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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 67-77, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551223

ABSTRACT

La tasa de reintubación orotraqueal luego de la extubación se registra entre un 10 a 20%. La aplicación de soportes respiratorios no-invasivos (SRNI) posterior a la extuba-ción como cánula nasal de alto-flujo, ventilación no invasiva (dos niveles de presión) y presión positiva continua en la vía aérea demostraron ser seguras y efectivas post ex-tubación. El período pre-destete representa un momento crucial en el manejo de los pa-cientes críticos ya que el fracaso de la extubación, definido como la necesidad de reintu-bación dentro de los 2 a 7 días, demostró peores resultados al aumentar la mortalidad entre un 25-50%. Esta situación conlleva al requerimiento de ventilación mecánica prolongada, neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica y estancias prolongadas de internación. Por lo tanto, es esencial identificar a los pacientes que se beneficiarán utilizando SRNI post extubación.


The rate of re-intubation after extubation is recorded at 10-20%. The use of non-invasive respiratory support (NIRS) post-extubation such as high-flow nasal cannula, non-invasive ventilation (bilevel pressure) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) have been shown to be safe and effective post-extubation. The pre-weaning period represents a crucial time in the management of critically ill patients, as extubation failure, defined as the need for reintubation within 2-7 days, showed worse outcomes with mortality increasing by 25-50%. This situation leads to the requirement for prolonged mechanical ventilation, ventilator-associated pneumonia and long lengths of hospital stay. Therefore, it is essential to identify patients who will benefit from NIRS post extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/statistics & numerical data , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Noninvasive Ventilation/statistics & numerical data , Cannula/statistics & numerical data , Intubation, Intratracheal/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Mortality , Review
2.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): 94-103, jun2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437544

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se considera aceptable (TitAcept) una prueba con CPAP automático en domicilio (APAP) cuando su uso es ≥ a 4 horas/noche y el índice de apneas residuales (IAHr) ≤ 10 eventos/hora (AASM). Sin embargo, todas las variables relacionadas con la calidad de este procedimiento no se conocen completamente. Objetivo: evaluar la cali-dad de la titulación con APAP en el domicilio. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo en pacientes "naïve" de CPAP. El criterio de TitAcept seleccionó dos grupos y la regresión logística múltiple identificó predictores de prueba no aceptables. Resultados: incluimos 1325 TitAcept; 941 hombres (71%), edad: 57 ± 12,4 años, IMC: 32,3 ± 8,8 kg/m2, IAH: 34,2 ± 19 ev/h. La titulación alcanzó 3,4 ± 3,5 noches, adherencia: 379 minutos/noche; pre-sión efectiva: 8,7 ± 1,7 cm H2O, IAHr; 3,1 ± 2,4 ev/h y fugas 16,1 ± 8,7 litros/min. Fueron predictores; edad ≥ 50 años; OR: 1,62 (IC95%: 1,23-3,46), p: 0.0005 y máscara orona-sal; OR: 2,49 (IC95%: 1,79-3,46), p: 0.0001. Conclusiones: una significativa proporción de pacientes que realizaron una titulación no vigilada con APAP en domicilio no alcan-zaron criterios de calidad adecuada. La edad ≥ 50 años y el uso de máscara oronasal se asocian con menor calidad en la prueba, de acuerdo a criterios preestablecidos. (AU)


Introduction: automated CPAP (APAP) titration at home is considered acceptable (Tit-Accept) when its device is used ≥ 4 hours/night and the residual apnea index (AHIr) es ≤ 10 events/hour (AASM). However, all the variables related to quality of this procedure are not fully known. Objective: to assess the quality of the titration with APAP at home.Material and Methods: retrospective study in CPAP "naïve" patients. The TitAccept criteri-on selected two groups and multiple logistic regression identified predictors of non-ac-ceptable titration. Results: we included 1325 TitAccept; 941 men (71%), age: 57 ± 12.4 years, BMI: 32.3 ± 8.8 kg/m2, baseline AHI: 34.2 ± 19 ev/h. The titration reached 3.4 ± 3.5 nights, adherence: 379 minutes/night; effective pressure: 8.7 ± 1.7 cmH2O, AHIr; 3.1 ± 2.4 ev/h and leaks 16.1 ± 8.7 liters/min. The predictors were; age ≥ 50 years; OR: (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Titrimetry/methods , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Masks , Age Groups
3.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 22(1): 1-19, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451269

ABSTRACT

El proceso deglutorio requiere de una adecuada coordinación entre respiración y deglución. En el contexto clínico, el uso de dispositivos ventilatorios no invasivos, como la cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) o la ventilación no invasiva (VNI), ha cobrado gran relevancia durante los últimos años. Sin embargo, existe escasa información respecto a la interferencia que estos dispositivos podrían ocasionar en la fisiología deglutoria. En este contexto, y con el objetivo de describir el impacto de la CNAF y la VNI en la fisiología deglutoria, se realizó una revisión de la literatura en PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Lilacs y Scielo. Se incorporaron estudios que incluyeran población ≥18 años, con uso de CNAF o VNI. Se excluyeron estudios en población con antecedentes de disfagia, necesidad de intubación, presencia de enfermedad neurológica, neuromuscular o respiratoria, entre otros. Los resultados de los estudios muestran que la CNAF podría disminuir el número de degluciones (en flujos ≥ 20 L/min; p<0,05),disminuir el tiempo medio de activación de la respuesta deglutoria proporcional al flujo empleado (p<0,05), incrementar el riesgo aspirativo en flujos altos (>40 L/min, p<0,05) e incrementar en promedio la duración del cierre del vestíbulo laríngeo (p<0,001). La VNI modo BiPAP, por su parte, podría aumentar el riesgo aspirativo debido al incremento en la tasa de inspiración post deglución (SW-I, p<0,01). Si bien la evidencia disponible es limitada, los resultados aportan información relevante a considerar en el abordaje de usuarios que utilicen estos dispositivos ventilatorios. Futuras investigaciones deberían ser desarrolladas para fortalecer la evidencia presentada.


Deglutition requires adequatecoordination between breathing and swallowing. In the clinical context, the use of non-invasive ventilatory devices such as high-flow nasal cannulas(HFNC) or non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has become highlyrelevantin recent years. However, there is little information regarding howthese devices could interferewith the physiologyof deglutition. This study aimedto describe the impact of HFNC and NIV on swallowing physiology. To this end, aliterature review was carried out usingPubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Lilacs,and Scielo. Studies performed onpopulations≥18 years old where HFNC or NIV were used were included. Studies where thepopulation hada history of dysphagia, need for intubation, and presentedneurological, neuromuscular,or respiratory diseases, among others, were excluded. The results show that HFNC could decrease the swallowing rate(with flows≥ 20 L/min; p<.05), decrease the mean activation time of the swallowing reflex in proportion to the flow (p<.05), increase the risk of aspiration when usinghigherflows (>40 L/min, p<0.05),and increase the average duration of the laryngeal vestibuleclosure(p<.001).NIV, particularly BiPAP, could increase the risk of aspiration due to the higherrate of post-swallowing inspiration (SW-I, p<.01). Although the evidence available on this matter is limited, theseresults offerrelevant information that should beconsideredwhen working with patients who use these ventilatory devices. Furtherresearch should be carriedoutto strengthen the evidence that is provided in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition/physiology , Noninvasive Ventilation/adverse effects , Cannula , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/adverse effects , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/adverse effects
4.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2023. 88 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551430

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Atualmente a pressão positiva contínua em vias aéreas é recomendada como suporte ventilatório inicial ao recém-nascido pré-termo com desconforto respiratório, sendo considerada um grande avanço e um marco na assistência ao recém-nascido de risco nas últimas décadas. Entretanto, apesar dessa estratégia ser segura e eficaz, alguns fatores contextuais (individuais e ambientais) podem influenciar no curso clínico desses bebês e na efetividade desse suporte no tratamento do desconforto respiratório. Objetivo: Descrever os fatores contextuais relacionados ao uso da pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas como suporte ventilatório inicial para o recém-nascido pré-termo. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo do tipo observacional, descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa e levantamento retrospectivo. Foram incluídos os neonatos que nasceram com idade gestacional menor que 37 semanas de gestação e que utilizaram a pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas como suporte ventilatório inicial dentro das primeiras 24 horas de vida, no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2022. Coletou-se os dados demográficos e clínicos dos recém-nascidos, medicamentos utilizados nas primeiras 72 horas de vida, antecedentes maternos, dados e desfecho do suporte ventilatório, evolução clínica e exames complementares. A amostra foi dividida em 2 grupos, de acordo com o desfecho do suporte ventilatório (sucesso ou insucesso). A análise estatística foi realizada por meio de estatística descritiva e teste t ou Mann-Whitney para comparação entre grupos para variáveis paramétricas e não paramétricas, respectivamente e Chi-Quadrado para variáveis categóricas. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 50 recém-nascidos pré-termo com idade gestacional entre 25 e 36 semanas. A maioria dos recém-nascidos (82%) eram prematuros moderados a tardios, com peso ao nascimento considerado adequado para a idade gestacional e APGAR médio de 7,21,6 e 8,4 0,8 no primeiro e quinto minutos, respectivamente. A maior parte (70%) dos recém-nascidos eram filhos de mães jovens, que receberam corticoide antenatal. O valor médio de pressão utilizada foi de 5,80,5 cmH2O e a média da fração inspirada de oxigênio máxima nas primeiras 72 horas de vida foi de 0,340,1. Houve ainda baixa prevalência de complicações relacionadas ao uso da pressão contínua nas vias aéreas. A taxa de insucesso para a amostra como um todo foi de 14%, porém, quando categorizada para idade gestacional, a taxa de insucesso nos recém-nascidos pré-termo menores de 32 semanas foi de 45%. O grupo insucesso apresentou menor idade gestacional, necessitou de fração inspirada de oxigênio mais elevada e recebeu mais doses de surfactante que o grupo sucesso. Conclusão: A análise dos fatores contextuais relacionados a pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas como suporte ventilatório inicial, apontou que a idade gestacional mais baixa é um fator pessoal relacionado ao insucesso da pressão contínua nas vias aéreas como suporte ventilatório inicial. Já no contexto ambiental a fração inspirada de oxigênio máxima nas primeiras 72 horas de vida e maior número de doses de surfactante foram os fatores associados à ineficácia do suporte ventilatório.


Background: Currently, continuous positive airway pressure is recommended as initial ventilatory support for preterm newborns with respiratory distress, being considered a great advance and a milestone in the care of high-risk newborns in recent decades. However, although this strategy is safe and effective, some contextual factors (individual and environmental) can influence the clinical course of these babies and the success of this support in the treatment of respiratory distress. Objective: To describe the contextual factors related to the use of continuous positive airway pressure as initial ventilatory support for preterm newborns. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive study with a quantitative approach and a retrospective survey. Neonates who were born with a gestational age of less than 37 weeks of gestation and who used continuous positive airway pressure as initial ventilatory support within the first 24 hours of life, from January to December 2022, were included. demographic and clinical data of newborns, medications used in the first 72 hours of life, maternal history, data and outcome of ventilatory support, clinical evolution and complementary tests. The sample was divided into 2 groups, according to the outcome of ventilatory support (success or failure). Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and t or Mann-Whitney test for comparison between groups for parametric and nonparametric variables, respectively, and Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: The sample consisted of 50 preterm newborns with gestational age between 25 and 36 weeks. Most newborns (82%) were moderate to late preterm, with birth weight considered adequate for gestational age and mean APGAR scores of 7,21,6 and 8,40,8 in the first and fifth minutes, respectively. Most newborns (70%) were born to young mothers who received antenatal corticosteroids. The mean value of pressure used was 5.80.5 cmH2O and the mean of fraction of maximum inspired oxygen in the first 72 hours of life was 0,340,1. There was also a low prevalence of complications related to the use of continuous airway pressure. The failure rate for the sample as a whole was 14%, however, when categorized by gestational age, a higher failure rate was observed in preterm newborns younger than 32 weeks was 45%. The failure group had a lower gestational, required a higher fraction of inspired oxygen and received more surfactant doses than the success group. Conclusion: The analysis of contextual factors related to continuous positive airway pressure as initial ventilatory support showed that lower gestational age is personal factor related to the unfavorable outcome of continuous airway pressure as initial ventilatory support. In the environmental context, however, the maximum fraction of inspired oxygen in the first 72 hours of life and a higher number of surfactant doses were the factors associated to the ineffectiveness of ventilatory support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Premature , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 295-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) versus nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as post-extubation respiratory support in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles on NHFOV and NIPPV as post-extubation respiratory support in preterm infants published up to August 31, 2022. RevMan 5.4 software and Stata 17.0 software were used for a Meta analysis to compare related indices between the NHFOV and NIPPV groups, including reintubation rate within 72 hours after extubation, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2) at 6-24 hours after switch to noninvasive assisted ventilation, and the incidence rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), air leak, nasal damage, periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 randomized controlled trials were included. The Meta analysis showed that compared with the NIPPV group, the NHFOV group had significantly lower reintubation rate within 72 hours after extubation (RR=0.67, 95%CI: 0.52-0.88, P=0.003) and PCO2 at 6-24 hours after switch to noninvasive assisted ventilation (MD=-4.12, 95%CI: -6.12 to -2.13, P<0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of complications such as BPD, air leak, nasal damage, PVL, IVH, and ROP (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with NIPPV, NHFOV can effectively remove CO2 and reduce the risk of reintubation, without increasing the incidence of complications such as BPD, air leak, nasal damage, PVL, and IVH, and therefore, it can be used as a sequential respiratory support mode for preterm infants after extubation.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation , Airway Extubation , Noninvasive Ventilation , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , High-Frequency Ventilation , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
6.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(3): 1-13, 20220831.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402488

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El recién nacido prematuro presenta una inmadurez del sistema cardiorespiratorio, lo que dificulta su adaptación al medio extrauterino y conlleva a múltiples complicaciones las cuales se requieren intervenciones que mejoren la ventilación y el intercambio gaseoso tales como la oxigenación a través de dispositivos de apoyo terapéutico como la presión positiva continua de la vía aérea o CPAP. Objetivo: determinar el efecto del tacto terapéutico en la adaptación del recién nacido pretérmino con CPAP. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuasi-experimental, con una muestra de 13 RNPT a quienes se les aplicó el tacto terapéutico durante 15 minutos, con 2 sesiones diarias (6 am y 8pm), con evaluación antes y después del CRE: "Adaptación del prematuro". A lo cual se le realizó el análisis descriptivo correspondiente. Resultados: El total de los participantes, fue asignado al grupo control y grupo intervenido de forma similar, evidenciando cambios antes y después de la intervención, pero en especial en el indicador postura de las manos, con una diferencia entre ambos grupos de p 0,74 con valor de 0.006. Conclusiones: La aplicación del tacto terapéutico al RNPT con CPAP nasal permite mejorar el confort del RNPT a través de indicadores fisiológicos y neurocomportamentales.


Introduction: Premature newborns have an immature cardiorespiratory system that hinders adaptation to the extrauterine environment. This leads to multiple complications which require interventions to improve ventilation and gas exchange, like oxygenating using therapeutic support devices such as continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP. Objective: To determine the effect of therapeutic touch on preterm newborns' adaptation to CPAP. Materials and methods: This is a quasi-experimental study, with a sample of 13 PTNB who underwent therapeutic touch for 15 minutes in 2 daily sessions (6 am and 8 pm), with pre- and post-assessment of NOC "Preterm Infant Organization." Descriptive analysis was performed. Results: The participants were allocated to the control group and the intervention group in a similar way. Pre- and post-intervention changes were observed, but especially in the hand posture indicator, with a difference between both groups of 0.74 with a p-value of 0.006. Conclusions: The practice of therapeutic touch with RNPT receiving nasal CPAP allows for improving the comfort of the RNPT through physiological and neurobehavioral indicators.


Introdução: O recém-nascido prematuro apresenta uma imaturidade do sistema cardiorrespiratório, o que dificulta a adaptação ao ambiente extrauterino e leva a múltiplas complicações que requerem intervenções que melhorem a ventilação e as trocas gasosas como a oxigenação por meio de dispositivos de suporte terapêutico, como via aérea positiva contínua pressão ou CPAP. Objetivo: determinar o efeito do toque terapêutico na adaptação do recém-nascido pré-termo com CPAP. Materiais e métodos: Estudo quase experimental, com uma amostra de 13 PTNIs a quem foi aplicado o toque terapêutico durante 15 minutos, com 2 sessões diárias (6h e 20h), com avaliação antes e após CRE: "Adaptação do prematuro". Ao qual foi realizada a análise descritiva correspondente. Resultados: Todos os participantes foram alocados no grupo controle e no grupo intervenção de forma semelhante, apresentando alterações antes e após a intervenção, mas principalmente no indicador de postura das mãos, com diferença entre os dois grupos foi de 0,74 com um valor de p 0,006. Conclusões: A aplicação do toque terapêutico ao RNPT com CPAP nasal permite melhorar o conforto do RNPT através de indicadores fisiológicos e neurocomportamentais.


Subject(s)
Infant, Premature , Child Development , Neonatal Nursing , Therapeutic Touch , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 55-60, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362040

ABSTRACT

As multifatoriedades do aumento da SHAOS têm diversas causas, desdês de obesidades até sedendarismo de grande proporção. No entanto a ciência tem feito grandes esforços para isso se altere. Mesmo assim muito tem que se pesquisar para um tratamento efetivo que seja capaz de ajudar o paciente a ter um sono reparador e uma qualidade de vida mais satisfatória. A sofisticação dos CPAP, melhores alternativas para o tratamento se sofisticaram de tal em volume, barulho e tamanho que estão aumentanto em muito sua utilização. Os mini-cpaps são uma prova disso. No entanto ainda nos confrontamos com a baixa adesão do tratamento frente ao desconforto causado. Ao aparelhos intra-orais são uma alternativa viáveis para os casos de IAH (índice de apneia e hipopneia) leve, moderada e ronco primário. Importante frisar que sem um exame de polissografia e teleradiografias laterais o Cirurgião Dentista não pode fazer nada(AU)


The multifactorial causes of the increase in SHAOS have several causes, from obesity to a large sedentary lifestyle. However science has made great efforts to change this. Even so, much remains to be researched for an effective treatment that is capable of helping the patient to have a restful sleep and a more satisfactory quality of life. The sophistication of CPAP, the best alternatives for treatment, has become so sophisticated in volume, noise and size that its use is greatly increasing. The mini-cpaps are proof of that. However, we are still faced with the low adherence to the treatment due to the discomfort caused. Intraoral appliances are a viable alternative for cases of mild, moderate AHI (apnea and hypopnea index) and primary snoring. It is important to emphasize that without a polysomnography exam and lateral teleradiographies, the Dental Surgeon cannot do anything(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): 89-98, abril 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1363662

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los beneficios de la ventilación asistida ajustada neuronalmente (NAVA) en los recién nacidos prematuros son inciertos. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar si la NAVA no invasiva (NIV) era más beneficiosa para los recién nacidos prematuros que la presión positiva continua nasal (NCPAP). Diseño del estudio: metanálisis de tres ensayos clínicos: dos ensayos controlados aleatorizados y un estudio de grupos cruzados. Se comparó la NAVA-NIV con la NCPAP y se informó sobre el fracaso del tratamiento, la mortalidad y los eventos adversos como resultados principales. Resultados: tres estudios con 173 pacientes (89 recibieron NAVA-NIV) cumplieron los criterios de inclusión en este metanálisis. No se observaron diferencias en el fracaso del tratamiento entre la NAVA-NIV y la NCPAP (razón de riesgos [RR] = 1,09; intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95 % = 0,65-1,84; diferencia de riesgos = 0,02; IC95% = -0,10-0,14; I2 = 33 %; P = 0,23). De manera similar, no hubo diferencias en la mortalidad (RR = 1,52; IC95% = 0,51-4,52; no aplica heterogeneidad). En comparación con la NCPAP, la NAVA-NIV redujo significativamente el uso de cafeína (RR = 0,85; IC 95% = 0,74-0,98; I2 = 71 %; P = 0,03). Conclusiones: en comparación con la NCPAP, no hay evidencia suficiente para sacar una conclusión sobre los beneficios o daños de la NAVA-NIV en los recién nacidos prematuros. Los hallazgos de esta revisión deben confirmarse en ensayos clínicos con una metodología rigurosa y potencia adecuada


Introduction: The benefits of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) in preterm infants are unclear. This study aimed to explore if noninvasive NAVA is more beneficial for preterm infants than nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). Study design: Meta-analysis was performed in three clinical trials comprising two randomized controlled trials and one crossover study. We compared NIV-NAVA and NCPAP and reported treatment failure, mortality, and adverse events as the primary outcomes. Results: Three studies including 173 patients (89 of whom underwent NIV-NAVA) were eligible for this meta-analysis. This review found no difference in treatment failure between NIV-NAVA and NCPAP (RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.84; RD 0.02, 95% CI -0.10-0.14; I2=33%, P=0.23). Similarly, there was no difference in mortality (RR 1.52, 95% CI 0.51-4.52, heterogeneity not applicable). Compared with NCPAP, NIV-NAVA significantly reduced the use of caffeine (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.74-0.98, I2=71%, P=0.03). Conclusions: Compared with NCPAP, there is insufficient evidence to conclude on the benefits or harm of NIV-NAVA therapy for preterm infants. The findings of this review should be confirmed using methodologically rigorous and adequately powered clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Interactive Ventilatory Support/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Treatment Failure , Cross-Over Studies , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/adverse effects
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 479-487, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common disease that seriously affects health. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the preferred treatment for moderate-to-severe OSAHS patients. However, poor adherence to CPAP is a major obstacle in the treatment of OSAHS. Information-motivation-behavioral (IMB) skills, as a kind of mature technology to change the behavior, has been used in various health areas to improve treatment adherence. This study aims to explore the effects of the IMB skills intervention on CPAP adherence in OSAHS patients.@*METHODS@#Patients who were primary diagnosed with moderate-to-severe OSAHS were randomly divided into the IMB group (n=62) and the control group (n=58). The patients in the IMB group received CPAP therapy and the IMB skills intervention for 4 weeks. The patients in the control group received CPAP therapy and a usual health care provided by a registered nurse. We collected the baseline data of the general information, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score, and indicators about disease severity [apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), percentage of time with arterial oxygen saturation SaO2<90% (T90), average SaO2, lowest SaO2, arousal index]. After CPAP titration, we collected CPAP therapy-relevant parameters (optimal pressure, maximum leakage, average leakage, 95% leakage, and residual AHI), score of satisfaction and acceptance of CPAP therapy, and score of willingness to continue CPAP therapy. After 4 weeks treatment, we collected the ESS score, HADS score, CPAP therapy-relevant parameters, effective CPAP therapy time per night, CPAP therapy days within 4 weeks, CPAP adherence rate, score of satisfaction and acceptance of CPAP therapy, and score of willingness to continue CPAP therapy. Visual analog scale (VAS) of 0-5 was used to evaluate the satisfaction and acceptance of IMB intervention measures in the IMB group.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the baseline level of demographic parameters, ESS score, HADS score, disease severity, and CPAP therapy related parameters between the IMB group and the control group (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in score of willingness to continue CPAP therapy, as well as score of satisfaction and acceptance of CPAP therapy after CPAP titration between the IMB group and the control group (both P>0.05). After 4 weeks treatment, the ESS score, HADS score, maximum leakage, average leakage, and 95% leakage of the IMB group were significantly decreased, while the score of satisfaction and acceptance of CPAP therapy and willingness to continue CPAP therapy of the IMB group were significantly increased (all P<0.05); while the above indexes in the control group were not different before and after 4 weeks treatment (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the ESS score, HADS score, maximum leakage, average leakage, and 95% leakage of the IMB group after 4 weeks treatment were significantly lower (all P<0.05); the effective CPAP therapy time, CPAP therapy days within 4 weeks, score of satisfaction and acceptance of CPAP therapy, score of willingness to continue CPAP therapy of the IMB group were significantly higher (all P<0.05). The rate of CPAP therapy adherence in 4 weeks of the IMB group was significantly higher than that of the control group (90.3% vs 62.1%, P<0.05). The VAS of overall satisfaction with IMB skills intervention measures was 4.46±0.35.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IMB skills intervention measures can effectively improve the adherence of CPAP therapy in OSAHS patients, and is suitable for clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Motivation , Oximetry , Patient Compliance , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Syndrome
10.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(5): 757-772, Nov 11, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353564

ABSTRACT

Considerando a Síndrome de Hipoventilação da Obesidade (SHO) como potencialmente tratável, encontra-se dificuldade em comparar ensaios clínicos devido às diferentes titulações da ventilação mecânica não invasiva (VNI) e da pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas (CPAP). Objetivou-se realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura com utilização de pressão positiva como método terapêutico. Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados, utilizando CPAP comparado a VNI como tratamento. A busca ocorreu nas bases de dados PubMed e Web of Science, incluindo-se estudos publicados entre 2008 e 2017. Foram selecionados 4 artigos, dois estudos comparando CPAP e binível. Apresentaram semelhança na melhora entre os grupos. O terceiro estudo comparou com grupo controle, sendo ambas eficientes em relação ao GC com melhora na PaCO2, Bic, sintomas clínicos, parâmetros polissonográficos e efeitos secundários. O quarto estudo apresentou para Suporte de Pressão Assegurada de Volume Médio (AVAPS-AE), eficácia de CPAP e binível na redução de surtos noturnos de pressão arterial. Dessa forma observa-se similar eficácia entre ambas as estratégias, e ambas são mais eficazes quando comparadas a um grupo controle. (AU)


Subject(s)
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome , Respiration, Artificial , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Obesity
11.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 32(5): 577-583, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526070

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es uno de los trastornos respiratorios del sueño más prevalente con consecuencias cardiovasculares y de calidad de vida conocidas. El presente artículo describe el uso de herramientas sencillas aplicables en la práctica clínica para el reconocimiento y objetivación de signos y síntomas para un correcto diagnóstico y seguimiento de pacientes con SAOS


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most prevalent sleep respiratory disorders with well known cardiovascular disease and quality of life outcomes. This article describes a simple toolkit intended for clinical screening, diagnosis and follow up in OSA patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Physical Examination , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Telemedicine , Risk Assessment , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Sleepiness
12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 333-337, May-Jun. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285694

