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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(1): 13-22, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360143

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Stroke has been increasingly recognized as an important morbidity and mortality factor in neonates and children. Children have different and more diverse risk factors than adults, commonly related to an underlying disease. Stroke may compromise functional capacity in children. Few studies have focused on functional outcomes related to activities and participation. Objectives: To investigate post-stroke functionality of children related to self-care, mobility, and social function. Methods: We assessed the functional outcome of 14 children younger than 7.5 years who suffered a stroke in early childhood through the use of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Results: The average age of the sample at assessment was 3.6 ± 1.4 years (2 - 6 years). The average scores in the PEDI functional domains of self-care, mobility, and social function were, respectively, 37.6 ± 15.4, 36.2 ± 15.4, and 48.7 ± 11.1. Children showed age-appropriate functional outcomes in the PEDI functional domains: 71.4% of them in self-care and mobility and 92.9% in social function. Children with bilateral injuries (p = 0.05) and longer hospital stays (r = -0.79, p = 0.001) showed the worst scores in ​​PEDI's social function domains. Conclusions: Overall, our sample of preschool children showed age-appropriate functional outcomes on self-care, mobility, and social function domains after stroke. However, children with bilateral injuries and longer hospital stays showed the worst scores in social function domains. We recommend focusing on functional rehabilitation to promote activities and participation and to monitor the development of children's social skills after stroke.


RESUMO Antecedentes: O acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) tem sido reconhecido como um importante fator de morbimortalidade em neonatos e crianças. As crianças têm fatores de risco diferentes e mais variados que os adultos, comumente relacionados a uma doença subjacente. A funcionalidade das crianças pode estar comprometida após um AVC. Poucos estudos focaram em desfechos funcionais relacionados à atividade e participação. Objetivos: Investigar a funcionalidade de crianças com AVC, relacionada à autocuidado, mobilidade e função social. Métodos: Avaliamos a evolução funcional de 14 crianças com idade menor que 7,5 anos com AVC na primeira infância pela aplicação do PEDI. Resultados: A idade média de nossa amostra na avaliação foi de 3,6 ± 1,4 anos (2 - 6 anos). O escore médio nos domínios de autocuidado, mobilidade e função social do PEDI foram, respectivamente, 37,6 ± 15,4, 36,2 ± 15,4 e 48,7 ± 11,1. As crianças apresentaram evolução adequada para a idade nos domínios do PEDI: 71,4% delas em autocuidado e mobilidade e 92,9% em função social. Piores escores no domínio função social se relacionaram com lesões bilaterais (p = 0,05) e maior tempo de internação (r = -0,79; p = 0,001). Conclusões: Nossa amostra de crianças em idade pré-escolar mostrou, em geral, evolução funcional adequada para a faixa etária nos domínios de autocuidado, mobilidade e função social. Porém, lesões bilaterais e internações hospitalares mais longas se relacionaram com piores performances no domínio função social. Sugerimos focar na reabilitação funcional e acompanhar o desenvolvimento das habilidades sociais de crianças pós-AVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Self Care , Stroke , Activities of Daily Living , Cohort Studies , Disability Evaluation
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378022

ABSTRACT

El Comité Editorial quiere brindar a sus lectores una actualización de las escalas de uso corriente. El empleo de tablas y escalas es una práctica muy extendida en la Ortopedia y Traumatología. La medición y la cuantificación de los aspectos clínicos, funcionales y radiográficos se convirtieron en una herramienta imprescindible para la toma de decisiones en diferentes aspectos de la actividad asistencial. Llevamos a cabo una revisión de las escalas más utilizadas, definiendo su uso e incluyendo bibliografía original y actualizada. Nivel de Evidencia: V


The Editorial Committee wants to provide its readers with an update on the commonly used scales. The use of tables and scales is a widespread practice in Orthopedics and Traumatology. The measurement and quantification of clinical, functional, and radiographic aspects have become essential tools for decision-making in different aspects of healthcare activity. We carried out a review of the most used scales, defining their use and including original and updated literature. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disability Evaluation , Hand Injuries
4.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(3)Jul-Set. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1411323

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A leucemia é o tipo de neoplasia mais comumente diagnosticada em crianças no mundo, afetando-as em um período crítico do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Estando diagnosticadas com uma doença ameaçadora da vida, essas crianças necessitam, concomitantemente aos cuidados curativos, de cuidados paliativos. Objetivo: Avaliar a funcionalidade de crianças com leucemia durante o tratamento quimioterápico e compará-la no início e depois de um ano de tratamento em curso. Método: Estudo de corte transversal, do tipo observacional analítico, com 37 crianças avaliadas por meio de entrevista com os pais, utilizando um formulário de pesquisa e o Inventário de Avaliação Pediátrica de Incapacidade (PEDI). A análise estatística foi realizada pelos testes t de Student e de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre a funcionalidade de crianças no início e depois de um ano de tratamento, estando todas com a funcionalidade abaixo do esperado para a faixa etária. Conclusão: Como forma de evitar possíveis atrasos e/ou déficits irreversíveis no desenvolvimento dessas crianças, sugere-se a criação de um programa de reabilitação em cuidados paliativos nos serviços especializados para cuidar desse público desde o diagnóstico


Introduction: Leukemia is the most common type of neoplasm diagnosed in children in the world, affecting them in a critical period of their neuropsychomotor development. Once diagnosed with a life-threatening disease, those children need palliative care concurrently with curative care. Objective: Assess the functionality of children with leukemia during chemotherapy treatment and compare it at the beginning and after one year of ongoing treatment. Method: Cross-sectional observational analytical study with 37 children evaluated with interviews performed with their parents, utilizing an investigation form and the Pediatric Evaluation Disability Inventory (PEDI). The statistical analysis was carried out with Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney test. Results: The results indicated there were no statistically significant differences in their functionality before and after 1-year treatment and all of them presented functionality bellow the expected for the age range. Conclusion: It is suggested the creation of a palliative care rehabilitation program for this group since the diagnosis as a way to avoid delays and/or irreversible deficits in the development of these children


Introducción: La leucemia es el tipo de neoplasia que se diagnostica con mayor frecuencia en niños de todo el mundo y los afecta en un período crítico del desarrollo neuropsicomotor. Al ser diagnosticados con una enfermedad potencialmente mortal, estos niños necesitan cuidados curativos concomitantes, cuidados paliativos. Objetivo: Evaluar la funcionalidad de los niños con leucemia durante el tratamiento de quimioterapia y compararla al inicio y después de un año de tratamiento en curso. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal, tipo analítico observacional, donde se evaluó a 37 niños a través de entrevistas con los padres, utilizando un formulario de encuesta y el Inventario de Evaluación de la Discapacidad Pediátrica (PEDI). El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando la prueba t de Student y la prueba de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: En los resultados, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la funcionalidad de los niños al inicio y al año de tratamiento, todos con una funcionalidad por debajo de lo esperado para su grupo de edad. Conclusión: Como forma de evitar posibles retrasos y/o déficits irreversibles en el desarrollo de estos niños, se sugiere la creación de un programa de rehabilitación en cuidados paliativos en servicios especializados para atender a este público desde el diagnóstico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Palliative Care , Leukemia/drug therapy , Child , Disability Evaluation
5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO5791, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze pain, functional capacity, quality of life, anxiety and depression outcomes in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery following use of the Second Opinion Program, and to present disagreements regarding diagnoses and therapeutic indications between the first and second opinions. Methods A prospective, observational cohort study with 100 patients enrolled in the Second Opinion Program who underwent lumbar spine surgery. Questionnaires addressing pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety and depression were applied prior to and within 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of surgery. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were performed. The following clinical outcomes were analyzed: pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Results In this sample, 88% and 12% out of 100 patients were submitted to lumbar decompression and arthrodesis, respectively. Patients reported improvements in function, pain intensity, and quality of life factors following surgery and were able to attain the minimal clinically important difference relative to the preoperative period. Agreement between the first and second opinions was observed in 44% of diagnoses, and in 27% of therapeutic indications. Conclusion Patients had favorable postoperative outcomes regarding pain, disability, and quality of life. These findings and the high rates of diagnostic and therapeutic indication disagreements corroborate the need of a second opinion in cases of spine disease with surgical indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pain , Referral and Consultation , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disability Evaluation
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(supl.3): 5215-5222, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345724

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los trastornos del cuello-hombro relacionados con el trabajo son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer el patrón de dolor y discapacidad cervical de trabajadores con pantallas de visualización de datos, así como determinar los factores que predominan en la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor de espalda. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra de 88 trabajadores usuarios de ordenadores de la Consellería de Sanidade (Xunta de Galicia). Los trabajadores respondieron los cuestionarios: "Neck Disability Index", "Escala analógica visual", "12-item Short Form Health Survey" y se realizó un análisis postural. Para el análisis comparativo se realizaron las pruebas T Student y U de Mann-Whitney. Un análisis de regresión logística binaria se utilizó para la extracción de un modelo predictivo de episodio de dolor cervical. El 58% refirieron dolor cervical. No existieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Las variables que mejor predicen la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor son el nivel de discapacidad y la calidad de vida física. Los resultados indican que un trabajador con altos niveles de discapacidad cervical y bajos valores de calidad de vida física, tiene mayor probabilidad de sufrir un episodio de dolor.


Abstract Work-related neck/shoulder disorders are considered an important health issue. This study is aimed at establishing the pain and cervical disability patterns of workers with visual display terminals, as well as at determining the factors that mostly affect the onset of a new episode of back pain. A descriptive, correlational study was carried out on a sample of 88 workers who use visual display terminals, of the Ministry of Health (Xunta de Galicia). The workers completed the following questionnaires: "Neck Disability Index Scale," "Visual Analog Scale," "12-item Short Form Health Survey," and an individual postural analysis was conducted. For the comparative analysis, the Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were performed. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to extract a predictive model of a cervical pain episode, and 58% reported cervical pain. There were no differences between men and women. The variables that best predict the onset of a new episode of pain are the level of disability, and the quality of physical life. Study results indicate that a worker who uses visual display terminals, with high levels of cervical disability and low values of physical quality of life, is more likely to suffer an episode of back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Data Visualization , Pain Measurement , Neck Pain , Disability Evaluation
8.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 37(3): 110-118, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345049

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La cirugía resectiva del lóbulo temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía es un tratamiento efectivo para la epilepsia farmacorresistente del lóbulo temporal con esclerosis hipocampal. Sin embargo, este procedimiento conlleva riesgo de deterioro de la memoria episódica verbal y no verbal postoperatoria, dependiendo de la dominancia hemisférica para la memoria y el lenguaje. OBJETIVO: Explorar el desenlace de la memoria episódica posterior a la cirugía resectiva mediante lobectomía temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía. MÉTODOS: Se analizó retrospectivamente la memoria episódica verbal y no verbal mediante pruebas neurop-sicológicas de 51 pacientes consecutivos sometidos a lobectomía temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía del lado izquierdo y derecho. Todos los pacientes fueron sometidos a resonancia magnética cerebral preoperatoria, video-electroencefalografía y evaluaciones neuropsicológicas. A 12 pacientes (24 %) no se les realizó el test de Wada. RESULTADOS: Hubo disminución en la memoria episódica verbal postoperatoria con diferencias respecto a la preoperatoria, en la subprueba de textos II recuerdo de la escala de memoria de Wechsler III (p = 0,035). El resultado en la memoria episódica visual se mantuvo igual, no hubo diferencias en el grupo de lobectomía temporal estándar. CONCLUSIÓN: La lobectomía temporal anterior más amigdalo-hipocampectomía izquierda afecta levemente el desempeño de la memoria episódica postoperatoria, que clínicamente no es significativo en pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal mesial farmacorresistente.


SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Resective surgery of the anterior temporal lobe with amygdalohippocampectomy is an effective treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy of the temporal lobe with hippocampal sclerosis. However, this procedure carries a risk of post-operative episodic verbal and nonverbal memory impairment depending on the hemispheric dominance for memory and language. OBJECTIVE: To explore the outcome of episodic memory after resective surgery by means of anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy. METHODS: Verbal and non-verbal episodic memory was retrospectively analyzed by neuropsychological tests of 51 consecutive patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy with amygadalohyppocampectomy on the left and right sides. All patients underwent preoperative brain MRI, video electroencephalography, and neuropsychological evaluations. 12 patients (24%) did not undergo the Wada test. RESULTS: There was a decrease in postoperative verbal episodic memory with differences compared to preoperative, in the text II subtest recall of the Wechsler III memory scale (p = 0.035). The result in visual episodic memory remained the same, there were no differences in the standard temporal lobectomy group. CONCLUSION: Anterior temporal lobectomy plus left amygadalohyppocampectomy slightly affects the performance of postoperative episodic memory, which is clinically not significant in patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Stroke , Diagnosis , Disability Evaluation
9.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 37(3): 119-126, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345050

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El ochenta por ciento de los ataques cerebrovasculares son isquémicos, y uno de cada cinco afecta la circulación posterior. Su diagnóstico es difícil y los datos disponibles sobre el pronóstico y la mortalidad son discordantes. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el desenlace funcional a 180 días de los pacientes con ataque cerebrovascular (ACV) isquémico de circulación posterior (CP). MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Seguimiento prospectivo a pacientes con ACV de CP que ingresaron al Instituto Neurológico de Colombia entre septiembre del 2017 y septiembre del 2018. El desenlace clínico fue determinado mediante la escala Rankin modificada (mRS) al mes, a los seis meses y al año. RESULTADOS: Fueron incluidos 68 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 61 ±17 años y 60,3 % fueron hombres. El 85% tenía un mRS previo al ACV ≤ 1 y el 63 % un NIHSS basal ≤ 4. Nueve pacientes (13,2 %) recibieron terapia de reperfusión aguda (rtPA, TEV o ambas) y siete (10,3 %) adicionales arteriografía diferida. Dieciséis pacientes (23,5 %) presentaron una mejoría del NIHSS basal ≥ 4 puntos. Cuarenta y seis pacientes (74,2 %) presentaron un desenlace excelente mRS 0-1 a los seis meses y 87,1 % fueron categorizados mRS favorable (mRS 0-2). En el análisis ajustado, el NIHSS ≥ 4 fue un predictor de desenlace desfavorable a seis meses (RR 6,4; IC95 % 2,9-14,2). Seis pacientes (9,0 %) fallecieron, cuatro relacionados con el episodio actual o su recurencia. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de los pacientes con ACV de CP tienen desdenlaces favorables y una baja mor%talidad. La escala de NIHSS basal es un factor pronóstico independiente.


SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Ischemic strokes account for 80 % of all strokes, and one of every five compromises the posterior circulation. The diagnosis is difficult, and the data available about the outcome and mortality are discordant in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicai outcome of patients at 180 days after posterior circulation ischemic stroke METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of posterior circulation stroke admitted to Instituto Neurológico de Colombia between September 2017 to 2018 were prospective included. The functional outcome by modified Rankin scale score (mRS) was determined at 1-month, 6-month, and 12-month after disease onset. RESULTS: 68 patients were included. The median age was 61 years ± 17 and 60.3 % were male. 85 % had a baseline mRS ≤ 1, and 63 % had a baseline National Institute Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≤ 4. Nine patients were taken to acute recanalization therapies (rtPA, endovascular therapy or both) and seven more delayed arteriography. Sixteen patients (23.5 %) demonstrated an improvement of four or more points over the baseline NIHSS. Forty-six patients (74.2 %) had an excellent outcome 0-1 at six months and 87,1 % were categorized favorable mRS (mRS 0-2). In the adjusted analysis an NIHSS > 4 was a predictor of an unfavorable outcome at 6-month (RR 6.4; IC95 % 2.9-14.2). Six patients died (9 %); four of them in relation to the current event or an ischemic stroke recurrence. CONCLUSION: Most of the patients with posterior ischemic stroke have favorable outcomes and a low mortality. The baseline NIHSS is an independent prognostic risk factor.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Stroke , Diagnosis , Disability Evaluation
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(4): 532-539, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388268

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La lepra, una infección crónica, es una de las mayores causas de discapacidad prevenible. El inicio temprano del tratamiento previene el desarrollo de discapacidad. OBJETIVO: Identificar los factores pronóstico de discapacidad en individuos con lepra multibacilar y paucibacilar que culminaron el tratamiento farmacológico entre el 2011 y 2017 en Paraguay. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, con 34 pacientes, 9 casos, 25 controles. Los casos fueron pacientes con discapacidad Grado 1 que presentaban falta de sensibilidad en miembros inferiores o superiores, y los de Grado 2, lagoftalmos, rigidez, ulceraciones, garra pasiva, garra activa. Los controles no presentaron discapacidad. RESULTADOS: La edad media de los pacientes fue 53 ± 15,2 años, el 55,9% fue de sexo masculino y 58,9% tenía educación primaria o no tenía educación formal. El 58,8% de los pacientes presentó lepra multibacilar; y el 64,7% fue diagnosticado tras consultar con dos o más médicos. Retraso en el diagnóstico mayor a un año fue significativamente (p = 0,047) mayor en los casos que en los controles (77,8 vs 12%; OR: 7,44; IC95%: 1,02-67,86). CONCLUSIÓN: El retraso en el diagnóstico mayor a un año es un factor pronóstico de discapacidad.


BACKGROUND: Leprosy, a chronic infectious disease, is one of the major causes of preventable disability. Early treatment prevents neurological damage and disability. AIM: To identify prognostic factors of disability in individuals with multibacillary and paucibacillary leprosy who completed a drug treatment between 2011 and 2017 in Paraguay. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out on 34 patients, of them 9 were cases and 25 controls. Cases were those patients with Grade 1, presented lack of sensation in lower or upper limbs, and those of Grade 2 lagophthalmos, rigidity, visible deformity ulcerations, passive claw, active claw. Controls had no disabilities. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 53 ± 15.2 years, 55.9% were male, and 58.9% had primary education or no formal education. Multibacillary leprosy was found in 58.8% of patients; and 64.7% were diagnosed after consulting with two or more physicians. Diagnosis delay of more than one year was significantly (p = 0.047) greater in the cases than in the controls (77.8% vs 12%; OR: 7.44; 95% CI: 1.02-67.86). CONCLUSION: In this study, a diagnosis delay of more than one year is a prognostic factor for disability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy/diagnosis , Paraguay/epidemiology , Prognosis , Case-Control Studies , Delayed Diagnosis , Leprosy/drug therapy
11.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(6): 489-496, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases affecting the central nervous system in young adults. Objective: To investigate demographic and clinical factors that are effective in the development of irreversible disability from the onset of MS, and to identify factors that affect the transformation from the relapse-remitting MS (RRMS) phase to the progressive MS (PMS) phase. Methods: Retrospective study on 741 patients who were diagnosed with RRMS and PMS according to the McDonald criteria, and were enrolled into the Turkish MS database of the Department of Neurology MS Polyclinic, at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, in Trabzon, Turkey. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the time taken to reach EDSS 4 and EDSS 6 from the onset of disease, and the time taken between EDSS 4 and EDSS 6. Results: Age of onset >40 years; having polysymptomatic-type onset, pyramidal or bladder-intestinal system-related first episode; ≥7 episodes in the first 5 years; and <2 years between the first two episodes were found to be effective for MS patients to reach EDSS 4 and EDSS 6. The demographic and clinical parameters that were effective for progression from EDSS 4 to EDSS 6 were: pyramidal or bladder-intestinal system-related first episode; 4‒6 episodes in the first 5 years; >2 years until start of first treatment; and smoking. Conclusions: Our findings reveal important characteristics of MS patients in our region. However, the associations between these parameters and MS pathophysiology remain to be elucidated.


RESUMO Introdução: A esclerose múltipla (EM), uma das doenças neurológicas crônicas mais comuns, afeta o sistema nervoso central em jovens adultos. Objetivo: Investigar fatores demográficos e clínicos que são efetivos no desenvolvimento de deficiência irreversível, desde o início da EM, e identificar fatores que afetam a transformação da fase de EM recorrente-remitente (EMRR) para a fase de EM secundária progressiva (EMSP). Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de 741 pacientes que foram diagnosticados com EMRR e EMSP, de acordo com os critérios de McDonald, e inscritos no banco de dados turco MSBase, do Departamento de Neurologia da MS Polyclinic, da Universidade Técnica de Karadeniz, Turquia. Análise de Kaplan-Meier foi usada para avaliar o tempo para alcançar EDSS 4 e EDSS 6, desde o início da doença e o tempo entre EDSS 4 e EDSS 6. Resultados: Idade de início>40 anos, início do tipo polissintomático, primeiro ataque relacionado ao sistema piramidal ou bexiga-intestinal, ≥7 recaídas nos primeiros 5 anos e <2 anos entre os dois primeiros ataques foram considerados eficazes em pacientes com EM que atingiram EDSS 4 e EDSS 6. Parâmetros demográficos e clínicos que foram efetivos no progresso de EDSS 4 para EDSS 6: primeiro ataque relacionado ao sistema piramidal ou bexiga-intestinal, 4‒6 recaídas nos primeiros 5 anos, >2 anos até o início do primeiro tratamento e tabagismo. Conclusão: Estudo revelou características importantes dos pacientes com EM em nossa região. No entanto, as associações entre esses parâmetros e a fisiopatologia da EM ainda precisam ser elucidadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Disabled Persons , Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting , Multiple Sclerosis , Retrospective Studies , Disease Progression , Disability Evaluation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(5): 407-414, May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278402

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The real-world effectiveness of natalizumab in people with relapsing multiple sclerosis (PwRMS) in Argentina and Chile has not been reported. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of natalizumab treatment in PwRMS in Argentina and Chile, in clinical practice. Methods: We conducted a multicenter retrospective and observational study. We reviewed the medical records of PwRMS who had been treated with natalizumab for at least one year, without any interruption in MS treatment that lasted more than 12 weeks. We analyzed changes in annualized relapse rate (ARR), Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results: We enrolled 117 PwRMS treated with natalizumab. Natalizumab treatment was associated with a significant reduction in ARR from baseline after one year and two years of treatment (from 1.97 to 0.06 and 0.09 respectively; p<0.01 at each time point). From baseline, EDSS scores were reduced by 0.71 and 0.73 points at one and two years, respectively (p<0.01). No worsening of disability was observed in 82.9 and 67.5% of PwRMS at one and two years, respectively. The improvement in disability was 44.4% at one year and 39.3% at two years. During natalizumab treatment, the number of relapse-related hospitalizations was significantly reduced (p<0.01). MRI lesions (new/enlarging T2 or gadolinium-enhancing) were significantly reduced, compared with baseline. No evidence of disease activity was observed in 65% at two years of natalizumab treatment. Conclusions: Natalizumab significantly reduced disease activity in PwRMS in Argentina and Chile, in clinical practice. Natalizumab also decreased the number of hospitalizations compared with pre-natalizumab treatment.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: La efectividad de Natalizumab en personas con esclerosis múltiple recurrente (PwRMS) en Argentina y Chile no se ha reportado. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del tratamiento con Natalizumab en PwRMS en Argentina y Chile en la práctica clínica. Métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, retrospectivo y observacional. Revisamos los registros médicos de PwRMS que fueron tratados con Natalizumab al menos 1 año, sin interrupción de tratamiento para EM durante más de 12 semanas. Analizamos los cambios en la tasa anualizada de recaídas (ARR), escala de discapacidad expandida (EDSS) y resonancia magnética (MRI). Resultados: Se incluyeron 117 PwRMS. El tratamiento con Natalizumab se asoció con una reducción significativa de la tasa anualizada de recaídas (ARR) cada 1 y 2 años (de 1.97 a 0.06 y 0.09, respectivamente; p<0.01 en ambos casos). El EDSS se redujo 0,71 y 0,73 puntos al año 1 y 2, respectivamente (p<0,01). No se observó empeoramiento del EDSS en 82,9 y 67,5% de los PwRMS al año 1 y 2, respectivamente. La mejoría del EDSS fue 44,4 y 39,3% al año 1 y 2, respectivamente. El número de hospitalizaciones se redujo significativamente (p<0,01). Las lesiones en MRI (nuevas/agrandadas en T2 o con realce con gadolinio) se redujeron significativamente en comparación con el valor basal. No se observó evidencia de actividad de la enfermedad en el 65% de los PwRMS a 2 los años. Conclusiones: Natalizumab redujo significativamente la actividad de la enfermedad en PwRMS de Argentina y Chile en la práctica clínica. Además, disminuyó el número de hospitalizaciones comparado con el tratamiento previo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting , Multiple Sclerosis , Argentina , Recurrence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disability Evaluation , Natalizumab , Immunologic Factors
13.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 1-21, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289165

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: en Ecuador existen parámetros de calificación de discapacidad basados en la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento de la Discapacidad y la Salud; sin embargo, los avances en investigación en el ámbito de la psiquiatría y la salud mental aún son escasos. Se empleó la Escala de Evaluación de Discapacidad de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para determinar el grado de discapacidad en población consultante. Materiales y métodos : estudio observacional, de corte transversal y correlacional. Usando un muestreo por conveniencia, se recogió información sobre discapacidad en una muestra de 297 adultos con trastornos mentales graves en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría. Se estimó un modelo de regresión lineal que determinó el aporte de variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y sociales. Resultados: el 89.2 % de la muestra presentó algún grado de discapacidad. El modelo multivariado final para el total de la muestra incluyó las variables explicativas edad (p = -0.234), escolaridad (p = -0.552), ser pensionado (p = 39.44), presencia de episodio depresivo actual (p = 21.654) y tener cuidador (p = 9.574), que explican el 37.46 % de la discapacidad de las personas con trastornos mentales graves atendidas en servicios de psiquiatría y salud mental en Quito. Conclusión: la discapacidad en personas con trastornos mentales graves que están en contacto con servicios de salud de Quito (Ecuador) involucra cambios en el desempeño de actividades en escenarios familiares y comunitarios. Se identificó una proporción de discapacidad moderada y severa que demanda respuestas institucionales que incluyan el acompañamiento de cuidadores y aborden barreras actitudinales.


Abstract Introduction: In Ecuador, there are disability qualification parameters based on the International Classification of the Functioning of Disability and Health; however, advances in the research fields of psychiatry and mental health are still scarce. For this particular study, The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale was used to determine the degree of disability in the consulting population. Materials and methods: The study design was an observational, cross-sectional and correlational study. Using convenience sampling, disability information was collected from a study population of 297 adults with severe mental disorders who were in contact with outpatient psychiatric services. A linear regression model was used to determine the contribution of sociodemographic, clinical, and social variables. Results: It was observed that 89.2% of the sample presented some degree of disability. The final multivariate model for the total sample included the explanatory variables of age (p = -0.234), schooling (P = -0.552), being retired (p = 39.44), presence of current depressive episode (p = 21.654), and having a caregiver (p = 9.574), which explained 37.46% of disability in people with serious mental disorders who were treated in psychiatric and mental health services in Quito. Conclusion: Disabilities in people with severe mental disorders who are in contact with health services in Quito (Ecuador) may involve changes in the performance of activities among family and community settings. We identified a proportion of moderate and severe disabilities that demand institutional responses, which includes the accompaniment of caregivers and also addresses attitudinal barriers.


Resumo Introdução: no Equador, existem parâmetros de qualificação de deficiência com base na Classificação Internacional do Funcionamento da Deficiência e da Saúde; no entanto, avanços em pesquisas no âmbito da psiquiatria e saúde mental ainda são escassos. Empregou-se a Escala de Avaliação da Deficiência da Organização Mundial da Saúde, para se determinar o grau de deficiência na população avaliada. Materiais e métodos: estudo observacional, de corte transversal e correlacional. Usando uma amostragem por conveniência coletou-se informação sobre deficiência em uma amostra de 297 adultos com transtornos mentais graves em contato com serviços ambulatórios em psiquiatria. Estimou-se um modelo de regressão linear que determinou a contribuição de variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e sociais. Resultados: 89.2% da amostra apresentou algum grau de deficiência. O modelo multivariado final para o total da amostra incluiu as variáveis explicativas idade (p=-0,234), escolaridade (p=-0,552), ser aposentado (p=39,44), presença de episódio depressivo atual (p=21,654) e, ter cuidador (p=9,574), explicando 37,46% da deficiência em pessoas com transtornos mentais graves atendidas em serviços de psiquiatria e saúde mental em Quito. Conclusão: A deficiência em pessoas com transtornos mentais graves que estão em contato com serviços de saúde em Quito (Equador) envolve mudanças no desempenho de atividades em cenários familiares e comunitários. Identificou-se uma proporção de deficiência moderada e severa que demandam respostas institucionais que inclua o acompanhamento de cuidadores e abordem barreiras de atitude.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Disorders , Disability Evaluation , Ecuador , Intellectual Disability
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 156-162, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Stroke is the principal cause of disability around the world and the ensuing functional dependence (FD) can be correlated with different factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine how demographic factors and clinical characteristics after stroke distinguish patients who achieve functional independence from those who do not. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study at specialized neurovascular clinic in Alagoas, Brazil. METHODS: FD was classified according to the modified Rankin scale (mRs): 0 to 2 points were classified as independent (FD-), and 3 to 5 points were classified as dependent (FD+). Logistic regression analysis included age, sedentary lifestyle, the Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The Mann-Whitney test and χ2 test were used to compare groups. RESULTS: We included 190 stroke patients with a mean age of 60.02 ± 14.22 years. We found that 34.8% of the patients were classified as FD+. Lower NIHSS and CES-D scores were more associated with achieving functional independence. Most of the patients had access to physical therapy, and the mean duration of rehabilitation therapy was 65.2 minutes per week. Females had higher prevalence of depressive symptoms (P = 0.005) and rehabilitation time was shorter for hemorrhagic stroke (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: We found a FD rate four times greater than in another Brazilian study. Lower stroke severity and fewer depressive symptoms were associated with achieving functional independence. Less than half of the patients were referred to a rehabilitation service at hospital discharge and few had access to multidisciplinary treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke Rehabilitation , Patient Discharge , Brazil/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 137-143, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with low back pain frequently undergo a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, but some of these have uncertain effectiveness. This highlights the importance of the association of healthcare services and therapeutic measures relating to disability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures among Brazilian older adults with disability-related low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study on baseline assessment data from the Back Complaints in the Elders - Brazil (BACE-B) cohort. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a consecutive sample of 602 older adult participants in BACE-B (60 years of age and over). The main outcome measurement for disability-related low back pain was defined as a score of 14 points or more in the Roland Morris Questionnaire. RESULTS: Visits to doctors in the previous six weeks (odds ratio, OR = 1.82; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22-2.71) and use of analgesics in the previous three months (OR = 1.57; 95% CI 1.07-2.31) showed statistically significant associations with disability-related low back pain. The probability of disability-related low back pain had an additive effect to the combination of use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures (OR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.52-4.36). The analyses showed that this association was significant among women, but not among men. CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of the combined of consultations and medication use was correlated with higher chance of severe disability among these elderly people with nonspecific low back pain. This suggested that overuse and "crowding-in" effects were present in medical services for elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Disability Evaluation
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(3): 1137-1152, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153840

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), o Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris (RMDQ) e Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36, amplamente utilizados, tiveram seu conteúdo conectado à CIF por regras propostas em 2002 e 2005. Em 2016 foram refinadas e ainda não foram aplicadas. Aplicar as regras de conexão de conteúdo refinadas para os instrumentos EVA, RMDQ e SF-36. Dois profissionais de saúde identificaram os conceitos significativos e vincularam às categorias mais específicas da CIF, um terceiro arbitrou divergências. O grau de concordância foi dado pelo coeficiente kappa. Houve alto grau de concordância (Kappa=0,93 p<0,001). O conceito principal da EVA foi conectado à categoria b280, os 24 conceitos principais do RMDQ, à categoria b28013 e os 27 adicionais a outras categorias. O SF-36 teve 36 conceitos principais e 30 adicionais identificados, do total, 17 não foram definíveis pela CIF. Dos conceitos conectados dos 3 instrumentos 39 referem-se à Funções do Corpo, 57 à Atividades e Participação e 4 à Fatores Ambientais. O refinamento das regras propiciou mais clareza no processo de identificar, relacionar o conteúdo dos instrumentos à CIF e expor os resultado e aumentou o número de conceitos identificados e categorias contempladas pelos instrumentos.


Abstract The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) are broadly used and had their content linked to ICF by the linking rules of 2002 and 2005. In 2016 were refined and were not applied yet. To apply the refinements of ICF linking rules to VAS, RMDQ, and SF-36. Two health professionals identified the meaningful concepts and linked to the most precise ICF categories and a third triggered in divergences. The degree of agreement was calculated by kappa statistic. There was almost perfect agreement (Kappa=0.93 p<0,001). The main concept of VAS was linked to ICF category b280, the 24 main concepts of RMDQ linked to b28013, and 27 additional linked to other categories. The SF-36 had 36 main concepts and 30 additional concepts identified which 27 were definable by the ICF and 17 do not. From the total of ICF linked concepts, 39 refer to Body Functions, 57 to Activities and Participation and 4 to Environmental Factors. The refinements of linking rules propitiated more clarity in the process to identify, to link instruments content with ICF and to expose the results. Thus, increased the number of identified and linked concepts as well as the categories in the instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Disability Evaluation , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Visual Analog Scale
18.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 16(43): 2379, 20210126. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1292037

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hanseníase é uma doença tropical negligenciada causada por Mycobacterium leprae. O Brasil é um dos principais países endêmicos para a doença, persistindo como problema de saúde pública. Além disso, é a principal doença infecciosa causadora de incapacidades físicas. Objetivos: Analisar a magnitude e os fatores associados à limitação de atividade nos casos novos de hanseníase diagnosticados no centro de referência do nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 50 pessoas com diagnóstico de hanseníase. Foram coletadas variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas além de aplicação da escala SALSA para análise da limitação funcional. Empregou-se regressão logística com cálculo de odds ratio. Resultados: A presença de limitações funcionais foi registrada em 32% (n=16) dos casos analisados, destacando-se sexo feminino (56,3%), idosos (37,5%), baixa escolaridade (87,6%), forma dimorfa (62,5%), classificação multibacilar (75,0%) e grau 2 de incapacidade física (50,0%). A limitação funcional esteve associada a faixa etária ≥45 anos (OR 3,80; p=0,047), classificação multibacilar (OR 4,28; p=0,021) e escore OMP ≥6 (OR 4,69; p=0,041). Conclusão: Observou-se elevada frequência de pessoas com incapacidade físicas. Os fatores associados à limitação funcional foram idade igual ou superior a 45 anos, classificação multibacilar e escore OMP maior ou igual a seis.


Introduction: Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Brazil is one of the main endemic countries for the disease, persisting as a public health problem. In addition, it is the main infectious disease that causes physical disabilities. Objectives: To analyze the magnitude and factors associated with activity limitation in new cases of leprosy diagnosed in the reference center in Northeastern Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving 50 people diagnosed with leprosy. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were collected in addition to the application of the SALSA scale for the analysis of functional limitations. Logistic regression was used with the calculation of odds ratio. Results: The presence of functional limitations was registered in 32% (n=16) of the cases analyzed, especially female (56.3%), elderly (37.5%), low education (87.6%), dimorphic form (62.5%), multibacillary classification (75.0%), and degree 2 of physical disability (50.0%). Functional limitation was associated with an age range ≥45 years (OR 3.80; p=0.047), multibacillary classification (OR 4.28; p=0.021), and OMP score ≥6 (OR 4.69; p=0.041). Conclusion: There was a high frequency of people with physical disabilities. The factors associated with functional limitation were age equal to or greater than 45 years, multibacillary classification and OMP score greater than or equal to six.


Introducción: La lepra es una enfermedad tropical desatendida causada por Mycobacterium leprae. Brasil es uno de los principales países endémicos de la enfermedad, persistiendo como problema de salud pública. Además, es la principal enfermedad infecciosa que causa discapacidades físicas. Objetivo: Analizar la magnitud y los factores asociados a la limitación de la actividad en los nuevos casos de lepra diagnosticados en el centro de referencia del noreste de Brasil. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal en el que participaron 50 personas diagnosticadas con lepra. Se recogieron variables clínicas y sociodemográficas además de la aplicación de la escala SALSA para el análisis de limitaciones funcionales. Se utilizó regresión logística con el cálculo del odds ratio. Resultados: La presencia de limitaciones funcionales se registró en el 32% (n=16) de los casos analizados, especialmente mujeres (56,3%), ancianos (37,5%), baja escolaridad (87,6%), forma dismórfica (62,5%), clasificación multibacilar (75,0%) y grado 2 de discapacidad física (50,0%). La limitación funcional se asoció con un rango de edad ≥45 años (OR 3,80; p=0,047), clasificación multibacilar (OR 4,28; p=0,021) y puntuación OMP ≥6 (OR 4,69; p=0,041). Conclusión: Hubo una alta frecuencia de personas con discapacidad física. Los factores asociados a la limitación funcional fueron edad igual o superior a 45 años, clasificación multibacilar y puntuación OMP mayor o igual a seis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy , Socioeconomic Factors , Risk Factors
19.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(3): 1-32, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367519

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en el contexto latinoamericano se está generando evidencia sobre el empleo de instrumentos derivados de la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, de la Discapacidad y de la Salud en psiquiatría y salud mental. Este estudio corresponde a la primera investigación de carácter explicativo en población con trastornos mentales graves en tres países de Sudamérica. El objetivo es determinar un modelo explicativo de discapacidad en una muestra de personas con trastornos mentales graves en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría en Chile, Colombia y Ecuador. Materiales y métodos: se llevó a cabo un estudio multicéntrico, observacional, correlacional, de corte transversal, a partir de un muestreo probabilístico en Colombia y un muestreo por conveniencia en Chile y Ecuador. En total, participaron 803 adultos con trastornos mentales graves, en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría en Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colombia) y Quito (Ecuador). Resultados: el 91.3 % de la muestra presentó algún grado de discapacidad. El modelo multivariado final incluyó las variables explicativas país (Colombia; ß = 6.724); edad (ß = −0.163); escolaridad (ß = −0.5029); síntomas actuales de depresión (ß = 23.26); episodio psicótico (ß = 4.795); episodio hipomaniaco/maniaco (ß = 7.498; t = 3.711); tener práctica religiosa (ß = −2.834), y tener cuidador (ß = 10.363). Obtuvo un coeficiente de determinación de 0.3275 (F [23, 760] = 16.09; p < 0.001, R²∆ = 30.71), que explica el 32.75 % de la discapacidad de las personas de la muestra de los tres países participantes. Conclusiones: en un modelo multivariado de discapacidad para trastornos mentales graves, los síntomas actuales y la presencia de cuidador son las principales variables explicativas de discapacidad


Introduction: Currently, evidence is being generated on the use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-derived tools in psychiatry and mental health. This study corresponds to the first investigation of explanatory character about a wide range of persons with severe mental disorders in three countries of South America. Aim: This study aims to determine an explanatory model of disability in a population with severe mental disorders in contact with outpatient psychiatry services in Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador. Materials and methods: A multicenter, observational, correlational, cross-sectional study was carried out based on a probabilistic sampling in Colombia and a convenience sampling in Chile and Ecuador. A total of 803 adults with severe mental disorders participated, who were in contact with outpatient psychiatry services in Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colombia), and Quito (Ecuador). Results: Some degree of disability was presented by 91.3% of participants. The final multivar-iate model included the explanatory variables country (Colombia; ß = 6.724); age (ß = −0.163); schooling (ß = −0.5029); current depression symptoms (ß = 23.26), psychotic episode (ß = 4.795); hypomanic/manic episode (ß = 7,498; t = 3,711); to have religious practice (ß = −2.834); and to have a caregiver (ß = 10.363); a coefficient of determination of 0.3275 (F [23, 760] = 16.09; p < 0.001M R2∆ = 30.71) was obtained, explain-ing a 32.75% disability in participants from the three participating countries. Conclusions: Current symp-toms and the presence of a caregiver are the main explanatory variables of the disability burden in a multivariate model of disability for severe mental disorders


Introdução: atualmente, no contexto latino-americano, estão sendo geradas evidências sobre o uso de instrumentos derivados da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, da Deficiência e da Saúde em psiquiatria e saúde mental. Este estudo corresponde à primeira pesquisa explicativa em uma popula-ção com transtornos mentais graves em três países da América do Sul. Objetivo: determinar um modelo explicativo da deficiência em uma amostra de pessoas com transtornos mentais graves em contato com serviços psiquiátricos ambulatoriais no Chile, Colômbia e Equador. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo multicêntrico, observacional, correlacional, transversal, a partir de uma amostra probabilística na Colômbia e uma amostra de conveniência no Chile e Equador. No total participaram 803 adultos com transtornos mentais graves, em contato com serviços psiquiátricos ambulatoriais em Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colômbia) e Quito (Equador). Resultados: 91,3% da amostra apresentou algum grau de deficiência. O modelo multivariado final incluiu as variáveis explicativas país (Colômbia; ß = 6,724); idade (ß = −0,163); escolaridade (ß = −0,5029); sintomas atuais de depressão (ß = 23,26); episódio psicótico (ß = 4,795); episódio hipomaníaco/maníaco (ß = 7,498; t = 3,711); ter prática religiosa (ß = −2,834), e ter cuidador (ß= 10,363). Obteve coeficiente de determinação de 0,3275 (F[23, 760] = 16,09; p < 0,001; R2∆ = 30,71), explicando 32,75% da deficiência das pessoas da amostra dos três países participantes. Conclusões: em um modelo multiva-riado de deficiência para transtornos mentais graves, os sintomas atuais e a presença de um cuidador são as principais variáveis explicativas da deficiência


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Disorders , Schizophrenia , Bipolar Disorder , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Depressive Disorder, Major , Disability Evaluation , Ecuador , Ambulatory Care
20.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 22: e61702, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1287773

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar o perfil de funcionalidade e deficiência de pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase. Métodos estudo quantitativo, realizado com 43 pessoas em seis unidades de referência, contendo grupos de apoio ao autocuidado em hanseníase. Foram utilizados um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico e o instrumento World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule . As análises utilizaram estatística descritiva, os testes de qui-quadrado de adequação de ajustamento para as variáveis categóricas, binomial e Mann-Whitney. Resultados a mediana (intervalo interquartil) nos domínios Participação, Mobilidade, Cognição e Atividades de Vida foram, respectivamente, 37,5 (20,8-54,2), 25,0 (6,3-56,3), 20,0 (0,0-40,0) e 10,0 (0,0-40,0), representando o impacto da doença nesses domínios. Conclusão as pontuações de funcionalidade foram maiores nos domínios Participação e Mobilidade, como reflexo das incapacidades físicas, discriminação e estigma na vida das pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the functioning and disability profile of persons affected by leprosy. Methods a quantitative study, carried out with 43 people in six reference units with support groups for self-care in leprosy. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule instrument were used. The analyses used descriptive statistics, the chi-square test of adjustment adequacy for categorical variables, binomial and Mann-Whitney. Results the median (interquartile range) in the Participation, Mobility, Cognition and Life Activities domains were 37.5 (20.8-54.2), 25.0 (6.3-56.3), 20.0 (0.0-40.0) and 10.0 (0.0-40.0), respectively, representing the impact of the disease in these domains. Conclusion the functionality scores were higher in the Participation and Mobility domains, reflecting physical disabilities, discrimination and stigma in the lives of people affected by leprosy.


Subject(s)
Self Care , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Disabled Persons , Disability Evaluation , Leprosy
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