Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.587
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 85-89, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430538

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo demostrar la existencia de variaciones morfológicas en el tejido conectivo de la glándula submandibular de ratas obesas expuestas a glutamato monosódico (GMS). Se utilizaron 12 ratas Sprague Dawley machos recién nacidas (6 ratas para el grupo 1, control; 6 ratas para el grupo 2 (GMS), 4 mg/g de glutamato monosódico de peso (5 dosis) mantenidas por 16 semanas respectivamente con una dieta y agua ad libitum. En el estudio se realizó un análisis estereológico e histológico, demostrándose una variación en el tejido conectivo presentando una disminución del volúmen glandular, mayor fibrosis, y disminución de adipocitos a nivel periférico siendo reemplazado por tejido rico en colágeno. Los vasos sanguíneos observados a nivel estereológico no presentan mayores cambios en cuanto a volumen, superficie y área.


SUMMARY: This study aims to demonstrate the existence of morphological variations in the connective tissue of the submandibular gland of obese rats exposed to MSG. Twelve male newborn Sprague Dawley rats were used (6 rats for group 1, control; 6 rats for group 2 (MSG), 4 mg/g of monosodium glutamate of weight (5 doses) maintained for 16 weeks respectively with a diet and water ad libitum. In the study, a stereological and histological analysis was carried out, demonstrating a variation in the connective tissue, presenting a decrease in the glandular volume, greater fibrosis, and a decrease in adipocytes at the peripheral level, being replaced by tissue rich in collagen. Blood cells observed at the stereological level do not present major changes in terms of volume, surface and area, but in the histological study greater vascularization is observed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sodium Glutamate/administration & dosage , Submandibular Gland/drug effects , Obesity , Sodium Glutamate/pharmacology , Blood Vessels/drug effects , Body Weight , Fibrosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Animals, Newborn
2.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 57-57, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010711

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to assess the molecular profiles of subepithelial connective tissue grafts (CTGs) obtained at different locations and depths in the human palate. Sixty-four CTGs belonging to anterior deep (AD), anterior superficial (AS), posterior deep (PD), and posterior superficial (PS) groups were subjected to RNA-Sequencing and their transcriptomes were analyzed computationally. Functional correlations characterizing the CTG groups were validated by cell biological experiments using primary human palatal fibroblasts (HPFs) extracted from the CTGs. A clearly more pronounced location-dependent than depth-dependent difference between the grafts, with a minimal number of genes (4) showing no dependence on the location, was revealed. Epithelial, endothelial, and monocytic cell migration was strongly (P < 0.001) potentiated by AD- and PS-HPFs. Moreover, significantly increased expression of genes encoding C-C and C-X-C motif chemokine ligands as well as significantly (P < 0.01) activated p38 signaling suggested immunomodulatory phenotype for AD- and PS-HPFs. Increased growth factor gene expression and significantly activated (P < 0.001) Erk and Akt signaling in HPFs originating from A-CTGs implied their involvement in cell survival, proliferation, and motility. Prominent collagen-rich expression profile contributing to high mechanical stability, increased osteogenesis-related gene expression, and strongly activated (P < 0.001) Smad1/5/8 signaling characterized HPFs originating from P-CTGs. The present data indicate that in humans, differences between palatal CTGs harvested from different locations and depths appear to be location- rather than depth-dependent. Our findings provide the basis for future personalization of the therapeutic strategy by selecting an optimal graft type depending on the clinical indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Palate , Collagen , Fibroblasts , Signal Transduction
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1440-1444, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421805

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Myocardial bridges are inborn anomalies frequently found in authopsies. Although tipically clinically silent, they are occasionally associated with severe clinical manifestations, e.g. myocardial ischemia or even sudden death. The pathophysiology and risk factors for these manifestations have not yet been completely elucidated. The connective tissue underneath the bridge has been considered as one of the factors the symptoms depend on. Thus, the aim of this research was to determine the histological characteristics of the connective tissue lying underneath the myocardial bridge and to contribute to a better understanding of the protective effects this passive compartment might have in prevention of severe clinical manifestations of myocardial bridging. The study was carried out on twenty hearts with myocardial bridges. Length of the bridge was determined using a precise electronic caliper. Sections of the myocardial bridges with the underlying connective tissue were obtained and prepared for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The connective tissue underneath the bridges was composed of adipose tissue and loose connective tissue in different ratios. The tissue underneath thin bridges was predominantly composed of adipose tissue, while loose connective tissue was the dominant component under thick bridges. The myocardial bridges had an average thickness of 0,98 ± 0.44 mm and an average length of 15,25±5,65 mm. We found a strong positive correlation between the myocardial bridge thickness and length (r = 0,860, p = 0,0001). The thickness of the passive connective tissue compartment under the myocardial bridges was 0,58±0,22 mm, and there was no correlation between this parameter and the myocardial bridge thickness (r = -0,011; p = 0,963). In the clinical evaluation of patients with these anomalies it is necessary to take into account independently the myocardial bridge thickness and length on one side and the thickness of the connective tissue lying underneath it on the other.


