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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 22, 2021. 13 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1352950

ABSTRACT

El presente documento tiene como finalidad normar el uso estricto del correo electrónico institucional, incluyendo información y otros aspectos del tema. Se pretende regular la utilización de la herramienta, el tráfico de la información tanto fuera como dentro de la institución, en todos aquellos puntos de acceso a redes públicas de datos. El correo electrónico deberá considerarse como un medio de comunicación institucional, optimizando sus recursos y fomentando el flujo adecuado de la información interna; lo que permita una eficiencia, efectividad y seguridad de la información


The purpose of this document is to regulate the strict use of email institutional, including information and other aspects of the subject. It is intended to regulate use of the tool, information traffic both outside and inside the institution, in all those access points to public data networks. E-mail should be considered as a means of institutional communication optimizing its resources and promoting the proper flow of internal information; which allow an efficiency, effectiveness and security of the information


Subject(s)
Communication , Electronic Mail , Information , Records , Efficiency
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 67-77, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180722

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, we describe a method for reaching a target population (i.e., dentists practicing in Brazil) to engage in survey research using traditional e-mail invites and recruitment campaigns created on Instagram. This study addresses methodological aspects and compares respondents reached by different methods. A pre-tested questionnaire was used and participants were recruited for 10 days via a source list of email addresses and two discrete Instagram organic open campaigns. A total of 3,122 responses were collected: 509 participants were recruited by email (2.1% response rate) and 2,613 by the two Instagram campaigns (20.7% and 11.7% conversion rates), respectively. Response/min collection rates in the first 24 h ranged between 0.23 (email) and 1.09 (first campaign). In total, 98.8% of all responses were received in the first 48 h for the different recruitment strategies. There were significant differences for all demographic variables (p< 0.001) between email and Instagram respondents, except for sex (p=0.37). Instagram respondents were slightly older, had more professional experience (years in practice), and a higher graduate education level than email respondents. Moreover, most email and Instagram respondents worked in the public sector and private practice, respectively. Although both strategies could collect responses from all Brazilian regions, email responses were slightly better distributed across the five territorial areas compared to Instagram. This study provides evidence that survey recruitment of a diverse, large population sample using Instagram is feasible. However, combination of email and Instagram recruitment led to a more diverse population and improved response rates.


Resumo Neste estudo, descrevemos um método para atingir uma população-alvo (dentistas atuando no Brasil) para se engajar em pesquisa do tipo enquete (survey) utilizando convites tradicionais por e-mail e campanhas de recrutamento criadas no Instagram. Este estudo aborda aspectos metodológicos e compara as pessoas entrevistadas alcançadas por diferentes métodos. Foi utilizado um questionário pré-testado e os(as) participantes foram recrutados(as) por 10 dias por meio de uma lista de endereços de e-mail e duas campanhas abertas orgânicas independentes no Instagram. Foram coletadas 3122 respostas: 509 participantes foram recrutados(as) por e-mail (taxa de resposta 2,1%) e 2613 pelas duas campanhas do Instagram (taxas de conversão 20,7% e 11,7%), respectivamente. As taxas de coleta de resposta/min nas primeiras 24h variaram entre 0,23 (e-mail) e 1,09 (primeira campanha). No total, 98,8% das respostas foram recebidas nas primeiras 48h para as diferentes estratégias de recrutamento. Houve diferenças significativas para todas as variáveis demográficas (p<0,001) entre recrutados(as) por e-mail e Instagram, com exceção de sexo (p=0,37). As pessoas recrutadas via Instagram eram um pouco mais velhas, tinham mais experiência profissional (anos na prática) e nível de pós-graduação superior às entrevistadas por e-mail. Além disso, a maioria dos entrevistados por e-mail e Instagram trabalhava no setor público e na prática privada, respectivamente. Embora ambas estratégias tenham sido capazes de coletar respostas de todas as regiões brasileiras, as respostas por e-mail foram ligeiramente melhor distribuídas nas cinco áreas territoriais em comparação ao Instagram. Este estudo fornece evidências de que o recrutamento de uma amostra de população diversificada e grande usando o Instagram é viável. No entanto, a combinação de e-mail e Instagram no recrutamento levou a uma população mais diversificada e melhores taxas de resposta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Private Practice , Electronic Mail , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Public Sector
4.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 5-5, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094573

