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1.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346539

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La COVID - 19 es una enfermedad emergente, que ha afectado a todo el mundo de forma pandémica, con elevados costos sanitarios, económicos y sociales. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes extranjeros confirmados con la COVID - 19 en Santiago de Cuba, según variables clinicoepidemiológicas seleccionadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal de 42 pacientes extranjeros, quienes visitaron la provincia de Santiago de Cuba y resultaron positivos a la COVID - 19, los cuales fueron remitidos a los centros de salud destinados para su atención desde marzo hasta diciembre del 2020. Se analizaron variables, tales como edad, sexo, municipio de residencia, país de procedencia, meses de mayor número de extranjeros que visitaron la provincia y evolución clínica. Resultados: El grupo etario de mayor frecuencia fue el de 30 - 44 años (14 pacientes para 33,3 %), seguido de los afectados de 45 - 59 (11 para 26,2 %). El municipio de Santiago de Cuba resultó el de mayor riesgo de incidencia (27 para 64,3 %). La manifestación clínica más común fue el malestar general y el país de procedencia que prevaleció, Estados Unidos (47,6 %). Todos los pacientes fueron importados. Conclusiones: Los integrantes de la casuística tuvieron una evolución favorable, lo cual permitió accionar, desde la atención primaria de salud, a fin de prevenir la enfermedad y realizar el control de foco como principal herramienta para cortar la cadena de transmisión.


Introduction: The COVID-19 is an emergent disease that has affected everybody in a pandemic way, with high sanitary, economic and social costs. Objective: To characterize foreign patients confirmed with the COVID-19 in Santiago de Cuba, according to selected clinical epidemiological variables. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study of 42 foreign patients who visited Santiago de Cuba province and tested positive to the COVID-19, who were referred to the health centers dedicated for their care was carried out from March to December, 2020. Some variables were analyzed, such as age, sex, residence municipality, origin country, months of more number of foreigners that visited the province and clinical course. Results: The age group of more frequency was that of 30 - 44 years (14 patients for 33.3 %), followed by those affected of 45 - 59 years (11 for 26.2 %). The municipality of Santiago de Cuba had the higher risk of incidence (27 for 64.3 %). The most common clinical sign was the diffuse discomfort and the origin country that prevailed, United States (47.6 %). All the patients were imported. Conclusions: The members of the case material had a favorable clinical course, that allowed to work, from the primary health care, in order to prevent the disease and to carry out the source of infection control as main tool to stop the transmission chain.


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Coronavirus
3.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(1): 255-281, mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154318

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las "enfermedades infecciosas emergentes y reemergentes" constituyen una creciente amenaza para la hegemonía de la biomedicina, al suscitar no pocos interrogantes sobre la idoneidad de su discurso y prácticas para afrontar el desafío global que representan. Se analiza el proceso de construcción de esta nueva categoría nosológica, y se examinan ejemplos destacados del impacto de las enfermedades (re)emergentes en la salud pública, la seguridad alimentaria y el desarrollo humano a escala global. Se refiere a prácticas irresponsables de sectores de la industria farmacéutica y agropecuaria, determinantes en su desencadenamiento y diseminación; y a algunos fallos cruciales de enfoque y manejo de los tiempos en las políticas de salud global en relación al VIH/sida con desastrosas consecuencias para el África subsahariana.


Abstract "Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases" pose a growing threat to the hegemony of biomedicine, raising questions about whether its discourse and practices can handle the global challenge they represent. The construction of this new nosological category is analyzed in this article, which examines some notable examples of the impact of (re)emerging diseases on public health, food security and human development on a global scale. It discusses irresponsible practices by sectors of the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries which led to the emergence and spread of these diseases; and points to some crucial failures of approach and time management in global health policies on HIV/AIDS, with disastrous consequences for sub-Saharan Africa.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Global Health , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/history , Public Health , Disease Outbreaks
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287489

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To make the readers cognizant about the use of Personnel Protective Equipment (PPEs) and infection control practices which should always form a part of basic patient management and not arise with every emerging disease. Material and Methods: Authors personal clinical experiences and existing literature were summed up to infer relevant information related specifically to dentistry. A comprehensive review was done for the last 15 years in an attempt to explain the current state of understanding on the topic. Results: The authors have tried to compile the most probable reasons as to why PPEs have been a forgotten protocol, which can be enumerated as follows: decreased awareness, financial issues, boredom and lethargy, time constraints, unavailability, carelessness, and burnout due to long procedure and patient feeling discomfort/offended. Conclusion: COVID-19 being highly infectious, a dental clinic is a potential and genuine point of source for many new infections, and no confabulation is less to underline the importance of using PPEs during this pandemic or even otherwise.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Management , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Containment of Biohazards , Facial Masks , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Hand Disinfection , Health Personnel , Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Physical Distancing
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(9): 524-528, 20200000. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362782

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los abscesos hepáticos son infecciones focales supurativas. La Klebsiella pneumoniae es el agente etiológico más frecuente. Afecta principalmente a hombres de edad media, diabéticos, con afecciones hepáticas o en contexto de inmunodepresión. Se clasifican en abscesos colangíticos, pioflebíticos, hematógenos, por continuidad, traumáticos y criptogénicos, según mecanismo de producción. Se manifiestan con dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho, sd. febril y sd. colestásico en presencia de obstrucción de vía biliar. La ecografía, TAC y la Resonancia magnética de abdomen son los métodos de elección para determinar topografía y morfología de las colecciones. El tratamiento consiste en el drenaje oportuno de la colección por vía percutánea o quirúrgica, asociado al tratamiento antibiótico. Objetivos: 1. Análisis epidemiológico de abscesos hepáticos durante la Pandemia por Covid 19 en una Institución privada de Tucumán. 2. Estudiar la fisiopatología y agentes patógenos responsables de los mismos. 3. Comparar estadísticas con era similar no Covid 19. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Se incluyeron seis pacientes con diagnóstico de Absceso Hepático, cinco de ellos del período de la era Covid 19 y uno de la era no Covid 19. Las variables analizadas fueron: cantidad de pacientes ingresados al Servicio, pacientes con absceso hepático, sexo, edad, comorbilidades, métodos de diagnóstico imagenológico utilizados, localización anatómica del absceso, número de lesiones, microbiología de la muestra quirúrgica y en sangre, tratamiento implementado, días desde el diagnóstico hasta la resolución, STROC y recidiva. Resultados: En el análisis epidemiológico se evidenció un notable descenso de la actividad quirúrgica en el periodo del 2020, respecto al mismo período del año previo, a predominio del mes de abril con un porcentaje de descenso del 52%, coincidiendo este período con el inicio de la cuarentena en la provincia. En nuestra serie resultaron todos masculinos, hipertensos y 3 de ellos diabéticos. Todos estudiados por ecografía y 3 complementaron con TAC con contraste EV. Fueron tratados en un promedio de 48hs desde el diagnóstico. Cultivos positivos, Klebsiella Pn (3), St aureus (1), E. Coli (1), Bacilo gram ­ (1). Hemocultivos: 3 negativos, 2 positivos para Klebsiella Pn y 1 para St. Aureus. 3 pacientes fueron sometidos a drenaje percutáneo, 2 a laparoscópico y uno convencional. Se registraron 2 STROC IIIA y 1 IIIB. Un paciente obitó, el resto recibió alta sanatorial. Se registraron 2 recidivas. Conclusiones: Nuestros pacientes, en su totalidad masculinos y diabéticos, desarrollaron abscesos hepáticos piógenos; el agente patógeno más frecuente fue la Klebsiella Pneumoniae. Los abscesos criptogénicos fueron los más prevalentes. En las recidivas documentadas, se determinó misma ubicación topográfica y agente etiológico del primer episodio, lo que nos lleva a preguntarnos sobre la eficacia del tratamiento implementado en cada caso.


Introduction: liver abscess is a common infection. Klebsiella pneumoniae was de most frecuently etiologic agent. The patients were middle-aged men with diabetes, another liver afection or immunodepression context. According to the production mechanism, they are classified in colangitics, pyophlebics, haematogenes, by continuity, traumatic and cryptogrnics. Patients usually present with right upper quadrant, fever, colestasic síndrome when bile-way obstruction exist. Imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, computed tomography scanning and magnetic resonance are useful tools to demostrtate a space occupying lesión and morfology of liver abscess. Treatment consist in timely drainage by percutaneous or surgical route, plus antibiotic treatment. Objetives: 1. Epidemiological análisis of liver abscesses during the pandemic Covid 19 in a private center in Tucumán. 2. Study physiology and pathogenic agents. 3. Campare statistics whit previusly period. Materials and methods: retrospective descriptive study. Six live abscess diagnosis patient were included, five of them included in stage Covid 19 and only one belong stage no Covid 19. Variables analysed: number of patients belong to the Service, number of patients whit liver abscess diagnosis, sex, age, comorbilities, imaging methods, location and number of abscess, microbiology of surgical sample and blood, treatment, days from diagnosis to resolution, STROC and recidivation. Results: epidemiological análisis showed a decrease in surgeries in the period 2020, compared to the same period of the previous year, a predominance in April with a percentage decrease of 52%, coinciding with the start of quarantine in the province. All patients were male, hypertensive and 3 of them with diabetes. Al lof them studied by ultrasound and tomography with contrast. They were treated at 48hours of diagnosis. Microbiology of surgical sample positive: Klebsiella Pn (3), St aureus (1), E. Coli (1), Bacillos gram ­ (1). Microbiology of blood: 3 negative, 2 positive to Klebsiella Pn and 1 to St. Aureus. 3 patients were drainage by percutaneous , 2 by laparoscopic and 1 by surgical conventional. They registered 2 STROC IIIA y 1 IIIB. 1 patiente dead, the rest were external from hospital. Conclusions: our patients developed liver abscess, they were male, diabetics and the most frecuently agent was the Klebsiella pneumoniae. Criptogenics abscess were the most prevalent. The same topographic location in the liver and the etiologic agent was determined in recurrence. That´s why we wonder about the effectiveness of the treatment implemented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Recurrence , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/therapy , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic/physiopathology , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic/therapy , COVID-19 , Liver Abscess/pathology , Noxae/immunology
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1197-1205, July-Aug. 2020. tab, mapas
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131503

ABSTRACT

A leishmaniose visceral americana (LVA) é uma zoonose de transmissão vetorial na qual o cão tem papel importante na epidemiologia da doença. No Brasil, a elevada prevalência da infecção em cães está diretamente correlacionada com o aumento no risco de ocorrência de casos de LVA. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a fauna flebotomínica e verificar a soroprevalência da leishmaniose visceral canina (LVC) na localidade Pedra 90, no município de Cuiabá. Para o levantamento entomológico, armadilhas CDC foram utilizadas de agosto de 2014 a julho de 2015. Na avaliação sorológica dos cães, o teste imunocromatográfico DPP LVC foi utilizado para a triagem das amostras, enquanto o ensaio imunoenzimático (EIE) para o diagnóstico da LVC (Bio-Manguinhos) foi empregado como teste confirmatório. O trabalho vem acrescentar à fauna flebotomínica do município de Cuiabá as espécies Lu. andersoni, Lu. braziliensis, Lu. bourrouli e Lu. scaffi, não registradas em publicações anteriores. Além disso, entre as espécies de flebotomíneos com importância médica, Lu. cruzi, Lu. flaviscutellata e Lu. whitmani foram capturadas. No inquérito canino, a prevalência de LVC observada na localidade Pedra 90 foi de 1,14%, indicando que a região pode ser considerada como área de transmissão.(AU)


American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) is a vector-borne zoonosis in which the dog has an important role in the epidemiology of the disease. In Brazil, a high prevalence of canine infection is directly correlated with an increased risk of occurrence of AVL. The aim of this study was to investigate the phlebotomine fauna and seroprevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Pedra 90 region of Cuiabá municipality. For the entomological survey, CDC traps were used from August 2014 to July 2015. In the serological evaluation of dogs, the immunochromatographic test DPP LVC was employed for screening the samples while enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Bio-Manguinhos) was used as a confirmatory assay. The previously unreported phlebotomine species Lu. andersoni, Lu. braziliensis, Lu. bourrouli, and Lu. scaffi were added to the phlebotomine fauna of Cuiabá. In addition, the medically important phlebotomine species Lu. cruzi, Lu. flaviscutellata, and Lu. whitmani were identified. The canine survey revealed the prevalence of 1.14% for canine visceral leishmaniasis in the Pedra 90 region, the region being considered a transmission area.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Phlebotomus , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology , Brazil , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Prevalence , Immunoenzyme Techniques/veterinary , Disease Transmission, Infectious/veterinary , Urban Area , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/veterinary
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(1): 111-126, jul. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131250

ABSTRACT

Resumo A pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) trouxe grandes desafios para o sistema de saúde devido ao aumento exponencial do número de pacientes acometidos. A racionalização de recursos e a indicação correta e criteriosa de exames de imagem e procedimentos intervencionistas tornaram-se necessárias, priorizando a segurança do paciente, do ambiente e dos profissionais da saúde. Esta revisão visa auxiliar e orientar os profissionais envolvidos na realização desses exames e procedimentos a fazê-los de forma eficaz e segura.


Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a huge challenge to the health system because of the exponential increase in the number of individuals affected. The rational use of resources and correct and judicious indication for imaging exams and interventional procedures are necessary, prioritizing patient, healthcare personnel, and environmental safety. This review was aimed at guiding health professionals in safely and effectively performing imaging exams and interventional procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/surgery , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
9.
Iatreia ; 33(2): 143-154, 20200000. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114786

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La anisakidosis es una parasitosis ocasionada por nematodos de la familia Anisakidae, causa-da por el consumo de pescado parasitado con larvas infectivas (L3) de estos nematodos. En Europa y Asia es un problema de salud pública. Sin embargo, en Colombia y en general en los países de América del Sur, es poco conocida. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una revisión de las generalidades de los parásitos anisákidos y mostrar la situación actual de esta parasitosis en Colombia. Se realizó una búsqueda estructurada de términos MeSH y DeCS en MEDLINE, Cochrane, Embase, LILACS y Scopus; esta se complementó con otra no estructurada en SciELO y Google Scholar. Se incluye un reporte de caso y seis registros de hospederos. Se describen registros de peces de consumo humano parasitados por Anisakis sp., Anisakis physeteris y Pseudoterranova decipiens para el Océano Pacífico y, los géneros Pseudoterranova y Contracaecum en peces del Océano Atlántico y aguas continentales. Se concluye que la anisakidosis representa un riesgo latente para Colombia, es necesario instaurar legislaciones efectivas para un control eficiente sobre esta parasitosis y educar a la población sobre los cui-dados necesarios para el consumo de pescado.


SUMMARY Anisakidosis is a parasitic disease derived from the consumption of infective larvae from Anisakidae family. In Europe and Asia is a public health problem, however, in Colombia and South American countries is little known. The objective is to review Anikids general aspects and find out about the current situation of this disease in Colombia. Search of MeSH and DeCS terms, through MEDLINE, Cochrane, Embase, and Scopus databases, complemented with grey literature from SciELO and Google Scholar, was made. One case report and six host records were included. Records of fish for human consumption from Pacific Ocean parasitized by Anisakis sp., Anisakis physeteris and Pseudoterranova decipiens are described, as well as for fish from Atlantic Ocean and inland waters with genera Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum. Anisakidosis represents a latent risk for Colombia; it is necessary to establish effective legislations for an efficient control of the emergence of this parasitic disease, as well as to educate people about needed precautions considering fish consumption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anisakis , Zoonoses , Communicable Diseases, Emerging
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200013, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136810

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fusarium spp. has been associated with a broad spectrum of emerging infections collectively termed fusariosis. This review includes articles published between 2005 and 2018 that describe the characteristics, clinical management, incidence, and emergence of these fungal infections. Fusarium solani and F. oxysporum are globally distributed and represent the most common complexes. Few therapeutic options exist due to intrinsic resistance, especially for the treatment of invasive fusariosis. Therefore, the use of drug combinations could be an important alternative for systemic antifungal resistance. Increase in the number of case reports on invasive fusariosis between 2005 and 2018 is evidence of the emergence of this fungal infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/parasitology , Fusariosis/parasitology , Fusarium/classification , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/drug therapy , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fusariosis/drug therapy , Fusariosis/epidemiology
12.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e0462019, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1145888

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to review aspects of Salmonella spp. in free-living birds and their potential as disseminators for domestic animals, man, and the environment. Isolation of Salmonella spp. have been reported in several species of wild birds from Passeridae and Fringillidae, among other avian families, captured in countries of North America and Europe, where Salmonella ser. Typhimurium is the most frequently reported serotype. The presence of pathogens, including Salmonella, may be influenced by several factors, such as diet, environment, exposure to antibiotics, infection by pathogenic organisms and migration patterns. Researches with wild birds that live in urbanized environment are important, considering that birds may participate in the transmission of zoonotic pathogens, which are more prevalent in cities due to the human activity. Based on the information collected, this article concludes that wild birds are still important disseminators of pathogens in several geographic regions and may affect man, domestic animals, and other birds.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão acerca da Salmonella spp. em aves de vida livre e o potencial delas como disseminadores para animais domésticos, homem e meio ambiente. Casos na literatura relatando Salmonella spp. têm sido descritos em diversas espécies de aves silvestres da família Passeridae e Fringilidae em países da América do Norte e Europa, sendo Salmonella ser. Typhimurium o sorotipo relatado mais frequentemente. A presença de patógenos como Salmonella spp. pode ser influenciada por fatores como dieta, ambiente onde vive, contaminação por antibióticos, infecção por organismos patogênicos e padrões de migração. Pesquisas envolvendo as aves silvestres que vivem em ambiente urbanizado são importantes, pois as aves podem possibilitar a transmissão de patógenos zoonóticos que têm maior prevalência em áreas urbanas devido a mecanismos de ação humana. Com base nas informações coletadas, conclui-se que as aves silvestres continuam sendo importantes na disseminação de patógenos em diversas regiões geográficas, podendo afetar o homem, animais domésticos e outras aves silvestres.(AU)


Subject(s)
Salmonella/pathogenicity , Salmonella Infections , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Animals, Domestic , Zoonoses , Urban Area , Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Sparrows , Environment , Serogroup
13.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(4): e169134, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348163

ABSTRACT

An alarming number of global warnings concerning amphibian mortality outbreaks have been released in recent years. Emerging diseases stand out as the main potential causes. Ranavirus is a worldwide-spread highly infectious disease capable of affecting even other ectothermic animals such as fish and reptiles. One major issue regarding this pathology is the lack of clinical signs before it leads up to death. Aiming at having a better understanding of anurans susceptibility, this study analyzed bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) survival rate, when challenged with three doses of a Brazilian strain of Frog Virus 3 (FV3). The qPCR analysis indicated a low infectivity rate in these animals both as larvae and as adults. To elucidate the results, the following hypothesis was performed: 1) The amount of inoculum used on the frogs was insufficient to trigger an infection; 2) For the FV3 to produce clinical signs in this species, there is the need for a cofactor; 3) The animals did undergo FV3 infection but recovered in the course of the experiment, and 4) The inoculum utilized might have been low-virulence. Finally, the presence of actual clinical signs of ranavirus is discussed, with the more likely hypothesis.(AU)


Um número alarmante de notificações globais sobre surtos de mortalidade de anfíbios tem sido realizado nos últimos anos. As doenças emergentes destacam-se como as principais causas potenciais. O ranavírus é uma doença altamente infecciosa disseminada em todo o mundo, capaz de afetar até outros animais ectotérmicos como peixes e répteis. Uma questão importante em relação a essa patologia é a falta de sinais clínicos antes de levar à morte. Com o objetivo de compreender melhor a suscetibilidade dos anuros, o presente trabalho analisou a taxa de sobrevivência de rãs-touro (Lithobates catesbeianus), desafiadas com três doses de uma estirpe brasileira do Frog virus 3 (FV3). A análise de qPCR indicou baixa taxa de infectividade nesses animais, tanto como larvas quanto como adultos. Procurando esclarecer os resultados, foram formuladas as seguintes hipóteses: 1) A quantidade de inóculo aplicada nas rãs foi insuficiente para desencadear uma infecção; 2) Para que o FV3 dê sinais clínicos nesta espécie, é necessário um cofator; 3) Os animais sofreram infecção por FV3, mas se recuperaram no decorrer do experimento, e 4) O inóculo utilizado pode ter sido de baixa virulência. Finalmente, foi discutida a presença de sinais clínicos reais de ranavírus e levantada a hipótese mais provável(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ranavirus/immunology , Amphibians/anatomy & histology , Mortality , Iridovirus , Communicable Diseases, Emerging
14.
Medisan ; 23(2)mar.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002637

ABSTRACT

Se efectuó una revisión actualizada sobre el dengue, fundamentalmente centrada en los países de la Región, teniendo en cuenta de que se trata de una enfermedad infecciosa reemergente, que continúa representando un problema de salud pública a escala universal, cada vez más común y disperso en áreas tropicales y subtropicales, debido a sus condiciones demográficas y climatológicas


An up-dated review on dengue was carried out, fundamentally centered in the Region countries, keeping in mind that it is a reemerging infectious disease, which still represents a public health problem of universal scale, more and more common and disseminated in tropical and subtropical areas, due to its demographic and climatological conditions


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/ethnology , Dengue/epidemiology , Population Studies in Public Health , Aedes , Organism Hydration Status
15.
Infectio ; 23(1): 7-9, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-975555

ABSTRACT

Emerging and reemerging diseases are cause of concern for the World Health Organization (WHO). On February 2018, WHO releases its list of priority pathogens that have the potential to cause a public health emergency, given that for them there is no, or is insufficient, countermeasures, such as drugs and vaccines that help control outbreaks. Plague was discussed and considered for inclusion in the priority list, given the fact that poses major public health problem and further research and development is needed through existing major disease control initiatives, extensive R&D pipelines, existing funding streams, or established regulatory pathways for improved interventions. Experts recognized the need for improved diagnostics and vaccines for pneumonic plague.


Las enfermedades emergentes y reemergentes son motivo de preocupación para la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). En febrero de 2018, la OMS publica su lista de patógenos prioritarios que tienen el potencial de causar una emergencia de salud pública, dado que para ellos no existen, o son insuficientes, las contramedidas, como los medicamentos y las vacunas que ayudan a controlar los brotes. Se debatió y consideró la posibilidad de incluir la peste en la lista de prioridades, dado que plantea un importante problema de salud pública y es necesario seguir investigando y desarrollando a través de las principales iniciativas de control de enfermedades existentes, los amplios canales de I+D, las vías de financiación existentes o las vías de regulación establecidas para mejorar las intervenciones. Los expertos reconocieron la necesidad de mejorar los diagnósticos y las vacunas para la peste neumónica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plague , Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Vaccines , Communicable Disease Control
19.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(4): 341-345, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087506

ABSTRACT

O gênero Candida possui várias espécies conhecidas e que podem tornar-se patogênicas em determinadas situações. Candida blankii é uma espécie emergente que, na última década, foi identificada como um agente de doenças sistêmicas. Ainda não existe um protocolo de tratamento específico, apesar de que n os poucos casos registrados na literatura a terapia adotada foi efetiva. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão bibliográfica para coletar informações relevantes sobre este patógeno como um possível agente etiológico em infecções sistêmicas, bem como sua epidemiologia e os aspectos de sua patogenicidade. (AU)


The genus Candida has several known species and may become pathogenic in certain situations. Candida blankii is an emerging species that in the past decade has been identified as an agent of systemic diseases. There is no specific treatment protocol yet, although in the few cases reported in the literature the therapy adopted was effective. The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review to collect relevant information about this pathogen as a possible etiological agent in systemic infections, as well as its epidemiology and aspects of pathogenicity. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida/classification , Candida/drug effects , Candida/pathogenicity , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/genetics , Drug Resistance, Fungal/genetics , Disease Susceptibility/epidemiology
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180226, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041509

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This paper analyzed sociodemographic and epidemiological data of individuals with syphilis as well as the compulsory reporting of the disease, for being a reemerging disease in Brazil. METHODS: General information and sociodemographic, epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data were verified in compulsory reporting. RESULTS: From 2010 to 2016, 157 reporting forms were explored. Acquired and gestational syphilis occurred predominantly in those 20 to 29 years of age and those who did not complete secondary education. Compulsory reporting forms were not complete. CONCLUSIONS: The number of syphilis cases has varied over the years in the city. Incomplete compulsory reporting was noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Syphilis/epidemiology , Disease Notification , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors
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