Los puentes miocárdicos son anomalías congénitas que se encuentran con frecuencia en las autopsias. Aunque típicamente éstos son clínicamente silenciosos, ocasionalmente se asocian con manifestaciones clínicas graves, como isquemia miocárdica o incluso muerte súbita. La fisiopatología y los factores de riesgo de estas manifestaciones aún no se han dilucidado por completo. El tejido conectivo debajo del puente se ha considerado como uno de los factores de los que dependen los síntomas. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar las características histológicas del tejido conectivo que se encuentra debajo del puente miocárdico y contribuir a una mejor comprensión de los efectos protectores que este compartimento pasivo podría tener en la prevención de manifestaciones clínicas graves de puente miocárdico. El estudio se llevó a cabo en veinte corazones con puentes miocárdicos. La longitud del puente se determinó utilizando un calibrador electrónico preciso. Se obtuvieron secciones de los puentes miocárdicos con el tejido conjuntivo subyacente y se prepararon para análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo. El tejido conectivo debajo de los puentes estaba compuesto de tejido adiposo y tejido conectivo laxo en diferentes proporciones. El tejido debajo de los puentes delgados estaba predominantemente compuesto de tejido adiposo, mientras que el tejido conectivo laxo era el componente dominante debajo de los puentes gruesos. Los puentes de miocardio tenían un espesor promedio de 0,98 ± 0,44 mm y una longitud promedio de 15,25 ± 5,65 mm. Encontramos una fuerte correlación positiva entre el grosor y la longitud del puente miocárdico (r = 0,860, p = 0,0001). El grosor del compartimiento de tejido conectivo pasivo debajo de los puentes miocárdicos era de 0,58±0,22 mm, y no hubo correlación entre este parámetro y el grosor del puente miocárdico (r = -0,011; p = 0,963). En la evaluación clínica de pacientes con estas anomalías es necesario tener en consideración de forma independiente el grosor y la longitud del puente de miocardio por un lado y el grosor del tejido conectivo que se encuentra debajo del mismo por el otro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Connective Tissue/anatomy & histology , Myocardial Bridging/pathology , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Adventitia/anatomy & histology
4.
Natal; s.n; 11 nov. 2022. 98 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532358

ABSTRACT

As crescentes demandas dos pacientes pelo tratamento das recessões gengivais trazem à tona questões terapêuticas clinicamente significativas, exigindo dos profissionais constante aperfeiçoamento em técnicas cirúrgicas cada vez menos invasivas e mais previsíveis. OBJETIVO: Comparar duas técnicas para recobrimento radicular em recessões gengivais unitárias, unilaterais, do tipo 1. METODOLOGIA: Este estudo clínico, paralelo, randomizado e duplo cego avaliou indivíduos com recessões gengivais unitárias, unilaterais, do tipo 1 (RT1), submetidos à cirurgia para recobrimento radicular, através da associação do enxerto de tecido conjuntivo subepitelial ao retalho posicionado coronalmente (grupo controle) e técnica de túnel (grupo teste). Os principais parâmetros avaliados foram profundidade de sondagem (PS), sangramento à sondagem (SS), nível clínico de inserção (NCI), recessão gengival (RG), faixa e espessura da mucosa ceratinizada (MC e EG), percentual de recobrimento radicular (RR) e fenótipo gengival (FG), além de fatores centrados no paciente (FCP), como dor pós-operatória, hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical (HSDC), estética, grau de satisfação e a qualidade de vida, intra e intergrupo, ao longo de 06 meses de acompanhamento. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente através dos testes t emparelhado de Student, teste t para amostras independentes, Qui-quadrado, McNemar, Análise de Variância Split-Plot com pós-teste t de Student (α = 5%). RESULTADOS: 46 indivíduos finalizaram este estudo (controle: 23; teste: 23). O tempo de cirurgia foi maior para o grupo teste (controle: 40min ± 5,6; teste: 51min ± 5,9; p = 0,041). Foram observadas reduções estatisticamente significativas para a RG e ganho significativo do NCI, de MC e de EG na análise intragrupo, em ambos os grupos de tratamento, porém, sem diferenças entre as técnicas. O RR aumentou significativamente nos períodos avaliados, mas não foram observadas diferenças intergrupo (controle: 89,2%; teste: 86,5%; p = 0,069). A análise intragrupo revelou mudança de FG (controle: 95,65%; teste: 91,3%; p < 0,001). Ambos os protocolos de tratamento reduziram dor pós-operatória e HSDC, e proporcionaram melhora na estética, satisfação e na qualidade de vida (p < 0,001), sem diferenças entre as técnicas ao longo do tempo. CONCLUSÃO: Ambos os tratamentos apresentaram eficácia clínica semelhante em termos de recobrimento radicular e melhora dos FCP (AU).


The increasing demands of patients for the treatment of gingival recessions bring up clinically significant therapeutic issues, requiring professionals to constantly improve in less invasive and more predictable surgical techniques. AIM: To compare two root coverage techniques to treat single, unilateral, type 1 gingival recessions. METHOD: This parallel, randomized, doubleblind clinical trial evaluated individuals with single, unilateral, type 1 gingival recessions 1 (RT1), who underwent root coverage procedure with subepithelial connective tissue graft associated to a coronally advanced flap (control group) or a tunnel technique (test group). The main parameters evaluated were probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BoP), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession (GR), heigth of keratinized tissue (KTH), gingival thickness (GT), percentage of root coverage (RC) and gingival phenotype (GP), in addition to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), such as postoperative pain, cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), esthetics, degree of satisfaction and quality of life, intra and intergroup, throughout 06 months follow-up. Data were statistically analyzed using paired Student t-test, t-test for independent samples, Chi-square, McNemar, Split-Plot Analysis of Variance with post hoc t-test (α = 5%). RESULTS: 46 subjects completed this study (control: 23; test: 23). Surgery time was longer for the test group (control: 40min ± 5.6; test: 51min ± 5.9; p = 0.041). Statistically significant reductions for GR and significant gain for CAL, KTH and GT were observed in the intragroup analysis, in both treatment groups, however, without differences between techniques. The CR increased significantly, but no intergroup differences were observed (control: 89.2%; test: 86.5%; p = 0.069). Intragroup analysis revealed a change in GP (control: 95.65%; test: 91.3%; p < 0.001). Both treatment protocols reduced postoperative pain and CDH and improved esthetics, satisfaction and quality of life (p < 0.001), with no differences between the techniques over time. CONCLUSION: Both treatments showed similar clinical efficacy in terms of root coverage and improvement in PROMs (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Tooth Root/injuries , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue , Gingival Recession/diagnosis , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(2): e3887, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408384

