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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238076, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393427

ABSTRACT

Triclosan (TCS) is a chlorinated diphenyl ether and a possible active agent against microorganisms. Due to its probability of reducing dental plaque accumulation, TCS can be added as a substance for oral hygiene. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and antimicrobial capacity of TCS against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans. Methods: This work evaluates the percentage of bacteria inhibition of P. aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) and S. mutans (ATCC 25175). TCS concentrations between 2 and 128 µg.mL-1 were tested. Results: An inhibitory potential of TCS was found against S. mutans. No percentage of inhibition was detected against P. aeruginosa (technical and biological triplicate). Conclusion: TCS, an antimicrobial agent used in dentifrices, can reduce S. mutans levels therefore these dentifrices should be indicated for patients with a high risk of caries. However, further study is needed, including antimicrobial analyses against other microbial conditions


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Streptococcus mutans , Triclosan/antagonists & inhibitors , Dental Caries , Oral and Dental Hygiene Products , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Mouth Diseases
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226341, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354797

ABSTRACT

Treatment of dental caries in children still remains challenging due to lack of cooperation with conventional treatment modalities. Recently, the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) has proved useful in addressing this challenge. Aim: This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: This was a phase III balanced randomized controlled school based interventional study on 240 children. The study group was treated with SDF while GIC was used in the control group. Follow up visits in 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months were carried out to assess the treatment outcome. Inferential statistics with the use of Pearson Chi-square test and Independent Student t-test were used at 5% level of significance. Results: There was significant relationship between SDF and caries arrest in 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months' assessment period (p = 0.001). The control group showed continuous decline (71.7%, 54.3% and 50.9%) in restorative success from 2 weeks to 3 months respectively. The mean ± SD and Confidence Interval (CI) of arrested caries in the SDF group were 113± 1.24 and 113.1 ­ 113.5 respectively. In the control group the mean ± SD and CI of restorative success were 69.3±11.8 and 67.2 ­ 71.4. The effect size was 5.24. Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SDF was effective in arresting caries in children without any harm and there was statistically significant difference in the use of 38% SDF in arresting caries in children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 54-60, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381314

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of a patient with Cushing's syndrome, low self-esteem and need for oral rehabilitation. A 50-year-old female patient with hypercortisolism sought care at School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. During anamnesis, the patient reported painful symptoms and mobility of the upper and lower teeth. On clinical examination, absence of many teeth were observed, periodontal disease and caries lesions. After discussion of the case, the planning involved the extraction of all teeth, and the preparation of Maxillary Immediate Complete Dentures (ICD's) and Immediate Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture (IMIO). The treatment proposed allowed the restored aesthetics, phonetics and chewing(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente com síndrome de Cushing, baixa autoestima e necessidade de reabilitação oral. Paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos de idade e com hipercortisolismo, procurou atendimento na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Durante a anamnese, a paciente relatou sintomas dolorosos e mobilidade dos dentes superiores e inferiores. No exame clínico, foi observada a ausência de muitos dentes, doença periodontal e lesões cariosas. Após a discussão do caso, o planejamento envolveu a extração de todos os dentes, e o preparo de Prótese Total Imediata maxilar (PTI), e Overdenture Implantorretida Imediata mandibular. O tratamento proposto permitiu que restaurasse a estética, fonética e mastigação(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cushing Syndrome , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Periodontal Diseases , Tooth Extraction , Dental Caries , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Esthetics, Dental
5.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370925

ABSTRACT

Introduction: orofacial clefts are common congenital malformations with an important social, psychological, and economic impact. The treatment of this condition may include different surgical procedures that previously require an adequate oral condition. Case report: we report a case of dental treatment before palatoplasty in a male patient of 17 years-old with bilateral cleft lip and palate and lesion in the jugal mucosa. Final considerations: the adequacy of the oral environment is a fundamental step in the treatment of patients with orofacial clefts and aims to restore oral health regardless of the degree of complexity of the dental treatment through the reduction of the pathogenic microbiota, elimination of retentive niches, instructions on diet and adequate oral hygiene and constant patient motivation.


Objetivos: as fissuras orofaciais são malformações congênitas comuns, com importante impacto social, psicológico e econômico. O tratamento dessa condição pode incluir vários procedimentos cirúrgicos que requerem previamente uma adequada condição bucal. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de tratamento odontológico prévio a palatoplastia em um paciente do gênero masculino de 17 anos de idade, com fissura transforame incisivo bilateral e lesão em mucosa jugal. Considerações finais: A adequação do meio bucal é uma etapa fundamental no tratamento de pacientes com fissuras orofaciais e visa restabelecer a saúde bucal independente do grau de complexidade do tratamento odontológico por meio da redução da microbiota patogênica, eliminação de nichos retentivos, orientações sobre dieta e higiene bucal adequada e motivação constante do paciente.


Subject(s)
Cleft Palate , Oral Hygiene , Palate , Cleft Lip , Cissus , Dental Caries , Craving , Mouth Rehabilitation
6.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4)jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395261

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el biofilm dental microbiano es el precursor de diversas enfermedades orales, una de ellas la caries, ésta representa la enferme- dad oral más significativa a nivel mundial, con una incidencia de 1.76 billones de niños afectados. Las nanopartículas de plata (AgNPs) se están usando como alternativa para el control y prevención del biofilm dental, ya que poseen propiedades antimicrobianas contra bacterias relacionadas a estas enfermedades. Sin embargo, no hay estudios que evalúen este comportamiento en pacientes pediátricos. Objetivo: eva- luar la actividad antimicrobiana de las AgNPs en bacterias de aislados clínicos tomados de pacientes pediátricos. Material y métodos: se tomó muestra del biofilm dental de 22 pacientes pediátricos, el efecto micro- biológico se evaluó mediante ensayos microbiológicos estandarizados internacionalmente por triplicado, usando dos diferentes tamaños de AgNPs. Resultados: los dos tamaños de AgNPs mostraron inhibición bacteriana, sin embargo, sólo se vio una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el género (p < 0.05), además, en general, hubo una correlación positiva significativa en relación a la concentración de las AgNPs y la velocidad del crecimiento bacteriano (p < 0.05). Conclusión: las AgNPs se pueden considerar como una alternativa para la prevención del biofilm dental y de esta manera para el control de diferentes enfermedades orales (AU))


Introduction: dental biofilm is the precursor of oral diseases, one of them dental caries, this represents the most significant oral disease worldwide with an incidence of 1.76 billion affected children. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are being used as an alternative for the control and prevention of dental biofilm since they have antimicrobial properties against bacteria related to these diseases. However, there are no studies evaluating this behavior in pediatric patients. Objective: to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of AgNPs in bacteria from clinical isolates taken from pediatric patients. Material and methods: a sample of dental biofilm was taken from 22 pediatric patients, the microbiological effect was evaluated by international standardized microbiological tests in triplicate, using two different sizes of AgNPs. Results: the two sizes of AgNPs showed bacterial inhibition, however, only a statistically significant difference was seen between gender (p < 0.05), in addition, in general, there was a significant positive correlation in relation to the concentration of AgNPs and the speed bacterial growth (p < 0.05). Conclusion: AgNPs can be considered as an alternative for the prevention of dental biofilm and thus for the control of different oral diseases (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Bacterial Growth , Dental Care for Children/methods , Culture Media , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Age and Sex Distribution
7.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395675

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la caries es una enfermedad compleja que afecta a cualquier edad. La prevalencia es mayor en la primera dentición, sobre todo en población con baja percepción económica. El fluoruro diamino de plata (FDP) al 38% ha sido utilizado como una alter- nativa de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Funciona como una solución remineralizante y cariostática. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto remineralizante del FDP al 38% en dentina afectada por lesiones de caries en molares temporales. Material y métodos: estudio clínico, epidemiológico, descriptivo, longitudinal y experimental. Se llevó a cabo en molares de primera dentición de niños de tres a cinco años de edad. Los niños seleccionados tenían molares con lesiones cariosas dentinarias, Pitts las denomina D3. No se incluyeron niños con dientes que presentaron patologías pulpares irreversibles. La aplicación del FDP al 38% la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se utilizaron los criterios de Nyvad para determinar el grado de dureza de la dentina y con ello deducir su remineraliza- ción. Se observó la permanencia de la remineralización efectuada por un periodo de cinco meses. Resultado y conclusión: el FDP es un compuesto eficaz en 91% de los casos en un periodo de cinco meses o más (AU)


Introduction: dental caries is a complex disease that affects any age. The prevalence is higher in primary dentition, especially in a population with low economic perception. 38% silver diamine fluoride (FDP) has been used as an alternative treatment for this disease. It works as a remineralizing and cariostatic solution. Objective: to evaluate the remineralizing effect of 38% FDP on dentin affected by dental caries, in temporary molars. Material and methods: clinical, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and experimental study. It was carried out in temporary molars of children between three and five years of age. The selected children presented molars with dental carious lesions, Pitts calls them D3. Children with teeth that presented irreversible pulp pathologies were not included. The application of the FDP to 38% was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. The Nyvad criteria were used to determine the degree of hardness of the dentin and thereby deduce its remineralization. The permanence of the remineralization carried out was observed for a period of five months. Result and conclusion: the FDP is an effective compound in 91% of the cases, in a period of five months or more (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Caries , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dentin/drug effects , Diamines/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 40-48, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382168

ABSTRACT

Avaliaram-se possíveis preditores para a cárie dentária em pré-escolares sem experiência odontológica prévia, que buscaram a clínica de odontopediatria de uma universidade pública. Analisaram-se 191 prontuários, dos quais 87 foram incluídos. Coletaram-se dados demográficos, socioeconômicos, histórico de cárie da mãe, orientação prévia sobre cárie, frequência de escovação, uso de dentifrício fluoretado, consumo de doces/biscoitos e/ou líquidos açucarados, ceo-d e a presença ou ausência de defeitos de desenvolvimento do esmalte. Análises descritivas e de regressão logística binária foram realizadas para investigar quais variáveis prediziam um ceod>0. O modelo múltiplo incluiu consumo de doces/biscoitos, dados socioeconômicos, histórico de cárie na mãe e orientação prévia sobre cárie. Das crianças (2,69±1,18 anos), a maioria (67,8%) apresentava ceod>0 (3,78±3,82), sendo 50,6% meninas e 73,3% da classe baixa. A maioria (56,5%) das mães tinha 12 anos de estudos completos, histórico de cárie (78,6%) e receberam orientação prévia sobre cárie (52,9%). A maior parte (80,6%) escova os dentes pelo menos 2 vezes ao dia, utiliza dentifrício fluoretado (75,9%) e consome líquidos açucarados (90,8%), além de doces/biscoitos (86,9%) entre as refeições. Pertencer à classe baixa aumentou em 7 vezes a chance de ceod>0 (OR=7,354; IC 95%=1,951-27,723), histórico de cárie na mãe em 4 vezes (OR=4,131; IC 95%=1,042-16,369) e consumo de doces/biscoitos em quase 2 vezes (OR=1,786; IC 95%=1,072-2,976). Classe econômica baixa, histórico de cárie da mãe e consumo de doces/biscoitos entre as refeições mostraram-se fatores associados ao ceod>0 nos pacientes sem experiência prévia odontológica de uma clínica de odontopediatria de uma universidade pública.


Possible predictors of dental caries in preschool children without previous dental experience, who sought a pediatric dentistry clinic at a public university, were evaluated. Medical records (n=191) were analyzed; 87 were included. Demographic, socioeconomic data, mother's history of caries, previous orientation on caries, brushing frequency, use of fluoridated toothpaste, consumption of sweets/cookies and/or sugary liquids, dmft and the presence or absence of enamel development defects were collected. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyzes were performed to investigate which variables predicted a dmft>0. The multiple model included consumption of sweets/cookies, socioeconomic data, mother's history of caries and previous orientation on caries. Of the children (2.69±1.18 years), most (67.8%) had dmft>0 (3.78±3.82), with 50.6% girls and 73.3% from the lower class. Most mothers had completed 12 years of schooling (56.5%), reported history of caries (78.6%) and received previous orientation on caries (52.9%). Most of children brush their teeth at least twice a day (80.6%), use fluoridated toothpaste (75.9%) and consume sugary liquids (90.8%), in addition to consumption of sweets/cookies (86 .9%) among the meals. Belonging to the lower class increased the chance of having dmft>0 by 7 times (OR=7,354; 95% CI=1,951-27,723), mother's history of caries by 4 times (OR=4,131;95% CI=1,042-16,369) and consumption of sweets/cookies by almost twice (OR=1,786;95% CI=1,072-2,976). Low economic class, mother's history of caries and consumption of sweets/cookies between meals were factors associated with dmft>0 in the patients without previous dental experience in a pediatric dentistry clinic at a public university.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Socioeconomic Factors , Oral Health , Dental Caries/etiology , Oral Hygiene , Social Class , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Dental Enamel , Feeding Behavior
9.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Alterations in saliva, temporomandibular joint disorders, dysphagia, Sjogrens syndrome, dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss have been identified in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. The aims of this research were 1) to study the association between newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and dental caries and 2) to identify most frequent teeth with caries in study groups. A descriptive pilot study was performed. A total of 620 participants were evaluated, 29 met the selection criteria. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: 13 subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and 16 subjects without rheumatoid arthritis. Salivary parameters, DMFT index, care index, FS-T index and Treatment Needs Index were evaluated in all participants. The Fishers Exact test and Mann-Whitney U test we used to establish the differences between groups. Low mean in all salivary parameters and a high caries frequency were observed in subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis compared to a control group (p<0.01). The right maxillary second premolar (n=6, 46%, p=0.0100); right mandibular second premolar (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) and left mandibular second molar (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) were the most frequent teeth with caries. Early diagnosis and early treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can improve the prognosis in most of patients. The development of new public health policies and care based on the prevention are necessary to improve the quality of patients lives.


Resumen Alteraciones en la saliva, trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular, disfagia, síndrome de Sjogren, caries dental, enfermedad periodontal y pérdida de dientes son algunas patologías que se han identificado en pacientes con artritis reumatoide. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron (1) Asociar la artritis reumatoide recientemente diagnosticada con la caries dentales e (2) Identificar los dientes más frecuentes con caries en los grupos de estudio. Se realizó un estudio piloto descriptivo. 620 participantes fueron evaluados, 29 sujetos cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Los sujetos se dividieron en 2 grupos: 13 sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados y 16 sujetos sin artritis reumatoide. En todos los participantes se evaluaron parámetros salivales, el índice CPOD, el índice IC, el índice FS-T y el índice INT. La prueba exacta de Fisher y U de Mann-Whitney se utilizaron para establecer diferencias entre grupos. En los resultados se observó un bajo promedio de los parámetros salivales y una alta frecuencia de caries en sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados comparados con un grupo control (p<0.01). El segundo premolar superior derecho (n=6,46%, p=0,0100); el segundo premolar mandibular derecho (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) y el segundo molar mandibular izquierdo (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) fueron los dientes más frecuentes con caries dental. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento temprano de la artritis reumatoide pueden mejorar el pronóstico en la mayoría de los pacientes. El desarrollo de nuevas políticas de salud pública basadas en la prevención de la cavidad bucal son necesarias para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
10.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 16-20, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361986

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura e discutir os mais atuais conceitos sobre abordagem conservadora de lesões cariosas profundas, facilitando o manejo clínico. Para que essa abordagem conservadora seja implementada, é imprescindível que se conheça a composição estrutural e funcional do biofilme para, assim, entender a evolução da doença cárie que acomete a estrutura dentária. No entanto, quando se trata de um dente com lesão de cárie ativa com grande comprometimento de esmalte e dentina, procedimentos operatórios mais invasivos e restauradores podem ser necessários, mesmo que fundamentados na maior preservação possível de estrutura dentária. As evidências mais atuais encontradas na literatura recomendam a remoção seletiva do tecido cariado que consiste na dentina infectada, ou seja, clinicamente amolecida, e restauração definitiva na mesma sessão. Portanto, desde que o dente apresente vitalidade pulpar clinicamente confirmada, acredita-se que a preservação estratégica da dentina, poderá aumentar as chances de sucesso no tratamento, evitando possível exposição da polpa dentária. Adicionalmente, ao optar por práticas conservadoras no contexto da Odontologia de mínima intervenção, resultará em um significativo aumento na longevidade das restaurações sempre associando promoção de saúde ao paciente(AU)


This paper aims to conduct a literature review and discuss the most current concepts on conservative approach to deep carious lesions in permanent posterior teeth, facilitating clinical management. For this conservative approach to be implemented, it is essential to know the structural and functional composition of the biofilm in order to understand the evolution of the caries disease that affects the dental structure. However, when it comes to a tooth with an active caries lesion with major enamel and dentin compromise, more invasive and restorative surgical procedures may be necessary, even if based on the greatest possible preservation of the dental structure. The most current findings in the literature recommend the selective removal of carious tissue consisting of infected dentin, that is, clinically softened, and definitive restoration in the same session. Therefore, as long as the tooth has clinically confirmed pulp vitality, it is believed that the strategic preservation of dentin may increase the chances of successful treatment, avoiding possible exposure of the dental pulp. Additionally, when opting for conservative practices in the context of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, it will result in a significant increase in the longevity of restorations, always associating health promotion to the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Enamel , Dental Plaque , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
11.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since 2013, the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Costa Rica has provided a preventive and restorative oral health program at Carmen Lyra Public School. The first generation of students that received dental care from this project were examined in 2019 for caries status. A total of 62 twelve-year-old schoolchildren were examined (31 boys and 31 girls). First, all teeth surfaces were cleaned with a brush and then rinsed. Subsequently, examination was performed in each person by a calibrated examiner using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). Prevalence of dental caries was 59.7%. ICDAS code 2 was the most prevalent (68.8%), followed by 1 (19.3%), 5 (4.5%), 3 (3.5%), 6 (2.5%), and 4 (1.4%). Regarding number of carious surfaces, the highest prevalence was observed in the occlusal surfaces (77.3%), followed by the vestibular (13.9%), mesial (4.2%), palatal/ lingual (4,1%) and distal (0.5%). Of these carious surfaces, 7% were caries associated with restorations and were present only on the occlusal surfaces. Boys had more cavities than girls (54.1% compared to 45.9%), however, this difference was not significant. Regarding the condition of restorations in teeth, 92 dental restorations (resin or amalgam) were found in the population studied and were well adjusted. Most of these restorations were found on the occlusal surfaces (82.6%), followed by vestibular surfaces (8.7%,) palatal/lingual (5.4%) surfaces, mesial surfaces (3.3%), and no restorations were detected on the distal surfaces. Sealants were identified in 11.3% schoolchildren; 98% were identified on the occlusal surfaces and the other 2% were found on the palatal/lingual surfaces. DMFT Index was 1.6±0.71. The prevalence of dental caries in this sample was low compared to other studies in twelve-year-old schoolchildren in Costa Rica. This may suggest that the oral health program had a positive impact in the studied population.


Resumen Desde el año 2013, la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Costa Rica ha brindado un programa de prevención y rehabilitación oral en la Escuela Carmen Lyra. La primera generación de estudiantes que recibieron atención dental por parte de este programa, fueron examinados en el año 2019 para determinar la prevalencia de caries. Se examinó a 62 escolares de 12 años (31 niños y 31 niñas). Primero, todas las superficies de los dientes se limpiaron con un cepillo y luego se enjuagaron. Posteriormente, el examen fue realizado en cada participante por un examinador calibrado utilizando el Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries (ICDAS). La prevalencia de caries dental fue del 59,7%. El código ICDAS 2 fue el más prevalente (68,8%), seguido de 1 (19,3%), 5 (4,5%), 3 (3,5%), 6 (2,5%) y 4 (1,4%). En cuanto al número de superficies cariadas, la mayor prevalencia se observó en las superficies oclusales (77,3%), seguidas de las vestibulares (13,9%), mesiales (4,2%), palatinas/linguales (4,1%) y distales (0,5%). De estas superficies cariadas, el 7% eran caries asociadas con restauraciones y estaban presentes solo en las superficies oclusales. Los niños tenían más caries que las niñas (54,1% en comparación con el 45,9%), sin embargo, esta diferencia no fue significativa. En cuanto al estado de las restauraciones dentales, se encontraron 92 restauraciones dentales (resina o amalgama) en la población estudiada y se encontraban bien ajustadas. La mayoría de estas restauraciones se encontraron en las superficies oclusales (82,6%), seguidas de las superficies vestibulares (8,7%), superficies palatinas/linguales (5,4%), superficies mesiales (3,3%) y no se detectaron restauraciones en las superficies distales. Se identificaron sellantes de fosas y fisuras en el 11,3% de los escolares. El 98% de estos sellantes se identificó en las superficies oclusales y el otro 2% se encontró en las superficies palatino/lingual. El índice CPOD fue de 1,6±0.71. La prevalencia de caries dental en esta muestra fue baja en comparación con otros estudios en escolares de doce años en Costa Rica. Esto sugiere que el programa de salud bucal tuvo un impacto positivo en la población estudiada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Health , Dental Caries/prevention & control
12.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 126-132, jul. 22, 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379967

ABSTRACT

La nutrición y salud bucal son temas de interés en salud pública por su alto impacto en el bienestar y desarrollo de las personas. Existe una alta prevalencia e incidencia de caries y malnutrición en los primeros años de vida. Determinar la relación entre el índice de caries en dentición primaria y permanente e índice de masa corporal en niños de 5 a 11 años en las unidades de salud de San Miguel Tepezontes y Panchimalco en el año 2019. Investigación cuantitativa con una muestra de 265 niños de 5 a 11 años. Se evaluó el índice de masa corporal y el índice de caries; se hizo un análisis estadístico descriptivo e inferencial, realizando la prueba estadística de correlación de Spearman. Se encontró que el índice de caries es de 2,11 en dentición permanente con una prevalencia de 70,5 % y el índice de caries de 7,02 en dentición primaria con una prevalencia de un 94,98 %. El coeficiente de correlación de Spearman entre índice de masa corporal e índice de caries en dentición permanente fue de 0,226, que indica una correlación positiva baja y el índice de masa corporal e índice de caries en dentición primaria fue - 0,158, que indica una correlación negativa muy baja. Existe relación entre el índice de caries en ambas denticiones y el índice de masa corporal


Nutrition and oral health are topics of interest in public health due to their high impact on the well-being and development of people. There is a high prevalence and incidence of caries and malnutrition in the first years of life. To determine the relationship between the caries index in primary and permanent dentition and body mass index in children aged 5 to 11 years in the health units of San Miguel Tepezontes and Panchimalco in the year 2019. Quantitative research with a sample of 265 children from 5 to 11 years. Body mass index and caries index were evaluated; A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed, performing the Spearman correlation statistical test. It was found that the caries index is 2.11 in permanent dentition with a prevalence of 70.5% and the caries index is 7.02 in primary dentition with a prevalence of 94.98%. Spearman's correlation coefficient between body mass index and caries index in permanent dentition was 0.226, indicating a low positive correlation, and body mass index and caries index in primary dentition was -0.158, indicating a negative correlation. very low. There is a relationship between the caries index in both dentitions and the body mass index


Subject(s)
Population , Body Mass Index , Dental Caries , Oral Health , Incidence , Malnutrition , El Salvador
13.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 153-158, jul. 22, 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1380076

ABSTRACT

La caries dental es un problema de salud pública que para el año 2016 afectaba a 3500 millones de personas. En los menores de seis años, la progresión de la lesión es más rápida, exponiéndolos a la caries de la temprana infancia y pérdidas dentales prematuras. Determinar el estado de salud/enfermedad del componente bucal de niños de parvularia de un centro escolar con vulnerabilidad social y económica del municipio de San Salvador, en el año 2018, según el índice y la prevalencia de la enfermedad de caries dental. El estudio es descriptivo, cuantitativo, de corte transversal, prospectivo. Las unidades de análisis son niños de cuatro y cinco años de edad, respetando todos los aspectos éticos y la confidencialidad. Se tomó el total del universo, conformado por 96 niños. Resultados. La frecuencia de caries dental en la población en estudio es del 95 %, el índice de dientes cariados, extraídos y obturados es de 6,38, que según la Organización Mundial de Salud es muy alto. La superficie dental más afectada es la oclusal, en los cuadrantes superiores, con un aproximado del 40 %, y en los inferiores, un aproximado del 20 %. La mayoría de la población en estudio padece de caries dental, siendo una minoría la que mantiene la cavidad bucal en estado óptimo


Dental caries is a public health problem, in 2016 it affected 3500 million people. In children under six years of age, the progression of the lesion is faster, exposing them to early childhood caries and premature dental loss. To determine the health/disease status of the oral component of nursery school children from a school with social and economic vulnerability in the municipality of San Salvador, in 2018, according to the index and prevalence of dental caries disease. The study is descriptive, quantitative, cross-sectional, prospective. The units of analysis are children between four and five years of age, respecting all ethical aspects and confidentiality. The total of the universe made up of 96 children was taken. Results. The frequency of dental caries in the study population is 95 %, the decayed, missing and filled caries index is 6,38, which according to the World Health Organization is very high. The most affected tooth surface is occlusal, in the upper quadrants with approximately 40 % and in the lower quadrants with approximately 20 %. The majority of the population under study suffers from dental caries, being a minority that maintains the oral cavity in an optimal state.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Minors , Diagnosis , Mouth , Prevalence , Dental Caries , Mouth Diseases
14.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 25-30, jul. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392550

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries dental es una enfermedad infecciosa y multifactorial, que co- mienza por una desmineralización del esmalte producida por la acción de ácidos generados por bacterias presentes en el biofilm dental. Estas lesiones se inician como manchas blancas (MB) y es el único estadio de la caries dental capaz de ser revertido mediante la aplicación profesional de agentes remineralizantes, por lo que es fundamental la detección y tratamiento temprano de las mismas. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de manchas blancas en la dentición temporaria de los niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del Hospital de Odontología Infantil (HOI) «Don Benito Quinquela Martín¼. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó una muestra de 94 niños con dentición temporaria, en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI, teniendo en cuenta los ingresos y reingresos, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de manchas blancas de un total de 94 niños evaluados fue del 55 %. De los pacientes que presentaron MB, el 59 % fue de sexo masculino y el 41 % de sexo femenino. La media de edad fue de 4.77 años. De los pacientes atendidos, 73 concurrieron por primera vez y 21 pacientes fueron reingresos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de manchas blancas en la muestra evaluada de niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI fue del 55 %. Este resultado sugiere la necesidad de continuar y potenciar la promoción de la salud bucal, no solo como herramienta estratégica para brindar conocimientos acerca de los beneficios de una correcta higiene oral y una dieta saludable, sino también como factor de prevención en cuanto a la aparición de lesiones de caries y posteriores consecuencias adversas (AU)


Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious and multifactorial disease that begins with the demineralization of the enamel produced by the action of acids generated by bacteria in the dental biofilm. These lesions start as white spots (WS), and it's the only stage of dental caries capable of being reverted by the professional application of remineralizing agents. Hence, its early detection and treatment are essential. Objective: To determine the prevalence of white spots in the temporary dentition of children treated at the Clinical and Orientation Service of "Don Benito Quinquela Martin" Children's Dentistry Hospital (CDH). Materials and methods: A sample of 94 children with temporary dentition was evaluated on admission and readmission at CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service between September 2019 and February 2020. Results: The prevalence of WS in 94 children evaluated was 55%: 59% of patients who presented WS were males, and 41% were females. The mean age was 4.77 years. Seventy-three patients seen attended for the first time, and the other 21 were readmissions. Conclusion: The prevalence of WS in children who attended CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service was relevant. This result indicates that we must continue and enhance oral health promotion as a strategy to give knowledge about good oral hygiene benefits, a healthy diet, and to prevent the appearance of caries lesions and subsequent consequences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Service, Hospital , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tooth Demineralization/epidemiology
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220601. 126 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370746

ABSTRACT

O uso do diamino fluoreto de prata (DFP) em lesões não fracamente cavitadas raramente é investigado. Esta dissertação apresenta resultados de um ensaio clínico controlado randomizado (ECR) delineado para avaliar se o DFP seria uma opção eficaz ao verniz fluoretado no tratamento dessas lesões na superfície oclusal de molares decíduos (NCT02789202). Além disso, trouxemos os resultados de uma revisão sistemática com meta-análise (CRD42020186245) sobre a percepção de responsáveis em relação ao uso do DFP e os resultado do ensaio sobre a aceitação deles ao tratamento de lesões de cárie não francamente cavitadas com DFP em crianças. No Capítulo 1, 109 crianças de 1 a 4 anos com pelo menos uma lesão de cárie ativa (ICDAS 1 a 3) em molares decíduos foram randomizadas em DFP e verniz fluoretado e acompanhadas por 24 meses. Análises por intenção de tratar adotando regressão logística multinível e regressão de Cox com fragilidade compartilhada foram realizadas. 309 molares foram incluídos e 239 reavaliados. DFP preveniu mais progressão (91%) do que o verniz (81%). As lesões tratadas com DFP apresentaram, em media, 69% menos chance de progressão quando o modelo foi ajustado pela severidade (lesões iniciais vs microcavitadas). A progressão demorou mais para ocorrer no grupo do DFP. Para o Capítulo 2, foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase e Open Grey até maio de 2020. Foram incluídos ECR, estudos clínicos não randomizados e estudos observacionais que avaliaram a percepção de responsáveis sobre compostos de prata no tratamento de lesões de cárie. O risco de viés foi avaliado utilizando uma ferramenta específica para estudos de atitutes e práticas. Para a meta-análise, os estudos foram separados considerando se os entrevistados receberam o DFP como tratamento de seus filhos ou não e se foram obtidos quanto a satisfação geral ou quanto, especificamente, a descoloração. Análises de subgrupo e meta-regressão foram realizadas para avaliar a influência de variáveis associadas ao instrumento na percepção e explorar possíveis fontes de heterogeneidade. 19 estudos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e 12 na metaanálise. A aceitação geral do tratamento foi de moderada a bem aceita (26.9% a 100%) e variou de acordo com a metodologia utilizada. Em geral, responsáveis responderam mais positivamente quando a criança recebeu o tratamento (90%) do que quando a aplicação foi mostrada com uma foto (59%). Por fim, avaliou-se a percepção dos responsáveis sobre a saúde e estética em crianças que tiveram lesões em esmalte tratadas com DFP (Capítulo 3). Crianças incluídas em três ECR que tiveram as lesões em esmalte tratadas com DFP ou não foram consideradas. Um questionário padrão foi utilizado. Primeiramente, avaliamos a percepção geral e, em seguida, focada nos dentes tratados. Análise multiníveis foram realizadas para comparar a percepção de responsáveis de crianças tratadas vs não tratadas com DFP. Os níveis foram definidos conforme o dente e a criança/responsável. O tratamento com DFP não afetou a percepção geral dos responsáveis sobre as condições estética e de saúde bucal relacionadas a criança (85%). No entanto, quando a avaliação foi focada no dente tratado, a percepção naquelas crianças que receberam tratamento com DFP foi pior do que naquelas que não receberam. Concluindo, o DFP é uma opção eficaz no controle de lesões de cárie não francamente cavitadas. Além disso, geralmente, parece ser aceito de maneira adequada pelos cuidadores. No entanto, um padrão diferente de aceitação é observada quando destacamos o dente tratado, mostrando que a educação/informação é uma questão importante na indicação desse tratamento em crianças.


Subject(s)
Cariostatic Agents , Efficacy , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Caries
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(2): 1-14, may. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400605

ABSTRACT

Background: The state of oral health plays an important role in the concept of frailty among the elderly, as they tend to suffer from poor oral health conditions. Objective: The aim of our systematic review is to study the impact of oral health on the quality of life of the geriatric patient in different contexts of autonomy. Material and Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out of which the selection of articles, with publication date between 2008 and 2020 was conducted through computer platforms. The studies were analyzed and evaluated respecting the previously established inclusion criteria. The review corpus consisted of 16 articles, which presented methodological quality. Results: Oral health has an impact on the quality of life of the elderly, both in the context of institutionalization and at a community level. Oral health has an effect on the quality of life of the elderly, namely in the dimensions of physical pain, physical disability, psychological discomfort, functional limitation, psychological and social disability. The higher the level of dependency the lower the oral health which has the greatest impact on quality of life. The presence of periodontitis, dental caries, edentulism, oral lesions and unsuitable dental prostheses result in a worse perception of quality of life. Conclusion: The evidence found in this study reveals that the state of oral health among the elderly influences their quality of life, regardless of the context of autonomy, indicating the need for oral health policies aimed at this specific population.


Fundamento: El estado de salud bucal juega un papel importante en el concepto de fragilidad entre los ancianos, ya que tienden a padecer de malas condiciones de salud bucal. Objetivo: El objetivo de nuestra revisión sistemática es estudiar el impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida del paciente geriátrico en diferentes contextos de autonomía. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura, se seleccionó artículos con fecha de publicación entre 2008 y 2020 a través de plataformas informáticas. Los estudios fueron analizados y evaluados respetando los criterios de inclusión previamente establecidos. El corpus de revisión estuvo compuesto por 16 artículos, que presentaron calidad metodológica. Resultados: La salud bucal tiene impacto en la calidad de vida de los ancianos, tanto en el contexto de institucionalización como a nivel comunitario. La salud bucal tiene un efecto sobre la calidad de vida de los ancianos, concretamente en las dimensiones de dolor físico, discapacidad física, malestar psicológico, limitación funcional, discapacidad psicológica y social. Cuanto mayor es el nivel de dependencia, menor es la salud bucal, lo que tiene un mayor impacto en la calidad de vida. La presencia de periodontitis, caries dental, edentulismo, lesiones bucales y prótesis dentales inadecuadas redundan en una peor percepción de la calidad de vida. Conclusión: Las evidencias encontradas en este estudio revelan que el estado de salud bucal de los ancianos influye en su calidad de vida, independientemente del contexto de autonomía, indicando la necesidad de políticas de salud bucal dirigidas a esa población específica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Health of the Elderly , Periodontitis , Mouth, Edentulous , Personal Autonomy , Dental Caries , Frailty
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 67-72, maio 05,2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370695

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a dieta assume um papel importante na instalação da doença cárie e essa correlação deve ser bem conhecida por pais e responsáveis de crianças na primeira infância, a fim de evitar a cárie precoce da infância. Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar o conhecimento de pais e responsáveis de crianças de 0 a 71 meses sobre a correlação da existência entre doença cárie e a alimentação. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo que utilizou a técnica do grupo focal para coleta de dados. A pesquisa aconteceu na creche onde as crianças eram matriculadas. 11 participantes compuseram o estudo, sendo 5 responsáveis de crianças com experiência de cárie (CEC) e 6 responsáveis de crianças sem experiência de cárie (SEC). Utilizou-se um questionário semi-estruturado para nortear a interação do grupo. Resultados: os participantes do grupo SEC possuem melhor conhecimento sobre o papel da alimentação na instalação da cárie dentária, melhor controle da dieta de seus filhos e maior instrução quanto a higiene bucal, diferente do grupo CEC, que mesmo tendo um considerável conhecimento sobre o papel da alimentação na doença cárie, relataram menor controle sobre a alimentação e higiene bucal. Conclusões: responsáveis de crianças do grupo CEC demonstraram menos conhecimento sobre o papel da alimentação e higiene bucal no surgimento da doença cárie, diferente dos responsáveis de crianças do grupo SEC. Programas como o Saúde na Escola e o Melhor em Casa são estratégias importantes para a ampliação da prevenção e promoção de saúde bucal ao núcleo familiar.


Introduction: diet plays an important role in the onset of caries disease and this correlation must be well known by parents andcaregivers of children in early childhood in order to avoid early childhood caries. Objective: the aim of the present study was to analyze the knowledge of parents and guardians of children aged 0 to 71 months about the correlation between the existence of caries disease and food. Methodology: this is a qualitative study that used the focus group technique for data collection. The research took place at the nursery where the children were enrolled. 11 participants made up the study, 5 of whom were responsible for children with caries experience (CPB) and 6 of those with children without caries experience (SEC). A semi-structured questionnaire was used to guide the group's interaction. Results: participants in the SEC group have better knowledge about the role of food in the installation of dental caries, better control of their children's diet and greater instruction in oral hygiene, differently from the CEC group, which despite having considerable knowledge about the role of food in caries disease, reported less control over food and oral hygiene. Conclusions: guardians of children in the CEC group demonstrated less knowledge about the role of food and oral hygiene in the onset of caries disease, unlike guardians of children in the SEC group. Programs such as Health at School and the Best at Home are important strategies for expanding prevention and promoting oral health to the family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Dental Caries , Diet , Paternity , Breast Feeding , Evaluation Studies as Topic
18.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 2(58): 57-65, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390926

ABSTRACT

Esse estudo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura para apresentar os efeitos da doença cárie em crianças e ressaltar a importância do acompanhamento familiar. Foram selecionados artigos de 2011-2021, publicados nas bases de dados PubMed e SciELO utilizando os descritores: Doença cárie, Prevenção, Odontopediatria, foram incluídos artigos que estavam disponíveis na íntegra em português e inglês. A cárie dental continua a ser um problema de saúde pública, com maior prevalência em crianças e caracterizada por ser uma doença de etiologia multifatorial, biofilme-açúcar dependente não transmissível. A cárie de primeira infância (CPI) é capaz de afetar negativamente a qualidade de vida, por se apresentar como rápido desgaste da estrutura dental e presença de sintomatologia dolorosa. Isso pode resultar em um quadro de perda precoce, má oclusão, prejudicando a mastigação, dentição permanente, sono, rendimento escolar, favorecendo a desnutrição e afetando desenvolvimento. A Declaração de Bangkok recomenda aumento de conscientização sobre essa doença através da educação dos pais, limitação na ingestão de açúcar até os 2 anos de idade e escovação dos dentes de pelo menos 2x/ dia com dentifrício fluoretado. Diante do exposto, se torna essencial o acompanhamento da saúde odontológica da criança desde a erupção do primeiro dente na cavidade bucal, visando reduzir a CPI e contribuir para uma melhor qualidade de vida.


This study aims to carry out a literature review to present the effects of caries disease in children and emphasize the importance of family monitoring. Articles from 2011-2021 were selected, published in the PubMed and SciELO databases using the descriptors: Caries Disease, Prevention, Pediatric Dentistry, articles that were available in full in Portuguese and English were included. Dental caries continues to be a public health problem, with greater prevalence in children and characterized by being a disease of multifactorial etiology, non-transmissible biofilm-sugar dependent. Early childhood caries (CPI) is capable of negatively affecting the quality of life, as it presents itself as a rapid wear of the tooth structure and the presence of painful symptoms. This can result in early loss, malocclusion, impairing chewing, permanent dentition, sleep, school performance, favoring malnutrition and affecting development. The Bangkok Declaration recommends raising awareness of this disease through parent education, limiting sugar intake until age 2, and brushing teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Given the above, it is essential to monitor the child's dental health from the eruption of the first tooth in the oral cavity, in order to reduce CPI and contribute to a better quality of life.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/etiology , Health Promotion
19.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386579

ABSTRACT

Abstract Caries is a multifactorial disease that can negatively affect dental tissues through the demineralization process, which produces acids deriving from the metabolism of carbohydrates. Some strategies to prevent this process have been proposed, such as topical fluoride application, resin-based restorations, pit and fissures sealers, infiltrated resins, vaccines, mouthwashes, and several brushing techniques. Objective. To evaluate in vitro enamel hydrophobic modification as a method of prevention against demineralization. A descriptive and comparative study was carried out. Thirty premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons were obtained, encapsulated in epoxy resin, sectioned, and sanded to obtain specimens 3mm in thickness. The samples were pretreated with NaOCl and EDTA, incubated with 1 and 4% octadeyltrichlorosilane (OTS) or with 3 and 6% octadecyltriethoxysilane (TEOS) for 5min and for 8h. Subsequently, the samples were immersed in citric acid for 2 months. The samples were analyzed by their contact angle, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic and confocal force, before and after treatment in citric acid. The samples coated with 1 and 4% OTS for 5min and 8h kept the silanizing agent on their surface after 2 months in citric acid. The treatment with TEOS was only effective at 6% with a reaction time of 5min. The modification with 1 and 4% OTS protects the surface of the tooth enamel from demineralization in acidic medium. The results indicate that treatment with 4% OTS is effective from 5min, which makes it appropriate in clinical practice.


Resumen Introducción. Caries es una enfermedad multifactorial que destruye en tejido dental por la desmineralización de ácidos generados en el metabolismo de carbohidratos. Algunos métodos preventivos, como fluoruro, resinas, selladores de fosetas y fisuras, resinas infiltradas, vacunas, enjuagues bucales, y un sinfín de técnicas de cepillado, han sido empleadas. Objetivo. Evaluar in vitro la modificación hidrofoba del esmalte como método preventivo en contra de la desmineralización. Materiales y Métodos. Un estudio decriptivo y comparativo fue empleado. Se obtuvieron treinta premolares sanos extraidos por razones ortodónticas y encapsulados en resina epóxica, seccionados y pulidos hasta obtener especímenes de 3mm de grosor. Las muestras fueron pretratadas con NaOCl y EDTA, incubadas en octadeciltriclosorilano (OTS) al 1 y 4% y octadeciltrietoxisilano (TEOS) 3 y 6% por 5min y 8h. Después, las muestras fueron sumergidas en ácido cítrico por 2 meses. Las muestras fueron analizadas con ángulo de contacto, espectroscopía infrarroja, microscopía electrónica de barrido, atómica y confocal, antes y después de tratamiento con ácido cítrico. Resultados. Las muestras cubiertas con OTS 1 y 4% por 5min y 8h mantuvieron el agente silanizante sobre la superficie después de 2 meses en ácido cítrico. El tratamiento con TEOS fue efectivo al 6% y con un tiempo de reacción de 5min. Conclusiones. La modificación con 1 y 4% de OTS proteje la superficie del esmalte dental contra la desmineralización en un medio ácido. Estos resultados indican que el tratamiento con OTS 4% es efectivo desde 5min de aplicación, lo cual es apropiado en la práctica clínica.


Subject(s)
Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Dental Caries , Silanes
20.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 57-80, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372070

ABSTRACT

La celulitis facial odontogénica es comúnmente observada en las salas de emergencia hospitalarias en los pacientes pediátricos debido a la caries dental. Objetivo: Validar el instrumento de prevalencia de celulitis facial y su relación con la caries dental en pacientes de 5 a 9 años de edad en el Hospital General IESS Milagro. Materiales y métodos: Enfoque mixto cuantitativa y cualitativa, tipo de investigación de campo, corte transversal, descriptivo, no experimental, se realizó un plan piloto de 15 pacientes pediátricos, un instrumento cuantitativo (Ficha de recolección de datos) contó con 9 expertos para un juicio de expertos y en el instrumento cualitativo (Entrevista) contó con 6 expertos para la validación del instrumento en total son de 15 profesionales en salud, calificando Validez, Pertinencia y Coherencia. Resultados: El instrumento cuantitativo tiene una puntuación de 80,85 de confiablidad y el instrumento cualitativo tiene una puntuación de 87,11 de confiablidad. En el instrumento cuantitativo se determinó la prevalencia de celulitis facial de niños de 5 a 9 años de edad, género masculino (80%), rango de 7 a 8 años (53,3%), cita por primera vez (60%), antecedente referencial caries dental (93,3%), diagnóstico CIES10 fue el L032 celulitis de la cara (93,3%), región afectada en la zona submandibular (73,3%), prevalencia de caries dental, molares deciduos (93,3%), no registran antecedentes de buena salud (73,3%), tratamientos odontológicos de prevención al año ninguna (80%), causa frecuente en la aparición de celulitis facial, la necrosis pulpar K041. Conclusión: La validación del instrumento tuvo un grado de confiabilidad muy buena y su cifra de alfa de Cronbach alto, la misma que da seguridad y confianza, gracias a la calificación de los jueces que revisaron cada detalle(AU)


Odontogenic facial cellulite is commonly observed in hospital emergency rooms in pediatric patients due to the dental caries. Objective: to validate the facial cellulite prevalence instrument and its relationship with dental caries in patients from 5 to 9 years of age in the IESS Miracle General Hospital. Materials and methods: mixed approach quantitative and qualitative, type of field research, cross section, descriptive, non-experimental, a pilot plan of 15 patients was carried out ediatric patients, a quantitative instrument (data collection form) counted with 9 experts for an expert judgment and in the qualitative instrument (Interview) had 6 experts for the validation of the instrument in total they are of 15 health professionals, qualifying Validity, Relevance and Coherence. Results: the quantitative instrument has a score of 80.85 of reliability and the qualitative instrument has a score of 87.11 out of reliability. In the quantitative instrument, the prevalence of facial cellulite in children 5 to 9 years of age, male gender (80%), range 7 to 8 years old (53.3%), appointment for the first time (60%), referential history dental caries (93.3%), CIES10 diagnosis was L032 facial cellulite (93.3%), affected region in the submandibular area (73.3%), prevalence of dental caries, deciduous molars (93.3%), do not record a history of good health (73.3%), preventive dental treatments per year none (80%), frequent cause in the appearance of facial cellulitis, pulpal necrosis K041. Conclusion: the validation of the instrument had a very high degree of reliability. good and its high Cronbach's alpha figure, the same one that gives security and confidence, thanks to the rating of the judges who reviewed every detail(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Cellulitis , Dental Caries , Molar, Third/injuries , Dental Pulp Diseases
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