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2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 89-98, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356281

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Contrast-enhanced CT scan is the standard staging modality for patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). Involvement of lymph nodes (LN) determines prognosis of patients with bladder cancer. The detection of LN metastasis by CT scan is still insufficient. Therefore, we investigated various CT scan characteristics to predict lymph node ratio (LNR) and its impact on survival. Also, pre-operative CT scan characteristics might hold potential to risk stratify cN+ patients. Materials and Methods: We analyzed preoperative CT scans of patients undergoing RC in a tertiary high volume center. Retrospectively, local tumor stage and LN characteristics such as size, morphology (MLN) and number of loco-regional LN (NLN) were investigated and correlation to LNR and survival was analyzed. CT scan characteristics were used to develop a risk stratification using Kaplan-Maier and multivariate analysis. Results: 764 cN0 and 166 cN+ patients with complete follow-up and imaging data were included in the study. Accuracy to detect LN metastasis and locally advanced tumor stage in CT scan was 72% and 62%. LN larger than 15mm in diameter were significantly associated with higher LNR (p=0.002). Increased NLN correlated with decreased CSS and OS (p=0.001: p=0.002). Furthermore, CT scan based scoring system precisely differentiates low-risk and high-risk profiles to predict oncological outcome (p <0.001). Conclusion: In our study, solely LN size >15mm significantly correlated with higher LNR. Identification of increased loco-regional LN was associated with worse survival. For the first time, precise risk stratification based on computed-tomography findings was developed to predict oncological outcome for clinical lymph node-positive patients undergoing RC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Cystectomy , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 18-30, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356273

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: A systematic review of the literature with available published literature to compare ileal conduit (IC) and cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) urinary diversions (UD) in terms of perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes of high-risk elderly patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Protocol Registration: PROSPERO ID CRD42020168851. Materials and Methods: A systematic review, according to the PRISMA Statement, was performed. Search through the Medline, Embase, Scopus, Scielo, Lilacs, and Cochrane Database until July 2020. Results: The literature search yielded 2,883 citations and were selected eight studies, including 1096 patients. A total of 707 patients underwent IC and 389 CU. Surgical procedures and outcomes, complications, mortality, and quality of life were analyzed. Conclusions: CU seems to be a safe alternative for the elderly and more frail patients. It is associated with faster surgery, less blood loss, lower transfusion rates, a lower necessity of intensive care, and shorter hospital stay. According to most studies, complications are less frequent after CU, even though mortality rates are similar. Studies with long-term follow up are awaited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Ureterostomy , Cystectomy/adverse effects
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 584-593, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of the present prospective-randomized study was to compare perioperative outcomes and complications of bipolar and monopolar TURBT for lateral wall-located non-muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC) under obturator nerve block (ONB). Patients and Methods: 80 patients who underwent TURBT for lateral wall-located primary bladder tumors under ONB from March, 2016 to November, 2019 were included in the present study. The patients were randomized equally into two groups; monopolar TUR (M-TURBT) and bipolar TUR (B-TURBT). The primary and secondary outcomes were safety (obturator jerk and bladder perforation) and efficacy (complete tumor resection and sampling of the deep muscle tissue). Results: Obturator jerk was detected in 2 patients (5%) in M-TURBT while obturator jerk was not observed during B-TURBT (p=0.494). Bladder perforation was not observed in both groups. All of the patients underwent complete tumor resection. There was no significant difference in muscle tissue sampling (67.5% vs. 72.5%, p=0.626) and thermal tissue damage rates (12.5% vs. 25%, p=0.201). The majority of complications were low-grade and the differences in Clavien grade 1-3 complications between groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion: In the treatment of lateral-wall located NMIBCs, either M-TURBT or B-TURBT can be safely and effectively performed by combining spinal anesthesia with ONB. Even so, it should be taken into consideration that low-grade postoperative hemorrhagic complications may occur in patients who undergo M-TURBT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures , Cystectomy , Prospective Studies , Obturator Nerve
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 426-435, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154471

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the functional outcomes and complications of modified Hautmann neobladder with Wallace ureteroileal anastomosis on a 6-8 cm long isoperistaltic chimney, following radical cystectomy. Materials and Methods: Between January 2015 and October 2019, 22 patients (18 men and 4 women) underwent radical cystectomy and Hautmann neobladder reconstruction with chimney modification and Wallace I ureteroileal anastomosis. The mean age of patients was 61 years (45-74 years). All procedures were performed by the same surgeon and the mean follow-up was 29.4 months. Complications were registered as early (occurring within 3 months) or late (occurring after 3 months), with particular attention addressed to the ureteroileal anastomotic stricture and anastomotic leakage rate. Patient evaluation also included symptom analysis for daytime continence and voiding frequency. Results: Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture was not detected as a cause of hydronephrosis. Hovewer, the anastomotic leakage occurred in one patient during the early postoperative period. Early complications occurred in 9 patients and the most common was bilateral hydronephrosis, detected in 5 examinees. Late complications occurred in 4 patients. Complete daytime and nighttime continence achieved in 18 and 16 patients respectively, with two patients (9%) still required intermittent catheterization three months after surgery. Conclusions: The functional results with modified Hautmann neobladder, incorporating short afferent limb in Wallace I uretero-enteric anastomosis, were efficient. This technique is an effective way to minimize potential uretero-enteric stricture, anastomotic leakage and incidence of vesicoureteral reflux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Ileum/surgery , Middle Aged
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 93-99, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134320

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hypothesis: Endoclip can be used as fiducial marker in urology. Objective: To assess the feasibility, cost effectiveness and reliability of endoclips as novel fiducial markers in precision radiotherapy, as part of a trimodality bladder-preserving treatment (TBPT) of muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was performed at Weifang People's Hospital (Weifang, China) from January 2015 to June 2018. A total of 15 patients underwent TBPT. Endoclips were applied to healthy edges of the resected bladder wall as novel fiducial markers. Radio-sensitizing chemotherapy and routine precision radiotherapy were given. The number and position of the endoclips during radiotherapy sessions were monitored. Complications and tumor recurrence were analyzed. Results: The mean age (±standard deviation) of the patients was 67±10 years (range 46-79). There were 3 females and 12 males. Forty-nine endoclips were applied in all patients (3.3±0.8). The tumor was completely visibly resected in all patients. The number of endoclips remained the same through the planned last radiotherapy session (3.3±0.8), i.e., none were lost. All endoclips were removed after the last radiotherapy session. The average number of follow-up months was 38.9±13.2 (range 11-52). There were no procedure-related complications at discharge or follow-up. At one-year, overall recurrence-free survival was 93.3%. Two patients had recurrences at 18 months and 10 months after TBPT, respectively, and salvage radical cystectomy was performed with no further recurrences. Another patient died due to metastasis 9 months after the completion of therapy. Conclusions: Endoclips are reliable, safe and cost-effective as novel fiducial markers in precision-radiotherapy post-TBPT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma , Urinary Bladder , Cystectomy , China , Feasibility Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy , Fiducial Markers , Middle Aged , Muscles , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
8.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021264, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249023

ABSTRACT

Primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor. The overall incidence is approximately 0.12-0.6% of all urinary bladder malignancies. The majority of the patients present in an advanced stage with a uniformly grim prognosis. As signet-ring cell carcinomas are more common in the gastrointestinal tract, a possibility of metastasis needs to be considered. Here we report, a 42-year-old patient who presented with hematuria and was diagnosed with a urinary bladder tumor. The patient was managed with partial cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. The histopathological examination confirmed primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/pathology , Cystectomy
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(5): 864-866, Sept.-Oct. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Neobladder vaginal fistula (NVF) is a known complication after cystectomy and orthotopic diversion in women, occurring in 3-5% of women. Possible risk factors for fistula formation include compromised tissue vascularity due to surgical dissection and/or radiotherapy, suture line proximity, local tissue recurrence, and injury to the vaginal wall during dissection. The surgical repair of a NVF can be challenging secondary to vaginal shortening, atrophy, local inflammation from chronic exposure to urinary leakage, and the proximity of the neobladder to the anterior vaginal wall. In this video, we present transvaginal repair of a NVF with Martius flap interposition. Materials and Methods: This is the case of a 47 year old woman with a history of radical cystectomy and creation of a Studer pouch secondary to bladder cancer two years prior who subsequently developed a NVF. Evaluation included an office cystoscopy which demonstrated a 3-4mm left-sided neobladder vaginal fistula at the level of the ileal-urethral anastomosis. No pelvic organ prolapse or evidence of bladder cancer recurrence was appreciated. Results: A vaginal approach for the NVF repair was performed with a Martius flap interposition. A water-tight closure was achieved without any intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. The urethral Foley was removed at 2 weeks and by 4 weeks the patient did not report any urinary leakage. Conclusions: Neobladder vaginal fistula is a rare complication following cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion that can be repaired using a transvaginal approach. A Martius flap interposition is important to augment success of the repair. If a transvaginal approach fails a transabdominal approach or conversion to cutaneous diversion may be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Diversion , Vaginal Fistula/surgery , Vaginal Fistula/etiology , Vesicovaginal Fistula/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 446-455, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090607

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare perioperative outcomes, complications and anastomotic stricture rate in a contemporary series of patients who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with modified Wallace anastomotic technique versus traditional ileal conduit. Materials and methods: Study enrolled 180 patients, of whom 140 were randomized and underwent RC; seventy were randomized to group I and the seventy to the group II. For the primary objective, we hypothesized that the rate of ureteroenteric strictures would be at least 20 % lower in the second group. Secondary end points included rate of anastomotic leak, surgical time, deterioration of the upper tract, intraoperative blood loss and patient-reported quality of life (HRQOL). The modified Wallace 1 technique involved eversion of the ureteral plate and bowel mucosa edges, which were anastomosed together in running fashion, while the outher anastomotic wall was augmented with sero-serosal interrupted sutures. Results: The mean (SD) follow-up time was 26.1 (5.7) months in group I and 25.2 (4.8) months in group II, during which, anastomotic stricture was observed in 8 patients (12%) from the first and 2 patients (3%) from the second group (p < 0.05). The anastomotic leakage rate was significantly higher in first group (17% vs. 8.5%, p< 0.05), while patient-reported HRQOL outcomes were similar between groups after the 12 month follow-up period. Conclusions: By using a modified Wallace technique, we were able to significantly lower anastomotic stricture and anastomotic leakage rates, which are major issues in minimizing both short- and long-term postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Diversion , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 169-184, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Standard management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer involves radical cystectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. However, patients may be ineligible for surgery or may wish to avoid the morbidity of cystectomy due to quality of life concerns. Bladder preservation therapies have emerged as alternatives treatment options that can provide comparable oncologic outcomes while maintaining patients' quality of life. Objective To review bladder preservation therapies, patient selection criteria, and functional and oncologic outcomes for BPT in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Materials and Methods We conducted a comprehensive literature review of bladder preservation therapies in Pubmed and Embase. Discussion The ideal patient for BPT has low-volume T2 disease, absence of CIS, absence of hydronephrosis, and a maximal TURBT with regular surveillance. Technological advancements involving cancer staging, TURBT technique, and chemotherapy and radiation therapy regimens have improved BPT outcomes, with oncologic outcomes now comparable to those of radical cystectomy. Advancements in BPT also includes a heightened focus on improving quality of life for patients undergoing bladder preservation. Preservation strategies with most evidence for use include trimodality therapy and partial cystectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. Conclusions This review highlights the breadth of strategies that aim to preserve a patient's bladder while still optimizing local tumor control and overall survival. Future areas for innovation include the use of predictive biomarkers and implementation of immunotherapy, moving the field towards patient-tailored care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Cystectomy/methods , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Organ Sparing Treatments , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 108-115, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056353

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Cystectomy with urinary diversion is the gold standard for muscle invasive bladder cancer. It also may be performed as part of pelvic exenteration for non-urologic malignancy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and chronic conditions that result in a non-functional bladder (e.g., interstitial cystitis, radiation cystitis). Our objective is to describe the surgical technique of urinary diversion using large intestine as a conduit whilst creating an end colostomy, thereby avoiding a primary bowel anastomosis and to show its applicability with respect to urologic conditions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed five cases from a single institution that utilized the described method of urinary diversion with large intestine. We describe operative times, hospital length of stay (LOS), and describe post-operative complications. Results: Five patients with a variety of urologic and oncologic pathology underwent the described procedures. Their operative times ranged from 5 hours to 11 hours and one patient experienced a Clavien III complication. Conclusion: We describe five patients who underwent this procedure for various medical indications, and describe their outcomes, and believe dual diversion of urinary and gastrointestinal systems with colon as a urinary conduit to be an excellent surgical option for the appropriate surgical candidate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Colostomy/methods , Urinary Diversion/methods , Urinary Bladder Diseases/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cystectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826334

ABSTRACT

To develop an ideal surgical procedure for neobladder reconstruction in experimental porcine models. Six experimental female pigs weighting 28-33 kg underwent transplantation of autologous peritoneum for bladder reconstruction under general anesthesia.The flaps were used to reconstruct the orthotopic neobladder by suturing with the edges of the triangle and neck of the remnant bladder.The ureteral catheters were removed on the 5 postoperative day and the balloon catheter was removed on the 7 postoperative day.Voiding behaviour was monitored.The animals were euthanized at week 12 for routine pathology,immunohistochemistry,and electron microscopy. All the pigs survived after the surgery,and no postoperative complication such as peritonitis,intestinal obstruction,or urinary fistula was observed.All the peritoneum-ileum composite free valves survived after transplantation.Voiding behaviour was normal after catheter removal,and the urine was clear.At autopsy,reconstructed bladders were healthy.Pathological examination showed the neobladder had been covered by continuous urothelium while the peritoneum disappeared and showed no ileal mucosa regrowth and residual.Scanning electron microscope showed the transitional cells of neobladder were complete and orderly,and the urothelium around suture border was continuous and showed no malposition. Reconstruction of bladder by autologous peritoneum and ileal seromuscular flaps is an ideal approach in the experimental pigs as it can prevent regrowth of ileal epithelial cells and avoid the complications of conventional enterocystoplasty.Its clinical application deserves further investigations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cystectomy , Female , Ileum , Peritoneum , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps , Swine , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
14.
Clinics ; 75: e1639, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol recommends prevention of intraoperative hypothermia. However, the beneficial effect of maintaining normothermia after radical cystectomy has not been evaluated. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of fluid warming nursing in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 108 patients with bladder cancer scheduled to undergo DaVinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy were recruited and randomly divided into the control group (n=55), which received a warming blanket (43°C) during the intraoperative period and the warming group (n=53), in which all intraoperative fluids were administered via a fluid warmer (41°C). The surgical data, body temperature, coagulation function indexes, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the warming group had significantly less intraoperative transfusion (p=0.028) and shorter hospitalization days (p<0.05). During the entire intraoperative period (from 1 to 6h), body temperature was significantly higher in the warming group than in the control group. There were significant differences in preoperative fibrinogen level, white blood cell count, total bilirubin level, intraoperative lactose level, postoperative thrombin time (TT), and platelet count between the control and warming groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrated that TT was the only significant factor, suggesting that the warming group had a lower TT than the control group. CONCLUSION: Fluid warming nursing can effectively reduce transfusion requirement and hospitalization days, maintain intraoperative normothermia, and promote postoperative coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Body Temperature/physiology , Cystectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Intraoperative Care/methods , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Shivering/physiology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Intraoperative Period
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5628, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142877

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze mortality rates and hospitalization data after radical cystectomy in each public healthcare center in São Paulo in the last decade, considering the number of surgeries performed at each center. Methods: This study included patients from the Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde from the state of São Paulo, who underwent radical cystectomy between 2008 and 2018. Data analyzed included organization name, number of procedures/year, in-hospital death rates and hospital length of stay. Results: A total of 1,377 radical cystectomies were registered in the public health system in São Paulo, between 2008-2018. A total of 91 institutions performed at least one radical cystectomy in the decade analyzed. The number of radical cystectomies performed per organization during the years analyzed ranged from one to 161. Only 45.6% of patients were operated in organizations that performed more than five radical cystectomies yearly. A total of 684 patients were operated in organizations with higher surgical volume. There were 117 in-hospital deaths, representing an 8.5% mortality rate for the state of São Paulo during the last decade. Whereas highest volume organizations (>6 radical cystectomies/year) had a mortality rate of 6.1%, the lowest volume (<1 radical cystectomy /year) had a 17.5% in-hospital mortality rate. Conclusion: There was a strong relation between organization volume of radical cystectomy and in-hospital mortality rate after radical cystectomy in São Paulo from 2008-2018. Unfortunately, we could not observe a trend toward centralization of such complex procedures, as it has occurred in developed countries during the last decades.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar as taxas de mortalidade e os dados de hospitalização após cistectomia radical em cada unidade pública de saúde de São Paulo na última década, levando em conta o número de cirurgias realizadas por unidade. Métodos: Este estudo incluiu pacientes do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde de São Paulo submetidos à cistectomia radical entre 2008 e 2018. Os dados analisados incluíram o nome da instituição, o número de procedimentos/ano, taxas de mortalidade hospitalar e tempo de internação hospitalar. Resultados: Foram registrados 1.377 cistectomias radicais no sistema público de saúde de São Paulo no período. Um total de 91 instituições realizou pelo menos uma cirurgia na década analisada. O número de cistectomias realizadas por instituição durante os anos analisados variou de uma a 161. Apenas 45,6% dos pacientes foram operados em instituições com volume cirúrgico maior do que cinco cistectomias radicais/ano. Ao todo, 684 pacientes foram operados em instituições com maior volume cirúrgico. Houve 117 óbitos hospitalares, representando taxa de mortalidade de 8,5% para o estado de São Paulo na última década. Enquanto instituições com o maior volume (seis cistectomias radicais/ano) apresentaram mortalidade de 6,1%, as instituições com menor volume (<1 cistectomia radical/ano) apresentaram taxa de mortalidade de 17,5%. Conclusão: Houve forte relação entre o volume institucional de cistectomia radical e a taxa de mortalidade hospitalar após cistectomia radical em São Paulo, no período de 2008 a 2018. Infelizmente, não se observa no Brasil tendência de centralização de procedimentos complexos, como tem ocorrido em países desenvolvidos nas últimas décadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystectomy , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 566-574, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134185

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the influence of preoperative renal function on survival outcomes in patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) with non-continent urinary diversion (UD). Materials and Methods A total of 132 patients with bladder cancer who underwent RC with non-continent UD due to urothelial carcinoma from January 2006 toMarch 2017 at our tertiary referral center were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were divided into 2 groups as those with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60mL/min/1.73 m2 and ≥60mL/min/1.73 m2 according to preoperative eGFR levels. Patients' characteristics, preoperative clinical data, operative data, pathologic data, oncologic data and complications were compared between the groups. Results The mean age was 64.5±8.7 (range: 32 - 83) years and the median follow-up was 30.9±31.7 (range: 1-113) months. There were 46 patients in Group 1 and 86 patients in Group 2. There was no difference in cancer-specific mortality (45.6% for group 1 and 30.2% for group 2, p=0.078) and survival (56.8±8.3 months for group 1 and 70.5±5.9 months for group 2, p=0.087) between the groups. Overall mortality was higher (63% for group 1 and 40.7% for group 2, p=0.014) and overall survival (43.6±6.9 months for group 1 and 62.2±5.8 months for group 2, p=0.03) was lower in Group 1 compared to Group 2. Conclusions Overall mortality was higher and overall survival was lower in patients with preoperative eGFR <60mL/s. More patients had preoperative hydronephrosis with eGFR< 60mL/s.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Urinary Diversion , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Cystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Preoperative Period , Middle Aged
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1094-1104, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056337

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The health-related QoL is a patient-centered evaluation covering several aspects. This evaluation seems to be particularly important in patients submitted to radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion with ileal conduit (IC) or a neobladder (NB). Objective: Review all recent data comparing QoL outcomes after radical cystectomy with NB and IC diversions. Evidence Acquisition: A systematic search in PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement in December 2018. All articles published from January 01, 2012 to December 31, 2018, were included. A study was considered relevant if it compared QoL outcomes using validated questionnaires (EORTC QLQ C30, FACT-G, FACT-BL, FACT-VCI, and BCI). Evidence Synthesis: In 11 included studies, a total of 1389 participants were accounted (730 NB and 659 IC cases). The studies were conducted in 8 different countries, two were prospective, and none was randomized. There were two studies favoring results with a neobladder, 3 with incontinent diversion and 6 with no differences. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 was the most used instrument (5 studies) followed by FACT VCI and BCI (3 studies each). Given the heterogeneity of data and lack of prospective studies, a meta-analysis was not performed. Conclusion: No superiority of one urinary diversion was characterized. It seems that the choice must be individualized with an extensive preoperative orientation of the patient and their relatives. That will probably influence how the patient accepts the new condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Urinary Diversion/rehabilitation , Cystectomy/rehabilitation , Time Factors , Urinary Diversion/methods , Urinary Diversion/psychology , Cystectomy/methods , Cystectomy/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Treatment Outcome
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