Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.965
Filter
1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 719-723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of the stageⅠrepair of full-thickness skin defect at dorsal skin of middle phalanx fingers using artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to May 2020, 21 patients(27 middle phalanx fingers)with full-thickness skin defect were repaired at stageⅠusing artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps. All patients were emergency cases, and were accompanied by the exposure of bone tendon and the defects of periosteum and tendon membrane. Among patients, including 11 males and 10 females aged from 18 to 66 years old with an average age of (39.00±8.01) years old;9 index fingers, 10 middle fingers and 8 ring fingers;range of skin defect area ranged from (2.5 to 3.5) cm×(1.5 to 3.0) cm;range of exposed bone tendon area was (1.5 to 2.0) cm×(1.0 to 2.0) cm. The time from admission to hospital ranged from 1 to 6 h, operation time started from 3 to 8 h after injury.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 6 to12 months with an average of (9.66±1.05) months. The wounds in 26 cases were completely healed at 4 to 6 weeks after operation. One finger has changed into wound infection with incompletely epithelialized dermis, and achieved wound healing at 8 weeks after dressing change. All fingers were plump with less scars. The healed wound surface was similar to the color and texture of the surrounding skin. These fingers have excellent wearability and flexibility. According to the upper limb function trial evaluation standard of Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the total score ranged from 72 to 100. 26 fingers got excellent result and 1 good.@*CONCLUSION@#StageⅠrepair of full-thickness skin defect at dorsal skin of middle phalanx fingers using artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps is easy to operate with less trauma. It has made satisfactory recovery of appearance and function of fingers. It could provide an effective surgical method for clinical treatment of full-thickness skin loss of fingers with tendon and bone exposure.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Fingers , Skin , Perforator Flap , Ulnar Artery , Dermis
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21920, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439531

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report here microemulsions (MEs) for topical delivery of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) for Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) of skin cancers. Selected MEs consisting of Oil/Water (O/W) bicontinuous (BC) and Water/Oil (W/O) preparations were characterized as to pH, nanometric size, zeta potential, drug content, and viscosity. Sustained in vitro PpIX release was achieved from MEs 2A (O/W), 10B (BC) and 16B (W/O) through an artificial membrane for up to 24 h, characterizing MEs as drug delivery systems. None of these MEs showed permeation through the skin, demonstrating the required topical effect. After 4 h, in vitro retention of PpIX in the stratum corneum (SC) was higher from both ME 10B and control (PpIX at 60 µg/mL in PEG 300). However, in the Epidermis + Dermis ([Ep + D]), retention from ME 10B and ME 16B was ~40 times higher compared to control. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) showed higher fluorescence intensity in the SC for both control and ME 10B, whereas ME 10B fluorescence was higher in [Ep+D]. The results indicate that ME 10B is suitable for PpIX encapsulation, showing good characteristics and a localized effect for a potential delivery system for PDT-associated treatments of skin cancers.


Subject(s)
Photochemotherapy/adverse effects , Protoporphyrins/agonists , Skin/injuries , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Confocal/methods , Dermis/abnormalities
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 347-353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936017

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effects of free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap combined with artificial dermis and split-thickness skin graft in the treatment of degloving injury in lower limbs. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2017 to December 2020, 8 patients with large skin and soft tissue defect caused by degloving injury in lower extremity were admitted to Ningbo No.6 Hospital, including 5 males and 3 females, aged from 39 to 75 years, with wound area of 25 cm×12 cm-61 cm×34 cm. The free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap with latissimus dorsi muscle in the width of 12-15 cm and flap area of 20 cm×8 cm-32 cm×8 cm was used to repair the skin and soft tissue defect of bone/tendon exposure site or functional area. The other defect was repaired with bilayer artificial dermis, and the flap donor site was sutured directly. After the artificial dermis was completely vascularized, the split-thickness skin graft from thigh was excised and extended at a ratio of 1∶2 to 1∶4 and then transplanted to repair the residual wound, and the donor site of skin graft was treated by dressing change. The survival of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap, artificial dermis, and split-thickness skin graft after operation was observed, the interval time between artificial dermis transplantation and split-thickness skin graft transplantation was recorded, and the healing of donor site was observed. The appearance and function of operative area were followed up. At the last outpatient follow-up, the sensory recovery of flap was evaluated by British Medical Research Council evaluation criteria, the flap function was evaluated by the comprehensive evaluation standard of flap in Operative Hand Surgery, the scar of lower limb skin graft area and thigh skin donor area was evaluated by Vancouver scar scale, and the patient's satisfaction with the curative effects was asked. Results: The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap survived in 6 patients, while the distal tip of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was partially necrotic in 2 patient and was repaired by skin grafting after resection at split-thickness skin grafting. The artificial dermis survived in all 8 patients after transplantation. The split-thickness skin graft survived in 7 patients, while partial necrosis of the split-thickness skin graft occurred in one patient and was repaired by skin grafting again. The interval time between artificial dermis transplantation and split-thickness skin graft transplantation was 15-26 (20±5) d. The donor site of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap healed with linear scar after operation, and the thigh skin graft donor site healed with scar after operation. The patients were followed up for 6-18 (12.5±2.3) months. The color and elasticity of the flap were similar to those of the surrounding skin tissue, and the lower limb joint activity returned to normal. There was no increase in linear scar at the back donor site or obvious hypertrophic scar at the thigh donor site. At the last outpatient follow-up, the sensation of the flap recovered to grade S2 or S3; 3 cases were excellent, 4 cases were good, and 1 case was fair in flap function; the Vancouver scar scale score of lower limb skin graft area was 4-7 (5.2±0.9), and the Vancouver scar scale score of thigh skin donor area was 1-5 (3.4±0.8). The patients were fairly satisfied with the curative effects. Conclusions: In repairing the large skin and soft tissue defect from degloving injury in lower extremity, to cover the exposed bone/tendon or functional area with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap and the residual wound with artificial dermis and extended split-thickness skin graft is accompanied by harvest of small autologous flap and skin graft, good recovery effect of functional area after surgery, and good quality of healing in skin grafted area.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cicatrix/surgery , Degloving Injuries/surgery , Dermis/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Superficial Back Muscles/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181127, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374565

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tongluo-Qutong rubber plaster (TQRP), a typical Chinese patent medicine that contains 13 different herbal remedies, is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment of cervical spondylosis and osteoarthritis. However, due to a lack of in vitro transdermal studies, the active ingredients of TQRP have not been fully elucidated. This presents a huge obstacle for quality evaluation, pharmacokinetic studies and clinical safety assessment of TQRP. In this work, a UPLC/UV/MS/MS method was established and validated to evaluate five analytes in TQRP. The validation demonstrated linearity (r > 0.99), specificity (no co-eluting peaks at the retention times of the analytes), and precision (RSD < 15%) within acceptable parameters. A skin permeation study was performed to determine the concentrations of drugs delivered to the dermis. The 24-hour cumulative permeation of ferulic acid, aleo-emodin, emodin and piperine were 303.68, 709.31, 671.06 and 25561.01 ng/cm2, respectively. According to the fitting data of the TQRP active components, skin permeation was mainly due to a combination of passive diffusion and drug release after matrix erosion


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Rubber/classification , Skin/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Dermis/injuries , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diffusion , Drug Liberation , East Asian People
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 1160-1163, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385458

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los dentículos dérmicos son estructuras dermales presentes en el grupo de los condrictios, tienen un papel muy importante en su biología y se les ha utilizado como un carácter taxonómico que permiten reconocer grupos o especies. Por lo que en el presente trabajo se compara la morfología dermal de los juveniles de dos especies de tiburones pala, Sphyrna tiburo y S. vespertina, cuyo origen evolutivo está emparentado con el cierre del istmo centroaméricano. Para ello se obtuvieron muestras dermales (1 cm2) de tres regiones corporales y se procesaron para obtener imágenes de alta resolución por medio de Microscopia electrónica de barrido (MEB). Los dentículos de ambas especies tienen un patrón morfológico común, con variaciones en la longitud de las prolongaciones de las crestas, área libre y superposición de los dentículos, y grado de notoriedad de la ornamentación microestructural.


SUMMARY: The dermal denticles are dermal structures present in the group of chondrichthyans, they have a very important role in their biology and they have been used as a taxonomic character that allows to recognize groups or species. Therefore, in the present work, the dermal morphology of the juveniles of two species of shovel sharks, Sphyrna tiburo and S. vespertina, whose evolutionary origin is related to the closure of the Central American isthmus, is compared. For this, dermal samples (1 cm2) from three body regions were obtained and processed to obtain high resolution images by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The denticles of both species have a common morphological pattern, with variations in the length of the ridge extensions, free area and overlapping of the denticles, and the degree of notoriety of the microstructural ornamentation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sharks/anatomy & histology , Dermis/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Elasmobranchii/anatomy & histology , Animal Scales/ultrastructure
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 328-331, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285053

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cutis rhomboidalis nuchae was assessed in a 65-year-old patient. Optical microscopy showed basophilic agglomerations in the reticular dermis with decreased elastic fibers. Trans- mission electron microscopy showed elongated, curved and fragmented structures, and in their interior the presence of electron-dense lumps was reduced and irregular, similar to modified elastic fibers, whereas the collagen fibers had a normal aspect. Scanning electron microscopy showed deposits between the bundles of collagen, resembling pebbles or stones. These findings demonstrate that, at one stage of the disease, the collagen remains normal and the alterations are seen in the elastic tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Skin Diseases , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dermis , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Elastic Tissue
7.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(1): 34-36, ene.-mar. 2021. il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361760

ABSTRACT

La morfea superficial es una variante rara de morfea que se distingue de la clásica tanto en la clínica como en la histopatología. Se caracteriza por máculas hipopigmentadas o hiperpigmentadas, con mínima o ninguna induración, sin síntomas asociados, contractura ni atrofia. En la histopatología, se observa un compromiso limitado a las fibras colágenas en la dermis reticular superficial. Se comunica el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico de morfea superficial tratada con fototerapia ultravioleta B y metotrexato.


Superficial morphea is a rare variant of morphea that is distinguished from the classic variant both clinically and histopathologically. It is characterized by hypo or hyperpigmented patches with minimal to no induration, without associated symptoms, without contracture or atrophy. At the histopathological level, a limited involvement of collagen fibers is observed at the level of the uperficial reticular dermis. The case of a patient with superficial morphea treated with ultraviolet B phototherapy and methotrexate is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Phototherapy/methods , Scleroderma, Localized/therapy , Scleroderma, Localized/diagnosis , Scleroderma, Localized/drug therapy , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Dermis/pathology , Folic Acid/administration & dosage
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200149, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1154771

ABSTRACT

Skin lesions of patients affected by non-ulcerated cutaneous leishmaniasis (NUCL) caused by L. (L.) infantum chagasi are characterized by lymphohistiocytic inflammatory infiltrate associated with epithelioid granuloma and scarce parasitism. However, the in situ cellular immune response of these patients is unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize the cellular immune response in the skin lesions of patients affected by NUCL. Methods Twenty biopsies were processed by immunohistochemistry using primary antibodies to T lymphocytes (CD4, CD8), NK cells, B lymphocytes, macrophages, nitric oxide synthase and interferon-gamma. Results Immunohistochemistry revealed higher expression of all cellular types and molecules (IFN-γ, iNOS) in the dermis of diseased skin compared to the skin of healthy individuals (p < 0.05). Morphometric analysis performed in the skin lesions sections showed the predominance of CD8+ T lymphocytes in the mononuclear infiltrate, followed by macrophages, mostly iNOS+, a response that could be mediated by IFN-γ. Conclusion Our study improves knowledge of the cellular immune response in non-ulcerated or atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. (L.) infantum chagasi in Central America and pointed to the pivotal participation of CD8+ T lymphocytes in the host defense mechanisms against the parasite in patients with NUCL.(AU)


Subject(s)
Immunohistochemistry , Dermis/injuries , Immunity , Leishmania , Infections
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 607-611, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887901

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that dermal papilla cells(DPCs)act as the organizing center to induce the cyclic hair regeneration.On one hand,DPCs secrete cytokines or growth factors to regulate the differentiation,proliferation,and migration of epithelial stem cells(EpSCs)and melanocyte stem cells(MeSCs)residing in the bulge region.On the other hand,DPCs manipulate the microenvironment(also termed as niche)for both EpSCs and MeSCs,such as the size of dermal papilla,the distance between dermal papilla and the bulge region,and the lymphatic drainage and sympathetic nerve innervation surrounding the bulge region,thereby orchestrating the cycling hair growth.Recent studies have demonstrated at least four subpopulations existing in dermal papillae,which induce the unilineage transit-amplifying epithelial cells to form the concentric multilayers of hair shafts and sheaths.In addition,emerging study has indicated that sustained psychological stress potentially leads to hyperactivation of the sympathetic nerves that innervate the bulge region.The large amount of norepinephrine released by the nerve endings forces MeSCs to rapidly and abnormally proliferate,resultantly causing the depletion of MeSC pool and the loss of hair pigment.Understanding the molecular regulation of hair growth and pigmentation by DPCs holds substantial promise for the future use of cultured DPCs


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dermis , Hair Follicle , Pigmentation
10.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(4): 67-67, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278145

ABSTRACT

Un hombre de 72 años, es hospitalizado por falla cardiaca aguda. Tiene historia de hipertensión arterial en manejo con enalapril e hidroclorotiazida. Desde su ingreso, se inició trom-boprofilaxis con enoxaparina 40 mg diarios por vía subcutánea en abdomen. Tres días después aparecen lesiones cutáneas ampollosas, tensas, de contenido hemático y diámetro entre 5-15 mm. Las lesiones se localizan en miembro superior derecho (Figura 1) y pie izquierdo (Figura 2), tienen haloeritematoso y no son dolorosas. Las pruebas de coagulación, proteína C reactiva, VSG y hemograma son normales. Se realizó biopsia de piel que mostró lesión subepidérmica con material hemorrágico en dermis papilar y reticular con neutrófilos escasos, sin vasculitis o trombosis. Estos hallazgos, confirman el diagnóstico de dermatosis ampo-llosa hemorrágica a distancia asociada a enoxaparina. Este constituye un efecto adverso infrecuente y autorresolutivo de las heparinas, no relacionado con la dosificación y en sitios distantes a su aplicación. Este paciente se trató con el retiro del medicamento, resolviendo las lesiones a los sietedías y sin recurrencia de las mismas luego de tres meses de seguimiento


A 72-year-old man was hospitalized for acute heart failure. He had a history of arterial hypertension being treated with enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide. Thromboprophylaxis was begun at admission with 40 mg of subcutaneous enoxaparin daily, in the abdomen. Three days later, tense, blood-filled bullous skin lesions with a 5-15 mm diameter appeared. The lesions were on the right arm (Figure 1) and the left foot (Fig-ure 2); they had an erythematous halo and were not painful Clotting, C-reactive protein, ESR and complete blood count were normal. A skin biopsy was performed, which showed a subepidermal lesion with hemorrhagic material in the papillary and reticular dermis with scant neutrophils and no vasculitis or thrombosis. These findings confirm the diagnosis of bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis at distant sites related to enoxaparin. This is an uncommon and self-resolving adverse effect of heparins, unrelated to the dose and at sites distant from their application. This patient was treated by discontinu-ing the medication, and the lesions resolved seven days later with no recurrence after three months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Diseases , Vasculitis , Patients , Skin , Thrombosis , Wounds and Injuries , Blood Coagulation , Dermis
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 386-389, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130883

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a 74-year-old male presented to an outpatient dermatology clinic in Manaus, Amazonas, with a one-year history of pruritic, keloidal lesions on his left lower extremity. Histopathology showed round structures in reticular dermis. Grocott methenamine silver stain revealed numerous round yeasts with thick double walls, occurring singly or in chains connected by tubular projections. The diagnosis was lobomycosis. Although the keloidal lesions presented by this patient are typical of lobomycosis, their linear distribution along the left lower limb is unusual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lobomycosis/diagnosis , Lobomycosis/pathology , Keloid/diagnosis , Keloid/pathology , Leg Dermatoses/diagnosis , Leg Dermatoses/pathology , Biopsy , Dermis/microbiology , Dermis/pathology
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 19-29, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, were thought to function in the inductive property of dermal papilla cells (DPCs) in cashmere goat. Previously, lncRNA-599554 was identified in secondary hair follicle (SHF) of cashmere goat, but its functional significance is unknown. RESULTS: In the present investigation, we verified that lncRNA-599554 had significantly higher expression at the anagen dermal papilla of cashmere goat SHF than that at telogen. Based on overexpression and knockdown techniques, we found that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs of cashmere goat, which was assessed by detecting the changes in the expression of several typical indictor genes in DPCs including ET-1, SCF, Versican, ALP, Lef1 and Ptc-1. Based on RNA pull-down assay, we verified that lncRNA-599554 directly interacted with chi-miR-15a-5p. Also, we showed that lncRNA-599554 positively regulated the Wnt3a expression in DPCs but which did not appear to involve its modulating of promoter methylation. Based on the use of Dual-luciferase reporter assays, our data indicated that lncRNA-599554 regulated the Wnt3a expression through chi-miR-15a-5p-mediated post-transcriptional level. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs in cashmere goat which might be achieved through sponging chi-miR-15b-5p to promote the Wnt3a expression. The results from the present investigation provided a novel insight into the functional mechanism of lncRNA-599554 in the SHF regeneration of cashmere goat along with the formation and growth of cashmere fiber.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hair Follicle/cytology , Hair Follicle/metabolism , Dermis/cytology , Wnt3A Protein/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Biological Assay/methods , Goats , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Luciferases , Methylation
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 247-249, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130850

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis is an acquired elastic tissue disorder clinically similar to pseudoxanthoma elasticum in the absence of systemic involvement. Histopathologically, special staining of elastic fibers demonstrates a total or partial band-like loss of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis. Although ultraviolet radiation seems to be one of the main etiological factors in this entity, we report a case of pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis on the neck of a woman who wore hijab.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum/pathology , Dermis/pathology , Elastic Tissue/pathology , Biopsy , Dermoscopy
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 102-104, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088736

ABSTRACT

Abstract White fibrous papulosis of the neck is a rare entity, with fewer than 50 cases described. It is a benign pathology whose main interest lies in its broad differential diagnosis, especially with pseudoxanthoma elasticum. The authors report the case of a 77-year-old woman with multiple yellow-white monomorphic papules on the posterior cervical region, with years of evolution. Cutaneous biopsy revealed a nodular area in the superficial and middle reticular dermis, with slight thickening of the collagen fibers and focally enlarged elastic fibers, aspects highlighted in the Verhoeff staining that additionally showed absence of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous/pathology , Neck/pathology , Biopsy , Fibrosis , Dermis/pathology , Elastic Tissue/pathology
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 101-108, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a chronic acquired focal hypermelanosis which pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Classical pathophysiologic studies have analysed the affected and perilesional areas, but little is known about the status of sun-protected skin, which is subjected to the same endogenous and genetic factors.OBJECTIVE: To assess the histological characteristics of melasma compared to adjacent and retroauricular skin.METHODS: Skin samples were collected from 10 female from: melasma, perilesional area and retroauricular. The samples were stained (haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, Fontana-Masson, picrosirius red, toluidine blue and Verhoeff), immunolabelled for CD34 and Wnt1. The data from the skin sites were analysed simultaneously by a multivariate model.RESULTS: Melasma skin exhibited noteworthy stratum corneum compaction, greater collagen heterogeneity, solar elastosis, higher number of mast cells, basement membrane zone (BMZ) damage, Wnt1 expression, pendulum melanocytes, higher cellularity and vascular proliferation at the superficial dermis. Stratum corneum compaction, collagen heterogeneity and BMZ abnormalities were variables associated to melasma that not follow a continuum through retroauricular to adjacent skin. Mast cell count was the variable that disclosed correlation with the most other abnormalities as well as had the greater contribution in the multivariate model.CONCLUSION: In addition to melanocyte hyperactivity, melasma skin exhibits alterations in the epidermal barrier, upper dermis and BMZ, which differ from the adjacent sun-exposed skin and retroauricular skin, indicating a distinct phenotype, rather than a mere extension of photoageing or intrinsic ageing. Mast cells appear to play a central role in the physiopathology of melasma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Basement Membrane , Collagen , Dermis , Epidermis , Hyperpigmentation , Mast Cells , Melanocytes , Melanosis , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Skin , Tolonium Chloride , Wnt Signaling Pathway
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 754-756, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054889

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 28-year-old white female patient presented with multiple erythematous-to-violaceous, painful, suppurative nodules on the buttocks and thighs that appeared after two weeks of mesotherapy with deoxycholate, caffeine, sunflower liposomes, and sinetrol for localized fat. She was treated for atypical mycobacteriosis, but with no satisfactory response after antibiotic therapy. Bacterial, mycobacterial, and fungal culture were all negative. Histopathologic examination of the biopsy showed noninfectious suppurative panniculitis. It resolved after treatment with methotrexate, prednisone, and hydroxychloroquine. This report highlights the rarity of this complication, the importance of its early recognition, and differentiation with atypical fast growing mycobacterioses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/chemically induced , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/pathology , Deoxycholic Acid/adverse effects , Mesotherapy/adverse effects , Biopsy , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dermis/pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL