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Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 310-316, oct. 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1390872


Introducción. El compromiso renal (CR) en niñosinternados con enfermedad por coronavirus2019 (COVID-19, por su sigla en inglés) varía entre el 1,2 % y el 44 %. Dado que existe limitada información local, el objetivo primario de este estudio fue estimar la prevalencia de CR en nuestro medio. Población y métodos. Estudio transversalrealizado en 13 centros de Argentina entre marzo y diciembre de 2020. Se incluyeron pacientes internados con COVID-19, de 1 mes a 18 años y que tuvieran al menos una determinación de creatinina sérica y/o de orina completa.Se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedad renal conocida. Se consideró CR la presencia de lesión renal aguda (LRA), proteinuria, hematuria, leucocituria y/o hipertensión arterial (HTA). Resultados. De 528 historias clínicas elegibles, seincluyeron las de 423 pacientes (el 55,0 % de sexo masculino, mediana de edad 5,3 años). El cuadro clínico fue asintomático en el 31 %, leve en el 39,7 %, moderado en el 23,9 %, grave en el 1,2 %, crítico en el 0,7 %, y el 3,5 % presentó síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico pediátrico (SIMP). Dos pacientes (0,47 %) fallecieron. La prevalencia de CR fue del 10,8 % (intervalo de confianza 95% 8,2-14,2), expresada por leucocituria (16,9 %), proteinuria (16,0 %), hematuria (13,2 %), HTA (3,7 %) y LRA (2,3 %). Ninguno requirió diálisis. Presentar CR se asoció (p <0,0001) con formas graves de enfermedad. Conclusión. La prevalencia de CR en pacientes pediátricos internados con COVID-19 en 13 centros de nuestro país fue del 10,8 % y predominó en las formas clínicas graves.

Introduction. Renal involvement among pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ranges between 1.2% and 44%. Given the limited information available locally, the primary objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of renal involvement in our setting. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study conducted in 13 Argentine sites between March and December 2020. Patients aged 1 month to 18 years hospitalized due to COVID-19 and with at least one measurement of serum creatinine and/or a urinalysis were included. Those with a known kidney disease were excluded. Renal involvement was defined as the presence of acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria, hematuria, leukocyturia and/or arterial hypertension (HTN). Results. Among 528 eligible medical records, 423 patients were included (55.0% were males; median age: 5.3 years). The clinical presentation was asymptomatic in 31%; mild, in 39.7%; moderate, in 23.9%; severe, in 1.2%; critical, in 0.7%; and 3.5% had multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Two patients (0.47%) died. The prevalence of renal involvement was 10.8% (95% confidence interval: 8.2­14.2); it was described as leukocyturia (16.9%), proteinuria (16.0%), hematuria (13.2%), HTN (3.7%), and AKI (2.3%). No patient required dialysis. Renal involvement was associated with severe forms of disease (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. The prevalence of renal involvement among pediatric patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 in 13 Argentine sites was 10.8%; severe forms of disease prevailed.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Proteinuria/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Creatinine , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematuria/etiology , Hematuria/epidemiology
Acta cir. bras ; 37(1): e370107, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413349


Purpose: To analyze the role of serum creatinine levels as a biomarker of intracranial aneurysm outcomes. Methods: This is a prospective analysis of outcomes of patients with intracranial aneurysm. One hundred forty-seven patients with serum creatinine at admission and 6 months follow up were included. Linear and logistic regressions were used to analyze the data. Modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to assess outcome. Results: Creatinine level was not directly related to aneurysm outcome nor aneurysm rupture (p > 0.05). However, patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) lower than 72.50 mL·min­1 had an odds ratio (OR) of 3.049 (p = 0.006) for worse outcome. Similarly, aneurysm rupture had an OR of 2.957 (p = 0.014) for worse outcomes. Stepwise selection model selected 4 variables for outcomes prediction: serum creatinine, sex, hypertension and treatment. Hypertensive patients had, on average, an increase in 0.588 in mRS (p = 0.022), while treatment with microsurgery had a decrease in 0.555 (p = 0.038). Conclusions: Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Creatinine presented an indirect role in GFR values and should be included in models for outcome prediction.

Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/prevention & control , Creatinine/analysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Linear Models
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 158 p.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393264


Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW), a proxy for hostile intrauterine environment, has been associated with these diseases in adulthood. In Brazil, there is scarce literature on the association of LBW with blood pressure (BP) or kidney and pancreatic functions in adults. The big ELSA-Brasil database allowed to explore whether: 1) pre-diabetic individuals could have kidney function impairment, detectable by renal biomarkers; 2) LBW is associated with less favorable BP levels and kidney and pancreatic function in adulthood compared to normal birth weight. Objectives: To analyze the association of LBW with BP and biomarkers of kidney and endocrine-pancreatic function in adults without DM or nephropathy. The specific objectives were: Paper 1: to review the literature on the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in pre-diabetic individuals. Paper 2: to assess serum Cystatin C (sCys C) as an early marker of kidney dysfunction in individuals without DM. Paper 3: to compare BP levels and kidney function biomarkers (estimated glomerular filtration rate - eGFR, albumin-creatinine ratio - ACR and sCys C) according to the presence of LBW and to analyze their associations with BP and kidney function biomarkers in individuals without DM or nephropathy. Paper 4: to compare markers of ß-cell function and insulin sensitivity (HOMA-ß, HOMA-IR, HOMA-AD, QUICKI, TyG and TG/HDL) according to the presence of LBW and to analyze LBW associations with markers of ß-cell function and insulin sensitivity. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of ELSA-Brasil data includes 2 fronts: assessment of the LBW associations with BP and kidney function and with endocrine-pancreatic function. Individuals aged > 60 years, BMI < 18.5 kg/m², DM, kidney, thyroid and liver dysfunction were excluded. Sociodemographic data, lifestyle, birth weight and previous diseases were collected by questionnaires, and clinical and laboratory data in the HU/USP. Dependent variables were BP, biomarkers of kidney and pancreatic functions, and independent variable was LBW. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test and continuous variables by Student t test or the Wilcoxon test. Multiple linear regression models were employed to analyze associations between LBW and the outcome variables. Directed acyclic graph (DAG) was used to make the minimum necessary adjustment to the models. The propensity score method was applied to homogenize differences in sample size. Results: Paper 1: Prevalence of DKD ranged from 4.5 to 26.0% in pre-diabetic individuals. Considering eGFR in isolation, the prevalence rates varied from 4.5 to 21.3%, based only on ACR from 7.0 to 26.0% and based on combined criteria the prevalence was between 12.3 and 17.7%. Paper 2: Pre-diabetic individuals had higher sCys C levels than normoglycemic ones [0.67 (0.41-0.95) vs 0.48 (0.31-0.81) mg/L, p<0.001] and lower eGFR (96.3±17.4 vs 100.6±17.1 mL/min/1.73m², p<0.001). Normoglycemic hyperfiltrating individuals had lower sCys C than normofiltrating ones (p=0.035). Comparing eGFR levels between groups, this gradually decreased as the sCys C and ACR parameters worsened (p-trend=0.06). Paper 3: The LBW group had higher systolic (p=0.015) and diastolic BP (p=0.014) and ACR values (p=0.031), and lower eGFR (p=0.015) than normal birth weight. The preterm group had higher mean BP levels, but no difference in kidney function was detected. In a regression model, BP levels were associated with LBW, but this association disappeared after adding prematurity, which remained associated with BP (p=0.017). Having applied propensity score matching, LBW was associated with ACR (p=0.003), but not with eGFR or BP levels. Paper 4: Individuals with LBW or normal birth weight reported similar BMI at the age 20 years and current BMI was slightly lower in the LBW group. Cardiometabolic and endocrine-pancreatic function parameters were within normal ranges. In regression analysis, log-transformed HOMA-ß, but not the other indexes, was associated with LBW (p=0.014) independent of sex, skin color, prematurity, and family history of DM. After applying propensity score matching LBW was associated with HOMA-AD and TG/HDL indexes. Discussion: Our findings suggest that individuals with near-normal glucose metabolism disturbance could have some impaired kidney function. Looking at early-life risk factors is relevant since their associations with BP and renal and pancreatic function biomarkers could already be identified even in healthy individuals, without DM and nephropathy. Prospective studies are needed to assess the predictive value aiming at proposing prevention measures.

Introdução: O baixo peso ao nascer (BPN), proxy de ambiente intrauterino hostil, tem sido associado a estas doenças no adulto. Em nosso meio, é escassa a literatura sobre associações de BPN com pressão arterial (PA) e função renal e endócrino-pancreática em adultos. O extenso banco de dados ELSA-Brasil permitiu explorar se: 1) indivíduos pré-diabéticos já poderiam apresentar acometimento renal, detectado de forma precoce por biomarcadores; 2) o BPN associar-se-ia no adulto à PA e marcadores de função renal e endócrino-pancreática mais desfavoráveis que nascidos de peso adequado. Objetivos: Analisar a associação do BPN com PA e marcadores de função renal e endócrino-pancreática em adultos sem DM e sem nefropatia. Os objetivos específicos foram: no Artigo 1, rever a literatura sobre a prevalência de doença renal diabética em indivíduos pré-diabéticos; Artigo 2, analisar a cistatina C sérica (sCys C) como marcador precoce de disfunção renal em indivíduos sem DM do ELSA-São Paulo; Artigo 3, comparar os valores de PA e de marcadores de função renal (taxa de filtração glomerular estimada - TFGe, razão albumina-creatinina - ACR e sCys C) segundo a presença de BPN e analisar sua associação com PA e marcadores de função renal, em indivíduios sem DM e nefropatia; Artigo 4, comparar os valores de marcadores de função de células ß e sensibilidade à insulina (HOMA-ß, HOMA-IR, HOMA-AD, QUICKI, TyG e TG/HDL), segundo a presença de BPN e analisar sua associação com marcadores de função de células ß e sensibilidade à insulina. Métodos: Análises transversais de dados do ELSA-Brasil contemplaram 2 frentes, associação do BPN com PA e função renal e com função pancreática. Foram excluídos indivíduos com >60 anos, IMC <18,5 kg/m², DM, disfunção renal, tireoidiana e hepática. Dados sociodemográficos e de saúde foram coletados por questionários e os clínico-laboratoriais no HU/USP. As variáveis dependentes foram PA, marcadores de função renal e pancreática e a independente o BPN. Variáveis categóricas foram comparadas pelo qui-quadrado e contínuas por teste t de Student ou Wilcoxon. Usou-se regressão linear múltipla para testar associações do peso ao nascer com desfechos e DAG para obter os mínimos ajustes necessários nos modelos. Aplicou-se o escore de propensão para homogeneizar diferenças nos tamanhos amostrais. Resultados: Artigo 1: Verificou-se prevalência de 4,5 a 26,0% de nefropatia diabética no pré-DM. Com base na TFGe, esta taxa variou de 4,5 a 21,3%, na albuminúria de 7,0 a 26,0% e quando combinadas de 12,3 a 17,7%. Artigo 2: Indivíduos com pré-DM tiveram maiores valores de sCys C que os normoglicêmicos [0,67 (0,41-0,95) vs 0,48 (0,31-0,81) mg/L, p<0,001] e menores de TFGe (96,3±17,4 vs 100,6±17,1 mL/min/1,73m², p<0,001). Normoglicêmicos hiperfiltrantes apresentaram valores menores de sCys C que os normofiltrantes (p=0,035). Comparando a TFGe entre os grupos, observou-se queda gradual à medida que pioravam a sCys C e ACR (p-trend=0,06). Artigo 3: O grupo com BPN apresentou níveis mais altos de PA sistólica (p=0,015), diastólica (p=0,014) e de ACR (p=0,031), e menores de TFGe (p=0,015) que o grupo nascido com peso normal. Os prematuros apresentaram níveis médios de PA mais altos que os nascidos com peso normal, mas não houve diferença em marcadores de função renal. À análise de regressão, níveis de PA sistólica e diastólica associaram-se com BPN, mas tal associação não se manteve após incluir prematuridade no modelo, a qual permaneceu associada com PA (p=0,017). Após aplicar escore de propensão, o BPN associou-se com ACR (p = 0.003) mas não com TFGe. Artigo 4: Indivíduos com BPN ou peso normal relataram valores similares de IMC aos 20 anos e o atual foi ligeiramente menor no grupo BPN. Seus dados cardiometabólicos e função endócrino-pancreática foram normais. Em análise de regressão, o HOMA-ß mas não outros índices associou-se ao BPN (p=0,014) independente do sexo, cor, prematuridade e história familiar de DM. Após aplicar o escore de propensão, BPN manteve associação com HOMA-AD e TG/HDL. Conclusão: Nossos achados sugerem que indivíduos com alterações iniciais do metabolismo da glicose já podem apresentar biomarcadores de função renal comprometidos. Atentar-se a eventos precoces da vida como o BPN e prematuridade é relevante, uma vez que associações com PA e biomarcadores de função renal e endócrino-pancreática já podem ser identificadas mesmo em indivíduos saudáveis sem DM e nefropatia. Estudos prospectivos são necessários para avaliar o valor preditivo vislumbrando propor medidas de prevenção.

Infant, Low Birth Weight , Insulin Resistance , Diabetic Nephropathies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Infant, Premature , Biomarkers , Creatinine , Albumins , Kidney Diseases
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18965, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364419


Abstract The aim of present study was to explore protective and curative effects of Malve neglecta on kidneys. In silco study with network pharmacology was performed to find out potential target organs, genes and cellular cell lines which confirmed kidneys as target organ of phyto-constituents present in Malva neglecta extract. Gentamicin (40 mg/kg, i.p) was given to induce renal toxicity. Prophylactic study was performed with 300-, 600- and 900 mg/kg doses to find out nephro-protective and -curative effects and curative potential was evaluated at 900 mg/kg dose. Renal function biomarkers, blood urea, BUN, serum creatinine and uric acid, and oxidative stress measuring biomarkers, SOD, CAT, GSH and MDA levels in kidney homogenate were quantified at the end of study. Treatment groups showed decrease in blood urea, BUN, serum creatinine and uric acid levels dose dependently and curative group also showed decline in these biomarkers. SOD, CAT, GSH levels were increased and MDA level decreased in treatment groups significantly as compared to toxic control which revealed the role of oxidative stress in renal damage and anti-oxidant power of MN. Data suggested that use of MN along with drugs causing renal toxicity may prove beneficial due to its nephro- protective and curative effects.

Animals , Male , Rats , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Malva/metabolism , Neglecta , Therapeutics/instrumentation , Gentamicins , Malvaceae/classification , Creatinine/administration & dosage , Dosage/methods , Antioxidants/adverse effects
Afr. j. health sci ; 35(3): 332-342, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380186


Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is considered one of the main public health problems. The effective management of these alterations is based on the early detection of renal lesions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the Cystatin C (CysC) assay in the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children hospitalized in pediatric intensive care units in Brazzaville. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty children at high risk of developing AKI were included. Consent form signed was obtained from parents, socio-demographic data, weight and height of children recorded. Creatinine (Cr), CysC and urea were assayed in serum 24 hours after admission. Glomerular filtration clearance was estimated using serum creatinine and CysC. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated from CysC and Cr. The diagnostic accuracy was determined by comparing the results of CysC to those of Cr (considered as a reference biomarker). RESULTS The median age was 5 years (with extremes ranging from 1 month to 17 years). Cr, CysC, urea, and GFR/Cr (mean ± standard deviation [range]) were 0.94±1.17 (0.2­ 1.4 mg/dl), 0.14 ± 0.062 (0.053-0.095 mg/l), 46.65±47.75 (15.0­45.0 mg/dl), 81.85±31.90 (≥190 ml/min per 1.73 m2 , respectively. The level of CysC in patients with ARL was significantly higher than that of children with normal renal function (p<0.001). Our results show that the performance of serum CysC in detecting AKI early was superior to that of serum Cr in children hospitalized in pediatric intensive care units in Brazzaville

Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Creatinine , Early Diagnosis , Cystatin C , Acute Kidney Injury , Diagnosis , Academic Medical Centers
Med. j. Zambia ; 49(2): 138-145, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1402633


Objective:To evaluate factors associated with Pregnancy-related KidneyInjury(PRAKI) inwomen admitted to high dependency care unit at Women and Newborn Hospital in Lusaka, ZambiaMethodology:This was an unmatched case-control study conducted in the high-dependency care unit at Women and Newborn Hospital in Lusaka. Study participantswererecruitedconsecutivelybyconveniencesampling.Participants'medicalrecords were reviewed to capture serum creatinine levels;whileastructuredquestionnairewasadministeredto eligible andconsentedstudy participants to capture data on sociodemographic, obstetric, and medical factors. Serum creatinine levels above 84µmol/l were used as criteria for classifying PRAKI. Excel was used for data cleaningandStatav13usedforanalysis.Descriptive statistics were done for all variables followed by univariate and multivariable logistic regression to determine association. 95% CI was usedand p value of<0.05 was consideredsignificant.Results:Thestudy comprised of185 study participants, split into 85 women with PRAKI (cases) and 100 women without PRAKI (controls). The median age was 29 years with 11years interquartile range. 75.3%of the study participants wereinmarriagerelationships.Pre-existinghypertension was the most prevalent medical condition in both the cases (51.8%) and the controls (38%). Sickle celldisease was much less common at 1.2% in cases and 8% in controls. Among the obstetric conditions, preeclampsia was the most common condition at 77.6% and 60% in cases and controls respectively. Eclampsia was found in 38.8% of cases and 11% of controls. Sepsis was least common at 4.7% of cases. This study found that obstetricfactorssuch as eclampsia (AOR = 5.12, 95% CI [2.14 ­ 12.23]; p≤0.0001), preeclampsia (AOR = 2.46, 95% CI [1.12 ­ 5.39]; p = 0.025), and postpartum haemorrhage were associated with the development of PRAKI. Medical conditions were not associated with PRAKI.

Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Pre-Eclampsia , Creatinine , Eclampsia , Postpartum Hemorrhage
Med.lab ; 26(4): 365-374, 2022. Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412529


Introducción. El correcto análisis en la interpretación de los resultados de cualquier analito biológico es esencial para la salud del paciente y está fuertemente ligado a contrastar dichos resultados con los intervalos biológicos referenciales que estén acorde a la población que está siendo analizada diariamente. El objetivo de este artículo, fue establecer intervalos referenciales (IR) en adultos para glicemia, urea, creatinina, ácido úrico, colesterol total y triglicéridos en un laboratorio clínico y comparar los valores obtenidos con los incluidos en los insertos para ese rango de edad. Metodología. La población fue de 561 adultos de ambos sexos, aparentemente sanos, que acudieron a Biomasterclin Laboratorio en Valencia, Venezuela, y cuyas edades fueron de 57,1±18,1 años. Resultados. Los IR obtenidos fueron glicemia 63,0-108,8 mg/dL, urea 17,7-54,9 mg/dL, creatinina 0,60-1,41 mg/dL, ácido úrico 0,89-7,26 mg/dL, colesterol total 78,5-251,1 mg/dL y triglicéridos 39,5-176,0 mg/dL. Los IR propuestos por la casa comercial empleada para la determinación de la glicemia y la creatinina pudieron ser transferidos a la población evaluada, mientras que el resto de los IR no. Conclusión. Debido a las diferencias que se presentan entre los IR en los estuches comerciales comparados con los de la población de individuos que acuden a los laboratorios clínicos, se hace necesario establecer IR para ser empleados en cada laboratorio clínico

The correct analysis in the interpretation of the results of any biological analyte is essential for the health of the patient and it is strongly linked to comparing those results with reference ranges that are in accordance with the population that is being analyzed on a daily basis. The objective of this study was to establish reference ranges in adults for glycemia, urea, creatinine, uric acid, total cholesterol and triglycerides in a clinical laboratory and compare the values obtained with those included in the inserts for the corresponding age group. Methodology. The population consisted of 561 apparently healthy adults of both sexes that attended Biomasterclin Laboratorio in Valencia, Venezuela, whose ages were 57.1±18.1 years. Results. The reference ranges obtained for glycemia were 63.0- 108.8 mg/dL, urea 17.7-54.9 mg/dL, creatinine 0.60-1.41 mg/dL, uric acid 0.89- 726 mg/dL, total cholesterol 78.5-251.1 mg/dL and triglycerides 39.5-176.0 mg/ dL. The reference ranges proposed by the commercial kits used for the determination of glycemia and creatinine could be transferred to the evaluated population, while the rest of the reference ranges could not. Conclusion. Due to the differences that occur between the reference ranges in commercial kits compared to those of the population of individuals who attend clinical laboratories, it is necessary to establish reference values in each clinical laboratory

Humans , Reference Values , Urea , Uric Acid , Blood Glucose , Creatinine
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928974


OBJECTIVES@#Renal cancer is a common malignancy of the urinary system, and the partial nephrectomy is a common surgical modality for early renal cancer. 3D printing technology can create a visual three-dimensional model by using 3D digital models of the patient's imaging data. With this model, surgeons can perform preoperative assessment to clarify the location, depth, and blood supply of the tumor, which helps to develop preoperative plans and achieve better surgical outcomes. In this study, the R.E.N.A.L scoring system was used to stratify patients with renal tumors and to explore the clinical application value of 3D printing technology in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 114 renal cancer patients who received laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Xiangya Hospital from June 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled. The patients were assigned into an experimental group (n=52) and a control group (n=62) according to whether 3D printing technology was performed, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the 2 groups were compared. Thirty-nine patients were assigned into a low-complexity group (4-6 points), 32 into a moderate-complexity group (7-9 points), and 43 into a high-complexity group (10-12 points) according to R.E.N.A.L score, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the experimental group and the control group in each score group were compared.@*RESULTS@#The experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (all P<0.05), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.047), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine change (P=0.032) compared with the control group. In the low-complexity group, there were no statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in operation time, renal ischemia time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood creatinine changes, and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). In the moderate- and high- complexity groups, the experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (P<0.05 or P<0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.022 and P<0.001, respectively), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine changes (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively) compared with the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with renal tumor patients with R.E.N.A.L score<7, renal cancer patients with R.E.N.A.L score≥7 may benefit more from 3D printing assessment before undergoing partial nephrectomy.

Blood Loss, Surgical , Creatinine , Female , Humans , Ischemia , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Male , Nephrectomy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 317-323, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927516


BACKGROUND@#Vancomycin treatment failure against vancomycin-susceptible gram-positive cocci is not rare in the intensive care unit (ICU). One of the reasons for this is the substandard drug trough concentration. We aimed to examine the hypothesis that the target serum concentration could be reached earlier with a loading dose of vancomycin.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted at our ICU between June 2018 and June 2020 and involved patients who were suspected of having, or confirmed to have, gram-positive cocci infection and treated with vancomycin. One group of the patients was administered a loading dose of vancomycin (loading group) and compared with the group that did not receive a loading dose (control group). The baseline characteristics, vancomycin serum concentrations, and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-five patients were finally included, of which 29 received a loading dose of vancomycin. The serum concentration of vancomycin before the second dose was significantly higher for the loading group than for the control group (10.3 ± 6.1 mg/L vs. 5.7 ± 4.4 mg/L, P = 0.002). The results for both groups were similar before the fifth dose (12.4 ± 7.3 mg/L vs. 10.3 ± 6.3 mg/L in the loading and the control groups, respectively; P = 0.251). The 28-day mortality was lower for the loading group than for the control group (6.7% vs. 34.6% in the loading and control groups, respectively; P = 0.026). No significant differences were observed in serum creatinine (Cr) concentrations of the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#With the loading dose of vancomycin, the target serum concentration of vancomycin may be reached earlier without increasing the risk of acute kidney injury.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#; ChiCTR2000035369.

Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Creatinine , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Retrospective Studies , Vancomycin
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935782


Objective: To establish an ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of creatinine (Cre) and 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA) in urine. Methods: In October 2020, the end-of-shift urine samples of the monitored subjects were taken, and the filtrate was prepared by centrifugation. After separated by ultra high performance liquid chromatography C18 column, acetonitrile and 0.2% acetic acid aqueous solution were used as mobile phases for gradient elution, the three quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry adopted an electrospray ion source (ESI) , the ion source temperature was 500 ℃ , and the air curtain gas flow rate was 31.4 L/min, qualitative and quantitative analysis of Cre and TTCA were carried out under the multiple reaction monitoring mode. Results: The linear range of Cre was 1.0-1 000.0 μg/L, the linear equation was y=947.3x-1605.6, and the correlation coefficient was 0.9994. The detection limit and the limit of quantitation were 0.3, 1.0 μg/L. When the addition concentrations were 50.0, 150.0 and 450.0 μg/L, the recovery rates were 92.8%-94.6% , the intra assay precisions were 3.6%-5.7% , and the inter assay precisions were 3.4%-5.4%. The linear range of TTCA was 0.1-200.0 μg/L, the linear equation was y=1164.7x-2243.9, and the correlation coefficient was 0.9991. The detection limit and the limit of quantitation were 0.03, 0.1 μg/L. When the addition concentrations were 10.0, 40.0 and 160.0 μg/L, the recovery rates were 90.8%-93.6%, the intra assay precisions were 4.6%-7.4%, and the inter assay precisions were 4.4%-6.9%. Conclusion: The sample pretreatment process of the ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of Cre and TTCA in urine is simple, and the continuous determination of Cre and TTCA in urine can be realized only by switching mass spectrometry parameters under the same chromatographic conditions, which is accurate and efficient, and each performance index of the method meets the determination requirements.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Creatinine , Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Thiazolidines
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 67-73, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368351


INTRODUCCIÓN. Las bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos se asocian con altas tasas de mortalidad a diferencia de las bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae sensibles a carbapenémicos. Los hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio son importantes para determinar los esquemas terapéuticos y su pronóstico; su diagnóstico precoz resulta esencial para un manejo adecuado. OBJETIVO. Relacionar valores de marcadores sanguíneos y bioquímicos en bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico transversal. Población de 427 y muestra de 224 datos de hemocultivos positivos para Enterobacteriaceae de pacientes atendidos en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el periodo mayo 2016 a julio 2018. Criterios de inclusión: i) al menos un hemocultivo positivo; ii) recuperación del aislado de CRE o CSE y iii) recolección simultanea de muestras de sangre y pruebas de laboratorio. Criterios de exclusión: i) bacteriemias polimicrobianas; ii) valores fuera de rango y iii) reportes sin valores numéricos. El análisis de datos se realizó mediante el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences versión 24.0. RESULTADOS. Se demostró que el recuento de leucocitos [OR 1,21 (95% IC: 1,03-1,43)], el recuento de plaquetas [OR 1,65 (95% IC: 1,37-1,98)] y el tiempo parcial de tromboplastina [OR 1,29 (95% IC: 1,04-1,60)] fueron buenas variables predictoras independientes, mediante análisis de regresión logística multivariante. CONCLUSIÓN. La trombocitopenia y el tiempo parcial de tromboplastina prolongado se asociaron con bacteremia causada por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos.

INTRODUCTION. Bacteremias caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are associated with high mortality rates in contrast to bacteremias caused by carbapenem-sensitive Enterobacteriaceae. Clinical and laboratory findings are important in determining therapeutic regimens and prognosis; early diagnosis is essential for appropriate management. OBJECTIVE. To relate blood and biochemical marker values in bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional analytical study. Population of 427 and sample of 224 blood culture data positive for Enterobacteriaceae from patients attended at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the period May 2016 to July 2018. Inclusion criteria: i) at least one positive blood culture; ii) recovery of CRE or CSE isolate and iii) simultaneous collection of blood samples and laboratory tests. Exclusion criteria: i) polymicrobial bacteremia; ii) out-of-range values and iii) reports without numerical values. Data analysis was performed using the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 24.0. RESULTS. Leukocyte count [OR 1.21 (95% CI: 1.03-1.43)], platelet count [OR 1.65 (95% CI: 1.37- 1.98)] and partial thromboplastin time [OR 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04-1.60)] were shown to be good independent predictor variables, by multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION. Thrombocytopenia and prolonged partial thromboplastin time were associated with bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Bacteremia/diagnosis , Bacteremia/blood , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/diagnosis , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/blood , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Blood Cell Count , Blood Coagulation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lactic Acid/blood , Creatinine/blood , Early Diagnosis , Albumins/analysis , Procalcitonin/blood
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 31(3): 176-187, 30-diciembre-2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352463


Introducción: La Nefropatía Inducida por Contraste (NIC) es una complicación causada por la ad-ministración intravenosa de medios de contrastes para estudios imagenológicos, lo cual incrementa la morbi-mortalidad y costos hospitalarios. La incidencia oscila el 2% en personas sin factores de riesgo, pudiendo llegar hasta el 25 a 50% cuando se asocian factores predisponentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desarrollo de NIC en pacientes oncológicos y no oncológicos hospitaliza-dos, sus características clínicas, prevalencia, factores asociados y aplicación de una escala de riesgo pre exposición. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en los Hospitales "Abel Gilbert Pontón" y el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo" - Guayaquil en el período Abril a Septiembre del 2020. La muestra fue no probabilística, de pacientes con y sin diagnóstico oncológico. En ambos grupos se requirió una tomografía contrastada. Se registró edad, sexo, tipo de cáncer, presencia de Diabetes Tipo 2 (DMT2), Hipertensión arterial, creatinina basal y a las 48 horas. Se usó una escala de preexposición para NIC. Se compara las prevalencias con Chi2, y las asociaciones con Odds Ratio. Resultados: Fueron 100 casos y 100 controles. La prevalencia de NIC fue 28% en no oncológicos y 22% en oncológicos (P=0.33), el factor de riesgo asociado fue la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (OR 2.19 [IC95% 1.0007 ­ 4.808; P=0.0498). El valor de creatinina previa no tuvo efecto sobre el desenlace de nefropatía. La distribución de categorías pre exposición no mostró diferencias significativas entre los pacientes que desarrollaron NIC en relación con los que no desarrollaron (P=0.063). Conclusión: El desarrollo de NIC no se ve influenciado por edad, sexo, paciente e HTA, pero si se ve asociado a la presencia de DM2. La estratificación de riesgo pre exposición no fue de utilidad en este caso, su distribución fue similar en pacientes con o sin NIC

Introduction: Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is a complication caused by intravenous administration of contrast media for imaging studies, which increases morbidity and mortality and hospital costs. The incidence ranges from 2% in people without risk factors, and can reach up to 25 to 50% when predisposing factors are associated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the develop-ment of CIN in hospitalized cancer and non-cancer patients, their clinical characteristics, prevalence, associated factors, and the application of a pre-exposure risk scale. Methodology: A case-control study was carried out at the "Abel Gilbert Pontón" Hospitals and the "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo "- Guayaquil in the period April to September 2020. The sample was non-probabilistic, of patients with and without oncological diagnosis. Contrast tomography was required in both groups. Age, sex, type of cancer, presence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), arterial hypertension, creatinine at baseline and at 48 hours were recorded. A pre-exposure scale for CIN was used. The prevalences are compared with Chi2, and the associations with Odds Ratio. Results: There were 100 cases and 100 controls. The prevalence of CIN was 28% in non-cancer patients and 22% in oncological patients (P = 0.33). The associated risk factor was Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (OR 2.19 [95% CI 1.0007 - 4.808; P = 0.0498). The previous creatinine value had no effect on the outcome of nephropathy. The distribution of pre-exposure categories did not show significant differences between the patients who developed CIN in relation to those who did not develop (P = 0.063). Conclusion: The development of CIN is not influenced by age, sex, patient and hypertension, but is associated with the presence of DM2. Pre-exposure risk stratification was not useful in this case, its distribution was similar in patients with or without CIN

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Contrast Media , Kidney Diseases , Tomography , Risk Factors , Creatinine
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 508-513, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340165


Abstract Objective: Serum levels of creatinine in neonates are quite variable and suffer interference from the immature kidney and maternal creatinine concentration. The aim of this study was to measure novel biomarkers of glomerular and tubular function in healthy preterm neonates at 72 h and 3 weeks of life. Methods: Urine samples were collected in 40 preterm neonates with 28-34 incomplete weeks of gestational age. None of the participants had comorbidities, malformations and infections. The samples were collected at 72 h of life and at 3 weeks after birth. Measurements of Calbindin, Collagen IV, FABP1, αGST, IP-10, KIM-1, Osteoactivin, Renin, TFF-3, TIMP-1, α-1-Microglobulin, Albumin, Clusterin, Cystatin C, EGF, Lipocalin-2/NGAL and Osteopontin were performed using panels 1 and 2 of multiplex kits of kidney injury. Data were analyzed using the software GraphPad Prism version 6.0. Results: The preterm neonates included 55% of males with gestational age of 30 ± 1 weeks. The most frequent maternal condition associated with preterm birth was preeclampsia (80%). Molecules related to glomerular function showed a significant increase in the concentrations obtained at 3 weeks of life compared to 72 h of life. Markers related to tubular injury (KIM-1 and NGAL) also showed an increase. On the other hand, cystatin C did not change. Conclusion: The elevation of molecules related to glomerular function indicates an increase of glomerular filtration rate from 72 h up until 3 weeks of life, which was not clearly detected with the measurement of cystatin C.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Premature Birth , Biomarkers , Creatinine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney/physiology
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 265-270, oct.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396061


Demostrar la correlación entre las ecuaciones MDRD, CKD-EPI con la depuración de creatinina de 24 horas en pacientes oncológicos. Estudio transversal realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional Dr Juan Tanca Marengo durante el periodo de tiempo comprendido entre el mes de agosto 2019 a agosto de 2020. Al evaluar las distintas variable MDRD obtuvo un valor promedio de 44,81 ml/min/m2 con un intervalo de 41,07 ­ 48,55 ml/min/m2 , la variable CKD-EPI el valor promedio fue 43,59 + 18,09 ml/min/m2 con un intervalo de 40,01 ­ 47,18 ml/min/m2 , para el estándar de referencia depuración de creatinina de 24 horas el promedio fue de 54ml/min/m2 Al evaluar la relación entre los dos estimadores de TFG se encontró que ambos presentan una fiabilidad regular presentando una correlación intraclase de 0,43 (p<0,05) entre los estimadores CKD-EPI y MDRD en relación con la TFG de creatinina de 24horas. Cuando se evaluó pacientes con tumores sólidos y hematológicos, se encontró una mayor correlación intraclase con la escala MDRD-4 0,60 (0,25 ­ 0,82) < 0,05 en tumores hematológicos en comparación con CKD-EPI. En la población general, CKD-EPI es la fórmula recomendada, y se está recomendado con mayor frecuencia en pacientes oncológicos. Nuestro estudio demostró que la ecuación MDRD es la fórmula que mejor se correlaciona con la depuración de creatinina de 24 horas, siendo mejor en el grupo de tumores hematológicos, pero no existe diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las dos ecuaciones.

To demonstrate the correlation between the MDRD, CKD-EPI equations with the 24-hour creatinine clearance in cancer patients. Cross-sectional study carried out at the National Oncological Institute Dr Juan Tanca Marengo during the period of time between the month of August 2019 to August 2020. When evaluating the different MDRD variables, an average value of 44.81 ml / min / m2 was obtained with an interval of 41.07 ­ 48.55 ml / min / m2, the CKD-EPI variable the average value was 43.59 + 18 , 09 ml / min / m2 with an interval of 40.01 ­ 47.18 ml / min / m2, for the reference standard creatinine clearance of 24 hours the average was 54 ml / min / m2 When evaluating the relationship between the two estimators of GFR, it was found that both present a regular reliability, presenting an intraclass correlation of 0.43 (p <0.05) between the CKD-EPI and MDRD estimators in relation to the 24-hour creatinine GFR. When patients with solid and hematological tumors were evaluated, a higher intraclass correlation was found with the MDRD-4 scale 0.60 (0.25 ­ 0.82) <0.05 in hematological tumors compared to CKD-EPI. In the general population, CKD-EPI is the recommended formulation, and it is more frequently recommended in cancer patients. Our study showed that the MDRD equation is the formula that best correlates with 24-hour creatinine clearance, being better in the group of hematological tumors, but there is no statistically significant difference between the two equations.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Creatinine/urine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Distribution , Kidney Diseases/physiopathology , Kidney Function Tests/methods
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1074, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357293


Introducción: El estado nutricional al ingreso influye en la evolución del paciente quirúrgico grave. La creatininuria, indicador de este estado, podría mostrar su posible asociación con la evolución de estos pacientes. Objetivos: Identificar la evolución de los pacientes quirúrgicos graves, con ventilación mecánica invasiva y su posible asociación con la creatininuria al ingreso. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo y longitudinal, en 85 pacientes quirúrgicos con ventilación mecánica invasiva, ingresados en la sala de cuidados intensivos, desde enero del 2000 a agosto del 2007. Se evaluó el índice APACHE II al ingreso y la creatininuria en la orina de 24 horas durante 3 días seguidos, con un equipo microprocesador Hitachi 902. El valor medio se contrastó con la mortalidad, morbilidad, estadía en cuidados intensivos y tiempo de ventilación mecánica. Las variables cuantitativas se expresaron como media, con desviación estándar y las cualitativas, como frecuencias absolutas o porcentajes. La comparación de medias se realizó con la t de Student. La asociación entre variables cualitativas se evaluó con ji cuadrado. Resultados: La edad media fue de 52,3 ± 15,8 años; el 54,1 por ciento correspondió al sexo masculino y el índice de APACHE II fue 20,4 ± 6 puntos. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue la peritonitis secundaria (49,4 por ciento). Los valores inferiores de creatininuria se asociaron a la mortalidad, presencia de complicaciones, mayor estadía en cuidados intensivos y del tiempo de ventilación mecánica. Conclusiones: La creatininuria al ingreso está asociada a la evolución de los pacientes quirúrgicos con ventilación mecánica invasiva(AU)

Introduction: The nutritional status at admission influences the evolution of the severely ill surgical patient. Urine creatinine, an indicator of this state, could show its possible association with the evolution of these patients. Objectives: To identify the evolution of critically ill surgical patients with invasive mechanical ventilation and its possible association with urine creatinine on admission. Methods: A descriptive and longitudinal observational study was carried out in 85 surgical patients with invasive mechanical ventilation, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit, from January 2000 to August 2007. The APACHE II index on admission and urine creatinine in the 24-hour urine for 3 consecutive days, with a Hitachi 902 microprocessor equipment. The mean value was contrasted with mortality, morbidity, stay in intensive care and time on mechanical ventilation. Quantitative variables were expressed as mean, with standard deviation, and qualitative variables, as absolute frequencies or percentages. The comparison of means was carried out with Student's t test. The association between qualitative variables was evaluated with chi square. Results: The mean age was 52,3 ± 15,8 years; 54,1 percent corresponded to the male sex and the APACHE II index was 20,4 ± 6 points. The most frequent diagnosis was secondary peritonitis (49,4 percent). Lower urine creatinine values ​​were associated with mortality, the presence of complications, a longer stay in intensive care and the time on mechanical ventilation. Conclusions: Urine creatinine on admission is associated with the evolution of surgical patients with invasive mechanical ventilation(AU)

Humans , Critical Illness , Creatinine , Creatinine/analysis , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Nutritional Status , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(3): 340-348, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340124


Abstract Introduction: GFR is estimated by using creatinine and cystatin C to determine renal dysfunction. Our aim was to evaluate estimated GFR (eGFR) based on cystatin C in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods: Study group included 52 controls (46% male, age: 54.5±12.4) and 101 diabetic patients (46.5% male, age: 58.2±11). The diabetics were divided into three subgroups according to 24-hour urine albumin: normal to mildly increased (A1) (n=51), moderately increased (A2) (n=25), severely increased (A3) (n=25) albuminuria. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) was determined. Correlations between CrCl and eGFRs estimated according to the CKD-EPI, MDRD, and Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formulas, and ROC curves were evaluated. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results: Only CKD-EPI-cys eGFR was significantly lower in the A1 group than the controls (p=0.021). All GFRs were lower in the A3 group than the control (CKD-EPI-cr, MDRD, CKD-EPI-cys, CKD-EPI-cr-cys: p=0.0001, CG and CrCl: p=0.001) and A1 (for all GFRs p=0.0001) groups. CKD-EPI-cr (p=0.004), MDRD (p=0.01), CG (p=0.037), CKD-EPI-cys (p=0.033), and CKD-EPI-cr-cys (p=0.016) eGFRs in the A2 group were significantly different from the A1 group. All eGFRs showed a moderate correlation with CrCl in the A1group (CKD-EPI-cr and CKD-EPI-cr-cys: r=0.49, p=0.0001, MDRD: r=0.44, p=0.001, CG r=0.48, p=0.0001: CKD-EPI-cys r=0.40, p=0.004). The area under the CKD-EPI-cys ROC curve was the highest and found to be 0.847 (95%CI 0.763-0.931, p=0.0001). Conclusions: Our results showed that the CKD-EPI-cys eGFR can be useful in detecting the early stage of DN and more predictive than the others for prediction of DN.

Resumo Introdução: A TFG é estimada usando creatinina e cistatina C para determinar a disfunção renal. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar a TFG estimada (TFGe) com base na cistatina C em pacientes com diabetes do tipo 2 com nefropatia diabética (ND). Métodos: O grupo de estudo incluiu 52 controles (46% homens, idade: 54,5±12,4) e 101 pacientes diabéticos (46,5% homens, idade: 58,2±11). Os diabéticos foram divididos em três subgrupos de acordo com a albumina na urina de 24 horas: albuminúria normal a levemente aumentada (A1) (n=51), moderadamente aumentada (A2) (n=25) e severamente aumentada (A3) (n=25). Foi determinado o clearance de creatinina (Clcr). As correlações entre Clcr e TFGe calculadas de acordo com as fórmulas CKD-EPI, MDRD, e Cockcroft-Gault (CG), e as curvas ROC foram avaliadas. Os dados foram analisados usando o SPSS 22.0. Resultados: Somente a TFGe CKD-EPI-cis foi significativamente menor no grupo A1 do que nos controles (p=0,021). Todas as TFGs foram mais baixas no grupo A3 do que no grupo controle (CKD-EPI-cr, MDRD, CKD-EPI-cis, CKD-EPI-cr-cis: p=0,0001, CG e Clcr: p=0,001) e no grupo A1 (para todas as TFGs p=0,0001). As TFGes CKD-EPI-cr (p=0,004), MDRD (p=0,01), CG (p=0,037), CKD-EPI-cis (p=0,033), e CKD-EPI-cr-cis (p=0,016) no grupo A2 foram significativamente diferentes do grupo A1. Todas as TFGes mostraram uma correlação moderada com Clcr no grupo A1 (CKD-EPI-cr e CKD-EPI-cr-cis: r=0,49, p=0,0001, MDRD: r=0,44, p=0,001, CG r=0,48, p=0,0001: CKD-EPI-cis r=0,40, p=0,004). A área sob a curva ROC CKD-EPI-cis foi a mais alta e foi considerada 0,847 (95%IC 0,763-0,931, p=0,0001). Conclusões: Nossos resultados mostraram que a TFGe CKD-EPI-cis pode ser útil na detecção do estágio inicial de ND e com maior valor de predição do que as outras para a predição da ND.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Creatinine , Cystatin C , Glomerular Filtration Rate
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1124-1129, Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346965


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Recent studies have linked malnutrition with undesirable outcomes in cardiovascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanism is unknown. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) increased cardiovascular mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study hypothesizes that prognostic nutritional index (PNI) plays a role in the development of CI-AKI in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing emergency PCI. METHODS This study enrolled 551 patients. PNI was determined as 10× serum albumin (g/dL)+0.005×total lymphocyte count (mm3). CI-AKI was characterized as the increase in serum creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dL level within 48 h after PCI. Patients were classified as either CI-AKI (+) or CI-AKI (−). RESULTS CI-AKI has occurred in 72 of 551 patients (13.1%). PNI was significantly lower in the CI-AKI (+) group than in the CI-AKI (-) group (44.4±6.6 versus 47.2±5.8, p<0.001, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PNI [odds ratio, OR: 1.631, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.168-2.308, p=0.02] and estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR: 3.26, 95%CI 1.733-6.143, p<0.001) were independent risk factors for CI-AKI. CONCLUSIONS PNI is an independent risk factor for CI-AKI. The development of CI-AKI may be the mechanism responsible for the relationship between poor nutritional status and adverse cardiac events.

Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Nutrition Assessment , Risk Factors , Contrast Media , Creatinine
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 165-172, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286926


ABSTRACT Introduction: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on serum cystatin-C (sCys) seems as accurate as when based on serum creatinine (sCr), but sCys seems a better predictor of adverse outcomes. We aimed to study whether sCys could be a reliable tool for the prediction of adverse outcomes in elderly patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: A group of 348 elderly patients with non-end-stage CKD (stages 1-4, according to eGFR-EPI sCr and/or sCys), referred to our consultation unit during 2016, was retrospectively studied and divided into four exclusive categories: CKD_stage4_neither (eGFR-sCr≥30mL/min; eGFR-sCys≥30mL/min), CKD_stage4_sCr_only (eGFR-sCr<30mL/min), CKD_stage4_sCys_only (eGFR-sCys<30mL/min) and CKD_stage4_combined (eGFRsCr<30mL/min; eGFR-sCys<30mL/min). Baseline characteristics, predictors of death, and clinical events (cardiovascular events and admissions for cardiovascular, acute kidney injury or infectious events) were explored until December 2018. Results: A 77±7.4 year-old cohort, with a modified Charlson Comorbidty Index (mCCI) of 3 (IQR:1-4), was followed-up during 29 (IQR: 26-33) months. There were no significant differences between the characteristics of the stage 4 groups. Survival analysis was stratified by follow-up at 12 months, and in the first year, survival curves of CKD_stage4_sCys_only and CKD_stage4_combined groups were significantly lower than the other groups (p=0.028). Adjusting for age, sex, and mCCI, CKD_stage4_sCys_only, conversely to CKD_stage4_sCr_only, had higher rates of clinical events (p<0.05) than CKD_stage4_neither group. Conclusion: In elderly patients with discordant CKD staging, sCys-based eGFR seems to be a better predictor of adverse outcomes than sCr-based eGFR. Patients with stage 4 CKD defined by sCr alone seem to behave similar to those with less severe CKD.

RESUMO Introdução: A taxa estimada de filtração glomerular (TFGe) com base na cistatina-C sérica (Cis-C) parece ser tão precisa quanto aquela baseada na creatinina sérica (Cr), mas cis-C parece ser um melhor preditor de resultados adversos. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar se a cis-C poderia ser uma ferramenta confiável para a previsão de desfechos adversos em pacientes idosos com doença renal crônica grave (DRC). Métodos: Um grupo de 348 pacientes idosos com DRC em estágio não terminal (estágios 1-4, de acordo com TFGe-EPI Cr e/ou Cis-C), encaminhados para nossa unidade de consulta durante 2016, foi estudado retrospectivamente e dividido em quatro categorias exclusivas: DRC_estágio 4 nenhum (TFGe-Cr≥30mL/min; TFGe -Cis-C≥30mL/min), DRC_estágio 4_Cr apenas (TFGe-Cr <30mL/min), DRC_estágio 4 _Cis-C_apenas (TFGe-Cis-C <30 mL/min), DRC_estágio4_combinado (TFGe-Cis-C <30mL/min. TFGe-Cr <30mL/min). Características basais, preditores de óbito e eventos clínicos (eventos cardiovasculares e internações por doenças cardiovasculares, lesão renal aguda ou eventos infecciosos) foram explorados até dezembro de 2018. Resultados: Uma coorte de 77 ± 7,4 anos, com índice de comorbidade de Charlson modificado (mCCI) de 3 (IQR: 1-4), foi acompanhada durante 29 (IQR: 26-33) meses. Não houve diferenças significativas entre as características dos grupos no estágio 4. A análise de sobrevida foi estratificada pelo acompanhamento aos 12 meses, sendo que no primeiro ano, as curvas de sobrevida dos grupos DRC_estágio4_Cis-C_apenas e DRC_estágio4_ combinado foram significativamente inferiores quando comparadas com os restantes grupos (p = 0,028). Ajustando para idade, sexo e mCCI, DRC_estágio4_Cis-C_apenas, ao contrário do grupo DRC_estágio4_Cr_apenas, teve maiores taxas de eventos clínicos (p <0,05) do que o grupo DRC_estágio4_nenhum. Conclusão: Em pacientes idosos com estadiamento discordante da DRC, a TFGe baseada na Cis-C parece ser um melhor preditor de resultados adversos do que a TFGe baseada na Cr. Pacientes com DRC em estágio 4, definida apenas por Cr, parecem se comportar de forma semelhante àqueles com DRC menos grave.

Humans , Child , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Acute Kidney Injury , Retrospective Studies , Creatinine , Glomerular Filtration Rate