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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e1805, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347522

ABSTRACT

importancia del razonamiento diagnóstico, como competencia profesional, justifica que la discusión de la actividad evaluativa se incluya en la llamada Evaluación de Graduación de las residencias médicas. En este artículo se proponen algunos indicadores a utilizar por los profesores durante las actividades de discusión diagnóstica evaluativas; indicadores que emanan de la descomposición de la actividad en sus pasos o acciones. El empleo de estos indicadores y de algunas sugerencias realizadas puede contribuir a hacer más uniforme la evaluación y calificación de los ejercicios de discusión diagnóstica en el marco de la Evaluación de Graduación, o de los exámenes de promoción o pase de año(AU)


The importance of diagnostic reasoning, as professional competence, justifies the discussion of the evaluative activity in the so-called Graduation Assessment of medical residencies. This article proposes some indicators to be used by the professors during the diagnostic discussion evaluative activities. These indicators derive from the breakdown of the activity in steps or actions. The use of these indicators and some suggestions can contribute to making the evaluation and qualification of the diagnostic discussion exercises more uniform in the framework of the graduation assessment, or of the promotion or year exams(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Diagnosis , Education, Medical, Graduate , Educational Measurement/methods , Clinical Reasoning , Medical Staff, Hospital
2.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154860

ABSTRACT

Uno de los cambios más importantes en el perfeccionamiento de los planes de estudio es lograr una evaluación final más cualitativa e integradora en todas las disciplinas, donde se proyecten trabajos de curso interdisciplinarios. Por tanto, en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Holguín se consideró oportuno unificar el trabajo de curso de las asignaturas Metodología de la Investigación y Prevención en Salud, lo que impone que los profesores de ambas materias actúen del mismo modo en la orientación, seguimiento y evaluación de esta actividad, motivo por el cual se elaboró una guía que facilita la orientación para el desarrollo del trabajo a los estudiantes y la uniformidad de criterios de los docentes para evaluar y disminuir la subjetividad al otorgar una calificación.


One of the most important changes in the syllabus improvement is to achieve a more qualitative and comprehensive final evaluation in all disciplines, where interdisciplinary term papers are projected. Therefore, it was considered opportune to unify the term papers of Methodology of Investigation and Health Prevention subjects in the Medical Sciencies Faculty of Holguín, what imposes that professors of both matters act in the same way towards the orientation, follow-up and evaluation of this activity, reason why a guide that facilitates the orientation for work development to the students and criteria uniformity in the teaching staff to evaluate and diminish the subjectivity when granting a qualification was elaborated.


Subject(s)
Universities , Educational Measurement/methods , Students , Learning
3.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 34: 10, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1287698

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: To identify readers who are struggling or at risk of reading difficulties, reference standards in oral reading fluency (ORF) are used to conduct an assessment that is based on a widely reported method known as curriculum-based measurement (CBM), which itself is based on 1-min fluency measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' ORF (with a 1-min fluency measure) to characterize their fluency and to determine references of appropriate development in reading at the 50th percentile. Method: For this study, a database of readings made available by the Learning Studies Research Laboratory was used. This database consisted of 365 readings by elementary-school students from the third to fifth grades in two cities in the interior of the state of São Paulo from two different public school systems that use the same teaching methodology. The data consisted of digital audio recordings of the passage "The Umbrella" (text suitable for schooling levels) of the Protocol for Assessment of Reading Comprehension procedure. For this procedure, three steps were performed: step 1—listening to the 365 readings and assessing the scores for the number of words read correctly per minute; step 2—the calculation of the mean and percentiles for each grade; and step 3—the adaptation of the reference table to indicate students eligible to receive reading fluency intervention. Results: Third-year students who correctly read 86 or more words per minute, fourth-year students who correctly read 104 or more words per minute, and fifth-year students who correctly read 117 or more words per minute were considered students who had made adequate progress in reading. Conclusion: It was possible to classify students based on the 1-min fluency measures, with reference intervals of words read correctly per minute per school year (for the third, fourth, and fifth years) for those who were making adequate progress in reading and reference intervals for those who were considered readers who were struggling or at risk of reading difficulties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Reading , Students/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement/methods , Brazil , Curriculum , Education, Primary and Secondary , Learning Disabilities
4.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e075, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288295

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: As Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais (DCN) para o curso de Medicina propõem métodos de ensino e avaliação em que os discentes possam desenvolver criticidade em relação às necessidades de aprendizado. Nesse contexto, a avaliação por pares (AP) apresenta-se como uma estratégia didática capaz de potencializar esse processo. Apesar disso, ainda se observa pouco uso dessa ferramenta na graduação, contudo ela é frequente em congressos científicos e avaliação de periódicos. Diante disso, este relato de experiência busca compartilhar os aprendizados e as reflexões da implementação sistematizada da AP em um componente curricular de Saúde Coletiva do curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia. Relato de experiência: O componente em que a atividade foi criada contava com atividades teórico-práticas durante o semestre. Assim, a atividade relatada iniciou-se com a elaboração de pôsteres ao longo do semestre em razão de sua importância em congressos médicos. Esses pôsteres discorriam sobre as vivências dos alunos na atenção primária à saúde. A avaliação desses pôsteres foi feita consecutivas vezes por meio de instrumento de AP pactuado com os estudantes previamente, o qual pontuava critérios estruturais do pôster, bem como seu conteúdo. Os acadêmicos puderam ser avaliados e atuar como avaliadores, sendo supervisionados pelos professores, o que contribuiu para o desenvolvimento da criticidade no processo de aprendizagem. Discussão: Inicialmente, a atividade gerou estranheza dada a pouca familiaridade dos alunos com a AP, o que foi superado ao longo do semestre. Como limitações, apontamos a necessidade de lidar com as subjetividades no processo avaliativo dos alunos, de formação em feedback e gestão de conflitos, além de possíveis limitações tecnológicas dos discentes. Conclusão: A AP, embora seja uma estratégia utilizada em outros cenários científicos, possui caráter inovador na graduação e pode promover as competências esperadas para um profissional médico crítico e autônomo, como a familiaridade com a prática do feedback e a capacidade de análise crítica.


Abstract: Introduction: The Brazilian National Curriculum Guidelines (NCG) for undergraduate courses in medicine propose teaching and assessment methods in which students can develop criticality in relation to learning needs. In this context, Peer Review (PR) represents a didactic strategy capable of enhancing this process. However, there is still little use of this tool in undergraduate training, and frequent use in scientific congresses and evaluation of journals. This experience report seeks to share the learning and reflections of the systematic implementation of the PR in a curricular component of Public Health in a medical undergraduate course at the Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil. Experience report: The discipline in which the activity was created had theoretical and practical activities during the semester. Thus, the reported activity started with posters about student experiences in Primary Health Care being made throughout the semester due to its importance in medical congresses. These posters were evaluated consecutively using the PR instrument previously agreed with the students, which scored structural criteria of the poster as well as its content. The students could be evaluated and act as evaluators, being supervised by professors, which contributed to the development of criticality in the learning process. Discussion: Initially, the activity generated strangeness by students because of their lack of familiarity with PR, which was overcome over the discipline. As limitations, we point out the need to deal with subjectivities in the students' evaluation process, training in feedback and conflict management, in addition to possible technological limitations of some students. Conclusions: PR, although a strategy used in other scientific scenarios, has an innovative character in undergraduate courses and can promote the skills expected for a critical and autonomous medical professional, such as familiarity with the practice of feedback and the capacity for critical analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Medical , Educational Measurement/methods , Poster , Evaluation Study
5.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(3): e130, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279851

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O perfil do médico esperado no Brasil compreende um profissional com visão holística do ser humano. Para alcançar esse perfil, as metodologias ativas de ensino, como a aprendizagem baseada em problemas (ABP), vêm ganhando espaço. Para que a ABP atinja todos os seus objetivos na formação do profissional, uma boa avaliação é indispensável. A disponibilidade de instrumentos de avaliação validados representa um avanço na tentativa de mensurar e direcionar o aprendizado. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivos desenvolver e validar o conteúdo para um instrumento de avaliação de estudantes em sessões tutoriais para uso em cursos de Medicina que utilizem a metodologia ABP. Método: Para a construção da versão preliminar do conteúdo destinado ao instrumento, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática rápida nas bases de dados PubMed, Ebsco e BVS. Com a revisão, desenvolveu-se a versão preliminar, que contou com 24 itens agrupados em três domínios (utilização de recursos de aprendizagem, compreensão e raciocínio - D1, profissionalismo e trabalho em equipe - D2 e resolução de problemas e efetividade no grupo - D3), cada um com oito itens. Essa versão foi encaminhada a um painel de especialistas composto por tutores com pelo menos cinco anos de experiência em ABP da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde (FPS), por meio da metodologia Delphi. Resultados: Dos 32 membros inicialmente previstos no painel, 17 foram incluídos na análise dos dados, por terem respondido ao questionário completamente. Na primeira rodada, alcançou-se um valor de concordância parcial ou total superior a 70%, valor inicialmente previsto para todos os 24 itens do instrumento, o que dispensou a necessidade de uma segunda rodada. Para diminuir o número final de itens, optou-se por manter apenas os itens com pelo menos 70% de concordância total, tendo a versão final do instrumento quatro itens no D1, cinco no D2 e quatro no D3. Conclusões: O instrumento foi validado com um total de 13 itens. O conteúdo para o instrumento apresentou componentes com várias semelhanças em relação aos encontrados nos instrumentos publicados na literatura e já validados, que, por sua vez, estão de acordo com os objetivos de aprendizagem propostos pela ABP.


Abstract: Introduction: The expected doctor profile in Brazil comprises a professional with a holistic view of the human being. To achieve this profile, active teaching methodologies, such as Problem-Based Learning (PBL), are gaining ground. For PBL to achieve all its objectives in the training of professionals, good assessment is essential. The availability of validated assessment instruments represents an advance in the attempt to measure and direct learning. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the content for an instrument for assessing students in tutorial sessions for use in medical courses that use PBL methodology. Method: For the construction of the preliminary version of the content for the instrument, a Rapid Systematic Review was carried out in the PUBMED, EBSCO and BVS databases. The preliminary version was thus developed with 24 items grouped in three domains (use of learning, understanding and reasoning resources - D1, Professionalism and teamwork - D2, and Problem-solving and group effectiveness - D3), each with eight items. This version was sent to a panel of experts made up of tutors with at least five years' experience in PBL at the Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde (FPS), using the Delphi methodology. Results: Of the 32 members initially earmarked for the panel, 17 were included in the data analysis, for having fully answered the questionnaire. In the first round, a partial or total agreement value greater than 70 percent was reached, which was initially expected, for all 24 items of the instrument, which dispensed with the need for a second round. To reduce the final number of items, only those with at least 70 percent total agreement were maintained, with the final version of the instrument containing four items on D1, five on D2 and four on D3. Conclusions: The instrument was validated with a total of thirteen items. The content for the instrument brought components with several similarities to those that make up the instruments published in the literature that have already been validated, which in turn are in accordance with the learning objectives proposed by PBL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Educational Measurement/methods , Mentoring
6.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(1): e033, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155903

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O Enade é prova cognitiva que avalia o desempenho dos cursos de graduação por meio dos egressos. O Revalida é exame específico para egressos de cursos de Medicina do exterior. Apesar de possuírem atribuições diferentes, as duas avalições são direcionadas a públicos semelhantes, podendo ser consideradas análogas. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivos identificar e comparar os conteúdos avaliados pelo Enade e Revalida. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo descritivo que comparou o conteúdo do Enade 2013 e 2016 e do Revalida 2015 e 2016, com base na Matriz de Correspondência Curricular do Revalida (MCCR). Na primeira etapa do estudo, dois médicos, professores de Medicina, analisaram de forma independente os itens das quatro avaliações e listaram os conteúdos abordados nos enunciados e nas alternativas. Posteriormente, consolidaram-se os resultados. A análise foi realizada por meio da distribuição de frequência de temas e áreas de concentração de acordo com o exame, da comparação entre as áreas de concentração e dos temas coincidentes em cada exame. Resultados: Das 46 áreas de concentração da MCCR, dez não foram abordadas no Enade 2013, seis no ENADE 2016 e duas no Revalida 2015. O Revalida 2016 abordou todas as áreas. Em relação aos 749 temas específicos da MCCR, as duas edições do Enade, em conjunto, abordaram 241 (32,2%) deles, enquanto as duas edições do Revalida abordaram 468 temas (62,5%). Na análise dos 241 temas abordados pelo Enade, 45 deles foram comuns às duas edições, enquanto, de um total de 468 temas, 247 foram abordados nas duas edições do Revalida. Quando se analisou a repetição de temas em cada edição dos exames, observou-se que cerca de 80,0% dos temas foram considerados apenas uma vez nas duas edições do Enade, em comparação com 50,0% nas edições do Revalida. Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que as edições 2013 e 2016 do Enade apresentam baixa abrangência de conteúdos em comparação com as edições 2015 e 2016 do Revalida, tendo como referência a MCCR. Identificaram-se também concentração da abordagem em grupos específicos de temas e repetição de um pequeno grupo de temas nas edições analisadas do Enade.


Abstract: Introduction: Enade is a cognitive test that evaluates the performance of undergraduate programs through its students. Revalida is a specific exam for graduates from foreign medicine programs. Despite having different functions, the two tests assess the same target audience and can be considered analogous. Objective: The objective was to identify and compare the contents of ENADE and REVALIDA. Methods: a descriptive study that compared the contents of ENADE 2013 and 2016 and REVALIDA 2015 and 2016 with reference to the contents of the REVALIDA Curriculum Correspondence Matrix (RCCM). In the first stage of the study, two doctors, professors of Medicine, independently analyzed the items of the four tests and listed the contents covered in the statements and alternatives. The results were subsequently consolidated. The content analysis of the exams was carried out using frequency distribution of the concentration areas and the themes according to the test and comparison between the areas of concentration and themes that coincided in each test. Results: considering the 46 areas of concentration of the RCCM, 10 areas were not covered in ENADE 2013, six in Enade 2016 and two in Revalida 2015. Revalida 2016 covered all areas. Regarding the 749 specific themes of the RCCM, the two editions of Enade, together, addressed 241 (32.2%) of them, whereas the two editions of Revalida addressed 468 (62.5%) themes. Analysis of the topics covered showed that of the 241 of Enade, 45 were common to both editions, while 247 of a total of 468 were addressed in both editions of Revalida. When considering repetition of the same topic in each edition of each exam, it was found that around 80.0% of the topics were considered only once in the two editions of ENADE compared to 50.0% in the editions of Revalida. Conclusion: the results indicate that ENADE has a lower content validity than Revalida. There was also a concentration in specific groups of themes, and repetition of a small group of themes in the analyzed editions of ENADE, which also reduces the reliability of the exam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Curriculum , Education, Medical , Educational Measurement/methods
7.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(1): e001, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155898

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: The inclusion of new methodologies and assessments in the medical education area has indicated the need to understand teachers' perception of their own ability to use them adequately. Objective: Thus, the present study aimed to investigate possible associations between teacher self-efficacy and the use of OSCE. Method: The Teacher Self-efficacy Scale and Self-Efficacy Sources Scale and a characterization questionnaire were used. Forty-seven medical teachers from a private university, of both genders, aged between 31 and 78 years, participated in the study. Results: The results indicated that the factors Social Persuasion and Vicarious Learning were the most endorsed, suggesting that these sources are the ones that interfere the most in the formation of the participants' beliefs. There was only one positive and statistically significant correlation, with a weak magnitude, established between the Intentionality of Action Efficacy and Vicarious Learning. The other identified correlations were statistically negative and of moderate magnitude. Conclusions: The teachers who agreed with some important characteristics about the OSCE method also showed higher levels of self-efficacy. Therefore, professionals with greater perseverance, resilience and confidence, have also been more committed to teaching, research and student assistance.


Resumo: Introdução: A inserção de novas metodologias e avaliações na área da educação médica tem indicado a necessidade de compreender a percepção dos docentes sobre sua própria capacidade de utilizá-las adequadamente. Objetivo: Com base nisso, este estudo buscou investigar as possíveis associações entre a autoeficácia docente e o uso do OSCE. Método: Utilizaram-se a Escala de Autoeficácia do Professor, a Escala sobre Fontes de Autoeficácia e um questionário de caracterização. Participaram 47 docentes de Medicina de uma universidade privada, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 31 e 78 anos. Resultados: Os resultados indicaram que os fatores persuasão social e aprendizagem vicária foram os mais endossados, sugerindo que essas fontes são as de maior interferência na formação de crenças dos participantes. Houve apenas uma correlação positiva e com significância estatística, com magnitude fraca, estabelecida entre eficácia na intencionalidade da ação e aprendizagem vicária. As demais correlações encontradas se demonstraram estatisticamente em sentido negativo e com magnitudes moderadas. Conclusões: Os docentes concordantes com algumas características importantes sobre o método OSCE apresentaram maiores níveis de autoeficácia, e isso significa que os profissionais com alto nível de perseverança, superação, confiança e resiliência são mais comprometidos com o ensino, a pesquisa e a assistência estudantil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Efficacy , Education, Medical , Educational Measurement/methods , Faculty, Medical
8.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(1): e008, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155897

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: Avaliar habilidades clínicas é um desafio no curso médico. A heterogeneidade na escolha dos pacientes somada à falta de critérios objetivos resultou em mudança metodológica para utilização do Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar se o OSCE resulta em distribuição de frequência de notas de desempenho de padrão gaussiano em comparação ao modelo tradicional. Método: Analisaram-se as notas de 239 estudantes da disciplina de Semiologia e Propedêutica de um curso de Medicina entre 2016 (modelo tradicional) e 2017 (OSCE) pelos testesKolmogorov-Smirnovbidimensional e t de Student para verificar a correlação delas com o coeficiente de rendimento (CR). Resultados: As notas da prova no modelo tradicional (p < 0,0001; KS = 0,1881) estão mais distantes da normalidade do que as da prova do modelo OSCE (p = 0,0010; KS = 0,1134) e são mais correlatas com o CR (p < 0,0001; r = 0,45) do que no modelo OSCE (p = 0,31; r = 0,06). Conclusão: O OSCE pode proporcionar informações mais fidedignas sobre o desempenho do estudante em estágios práticos do curso médico.


Abstract: Introduction: Assessing clinical skills represents a challenge in medical training. The heterogeneity in the selection of patients associated to a lack of objective criteria has resulted in a methodological shift toward using the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Objective: This study aimed to identify whether the OSCE results in a Gaussian frequency distribution of performance assessment marks compared to the traditional model. Method: 239 students from the Semiotics module of the medicine course between 2016 (traditional model) and 2017 (OSCE) were analyzed using the two-dimensional Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Student's t-test for correlation with the performance coefficient (PC). Results: The test scores in the traditional model (p<0.0001; KS = 0.1881) are more discrepant in relation to the normal distribution than the OSCE test scores (p=0.0010; KS=0.1134) and show more correlation with the PC (p <0.0001; r = 0.45) than the OSCE model (p = 0.31; r=0.06). Conclusion: OSCE might provide a more accurate assessment of a student's performance during medical internship.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Premedical , Academic Performance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Educational Measurement/methods
9.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(4): e193, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341007

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: Um dos maiores desafios em avaliar a formação médica é mensurar habilidades práticas, transpondo os limites do conhecimento teórico. O OSCE é uma alternativa de avaliação ativa e padronizada das competências clínicas. Apesar da sua crescente implementação, ainda são escassos os estudos longitudinais que subsidiem seu potencial avaliativo. Objetivo: Analisar a curva de aprendizagem dos estudantes de medicina com base na avaliação evolutiva de seus desempenhos nos OSCE de Urgência e Emergência. Método: Estudo retrospectivo a partir da análise de checklists avaliativos de três OSCE consecutivos, aplicados ao longo de 2019 a alunos do sexto ano de medicina da Universidade Positivo, na disciplina de Urgência e Emergência. Resultado: Foram analisados 270 checklists, aplicados a 90 alunos. Desse grupo, 51 (56,7 pontos percentuais) eram do gênero feminino e 69 (76,7 pontos percentuais) tinham entre 23 e 26 anos. Entre o primeiro e terceiro OSCE, 67 alunos (74,4 pontos percentuais) obtiveram um acréscimo significativo na nota final, cuja mediana foi elevada em 1,5 ponto. A partir da análise da evolução por componentes - conduta, reconhecimento, interação e seguimento - observou-se aumento no percentual de acertos em conduta (15,5 pontos percentuais), manutenção em reconhecimento, decréscimo tanto em interação (19,4 pontos percentuais) quanto em seguimento (16,1 pontos percentuais). Conclusão: O estudo aponta uma curva crescente das notas nos exames OSCE, sugerindo um aumento no aprendizado geral em Urgências e Emergência ao longo do ano. No entanto, a análise minuciosa dos componentes revela diferentes curvas de desempenho. Não sendo possível supor as causas destes contrapontos, são sugeridos mais estudos na área.


Abstract: Introduction: One of the major challenges in evaluating medical education is measuring practical skills, crossing the limits of theoretical knowledge. The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is an alternative for active and standardized assessment of clinical competencies. Despite its growing implementation, longitudinal studies that support its evaluative potential are still scarce. Objective: To analyze the learning curve of medical students based on continuous assessment of their OSCE exams and individual performances within the discipline of Urgent and Emergency Care. Method: This retrospective study is based on the analysis of data taken from assessment checklists from three consecutive OSCEs applied to sixth-year Brazilian medical students within the Urgent and Emergency Care program of the 2019 academic year. Result: 270 assessment sheets from a total of 90 students were analyzed. The group was made up of 51 females (56.7 percentage points) and 69 of the students (or 76.7 percentage points) were aged between 23 and 26 years old. Between the first and third OSCE, 67 students (74.4 percentage points) increased their final grade, the median of which increased by an average of 1.5 points. Of the four medical components evaluated - conduct, recognition, interaction and follow-up - there was an improvement of 15.5 percentage points in correct conduct, zero impact on the results concerning recognition and drops of 19.4 and 16.1 percentage points in the areas of communication and follow-up, respectively. Conclusion: The study points to an increasing curve in OSCE scores, suggesting an increase in general learning in Urgent and Emergency Care over the course of the year. However, careful analysis of the components reveals different performance curves. Since it is not possible to presume the causes of these counterpoints, further studies in the area are suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Competence , Educational Measurement/methods , Emergency Medical Services , Retrospective Studies , Checklist , Learning
10.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(1): e041, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155926

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O presente trabalho apresenta uma sucinta retrospectiva da pós-graduação stricto sensu brasileira e elucida o atual panorama quantitativo das subáreas avaliativas da área de medicina. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo esboçar um panorama crítico da pós-graduação médica. Método: O método, aqui utilizado, contempla uma revisão das normativas que conduziram a formação da pós-graduação stricto sensu brasileira e uma categorização e análise estatística de dados fornecidos pela Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, complementados por informações da Plataforma Sucupira e do último censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, com recorte das áreas avaliativas da medicina e atenção a elas. Resultado: Como resultado, observou-se que, em junho de 2019, o Brasil atingiu 4.590 programas de pós-graduação, sendo 262 distribuídos nas áreas avaliativas da medicina. A partir desse quantitativo, apresentam-se uma tabela, dois quadros, uma figura e sete gráficos que demostram diferentes aspectos do Sistema Nacional de Pós-Graduação. Conclusão: Em conclusão, no que se refere ao Sistema Nacional de Pós-Graduação, descrevem-se, como ponto forte, a expansão e o crescimento da pós-graduação, e indicam-se, como ponto frágil, os traços de assimetrias regionais. Em face das subáreas da medicina, são evidenciadas as características de cada área avaliativa, incluindo relações entre modalidades, níveis e conceitos dos programas de pós-graduação. Por fim, fica a perspectiva de que, além do número de programas de pós-graduação e de seus respectivos conceitos, um panorama qualitativo deve considerar indicadores como produção científica e impacto social, temas a serem abordados em estudos futuros, utilizando-se dados e as ferramentas metodológicas específicas.


Abstract: Introduction: This work offers a succinct retrospective of the Brazilian stricto sensu graduate program and elucidates the current quantitative panorama of the evaluative sub-areas of Medicine. Objective: This study aimed to outline a critical panorama of medical Graduate Program. Method: The method addressed here includes a review of the regulations that led to the formation of the Brazilian stricto sensu graduate programs and a categorization and statistical analysis of data provided by CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel), complemented by information from the Sucupira Platform and the latest census published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, focusing on the evaluative areas of Medicine. Result: It was observed that in June 2019, Brazil reached 4,590 Graduate Programs, of which 262 programs were distributed in the evaluative areas of Medicine. Based on this quantity, tables, images and graphs are presented that show different aspects of the National Graduate System. Conclusion: With regard to the National Graduate System, the expansion and growth of graduate studies are described as a strong point, whereas the characteristics of regional asymmetries are indicated as a shortcoming. In view of the sub-areas of medicine, the characteristics of each evaluation area are highlighted, including relationships between modalities, levels and Graduate Program, and scores. Finally, the view persists that, in addition to the number of Graduate Program, and their respective scores, a qualitative panorama should consider indicators such as scientific production and social impact, themes to be addressed in future studies, using specific methodological data and tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Medical, Graduate/statistics & numerical data , Health Postgraduate Programs , Brazil , Education, Medical, Graduate/history , Educational Measurement/methods
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(4): e1398, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144503

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La evaluación de graduación constituye el examen de culminación de los estudios de la especialización, correspondiente a la enseñanza de posgrado. Objetivo: Proponer y fundamentar la realización de modificaciones en la evaluación de graduación de la especialidad Medicina Interna, en nuestro contexto. Método: Investigación sustentada en el análisis de documentos metodológicos y en una reflexión crítica de la praxis, para la construcción teórica de la propuesta de modificaciones. Resultados: A partir de la identificación de puntos de mejoría y guiados por una serie de principios, se proponen los siguientes cambios: 1) readecuación en la secuencia de los ejercicios teóricos y prácticos que conforman el examen estatal, 2) mayor peso de las actividades prácticas en la evaluación, tanto por aumento del número de actividades como por el tiempo destinado a las ejecuciones, 3) representación más amplia de la diversidad de habilidades y competencias objetivo de aprendizaje en la residencia, y 4) una mirada más exigente y valorizada de las competencias investigativas en general, y del trabajo de terminación de la especialidad en particular. Conclusiones: Mediante los cambios que se proponen se logra una certificación más real y objetiva de las competencias profesionales de los educandos para el cumplimiento del encargo social, y contribuye al mejoramiento de la calidad del profesional egresado, al estimular un proceso formativo dirigido a garantizar la aplicación de los conocimientos(AU)


Introduction: The graduation evaluation constitute the final assessment of the specializing studies, corresponding to postgraduate education. Objective: To propose and to substantiate the conduction of modifications in the graduation evaluation of Internal Medicine specialty, in our context. Method: A research based on the analysis of methodological documents and on praxis critical reflection was carried out for the theoretical construction of the proposed modifications. Results: From the identification of çimprovement points and guided by a series of principles, the following changes are proposed: 1) Readjusting the sequence of theoretical and practical exercises that make up the state exams, 2) Providing greater importance of practical activities in the assessment, both due to the increase in the number of activities and the time allocated to performing, 3) Bringing broader representation of the diversity of skills and competencies which are learning objective in the residence, and 4) Demanding and measuring more the research competences in general, and of the completion paper of the specialty in particular. Conclusions: These proposed changes result in more real and objective certification of the professional competences of the students for achieving the fulfillment of the social mandate. These changes improve the quality of the professional, by stimulating a training process aimed at guaranteeing the application of knowledge(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Specialization/standards , Internal Medicine/education , Professional Competence , Educational Measurement/methods
12.
Medisur ; 18(6): 1241-1245, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La mejora continua de la calidad en la carrera de Medicina constituye no solo un reto, sino un compromiso para las actuales y futuras generaciones. En este sentido, la autoevaluación resulta trascendental. Para ello, es preciso contar con un equipo que lidere el proceso de forma efectiva. El presente artículo tiene como propósito reflexionar acerca de la estructura, funcionamiento, roles y responsabilidades del equipo de autoevaluación. Las valoraciones realizadas permiten precisar elementos en cuanto a su composición, y cualidades que deben distinguir a sus integrantes y al coordinador. Se presentan y ejemplifican funciones a desarrollar en el orden de la planificación y organización, de la ejecución y del control del proceso. Por otra parte, se señalan condiciones o requisitos que deben ser atendidos para el cumplimiento exitoso de las funciones enunciadas. Se enfatiza en la necesidad de la observancia de los aspectos señalados, para contribuir a la mejora continua de la calidad en la carrera de Medicina.


ABSTRACT The continuous improvement of quality in the Medicine career constitutes not only a challenge, but also a commitment for current and future generations. In this sense, self-evaluation is crucial. For this, it is necessary to have a team that leads the process effectively. The purpose of this article is to reflect on the structure, operation, roles and responsibilities of the self-assessment team. The evaluations made allow to specify elements regarding its composition, and qualities that should distinguish its members and the coordinator. Functions to be developed are presented and exemplified in the order of planning and organization, execution and control of the process. On the other hand, conditions or requirements are indicated that must be met for the successful fulfillment of the stated functions. Emphasis is placed on the need to observe the aforementioned aspects, to contribute to the continuous improvement of quality in the Medicine career.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools, Medical , Self-Assessment , Total Quality Management , Education, Medical/methods , Education, Medical/organization & administration , Educational Measurement/methods
13.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 21(2): 1-19, jul.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127594

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de esta investigación fue examinar las estrategias, instrumentos y criterios de evaluación auténtica que aplican los maestros de educación física en nivel primaria, en función de la planificación y la aplicación de secuencias didácticas previamente establecidas para su proceso de intervención en el aula. Participaron voluntariamente tres maestros de educación física de tres diferentes escuelas, una escuela federal, una estatal y una privada en el estado de Chihuahua, México. El trabajo de investigación se caracterizó como un estudio de casos múltiple donde los maestros participaron en un taller de evaluación auténtica y elaboraron secuencias didácticas que fueron implementadas para examinar la aplicación de estrategias e instrumentos de evaluación auténtica. El análisis cualitativo de las observaciones, cuestionarios y entrevistas sugieren que la aplicación de dichas secuencias didácticas, junto con la implementación de una evaluación auténtica, favoreció el desempeño docente y enriqueció el ambiente de aprendizaje. Las implicaciones del estudio apuntan hacia la necesidad de formalizar y sistematizar la aplicación de estrategias e instrumentos de evaluación auténtica en la educación básica, cuando estos están directamente relacionados con las secuencias didácticas y los contenidos curriculares.


The aim of this study was to examine the strategies, instruments, and criteria of authentic evaluation that physical education teachers apply at the primary level, based on the planning and application of didactic sequences previously established for an intervention process. Initially and voluntarily, three physical education teachers participated from three different schools, one federal, one state, and one private, in Chihuahua State, Mexico. The research project was characterized as a multiple case study, where teachers participated in an authentic evaluation workshop and developed didactic sequences that were implemented to examine the application of strategies and instruments of authentic evaluation. The qualitative analysis of the observations, questionnaires, and interviews suggest that the application of these didactic sequences together with the use of authentic evaluation strategies, favored teaching performance and enriched the learning environment. The implications of the study point to the need to formalize and systematize the application of authentic evaluation strategies and instruments within basic education when these are causally related to the didactic sequencesand the curriculum content.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Educational Measurement/methods , Teaching , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Primary and Secondary , Learning
14.
Femina ; 48(10): 604-608, 20201031. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127708

ABSTRACT

A avaliação dos residentes é um grande desafio nos programas de residência médica em ginecologia e obstetrícia. Neste artigo descrevemos a experiência com a aplicação do exame clínico objetivo estruturado (objective structured clinical examination ­ OSCE) em residentes do terceiro ano nos programas de residência médica em ginecologia e obstetrícia de Porto Alegre no Rio Grande do Sul. O OSCE tem se mostrando uma ferramenta promissora na avaliação das competências clínicas dos residentes, como demonstra o nosso estudo.(AU)


Residents' assessment is a major challenge within medical residency programs in gynecology and obstetrics. In this article we will describe the experience with the application of the structured objective clinical examination (OSCE) in third year residents in the medical residency programs in gynecology and obstetrics in Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul. OSCE has shown to be a promising tool in assessing the clinical competencies of residents, as shown in our study.(AU)


Subject(s)
Employee Performance Appraisal , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Brazil , Educational Measurement/methods
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1179-1183, oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134421

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Postgraduate refresher courses may address deficiencies in the gross anatomy preparedness of medical graduates. However, the literature does not offer a method to identify such deficiencies. Our aim is to develop and validate a scale to measure the gross anatomy preparedness of medical graduates. First, we defined gross anatomy preparedness (the construct) as "the benchmark of personal ability in gross anatomy against the standard required for clinical practice." Next, we conducted a literature search for extant items related to our definition. To develop our scale, we grouped the items under three headings: proficiency, preference, and pertinence. Finally, we constructed item-specific response anchors to "Likertize" the items. We recruited experts to validate the content and conducted cognitive interviews to validate the response process. To evaluate the internal structure and reliability of the scale, we invited a purposive sample of 120 surgery residents to complete the scale and explored the results of the pilot test using data reduction and reliability analysis. A total of 77 surgery residents completed the scale. Varimax-rotated principal components analysis revealed three components with eigenvalues greater than one, and the components explained 64 % of the total variance. The rotated solution was consistent with the original structure of the questionnaire. The components, which represented the proficiency, preference, and pertinence item sets, explained 25 %, 23 %, and 16 %, respectively, of the total variance. Cronbach's α coefficients for the item sets were 0.72, 0.71, and 0.61, respectively. We developed and validated a scale to measure the gross anatomy preparedness of medical graduates. In addition, we offer conceptual guidelines to help users interpret the results of the scale. Outcome data are required to substantiate the predictive validity of the scale.


RESUMEN: Los cursos de actualización de posgrado pueden abordar las deficiencias en la preparación de la anatomía macroscópica de los graduados médicos. Sin embargo, la literatura no ofrece un método para identificar tales deficiencias. Nuestro objetivo fue desarrollar y validar una escala para medir la preparación anatómica general de los graduados médicos. Primero, definimos la preparación para la anatomía macroscópica (el constructo) como "el punto de referencia de la capacidad personal en anatomía macroscópica frente al estándar requerido para la práctica clínica". A continuación, realizamos una búsqueda bibliográfica de elementos existentes relacionados con nuestra definición. Para desarrollar nuestra escala, agrupamos los ítems bajo tres encabezados: competencia, preferencia y pertinencia. Finalmente, construimos anclas de respuesta específicas del ítem para "dar me gusta" a los ítems. Reclutamos expertos para validar el contenido y realizamos entrevistas cognitivas para validar el proceso de respuesta. Para evaluar la estructura interna y la confiabilidad de la escala, invitamos a una muestra intencional de 120 residentes de cirugía a completar la escala y exploramos los resultados de la prueba piloto utilizando la reducción de datos y el análisis de confiabilidad. Un total de 77 residentes de cirugía completaron la escala. El análisis de componentes principales rotados con Varimax reveló tres componentes con valores propios mayores que uno, y los componentes explicaron el 64 % de la varianza total. La solución rotada fue consistente con la estructura original del cuestionario. Los componentes, que representaban los conjuntos de ítems de competencia, preferencia y pertinencia, explicaban el 25 %, el 23 % y el 16 %, respectivamente, de la varianza total. Los coeficientes de Cronbach para los conjuntos de elementos fueron 0,72, 0,71 y 0,61, respectivamente. Desarrollamos y validamos una escala para medir la preparación anatómica general de los graduados médicos. Además, ofrecemos pautas conceptuales para ayudar a los usuarios a interpretar los resultados de la escala. Se requieren datos de resultados para corroborar la validez predictiva de la escala.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Medical, Graduate/methods , Anatomy/education , General Surgery/education , Reproducibility of Results , Clinical Competence , Educational Measurement/methods , Internship and Residency
16.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(5): e3421, sept.-oct. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144690

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en el aseguramiento de la calidad de las carreras universitarias la autoevaluación desempeña un papel fundamental y la concepción metodológica de cómo desarrollarla resulta una necesidad. Objetivo: proponer una metodología para el desarrollo de la autoevaluación en la carrera de Medicina. Material y Métodos: se presenta una investigación de desarrollo llevada a cabo en el período de julio a diciembre de 2018 en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Cienfuegos. La metodología para realizar la propuesta asume como elementos: objetivo, fundamentación, aparato conceptual y procedimental, la representación gráfica de la propuesta y las recomendaciones para la implementación. Resultados: el objetivo de la metodología es desarrollar la autoevaluación en la carrera de Medicina con sistematicidad, priorizando el contexto atencional donde transcurre el proceso de formación, direccionado y potenciando la responsabilidad. Se fundamenta desde los puntos de vista filosófica, sociológico y de Educación Médica. Incluye conceptos y categorías asumidas, así como su sustento legal. Se concibe el desarrollo de la autoevaluación en la carrera de Medicina en cuatro etapas (Planificación, Ejecución, Control y Ajuste) con objetivos específicos, estructurada por fases y procedimientos. Conclusiones: el estudio y análisis de los referentes teóricos posibilitó la elaboración de la metodología fundamentada desde bases sólidas, que facilita el desarrollo de la autoevaluación, contextualizada a las necesidades y particularidades de la carrera de Medicina(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: In the quality assurance of university studies, self-evaluation plays an essential role and the methodological design for its development is a most. Objective: To recommend a methodology for the development of self-evaluation in the medical studies. Material and Methods: A development research carried out at the University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos from July to December 2018 is presented. The methodology for making the proposal assumes, as elements: the objective, rationale, conceptual and procedural framework, graphic representation of the proposal and recommendations for its implementation. Results: The methodology aims at developing a systematic self-evaluation in the medical studies, prioritizing the attention context where the training process takes place, directing and improving responsibility. The methodology is based on philosophical and sociological points of view as well as points of view on the role of medical education. It also includes concepts and assumed categories as well as legal support. The development of self-evaluation in the medical studies is conceived in four stages (Planning, Execution, Control and Adjustment) with specific objectives structured by phases and procedures. Conclusions: The study and analysis of theoretical referents allows the development of a methodology based on solid foundations, providing the development of self-evaluation contextualized within the needs and particularities of the medical studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Educational Measurement/methods , Medicine
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 863-868, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124867

ABSTRACT

Summative and formative assessments are two overlapping complementary ways of assessing student progress in regional anatomy teaching and learning. Our present study was designed to create a new holistic assessment system that embraces both summative and formative assessments, and evaluate its impacts on student performance of regional anatomy. A collection of five formative assessment tests were designed and introduced into the teaching process of regional anatomy, and their performances were combined with scores of the summative assessment taken at the end of the semester to form the holistic assessment. And an anonymous survey was conducted to gather student perceptions regarding the assessments. We found, compared to summative assessment scores, students' overall average points are higher by 4.67 points (P<0.05) and 9.23 points (P<0.01) when evaluated by the holistic and formative assessment; formative assessment scores are positively correlated to summative assessment scores, and the Pearson correlation is 0.624. Questionaire investigation showed 57.65 % of the students wishes to be assessed by the holistic assessmen, and 97.9 % of the students think that the holistic assessment can promote the frequency of student-teacher communication, which helps them form the right learning attitude and improve the performance. The results indicated that holistic assessment is a more reflective and practical approach of evaluating student performance in regional anatomy teaching, which can increase studentteacher communication and enhance the self-directed learning among students.


Las evaluaciones sumativas y formativas son dos formas complementarias superpuestas de evaluar el progreso de los estudiantes en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la anatomía regional. El presente estudio fue diseñado para crear un sistema nuevo de evaluación integral que abarque tanto las evaluaciones sumativas como las formativas, y evalúe sus impactos en el rendimiento de los estudiantes de la anatomía regional. Se diseñó e introdujo una colección de cinco pruebas de evaluación formativa en el proceso de enseñanza de la anatomía regional, y sus desempeños se combinaron con los puntajes de la evaluación sumativa tomada al final del semestre para formar la evaluación holística. Además, se realizó una encuesta anónima para recopilar las percepciones de los estudiantes con respecto a las evaluaciones. Encontramos que, en comparación con los puntajes de la evaluación sumativa, los puntos promedio generales de los estudiantes son más altos en 4,67 puntos (P <0,05) y 9,23 puntos (P <0,01) cuando se evalúan mediante la evaluación holística y formativa; los puntajes de las evaluaciones formativas se correlacionan positivamente con los puntajes de las evaluaciones sumativas, y la correlación de Pearson es 0,624. La investigación del cuestionario mostró que el 57,65 % de los estudiantes desea ser evaluado por los evaluadores holísticos, y el 97,9 % de los estudiantes piensa que la evaluación holística puede promover la frecuencia de la comunicación entre estudiantes y maestros, útil para formar una actitud correcta de aprendizaje y mejorar el rendimiento. Los resultados indicaron que la evaluación holística es un enfoque más reflexivo y práctico para evaluar el desempeño de los estudiantes en la enseñanza de anatomía regional, lo que puede aumentar la comunicación entre estudiantes y maestros y mejorar el aprendizaje autodirigido entre los estudiantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/psychology , Educational Measurement/methods , Anatomy, Regional/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Academic Performance , Correlation of Data
19.
Femina ; 48(4): 218-221, 20200530. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096079

ABSTRACT

O Logbook pode ser definido como um recurso por meio do qual os residentes documentam as experiências clínicas durante seus estágios.(1) O registro dos atendimentos e procedimentos pode ser efetuado tanto em papel quanto no formato eletrônico. Em muitos países onde foi implementado o Logbook eletrônico (e-logbook), os residentes recebem acesso individual ao sistema no qual devem registrar a sua experiência cirúrgica ao longo de todo o treinamento. Anual ou semestralmente, o Logbook é avaliado pelo supervisor, sendo esse um dos critérios para a progressão do residente no programa.


Subject(s)
Educational Measurement/methods , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Diaries as Topic
20.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 31(1): e1244, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126347

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas de información curricular se han convertido en instrumentos valiosos para obtener indicadores de medición del conocimiento resultantes de las diferentes actividades científicas, ya que permiten describir el comportamiento interdisciplinario del conocimiento y su influencia en el desarrollo de la ciencia en la institución o región donde se aplique esta herramienta. En la actualidad, deslumbran experiencias de integración regional e interinstitucional que marcan pautas a seguir para la elaboración de indicadores normalizados, así como el establecimiento de formas de gestionar la ciencia en instituciones universitarias desde una perspectiva integrada en sus procesos académicos, investigativos y extensionistas vinculados con la región que la rodea. La presente revisión profundiza en estas cuestiones con el objetivo de analizar las experiencias que existen en Iberoamérica en este tipo de plataforma y su utilización como herramienta en la gestión de la ciencia y la tecnología a nivel institucional y regional. Mediante el análisis documental se logró mostrar las características de estos sistemas favorables a la medición y a la gestión de la ciencia a nivel institucional y regional. Estas herramientas seguirán siendo verdaderos instrumentos integradores que valoran el comportamiento de la ciencia a nivel individual-institucional-regional y poseen la bondad de integrar los procesos universitarios tradicionales: academia-investigación-extensión(AU)


Curricular information systems have become valuable tools to obtain knowledge measurement indicators resulting from the different scientific activities, for they make it possible to describe interdisciplinary knowledge behavior and its influence upon the development of science in the institution or region where they are applied. The impressive regional and interinstitutional integration experiences in this field have laid the foundations for the development of standardized indicators, as well as the establishment of ways to manage science in university institutions from a perspective integrated into their academic, research and extension processes linked to the surrounding region. The present review explores these matters with the purpose of analyzing Ibero-American experiences with this type of platform and its use as a tool for the management of science and technology on an institutional and regional level. Document analysis was used to show the main features of these systems for the measurement and management of science on an institutional and regional level. These tools will continue to be truly integrating instruments to assess the behavior of science on an individual-institutional-regional level, with the added advantage of integrating traditional university processes: academic activity - research - extension(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research , Knowledge , Educational Measurement/methods , Scientific Domains
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