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1.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 104-112, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372135

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Mellitus es un padecimiento que empieza cuando el páncreas no realiza un uso adecuado de la insulina que produce o no puede lograr producir insulina. Se descomponen en glucosa en la sangre todos los alimentos ricos en hidratos de carbono; la insulina da ayuda a la glucosa para que esta pueda ingresar en las células. Los niveles de azúcar en la sangre al no funcionar bien el páncreas suben, lo cual debe ser controlado por medio de un tratamiento médico de por vida, y lo más importante la persona debe cambiar de hábitos en su salud. Objetivo: El objetivo principal de esta investigación es definir el efecto que produce la adherencia a la insulinoterapia en los pacientes con diabetes tipo II del Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizó una investigación cuantitativa, transversal ya que se realizó una encuesta a los pacientes, la cual se procedió a la recolección y análisis e interpretación de datos. La muestra trabajada fue de 100 pacientes, los cuales fueron atendidos en el Hospital por concepto de diabetes tipo II en el área de emergencia. Resultados: Como resultado de la investigación tenemos que el 76% de los encuestados conocen sobre el tratamiento de la insulinoterapia, el 85% se rehusó a utilizar insulina cuando inició su tratamiento, el 75% ha tenido dificultad para la conservación de la insulina, el 63% considera que el uso de la insulina es riesgos, el 53% indicó haber recibido asesoría sobre los posibles efectos de la insulina, al 65% de encuestados su jornada laboral no le permite asistir a su control médico, el 72% ha sentido un desmejoro en su salud al dejar el tratamiento y el 63% de los encuestados indicó que ha abandonado en algún momento su tratamiento por temor a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener. Conclusiones: Se estableció el tipo de complicaciones que se dan en los pacientes ante la no adherencia a la insulinoterapia, uno de ellos fue, que al dejar el tratamiento los pacientes sintieron un desmejoro en su estado de salud, así también, los pacientes han abandonado el tratamiento en algún momento por miedo a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener la insulina(AU)


Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that begins when the pancreas does not make proper use of the insulin it produces or cannot achieve produce insulin. All foods rich in glucose are broken down into glucose in the blood. carbohydrates; insulin helps glucose to enter the cells cells. When the pancreas does not work well, blood sugar levels rise, which must be controlled by lifelong medical treatment, and most importantly the person must change their health habits. Objective: The main objective of this research is to define the effect produced by adherence to insulin therapy in patients with type II diabetes at Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materials and Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional investigation was used since a patient survey which proceeded to the collection and analysis and interpretation of data. The sample worked was 100 patients who were treated at the Hospital for type II diabetes concept in the emergency area. Results: Like result of the investigation we have that 76% of the respondents know about the insulin therapy treatment, 85% refused to use insulin when they started their treatment, 75% have had difficulty conserving insulin, 63% considers that the use of insulin is risky, 53% indicated having received counseling about the possible effects of insulin, 65% of those surveyed did not care about their working hours. allows them to attend their medical control, 72% have felt a deterioration in their health when leaving the treatment and 63% of those surveyed indicated that they had abandoned their treatment at some point. treatment for fear of the side effects they claim to have. Conclusions: If established the type of complications that occur in patients due to non-adherence to insulin therapy, one of them was that when leaving the treatment the patients felt a deterioration in their state of health, as well as the patients have abandoned the treatment at some point for fear of the side effects that they claim to have insulin(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Insulin , Pancreas/physiopathology , Blood Glucose , Surveys and Questionnaires , Drug Therapy , Life Style
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(1): 12-18, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364310

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The AKR1B1 gene encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of glucose into sorbitol. Chronic hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) leads to increased AKR1B1 affinity for glucose and, consequently, sorbitol accumulation. Elevated sorbitol increases oxidative stress, which is one of the main pathways related to chronic complications of diabetes, including diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Accordingly, some studies have suggested the rs759853 polymorphism in the AKR1B1 gene is associated with DKD; however, findings are still contradictory. The aim was to investigate the association of the rs759853 polymorphism in the AKR1B1 gene and DKD. Materials and methods: The sample comprised 695 patients with type 2 DM (T2DM) and DKD (cases) and 310 patients with T2DM of more than 10 years' duration, but no DKD (controls). The polymorphism was genotyped by real-time PCR. Results: Allelic and genotype frequencies of this polymorphism did not differ significantly between groups. However, the A/A genotype was associated with risk for DKD after adjustment for gender, triglycerides, BMI, presence of hypertension and diabetic retinopathy, and duration of DM, under both recessive (P = 0.048) and additive (P = 0.037) inheritance models. Conclusion: Our data suggest an association between the AKR1B1 rs759853A/A genotype and risk for DKD in Brazilians T2DM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Reductase/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diabetic Nephropathies/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles , Gene Frequency , Genotype
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(1): 46-53, ene. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a health problem affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Aim: To evaluate risk factors for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) in women aged 40 to 59 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of a prospective cohort of 1159 women attending preventive health care programs and followed during 28 years. They underwent a clinical and laboratory evaluation from 1990 to 1993. The diagnosis of OA was retrieved from registries of a special program for osteoarthritis in 2020. RESULTS: Twenty four percent of participants developed osteoarthritis during the follow-up. At the beginning of the study and compared with women without OA, they were older (median [interquartile range or IQR]: 49.6 [8.5] and 47.2 [8.2] years respectively), had a higher body mass index (26.3 [5.3] and 25.1 [5.3] respectively), and a higher frequency of jobs with low qualification (76 and 62% respectively). The presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, a previous history of alcohol or cigarette consumption, postmenopausal status and lipid and glucose blood levels did not differ between women with or without OA. Cox regression showed a final model that incorporates body mass index (hazard ratio (HR): 1.04; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.01-1.07), age (HR: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.03-1.08) and having an unqualified job (HR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.43-2.47) as risk factors for OA. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity and the type of job are the most relevant risk factors found for OD: both may be modified with proper care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Hip/diagnosis , Osteoarthritis, Hip/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Hip/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19516, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383980

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study aims to evaluate the effects of Ginkgo biloba (GKB) extract as "add- on" therapy with metformin on the lipid profile, inflammatory markers, leptin and the total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is a multi- center, randomized, placebo-controlled double-blinded clinical study. Sixty patients were allocated into two groups: control and treatment groups; they received orally either 120 mg starch/capsule or 120mg GKB/capsule, respectively as an adjuvant with metformin for 90 days. Blood samples were obtained at zero time and after 90 days. The blood was utilized for analysis of the lipid profile, inflammatory markers, leptin, and TAOC. The GKB extract produced a significant decrease in the levels of TG, LDL-c, and CRP, with a significant increase in HDL-c compared to baseline values. There were no significant changes reported in the placebo-treated group. It also produced a significant decrease in the concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α, and leptin compared to baseline values and placebo-treated groups with a significant increase in TAOC compared to baseline values. In conclusion, GKB extract, as an adjuvant with metformin, decreases inflammatory mediators, leptin level and improves the antioxidant status and lipid profile of T2DM patients improperly managed with metformin


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Placebos/analysis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Double-Blind Method , Ginkgo biloba/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Metformin/pharmacology , Antioxidants/administration & dosage
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370207, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374069

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Thirty-two male, adult, 12-week-old rats (Rattus norvegicus), of the Wistar lineage, were used. The animals induced to the experimental model received a high fat diet for 10 days and, after that period, intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg·kg­1), dissolved in 20 mmol·L­1 sodium citrate solution (pH = 4.5). The experimental group of diabetes was formed by the animals that, 48 h after the injection of streptozotocin, had fasting blood glucose > 250 mg·dL­1). The animals were randomly divided into four groups with eight animals each: HIIT experimental diabetes; HIIT control; sedentary experimental diabetes and sedentary control. The animals in the HIIT group performed an aerobic exercise protocol on a treadmill inclined at an angle of 15° to the horizontal, with interspersed intensity. Five weekly sessions, lasting 49 min each, were held for 6 weeks. The analysis of cortical bone density (CBD) and BMD were performed by X-ray images using the In-Vivo Xtreme II/Bruker system. Results: For CBD and BMD, when comparing diabetes and control groups, a significant difference was seen between groups in relation to HIIT (p = 0.007). Animals submitted and not submitted to HIIT in the same group showed a significant difference between groups in relation to diabetes (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The HIIT experimental diabetes group had increased CBD and BMD in comparison with the sedentary experimental diabetes group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoporosis/etiology , Bone Density , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , High-Intensity Interval Training/veterinary , Rats, Wistar
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a common comorbidity in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis (AS).As a key item of the American Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score, it has a vital impact on the clinical prognosis of traditional thoracic surgery. T2DM has an adverse effect on the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases. At the same time, studies have shown that T2DM are associated with myocardial hypertrophy and remodeling, decreased left ventricular function, and worsening heart failure symptoms in the AS patients. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as an interventional method to replace the aortic valve has better safety for middle and high risk patients in surgery, but the impact of T2DM on the clinical outcome of TAVR in AS patients is not clear.By analyzing the clinical and image characteristics of patients with AS and T2DM who received TAVR treatment, so as to explore the effect of T2DM on the perioperative complications and prognosis of TAVR.@*METHODS@#A total of 100 consecutive patients with severe AS, who underwent TAVR treatment and were followed up for more than 1 month, were selectedin the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2016 to December 2020.Among them, 5 patients who were treated with TAVR due to simple severe aortic regurgitation were not included, therefore a total of 95 patients with severe aortic stenosis were enrolled in this study.The age of the patients was (72.7±4.8) years old, and there were 58 males (61.1%), and the patients with moderate or above aortic regurgitation had 30 cases (31.6%). The patients were divided into a diabetic group and a non-diabetic group according to whether they were combined with T2DM.There was no statistical difference in age, gender, body mass index (BMI), STS score, and New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function classification between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The primary end point was defined as a composite event consisting of all-cause death and stroke one month after surgery, and the secondary end point was defined as TAVR-related complications immediately after surgery and one month after surgery.The preoperative clinical data, cardiac ultrasound data, CT data, postoperative medication and the incidence of each endpoint event were compared between the 2 groups.The predictive model of adverse events was constructed by single factor and multivariate logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-diabetic group, the diabetic group had high blood pressure and chronic renal insufficiency.There was no significant difference in preoperative ultrasound echocardiography between the 2 groups. Preoperative CT evaluation found that the anatomical structure of the aortic root in the diabetic group was smaller than that in the non-diabetic group, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of bicuspid aortic valve between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). In terms of postoperative medication, the use of statins in the diabetes group was significantly higher than that in the non-diabetic group. In the diabetes group, 6 patients (37.5%) received insulin therapy, and 9 patients (56.3%) received oral medication alone.Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that the all-cause death and stroke compound events was increased in the diabetes group in 30 days after TAVR (OR=6.86; 95% CI: 2.14 to 21.79; P<0.01). Heart disease (OR=2.80; 95% CI: 0.99 to 7.88; P<0.05) and chronic renal insufficiency (OR=3.75; 95% CI: 1.24 to 11.34; P<0.05) were also risk factors for all-cause death and stroke compound events.In a multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age, gender, BMI, comorbidities, N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), total calcification score, ejection fraction, and degree of aortic regurgitation, T2DM was still a risk factor for all-cause death and stroke compound events in 30 days after TAVR (OR=12.68; 95% CI: 1.76 to 91.41; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#T2DM is a risk factor for short-term poor prognosis in patients with symptomatic severe AS after TAVR treatment. T2DM should play an important role in the future construction of the TAVR surgical risk assessment system, but the conclusions still need to be further verified by long-term follow-up of large-scale clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Stroke , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome , United States
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of initial periodontal therapy in periodontitis patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus and its correlation with white blood cell counts.@*METHODS@#In this study, 32 chronic periodontitis patients without systemic disease (CP group) and 27 chronic periodontitis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (CP+DM group) were enrolled. At admission, all the patients went through periodontal examination and fasting blood examination(baseline). Probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), bleeding index (BI), plaque index (PLI), white blood cells (WBC) counts and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were recorded respectively, while hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was recorded only in CP+DM group. After that, initial periodontal therapy was performed. All the tests were repeated 3 and 6 months after treatment. The changes of periodontal clinical indexes and WBC levels were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and the correlation between WBC and periodontal clinical indexes and glucose metabolism indexes were analyzed by generalized linear mixed model.@*RESULTS@#At baseline, the periodontal inflammation and destruction were similar in CP and CP+DM group, but the WBC level was significantly higher in CP+DM groups [(6.01±1.26)×109/L vs. (7.14±1.99)×109/L, P=0.01]. After 3 and 6 months of initial periodontal therapy, the mean PD, AL, BI, and PLI in CP+DM and CP groups were significantly lower than the baseline, and the PD in CP+DM group was further decreased by 6 months compared with 3 months [(3.33±0.62) mm vs. (3.61±0.60) mm, P < 0.05]. However, none of these periodontal indexes showed significant difference between the two groups by 3 or 6 months. In CP+DM group, HbA1c at 3 months and 6 months were significantly lower than the baseline [(7.09±0.79)% vs. (7.64±1.16)%, P < 0.05; (7.06±0.78)% vs. (7.64±1.16)%, P < 0.05], and FBG was significantly lower than the baseline by 6 months [(7.35±1.14) mmol/L vs. (8.40±1.43) mmol/L, P < 0.05]. The WBC level in CP group was significantly lower than the baseline level by 3 months [(5.35±1.37)×109/L vs. (6.01±1.26)×109/L, P < 0.05], while that in CP+DM group was significantly lower than the baseline level by 6 months [(6.00±1.37)×109/L vs. (7.14±1.99)×109/L, P < 0.05]. The analysis of genera-lized linear mixed model showed that WBC level was significantly positively correlated with PD and FBG (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Initial periodontal therapy can effectively improve the periodontal clinical status of patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus, and have benefits on glycemic control in diabetic patients. However, the response of periodontal indexes and WBC level to initial therapy were relatively delayed in diabetic patients. WBC plays an important role in the correlation between diabetes mellitus and periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Leukocytes/chemistry , Periodontal Index
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927473

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#To harmonise the diagnostic processes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and enable clinicians to provide better patient care, it is critical to understand the knowledge gaps in PCOS diagnosis. We evaluated how clinicians in endocrinology, family medicine, general practice and gynaecology diagnose PCOS.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional survey involved 208 clinicians from specific subspecialties across various healthcare settings in Singapore.@*RESULTS@#A total of 160 responses were included in the final analysis. Among all the diagnostic criteria, the Rotterdam 2003 criteria was most frequently used (66.3%). More than half of the gynaecologists reported having a standardised workplace protocol while the majority from other specialties reported otherwise. A large percentage of respondents (60.5%) were unable to identify the correct PCOS clinical features, which is concerning. Only 8.8% of respondents used clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism, menstrual disturbances and pelvic ultrasound to diagnose PCOS without performing unnecessary and incorrect investigations. Most clinicians recognised insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus and fertility problems as complications while only a few recognised psychological complications. Many clinicians (37.3%) sought standardisation of PCOS diagnosis and management guidelines for improvement in PCOS care and 81.9% of respondents would appreciate standardised educational materials.@*CONCLUSION@#This is the first study to the best of our knowledge that gives an insight into the diagnostic and management processes of PCOS among various healthcare institutions in Singapore. This study calls for greater harmonisation of diagnostic processes and holistic evidence-based management of patients with PCOS through standardised workplace protocols and patient education resources.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Humans , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy , Singapore , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0057, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394860

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto da triagem de retinopatia diabética de paciente diabéticos realizada com retinografia colorida. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, de caráter descritivo, avaliando laudos de retinografias realizadas desde a implementação do protocolo da triagem de retinopatia diabética de paciente diabéticos acompanhados no Ambulatório de Endocrinologia de um hospital terciário do Sistema Único de Saúde, de maio de 2018 até maio de 2020. Resultados Realizaram retinografia 727 pacientes diabéticos, que tinham entre 14 e 91 anos, sendo a maioria com 60 anos ou mais (53,2%), do sexo feminino (68%) e brancos (87,6%). Não apresentavam retinopatia diabética 467 (64,2%) pacientes, 125 (17,2%) tinham retinopatia diabética não proliferativa, 37 (5,1%) retinopatia diabética não proliferativa grave e/ou suspeita de edema macular, 65 (8,9%) retinopatia diabética proliferativa, 21 (2,9%) suspeita de outras patologias, e as imagens de 12 (1,7%) pacientes eram insatisfatórias. Foram considerados de alto risco (aqueles com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa grave e/ou edema macular, retinopatia diabética proliferativa ou imagem insatisfatória) 114 (15,68%) pacientes. Conclusão O rastreio de retinopatia diabética com retinografia colorida possibilitou a detecção de pacientes diabéticos de alto risco que necessitavam atendimento com brevidade, permitindo o acesso deles à consulta oftalmológica e diminuindo a morbidade da doença relacionada ao tratamento tardio. Os demais foram encaminhados à Atenção Primária para regulamentação, por meio do Sistema de Regulação.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening using color retinography in diabetic patients. Methods Retrospective descriptive study, evaluating reports of all retinographs performed since the implementation of the protocol for screening for diabetic retinopathy in diabetic patients followed up at the endocrinology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital of the Unified Health System, from May 2018 to May 2020. Results 727 diabetic with age range from 14 to 91 years old, the majority being 60 years old or older (53.2%), female (68%) and white (87.6%), patients underwent retinography. Of the patients, 467 (64.2%) did not have DR, 125 (17.2%) had non-proliferative DR, 37 (5.1%) had severe non-proliferative DR and/or suspected macular edema, 65 (8.9%) had proliferative DR, 21 (2.9%) had suspicion signs of other pathologies and 12 (1.7%) had unsatisfactory images. A total of 114 (15.68%) patients were considered at high risk (those with severe non-proliferative NP and/or EM, proliferative DR or poor image) and were referred for comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation. Conclusion The screening of RD with color retinography enabled the detection of high-risk diabetic patients who needed assistance sooner and enabled their access to ophthalmologic consultation, which decreased disease morbidity. The others were referred to primary care for regulation through the Regulation System (SISREG).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Photography/methods , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Unified Health System , Mydriasis/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies , Color , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/etiology , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers , Diagnostic Screening Programs , Fundus Oculi , Hospitals, Public
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0027, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376789

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this article was to review the disorganization of inner retinal layers as a biomarker in diabetic macular edema. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed®/MEDLINE®, Cochrane and Embase until August 2021. The keywords used were: "disorganization of inner retinal layers (DRIL)", "diabetic macular edema (DME)" and "biomarkers". No restrictions were imposed on the types of study to be included. The studies selected for eligibility were those that included the diagnosis of diabetic macular edema (center involved, resolved), that were well documented with spectral domain optical coherence tomography, that included disorganization of inner retinal layers as one of the reported alterations, with a follow-up of at least 3 months, and those in which the best corrected visual acuity was evaluated pre and post. There were no limitations regarding the type of treatment established. References of identified studies were searched for additional relevant articles. Articles not published in peer review journals were excluded. All studies were evaluated by two investigators independently. When one of them was in doubt, it was assessed by a third evaluator. A total of seven studies were included. Four were retrospective, longitudinal cohort study and three cross-sectional observational. Regarding the population studied, 61.5% were men and 38.4% were women, most of them had diabetes mellitus type 2 (85.8%). Regarding the stage of diabetes, the percentage of patients with mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy was 28.2%, with moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy was 28.5%, with severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy was 15.9% and with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy was 27.4%. In 100% of the studies, the diagnosis of diabetic macular edema in the center involved was included by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Heidelberg). In all the studies, the presence of disorganization of inner retinal layers was recorded and its association with best corrected visual acuity was evaluated. The measurement was carried out using the LogMAR scale. In all the studies, the presence or absence of disorganization of inner retinal layers was associated with the best corrected worse/better final visual acuity using p <0.05 as a statical significance. The disorganization of inner retinal layers as a biomarker and their presence have shown to be important predictors of visual acuity in the future in patients with diabetic macular edema. Histopathological studies are required to understand its mechanism of action.


RESUMO O objetivo deste artigo foi revisar sobre a desorganização das camadas internas da retina como biomarcador no edema macular diabético. Uma busca sistemática foi realizada no PubMed®/MEDLINE®, Cochrane e Embase até agosto de 2021. As palavras-chave utilizadas foram "disorganization of inner retinal layers (DRIL)", "diabetic macular edema (DME)" e "biomarkers". Não foram impostas restrições quanto aos tipos de estudo a serem incluídos. Os estudos selecionados para elegibilidade foram aqueles que incluíram o diagnóstico de edema macular diabético (centro envolvido, resolvido), que foram bem documentados com tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral, que incluíram a desorganização das camadas internas da retina como uma das alterações relatadas, com acompanhamento de pelo menos 3 meses, e aqueles em que a melhor acuidade visual corrigida foi avaliada pré e pós. Não houve limitações quanto ao tipo de tratamento estabelecido. Referências de estudos identificados foram pesquisadas para artigos relevantes adicionais. Foram excluídos os artigos não publicados em revistas de revisão por pares. Todos os estudos foram avaliados por dois investigadores de forma independente. Quando havia dúvida com algum deles, a mesma era avaliada por um terceiro avaliador. Um total de sete estudos foram incluídos. Quatro eram estudos de coorte retrospectivos longitudinais e três eram observacionais transversais. Em relação à população estudada, a proporção de homens foi de 61,5% e de mulheres, 38,4%, a maioria com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (85,8%). Em relação ao estágio do diabetes, o percentual de pacientes com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa leve foi de 28,2%, retinopatia diabética não proliferativa moderada foi de 28,5%, de retinopatia diabética não proliferativa grave foi de 15,9% e de retinopatia diabética não proliferativa foi de 27,4%. Em 100% dos estudos, o diagnóstico de edema macular diabético no centro envolvido foi incluído pela tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral (Heidelberg). Em todos os estudos, foi registrada a presença de desorganização das camadas internas da retina e avaliada sua associação com a melhor acuidade visual corrigida. A medição foi realizada usando a escala LogMAR. Em todos os estudos, a presença ou ausência de desorganização das camadas internas da retina foi associada a pior/melhor acuidade visual final melhor corrigida usando p<0,05 como significância estática. A desorganização das camadas internas da retina como biomarcador e sua presença têm se mostrado importantes como preditor da acuidade visual no futuro em pacientes com edema macular diabético. Estudos histopatológicos são necessários para entender seu mecanismo de ação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Retina/pathology , Biomarkers , Macular Edema/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/physiopathology , Vision Disorders/physiopathology , Retinal Vein Occlusion/physiopathology , Visual Acuity/physiology , Diabetes Complications , Systematic Review
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(6): 1534-1546, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409675

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la diabetes es un trastorno endocrino-metabólico crónico que afecta a diversos órganos y tejidos. Más del 90 % de los que la padecen sufren diabetes tipo 2. Esta se acompaña de complicaciones crónicas, que pueden prevenirse mediante un control adecuado de la hiperglucemia y de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Objetivo: caracterizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la diabetes mellitus tipo 2, en pacientes del Consultorio del Médico de la Familia no. 27 del Policlínico Docente José Jacinto Milanés, del municipio Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, durante el período de enero a diciembre de 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por 50 pacientes pertenecientes al consultorio no. 27 del Policlínico Docente José Jacinto Milanés, del municipio Matanzas, dispensarizados con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados: el sexo femenino fue el predominante, y el 24 % de los pacientes se encontraban entre 55 y 59 años. En cuanto al estado nutricional, resultó la obesidad el de mayor frecuencia. En el 52 % existían antecedentes familiares de diabetes tipo 2. Conclusiones: la obesidad, los malos hábitos dietéticos, el sedentarismo y la hipertensión arterial constituyeron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes en estos pacientes (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: diabetes is a chronic endocrine-metabolic disorder that affects numerous organs and tissues. More than 90 % of those with it suffer from type 2 diabetes. This is accompanied by chronic complications, which can be prevented by adequate control of hyperglycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: to characterize the risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients from the Family Physician's Office no. 27 of the Teaching Polyclinic José Jacinto Milanés, of the municipality of Matanzas. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out during the period from January to December 2019. The universe were 50 patients belonging to Family Physician's Office no. 27 of the Teaching Polyclinic José Jacinto Milanés, of the municipality of Matanzas, diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results: female sex predominated, and 24 % of patients were aged 55-59 years. According to the nutritional status, obesity was the more frequent. There was a family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus in 52 %. Conclusion: obesity, poor dietary habits, sedentary way of life, and arterial hypertension were the most frequent risk factors found in these patients (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Patients , Physicians' Offices , Chronic Disease/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/rehabilitation
13.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(4): 16-22, out.-dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359204

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A neuropatia periférica diabética (ND) é comum na nefropatia diabética (NFD) e não há informações se o hiperparatireoidismo secundário (HPS) aumenta seus sintomas. O objetivo foi determinar ND por sinais em pacientes com HPS. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: É um estudo caso-controle. O Grupo Controle (GC) é composto por doentes com NFD e valores de paratormônio (PTH)<60pg / ml. O Grupo de Hiperparatireoidismo (GH) engloba pacientes com NFD e PTH≥60pg/ml e critérios bioquímicos de HPS. As variáveis foram, entre outras, a presença de sinais de ND e foram comparados com o teste t de Student e o qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: Foram 60 participantes em cada grupo, sendo 35 (58,3%) homens no GC vs 33 (55,0%) em GH (p = 0,713). A idade do GC foi de 67±11,0 anos, vs 72±11 anos GH (p=0,009). A taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) no GC foi 53,82±25,13 vs GH 35,34±18,43ml/min/1,73m2 (p <0,001). O PTH no GC foi de 38,02±15,32 pg/ml, em GH 119,07±84,33 pg/ml (p <0,001). A ND, devido aos sintomas no GC, foi de 28,3% e 36,6% no GH (p=0,330). A neuropatia por sinais no GC foi de 38,3% e no GH 83,3% (p<0,001). O odds ratio de GH para neuropatia presente devido a sinais foi de 8,044 (IC 95% 3,42­8,92). CONCLUSÃO: Constatou-se uma maior presença de sinais de NPD em pacientes com HPS em nosso centro.


BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DN) is common in diabetic nephropathy (DNP), and there is no information if secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHP) increases its symptoms. The purpose was to determine DN by signs in patients with SHP. METHODS: It is a case-control study. Control patients (CG) with DN and parathyroid hormone (PTH) values<60pg/ml. The Hyperparathyroidism group (HG), patients with DNP and PTH≥60pg/ml and HPS biochemical criteria. The variables were, among others, the presence of DN signs, and were compared with Student's t and chi-square. RESULTS: There were 60 participants in each group, 35(58.3%) men in CG vs.33(55.0%) in GH (p=0.713). The age of the CG was 67±11.0 years, vs 72±11years HG (p=0.009). The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the CG was 53.82±25.13 vs in HG 35.34±18.43ml/min/1.73m2(p<0.001). The PTH in the CG were 38.02±15.32pg/ml and in GH 119.07±84.33pg/ml(p<0.001). The DN due to symptoms in CG was 28.3% and in GH 36.6%(p=0.330). Neuropathy due to signs in the CG was 38.3% and in GH 83.3% (p<0.001). The HG odds ratio to present neuropathy due to signs was 8.044 (95% CI 3.42­18.92). CONCLUSION: There was a statistical association between HPS and signs of DN in patients with DNP in our canter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetic Neuropathies/complications , Diabetic Neuropathies/diagnosis , Diabetic Neuropathies/epidemiology , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 801-810, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia and the association of osteosarcopenia with trabecular bone score (TBS) in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DMG) compared with a paired control group (CG). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with men and women ≥ 50 years recruited by convenience. Patients in both groups answered questionnaires and underwent evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD), handgrip strength (HGS), and TBS. The T2DMG also underwent a gait speed (GS) test. Sarcopenia was defined as low lean mass plus low HGS or GS according to the Foundation for the National Institute of Health Sarcopenia Project, and osteosarcopenia was deemed present when sarcopenia was associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, or low-energy trauma fractures. Results: The T2DMG (n = 177) and CG (n = 146) had, respectively, mean ages of 65.1 ± 8.2 years and 68.8 ± 11.0 years and 114 (64.4%) and 80 (54.7%) women. T2DMG versus the CG had higher rates of osteosarcopenia (11.9% versus 2.14%, respectively, p = 0.010), sarcopenia (12.9% versus 5.4%, respectively, p < 0.030), and fractures (29.9% versus 18.5%, respectively, p = 0.019), and lower HGS values (24.4 ± 10.3 kg versus 30.9 ± 9.15 kg, respectively, p < 0.001), but comparable BMD values. Mean TBS values were 1.272 ± 0.11 and 1.320 ± 0.12, respectively (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, age, greater waist circumference, fractures, and osteoporosis increased the risk of degraded TBS. Osteosarcopenia was associated with diabetes complications (p = 0.03), calcium and vitamin D supplementation (p = 0.01), and all components of osteosarcopenia diagnosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with the CG, the T2DMG had a higher prevalence of osteosarcopenia, sarcopenia, and fractures and lower bone quality assessed by TBS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/etiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hand Strength , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
15.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 151-156, jul.-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381368

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad cardiovascular es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en Chile, según resultados entregados por la Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017 un 3,3% de la población ha presentado un infarto agudo al miocardio, un 2,6% reporta haber sufrido un ataque cerebrovascular, el 74% de los chilenos presenta obesidad y un 87% sedentarismo, siendo la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) con un 12% y la hipertensión arterial con un 28% resultados que preocupan por su importante incremento. La investigación tuvo un diseño observacional de corte transversal. Se realizó en 69 pacientes con DM2 e hipertensos esenciales, entre 40 y 80 años de edad, pertenecientes al Sistema salud municipal (SMS) y privado (SPS) en la ciudad de Iquique. Se realizó encuesta alimentaria, medición antropométrica y exámenes bioquímicos y presión arterial. Al analizar ambos grupos se destaca los siguientes resultados: actividad física 17,24% SPS y 42,5% en SSM, presión arterial controlada 55,2% SPS y 87,5% en SSM, control de hemoglobina glicosilada 26,9% SPS y 52,5% en SSM, colesterol total alterado 17,9% SPS y 45% en SSM, síntomas depresivos 96,5% SPS y 26,3% en SSM. Se evidenció una prevalencia de mal nutrición por exceso de un 89,7% SPS y 95% SSM, riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) según circunferencia de cintura (CC) 96,5% SPS y 92,3% SSM. En relación a la encuesta alimentaria se observó que un 44,8% en usuarios SPS y 52,5% de SSM presentaron consumo alimentario hipercalórico. Los usuarios de atención privada y pública presentaron factores de riesgo cardiovascular, donde destacan la obesidad, sedentarismo y RCV según CC. Al comparar ambos grupos los usuarios SPS presentan menor control metabólico de su enfermedad y factores de riesgo cardiovascular aumentados en relación a los usuarios SSM.


Cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Chile, according to the results provided by the 2017 National Health Survey, 3.3% of the population has presented acute myocardial infarction, 2.6% reported have suffered a cerebrovascular accident, 74% of Chileans are obese and 87% have sedentary behavior, belonging to type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) into 12% and arterial hypertension into 28%, alarming results due to their significant increase. The research had a cross-sectional observational study design. 69 patients with DM2 and essential hypertensive patients, between 40 and 80 years of age were studied, belonging to the municipal (SSM) and private (SPS) health systems in the city of Iquique. A food intake survey, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical and blood pressure tests were taken. When analyzing both groups, the following results stand out: physical activity 17.24% in SPS and 42.5% in SSM, controlled blood pressure 55.2% in SPS and 87.5% in SSM, controlled glycosylated hemoglobin 26.9% in SPS and 52.5% in SSM, altered values of total cholesterol 17.9% in SPS and 45% in SSM, depression symptoms 96.5% in SPS and 26.3% in SSM. Prevalence of malnutrition due to excess 89.7% in SPS and 95% in SSM, cardiovascular risk (RCV) according to waist circumference (CC) 96.5% in SPS and 92.3% in SSM were evidenced. In relation to the food intake survey, it was observed that 44.8% of SPS users and 52.5% of SSM users consume hypercaloric diet. The users of private and public care presented cardiovascular risk factors, where the obesity, sedentary lifestyle and RCV related to CC stand out. When comparing both groups, SPS users have less control of their disease in relation to SSM users.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Local Health Systems , Clinical Diagnosis , Nutrition Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Eating , Sedentary Behavior , Sociological Factors , Health Facilities, Proprietary/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/complications , Informed Consent , Life Style , Obesity/epidemiology
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(9): 1360-1371, sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389596

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a high prevalence and risk of progression to cirrhosis and other complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Likewise, the presence of NAFLD implies a high risk of developing T2DM, determining a bidirectional relationship between them. The diabetology and hepatology societies, developed a joint initiative aiming to unify criteria, reviewing the definitions, diagnostic criteria, risk stratification, treatment, and follow-up of patients with NAFLD and T2DM. The key questions to be discussed were defined by a panel of specialists in diabetology and hepatology. The Delphi methodology was used to reach consensus on the respective recommendations. Based on the discussion generated among the experts, diagnostic and treatment algorithms were proposed, as well as an indication for referral and the role of the different specialists involved in the management of these patients. Strengthening multidisciplinary work with patients with NAFLD and T2DM will allow the early recognition of the disease, the prevention of the progression to cirrhosis, and reducing the associated complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Gastroenterology , Chile/epidemiology
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 455-461, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339108

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Obesity and diabetes are the risk factors for cancer development including differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Contradictory accumulated data indicates the possible negative effects of obesity and hyperglyceamia as a factor for aggressiveness of DTC. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of high body mass index (BMI) and presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the histological aggressiveness and clinical outcomes in DTC patients followed for over 4 years in a single center. Materials and methods: Consequative 526 DTC patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy and/or radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into groups based on their BMI: normal weight, overweight, obese and also were evalauted in 3 groups presence of diabetes, prediabetes and nomoglyceamia. Histological aggressiveness of DTC at the time of diagnosis and clinical response at the time of last clinical visit were reassessed according to the criteria suggested by ATA 2015 guideline. Results: No differences in histopathologic features, risk of recurrence, cumulative dose of RAI ablation and prevalence of 131I avid metastatic disease were demonstrated among the groups both classified according to BMI and hyperglycemia. Mean of 3.4 year follow-up also showed no differences in the clinial repsonse to therapy and percentage of nonthyroid primary cancer in DTC patients. Conclusion: In this retrospective study we demonstrated that obesity and T2DM have no additive effect on DTC aggressiveness and response to therapy. DTC patients with obesity and diabetes can be treated according to present guidelines without requirement for spesific attention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Thyroidectomy , Retrospective Studies , Iodine Radioisotopes/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Obesity/complications
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(7): 971-979, jul. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389554

ABSTRACT

Background: Timely eye fundus examinations are essential to prevent the consequences of retinopathy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Aim: To assess the coverage rate (CR) of eye fundus examination in the Chilean diabetic population, between 2011 and 2019. Material and Methods: Analysis of monthly statistical summaries of the Cardiovascular Health Program published online by the Chilean Ministry of Health. The number of patients aged 15 years or more with a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the number of those who had an eye fundus examination within the same year, were obtained. Data was analyzed at a national and regional level. Results: The national eye fundus examination CR was 19.1% in 2011. In 2016, the figures became significantly higher, reaching 32.5%. In 2019, the highest value of 36.5% was recoded although not significantly different from 2016. The highest average annual CR was observed in Ñuble Health Service (49.5%), and the lowest in Central Metropolitan Service (15%). The highest CR positive absolute and relative variation between 2011 and 2019 was observed in Viña del Mar Quillota Health Service (38.9 and 489% respectively), and the lowest negative variation was observed in Araucania Norte Health Service (-8.42 and -24.21% respectively). Conclusions: There is a low eye fundus examination CR in Chile, with important differences between regional health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnosis , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology
19.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3446, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289641

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El conocimiento sobre los factores de riesgo y las medidas de autocuidado en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus se considera un elemento esencial en su tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos sobre factores de riesgos y medidas de autocuidado en pacientes con diabetes mellitus con úlcera neuropática. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo trasversal en 135 pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 con úlcera neuropática pertenecientes a dos consultorios del médico de familia del Policlínico Universitario "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" de Sancti Spíritus en el período de noviembre de 2018 a noviembre de 2019. Las variables estudiadas, fueron: edad, sexo, nivel de conocimientos sobre los factores de riesgo y medidas de autocuidado. Resultados: Los resultados agrupados en forma de tablas mostraron un predominio de los pacientes del sexo femenino con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de 60-70 años. El inadecuado nivel de conocimientos de los factores de riesgo más sobresaliente fue el antecedente de la enfermedad cardiovascular. Las medidas de autocuidado más conocida fue mantener el tratamiento para la diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones: En la investigación predominó el sexo femenino de 60-71 años. El nivel de desconocimientos que predominó fue la historia familiar de la diabetes mellitus, así como mayor nivel de desconocimiento en las medidas a tener en cuenta para el autocuidado en la práctica de aseo corporal.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Knowledge concerning risk factors and self-care methods in patients with diabetes mellitus is considered an essential element in their effective treatment. Objective: To assess the knowledge level concerning risk factors and self-care methods in patients with diabetes mellitus and neuropathic ulcer. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in 135 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and neuropathic ulceration from November 2018 to November 2019. All patients registered in two different family doctor's office associated to the Policlínico Universitario "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" in Sancti Spíritus. Variables studied were: age, sex, knowledge level concerning risk factors and self-care methods. Results: The outcomes were summarized on a table to be assessed, which revealed female sex patients aged 60 to 70 years as predominant to suffer type 2 diabetes mellitus. An inadequate knowledge concerning the most outstanding risk factors was the cause of arising cardiovascular disease. The most well-known self-care measure was to maintain an effective treatment for diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: Female sex patients aged 60 to 71 years were most assessed being predominant. The most predominant aspects of ignorance found in the study were the family history associated to diabetes mellitus and the ignorance related to self-care measures, mainly on the practice of personal hygiene.


RESUMO Introdução: O conhecimento dos fatores de risco e das medidas de autocuidado em pacientes com diabetes mellitus é considerado um elemento essencial em seu tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e medidas de autocuidado em pacientes com diabetes mellitus com úlcera neuropática. Método: Estudo transversal descritivo realizado em 135 pacientes portadores de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 com úlcera neuropática pertencentes a dois consultórios do médico de família da Policlínica Universitária "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" de Sancti Spíritus no período de novembro de 2018 a novembro de 2019. As variáveis ​​estudadas foram: idade, sexo, nível de conhecimento sobre fatores de risco e medidas de autocuidado. Resultados: Os resultados agrupados em forma de tabelas mostraram predomínio de pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 do sexo feminino na faixa etária de 60 a 70 anos. O nível inadequado de conhecimento dos fatores de risco mais destacados era o histórico de doenças cardiovasculares. As medidas de autocuidado mais conhecidas foram a manutenção do tratamento para diabetes mellitus. Conclusões: Na investigação prevaleceu o sexo feminino de 60 a 71 anos. O nível de desconhecimento prevalente foi a história familiar de diabetes mellitus, bem como maior grau de desconhecimento nas medidas a serem levadas em consideração para o autocuidado na prática da higiene corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/methods , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Foot
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 878-881, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346909

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the association among obstructive sleep apnea, functional capacity, and metabolic control. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving individuals of both sexes with clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 who were above 18 years of age. The assessment consisted of a volunteer identification form, a 2-minute step test, and the Stop-Bang questionnaire. In order to assess metabolic control, HbA1c and fasting glucose data were collected from medical records. RESULTS: A total of 100 individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2, of whom 61% were women, were included in this study. According to the Stop-Bang instrument, 26, 57, and 17% of patients had low, intermediate, and high risk of developing OSA, respectively. There was no association between the 2-minute step test and metabolic variables and diabetes mellitus type 2 chronicity with Stop-Bang. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that there is no association among obstructive sleep apnea measured by means of Stop-Bang instrument, functional capacity measured by means of 2-minute step test, and metabolic variables in individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Polysomnography
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