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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e257070, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360228


Nanoparticles (NPs) are insoluble particles with a diameter of fewer than 100 nanometers. Two main methods have been utilized in orthodontic therapy to avoid microbial adherence or enamel demineralization. Certain NPs are included in orthodontic adhesives or acrylic resins (fluorohydroxyapatite, fluorapatite, hydroxyapatite, SiO2, TiO2, silver, nanofillers), and NPs (i.e., a thin layer of nitrogen-doped TiO2 on the bracket surfaces) are coated on the surfaces of orthodontic equipment. Although using NPs in orthodontics may open up modern facilities, prior research looked at antibacterial or physical characteristics for a limited period of time, ranging from one day to several weeks, and the limits of in vitro studies must be understood. The long-term effectiveness of nanotechnology-based orthodontic materials has not yet been conclusively confirmed and needs further study, as well as potential safety concerns (toxic effects) associated with NP size.

Nanopartículas (NPs) são partículas insolúveis com diâmetro inferior a 100 nanômetros. Dois métodos principais têm sido utilizados na terapia ortodôntica para evitar a aderência microbiana ou a desmineralização do esmalte: NPs são incluídas em adesivos ortodônticos ou resinas acrílicas (fluoro-hidroxiapatita, fluorapatita, hidroxiapatita, SiO2, TiO2, prata, nanopreenchimentos) e NPs são revestidas nas superfícies de equipamentos ortodônticos, ou seja, uma camada fina de TiO2 dopado com nitrogênio nas superfícies do braquete. Embora o uso de NPs em ortodontia possa tornar acessível modernos recursos, pesquisas anteriores analisaram as características antibacterianas ou físicas por um período limitado de tempo, variando de 24 horas a várias semanas, por isso devem ser compreendidos os limites dos estudos in vitro. A eficácia de longo prazo de materiais ortodônticos com base em nanotecnologia ainda não foi confirmada de forma conclusiva, o que exige mais estudos, bem como potenciais preocupações de segurança (efeitos tóxicos) associadas ao tamanho da NP.

Orthodontics , Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Nanoparticles , Anti-Infective Agents
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230883, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399769


Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) is a protease inhibitor widely used in research, but fluoride is released during its action and this knowledge has been neglected in dental research. Aim: to evaluate if fluoride released by salivary protease action on PMSF affects enamel remineralization and fluoride uptake. Methods: Groups of 10 enamel slabs, with caries-like lesions and known surface hardness (SH), were subjected to one of the following treatment groups: Stimulated human saliva (SHS), negative control; SHS containing 1.0 µg F/mL (NaF), positive control; and SHS containing 10, 50 or 100 µM PMSF. The slabs were subjected to a pH-cycling regimen consisting of 22 h/day in each treatment solution and 2 h/day in a demineralizing solution. After 12 days, SH was again measured to calculate the percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), followed by enamel fluoride uptake determination. The time-related fluoride release from 100.0 µM PMSF by SHS action was also determined. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Newman-Keuls test. Results: The release of fluoride from PMSF by SHS was rapid, reaching a maximum value after 10 min. Fluoride released from PMSF was more effective in enhancing %SHR and increasing fluoride uptake in enamel compared with SHS alone (p < 0.05); furthermore, it was equivalent to the positive control (p > 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, fluoride released by saliva from PMSF is available to react with enamel and needs to be taken into account in research using this protease inhibitor

Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride , Protease Inhibitors , Tooth Remineralization , Dental Enamel
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238082, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393422


Aim: To determine if the artificial staining with black tea (BT) influences the enamel microhardness before in-office bleaching and if BT staining is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide Methods: Enamel/dentin blocks were randomized into groups according to the staining protocol (n=5/group): (CO) control ­ maintained in artificial saliva solution (AS); (BT4) immersed in black tea solution for 4 h; (BT24) immersed in black tea solution for 24 h. After the staining protocols, all specimens were kept in AS for one week, followed by bleaching (three sessions of HP application for 40 min). Knoop surface microhardness (kgF/mm2) was determined at baseline (T0), after staining (T1), after 7 days of storage in AS (T2), and after bleaching (T3). The color (∆E00) and coordinate changes (∆L, ∆a, ∆b) were measured using a digital spectrophotometer at T0 and T3. Data were submitted to one-way (∆E00, ∆L, ∆a, ∆b) or two-way ANOVA repeated measures (kgF/mm2) and Tukey's test (a=5%). Results: The staining protocols (BT4 and BT24) promoted significantly lower microhardness (T1 and T2, p<0.05) than CO, whereas CO was the only group to maintain microhardness values over time. Bleaching promoted perceptible ∆E00 without a significant difference among the groups regardless of the staining protocol (p=0.122). CO and BT4 showed no differences in terms of ∆L and ∆a (p>0.05), but BT4 displayed a higher ∆b than CO. Conclusion:The artificial staining with BT negatively affected the enamel surface microhardness and was not essential to evaluate the efficacy of 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching

Staining and Labeling , Tea/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching , Color , Dental Enamel , Bleaching Agents , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen Peroxide
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237434, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393428


Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental development anomalies and type of influence on the smile of adolescent students. Method: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study carried out in two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lot in the city of Parnaíba-Piauí. The sample calculation was based on the target population: number of people enrolled in public and private schools between 15 and 19 years, in the city of Parnaíba-PI, which totaled 6209 students in 2020, according to a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics ­ IBGE. A questionnaire on epidemiological data and aesthetic self-perception of the smile was applied to 160 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, from August 2020 to July 2021. The clinical examination was carried out under natural light, to check for the presence of anomaly(s) in the dental development. Students who presented only one pathology would be called group 1 (G1), those who presented two would be called group 2 (G2) and those who presented 3 or more would be called group 3 (G3). On the other hand, adolescents in whom no anomaly was evidenced would participate in the control group (CG), both in A1 and A2. Results: It was observed that 37.5% of the sample had only a type of dental anomaly, corresponding to 60 individuals. The most prevalent were enamel hypoplasia, fusion, transposition, agenesis, ectopic eruption, microdent and dens-in-dent. It was possible to verify a higher prevalence in the maxilla, private schools (76.6%) and females (86.6%). In 45% of adolescents with dental anomalies, embarrassment was observed when smiling. Conclusion: The prevalence was relatively high, highlighting the enamel hypoplasia, influencing the smile esthetics of a reasonable number of adolescents, whether for acquaintances, strangers or even for photographs

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Smiling , Tooth Abnormalities/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Enamel/abnormalities , Diagnosis, Oral , Esthetics, Dental
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226630, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393209


Aim: The present study aimed to asses enamel microhardness after office bleaching with diode laser and LED light compared to the conventional bleaching procedure. Methods: Thirty-nine human premolar teeth were collected and randomly divided into three groups regarding of the bleaching technique. Group 1: Snow O bleaching gel with LED light-curing unit; Group 2: Snow L bleaching gel with diode laser irradiation; and Group 3: Opalescence Boost bleaching gel with no light source in group 3. Enamel surface changes were evaluated in one tooth in each study group and one intact tooth as a reference under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the remaining samples (n=12), enamel microhardness was determined by Vickers microhardness test before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA to compare microhardness changes, followed by post hoc Tukey tests at the 0.05 significance level. Results: Enamel microhardness decreased in all the groups after bleaching, with the maximum decrease in microhardness in the Snow O bleaching group with LED light, which was significantly higher than the other groups (P=0.002). The two other groups did not exhibit any significant difference in microhardness decrease (P>0.05). Conclusion:Based on the limitations of this study, it can be concluded power bleaching with 980nm diode laser was less time-consuming compare to conventional bleaching procedure and yielded better outcomes in terms of enamel surface microhardness compared to the use of an LED light-curing unit

Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Dental Enamel , Lasers, Semiconductor , Curing Lights, Dental , Hardness
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 107-116, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390758


Nowadays there is an increase in the consumption of acidic drinks, especially the fermented ones. Its ingestion is closely associated with the demineralization of superficial dental tissues, which characterizes dental erosion. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pH of industrialized and natural drinks. The sample consisted of soft drinks, natural and artificial juices, fermented drinks, isotonic drinks and energy from different commercial brands acquired in the city of Niterói (RJ). The products were kept at room temperature (25oC) for 1 hour and were aliquoted 3 mL of each drink to a Becker to measure pH in a specific electrode coupled to a potentiometer. The readings were performed in triplicate. The mean pH ranged from 2.34 to 4.31, the most acidic drink was the refrigerant and the less acidic, the curd. It was found that all drinks analyzed had an acidic pH. Thus, potentially erosive dental structures.

Atualmente, há um aumento no consumo de bebidas ácidas, especialmente as fermentadas. Sua ingestão está intimamente associada à desmineralização dos tecidos dentários superficiais, o que caracteriza a erosão dentária. O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar o potencial erosivo de bebidas industrializadas e naturais. A amostra de conveniência foi constituída de refrigerantes, sucos naturais e artificiais, bebidas fermentadas, isotônicos e energéticos de diferentes marcas comerciais adquiridas no município de Niterói (RJ). Os produtos foram mantidos em temperatura ambiente (25oC) durante 1 hora e foram aliquotados 3 mL de cada bebida para um Becker para a mensuração de pH em eletrodo específico acoplado a um potenciômetro. As leituras foram realizadas em triplicata. Os valores médios de pH variaram de 2,34 a 4,31, sendo a bebida mais ácida um refrigerante e a menos ácida, a coalhada. Constatou-se que todas as bebidas analisadas apresentaram um pH ácido e abaixo do crítico para a dissolução do esmalte, sendo estas potencialmente erosivas das estruturas dentárias.

Tooth Erosion , Beverages , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Dental Enamel
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 40-48, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382168


Avaliaram-se possíveis preditores para a cárie dentária em pré-escolares sem experiência odontológica prévia, que buscaram a clínica de odontopediatria de uma universidade pública. Analisaram-se 191 prontuários, dos quais 87 foram incluídos. Coletaram-se dados demográficos, socioeconômicos, histórico de cárie da mãe, orientação prévia sobre cárie, frequência de escovação, uso de dentifrício fluoretado, consumo de doces/biscoitos e/ou líquidos açucarados, ceo-d e a presença ou ausência de defeitos de desenvolvimento do esmalte. Análises descritivas e de regressão logística binária foram realizadas para investigar quais variáveis prediziam um ceod>0. O modelo múltiplo incluiu consumo de doces/biscoitos, dados socioeconômicos, histórico de cárie na mãe e orientação prévia sobre cárie. Das crianças (2,69±1,18 anos), a maioria (67,8%) apresentava ceod>0 (3,78±3,82), sendo 50,6% meninas e 73,3% da classe baixa. A maioria (56,5%) das mães tinha 12 anos de estudos completos, histórico de cárie (78,6%) e receberam orientação prévia sobre cárie (52,9%). A maior parte (80,6%) escova os dentes pelo menos 2 vezes ao dia, utiliza dentifrício fluoretado (75,9%) e consome líquidos açucarados (90,8%), além de doces/biscoitos (86,9%) entre as refeições. Pertencer à classe baixa aumentou em 7 vezes a chance de ceod>0 (OR=7,354; IC 95%=1,951-27,723), histórico de cárie na mãe em 4 vezes (OR=4,131; IC 95%=1,042-16,369) e consumo de doces/biscoitos em quase 2 vezes (OR=1,786; IC 95%=1,072-2,976). Classe econômica baixa, histórico de cárie da mãe e consumo de doces/biscoitos entre as refeições mostraram-se fatores associados ao ceod>0 nos pacientes sem experiência prévia odontológica de uma clínica de odontopediatria de uma universidade pública.

Possible predictors of dental caries in preschool children without previous dental experience, who sought a pediatric dentistry clinic at a public university, were evaluated. Medical records (n=191) were analyzed; 87 were included. Demographic, socioeconomic data, mother's history of caries, previous orientation on caries, brushing frequency, use of fluoridated toothpaste, consumption of sweets/cookies and/or sugary liquids, dmft and the presence or absence of enamel development defects were collected. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyzes were performed to investigate which variables predicted a dmft>0. The multiple model included consumption of sweets/cookies, socioeconomic data, mother's history of caries and previous orientation on caries. Of the children (2.69±1.18 years), most (67.8%) had dmft>0 (3.78±3.82), with 50.6% girls and 73.3% from the lower class. Most mothers had completed 12 years of schooling (56.5%), reported history of caries (78.6%) and received previous orientation on caries (52.9%). Most of children brush their teeth at least twice a day (80.6%), use fluoridated toothpaste (75.9%) and consume sugary liquids (90.8%), in addition to consumption of sweets/cookies (86 .9%) among the meals. Belonging to the lower class increased the chance of having dmft>0 by 7 times (OR=7,354; 95% CI=1,951-27,723), mother's history of caries by 4 times (OR=4,131;95% CI=1,042-16,369) and consumption of sweets/cookies by almost twice (OR=1,786;95% CI=1,072-2,976). Low economic class, mother's history of caries and consumption of sweets/cookies between meals were factors associated with dmft>0 in the patients without previous dental experience in a pediatric dentistry clinic at a public university.

Humans , Male , Female , Socioeconomic Factors , Oral Health , Dental Caries/etiology , Oral Hygiene , Social Class , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Dental Enamel , Feeding Behavior
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 16-20, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361986


O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura e discutir os mais atuais conceitos sobre abordagem conservadora de lesões cariosas profundas, facilitando o manejo clínico. Para que essa abordagem conservadora seja implementada, é imprescindível que se conheça a composição estrutural e funcional do biofilme para, assim, entender a evolução da doença cárie que acomete a estrutura dentária. No entanto, quando se trata de um dente com lesão de cárie ativa com grande comprometimento de esmalte e dentina, procedimentos operatórios mais invasivos e restauradores podem ser necessários, mesmo que fundamentados na maior preservação possível de estrutura dentária. As evidências mais atuais encontradas na literatura recomendam a remoção seletiva do tecido cariado que consiste na dentina infectada, ou seja, clinicamente amolecida, e restauração definitiva na mesma sessão. Portanto, desde que o dente apresente vitalidade pulpar clinicamente confirmada, acredita-se que a preservação estratégica da dentina, poderá aumentar as chances de sucesso no tratamento, evitando possível exposição da polpa dentária. Adicionalmente, ao optar por práticas conservadoras no contexto da Odontologia de mínima intervenção, resultará em um significativo aumento na longevidade das restaurações sempre associando promoção de saúde ao paciente(AU)

This paper aims to conduct a literature review and discuss the most current concepts on conservative approach to deep carious lesions in permanent posterior teeth, facilitating clinical management. For this conservative approach to be implemented, it is essential to know the structural and functional composition of the biofilm in order to understand the evolution of the caries disease that affects the dental structure. However, when it comes to a tooth with an active caries lesion with major enamel and dentin compromise, more invasive and restorative surgical procedures may be necessary, even if based on the greatest possible preservation of the dental structure. The most current findings in the literature recommend the selective removal of carious tissue consisting of infected dentin, that is, clinically softened, and definitive restoration in the same session. Therefore, as long as the tooth has clinically confirmed pulp vitality, it is believed that the strategic preservation of dentin may increase the chances of successful treatment, avoiding possible exposure of the dental pulp. Additionally, when opting for conservative practices in the context of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, it will result in a significant increase in the longevity of restorations, always associating health promotion to the patient(AU)

Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Enamel , Dental Plaque , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 160 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1401290


O objetivo do ensaio clínico foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de 2 materiais bioativos (Cention N e EQUIA Forte) em comparação a resina composta. O estudo in vitro teve como objetivo avaliar o desenvolvimento de lesões de cárie induzida por desafio cariogênico bacteriano na margem de restaurações em esmalte e dentina com Cention N com e sem adesivo, EQUIA Forte e resina composta. A revisão sistemática teve como objetivo responder a seguinte pergunta: A avaliação clínica de restaurações em dentes permanentes com materiais bioativos evidencia maior sucesso do que restaurações com materiais não bioativos? Para o estudo clínico foram selecionados 120 participantes aleatoriamente divididos em 3 grupos (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. O preenchimento das cavidades foi realizado seguindo as indicações do fabricante. Foi utilizado o dispositivo de fluorescência DIAGNOdentTM Pen para avaliação da recorrência de cárie. No estudo in vitro foram confeccionados 100 espécimes a partir de dentes bovinos. Foram divididos em 5 grupos (n=20) metade em esmalte e metade em dentina: Cention N sem adesivo (CN), Cention N com adesivo (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); e sem restauração (SR). Foram submetidos a envelhecimento térmico; leitura de microdureza Knoop (KHN) inicial, esterilizados e expostos a um desafio cariogênico com Streptococcus mutans por 28 dias. Lesões de cárie artificial foi quantificado por meio de KHN superficial e de subsuperfície, e análise com microscopia de luz polarizada. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA 1 fator e teste Tukey no esmalte e teste de Kruskal-Wallis na dentina. Em esmalte os grupos EF, CN, CA apresentaram menor porcentagem de perda da microdureza (%PMS) 57,85%, 63,88% e 66,65% respectivamente. Na dentina, EF, CN e CA apresentaram menores valores de %PMD sendo 31,7%, 34,1% e 40,8% respectivamente. Os valores mais altos de %PMS foram registrados para os grupos TC e SR tanto na dentina como no esmalte. Na revisão sistemática, com base na pergunta de pesquisa e estratégia PICO: P- Dentes permanentes, I- Restaurações (classe I, classe II, classe III, classe V) com materiais bioativos, C- Restauração com materiais não bioativos, O- Retenção; foi traçada a estratégia de busca. Após a obtenção dos estudos eles foram analisados por dois revisores independentes. No total foram 27 ensaios clínicos randomizados, com acompanhamento mínimo de 2 anos, foram os qualificados para realizar a revisão e meta-análise em rede. Os resultados de meta-análise em rede mostraram que em cavidades classe III cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado (CIV modificado), foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a resina composta (RC), em restaurações classe I e II, o compômero foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a RC e em restaurações classe V o cimento de ionômero convencional (CIV convencional) foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que o CIV modificado. No estudo in vitro foi evidente o maior potencial de inibição da desmineralização dos materiais bioativos. Na revisão sistemática ficou evidente que a maioria de materiais bioativos apresentam um bom comportamento, em relação as taxas de retenção e desempenho clínico. (AU)

The objective of the clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of 2 bioactive materials (Cention N and EQUIA Forte) compared to composite resin. The in vitro study aimed to evaluate the development of caries lesions induced by bacterial cariogenic challenge at the margin of enamel and dentin restorations with Cention N with and without adhesive, EQUIA Forte and composite resin. The systematic review aimed to answer the following question: Does the clinical evaluation of restorations in permanent teeth with bioactive materials show greater success than restorations with nonbioactive materials? For the clinical study, 120 participants were randomly selected and divided into 3 groups (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. The filling of the cavities was performed following the manufacturer's instructions. The DIAGNOdentTM Pen fluorescence device was used to assess caries recurrence. In the in vitro study, 100 specimens were made from bovine teeth. They were divided into 5 groups (n=20) half in enamel and half in dentin: Cention N without adhesive (CN), Cention N with adhesive (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); and without restoration (SR). They were subjected to thermal aging; initial Knoop microhardness (KHN) reading, sterilized and exposed to a cariogenic challenge with Streptococcus mutans for 28 days. Artificial caries lesions were quantified using surface and subsurface KHN and analysis with polarized light microscopy. Data were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey test on enamel and Kruskal-Wallis test on dentin. In enamel, groups EF, CN, CA had the lowest percentage of microhardness loss (%PMS) 57.85%, 63.88% and 66.65% respectively. In dentin, EF, CN and CA presented lower %PMD values, being 31.7%, 34.1% and 40.8% respectively. The highest %PMS values were recorded for the TC and SR groups in both dentin and enamel. In the systematic review, based on the research question and PICO strategy: P- Permanent teeth, I- Restorations (class I, class II, class III, class V) with bioactive materials, C- Restoration with non-bioactive materials, O- Retention; the search strategy was designed. After obtaining the studies, they were analyzed by two independent reviewers. In total, 27 randomized clinical trials, with a minimum followup of 2 years, were qualified to perform the review and network meta-analysis. The results of network meta-analysis showed that in class III cavities modified glass ionomer cement (modified GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than composite resin (RC), in class I and II restorations, the compomer was significantly more prone to failure than RC and in class V restorations the conventional ionomer cement (conventional GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than the modified GIC. In the in vitro study, the greatest potential for inhibiting the demineralization of bioactive materials was evident. In the systematic review it was evident that most bioactive materials have a good behavior in relation to retention rates and clinical performance (AU).

Animals , Cattle , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Glass Ionomer Cements , In Vitro Techniques
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410523


Objective: To compare optical, morphological, chemical, and physical aspects of the sound enamel and white spot lesions (WSL) classified as ICDAS 2. Material and Methods: Seventeen human molars with one surface presenting WSL and a sound surface (2 x 2 mm window) were characterized by Quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF ®), Optical coherence tomography (OCT), microhardness, and Raman spectroscopy. The ANOVA and Tukey's test were used at 5% significance level. Results: The QLF comparison between distinct substrates yielded decreased ∆Q (integrated fluorescence loss) of -15,37%mm2 and -11,68% ∆F (fluorescence loss) for WSL. The OCT detected mean lesion depth of 174,43 µm. ANOVA could not detect differences in the optical attenuation coefficient between the substrates (p>0.05). Lower microhardness measures were observed in WSL than on sound enamel (p<0.05). The Raman spectra showed four vibrational phosphate bands (v1, v2, v3, v4), where the highest peak was at 960.3 cm-1(v1) for both substrates. However, a 40% decrease in phosphate (v1) was detected in WSL. The peak at 1071 cm-1 was higher for sound enamel, indicating the presence of a phosphate band instead of the B-type carbonate. The spectra showed higher intensity of the organic composition at 1295 cm-1 and 1450 cm -1 for WSL. Conclusion: Non-invasive QLF, OCT and Raman spectroscopy were able to distinguish differences in fluorescence, optical properties, and organic/inorganic components, respectively, between sound enamel and WSL, validated by the destructive microhardness analysis. (AU)

Objetivo: Comparar os aspectos ópticos, morfológicos, químicos e físicos do esmalte sadio e das lesões de mancha branca naturais, classificada como ICDAS 2. Material e métodos: Dezessete molares humanos com uma face apresentando uma lesão de mancha branca natural e outra face o esmalte hígido (2 x 2 mm) foram caracterizados utilizando a Fluorescência quantitativa induzida pela luz (QLF ®), Tomografia de coerência óptica (OCT), Microdureza e Espectroscopia Raman. A ANOVA e o teste de Tukey foram utilizados ao nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A comparação entre os substratos distintos, utilizando o QLF ® demonstrou uma diminuição no ∆Q (perda de fluorescência integrada) de -15,37%mm2 e -11,68% de ∆F (Perda de fluorescência) para a lesão de mancha branca. O OCT detectou uma profundidade média de lesão de 174,43µm. A ANOVA não detectou diferenças no coeficiente de atenuação óptica entre os substratos (>0,05). Microdureza significantemente menor foi detectada nas lesões de mancha branca do que no esmalte sadio (p<0,05). Os espectros Raman mostraram quatro bandas vibracionais do fosfato (v1,v2,v3,v4), onde o maior pico foi em 960,3cm-1para ambos os substratos. No entanto, uma diminuição de 40% no fosfato (v1) foi detectada na lesão. O pico em 1071cm-1foi maior para o esmalte hígido, demonstrando tratar-se da banda do fosfato, ao invés do carbonato tipo B. Os espectros apresentaram maior intensidade da composição orgânica em 1295cm-1e 1450 cm-1para a lesão de mancha branca. Conclusão:Os métodos não invasivos QLF, OCT e espectroscopia Raman foram capazes dediferenciar a fluorescência, propriedades ópticas e conteúdo orgânico/inorgânico do esmalte sadio comparado com esmalte com lesões de mancha branca, sendo validado pela análise de microdureza. (AU)

Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Diagnosis
Arq. odontol ; 58: 131-139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411880


Aim: To compare the influence of prophylaxis with sodium bicarbonate and amino acid glycine powder on the bond strength of bovine teeth enamel and on the properties of two adhesive systems. Methods:Thirty-six extracted bovine incisors were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6) according to the prophylactic treatment received: no prophylactic treatment (NT), sodium bicarbonate powder (SB), and glycine powder (GL). Each group was subdivided into 2 groups based on what adhesive systems were used: conventional system (A) and universal system (B). Composite resin was applied on the buccal surface of the teeth in a block measurement 8x8x6 mm. The specimens were cut to obtain beams measuring 1.0 x 1.0 mm and were subjected to microtensile bond strength tests. Results were compared using two-way ANOVA (p ≤ 0.05). Results: The GLA group obtained the highest bond strength value for the conventional adhesive (18.97 MPa), but the GLB group obtained a lower strength value than the SBB group (GLB: 21.05 MPa and SBB: 22.29 MPa) (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Cleaning of the enamel surface increases the adhesive properties of restorative materials, and the bond strength was more effective in the group that received glycine prophylaxis and the conventional adhesive system.

Objetivo:Comparar a influência da profilaxia com bicarbonato de sódio e ClinproProphy ™ na resistência de união do esmalte de dentes bovinos e nas propriedades de dois sistemas adesivos.Métodos: Trinta e seis incisivos bovinos extraídos foram divididos aleatoriamente em 6 grupos (n = 6), cada um de acordo com o tratamento profilático recebido: nenhum tratamento profilático (NT), bicarbonato de sódio em pó (SB), glicina em pó (GL). Cada grupo foi subdividido em 2 grupos com base nos sistemas adesivos utilizados: sistema convencional (A) e sistema universal (B). A resina composta foi aplicada na superfície bucal dos dentes em um bloco de 8x8x6 mm. As amostras foram cortadas para obter blocos medindo 1,0 x 1,0 mm e submetidas a testes de resistência de união por microtração. Os resultados foram comparados usando o teste two-way ANOVA (p ≤ 0,05). Resultados: O grupo GLA obteve o maior valor de resistência de união para o adesivo convencional (18,97 MPa), mas o grupo GLB obteve um valor de resistência menor que o grupo SBB (GLB: 21,05 MPa e SBB: 22,29 MPa) (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A limpeza da superfície do esmalte aumenta as propriedades adesivas dos materiais restauradores, e a resistência adesiva foi mais eficaz no grupo que recebeu profilaxia com glicina e sistema adesivo convencional.

Tensile Strength , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel , Dental Prophylaxis , Glycine
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 7-14, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397370


La amelogénesis imperfecta (AI) es un grupo de tras-tornos hereditarios, clínica y etiológicamente hete-rogéneos, derivados de mutaciones genéticas, que se caracterizan por anomalías cualitativas y cuanti-tativas del desarrollo del esmalte, pudiendo afectar la dentición primaria y/o permanente. El tratamiento del paciente con AI es complejo y multidiscliplinario; supone un desafío para el odontólogo, ya que por lo general están involucradas todas las piezas dentarias y afecta no solo la salud buco dental sino el aspecto emocional y psicológico de los pacientes. Con el obje-tivo de describir el tratamiento integral y rehabilita-dor realizado en una paciente con diagnóstico de AI tipo III, se reporta el caso de un adolescente de sexo femenino de 13 años, que concurrió en demanda de atención a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), cuyo motivo de consulta fue la apariencia estética y la hipersensibilidad de sus pie-zas dentarias. Durante el examen clínico intraoral, se observó que todas las piezas dentarias presentaban un esmalte rugoso, blando, con irregularidades y una coloración amarronada, compatible con diagnóstico de Amelogénesis Imperfecta tipo III hipomineralizada. Conclusión: El tratamiento rehabilitador de la AI en los pacientes en crecimiento y desarrollo estará diri-gido a intervenir de manera integral y temprana para resolver la apariencia estética y funcional, evitar las repercusiones sociales y emocionales, y acompañar a los pacientes y sus familias (AU)

Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a group of clinically and etiologically heterogeneous hereditary disorders, derived from genetic mutations, characterized by qualitative and quantitative anomalies of enamel development, which can affect primary and/or permanent dentition. The treatment of patients with AI is complex and multidisciplinary, it is a challenge for the dentist, since in general all the teeth are involved and it affects not only oral health but also the emotional and psychological aspect of the patients. Objective: To describe the comprehensive and rehabilitative treatment carried out in an adolescent patient with a diagnosis of type III AI. Case report: The case of a 13-year-old female patient, who required dental attention at the Department of Dentistry for Children of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires, whose reason for consultation was esthetic appearance and hypersensitivity of her teeth. In the intraoral clinical examination, it was observed that all the teeth had rough, soft enamel, with irregularities and a brownish color, compatible with the diagnosis of type III hypomineralized Amelogenesis Imperfecta. Conclusion: Rehabilitative treatment of AI in growing and developing patients will be aimed at early and comprehensive intervention to resolve esthetic and functional appearance, avoid social and emotional repercussions and accompany patients and their families (AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Dental Care for Children , Crowns , Amelogenesis Imperfecta/therapy , Patient Care Team , Schools, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Enamel/pathology , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/etiology , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Amelogenesis Imperfecta/classification
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 509-515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935894


Objective: To investigate the effect of permeable resin on the surface structure, microhardness and color of tooth enamel after bleaching. Methods: Premolars extracted for orthodontic needs were selected (provided by the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery of the first affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University) and randomly divided into A, B and C 3 groups. Each group was randomly divided into control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup. Samples in the control subgroup did not receive any treatment. Those in the bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were treated with cold light whitening. Those in the resin group and combined group were treated with permeable resin. Samples in the group A were observed by scanning electron microscope immediately after treatment and 2 weeks after treatment, and the microhardness of samples in the group B was measured before treatment, immediately after treatment and 2 weeks after treatment (the sample size of each time point was 8 in each subgroup). In group C, chromaticity was measured and chromatic aberration (ΔE value) was calculated before treatment, immediately after treatment and 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (10 samples in each subgroup). Results: Scanning electron microscope showed that the enamel surface of the resin subgroup and the combined group was smooth immediately after treatment, which was basically the same as that of the control subgroup, but covered with resin, and microporous defects and mineral deposits could be seen on the surface of the bleaching subgroup. Two weeks after treatment, the enamel surface of each subgroup was smooth, there was no obvious difference. Immediately after treatment, the microhardness of the control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were (354±33), (364±21), (411±30) and (350±17) HV, respectively (F=9.39,P<0.05). The microhardness of the bleaching subgroup was significantly higher than that of the other subgroups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in microhardness among the four subgroups before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment (F=0.34, 2.75, P>0.05). Immediately after treatment, the ΔE values of the control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were 0.00±0.00, 2.29±1.86, 7.20±1.94 and 8.00±0.88, respectively (F=74.21,P<0.05); except that there was no significant difference between bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup (P>0.05), there were significant differences among the other subgroups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ΔE value among control subgroup, resin subgroup and bleaching subgroup at each time point (F=1.66, 0.30, 0.96, P>0.05). The difference in the combined subgroup immediately after treatment was significantly higher than that at 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (t=4.73, 4.23,P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (t=0.75, P>0.05), and the color tended to be stable. Conclusions: When whitening healthy enamel, simple cold light whitening or cold light whitening combined with permeation resin can achieve whitening effect.

Color , Dental Enamel , Hardness , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/pharmacology
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 307-313, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935868


Dental enamel biomimetic mineralization is a process to form the enamel-like mineral structures, which possess unique microstructure and exceptional physic-chemical properties, by mimicking the mechanism of natural enamel formation and biomineralization. Varieties of techniques such as molecular mimetic synthesis and molecular self-assembling were used to accomplish the microenvironment and molecular conditions similar to that of natural tooth enamel within human body. Early remineralization and biomineralization is the future of restoration for enamel defect, research on such products have huge potential in clinical applications, with speedy advancement in recent two decades. This review summarizes the major advances in researches on enamel biomimetic mineralization in recent years.

Biomimetics , Dental Enamel , Humans , Minerals
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 48-51, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380370


Los dientes animales de las diferentes especies (hu- mano, equino, cerdo, etc.) están constituidos histológi- camente por cuatro tejidos fundamentales. Ellos son: esmalte, dentina, cemento y pulpa dental. Su compo- sición, estructura, morfología y tamaño son disímiles para cada género. Según numerosas investigaciones, los dientes de bovino serían los de elección por ser de fácil obtención y por tener muy pocas, o ninguna, diferencias tanto a nivel macro como microscópico con respecto a los dientes humanos. El objetivo de la presente revisión es aportar información actualizada acerca de las características histológicas de los tejidos dentarios bovinos y profundizar el conocimiento de las similitudes y diferencias de los dientes bovinos y humanos dando soporte a otros estudios compa- rativos y promoviendo la utilización de las piezas dentarias bovinas en trabajos de investigación en odontología (AU)

The animal teeth of the different species (human, equine, pig, etc.) are histologically constituted by four fundamental tissues: enamel, dentin, cement and dental pulp. Their composition, structure, morphology and size are dissimilar for each gender. According to numerous investigations, bovine teeth would be the ones of choice because they are easy to obtain and have very few or no differences, both at the macro and microscopic levels, with respect to human teeth. The objective of this review is to provide updated information about the histological characteristics of bovine dental tissues and deepen the knowledge of the similarities and differences between bovine and human teeth, supporting other comparative studies and promoting the use of bovine dental pieces in research work in dentistry (AU)

Humans , Animals , Cattle , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Cattle , Dental Research , Dental Cementum/anatomy & histology , Dental Enamel/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Dentin/anatomy & histology
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210252, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386811


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of chewing gums containing CPP-ACP in remineralisation of demineralised enamel around orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Enamel blocks from 120 bovine incisors were used. The blocks were flattened and polished, followed by the development of incipient subsurface caries. The blocks have been subjected to a baseline microhardness analysis. Orthodontic brackets were bonded to the exposed area of the blocks, reserving an area for hardness analysis. An in situ crossover (three-way crossover phases of 21 days with an interval of one week between them), controlled, randomised and blind experimental model was used, with the participation of 12 volunteers divided into groups: G1 - negative control group, without chewing gum; G2 - conventional sugar-free chewing gum, without CPP-ACP (placebo); and G3 - sugar-free chewing gum with CPP-ACP. The following parameters were analysed: superficial linear (Ra), volumetric roughness (Sa), and superficial structural loss, which was indicated by Gap measurement (difference between the healthy and treated area). Statistical tests used were the Friedman, Wilcoxon and Shapiro-Wilk, Kruskal Wallis' nonparametric tests and ANOVA. Results: There was a significant reduction in enamel microhardness after demineralisation in all the groups (p<0.05). This deleterious effect was attenuated in the three groups after the final evaluation, although there were no statistical differences (p<0.05); however, the final values did not return to the baseline values (p<0.05). Conclusion: Chewing gum containing CPP-ACP did not promote in situ remineralisation of demineralised enamel around orthodontic brackets.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Remineralization/instrumentation , Chewing Gum , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367332


Objective: To comparatively evaluate the effect of resin infiltration, bleaching and bleaching followed by resin infiltration on the surface roughness and microhardness of human enamel with induced white spot lesions (WSLs) and their resistance to acidic challenge. Material and Methods: Sixty human specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=20) according to the treatment modality applied; group I Icon® resin infiltration, group II bleaching and group III bleaching followed by Icon® resin infiltration. For each treatment modality, 10 specimens were tested for surface roughness and another 10 for microhardness. WSLs were artificially induced in all specimens and after treatment, all specimens were subjected to acidic challenge. Surface roughness was measured by the tapping mode of the atomic force microscope (AFM) and microhardness was measured by digital Vickers hardness tester at baseline, after induction of WSLs, after treatment and after acidic challenge. Results: Groups I and III showed significant reduction in surface roughness after treatment, while group II showed significant increase. Groups I and III showed significant increase in the microhardness after treatment, while group II showed insignificant increase. The three tested groups showed significant increase in surface roughness values and significant reduction in microhardness after acidic challenge. Conclusion: Resin infiltration and bleaching followed by resin infiltration reduced the surface roughness and enhanced the microhardness of the WSLs. The three treatment modalities failed to resist acidic challenge resulting in increasing surface roughness and reducing microhardness. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar comparativamente o efeito do infiltrante resinoso, clareamento e clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa sobre a rugosidade e microdureza superficial do esmalte humano com lesões de manchas brancas induzidas (WSLs) e sua resistência ao desafio erosivo. Material e Métodos: Sessenta espécimes humanos foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos (n = 20) de acordo com a modalidade de tratamento aplicada; grupo I infiltrante resinoso Icon®, grupo II clareamento e grupo III clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa Icon®. Para cada modalidade de tratamento, 10 corpos-de-prova foram testados para rugosidade superficial e outros 10 para microdureza. WSLs foram artificialmente induzidos em todas as amostras e, após o tratamento, todas as amostras foram submetidas ao desafio erosivo. A rugosidade de superfície foi medida por microscopia de força atômica em modo de contato intermitente (AFM) e a microdureza Vickers foi medida inicialmente, após a indução de WSLs, após o tratamento e após o desafio ácido. Resultados: Os grupos I e III apresentaram redução significativa da rugosidade superficial após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento significativo. Os grupos I e III apresentaram aumento significativo na microdureza após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento insignificante. Os três grupos testados mostraram aumento significativo nos valores de rugosidade superficial e redução significativa na microdureza após o desafio erosivo. Conclusão: O infiltrante resinoso e o clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa reduziram a rugosidade de superfície e aumentaram a microdureza dos WSLs. As três modalidades de tratamento falharam em resistir ao desafio erosivo, resultando em aumento da rugosidade de superfície e redução da microdureza.(AU)

Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Dental Leakage
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386545


ABSTRACT: Evaluate the effect on the shear bond strength (SBS) of 5% NaOCl applied after acid etching on ground anterior teeth with fluorosis and analyze the surface with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), also compare fluorotic and healthy ground enamel by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Vickers microhardness (VM). For the SBS test 30 anterior teeth with moderate and severe fluorosis according Dean index were selected by an examiner previously calibrated with an expert in fluorosis by using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). With the help of a calibrated high speed diamond bur for veneer preparation and a parallel chamfer high speed diamond bur he vestibular face was prepared with a uniform reduction of .3 mm under water cooling. In one half of the vestibular face of the teeth the conventional adhesive procedure was carried out while in the other half was added an additional step with 5% NaOCl applied for 1 minute and washing after acid etchant. A resin post was adhered in each half and load was applied until fracture. The failure mode was evaluated and a SEM analysis was made. Posteriorly 10 samples of fluorotic and healthy ground enamel were used to measure the nanostructural characteristics by AFM (roughness average and absolute depth profile) and the VM in three operative steps (after ground, after etchant and after deproteinization). The Shapiro-Wilks and Brown-Forsythe methods were used to test the distribution of variables. The Paired Student's t-test was used to compare the differences between mean bond strength (MPa) in the two groups for SBS test. Chi- square analyzes were performed to compare the failure modes between groups. One- way ANOVA analysis and Tukey-Kramer post hoc test were used to compare groups for roughness average, absolute depth profile and Vickers microhardness. A greater SBS (32.17±4.20 MPa) and a surface more homogeneous and less contaminated were observed in the deproteinization subgruoup compared to the conventional subgroup (27.74±4.88 MPa). AFM parameters were greater in fluorosis subgroup than in healthy enamel subgroup. VM was lower in the fluorotic enamel in each operative step in comparation with healthy enamel. The use of 5% NaOCl as a deproteinizing agent after acid etchant in ground fluorotic enamel results in better adhesion, which may imply greater success in adhesive treatments. The ground surface of fluorotic enamel shows higher values of roughness and depth and lower values of VM which proves that there is a more irregular and less hard surface.

RESUMEN: Evaluar el efecto en la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento (SBS) de la aplicación de 5% de NAOCl después del grabado ácido en dientes anteriores fluoróticos tallados y analizar la superficie con microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM), también comparar esmalte tallado fluorótico y sano por microscopía de fuerza atómica (AFM) y microdureza Vickers (VM). Para la prueba SBS 30 dientes anteriores con fluorosis moderada y severa de acuerdo al índice de Dean fueron seleccionados por un examinador previamente calibrado por un experto en fluorosis usando el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (ICC). La cara vestibular se preparó .3mm con la ayuda de una fresa calibrada para la preparación de carillas y una paralela con punta en chamfer de diamante a alta velocidad e irrigación. En una mitad de la superficie vestibular de los dientes se llevó a cabo el procedimiento adhesivo tradicional, mientras que en la otra mitad se incluyó un paso adicional con la aplicación de NaOCl al 5% por un minute y lavado posterior al grabado ácido. Un poste de resina fué adherido en cada mitad y se aplicó carga hasta la fractura. Se evaluó el modo de fallo y se realizó un análisis con SEM. Posteriormente se utilizaron 10 muestras de esmalte tallado fluorótico y sano para medir las características nano estructurales por medio de AFM (rugosisdad promedio y perfil de profundidad absoluta) y la VM en tres diferentes pasos operativos (posterior al tallado, posterior al grabado ácido y posterior a la desproteinización). Se utilizaron los métodos de Shapiro Wilks y Brown-Forsythe para conocer la distribución de las variables. Una T de student pareada se utilizó para comparar la diferencia entre los promedios de la fuerza de unión (MPa) entre grupos para la prueba SBS. Se llevaron a cabo análisis de chi cuadrada para comparer los modos de fallo entre los grupos. Análisis de ANOVA de una vía y Tukey-Kramer post hoc fueron utilizados para comparar los grupos para las variables rugosidad promedio, perfil de profundidad absoluta y microdureza Vickers. Se observó una mayor SBS (32,17±4,20 MPa) y una superficie más homogénea y menos contaminada en el subgrupo con desproteinización en comparación con el subgrupo convencional (27,74±4,88 MPa). Los parámetros de AFM fueron mayores en el subgrupo de fluorosis que en el subgrupo de esmalte sano. La VM fue más baja en el esmalte fluorótico en cada paso operativo en comparación con el esmalte sano. El uso de NaOCl al 5% como agente desproteinizante después del grabado ácido en el esmalte fluorótico tallado da como resultado una mejor adhesión, lo que puede implicar un mayor éxito en los tratamientos adhesivos. La superficie tallada del esmalte fluorótico muestra valores más altos de rugosidad y profundidad y valores más bajos de VM lo que prueba que existe una superficie más irregular y menos dura.

Humans , Sodium Hypochlorite , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel , Fluorosis, Dental
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213736, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253012


Although Spondias mombin L. extract has an excellent antimicrobial effect against oral microorganisms, it should be clarified how it affects enamel surface properties. Aim: To evaluate the color change, wettability/contact angle, surface roughness and morphology of bovine enamel submitted to the Spondias mombin L. extract. Methods: Thirty bovine teeth were distributed into the following groups: 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate, 1:32 Spondias mombin L. extract and distilled water. Color change (CC) was evaluated after immerging specimens into the solutions for 14 days. Surface roughness (Ra) was measured using a roughness meter; wettability/contact angles (CA) were determined by the sessile drop method, and scanning electron microscopy images were obtained to characterize the morphology (SMA). The pH of the solutions was evaluated using a pHmeter. The Ra, CA, and CC data were parametric (Kolmogorov-Smirnov; p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA (for Ra and CA) and one-way ANOVA (for CC) with Tukey's posthoc tests at a significance level of 5% were used. SMA was analyzed descriptively. Results: The Spondias mombin L. extract revealed an acidic pH, and when in contact with the bovine teeth, it increased the wettability, but it did not cause statistically significant differences in the Ra. Spondias mombin L. extract caused the highest color change. The SEM images showed differences in the specimens' surface submitted to the extract compared to the other groups. Conclusion: Spondias mombin L. extract provided negative effects on bovine enamel's surface, including a high color change and a more wettable substrate

Animals , Cattle , Surface Properties , Anacardiaceae , Dental Enamel , Phytotherapy , Mouthwashes
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213859, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253923


Aim: This study evaluated the effect of a desensitizer agent (DES) during bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) on enamel microshear bond strength (µSBS). Methods: Sixty bovine incisors were obtained and randomly distributed into groups (n=15): (C) Control: no desensitizing or bleaching, (DES) desensitizing gel application, (CP) bleaching with 10% CP and (CP/DES) bleaching with 10% CP combined with DES. Bleaching was performed for 6 h/day for 14 consecutive days. DES was applied for 8 h only on the 7th and 14th days of therapy. Specimens were stored in artificial saliva among the CP or DES applications and submitted to µSBS testing at three postrestoration times (n=5): 24 h, 7 days, and 14 days after bleaching using a universal testing machine. Failure modes were observed under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results: Immediately after bleaching (24 h), CP promoted lower µSBS than the C and DES groups (p<0.05) but with no differences from the CP/DES. µSBS increased in the DES, CP, and CP/DES groups (p<0.05) when bonding was performed for 7 or 14 days elapsed from bleaching. CP/DES exhibited the highest µSBS among the groups 14 days after bleaching (p<0.05). Cohesive failure in enamel was predominant in the CP groups, while adhesive failure was mostly observed for the other groups. Conclusion: The use of a desensitizer during at-home bleaching maintained the enamel immediate bond strength, and its application favored bonding when the restoration was delayed for 14 days

Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength