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Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237434, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393428


Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental development anomalies and type of influence on the smile of adolescent students. Method: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study carried out in two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lot in the city of Parnaíba-Piauí. The sample calculation was based on the target population: number of people enrolled in public and private schools between 15 and 19 years, in the city of Parnaíba-PI, which totaled 6209 students in 2020, according to a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics ­ IBGE. A questionnaire on epidemiological data and aesthetic self-perception of the smile was applied to 160 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, from August 2020 to July 2021. The clinical examination was carried out under natural light, to check for the presence of anomaly(s) in the dental development. Students who presented only one pathology would be called group 1 (G1), those who presented two would be called group 2 (G2) and those who presented 3 or more would be called group 3 (G3). On the other hand, adolescents in whom no anomaly was evidenced would participate in the control group (CG), both in A1 and A2. Results: It was observed that 37.5% of the sample had only a type of dental anomaly, corresponding to 60 individuals. The most prevalent were enamel hypoplasia, fusion, transposition, agenesis, ectopic eruption, microdent and dens-in-dent. It was possible to verify a higher prevalence in the maxilla, private schools (76.6%) and females (86.6%). In 45% of adolescents with dental anomalies, embarrassment was observed when smiling. Conclusion: The prevalence was relatively high, highlighting the enamel hypoplasia, influencing the smile esthetics of a reasonable number of adolescents, whether for acquaintances, strangers or even for photographs

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Smiling , Tooth Abnormalities/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Enamel/abnormalities , Diagnosis, Oral , Esthetics, Dental
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386600


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the observers diagnostic performance in panoramic radiography using monitor, tablet, X-ray image view box, and against window daylight as a visualization method in different diagnostic tasks. Thirty panoramic radiography were assessed by three calibrated observers for each visualization method, in standardized light conditions, concerning dental caries, widened periodontal ligament space, and periapical bone defects from the four first molars; mucosal thickening and retention cysts in maxillary sinus; and stylo-hyoid ligament calcification and atheroma. A five-point confidence scale was used. The standard-reference was performed by two experienced observers. Diagnostic values using window light were significantly lower for caries and periapical bone defect and retention cyst, stylo-hyoid ligament calcification detection (p<0.05). For atheroma detection, X-ray image view box, tablet, and widow light had lower accuracy than the evaluation on the monitor (p<0.05). Observers diagnostic performances are worsened using window light as an evaluation method for panoramic radiography for dental, sinus, and calcification disorders, while the monitor was the most reliable method.

Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desempeño diagnóstico de los observadores en la radiografía panorámica utilizando monitor, tablet, caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X y contra la luz del día de la ventana como método de visualización en diferentes tareas de diagnóstico. Treinta radiografías panorámicas fueron evaluadas por tres observadores calibrados para cada método de visualización, en condiciones de luz estandarizadas, con respecto a caries dental, espacio del ligamento periodontal ensanchado y defectos óseos periapicales de los cuatro primeros molares; engrosamiento de la mucosa y quistes de retención en el seno maxilar; y calcificación y ateroma del ligamento estilohioideo. Se utilizó una escala de confianza de cinco puntos. La referencia estándar fue realizada por dos observadores experimentados. Los valores diagnósticos con luz de ventana fueron significativamente menores para caries y defecto óseo periapical y quiste de retención, detección de calcificación del ligamento estilohioideo (p <0.05). Para la detección de ateroma, la caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X, el tablet y la luz de viuda tuvieron una precisión menor que la evaluación en el monitor (p <0.05). El rendimiento diagnóstico del observador empeora al utilizar la luz de la ventana como método de evaluación de la radiografía panorámica para los trastornos dentales, de los senos nasales y de la calcificación, mientras que el monitor fue el método más fiable.

Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Diagnosis, Oral , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(1): [10], abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404898


RESUMEN Fundamento: En escolares de grado están presentes enfermedades bucales y se realizan acciones curativas, mientras que las educativas precedidas de un diagnóstico educativo, son deficientes e insuficientes. Objetivo: Identificar los conocimientos, actitudes, prácticas sobre salud bucal y la eficiencia del cepillado bucodental en los escolares de grado. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal durante el curso 2020-2021 de la Escuela Primaria Pepito Tey del municipio Trinidad, provincia Sancti Spíritus, con la totalidad (71) de los escolares de grado. Las variables estudiadas fueron: conocimientos, prácticas, actitudes sobre salud bucal y eficiencia del cepillado bucodental. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico-matemático con la aplicación de un cuestionario y una guía de entrevista, para la eficiencia del cepillado se determinó el Índice de Love. Resultados: Se constató el 71.8 % de los escolares con conocimientos insuficientes, el 74.6 % con actitud desfavorable y el 81.7 % con prácticas insuficientes sobre salud bucal, así como el 93 % con cepillado bucodental no eficiente. Conclusiones: Más de la tercera parte de los escolares tuvo conocimientos insuficientes, actitudes no favorables y prácticas insuficientes de salud bucal y la mayoría un cepillado no eficiente.

ABSTRACT Background: Oral diseases and curative actions are present in 4th grade schoolchildren while educational actions preceded by an educational diagnosis are deficient and insufficient. Objective: To identify the knowledge, attitudes, practices on oral health and the efficiency of Oral brushing in 4th grade schoolchildren. Methodology: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out during the 2020-2021 academic course at Pepito Tey primary school in Trinidad city, in Sancti Spíritus province, with all (71) of the 4th grade students. The variables studied were: knowledge, practices, attitudes about oral health and efficiency of oral brushing. Some methods from the theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical level were used with the application of a questionnaire and an interview guide, for brushing efficiency. Results: 71.8 % of schoolchildren with insufficient knowledge were found, 74.6 % with an unfavorable attitude and 81.7 % with insufficient practices on oral health, as well as the 93 % with inefficient oral brushing. Conclusions: More than a third of the schoolchildren had insufficient knowledge, unfavorable attitudes and insufficient practices of oral health and most brushing is not efficient.

Oral Hygiene/education , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health/education , Health Education, Dental , Dental Care for Children , Diagnosis, Oral/education
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e53802, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363583


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a global public health challenge. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-perception of oral health and clinical condition among patients with CKD. This isa quanti-qualitative survey conducted in a CKD specialized service. The sample consisted of 60 patients who underwent oral examinations to have their severity of caries (DMFT) and need for dental prosthesis checked. Age, sex, time on dialysis, marital status, skin color, education and pre-existing diseases were also analyzed. Among the kidney patients who agreed to undergo the clinical examinations and showed communication skills, some were selected, and three focus groups were created, with the participation of a moderator and six to 10 kidney patients in each group. Their speeches were processed in the IRAMUTEQ software and analyzed through the similarity analysis and word cloud techniques. As for profile, the patients were aged 60.23 ± 10.87 years old; were male (73.33%); were on dialysis for 41.90 ± 56.57 months; were married (61.67%); were white (76.67%); had incomplete primary education (41.66%); had arterial hypertension (76.67%); had a DMFT index of 22.55 ± 8.39; 43.33% needed an upper complete denture; and 30.00% needed a lower complete denture. The similarity analysis revealed many doubts and uncertainties about current health services, which can be proven by the words 'no' and 'treatment'. The quanti-qualitative analysis showed a high rate of dental loss and the need for complete dentures and suggests inequities in oral health care for chronic kidney disease patients, especially in tertiary care. There was a positive representation regarding oral health, but the lexicographical analyses of the textual corpusconfirmed the self-perception of lack of dental care.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Health , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Tertiary Healthcare/organization & administration , Public Health/methods , Tooth Loss/diagnosis , Dental Care/methods , Focus Groups/methods , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Qualitative Research , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Dialysis/methods , Health Services/supply & distribution
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365223


Abstract Objective: To compare the Oncostatin M (OSM) concentrations in tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis with and without diabetes. Material and Methods: Sixty-four subjects visiting the dental outpatient department were categorized as "healthy" (Group 1), "periodontitis" (Group 2), and "diabetes with periodontitis" (Group 3) groups. The clinical oral examination included assessment of plaque, gingivitis, probing depth, clinical attachment level. Blood glucose was assessed for group 3 patients. OSM concentration in the tissues was assessed using ELISA in all groups. Results: The mean OSM was 0.02 ± 0.04 pg/mg in the healthy group, 0.12 ± 0.09 pg/mg in the chronic periodontitis group and 0.13 ± 0.10 pg/mg in the diabetes-periodontitis group. A significantly higher mean OSM was seen in Group 2 and Group 3 than Group 1. The amount of OSM positively correlated with probing depth and clinical attachment level. Conclusion: Periodontal disease causes a rise in Oncostatin M, independent of the diabetic status. Expression of OSM in the gingival tissues can serve as an inflammatory marker.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Plaque Index , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Oncostatin M/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Glucose , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingiva , India/epidemiology , Inflammation
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211181, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253155


Panoramic radiographs are complementary exams to evaluate oral alterations in an early manner, these changes can be dental developmental anomalies, and post-eruption dental disorder. Aim: This study evaluated the findings in panoramic radiographs and correlated the variables of gender and dental location. Methods: A retrospective study was through the observation of 1.111 panoramic radiographs from the Radiology Department in Brazil. It was included patients from 5 to 79 years of age of both gender, and it classified the anomalies in shape, size, and number and post-eruption dental changes in and correlated with gender and location. Patients with syndromes were excluded from the sample. Results: The majority of the sample was composed of fameles 752 (67.7%), as to the frequency of dental developmental anomalies related lesions 684 cases (61.6%) and post-eruption dental disorder 567 (51.8%), in the radiographs. The most prevalent change was endodontic treatment (32.6%), followed by root dilaceration (25.9%), and included tooth (19.5%). The most prevailing alteration when correlated with the gender variables was the cyst root (p<0.01) in females, and orthodontic treatment (p=0.02) in males and the variable location in the mandible was root dilaceration, giroversion, impacted tooth, taurodontia, microdontia, and endodontic treatment (p<0.01). Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence that dental developmental anomalies e post-eruption dental disorder are frequent alterations in the population with particular characteristics of distribution by sex and location

Tooth Abnormalities , Radiography, Panoramic , Diagnosis, Oral
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 58-64, abr.-maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369051


O exame clínico, a sondagem periodontal e a radiografia são os três principais métodos de avaliação de saúde oral usados pelo cirurgião-dentista. Com isso, foi elaborado uma Revisão de Literatura com pesquisa no banco de dados da PubMed, Wiley Online Library e Google Acadêmico, com lapso temporal de 1998 a 2021, com o objetivo de avaliar a aplicação da TCO como possível método auxiliar no diagnóstico de doença periodontal. A partir de 1998, a TCO passa a ser estudada como possível método de diagnóstico não invasivo na Odontologia. Entre os benefícios referentes à Periodontia, tem sido relatado: a possibilidade de visualizar estruturas importantes do periodonto, fazer sondagem periodontal, diferenciar fenótipo gengival, detectar presença de cálculo supra e subgengival, além da observação de microestrutura e vascularização gengival, auxiliando no diagnóstico e acompanhamento do tratamento periodontal. Portando, a TCO é uma tecnologia emergente de bio-imagem que gera imagens estruturais bi e tridimensionais em alta resolução dos tecidos duros e moles do periodonto. Entretanto, mais estudos são necessários para superar as limitações da técnica e desenvolver sistemas de baixo custo para impulsionar seu uso em ambiente clínico... (AU)

Physical examination, periodontal probing and radiography are the three main methods of assessing oral health used by the dentist. Thereby, a Literature review was prepared based on research in the database of PubMed, Wiley Online Library and Google Academic, with time lapse from 1998 to 2021, with the objective of evaluating the application of OCT as a possible auxiliary method in the diagnosis of periodontal disease. Since 1998, the OCT has been studied as a possible non-invasive diagnostic method in Dentistry. Among the benefits related to Periodontics, it has been reported: the possibility of viewing important structures of the periodontium, periodontal probing, differentiating gingival phenotype, detecting the presence of supra and subgingival calculus, in addition to the observation of gingival microstructure and vascularization, helping in the diagnosis and monitoring of periodontal treatment. Therefore, the OCT is an emerging bio-imaging technology that generates high resolution bi and three-dimensional structural images of the hard and soft tissues of the periodontium. However, further studies are needed to overcome the limitations of the technique and develop low-cost systems to boost its use in a clinical setting... (AU)

Humans , Periodontics , Diagnostic Imaging , Dentistry , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Periodontal Diseases , Physical Examination , Oral Health , Dentists , Diagnosis, Oral
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e041, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254234


Objetivo: Determinar el método de diagnóstico de relación esquelética más empleado, según las cuatro revistas más importantes de ortodoncia en el periodo 2018-2020. Metodología: Se elaboró un análisis documental de información compilada ya existente referida a los procedimientos de diagnóstico utilizados con mayor frecuencia en el reconocimiento de las relaciones esqueléticas en las cuatro revistas más importantes de ortodoncia desde el año 2018 hasta el 2020, según SCImago 2018, cuyo soporte en internet proporciona una serie de parámetros acerca del impacto de las publicaciones y revistas. Con esa finalidad, se realizó una sinopsis de la información analizada para establecer una correlación de las fuentes y hacer cotejos entre ellas de manera crítica. La exploración bibliográfica virtual de bases de datos se realizó esencialmente a través de Medline; se evaluó y seleccionó la bibliografía, organizada según la trascendencia y la índole científica; y, luego, se procesaron los resultados para responder las demandas de la investigación. Resultados: En la revista AJO-DO, el 92,2% utiliza el método de ANB y el 7,8% no describe el método utilizado. En la revista AO, el 100% refiere el uso del ANB. Finalmente, en las revistas EJO y KJO, el 93,8 % y el 95% utilizaron el ANB, respectivamente. Conclusión: El método más frecuentemente utilizado para la determinación de la relación esquelética es el ANB, aun cuando este indicador presenta un riesgo de efecto geométrico, ya que es un método ampliamente conocido. (AU)

Objective: To determine the skeletal-related diagnostic methods most commonly used according to the four most important orthodontics journals in the period from 2018 to 2020. Methods: A review of the data available regarding the diagnostic procedures most frequently used to determine skeletal relationships in the four most important orthodontics journals from 2018 to 2020. Article review was performed using SCIMAGO 2018, which provides a series of parameters ranking the importance of the impact of publications and journals. We made a synopsis of the information analyzed to establish a correlation and compare sources, and critically examined the articles collected on the subject of interest. An online bibliographic search of databases including mainly Medline was carried out, followed by evaluation and selection of the bibliography, organized according to the significance and nature of the study. Results: The four journals included in the bibliographic search were: AJODO, AO, EJO and KJO. The A point-Nasion-B point (ANB) method was used in 92.2% of the articles published in AJODO, and 7.8% did not describe the method used. Twenty-three articles in the AO journal were evaluated, all of which referred to the use of ANB as the method used. Finally, 16 and 11 articles from the EJO and KJO journals, respectively, were evaluated, with 93.8% and 95%, respectively of the articles using ANB as the method of choice for determining skeletal relationships. Conclusion: The method of choice for skeletal-related diagnostics is ANB, although this widely known method presents a risk of geometric effect. (AU)

Orthodontics , Periodicals as Topic , Diagnosis, Oral
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 90-94, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247690


La biología molecular tiene mayor afinidad en las áreas de la salud, en odontología su principal aplicación ha sido en la identificación de microorganismos orales patógenos mediante el uso de secuencias genéticas específicas (ácido desoxirribonucleico [DNA], ácido ribonucleico [RNA] y proteínas). Las pruebas a nivel molecular se caracterizan por su rapidez, reproductibilidad, sensibilidad y especificidad de los microorganismos diana. El presente artículo de revisión bibliográfica servirá como herramienta para comprender los principios de las técnicas más destacadas como son: PCR estándar y RT-PCR en tiempo real, PCR con transcriptasa inversa, microarreglos y ensayo por inmunoabsorción ligado a enzimas (ELISA), además de sus ventajas y desventajas respecto a las pruebas convencionales (AU)

Molecular biology has a greater affinity in the areas of health. In dentistry, its main application has been the identification of pathogenic oral microorganisms, through the use of specific genetic sequences (deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA], ribonucleic acid [RNA] and proteins). Molecular tests are characterized by their rapidity, reproducibility, sensitivity and specificity of target microorganisms. This literature review article will serve as a tool to understand the principles of the most prominent techniques such as: Standard PCR, Real-time RT-PCR, Reverse transcriptase PCR, microarrays and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in addition to their advantages and disadvantages with respect to conventional tests (AU)

Humans , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Molecular Biology , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Databases, Genetic
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1293118


Objectives: While studies on satisfaction following medical procedures are well documented, but this is not so with dental procedures. Therefore, this study aims to determine the level of satisfaction in patient undergoing intraoral examination (IOE). Material and Methods: Consecutive patients attending the oral diagnosis clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital from April 2020 to September 2020 were interviewed using a questionnaire modified from the modified Group Health Association of America-9 questionnaire. Results: A total number of 103 consecutive dental patients were recruited as they all agreed to participate in the study. The age range was 18­77 years with a mean age of 35.8 ± 14.3 years. There were more males (51.5%). The overall satisfaction was 82.5%. The maximum satisfactory response was on doctor's manner (93.2%), followed by staff 's manner (89.3%), comfort during IOE (80.6%), adequate explanation (78.6%), and finally by waiting time (60.2%). There was association between occupation (P = 0.04) of the patients, type of dental condition (P = 0.03), waiting time (P = 0.01), doctor's manner (P = 0.00), staff manner (P = 0.00), adequate explanation (P = 0.00), comfort during IOE (P = 0.00), and level of satisfaction. The problem rate was 16%. Conclusion: Although waiting time and adequate explanation ranked the highest in terms of unfavorable responses, the overall satisfaction of patients following IOE was generally good. The factors that influence satisfaction were occupation of the patients, type of dental condition, waiting time, doctor's manner, staff manner, adequate explanation, and comfort during IOE.

Humans , Global Health , Patient Satisfaction , Diagnosis, Oral , Tertiary Care Centers , Nigeria
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 51-55, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252692


La mujer gestante sufre cambios fisiológicos y psicológicos durante los meses de embarazo que pueden derivar en problemas de salud bucal. A través de diversos estudios se observó que múltiples factores actúan como determinantes en lo que a la atención odontológica de la embarazada respecta, entre los cuales se pueden encontrar, la realidad sociocultural de la paciente, su nivel de instrucción educativo, sus conocimientos en cuanto a la atención odontológica, factores de riesgos, entre otros. El profesional odontólogo, tiene en sus manos recursos que pueden ser de gran ayuda por lo que su papel es de suma importancia, desde la educación preventiva, brindando conocimientos técnicos hasta la atención odontológica en sectores vulnerables. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en reunir la evidencia que se corresponda con el análisis de los conocimientos y prácticas de salud bucal en mujeres embarazadas con el fin de organizar los trabajos hallados en un cuerpo de conocimiento fundamentado (AU)

The pregnant woman suffers physiological and psychological changes during the months of pregnancy that can lead to oral health problems. Through various studies it was observed that multiple factors act as determinants regarding dental care of the pregnant woman, among which can be found the sociocultural reality of the patient, her educational level of instruction, her knowledge regarding dental care, risk factors, among others. The dental professional has resources in her hands that can be of great help, so her role is of the utmost importance, from preventive education, providing technical knowledge to dental care in vulnerable sectors. The objective of this work was to gather the evidence that corresponds to the analysis of oral health knowledge and practices in pregnant women to organize the studies found in a well-founded body of knowledge (AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy/physiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Comprehensive Dental Care , Diagnosis, Oral , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Health Education, Dental , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 67-75, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292310


El objetivo del presente informe clínico es describir una manera de lograr resultados predecibles en las restauraciones estéticas, con una rehabilitación integral. Se emplearon distintos materiales, centrados en la nueva generación de materiales cerámicos para la confección de frentes estéticos. Se realizó un diagnóstico seguido de un plan de tratamiento que integró tanto la correcta función como la estética. Se tuvo en cuenta que la responsabilidad estética no se limita sólo a la forma, el tamaño y el color de los dientes, sino que, además, es importante preservar o recuperar la armonía dentogingival (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Dentistry, Operative , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Patient Care Planning , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Crowns , Diagnosis, Oral , Inlays
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210048, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352132


Introdução O desenvolvimento do complexo craniofacial resulta da interação de fatores genéticos e ambientais. Dentre as ocorrências que podem afetar esse desenvolvimento, estão as odontológicas. A cárie dentária e a má oclusão são de etiologia multifatorial e atingem grande parte da população, podendo impactar a qualidade de vida. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de fatores clínicos, funcionais e sociais na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Material e método A amostra consistiu de 753 crianças matriculadas nas escolas públicas da cidade de Araraquara-SP. Foram realizados exames bucais para avaliar a ocorrência cárie dentária (ceo-d e CPO-D) e a má oclusão (Foster, Hamilton) e aplicado um questionário socioeconômico aos pais, além do questionário para avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (ECOHIS). Os dados foram avaliados por meio de análise bivariada e, em seguida, pelo modelo de regressão logística múltipla, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultado A condição social, além das variáveis clínicas de cárie dentaria e trauma dental, apresentou associação com o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal nas três sessões do questionário: criança, pais e geral, respectivamente. Conclusão A experiência da cárie dentária, o nível socioeconômico e o trauma dental foram variáveis preditoras para o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Os hábitos estão mais relacionados ao índice ceo-d e ao nível socioeconômico do que com a má oclusão.

Introduction The development of the craniofacial complex results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Dental caries and malocclusion have a multifactorial etiology and affect a large part of the population, which may impact the quality of life. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinical, functional and social factors on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Material and method The sample consisted of 753 children enrolled in public schools in the city of Araraquara-SP. Oral examinations were performed to assess dental caries (dmft and DMFT) and malocclusion (Foster, Hamilton) and a socioeconomic questionnaire was administered to the parents, in addition to the quality assessment questionnaire. health-related life expectancy (ECOHIS). Data were evaluated by bivariate analysis and then by multiple logistic regression model, considering the significance level of 5%. Result Social condition, besides the clinical variables dental caries and dental trauma were associated with the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life in the three questionnaire sessions, child, parent and general respectively. Conclusion The experience of dental caries, socioeconomic status and dental trauma were predictive variables for the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Habits seem to be more related to the dmft index and socioeconomic level than to malocclusion.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , DMF Index , Oral Health , Dental Caries , Diagnosis, Oral , Malocclusion , Snoring , Social Class , Tooth, Deciduous , Bruxism , Child, Preschool , Dentition, Permanent
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250445


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare and assess the primary and secondary closure techniques following extraction of impacted third molars for post-operative complications. Material and Methods: In total, 30 patients ranging between 18-30 years of age and of either sex who had bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars were randomly selected. Split mouth study method was used so that the participants served as their own control. Group 1 consisted of primary closure of left mandibular impacted third molars and Group 2 consisted of secondary closure of right mandibular impacted third molars. Basement evaluations were recorded for each patient along with subjective and objective evaluations for postoperative 7 days. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 17.0 software using Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon matched-pairs test and t-test. A p-value ≤ 0.05 was assigned as statistically significant. Results: When compared to group 1, group 2 revealed statistically less pain and swelling following the secondary closure of wound from day 1 to 7. There was a significant improvement in mouth opening in Group 2 at day 1 (p=0.0005) and at day 7 (p=0.00001). Conclusion: Secondary wound closure after disimpaction of mandibular third molar results in better postoperative recovery than primary closure.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Oral , Trismus/pathology , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation , Molar, Third/anatomy & histology , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Wound Healing , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , India
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287494


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association of oral health indicators and social variables on the frequency of visit to the dentist by persons with intellectual disability (ID). Material and Methods: The study comprised a sample consisting of 149 participants with ID, aged from 11 to 29 years, from non-governmental institutions. Semi-structured interviews were held to collect sociodemographic and psychosocial information with their parents/guardians, followed by oral health evaluations in accordance with World Health Organization criteria. Crude analyses and multiple analysis were conducted to test whether oral health indicators and social data were predictors of the visit to dental care services. Results: In the multiple logistic regression model, individuals with lower DMF-t (OR=3.13; 95% CI=1.40-6.97) and those with less crowded housing (OR=2.33; 95% CI=1.06-5.12) presented less frequency of visits to oral health services. Conclusion: DMFT and crowded housing are associated to the frequency of persons with intellectual disability to dental care as well as this outcome measure affects the oral health of persons with ID. Therefore, identifying limiting factors to dental care of persons with intellectual disability is needed so that this group can receive adequate attention.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Health/education , Health Status Indicators , Dental Care for Disabled , Persons with Mental Disabilities , Mental Health Services , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Demography , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Diagnosis, Oral , Observational Study , Preliminary Data
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210037, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1347771


Introduction Pulp and periodontal tissues may communicate and, in pathological situations, combined endodontic-periodontal lesions may be established. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of endo-perio lesions in non-molar and molar teeth referred for endodontic treatment. Material and method The sample consisted of 104 teeth evaluated in 79 consecutive patients in a cross-sectional design. Visible plaque, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were evaluated. Endodontic evaluation included the presence or absence of caries, fistulas, pain, and pulp sensitivity. The presence/absence of periapical lesion, bone loss in the furcation region, and proximal area were evaluated. Result The results showed that pain was the main reason for seeking dental care in 63.3% of patients. The molar teeth demonstrated higher presence of probing depth (PD) ≥ 7 mm (38.3%) and higher PD mean (6.17 mm) than non-molar teeth (P<0.05). It was verified that 65.4% of the teeth were diagnosed with a primary endodontic lesion and that the periodontal component was present in 34.6% of the teeth, either in a primary (10.6%), secondary (11.5%), or combined form (12.5%). True combined endodontic-periodontal lesion occurred significantly in molar teeth compared to non-molar teeth (p<0.05). Conclusion The primary endodontic lesion was found in a greater proportion in teeth referred for endodontic treatment; however, approximately 1/3 of the sample had periodontal involvement, which demonstrates the importance of the periodontal examination together with the general clinical examination.

Introdução Os tecidos pulpar e periodontal podem se comunicar e, em situações patológicas, podem-se estabelecer lesões endodônticas-periodontais combinadas. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de lesões endo-perio em dentes não molares e molares encaminhados para tratamento endodôntico. Material e método A amostra consistiu de 104 dentes avaliados em 79 pacientes consecutivos em um desenho transversal. Placa visível, profundidade de sondagem e sangramento à sondagem foram avaliados. A avaliação endodôntica incluiu a presença ou ausência de cáries, fístulas, dor e sensibilidade pulpar. Foram avaliados a presença / ausência de lesão periapical, perda óssea em região de furca e área proximal. Resultado Os resultados mostraram que a dor foi o principal motivo de procura de atendimento odontológico em 63,3% dos pacientes. Os dentes molares demonstraram maior presença de profundidade de sondagem (PS) ≥ 7 mm (38,3%) e maior média de PS (6,17 mm) do que os dentes não molares (P <0,05). Verificou-se que 65,4% dos dentes tinham diagnóstico de lesão endodôntica primária e que o componente periodontal estava presente em 34,6% dos dentes, seja na forma primária (10,6%), secundária (11,5%) ou combinada (12,5%). Lesão endodôntica-periodontal combinada verdadeira ocorreu significativamente em dentes molares em comparação com os dentes não molares (p <0,05). Conclusão A lesão endodôntica primária foi encontrada em maior proporção nos dentes encaminhados para tratamento endodôntico; entretanto, aproximadamente 1/3 da amostra apresentava acometimento periodontal, o que demonstra a importância do exame periodontal em conjunto com o exame clínico geral.

Humans , Pain , Periapical Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Pulp Diseases , Molar , Periodontics , Dental Caries , Diagnosis, Oral , Endodontics
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155010


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the influence of parental depression and substance use in the oral health care of children with disabilities. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 151 children with disabilities and their parents/caregivers. To detect the presence of depression and alcohol or tobacco use, the parents/caregivers answered three questionnaires: two versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Then, the children with disabilities underwent oral examination to evaluate biofilm control, gingival condition and the dental carie index (decayed, missing, and filled teeth - dmft ̸ DMFT). Results: There was a statistically significant association between tobacco use and dental caries in deciduous teeth (p=0.046). The children of smokers had six times greater need for dental treatment than that of non-smokers (OR= 6.36; CI= 1.3-30.5). There was no statistically significant association between the oral health of the children with disabilities and parental alcohol consumption and depression (p>0.05). Children with medical condition had a higher need for dental treatment than children with intellectual disability (p=0.003). Conclusion: Parental smoking habits increase dental caries in the deciduous teeth of children with disabilities, but parental depression and alcohol use do not influence the oral health of children with disabilities. Children with medical condition have more treatment needs than children with intellectual disability.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Oral Health/education , Caregivers , Disabled Children , Depression , Parents , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Oral/instrumentation , Patient Health Questionnaire
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 238-243, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879315


Report of the fourth national oral health survey showed that the prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis stayed at a high level in Chinese population and the periodontitis was the most common cause of tooth loss in Chinese adults. Therefore, the examination of periodontal health status, disease condition and risk assessment are particularly important. The Society of Periodontology of the Chinese Stomatological Association organized experts of related disciplines to formulate the standard of basic periodontal examination and evaluation during oral diagnosis and treatment, aiming to emphasize the necessity and importance of periodontal health and to improve dental clinicians' abilities in understanding, diagnosis and treatment planning of periodontal disease. As a national and professional standard, it will play an important and practically significant role in conservation of natural teeth and improvement of people's oral health in China.

Adult , Humans , China , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingivitis , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Reference Standards
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre ; 61(2): 64-70, jul-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281699


Introdução: Há uma estimativa, para o ano de 2050, de mais de dois bilhões de pessoas acima de 60 anos no mundo. Essa projeção do envelhecimento da população ressalta a importância de avaliar a saúde bucal do idoso e, consequentemente, evidenciar qual o papel das políticas públicas e do cirurgião dentista na promoção de saúde neste contexto. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo é abordar as principais alterações bucais que ocorrem no idoso e a importância dada a isso pelas políticas públicas. Discussão: A literatura enfatiza a política nacional de saúde da pessoa idosa e o dever do profissional em promover a qualidade de vida preservando a autonomia e a independência funcional do paciente. Conclusão: Várias políticas públicas garantem os direitos assegurados às pessoas com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, no que se refere à atenção integral à saúde, porém muito se tem a fazer para que os idosos sejam beneficiados e tenham pleno acesso a ela. Cabe ao cirurgião dentista o despertar para essa realidade e necessidade.

Introduction: For the year 2050, the estimate is to have more than two billion people over the age of 60 worldwide. This projection of population aging highlights the importance of assessing the oral health of the elderly and, consequently, highlighting the role of public policies and the dental surgeon in health promotion in this context. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to approach the main oral changes that occur in the elderly and the importance given to this by public policies. Discussion: The literature emphasizes the national health policy of the elderly and the duty of the professional to promote the quality of life while preserving the autonomy and functional independence of the patient. Conclusion: Several public policies ensure the rights guaranteed to people aged 60 years or older regarding whole health care for the elderly. However, much needs to be done for them to benefit and have full access to this service. Therefore, it's the dental surgeon's responsibility to bring awareness to this reality and need.

Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health , Dentist's Role , Health Policy , Dentists , Diagnosis, Oral , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 34-38, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253593


Introdução: O seio maxilar possui íntima relação com os molares e, por esse motivo, após a extração desses elementos, pode ocorrer comunicação entre as cavidades bucais e sinusais. Quando o canal que possibilita a comunicação entre as cavidades é revestido por epitélio, chamamos de fístula buço-sinusal. O diagnóstico se dá por meio dos aspectos clínicos e radiográficos. O tratamento deve ser imediato, para que ocorra fechamento espontâneo. O objetivo deste trabalho é discutir um fechamento de Fístula Buco-Sinusal com tratamento expectante do seio maxilar e manejo cirúrgico associado à sinusite. Relato de caso: Homem, 33 anos, compareceu à FOP-UPE relatando incômodo ao ingerir alimentos e história de exodontia traumática do elemento 17 há 1 ano. Ao exame intra-oral, observou-se a presença da fístula na região da exodontia e, ao exame tomográfico, foi observada radiopacidade em seio maxilar, sugerindo fenestração óssea e sinusite, respectivamente. Iniciou-se antibioticoterapia e descongestionante nasal para sinusite e posterior cirurgia de fechamento da fístula buco-sinusal com uso da bola de Bichat. O manejo adequado é essencial no sucesso terapêutico da fístula. Além disso, a avaliação clínica e a radiográfica auxiliam na sua prevenção. Considerações Finais: Nosso caso concordou com a literatura, demonstrando que o uso da bola de Bichat é um método simples, conveniente e confiável para a reconstrução de defeitos intraorais de pequeno a médio porte... (AU)

Introduction: The maxillary sinus has a relation with the molars, for this reason, after extraction of these teeth can occur communication between buccal and sinus cavities. When the channel that allows the communication between the cavities is coated epithelium, we diagnose oroantral fistula. The diagnosis is made through clinical and radiographic aspects. Treatment should be immediate so that spontaneous closure occurs. The objective of this study is to discuss a closure of Buco-Sinus Fistula with expectant treatment of the maxillary sinus and surgical management associated with sinusitis. Case report: Man, 33 years old, attended FOP-UPE reporting discomfort when eating food and history of traumatic exodontia of element 17, 1 year ago. The intra-oral examination revealed the presence of the fistula in the region of the exodontia and at the tomographic examination radiopacity was observed in the maxillary sinus, suggesting bone fenestration and sinusitis, respectively. Antibiotic therapy and nasal decongestant for sinusitis and subsequent closure of the bucosinus fistula with Buccal Fat were started. Adequate management is essential for the therapeutic success of the fistula. In addition, clinical and radiographic evaluation helps to prevent. Final considerations: Our case corroborates the literature, showing that the use of the bichat ball is a simple, convenient and reliable method for the reconstruction of small to medium sized intraoral defects... (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Surgery, Oral , Maxillary Sinusitis , Oroantral Fistula , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Diagnosis, Oral , Maxillary Sinus , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Bone and Bones , Eating