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Upper airway resistance may accompany eustachian dysfunction and alter middle ear pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Objective To investigate effects of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and continuous positive airway pressure treatment on eustachian tube functions. Methods Forty-two mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients, 45 moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients, 47 severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients with continuous positive airway pressure therapy, 32 severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients without continuous positive airway pressure therapy, and 88 individuals without sleep apnea (controls) were included. Tympanometric parameters of groups were compared. Results Right middle ear pressures in mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome groups did not differ significantly from that of control group (p = 0.93 and p = 0.55), as was also true of the left middle ear pressures (p = 0.94 and p = 0.86). Right middle ear pressure was significantly higher in severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome groups than in the control group, as was the left middle ear pressure (p < 0.001). Middle ear pressure (negative) was significantly lower in severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients with continuous positive airway pressure therapy compared to those without (p < 0.001). Right ear type B and C tympanogram frequencies were significantly higher in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome without continuous positive airway pressure therapy (12.4%) than in the controls (0%) (p = 0.02). Left ear type B or C tympanogram frequencies were significantly higher in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome without continuous positive airway pressure therapy (21.9%) than in the controls (0%) (p = 0.002). Conclusion Mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome did not affect middle ear pressure but severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome may increase the (negative) middle ear pressure. In severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients, long-term continuous positive airway pressure therapy may normalize middle ear pressure.


Resumo Introdução A resistência das vias aéreas superiores pode se acompanhar de disfunção da trompa de Eustáquio e alterar a pressão na orelha média em pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono Objetivo Investigar os efeitos do tratamento da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas nas funções da trompa de Eustáquio. Método Foram incluídos 42 pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono leve, 45 pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono moderada, 47 pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave submetidos à terapia de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas, 32 pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave sem terapia de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas e 88 indivíduos sem apneia do sono (controle). Os parâmetros timpanométricos dos grupos foram comparados. Resultados As pressões na orelha média direita nos grupos com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono leve e moderada não diferiram significantemente das do grupo controle (p = 0,93 e p = 0,55), assim como nas pressões da orelha média esquerda (p = 0,94 e p = 0,86). A pressão na orelha média direita foi significantemente maior nos grupos com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave do que no grupo controle, assim como a pressão na orelha média esquerda (p < 0,001). A pressão negativa na orelha média foi significantemente menor nos pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave submetidos à terapia com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas em comparação com aqueles que não receberam tratamento (p < 0,001). As frequências dos timpanogramas do tipo B e C da orelha direita foram significantemente maiores em pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sonograve que não receberam terapia com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas (12,4%) do que nos controles (0%) (p = 0,02). As frequências dos timpanogramas do tipo B ou C na orelha esquerda foram significantemente maiores em pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sonograve que não receberam terapia com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas (21,9%) do que nos controles (0%) (p = 0,002). Conclusão Síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono leve e moderada não afetou a pressão da orelha média, mas a síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave pode aumentar a pressão negativa da orelha média. Em pacientes com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono grave, a terapia em longo prazo com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas pode normalizar a pressão da orelha média.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Eustachian Tube , Acoustic Impedance Tests , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
13.
West Indian med. j ; 69(1): 9-14, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on basal metabolism rate (BMR) in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). Methods: Demographic characteristics, body mass index (BMI), apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) and smoking history of the patients were recorded. Basal metabolism rate was measured via indirect calorimetry in the morning following nights of polysomnography and CPAP titration. Basal metabolism rate, oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide output (VCO2) levels were compared before and after CPAP administration. Results: A total of 25 patients with a mean age of 51.4 ± 13.7 years were included in the study: 6 (24%) female and 19 (76%) male. A significant reduction in the BMR (p = 0.049), VO2 (p = 0.042) and VCO2 (p = 0.008) values were observed after a single night administration of CPAP as compared to before treatment. Furthermore, it was detected that this reduction provided by CPAP treatment was more significant in current smokers, patients with AHI > 60 and BMI ≥ 30. Conclusion: It is suggested that there is a correlation between BMR and the severity of OSAS, and it is possible to provide a significant reduction in BMR with single night administration of CPAP depending on the patient's smoking history, degree of obesity and disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Basal Metabolism/physiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Polysomnography
14.
Clinics ; 76: e2926, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe the MORPHEOS (Morbidity in patients with uncontrolled HTN and OSA) trial, and describe the challenges imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: MORPHEOS is a multicenter (n=6) randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the blood pressure (BP) lowering effects of treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or placebo (nasal strips) for 6 months in adult patients with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) and moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients using at least one antihypertensive medication were included. Uncontrolled HTN was confirmed by at least one abnormal parameter in the 24-hour ABPM and ≥80% medication adherence evaluated by pill counting after the run-in period. OSA was defined by an apnea-hypopnea index ≥15 events/hours. The co-primary endpoints are brachial BP (office and ambulatory BP monitoring, ABPM) and central BP. Secondary outcomes include hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD) to heart, aorta, eye, and kidney. We pre-specified several sub-studies from this investigation. Visits occur once a week in the first month and once a month thereafter. The programmed sample size was 176 patients but the pandemic prevented this final target. A post-hoc power analysis will be calculated from the final sample. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02270658. RESULTS: The first 100 patients are predominantly males (n=69), age: 52±10 years, body mass index: 32.7±3.9 kg/m2 with frequent co-morbidities. CONCLUSIONS: The MORPHEOS trial has a unique study design including a run-in period; pill counting, and detailed analysis of hypertension-mediated organ damage in patients with uncontrolled HTN that will allow clarification of the impact of OSA treatment with CPAP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , COVID-19 , Hypertension/therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Blood Pressure , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e10974, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285663

ABSTRACT

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used to improve gas exchange and diaphragmatic function, among others benefits. Moreover, it can be used to increase exercise tolerance and positively influence ventilatory function and breathing pattern (BP) during exercise. However, there is no information about the long-term effects of CPAP, as an adjunct to an inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program, on BP and heart rate variability (HRV) of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Twenty patients were allocated to receive, after randomization, standard inpatient CR without CPAP (control group - CG) or CR with CPAP between 10 to 12 cmH2O (CPAP group - CPG) associated with the exercises. Participants were assessed preoperatively and on the discharge day, in the sitting rest position. Outcome measurements included BP variables, collected by respiratory inductive plethysmography, and HRV, collected by polar precision performance. The CPG presented lower values of percent rib cage inspiratory and expiratory contributions to tidal volume (%RCi and %RCe) at discharge time, compared to CG. No statistical differences between groups were observed for HRV variables and both groups presented lower values of these indices, compared to preoperative ones. In this context, the patients who received CPAP throughout the whole rehabilitation program were discharged with a better BP, which could indicate more synchronized breathing. CPAP did not influence cardiac autonomic modulation in the long term.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Respiration , Coronary Artery Bypass , Heart Rate
17.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-7, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988116

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prematurity is a major cause of neonatal death. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the recognized initial intervention among preterm neonates in respiratory distress. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) may help improve neonatal outcomes. @*Objective@#To determine the effectiveness of KMC in reducing morbidity and mortality among preterm neonates on CPAP via RAM nasal cannula (nCPAP). @*Methods@#A prospective, non-blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted on eligible preterm neonates requiring nCPAP due to respiratory distress. They were randomly allocated to either KMC (n=35) or conventional care groups (n=35). Outcome measures included duration of nCPAP and oxygen support, physiologic parameters, morbidity, mortality, and length of hospital stay. @*Results@#The durations of nCPAP and oxygen support were both significantly shorter in the KMC group. Morbidities (air leak syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis) were also significantly lower in the KMC group. Although the mortality rate and the hospital stay were lower in the KMC group, these were not statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#KMC effectively decreased the duration of nCPAP and oxygen support, as well as the incidence of neonatal morbidities. There were trends towards reduced mortality and length of hospital stay in the neonates who received KMC.


Subject(s)
Kangaroo-Mother Care Method , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 647-653, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132646

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with positive airway pressure in children is restricted due to concerns that it could affect maxilla growth over time. Objective: To undertake a systematic review of the literature about the long-term impact of using a positive airway pressure mask on the midface in growing individuals. Methods: The literature search was conducted in September 2019 using the keywords ("long-term" OR "long term" OR "side effects" OR longitudinal) AND (children OR child OR preschool OR adolescents OR adolescent OR infant OR infants) AND (craniofacial OR "mid-face" OR midface OR midfacial OR facial OR maxillary) AND ("airway pressure" OR ventilation) in the databases PubMed, Web of Science and Lilacs. The search included papers published in English, until September 2019, on the effects of positive airway pressure on midfacial growth. Results: The search strategy identified five studies: two case reports, two cross-sectional studies and one retrospective cohort study. All studies evaluated the long-term effects of a using a nasal mask on the midface in children and adolescents; four showed midface hypoplasia and one no showed difference post- treatment compared to a control. Conclusion: Most of the studies demonstrated that long-term use of nasal positive airway pressure in childhood/adolescence is associated with midface hypoplasia.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono com pressão positiva nas vias aéreas em crianças é restrito devido a preocupações de que possa afetar o crescimento da maxila em longo prazo. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre o impacto em longo prazo do uso de uma máscara de pressão positiva nas vias aéreas na face média em indivíduos em crescimento. Método: A pesquisa bibliográfica foi realizada em setembro de 2019 utilizando as palavras-chave (long-term OR side effects OR longitudinal) AND (children OR child OR preschool OR adolescents OR adolescent OR infant OR infants) AND (craniofacial OR mid-face OR midface OR midfacial OR facial OR maxillary) AND (airway pressure OR ventilation) nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Science e Lilacs. A pesquisa incluiu artigos publicados em inglês, até setembro de 2019, sobre os efeitos da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas no crescimento médio-facial. Resultados: A estratégia de busca identificou cinco estudos: dois relatos de casos, dois estudos transversais e um estudo de coorte retrospectivo. Todos os estudos avaliaram os efeitos em longo prazo do uso de máscara nasal na face média em crianças e adolescentes; quatro apresentaram hipoplasia da face média e um paciente não mostrou diferença após o tratamento em comparação com um controle. Conclusão: A maioria dos estudos demonstrou que o uso prolongado da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas nasal na infância/adolescência está associado à hipoplasia da face média.


Subject(s)
Humans , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Maxilla
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(5): 44-50, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133688

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The most prescribed treatment option for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is CPAP; however, its adherence is limited. Oral Appliance therapy (OAT) is frequently an option or even an adjuvant, being the mandibular advancement Oral Appliance (OAm) the most used prescription. It modifies the upper airway, improving the airway patency. OAm construction is based on the occlusal plane to disocclusion. In this study, the DIORS® appliance was used, a singular OAm, based on Neuro-Occlusal Rehabilitation concepts, that uses Camper's plane as a disocclusion reference, in order to achieve neuromuscular balance and functional stability. Objective: This study primarily aimed to assess the DIORS® effectiveness in relation to clinical and polysomnographic outcomes. It was also evaluated if the use of DIORS® is as effective as titrated CPAP to treat CPAP non-adherent patients. Methods: Twenty patients were included in this study. Objective and subjective clinical data were assessed at a sleep laboratory using all-night polysomnography, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), taken at three moments: Baseline, CPAP titration, and using DIORS®. Analysis of respiratory parameters as apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), oxyhemoglobin saturation levels, the arousal index and daytime sleepiness were taken as criteria for a successful OAT. Results: Respiratory and arousal parameters improved in both therapies, while DIORS® promoted a better ESS. Conclusion: Results from the present work support that DIORS® is a viable and effective adjuvant therapy for patients with moderate to severe OSA non-adherent to CPAP.


RESUMO Introdução: A opção mais indicada para tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é o CPAP; contudo, a aderência é limitada. A Terapia com Aparelho Oral (TAO) é, frequentemente, uma opção, ou mesmo um adjuvante. A prescrição mais utilizada é o Aparelho Oral de avanço mandibular (AOm). O AOm modifica a via aérea superior, melhorando a patência do espaço aéreo. A construção do AOm se baseia no plano de oclusão para desoclusão. No presente estudo, usamos o DIORS®, um AOm diferente, baseado nos conceitos da Reabilitação Neuro-Oclusal (RNO), que utiliza o Plano de Camper como referência da desoclusão para alcançar o equilíbrio neuromuscular e estabilidade funcional. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal abordar a eficácia do DIORS®, considerando-se os resultados clínicos e polissonográficos. Adicionalmente, foi avaliado, também, se o uso desse AOm é tão eficaz quanto a titulação do CPAP para tratar pacientes com AOS não aderentes ao CPAP. Métodos: Vinte pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo. Dados clínicos objetivos e subjetivos foram avaliados em um laboratório de sono usando polissonografia de noite inteira e a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ESE) observando-se três momentos: inicial, titulação do CPAP e usando o DIORS®. Os critérios de sucesso da TAO foram assumidos pela análise dos parâmetros respiratórios como Índice de Apneia e Hipopneia (IAH) e níveis de saturação de oxi-hemoglobina, o índice de despertar e a sonolência diurna. Resultados: Em ambas as terapias, os parâmetros respiratórios e de despertares melhoraram. Adicionalmente, uma melhora na ESE foi alcançada com o DIORS®. Conclusão: Os resultados do presente trabalho apoiam que o DIORS® é uma terapia adjuvante viável e bastante eficaz para pacientes com AOS moderada a grave não aderentes ao CPAP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Treatment Outcome , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(4): 422-431, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness and complications caused by the use of the high-flow nasal cannula in relation to the post-extubation continuous positive airway pressure system in preterm newborns. Data Sources: The searches were performed from January 2013 to December 2018 in the PubMed and Embase databases, as well as a manual search on the internet. Data Synthesis: Two reviewers independently conducted the search, and a third reviewer resolved questions that arose. Ninety-eight articles from the chosen sources were evaluated, and 66 were discarded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria (inadequate topic, age range, or design, in addition to the duplicates). Fifteen articles were read in full, and five more were discarded due to inadequacy to the topic or design. There were ten articles left for systematic review and four for meta-analysis. The study showed non-inferiority in terms of therapeutic failure of the high-flow nasal cannula in relation to continuous positive airway pressure after extubation of preterm newborns. In the meta-analysis, nasal trauma was significantly lower in patients submitted to the high-flow nasal cannula compared to those using continuous positive airway pressure (p < 0.00001). Conclusion: The high-flow nasal cannula is not inferior to continuous positive airway pressure for post-extubation respiratory support in preterm newborns with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less and greater than 28 weeks, in addition to resulting in less nasal trauma.


Resumo Objetivo: Realizar revisão sistemática e metanálise para avaliar efetividade e complicações decorrentes do uso da cânula nasal de alto fluxo em relação ao sistema de pressão positiva contínua de vias aéreas no período pós-extubação em recém-nascidos prematuros. Fontes dos dados: As buscas foram feitas de janeiro de 2013 a dezembro de 2018 nas bases de dados PubMed, Embase e busca manual em arquivos da internet. Resumo dos dados: Dois revisores fizeram a busca de forma independente, um terceiro revisor ficou para dirimir dúvidas. Foram avaliados 98 artigos das fontes escolhidas, 66 descartados por não se enquadrar nos critérios de inclusão (tema, faixa etária ou desenho inadequados, além dos duplicados). Foram lidos 15 artigos na íntegra, foram descartados mais 5 por inadequação ao tema ou desenho. Restaram 10 artigos para revisão sistemática e 4 para metanálise. O estudo evidenciou não inferioridade em termos de falha terapêutica da cânula nasal de alto fluxo em relação ao sistema de pressão positiva contínua de vias aéreas na pós-extubação de recém-nascidos prematuros. Na metanálise, foi significativamente menor o trauma nasal nos pacientes em cânula nasal de alto fluxo em relação ao que usaram sistema de pressão positiva contínua de vias aéreas (p < 0,00001). Conclusão: A cânula nasal de alto fluxo não é inferior ao sistema de pressão positiva contínua de vias aéreas para o suporte respiratório pós-extubação de recém-nascidos prematuros com idade gestacional igual a ou menor do que 32 semanas e maior do que 28 semanas, além de provocar menos trauma nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Airway Extubation , Cannula , Infant, Premature , Gestational Age , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
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