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1.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 137(1): 11-14, mar. 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552846

ABSTRACT

Los LNH constituyen la segunda neoplasia más frecuente en pacientes con VIH. Estas neoplasias están ligadas a la inmunodeficiencia, suelen ser de período de latencia prolongado y más frecuentes en hombres. Más del 95% de estas neoplasias son de fenotipo B, de alto grado de malignidad, extranodales y representan la causa de muerte en un 12% al 16% de los casos. El linfoma no Hodgkin primitivo de mama (LPM) es una entidad infrecuente, que representa el 2,2% de todos los linfomas extranodales y el 0,5% de todas las neoplasias malignas de la mama. Se presenta una mujer con sida y linfoma primario de mama. (AU)


NHL is the second most common neoplasm in patients with HIV. It is linked to immunodeficiency, tends to have a long latency period and is more common in men. More than 95% of these neoplasms are of phenotype B, high-grade, extranodal and are the cause of death in 12% to 16% of cases. Primitive non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the breast is a rare entity, accounting for 2.2% of all extranodal lymphomas and 0.5% of all breast malignancies. A woman with AIDS and primary breast lymphoma is presented. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, B-Cell/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Efavirenz, Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination/therapeutic use
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390524, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533358

ABSTRACT

Purpose: We aimed to reveal the effects of rosmarinic acid (RA), which has come to the forefront with its antitumor and antioxidant properties in many studies recently in the ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line, on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR) signaling pathway in the presence of doxorubicin (DOX). Methods: Ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line (OVCAR3) and human skin keratinocyte cell line human skin keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) were used as control. (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) test was applied to determine the effect of RA and DOX on the proliferation of OVCAR3 and HaCaT cells. Bcl2 expression and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and western blot analysis were performed to determine the expression levels of the markers. Results: It was determined that RA (IC50 = 437.6 µM) and DOX (IC50 = 0.08 µM) have the ability to inhibit the proliferation of OVCAR3 cells and induce apoptosis in a 72-hour time and dose-dependent manner. Western blot showed that the expression level of Bcl-2 and EGFR in OVCAR3 cells was down-regulated by RA and DOX. Conclusions: Apoptosis in OVCAR3 cells can potentially be induced by RA via the EGFR pathway, and RA may be a potent agent for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , ErbB Receptors
3.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(2): 184-194, 14 de agosto del 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451587

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de vejiga es una enfermedad de gran prevalencia, siendo su mayor problema la tendencia a la recidiva y a la progresión. Para disminuir en lo posible esta recidiva y progresión se han utilizado muchos quimioterapéuticos intravesicales aplicados a lo largo de meses tras la resección transuretral de vejiga con resultados desiguales. La doxorrubicina es un antibiótico antraciclino con actividad antitumoral producido por Streptococcus peucetius var. caesius. Tiene la capacidad de intercalarse con el DNA, afecta muchas de sus funciones e inhibe la síntesis de DNA y RNA, que por vía intravesical actúa evitando la implantación de células tumorales circulantes. Metodología: El estudio será de tipo observacional descriptivo, retrospectivo de corte transversal, comprendido entre el 1 de enero de 2018 y el 31 de enero de 2021 y desarrollado en el Servicio de Urología del Hospital Teodoro Maldonado Carbo. Resultados: Fueron 148 casos analizados. La especificidad del índice fue de 81 %, con un valor predictivo (VP) positivo del 77 % y VP negativo de 68 %. La sensibilidad de la ascitis 85 % y la masa abdominal palpable del 79 %. En las pacientes que presentaron valores de antígeno CA-125 menor a 1000 U/ml, el riesgo de obtener una citorreducción óptima fue OR: 0.15 (IC95% 0.069 ­ 0.307; P: 0.0001); las pacientes que presentaron valores del índice de irresecabilidad entre 1 y 2 puntos versus 3 y 4 fue de OR: 7.04 (IC95% 3.33 -14.87, P: 0.0001). Conclusiones: el cáncer de vejiga es una enfermedad prevalente que presenta desafíos significativos debido a su propensión a la recidiva y progresión. Para abordar este problema, se han utilizado diversos quimioterapéuticos intravesicales después de la resección transuretral de vejiga, aunque con resultados variables. La doxorrubicina, un antibiótico antraciclino con propiedades antitumorales, ha demostrado la capacidad de interferir con el ADN y el ARN, lo que la convierte en una opción valiosa para prevenir la implantación de células tumorales circulantes cuando se administra por vía intravesical.


Introduction: Bladder cancer is a highly prevalent disease; its most significant problem is its tendency to recur and progress. To reduce this recurrence and progression as much as possible, many intravesical chemotherapeutics applied over months after transurethral resection of the bladder have been used with mixed results. Doxorubicin is an anthracycline antibiotic with antitumor activity produced by Streptococcus peucetius var. cesius. It can intercalate with DNA, affects many of its functions, and inhibits the synthesis of DNA and RNA, which acts intravesically to prevent the implantation of circulating tumor cells. Methodology: The study will be of an observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional type between January 1, 2018, and January 31, 2021, and developed in the Urology Service of the Teodoro Maldonado Carbo Hospital. Results: A total of 148 cases were analyzed. The specificity of the index was 81%, with a positive predictive value (PV) of 77% and a negative PV of 68%. The sensitivity of ascites was 85%, and that of the palpable abdominal mass was 79%. In patients who presented CA-125 antigen values less than 1000 U/ml, the risk of obtaining optimal cytoreduction was OR: 0.15 (95% CI 0.069 - 0.307; P: 0.0001). The patients who presented unresectability index values between 1 and 2 points versus 3 and 4 points were OR: 7.04 (95% CI 3.33 -14.87, P: 0.0001). Conclusions: Bladder cancer is a prevalent disease that presents significant challenges due to its propensity for recurrence and progression. To address this problem, various intravesical chemotherapeutics have been used after transurethral resection of the bladder, although with variable results. Doxorubicin, an anthracycline antibiotic with antitumor properties, has demonstrated the ability to interfere with DNA and RNA, making it a valuable option to prevent the implantation of circulating tumor cells when administered intravesically.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Transurethral Resection of Bladder , BCG Vaccine , Doxorubicin
4.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 36(1): e371, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513116

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A avaliação da área valvar mitral por meio da reconstrução multiplano na ecocardiografia tridimensional é restrita a softwares específicos e à experiência dos ecocardiografistas. Eles precisam selecionar manualmente o frame do vídeo que contenha a área de abertura máxima da valva mitral, dimensão fundamental para a identificação de estenose mitral. Objetivo: Automatizar o processo de determinação da área de abertura máxima da valva mitral, por meio da aplicação de Processamento Digital de Imagens (PDI) em exames de ecocardiograma, desenvolvendo um algoritmo aberto com leitura de vídeo no formato avi. Método: Este estudo piloto observacional transversal foi realizado com vinte e cinco exames diferentes de ecocardiograma, sendo quinze com abertura normal e dez com estenose mitral reumática. Todos os exames foram realizados e disponibilizados por dois especialistas, com autorização do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, que utilizaram dois modelos de aparelhos ecocardiográficos: Vivid E95 (GE Healthcare) e Epiq 7 (Philips), com sondas multiplanares transesofágicas. Todos os vídeos em formato avi foram submetidos ao PDI através da técnica de segmentação de imagens. Resultados: As medidas obtidas manualmente por ecocardiografistas experientes e os valores calculados pelo sistema desenvolvido foram comparados utilizando o diagrama de Bland-Altman. Observou-se maior concordância entre valores no intervalo de 0,4 a 2,7 cm². Conclusão: Foi possível determinar automaticamente a área de máxima abertura das valvas mitrais, tanto para os casos advindos da GE quanto da Philips, utilizando apenas um vídeo como dado de entrada. O algoritmo demonstrou economizar tempo nas medições quando comparado com a mensuração habitual. (AU)


Background: The evaluation of mitral valve area through multiplanar reconstruction in 3-dimensional echocardiography is restricted to specific software and to the experience of echocardiographers. They need to manually select the video frame that contains the maximum mitral valve opening area, as this dimension is fundamental to identification of mitral stenosis. Objective: To automate the process of determining the maximum mitral valve opening area, through the application of digital image processing (DIP) in echocardiography tests, developing an open algorithm with video reading in avi format. Method: This cross-sectional observational pilot study was conducted with 25 different echocardiography exams, 15 with normal aperture and 10 with rheumatic mitral stenosis. With the authorization of the Research Ethics Committee, all exams were performed and made available by 2 specialists who used 2 models of echocardiographic devices: Vivid E95 (GE Healthcare) and Epiq 7 (Philips), with multiplanar transesophageal probes. All videos in avi format were submitted to DIP using the image segmentation technique. Results: The measurements obtained manually by experienced echocardiographers and the values calculated by the developed system were compared using a Bland-Altman diagram. There was greater agreement between values in the range from 0.4 to 2.7 cm². Conclusion: It was possible to automatically determine the maximum mitral valve opening area, for cases from both GE and Philips, using only 1 video as input data. The algorithm has been demonstrated to save time on measurements when compared to the usual method. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Valve Diseases/mortality , Mitral Valve/physiopathology , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis/etiology , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Doxorubicin/radiation effects , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Isoproterenol/radiation effects , Mitral Valve/surgery
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 231-236, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430516

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the drugs necessary for the treatment of the 10 most common types of cancer. The leading adverse effect limiting clinical use of DOX is cardiotoxicity. Given that literature data indicate a protective role of carotenoids in doxorubicin-induced toxicity, in our study we compared the cardioprotective effect of a mixture of pumpkin carotenoids and a commercially available antioxidant preparation. Animals were distributed in 8 groups (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorubicin - Dox; Carotenoids - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorubicin - N-Dox; Carotenoids-Doxorubicin - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN-Doxorubicin - CF-Dox). Histological sections were stained with the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and analyzed for the presence of myocardial damage by doxorubicin damage score (DDS). From the heart tissue homogenate were determined the intensity of lipid peroxidation and specific antioxidative enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase; catalase; glutathione S-transferase; glutathione peroxidase). In Car-DOX and CF-DOX groups, lipid peroxidation is significantly reduced compared to DOX group. Pretreatment of animals with carotenoids and in lesser extent with CardiofortIN led to higher antioxidative enzymes activity, compared to DOX group. Pretreated with carotenoids, only 50 % of animals had some degree of myocardial damage, and no animals had extensive damage. CardiofortIN pretreatment showed less protective effect. Pretreatment with carotenoid extract, reduced DDS significantly, so Car-DOX group has changes equivalent to mild myocardial damage. Although CardiofortIN pretreatment lowered DDS score values, animals still had moderate level of myocardium damage. This in vivo study and its findings indicate that carotenoids extracted from pumpkin may be a promising cardioprotective agent against doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity, at least in part mediated through inhibition of DOX-induced oxidative stress.


La doxorrubicina (DOX) es uno de los fármacos necesarios para el tratamiento de los 10 tipos más comunes de cáncer. El principal efecto adverso que limita el uso clínico de DOX es la cardiotoxicidad. Debido a que los datos de la literatura indican un papel protector de los carotenoides en la toxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, en nuestro estudio comparamos el efecto cardioprotector de una mezcla de carotenoides de calabaza y una preparación antioxidante disponible comercialmente. Los animales se distribuyeron en 8 grupos (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorrubicina - Dox; Carotenoides - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorrubicina - N-Dox; Carotenoides-Doxorrubicina - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN- Doxorrubicina - CF-Dox). Las secciones histológicas se tiñeron con hematoxilina-eosina (HE) y se analizaron para detectar la presencia de daño miocárdico mediante la puntuación de daño por doxorrubicina (DDS). A partir del homogeneizado de tejido cardíaco se determinó la intensidad de la peroxidación lipídica y la actividad enzimática antioxidante específica (superóxido dismutasa, catalasa, glutatión S-transferasa, glutatión peroxidasa). En los grupos Car-DOX y CF-DOX, la peroxidación lipídica se redujo significativamente en comparación con el grupo DOX. El pre tratamiento de los animales con carotenoides y, en menor medida, con CardiofortlN condujo a una mayor actividad de las enzimas antioxidantes, en comparación con el grupo DOX. Al ser pre tratados con carotenoides, solo el 50 % de los animales tenían algún grado de daño miocárdico y ningún animal tenía daño extenso. El pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN mostró un efecto protector menor. El pre tratamiento con extracto de carotenoides redujo significativamente el DDS, por lo que el grupo Car-DOX mostró cambios equivalentes a un daño miocárdico leve. Aunque el pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN redujo los valores de la puntuación DDS, los animales aún tenían un nivel moderado de daño al miocardio. Este estudio in vivo y sus hallazgos indican que los carotenoides extraídos de la calabaza pueden ser un agente cardioprotector prometedor contra la cardiotoxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, al menos en parte mediada por la inhibición del estrés oxidativo inducido por DOX.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Carotenoids/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Cucurbita/chemistry , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Cardiotonic Agents , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase , Glutathione Transferase , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/toxicity , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antioxidants
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984622

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with testicular DLBCL admitted to Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from October 2001 to April 2020. The gene mutation profile was evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes) , and prognostic factors were analyzed. Results: A total of 68 patients were included, of whom 45 (66.2% ) had primary testicular DLBCL and 23 (33.8% ) had secondary testicular DLBCL. The proportion of secondary testicular DLBCL patients with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P<0.001) , elevated LDH (P<0.001) , ECOG score ≥ 2 points (P=0.005) , and IPI score 3-5 points (P<0.001) is higher than that of primary testicular DLBCL patients. Sixty-two (91% ) patients received rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) -based first-line regimen, whereas 54 cases (79% ) underwent orchiectomy prior to chemotherapy. Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had a lower estimated 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (16.5% vs 68.1% , P<0.001) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate (63.4% vs 74.9% , P=0.008) than those with primary testicular DLBCL, and their complete remission rate (57% vs 91% , P=0.003) was also lower than that of primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2 (PFS: P=0.018; OS: P<0.001) , Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.018) , increased LDH levels (PFS: P=0.015; OS: P=0.006) , and multiple extra-nodal involvements (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.013) were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. Targeted sequencing data in 20 patients with testicular DLBCL showed that the mutation frequencies of ≥20% were PIM1 (12 cases, 60% ) , MYD88 (11 cases, 55% ) , CD79B (9 cases, 45% ) , CREBBP (5 cases, 25% ) , KMT2D (5 cases, 25% ) , ATM (4 cases, 20% ) , and BTG2 (4 cases, 20% ) . The frequency of mutations in KMT2D in patients with secondary testicular DLBCL was higher than that in patients with primary testicular DLBCL (66.7% vs 7.1% , P=0.014) and was associated with a lower 5-year PFS rate in patients with testicular DLBCL (P=0.019) . Conclusion: Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had worse PFS and OS than those with primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2, Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ, increased LDH levels, and multiple extra-nodal involvements were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. PIM1, MYD88, CD79B, CREBBP, KMT2D, ATM, and BTG2 were commonly mutated genes in testicular DLBCL, and the prognosis of patients with KMT2D mutations was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , China/epidemiology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 371-382, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982708

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanisms of Ephedra Herb (EH) extract on adriamycin-induced nephrotic syndrome (NS), providing an experimental basis for the clinical treatment of NS. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, creatinine, urea nitrogen, and kidn injury molecule-1 were used to evaluate the activities of EH extract on renal function. The levels of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress were detected by kits. The levels of reactive oxygen species, immune cells, and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. A network pharmacological approach was used to predict the potential targets and mechanisms of EH extract in the treatment of NS. The protein levels of apoptosis-related proteins and CAMKK2, p-CAMKK2, AMPK, p-AMPK, mTOR and p-mTOR in the kidneys were detected by Western blot. The effective material basis of EH extract was screened by MTT assay. The AMPK pathway inhibitor (compound C, CC) was added to investigate the effect of the potent material basis on adriamycin-induced cell injury. EH extract significantly improved renal injury and relieve inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in rats. Network pharmacology and Western blot results showed that the effect of EH extract on NS may be associated with the CAMKK2/AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. Moreover, methylephedrine significantly ameliorated adriamycin-induced NRK-52e cell injury. Methylephedrine also significantly improved the phosphorylation of AMPK and mTOR, which were blocked by CC. In sum, EH extract may ameliorate renal injury via the CAMKK2/AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. Moreover, methylephedrine may be one of the material bases of EH extract.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Nephrotic Syndrome , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 699-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of nucleolin (NCL) involved in lymphoma proliferation by regulating thymidine kinase 1 (TK1).@*METHODS@#Twenty-three patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) were selected and divided into initial treatment group (14 cases) and relapsed/refractory group (9 cases). Serum TK1 and C23 protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were detected. Cell models of CA46-NCL-KD (CA46-NCL-knockdown) and CA46-NCL-KNC (CA46-NCL-knockdown negative control) were established by lentivirus vector mediated transfection in Burkitt lymphoma cell line CA46. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of CA46-NCL-KD, CA46-NCL-KNC, and CA46 to adriamycin were detected by cell proliferation assay (MTS). The expression of NCL mRNA and protein in CA46-NCL-KD and CA46-NCL-KNC cells were dectected by Q-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The cell cycle of CA46-NCL-KD, CA46-NCL-KNC, and CA46 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of TK1 protein in CA46-NCL-KD and CA46-NCL-KNC cells was detected by an enhanced chemiluminescence (ECL) dot blot assay.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum TK1 in the initial treatment group was 0.43(0-30-1.01) pmol/L, which was lower than 10.56(2.19-14.99) pmol/L in the relapsed/refractory group (P<0-01), and the relative expression level of NCL protein in peripheral blood was also significantly lower. The IC50 of CA46-C23-KD cells to adriamycin was (0.147±0.02) μg/ml, which was significantly lower than (0.301±0.04) μg/ml of CA46-C23-KNC cells and (0.338±0.05) μg/ml of CA46 cells (P<0.05). Compared with CA46-NCL-KNC cells, the expression of NCL mRNA and protein, TK1 protein decreased in CA46-NCL-KD cells, and the proportion of S phase and G2/M phase also decreased, while G0/G1 phase increased in cell cycle.@*CONCLUSION@#The increased expression of NCL in DLBCL and CA46 cells indicates low sensitivity to drug. NCL may participate in regulation of lymphoma proliferation by affecting TK1 expression, thereby affecting the drug sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Lymphoma , Thymidine Kinase/pharmacology , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Cell Division , RNA, Messenger/genetics
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 685-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the differential expressions of miR-451, ABCB1 and ABCC2 in drug-sensitive leukemia cell line K562 and drug-resistant cell line K562/A02, and explore the regulatory relationship between miR-451 and the expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 , and the mechanism of miR-451 involved in drug resistance in leukemia.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 assay was used to detect the drug resistance of K562/A02 and K562 cells. Quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the differential expressions of miR-451 in K562 and K562/A02 cells. MiR-451 mimic and negative control (miR-NC), miR-451 inhibitor and negative control (miR-inNC) were transfected into K562 and K562/A02 cells respectively, then qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of mRNA and protein of ABCB1 and ABCC2 in K562 and K562/A02 cells and the transfected groups.@*RESULTS@#The drug resistance of K562/A02 cells to adriamycin was 177 times higher than that of its parent cell line K562. Compared with K562 cells, the expression of miR-451 in K562/A02 cells was significantly higher (P <0.001), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of ABCB1 and ABCC2 in K562/A02 cells were significantly higher than those in K562 cells (P <0.001). After transfected with miR-451 inhibitor, the expression of miR-451 was significantly down-regulated in K562/A02 cells (P <0.001), the sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs was significantly enhanced (P <0.05), and the mRNA and protein expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 were significantly decreased (P <0.01). After transfected with miR-451 mimic, the expression of miR-451 was significantly upregulated in K562 cells (P <0.001), and the mRNA and protein expressions of ABCB1 and ABCC2 were significantly increased (P <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#There are significant differences in the expressions of miR-451, ABCB1 and ABCC2 between the drug-sensitive leukemia cell line K562 and drug-resistant cell line K562/A02, which suggests that miR-451 may affect the drug resistance of leukemia cells by regulating the expression of ABCB1 and ABCC2.


Subject(s)
Humans , K562 Cells , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Drug Resistance, Multiple/genetics , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Leukemia/genetics , RNA, Messenger
10.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e23063, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505837

ABSTRACT

Abstract Doxorubicin (Dox) is a medication used in the treatment of cancerous tumors and hematologic malignancies with potentially serious side effects, including the risk of cardiotoxicity. Flavonoids are plant metabolites with antioxidant properties and can be extracted from Camellia sinensis (CS). The aim of this study is to evaluate the possible cardioprotective effect of CS against injuries induced by Dox in rats. A total of 32 animals were distributed into four groups: (1) control - intraperitoneal injection (I.P.) of 0.5 mL saline weekly and 1.0 mL water by gavage daily; (2) CS - 0.5 mL saline I.P. weekly and 200 mg/kg CS by gavage daily; (3) Dox - 5.0 mg/kg Dox I.P. weekly and 1.0 mL water by gavage daily; and (4) Dox+CS -5.0 mg/kg Dox I.P. weekly and 200 mg/kg CS by gavage daily. Clinical examinations, blood profiles, electrocardiograms, echocardiograms, and histological analyses of hearts were performed over 25 days. The animals in the Dox group showed changes in body weight and in erythrogram, leukogram, electrocardiography, and echocardiography readings. However, animals from the dox+CS group had significantly less change in body weight, improved cardiac function, and showed more preserved cardiac tissue. This study demonstrated that CS prevents dox-induced cardiotoxicity, despite enhancing the cytotoxic effect on blood cells


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Camellia sinensis/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Hematologic Neoplasms/pathology , Electrocardiography/instrumentation , Antioxidants/pharmacology
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 711-722, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010565

ABSTRACT

Composite lymphoma (CL) involving B-cell lymphoma and T-cell lymphoma is extremely rare. Herein, we report three such cases using immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and the next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify the pathological and molecular characteristics of CL. In the first case, the patient was admitted to hospital for generalized pruritic maculopapular rash over the whole body. An excisional biopsy of the skin lesions showed T-cell lymphoma. At the same time, the staging bone marrow (BM) biopsy revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). After R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) therapies, the patient produced a good response with substantial dissipation of the rashes and relief of skin. The other two patients were admitted to hospital due to lymphadenopathy and were diagnosed with DLBCL and follicular lymphoma (FL) after core needle biopsy of lymph nodes, BM biopsy, BM aspiration, and flow cytometry. Following R-CHOP and R-COP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone) therapies, they achieved complete remission unconfirmed (CRu) and complete remission (CR). However, one or two years later, they suffered a relapse of lymphadenopathy. The shocking fact was that re-biopsy of lymphadenopathy revealed peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). NGS findings identified DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a), isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), Ras homolog gene family, member A (RHOA), splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1), and tumor protein p53 (TP53) mutations. After immunochemotherapy, these patients achieved CRu and CR again. Nevertheless, they suffered a second relapse of T-cell lymphoma. Finally, they died due to progression of disease. We found that the occurrence of CL is associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection and DNMT3a, IDH2, and TP53 mutations, and the prognosis of the disease is closely related to the T-cell lymphoma components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Lymphadenopathy/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1038-1043, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish HL-60 cells and adriamycin resistant HL-60 cells (H-60/ADR) in which the expression of homologous box gene 1 (SIX1) was inhibited, and investigate the effect of inhibiting the expression of SIX1 on the drug resistance.@*METHODS@#Lentivirus was used to transfect HL-60 and HL-60/ADR cells, and the cell lines stably inhibiting the expression of SIX1 were screened by puromycin. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of cells in each group, apoptosis kit was used to detect the cell apoptosis, and real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression level of drug-resistant related genes.@*RESULTS@#HL-60 and HL-60/ADR stably transfected cell lines with down-regulation of SIX1 expression were successfully constructed. Compared with control group, the inhibition of SIX1 expression significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 and HL-60/ADR cells (P <0.05), increased the apoptosis rate (P <0.05), and the sensitivity of cells to adriamycin increased after inhibition of SIX1 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of SIX1 expression can improve cell sensitivity to adriamycin, and its role in reversing drug resistance may be related to the promotion of apoptosis gene expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , HL-60 Cells , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 891-897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009445

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of paclitaxel and doxorubicin on the immune microenvironment of breast cancer in mice. Methods The CTR-DB database, a database for analysis of gene expression profiles and drug resistance characteristics related to tumor drug response, was used to analyze the effect of chemotherapeutic drugs on the immune microenvironment of breast cancer. Mouse models with breast cancer were established by in situ injection with 4T1 cells, a triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Then they were treated with doxorubicin and paclitaxel, respectively. The sizes of tumor were recorded and analyzed by growth curve. The number of different types of immune cells was analyzed using flow cytometry. The expressions of Ki67, S100 calcium binding protein A9 (S100A9) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The cell cycles of 4T1 cells in paclitaxel group and doxorubicin group were analyzed by flow cytometry. Results The results of CTR_Microarray_75 analysis showed that the immune scores, and the number of cytotoxic lymphocytes, B lineages, CD8+ T cells, dendritic cells (DCs), monocytic lineages and natural killer (NK) cells in chemotherapy-sensitive breast cancer were higher than those in chemotherapy-insensitive breast cancer. Through growth curve analysis in mice with breast cancer, we found that both paclitaxel and doxorubicin could inhibit the increase of the tumor sizes, and the paclitaxel showed a higher inhibitory effect. The results of cytometry displayed that both paclitaxel and doxorubicin could restrain the expression of Ki67 and increase the number of breast cancer cells in G2/M phase, and in the paclitaxel group, the expression of Ki67 was lower and the number of breast cancer cells in G2/M phase was larger. Paclitaxel and doxorubicin enhanced the infiltration of CD45+ immune cells but decreased the infiltration of neutrophils. Additionally, paclitaxel promoted the infiltration of CD3+CD4+ T helper cells, CD3+CD8+ cytotoxic T cells and CD45+CD19+B cells, while doxorubicin increased the infiltration of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs). The results of immunohistochemistry displayed that the paclitaxel significantly inhibited the expression of S100A9, while the doxorubicin significantly restrained the expression of MMP9. Conclusion Paclitaxel and doxorubicin can effectively inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells and change immune microenvironment of TNBC by regulating the different patterns of cell infiltration and the expression of different extracellular matrix components.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Ki-67 Antigen , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Calgranulin B , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 167-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970048

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To compare the efficacy and safety of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin plus rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in Waldeyer's ring diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (WR-DLBCL) at a single institution.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included 115 newly diagnosed patients with WR-DLBCL, of whom 68 patients received R-CHOP, and 47 patients received DA-EPOCH-R as their first-line treatment. The baseline features of the two groups were well balanced using a 1:1 propensity score matching method, and a total of 84 cases were obtained, including respective 42 cases in the R-CHOP and DA-EPOCH-R groups, for further survival and prognosis analysis. The primary objectives included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).@*RESULTS@#During a median follow-up of 45 months, there were nine (21.4%) deaths in the R-CHOP group and two (4.8%) in the DA-EPOCH-R group. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed statistically significant improvements in PFS and OS in patients with DA-EPOCH-R compared with those treated with R-CHOP (log-rank test, P  = 0.025 and P  = 0.035, respectively). The 2-year PFS and OS rates in the DA-EPOCH-R group were 90.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 81.4-99.8%) and 95.2% (95% CI: 89.0-100.0%), respectively, and 80.5% (95% CI: 69.3-93.6%) and 90.5% (95% CI: 52.8-99.8%) in the R-CHOP group. Patients without B symptoms and elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels had a higher PFS in the DA-EPOCH-R group, with P values of 0.038 (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.11; 95% CI: 0.01-0.88) and 0.042 (HR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.04-0.94), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in clinical responses and treatment-related toxicities between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with patients received R-CHOP, those treated by DA-EPOCH-R had superior PFS, OS, and controlled toxicity in patients with WR-DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 38-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence and mechanism of atorvastatin on glycolysis of adriamycin resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line HL-60/ADM.@*METHODS@#HL-60/ADM cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with different concentrations of atorvastatin, then the cell proliferation activity was measured by CCK-8 assay, the apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the glycolytic activity was checked by glucose consumption test, and the protein expressions of PTEN, p-mTOR, PKM2, HK2, P-gp and MRP1 were detected by Western blot. After transfection of PTEN-siRNA into HL-60/ADM cells, the effects of low expression of PTEN on atorvastatin regulating the behaviors of apoptosis and glycolytic metabolism in HL-60/ADM cells were further detected.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 results showed that atorvastatin could inhibit the proliferation of HL-60/ADM cells in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner (r=0.872, r=0.936), and the proliferation activity was inhibited most significantly when treated with 10 μmol/L atorvastatin for 24 h, which was decreased to (32.3±2.18)%. Flow cytometry results showed that atorvastatin induced the apoptosis of HL-60/ADM cells in a concentration-dependent manner (r=0.796), and the apoptosis was induced most notably when treated with 10 μmol/L atorvastatin for 24 h, which reached to (48.78±2.95)%. The results of glucose consumption test showed that atorvastatin significantly inhibited the glycolytic activity of HL-60/ADM cells in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner (r=0.915, r=0.748), and this inhibition was most strikingly when treated with 10 μmol/L atorvastatin for 24 h, reducing the relative glucose consumption to (46.53±1.71)%. Western blot indicated that the expressions of p-mTOR, PKM2, HK2, P-gp and MRP1 protein were decreased in a concentration-dependent manner (r=0.737, r=0.695, r=0.829, r=0.781, r=0.632), while the expression of PTEN protein was increased in a concentration-dependent manner (r=0.531), when treated with different concentrations of atorvastatin for 24 h. After PTEN-siRNA transfected into HL-60/ADM cells, it showed that low expression of PTEN had weakened the promoting effect of atorvastatin on apoptosis and inhibitory effect on glycolysis and multidrug resistance.@*CONCLUSION@#Atorvastatin can inhibit the proliferation, glycolysis, and induce apoptosis of HL-60/ADM cells. It may be related to the mechanism of increasing the expression of PTEN, inhibiting mTOR activation, and decreasing the expressions of PKM2 and HK2, thus reverse drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atorvastatin/pharmacology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/pharmacology , Sincalide/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Apoptosis , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Glycolysis , Glucose/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 203-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929558

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to look into the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Retrospective review of the clinical data of 63 HIV-infected patients with DLBCL diagnosed at Chongqing University Cancer Hospital between July 2008 and August 2021. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival curves, and the log-rank test method was used to compare survival between groups. The Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: In 63 patients with HIV-associated DLBCL, 57 (90.5% ) were men, and the median age was 49 (23-87) years. The most common pathological subtype was the germinal center B-cell-like lymphoma (74.6% ) ; 46.0% (29/63) were combined with extranodal lesions. Seventeen of 63 (27.0% ) patients had large masses (≥7.5 cm) . Twenty of 63 (31.7% ) patients had B symptoms. The median CD4(+) T cell count was 203 (4-1022) ×10(6)/L. A total of 49% (25/51) patients had CD4(+) cell count <200×10(6)/L, 56.9% (33/58) had high (3-5) International Prognostic Index (IPI) scores, and 43.1% (25/58) had low (0-2) IPI scores. Further, 78% (46/59) were diagnosed with Ann Arbor Stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ, and 25.4% (16/63) didn't receive chemotherapy. A total of 22.2% (14/63) of patients received less than four cycles of chemotherapy, and 52.4% (33/63) received four or more cycles of chemotherapy. Among patients undergoing chemotherapy, 61.7% (29/47) received R-CHOP-like regimens, and 38.3% (18/47) used CHOP-like regimens. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 65.0% , 53.8% , 47.1% , and 43.5% , respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that age ≥ 60 years (P=0.012) , Eastern Cooperative Oncology Gruop Performance Status (ECOG-PS) score 2-4 points (P=0.043) , IPI score 3-5 points (P=0.001) , β(2)-MG elevation (≥5.5 mg/L) (P=0.007) , and systemic chemotherapy cycles less than four times (P<0.001) were the negative prognostic factors affecting the OS of patients. The Cox multivariate analysis depicted that age ≥60 years (HR=2.272, 95% CI 1.110-4.651, P=0.025) , IPI score 3-5 points (HR=3.562, 95% CI 1.794-7.074, P<0.001) , ECOG-PS score 2-4 points (HR=2.675, 95% CI 1.162-6.153, P=0.021) , and number of cycles of chemotherapy<4 (HR=0.290, 95% CI 0.176-0.479, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for adverse prognosis of OS. Conclusion: HIV-associated DLBCL is the most common HIV-related tumor, is most commonly seen in men, and has a high 1-year mortality rate. Chemotherapy combined with antiretroviral therapy can improve patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV Infections , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Survival Rate , Vincristine/therapeutic use
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 41-47, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929528

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated the impact of MYC/BCL-2 protein co-expression on the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and observed whether double expression (DE) remains an independent poor prognostic factor in DLBCL after the addition of therapeutic factors such as DA-EPOCH-R, central prophylaxis, and transplantation. Methods: Available pathological findings were retrospectively collected from 223 DLBCL patients at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2015 to 2018. Seventy-five patients with high MYC/BCL-2 expression were categorized as the DE group. From the 148 non-DE patients, 75 DLBCL patients were selected as the control group, using a 1∶1 matching on propensity scores for age, international prognostic index score, treatment choice, and etc. The differences in overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups were compared. Results: The 3-year OS was (69.8±5.5) % for the DE group and (77.0±4.9) % for the non-DE group (P=0.225) , while the 3-year PFS was (60.7±5.8) % and (65.3±5.5) % , respectively (P=0.390) . Subgroup analysis in patients treated with the R-CHOP regimen revealed that for the DE and non-DE patients, the 3-year OS was (61.3±7.5) % and (77.2±5.6) % (P=0.027) , and the 3-year PFS was (52.1±7.5) % and (70.6±6.0) % (P=0.040) , respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age, stage of Ann Arbor, COO staging, whether central prophylaxis was performed, and whether transplantation was performed were significant independent risk factors of the prognosis of DLBCL patients (P<0.05) . On the other hand, MYC/BCL-2 protein double expression was not significantly associated with prognostic outcomes. Conclusion: MYC/BCL-2 protein double expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis under R-CHOP regimen treatment, but the poor prognostic impact of DE on DLBCL was eliminated under intensive regimens such as DA-EPOCH-R and transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
19.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 186-189, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391649

ABSTRACT

O sarcoma de Kaposi é uma neoplasia maligna associada à infecção pelo herpes vírus humano 8 em doentes imunossupressos. O sarcoma de Kaposi Epidêmico é o tipo epidemiológico mais frequente e afeta indivíduos VIH-positivos. A região anoperineal é raramente envolvida e as lesões suspeitas devem ser biopsiadas para confirmação histológica. A base do tratamento é a restauração imune do doente. Relatamos o caso de um jovem, com diagnóstico recente de infeção pelo VIH, sem tratamento, que foi admitido no serviço de infectologia apresentando sintomas constitucionais, adenomegalias inguinais e extensa lesão verrucosa e ulcerada na região anoperineal. As biópsias confirmaram o diagnóstico de sarcoma de Kaposi e o doente iniciou terapia antirretroviral e quimioterapia. Houve recuperação clínica, regressão das lesões e desaparecimento das adenomegalias. Este relato objetiva alertar as equipes médicas no sentido de se incluir o sarcoma de Kaposi no diagnóstico diferencial das lesões que afetam a região anoperineal.


Kaposi's sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus 8 infection in immunocompromised patients. Epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common epidemiological type and affects HIV-positive patients. Perineal involvement is rare, and suspicious lesions should be biopsied to confirm histological diagnosis. Treatment consists of restoring the patient's immune system. We report the case of a young patient recently diagnosed with HIV, without treatment, who was admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases with nonspecific symptoms, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and an extensive verrucous ulcerated lesion in the perineal region. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma, and the patient was started on antiretroviral therapy and chemotherapy. Clinical recovery was achieved, with lesion reduction and inguinal adenopathy resolution. This case report aims to encourage physicians to include Kaposi's sarcoma in the differential diagnosis of perineal lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Kaposi/diagnosis , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Anus Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sarcoma, Kaposi/drug therapy , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/statistics & numerical data , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
20.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc289, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400347

ABSTRACT

Background: The combination of doxorubicin (DOX) with paclitaxel (PTX) effectively treats breast cancer (BC). However, DOX-associated cardiotoxicity (CTX) is aggravated by the use of PTX. Consensus is lacking about which drug sequence involves the most CTX. Objectives: To evaluate whether DOX followed by PXT or the reverse sequence has the greatest cardiotoxic potential in the treatment of BC. Methods: Prospective study of women with primary BC who received four cycles of DOX and 12 infusions of PTX. Participants were divided into Group 1 (G1; PXT before DOX) and Group 2 (G2; DOX before PXT) at the discretion of the oncologist. CTX was defined as an absolute reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 10% to a value <53%. Patients underwentclinical evaluations and echocardiography before treatment (Phase 1) and one year after treatment (Phase 2). Results: Sixty-nine women were evaluated: 19 in G1 and 50 in G2. The groups had similar clinical characteristics. The doses of radiation, DOX, and PTX used were similar. Eight (11.6%) patients developed CTX: two (10.5%) in G1 and six (12.0%) in G2 (p=0.62). The mean LVEF was similar between groups in Phase 1 (G1=65.1±3.5%; G2=65.2±3.9%; p=0.96), with a significant reduction noted after one year in both groups: G1=61.4±8.1% (p=0.021) and G2=60.8±7.6% (p<0,001). Although lower, mean LVEF remained similar between groups after Phase 2 (p=0.79). Conclusions: In women with BC who underwent chemotherapy, the incidence of CTX at the end of the first year of treatment was similar regardless of whether DOX was used before or after PTX. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Cardiotoxins/radiation effects , Cardiotoxins/toxicity , Stroke Volume/drug effects , Echocardiography/methods , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Paclitaxel/toxicity
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