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las recesiones gingivales son afecciones de las encías, que son muy frecuentes y podrían provocar repercusiones estéticas, hipersensibilidad dentinaria y tener más tendencia a la formación de lesiones cervicales. Es necesario recubrir la superficie radicular mediante técnicas regenerativas periodontales. Objetivo: Comparar la cantidad de recubrimiento radicular, la profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica, empleando las técnicas de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo, en pacientes con recesiones gingivales Miller I y II. Métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 16 pacientes con recesiones gingivales Miller clase I y II, de los cuales se seleccionaron 50 piezas dentarias tratadas quirúrgicamente para cubrir las recesiones. Se utilizaron las técnicas de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo. Las mediciones clínicas fueron comparadas al inicio y a los tres meses posoperatorios. Resultados: Al tercer mes poscirugía los resultados del recubrimiento radicular, profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica para la técnica colgajo de reposición coronal con injerto de tejido conectivo, fueron 0,96 ± 1,33; 0,87 ± 0,63; 1,83 ± 1,7 y para la técnica colgajo de reposición coronal fueron 1,44 ± 1,19; 1,04 ± 0,52; 2,48 ± 1,48, respectivamente. Al comparar el recubrimiento radicular intergrupo no se encontraron diferencias significativas (p = 0,11). Sin embargo, al comparar la profundidad al sondaje intergrupo (p = 0,04), el nivel de inserción clínica intergrupo (p = 0,001) y todas las mediciones clínicas intragrupo (p = 0,001), se encontraron diferencias significativas. Conclusiones: La técnica de colgajo de reposición coronal, con y sin injerto de tejido conectivo, demostró diferencias significativas en la profundidad al sondaje y el nivel de inserción clínica en recesiones gingivales Miller I y II. No se alcanzaron diferencias significativas para el recubrimiento radicular en ambas técnicas a los 3 meses de seguimiento(AU)


Introduction: Gingival recession is a very common gum condition which may result in aesthetic alterations and dentin hypersensitivity, and increase the probability of cervical lesions. It is necessary to cover the root surface using periodontal regeneration techniques. Objective: Compare the amount of root coverage, probing depth and clinical insertion level, using coronally repositioned flap techniques with and without connective tissue graft in patients with Miller I and II gingival recessions. Methods: A total 16 patients with Miller class I and II gingival recessions were included in the study, from whom 50 teeth were selected which had been treated surgically to cover the recessions. The techniques used were coronally repositioned flap with and without connective tissue graft. Clinical measurements were compared at the start of the postoperative period and three months later. Results: Three months after surgery, root coverage, probing depth and clinical insertion level were 0.96 ± 1.33; 0.87 ± 0.63; 1.83 ± 1.7, respectively, for coronally repositioned flap with connective tissue graft, and 1.44 ± 1.19; 1.04 ± 0.52; 2.48 ± 1.48, respectively, for coronally repositioned flap. Root coverage intergroup comparison did not find any significant differences (p = 0.11). However, intergroup comparison of probing depth (p = 0.04) and clinical insertion level (p = 0.001), and all the intragroup clinical measurements (p = 0.001) did find significant differences. Conclusions: Coronally repositioned flap technique with and without connective tissue graft showed significant differences in terms of probing depth and clinical insertion level in Miller I and II gingival recessions. At three months' follow-up, no root coverage significant differences were observed for either technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Connective Tissue , Gingival Recession/therapy , Tissue Transplantation , Dentin Sensitivity
6.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 25(46): 8-13, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443188

ABSTRACT

Por qué en este caso hay nueva in- formación? - Este caso demostró métodos basado en la evidencia para el manejo de severas recesiones gingivales luego de la terapia or- todóntica. - La modificación del grosor gin- gival lleva a resultados estables a largo plazo estéticos y funcio- nales. - Este caso demostró beneficios clínicos usando injertos tomados desde el mismo sitio donador en diferentes momentos de tiempo. Cuales son las claves de éxito para manejar este caso? - Sólidos conocimientos de la anatomía periodontal - Identificación de las caracterís- ticas de RC relacionadas con las causas de la terapia ortodóntica. - ITCSE su toma del paladar. - Uso de colgajos sin tensión. - Incremento del grosor gingival para promover resultados a largo plazo. Cuales son las limitaciones prima- rias del éxito en este caso? - Necesidad de tomas de paladar en ambos lados - Anatomía de las RG y la fina en- cía que puede limitar la extensión del colgajo - Experiencia clínica (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Dentistry/methods , Gingival Recession/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Esthetics, Dental , Heterografts
8.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 50 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1414515

ABSTRACT

Os implantes osseointegrados têm sido utilizados desde a década de 50, conforme a utilização dos implantes vem crescendo, suas complicações também aumentam, principalmente quando são instalados em áreas estéticas, onde há deficiência de tecido conjuntivo peri-implantar. O objetivo deste estudo longitudinal prospectivo com 4 anos de acompanhamento foi avaliar o aumento da espessura de tecido conjuntivo peri-implantar em implantes instalados em áreas estéticas com a utilização de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo. Uma amostra de 34 indivíduos foi utilizada de um estudo prévio, o grupo teste (n=16) recebeu enxerto de tecido conjuntivo (ETC) sobre os implantes e o grupo controle (n=18) apenas o implante dental, o estudo tem um "power" de 80% (p=0,05). Após a instalação das coroas, os pacientes foram acompanhados pelo período de 4 anos, baseline, 12 meses e 48 meses, e as seguintes análises foram realizadas: Espessura tecido periimplantar vestibular (EV), deiscência óssea (DO), altura do tecido queratinizado (AQ), avaliação estética (PES/WES e Índice de Jent), avaliação estética pelo paciente (VAS), melhora da qualidade de vida (OHIP) e medidas radiográficas (COm/d). Resultados: A análise entre os grupos não foi estatisticamente significativa para as variáveis AQ, COm/d, PES/WES, Índice de Jent, estética centrada no paciente e OHIP. A análise intragrupos da COm/d foi significante em todos os períodos, tanto no teste quanto no controle. Para AQ, houve diferença no grupo controle entre o baseline e os demais períodos; na EV do grupo teste houve uma diferença significante entre o baseline e 48 meses e entre os dados de 12 e 48 meses, observando-se uma diminuição da EV, OHIP houve diferença em ambos os grupos, entre início e fim de tratamento, já as comparações entre os grupos para as variáveis EV e COm/d foram estatisticamente significante , EV apresentou maiores valores no grupo teste e Com/d menores valores no controle .Conclusão: A colocação de ETC aumenta espessura de tecido mole e após 48 meses mantem a espessura de EV, melhora DO, não aumenta AQ, não melhora a estética do ponto de vista do paciente e do profissional e a qualidade de vida não difere daqueles que receberam apenas o implante (AU)


Osseointegrated implants have been used since the mid-1950s. As the use of implants has grown, their complications also increase, especially those installed in esthetic areas, when there is a deficiency of peri-implant connective tissue. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study with 4 years of follow-up was to evaluate the increase in peri-implant connective tissue thickness in implants placed in esthetic areas using a connective tissue graft. Thrity-four patients froma previous study were divided in two groups:Test group (n=16), which received connective tissue graft (CTG) over the implants and Control group (n=18), which only the dental implant was installed. the study has a power of 80% (p=0.05). After dental crown placement, the patients were followed for a period of 4 years ( baseline, 12 months and 48 months) and the following analyzes were performed: Peri-implant tissue thickness buccal (EV), bone dehiscence (BD), height of keratinized tissue (KT), aesthetic evaluation (PES/WES and Jent Indexand by patient (VAS), quality of life (OHIP) and radiographic measurements (COm/d) Results: The analysis between groups was not significant for the variables KT, COm/d, PES/WES, Jent Index, patient-centered aesthetics and OHIP. The intragroup analysis of COm/d was significant in all periods in both test and control groups. For KT, there was a difference in the control group between the baseline and the other periods; in the EV of the test group there was a significant difference between the baseline and 48 months and between 12 and 48 months, showing a decrease in EV. In relation to OHIP, there was a difference in both groups, between baseline and 48mo.Comparisons between groups for the variables EV and COm/d were statistically significant, EV presented higher values in the test group and COm/d lower values in the control. Conclusion: CTG increased soft tissue thickness and after 48 months maintained the EV thickness, improved DO, did not increase KT, did not improve esthetics from patient's point of view neither the professional, and the quality of life did not differ from those who received only the implant (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Connective Tissue , Crowns
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 304-313, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385602

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Myodural bridges (MDB) are anatomical connections between the suboccipital muscles and the cervical dura mater which pass through both the atlanto-occipital and the atlanto-axial interspaces in mammals. In our previous studies, we found that the MDB exists in seven terrestrial mammal species, two marine mammal species, two reptilian species, and one bird species. A recent study suggested that given the "ubiquity" of myodural bridges in terrestrial vertebrates, the MDB may also exist in snakes. Specifically, we focused on the Gloydius shedaoensis, a species of Agkistrodon (pit viper snake) that is only found on Shedao Island, which is in the southeastern sea of Dalian City in China. Six head and neck cadaveric specimens of Gloydius shedaoensis were examined. Three specimens were used for anatomical dissection and the remaining three cadaveric specimens were utilized for histological analysis. The present study confirmed the existence of the MDB in the Gloydius shedaoensis. The snake's spinalis muscles originated from the posterior edge of the supraoccipital bones and the dorsal facet of the exocciput, and then extended on both sides of the spinous processes of the spine, merging with the semispinalis muscles. On the ventral aspect of this muscular complex, it gave off fibers of the MDB. These MDB fibers twisted around the posterior margin of the exocciput and then passed through the atlanto-occipital interspace, finally terminating on the dura mater. We observed that the MDB also existed in all of the snakes' intervertebral joints. These same histological findings were also observed in the Gloydius brevicaudus, which was used as a control specimen for the Gloydius shedaoensis. In snakes the spinal canal is longer than that observed in most other animals. Considering the unique locomotive style of snakes, our findings contribute to support the hypothesis that the MDB could modulate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsations.


RESUMEN: Los puentes miodurales (MDB) son conexiones anatómicas entre los músculos suboccipitales y la duramadre cervical que pasan a través de los espacios intermedios atlanto-occipital y atlanto-axial en los mamíferos. En nuestros estudios anteriores, encontramos que el MDB existe en siete especies de mamíferos terrestres, dos especies de mamíferos marinos, dos especies de reptiles y una especie de ave. Un estudio reciente sugirió que dada la "ubicuidad" de los puentes miodurales en los vertebrados terrestres, el MDB también puede existir en las serpientes. Específicamente, nos enfocamos en Gloydius shedaoensis, una especie de Agkistrodon (serpiente víbora) que solo se encuentra en la isla Shedao, en el mar sureste de la ciudad de Dalian en China. Se examinaron seis especímenes cadavéricos de cabeza y cuello de Gloydius shedaoensis. Se utilizaron tres especímenes para la disección anatómica y los tres especímenes cadavéricos restantes se utilizaron para el análisis histológico. El presente estudio confirmó la existencia del MDB en Gloydius shedaoensis. Los músculos espinosos de la serpiente se originaron en el margen posterior de los huesos supraoccipital y la cara dorsal del exoccipucio, y luego se extendieron a ambos lados de los procesos espinosas de la columna vertebral, fusionándose con los músculos semiespinosos. En la cara ventral de este complejo muscular se desprendían fibras del MDB. Estas fibras MDB se ubican alrededor del margen posterior del exoccipucio y luego atraviesan el interespacio atlanto-occipital, terminando finalmente en la duramadre. Observamos que el MDB también existía en todas las articulaciones intervertebrales de las serpientes. Estos mismos hallazgos histológicos también se observaron en Gloydius brevicaudus, que se utilizó como muestra de control para Gloydius shedaoensis. En las serpientes, el canal espinal es más largo que el observado en la mayoría de los otros animales. Teniendo en cuenta el estilo único locomotor de las serpientes, nuestros hallazgos contribuyen a respaldar la hipótesis de que el MDB podría modular las pulsaciones del líquido cerebroespinal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebrospinal Fluid/physiology , Viperidae/anatomy & histology , Connective Tissue , Dura Mater/anatomy & histology , Crotalinae , Anatomy, Comparative
10.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405603

