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1.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(3): 259-262, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522103

ABSTRACT

El pegamento basado en cianoacrilato posee una gran capacidad de adherencia a los tejidos, representando un problema cuando se encuentra en el oído externo debido a sus características anatómicas particulares. Se presenta un caso clínico de cuerpo extraño de cianoacrilato que ocluye el conducto auditivo externo y el tímpano, alterando la audición. Se describen los hallazgos y los intentos de extracción utilizando las alternativas terapéuticas descritas en la literatura, sin obtener resultados positivos, debiendo recurrir a la extracción quirúrgica. Además, se presentan detalles del procedimiento y los resultados. El paciente recupera la audición y la normalidad anatómica.


Cyanoacrylate-based glue has a great capacity for adhering to tissue, which is a problem when it is placed in the ear canal due to the anatomy of this structure. A clinical case of a cyanoacrylate foreign body occluding the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane is presented. The therapeutics alternatives described in the literature used in the case failed, so, it was surgically removed by drilling the glue. Details of the procedure and results are presented. The patient recovers the hearing and anatomical normality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cyanoacrylates/adverse effects , Ear Canal/surgery , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/etiology
2.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 14(2): 191-193, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385214

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: A variety of periodontal plastic surgery techniques have been proposed to correct aesthetic and functional problems caused by gingival recession, with root coverage using connective tissue grafts being the one most commonly performed. These surgeries, however, are partially dependent on tissue graft stability. In this case series, we describe the use of a tissue adhesive (cyanoacrylate) as a solution for graft stabilization. Two patients with Cairo's type 1 gingival recession were treated with an envelope technique using connective tissue graft stabilized with cyanoacrylate alone. The results were a faster procedure and complete root coverage, even after 5 years of follow-up. Our findings suggest that cyanoacrylates can be an alternative to standard graft stabilizing procedures, leading to a stable root coverage in RT1 recessions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tissue Adhesives/therapeutic use , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Connective Tissue/transplantation
4.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 69-74, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1373026

ABSTRACT

Las técnicas de termo ablación han revolucionado el tratamiento de la insuficiencia venosa crónica, siendo actualmente el estándar de tratamiento. Con el avance tecnológico han surgido nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas, no térmicas, no tumescentes; como el uso de cianocrilato para la oclusión venosa, el cual ha demostrado ser seguro y eficaz en el tratamiento, y tener menos complicaciones posoperatorias. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en nuestro hospital con el uso de cianocrilato para la oclusión de vena safena mayor para el tratamiento de insuficiencia venosa crónica. Describir la eficacia a corto y mediano plazo del cierre, las complicaciones y la mejoría de la sintomatología utilizando el cuestionario CIVIQ-20 y EVA. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional. Entre enero y diciembre de 2019 que incluye a pacientes con insuficiencia de unión safeno femoral, sintomáticos. Con diagnóstico mediante clasificación CEAP y ultrasonido Doppler. Seguimiento clínico y ecográfico valorando oclusión de los segmentos tratados y presencia de venas varicosas a los 3 y 6 meses. Se trataron 5 pacientes con oclusión venosa con cianocrilato (100% mujeres). Valoramos la calidad de vida mediante cuestionario CIVIQ-20 y EVA (Escala Analógica Visual) previo y un mes después del procedimiento. También se describe la tasa de éxito y complicaciones inmediatas y tardías. Resultados: La totalidad de los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local, siendo bien tolerados. Con un éxito inmediato del 100 % sin necesidad de conversión. Solo se presentó como complicación urticaria en un paciente en el trayecto de la vena tratada con cianocrilato, la cual se trató con esteroides y resolvió. El CIVIQ-20 mostró mejoría global pasando de 35 a 29 puntos en promedio; siendo el parámetro de actividad física el que mostró una mejoría mayor. EVA demostró que la pesadez (principal síntoma) se redujo un 67%. Durante el seguimiento, ningún caso presento repermeabilización o recanalizaciones segmentarias. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovenoso de la insuficiencia venosa crónica con las nuevas técnicas no térmicas, no tumescentes es seguro y efectivo. A corto-mediano plazo ofrecen resultados similares a las técnicas termoablativas obviando el inconveniente de la tumescencia y el uso de medias compresivas en el posoperatorio, evitando lesiones térmicas y observándose mejoría en la sintomatología. (AU)


Thermo ablation techniques have revolutionized the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, being currently the standard of treatment. With technological advancement, new non-thermal, non-tumescent surgical techniques have emerged; such as the use of cyanoacrylate for venous occlusion, which has been shown to be safe and effective in treatment, and have fewer postoperative complications. Objective: To describe the experience in our hospital with the use of cyanoacrylate for occlusion of the greater saphenous vein for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. Describe the shortand medium-term efficacy of closure, complications, and symptom improvement using the CIVIQ-20 questionnaire and VAS. Material and methods: Retrospective observational study. Between January and December 2019 that includes patients with symptomatic saphenous femoral junction insufficiency. With diagnosis by CEAP classification and Doppler ultrasound. Clinical and ultrasound follow-up evaluating occlusion of the treated segments and the presence of varicose veins at 3 and 6 months. 5 patients with venous occlusion were treated with cyanoacrylate (100% women). We assessed the quality of life using the CIVIQ-20 questionnaire and VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) before and one month after the procedure. The immediate and late success rate and complications are also described. Results: All the procedures were performed under local anesthesia, being well tolerated. With immediate 100% success without the need for conversion. Urticaria only presented as a complication in a patient in the path of the vein treated with cyanoacrylate, which was treated with steroids and resolved. The CIVIQ-20 showed global improvement, going from 35 to 29 points on average; being the physical activity parameter the one that showed the greatest improvement. VAS showed that heaviness (main symptom) was reduced by 67%. During follow-up, no case presented segmental recanalization or recanalization. Conclusions: Endovenous treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with new non-thermal, non-tumescent techniques is safe and effective. In the short-medium term, they offer results similar to thermoablative techniques, avoiding the inconvenience of tumescence and the use of compression stockings in the postoperative period, avoiding thermal injuries and observing improvement in symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Saphenous Vein/pathology , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Varicose Veins/drug therapy , Cyanoacrylates/administration & dosage , Ablation Techniques/trends , Radiofrequency Ablation/instrumentation
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(11)nov. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389251

ABSTRACT

In patients with actively bleeding gastric varices, the treatment of choice is the endoscopic use of sclerosing agents such as cyanoacrylate. We report a 69-year-old man who, after being treated with cyanoacrylate, suffered from recurrent febrile episodes. After an extensive study and broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, discarding other presumably infectious focus, the superinfection of the cyanoacrylate plug was suspected, and its surgical removal was decided. A partial gastrectomy of the gastric fundus, a splenectomy, and a distal pancreatectomy were performed. The patient evolved without fever and without new episodes of bacteremia, but with decompensation of his cirrhosis manifested by ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, pneumonia, and collections in the pancreatic bed. These complications were managed with medical treatment consisting in a long course of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Thereafter, the patient evolved satisfactorily.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Cyanoacrylates , Sclerosing Solutions/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis
6.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 28-35, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The need for proper wound closure is of paramount importance after any intra-oral surgery. Various wound closure techniques have been described in literature using traditional non-absorbable suture materials. These include like synthetic absorbable sutures, surgical staples and tissue adhesives. Cyanoacrylates are among the most commonly used biocompatible tissue adhesives. To evaluate and compare intraoral wound healing using 3-0 silk sutures and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate after alveoloplasty.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients requiring bilateral alveoloplasty in the same arch (upper or lower) were included in this study. Patients with any pre-existing pathology or systemic disease were excluded. After alveoloplasty was performed, the wound was closed using 3-0 braided silk sutures on one side, and using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate bio adhesive on the other side. Patients were evaluated based on the following parameters: time required to achieve wound closure; the incidence of immediate and postoperative hemostasis; the time to the use of the first rescue medication; the side where pain first arises; and the side where wound healing begins first.RESULTS: Compared to 3-0 silk sutures, cyanoacrylate demonstrated better hemostatic properties, reduced operative time, reduced postoperative pain and better wound healing.CONCLUSION: These data suggest that cyanoacrylate glue is an adequate alternative to conventional sutures to close the surgical wound after alveoloplasty, and better than are 3-0 silk sutures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , Alveoloplasty , Cyanoacrylates , Enbucrilate , Hemostasis , Incidence , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Pathology , Silk , Sutures , Tissue Adhesives , Wound Closure Techniques , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(3): 71-78, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011972

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of the present study was to perform a histological evaluation of a titanium mini-implant for orthodontic anchorage. Shear strength and fracture patterns that occurred immediately, 30 and 60 days after insertion with or without N-2-butyl-cyanoacrylate adhesive were evaluated. Methods: Ninety-six mini-implants (Arrow, Peclab, Brazil) were placed in the tibia of 9 male rabbits, with or without an adhesive (Vetbond™, 3M, USA). Histological evaluation was done by optical light microscope. Shear strength testing was performed, followed by fracture analysis with visual inspection. Results: Close contact between the newly formed bone and the device was evidenced in the group without adhesive, whereas gaps in the group with adhesive were found. Tukey test showed similar values in both groups at the immediate time point (20.70 N without adhesive and 24.69 N with adhesive), and higher values for the non-adhesive group, after 30 and 60 days (43.98 N and 78.55 N, respectively). The values for the adhesive group were similar for the immediate time point (24.69 N), 30 days (18.23 N) and 60 days (31.98 N). The fractures were adhesive for both groups at the immediate time point. The fractures were cohesive in bone for the non-adhesive group after 30 and 60 days. Conclusions: The mini-implants showed close bone contact and required higher shear strength for removal at 30 and 60 days for the non-adhesive group. Further studies are needed to assess the proper way to remove the orthodontic anchorage without cohesive fractures in bone.


RESUMO Objetivos: este estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma avaliação histológica de um mini-implante para ancoragem em Ortodontia. Avaliou-se, também, a carga de cisalhamento e o padrão de fratura imediatamente e após 30 e 60 dias da sua inserção, com ou sem o uso do adesivo N-butil-2-cianoacrilato. Métodos: noventa e seis mini-implantes (Arrow, Peclab, Brasil) foram instalados na tíbia de nove coelhos machos, com ou sem adesivo (Vetbond™, 3M, EUA). A avaliação histológica foi realizada com uso de microscópico de luz óptica. Realizou-se o teste de resistência ao cisalhamento, seguido pela análise da fratura, por meio de inspeção visual. Resultados: um contato íntimo entre o novo osso formado e o dispositivo foi evidenciado no grupo sem adesivo, enquanto espaços foram encontrados no grupo com adesivo. O teste de Tukey mostrou valores semelhantes em ambos os grupos no tempo imediato (20,70 N sem adesivo e 24,69 N com adesivo), e valores maiores para o grupo sem adesivo após 30 e 60 dias (43,98 N e 78,55 N, respectivamente). Os valores para o grupo com adesivo foram semelhantes para os tempos imediato (24,69 N), 30 dias (18,23 N) e 60 dias (31,98 N). As fraturas foram adesivas para ambos os grupos, no tempo imediato. As fraturas foram coesivas no osso para os grupos sem adesivo, após 30 e 60 dias. Conclusões: os mini-implantes mostraram um contato íntimo com o osso e requereram alta carga de cisalhamento para sua remoção após 30 e 60 dias nos grupos sem adesivo. Estudos adicionais são necessários para avaliar um método para remoção do dispositivo ortodôntico sem fratura coesiva no osso.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Stress, Mechanical , Titanium , Materials Testing , Brazil , Cyanoacrylates , Dental Cements
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 266-271, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011545

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify whether modifications made in a hard chairside reline resin by an ethyl-cyanoacrylate adhesive, ECA (Super Bonder®, Loctite, Itapevi, SP, Brazil) would be able to inhibit or reduce Candida albicans biofilm formation on its surface, comparing to a commercial surface sealant (BisCover®, Bisco, Schaumburg, USA). Reline resin specimens were fabricated and randomly divided into 6 groups (n=8): CG (control group), no surface treatment; ECA1, ECA coating on the surface before sterilization; ECA2, ECA coating after sterilization; ECA3, ECA incorporated in the resin bulk; DPE1, BisCover® coating before sterilization; DPE2, BisCover® coating after sterilization. Specimens were inoculated with C. albicans SC5314 (1x107 cells/mL) and incubated for 24 h. Then, the biofilm were stained with LIVE/DEAD® BaclightTM L7007 Kit and analyzed by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy. The images were evaluated by bioImageL® v.2.0 software and total biovolume (µm3), viable cells (%), and covered area (%) were calculated. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p<0.05). Results showed that ECA-coated groups presented better results, reducing C. albicans biofilm formation. Acquired images revealed that these groups (ECA1 and ECA2) presented a reduced number of cells, mostly in yeast form (less pathogenic), while the other groups presented higher number of cells, mostly in hyphae form (more pathogenic). Based on these findings, a beneficial effect of Super Bonder® coating reline resins surface could be demonstrated, suggesting a promising way to prevent fungal biofilm formation on dentures.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se as modificações feitas com o adesivo etil cianoacrilato, ECA (Super Bonder ®, Loctite, Itapevi, SP, Brasil) sobre as resinas acrílicas para reembasamento, poderiam inibir ou reduzir a formação de biofilmes de C.albicans sobre sua superfície quando comparado com um selante de superfície comercial (BisCover®, Bisco, Schaumburg, EUA). Amostras de resina acrílica para reembasamento foram fabricadas e divididas aleatoriamente em 6 grupos (n=8): CG (grupo controle), sem tratamento superficial; ECA1, revestimento de ECA na superfície antes da esterilização; ECA2, revestimento de ECA após esterilização; ECA3, ECA incorporado no volume da resina; DPE1, revestimento de BisCover® antes da esterilização; DPE2, revestimento de BisCover® após esterilização. Os espécimes foram inoculados com C. albicans SC5314 (1x107 células/mL) e incubados durante 24 h. Seguidamente, o biofilme foi corado com LIVE/DEAD® BaclightTM L7007 Kit e analisado no microscópio confocal de varredura a laser. As imagens foram avaliadas pelo software bioImageL® v.2.0, no qual foram calculados o biovolume total (μm3), as células viáveis (%) e a área coberta (%). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (p<0,05). Os resultados mostraram que os grupos revestidos com ECA apresentaram os melhores resultados, reduzindo a formação do biofilme de C. albicans. As imagens adquiridas revelaram que esses grupos (ECA1 e ECA2) apresentaram um número reduzido de células, principalmente na forma de levedura (menos patogênico), enquanto os outros grupos apresentaram um maior número de células, principalmente na forma de hifas (mais patogênicas). Com base nessas descobertas, encontra-se um efeito benéfico na aplicação do adesivo ECA sobre as superfícies das resinas acrílicas para reembasamento, sugerindo assim uma nova alternativa de prevenir a formação de biofilme fúngico em próteses dentárias.


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Denture Bases , Surface Properties , Acrylic Resins , Brazil , Biofilms , Cyanoacrylates
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 51-54, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common esophageal disease in medical practice, and it is suspected according to patients' symptoms. GERD can be classified in erosive esophagitis (EE) according to the presence of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endoscopic findings in patients with symptoms suggestive of GERD comparing epicemiological and risk factors. METHODS: Upper endoscopy reports were examined retrospectively from patients with symptoms of GERD such as heartburn, regurgitation, cough, throat clearing, globus and chest pain. EE was determined based on Los Angeles classification. Comparisons between risk factors in EE and non-EE groups were done with statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 984 endoscopic reports were examined and 676 selected for analysis (281 with EE and 395 with non-EE form). Most were female 381 (56.36%) with a mean age of 44.01±15.40 years. Hiatal hernia was present in 47(6.96%) and smoking in 41(6.07%). Univariate logistic regression showed that male (OR=2.24, CI 95%, 1.63-3.06) and hiatal hernia (OR=4.52, CI 95%, 2.30-8.89) were independent predictors of erosions in the EE group. The presence of hiatal hernia (OR=12.04, CI 95%, 3.57-40.62), smoking (OR=8.46, CI 95%, 3.28-31.32) and aged patients (OR=8.01, CI 95%, 2.42-26.49) were also indicated as a risk factor for severe EE (grades C and D of Los Angeles). CONCLUSION Male gender and hiatal hernia were associated with EE. Aged patients, smoking and hiatal hernia were related to severe EE. It is suggested that the risk factors for EE and non-EE types are different. Cohort studies are necessary to identify the exact mechanisms involved in each disease form.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) é uma das doenças digestivas mais comuns na prática médica e deve ser suspeitada de acordo com os seus sintomas clínicos, podendo ser classificada em esofagite erosiva (EE) de acordo com os achados de endoscopia. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os achados endoscópicos em pacientes com sintomas sugestivos de DGRE comparando fatores de risco e epidemiológicos. MÉTODOS: Resultados de endoscopias digestiva foram examinados retrospectivamente de pacientes com sintomas relacionados com DRGE como pirose, regurgitação, tosse, pigarro, globus e dor torácica. EE foi determinada de acordo com a classificação de Los Angeles. Comparação de fatores de risco entre os grupos EE e não-EE foram feitos com análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Um total de 984 endoscopias foram examinadas e 676 endoscopias selecionadas para análise (281 com EE e 395 sem EE). A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino 381 (56,36%) com uma idade média de 44,01±15,40 anos. Hérnia hiatal esteve presente em 47 (6,96%) e tabagismo em 41 (6,07%). Regressão logística uni variada mostrou que sexo masculino (OR=2,24 - IC 95%: 1,63-3,06) e hérnia hiatal (OR=4,52 - CI 95%: 2,30-8,89) foram fatores de risco independentes de EE. A presença de hérnia hiatal (OR=12,04 - CI 95%: 3,57-40,62), tabagismo (OR=8,46 - CI 95%: 3,28-31,32) e pacientes idosos (OR=8,01 - CI 95%, 2,42-26,49) foram fatores de risco no grupo de EE grave (classes C e D de Los Angeles). CONCLUSÃO: Sexo masculino e hérnia hiatal foram associados com EE. Idade avançada, tabagismo e hérnia hiatal foram relacionados à forma grave de EE. É sugerido que os fatores de risco de pacientes com e sem EE sejam diferentes. Estudos de coorte são necessários para identificar os mecanismos exatos envolvidos em cada forma da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Cyanoacrylates/administration & dosage , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Injections, Intralesional/adverse effects , Injections, Intralesional/methods , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome , Hemostasis, Endoscopic/methods , Ethiodized Oil/administration & dosage , Endosonography/methods , Middle Aged
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 99-105, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: One of the most feared complications with the use of cyanoacrylate for treatment of gastric varices is the occurrence of potentially life-threatening systemic embolism. Thus, endoscopists are turning towards new techniques, including endoscopic coiling, as a potentially safer and more effective treatment option. However, no studies have been performed comparing the two techniques. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound guided coil and cyanoacrylate injection versus the conventional technique of injection of cyanoacrylate alone. DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Patients randomized into group I were treated with coil and cyanoacrylate, and those in group II with cyanoacrylate alone. Flow within the varix was evaluated immediately after the treatment session and one month following initial treatment. If thrombosis was confirmed, additional follow-up was performed 4 and 10 months following initial treatment. All patients underwent a thoracic computerized tomography scan after the procedure. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients, 16 in each group, were followed for an average of 9.9 months (range 1-26 months). Immediately after the procedure, 6 (37.5%) group-I patients and 8 (50%) group-II patients presented total flow reduction in the treated vessel (P=0.476). After 30 days, 11 (73.3%) group-I patients and 12 (75%) group-II patients were found to have varix thrombosis. In both groups, the majority of patients required only one single session for varix obliteration (73.3% in group I versus 80% in group II). Asymptomatic pulmonary embolism occurred in 4 (25%) group-I patients and 8 (50%) group-II patients (P=0.144). No significant difference between the groups was observed. CONCLUSION: There is no statistical difference between endoscopic ultrasound guided coils plus cyanoacrylate versus conventional cyanoacrylate technique in relation to the incidence of embolism. However, a greater tendency towards embolism was observed in the group treated using the conventional technique. Both techniques have similar efficacy in the obliteration of varices. Given the small sample size of our pilot data, our results are insufficient to prove the clinical benefit of the combined technique, and do not yet justify its use, especially in light of higher cost. Further studies with larger sample size are warranted.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Uma das complicações mais temidas com o uso de cianoacrilato para tratamento de varizes gástricas é a ocorrência de embolia sistêmica potencialmente fatal. Assim, os endoscopistas estão se aprimorando com novas técnicas, incluindo o uso de coils endoscópico, como uma opção de tratamento potencialmente mais segura e eficaz. No entanto, nenhum estudo foi realizado comparando as duas técnicas. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo comparar a segurança e eficácia da injeção de coil com cianoacrilato guiados por ultrassom endoscópico versus a técnica convencional de injeção de cianoacrilato. DESIGN: Um ensaio piloto controlado aleatoriamente. MÉTODOS: Os pacientes randomizados para o grupo I foram tratados com coil + cianoacrilato e os do grupo II apenas com cianoacrilato. O fluxo dentro da variz foi avaliado imediatamente após a sessão de tratamento e um mês após o tratamento inicial. Se a trombose foi confirmada, o acompanhamento adicional era realizado em 4 e 10 meses após o tratamento inicial. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a uma tomografia computadorizada torácica após o procedimento. RESULTADOS: Um total de 32 pacientes, 16 em cada grupo, foram acompanhados por uma média de 9,9 meses (variação de 1-26 meses). Imediatamente após o procedimento, 6 (37,5%) pacientes do grupo I e 8 (50%) pacientes do grupo II apresentaram redução total do fluxo no vaso tratado (P=0,476). Após 30 dias, 11 (73,3%) pacientes do grupo I e 12 (75%) pacientes do grupo II apresentaram trombose da variz. Em ambos os grupos, a maioria dos pacientes necessitou de apenas uma única sessão para obliteração da variz (73,3% no grupo I versus 80% no grupo II). Embolia pulmonar assintomática ocorreu em 4 (25%) pacientes do grupo I e em 8 (50%) pacientes no grupo II (P=0,144). Nenhuma diferença significativa entre os grupos foi observada. CONCLUSÃO Apesar de não haver diferença estatística entre os dois grupos em relação à incidência de embolia neste estudo piloto, observou-se maior tendência de embolia no grupo tratado pela técnica convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Cyanoacrylates/administration & dosage , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Injections, Intralesional/adverse effects , Injections, Intralesional/methods , Pilot Projects , Treatment Outcome , Hemostasis, Endoscopic/methods , Ethiodized Oil/administration & dosage , Endosonography/methods , Middle Aged
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(1): 3-10, Jan. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973840

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Vein graft restenosis has an adverse impact on bridge vessel circulation and patient prognosis after coronary artery bypass grafting. Objectives: We used the extravascular supporter α-cyanoacrylate (α-CA), the local application rapamycin/sirolimus (RPM), and a combination of the two (α-CA-RPM) in rat models of autogenous vein graft to stimulate vein graft change. The aim of our study was to observe the effect of α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM on vein hyperplasia. Methods: Fifty healthy Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into the following 5 groups: sham, control, α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM. Operating procedure as subsequently described was used to build models of grafted rat jugular vein on carotid artery on one side. The level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Grafted veins were observed via naked eye 4 weeks later; fresh veins were observed via microscope and image-processing software in hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry after having been fixed and stored" (i.e. First they were fixed and stored, and second they were observed); α-Smooth Muscle Actin (αSMA) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were measured with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Comparisons were made with single-factor analysis of variance and Fisher's least significant difference test, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: We found that intimal thickness of the α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM groups was lower than that of the control group (p < 0.01), and the thickness of the α-CA-RPM group was notably lower than that of the α-CA and RPM groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: RPM combined with α-CA contributes to inhibiting intimal hyperplasia in rat models and is more effective for vascular patency than individual use of either α-CA or RPM.


Resumo Fundamento: Reestenose de enxertos venosos tem um impacto adverso na circulação de pontagens e no prognóstico de pacientes após a cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica. Objetivos: Nós utilizamos α-cianoacrilato (α-CA) como suporte extravascular, rapamicina/sirolimus (RPM) como aplicação local e a combinação dos dois (α-CA-RPM) em modelos de enxerto venoso autógeno em ratos para estimular mudança no enxerto venoso. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi observar o efeito de α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM na hiperplasia venosa. Métodos: Cinquenta ratos Sprague Dawley (SD) saudáveis foram randomizados nos 5 grupos seguintes: sham, controle, α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM. O procedimento operacional descrito subsequentemente foi utilizado para construir modelos de enxertos da veia jugular na artéria carótida em ratos, em um lado. O nível de endotelina-1 (ET-1) foi determinado por ensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática (ELISA). As veias enxertadas foram observadas a olho nu 4 semanas após; as veias frescas foram observadas via microscópio e software de processamento de imagem com coloração hematoxilina-eosina (HE) e imuno-histoquímica depois de serem fixadas e armazenadas; α-actina do músculo liso (αSMA) e o fator de von Willebrand (vWF) foram medidos com reação em cadeia da polimerase-transcriptase reversa (RT-PCR). Realizaram-se as comparações com análise de variância de fator único (ANOVA) e o teste de diferença mínima significativa (LSD) de Fisher, com p < 0,05 sendo considerado estatisticamente significante. Resultados: Nós achamos que a espessura intimal nos grupos α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM era menor que no grupo controle (p < 0,01) e a espessura no grupo α-CA-RPM era notavelmente menor que nos grupos α-CA e RPM (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A combinação de RPM e α-CA contribui à inibição de hiperplasia em modelos em ratos e é mais efetivo para patência vascular que uso individual de α-CA ou RPM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Tunica Intima/drug effects , Tunica Intima/pathology , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Cyanoacrylates/pharmacology , Hyperplasia/prevention & control , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Carotid Arteries/pathology , Carotid Arteries/transplantation , Random Allocation , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Actins/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Endothelin-1/blood , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/etiology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/pathology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/prevention & control , Jugular Veins/pathology , Jugular Veins/transplantation
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1285-1292, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the coil-protected technique for liquid embolization in neurovascular malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients who underwent coil-protected liquid embolization for symptomatic cranial (n = 13) and spinal (n = 9) arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were identified. A total of 36 target feeder vessels were embolized with N-butyl cyanoacrylate and/or Onyx (Medtronic). This technique was used to promote delivery of a sufficient amount of liquid embolic agent into the target shunt or nidus in cases where tortuous feeding arteries preclude a microcatheter wedging techniqu and/or to prevent reflux of the liquid embolic agent in cases with a short safety margin. The procedure was considered technically successful if the target lesion was sufficiently filled with liquid embolic agent without unintentional reflux. Angiographic and clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved for all 36 target feeders. Post-embolization angiographies revealed complete occlusion in 16 patients and near-complete and partial occlusion in three patients each. There were no treatment-related complications. Of the six patients who showed near-complete or partial occlusion, five received additional treatments: two received stereotactic radiosurgery for cerebral AVM, two underwent surgical removal of cerebral AVM, and one underwent additional embolization by direct puncture for a mandibular AVM. Finally, all patients showed complete (n = 19) or near-complete (n = 3) occlusion of the target AVF or AVM on follow-up angiographies. The presenting neurological symptoms improved completely in 15 patients (68.2%) and partially in seven patients (31.8%). CONCLUSION: The coil-protected technique is a safe and effective method for liquid embolization, especially in patients with various neurovascular shunts or malformations who could not be successfully treated with conventional techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Arteries , Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Malformations , Cyanoacrylates , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Punctures , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192286, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057171

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o perfil de segurança e os resultados estéticos do 2-octilcianoacrilato versus sutura intradérmica com fio de nylon em cirurgias mamárias. Métodos: ensaio clínico randomizado, aberto, que avaliou a ocorrência de complicações, como deiscência, hematoma, infecção e reações alérgicas após o uso do 2-octilcianoacrilato ou do fio de nylon. Também foi analisado o tamanho das incisões, o tempo de fechamento da pele e o tempo cirúrgico total. O resultado estético foi avaliado após 40 e 180 dias da cirurgia, por meio da largura média da ferida operatória e por avaliação subjetiva conceitual (ótimo, bom, razoável ou ruim). Resultados: foram incluídas 79 pacientes, sendo 37 no grupo 2-octilcianoacrilato e 42 no grupo de sutura com fio de nylon. O estudo foi interrompido antes do término do recrutamento dos pacientes pela ocorrência de maior número de deiscências no grupo do adesivo (OR: 11,42; IC95%: 1,36-96,02; p=0,007). Em relação às demais complicações analisadas, ao tempo cirúrgico e ao resultado estético no pós-operatório, não se observaram diferenças significativas entre os grupos. A média do tamanho da ferida operatória foi maior no grupo do adesivo em relação ao grupo da sutura, mas não houve correlação entre o tamanho da ferida e o maior número de deiscências. Conclusão: o 2-octilcianoacrilato apresentou maior risco de deiscência em relação à sutura intradérmica, com resultados estéticos equivalentes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the safety profile and aesthetic results of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate versus intradermal nylon suture in breast surgeries. Methods: an open-label, randomized, clinical trial evaluating the occurrence of complications, such as dehiscence, hematoma, infection, and allergic reactions after the use of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate or nylon thread. The size of the incisions, skin closure time, and total surgical time were also analyzed. The aesthetic outcome was evaluated at 40 and 180 days after surgery, by means of the average width of the surgical wound and by subjective conceptual assessment (optimal, good, reasonable, or poor). Results: 79 patients were included: 37 in the 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate group and 42 in the nylon suture group. The study was stopped before the end of patient recruitment due to the occurrence of a greater number of dehiscences in the adhesive group (OR: 11.42; 95%CI: 1.36-96.02; p=0.007). Regarding the other analyzed complications, the surgical duration and postoperative aesthetic result, no significant differences were observed between the groups. The mean operative wound size was greater in the adhesive group than in the suture group, but there was no correlation between wound size and the largest number of dehiscences. Conclusion: while the cosmetic outcomes with the two techniques were similar, there was a greater risk of dehiscence with the use of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate compared to intradermal suturing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Breast Diseases/surgery , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Nylons , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Surgical Wound , Middle Aged
15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 162-168, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739583

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the biocompatibility of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in the cervical deep tissues of rats to assess its biocompatibility. METHODS: A total of 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with NBCA. After 30, 90, 180, and 360 days, cubes of tissue (1 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm) surrounding the NBCA and normal tissue from the other side of the neck were excised from each rat. The adhesion of NBCA to adjacent structures was examined histologically. Cells were counted per high-power field (HPF), and fibrosis was graded with the measurement of fibrotic thickening. RESULTS: All animals displayed normal behavior without any symptoms of distress throughout the study. There was no recognizable inflammatory reaction, foreign body reaction, or fibrosis in the 30 control samples. The analyses of experimental samples showed significantly decreased inflammatory cell counts over time (lymphoplasma cell count decreased from 100 (range, 70–100) to 30 (range, 30–50) per HPF, P = 0.010; neutrophil count decreased from 2 (range, 2–30) to 0 (range, 0–2) per HPF, P = 0.017). However, there was no significant difference in the number of multinuclear giant cells throughout the study period (a decrease from 22 [range, 16–34] to 16 [range, 12–22] per HPF, P = 0.287). The level of fibrosis was Common Toxicity Criteria ver. 4.0 Grade 1 without further thickening (P = 0.600). However, maturation of fibrosis progressed gradually. CONCLUSION: NBCA was biologically tolerable in the cervical deep tissues of rats. However, precautions are needed with respect to preventing a sustained foreign body reaction and fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials , Cell Count , Chyle , Cyanoacrylates , Enbucrilate , Fibrosis , Foreign-Body Reaction , Giant Cells , Neck , Neck Dissection , Neutrophils , Prospective Studies , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 233-238, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The open reduction of craniofacial bone fractures requires internal fixation using metal plates and screws, which have been considered the gold standard. However, metal implants pose a risk of palpation, protrusion, and foreign body reaction, and they may require an additional operation for removal. Recently, good results have been reported for absorbable implants which complement the disadvantages of metal implants. This study presents the results of using absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate for more accurate and firmer fixation of comminuted fractures of the maxilla. METHODS: In total, 235 patients underwent operations for comminuted fractures of the maxilla. From January 2012 to December 2014, absorbable mesh and screws were used in 114 patients, while from January 2015 to December 2017, absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate were used in 121 patients. Open reduction of the bone fragments was performed, after which absorbable implants were accurately molded and fixed by screws. RESULTS: All patients underwent postoperative computed tomography scans, which showed highly accurate reduction and firm fixation in the patients who underwent procedures using absorbable implants, screws, and cyanoacrylate. There were no postoperative complications or cases of abnormal facial contour. CONCLUSION: When absorbable implants and screws are used for maxillary fractures, no additional surgery to remove the metal plate is required. In addition, the use of cyanoacrylate enables accurate and firm fixation of the tiny bone fragments that cannot be fixed with screws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorbable Implants , Complement System Proteins , Cyanoacrylates , Foreign-Body Reaction , Fractures, Bone , Fractures, Comminuted , Fungi , Maxilla , Maxillary Fractures , Palpation , Postoperative Complications
17.
Rev. méd. (La Paz) ; 24(2): 11-17, Jul. Dic. 2018. Cuadros
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982152

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Para la sintesis de tejidos existe diversidad de materiales, los más conocidos son los hilos de sutura (absorbible y no absorbible); sin embargo exisen otras alternativas de sutura, como son los adhesivos tisulares en base a cianoacrilato. Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia del cianoacrilato en el cierre de heridas de pacientes intervenidas mediante cesárea segmentaria en el servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital Municipal Bolivano Holandés durante la gesión 2015. Material y métodos: Ensayo clinico ciego simple, longitudinal, prospectivo . Se estudiaron 82 pacientes de 16 a 45 años de edad, internadas en el servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital Municipal Boliviano Holandés, durante el periodo del 1° de Septiembre hasta el 31 de Diciembre del año 2015. Se congregaron en 2 grupos: 34 pacientes en las que se empleo el cianoacrilato (caso) y 48 pacientes en las que se realizó la técnica de sutura intradérminac on nylon 3-0 (control), para posteriormente valorar el tiempo de cierre de la herida quirúrgica, reacción de la epidermis y complicaciones postoperatorias en cada grupo. Resultados: En cuanto al tiempo de cierre de la herida quirúrgica: 7 días con cianoacrilato(61.77%) y 7 días con nylon (77.08%); presencia de cicatriz hipertrofica: 0.00% con cianoacrilato y 4.17 % con nylon: y complicaciones 26.47% con cianoacrilato y 0.00 % con nylon. Conclusión: El cianoacrilato no es más eficaz que la sutura convencional en el cierre de heridas de pacientes intervenidas mediante cesárea segmentaria


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyanoacrylates
18.
Rev. ADM ; 75(5): 273-277, sept.-oct. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980008

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente el uso de adhesivos tisulares como el cianoacrilato ha sido beneficioso en el área odontológica, reduciendo el tiempo del acto quirúrgico, disminuyendo el tiempo de cicatrización y la cicatriz postoperatoria, así también el dolor postoperatorio. Objetivo: El objetivo de este artículo es reportar diversas aplicaciones del cianoacrilato en tratamientos quirúrgicos periodontales, como recontorneo estético, gingivectomía, colgajo posicionado apical y preservación alveolar. Materiales y métodos/Presentación de casos: Los protocolos de tratamiento utilizados fueron los tradicionales para cada caso en particular más la adición de tres capas de cianoacrilato, con lapso de aplicación de 30 segundos entre cada capa. Conclusión: Los resultados clínicos de los casos presentados muestran una eficacia en la cicatrización al utilizar cianoacrilato, sin embargo, no sustituye los métodos tradicionales de los protocolos de cada tratamiento (AU)


Introduction: Currently, the use of tissue adhesives such as cyanoacrylate has been beneficial in the dental area, reducing the time of the surgical act, decreasing the time of healing and the postoperative scar, as well as the postoperative pain. Objective: The objective of this article is to report various applications of cyanoacrylate in periodontal surgical treatments, such as aesthetic crown lengthening, gingivectomy, apically positioned flap, and alveolar preservation. Materials and methods/Case presentation: The treatment protocols were the traditional ones for each particular case plus the addition of three layers of cyanoacrylate, with application time of 30 seconds between each layer. Conclusion: The clinical results of the presented cases show an efficacy in the cicatrization when using cyanoacrylate adhesives, nevertheless it does not substitute the traditional methods of the protocols of each treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Cyanoacrylates , Esthetics, Dental , Alveolar Process , Gingivectomy , Smiling , Wound Healing , Membranes, Artificial , Microsurgery
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(1): 13-17, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894020

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate rupture pressures of tissue adhesives of cyanoacrylate (Omnex®) and fibrin (Evicel®), used as reinforcement in colonic suture from "ex vivo" swine. Methods: Surgical procedures were performed in the Surgical Technique Laboratory. From a division in segments of 10 cm of descending colon and sigmoid colon from three "ex vivo" female swine, Landrace breed, which were resected in less than six hours after the slaughter time, 30 segments were selected, 10 of each animal. They were stored in saline solution 0.9% at 36 °C, being randomly allocated in three groups (Control, Evicel and Omnex), each one containing 10 segments. Results: The lower and higher pressure values found in the groups Control, Evicel and Omnex were 36 mmHg and 41 mmHg, 70 mmHg and 90 mmHg, 90 mmHg and 120 mmHg, respectively. Containing statistical significance (p-value <0.0001) concerning the 2 to 2 comparisons (Control, Evicel and Omnex) with 95% trusting rate based on the application of the Turkey Method. Conclusion: One concludes that the use of tissue adhesives in anastomoses colonic in an experimental animal model of "ex vivo" swine increased the anastomoses rupture pressures. Among the tested adhesives, cyanoacrylate presented higher rupture pressure in relation to fibrin adhesive.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as pressões de ruptura dos adesivos teciduais de Cianoacrilato (Omnex®) e de Fibrina (Evicel®), usados como reforço em suturas colônicas de suínos "ex-vivo". Métodos: Os procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados foram realizados no Laboratório de Técnica Cirúrgica. A partir da divisão em segmentos de 10 cm do colo descendente e colo sigmoide de três suínas fêmeas ex-vivo, da raça Landrace, ressecados em tempo inferior a seis horas em relação ao momento do abate, foram selecionados 30 segmentos, 10 de cada animal. Foram armazenados em soro fisiológico 0,9% a 36 °C, alocando-se aleatoriamente esses segmentos em três grupos (Controle, Evicel e Omnex) com 10 segmentos cada. Resultados: Os menores e maiores valores pressóricos encontrados nos grupos Controle, Evicel e Omnex foram 36 mmHg e 41 mmHg, 70 mmHg e 90 mmHg, 90 mmHg e 120 mmHg, respectivamente. Com significância estatística (Valor-p < 0,0001) para as comparações 2 a 2 (Sutura, Evicel e Omnex) com um intervalo de confiança de 95% construído a partir da aplicação do método de Turkey. Conclusão: A partir desse estudo conclui-se que o uso de adesivos teciduais em anastomoses colônicas, em modelo experimental animal de suíno ex-vivo, aumentou as pressões de ruptura das anastomoses. Dentre os adesivos testados, o adesivo de Cianoacrilato apresentou maiores pressões de ruptura em relação ao adesivo de Fibrina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Flexural Strength/physiology , Sutures/statistics & numerical data , Swine , Models, Animal
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 53(1): 53-59, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899233

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Synthetic adhesives are used by various medical specialties, especially in surgery; however, studies reporting their use in orthopedic practice are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the results in using ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate or butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in the treatment of fractures in rats. Methods: This was an experimental prospective controlled study in 90 rats, with humerus, femur, and tibia fractures, treated with ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate (SB group; n = 45) or butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (HA group; n = 45). Biomechanical and histomorphometric analyses were performed at three different moments (60, 120, and 180 days); besides a clinical study performed weekly by measurement of the animals body mass. Results: No differences were observed regarding body mass (p = 0.07). In both groups, there were no significant differences regarding maximum load (p = 0.6), yield point strength (p = 0.6), and stiffness coefficient (p = 0.4) of the femurs. The same was observed in tibias for maximum load (p = 0.4), yield point strength (p = 0.7), and stiffness coefficient (p = 0.6). The humerus from both groups had similar bone callus area (p = 0.66). In both groups, there were no statistical differences related to inflammatory cells (p = 0.4), osteoblasts (p = 0.2), and osteoclasts (p = 0.2). Conclusion: Ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate was more effective than butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in the treatment of fractures in rats.


RESUMO Objetivo: Os adesivos sintéticos são usados em várias especialidades médicas cirúrgicas, contudo, os estudos que relatam seu uso na prática ortopédica são escassos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os resultados do uso do etil-2-cianoacrilato e do butil-2-cianoacrilato no tratamento de fraturas em ratos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo experimental, prospectivo e controlado em 90 ratos com fraturas de úmero, fêmur e tíbia, tratados com etil-2-cianoacrilato (grupo SB; n = 45) ou butil-2-cianoacrilato (grupo HA; n = 45). Foram realizadas análises biomecânicas e histomorfométricas em três momentos (60, 120 e 180 dias), além do estudo clínico pela aferição semanal da massa corporal dos animais. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças relacionadas à massa corporal dos animais (p = 0,07). Os fêmures de ambos os grupos não apresentaram diferença com relação à carga máxima (p = 0,6), limite de elasticidade (p = 0,6) e coeficiente de rigidez (p = 0,4). Analisando-se as tíbias, o mesmo foi observado com relação à carga máxima (p = 0,4), ao limite de elasticidade (p = 0,7) e ao coeficiente de rigidez (p = 0,6). Os úmeros de ambos os grupos apresentaram a mesma área de calo ósseo formado (p = 0,66). Em ambos os grupos, não houve diferença estatística relacionada ao número de osteoblastos (p = 0,2), osteoclastos (p = 0,2) e células inflamatórias (p = 0,4). Conclusão: O etil-2-cianoacrilato foi mais eficaz do que o butil-2-cianoacrilato no tratamento de fraturas em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cyanoacrylates , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Tissue Adhesives
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