ABSTRACT

Estimado lector. Agradecemos su interés en el artículo "Prevalencia y determinantes sociales de malnutrición en menores de 5 años afiliados al Sistema de Selección de Beneficiarios para Programas Sociales (SISBEN) del área urbana del municipio de Palermo en Colombia 2017"(1).


Subject(s)
Electronic Mail
5.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 784-802, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047568

ABSTRACT

O câncer ainda é associado a dor, morte e sofrimento, e muitos cidadãos, com medo de um diagnóstico, adotam comportamento de esquiva de médicos e exames. Com o surgimento das mídias sociais, o tema tem sido tratado em plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre outras. O objetivo deste estudo é averiguar se há um padrão de conteúdo sobre câncer que gere engajamento no aplicativo de imagens Instagram. Foram selecionados dois perfis brasileiros de instituições de câncer no Instagram, e um estudo qualitativo de análise de conteúdo de posts e comentários foi aplicado, sendo associado posteriormente a análises estatísticas. Foi selecionado todo o conteúdo de dois hospitais oncológicos brasileiros durante quatro anos, totalizando 1.935 postagens no Instagram. Além dos posts, buscamos entender o comportamento dos usuários dessas mídias quando o tema é câncer, por meio dos 2.239 comentários e dos 4.603 Emojis. Podemos afirmar que há interesse pelo tema, o qual é abordado sem preconceitos por internautas e que muitos buscam formas diferenciadas de gratificação no uso do aplicativo.


Cancer is a disease still associated with pain, death and suffering and many people, afraid of a diagnosis, adopt dodging behavior from doctors and tests. Despite this phenomenon as old as the disease, the emergence of social media has brought the topic to platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, among others. T77he goal of this study is to determine if there is a cancer content standard that creates more engagement on Instagram. Two Brazilian cancer institutions Instagram profiles were selected and a qualitative study of content analysis was applied, later associating it with statistical analysis. During four years, the entire contents of two Brazilian cancer hospitals were selected, totaling 1,935 posts on Instagram. In addition to the posts produced by the two institutions, we sought to understand user behavior on this media when the topic is cancer, through 2,239 comments and 4,603 Emojis. Given the fact that the two profiles attract about 120,000 users, we can affirm that there is interest on the topic, Internet users address the topic with no prejudice and many seek different ways of gratification using the app.


El cáncer es una enfermedad aún asociada al dolor, muerte y sufrimiento y muchos ciudadanos, con miedo de un diagnóstico, adoptan comportamiento de esquiva de médicos y exámenes. A pesar de ese fenómeno tan antiguo cuanto a la enfermedad, el surgimiento de las Redes Sociales trajo el tema a plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre otras. El objetivo de este estudio es averiguar si hay un estándar de contenido sobre cáncer que genera engagement en la aplicación de imágenes Instagram. Dos perfiles brasileños de instituciones de cáncer en el Instagram fueran seleccionados y un estudio cualitativo de análisis de contenido de posts y comentarios fue aplicado, asociado posteriormente a análisis estadísticos. Durante cuatro años, fue seleccionado todo el contenido de dos hospitales oncológicos brasileños, totalizando 1.935 posts en el Instagram. Además de los posts producidos por las dos instituciones, buscamos entender el comportamiento de los usuarios de esos medios cuando el tema es cáncer, a través de 2.239 comentarios y de 4.603 Emojis. Ante los dos perfiles que atraen a cerca de 120 mil usuarios, podemos afirmar que hay interés por el tema, que el tema es abordado sin prejuicios por internautas y que muchos buscan formas diferenciadas de gratificación en el uso de la aplicación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Emotions , Social Media/trends , Health Promotion , Neoplasms , Comparative Study , Communication , Address , Drawing , Electronic Mail , Hospitals
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(2): 36-42, jun. 2019. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047848

ABSTRACT

La comunicación efectiva dentro de las organizaciones es uno de los factores más importantes para lograr un trabajo positivo y eficaz. Se realizó una investigación cuyo objetivo fue identificar y describir las herramientas de comunicación en el área de Quirófano Central del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires y las distintas perspectivas de los instrumentadores quirúrgicos respecto de su utilización. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de corte transversal con un componente de observación participativa de los medios de comunicación y una encuesta a los instrumentadores quirúrgicos de la institución. Resultados: se identificaron ocho tipos de herramientas de comunicación en el área quirúrgica. El correo electrónico (e-mail) como herramienta de comunicación es muy utilizado según los instrumentadores quirúrgicos, pero estos sugirieron otras herramientas más directas, como reuniones y capacitaciones solas o en combinación para determinados tipos de información. Conclusiones: los instrumentadores quirúrgicos utilizan una amplia gama de medios de comunicación en el área quirúrgica. La distribución de preferencias según el tipo de información indica que la elección de estos medios debería ser personalizada. (AU)


Effective communication within organizations is one of the most important factors to achieve a positive and effective work. An investigation was carried out and its objective was to identify and describe the communication tools in the surgical area of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires and the different perspectives of the surgical nurses regarding its use. Methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out with a component of participative observation of the communication tools and a survey of the surgical nurses of the institution. Results: eight types of communication tools were identified in the surgical area. The implementation of email as a communication tool is widely used by surgical nurses, but they suggested other more direct tools such as meetings and training sessions alone or in combination for certain types of information. Conclusions: Surgical nurses use a wide range of communication tools in the surgical area. The distribution of preferences according to the type of information indicates that the choice of these tools should be personalized. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Operating Room Technicians/trends , Operating Room Information Systems/organization & administration , Hospital Communication Systems/organization & administration , Operating Rooms/organization & administration , Operating Room Information Systems/standards , Operating Room Information Systems/statistics & numerical data , Communication , Congresses as Topic , Electronic Mail/instrumentation , Professional Training
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 199-205, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004333

ABSTRACT

Background: As the population ages, patients exposed to osteoporotic fractures increase, especially hip fracture, which is the most severe and costly. Aim: To characterize surgical practices in the management of hip fractures in older patients through a nationwide survey of specialized hip surgeons dedicated to the care of these patients. Material and Methods: A survey composed of 32 questions was formulated, including demographic factors, preoperative evaluation, definitive treatment, and postoperative management. It was sent to 140 specialists. 84 of them replied (61%), and 71 answers were included. Results: Eighty six percent of respondents agreed that orthogeriatric management is fundamental in the outcome of these patients, but only 73% had the collaboration of an internist or a geriatrician. Although 97% considered 72 hours or less the ideal time to perform surgery, only 52% of the respondents declared performing surgery within that timeframe, with differences between private and public system. Regarding surgical treatment, 94-98% of femoral neck fractures are treated with an arthroplasty and 98-99% of per-subtrochanteric fractures are treated with internal fixation and osteosynthesis. Osteoporosis treatment is only carried out by 51% of the respondents and with significant variation. Conclusions: This survey shows that there is agreement in surgical practice between specialists treating these patients, but clear differences in preoperative optimization, treatment timeframe, and post fracture medical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires , Orthopedic Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Hip Fractures/surgery , Osteoporosis/therapy , Postoperative Care/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Electronic Mail , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Time-to-Treatment , Fracture Fixation, Internal
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787224

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Current knowledge and viewpoints regarding biosimilars among physicians in Asia are unknown, even though these were investigated by European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) members in 2013 and 2015. Thus, this study conducted a multinational survey to assess the awareness of biosimilar monoclonal antibodies among Asian physicians.METHODS: A 17-question multiple-choice anonymous web survey was conducted with the logistic support of the Asian Organization of Crohn's and Colitis (AOCC). Randomly selected AOCC members were invited by e-mail to participate between February 24, 2017 and March 26, 2017.RESULTS: In total, 151 physicians from eight Asian countries responded to the survey. Most of the participants were gastroenterologists (96.6%), and 77.5% had cared for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) patients for more than 5 years. The majority of the respondents (66.2%) were aware that a biosimilar is similar but not equivalent to the originator. The majority of respondents (77.5%) considered cost saving to be the main advantage of biosimilars, but a high percentage of respondents (38.4%) were concerned about a different immunogenicity from that of the originator (92.4% and 27.1% respectively in ECCO 2015). Only 19.2% considered that the originator and biosimilars were interchangeable, and only 6.0% felt very confident in the use of biosimilars (44.4% and 28.8% respectively in ECCO 2015).CONCLUSIONS: Asian gastroenterologists in 2017 are generally well informed about biosimilars. On the other hand, compared to the ECCO members surveyed in 2015, Asian gastroenterologists had more concerns and less confidence about the use of biosimilars in clinical practice. Thus, IBD-specific data on the comparison of the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity in Asian patients are needed.


Subject(s)
Anonyms and Pseudonyms , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals , Colitis , Cost Savings , Electronic Mail , Hand , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Infliximab , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786009

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of spouses participating in health coaching on stage of the change, health behaviors, and physiological indicators among male office workers with cardiocerebrovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and compare the findings with trainers who provided health coaching only to workers.METHODS: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants from a manufacturing research and development company in the city of Gyeonggi province. The health coaching program for the experimental group (n=26) included individual counseling sessions according to workers' stage of change, and provision of customized health information materials on CVD prevention to workers and their spouses for 12 weeks through mobile phone and email.RESULTS: After 12 weeks of intervention, the total score for health behavior, and scores on the sub-areas of exercise and health checkups significantly improved in the experimental group, but there were no significant differences in the scores of stage of the change and physical indicators. The results of a paired t-test showed a significant decrease in the body mass index, abdominal circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and triglyceride values, and a significant increase in the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol value in the experimental group after the intervention.CONCLUSION: To improve the health of male workers with CVD risk factors in the workplace, sharing health information with their spouses has proven to be more effective than health coaching for only workers. Therefore, it is important to develop strategies to encourage spousal participation when planning workplace health education for changing health-related behaviors.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cell Phone , Cholesterol , Counseling , Electronic Mail , Health Behavior , Health Education , Humans , Lipoproteins , Male , Risk Factors , Spouses , Triglycerides
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785363

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) and neuromuscular monitoring in anesthetic management are integral for endotracheal intubation, better visualization of the surgical field, and prevention of residual neuromuscular blockade and pulmonary complications. Sugammadex is a drug that reduces risk of residual neuromuscular blockade, with more rapid recovery compared to anticholinesterase. The purpose of this study was to investigate current usage status of NMBAs and antagonist with neuromuscular monitoring, among anesthesiologists in Korea.METHODS: Anesthesiologists working in Korea were invited to participate in an online survey via email January 2–February 28, 2018. The questionnaire consisted of 45 items, including preferred NMBAs, antagonists, neuromuscular monitoring, and complications related to the use sugammadex. A total of 174 responses were analyzed.RESULTS: Rocuronium was a commonly used NMBA for endotracheal intubation (98%) of hospitals, and maintenance of anesthesia (83.3%) in of hospitals. Sugammadex, pyridostigmine, and neostigmine were used in 89.1%, 87.9%, and 45.4% of hospitals. Neuromuscular monitoring was employed in 79.3% of hospitals; however only 39.7% of hospitals used neuromuscular monitoring before antagonist administration. Usual dosage range of sugammadex was 2.1–4 mg/kg in 35.1% of hospitals, within 2 mg/kg in 34.5% of hospitals, and 1 vial regardless of body weight in 22.4% of hospitals. Sugammadex-related complications were encountered by 14.9% of respondents.CONCLUSIONS: This survey indicates several minor problems associated with the use of antagonists and neuromuscular monitoring. However, most anesthesiologists appear to have appropriate information regarding the usage of NMBAs and sugammadex.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Body Weight , Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia , Electronic Mail , Intubation, Intratracheal , Korea , Neostigmine , Neuromuscular Blockade , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents , Neuromuscular Monitoring , Pyridostigmine Bromide , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 48-53, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719368

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: School nurses’ knowledge of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been evaluated. We aimed to investigate school nurses’ knowledge of IBD and determine whether education could improve this knowledge. METHODS: School nurses were invited to complete self-reported questionnaires on IBD. Then, IBD specialists from tertiary referral hospitals provided a 60-minute lecture with educational brochures on two occasions, with a 3-month interval. Within 6 months after the educational interventions, school nurses were asked to complete the same IBD questionnaire via e-mail. RESULTS: Among 101 school nurses who were invited to participate, 54 nurses (53.5%) who completed two consecutive questionnaires were included in this study (median age, 45 years; range, 25 to 59 years; 100% female); 11.1% and 7.4% of the study participants had no knowledge regarding ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, respectively. They had heard of IBD most frequently from doctors (33.3%), followed by internet sources (25.9%). After 6 months, the number of nurses who could explain IBD to students with over 30% confidence increased from 24 (44.5%) to 42 (77.8%) (p < 0.001). Most nurses (81.5%) reported that the educational intervention was helpful for managing students with abdominal pain or diarrhea. The number of students who received IBD-related welfare services from the Daegu Metropolitan Office of Education doubled when compared with the corresponding number during the prior educational year. CONCLUSIONS: There is room for improvement in school nurses’ knowledge of IBD. A systematic educational program on IBD should be implemented for these nurses.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Diarrhea , Education , Electronic Mail , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Internet , Pamphlets , Schools, Nursing , Specialization , Tertiary Care Centers
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740309

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Despite its clinical benefits, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is less widely implemented for gastric cancer surgery. This nationwide survey investigated the current status of the implementation of ERAS in perioperative care for gastric cancer surgery in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey enrolled 89 gastric surgeons from 52 institutions in South Korea. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions about the implementation of the ERAS protocols in the management of gastric cancer surgery. The survey was carried out using an electronic form sent via email. RESULTS: Of the 89 gastric surgeons, 58 (65.2%) answered that they have knowledge of the concept and details of ERAS, 45 (50.6%) of whom were currently applying ERAS for their patients. Of the ERAS protocols, preoperative education (91.0%), avoidance of preoperative fasting (68.5%), maintenance of intraoperative normothermia (79.8%), thromboprophylaxis (96.5%), early active ambulation (64.4%), and early removal of urinary catheter (68.5%) were relatively well adopted in perioperative care. However, other practices, such as avoidance of preoperative bowel preparation (41.6%), provision of preoperative carbohydrate-rich drink (10.1%), avoidance of routine abdominal drainage (31.4%), epidural anesthesia (15.9%), single-dose prophylactic antibiotics (19.3%), postoperative high oxygen therapy (36.8%), early postoperative diet (14.6%), restricted intravenous fluid administration (53.9%), and application of discharge criteria (57.3%) were not very well adopted for patients. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative management of gastric cancer surgery is largely heterogeneous among gastric surgeons in South Korea. Standard perioperative care based on scientific evidence needs to be established to improve the quality of surgical care and patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Epidural , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diet , Drainage , Education , Electronic Mail , Fasting , Gastrectomy , Humans , Korea , Oxygen , Perioperative Care , Stomach Neoplasms , Surgeons , Urinary Catheters , Walking
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742358

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) can be affected by social changes, this association has not been well evaluated. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of ED through a 10-year-interval web-based survey using the previous database of same group of panels, with same methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We sent e-mails and surveyed the panels registered in the Internet survey agency. RESULTS: In total, 900 participants were recruited in 2016. The age-adjusted overall prevalences of self-reported ED (self-ED) and International Index of Erectile Function-5-assessed ED (IIEF-5-ED; score ≤21) in the 2016 study were 3.2% and 44.8%, respectively, which were lower than the prevalences of 8.1% (p=0.036) and 51.4% (p=0.323), respectively, in the 2006 study. The risk factors of IIEF-5-ED in their 20s and 30s in 2016 were psycho-social factors such as depression, low frequency of conversation about sex with sexual partner. The risk factors of IIEF-5-ED in their 40s to 60s in 2016 were organic factors, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol use, and self-reported premature ejaculation. CONCLUSIONS: Although the age-adjusted overall prevalence of self-ED has decreased during a decade, there was no difference in the age-adjusted overall prevalence of IIEF-5-ED. Psycho-social support may be important for young men with ED and overall healthcare can be helpful for elderly men with ED.


Subject(s)
Aged , Delivery of Health Care , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus , Electronic Mail , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Hypertension , Internet , Male , Premature Ejaculation , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sexual Partners , Sexuality , Smoke , Smoking , Social Change
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to develop a mobile app-based clinical decision support system (CDSS) for implementation of Korean clinical imaging guidelines (K-CIGs) and to assess future developments therein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: K-CIGs were implemented in the form of a web-based application (http://cdss.or.kr/). The app containing K-CIGs consists of 53 information databases, including 10 medical subspecialties and 119 guidelines, developed by the Korean Society of Radiology (KSR) between 2015 and 2017. An email survey consisting of 18 questions on the implementation of K-CIGs and the mobile app-based CDSS was distributed to 43 members of the guideline working group (expert members of the KSR and Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology) and 23 members of the consultant group (clinical experts belonging to related medical societies) to gauge opinion on the future developmental direction of K-CIGs. RESULTS: The web-based mobile app can be downloaded from the Google Play Store. Detailed information on the grade of recommendation, evidence level, and radiation dose for each imaging modality in the K-CIGs can be accessed via the home page and side menus. In total, 32 of the 66 experts contacted completed the survey (response rate, 45%). Twenty-four of the 32 respondents were from the working group and eight were from the consulting group. Most (93.8%) of the respondents agreed on the need for ongoing development and implementation of K-CIGs. CONCLUSION: This study describes the mobile app-based CDSS designed for implementation of K-CIGs in Korea. The results will allow physicians to have easy access to the K-CIGs and encourage appropriate use of imaging modalities.


Subject(s)
Consultants , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Electronic Mail , Humans , Korea , Mobile Applications , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to assess wastes generated in school foodservice and to identify factors influencing the generation of plate waste. METHODS: A survey was administered from November 18–30 in 2015 to dietitians and nutrition teachers that were employed in schools located in Gyeonggi province. A questionnaire file and on-line survey site link were sent to the dietitians and nutrition teachers by e-mail. A total of 622 dietitians and nutrition teachers responded and 594 responses were used for data analysis after excluding 28 responses with significant missing data. RESULTS: Plate waste was the major part of food waste generated in school foodservice. Vegetable menus and soup/stews were discarded the most as plate waste. The dietitians and nutrition teachers perceived students' unbalanced diet and lack of appreciation of food as causes of the plate waste. Regarding waste management, they were concerned about environmental contamination by food waste and felt uncomfortable about discarding food. No plate waste day was the most frequently used plate waste reduction activity, followed by newsletters on plate waste reduction. Difficulty in getting teachers' support for dietary education during meal time was rated the greatest barrier to implementing the activities. To reduce plate waste, they perceived that students should understand the importance of environment conservation, teachers should supervise students' eating during meal time, students should be educated about proper portion, and foodservice staff should improve food quality. CONCLUSIONS: To improve students' intake and reduce plate waste in school foodservice, foodservice staff need to involve students in school foodservice and improve the palatability of meals, especially vegetable dishes. School nutrition teachers and dietitians should educate students about healthy eating and environment conservation and the school community needs to understand and support plate waste reduction and healthy eating in schools.


Subject(s)
Diet , Eating , Education , Electronic Mail , Food Quality , Food Services , Humans , Meals , Nutritionists , Periodicals as Topic , Statistics as Topic , Vegetables , Waste Management
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759003

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) as well as cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no consistent recommendation regarding the treatment of asymptomatic hyperuricemia (AHU) in CKD patients. Here, we surveyed Korean physicians’ perceptions regarding the diagnosis and management of AHU in CKD patients. METHODS: Questionnaires on the management of AHU in CKD patients were emailed to regular members registered with the Korean Society of Nephrology. RESULTS: A total of 158 members answered the questionnaire. Among the respondents, 49.4%/41.1% were considered hyperuricemic in male CKD patients whereas 36.7%/20.9% were considered hyperuricemic in female CKD patients when defined by serum uric acid level over 7.0/8.0 mg/dL, respectively. A total of 80.4% reported treating AHU in CKD patients. The most important reasons to treat AHU in CKD patients were renal function preservation followed by cerebro-cardiac protection. Majority of respondents (59.5%) thought that uric acid-lowering agents (ULAs) were the most effective method for controlling serum uric acid levels. Approximately 80% chose febuxostat as the preferred medication. A total of 32.3% and 31.0%, respectively, initiated ULA treatment if the serum uric acid level was more than 8.0 or 9.0 mg/dL, respectively. In addition, 39.2% and 30.4% answered that target serum uric acid levels of less than 6.0 or 7.0 mg/dL, respectively, were appropriate. The two major hurdles to prescribing ULAs were concerns of adverse reactions and the existing lack of evidence (i.e., the absence of Korean guidelines). CONCLUSION: Most Korean physicians treat AHU in CKD patients to prevent CKD progression and cerebro-cardiovascular complications.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Diagnosis , Electronic Mail , Febuxostat , Female , Humans , Hyperuricemia , Male , Methods , Nephrology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Uric Acid
17.
Intestinal Research ; : 365-374, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: TrueColours ulcerative colitis (TCUC) is a comprehensive web-based program that functions through email, providing direct links to questionnaires. Several similar programs are available, however patient perspectives are unexplored. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted to determine feasibility, usability and patient perceptions of real-time data collection (daily symptoms, fortnightly quality of life, 3 monthly outcomes). TCUC was adapted from a web-based program for patients with relapsing-remitting bipolar disorder, using validated UC indices. A semi-structured interview was developed and audio-recorded face-to-face interviews were conducted after 6 months of interaction with TCUC. Transcripts were coded in NVivo11, a qualitative data analysis software package. An inductive approach and thematic analysis was conducted. RESULTS: TCUC was piloted in 66 patients for 6 months. Qualitative analysis currently defies statistical appraisal beyond “data saturation,” even if it has more influence on clinical practice than quantitative data. A total of 28 face-to-face interviews were conducted. Six core themes emerged: awareness, control, decision-making, reassurance, communication and burden of treatment. There was a transcending overarching theme of patient empowerment, which cut across all aspects of the TCUC experience. CONCLUSIONS: Patient perception of the impact of real-time data collection was extremely positive. Patients felt empowered as a product of the self-monitoring format of TCUC, which may be a way of improving self-management of UC whilst also decreasing the burden on the individual and healthcare services.


Subject(s)
Electronic Data Processing , Bipolar Disorder , Colitis, Ulcerative , Data Collection , Delivery of Health Care , Electronic Mail , Humans , Patient Participation , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life , Self Care , Statistics as Topic , Ulcer
18.
Motriz (Online) ; 25(4): e101949, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040654

ABSTRACT

Aims: The present study aimed to assess the effect of a 24-week intervention on the physical activity level among adults at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Methods: It was included 129 individuals of both sexes who underwent the Preventive Health Check-up at the Albert Einstein Israelita Hospital between January and August 2010 and who were at high and very high risk of developing DM2. The risk of developing DM2 was assessed according to the FINDRISC criteria. All participants were evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questioner (IPAQ). Subjects were followed-up for 24 weeks by a physical education professional through emails during a 6 month period. The IPAQ was sent by email after 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test with p<0.05 and the Yule Coefficient test. Results: At baseline of the follow-up period, 80.3% of individuals failed to comply with the recommended weekly physical activity. In the end, motivational intervention by e-mail encouraged 74.2% of individuals to comply with the weekly-recommended physical activity and only 1.5% were classified as sedentary. Conclusion: Therefore, the follow-up protocol conducted by periodic and personalized e-mails proved to be effective in promoting physical activity among people at risk of developing metabolic diseases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Motor Activity/physiology , Risk Factors , Electronic Mail , Sedentary Behavior
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 694-699, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762090

ABSTRACT

Patient education is important for successful management of atopic dermatitis; however, due to limited time and resources, patient education remains insufficient. This study aimed to investigate the current state of education provided by Korean dermatologists, pediatric allergists, and allergists to patients with atopic dermatitis. A questionnaire survey consisting of items regarding educational programs for patients with atopic dermatitis was conducted via e-mail. In total, 153 participants responded to the questionnaires, and 26.8% indicated that they have had separate educational programs. The workforce involved in the educational program included nurses, residents or fellows, dieticians, pharmacists, and clinical psychologists. Most education protocols addressed the characteristics and natural course of atopic dermatitis and environmental management. Overall, 96.7% of the participants replied that an additional charge is needed for education; moreover, additional assistance from an academic society or association, in the form of medical staff, organized data, and advertisement, is required to develop and provide a well-structured educational program. A standardized education protocol will effectively provide appropriate education for patients with atopic dermatitis. Arrangement of education fees, covered by the National Health Insurance Service, will lead to the establishment of a structured educational program and participation of an additional medical workforce.


Subject(s)
Dermatitis, Atopic , Education , Electronic Mail , Fees and Charges , Humans , Korea , Medical Staff , National Health Programs , Nutritionists , Patient Education as Topic , Pharmacists , Psychology
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the opinions of experts to identify problems and prepare an improvement plan when applying the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) to pediatric patients in the emergency department. METHODS: The experts comprised 15 researchers at a pediatric emergency center designated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare and research team members of the Korean Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. The first survey was an open-ended question about the problems, application results, and remedies of applying KTAS to children through e-mail. The problems were categorized by topic, and degree of agreement was presented using a 9-point Likert scale. RESULTS: In the first survey, 67% of experts participated and 18 problems were identified. In the second survey, 73% of experts participated and eight problems were identified in four categories, validity, reliability, feasibility and other opinions. All experts pointed out that resources were not considered during pediatric triage in the KTAS. Ninety-one percent of experts said that peak expiratory flow rate measurement and Glasgow Coma Scale evaluation were unlikely to be feasible. Moreover, 91% experts were concerned that the triage level could be distorted if KTAS was interlocked with medical costs. Eighty-two percent of the respondents pointed to the high triage result of febrile children and the difference in pain score between the evaluators, etc. CONCLUSION: Based on the problems pointed out by experts and the reality of Korea's emergency departments, it is necessary to consider revision of KTAS for children.


Subject(s)
Child , Delphi Technique , Electronic Mail , Emergencies , Emergency Medicine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Glasgow Coma Scale , Humans , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Surveys and Questionnaires , Triage
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