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La técnica de tunelización modificada con injerto de tejido conjuntivo subepitelial es un procedimiento de cirugía plástica periodontal que permite el logro de la cobertura radicular de recesiones múltiples en dientes correctamente alineados. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 22 años de edad, modelo de profesión, la cual acudió a la consulta de Periodoncia y refirió preocupación por presentar la encía separada de los dientes. Al realizar el examen clínico, se pudo apreciar alteración en la posición normal de la encía en los incisivos centrales y lateral derecho mandibulares 31,41 y 42. Una vez concluida la fase higiénica, se procedió a realizar un injerto de tejido conectivo mediante la técnica del túnel con el cual se obtuvo una cobertura efectiva de las superficies radiculares expuestas.


ABSTRACT The modified tunneling technique with subepithelial connective tissue grafting is a periodontal plastic surgery procedure that allows root coverage of multiple recessions in correctly aligned teeth. We present a 22-year-old female patient, modelling profession, who came to the Periodontal consultation and reported a concern about her gums separating from her teeth. Alterations in the normal position of the gingiva in 31, 41 and 42 central and mandibular right lateral incisors were observed on clinical examination. Once the hygienic phase had been completed, a connective tissue graft was performed using the tunnel technique, which effectively covered the exposed root surfaces.


Subject(s)
Gingival Recession/surgery , Connective Tissue/transplantation
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408353

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las técnicas de coloración histológica son útiles en el análisis ultraestructural de muestras tisulares, incluyendo el tejido gingival. Objetivo: Comparar la utilidad de tres métodos histoquímicos (hematoxilina-eosina, Masson Goldner y rojo sirio) en la identificación de elementos celulares y otros constituyentes del tejido gingival. Métodos: Estudio experimental in vitro que comprendió el análisis de tejidos gingivales de donantes sanos sin signos de inflamación gingival y con indicación de cirugía periodontal. Las muestras de encía se obtuvieron mediante gingivectomía, se procesaron e incluyeron en parafina, posteriormente se realizaron cortes con un micrótomo y se depositaron en portaobjetos de adhesión con polisina. Las muestras se agruparon y fueron teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina, Masson Goldner y rojo sirio, finalmente fueron visualizadas en un microscopio óptico Leica DM 750®. La lectura de los hallazgos fue realizada por patólogos orales. Resultados: La coloración hematoxilina-eosina evidencia elementos celulares y extracelulares del tejido epitelial y conectivo. Núcleos de color azul violeta, citoplasmas rosados, fibras de colágeno de matiz rosa claro, arteriolas y vénulas con túnica adventicia, media e íntima diferenciadas. La coloración Masson Goldner diferencia núcleos de coloración púrpura y citoplasma fucsia, presenta especificidad en identificar fibras de colágeno con tonalidad verde, distribuidas densa, homogénea y paralelamente en el tejido conectivo gingival. La tinción rojo sirio, permitió identificar las fibras de colágeno de color rosa brillante, mientras que el tejido epitelial y los vasos sanguíneos fueron de color amarillo. Conclusión: Cada coloración histológica evaluada en el presente trabajo tiene cierta afinidad y sensibilidad por estructuras celulares y componentes de la matriz extracelular específica. Su empleo es útil en el estudio de tejidos gingivales y podrían contribuir en el análisis de biopsias gingivales(AU)


Introduction: Histological staining techniques are useful in the ultrastructural analysis of tissue samples, including gingival tissue. Objective: Compare the usefulness of three histochemical methods (hematoxylin-eosin, Masson-Goldner and sirius red) for identification of cellular elements and other constituents of gingival tissue. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted which included the analysis of gingival tissue from healthy donors without gingival inflammation signs and indication of periodontal surgery. The gum samples were obtained by gingivectomy, processed with paraffin, cut with a microtome and placed on Polysine adhesion slides. The samples were grouped, stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson Goldner and sirius red, and visualized under a Leica DM 750® microscope. Reading of the findings was performed by oral pathologists. Results: Hematoxylin-eosin staining found cellular and extracellular elements of the epithelial and connective tissue: violet-blue nuclei, pink cytoplasms, light rose collagen fibers, and arterioles and venules with differentiated tunica adventitia, media and intima. Masson-Goldner staining differentiated purple nuclei and fuchsia cytoplasm. It displayed specificity identifying green collagen fibers with dense, homogeneous and parallel distribution in the gingival connective tissue. Sirius red staining allowed identification of bright rose collagen fibers, whereas epithelial tissue and blood vessels were yellow. Conclusion: Each of the histological staining methods evaluated in the study shows a certain affinity with and sensitivity to cellular structures and components of the specific extracellular matrix. All three are useful for the study of gingival tissue and could contribute to the analysis of gingival biopsies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Connective Tissue/injuries , Gingivectomy , Hematoxylin , In Vitro Techniques , Collagen
12.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 14(2): 191-193, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385214

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: A variety of periodontal plastic surgery techniques have been proposed to correct aesthetic and functional problems caused by gingival recession, with root coverage using connective tissue grafts being the one most commonly performed. These surgeries, however, are partially dependent on tissue graft stability. In this case series, we describe the use of a tissue adhesive (cyanoacrylate) as a solution for graft stabilization. Two patients with Cairo's type 1 gingival recession were treated with an envelope technique using connective tissue graft stabilized with cyanoacrylate alone. The results were a faster procedure and complete root coverage, even after 5 years of follow-up. Our findings suggest that cyanoacrylates can be an alternative to standard graft stabilizing procedures, leading to a stable root coverage in RT1 recessions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Adhesives/therapeutic use , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Connective Tissue/transplantation
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 683-687, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385418

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory lesion of bacterial etiology characterized by inflammation of the mucosa and bone loss. Chronic inflammation is characterized by neovascularization and collagen neoformation. Mast cells have been shown to participate in the inflammatory process by releasing mediators and proteases such as chymase and tryptase, important in the collagen neoformation process. Although a higher percentage of collagen has been described in periodontal disease, the literature is scarce about the percentage of collagen in peri-implantitis. The aim of this study was to quantify the percentage of collagen fibers present in the peri- implant soft tissue of patients with peri-implantitis lesions. A descriptive observational cross-sectional study was performed. Samples of peri-implant soft tissue were collected from eleven patients with peri-implantitis and then processed by Masson's Trichrome Technique. In microscopic analysis, collagen fibers were observed in all samples, with an average percentage of 39.89 %, standard deviation of 17.02 %, with a minimum value of 8.99 % and a maximum value of 75.65 % density. From these results, it can be concluded that in human peri-implantitis lesions with bone loss greater than 50 %, there is an important percentage of collagen fibers, which is interpreted as connective tissue in a permanent process of reparative response, in the presence of inflammatory infiltrate.


RESUMEN: La periimplantitis es una lesión inflamatoria de etiología bacteriana caracterizada por inflamación de la mucosa y pérdida ósea. La inflamación crónica se caracteriza por neovascularización y neoformación de colágeno. Se ha demostrado que los mastocitos participan en el proceso inflamatorio liberando mediadores y proteasas como quimasa y triptasa, importantes en el proceso de neoformación del colágeno. Aunque se ha descrito un mayor porcentaje de colágeno en la enfermedad periodontal, la literatura sobre el porcentaje de colágeno en la periimplantitis es escasa. El objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar el porcentaje de fibras de colágeno presentes en el tejido blando periimplantario de pacientes con lesiones de periimplantitis. Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal. Se recogieron muestras de tejido blando periimplantario de once pacientes con periimplantitis y luego se procesaron mediante la técnica tricrómica de Masson. En el análisis microscópico, se observaron fibras de colágeno en todas las muestras, con un porcentaje promedio de 39,89 %, desviación estándar de 17,02%, con un valor mínimo de 8,99 % y un valor máximo de 75,65% de densidad. De estos resultados se puede concluir que en las lesiones de periimplantitis humana con pérdida ósea superior al 50 %, existe un porcentaje importante de fibras de colágeno, que se interpreta como tejido conectivo en un proceso permanente de respuesta reparadora, en presencia de infiltrado inflamatorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Collagen/analysis , Connective Tissue/pathology , Peri-Implantitis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Inflammation
14.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 14(1): 52-54, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385186

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Background: Gingival recession is an usual clinical condition with a multifactorial etiology, and its surgical treatment aims to improve aesthetics through root coverage, reducing dentin hypersensitivity, minimizing the risk of cervical caries, and increasing keratinized tissue. Objective: The aim of this study was to report the therapy used for two clinical cases of gingival recession in lower incisors. Methods: Miller class III and II gingival recessions were treated using the lateral flap associated with the connective tissue graft, with the maintenance of a keratinized tissue band in the tooth adjacent to the recession. Results: After 6 months a partial root coverage was obtained in the first case, above 70%, and complete root coverage at second case, with increase of keratinized tissue in both. Conclusion: The lateral flap associated with a connective tissue graft showed an effective technique, with good results in root coverage, gain of keratinized tissue, reduction of hypersensitivity and satisfactory esthetics in the treatment of Miller's class II and III gingival recession.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession/surgery
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 24-32, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148164

ABSTRACT

O uso de próteses mal adaptadas pode ocasionar o surgimento de processos proliferativos não neoplásicos. A hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (HFI) é uma lesão benigna, proveniente de reação hiperplásica do tecido conjuntivo fibroso em resposta às injúrias crônicas de baixa intensidade. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso clínico sobre remoção cirúrgica de HFI, seguida de reabilitação oral com próteses removíveis. Paciente de 75 anos do sexo masculino relatou que gostaria de fazer a troca da sua prótese, pois a mesma estava fraturada. Ao exame clínico intra-oral constatou-se que suas próteses possuíam higienização precária, e, a superior, possuía uma borda cortante que causou uma lesão hiperplásica na região de fundo de vestíbulo anterior. Quanto ao aspecto clínico, apresentava-se com consistência fibrosa e firme à palpação, de coloração semelhante a mucosa e assintomática. O plano de tratamento proposto foi reembasamento da prótese antiga com resina Soft Confort (Dencril, Brasil) eliminando as áreas que traumatizavam a mucosa, cirurgia pré-protética para a remoção da HFI, exame histopatológico e a confecção de novas próteses, sendo a superior prótese total convencional e a inferior prótese parcial removível. Observa-se a importância no cuidado do planejamento reabilitador protético dos pacientes, pois, como foi descrito neste caso, em algumas situações pode haver necessidade de lançarmos mão de diversas modalidades de tratamento prévias à reabilitação(AU)


The use of poorly adapted prostheses can lead to the emergence of non-neoplastic proliferative processes. Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (HFI) is a benign lesion, resulting from a hyperplastic reaction of fibrous connective tissue in response to low-intensity chronic injuries. The aim of the present study is to report a clinical case about surgical removal of HFI, followed by oral rehabilitation with removable prostheses. A 75-year-old male patient reported that he would like to change his prosthesis, because it was fractured. On intra-oral clinical examination, it was found that his prostheses had poor hygiene, and the upper one had a cutting edge that caused a hyperplastic lesion in the deep region of the anterior vestibule. As for the clinical aspect, it was fibrous and firm on palpation, mucosa-like and asymptomatic. The proposed treatment plan was to repurpose the old prosthesis with Soft Confort resin (Dencril, Brazil), eliminating the areas that traumatized the mucosa, pre-prosthetic surgery for the removal of HFI, histopathological examination and the making of new prostheses, the upper prosthesis being conventional total and the lower partial removable prosthesis. It is observed the importance in the care of the prosthetic rehabilitation planning of the patients, because, as it was described in this case, in some situations it may be necessary to resort to different treatment modalities prior to the rehabilitation(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Hyperplasia , Connective Tissue , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Denture Rebasing
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1281389

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is graded according to various histological factors which include the epithelial changes and the connective tissue changes. These features could be identified in routine Hematoxylin and Eosin (H and E) staining in shades of pink. However, the use of special stains provides a contrast to various connective tissue components thereby aiding in better visualization of these connective tissue changes in advanced OSMF cases. Objective:To compare and evaluate muscle involvement and degeneration in advanced oral submucous fibrosis using three different stains namely, H&E, Van Gieson, and Masson's Trichrome. Material and Methods: 10 Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of advanced OSMFwere stained using 3 different stains namely Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E), Van-Gieson, and Masson trichrome. The results obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis ANOVA. Results: The hyalinization and fibrosis involving the skeletal muscle were better visualized in Masson's Trichrome but were not statistically significant. The muscle degeneration in deeper areas was better visualized in Masson's trichrome when compared to the H&E and Van Gieson. Conclusion: Hematoxylin and eosin stains all the connective tissue components in various shades of pink, use of special stains bestows contrast between different components of connective tissue, thus improvising grading of OSMF. Masson's trichrome stain can be used as a single adjunct to hematoxylin and eosin stain as changes in the superficial and deeper connective tissue could be ascertained (AU)


Contexto: A fibrose submucosa oral (FSO) é classificada de acordo com vários fatores histológicos que incluem alterações epiteliais e do tecido conjuntivo. Essas características podem ser identificadas na coloração de rotina com Hematoxilina e Eosina (H&E) em tons de rosa. No entanto, o uso de colorações especiais fornece um contraste para vários componentes do tecido conjuntivo, auxiliando assim na melhor visualização dessas alterações do tecido conjuntivo em casos avançados de FSO. Objetivo: Comparar e avaliar o envolvimento e degeneração muscular da fibrose submucosa oral avançada usando três colorações diferentes: H&E, Van Gieson e Tricrômio de Masson. Material e Métodos: 10 seções de tecido fixadas em formalina e embebidas em parafina de FSO avançada foram coradas usando essas três colorações. Os resultados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste de Kruskal Wallis. Resultados: A hialinização e fibrose envolvendo o músculo esquelético foram melhor visualizadas no tricromo de Masson, mas não foram estatisticamente significativas. A degeneração muscular em áreas mais profundas foi melhor visualizada no tricrômico de Masson, quando comparado ao H&E e Van Gieson. Conclusão: Hematoxilina e Eosina coloram todos os componentes do tecido conjuntivo em vários tons de rosa. O uso de colorações especiais confere contraste entre os diferentes componentes do tecido conjuntivo, melhorando assim a avaliação da FSO. A coloração com tricrômio de Masson pode ser usada como um único adjunto para a coloração de Hematoxilina e Eosina, pois assim é possível verificar alterações superficiais e profundas no tecido conjuntivo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Submucous Fibrosis , Fibrosis , Connective Tissue
17.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(supl.1): 170-174, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Raynaud's phenomenon is a sentinel event in systemic sclerosis; it is generally long- lasting, and repeated attacks produce, ultimately, structural consequences and complications, such as digital ulcers. Nailfold videocapillaroscopy is a non-invasive tool that allows assessing accurately these changes. Digital ulcers are the most aggressive and frequent microvascular complication in this disease, causing severe pain and significant functional sequelae. This literature review focuses on Raynaud's phenomenon as a central event in systemic sclerosis, its peculiarities in this entity, the role of capillaroscopy as a biomarker in this vasculopathic phenomenon, as well as a on a clinical and pharmacological approach to digital ulcers in this illness.


RESUMEN El fenómeno de Raynaud es un evento centinela en la esclerosis sistémica, por lo general es de larga duración y los ataques repetidos producen, en última instancia, consecuencias estructurales y complicaciones tales como úlceras digitales. La videocapilaroscopia del lecho ungueal es una herramienta no invasiva que permite evaluar en forma precisa estos cambios. Las úlceras digitales son la complicación microvascular más agresiva y frecuente en esta enfermedad, causando dolor severo y secuelas funcionales importantes. Esta revisión de la literatura se centra en el fenómeno de Raynaud como evento central en la esclerosis sistémica, sus peculiaridades en esta entidad y el papel de la capilaroscopia como biomarcador para este fenómeno vasculopático, así como en un enfoque clínico y farmacológico de las úlceras digitales en esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Raynaud Disease , Scleroderma, Systemic , Microscopic Angioscopy , Ulcer , Connective Tissue
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 977-985, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review the currently available literature to define the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Google scholar, and OVID to identify all the articles that reported on outcomes of utilizing TEVAR in patients with CTD during elective and emergency settings. The search was not limited to time or language of the published study. Results: All the relevant studies have been summarized in its correspondence section. The outcomes were analyzed in narrative format. The role of TEVAR has been elaborated as per each study. Currently, there is limited large cohort size studies outlining the use of TEVAR in patients with CTD. The use of endovascular repair in patients with CTD is limited due to progressive aortic dilatations and high possibility of further reinterventions at later stage of life. Conclusion: Open repair remains the gold standard method of intervention in young patients with progressive CTD, especially in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection. However, TEVAR can be sought as a reliable alternative in emergency setting of diseases involving the descending thoracic aorta; yet the long-term data needs to be published to support such practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Connective Tissue
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 804-807, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156184

ABSTRACT

Abstract Neurothekeomas, also known as neural sheath myxomas, are rare benign tumors of the neural sheath affecting most commonly the head, arms and shoulder of women in their 2nd and 3rd decades of life. Due to the low prevalence and undefined clinical picture, they are hardly considered in the initial differential diagnosis of skin tumors. We report the case of a 24 year-old woman who was seen in 2016 reporting > 1 year of moderate pain and limited mobility of her left shoulder. Clinical evaluation revealed restricted mobility of the affected shoulder and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging showed a T2-weighted contrast-enhanced multilobular mass in the quadrilateral area apparently invading the adjacent humeral cortical region. Histopathology of a needle sample material revealed loose fibroconnective tissue with no signs of invasion, mitosis or atypical figures. Successful surgical excision was performed and the diagnosis of neurothekeoma was confirmed after detailed histopathology, including immunohistochemistry. The patient was asymptomatic at 18 months of follow-up, with full recovery of shoulder movement and no signs of relapse.


Resumo Neurotecomas, também conhecidos como mixomas da bainha neural, são tumores benignos raros da bainha neural afetando mais comumente a cabeça, braços e ombros de mulheres entre 20 e 40 anos de idade. Devido à baixa prevalência e quadro clínico mal definido, essas lesões são raramente consideradas no diagnóstico diferencial de tumores cutâneos. Relatamos o caso de uma mulher de 24 anos de idade que procurou atendimento em 2016 relatando dor moderada por mais de um ano e limitação dos movimentos do ombro esquerdo. Ao exame, foi constatada restrição da mobilidade dessa articulação e uma ressonância magnética revelou imagem multilobular com aumento de sinal em T2 na região quadrilateral, aparentando invasão da região cortical do úmero subjacente. A histopatologia de uma biópsia incisional mostrou lesão composta por tecido conjuntivo frouxo, sem sinais de invasão, figuras de mitose ou atipias. Foi realizada excisão completa da lesão e o diagnóstico de neurotecoma foi confirmado após análise histopatológica que incluiu painel imunohistoquímico. À revisão de 18 meses, a paciente estava assintomática com recuperação completa do movimento e sem evidência de recidiva da lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Arm , Recurrence , Skin Neoplasms , Axilla , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Neurothekeoma , Connective Tissue , Shoulder Pain , Diagnosis, Differential , Head , Joints , Mitosis , Myxoma , Neoplasms
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 602-609, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134546

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Comparar mediante una revisión sistemática los resultados clínicos de los procedimientos de cirugía plástica periodontal/periimplantar (CP) con injerto de tejido blando autógeno (ITB) obtenido del área lateral del paladar (ALP) versus del área de la tuberosidad (AT). Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de ensayos clínicos en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane y las revistas de Periodoncia e Implantes de mayor impacto según la Web of Science, para hallar artículos publicados hasta abril del 2020. Se valoró el riesgo de sesgo de los artículos añadidos según el manual Cochrane Versión 5.1.0 para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y la escala Newcastle-Ottawa para ensayos clínicos controlados. De una muestra inicial de 930 artículos, cuatro ensayos clínicos (tres aleatorizados) fueron incluidos en el presente estudio, donde se realizaron un total de 87 CP alrededor de piezas e implantes dentales, de las cuales 42 cirugías fueron realizadas con ITB del ALP y 45 cirugías con ITB del AT, se evaluó los resultados desde las 8 semanas hasta los 12 meses. No se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados clínicos entre ambos grupos, se mejoró el fenotipo gingival en la zona receptora para el grupo que obtuvo el ITB del AT y el nivel del dolor del sitio donador del AT fue menor en las dos primeras semanas que el sitio donante del ALP. Los estudios incluidos manifestaron un bajo riesgo de sesgo en promedio. Ambas áreas donantes de injerto de tejido blando proporcionan resultados clínicos similares, el injerto del área de la tuberosidad mejora el fenotipo gingival de la zona receptora y reduce el dolor post operatorio en las primeras semanas del sitio donador.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare, through a systematic review, the clinical results of periodontal / peri-implant plastic surgery (CP) procedures with autogenous soft tissue graft (ITB) obtained from the lateral palate area (ALP) versus the tuberosity area (AT). We conducted an electronic search of clinical trials in the Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane database and the journals of Periodontics and Implants with the greatest impact according to the Web of Science, to find articles published until April 2020. The risk of bias of the articles added was assessed according to the Cochrane Manual Version 5.1.0 for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for controlled clinical trials. From the initial sample of 930 articles, four clinical trials were included (three randomized) in the present study, where a total of 87 PC were performed around dental pieces and implants, of which 42 surgeries were performed with ITB of the ALP and 45 surgeries with ITB of the AT, the results were evaluated from the 8 weeks to 12 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical results between the two groups, the gingival phenotype in the receiving area was improved for the group that obtained the ITB of the AT and the level of pain at the donor site was lower in the first two weeks than the ALP donor site. The studies showed a lowrisk of bias on average. Both soft tissue graft donor areas provide similar clinical results, grafting the tuberosity area improves the gingival phenotype of the recipient area and reduces post-operative pain of the donor site in the first few weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Palate , Transplantation, Autologous , Selection Bias , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL