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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a new co-cultured liver cancer research model composed of activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSC) and liver cancer cells, explore the efficacy difference between it and traditional model, so as to establish a liver cancer research model in vitro and in vivo that can reflect the real clinical efficacy. Methods: A new co-culture model of liver cancer consisting of aHSC and liver cancer cells was constructed. The differences in efficacy between the new co-culture model and the traditional single cell model were compared by cytotoxicity test, cell migration test, drug retention test and in vivo tumor inhibition test. Western blot was used to detect the drug-resistant protein P-gp and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins. Masson staining was used to observe the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. CD31 immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the microvessel density in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. Results: The cytotoxicity of single cell model and co-culture model was dose-dependent. With the increase of curcumin (CUR) concentration, the cell viability decreased, but the cell viability of single cell model decreased faster than that of co-culture model. When the concentration of CUR was 10 μg/ml, the cell viability of the co-culture model was 62.3% and the migration rate was (28.05±3.68)%, which were higher than those of the single cell model [38.5% and (14.91±5.92)%, both P<0.05]. Western blot analysis showed that the expressions of P-gp and vimentin were up-regulated in the co-culture model, which were 1.55 and 2.04 fold changes of the single cell model, respectively. The expression of E-cadherin was down-regulated, and the expression level of E-cadherin in the single cell model was 1.17 fold changes of the co-culture model. Drug retention experiment showed that the co-culture model could promote drug efflux and reduce drug retention. In vivo tumor inhibition experiment showed that the m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model had faster tumor growth and larger tumor volume than those of the H22 single cell transplantation model. After CUR treatment, the tumor growths of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model and H22 single cell transplantation model were inhibited. Masson staining showed that the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model mice was more than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the microvessel density in tumor tissue of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model was higher than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. Conclusions: The aHSC+ liver cancer cell co-culture model has strong proliferation and metastasis ability and is easy to be resistant to drugs. It is a new type of liver cancer treatment research model superior to the traditional single cell model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment , Coculture Techniques , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins , Curcumin/pharmacology , Collagen , Cell Line, Tumor
2.
Biol. Res ; 56: 3-3, 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Contrary to the advantageous anticancer activities of curcumin (Cur), limited bioavailability and solubility hindered its efficacy. Here, nontoxic dendrosomal nano carrier with Cur was used to overcome these problems. Despite considerable antitumor properties of Oxaliplatin (Oxa), the limiting factors are drug resistance and adverse side-effects. The hypothesis of this study was to evaluate the possible synergism between dendrosomal nanocurcumin (DNC) and Oxa and these agents showed growth regulatory effects on SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. METHODS: and materials In the present study, colony formation, wound healing motility, cell adhesion, transwell invasion and migration assay and cell cycle arrest with or without DNC, Oxa and Combination were defined. In addition to, real time PCR and Western blot were used to analyze AKT, PI3K, PKC, JNK, P38 and MMPs mRNAs and proteins expressions. Docking of MMP-2-Cur, MMP-2-DNC and MMP-2-Oxa was performed and the results of all three complexes were simulated by molecular dynamics. RESULTS: Our findings illustrated that DNC had the greatest effect on cell death as compared to the Cur alone. Moreover, the growth inhibitory effects (such as cell death correlated to apoptosis) were more intense if Oxa was added followed by DNC at 4 h interval. However, insignificant effects were observed upon simultaneous addition of these two agents in both cell lines. Besides, a combination of agents synergistically alters the relative expression of MMP-9. CONCLUSIONS: The docking results showed that His70 and Asp100 may play a key role at the MMP-2 binding site. The matrigel invasion as well as cell viability of ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and OVCAR3 by DNC alone or in combination with Oxa was inhibited significantly. The inhibitory effects of these agents were due to the differential expression levels of MMP 2 and MMP 9 regulated by multiple downstream signaling cascades. From the molecular dynamic simulation studies, it was confirmed that DNC established a strong interaction with MMP-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin/pharmacology , Cell Movement , Apoptosis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Oxaliplatin/pharmacology
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 419-424, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of curcumin on viability of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and analyze its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#In cell lines of A498 and 786-O, the effects of curcumin (1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 μ mol/L) on the viability of ccRCC were analyzed at 24, 48 and 72 h by MTT assay. The protein expression levels of ADAMTS18 gene, p65, phosphorylation p65 (pp65), AKT, phosphorylation AKT (pAKT) and matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP-2) before and after curcumin (10 μ mol/L) treatment were examined by Western blotting. Real-time PCR and methylation specific PCR (MSP) were applied to analyze the expression and methylation level of ADAMTS18 gene before and after curcumin treatment (10 μ mol/L).@*RESULTS@#Curcumin significantly inhibited the viability of A498 and 786-O cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P<0.01). Up-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene expression with down-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene methylation was reflected after curcumin treatment, accompanied by down-regulation of nuclear factor κ B (NF-κ kB) related protein (p65 and pp65), AKT related protein (AKT and pAKT), and NF-κ B/AKT common related protein MMP-2. With ADAMTS18 gene overexpressed, the expression levels of p65, AKT and MMP2 were downregulated, of which were conversely up-regulated in silenced ADAMTS18 (sh-ADAMTS18). The expression of pp65, pAKT and MMP2 in sh-ADAMTS18 was down-regulated after being treated with PDTC (NF-κ B inhibitor) and LY294002 (AKT inhibitor).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Curcumin could inhibit the viability of ccRCC by down-regulating ADAMTS18 gene methylation though NF-κ B and AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , ADAMTS Proteins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 695-703, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939677

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To explore the effect and mechanism of curcumin on human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell apoptosis induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitors UMI-77.@*METHODS@#T-ALL cell line Molt-4 was cultured, and the cells were treated with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 for 24 h. The MTT method was used to detect the cell survival rate after different treatment; According to the results of curcumin and UMI-77, the experimental settings were divided into control group, curcumin group (20 μmol/L curcumin treated cells), UMI-77 group (15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells) and curcumin+ UMI-77 group (20 μmol/L curcumin and 15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells), MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation inhibition rate, Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining method and TUNEL staining were used to detect cell apoptosis, DCFH-DA probe was used to detect cell reactive oxygen species, JC-1 fluorescent probe was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential, Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Notch1 signaling pathway-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment of Molt-4 cells with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77, the cell survival rate was decreased (P<0.05); Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate of the curcumin group and the UMI-77 group were increased, the apoptosis rate of cell was increased, the level of ROS was increased, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); Compared with the curcumin group or UMI-77 group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of the curcumin+UMI-77 group were further increased, and the level of ROS was increased. At the same time, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); In addition, the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells after curcumin treatment was decreased, and the proteins expression of Notch1 and HES1 were reduced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Curcumin can enhance the apoptosis of T-ALL cells induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 by reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Notch1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein/metabolism , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Sulfonamides , Thioglycolates , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 400-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of curcumin(CUR) and its mechanism on a rat model of neurotoxicity induced by manganese chloride (MnCl2), which mimics mangnism.@*METHODS@#Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, with 12 rats in each group. Control group received 0.9% saline solution intraperitoneally (ip) plus double distilled water (dd) H2O intragastrically (ig), MnCl2 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2(Mn2+ 6.48 mg/kg) intraperitoneally plus dd H2O intragastrically, CUR group received 0.9% saline solution intraperitoneally plus 300 mg/kg CUR intragastrically, MnCl2+ CUR1 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2 intraperitoneally plus 100 mg/kg curcumin intragastrically, MnCl2+ CUR2 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2 intraperitoneally plus 300 mg/kg CUR intragastrically, 5 days/week, 4 weeks. Open-field and rotarod tests were used to detect animals' exploratory behavior, anxiety, depression, movement and balance ability. Morris water maze (MWM) experiment was used to detect animals' learning and memory ability. ICP-MS was used to investigate the Mn contents in striata. The rats per group were perfused in situ, their brains striata were removed by brains model and fixed for transmission electron microscope (TEM), histopathological and immunohistochemistry (ICH) analyses. The other 6 rats per group were sacrificed. Their brains striata were removed and protein expression levels of transcription factor EB (TFEB), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-mTOR, Beclin, P62, microtubule-associated protein light chain-3 (LC3) were detected by Western blotting. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transterase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was used to determine neurocyte apoptosis of rat striatum.@*RESULTS@#After exposure to MnCl2 for four weeks, MnCl2-treated rats showed depressive-like behavior in open-field test, the impairments of movement coordination and balance in rotarod test and the diminishment of spatial learning and memory in MWM (P < 0.05). The striatal TH+ neurocyte significantly decreased, eosinophilic cells, aggregative α-Syn level and TUNEL-positive neurocyte significantly increased in the striatum of MnCl2 group compared with control group (P < 0.05). Chromatin condensation, mitochondria tumefaction and autophagosomes were observed in rat striatal neurocytes of MnCl2 group by TEM. TFEB nuclear translocation and autophagy occurred in the striatum of MnCl2 group. Further, the depressive behavior, movement and balance ability, spatial learning and memory ability of MnCl2+ CUR2 group were significantly improved compared with MnCl2 group (P < 0.05). TH+ neurocyte significantly increased, the eosinophilic cells, aggregative α-Syn level significantly decreased in the striatum of MnCl2+ CUR2 group compared with MnCl2 group. Further, compared with MnCl2 group, chromatin condensation, mitochondria tumefaction was alleviated and autophagosomes increased, TFEB-nuclear translocation, autophagy was enhanced and TUNEL-positive neurocyte reduced significantly in the striatum of MnCl2+ CUR2 group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Curcumin alleviated the MnCl2-induced neurotoxicity and α-Syn aggregation probably by promoting TFEB nuclear translocation and enhancing autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Chromatin , Curcumin/pharmacology , Mammals , Manganese/toxicity , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saline Solution/pharmacology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2077-2084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887782

ABSTRACT

Curcumin is exclusively isolated from Zingiberaceae plants with a broad spectrum of bioactivities. In the present study, we used the diketide-CoA synthase (DCS) and curcumin synthase (CURS) genes to construct a non-natural fusion gene encoding diketide-CoA synthase::curcumin synthase (DCS::CURS). This fusion protein, together with the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and the 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL), were introduced into Escherichia coli for the production of curcumin from ferulic acid. The process is divided into two stages, the growth stage using LB medium and the fermentation stage using the modified M9 medium. The yield of curcumin reached 386.8 mg/L by optimizing the induction of protein expression in the growth stage, and optimizing the inoculum volume, medium composition and fermentation time in the fermentation stage, as well as the addition of macroporous resin AB-8 into the second medium to attenuate the toxicity of the end product. The exploitation of the non-natural fusion protein DCS::CURS for the production of curcumin provides a new alternative to further promoting the production of curcumin and the related analogues.


Subject(s)
Curcumin/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153294

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Sodium arsenite can cause neoplastic transformation in cells. Curcumin reduced cell viability and increased LDH activity in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin caused DNA damage in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin may play a protective role in sodium arsenite-induced toxicity.


Abstract Arsenic is a toxic substance that spreads widely around the environment and accumulates as metalloid in the earth's crust. Arsenic and its derivatives are found in drinking water, nutrients, soil, and air. Exposure to arsenic is associated with lung, blood, skin cancer and various lesions. Curcumin is a polyphenolic compound derived from Curcuma longa (turmeric) rhizome and is one of the main curcuminoids. Curcumin is known to be antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects. This study aimed to investigate the potential of sodium arsenite to transform embryonic fibroblast cells and to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of curcumin in neoplastic transformed cells. Neoplastic cells transformation was induced by sodium arsenite in Balb/c 3T3 cells at the end of 32 days. After transformation assay, the transformed cells were treated with various concentration of curcumin to evaluate cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase activity and DNA damage for 24h. The results revealed that curcumin decreased cell viability and increased the activity of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme in neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that curcumin has an anticancer effect on neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells by causing DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arsenic/toxicity , DNA Damage , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Curcumin/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , BALB 3T3 Cells , Fibroblasts/pathology
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5495-5503, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878786

ABSTRACT

Orthogonal experiments were used to optimize the process parameters of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; the particle size, electric potential and morphology under the electron microscope were systematically detected for the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; and the stability and in vitro release of the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles were investigated. With DID fluorescent dye as the fluorescent probe, flow cytometry was used to study the uptake of nanomicelles by breast cancer cells, and laser confocal microscopy was used to study the mitochondrial targeting and lysosomal escape functions of nanomicelles. Under the same dosage conditions, the effect of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles on promoting the apoptosis of breast cancer cells was evaluated. The optimal particle size of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelle was(17.3±0.3) nm, and the Zeta potential was(14.6±2.6) mV in orthogonal test. Under such conditions, the micelle appeared as regular spheres under the transmission electron microscope. Fluorescence test results showed that TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can promote drug uptake by tumor cells, escape from lysosomal phagocytosis, and target the mitochondria. The cell survival rate and Hoechst staining positive test results showed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles had a good effect on promoting apoptosis of breast cancer cells. The curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL micelles can significantly reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential of breast cancer cells, increase the release of cytochrome C, significantly increase the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic Bax protein. These test results were significantly better than those of curcumin PEG-PCL nanomicelles and curcumin, with statistically significant differences. The results revealed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can well target breast cancer cell mitochondria and escape from the lysosomal capture, thereby enhancing the drug's role in promoting tumor cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Lysosomes , Micelles , Mitochondria , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols
9.
Biol. Res ; 53: 31, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In modern societies, sleep deprivation is a serious health problem. This problem could be induced by a variety of reasons, including lifestyle habits or neurological disorders. Chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) could have complex biological consequences, such as changes in neural autonomic control, increased oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses. The superior cervical ganglion (SCG) is an important sympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system. CSD can lead to a wide range of neurological consequences in SCG, which mainly supply innervations to circadian system and other structures. As the active component of Curcuma longa, curcumin possesses many therapeutic properties; including neuroprotective. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of CSD on the SCG histomorphometrical changes and the protective effect of curcumin in preventing these changes. METHODS: Thirty-six male rats were randomly assigned to the control, curcumin, CSD, CSD + curcumin, grid floor control, and grid floor + curcumin groups. The CSD was induced by a modified multiple platform apparatus for 21 days and animals were sacrificed at the end of CSD or treatment, and their SCGs removed for stereological and TUNEL evaluations and also spatial arrangement of neurons in this structure. RESULTS: Concerning stereological findings, CSD significantly reduced the volume of SCG and its total number of neurons and satellite glial cells in comparison with the control animals ( P < 0.05). Treatment of CSD with curcumin prevented these decreases. Furthermore, TUNEL evaluation showed significant apoptosis in the SCG cells in the CSD group, and treatment with curcumin significantly decreased this apoptosis ( P < 0.01). This decrease in apoptosis was observed in all control groups that received curcumin. CSD also changed the spatial arrangement of ganglionic neurons into a random pattern, whereas treatment with curcumin preserved its regular pattern. CONCLUSIONS: CSD could potentially induce neuronal loss and structural changes including random spatial distribution in the SCG neurons. Deleterious effects of sleep deprivation could be prevented by the oral administration of curcumin. Furthermore, the consumption of curcumin in a healthy person might lead to a reduction of cell death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sleep Deprivation/pathology , Sleep Deprivation/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Superior Cervical Ganglion/drug effects , Curcumin/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200234, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132219

ABSTRACT

Abstract Curcumin (CUR) shows potential use for treating cancer. However, CUR has low solubility and reduced bioavailability, which limit its clinical effect. Therefore, the development of nanocarriers can overcome these problems and can ensure the desired pharmacological effect. In addition, it is mandatory to prove the quality, the efficacy, and the safety for a novel nanomedicine to be approved. In that sense, this paper aimed (a) to prepare CUR-loaded polyethylene glycol-poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules; (b) to validate an analytical method by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for quantifying CUR in these nanoformulations; (c) to evaluate the physicochemical stability of these formulations; and to investigate their cytotoxicity on NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. The HPLC method was specific to CUR in the loaded nanocapsules, linear (r = 0.9994) in a range of 10.0 to 90.0 µg.mL-1 with limits of detection and quantification of 0.160 and 0.480 µg.mL-1, respectively. Precision was demonstrated by a relative standard deviation lower than 5%. Suitable accuracy (102.37 ± 0.92%) was obtained. Values of pH, particle size, polydispersity index, and zeta potential presented no statistical difference (p > 0.05) for CUR-loaded nanoparticles. No cytotoxicity was observed against NIH-3T3 mouse embryo fibroblast cell line using both the tetrazolium salt and sulforhodamine B assays. In conclusion, a simple and inexpensive HPLC method was validated for the CUR quantification in the suspensions of nanocapsules. The obtained polymeric nanocapsules containing CUR showed suitable results for all the performed assays and can be further investigated as a feasible novel approach for cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Curcumin/pharmacology , Embryonic Stem Cells/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Toxicity Tests , Nanotechnology , NIH 3T3 Cells , Embryo, Mammalian/cytology , Nanocapsules
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 584-591, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002262

ABSTRACT

Following the success of the highly active antiretroviral therapy, the potential of multidrug combination regimen for the management of cancer is intensely researched. The anticancer effects of curcumin on some human cell lines have been documented. Lopinavir is a FDA approved protease inhibitor with known apoptotic activities. Dysregulated apoptosis is important for the initiation of cancer while angiogenesis is required for cancer growth and development, this study therefore investigated the effects of the combination of lopinavir and curcumin on cell viability, apoptosis and the mRNA expression levels of key apoptotic and angiogenic genes; BAX, BCL2 and VEGF165b in two human cervical cell lines; human squamous cell carcinoma cells - uterine cervix (HCS-2) and transformed normal human cervical cells (NCE16IIA). The two human cervical cell lines were treated with physiologically relevant concentrations of the agents for 120 h following which BAX, BCL2 and VEGF165b mRNA expression were determined by Real Time qPCR. The Acridine Orange staining for the morphological evaluation of apoptotic cells was also performed. The combination of lopinavir and curcumin up-regulated pro-apoptotic BAX and antiangiogenic VEGF165b but down-regulated the mRNA levels of anti-apoptotic BCL2 mRNA in the human squamous cell carcinoma (HCS-2) cells only. The fold changes were statistically significant. Micrographs from Acridine Orange staining showed characteristic evidence of apoptosis in the human squamous cell carcinoma (HCS-2) cells only. The findings reported here suggest that the combination of curcumin and the FDA approved drug-lopinavir modulate the apoptotic and angiogenic pathway towards the inhibition of cervical cancer.


Tras el éxito de la terapia antirretroviral altamente activa, se investiga intensamente el potencial del régimen de combinación de múltiples fármacos para el tratamiento del cáncer. Se han documentado los efectos anticancerígenos de la curcumina en algunas líneas celulares humanas. Lopinavir es un inhibidor de proteasa aprobado por la FDA con actividades apoptóticas conocidas. La apoptosis disrregulada es importante para el inicio del cáncer, mientras que la angiogénesis es necesaria para el crecimiento y desarrollo del cáncer. Por lo tanto, este estudio investigó los efectos de la combinación de lopinavir y curcumina sobre la viabilidad celular, la apoptosis y los niveles de expresión del ARNm de genes apoptóticos y angiogénicos clave: BAX, BCL2 y VEGF165b en dos líneas celulares cervicales humanas; células de carcinoma de células escamosas humanas: cérvix uterino (HCS-2) y células cervicales humanas transformadas (NCE16IIA). Las dos líneas celulares cervicales humanas se trataron con concentraciones fisiológicamente relevantes de los agentes durante 120 horas, después de lo cual la expresión de ARNm de BAX, BCL2 y VEGF165b se determinó mediante qPCR en tiempo real. También se realizó la tinción con naranja de acridina para la evaluación morfológica de células apoptóticas. La combinación de lopinavir y curcumina reguló incrementando BAX proapoptósicos y VEGF165b antiangiogénicos, pero reguló a la baja los niveles de ARNm del BCL2 antiapoptótico en células de carcinoma de células escamosas humanas (HCS-2) únicamente. Los cambios en el pliegue fueron estadísticamente significativos. Las micrografías de la tinción con naranja de acridina mostraron evidencia característica de apoptosis solo en las células del carcinoma de células escamosas humanas (HCS-2). Los hallazgos reportados aquí sugieren que la combinación de curcumina y el fármaco aprobado por la FDA lopinavir modulan la vía apoptótica y angiogénica hacia la inhibición del cáncer cervical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin/pharmacology , Lopinavir/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/drug effects , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4685-4690, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008246

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of curcumin on aorta in rats with metabolic syndrome,72 SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group,model control group,positive control group,curcumin low,middle and high dose groups.The rat model of metabolic syndrome was established in all groups except the blank control group. After the intervention by curcumin,the blood pressure,blood lipid,blood glucose,serum insulin and insulin sensitivity index were measured. The contents of serum leptin(LP),adiponectin(ADP) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in rat aorta were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),and the pathological changes of rat thoracic aorta were observed by HE staining and electron microscope scanning. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(i NOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase(e NOS) in rats. The results showed that the blood lipid level,fasting blood glucose,fasting insulin,insulin sensitivity index,systolic blood pressure,LP,TNF-α and intima/media thickness ratio in the model control group were significantly higher than those in the blank control group. As compared with the model control group,the levels of blood lipids,fasting blood glucose,fasting insulin,insulin sensitivity index,systolic blood pressure,LP,TNF-α and intima/media thickness ratio were significantly decreased in positive control group,low,middle and high dose curcumin groups. The difference was statistically significant. The results of HE staining showed that the intima of the thoracic aorta in the model group was significantly thickened; the endothelial cell membrane was wrinkled and the organelle was ruptured. The intima of the thoracic aorta in the positive control group was slightly thickened and the structure of endothelial cells was intact,with no foam cells and no abnormality in the adventitia. There was no significant thickening of the thoracic aorta in the low,middle and high dose curcumin groups,and the endothelial cells were still intact. The results of Western blot assay showed that the expression levels of i NOS and e NOS were decreased significantly in the model group,while the expression levels of i NOS and e NOS were increased significantly in the positive control group and curcumin groups. The results indicated that curcumin had a certain protective effect on the aorta of rats with metabolic syndrome and improves the aortic endothelial dysfunction,and its mechanism may be related to the fact that curcumin could reduce the production of oxygen free radicals and up-regulate the expression of i NOS and e NOS in aorta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Curcumin/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Metabolic Syndrome , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900604, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019261

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose In view of the principal role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in mediating sterile inflammatory response contributing to osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a known TLR4 activator, to clarify whether modulation of TLR4 contributed to the protective actions of intra-articular administration of curcumin in a classical rat OA model surgically induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). Methods The rats underwent ACLT and received 50μl of curcumin at the concentration of 1 mg mL-1 and 10 μg LPS by intra-articular injection once a week for 8 weeks. Morphological changes of the cartilage and synovial tissues were observed. Apoptotic chondrocytes were detected using TUNEL assay. The concentrations of IL-1β and TNF-ɑ in synovial fluid were determined using ELISA kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results Intra-articular administration of curcumin significantly improved articular cartilage injury, suppressed synovial inflammation and down-regulated the overexpression of TLR4 and its downstream NF-κB caused by LPS-induced TLR4 activation in rat osteoarthritic knees. Conclusion The data suggested that the inhibition of TLR4 signal might be an important mechanism underlying a protective effect of local curcumin administration on OA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoarthritis/prevention & control , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Curcumin/pharmacology , Osteoarthritis/chemically induced , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lipopolysaccharides , Blotting, Western , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/pathology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Lymphotoxin-alpha/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Injections, Intra-Arterial
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e18276, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011640

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of small interfering RNA targeting metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript1 (si-MALAT1) combining with curcumin on the invasion and migration abilities of human colon cancer SW480 cells, and to explore the involved molecular mechanism. The recombinant lentiviral vector expressing si-MALAT1 was constructed, and its titer was determined by gradient dilution method. The colon cancer SW480 cells with stable expression of si-MALAT1 was established, followed by treatment with curcumin at different concentrations. The effect of curcumin or si-MALAT1 alone and the combination of the two on the cell activity was detected by MTT assay. The cell invasion and migration abilities were detected by transwell and scratch-wound assay. The relative expression level of MALAT1 was detected by RT-qPCR. The protein expression was determined by Western blot analysis. The IC50 of curcumin alone was 77.69 mmol/L, which was 51.17 mol/L when combined with curcumin and random sequence. The IC50 of curcumin was 30.02 mmol/L when combined with si-MALAT1. The increased susceptibility multiples was 2.58. The wound healing rates were 30.9% and 67.5% after treatment with si-MALAT1 combined with curcumin for 24 hrs and 48 hrs, respectively. The numbers of invasion cells were 200±12, 162±13, 66±8, 53±4 and 16±3 after treatment with si-MALAT1 combined with curcumin for 48 hrs. The relative expression level of lncRNA-MALAT1 in the curcumin group was 68%, and the relative expression level of lncRNA-MALAT1 in si-MALAT1group was 56%, and that for the combination treatment group was about 21%. The protein expression levels of β- catenin, c-myc and cyclinD1 were significantly down-regulated upon treatment with certain concentration of si-MALAT1 alone or combined with curcumin.si-MALAT1 could significantly inhibit the invasion and migration of SW480 cells by enhancing the sensitivity of SW480 cells to curcumin. The mechanism involved mignt be related to the down-regulation of β-catenin, c-myc and cyclinD1 proteins.


Subject(s)
Cell Migration Inhibition/drug effects , Colonic Neoplasms , Curcumin/pharmacology , Neoplasms/prevention & control , RNA , RNA, Small Interfering/drug effects
15.
20190000; s.n; 2019. 63 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381708

ABSTRACT

A sepse acontece em decorrência da resposta imunológica exacerbada do hospedeiro à infecção que pode ser causada por diversos agentes etiológicos, como bactérias, vírus, protozoários e fungos. Devido a sua alta incidência, a sepse é tida como um problema de saúde mundial com a ocorrência de cerca de 18 milhões de casos anualmente em todo o mundo. Componentes de patógenos, como a endotoxina lipopolissacarídeo (LPS), presente na parede celular de bactérias Gram-negativas, desencadeiam a liberação de mediadores inflamatórios, como citocinas próinflamatórias e óxido nítrico (NO) objetivando eliminar o patógeno, entretanto, a produção excessiva desses mediadores leva o organismo a um estado de anergia e imunossupressão. A curcumina, substância presente em uma planta tropical denominada Curcuma Longa L, é conhecida pelos seus efeitos antitumoral, imunomodulador e antioxidante. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito imunomodulador de uma dispersão sólida de curcumina após estímulo com LPS in vivo e in vitro em cultura de macrófagos peritoneais. Para atingir o objetivo, foram realizados experimento in vivo, nos quais ratos receberam injeção endovenosa de curcumina em duas doses (2 mg/kg e 20 mg/kg) seguida da injeção de LPS (1,5 mg/kg). Quatro horas após a administração de LPS os ratos foram decapitados para coleta do sangue. Para os experimentos in vitro foi realizado lavado peritoneal de ratos para coleta dos macrófagos residentes. Esses foram mantidos em cultura em placa de 24 poços e estimulados com curcumina (10-5M e 10-7M) e LPS (1?g/ml). O meio de cultura foi coletado 24 horas após o estímulo com LPS. O tratamento da cultura com curcumina resultou em diminuição do acúmulo de nitrito e das citocinas fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-?), interleucina 1 beta (IL-1?) e interleucina 6 (IL-6) em relação à cultura tratada com LPS apenas, no entanto, não foi observada alteração na produção de IL-10. Nos estudos in vivo, as duas doses de curcumina avaliadas não alteraram a produção de nitrato e lactato nos animais tratados com LPS. O tratamento com curcumina 20 mg/kg mostrou efeito inibidor sobre a produção de TNF-? e IL- 6, no entanto, resultou em aumento na concentração de IL-1?. As duas doses de curcumina avaliadas não alteraram a concentração sérica de IL-10 nos animais tratados com LPS. Nossos resultados mostraram que uma dispersão sólida de curcumina foi capaz de reduzir a produção de citocinas por macrófagos peritoneais e também quando administrada endovenosamente. Esses resultados podem servir como base para a realização de mais estudos in vivo, os quais são necessários para compreender o efeito da curcumina sobre a resposta inflamatória durante a endotoxemia e sepse


Sepsis occurs as a result of the host's exaggerated immune response to infection that may be caused by a variety of etiological agents, such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi. Due to its high incidence, sepsis is considered as a global health problem with the occurrence of about 18 million cases annually around the world. Pathogen components, such as lipopolysaccharide endotoxin (LPS), present on the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, trigger the release of inflammatory mediators, such as pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO), in order to eliminate the pathogen, however, excessive production of these mediators leads the organism to a state of anergy and immunosuppression. Curcumin, a substance in a tropical plant called Curcuma Longa L, is known for its antitumor, immunomodulatory and antioxidant effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of a solid dispersion of curcumin after stimulation with LPS in vivo and in vitro in culture of peritoneal macrophages. To achieve the goal, in vivo experiments were performed in which rats received intravenous injection of curcumin at two doses (2 mg / kg and 20 mg / kg) followed by injection of LPS (1.5 mg / kg). Four hours after administration of LPS the mice were beheaded for collection of blood. In vitro experiments were performed peritoneal lavage of rats to collect resident macrophages. These were maintained in 24-well plate culture and stimulated with curcumin (10-5M and 10-7M) and LPS (1?g / ml). The culture medium was collected 24 hours after the LPS stimulation. Treatment of culture with curcumin resulted in decreased accumulation of nitrite and cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), interleukin 1? (IL-1?) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in relation to the culture treated with LPS only, however, no change in IL- 10 production was observed. In the in vivo studies, the two doses of curcumin evaluated did not alter nitrate and lactate production in LPS-treated animals. Treatment with curcumin 20 mg / kg showed inhibitory effect on TNF-? and IL-6 production, however, resulted in an increase in IL-1? concentration. The two doses of curcumin evaluated did not alter the serum concentration of IL-10 in LPS-treated animals. Our results showed that a solid dispersion of curcumin was able to reduce the production of cytokines by peritoneal macrophages and also when administered endovenously. These results may serve as the basis for further in vivo studies, which are needed to understand the effect of curcumin on the inflammatory response during endotoxemia and sepsis


Subject(s)
Animals , Infant , Rats , Lipopolysaccharides , Cytokines , Sepsis , Curcumin/pharmacology , Immunologic Factors
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(4): 438-445, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950087

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study evaluated the effects of combination therapy of curcumin and alendronate on BMD and bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Subjects and methods: In a randomized, double-blind trial study, 60 postmenopausal women were divided into three groups: control, alendronate, and alendronate + curcumin. Each group included 20 patients. Total body, total hip, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and after 12 months of therapy. Bone turnover markers such as bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), osteocalcin and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) were measured at the outset and 6 months later. Results: Patients in the control group suffered a significant decrease in BMD and increased bone turnover markers at the end of study. The group treated with only alendronate showed significantly decreased levels of BALP and CTx and increased levels of osteocalcin compared to the control group. The alendronate group also showed significant increases in the total body, total hip, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs at the end of study compared to the control group. In the curcumin + alendronate group, BALP and CTx levels decreased and osteocalcin levels increased significantly at the end of study compared to the control and alendronate groups. BMD indexes also increased in four areas significantly at the end of study compared to the control and alendronate groups. Conclusion: The combination of curcumin and alendronate has beneficial effects on BMD and bone turnover markers among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2018;62(4):438-45


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Density/drug effects , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/metabolism , Alendronate/pharmacology , Curcumin/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Peptide Fragments/drug effects , Peptide Fragments/urine , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Collagen Type II/drug effects , Collagen Type II/urine , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 533-541, June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the specific molecular mechanisms and effects of curcumin derivative J147 on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods: We constructed streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DPN rat models to detected mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) in vivo using Von Frey filaments. In vitro, we measured cell viability and apoptosis, adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) expression using MTT, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR and western blot. Then, TRPA1 expression level and calcium reaction level were assessed in agonist AICAR treated RSC96cells. Results: The results showed that J147reduced MWT in vivo, increased the mRNA and protein level of AMPK, reduced TRPA1 expression and calcium reaction level in AITCR treated RSC96 cells, and had no obvious effect on cell viability and apoptosis. Besides, AMPK negative regulated TRPA1 expression in RSC96 cells. Conclusions: J147 could ameliorate DPN via negative regulation AMPK on TRPA1 in vivo and in vitro. A curcumin derivative J147might be a new therapeutic potential for the treatment of DPN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Curcumin/analogs & derivatives , Curcumin/pharmacology , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , TRPA1 Cation Channel/drug effects , Time Factors , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Apoptosis/drug effects , Streptozocin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetic Neuropathies/metabolism , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , TRPA1 Cation Channel/analysis , Microscopy, Fluorescence
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 499-507, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949358

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the impact of systemic cyclophosphamide treatment on the rat uterus and investigate the potential therapeutic effects of natural antioxidant preparations curcumin and capsaicin against cyclophosphamide side effects. Methods: A 40 healthy adult female Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Rats were randomly divided into four groups to determine the effects of curcumin and capsaicin against Cyclophosphamide side effects on the uterus (n=10 in each group); Group 1 was the control group (sham-operated), Group 2 was the cyclophosphamide group, Group 3 was the cyclophosphamide + curcumin (100mg/kg) group, and Group 4 was the cyclophosphamide + capsaicin (0.5 mg/kg) group. Results: Increased tissue oxidative stress and histological damage in the rat uterus were demonstrated due to the treatment of systemic cyclophosphamide chemotherapy alone. The level of tissue oxidant and antioxidant markers and histopathological changes were improved by the treatment of curcumin and capsaicin. Conclusion: Cytotoxic effects of natural alkylating chemotherapeutic agents like cyclophosphamide on the uterus can be prevented by curcumin and capsaicin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Uterus/drug effects , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/adverse effects , Curcumin/pharmacology , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Uterine Diseases/chemically induced , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Uterus/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(2): 110-116, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886264

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate thymoquinone, curcumin and a combination of these two drugs were effective or not at the growth of liver. Methods: Forty female Wistar-Albino rats distributed into five groups of eight rats each, control, thymoquinone, curcumin, and thymoquinone/curcumin groups. Pathological specimens were studied using the Ki-67 Proliferation Index(PI); and arginase(Arg), tissue plasminogen activator(tPA), ceruloplasmin(Cer) and nitric oxide(NO) were studied in biochemical analysis. Results: Our results showed that Ki-67 proliferation index was low in Groups 1. The proliferation coefficient was significantly higher in the Group 2 and Group 4 than in the Group 1 and Group 3.(P < 0.001 between Groups 1 and 2, 1 and 4, and 3 and 4). There was no difference between Groups 2 and 4 (P = 1). The results of the biochemical Arg, tPA and Cer test showed statistically between the Group 1 and Group 2. NO showed significant differences Group 1 and 3. Conclusions: Thymoquinone and curcumin both have known positive effects on the organism. Histological and biochemical tests showed that thymoquinone is more effective than curcumin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Arginase/blood , Ceruloplasmin/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , Liver Transplantation , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/blood , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Curcumin/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide/blood
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(4): 312-319, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To verify if the application of enemas containing oily extracts of curcumin preserves the tissue content of mucins in the glands of the colonic mucosa without fecal stream. Method: Thirty-six Wistar rats were submitted to diversion of the fecal stream by proximal colostomy and distal mucous fistula. The animals were subdivided into three groups, and accordingly received enemas with saline and oily extract of curcumin at concentrations of 50 mg/kg/day or 200 mg/kg/day. After two or four weeks of intervention, the irrigated colic segments were removed. Neutral and acidic mucins were identified by Periodic-acid Schiff and Alcian-Blue techniques, respectively. The content of both mucin subtypes was measured by computerized morphometry. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the results, adopting a significance level of 5% (p ≤ 0.05). Results: There was an increase in the tissue content of neutral mucins in animals treated with curcumin at a concentration of 50 mg/kg/day for four weeks, whereas in the group treated with 200 mg/kg/day there was an increase independent of the time of intervention. The content of acidic mucins increased in animals treated with 200 mg/kg/day regardless of the intervention time, whereas in those treated with 50 mg/kg/day an increase was observed only after four weeks. Conclusion: Enemas with curcumin preserve the content of neutral and acidic mucins in the colonic epithelium without fecal stream.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar se a aplicação de clisteres com extrato oleoso de curcumina preserva o conteúdo de mucinas nas glândulas da mucosa cólica sem trânsito intestinal. Método: Trinta e seis ratos Wistar foram submetidos à derivação intestinal por colostomia proximal e fístula mucosa distal. Os animais foram subdivididos em três grupos, segundo receberem clisteres com soro fisiológico 0,9%, extrato oleoso de curcumina nas concentrações de 50 mg/kg/dia ou 200 mg/kg/dia. Após duas ou quatro semanas de intervenção foram removidos os segmentos cólicos irrigados. As mucinas neutras e ácidas foram identificadas pelas técnicas do PAS e Alcian-Blue, respectivamente. O conteúdo tecidual de ambos os subtipos de mucinas foi mensurado por morfometria computadorizada. Utilizou-se teste de Mann-Whitney para análise dos resultados adotando-se nível de significância de 5% (p ≤ 0,05). Resultados: Houve aumento no conteúdo de mucinas neutras nos animais tratados com curcumina na concentração de 50 mg/kg/dia por quatro semanas, enquanto nos tratados com 200 mg/kg/dia houve aumento independente do tempo de intervenção. O conteúdo de mucinas ácidas aumentou nos animais tratados com 200 mg/kg/dia independente do tempo de intervenção, enquanto nos tratados com 50 mg/kg/dia encontrou-se aumento apenas após quatro semanas. Conclusão: Clisteres com curcumina preservam o conteúdo de mucinas neutras e ácidas no epitélio cólico sem trânsito intestinal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Curcumin/pharmacology , Mucins/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Colitis/drug therapy
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