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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 40-48, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364901

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Knowing the information regarding the panorama of lymphoma diagnosis in patients treated in the Brazilian Public Unified Health System from the last 10 years is a challenge for Strategic Health Planning. Objective To characterize the Brazilian population with lymphoma treated in the Brazilian Public Unified Health System between 2008 and 2017 regarding staging, sex, residence site and mortality. Material and methods A descriptive, retrospective, and longitudinal trial with secondary data from DataSUS (SIA/SUS and SIM/SUS) obtained from patients with ICD-10 C81-85. Results There were 70,850 lymphoma cases between 2008 and 2017, of which 55% were male, the median age was 51 years, and 27% had Hodgkin Lymphoma. Most patients (56%) were treated outside the residence city. São Paulo State accounted for 25% of patients. Treatment initiation took more than 60 days in 27% of cases. A total of 45,601 deaths were due to lymphoma (12% Hodgkin Lymphoma and 88% Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma), with a median age 63 years, and were mainly males (55%). Staging data were inadequate in 23% of patients, and analysis was performed only on the valid records. Advanced disease was diagnosed in 58% of patients (60% male; 57% female) and was more common in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (62%) versus Hodgkin Lymphoma (49%). Discussion Late diagnosis interferes with mortality rates. Health promotion and cancer prevention campaigns, especially targeting the male public, and training for early diagnosis and early treatment are needed. Conclusion Effective measures for early diagnosis and treatment are urgently needed for lymphoma control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hodgkin Disease/diagnosis , Lymphoma/diagnosis , Mortality , Delayed Diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358108

ABSTRACT

La trombosis arterial luego de una artroplastia total de rodilla es una complicación poco frecuente; sin embargo, puede tener consecuencias devastadoras. Describimos un caso de una oclusión arterial después de una artroplastia total de rodilla en una mujer de 85 años. Inicialmente, la presentación clínica nos hizo pensar en una manifestación de la enfermedad de Raynaud (la paciente tenía antecedente de síndrome de CREST). Entre los diagnósticos diferenciales también se planteó un síndrome de dolor regional complejo, que retrasó el diagnóstico durante dos semanas. Finalmente, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento se realizaron mediante angiografía. La recuperación funcional fue completa. La baja frecuencia de esta lesión puede determinar que el diagnóstico sea un desafío para el cirujano. En este caso, la oclusión parcial de las arterias evitó complicaciones más graves. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Arterial thrombosis after total knee replacement (TKR) is a rare complication; however, it can lead to disastrous consequences. We describe a case of an arterial occlusion after TKR in an 85-year-old female patient. Initially, the clinical presentation made us con-sider Raynaud (she had a history of CREST) and complex regional pain syndrome, which delayed the diagnosis for 2 weeks. Diagnosis and treatment were accomplished with angiography and the patient achieved a full recovery. The low frequency of this injury may make diagnosis a challenge for the surgeon. In this case, partial occlusion of the arteries avoided more serious complications. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Venous Thrombosis , Delayed Diagnosis
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 224-229, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280889

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis constituye la principal causa de abdomen agudo quirúrgico en pediatría. Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, se replantearon las estrategias de manejo ydisminuyeron las consultas en las guardias, lo que podría asociarse a diagnósticos tardíos y complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de la pandemia en los niños con apendicitis aguda. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivocomparativo de pacientes pediátricos conapendicitis aguda durante los cinco meses del confinamiento por COVID-19 versus los meses equivalentes del año previo. Se analizaron la incidencia, la clínica, el estadio, el abordajequirúrgico y las complicaciones. Resultados. Los casos totales de apendicitisse redujeron un 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 en 2020). El tiempo medio hasta la consulta fue de 24 horas en ambos períodos (p = 0,989). La incidencia de peritonitis fue del 44 % (n = 22) versus el 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0,22) en 2019. No se evidenció diferencia en los estadios deenfermedad de acuerdo con lo informado en los partes quirúrgicos. En 2019, todas las cirugías se realizaron por vía laparoscópica; en 2020, solo un42 % (n = 21). La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 6 %, contra 7,5 % en el período previo (p = 0,75). Un paciente fue COVID-19 positivo. Conclusión. A pesar de la reducción en el númerode casos de apendicitis, no se evidenció una demora en la consulta en nuestra población. El mayor impacto se asoció a la readecuación del manejo, evitando el abordaje laparoscópico para reducir la diseminación del virus.


Introduction. Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical acute abdomen in pediatrics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, management strategies were reassessed and the number of visits to the emergency department dropped down, which may be associated with delayed diagnoses and complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the pandemic on children with acute appendicitis. Methods. Analytical, retrospective, comparative study of pediatric patients with acute appendicitis in the 5 months of COVID-19 lockdown versus the same period in the previous year. Incidence, clinical data, stage, surgical approach, and complications were analyzed. Results. The total number of appendicitis cases went down by 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 in 2020). The mean time to consultation was 24 hours in both periods (p = 0.989). The incidence of peritonitis was 44 % (n = 22) versus 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0.22) in 2019. No differences were  observed in terms of appendicitis stage based on surgery reports. In 2019, all surgeries were laparoscopic; while in 2020, only 42 % (n = 21). The incidence of complications was 6 % versus 7.5 % in the previous period (p = 0.75). One patient was COVID-19 positive. Conclusion. Although in our population the number of appendicitis cases dropped down, consultation was not delayed. The greater impact was associated with the reformulation of management strategies, in which the laparoscopic approach is avoided to reduce virus transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/trends , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Delayed Diagnosis/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Appendectomy/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/trends , Pandemics/prevention & control , Tertiary Care Centers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, General
4.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e4112, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289624

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes fallecidos por COVID-19 al inicio de la pandemia evidencian características clínico-epidemiológicas particulares y su identificación, lo mismo que los aspectos asociados a su diagnóstico son fundamentales para la implementación de estrategias en salud pública que permitan la protección sanitaria de los grupos más vulnerables. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínico epidemiológicas de los pacientes fallecidos por COVID-19 y su asociación con el diagnóstico tardío en las primeras etapas de la pandemia en el departamento de Bolívar-Colombia. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal con una muestra de 51 pacientes fallecidos por COVID-19; se calculó la frecuencia relativa de los factores de riesgo clínico epidemiológicos de estos pacientes y se realizó un análisis bivariado para evidenciar la asociación con la posibilidad de ser diagnosticado después de la muerte, usando la razón de disparidad (OR) con su intervalo de confianza Resultados: El 47,2 por ciento de los diagnósticos se hicieron después de la muerte; el promedio entre el inicio de los síntomas y la muerte fue aproximadamente 13 días, en los que se evidencia como comorbilidades importantes las enfermedades cardíacas (58,5 por ciento) y la hipertensión (35,8 por ciento). La asociación con el diagnóstico después de la muerte se relaciona con los casos notificados en abril y mayo (p=0,03), ser mayor de 80 años (p=0,03) y tener malnutrición (p=0,04). Conclusión: En el contexto del departamento de Bolívar se observan fallas en el diagnóstico oportuno de algunos grupos poblacionales vulnerables y a los pacientes con enfermedades cardíacas se debe prestar atención para evitar la alta mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Patients who died from COVID-19 at the beginning of the pandemic show particular clinical-epidemiological characteristics and their identification as well as the aspects associated with the diagnosis are fundamental for the implementation of public health strategies that allow the sanitary protection of the most vulnerable groups. Objective: To determine the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients who died from COVID-19 and its association with late diagnosis in the early stages of the pandemic in the department of Bolívar-Colombia. Material and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample of 51 patients who died from COVID-19; the relative frequency of the clinical-epidemiological risk factors of these patients was calculated and a bivariate analysis was performed to show the association with the possibility of being diagnosed after death, using the disparity ratio (OR) with its confidence interval. Results: The 47,2 percent of the diagnoses were made after death; the average between the onset of symptoms and death was approximately 13 days, in which heart disease (58,5 percent) and hypertension (35,8 percent) were evidenced as important comorbidities. The association with diagnosis after death is related to the cases reported in April and May (p = 0.03), being older than 80 years (p = 0.03) and having malnutrition (p = 0.04). Conclusion: In the context of the department of Bolívar, failures are observed in the timely diagnosis of some vulnerable population groups, thus special attention should be paid to patients with heart disease to avoid high mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Groups , Vulnerable Populations/ethnology , Delayed Diagnosis/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Heart Diseases/complications , Epidemiologic Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , COVID-19/mortality
5.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(3): e4124, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280442

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En los últimos años las mujeres constituyen uno de los grupos más vulnerables y afectados por el VIH. Objetivo: Determinar características clínico-epidemiológicas de mujeres con VIH, residentes en el municipio Boyeros. Material y métodos: investigación descriptiva, retrospectiva de pacientes femeninas con VIH, diagnosticadas y residentes en el municipio Boyeros, desde 1986 hasta el 31 de diciembre del 2016. Se incluyeron solo las pacientes mayores de 14 años, vivas, diagnosticadas y residentes en el municipio. La muestra estuvo constituida por 99 casos. La fuente de información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas de la Consulta Municipal especializada para la atención a pacientes con VIH/sida del municipio Boyeros. Resultados: Las tasas de incidencia muestran tendencia ascendente. El 49,5 por ciento se diagnostican con edades entre 15 y 29 años. Predominan las mujeres blancas en 40 por ciento, con nivel de escolaridad secundaria básica (43 por ciento). Un 19 por ciento se hizo el diagnostico como gestante y más de 50 por ciento no declararon vínculo laboral estable. El diagnóstico tardío se presentó en 43 por ciento y a edades mayores. El último conteo de T-CD4 fue mayor de 350 células/mm3 en más de 50 por ciento. El 92,9 por ciento de los casos tienen indicado TARV. Conclusiones: La población femenina con VIH del municipio Boyeros es predominantemente joven, con nivel de escolaridad básica y sin vínculo laboral. Se mantienen casos de diagnóstico tardío y las cifras de T-CD4 muestran valores adecuados en la mayoría de los casos(AU)


Introduction: Women are one of the most vulnerable groups affected by HIV during the last years. Objective: To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of women with HIV in Boyeros municipality. Material and Methods: A descriptive retrospective research was conducted in female HIV patients in Boyeros municipality from 1986 to December 31, 2016. Only alive women older than 14 years living in the aforementioned municipality who were previously diagnosed with HIV were included in the study. The sample was composed of 99 cases. The information was obtained from the clinical records of the Municipal Consultation where specialized care is given to patients with HIV/AIDS. Results: The incidence rates of HIV infection in women showed a rising trend. Also, 49,5 percent of women infected with HIV were between 15 and 29 years of age. There was a prevalence of whites (40 percent) as well as women with secondary levels of education (43 percent). The diagnosis was also made in pregnant women, representing the 19 percent. More than 50 percent of them declared not to have steady jobs. Late diagnosis was identified in 43 percent of women in older ages. The latest T-CD4 count was higher than 350 cells/mm3 in more than 50 percent of them. ART was indicated in 92,9 percent of the cases. Conclusions: The female population infected with HIV in Boyeros municipality is mainly young; a lot of them have basic educational levels and do not have an employment contract. Late diagnosis of HIV infection continues to be identified. T-CD4 cell counts show adequate values in most of the cases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Risk Groups , CD4 Antigens , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , European Continental Ancestry Group , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Delayed Diagnosis
6.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 147-153, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279094

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Conocer el impacto psicosocial y económico quede la uveítis en México. Métodos: Encuesta en pacientes diagnosticados con uveítis. Se registraron datos demográficos y nivel socioeconómico. Se identificaron síntomas, tiempo al diagnóstico, tratamiento, comportamiento, actitudes y sentimientos ante la enfermedad. Resultados: Se realizaron 100 encuestas a pacientes con uveítis, con edad media de 45 ± 17.08 años, nivel socioeconómico ≤ D; 54 eran mujeres. El diagnóstico se realizó al 1.87 ± 2.73 años. Acuden anualmente a cita 2.1 ± 2.14 mes, más de 1 a urgencias y son hospitalizados 3.7 días. Utilizan tratamiento sistémico con antiinflamatorios esteroideos (53 %), inmunosupresor (31 %), terapia biológica (7 %), tratamiento tópico con lubricantes (44 %), esteroides (26 %) y cirugías (39 %). Comorbilidades observadas: hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, artritis reumatoide (18 %), síndrome de Sjögren, lupus y colitis ulcerativa crónica inespecífica. Complicaciones: deterioro visual, cataratas y ceguera. La uveítis afecta su vida en el 83 % de los casos, en el 41 % a diario y el 49 % necesitan cuidados de otra persona. El 79 % reciben atención privada, el 43 % cuenta con seguridad social, gastando mensualmente $3,590 ± $2,730.65 pesos en medicamentos, transporte, consulta médicas y estudios. Anualmente con ausentismo laboral de 8.5 ± 14.56 días, más 7.0 días de incapacidad u hospitalización. El 51 % refieren falta de apoyo para conocer la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Se trata del primer estudio nacional que escenifica la condición de los pacientes con uveítis y las insuficiencias por las que atraviesan, incluyendo el ámbito económico y biopsicosocial.


Abstract Objective: Determine the psychosocial and economic impact suffered by patients diagnosed with uveitis in Mexico. Methods: Survey in uveitis-diagnosed patients. Demographic data and socioeconomic level were recorded. Symptoms, time to diagnosis, type of treatment, behavior, attitudes and feelings towards the disease were identified. Results: One hundred surveys were conducted in patients with uveitis, who had a mean age of 45 ± 17.08 years, and socioeconomic level ≤ D; 54 were females. Diagnostic delay was 1.87 ± 2.73 years. Annually, patients attend 2.1 ± 2.14 appointments per month, and are admitted once to the emergency department and remain hospitalized for 3.7 days. Patients use systemic treatment with steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (53 %), immunosuppressant agents (31 %), biological therapy (7 %), topical treatment with lubricants (44 %) or steroids (26 %) and undergo surgery (39 %). Observed comorbidities include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis (18 %), Sjögren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and nonspecific chronic ulcerative colitis. Complications: visual impairment, cataracts and blindness. Uveitis affects their life in 83 % of cases, in 41 % does it daily, and 49 % need care from another person. Seventy-nine percent receive private care and 43 % have social security, with $ 3,590 ± $ 2,730.65 pesos being spent monthly on medicines, transportation, medical appointments and studies. Annually, work absenteeism is 8.5 ± 14.56 days, plus 7.0 days of disability or hospitalization; 51% refer lack of support to learn about the disease. Conclusions: This is the first national study to portray the condition of patients with uveitis and the shortcomings they go through, including the economic and biopsychosocial fields.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Uveitis/economics , Uveitis/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Uveitis/diagnosis , Uveitis/therapy , Activities of Daily Living , Comorbidity , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cost of Illness , Delayed Diagnosis , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Mexico
7.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 15(2): 210-215, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286202

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Early dementia diagnosis has many benefits and is a priority. In Brazil, most cases are diagnosed by a specialist. Objective: We aimed to study the average time from disease onset to specialist assessment and related factors; we also propose potential strategies to deal with this delay. Methods: This was a cross-sectional database study in 245 patients with dementia from an outpatient clinic in a tertiary university hospital in Southern Brazil, which only assesses individuals from the Unified Health System (SUS). The outcome was time from symptoms onset to specialist assessment, reported by the informants. Individuals were separated into two groups: less and more than 1 year to specialist assessment. Multivariable analysis was used to test the potential related factors associated with delayed specialist assessment. Results: Mean±SD of time from symptoms onset to specialist assessment was 3.3±3.3 years. In the unadjusted analysis, individuals who were assessed before 1 year were more often diagnosed with vascular dementia, had more sudden and subacute onset, neuropsychiatric symptoms at presentation, rapid progression, and alcohol and antipsychotics use (p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, the effects of personality changes and onset presentation persisted, even when controlling for other variables. Conclusion: We found a long time from disease onset to specialist assessment, and those with personality changes and faster presentation were referred earlier. Improving the diagnostic capability of general practitioners, mass educational campaigns and transmission of knowledge by experts are some potential strategies to deal with delay of dementia diagnosis.


RESUMO. O diagnóstico precoce de demência tem muitos benefícios e deve ser uma prioridade. No Brasil, ele é feito por especialistas na maioria dos casos. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o tempo médio entre o início da doença até a avaliação com especialista e seus possíveis fatores relacionados; também propomos estratégias potenciais para lidar com esse atraso. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base de dados com 245 pacientes com demência atendidos em ambulatório de um hospital universitário do sul do Brasil, que avalia indivíduos provenientes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). O desfecho principal foi o tempo entre o início dos sintomas até a avaliação com o especialista, relatados pelos informantes. Os indivíduos foram separados em dois grupos: tempo até a consulta com o especialista menor e maior que 1 ano. A análise multivariável foi usada para testar os possíveis fatores relacionados à avaliação tardia pelo especialista. Resultados: O tempo médio±DP entre o início dos sintomas e a avaliação com o especialista foi de 3,3±3,3 anos. Na análise não ajustada, os indivíduos que chegaram para avaliação antes de 1 ano do início da doença foram diagnosticados com mais frequência com demência vascular, tiveram início do quadro mais repentino e subagudo, sintomas neuropsiquiátricos na apresentação, progressão rápida, uso de álcool e antipsicóticos (p<0,05). Na análise multivariada, apenas alterações de personalidade e início rápido dos sintomas mostraram-se preditores para chegada mais precoce ao especialista, mesmo controlando possíveis confundidores. Conclusão: Encontramos um longo tempo entre o início da doença até a avaliação do especialista e indivíduos com alterações de personalidade e apresentação mais rápida foram encaminhados mais precocemente. Melhorar a capacidade diagnóstica do médico de família, campanhas educacionais em massa e transmissão de conhecimento por especialistas são algumas estratégias potenciais para lidar com o atraso do diagnóstico de demência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dementia , Referral and Consultation , Information Dissemination , Education , Delayed Diagnosis , General Practitioners
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 91-93, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152793

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fungal infections by dermatophytes can present with unusual clinical manifestations, which can cause diagnostic difficulties. The authors present the case of a patient with cutaneous infection by Nanizzia gypsea, initially treated erroneously with topical corticosteroids due to a wrong diagnosis. It was cured after antifungal treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinea/drug therapy , Delayed Diagnosis , Tinea/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353883

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diagnóstico del dedo en martillo tendinoso puede pasar desapercibido inicialmente en niños y adolescentes, esto limita las posibilidades del tratamiento conservador. El objetivo fue evaluar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico con la técnica de tenodermodesis en lesiones de presentación tardía.materiales y métodos: Se evaluó retrospectivamente a 9 pacientes (8 niños) con una edad promedio de 8.6 ± 6 años (rango 1-15). Los días promedio de evolución de la lesión eran 27±11.4 (rango 15-45). El mecanismo de lesión fue una herida cortante (4 casos) y un traumatismo indirecto (5 casos). El tratamiento consistió en tenodermodesis e inmovilización transitoria con clavija transarticular. El seguimiento promedio fue de 61 ± 34.7 meses (rango 12-106). Se evaluaron la movilidad activa y pasiva de la articulación interfalángica distal, la presencia de dolor o deformidad, la limitación de actividades de la vida diaria y la necesidad de tratamientos adicionales. Se clasificaron los resultados con los criterios de evaluación de Crawford. Resultados: En 8 pacientes, el resultado fue excelente y, en uno, regular según Crawford. Un paciente poco colaborador requirió una segunda intervención por re-rotura. En dos casos, hubo una complicación (granuloma) y requirió resección. Ningún paciente refirió dolor al final del seguimiento, ni limitaciones para las actividades de la vida diaria. Ocho presentaron extensión activa completa y uno, una deformidad residual de 20°. Conclusión: La tenodermodesis permite la reconstrucción anatómica del mecanismo extensor en niños y adolescentes. Los resultados clínicos de este estudio son alentadores en lesiones no diagnosticadas en forma temprana. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Tendinous mallet finger may go initially unnoticed in children and adolescents, limiting the possibilities of conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of surgical treatment with the tenodermodesis technique in late-presentig injuries. Materials and Methods: Nine patients (8 males) with an average age of 8.6±6 years (1-15 range) were retrospectively evaluated. The injury manifested at an average of 27±11.4 days after trauma (15-45 range). In 4 patients the mechanism was a laceration and, in 5, indirect trauma. Patients were treated by tenodermodesis and transitory fixation of the distal interphalangeal joint with a Kirschner wire. The average follow-up was 61±34.7 months (12-106 range). Active and passive range of motion of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ), pain, deformity, limitations in everyday life activities, and need for further treatment were evaluated. Crawford criteria was used to evaluate the outcomes. Results: The results were excellent in eight patients, and fair in one according to the Crawford criteria. One case required reintervention for re-rupture in a poorly collaborating patient. Two cases presented granuloma as a complication and required resection. No patients presented pain at the last follow-up, nor limitations in everyday life activities. Eight patients had full active DIPJ extension, and one had a 20° residual deformity. Conclusion: Tenodermodesis allows anatomical reconstruction of the extensor mechanism in pediatric patients. The clinical results are encouraging in late-presenting lesions. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Toes/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hammer Toe Syndrome , Delayed Diagnosis
11.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 67(1): e-16967, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147265

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A neoplasia maligna de pâncreas configura uma das neoplasias de maior mortalidade em todo o mundo, quase sempre atrelada a um prognóstico sombrio, principalmente quando associada à disseminação linfática e para órgãos distantes. Objetivo: Avaliar a sobrevida global em pacientes com adenocarcinoma de pâncreas atendidos em um centro especializado em oncologia. Método: No período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2014, foram avaliados retrospectivamente 71 prontuários. Os dados foram analisados pelo software STATA versão 14, utilizando análise de Kaplan-Meier e de regressão de Cox. O intervalo de confiança utilizado foi de 95% e considerado significante p<0,05. Foram preservados os princípios éticos e da confidencialidade. Resultados: Houve predomínio do sexo masculino, raça parda e com idade superior a 61 anos ao diagnóstico. Quanto às características clínicas, 87,8% dos tumores estavam localizados em cabeça de pâncreas. A dor abdominal (92,7%) foi o sintoma mais frequente, seguida de perda progressiva de peso (79,3%) e icterícia (57,3%). A taxa de sobrevida em três meses de acompanhamento foi de 48,4%. Conclusão: O estudo evidencia que o câncer de pâncreas tem uma repercussão extremamente negativa, visto que a maioria dos pacientes recebe o diagnóstico em estágios avançados da doença, dificultando a possibilidade de tratamento curativo.


Introduction: Pancreatic malignant neoplasia represents one of the highest mortality neoplasms worldwide, almost always associated to a dismal prognosis, especially when associated with lymphatic spread and to distant organs. Objective: To assess the global survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated at a specialized oncology center. Method: From January 2011 to December 2014, 71 medical records were retrospectively evaluated. The data were analyzed using the STATA software version 14, using the Kaplan-Meier curve and the Cox regression. The confidence interval used was 95% (p<0.05). Ethical and confidentiality principles have been secured. Results: There was predominance of males, mixed race and over 61 years of age at diagnosis. As for the clinical characteristics, 87.8% of the tumors were located in the head of the pancreas. Abdominal pain (92.7%) was the most frequent symptom, followed by progressive weight loss (79.3%) and jaundice (57.3%). The three-month follow-up survival rate was 48.4%. Conclusion: The study shows that pancreatic cancer has an extremely negative repercussion, since most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease, hindering the possibility of curative treatment.


Introducción: La neoplasia maligna pancreática representa una de las neoplasias de mortalidad más altas del mundo, casi siempre vinculada a un pronóstico sombrío, especialmente cuando se asocia con diseminación linfática y órganos distantes. Objetivo: Evaluar la supervivencia global en pacientes con adenocarcinoma pancreático tratados en un centro de oncología especializado. Método: Desde enero de 2011 hasta diciembre de 2014, se evaluaron retrospectivamente 71 registros médicos. Los datos se analizaron utilizando el software STATA versión 14, utilizando la curva de Kaplan-Meier y la regresión de Cox. El intervalo de confianza utilizado fue del 95% (p<0,05). Se han preservado los principios éticos y de confidencialidad. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, la raza mixta y los mayores de 61 años en el momento del diagnóstico. En cuanto a las características clínicas, el 87,8% de los tumores se ubicaron en la cabeza del páncreas. El dolor abdominal (92,7%) fue el síntoma más frecuente, seguido de pérdida progresiva de peso (79,3%) e ictericia (57,3%). La tasa de supervivencia de seguimiento a los tres meses fue del 48,4%. Conclusión: El estudio muestra que el cáncer de páncreas tiene un impacto extremadamente negativo, ya que la mayoría de los pacientes reciben el diagnóstico en etapas avanzadas, obstaculizando la posibilidad de tratamiento curativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Delayed Diagnosis
12.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 22(1): [774], 2021. ilust, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284271

ABSTRACT

A sífilis é uma infecção sexualmente transmissível comum em todo o mundo. Objetivo: Analisar os casos notificados/confirmados de sífilis gestacional em Joinville - SC. Método: Estudo descritivo, realizado por meio da análise de dados secundários de forma retrospectiva, no período de 2010 a 2019. Foram investigadas 1039 gestantes com sífilis, a partir dos dados extraídos do Sistema de Processamento de Dados do DATASUS. Resultados: A maioria das gestantes possuía idade igual ou inferior a 29 anos, sem ocupação remunerada e de baixa renda. A maior parte teve o diagnóstico da sífilis e foi notificada no 3o trimestre de gestação. A classificação clínica da sífilis predominante foi sífilis latente. 92% das gestantes foram tratadas e 52% dos parceiros. Conclusões: Observou-se que mulheres jovens, sem ocupação remunerada e baixa renda estão mais suscetíveis a Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis. Outros achados foram o diagnóstico tardio da sífilis entre as gestantes e a condição de parceiros não tratados.


Subject(s)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Pregnant Women , Diagnosis , Delayed Diagnosis , Infections , Classification , Data Analysis , International Cooperation
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 611-617, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362689

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent surgical emergencies and is a common cause of non-traumatic acute abdominal emergencies that require surgical intervention. Most complicated appendicitis started de novo as simple appendicitis raising the notion that it is a disease in evolution that has become of clinical importance due to delayed or missed diagnosis. Complicated appendicitis has been associated with a significant risk of postoperative septic complications, including wound infections and intra-abdominal abscess formation. This study aimed to evaluate the types of complicated appendicitis and their relationship to patient's demographic data, postoperative course and the length of hospital stay in Al-Basra Teaching Hospital. Methods: This was a prospective clinical study involving patients with acute appendicitis admitted to Al-Basra Teaching Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019. The demographic data, types of complicated appendicitis, hospitalization duration, and postoperative complications were evaluated. The patients were divided into six groups according to age. All data were recorded and analyzed. Results: A total of 1210 patients, age from 6 to 69 years, mean age of patients was 23.45, males out-numbered females. Perforated appendicitis represents the main type of complicated appendicitis, and it was reported mostly among elderly patients. Patients with complicated appendicitis had a longer hospitalization and more postoperative complications than patients with non-complicated appendicitis. Conclusion: we concluded that nearly one third of the patients with acute appendicitis had complicated appendicitis, so they need a special pre and postoperative care and old age had non classical clinical picture with poor outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , General Surgery , Wound Infection/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Demographic Data , Abdominal Abscess/prevention & control , Delayed Diagnosis , Length of Stay
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(10): 3723-3730, Out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133013

ABSTRACT

Abstract Brazil is the second nation in absolute number of new cases of leprosy in the world. The country presents many regions highly endemic to the disease, as is the case of the Goiás. The present study aims to analyze the temporal trends of leprosy indicators in Goiás between 2006 and 2015. This study showed a significant trend of decline for the coefficient of detection. Although the central-western region of the state presented the highest absolute number of cases, the Northeast of the state presents the worst epidemiological situation, with an increase in the number of cases of patients with physical disabilities and those under 14 years of age. The data also showed that there is an increase in the cases of patients with physical deformities in almost all macroregions of the state, indicative of late diagnosis. It is very important that there is a more effective and continuous training of the health professionals of the non-centralized units, for a real control of leprosy as a public health problem in the state. In addition, special attention should be given to the poorer regions of the state, which have shown a tendency to increase the diagnosis of patients younger than 14 years and with physical disabilities caused by leprosy.


Resumo O Brasil é a segunda nação em número absoluto de novos casos de hanseníase no mundo. O país apresenta muitas regiões altamente endêmicas para a doença, como é caso do estado de Goiás. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar as tendências temporais dos indicadores de hanseníase em Goiás, entre 2006 e 2015. Este estudo demonstrou uma tendência significativa de declínio para o coeficiente de detecção. Embora a macrorregião do Centro-Oeste do estado tenha apresentado a maior ocorrência absoluta de casos, o Nordeste do estado apresenta a pior situação epidemiológica, com aumento no número de casos de pacientes com incapacidades físicas e menores de 14 anos. Os dados mostraram, ainda, que há um aumento nos casos de pacientes com deformidades físicas em quase todas as macrorregiões do estado, indicativo de diagnóstico tardio. É muito importante que haja uma formação mais efetiva e contínua dos profissionais de saúde das unidades não centralizadas, para um controle real da hanseníase como problema de saúde pública no estado. Além disso, uma atenção especial deve ser dada às regiões mais pobres do estado, que apresentaram uma tendência de aumento no diagnóstico de pacientes menores de 14 anos e com incapacidades físicas causadas pela hanseníase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endemic Diseases , Leprosy/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Delayed Diagnosis , Leprosy/diagnosis
16.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 568-572, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138672

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Alertar al personal de la salud sobre la importancia de la detección temprana de las he- moglobinopatías, dado que es el trastorno monogénico recesivo más frecuente. Pacientes y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo del resultado de eletroforesis capilar (CE) de 152 pacientes entre 0 y 18 años que durante el año 2017 fueron evaluados por sospecha de hemoglobinopatías en un Hospital Universitario de Colombia. La información se tomó de los registros médicos y del Laboratorio de Hematología y Hemostasia, asegurando la privacidad de los datos y aprobado por el Comité de Ética local. RESULTADOS: De 152 pacientes, 48,6% tenía entre 7 y 18 años. La frecuencia de hemoglobinopatías fue de 42,7%. La variante más frecuente fue el rasgo de células falciformes (Hb S) con 14,5%. El hematólogo fue el profesional que más frecuentemente solicitó EC. DISCUSIÓN: Se detectó que las hemoglobinopatías se diagnostican usualmente en niños mayores de siete años. Esto puede favorecer las complicaciones y progresión de la enfermedad, y aumento en los costos de la salud. Se requiere más información y educación a los médicos generales y pediatras para un diagnóstico más temprano.


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to spread awareness among health personnel about the importance of early detection of hemoglobinopathies since it is the most frequent monogenic recessive disorder worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective study of the results of capillary electropho resis (CE) of 152 patients aged between 0 and 18 years who were evaluated in 2017 due to suspected hemoglobinopathies in a University Hospital in Colombia. The information was collected from me dical records and the Hematology and Hemostasis Laboratory, ensuring data privacy and approved by the local Ethics Committee. RESULTS: Of 152 patients, 48.6% were aged between 7 and 18. The frequency of hemoglobinopathies was 42.7%. The most frequent hemoglobin variant was the sickle cell trait (Hb S) with 14.5%. The hematologist was the professional who most frequently requested CE. DISCUSSION: We found that hemoglobinopathies are usually diagnosed late in pediatric patients. This may favor complications and progression of the disease and increase healthcare costs. More information and education are required for general physicians and pediatricians in order to achieve early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Delayed Diagnosis/statistics & numerical data , Hemoglobinopathies/diagnosis , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Early Diagnosis , Developing Countries , Hemoglobinopathies/epidemiology , Hospitals, University
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 397-403, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138044

ABSTRACT

Abstract Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is an unfortunate and common complication of patients with diabetes, most likely resulting from a lack of proper understanding of the disease, which leads to late diagnosis. It is commonly misdiagnosed as infection and treated with antibiotics and a frustrated attempt of surgical drainage, which will reveal only debris of the osteoarticular destruction. Proper education of diabetic patients and of the health care professionals involved in their treatment is essential for the recognition of the initial signs of CN. The general orthopedic surgeon is usually the first to treat these patients in the early stages of the disease and must be aware of the signs of CN in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and ensure proper treatment. In theory, this would make it possible to decrease the morbidity of this condition, as long as proper treatment is instituted early.


Resumo A neuropatia de Charcot (NC) é uma complicação lamentável e comum de pacientes com diabetes, provavelmente resutlante de uma falta de entendimento adequado dessa condição, que leva ao diagnóstico tardio.A confusão diagnóstica com quadro infeccioso contribui para que o tratamento inicialmente indicado seja equivocado ao prescrever medicação antibiótica ou, eventualmente, drenagem cirúrgica. Não é infrequente que a drenagem inadvertida do suposto abcesso revele que na verdade seu conteúdo é formado apenas de partículas provenientes da destruição osteoarticular. A educação adequada, tanto dos pacientes diabéticos quanto dos médicos responsáveis por prestar atendimento primário a estes pacientes, é fundamental para a correta compreensão das principais características relacionadas ao desenvolvimento da NC. O ortopedista geral é quem, na maioria das vezes, recebe no pronto atendimento os pacientes que se encontram na fase aguda inicial da doença. Por esta razão, esses profissionais devem estar extremamente alertas e serem capazes de identificar os primeiros sinais que permitem diagnosticar precocemente a NC. Em tese, isto possibilitaria reduzir a morbidade desta afecção na medida em que o tratamento adequado venha a ser precocemente instituído.


Subject(s)
Arthropathy, Neurogenic/complications , Diabetic Foot , Growth and Development , Diabetes Mellitus , Delayed Diagnosis , Foot , Orthopedic Surgeons , Amputation
18.
Rev. MED ; 28(1): 69-75, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143833

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La epifisiólisis femoral proximal o deslizamiento capital femoral es un trastorno de la cadera que se caracteriza por un desplazamiento de la epífisis sobre la metáfisis a través de la fisis (cartílago de crecimiento), quedando la epífisis posterior e inferior. Es una entidad relativamente frecuente en atención primaria y prehospitalaria que genera dolor y limitación de cadera; sin embargo, por su sintomatología vaga es usualmente infradiagnosticada o es diagnosticada tardíamente generando consecuencias a largo plazo. Si se tienen en cuenta los factores de riesgo asociados a una adecuada exploración física y el uso imágenes diagnósticas se lograría hacer un diagnóstico oportuno y una disminución de la tasa de complicaciones.


Abstract: Proximal femoral epiphysiolysis or slipped capital femoral is a hip disorder characterized by a displacement of the epiphysis over the metaphysis through the physis (growth plate), leaving the epiphysis in a posterior and inferior position. It is a relatively frequent entity in primary and prehospital care that generates hip pain and limitation. However, due to its vague symptoms, it is usually underdiagnosed or diagnosed late, generating long-term consequences. If the risk factors associated to an adequate physical examination and the use of diagnostic images are taken into account, a timely diagnosis and a reduction in the rate of complications would be achieved.


Resumo: A epifisiólise proximal do fêmur ou escorregamento epifisário proximal do fêmur é um transtorno do quadril que é caracterizado por um deslocamento da epífise sobre a metáfise por meio da fise (placa de crescimento), ficando a epífise posterior e inferior. É uma entidade relativamente frequente em atenção primária e pré-hospitalar que gera dor e limitação do quadril; contudo, por sua sintomatologia vaga, é usualmente subdiagnosticada ou é diagnosticada tardiamente, o que leva a consequências em longo prazo. Se os fatores de risco associados com uma adequada exploração física e com o uso de imagens diagnósticas forem considerados, é possível realizar um diagnóstico oportuno e diminuir a taxa de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Primary Health Care , Epiphyses , Delayed Diagnosis
19.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(3): 175-179, May-June 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289208

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cor triatriatum es una anomalía congénita rara, que representa el 0,4% de todas las malformaciones cardíacas. En esta malformación la aurícula es separada en dos compartimientos por una membrana fibromuscular, que puede ser enteramente intacta o contener fenestraciones de diámetros variables. La aparición de la sintomatología está en relación con las propiedades obstructivas que mimetizan la estenosis mitral y la presencia de una comunicación interauricular. La ecocardiografía bidimensional y el Doppler color son las modalidades diagnósticas no invasivas de elección para el diagnóstico preciso del cor triatriatum y de su repercusión hemodinámica. Se reporta un caso de cor triatriatum en un paciente adulto mayor, en quien se hizo el diagnóstico tardío y casual de esta malformación.


Abstract Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital anomaly that represents 0.4% of all cardiac malformations. In this malformation the atrium is separated into two compartments by a fibrous-muscular membrane that may be completely intact or contain fenestrations with variable diameters. The appearance of symptoms is associated with obstruction-like properties that mimic mitral stenosis and an atrial septal defect. Two-dimensional cardiac ultrasound and colour Doppler are non-invasive methods of choice for the accurate diagnosis of cor triatriatum and its haemodynamic repercussions. A case of cor triatriatum is reported in an elderly patient, in whom a delayed and casual diagnosis was made of this malformation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Congenital Abnormalities , Echocardiography , Delayed Diagnosis , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Mitral Valve Stenosis
20.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(1): 107-111, 20200401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095729

ABSTRACT

La hidrocefalia normotensiva es una patología caracterizada por alteración en la marcha, incontencia vesical, déficit cognitivo, hallazgos imagenológicos de ventriculomegalia comunicante y, presión normal de líquido cefalorraquídeo. Por la ambigüedad de sus síntomas y por la falta de criterios imagenológicos muy concluyentes es una patología de difícil diagnóstico inicial; el paciente muchas veces acude a distintos especialistas por síntomas aislados hasta que se relacionan los mismos y, se deriva el caso a Neurología / Neurocirugía. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 65 años que presentó un cuadro de 2 años de evolución de incontinencia urinaria tratado como alteración de la micción secundaria a una hiperplasia prostática benigna sin mejoría alguna en ese intervalo de tiempo. Luego se agregó al cuadro una alteración en la marcha que fue poco valorada por el paciente y su entorno, sin ser conscientes del déficit cognitivo hasta que se realizó la evaluación neuropsicológica. Si bien el paciente presentaba la triada clásica que caracteriza a la hidrocefalia de presión normal, no fue hasta dos años luego del inicio del cuadro que se llegó al diagnóstico y, fue intervenido quirúrgicamente. Se colocó una válvula de derivación ventrículo peritoneal de presión media, con la cual presentó una evolución favorable y, resolución absoluta de los síntomas.


Normotensive hydrocephalus is a pathology characterized by impaired gait, bladder incontinence, cognitive deficit, images findings of communicating ventriculomegaly and normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Due to the ambiguity of its symptoms and the lack of conclusive images criteria, it is difficult initial diagnosis pathology; the patient often goes to different specialists for isolated symptoms until they are related, and the case is referred to Neurology / Neurosurgery. We present the case of a patient who presented a 2-year history of urinary incontinence treated as an alteration of urination secondary to a benign prostatic hyperplasia without any improvement in that time interval. Then a gait disturbance was added to the picture that was poorly valued by the patient and his environment, without being aware of the cognitive deficit until a neuropsychological evaluation. Although the patient presented the classic triad that characterizes normal pressure hydrocephalus, it was not until two years after the onset of the condition that the diagnosis was reached and underwent surgery. A peritoneal ventricular shunt of medium pressure was placed, presenting a favorable evaluation and complete resolution of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Delayed Diagnosis/adverse effects , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure
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