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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1945, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280350

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el propósito de justificar la decisión diplomática de los Estados Unidos, se publicaron dos artículos científicos en revistas médicas que intentan sostener la idea de que en La Habana hubo un ataque dirigido a personal de la embajada estadounidense. Objetivo: Demostrar la falta de rigor científico en dos investigaciones de series de casos no independientes sobre los síntomas de salud de diplomáticos de los Estados Unidos en La Habana. Método: Se realiza un análisis documental de dos publicaciones de series de casos. Se evalúan hipótesis diagnósticas. Resultados: Existe superposición amplia entre las dos series en cuanto a pacientes compartidos y en contraste se presentan algunas diferencias en los datos clínicos que superan lo esperado. Conclusiones: En ambas publicaciones se desaprovecha la riqueza semiográfica de síntomas y la información psicosocial. Se enfatiza más en argumentos asociados al fetichismo de la tecnología expresado en la interpretación de hallazgos inespecíficos. El análisis de datos clínicos permitió ver que se trata de un grupo heterogéneo de personas cuyas quejas de salud han sido reunidas por la interacción de otros factores psicosociales contextuales(AU)


Introduction: In order to justify the diplomatic decision of the United States, two scientific articles were published in medical journals that attempt to support the idea that, in Havana, there was an attack aimed at US embassy personnel. Objective: To prove the lack of scientific consistency in two investigations of non-independent case series on the health symptoms of United States diplomats in Havana. Method: A documentary analysis of two publications of case series is carried out. Diagnostic hypotheses are evaluated. Results: There is wide overlap between the two series in terms of shared patients and in contrast there are some differences in the clinical data that exceed what was expected. Conclusions: In both publications the semiographic wealth of symptoms and psychosocial information are wasted. More emphasis is placed on arguments associated with the fetishism of technology expressed in the interpretation of nonspecific findings. The analysis of clinical data allowed us to see that it is a heterogeneous group of people whose health complaints have been brought together by the interaction of other contextual psychosocial factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Politics , Research , Syndrome , Technology , Dizziness/etiology , Tension-Type Headache/etiology
2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 201-208, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115836

ABSTRACT

El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB) es reconocido como la principal causa de vértigo de origen periférico en adultos, ya que, si bien la etiología del VPPB aún no se ha demostrado plenamente y se clasifica como la mayoría de los casos, se puede identificar el desprendimiento de otolitos y su desplazamiento en uno de los tres canales semicirculares. Una anamnesis cuidadosa puede abordar el diagnóstico clínico del VPPB, pero la confirmación se obtendrá por medio de maniobras de diagnóstico especificas de acuerdo a cuál de los canales está involucrado. Este trastorno altera la capacidad de llevar a cabo actividades de la vida cotidiana que determinan un aumento significativo en el riesgo de caídas y las consiguientes lesiones. La mayoría de los pacientes se recuperan después del tratamiento, sin embargo, hasta dos tercios de éstos pueden percibir inestabilidad prolongada, aturdimiento y malestar definidos como mareo residual. Esta sintomatología residual después de la resolución del VPPB es variable entre los pacientes, siendo el tiempo de duración de los síntomas residuales de aproximadamente de 1 a 3 semanas, existiendo algunos pacientes que pueden recuperarse más tardíamente. En esta revisión analizaremos el mareo residual, describiendo su expresión clínica, diagnóstica, fisiopatológica y tratamientos actuales de esta entidad clínica.


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is recognized as the main cause of peripheral vertigo in adults, although the etiology of BPPV has not yet been fully demonstrated and is classified as idiopathicin most cases, detachment of otoliths and their displacement in one of the three semicircular canals can be identifie. A careful history can address the clinical diagnosis of BPPV, but confirmation will be obtained through specific diagnostic maneuvers according to which canal is involved. This disorder alters the ability to carry out activities of daily living that determine a significant increase in the risk of falls and consequent injuries. Most patients recover after treatment, however, up to two thirds of these patients may perceive prolonged instability, dizziness and discomfort defined as residual dizziness. This residual symptomatology following BPPV resolution is variable among patients, the duration of residual symptoms can last 1 to 3 weeks, with some patients may recover later on. In this review, we will analyze residual dizziness, describing its clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathophysiology and current treatments of this clinical entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dizziness/physiopathology , Dizziness/therapy , Patient Positioning , Dizziness/etiology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/physiopathology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 31-34, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026152

ABSTRACT

As doenças priônicas fazem parte do grupo das síndromes de demência rapidamente progressiva com neurodegeneração. Em humanos, a doença de Creutzfeldt-Jakob é a mais prevalente. Atualmente, seu diagnóstico pode ser baseado em uma combinação do quadro clínico, ressonância magnética e eletroencefalograma com alterações típicas, juntamente da detecção de proteína 14- 3-3 no líquido cefalorraquidiano. Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente de 74 anos, natural de Ubá (MG), admitida em um hospital da mesma cidade com quadro de demência de rápida progressão, com declínio cognitivo, ataxia cerebelar e mioclonias. No contexto clínico, aventou-se a possibilidade de doença de Creutzfeldt-Jakob e, então, foi iniciada investigação para tal, com base nos critérios diagnósticos. Também foram realizados exames para descartar a possibilidade de doenças com sintomas semelhantes. O caso foi diagnosticado como forma esporádica de doença de Creutzfeldt-Jakob. (AU)


Prion diseases are part of the rapidly progressive dementia syndromes with neurodegeneration. In humans, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is the most prevalent. Currently, its diagnosis may be based on a combination of clinical picture, magnetic resonance imaging, and electroencephalogram with typical changes, along with the detection of 14-3-3 protein in cerebrospinal fluid. This report describes the case of a 74-year-old woman from the city of Ubá, in the state of Minas Gerais, who was admitted to a hospital in the same city with a rapidly progressive dementia, cognitive decline, cerebellar ataxia and myoclonus. In the clinical context, the possibility of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was raised, and then investigation was started for this disease, based on the its diagnostic criteria. Tests have also been conducted to rule out the possibility of diseases with similar symptoms. The case was diagnosed as a sporadic form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/diagnosis , Vision Disorders , Biopsy , Immunochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cerebellar Ataxia/etiology , Blotting, Western , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/complications , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/genetics , Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Fatal Outcome , Dementia/etiology , Akinetic Mutism/etiology , Dizziness/etiology , Electroencephalography , Cerebrum/pathology , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Prion Proteins/isolation & purification , Prion Proteins/cerebrospinal fluid , Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia , Labyrinthitis/etiology , Myoclonus/etiology
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(1): 25-32, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Changes in postural balance and visual complaints are frequent consequences of stroke. We aimed to investigate the symptoms and the vestibular and oculomotor functions of patients with dizziness post ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and compare the results among them. Methods: Fifty patients with dizziness after stroke were evaluated through a clinical anamnesis and computerized vector electronystagmography: calibration of ocular movements, spontaneous nystagmus, semi-spontaneous nystagmus, pendular tracking, optokinetic nystagmus, rotary chair testing, and the caloric test. Results: All patients complained of dizziness, especially imbalance. Ischemic stroke in the carotid territory was the prevalent type. Visual complaints were reported by 56% of the sample and were related to abnormalities in oculomotor and caloric tests. Conclusion: The occurrence of visual symptoms was related to some abnormalities in the vector electronystagmography tests, being more frequent in cases of stroke in the vertebrobasilar system, and with oscillopsia and reduced visual acuity as symptoms.


RESUMO Alterações no equilíbrio postural são consequências frequentes no acidente vascular cerebral (AVC). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os sintomas e as funções vestibular e oculomotora de sujeitos com tontura após AVC isquêmico e hemorrágico, comparando seus resultados. Métodos: Foram avaliados 50 sujeitos com tontura após AVC, por meio de anamnese clínica e vectoeletronistagmografia computadorizada (VENG): calibração dos movimentos oculares; nistagmo espontâneo e semi-espontâneo; rastreio pendular; nistagmo optocinético; prova rotatória pendular decrescente e prova calórica com estímulo a ar. Resultados: Todos relataram tontura, principalmente do tipo desequilíbrio. O AVC isquêmico e no sistema carotídeo foi o mais frequente. Sintomas visuais pós-AVC foram referidos por 56% da amostra, os quais tiveram relação com alterações nas provas oculomotoras e calórica da VENG. Conclusão: A ocorrência de sintomas visuais relacionou-se a alterações em alguns testes. Essas alterações foram mais frequentes nos casos de AVC da circulação posterior, naqueles com oscilopsia e diminuição da acuidade visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vestibular Function Tests , Stroke/complications , Stroke/physiopathology , Dizziness/etiology , Dizziness/physiopathology , Oculomotor Nerve/physiopathology , Vision Disorders/etiology , Vision Disorders/physiopathology , Caloric Tests , Visual Acuity/physiology , Nystagmus, Pathologic/etiology , Nystagmus, Pathologic/physiopathology , Vestibule, Labyrinth/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electronystagmography/methods
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 23: e2032, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-983898

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos Investigar, na literatura, a efetividade de tratamentos usados para reabilitação vestibular (RV) na atenção primária à saúde. Estratégia de pesquisa A busca de publicações sobre RV na APS foi realizada nas bases de dados eletrônicas MEDLINE (acesso pela PubMed), PEDro e Web of Science. Critérios de seleção Foram selecionados ensaios clínicos controlados nas línguas inglesa, espanhola e portuguesa. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada pela escala PEDro. A análise dos resultados foi contemplada por meio de revisão crítica dos conteúdos. Resultados Cinco estudos foram revisados na íntegra, sendo a faixa etária dos participantes igual ou superior a 18 anos (n=5). A Vertigo Symptom Scale (60%) e a Escala Visual Analógica (40%) foram os instrumentos empregados para avaliar a percepção subjetiva da sintomatologia da disfunção vestibular. A escala PEDro revelou que dois artigos apresentaram delineamento de boa qualidade para condução do estudo experimental. A proposta de intervenção mais utilizada foi baseada nos exercícios de Yardley (60%). Conclusão Estudos controlados disponibilizam evidências de efeitos positivos da reabilitação vestibular na atenção primária à saúde, com melhoras no controle postural, capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida dos participantes.


ABSTRACT Purpose Investigate in the literature the effectiveness of treatments used for vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in PHC. Research strategy The search of publications on VR in PHC was carried out in electronic databases MEDLINE (access by PubMed), PEDro and Web of Science. Selection criteria Controlled clinical trials were selected in English, Spanish and Portuguese. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using the PEDro scale. The analysis of the results was examined through a critical review of the contents. Results Five studies were reviewed in their entirety, with the participants' age group being equal to or older than 18 years (n = 5). The Vertigo Symptom Scale and (60%) and Visual Analog Scale (40%) were the instruments used to evaluate the subjective perception of the symptomatology of vestibular dysfunction. The PEDro Scale revealed that two articles presented a good quality design for conducting the experimental study. The most used intervention proposal was the Yardley Exercises (60%). Conclusion Controlled studies provide evidence of positive effects of VR on PHC, with improvements in postural control, functional capacity and quality of life of participants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Vertigo/etiology , Dizziness/etiology , Effectiveness
6.
Rev. Kairós ; 20(4): 345-366, dez. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-987935

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as condições de equilíbrio corporal de idosos institucionalizados com queixa de tontura. Trata-se de um estudo transversal de caráter quantitativo, realizado no Ambulatório de Otoneurologia de um hospital da região sul do Brasil. Dentre os sintomas vestibulares, a tontura é o mais comum, interferindo diretamente na qualidade de vida, sendo ainda considerada uma questão importante de saúde pública.


The aim of this study was to analyze the conditions of body balance of institutionalized elderly complaining of dizziness. This is a cross-sectional study of quantitative character, performed in the outpatient hospital Otoneurology in southern Brazil. Vestibular symptoms, the dizziness is the most common, interfering directly in the quality of life, and is still considered an important public health issue.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las condiciones de equilibrio corporal de ancianos institucionalizados con queja de mareo. Se trata de un estudio transversal de carácter cuantitativo, realizado en el Ambulatorio de Otoneurología de un hospital de la región sur de Brasil. Entre los síntomas vestibulares, la mareo es el más común, interfiriendo directamente en la calidad de vida, siendo todavía considerada una cuestión importante de salud pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postural Balance , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dizziness/etiology , Health of Institutionalized Elderly
7.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 4-7, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840783

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Cervical pain contributes to postural deviations and imbalance. Nanotechnology may be used for the treatment of neck pain by fixing to the skin small rounds silicone patches containing double spiral carbon nanotubes arranged in the form of a coil (Helical), which would then relieve dizziness caused by muscular contraction. Objective The objective of this study is to Evaluate pain and dizziness scores before and after Helical patches effect on cervicogenic dizziness treatment. Methods The selected patients should have neck pain arising from muscle contraction with loss of balance or instability lasting more than 90 days and normal electrooculography. Treatment consisted of placing 10 Helical patches distributed as follows: two in the upper cervical area, two in the lower cervical area (near the 5th and 6th vertebrae), two in the upper trapezius muscle area (between neck and shoulder), and four in the tender point area (as reported by the patient). Using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), we matched pain and dizziness scores from Day 1 to those from Day 15 and Day 30 using Mann-Whitney test. Results There was a significant difference between pain score reported on Day 1 and Day 15 (Z = 2.43, U = 5, p = 0.01). We also found significant differences between dizziness scores reportedondays1 and15 (Z = 2.62, U = 3.5, p = 0.01) and days 1 and 30 (Z = 2.36, U = 5.5, p = 0.01). Conclusion The Helical patches seem to be an effective treatment for cervicogenic dizziness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Dizziness/etiology , Dizziness/therapy , Nanotechnology/trends , Neck Pain , Chronic Pain
8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1239-1245, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143638

ABSTRACT

In this study, we characterized cerebral blood flow changes by assessment of blood flow parameters in neck arteries using carotid duplex ultrasonography and predictive factors for these hemodynamic changes. Hemodynamic variables were measured before and during hemodialysis in 81 patients with an arteriovenous access in their arm. Hemodialysis produced significant lowering in peak systolic velocity and flow volume of neck arteries and calculated total cerebral blood flow (1,221.9 ± 344.9 [before hemodialysis] vs. 1,085.8 ± 319.2 [during hemodialysis], P < 0.001). Effects were greater in vessels on the same side as the arteriovenous access and these changes were influenced by arteriovenous access flow during hemodialysis, both in the CCA (r = -0.277, P = 0.015) and the VA (r = -0.239, P = 0.034). The change of total cerebral blood flow during hemodialysis was independently related with age, presence of diabetes, and systemic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Dizziness/etiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1239-1245, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143627

ABSTRACT

In this study, we characterized cerebral blood flow changes by assessment of blood flow parameters in neck arteries using carotid duplex ultrasonography and predictive factors for these hemodynamic changes. Hemodynamic variables were measured before and during hemodialysis in 81 patients with an arteriovenous access in their arm. Hemodialysis produced significant lowering in peak systolic velocity and flow volume of neck arteries and calculated total cerebral blood flow (1,221.9 ± 344.9 [before hemodialysis] vs. 1,085.8 ± 319.2 [during hemodialysis], P < 0.001). Effects were greater in vessels on the same side as the arteriovenous access and these changes were influenced by arteriovenous access flow during hemodialysis, both in the CCA (r = -0.277, P = 0.015) and the VA (r = -0.239, P = 0.034). The change of total cerebral blood flow during hemodialysis was independently related with age, presence of diabetes, and systemic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Dizziness/etiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 293-297, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768348

ABSTRACT

Introduction Poor diet habits and inadequate intake of nutrients are a concern in the elderly. Nutritional education with guidance may improve the results of the treatment of vertigo. Objective Evaluate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) associated with feeding habits. Methods Cross-sectional study with elderly people living independently.We evaluated nutritional habits through themethod of dietary 24-hour recall andmanipulation of Dix-Hallpike. Results Based on a sample of 487 individuals, 117 had BPPV. Among the 117 elderly patients with BPPV, 37 (31.62%) had inadequate feeding. From those 370 individuals without BPPV, 97 (26.21%) had inappropriate feeding. No significant association between nutritional habits and BPPV in the total population was observed (p = 0.3064). However, there was significant relation between BPPV and inadequate carbohydrate intake (p = 0.0419) and insufficient fiber intake (p = 0.03), and the diet of these subjects was rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (p = 0.0084). Conclusion These data correlate with the dyslipidemia and hypertriglyceridemia status, making it extremely important to reduce the intake of fats and carbohydrates and increase the fiber intake to stabilize triglycerides and thus minimize harmful effects on the inner ear. Food readjustment is suggested in patients with BPPV, along with the work of a multidisciplinary team to improve the quality of the elderly.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Dizziness/etiology , Dizziness/therapy
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 12(4)nov. 2014. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-730242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the most common complaints physicians face is dizziness. Patients with dizziness may have an array of conditions, from benign vertigo to potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias, and including diverse conditions such as Parkinson`s disease and hyponatremia. This is a systematic review of the classification of dizziness, aiming at a more efficient and comprehensive clinical management of the condition, prompted from the presentation of an actual clinical case. METHODS: A 63-year-old man, with a 1-year history of dizziness predominantly on walking, was presented. The complaint prompted a search of the Pubmed and Scielo databases, for flow-charts and systematizations of the approach to the condition. RESULTS: Some approaches were identified that were useful in primary care, chiefly Drachman`s 4-type classification, which minimizes diagnostic biases. The clinical case was then discussed according to the information found, and a sequence of physical examination maneuvers, to beimplemented whenever a patient with dizziness is seen, waspresented. CONCLUSION: Approaching a patient complaining of dizziness and making its differential diagnosis is a huge intellectual challenge to any physician. There are tools that allow for correct classification of the patients, reduce diagnostic biases, discourage incorrect treatments and reduce expenses...


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Uma das queixas mais prevalentes e que mais confunde médicos é a tontura. Esses pacientes podem ter desde vertigens benignas até arritmias cardíacas potencialmente fatais, passando ainda por condições tão diversas quanto a doença de Parkinson e a hiponatremia. Este estudo tem por objetivo apresentar uma revisão sistemática sobre as classificações das tonturas, de forma a permitir uma abordagem clínica mais eficiente e abrangente, a partir da apresentação de um caso clínico real. MÉTODOS: é apresentado um paciente de 63 anos com queixa de tontura há cerca de 1 ano, principalmente para caminhar. A partir do quadro, foi feita revisão sistemática da literatura no Pubmed e Scielo, buscando os fluxogramas e sistematizações disponíveis para a abordagem da tontura. RESULTADOS: foram encontradas algumas formas de abordagem da tontura, muito úteis em atenção primária e clínica médica, especialmente a classificação nas 4 categorias de Drachman, a qual minimiza os vieses diagnósticos. Por fim, foi exposto o desfecho e a discussão do caso, juntamente com uma sugestão de sequência de exame físico a ser realizada em todo paciente com tontura. CONCLUSÃO: Saber abordar essa queixa e realizar seu diagnóstico diferencial é um grande desafio intelectual ao médico de qualquer especialidade. Há ferramentas disponíveis que permitem enquadrar o paciente em categorias, evitando vieses diagnósticos, tratamentos incorretos e gastos desnecessários...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dizziness/classification , Dizziness/diagnosis , Dizziness/etiology
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 19(8): 3365-3374, ago. 2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-718629

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do artigo é analisar o efeito de um protocolo estruturado de reabilitação vestibular na sintomatologia de tontura e qualidade de vida de idosos. Participaram nove idosos, quatro do gênero masculino e cinco do feminino. Utilizou-se para avaliação da qualidade de vida o Dizziness Handicap Inventory - DHI e para a sintomatologia de tontura, a escala de quantificação de tontura. Desenvolveu-se um protocolo de reabilitação vestibular constituído de atividades em grupo. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se o teste de Wilcoxon e teste T de Student. Utilizou-se o Coeficiente de Correlação de Spearman para analisar a relação entre qualidade de vida e sintomatologia de tontura. O nível de significância utilizado foi de 5%. Observou-se melhora significativa da sintomatologia de tontura, da qualidade de vida geral e dos aspectos físicos, emocionais e funcionais após a realização do programa. Verificou-se ainda, uma boa correlação positiva entre sintomatologia de tontura e qualidade de vida. Conclui-se que os participantes do programa obtiveram uma melhora significativa da tontura, qualidade de vida geral e dos seus respectivos aspectos pós-reabilitação vestibular. Observou-se ainda uma boa correlação entre sintomatologia de tontura e qualidade de vida geral.


The scope of this paper was to analyze the effect of a structured protocol of vestibular rehabilitation in the symptomatology of dizziness and the quality of life among the elderly. Nine elderly individuals were attended, namely four males and five females. The Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) was used to assess quality of life and the dizziness quantification scale for the symptomatology of dizziness. A protocol for vestibular rehabilitation consisting of group activities was then developed. The Wilcoxon test and Student t-test were used for data analysis. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the relationship between quality of life and the symptomology of dizziness. The significance level used was 5%. There was significant improvement in the symptomatology of dizziness, overall quality of life and physical, emotional and functional aspects after completion of the program. There was also a good positive correlation between the symptomatology of dizziness and quality of life. The conclusion reached was that program participants had a significant improvement of dizziness, general quality of life and their respective vestibular rehabilitation aspects. There was also a good correlation between symptomatology of dizziness and overall quality of life.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Dizziness/etiology , Dizziness/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Vestibular Diseases/complications , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Clinical Protocols
13.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(2): 174-182, 16/05/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709564

ABSTRACT

Background: The Vestibular Disorders Activities of Daily Living Scale (VADL) is considered an important subjective assessment to evaluate patients suffering from dizziness and imbalance. Although frequently used, its metric characteristics still require further investigation. Objective: This paper aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the VADL in an elderly population. Method: The sample comprises patients (≥65 years old) with chronic dizziness resulting from vestibular disorders. For discriminant analysis, patients were compared to healthy subjects. All subjects answered the VADL-Brazil by interview. To examine the VADL validity, patients filled out the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the ABC scale and were tested on the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI). To evaluate the VADL responsiveness, 20 patients were submitted to rehabilitation. Results: Patients (n=140) had a VADL total score of 4.1±1.6 points. Healthy subjects scored significantly less than patients in all the subscales and in the VADL total score. The VADL-Brazil was weakly correlated with the DHI and moderately to the ABC scale and the DGI. Instead of the original 3 subscales, factor analysis resulted in 6 factors. The VADL was capable of detecting changes after rehabilitation, which means that the instrument has responsiveness. Conclusions: This study provided more data about the psychometric properties and usefulness of the VADL-Brazil. The use of such a reliable and valid instrument increases the knowledge about disability in patients with vestibular disorders. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Dizziness/physiopathology , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dizziness/etiology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vestibular Diseases/complications
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1550-1554, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161112

ABSTRACT

We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of various anticholinergics in Korean children with non-neurogenic overactive bladder (OAB). A total of 326 children (males:females= 157:169) aged under 18 yr (mean age 7.3+/-2.6 yr) who were diagnosed with OAB from 2008 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean duration of OAB symptoms before anticholinergic treatment was 16.9+/-19.0 months. The mean duration of medication was 5.6+/-7.3 months. Urgency urinary incontinence episodes per week decreased from 1.9+/-3.1 to 0.4+/-1.5 times (P<0.001). The median voiding frequency during daytime was decreased from 9.2+/-5.4 to 6.3+/-4.2 times (P<0.001). According to 3-day voiding diaries, the maximum and average bladder capacity were increased from 145.5+/-66.9 to 196.8+/-80.3 mL and from 80.8+/-39.6 to 121.8+/-56.5 mL, respectively (P<0.001). On uroflowmetry, maximum flow rate was increased from 17.6+/-8.4 to 20.5+/-8.2 mL/sec (P<0.001). Adverse effects were reported in 14 (4.3%) children and six children (1.8%) discontinued medication due to adverse effects. Our results indicate that anticholinergics are effective to improve OAB symptoms and tolerability was acceptable without severe complications in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Constipation/etiology , Dizziness/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/drug therapy
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(2): 203-211, mar.-abr. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-673228

ABSTRACT

A Vestibular Disorders Activities of Daily Living Scale (VADL) avalia o impacto da tontura e desequilíbrio corporal nas atividades cotidianas de indivíduos vestibulopatas. A escala contempla 28 atividades divididas em três dimensões (funcional, locomoção e instrumental). OBJETIVO: Traduzir, adaptar transculturamente e verificar a confiabilidade da VADL para o português do Brasil. MÉTODO: Pesquisa metodológica de tradução de questionário. Foram recrutados 80 idosos (> 65 anos) com tontura crônica de origem vestibular, dos quais 40 participaram do pré-teste e 40 da análise de confiabilidade. A confiabilidade foi testada pelo Coeficiente de Correlação de Concordância (CCC) e a consistência interna pelo Alfa de Cronbach (α). RESULTADOS: No pré-teste, houve 15% de incompreensão em duas atividades da versão brasileira da VADL, sendo necessária adaptação desses itens. A VADL-Brasil apresentou valor semelhante de confiabilidade intra e inter-examinadores para o escore total com concordância substancial (CCC = 0,79). A consistência interna apresentou valor excelente para o escore total (α = 0,92), bom para as dimensões funcional (α = 0,89) e locomoção (α = 0,86), e fraco para a instrumental (α = 0,56). CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira da VADL mostrou-se adequada, com boa confiabilidade e consistência interna, sendo, assim, uma alternativa para avaliar a capacidade funcional de vestibulopatas.


The Vestibular Disorders Activities of Daily Living Scale (VADL) assesses the impact of dizziness and body imbalance on the everyday activities of patients with vestibulopathy. The scale encompasses 28 activities divided into three sub-scales (functional, ambulation and instrumental). OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the VADL to the Brazilian Portuguese language and verify its reliability. METHOD: Questionnaire translation methodological research. Eighty elderly subjects (age > 65 years) with chronic dizziness arising from vestibular disorders were enrolled, of which 40 participated in the pre-testing stage and 40 in reliability analysis. Concordance Correlation Coefficient (CCC) analysis was used to assess reliability. Internal consistency was estimated using Cronbach's alpha (α). RESULTS: Pre-test analysis revealed 15% of incomprehension on two activities; these items had to be adapted. The VADL-Brazil had similar levels of test-retest and inter-rater reliability for total score and presented substantial agreement (CCC = 0.79). Internal consistency was excellent for total score (α = 0.92), good for the functional (α = 0.89) and locomotion (α = 0.86) sub-scales, and poor for the instrumental subscale (α = 0.56). CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the VADL was proven adequate, with good levels of reliability and internal consistency. It might be thus considered as an alternative to assess the functional capacity of vestibulopathy patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Dizziness/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil , Cultural Characteristics , Dizziness/etiology , Reproducibility of Results , Translating , Vestibular Diseases/complications
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(1): 22-27, jan.-fev. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-667971

ABSTRACT

Pacientes após Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) podem apresentar sintomas otoneurológicos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função vestibular de pacientes com antecedente pessoal de AVC no território carotídeo. Desenho científico: estudo de coorte histórica com corte transversal. MÉTODO: Quarenta pacientes foram submetidos à anamnese, exame otorrinolaringológico, Dizziness Handicap Inventory e vectoeletronistagmografia. RESULTADOS: Anormalidades discretas dos movimentos sacádicos foram encontradas em 20 pacientes (50,0%); nove referiram desequilíbrio e um tontura. O ganho do rastreio pendular foi anormal em 17 casos (42,5%); seis referiram desequilíbrio e um tontura. Preponderância direcional anormal do nistagmoperrotatório ocorreu em dois casos (5,0%), que referiram desequilíbrio. A prova calórica identificou três casos (7,5%) com predomínio labiríntico anormal e dois (5,0%) com preponderância direcional anormal do nistagmo; os cinco casos relataram desequilíbrio. Dos 11 pacientes que não referiram manifestações de alteração do equilíbrio corporal, 10 apresentaram alterações nos movimentos sacádicos e no rastreio pendular e um apresentou exame vestibular normal. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com antecedente pessoal de AVC no território carotídeo podem apresentar tontura ou desequilíbrio corporal e sinais de comprometimento da motilidade ocular e da função vestibular.


Stroke patients may present otoneurological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To assess the vestibular function of subjects with a history of carotid territory stroke. METHOD: This historical cohort cross sectional study enrolled 40 patients; subjects answered the Dizziness Handicap Inventory, were interviewed and submitted to ENT examination and vectorelectronystagmography. RESULTS: Mild saccadic movement anomalies were seen in 20 patients (50.0%); nine complained of imbalance and dizziness. Abnormal smooth pursuit gain was seen in 17 cases (42.5%); six subjects reported imbalance and one complained of dizziness. Abnormal directional preponderance during rotational nystagmus was seen in two cases (5.0%), who also reported imbalance. Three patients (7.5%) and two subjects (5.0%) were found to have abnormal labyrinthine predominance and abnormal nystagmus directional preponderance respectively; all five individuals reported imbalance. Ten of the 11 patients without complaints of disordered balance had altered saccadic and smooth pursuit eye movements, while one had unaltered vestibular function. CONCLUSION: Patients with a history of carotid territory stroke may suffer from dizziness or imbalance and present signs of compromised eye motility and vestibular function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Stroke/complications , Vestibular Diseases/etiology , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dizziness/diagnosis , Dizziness/etiology , Nystagmus, Pathologic/diagnosis , Nystagmus, Pathologic/etiology , Vestibular Function Tests , Vertigo/diagnosis , Vertigo/etiology , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1362-1372, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44047

ABSTRACT

We investigated the safety and clinical applicability of 7.0 Tesla (T) brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with brain tumors. Twenty-four patients with intraaxial or extraaxial brain tumors were enrolled in this study. 7.0T MRIs of T2*-weighted axial and T1-weighted coronal or sagittal images were obtained and compared with 1.5T brain MRIs. The T2*-weighted images from 7.0T brain MRI revealed detailed microvasculature and the internal contents of supratentorial brain tumors better than that of 1.5T brain MRI. For brain tumors located in parasellar areas or areas adjacent to major cerebral vessels, flow-related artifacts were exaggerated in the 7.0T brain MRIs. For brain tumors adjacent to the skull base, susceptibility artifacts in the interfacing areas of the paranasal sinus and skull base hampered the aquisition of detailed images and information on brain tumors in the 7.0T brain MRIs. This study shows that 7.0T brain MRI can provide detailed information on the intratumoral components and margins in supratentorial brain tumors. Further studies are needed to develop refined MRI protocols for better images of brain tumors located in the skull base, parasellar, and adjacent major cerebrovascular structures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Dizziness/etiology , Headache/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects , Muscle Contraction/radiation effects
18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1827-1829, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9505

ABSTRACT

A 26-yr-old male patient reported worsened dyspnea, dizziness one year after an emergency Bentall operation for type A aortic dissection. There was evidence of hemolytic anemia and aortogram revealed a significant stenosis at the distal anastomosis site. During the reoperation, we found the inner felt at the distal anastomosis was inverted causing a significant stenosis. The reoperation successfully resolved this problem. Here, we report a rare case of hemolytic anemia caused by an inverted inner felt after Bentall operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Acute Disease , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anemia, Hemolytic/diagnosis , Aortic Dissection/complications , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Dizziness/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Echocardiography , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 78(2): 87-95, mar.-abr. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-622848

ABSTRACT

Idosos com disfunção vestibular crônica podem apresentar alteração do equilíbrio corporal e disfunção cognitiva. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a relação entre o processamento cognitivo e o equilíbrio corporal de idosos com vestibulopatia periférica crônica. Forma de Estudo: Transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: O estudo incluiu 76 pacientes (> 60 anos), com disfunção vestibular periférica crônica, com queixa de tontura há mais de três meses. Os testes utilizados para investigar o equilíbrio corporal foram: Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) e Timed Up Go Test modificado (TUGTm) e para a avaliação cognitiva utilizou-se Mini Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM), Teste do Relógio (TR) e Teste de Fluência Verbal (FV). RESULTADOS: A média etária dos pacientes foi de 69,03 anos (DP=6,21 anos), sendo a maioria feminina (82,9%). Observou-se correlação negativa significante entre o MEEM e TUGT (ρ=-0,312; p=0,01), MEEM e TUGTm (ρ=-0,306; p=0,01), FV e TUGT (ρ=-0,346; p=0,01) e FV e TUGTm (ρ=-0,536; p=0,01); e correlação positiva significante entre TR e BBS (ρ=0,343; p=0,01), TR e DGI (ρ=0,298; p=0,01), FV e BBS (ρ=0,299; p=0,01), e FV e DGI (ρ=0,306; p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: Idosos com vestibulopatia periférica crônica com pior desempenho no equilíbrio corporal funcional apresentam prejuízo nas habilidades cognitivas.


Abnormal body balance and cognitive dysfunction may develop in elderly patients with chronic vestibular dysfunction. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between cognitive processing and body balance in elderly patients with chronic peripheral vestibular disease. Type of Study: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Seventy-six patients (> 60 years) with chronic peripheral vestibular dysfunction and dizziness for more than three months were enrolled. The tests for investigating body balance were: the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) Timed Up and Go Test modified (TUGTm); the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Test Clock (RT,) and Verbal Fluency Test (VF) were applied for assessing cognition. RESULTS: The mean age was 69.03 years (SD=6.21 years); most were female (82.9%). There was a significant negative correlation between the MMSE and the TUGT (ρ=-0.312; p=0.01), MMSE and TUGTm (ρ=-0.306; p=0.01), FV and TUGT (ρ=-0.346; p=0.01), and FV and TUGTm (ρ=-0.536; p=0.01); there was a significant positive correlation between the TR and BBS (ρ=0.343; p=0.01), TR and DGI (ρ=0.298; p=0.01), FV and BBS (ρ=0.299; p=0.01), and FV and DGI (ρ=0.306; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: Elderly patients with chronic peripheral vestibular disease and worse performance in body balance tests have functional impairment in cognitive skills.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Postural Balance , Sensation Disorders/etiology , Vestibular Diseases/complications , Accidental Falls , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dizziness/etiology , Educational Status , Vestibular Function Tests
20.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 480-480, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168852
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