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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5215-5222, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345724

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los trastornos del cuello-hombro relacionados con el trabajo son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer el patrón de dolor y discapacidad cervical de trabajadores con pantallas de visualización de datos, así como determinar los factores que predominan en la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor de espalda. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra de 88 trabajadores usuarios de ordenadores de la Consellería de Sanidade (Xunta de Galicia). Los trabajadores respondieron los cuestionarios: "Neck Disability Index", "Escala analógica visual", "12-item Short Form Health Survey" y se realizó un análisis postural. Para el análisis comparativo se realizaron las pruebas T Student y U de Mann-Whitney. Un análisis de regresión logística binaria se utilizó para la extracción de un modelo predictivo de episodio de dolor cervical. El 58% refirieron dolor cervical. No existieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Las variables que mejor predicen la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor son el nivel de discapacidad y la calidad de vida física. Los resultados indican que un trabajador con altos niveles de discapacidad cervical y bajos valores de calidad de vida física, tiene mayor probabilidad de sufrir un episodio de dolor.


Abstract Work-related neck/shoulder disorders are considered an important health issue. This study is aimed at establishing the pain and cervical disability patterns of workers with visual display terminals, as well as at determining the factors that mostly affect the onset of a new episode of back pain. A descriptive, correlational study was carried out on a sample of 88 workers who use visual display terminals, of the Ministry of Health (Xunta de Galicia). The workers completed the following questionnaires: "Neck Disability Index Scale," "Visual Analog Scale," "12-item Short Form Health Survey," and an individual postural analysis was conducted. For the comparative analysis, the Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were performed. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to extract a predictive model of a cervical pain episode, and 58% reported cervical pain. There were no differences between men and women. The variables that best predict the onset of a new episode of pain are the level of disability, and the quality of physical life. Study results indicate that a worker who uses visual display terminals, with high levels of cervical disability and low values of physical quality of life, is more likely to suffer an episode of back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Data Visualization , Pain Measurement , Neck Pain , Disability Evaluation
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 137-143, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with low back pain frequently undergo a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, but some of these have uncertain effectiveness. This highlights the importance of the association of healthcare services and therapeutic measures relating to disability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures among Brazilian older adults with disability-related low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study on baseline assessment data from the Back Complaints in the Elders - Brazil (BACE-B) cohort. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a consecutive sample of 602 older adult participants in BACE-B (60 years of age and over). The main outcome measurement for disability-related low back pain was defined as a score of 14 points or more in the Roland Morris Questionnaire. RESULTS: Visits to doctors in the previous six weeks (odds ratio, OR = 1.82; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22-2.71) and use of analgesics in the previous three months (OR = 1.57; 95% CI 1.07-2.31) showed statistically significant associations with disability-related low back pain. The probability of disability-related low back pain had an additive effect to the combination of use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures (OR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.52-4.36). The analyses showed that this association was significant among women, but not among men. CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of the combined of consultations and medication use was correlated with higher chance of severe disability among these elderly people with nonspecific low back pain. This suggested that overuse and "crowding-in" effects were present in medical services for elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Disability Evaluation
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 156-162, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Stroke is the principal cause of disability around the world and the ensuing functional dependence (FD) can be correlated with different factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine how demographic factors and clinical characteristics after stroke distinguish patients who achieve functional independence from those who do not. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study at specialized neurovascular clinic in Alagoas, Brazil. METHODS: FD was classified according to the modified Rankin scale (mRs): 0 to 2 points were classified as independent (FD-), and 3 to 5 points were classified as dependent (FD+). Logistic regression analysis included age, sedentary lifestyle, the Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The Mann-Whitney test and χ2 test were used to compare groups. RESULTS: We included 190 stroke patients with a mean age of 60.02 ± 14.22 years. We found that 34.8% of the patients were classified as FD+. Lower NIHSS and CES-D scores were more associated with achieving functional independence. Most of the patients had access to physical therapy, and the mean duration of rehabilitation therapy was 65.2 minutes per week. Females had higher prevalence of depressive symptoms (P = 0.005) and rehabilitation time was shorter for hemorrhagic stroke (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: We found a FD rate four times greater than in another Brazilian study. Lower stroke severity and fewer depressive symptoms were associated with achieving functional independence. Less than half of the patients were referred to a rehabilitation service at hospital discharge and few had access to multidisciplinary treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke Rehabilitation , Patient Discharge , Brazil/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation
4.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 16(43): 2379, 20210126. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1292037

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hanseníase é uma doença tropical negligenciada causada por Mycobacterium leprae. O Brasil é um dos principais países endêmicos para a doença, persistindo como problema de saúde pública. Além disso, é a principal doença infecciosa causadora de incapacidades físicas. Objetivos: Analisar a magnitude e os fatores associados à limitação de atividade nos casos novos de hanseníase diagnosticados no centro de referência do nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 50 pessoas com diagnóstico de hanseníase. Foram coletadas variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas além de aplicação da escala SALSA para análise da limitação funcional. Empregou-se regressão logística com cálculo de odds ratio. Resultados: A presença de limitações funcionais foi registrada em 32% (n=16) dos casos analisados, destacando-se sexo feminino (56,3%), idosos (37,5%), baixa escolaridade (87,6%), forma dimorfa (62,5%), classificação multibacilar (75,0%) e grau 2 de incapacidade física (50,0%). A limitação funcional esteve associada a faixa etária ≥45 anos (OR 3,80; p=0,047), classificação multibacilar (OR 4,28; p=0,021) e escore OMP ≥6 (OR 4,69; p=0,041). Conclusão: Observou-se elevada frequência de pessoas com incapacidade físicas. Os fatores associados à limitação funcional foram idade igual ou superior a 45 anos, classificação multibacilar e escore OMP maior ou igual a seis.


Introduction: Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Brazil is one of the main endemic countries for the disease, persisting as a public health problem. In addition, it is the main infectious disease that causes physical disabilities. Objectives: To analyze the magnitude and factors associated with activity limitation in new cases of leprosy diagnosed in the reference center in Northeastern Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving 50 people diagnosed with leprosy. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were collected in addition to the application of the SALSA scale for the analysis of functional limitations. Logistic regression was used with the calculation of odds ratio. Results: The presence of functional limitations was registered in 32% (n=16) of the cases analyzed, especially female (56.3%), elderly (37.5%), low education (87.6%), dimorphic form (62.5%), multibacillary classification (75.0%), and degree 2 of physical disability (50.0%). Functional limitation was associated with an age range ≥45 years (OR 3.80; p=0.047), multibacillary classification (OR 4.28; p=0.021), and OMP score ≥6 (OR 4.69; p=0.041). Conclusion: There was a high frequency of people with physical disabilities. The factors associated with functional limitation were age equal to or greater than 45 years, multibacillary classification and OMP score greater than or equal to six.


Introducción: La lepra es una enfermedad tropical desatendida causada por Mycobacterium leprae. Brasil es uno de los principales países endémicos de la enfermedad, persistiendo como problema de salud pública. Además, es la principal enfermedad infecciosa que causa discapacidades físicas. Objetivo: Analizar la magnitud y los factores asociados a la limitación de la actividad en los nuevos casos de lepra diagnosticados en el centro de referencia del noreste de Brasil. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal en el que participaron 50 personas diagnosticadas con lepra. Se recogieron variables clínicas y sociodemográficas además de la aplicación de la escala SALSA para el análisis de limitaciones funcionales. Se utilizó regresión logística con el cálculo del odds ratio. Resultados: La presencia de limitaciones funcionales se registró en el 32% (n=16) de los casos analizados, especialmente mujeres (56,3%), ancianos (37,5%), baja escolaridad (87,6%), forma dismórfica (62,5%), clasificación multibacilar (75,0%) y grado 2 de discapacidad física (50,0%). La limitación funcional se asoció con un rango de edad ≥45 años (OR 3,80; p=0,047), clasificación multibacilar (OR 4,28; p=0,021) y puntuación OMP ≥6 (OR 4,69; p=0,041). Conclusión: Hubo una alta frecuencia de personas con discapacidad física. Los factores asociados a la limitación funcional fueron edad igual o superior a 45 años, clasificación multibacilar y puntuación OMP mayor o igual a seis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy , Socioeconomic Factors , Risk Factors
5.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 89(1): 29-37, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283000

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La prevalencia mundial de discapa- cidad en adultos mayores oscila entre 29.5% y 43.4% en países de ingreso alto/bajo (OMS 2011). Objetivo: Determinar la preva- lencia de discapacidad y factores asociados en adultos mayores, Honduras, 2014-2015. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal con análisis de asociación. Estudiantes de último año, Carrera de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, realizaron búsqueda activa de 50 participantes ≥60 años de edad. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos, uno para búsqueda activa y otro para caracterizar al participante con/sin discapacidad permanente ≥1 año de evolu- ción. Se evaluó limitación de actividad y restricción de participación ≤30 días utilizando la Clasiicación Internacional del Funcionamien- to, Discapacidad y Salud (CIF) y cuestionario WHODAS 2.0 (OMS). Se realizó análisis univariado (frecuencias, porcentajes, prevalen- cias, IC95%) y análisis bivariado (diferencia de proporciones); valor p<0.05 se consideró signiicativo). Resultados: De un total de 5,126 participantes ≥60 años de edad, 3,017 (58.9%) mujeres, edad pro- medio 73.6 años (rango 60-106), la prevalencia de discapacidad fue 51.2% (2,627/5,126); discapacidad grado leve se presentó en 1,893 (72.1%). Las estructuras relacionadas con movimiento (75.5%) y función esquelética (72.6%) fueron las más afectadas. La limitación de moverse (93.4%) y la restricción en invertir dinero propio y fami- liar en su estado de salud (86.8%) fueron las más frecuentes. Los factores sexo femenino, edad>70 años, escolaridad <6 años, enfer- medades crónicas, trauma, accidente o violencia podrían estar aso- ciados a discapacidad; todos p<0.01. Discusión: La discapacidad en adultos mayores se asoció a algunas condiciones prevenibles. Es apremiante implementar programas de envejecimiento saludable en Honduras...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data , Disability Evaluation , Public Health , Chronic Disease
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3451, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280481

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze functional disability and its associated factors among community-dwelling older adults. Method: a cross-sectional study, conducted with 1,635 older adults distributed in the following age groups: 60 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80 years old or more, living in a health macro-region of the state of Minas Gerais. Descriptive and trajectory analysis was carried out (p<0.05). The parameters were estimated by the Maximum Likelihood method. Results: the highest percentage was female, with a monthly income of 1 minimum wage and living with a companion. In the age groups from 60 to 69 and from 70 to 79 years old, older adults with a partner predominated; and, among those aged 80 years old or more, widowed individuals prevailed. In the three groups, functional disability occurred hierarchically. Lower schooling, frailty and depressive symptomatology were factors directly associated with functional disability in the advanced activities; frailty and sedentary behavior were directly associated with functional disability in the instrumental activities. In the older adults aged between 60 and 69 years old and from 70 to 79 years old, sedentary behavior was associated with greater dependence on the basic activities. Conclusion: the expanded understanding of the factors in the functional disability of the older adults, according to age group, helps the health professional in the development of preventive measures for this disease.


Objetivo: analisar a incapacidade funcional e seus fatores associados entre idosos na comunidade. Método: estudo transversal, com 1.635 idosos distribuídos nas faixas etárias: 60 a 69, 70 a 79 e 80 ou mais, residentes em uma macrorregião de saúde do Estado de Minas Gerais. Procedeu-se à análise descritiva e de trajetórias (p<0,05). Os parâmetros foram estimados pelo método da Máxima Verossimilhança. Resultados: o maior percentual era do sexo feminino, com renda mensal de 1 salário mínimo e morava acompanhado. Nas faixas etárias de 60 a 69 e 70 a 79 anos predominaram os idosos com companheiro, e entre aqueles com 80 anos ou mais os viúvos. Nos três grupos, a incapacidade funcional se deu de forma hierárquica. A menor escolaridade, a fragilidade e a sintomatologia depressiva foram fatores associados diretamente à incapacidade funcional nas atividades avançadas; a fragilidade e o comportamento sedentário associaram-se diretamente à incapacidade funcional nas atividades instrumentais. Nos idosos com idade entre 60 e 69 anos e 70 a 79 anos, o comportamento sedentário associou-se à maior dependência nas atividades básicas. Conclusão: a compreensão ampliada dos fatores atuantes na incapacidade funcional dos idosos, segundo faixa etária, auxilia o profissional de saúde no desenvolvimento de medidas preventivas desse agravo.


Objetivo: analizar la incapacidad funcional y sus factores asociados entre adultos mayores de la comunidad. Método: estudio transversal, con 1.635 adultos mayores distribuidos en rangos etarios: 60 a 69, 70 a 79 y 80 o más, residentes en una macrorregión de salud del Estado de Minas Gerais. Se realizó análisis descriptivo y de trayectoria (p<0,05). Los parámetros se estimaron mediante el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: el mayor porcentaje fue de sexo femenino, con un ingreso mensual de 1 salario mínimo y vivía acompañado. En los rangos etarios de 60 a 69 y de 70 a 79 años predominaron los adultos mayores con pareja, y entre los de 80 años o más, los viudos. En los tres grupos, la incapacidad funcional se presentó de forma jerárquica. Menor educación, fragilidad y síntomas de depresión fueron factores directamente asociados con la incapacidad funcional en actividades avanzadas; la fragilidad y el sedentarismo se asociaron directamente con la incapacidad funcional en las actividades instrumentales. En los adultos mayores de 60 y 69 años y de 70 a 79 años, el sedentarismo se asoció con una mayor dependencia de las actividades básicas. Conclusión: una mayor comprensión de los factores que influyen en la incapacidad funcional del adulto mayor, según el rango etario, ayuda a los profesionales de la salud en el desarrollo de medidas preventivas de esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Activities of Daily Living , Geriatric Assessment , Residence Characteristics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Disability Evaluation , Sedentary Behavior , Latent Class Analysis , Age Groups
7.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 22: e61702, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1287773

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar o perfil de funcionalidade e deficiência de pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase. Métodos estudo quantitativo, realizado com 43 pessoas em seis unidades de referência, contendo grupos de apoio ao autocuidado em hanseníase. Foram utilizados um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico e o instrumento World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule . As análises utilizaram estatística descritiva, os testes de qui-quadrado de adequação de ajustamento para as variáveis categóricas, binomial e Mann-Whitney. Resultados a mediana (intervalo interquartil) nos domínios Participação, Mobilidade, Cognição e Atividades de Vida foram, respectivamente, 37,5 (20,8-54,2), 25,0 (6,3-56,3), 20,0 (0,0-40,0) e 10,0 (0,0-40,0), representando o impacto da doença nesses domínios. Conclusão as pontuações de funcionalidade foram maiores nos domínios Participação e Mobilidade, como reflexo das incapacidades físicas, discriminação e estigma na vida das pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the functioning and disability profile of persons affected by leprosy. Methods a quantitative study, carried out with 43 people in six reference units with support groups for self-care in leprosy. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule instrument were used. The analyses used descriptive statistics, the chi-square test of adjustment adequacy for categorical variables, binomial and Mann-Whitney. Results the median (interquartile range) in the Participation, Mobility, Cognition and Life Activities domains were 37.5 (20.8-54.2), 25.0 (6.3-56.3), 20.0 (0.0-40.0) and 10.0 (0.0-40.0), respectively, representing the impact of the disease in these domains. Conclusion the functionality scores were higher in the Participation and Mobility domains, reflecting physical disabilities, discrimination and stigma in the lives of people affected by leprosy.


Subject(s)
Self Care , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Disabled Persons , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of rehabilitation treatment based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) Core Sets on activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#The children with cerebral palsy were divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the scores of the WeeFIM and Social-Life Abilities scales between the two groups before treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rehabilitation treatment regimen for cerebral palsy based on the CF-CY Core Sets pays more attention to the influence of environmental factors in the process of rehabilitation and can effectively improve the activities of daily living of children with cerebral palsy.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy , Child , Child, Preschool , Disability Evaluation , Humans , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Prospective Studies
10.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 40(4): 641-655, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142430

ABSTRACT

Resumen : Introducción. Las limitaciones funcionales asociadas con el proceso de envejecimiento pueden conducir al desarrollo de síntomas depresivos e incrementar la vulnerabilidad de los adultos mayores. Objetivo. Estimar la asociación entre la discapacidad física y la incidencia de síntomas depresivos clínicamente significativos en adultos mayores mexicanos. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio retrospectivo de cohorte con datos provenientes de la Encuesta Nacional sobre Salud y Envejecimiento en México (ENASEM). La muestra analítica (n=6.780) incluyó a adultos mayores de 50 años que contaran con mediciones de las variables principales y que no presentaran síntomas depresivos clínicamente significativos en la ronda cero. Estos síntomas se evaluaron con la escala CESD-9 y, la discapacidad, mediante el reporte de limitaciones para la realización de actividades básicas o instrumentales de la vida diaria. Se hicieron análisis descriptivos, bivariados y multivariados, utilizando el modelo de regresión logística y ajustando según las variables sociodemográficas, las condiciones de salud, las adversidades de la infancia, la participación social y los eventos vitales estresantes. Resultados. La incidencia de síntomas depresivos clínicamente significativos fue de 25,75 % (IC95% 24,70-26,80). Comparados con aquellas personas sin limitaciones para las actividades instrumentales, se encontró un incremento del 68 % en el riesgo para el desarrollo de dichos síntomas (IC95% 1,10-2,57; p=0,015). En el modelo de actividades básicas de la vida diaria, la razón de probabilidad (odds ratio, OR) para su desarrollo fue de 1,36 (1,01-1,81; p=0,039), ambos ajustados por variables de confusión. Conclusión. Las limitaciones en la vida diaria son un factor de riesgo importante para el desarrollo de síntomas depresivos clínicamente significativos en personas con seguimiento de dos años.


Abstract : Introduction: Functional limitations associated with the aging process can lead to the development of depressive symptoms and increase the vulnerability of older adults. Objective: To estimate the association between physical disability and the incidence of clinically significant depressive symptoms in older Mexican adults. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with data from the Encuesta Nacional sobre Salud y Envejecimiento en México (ENASEM). The analytical sample (n=6,780) included adults over 50 years old with measurements for the main variables and no clinically significant depressive symptoms reported in the first round. These symptoms were evaluated with the CESD-9 scale and disability by means of the report of activities of daily living (ADL) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression models adjusted by sociodemographic variables, health conditions, childhood adversities, social participation, and stressful life events. Results: The incidence of clinically significant depressive symptoms was 25.75% (95% CI: 24,70 - 26,80). Compared to those without IADL limitations, an increased risk of 68% for the development of clinically significant depressive symptoms was found (95% CI: 1.10-2.57; p= 0,015). With the ADL model, the OR for the development of clinically significant depressive symptoms was 1.36 (1.01 -1.81; p= 0.039). Both models were adjusted by confounding variables. Conclusion: Presenting limitations in daily life is an important risk factor for the development of clinically significant depressive symptoms at two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Disabled Persons , Depression , Aging , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Disability Evaluation , Mexico
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 40(4): 734-748, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142438

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción. La neumonía es la principal causa de muerte por infección en el mundo y afecta principalmente a la población de adultos mayores. Objetivo. Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados con la letalidad a 30 días en pacientes con neumonía en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional y analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron 114 pacientes de 60 años o más hospitalizados en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo con diagnóstico de neumonía. El resultado primario fue la letalidad a 30 días. Se hicieron análisis de regresión log-binomial bivariado y multivariable para explorar la relación entre las variables independientes y el resultado primario. Resultados. La letalidad a 30 días fue de 26,3 % y la edad media de 84,45 ± 7,37 años. El 54,4 % de los participantes era de sexo masculino. En el análisis multivariable se encontró que una edad de 90 años o más (riesgo relativo, RR=1,62; IC95%: 1,05-2,68; p=0,04), el compromiso multilobar (RR=1,92; IC95%: 1,12-3,32; p=0,02), el nitrógeno ureico elevado (mediana≥22,5; RR=3,93; IC95%: 1,67-9,25; p<0,01), y un puntaje de cero en la escala de Lawton al ingreso (RR=3,20; IC95% 1,05-9,78; p=0,04) fueron factores predictores independientes de la letalidad a 30 días en adultos mayores con neumonía. Conclusión. En los pacientes adultos mayores hospitalizados por neumonía en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo la edad muy avanzada, la presencia de compromiso multilobar, la dependencia en el estado funcional y los niveles de nitrógeno ureico elevados fueron los principales factores de riesgo de letalidad a corto plazo.


Abstract: Introduction: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death due to infection in the world, mainly affecting the older adult population. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with lethality at 30 days in patients with pneumonia in an acute care for the elderly unit. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study including 114 patients aged 60 years and older hospitalized in an acute care geriatric unit with a diagnosis of pneumonia. The primary outcome was lethality at 30 days. Bivariate and multivariable log-binomial regression analyzes were performed to explore the relationship between independent variables and the primary outcome. Results: The 30-day lethality was 26.3% and the mean age was 84.45 ± 7.37 years; 54.4% of participants were men. In the multivariable analysis, age ≥90 years (Relative Risk, RR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.05-2.68, p=0.04), multilobar commitment (RR=1.92, 95% CI:1.12-3.32, p=0.02), elevated urea nitrogen (≥22.5 the median; RR=3.93, 95% CI:1.67-9.25, p<0.01), and a score of zero in the Lawton index at admission (RR=3.20, 95% CI:1.05-9.78, p=0.04) were independent predictors of 30-day lethality from pneumonia. Conclusion: In older adults hospitalized for pneumonia in an acute care geriatric unit, advanced age, the presence of multilobar commitment, dependency in functional status, and elevated ureic nitrogen levels were the main predictors of short-term lethality risk.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia , Aged , Mortality , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Radiography , Disability Evaluation
12.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(5): 473-482, Nov 19, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283489

ABSTRACT

As sequelas da hanseníase interferem no bem-estar físico, na vida pessoal e socioeconômica. Devido a essa complexidade, fica difícil relatar objetivamente a abrangência do impacto da hanseníase, porém, o modelo de Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde (CIF) surgiu para classificar as condições de doença e suas consequências biopsicossociais, facilitando o diagnóstico clínico funcional de uma maneira mais realística, além da esfera biomédica. O objetivo deste estudo foi mapear as incapacidades cinésio-funcionais de pessoas com hanseníase utilizando a CIF. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com amostra composta por pessoas com hanseníase, recrutadas no Centro de Especialidades Médicas de Aracaju e Hospital Universitário. Para coleta de dados foram utilizadas avaliações padronizadas e validadas, representando cada domínio da CIF. A análise foi descritiva e as disfunções, que foram prevalentes em 5% dos participantes, foram selecionadas como relevantes. Participaram 29 voluntários, 44,9 (±13,72) anos, 60% sexo masculino. As incapacidades funcionais mais presentes foram: 1) Estrutura do corpo - "Estrutura das áreas da pele - s810" com 78%; 2) Função do corpo - "Função tátil - b265" e "Funções relacionadas a força muscular - b730" com 100% de presença; 3) Atividade - "Levantar e carregar objetos - d430" e "Andar - d450" apresentaram limitação em 100% dos participantes; 4) Participação "Recreação e Lazer - d920" foi observada em 89% dos participantes; 5) Impacto ambiental - "Serviços, sistemas e políticas de saúde - e580" em 56% dos participantes e nos fatores pessoais o estigma com 100% de presença. Este estudo determinou quais aspectos biopsicossociais são os mais relevantes em pessoas com hanseníase e os seus resultados podem ser usados como planejamento de prevenção e tratamento dessa doença. (AU)


Leprosy sequelae interfere with physical, personal and socioeconomic life. Due to this complexity, it is difficult to objectively report the extent of the impact of leprosy; however, the International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF) model classifies disease clinical conditions and their biopsychosocial consequences, facilitating a more realistic functional clinical diagnosis of leprosy, beyond the biomedical sphere. The objective of this study was to map the functional movement related disabilities of people with leprosy using the ICF. This is a cross-sectional study, with a sample composed of people with leprosy, recruited at the Aracaju Medical Specialty Center and University Hospital. For data collection, standardized and validated evaluations were used, representing each ICF domain. The analysis was descriptive, and the dysfunctions that were prevalent in 5% of the participants were selected as relevant. Twenty-nine volunteers participated, 44.9 (± 13.72) years, 60% male. The most present functional disabilities were: 1) Structure of the body - "Structure of the skin areas - s810" with 78%; 2) Body function - "Tactile function - b265" and "Functions related to muscular strength - b730" with 100% presence; 3) Activity - "Lifting and loading objects - d430" and "Floor - d450" presented limitation in 100% of participants; 4) Participation "Recreation and Leisure - d920" was observed in 89% of participants; 5) Environmental impact - "Health services, systems and policies - e580" in 56% of the participants and in the personal factors the stigma with 100% presence. This study determined which biopsychosocial aspects are most relevant in people with leprosy and its results can be used as planning for the prevention and treatment of this disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 602-608, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132632

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Facial paralysis may occur due to a variety of causes. It is associated to the impairment of some basic daily activities such as eating, drinking, speaking and social communication, which affects the quality of life of these patients. The facial disability index is a short form auto reported outcome questionnaire used to assess patient with facial paralysis. It has been validated and proved to be superior to other general health related quality of life questionnaires. Objective: We aim to do the cultural adaptation and validate the facial disability index into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: Translation and cultural-adaptation following the stages recommended by the International Society of Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Research task force. The questionnaire was administered to 100 patients for evaluation of reliability and validation. Results: The reliability of the Portuguese version of the facial disability index was found to be adequate, with a Cronbach's alfa coefficient of 0.73 for the complete scale. Intra-class correlation was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.71-0.85) and 0.85 (95% CI: 0.78-0.89) for the physical and social well-being subscales. There was a significant correlation between the social well-being subscale of the Portuguese version of the facial disability index and the social function and mental health components of the SF-36. There was also a correlation between the facial disability index and the degree of facial dysfunction according to the House-Brackmann global scale. Conclusion: This adapted version of the facial disability index provides a valid and reliable instrument to assess the physical and psychosocial impact of facial nerve dysfunction in Brazilian-speaking patients.


Resumo Introdução: Paralisia facial periférica pode ocorrer devido a uma grande variedade de causas e está associada ao comprometimento de atividades diárias básicas, como comer, beber, falar e comunicação social, afeta a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. O facial disability index é um questionário autoaplicado desenvolvido especialmente para avaliar o impacto da disfunção facial sobre aspectos físicos e psicossociais dos pacientes. Embora tenha sido validado e se mostrado superior a outros questionários, ainda não fora submetido à adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa. Objetivo: Realizar a tradução, adaptação cultural e validação do facial disability index para o português falado no Brasil. Método: A tradução e adaptação cultural do facial disability index foram realizadas em diferentes estágios conforme recomendações internacionais para adaptação de medidas de resultados. Para a verificação de confiabilidade e validação da versão em português, o facial disability index foi aplicado em 100 pacientes na forma de teste/reteste. Resultados: A confiabilidade da versão em português do facial disability index foi considerada adequada, com coeficiente alfa de Cronbach de 0,73. A avaliação de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,79 (95% IC 0,71-0,85 ) e de 0,85 (95% IC 0,78-0,89) para as subescalas física e de bem-estar social, respectivamente. Houve uma correlação significativa entre a escala de bem-estar social da versão em português do facial disability index e as dimensões de função social e saúde mental do questionário geral de qualidade de vida Short Form - 36. Também foi demonstrada uma correlação entre a versão em português do facial disability index e o grau de disfunção facial de acordo com a escala global de House-Brackmann. Conclusão: A versão adaptada do facial disability index para o português falado no Brasil se apresenta como um instrumento válido e confiável para avaliação do impacto da disfunção facial sobre aspectos físicos e psicossociais dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Portugal , Psychometrics , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Disability Evaluation
14.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 188-196, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114927

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Screening instruments are widely used to monitor child development. The accurate use of standardized tools is an indispensable condition for clinical practice and research aimed at detecting developmental risks and other problems in childrenOBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to analyze the use of standardized tools for child development screening used in studies with Brazilian childrenMETHODS: Two independent researchers selected references in English and Portuguese from five databases through which they searched for studies that used screening tests to assess the development of Brazilian children. All articles were read to determine the main objective, design, target population, the type of screening test, and the purpose of using the test with Brazilian childrenRESULTS: Among the 27 papers analyzed, most of them was observational studies conducted with children up to six years of age, with the main objective to screen development delays and analyze associations between risks and child development. Four instruments were identified: Denver Developmental Screening Test II, Ages and Stages Questionnaire, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development Screening Test, and Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test. Three of these tests have been validated for use in BrazilCONCLUSION: This review suggests that the screening instruments have been used in research for different purposes, such as in the diagnosis of developmental problems, and sometimes inappropriately. Furthermore, studies to validate measures for screening and assessing the development of Brazilian children are still scarce and, therefore, deserve more attention


INTRODUÇÃO: Instrumentos de triagem são usados para monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil. O uso acurado de ferramentas padronizadas é condição indispensável para a prática clínica e pesquisas que visam detectar risco de desenvolvimento e problemas em criançasOBJETIVO: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi analisar o uso de instrumentos padronizados de triagem do desenvolvimento infantil adotados em estudos com crianças brasileirasMÉTODO: Dois pesquisadores independentes selecionaram em cinco bases de dados referencias em Inglês e Português onde buscaram estudos que usaram testes de triagem para avaliação do desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras. Todos os artigos foram lidos para analisar o objetivo principal, delineamento, população-alvo, o tipo de teste de triagem e o propósito de uso do teste com crianças brasileirasRESULTADOS: Dentre os 27 artigos analisados, a maioria deles eram estudos observacionais conduzidos com crianças até seis anos de idade com objetivo principal de rastrear atrasos e analisar associações entre riscos e desenvolvimento. Quatro instrumentos foram identificados: Teste de Triagem do Desenvolvimento de Denver II; Ages and Stages Questionnaire; Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Screening Test; e Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test. Três testes estão sendo validados para uso no BrasilCONCLUSÃO: Esta revisão sugere que os instrumentos de triagem têm sido usados nas pesquisas com diferentes finalidades, por vezes de forma apropriada ou incorreta, como por exemplo para diagnosticar problemas de desenvolvimento. Além disso, os estudos de validação de medidas para triagem e avaliação do desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras ainda são escassos e, por isso, merecem atenção


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Development , Triage , Surveillance , Disability Evaluation , Learning Disabilities
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 209-215, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098893

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La inmovilización prolongada asociada a diversas enfermedades neurológicas, causa osteoporosis secundaria con fracturas patológicas y dolor óseo persistente. Objetivos: Establecer la asociación entre densidad mineral ósea (DMO), marcadores de neoformación y reabsorción ósea y grado de capacidad funcional en pacientes menores de 18 años con movilidad reducida. Pacientes y Método: Estudio transversal, realizado entre 1/1/2016 y 31/12/2017 en pacientes de 6 a 18 años diagnosticados de distintas enfermedades neurológicas en Ciudad Real (España). Se analizaron las variables biodemográficas, capacidad funcional según la Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), que valora la movilidad en 5, 50 y 500 metros, DMO, 25-hidroxi-vitamina D, fosfatasa alcalina, osteocalcina en sangre y telopéptido amino terminal de cadena cruzada de colágeno tipo I en orina (NTX-I). Se expresan DMO, fosfatasa alcalina, osteocalcina y NTX-I en Z score según valores de referencia para edad y sexo. Se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas y correlaciones de Pearson y Spearman. Resulta dos: 36 pacientes (52,7% niñas), edad media de 8,6 ± 4,7 años. Valor medio de FMS: 5,3 sobre 18. DMO media: -1,99 ± 1,7 desviaciones estándar (DE), fosfatasa alcalina media: -2,64 ± 1,08, osteocalcina media: -2,15 ± 1,39, y NTX-I medio: +3 ± 1,72. Hubo asociación significativa entre DMO y FMS para 5 metros (r = 0,395; p = 0,017) y para la puntuación total (r = 0,365; p = 0,029). No se encon traron diferencias significativas según estadios de desarrollo puberal. Conclusiones: En la población estudiada se observa disminución en la DMO y en marcadores de neoformación ósea y elevación de marcadores de reabsorción ósea sin asociación con el desarrollo puberal. Los pacientes con menor grado de movilidad presentan una DMO inferior.


Abstract: Introduction: Prolonged immobilization associated with several neurological disorders causes se condary osteoporosis with pathological fractures and persistent bone pain. Objectives: To establish the association between bone mineral density (BMD), neoformation and bone resorption markers and the degree of functional capacity in children under 18 years of age with reduced mobility. Pa tients and Method: Cross-sectional study conducted in Ciudad Real, Spain between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2017 with patients aged between 6 and 18 years diagnosed with different neurological disorders. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, pubertal stage, functional capacity according to the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), which assesses the ability to walk from 5, 50 to 500 meters, BMD, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin in blood, and N-terminal telopeptide crosslinks in collagen type I (NTX-I) in urine. BMD, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and NTX-I values are expressed in Z score according to reference values for age and sex. The Pear son and Spearman correlations were used for data analysis. Results: 36 patients (52.7% girls) with an average age of 8.6±4.7 years. Mean FMS value: 5.3 out of 18. Mean BMD: -1.99 ± 1.7 standard deviations (SD), mean alkaline phosphatase: -2.64 ± 1.08, mean osteocalcin: -2.15 ± 1.39, and mean NTX-I: +3 ± 1.72. There was a significant association between BMD and FMS for 5 meters (r = 0.395; p = 0.017) and for total score (r = 0.365; p = 0.029). There were no significant differences according to the stages of pubertal development. Conclusions: In this population, there was a decrease in BMD and bone neoformation markers, and an increase of bone resorption markers with no association with pubertal development. Patients with a lower degree of mobility present a lower BMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Osteoporosis/etiology , Biomarkers/metabolism , Bone Density , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Mobility Limitation , Nervous System Diseases/complications , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Osteoporosis/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Disability Evaluation , Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(3): 837-844, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089489

ABSTRACT

Resumo O WHODAS 2.0 (World Health Organization Disability Assesment Schedule) é um instrumento criado pela OMS (Organização Mundial da Saúde) para medida de funcionalidade e deficiência, fundamentado no modelo biopsicossocial e totalmente amparado no arcabouço teórico-conceitual da CIF (Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde). O objetivo deste artigo é validar a versão brasileira do WHODAS 2.0 para o uso em pessoas com HIV/AIDS. Participaram 100 pessoas com diagnóstico de HIV/AIDS. Foram utilizados dois instrumentos de avaliação, o WHODAS 2.0 na versão de 36 itens e o WHOQoL-HIV-Bref (World Health Organization Quality of Life em pessoas com HIV, versão abreviada). As propriedades psicométricas testadas foram consistência interna e validade de critério. A consistência interna foi adequada para todos os domínios, com exceção do domínio Atividades de Vida (α = 0,69) e Autocuidado (α = 0,32). A validade de critério foi adequada, com correlações moderadas aos domínios do WHODAS 2.0 com os domínios do WHOQoL-HIV-Abreviado. Os resultados indicaram o instrumento WHODAS 2.0 como válido para avaliação da funcionalidade de pessoas com HIV/AIDS. O uso dos dados do domínio de Autocuidado deve ser cuidadosamente considerado.


Abstract The WHODAS 2.0 (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule) is an instrument developed by the WHO (World Health Organization) for functioning and disability assessment based on the biopsychosocial framework, fully supported by the theoretical-conceptual framework of the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health). To validate the Brazilian version of the WHODAS 2.0 for individuals with HIV/AIDS. 100 individuals with diagnosis of HIV/AIDS participated in the study. Two assessment instruments were used: the 36-item version of WHODAS 2.0 and the WHOQOL-HIV-BREF (World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment in persons infected with HIV, shorter version). The psychometric properties tested were internal consistency and criterion validity. Internal consistency was adequate for all domains, with the exception of Life Activities (α = 0.69) and Self-care (α = 0.32). Criterion validity was adequate, with moderate correlations between the WHODAS 2.0 and the WHOQOL-HIV-BREF domains. The results indicated the WHODAS 2.0 instrument as a valid tool for assessing functioning of individuals with HIV/AIDS. The use of data from the Self-care domain should be carefully considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Disability Evaluation , World Health Organization , Brazil , Middle Aged
17.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 24-30, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Facial nerve palsy results in both functional disability and psychological morbidity. There are several well-established grading scales to quantify the quality of life of these patients. Objective Translate and validate the Facial Clinimetric Evaluation (FaCE) scale and Synkinesis Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) to Brazilian Portuguese. Methods This study adopted a forward-backward translation method and performed cross-cultural adaptation. A pilot study was conducted to correct any confusing language and to evaluate content validity. A validation study was then performed. Internal consistency of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the FaCE and SAQ items was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed by Spear- man's Rank Correlation Coefficient between FaCE and SAQ scores to eFACE, House- Brackmann, Short Form 12 (SF-12) and Facial Disability Index (FDI) (sub)scores. Results A total of 90 patients were included. Cronbach's alpha for total domain scored 0.881 for FaCE and 0.809 for SAQ. FaCE total score correlation to eFACE total and House- Brackmann showed Spearman's r value of 0.537 and -0.538, respectively (p < 0.001). SAQ correlation to eFACE synkinesis subdomain was -0.449 (p < 0.001). No correlation was found between SAQ and HB score. FaCE total score correlations were of 0.301 and 0.547 for SF-12 PCS and MCS, respectively (p < 0.001). Correlation between FaCE total and FDI Physical and Social/well-being functions were 0.498 and 0.567 (p < 0.001). Conclusion Brazilian Portuguese FaCE scale and SAQ versions achieved high validity and reliability in the present study. These translated instruments demonstrated good psychometric properties, being proper to use in clinical practice in Brazil and with Brazilian Portuguese speakers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Translating , Surveys and Questionnaires , Synkinesis , Facial Paralysis , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Disability Evaluation
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 3-13, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Patient-reported outcome measures, inventory and or questionnaire, allow patients to present their perspective of the impact of their individual condition on a day-to-day basis, independent of the analysis of test results by the expert clinician. Outcome measures are recommended when there is evidence showing their reliability, validity and sensitivity. There are standardized patient-reported outcome measures for hearing in English language; however, other languages lack these instruments. Objective Adapt the Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap to Brazilian Portuguese and analyze its validation measures. Methods We conducted two studies. In Study 1, we translated and adapted the Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap to Brazilian Portuguese according to good practice guidelines; this included the pre-test stage. In Study 2, we administered the Portuguese version to adults with and without hearing loss (n = 31 and 18, respectively) and analyzed the measures of instrument validation, reliability, and reproducibility. Moreover, we calculated the correlation between pure tone thresholds and scores on the questionnaire. Results The results obtained in Study 1 demonstrated the feasibility of the translation process and the instrument's cultural adaptation, as well as its applicability, resulting in the Portuguese version of the Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap. In Study 2, the results revealed construct values for the questions and domains, as well as for the total reliable score. The intra-interviewer test-retest condition showed excellent reproducibility (ICC = 0.97). Finally, there was a strong positive correlation (r = 0.83) between the mean pure tone threshold and the hearing difficulties values, as measured by the instrument's scores. Conclusion The English version of the Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap could be translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. An analyses of the validation process yielded reliable, consistent, and stable results.


Resumo Introdução Medidas de resultados relatados pelo paciente, inventários e/ou questionários, permitem que os pacientes apresentem suas perspectivas do impacto de sua condição no dia a dia, independentemente da análise dos resultados dos testes realizados pelo especialista. Esses instrumentos são recomendados quando há evidências que mostram sua confiabilidade, validade e sensibilidade. Existem medidas de resultados relatados pelo paciente padronizadas para a audição em língua inglesa; no entanto, esses instrumentos não existem em outras línguas. Objetivo Adaptar o Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap para o português brasileiro e avaliar suas medidas de validação. Método Realizamos dois estudos. No estudo 1, traduzimos e adaptamos o Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap para o português brasileiro de acordo com as diretrizes de boas práticas; inclusive a fase de pré-teste. No estudo 2, aplicamos a versão em português em adultos com e sem perda auditiva (n = 31 e 18, respectivamente) e analisamos as medidas de validação, confiabilidade e reprodutibilidade do instrumento. Além disso, calculamos a correlação entre os limiares de tons puros e os escores do questionário. Resultados Os resultados obtidos no estudo 1 demonstraram a viabilidade do processo de tradução e adaptação cultural do instrumento, assim como sua aplicabilidade, proporcionaram a versão em português da Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap. No estudo 2, os resultados revelaram valores de constructo para as questões e domínios, bem como para o escore total confiável. A condição de teste-reteste intraentrevistador mostrou excelente reprodutibilidade (CCI = 0,97). Por fim, houve forte correlação positiva (r = 0,83) entre o limiar médio de tom puro e os valores das dificuldades auditivas, medidos pelos escores do instrumento. Conclusão A versão em inglês do Amsterdam inventory for auditory disability and handicap foi traduzida e adaptada para o português brasileiro. Uma análise do processo de validação produziu resultados confiáveis, consistentes e estáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Persons With Hearing Impairments , Disability Evaluation , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Psychometrics , Auditory Perception , Auditory Threshold , Translating , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Language
19.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(1): e201, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150164

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar la relación de los determinantes sociales en salud con el perfil de funcionamiento de personas con discapacidad del municipio Los Patios, Norte de Santander. Método A una muestra de 246 personas con algún tipo de discapacidad del municipio Los Patios, Norte de Santander, bajo selección no probabilística intencionada, se administraron los instrumentos denominados Registro para la Localización y Caracterización de Personas con Discapacidad (RLPCD) y el del perfil de funcionamiento según la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, de la Discapacidad y de la Salud (CIF), para identificar los determinantes sociales de salud y el perfil de funcionamiento, y determinar su relación. Resultados La muestra se caracterizó por un mayor porcentaje de hombres con discapacidad (60,2%), en relación con las mujeres (39,8%), residentes en estratos socioeconómicos 1,2 y 3 y grupos etarios entre 5 y 93 años, con un alto porcentaje que no recibe algún tipo de ingreso (79,2%). Las principales discapacidades que presentaron fueron de movilidad y su grado de funcionamiento se ubicó entre no deficiencia y deficiencia moderada, con una relación de dependencia con los determinantes sociales de salud. Conclusiones El estudio muestra evidente relación entre los determinantes sociales y el perfil de funcionamiento de personas con discapacidad. Género, nivel de escolaridad, ingresos y estrato socioeconómico son elementos que determinan el grado de funcionalidad de individuos con discapacidad. Estos factores se deben considerar cuando se desarrollan políticas públicas orientadas al beneficio de este tipo de población; Tenerlos en cuenta podría garantizar el éxito en la aplicación de las políticas diseñadas.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the relationship between social factors in health with the functioning profile of people with disabilities in the municipality of Los Patios, Norte de Santander. Method A sample of 246 people with a type of disability in the municipality Los Patios, Norte de Santander, under intentional non-probabilistic selection, were studied using the Registry for the Location and Characterization of Persons with Disabilities (RLPCD) and the functioning profile of people with disabilities (CIF) to identify the social determinants of health and the functioning profile, and determine their relationship. Results The sample was characterized by a higher percentage of men with disabilities (60.2%), in relation to women (39.8%), members in socioeconomic strata 1, 2 and 3 and age groups between 5 and 93 years old, with a high percentage that does not receive any type of income (79.2%). The main disabilities identified were mobility and the degree of functioning located between no deficiency and moderate deficiency with a relationship of dependence with the social determinants of health. Conclusions The study shows an evident relationship between the social determinants and the functioning profile of people with disabilities. Gender, level of education, income and socioeconomic status are elements that determine the degree of functionality of people with disabilities. It is fundamental, in the development of public policies aimed at the well-being of this type of population, that these factors are considered to ensure success in the implementation of appropriate policies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Statistics on Sequelae and Disability , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Disability Evaluation , Social Determinants of Health/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia
20.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 78-84, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090417

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar a escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell para o português brasileiro, além de avaliar sua confiabilidade interexaminador e intraexaminador. O processo de tradução e adaptação transcultural foi desenvolvido em cinco estágios: tradução; síntese das traduções; retrotradução; avaliação pelo comitê de especialistas; e teste da versão pré-final. Para avaliação da confiabilidade intra e interexaminador da escala, 20 instrumentos de avaliação foram analisados de forma independente por dois examinadores (confiabilidade interexaminador). Além disso, um dos examinadores fez todas as avaliações, em dois momentos distintos, com um intervalo de 30 dias entre uma e outra (confiabilidade intraexaminador). A tradução e a adaptação transcultural foram realizadas de forma sistemática, seguindo os critérios propostos, de modo que houve apenas pequenas alterações em dois itens para tornar a escala mais útil a todos os instrumentos disponíveis na literatura. Em relação à confiabilidade interexaminador da escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell-Brasil, o valor encontrado foi CCI=0,85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), enquanto para a confiabilidade intraexaminador o resultado foi CCI=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). Os resultados deste processo indicaram adequado grau de equivalência semântica, conceitual e cultural. Além disso, as medidas de confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores foram consideradas adequadas. Esses achados demonstraram que a escala é adequada para avaliar a utilidade clínica de instrumentos de avaliação comumente utilizados em pacientes. Dessa forma, deve ser incorporada na prática clínica e em pesquisas para a escolha do melhor instrumento.


RESUMEN O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar a escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell para o português brasileiro, além de avaliar sua confiabilidade interexaminador e intraexaminador. O processo de tradução e adaptação transcultural foi desenvolvido em cinco estágios: tradução; síntese das traduções; retrotradução; avaliação pelo comitê de especialistas; e teste da versão pré-final. Para avaliação da confiabilidade intra e interexaminador da escala, 20 instrumentos de avaliação foram analisados de forma independente por dois examinadores (confiabilidade interexaminador). Além disso, um dos examinadores fez todas as avaliações, em dois momentos distintos, com um intervalo de 30 dias entre uma e outra (confiabilidade intraexaminador). A tradução e a adaptação transcultural foram realizadas de forma sistemática, seguindo os critérios propostos, de modo que houve apenas pequenas alterações em dois itens para tornar a escala mais útil a todos os instrumentos disponíveis na literatura. Em relação à confiabilidade interexaminador da escala de utilidade clínica de Tyson e Connell-Brasil, o valor encontrado foi CCI=0,85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), enquanto para a confiabilidade intraexaminador o resultado foi CCI=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). Os resultados deste processo indicaram adequado grau de equivalência semântica, conceitual e cultural. Além disso, as medidas de confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores foram consideradas adequadas. Esses achados demonstraram que a escala é adequada para avaliar a utilidade clínica de instrumentos de avaliação comumente utilizados em pacientes. Dessa forma, deve ser incorporada na prática clínica e em pesquisas para a escolha do melhor instrumento.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to translate and adapt the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell into Brazilian Portuguese, in addition to evaluating intra- and inter-rater reliability. The process of cross-cultural translation and adaptation was developed in five stages: translation, synthesis of translations, retro translation, evaluation by the committee of experts and testing of the pre-final version. To evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell, 20 assessment instruments were independently assessed by two examiners (inter-rater reliability). In addition, one of the examiners performed all assessments at two different times with a 30-day interval (intra-rater reliability). The translation and cross-cultural adaptation were performed in a systematic way, following the proposed criteria, and only minor changes in two items were necessary to make the scale more useful to all instruments currently available in the literature. Regarding the inter-rater reliability of the Clinical Utility Scale of Tyson and Connell, the value found was ICC=0.85 (IC 95%, 0,79-0,87), while for intra-rater reliability the result was ICC=0,89 (IC 95%, 0,85-0,93). The results of this process indicated an adequate degree of semantic, conceptual and cultural equivalence. In addition, intra- and inter-rater reliability measures were considered adequate. These findings have shown the scale is adequate to assess the clinical utility of evaluation instruments usually applied to patients. Therefore, it must be incorporated into clinical practice and research when choosing the best evaluation instrument to be used.


Subject(s)
Translating , Weights and Measures/instrumentation , Cost-Benefit Analysis/methods , Disability Evaluation , Physical Examination/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Disease Management , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Mobility Limitation
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