presented soft stools, haematochezia, tenesmus, and dyschezia. Clinical examination revealed alterations on the ultrasonographic features of the descending colon suggestive of colitis and neoplasia. Following local mass resection, histopathology analysis revealed mild lymphoplasmocytic enteritis and papillary adenocarcinoma of the colon. Enterectomy for tumoral resection and biopsy of locoregional lymph nodes were carried out. Subsequent to the surgical procedure, it was possible to confirm the previous diagnosis and the tumor was classified as intestinal intraluminal papillary adenocarcinoma, with incomplete surgical margins. Adjuvant chemotherapy was performed using carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, and piroxicam, leading to remission of clinical signs and absence of any clinical or imaging alterations compatible with the patient's previous clinical condition.(AU)


O objetivo desse relato de caso foi descrever os achados clínicos e manejo terapêutico de um caso de adenocarcinoma papilífero do cólon descendente em um Beagle. O paciente apresentou fezes amolecidas, hematoquesia, tenesmo e disquesia. Exame clínico revelou alteração de achados ultrassonográficos do cólon descendente sugerindo colite e neoplasia. Após ressecção de massa local, análise histopatológica revelou enterite linfmoplasmocito leve e adenocarcinoma papilar do cólon. Enterectomia para ressecção tumoral e biopsia das lesões locais e tumores linfonodais foram realizadas. Após procedimento cirúrgico foi possível confirmar o diagnóstico prévio e o tumor foi classificado como adenocarcinoma papilar intraluminal intestinal, com margens cirúrgicas incompletas. Quimioterapia adjuvante foi realizada utilizando carboplatina, ciclofosfamida e piroxano, levando a remissão de sinais clínicos e ausência de alterações de imagem compatíveis com situação clínica prévia do paciente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Adenocarcinoma, Papillary/veterinary , Colon, Descending/pathology , Intestinal Neoplasms/veterinary
8.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 320-324, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38094

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic myenteric ganglionitis is a disorder characterized by infiltration of the Auerbach myenteric plexus by eosinophils. As a cause of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO), eosinophilic myenteric ganglionitis has been rarely reported and the majority of the reported cases in the literature were children. We experienced a case of eosinophilic myenteric ganglionitis associated with CIPO in a 53-year-old female patient. Histologic examination of the resected descending colon showed moderate eosinophilic infiltrates with hypogangliosis in the myenteric plexus. Immunohistochemical study revealed increased number of CD4-positive lymphocytes and stronger but scantier glial fibillary acid protein expression in the inflamed myenteric plexus.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Colon, Descending , Eosinophils , Ganglion Cysts , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Myenteric Plexus
9.
Gastrointestinal Intervention ; : 145-147, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153378

ABSTRACT

We describe our initial experience with the use of biodegradable (BD) stents in benign ischemic colorectal strictures with two cases. The first case is of a 40-year-old male with a history of retroperitoneal sarcoma who developed a benign stricture in the descending colon postsurgical and radiotherapy treatment. Balloon dilation was required in order to pass the delivery system. The patient experienced significant pain postdeployment and post procedure computed tomography scan demonstrated a small perforation requiring an emergency laparotomy. The second case is a 61-year-old male with a history of retroperitoneal sarcoma who also developed an ischemic stricture in the descending colon after surgical excision. Using a combined fluoroscopic and endoscopic approach 3 separate BD stents were inserted over a 17-month period improving clinical symptoms of intermittent obstruction. These symptoms reoccurred after stent disintegration and the patient was definitively managed surgically with colostomy formation. The use of BD stents, although appealing, does not provide an adequate long term result. Additionally, more flexible, smaller calibre systems are required for deployment in tortuous environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Descending , Colostomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Emergencies , Laparotomy , Radiotherapy , Sarcoma , Stents , Tigers
10.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 46-48, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164277

ABSTRACT

Simultaneous laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer and coexisting abdominal disease is shown to be feasible. However, simultaneous laparoscopic colorectal resection and nephrectomy is rarely documented, and its feasibility is unknown. We report two cases of simultaneous colorectal resection for colorectal cancer and nephrectomy. In the first case, a 71-year-old female underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for an ascending colon cancer and left nephrectomy for a left non-functioning kidney. The second patient was a 77-year-old male with descending colon cancer and left renal cell carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and left nephrectomy. The body mass indexes were 21.73 and 26.78 kg/m², respectively, and operation time was 275 and 395 minutes. Blood loss was 300 and 250 cc, and the postoperative hospital stay was 8 and 10 days. In both cases, there was no postoperative morbidity or mortality. Simultaneous laparoscopic resection for colorectal cancer and nephrectomy is a feasible and safe procedure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Colorectal Neoplasms , Kidney , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Mortality , Nephrectomy
11.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 592-605, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14788

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuronal degeneration and changes in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are important mechanisms of age-related constipation. This study aims to compare the distribution of ICCs and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) with regard to age-related changes between the ascending colon (AC) and descending colon (DC) in 6-, 31-, and 74-week old and 2-year old male Fischer-344 rats. METHODS: The amount of fecal pellet and the bead expulsion times were measured. Fat proportion in the muscle layer of the colon was analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression were analyzed with Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Isovolumetric contractile measurements and electrical field stimulation were used to assess smooth muscle contractility. RESULTS: Colon transit and bead expulsion slowed with senescence. Fat in the muscle layer accumulated with age in the AC, but not in the DC. The proportion of KIT-immunoreactive ICCs in the submucosal and myenteric plexus was higher in the DC than in the AC, and it declined with age, especially in the AC. In contrast, the proportion of NOS-immunoreactive neurons in the myenteric plexus was higher in the AC than in the DC, and both decreased in older rats. Nitric oxide levels declined with age in the DC. Muscle strip experiments showed that the inhibitory response mediated by nitric oxide in the circular direction of the DC was reduced in 2-year old rats. CONCLUSION: The AC and DC differ in their distribution of ICCs and nNOS, and age-related loss of nitrergic neurons more severely affects the DC than the AC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Aging , Blotting, Western , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Constipation , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Immunohistochemistry , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Muscle, Smooth , Myenteric Plexus , Neurons , Nitrergic Neurons , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I , Nitric Oxide , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Proto-Oncogenes , Rats, Inbred F344
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 36(4): 240-243, Oct.-Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829117

ABSTRACT

Intestinal lipomas can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, and these tumors are more frequent in the colon. By being largely asymptomatic, colonic lipomas are usually found incidentally, as findings in colonoscopy examinations, in association with biopsy. Endoscopic or surgical resection is the therapeutic option, depending on the size of the tumor, its location, and the presence or absence of symptoms. In this study, we present a case of a 59-year old woman, with a descending colon lipoma histologically diagnosed only after surgical resection of the lesion. The approach was adopted according to the patient's clinical picture (intestinal bleeding, vomiting and weight loss), in addition to the occlusion of 80% of the colonic lumen observed in a colonoscopy.


Os lipomas intestinais podem ocorrer em qualquer parte do trato gastrointestinal, sendo mais frequente no cólon. Por serem em grande parte assintomáticos, os lipomas colônicos são usualmente encontrados acidentalmente como achados de exame de colonoscopia associada à biópsia. Como opções de tratamento, há a ressecção endoscópica ou cirúrgica, a depender do tamanho do tumor, sua localização e presença (ou não) de sintomas. Nesse relato, é apresentado um caso de uma mulher de 59 anos com lipoma de cólon descendente, diagnosticado histologicamente apenas após ressecção cirúrgica da lesão. A conduta foi adotada pelo quadro clínico de enterorragia, vômitos e perda ponderal, além da oclusão de 80% da luz do cólon observada em exame de colonoscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Colon, Descending , Lipoma , Lipoma/surgery , Lipoma/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Colon, Descending/anatomy & histology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 45-48, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76273

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromas are benign, slow-growing nerve sheath tumors of the peripheral nervous system, arising from Schwann cells, and classically associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nf1, von Recklinghausen's disease). They occur rarely in the gastrointestinal tract as isolated neoplasms, outside the classical clinical feature of neurofibromatosis. We herein present an isolated colonic neurofibroma without any systemic signs of neurofibromatosis. A 59-year-old female came to our hospital for constipation. On physical examination, general appearance showed no definite skin lesions. A subepithelial tumor measuring 0.8 cm was detected at the distal descending colon on colonoscopy. The lesion was removed completely by endoscopic resection. Microscopic examination showed proliferation of spindle cells in the mucosa and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for S-100 protein. The above morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics were consistent with a diagnosis of a solitary neurofibroma of the sigmoid colon.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Colon , Colon, Descending , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonoscopy , Constipation , Diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Mucous Membrane , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms , Neurofibroma , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Peripheral Nervous System , Physical Examination , S100 Proteins , Schwann Cells , Skin
14.
Gastrointestinal Intervention ; : 153-155, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167188

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous cecostomy is an uncommon procedure but is reported as an effective temporising measure to achieve acute decompression of bowel obstruction. It has been reported as a safe procedure in the setting of bowel obstruction providing relief of symptoms. The insertion of a cecostomy in the distal colon is not routinely advised as it will not allow passage of formed faeces. Cases of antegrade stenting of proximal colonic obstruction via cecostomy have been described; however, antegrade stenting of the distal colon from access in the ascending colon can be technically challenging. We describe a case of a percutaneous colostomy inserted temporally at the splenic flexure, which provided close access to an obstructing descending colonic tumour, allowing definitive management with placement of a colonic stent. This technical feasibility case provides evidence that a temporary cecostomy placed in the distal colon can be performed as a measure to facilitate definitive management.


Subject(s)
Cecostomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Colon, Transverse , Colostomy , Decompression , Stents
15.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 215-220, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225107

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared a subtotal colectomy to self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) insertion as a bridge to surgery for patients with left colon-cancer obstruction. METHODS: Ninety-four consecutive patients with left colon-cancer obstruction underwent an emergency subtotal colectomy or elective SEMS insertion between January 2007 and August 2014. Using prospectively collected data, we performed a retrospective comparative analysis on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: A subtotal colectomy and SEMS insertion were attempted in 24 and 70 patients, respectively. SEMS insertion technically failed in 5 patients (7.1%). The mean age and rate of obstruction in the descending colon were higher in the subtotal colectomy group than the SEMS group. Sex, underlying disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, and pathological stage showed no statistical difference. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more frequently in patients in the SEMS group (62 of 70, 88.6%) than in patients in the subtotal colectomy group (4 of 24, 16.7%). The overall rate of postoperative morbidity was higher in the SEMS group. No Clavien-Dindo grade III or IV complications occurred in the subtotal colectomy group, but 2 patients (2.9%) died from septic complications in the SEMS group. One patient (4.2%) in the subtotal colectomy group had synchronous cancer. The total hospital stay was shorter in the subtotal colectomy group. The median number of bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was twice per day at postoperative 3–6 months. CONCLUSION: A subtotal colectomy for patients with obstructive left-colon cancer is a clinically and oncologically safer, 1-stage, surgical strategy compared to SEMS insertion as a bridge to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Emergencies , Intestinal Obstruction , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stents
16.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 56-60, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15206

ABSTRACT

Oseltamivir has been used as a worldwide preparation for treatment of influenza A and B including H1N1. Gastrointestinal discomforts as like nausea, vomiting are commonly reported but acute hemorrhagic colitis is a very rare adverse effect. We report a case of a 17-year-old male who showed abdominal pain, diarrhea and hematochezia after the second administration of oseltamivir. Computed tomography revealed continuous, circumferential and edematous wall thickening involving ascending to descending colon with pericolic infiltration. Colonoscopic examination revealed diffuse mucosal edema, congestion and friability, suggesting hemorrhagic colitis. Histopathological examination showed ischemia and focal loss of the crypts. It also showed hyalinization and minimal inflammatory cell infiltration in the lamina propria, consistent with acute to subacute ischemic colitis. This report is the first case of oseltamivir-related ischemic colitis proved by both endoscopic examination and pathologic findings in the patient who had no risk factor of ischemic colitis in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain , Administration, Oral , Colitis , Colitis, Ischemic , Colon, Descending , Diarrhea , Edema , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hyalin , Influenza, Human , Ischemia , Korea , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Oseltamivir , Risk Factors , Vomiting
17.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 260-267, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model is used for research of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study was to establish the adequate conditions for DSS mice model, and to find useful tool to measure inflammation. METHODS: The 2.5% DSS was administered to six male C57BL/6 mice and 4% DSS to eight mice at 5 or 9 weeks of age. Each group was consisted of 6 mice with control group in which vehicle was administered instead of DSS. The mice were sacrificed on the 7th day after DSS or vehicle administration. Body weight, diarrhea, and hematochezia were recorded daily. Disease activity index (DAI) score which was composed of body weight change, diarrhea, and hematochezia was measured every day. Colon length was measured after sacrifice and colon mucosal level of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta) was measured by ELISA assay. Histological score was compared between ascending and descending colon in the DSS group. RESULTS: Colon length of five- and nine-week DSS group was significantly shorter than each control group but there was no statistical significance depending on DSS concentration or age. DAI score of 4% DSS group in nine-week was significantly higher than that five-week (P = 0.012) but there was no difference between 2.5% and 4% DSS group. The level of IL-1beta in DSS mice was much higher than control group (P < 0.01), but there was no difference among several DSS groups. The histological score was higher in the descending colon than in the ascending colon but there was no statistical difference between each pair of DSS groups. CONCLUSIONS: The 4% DSS mice in nine-week was adequate for DSS-induced colitis model. DAI score was useful tool and descending colon was more appropriate site for histological evaluation of colitis than ascending colon.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Body Weight , Body Weight Changes , Colitis , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Dextran Sulfate , Dextrans , Diarrhea , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-1beta , Sodium
18.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 90-98, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There have been several studies showing that retroflexion (RF) in the right colon (RC) could reduce the polyp miss rate of proximal colon during colonoscopy. This study was conducted to evaluate the additional benefit of RF technique in the RC. METHODS: Patients who underwent colonoscopy from May 2008 to April 2011 were enrolled in the study. Data were obtained by retrospectively reviewing the medical records. RF was attempted in every patients undergoing colonoscopy since May 2008 except in cases of small RC vault, co-morbidity, severe diverticulosis, failed RF despite two trials, complaints of severe abdominal pain, or time burden. At first, RC was examined under direct vision. It was then examined by RF to detect missed polyps during the initial observation. Finally, the RC was re-examined with direct view. RESULTS: The cumulative RF success rate in the RC was 78.84% (1,805 of 2,319). The RF success rate increased with the number of cases (50% at 160 cases, 70% at 400 cases, and reached near 90% over 1,000 cases). Few polyps (4.88%) were detected only with RF and the additional adenoma detection rate was 3.32%. The additional polyp/adenoma detection rates were higher in the old age group (p<0.01). There were no RF associated perforation or severe complication. CONCLUSIONS: Using RF examination, additional 4.88% of polyps could be detected in the RC. This technique could be a useful and safe method to detect hidden polyp during colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/diagnosis , Colon, Descending/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonic Polyps/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Retrospective Studies
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 911-916, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722166

ABSTRACT

Anastomotic dehiscence is the most severe complication of colorectal surgery. Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and interleukins (ILs) can be used to analyze the healing process of anastomosis. To evaluate the effects of bromopride on MMP and cytokine gene expression in left colonic anastomoses in rats with or without induced abdominal sepsis, 80 rats were divided into two groups for euthanasia on the third or seventh postoperative day (POD). They were then divided into subgroups of 20 rats for sepsis induction or not, and then into subgroups of 10 rats for administration of bromopride or saline. Left colonic anastomosis was performed and abdominal sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. A colonic segment containing the anastomosis was removed for analysis of gene expression of MMP-1α, MMP-8, MMP-13, IL-β, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). On the third POD, bromopride was associated with increased MMP-1α, MMP-13, IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-10 gene expression. On the seventh POD, all MMP transcripts became negatively modulated and all IL transcripts became positively modulated. In the presence of sepsis, bromopride administration increased MMP-8 and IFN-γ gene expression and decreased MMP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 gene expression on the third POD. On the seventh POD, we observed increased expression of MMP-13 and all cytokines, except for TNF-α. In conclusion, bromopride interferes with MMP and IL gene expression during anastomotic healing. Further studies are needed to correlate these changes with the healing process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Antiemetics/pharmacology , Colon, Descending/surgery , Gene Expression/drug effects , Interleukins/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Metoclopramide/analogs & derivatives , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cecum/surgery , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Interleukins/genetics , Ligation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinases/genetics , Metoclopramide/pharmacology , Punctures , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sepsis/etiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Wound Healing/drug effects
20.
JABHS-Journal of the Arab Board of Health Specializations. 2014; 15 (1): 53-58
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157624

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal cysts are uncommon, with an estimated incidence of 1/5750 to 1/250.000. We found a case of a 54th years old female in Al-Karama Teaching Hospital with sensation of mild left lower abdominal pain colicky in nature with mild backache, ten days duration. No dysuria, normal bowel motion. On physical examination we palpated a fixed mass in the left lateral side of abdomen, ultrasound, and CT-scan were done, first we thought it is probably a mesenteric cyst but this cyst was fixed not mobile in nature. During the operation we found a retroperitoneal cyst at the lateral side of sigmoid colon and extend posterior to the descending colon. The cyst arising within the retroperitoneum outside the major organs. CT scan, and MRI might help in investigation of a retroperitoneal cyst, but surgery is the keystone in confirming the diagnosis, and surgery remains the best treatment option


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Mesenteric Cyst , Abdominal Pain , Hospitals, Teaching , Colon, Descending , Colon, Sigmoid , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Mullerian Ducts
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL