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1.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200149, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1154771

ABSTRACT

Skin lesions of patients affected by non-ulcerated cutaneous leishmaniasis (NUCL) caused by L. (L.) infantum chagasi are characterized by lymphohistiocytic inflammatory infiltrate associated with epithelioid granuloma and scarce parasitism. However, the in situ cellular immune response of these patients is unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize the cellular immune response in the skin lesions of patients affected by NUCL. Methods Twenty biopsies were processed by immunohistochemistry using primary antibodies to T lymphocytes (CD4, CD8), NK cells, B lymphocytes, macrophages, nitric oxide synthase and interferon-gamma. Results Immunohistochemistry revealed higher expression of all cellular types and molecules (IFN-γ, iNOS) in the dermis of diseased skin compared to the skin of healthy individuals (p < 0.05). Morphometric analysis performed in the skin lesions sections showed the predominance of CD8+ T lymphocytes in the mononuclear infiltrate, followed by macrophages, mostly iNOS+, a response that could be mediated by IFN-γ. Conclusion Our study improves knowledge of the cellular immune response in non-ulcerated or atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. (L.) infantum chagasi in Central America and pointed to the pivotal participation of CD8+ T lymphocytes in the host defense mechanisms against the parasite in patients with NUCL.(AU)


Subject(s)
Immunohistochemistry , Dermis/injuries , Immunity , Leishmania , Infections
2.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(4): 67-67, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278145

ABSTRACT

Un hombre de 72 años, es hospitalizado por falla cardiaca aguda. Tiene historia de hipertensión arterial en manejo con enalapril e hidroclorotiazida. Desde su ingreso, se inició trom-boprofilaxis con enoxaparina 40 mg diarios por vía subcutánea en abdomen. Tres días después aparecen lesiones cutáneas ampollosas, tensas, de contenido hemático y diámetro entre 5-15 mm. Las lesiones se localizan en miembro superior derecho (Figura 1) y pie izquierdo (Figura 2), tienen haloeritematoso y no son dolorosas. Las pruebas de coagulación, proteína C reactiva, VSG y hemograma son normales. Se realizó biopsia de piel que mostró lesión subepidérmica con material hemorrágico en dermis papilar y reticular con neutrófilos escasos, sin vasculitis o trombosis. Estos hallazgos, confirman el diagnóstico de dermatosis ampo-llosa hemorrágica a distancia asociada a enoxaparina. Este constituye un efecto adverso infrecuente y autorresolutivo de las heparinas, no relacionado con la dosificación y en sitios distantes a su aplicación. Este paciente se trató con el retiro del medicamento, resolviendo las lesiones a los sietedías y sin recurrencia de las mismas luego de tres meses de seguimiento


A 72-year-old man was hospitalized for acute heart failure. He had a history of arterial hypertension being treated with enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide. Thromboprophylaxis was begun at admission with 40 mg of subcutaneous enoxaparin daily, in the abdomen. Three days later, tense, blood-filled bullous skin lesions with a 5-15 mm diameter appeared. The lesions were on the right arm (Figure 1) and the left foot (Fig-ure 2); they had an erythematous halo and were not painful Clotting, C-reactive protein, ESR and complete blood count were normal. A skin biopsy was performed, which showed a subepidermal lesion with hemorrhagic material in the papillary and reticular dermis with scant neutrophils and no vasculitis or thrombosis. These findings confirm the diagnosis of bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis at distant sites related to enoxaparin. This is an uncommon and self-resolving adverse effect of heparins, unrelated to the dose and at sites distant from their application. This patient was treated by discontinu-ing the medication, and the lesions resolved seven days later with no recurrence after three months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Diseases , Vasculitis , Patients , Skin , Thrombosis , Wounds and Injuries , Blood Coagulation , Dermis
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 19-29, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, were thought to function in the inductive property of dermal papilla cells (DPCs) in cashmere goat. Previously, lncRNA-599554 was identified in secondary hair follicle (SHF) of cashmere goat, but its functional significance is unknown. RESULTS: In the present investigation, we verified that lncRNA-599554 had significantly higher expression at the anagen dermal papilla of cashmere goat SHF than that at telogen. Based on overexpression and knockdown techniques, we found that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs of cashmere goat, which was assessed by detecting the changes in the expression of several typical indictor genes in DPCs including ET-1, SCF, Versican, ALP, Lef1 and Ptc-1. Based on RNA pull-down assay, we verified that lncRNA-599554 directly interacted with chi-miR-15a-5p. Also, we showed that lncRNA-599554 positively regulated the Wnt3a expression in DPCs but which did not appear to involve its modulating of promoter methylation. Based on the use of Dual-luciferase reporter assays, our data indicated that lncRNA-599554 regulated the Wnt3a expression through chi-miR-15a-5p-mediated post-transcriptional level. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs in cashmere goat which might be achieved through sponging chi-miR-15b-5p to promote the Wnt3a expression. The results from the present investigation provided a novel insight into the functional mechanism of lncRNA-599554 in the SHF regeneration of cashmere goat along with the formation and growth of cashmere fiber.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hair Follicle/cytology , Hair Follicle/metabolism , Dermis/cytology , Wnt3A Protein/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Biological Assay/methods , Goats , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Luciferases , Methylation
6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 101-108, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a chronic acquired focal hypermelanosis which pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Classical pathophysiologic studies have analysed the affected and perilesional areas, but little is known about the status of sun-protected skin, which is subjected to the same endogenous and genetic factors.OBJECTIVE: To assess the histological characteristics of melasma compared to adjacent and retroauricular skin.METHODS: Skin samples were collected from 10 female from: melasma, perilesional area and retroauricular. The samples were stained (haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, Fontana-Masson, picrosirius red, toluidine blue and Verhoeff), immunolabelled for CD34 and Wnt1. The data from the skin sites were analysed simultaneously by a multivariate model.RESULTS: Melasma skin exhibited noteworthy stratum corneum compaction, greater collagen heterogeneity, solar elastosis, higher number of mast cells, basement membrane zone (BMZ) damage, Wnt1 expression, pendulum melanocytes, higher cellularity and vascular proliferation at the superficial dermis. Stratum corneum compaction, collagen heterogeneity and BMZ abnormalities were variables associated to melasma that not follow a continuum through retroauricular to adjacent skin. Mast cell count was the variable that disclosed correlation with the most other abnormalities as well as had the greater contribution in the multivariate model.CONCLUSION: In addition to melanocyte hyperactivity, melasma skin exhibits alterations in the epidermal barrier, upper dermis and BMZ, which differ from the adjacent sun-exposed skin and retroauricular skin, indicating a distinct phenotype, rather than a mere extension of photoageing or intrinsic ageing. Mast cells appear to play a central role in the physiopathology of melasma.


Subject(s)
Basement Membrane , Collagen , Dermis , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Mast Cells , Melanocytes , Melanosis , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Skin , Tolonium Chloride , Wnt Signaling Pathway
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 754-756, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054889

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 28-year-old white female patient presented with multiple erythematous-to-violaceous, painful, suppurative nodules on the buttocks and thighs that appeared after two weeks of mesotherapy with deoxycholate, caffeine, sunflower liposomes, and sinetrol for localized fat. She was treated for atypical mycobacteriosis, but with no satisfactory response after antibiotic therapy. Bacterial, mycobacterial, and fungal culture were all negative. Histopathologic examination of the biopsy showed noninfectious suppurative panniculitis. It resolved after treatment with methotrexate, prednisone, and hydroxychloroquine. This report highlights the rarity of this complication, the importance of its early recognition, and differentiation with atypical fast growing mycobacterioses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/chemically induced , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/pathology , Deoxycholic Acid/adverse effects , Mesotherapy/adverse effects , Biopsy , Panniculitis, Nodular Nonsuppurative/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dermis/pathology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 473-475, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038301

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a skin disorder affecting dermal collagen and is clinically characterized by well-defined plaques of depressed skin. Histopathological changes are subtle, and in most cases, the diagnosis requires a comparative study with healthy skin from the same anatomical site. High frequency ultrasound is a useful imaging method for diagnosis of atrophic skin changes. A case is presented in which ultrasound can support the clinical and the histopathological diagnosis of atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Dermis/pathology , Dermis/diagnostic imaging , Atrophy/pathology , Atrophy/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Early Diagnosis
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 541-547, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002256

ABSTRACT

The structural characteristics of the skin, types and distribution of mucous cells of Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) were studied at the light microscope level, stained with Haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Alcian blue-periodie acid Schiff (ABPAS). The skin of both was composed of epidermis and dermis. The dermis was divided into stratum spongiosum and stratum compactum. The stained color of stratum compactum was stained more deeply than that of stratum spongiosum. The skin thickness displayed differences in the fish at different body positions. The thickest of epidermis layer was on the dorsal region for Yangtze sturgeon, reversely, the thinnest was the mandibular region; Stratum spongiosum on the mandibular region was the thickest, the stratum spongiosum of the maxillary region was not obvious. In summary, keratinized spines, a kind of keratin derivative, are widely distributed in the mandibular, ventral, dorsal, and caudal peduncle skin surface for Yangtze sturgeon, and some pit organs mainly present in the skin surface of the maxillary and ventral regions. In short, the small amount of mucous cells in the skin of Yangtze sturgeon and the type of mucous cell were main Type IV, nevertheless there was a distribution of a few Type III.


Se estudiaron las características estructurales de la piel, los tipos y la distribución de las células mucosas del esturión Yangtze (Acipenser dabryanus) con microscopio de luz, teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina (HE) y azul alcián-ácido de Schiff (AB-PAS). La piel estaba compuesta por epidermis y dermis. La dermis se dividía en estrato esponjoso y estrato compacto. El grosor de la piel mostró diferencias en los peces en diferentes posiciones del cuerpo. La capa más gruesa de la epidermis se observó en la región dorsal del esturión Yangtze; a la inversa, la más delgada en la región mandibular. El estrato esponjoso en la región mandibular era el más grueso, el estrato esponjoso de la región maxilar no era visualizado. En resumen, las espinas queratinizadas, un tipo derivado de la queratina, estaban ampliamente distribuidas en la superficie de la piel del pedúnculo mandibular, ventral, dorsal y caudal en el esturión Yangtze, y algunos órganos en fosas, presentes principalmente en la superficie de la piel de las regiones mandibular y ventral. En resumen, la pequeña cantidad de células mucosas en la piel del esturión Yangtze y el tipo de célula mucosa eran células principales tipo IV, sin embargo, se observaron algunas células tipo III.


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin/ultrastructure , Fishes/anatomy & histology , Mucous Membrane/ultrastructure , Dermis/ultrastructure , Epidermis/ultrastructure , Mucus/cytology
10.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(2): e284, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126613

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las especies vegetales constituyen el remedio primero a los problemas de salud que aquejan a las personas. La granada es rica en ácido ascórbico, mejora la barrera epidérmica y reduce la contracción de las heridas. La flor de agua posee actividad antibacteriana. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto cicatrizante del polvo carbonizado de Punica granatum Linn (granada) y de Eichhornia crassipes (flor de agua), en un modelo experimental en ratas. Métodos: Estudio analítico experimental con el empleo 30 ratas macho distribuidas en 3 grupos (n= 10). Grupo I y II; tratadas con el polvo carbonizado de la granada y flor de agua respectivamente. Grupo III: Tratadas con cloruro de sodio al 0,9 por ciento. Se realizó un modelo de herida por escisión en el dorso. La evolución de la cicatrización fue seguida por la velocidad de contracción de la herida en milímetros. Se realizó histología sobre biopsias de tejido cicatrizado. Para el análisis estadístico se empleó la prueba no paramétrica de Mann- Whitney. El nivel de significación se fijó en p < 0,05. Resultados: Se comprobó el efecto cicatrizante de los polvos carbonizados de la granada y flor de agua; disminuyó el área de las heridas de manera significativa respecto al grupo control. El estudio histológico mostró dermis madura grado III en los grupos I y II. Conclusiones: La aplicación tópica del polvo carbonizado de granada y de flor de agua influyó sobre el cierre de las heridas y en la maduración de la dermis, por lo cual favoreció la cicatrización(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Plant species are the first remedy to the people's health problems. The pomegranate is rich in ascorbic acid, improves the epidermal barrier and reduces the contraction of wounds. The water hyacinth has antibacterial activity. Objective: To evaluate the healing effect of the charred powder of Punica granatum Linn (pomegranate) and Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth), in an experimental model in rats. Methods: Experimental analytical study with 30 male rats distributed in 3 groups (n = 10). Group I and II; treated with the charred powder of the pomegranate and water hyacinth respectively. Group III: treated with 0.9 percent sodium chloride. An incision wound model was made on the back. The evolution of healing was followed by the speed of contraction of the wound in millimeters. Histology was performed on biopsies of scar tissue. For the statistical analysis, the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The healing effect of the charred powders of the pomegranate and water hyacinth was verified; decreased the wound area significantly compared to the control group. The histological study showed mature grade III dermis in groups I and II. Conclusions: The topical application of the charred powder of pomegranate and water hyacinth influenced the closure of the wounds and the maturation of the dermis, which favored healing(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage , Cicatrix/veterinary , Dermis , Aquatic Flora/analysis , Pomegranate
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 358-360, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011120

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Dermatofibroma is a proliferation of spindle cells located in the dermis. We used scanning electron microscopy to examine two histologically confirmed lesions and observed preserved collagen bundles in the perilesional area. In the lesional area, the collagen was denser, without formation of bundles. Higher magnification showed collagen with mesh-like appearance similar to stretched tufts of cotton. Very high magnification evidenced the tufts of cotton and spindle cells measuring 2 to 12 microns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/pathology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dermis/pathology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739168

ABSTRACT

Periorbital dermatochalasis with upper eyelid hooding, brow ptosis, and sunken eyelids may appear with age. Because classic blepharoplasty is unable to correct all these issues, we developed a single operation, which we present herein, to correct dermatochalasis accompanied by sunken eyelids. This sub-brow approach is used with simultaneous browpexy by fixing the orbital portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) to the periosteum immediately above the supraorbital rim using sutures with 3 or 4 points of fixation and correcting sunken eyelids by burying the elevated dermis, fat, and OOM after de-epithelization in the lower flap of the sunken upper eyelid along the submuscular plane. This method enables the correction of sunken eyelids during the same operation without requiring an additional procedure, and offers the advantages of a shortened operation time and decreased cost. The presence of sunken eyelids in patients with dermatochalasis and severe lateral hooding may be corrected by the procedure described herein, thereby achieving periorbital rejuvenation while maintaining the original shape of the eyes.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Dermis , Eyelids , Humans , Methods , Middle Aged , Orbit , Periosteum , Rejuvenation , Skin Aging , Sutures
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759709

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of a bullous type of pyoderma gangrenosum in a pediatric patient. A 3-year-old female patient visited our department with recurrent hemorrhagic bullae and erosive patches for 1 year. Skin biopsy revealed a subepidermal blister with diffuse neutrophilic infiltrations in the dermis. The diagnosis of bullous pyoderma gangrenosum was made by exclusion of other diseases via bacterial culture, laboratory, and immunofluorescence studies. The skin lesions responded well to a low dose of systemic corticosteroid, but the lesions recurred frequently.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Blister , Child , Child, Preschool , Dermis , Diagnosis , Female , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Neutrophils , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Pyoderma , Skin
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759694

ABSTRACT

Leiomyosarcoma is a rare and aggressive soft tissue sarcoma originating in smooth muscle cells. There are two forms of primary superficial leiomyosarcomas depending on the origin and prognosis, one derived from the dermis and the other from the subcutaneous tissue of the skin. Middle-aged to elderly men are particularly affected by this type of cancer. Leiomyosarcomas of the head and neck are quite rare, accounting for approximately 3%~10% of all cases. We report herein a case of subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma of the scalp in a 47-year-old female patient.


Subject(s)
Aged , Dermis , Female , Head , Humans , Leiomyosarcoma , Male , Middle Aged , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Neck , Prognosis , Sarcoma , Scalp , Skin , Subcutaneous Tissue
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759690

ABSTRACT

Peripheral T cell lymphoma, unspecified (PTCL-U) comprises a heterogenous group of mature T-cell lymphomas that do not match with any defined T-cell entities in the current classification system. A 68-year-old man presented with extensive erythematous to brownish ulcerative tumors with yellowish discharge on the neck, trunk, and both upper extremities that had persisted for the past 7 months. Histological findings showed medium- to large-sized pleomorphic lymphocytes with cellular atypia infiltrating the deep dermis and subcutis. Immunohistochemical analysis of specimens from this patient revealed positive staining for CD2, CD45, and granzyme B and mildly positive staining for CD3, CD4, CD30, and CD79a. Based on these clinico-pathological findings, the patient was finally diagnosed with PTCL-U. We report herein a rare case of PTCL-U presenting as multiple ulcerative tumors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Classification , Dermis , Granzymes , Humans , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Neck , T-Lymphocytes , Ulcer , Upper Extremity
16.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 662-665, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762390

ABSTRACT

Hair follicle nevus (HFN) is a rare, benign, follicular hamartoma that most frequently presents as a congenital nodule on the face. We experienced a rare case of HFN on the neck of a 14-year-old boy and performed a pilot immunohistochemical study with cytokeratin 19 (CK19) to compare the staining pattern of hair follicles in HFN and its differential diagnoses, accessory tragus, cervical chondrocutaneous branchial remnants (CCBR) and trichofolliculoma. With hematoxylin and eosin stain, HFN showed numerous tiny hair follicles in the dermis with several sebaceous and eccrine glands, and perifollicular fibrous thickening. With CK19 stain, some hair follicles in HFN and CCBR showed positive expression, a few hair follicles in accessory tragus showed weak expression, and no hair follicles in trichofolliculoma showed expression. The present report supports the view that HFN, accessory tragus and CCBR are within the same spectrum of hamartomas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Dermis , Diagnosis, Differential , Eccrine Glands , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hair Follicle , Hair , Hamartoma , Hematoxylin , Humans , Keratin-19 , Male , Neck , Nevus
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 403-413, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762358

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Wound healing mechanisms is believed to have effects similar to wound healing disorders in diabetic patients, including abnormal inflammatory cells, angiogenesis disorders, and reduced collagen synthesis. Therefore, reestablishment of structural and promoted angiogenesis could be beneficial to promote wound healing process. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, we investigated whether the polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) that was self-production in Korea, could be useful as an intradermal injection for promoting wound healing. Also, we validate for wound healing effect of PDRN using healing-impaired (db/db) mice. METHODS: In this study, we confirmed the effects of PDRN by creating wound models in in vitro and in vivo model. Using an in vitro wound healing assay, we observed that PDRN stimulated closure of wounded monolayers of human fibroblast cells. PDRN (8.25 mg/ml) or phosphate-buffered saline (0.9% NaCl) was injected once daily into the dermis adjacent to the wound for 12 days after skin injury. RESULTS: Time course observations revealed that mice treated with PDRN showed accelerated wound closure and epidermal and dermal regeneration, enhanced angiogenesis. The wound area and depth decreased at 3, 6, 9, and 12 days after skin injury. Histological evaluation showed an increase of vascular endothelial growth factor, CD31, and collagen fibers in the PDRN group compared with the control group, indicating that PDRN was effective in the treatment of delayed wound healing caused by diabetes. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that our PDRN has a wound healing effect in transgenic animal models with cells and diabetes through angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Collagen , Dermis , Fibroblasts , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Injections, Intradermal , Korea , Mice , Models, Animal , Polydeoxyribonucleotides , Regeneration , Skin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 705-711, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775162

ABSTRACT

Artificial dermis is a kind of tissue engineering dermal substitute and is used to repair dermal defects caused by a variety of reasons. This article describes the characteristics and the mechanism of repair and reconstruction of bilayer artificial dermis. Based on domestic experience of clinical applications and relative literature of bilayer artificial dermis, more than 50 domestic experts in related field reached a consensus on indications, contraindications, operation procedures in clinical application, cautions, and treatment and prevention of complications of bilayer artificial dermis, providing reference for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Dermis , Pathology , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Skin, Artificial , Tissue Engineering
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759785

ABSTRACT

Pachydermodactyly (PDD) is a rare, benign form of digital fibromatosis that is characterized by asymptomatic soft tissue swellings on the back and side of the proximal interphalangeal joint areas of the fingers. We report three cases of young male patients who presented with bilateral swelling of the fingers. Histopathologic examination showed epidermal hyperplasia with acanthosis and hyperkeratosis. Collagen fibers in the reticular dermis were thickened and irregularly arranged, and deposition of mucin in the dermis was observed. Since pachydermodactyly usually affects adolescent males with joint swelling, it is often confused with rheumatologic diseases. Here, we report three cases diagnosed with pachydermodactyly based on clinical manifestations and histopathological examination.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Collagen , Dermis , Fibroma , Fingers , Humans , Hyperplasia , Joints , Male , Mucins
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759766

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of erythematous firm nodules on the hands and feet. Histopathological findings of the lesional skin revealed perivascular and diffuse neutrophilic infiltrations on the upper and mid-dermis. Increased and dilated blood vessels were observed in the upper dermis. Fibrinoid necrosis of the vessel walls was unremarkable, but endothelial swelling and scant red blood cell (RBC) extravasation were noted. Fibrosis and sclerosis of collagen fibers were noted on the deep dermis. Results of laboratory examinations, including complete blood count (CBC), routine chemistry, c-reactive protein (CRP), syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests, and serum immunoglobulin electrophoresis, were all negative or within normal limit. A diagnosis of erythema elevatum diutinum was made based on the clinical and histological findings. The patient was treated with prednisolone, dapsone, colchicine, and intralesional injection of triamcinolone and showed slight improvement after treatment for 8 months.


Subject(s)
Blood Cell Count , Blood Vessels , C-Reactive Protein , Chemistry , Colchicine , Collagen , Dapsone , Dermis , Diagnosis , Electrophoresis , Erythema , Erythrocytes , Fibrosis , Foot , Hand , HIV , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Injections, Intralesional , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Neutrophils , Prednisolone , Sclerosis , Skin , Syphilis , Triamcinolone
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