Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.785
Filter
1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 31-8, abr-jun. 2022. ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369107

ABSTRACT

As urticárias são dermatoses frequentes, acometendo 15% a 20% da população, com pelo menos um episódio agudo da doença na vida. São classificadas em agudas (≤ 6 semanas) ou crônicas (> 6 semanas), de etiologia induzida ou espontânea. A urticária crônica espontânea tem prevalência estimada entre 1% e 2% da população mundial. Apresenta intenso comprometimento da qualidade de vida dos doentes, de forma que afeta várias esferas da vida como relacionamentos interpessoais, perdas laborais, interferência no estudo, perda de sono, entre outras, além de provocar transtornos psiquiátricos em 46% dos doentes pela imprevisibilidade das crises e peso monetário pela perda laboral e custo de tratamento contínuo. Atualmente os anti-histamínicos não sedantes (de segunda geração) constituem a pedra angular no tratamento da urticária crônica espontânea, em decorrência dos seus efeitos reduzidos sobre as atividades cognitivas e outras no sistema nervoso central e cardiovascular. A abordagem terapêutica se inicia com as doses licenciadas pelos fabricantes e é consenso internacional que os anti-histamínicos de segunda geração podem ser usados em doses duplicadas, triplicadas ou quadruplicadas, pois as doses padrão controlam apenas 39% dos doentes. Ainda assim, para grupo substancial dos doentes, torna-se necessária a segunda linha de tratamento, que é o omalizumabe, (um anticorpo monoclonal anti-imunoglobulina E [IgE] e anti-receptor de alta afinidade da IgE nos mastócitos e basófilos). Como terceira linha terapêutica, destaca-se a ciclosporina. Em raros casos refratários às medidas anteriores, há drogas com menor nível de evidência científica disponíveis, as quais são abordadas neste artigo de revisão.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Omalizumab , Chronic Urticaria , Histamine Antagonists , Mast Cells
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e80-e84, abril 2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363973

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de erupción medicamentosa con eosinofilia y síntomas sistémicos (drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, DRESS), también conocido como síndrome de hipersensibilidad inducida por medicamentos, es una reacción rara potencialmente mortal que causa una erupción grave y que puede provocar insuficiencia multiorgánica. Como con otras erupciones medicamentosas graves, los linfocitos T específicos para un medicamento tienen una función crucial en el síndrome DRESS. El modelo de hapteno/pro-hapteno, el modelo de interacción farmacológica y el modelo alterado de repertorio de péptidos son tres modelos diferentes desarrollados para describir la relación/interacción entre un medicamento o sus metabolitos y el sistema inmunitario. Analizamos nuestra experiencia con el tratamiento con ciclosporina en un caso de síndrome DRESS resistente a esteroides causado por ácido valproico en una niña y sus resultados clínicos, de laboratorio y de antígeno leucocitario humano (HLA).


Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), also known as drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome, is a potentially life-threatening rare reaction that causes a severe rash and can lead to multiorgan failure. As in other severe drug eruptions, drug-specific T lymphocytes play a crucial role in DRESS. The hapten/pro-hapten model, pharmacological interaction model, and altered peptide repertoire model are three different models developed to describe the relationship/interaction between a medication or its metabolites and the immune system. We discuss our experience with cyclosporine treatment in a steroid-resistant DRESS syndrome caused by valproic acid in a girl, as well as her clinical, laboratory, and human leukocyte antigens (HLA) study results


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Eosinophilia/complications , Eosinophilia/chemically induced , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/etiology , Valproic Acid/adverse effects , Cyclosporine , Haptens/adverse effects , HLA Antigens/adverse effects
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 207-213, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387995

ABSTRACT

Abstract Peripheral nerve damage is an important cause of seeking medical attention. It occurs when the continuity of structures is interrupted and the propagation of nervous impulses is blocked, affecting the functional capacity of individuals. To assess the effects of the immunosuppressants tacrolimus and cyclosporine on the regeneration of peripheral nerves, a systematic review of the literature was carried out. The articles included were published until September 2018 and proposed to evaluate the effects of the immunosuppressants tacrolimus and cyclosporine on nerve regeneration and neuroprotection, available in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Oxford Pain Relief Database, and LILACS databases. The research analysed a total of 56 articles, of which 22 were included in the meta-analysis. Statistical analysis suggests the protective effect of tacrolimus in the regeneration of the number of myelinated axons (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93-2.39; p< 0.01); however, such effect was not observed in relation to cyclosporine (95%CI: - 0.38-1.18; p» 0.08) It also suggests that there is a significant relationship between the use of tacrolimus and myelin thickness (95%CI» 2.00-5.71; p< 0. 01). The use of immunosuppressants in the regeneration of peripheral nerve damage promotes an increase in the number of myelinated axons in general, regardless of the administered dose. In addition, it ensures greater myelin thickness, muscle weight and recovery of the sciatic functional index. However, heterogeneity was high in most analyses performed.


Resumo As lesões nervosas periféricas são uma causa importante de busca por atendimento médico. Elas ocorrem quando há a interrupção da continuidade das estruturas e do bloqueio da propagação dos impulsos nervosos, afetando a capacidade funcional dos indivíduos. Para avaliar os efeitos dos imunossupressores tacrolimus e ciclosporina na regeneração de nervos periféricos, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura. Foram incluídos artigos publicados até setembro de 2018, que se propunham avaliar os efeitos dos imunossupressores tacrolimus e ciclosporina na regeneração nervosa e neuroproteção, disponíveis nas bases de dados MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Oxford Pain Relief Database e LILACS. A pesquisa analisou um total de 56 artigos, dos quais 22 foram para metanálise. A análise estatística sugere o efeito protetor do tacrolimus na regeneração do número de axônios mielinizados (intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 0,93-2,39; p< 0,01); todavia tal efeito não foi observado em relação à ciclosporina (IC95%: - 0,38-1,18; p» 0,08). Ela também sugere haver uma relação significativa entre o uso do tacrolimus e a espessura da mielina (IC95%: 2,00-5,71; p< 0,01). O uso de imunossupressores na regeneração de lesão nervosa periférica promove um aumento no número de axônios mielinizados de forma geral, independentemente da dose administrada. Além disso, garante uma maior espessura da mielina, um maior peso muscular e restabelecimento do índice da função do nervo ciático. Todavia, a heterogeneidade foi alta na maioria das análises realizadas.


Subject(s)
Peripheral Nerves/pathology , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Nerve Regeneration/drug effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 300-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the metabolic characteristics of anti-human T-cell porcine immunoglobulin (p-ATG) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) . Methods: For patients with SAA treated with p-ATG combined cyclosporine A (CsA) immunosuppressants between February 2017 and December 2017, the p-ATG dose was 20 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) over 12 h of intravenous administration for 5 consecutive days. The blood concentration of p-ATG was detected by the three-antibody sandwich ELISA method, the pharmacokinetic analysis software was fitted, and the second-chamber model method was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters and plot the pharmacokinetic curve. Adverse events were recorded and the hematologic reactions were determined at 6 months after treatment. Results: Sixteen patients with SAA treated with p-ATG were enrolled, including 8 females and 8 males, with a median age of 22 years (range, 12 to 49 years) and a median weight of 62.5 kg (range, 37.5 to 82.0 kg) . The pharmacokinetics of p-ATG could be evaluated in 14 cases. p-ATG is distributed in vivo as a two-chamber model, with an average drug concentration peak (T(max)) of (5.786±2.486) days, a peak concentration (C(max)) of (616±452) mg/L, and a half-life of (10.479±8.242) days. The area under the drug time curve (AUC) was (5.807±3.236) mg/L·d. Six months after treatment, 8 of 14 patients received a hematologic response; the AUC (0-t) of the effective group and ineffective groups was (7.50±3.26) mg/L·d vs (4.50±2.18) mg/L·d, and the C(max) was (627±476) mg/L vs (584±382) mg/L, respectively. Conclusion: The plasma concentration of p-ATG reached a peak after 5 days of continuous infusion, and then decreased slowly, with a half-life of 10.479 days, and the residual drug concentration was detected in the body 60 days after administration. A relationship between drug metabolism and efficacy and adverse reactions could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Animals , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Male , Swine , T-Lymphocytes , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 393-399, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reassess the predictors for response at 6 months in patients with severe or very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA) who failed to respond to immunosuppressive therapy (IST) at 3 months. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 173 patients with SAA/VSAA from 2017 to 2018 who received IST and were classified as nonresponders at 3 months. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate factors that could predict the response at 6 months. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the 3-month hemoglobin (HGB) level (P=0.017) , platelet (PLT) level (P=0.005) , absolute reticulocyte count (ARC) (P<0.001) , trough cyclosporine concentration (CsA-C0) (P=0.042) , soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) level (P=0.003) , improved value of reticulocyte count (ARC(△)) (P<0.001) , and improved value of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR(△)) level (P<0.001) were related to the 6-month response. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that the PLT level (P=0.020) and ARC(△) (P<0.001) were independent prognostic factors for response at 6 months. If the ARC(△) was less than 6.9×10(9)/L, the 6-month hematological response rate was low, regardless of the patient's PLT count. Survival analysis showed that both the 3-year overall survival (OS) [ (80.1±3.9) % vs (97.6±2.6) %, P=0.002] and 3-year event-free survival (EFS) [ (31.4±4.5) % vs (86.5±5.3) %, P<0.001] of the nonresponders at 6 months were significantly lower than those of the response group. Conclusion: Residual hematopoietic indicators at 3 months after IST are prognostic parameters. The improved value of the reticulocyte count could reflect whether the bone marrow hematopoiesis is recovering and the degree of recovery. A second treatment could be performed sooner for patients with a very low ARC(△).


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Receptors, Transferrin/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the occurrence of immune dysfunction in children with aplastic anemia (AA) and the factors that may lead to immune dysfunction, analyze the relationship between the expression of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and immune dysfunction.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 children with AA treated in our hospital from December 2016 to September 2018 were selected. All the children received immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for 6 months. According to whether the children had immune dysfunction after 6 months of treatment, they were divided into occurrence group and non occurrence group. General information and laboratory indices were compared between the two groups, and serum G-CSF level was tested, the relationship between serum G-CSF level and immune dysfunction in AA children after treatment with IST was observed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After treatment with IST for 6 months, 12 cases developed immune dysfunction (35.29%). Serum interferon (IFN)-γ level of the occurrence group was higher but G-CSF level was lower than those of the non occurrence group (P<0.05), while the difference of other baseline data was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that overexpression of serum IFN-γ and low expression of G-CSF were both the influencing factors of immune dysfunction in AA children after IST treatment (OR>1, P<0.05). ROC curve was drawn, and the result showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of serum G-CSF level predicted the risk of immune dysfunction after IST was 0.843>0.80, when the index cut-off value was set at 6.614 pg/ml, the predictive value was ideal.@*CONCLUSION@#AA children have a higher risk of immune dysfunction after IST, which may be related to the low expression of serum G-CSF. The detection of serum G-CSF expression can be considered to predict the risk of immune dysfunction in AA children after IST, so as to guide early clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Child , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Immunity , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a stable mouse model of acquired aplastic anemia.@*METHODS@#Female BALB/C mice aged 6 months were intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide and cyclosporine for 14 days. The number of peripheral blood cells, the concentration of hemoglobin, the number of bone marrow nucleated cells, bone marrow smear, bone marrow pathological sections and other indexes were observed.@*RESULTS@#In BALB/C mice injected intraperitoneally with cyclophosphamide and cyclosporine, the number of peripheral blood cells and the concentration of hemoglobin were significantly decreased, especially the white blood cells and platelets. Bone marrow smear showed a significant decrease in the number of nucleated cells and bone marrow hyperplasia. Bone marrow pathology showed decreased hematopoietic cells and increased non-hematopoietic cells such as adipocytes.@*CONCLUSION@#The mouse model with intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide and cyclosporine can meet the diagnostic criteria of acquired aplastic anemia, which can be used as a mouse model for the study of the pathogenesis and treatment of acquired aplastic anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Cyclophosphamide , Cyclosporine , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
8.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.377-382, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352599
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0044, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387972

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of two different doses of topical cyclosporine A used in addition to artificial tears in the treatment of patients with meibomian dysfunction and secondary dry eye. Methods: Fifty patients aged 18 to 40 years, who presented to our clinic between June 2020 and June 2021 were included in our study. Patients were divided into two groups as Group A (topical cyclosporine A 0.05%) and Group B (topical cyclosporine A 0.1%). All the patients underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination, basal Ocular Surface Disease Index measurement, and Schirmer 1 and tear break-up time tests at all visits. Results: The mean age was 32±7.1 years in Group A and 30.7±8.5 years in Group B. In Group A, there were 15 women and ten men, and Group B consisted of 14 women and 11 men. There was no difference between the groups in terms of age and gender distribution (p>0.05). Schirmer 1 and tear break-up time results and Ocular Surface Disease Index score also did not significantly differ between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Cyclosporine A 0.05% and 0.1% eye drops were both seen to be effective in managing dry eye disease in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a eficácia clínica de duas doses diferentes de ciclosporina A tópica utilizada além da lágrima artificial no tratamento de pacientes com disfunção da glândula tarsal e olho seco secundário. Métodos: No estudo, foram incluídos 50 pacientes com idades entre 18 e 40 anos, que se apresentaram em nossa clínica entre junho de 2020 e junho de 2021. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo A (ciclosporina A 0,05% tópica) e Grupo B (ciclosporina A 0,1% tópica). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a um exame oftalmológico detalhado, medição basal do Índice de Doença da Superfície Ocular, e testes de Schirmer 1 e de tempo de ruptura em todas as visitas. Resultados: A idade média foi de 32±7,1 anos no Grupo A e 30,7±8,5 anos no Grupo B. No Grupo A, havia 15 mulheres e dez homens, e o Grupo B consistia de 14 mulheres e 11 homens. Não havia diferença significativa entre os grupos em termos de distribuição por idade e gênero (p>0,05). Os resultados do Schirmer 1 e do tempo de ruptura e do Índice de Doenças da Superfície Ocular também não apresentaram diferença significativa entre os grupos (p>0,05). Conclusão: Observou-se que os colírios de ciclosporina A 0,05% e 0,1% são eficazes no tratamento da síndrome do olho seco em pacientes com disfunção da glândula tarsal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Dry Eye Syndromes/drug therapy , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions , Ophthalmic Solutions/therapeutic use , Tears/metabolism , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Meibomian Gland Dysfunction/complications
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1278-1286, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355681

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of cyclosporine 1% alone or associated with oral mucosa transplantation (OMT) in dogs with dry keratoconjunctivitis (KCS). Schirmer Tear Test (STT-1) and Tear Film Osmolarity (TFO) were measured in both eyes of 30 adult dogs (before and 45 days after treatment. The animals were divided into three groups (10 dogs for group): control (normal dogs), group I (GI, treated with 1% cyclosporine alone), and group II (GII, treated with 1% cyclosporine and OMT). All STT-1 and TFO values were subjected to the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, and all were normally distributed. STT-1 and TFO values before and after treatment were subjected to the T-Student Test. The STT­1 and TFO values of the right eye were subjected to Repeated Measures ANOVA followed by a Tukey Test for comparison between groups I and II. Means with a value of p≤0.05 were considered significant. There was a decreased osmolarity in both groups after treatment. Mean osmolarity in GII (322.60±16.56 mOsm/L) was significantly lower than GI (336.40±5.66 mOsm/L). The OMT associated with cyclosporine 1% improved the osmolarity of the tear film in dogs with KCS with a seeming synergism between the clinical and surgical treatments.(AU)


Avaliou-se o uso de ciclosporina 1% isolada ou associada ao transplante de mucosa oral (TMO) em cães com ceratoconjuntivite seca (CCS). O teste lacrimal de Schirmer (TLS-1) e a osmolaridade do filme lacrimal (OFL) foram medidos em ambos os olhos, em 30 cães adultos, antes e 45 dias após o tratamento. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos (10 cães por grupo): controle (cães saudáveis), grupo I (GI, tratados apenas com ciclosporina 1%) e grupo II (GII, tratados com 1% de ciclosporina associada ao TMO). Todos os valores do TLS-1 e da OFL foram submetidos ao teste de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk, e todos foram distribuídos normalmente. Os valores de TLS-1 e OFT antes e depois do tratamento foram submetidos ao teste T-Student. Os valores TLS-1 e OFT do olho direito foram submetidos à ANOVA de medidas repetidas, seguida por um teste de Tukey para comparação entre os grupos I e II. Valor de P≤0,05 foi considerado significativo. Houve uma diminuição da osmolaridade em ambos os grupos após o tratamento. A osmolaridade média no GII (322,60±16,56 mOsm/L) foi significativamente inferior à no GI (336,40±5,66 mOsm/L). O TMO associado à ciclosporina 1% melhorou a osmolaridade do filme lacrimal em cães com CCS, com uma sinergia aparente entre os tratamentos clínicos e cirúrgicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca/therapy , Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca/veterinary , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation , Osmolar Concentration , Lacrimal Apparatus
11.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 437-441, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399813

ABSTRACT

Atopic Dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is a complex systemic inflammatory disease with heterogeneous clinical morphologies. Common features are eczematous lesions, intense pruritus and chronic or relapsing disease course. Eczematous lesions typically show an age-related distribution. However, this disease can present different phenotypes, like follicular/papular dermatitis and prurigo nodularis. We reported a male, 22 years old, phototype IV, African descent, with personal and familial history of atopy. He reported pruritus, xerosis and lesions on skin since he was 2 years-old, with relapsing and chronic course. Clinical examination showed disseminated perifollicular accentuation and rough follicular papules. Extensor surfaces of the legs showed excoriated papules and nodules, beside generalized post-inflammatory hypopigmentation. He had lichenified plaques on the back, neck, hands and foot. Skin biopsy showed spongiosis, parakeratosis and irregular acanthosis at the epidermis. The diagnosis was late and occurred only in adulthood. Due to the extensive and relapsing presentation, he received Cyclosporin 3 mg/Kg/day, associated to steroids and emollients, with improvement of pruritus, xerosis and lechinification. But he maintained perifollicular accentuation. The patient presented common features of Atopic Dermatitis, like chronic and relapsing lesions, history of atopic, dry skin, pruritus, and early disease onset. However, atypical morphologies were presented, exemplified by prurigo nodularis and follicular/papular dermatitis. Other relevant finding it was the fact that the lesions occurred outside the classic areas, with prevalence on extensor surfaces and trunk. These atypical morphologies and unusual location of lesions are prevalent on adults with high phototypes, as seen in this case. It is essential to identify these challenging phenotypes, because the diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis is clinical. Given the diversity of clinical presentation and difficult to recognize some cases, this article will contribute to demonstrate atypical manifestations and common features in non-white patients, facilitating correct diagnosis and early treatment.


A dermatite atópica, também chamada de eczema atópico, é uma doença inflamatória sistêmica complexa, com morfologias clínicas heterogêneas. As características comuns são lesões eczematosas, prurido intenso e curso crônico ou recidivante. Lesões eczematosas geralmente mostram uma distribuição relacionada à idade. No entanto, essa doença pode apresentar diferentes fenótipos, como dermatite folicular/papular e prurigo nodular. Relatamos um homem, 22 anos, fototipo IV, afrodescendente, com história pessoal e familiar de atopia. Referia prurido, xerose e lesões na pele desde os 2 anos, com recidiva e curso crônico. O exame clínico mostrou acentuação perifolicular disseminada e pápulas foliculares ásperas. As superfícies extensoras das pernas apresentavam pápulas e nódulos escoriados, além de hipopigmentação pós-inflamatória generalizada. Notaram-se placas liquenificadas no dorso, pescoço, mãos e pés. A biópsia de pele demonstrou espongiose, paraqueratose e acantose irregular na epiderme. O diagnóstico foi tardio e ocorreu apenas na idade adulta. Devido ao quadro clínico extenso e recidivante, recebeu Ciclosporina 3 mg/Kg/dia, associada a esteroides e emolientes, com melhora de prurido, xerose e liquenificação, mas manteve a acentuação perifolicular. O paciente apresentava características comuns de dermatite atópica, como lesões crônicas e recidivantes, história de atopia, pele seca, prurido e início precoce da doença, no entanto, foram apresentadas morfologias atípicas, exemplificadas por prurigo nodular e dermatite folicular/papular. Outro achado relevante foi o fato das lesões localizarem-se em áreas não clássicas da doença, com predomínio nas superfícies extensoras e tronco. Essas morfologias atípicas e localizações incomuns são prevalentes em adultos com fototipos elevados, como visto neste caso. É essencial identificar esses fenótipos desafiadores, porque o diagnóstico de dermatite atópica é clínico. Devido à diversidade de apresentações clínicas e dificuldade de reconhecimento de alguns casos, este artigo contribuirá para demonstrar manifestações atípicas e características comuns em pacientes não brancos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Phenotype , Hypopigmentation , Blacks , Dermatitis, Atopic , Pruritus , Skin , Therapeutics , Back , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Torso , Foot , Hand , Neck
12.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(3): 119-122, jul.- sep. 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373038

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico diferencial entre la enfermedad de injerto contra huésped aguda grave (estadio IV) y la necrólisis epidérmica tóxica pude resultar difícil en el contexto de un paciente trasplantado, ya que ambas tienen presentaciones clínicas similares. Sin embargo, la distinción entre ellas es fundamental porque ocasionan una gran morbimortalidad, y su manejo y pronóstico difieren. Algunas pequeñas diferencias clínicas e histopatológicas son de gran ayuda para el diagnóstico diferencial y el dermatólogo deberá reconocerlas para tomar una conducta correcta y oportuna. Se comunica el caso de un paciente que presentó ampollas y epidermólisis después del trasplante de células hematopoyéticas y en el que se planteó la dificultad diagnóstica para diferenciar entre ambas afecciones.


The differental diagnosis between severe graft-versus-host disease (stage IV) and toxic epidermal necrolysis can be difficult in the context of a transplant patient, since both conditions have similar clinical presentations. However, the distinction between these two entities is critical because they produce great morbidity and mortality and their management and prognosis differ. Some small clinical and histopathological differences are of great help for the differential diagnosis, and the dermatologist must recognize them in order to take a correct and timely conduct. We present the case of a patient who developed blisters and epidermolysis after hematopoietic cell transplantation, and in whom the diagnostic difficulty to differentiate between the two entities was raised.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/diagnosis , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum
13.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(3): 106-110, jul.- sep. 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371299

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias de la lengua son los tumores más comunes de la cavidad bucal y la mayoría pertenecen a carcinomas de células escamosas. Presentamos dos casos de carcinomas de la lengua, correspondientes a un carcinoma escamoso moderadamente diferenciado y un carcinoma verrugoso, en mujeres de mediana edad con factores de riesgo oncogénicos. Estos tumores pueden tener diversos grados de diferenciación, los cuales determinan su pronóstico y tratamiento.


Tongue neoplasms are the most common in the oral cavity, and the majority correspond to squamous cell carcinomas. We present two cases of tongue carcinomas, corresponding to moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and verrucous carcinoma, in middle-aged women with oncogenic risk factors.These tumors can have various degrees of differentiation, which determine their prognosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/diagnosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Tongue Neoplasms , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Cyclosporine , Folic Acid/administration & dosage , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/radiotherapy
14.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(3): 223-231, jul.set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399210

ABSTRACT

Há o empenho contínuo de especialistas no desenvolvimento de tratamentos resolutivos ou eficazes nos controles das doenças, no entanto, a entidade urticária crônica espontânea (UCE), quando refratária à primeira linha de tratamento, os anti-histamínicos, apresenta um prognóstico desfavorável. Existe um arsenal de medicamentos biológicos disponíveis já consolidados como eficazes e seguros, porém eventualmente nos defrontamos com a inacessibilidade a estes medicamentos, devido aos custos dos mesmos e aos trâmites necessários para dar início ao tratamento. Tais fatos fundamentam a discussão sobre terapias alternativas com outros fármacos, visando manter o manejo adequado da doença e a qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


Specialists have made a continuous effort for the development of effective treatments for disease control; however, chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), when refractory to the first line of treatment, ie, antihistamines, has an unfavorable prognosis. There are biological medicines available, which have been consolidated as effective and safe, but we are occasionally faced with a lack of access to these medicines due to their costs and the necessary procedures to start treatment. Such facts support the discussion about alternative therapies with other drugs, aiming at maintaining the adequate management of the disease and the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sulfasalazine , Cyclosporine , Leukotriene Antagonists , Dapsone , Omalizumab , Chronic Urticaria , Histamine Antagonists , Hydroxychloroquine , Patients , Quality of Life , Therapeutics , Biological Products , Complementary Therapies , Health Expenditures
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e247-e251, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248216

ABSTRACT

La reacción a drogas con eosinofilia y síntomas sistémicos es una reacción adversa cutánea rara, potencialmente grave. Puede presentar fiebre, erupción cutánea polimorfa, edema facial y/o linfoadenopatías. La reactivación del virus herpes humano tipo 6 se asocia a un curso más grave y/o prolongado.Un lactante de 22 meses en tratamiento con fenobarbital presentó lesiones eritematopapulares, fiebre, leucocitosis, proteína C reactiva elevada y alteración de pruebas hepáticas. Se realizó biopsia de piel compatible con reacción adversa a drogas. Se trató con corticoides sistémicos e inmunoglobulina intravenosa sin respuesta. La reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para virus herpes humano tipo 6 resultó positiva. Se inició ciclosporina más prednisona, con buena respuesta. Existe poca evidencia del uso de ciclosporina en adultos, cuando los corticoides sistémicos son inefectivos. Este es el primer reporte pediátrico Podría ser una alternativa efectiva o un complemento de los corticosteroides sistémicos cuando no responde a tratamientos convencionales.


Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a rare and potentially serious skin adverse reaction, with fever, polymorphous skin rash, facial edema, and/or lymphadenopathy. Reactivation of human herpes virus type 6 has been associated with a more severe and/or prolonged course. A 22-month-old infant under phenobarbital treatment developed erythematous-papular lesions, fever, leukocytosis, elevated C-reactive protein, and abnormal liver tests. The skin biopsy was compatible with an adverse drug reaction. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin had no response. Polymerase chain reaction for human herpesvirus type 6 was positive, and cyclosporine plus prednisone was started with a good response. There is little evidence for the use of cyclosporine in adults when systemic corticosteroids are ineffective. This is the first report of pediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms treated with cyclosporine, which could be an effective alternative or an adjunct to systemic corticosteroid therapy unresponsive to conventional treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Herpesvirus 6, Human , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Eosinophilia , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/therapy
16.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(2): 115-119, abr.jun.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398823

ABSTRACT

Com o início do programa de vacinação contra a COVID-19 no Brasil, surgiu uma série de questionamentos relacionados ao uso dos imunizantes em pacientes com doenças imunoalérgicas. Neste documento, o Departamento Científico de Urticária da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia (ASBAI) se posiciona revisando as principais dúvidas relacionadas à imunização para COVID-19 em pacientes com urticária.


As the COVID-19 vaccination program started in Brazil, many questions have arisen regarding the use of vaccines in patients with immune-allergic diseases. In this document, the Scientific Department of Urticaria of the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology takes a stand by reviewing the main queries regarding COVID-19 immunization in patients with urticaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Urticaria , Cyclosporine , Omalizumab , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , BNT162 Vaccine , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Immunization , Vaccination , Allergy and Immunology
17.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(2): 195-198, abr.jun.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398931

ABSTRACT

A urticária é uma lesão cutânea eritematosa, edematosa e pruriginosa, mais prevalente em mulheres entre 30 a 50 anos de idade, sendo classificada em aguda ou crônica. O quadro clínico da urticária crônica espontânea é desencadeado independentemente de estímulos exógenos, podendo ser acompanhado de angioedema em 40% dos casos. O diagnóstico é clínico e a doença pode ser monitorada com escores. O tratamento da urticária crônica espontânea é baseado em anti-histamínicos H1 de segunda geração como primeira linha. A segunda linha se baseia no aumento da dose de anti-histamínicos H1 em até quatro vezes a dose habitual, a terceira linha consiste na associação de imunobiológicos como o omalizumabe, e a quarta linha no uso de ciclosporina. Este relato de caso teve como objetivo analisar a eficácia e segurança do tratamento com dupilumabe na urticária crônica espontânea refratária ao omalizumabe, utilizando os escores de atividade da urticária e o questionário de qualidade de vida em dermatologia. A partir dos resultados obtidos, verificou-se sucesso terapêutico com dupilumabe, que se manteve mesmo após suspensão do medicamento. O uso off label do dupilumabe justificou-se pelo seu mecanismo de ação na fisiopatologia da doença. Este é o primeiro relato de caso brasileiro do uso de dupilumabe para urticária crônica espontânea refratária ao omalizumabe.


Urticaria is an erythematous, edematous, and pruritic skin lesion, most prevalent in women between 30 and 50 years of age, and classified as acute or chronic. The clinical features of spontaneous chronic urticaria are triggered regardless of exogenous stimuli and may be accompanied by angioedema in 40% of cases. The diagnosis is clinical and the disease can be monitored with scores. The first-line treatment of spontaneous chronic urticaria is based on second-generation H1 antihistamines. The second-line treatment is based on increasing the dose of H1 antihistamines by up to four times the standard dose, the third line consists of the association with biologics such as omalizumab, and the fourth line consists of the use of cyclosporine. The present case report aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety of dupilumab treatment for chronic spontaneous urticaria refractory to omalizumab, quantifying clinical improvement and quality of life using urticaria activity scores and a dermatology quality of life questionnaire, respectively. The results obtained showed therapeutic success with dupilumab, which was maintained even after drug suspension. Offlabel use of dupilumab was justified by its mechanism of action in the pathophysiology of the disease. This is the first Brazilian case report of the use of dupilumab for chronic spontaneous urticaria refractory to omalizumab.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Omalizumab , Chronic Urticaria , Histamine Antagonists , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Therapeutics , Efficacy , Cyclosporine , Dosage , Angioedema
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921532

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporin A(CsA)and CsA combined with recombined human erythropoietin(rhEPO)in the treatment of patients with chronic aplastic anemia(CAA).Methods Data of 79 patients with CAA treated at Department of Hematology,PUMC Hospital between January 2016 and June 2018 were collected for retrospective analysis.Forty-five patients were treated with CsA+rhEPO,and the other 34 patients with CsA alone.All the enrolled patients were treated for at least 1.5-2.0 years and followed for at least 1.0 year.The efficacy,side effects,long-term outcomes were compared between the two groups,and factors that may influence the efficacy were analyzed.Results The patients treated with CsA+rhEPO included 14 males and 31 females,with a median age of 43(19,73)years old.The median treatment duration of CsA and rhEPO was 26(12,38)and 4(3,6)months,respectively,and the median followed-up time was 24(12,42)months.The patients treated with CsA alone included 16 males and 18 females,with a median age of 36(16,85)years old.The median CsA treatment duration was 24(12,40)months and the median follow-up time was 25(12,40)months.There was no statistical difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups(all


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1257-1261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the long-term efficacy of cyclosporine (CsA) in the treatment of non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA) in children, and explore the early significant indicators.@*METHODS@#Data of 36 NSAA children in Department of Hematological Oncology, Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. All the children received oral CsA immunosuppressive therapy, and CsA trough concentration was checked to maintain at the rage of 200-250 μg/L after 2 weeks. The evaluation time points were at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months, and assessment items were peripheral white blood cell differential count and reticulocyte's percentage and count.@*RESULTS@#The 36 NSAA cases were composed of 16 males and 20 females, whose median age was 5.46 (2.92-7.99) years old, and median follow-up time was 28.00 (10.00-38.25) months. After taking oral CsA for 24 months, the number of cumulative effective cases was 21. There were 4 cases of complete remission (CR), 17 cases of partial remission (PR), and 15 cases of non-remission (NR). The total effective rate was 58.33%, and median effect-acting time of CsA was 3.0 (0.5-10.0) months. Compared with ineffective group, neutrophil (NEU) and red blood cell (RBC) of effective group (CR+PR) began to increase significantly at the 3rd month, and hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT) and white blood cell (WBC) increase significantly at the 6th month after oral CsA administration (P<0.05). Except for 2 cases who received component transfusion within 3-12 months after taking oral CsA for 3 months in effective group, the others did not need.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall effective rate of oral CsA in children with NSAA was 58.33%. Stopping blood transfusion after the 3 months of treatment may be considered as a turning point for disease outcomes, and levels of NEU, RBC at the 3rd month and Hb, PLT, WBC at the 6th month as indicators for predicting disease prognosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Child , Child, Preschool , Cyclosporine , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of topical administration of cyclosporine A (CsA) on salivary secretion and inflammation of the submandibular glands in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice.@*METHODS@#Female NOD mice, 21 aged 14 weeks and 18 aged 21 weeks were selected and randomly divided into low-dose group, high-dose group and control group on average. CsA was injected into submandibular glands. One week later the saliva stimulated by pilocarpine was collected and measured. The submandibular glands were collected to make paraffin sections. The lymphocyte infiltration in submandi-bular gland was observed by microscope after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The number of lymphocyte infiltration foci was counted to calculate the focus sore and the ratio of lymphocyte infiltration area to total gland area was figured up by Leica image analysis system. The expressions of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-13, IL-17F, IL22 and IL-23a in the submandibular glands of the NOD mice were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell apoptosis in the submandibular gland was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The levels of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid (UA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspertate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin (ALB) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer to evaluate liver and kidney functions.@*RESULTS@#After topical injection of CsA in the submandibular gland, the stimulated salivary flow rate of the 14- and 21-week-old NOD mice significantly increased compared with the control group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and the number and area of lymphocyte infiltration foci in the 14-week-old NOD mice low-dose group significantly decreased compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Low and high dose of CsA had similar effects on reducing inflammation and improving salivary secretion. The overall level of inflammatory cytokines in the submandibular gland did not decrease significantly. The number of cell apoptosis of submandibular gland in the NOD mice treated with CsA decreased compared with the control group, but there was no statistically significant difference. Topical injection of CsA had no adverse effect on liver and kidney function in the NOD mice.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical injection of CsA can reduce lymphocyte infiltration in submandibular gland of NOD mice and improve salivary secretion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclosporine , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Inflammation , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Saliva , Sjogren's Syndrome , Submandibular Gland
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL