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1.
Ludovica pediátr ; 26(2): 28-38, dic.2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531133

ABSTRACT

La malnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados representa un importante problema sanitario asociado a una mayor tasa de complicaciones con un incremento de la morbimortalidad


Malnutrition in hospitalized patients represents a significant health problem associated with an increased rate of complications and higher morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
Child, Hospitalized , Enteral Nutrition , Malnutrition , Child , Nutritional Status , Protein-Energy Malnutrition
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3888, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431834

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate how different educational strategies contribute to knowledge gains perceived by caregivers of people using Enteral Nutritional Therapy. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted in two stages: the first one included an interactive lecture class (LC) and the second was carried out in two groups: in-situ simulated skills training (ST) and reading of an educational booklet (EB). The caregivers answered a self-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge before and after the interventions; for the analysis, a generalized linear model with Poisson distribution was proposed and the comparisons were carried out using orthogonal contrasts. Results: the participants were 30 caregivers; evidence of a difference in knowledge between the t1and t0 moments is evidenced. The analysis of the final comparison about the knowledge gain between the EB and ST groups, according to Student's t, evidenced an estimated difference of -1,33, with 95% CI (-4.98; 2.31) and p-value=0.46. Conclusion: knowledge was further increased between the t1 and t0 moments, when compared to the t2 and t1 moments in both groups. When compared, we cannot conclude that one of the groups changed more than the other in relation to moment t0 and t2; thus, the study evidenced the knowledge gain after all the educational strategies in both groups.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar como diferentes estratégias educativas contribuem para ganhos de conhecimento percebidos por cuidadores de pessoas em uso da Terapia Nutricional Enteral. Método: estudo quase-experimental realizado em duas etapas; a primeira contemplou uma aula expositiva dialogada (AE) e a segunda aconteceu em dois grupos: treino de habilidades (TH) simulado in situ e leitura da cartilha educativa (CE). Os cuidadores responderam um questionário autoaplicável para avaliação de conhecimentos em pré e pós-intervenções; para a análise foi proposto um modelo linear generalizado com distribuição Poisson e as comparações foram realizadas por contrastes ortogonais. Resultados: participaram 30 cuidadores, observou-se evidência de diferença de conhecimento entre os tempos t1 e t0. A análise da comparação final sobre o aumento do conhecimento entre os grupos CE e TH, por teste t-Student, evidenciou uma diferença estimada de -1,33, com IC 95% (-4,98; 2,31) e valor de p de 0,46. Conclusão: ocorreu uma maior elevação de conhecimento entre os tempos t1 e t0, quando comparada os tempos t2 e t1 em ambos os grupos. Quando comparados, não podemos concluir que um dos grupos mudou mais que o outro em relação aos tempos t0 e t2; assim, o estudo evidenciou o ganho de conhecimento após todas as estratégias educativas nos dois grupos.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar cómo las diferentes estrategias educativas contribuyen a la adquisición de conocimiento percibida por los cuidadores de personas que utilizan Terapia Nutricional Enteral. Método: estudio cuasiexperimental realizado en dos etapas; la primera incluyó una clase expositiva dialogada (CE) y la segunda se desarrolló en dos grupos: entrenamiento de habilidades (EH) simuladas in situ y lectura del folleto educativo (FE). Los cuidadores respondieron un cuestionario autoadministrado para evaluar el conocimiento pre-posintervenciones; para el análisis se propuso un modelo lineal generalizado con distribución de Poisson y las comparaciones se realizaron mediante contrastes ortogonales. Resultados: participaron 30 cuidadores, había evidencias de la diferencia de conocimiento entre los tiempos t1 y t0. El análisis de la comparación final sobre el aumento de conocimientos entre los grupos FE y EH, mediante la prueba t de Student, mostró una diferencia estimada de -1,33, con un IC del 95% (-4,98; 2,31) y un valor de p de 0,46. Conclusión: hubo un mayor aumento del conocimiento entre los tiempos t1 y t0, que entre los tiempos t2 y t1 en ambos grupos. Al compararlos, no podemos concluir que uno de los grupos cambió más que el otro entre t0 y t2; por lo tanto, el estudio demostró que hubo adquisición de conocimiento después de todas las estrategias educativas en ambos grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Health Education , Caregivers/education , Enteral Nutrition , Simulation Training
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 62265, 25/10/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526069

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A retirada da sonda no recém-nascido pré-termo (RNPT) e o adequado estabelecimento da via oral são importantes para a saúde do bebê, já que favorecem aleitamento materno e alta hospitalar, entretanto, é um desafio nas unidades neonatais. Objetivos: Analisar os fatores associados ao tempo de transição da sonda para via oral em RNPT internados em Unidade Neonatal do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Método: Foi realizado um estudo observacional analítico de coorte, com 45 RNPT que usaram sonda para alimentação no período de dezembro de 2021 a janeiro de 2022 e foram acompanhados pela equipe de Fonoaudiologia do serviço. Foram avaliados: a prontidão do prematuro para alimentação oral; a via oral com a técnica do finger feeding; a mamada e os níveis de habilidade oral. Resultados: Estiveram relacionadas ao maior tempo para transição da sonda para a via oral a idade gestacional ao nascimento inferior a 32 semanas, o peso ao nascimento inferior a 1500 gramas, a ausência de prontidão para via oral e a alta hospitalar em aleitamento artificial. Conclusão: Características do RNPT e da alimentação na avaliação e na alta hospitalar foram associados ao menor tempo de transição da sonda para a via oral. Assim, intervenções que estimulem o alcance da via oral no período de internação podem contribuir para a redução do tempo de transição e para o estímulo do aleitamento materno, favorecendo a saúde do RN, o vínculo mãe-bebê, a alta precoce, propiciando a rotatividade de leitos e, consequentemente, maior oferta aos usuários do SUS. (AU)


Introduction: The removal of the feeding tube in premature infants and the successful establishment of oral feeding are important for the baby's health, as they promote breastfeeding and hospital discharge. However, it is a challenge in neonatal units. Objectives: This article analyzes the factors associated with the time of transition from tube feeding to oral feeding in premature infants admitted to the Neonatal Unit of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Method: An analytical observational cohort study was conducted with 45 premature infants who used a feeding tube from December 2021 to January 2022 and were accompanied by the Speech Therapy team of the service. The following factors were evaluated: premature infant's readiness for oral feeding, oral feeding with finger feeding technique, breastfeeding, and levels of oral skill. Results: Factors associated with a longer transition time from tube feeding to oral feeding included gestational age at birth of fewer than 32 weeks, birth weight under 1500 grams, lack of readiness for oral feeding, and hospital discharge with artificial feeding. Conclusion: Characteristics of the premature infant and feeding at assessment and hospital discharge were associated with a shorter transition time from the tube to oral feeding. Therefore, interventions that stimulate oral feeding during hospitalization can help reduce the transition time and promote breastfeeding, benefiting the health of premature infants and the mother-baby bond. They can also contribute to early discharge, allowing for bed turnover and, consequently, increased availability for SUS users. (AU)


Introducción: La retirada de la sonda en los prematuros y el establecimiento adecuado de la vía bucal son importantes para la salud del bebé, ya que favorecen la lactancia y el alta hospitalaria, sin embargo, es un desafío en las unidades neonatales. Objetivos: Este artículo analiza los factores asociados al tiempo de transición de la sonda a la vía oral en prematuros internados en la Unidad Neonatal del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de cohortes, con 45 prematuros que utilizaron sonda de alimentación desde diciembre de 2021 hasta enero de 2022 y fueron seguidos por el equipo de logopedia del servicio. Se evaluaron: la disposición del prematuro para la alimentación oral; la vía oral con la técnica de alimentación con los dedos; lactancia materna y niveles de habilidad oral. Resultados: La edad gestacional ao nacer de menos de 32 semanas, el peso de nacimiento de menos de 1500 gramos, la falta de preparación para la administración oral y el alta hospitalaria con alimentación artificial se relacionaron con el mayor tiempo de transición de la vía por sonda a la vía oral. Conclusión: Las características del recién nacido prematuro y la alimentación en el momento de la evaluación y el alta hospitalaria se asociaron con un menor tiempo de transición de la sonda a la vía oral. Así, las intervenciones que fomenten la vía oral durante el período de hospitalización pueden contribuir a reducir el tiempo de transición y fomentar la lactancia materna, favoreciendo la salud del prematuro y el vínculo madre-bebé, además de contribuir al alta precoz, promoviendo la rotación de enfermeras, camas y, en consecuencia, mayor oferta a los usuarios del SUS. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Enteral Nutrition , Feeding Methods , Unified Health System , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Longitudinal Studies
4.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e58948, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436184

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A prematuridade é um fator de risco para o crescimento e o desenvolvimento dos neonatos. Objetivo: Analisar as características clinicas e fonoaudiológicas de neonatos hospitalizados na unidade de tratamento intensivo (UTI) neonatal com suspeita de doença genética. Material e Método:Estudo transversal descritivo, conduzido em um hospital na região sul do Brasil com coleta de dados entre novembro de 2020 e setembro de 2021. Todos os neonatos que se encontravam internados na UTI, atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde e que apresentavam suspeita de etiologias genéticas foram acompanhados pela equipe de Fonoaudiologia. Foram analisados todos os prontuários dos recém-nascidos com suspeita de alteração genética, extraindo-se os dados médicos e fonoaudiológicos. Resultados:A amostra foi constituída por 14 neonatos prematuros com média de idade gestacional de 36 semanas e 5 dias e uma média de tempo de nascimento, no momento da avaliação fonoaudiológica, de 14,6 dias de vida. No que se refere às comorbidades, 71,4% dos recém-nascidos apresentavam alguma malformação, sendo múltiplas na maior parte dos casos (64,29%). Todos os neonatos estavam fazendo uso de via enteral de alimentação durante a avaliação fonoaudiológica. Na avaliação de reflexos orais, observou-se que houve um predomínio de pacientes com reflexo de procura débil, sendo que a maior parte apresentava reflexo de sucção presente. Conclusões: Pode-se afirmar que, neste estudo, a amostra foi composta por pacientes principalmente prematuros que apresentavam malformações múltiplas e que todos faziam uso de via alternativa de alimentação sugerindo, assim, a necessidade de atendimento fonoaudiológico como parte da assistência multidisciplinar desses neonatos. (AU)


Introduction: Prematurity is a risk factor for the growth and development of neonates. Objective: To analyze clinical and speech therapy characteristics of neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit with suspected genetic disease. Method: Descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a hospital in southern Brazil with data collection between November 2020 and September 2021. All neonates who were hospitalized in the ICU attended by the public health system and who were suspected of having genetic etiologies were followed up by the Speech-Language Pathology team. All newborn`s medical records with suspected genetic alterations were analyzed and the medical and the speech-language pathology data were analyzed. Results: The sample consisted of 14 premature neonates with a mean gestational age of 36 weeks and 5 days and a mean time of birth, at the time of the speech-language pathology assessment, of 14.6 days of life. Regarding to comorbidities, 71.4% of newborns had some malformation, being multiple in most cases (64.29%). All neonates were using enteral feeding at the time of the speech-language evaluation. At the oral reflexes evaluation it was observed that there was a predominance of patients with a weak rooting reflex and most of them had a present sucking reflex. Conclusions: In this study the sample consisted of mainly premature patients who had multiple malformations and all of them used an alternative feeding route, thus suggesting the demand for speech therapy as part of the multidisciplinary care of these neonates. (AU)


Introducción: La prematuridad es un factor de riesgo para el crecimiento y desarrollo de los recién nacidos. Objetivo: Analizar las características clinicas y de terapia del habla de recién nacidos hospitalizados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales (UCI) con sospecha de enfermedad genética. Método: Estudio transversal descriptivo realizado en un hospital en la región del Sur de Brasil. Todos los recién nacidos que fueron hospitalizados en la UTI y que tenían sospecha de tener etiologías genéticas, fueron atendidos por el equipo de Patología del Habla y Lenguaje. Se analizaron todas las historias clínicas de los recién nacidos con sospecha de alteraciones genéticas, extrayéndose datos médicos y de patología del habla y del lenguaje. Resultados: La muestra estuvo constituida por 14 neonatos prematuros con una edad gestacional media de 36 semanas. En cuanto a las comorbilidades, el 71,4% de los recién nacidos presentó alguna malformación, siendo múltiples en la mayoría de los casos (64,29%). Con respecto a los datos de la evaluación de la patología del habla y el lenguaje, todos los recién nacidos estaban usando alimentación enteral. En la evaluación de los reflejos orales, se observó que hubo un predominio de pacientes con reflejo de búsqueda débil, y la mayoría de ellos tenían presente el reflejo de succión. Conclusiones: Se puede decir que en este estudio la muestra estuvo compuesta principalmente por pacientes prematuros, que presentaban plurimalformaciones y que todos utilizaban una vía alternativa de alimentación, sugiriendo así, la necesidad de la fonoaudiología como parte del cuidado multidisciplinario de estos neonatos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Sucking Behavior , Abnormalities, Multiple , Cross-Sectional Studies , Enteral Nutrition , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Electronic Health Records
5.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 862, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451458

ABSTRACT

de la deglución, los cuales representan todas las alteraciones del proceso fisiológico encargado de llevar el alimento desde la boca al esófago y después al estómago, salvaguardando siempre la protección de las vías respiratorias. OBJETIVO. Definir el manejo óptimo, de la disfagia en pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por COVID-19. METODOLOGÍA. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica en las bases de datos PubMed y Elsevier que relacionan el manejo de la disfagia y pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por SARS-CoV-2. Se obtuvo un universo de 134 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de búsqueda. Se seleccionaron 24 documentos, para ser considerados en este estudio. RESULTADOS. La incidencia de disfagia posterior a infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 23,14%, siendo la disfagia leve la más frecuente 48,0%. Los tratamientos clínicos más empleados en el manejo de la disfagia fueron rehabilitación oral y cambio de textura en la dieta en el 77,23% de los casos, mientras que el único tratamiento quirúrgico empleado fue la traqueotomía 37,31%. Un 12,68% de pacientes recuperó su función deglutoria sin un tratamiento específico. La eficacia de los tratamientos clínicos y quirúrgicos en los pacientes sobrevivientes de la infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 80,68%, con una media en el tiempo de resolución de 58 días. CONCLUSIÓN. La anamnesis es clave para el diagnóstico de disfagia post COVID-19. El tratamiento puede variar, desde un manejo conservador como cambios en la textura de la dieta hasta tratamientos más invasivos como traqueotomía para mejorar la función deglutoria.


INTRODUCTION. The difficulty to swallow or dysphagia is included within the problems of swallowing, which represent all the alterations of the physiological process in charge of carrying the food from the mouth to the esophagus, and then to the stomach, always taking into account the protection of the airways. OBJECTIVE. To define the optimal management, both clinical and surgical, for the adequate treatment of dysphagia produced as a consequence of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODOLOGY. A review of the scientific literature was carried out using both PubMed and Elsevier databases, which relate the management of dysphagia and patients with a history of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS. The incidence of dysphagia following severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was of 23,14%, with mild dysphagia being the most frequent 48,00%. The most frequently used clinical treatments for dysphagia management were oral rehabilitation and change in dietary texture in 77,23% of cases, while tracheotomy was the only surgical treatment used 37,31%. A total of 12,68% of patients recovered their swallowing function without specific treatment. The efficacy of clinical and surgical treatments in survivors of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was 80,68%, with a mean resolution time of 58 days. CONCLUSION. An adequate medical history is key to the diagnosis of post-COVID-19 dysphagia. Treatment can range from conservative management such as changes in diet texture to more invasive treatments such as tracheotomy to improve swallowing function.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial , Tracheotomy , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition/physiology , COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Speech , Tertiary Healthcare , Pulmonary Medicine , Deglutition Disorders , Respiratory Mechanics , Enteral Nutrition , Aerophagy , Dysgeusia , Ecuador , Exercise Therapy , Pathologists , Gastroenterology , Anosmia , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal
6.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1428655

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O registro dos dados referentes a Terapia Nutricional Enteral (TNE) é importante para assegurar o procedimento e comunicação sistemática da assistência. Com o estudo, objetivou-se analisar os registros de enfermagem referentes à inserção de cateteres nasogástricos (CNG) e nasoenterais (CNE) considerando o sub-registro e não conformidades encontradas em prontuários e durante observação dos pacientes. Métodos: estudo observacional, transversal com abordagem quantitativa, mediante a aplicação de instrumento para coleta de dados de pacientes internados em um Hospital Universitário no Pará entre agosto de 2019 a julho de 2020. Resultados: Foram identificadas 191 inserções de cateteres por enfermeiros, sendo 43 (22,52%) reinserções sub-registradas e 148 (77,48%) apresentaram não conformidades. Discussão: O sub-registro e as não conformidades interferem na qualidade da assistência de enfermagem, fragilizam as ações de segurança do paciente, além de apresentarem repercussões legais. Conclusão: Os dados apresentados neste artigo foram primordiais para a detecção de lacunas na assistência de enfermagem. (AU)


Objective: The recording of data referring to Enteral Nutrition Therapy (ENT) is important to ensure the procedure and systematic communication of care. The objective was to analyze the nursing records regarding the insertion of nasogastric (CNG) and nasoenteral (CNE) catheters, considering the under-recording and non-conformities found in medical records and during patient observation. Methods: observational, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, through the application of an instrument to collect data from patients admitted to a University Hospital in Pará between August 2019 and July 2020. Results: 191 insertions of catheters by nurses were identified, of which 43 (22.52%) underreported reinsertion and 148 (77.48%) presented non-conformities. Discussion: Under-registration and non-compliance interfere with the quality of nursing care, weaken patient safety actions, in addition to having legal repercussions. Conclusion: The data presented in this article were essential for the detection of gaps in nursing care. (AU)


Objetivo: El registro de los datos referentes a la Terapia de Nutrición Enteral (ENT) es importante para garantizar el procedimiento y la comunicación sistemática de los cuidados. El objetivo fue analizar los registros de enfermería con respecto a la inserción de catéteres nasogástricos (GNC) y nasoenterales (CNE), considerando el subregistro y las no conformidades encontradas en los registros médicos y durante la observación de los pacientes. Métodos: estudio observacional, transversal con abordaje cuantitativo, mediante la aplicación de un instrumento para recolectar datos de pacientes internados en un Hospital Universitario de Pará entre agosto de 2019 y julio de 2020. Resultados: fueron identificadas 191 inserciones de catéteres por enfermeros, de de los cuales 43 (22,52%) subreportaron reinserción y 148 (77,48%) presentaron no conformidades. Discusión: El subregistro y el incumplimiento interfieren en la calidad de la atención de enfermería, debilitan las acciones de seguridad del paciente, además de tener repercusiones legales. Conclusión: Los datos presentados en este artículo fueron esenciales para la detección de lagunas en el cuidado de enfermería. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing Records , Underregistration , Enteral Nutrition , Continuity of Patient Care
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 435-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982608

ABSTRACT

Difficulty in swallowing is a common symptom in stroke patients, and nasogastric tubes are routinely used to solve the nutritional support problem of these patients. The existing nasogastric tube have the disadvantages of causing aspiration pneumonia and patient discomfort. The traditional transoral gastric tube has no one-way valve switch and gastric content storage device, and cannot be fixed in the stomach, resulting in reflux of gastric contents, inability to fully understand the digestion and absorption of gastric contents, and accidental dislocation of the gastric tube, affecting further feeding and gastric content detection. For these reasons, the medical staff of the department of gastroenterology and colorectal surgery of Jilin University China-Japan Union Hospital designed a new transoral gastric tube that can extract and store gastric contents, and was granted a national utility model patent of China (ZL 2020 2 1704393.1). The device consists of collection, cannula and fixation modules. The collection module includes three parts. Gastric contents storage capsule, which can clearly visualize the gastric contents; three-way switch, which can be controlled by rotating the pathway, makes the pathway exist in different states, which is convenient for medical personnel to extract gastric juice, as well as perform intermittent oral tube feeding on the patient or close the pipeline, and reduce contamination and prolong the service life of the gastric tube; one-way valve, which can effectively avoid the contents of the reflux back into the stomach. The tube insertion module includes three parts. A graduated tube, which can enable the medical staff to effectively identify the insertion depth; a solid guide head, which makes the insertion of the tube through the mouth more smoothly; the gourd-shaped passageway, which effectively avoids the blockage of the tube. The fixation module is a water-filled balloon, which is properly filled with water and air. After the pipe is inserted through the mouth, it can be injected with water and gas properly to avoid accidental withdrawal of the gastric tube. Intermittent oroesophageal tube feeding of patients with dysphagia after stroke through a transoral gastric tube that can extract and store gastric contents can not only accelerate the recovery process of patients and shorten the hospitalization time, but also transoral enteral nutrition can effectively promote the recovery of patients' systemic systems, which has certain clinical use value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteral Nutrition , Aircraft , Cannula , China , Drug Contamination
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 409-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether dynamic monitoring of citrulline (Cit) has guiding value for early enteral nutrition (EN) in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.@*METHODS@#A observational study was conducted. A total of 76 patients with severe gastrointestinal injury admitted to different intensive care units of Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from February 2021 to June 2022 were enrolled. Early EN was performed in 24-48 hours after admission as recommended by the guidelines. Those who did not terminate EN after 7 days were enrolled in the early EN success group, and those who terminated EN within 7 days due to persistent feeding intolerance or deterioration of general condition were enrolled in the early EN failure group. There was no intervention during the treatment. Serum Cit levels were measured by mass spectrometry at admission, before EN starting and EN 24 hours, respectively, and the changes in Cit within EN 24 hours (ΔCit) were calculated (ΔCit = EN 24-hour Cit-Cit before EN starting). Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to investigate the predictive value of ΔCit for early EN failure, and the optimal predictive value was calculated. Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for early EN failure and death at 28 days.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-six patients were enrolled in the final analysis, of which 40 succeeded in early EN and 36 failed. There were significant differences in age, main diagnosis, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score at admission, blood lactic acid (Lac) before EN initiation and ΔCit between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 0.929, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.874-0.988, P = 0.018], ΔCit (OR = 2.026, 95%CI was 1.322-3.114, P = 0.001) and increased feeding rate within 48 hours (OR = 13.719, 95%CI was 1.795-104.851, P = 0.012) were independent risk factors for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. ROC curve analysis showed that ΔCit had a good predictive value for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.787, 95%CI was 0.686-0.887, P < 0.001], and the optimal predictive value of ΔCit was 0.74 μmol/L (sensitivity was 65.0%, specificity was 75.0%). Combined with the optimal predictive value of ΔCit, "overfeeding" was defined as ΔCit < 0.74 μmol/L and increased feeding within 48 hours. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR = 0.825, 95%CI was 0.732-0.930, P = 0.002), APACHE II score (OR = 0.696, 95%CI was 0.518-0.936, P = 0.017) and early EN failure (OR = 181.803, 95%CI was 3.916-8 439.606, P = 0.008) were independent risk factors for 28-day death in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. The new variable "overfeeding" was also associated with an increased risk of death at 28 days (OR = 27.816, 95%CI was 1.023-755.996, P = 0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dynamic monitoring of Cit has guiding value for early EN in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enteral Nutrition , Citrulline , APACHE , Abdominal Injuries , Cognition , Thoracic Injuries
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 401-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982182

ABSTRACT

Small bowel obstruction is a common surgical acute abdomen, with high rates of missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis, mortality and disability. The majority of patients with small bowel obstruction can be relieved by early non-operative treatment and intestinal obstruction catheter. However, there are still many controversies about the window of observation, the time of emergency operation and the method of operation. In recent years, the basic and clinical research on small bowel obstruction has made further progress, but there is no authoritative reference in clinical practice, and there is no relevant consensus and guidelines to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel obstruction in China. Accordingly, on the initiative of the Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Branch of China International Health Care Promotion Exchange Association. The experts in this field of our country constitute the editorial committee, and refer to the main results of the current domestic and foreign research. According to the GRADE system of evidence quality assessment and recommendation intensity grading, the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel obstruction was formulated for the study and reference of related specialties. It is expected to improve the overall level of diagnosis and treatment of small bowel obstruction in our country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Enteral Nutrition , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Parenteral Nutrition , China
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 236-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981921

ABSTRACT

Blunt bowel injury (BBI) is relatively rare but life-threatening when delayed in surgical repair or anastomosis. Providing enteral nutrition (EN) in BBI patients with open abdomen after damage control surgery is challenging, especially for those with discontinuity of the bowel. Here, we report a 47-year-old male driver who was involved in a motor vehicle collision and developed ascites on post-trauma day 3. Emergency exploratory laparotomy at a local hospital revealed a complete rupture of the jejunum and then primary anastomosis was performed. Postoperatively, the patient was transferred to our trauma center for septic shock and hyperbilirubinemia. Following salvage resuscitation, damage control laparotomy with open abdomen was performed for abdominal sepsis, and a temporary double enterostomy (TDE) was created where the anastomosis was ruptured. Given the TDE and high risk of malnutrition, multiple portions EN were performed, including a proximal portion EN support through a nasogastric tube and a distal portion EN via a jejunal feeding tube. Besides, chyme delivered from the proximal portion of TDE was injected into the distal portion of TDE via a jejunal feeding tube. Hyperbilirubinemia was alleviated with the increase in chyme reinfusion. After 6 months of home EN and chyme reinfusion, the patient finally underwent TDE reversal and abdominal wall reconstruction and was discharged with a regular diet. For BBI patients with postoperative hyperbilirubinemia who underwent open abdomen, the combination of multiple portions EN and chyme reinfusion may be a feasible and safe option.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Enteral Nutrition , Intestines/surgery , Intestinal Diseases , Abdomen/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
11.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 18: 66420, 2023. ^etab, ^eilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437582

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes com câncer avançado apresentam sintomas e distúrbios metabólicos que podem impossibilitar a alimentação oral adequada e levar à perda de peso, com implicações na capacidade funcional e na qualidade de vida, sendo indicadas sondas/ostomias para alimentação. Objetivos: Compreender os sentidos e significados da alimentação por sondas/ostomias para pacientes com câncer avançado em cuidados paliativos exclusivos e cuidadores. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, exploratório-descritiva, realizada em hospital do Rio de Janeiro, através de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 12 pacientes e 12 cuidadores, no ano de 2021. Após transcrições, utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo de Laurence Bardin. Como referenciais teóricos, as ideias de Elizabeth Kübler-Ross e perspectivas da Psicologia Social. Resultados: Três dimensões temáticas foram identificadas sobre indicação, vivências e sentidos e significados da alimentação por sonda/ostomias, com respectivas categorias. A maioria dos pacientes e cuidadores abordou a evolução da doença e a participação na decisão da via alimentar alternativa. Como sentidos da alimentação: qualidade de vida, conforto, vida e esperança. Conclusões: Dessa forma, a nutrição artificial é ressignificada como a nova alimentação possível, apresentando também aspectos simbólicos, além da função biológica.


Introduction: Patients with advanced cancer show symptoms and metabolic disorders that can make appropriate oral feeding impossible causing weight loss, with implications regarding functional capacity and quality of life; feeding tubes/ostomies are indicated in such cases. Objectives: To understand the senses and meanings of tube feeding/ostomies for patients with advanced cancer in exclusive palliative care and for caregivers. Methods: This is a qualitative, exploratory-descriptive investigation, carried out in a hospital in Rio de Janeiro, through semi-structured interviews with 12 patients and 12 caregivers, in the year 2021. After transcriptions, Laurence Bardin's content analysis was used. As theoretical references, the ideas of Elizabeth Kübler-Ross and perspectives of Social Psychology were used. Results: Three thematic dimensions were identified on indication, experiences and senses and meanings of tube feeding/ostomy, with respective categories. Most patients and caregivers addressed the evolution of the disease and their decision on the alternative food route. As meanings of food: quality of life, comfort, life and hope. Conclusions: In this way, artificial nutrition is resignified as the new possible feeding method; artificial nutrition also presents symbolic aspects besides the biological function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care , Enteral Nutrition , Life Change Events , Neoplasms/therapy , Quality of Life , Brazil , Cancer Care Facilities , Nutritional Status , Caregivers , Qualitative Research
12.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(2): 277-284, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437732

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Apontar para a forma como a sonda nasoenteral serve a várias finalidades, entre as quais estão a própria alimentação enteral, a administração de drogas, como meio de contraste ou carvão ativado, para fins de aspiração do conteúdo do estômago para descomprimir o estômago de fluido, ar ou sangue, para reduzir o risco de vômito ou aspiração e para outros fins. Método: Revisão de literatura, descritiva exploratória, escolhidas, pois descreve, discute e analisa de forma ampla a literatura publicada sobre o tema, sob o ponto de vista teórico ou contextual a respeito da relevância do diagnóstico por imagem radiológica nestes casos. Resultados: Deve-se garantir a segurança do paciente, para isso é essencial confirmar que a sonda foi introduzida de maneira correta e está no devido local (estômago ou parte do intestino), uma vez que a sonda pode inadvertidamente ter sido inserida nos pulmões, o que pode passar desapercebido em pacientes de alto risco. Conclusão: Deve-se usar a sonda naso/oro para terapia nutricional, além de se prevenir eventos adversos para que o processo seja efetivo.


Objective. Point out how the nasoenteral tube serves various purposes, among which are enteral feeding itself, administration of drugs such as contrast medium or activated charcoal, for the purpose of aspiration of stomach contents to decompress the stomach of fluid, air or blood, to reduce the risk of vomiting or aspiration, and for other purposes. Method: Literature review, descriptive and exploratory, chosen because it describes, discusses and analyzes widely the published literature on the subject, from a theoretical or contextual point of view regarding the relevance of radiological imaging diagnosis in these cases. Results: Patient safety must be ensured, for this it is essential to confirm that the tube has been inserted correctly and is in the right place (stomach or part of the intestine), since the tube may have been inadvertently inserted into the lungs, which may go unnoticed in high-risk patients. Conclusion: The naso/oro tube should be used for nutritional therapy, in addition to preventing adverse events for the process to be effective


Objetivo. Señalar cómo la sonda nasoenteral sirve para varios fines, entre los que se encuentran la alimentación enteral en sí, la administración de fármacos como medio de contraste o carbón activado, con el fin de aspirar el contenido del estómago para descomprimir el estómago de líquido, aire o sangre, para reducir la riesgo de vómito o aspiración, y para otros fines. Método: Revisión bibliográfica, descriptiva y exploratoria, elegida porque describe, discute y analiza ampliamente la literatura publicada sobre el tema, desde un punto de vista teórico o contextual respecto a la relevancia del diagnóstico por imágenes radiológicas en estos casos. Resultados: Se debe garantizar la seguridad del paciente, para ello es fundamental confirmar que la sonda se ha insertado correctamente y está en el lugar correcto (estómago o parte del intestino), ya que la sonda puede haber sido introducida inadvertidamente en los pulmones, que puede pasar desapercibido en pacientes de alto riesgo. Conclusión: La sonda naso/oro debe ser utilizada para la terapia nutricional, además de prevenir eventos adversos para que el proceso sea efectivo.


Subject(s)
X-Rays , Enteral Nutrition , Nutrition Therapy
13.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(2): 409-418, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442343

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a associação entre as complicações relacionadas à sonda nasoenteral e diagnósticos de enfermagem. Método: dupla coorte prospectiva de pacientes adultos, usuários de sonda nasoenteral em um hospital universitário. Os dados foram coletados diariamente do prontuário dos pacientes por meio de formulário eletrônico. As complicações relacionadas à sonda nasoenteral foram clínicas (diarreia e constipação) e mecânicas (tração e obstrução). Os diagnósticos de enfermagem avaliados foram aqueles relacionados à nutrição dos pacientes, identificados pela equipe assistente e coletado em prontuário. Resultados: Acompanhou-se 494 pacientes, a maioria idosos (69,4%). Do total de pacientes, 38,1% tiveram alguma complicação clínica e, 36,4% apresentaram complicações mecânicas relacionadas à sonda nasoenteral. Pacientes com complicações apresentaram maior número de diagnósticos de enfermagem implementados e tempo de uso de sonda (p<0,001). Deglutição prejudicada (31%) e Nutrição desequilibrada: menos que as necessidades corporais (30%) foram os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais frequentes. Conclusão: As complicações relacionadas à sonda nasoenteral ocorreram em percentual elevado. Os pacientes com tais complicações apresentaram maior número de diagnósticos de enfermagem implementados e tempo de uso de sonda.


Objective: to evaluate the association between complications related to the nasoenteral tube and nursing diagnoses. Method: double prospective cohort of adult patients using nasoenteral tube in a university hospital. Data were collected daily from the patients' charts using an electronic form. nasoenteral tube-related complications were clinical (diarrhea and constipation) and mechanical (traction and obstruction). The nursing diagnoses evaluated were those related to the patients' nutrition, identified by the assistant team and collected from the medical records. Results: 494 patients were followed up, most of them elderly (69.4%). Of the total number of patients, 38.1% had some clinical complication, and 36.4% had mechanical complications related to the nasoenteral tube. Patients with complications had a great number of nursing diagnoses implemented and time using nasoenteral tube (p<0.001). Impaired swallowing (31%) and Unbalanced nutrition: less than body needs (30%) were the most frequent nursing diagnoses. Conclusion: Complications related to the nasoenteral tube occurred in a high percentage. Patients with such complications had a greater number of nursing diagnoses implemented and time using nasoenteral tube.


Objetivo: evaluar la asociación entre las complicaciones relacionadas con la sonda nasoenteral y los diagnósticos de enfermería. Metodo: doble cohorte prospectiva de pacientes adultos usuários de sonda nasoenteral en um hospital universitário. Los datos se recogieron diariamente de las historias clínicas de los pacientes mediante un formulário electrónico. Las complicaciones relacionadas con la sonda nasoenteral fueron clínicas (diarrea y estreñimiento) y mecânicas (tracción y obstrucción). Los diagnósticos de enfermería evaluados fueron aquellos relacionados con la nutrición de los pacientes, identificados por el equipo asistencial y recolectados de las historias clínicas. Resultados: Se siguieron 494 pacientes, la mayoría ancianos (69,4%). Del total de pacientes, el 38,1% presentó alguna complicación clínica y el 36,4% presentó complicaciones mecánicas relacionadas con el sonda nasoenteral. Los pacientes con complicaciones tuvieron mayor número de diagnósticos de enfermería implementados y tiempo de uso de sonda (p<0,001). Deglución alterada (31%) y Nutrición desequilibrada: inferior a las necessidades corporales (30%) fueron los diagnósticos de enfermería más frecuentes. Conclusión: Las complicaciones relacionadas com el sonda nasoenteral ocurrieron em un alto porcentaje. Los pacientes con tales complicaciones tuvieron mayor número de diagnósticos de enfermería implementados y tiempo de uso de sonda.


Subject(s)
Enteral Nutrition , Nursing Diagnosis , Patient Safety , Intubation, Gastrointestinal , Nursing Assessment
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(2): 172-176, jun. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1387601

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La nutrición enteral es parte importante del soporte vital avanzado en el paciente crítico, y ha demostrado ser más fisiológica, económica y con resultados superiores a la nutrición parenteral. La yeyunostomía para alimentación enteral está indicada cuando no es posible la alimentación por vía oral y está contraindicada la utilización de una sonda nasogástrica o nasoyeyunal de alimentación. Es una vía de alimentación con escasa morbilidad, aunque no está exenta de complicaciones, y algunas de ellas pueden ser graves. Comunicamos un caso de necrosis intestinal vinculado a la alimentación enteral por yeyunostomía en un paciente sometido a una gastrectomía oncológica.


ABSTRACT Enteral nutrition is an important component of advanced life support in the critically ill patient, and has demonstrated to be more physiologic, cheaper and with better results than parenteral nutrition. Jejunostomy for enteral nutrition is indicated when the oral route is impossible and the use of a nasogastric or nasojejunal feeding tube is contraindicated. Although the rate of complications associated with enteral nutrition through jejunostomy is low, they may occur and be serious. We report a case of bowel necrosis associated with a jejunostomy performed for enteral nutrition in a patient who underwent oncologic gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Jejunostomy/adverse effects , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Intestines/pathology , Peritonitis/surgery , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrectomy , Laparotomy , Necrosis/diagnosis
15.
Actual. nutr ; 23(3): 162-167, jul 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418261

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La malnutrición y la deficiencia de micronutrientes son complicaciones frecuentes en los pacientes con parálisis cerebral (PC). Objetivo: Analizar los niveles de vitamina D (VitD) en pacientes PC en Nutrición Enteral Domiciliaria (NED). Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo analítico de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes PC, e/ 2-18 años, con dosaje de VitD al final del invierno 2021. Se analizó: sexo, edad, discapacidad por Gross Motor Scale (GMS), estado nutricional, drogas antiepilépticas, fórmula, aporte de VitD, volumen, vía de acceso, gasto energético basal (GEB). Se agruparon: Grupo I (GI VitD ≥ 30 ng/ml) GII (VitD ≤ 29 ng/ml). Resultados: se incluyeron 34 pacientes PC, 15 femeninos (44,11 %), edad media 10,87 años (DS 4,78), todos fueron grado V (GMS). La media de Z score de IMC (OMS) fue -1,33 (DS 3,14). Todos recibieron NE diaria. El aporte medio fue de 1270 Kcal (DE:243), 1,16 (Kcal sobre lo estimado según Schofield). Las fórmulas aportaron el 80% del requerimiento de VitD. Los niveles sanguíneos de VitD mostraron: 16 pacientes ≥ de 30 ng/ml y 18 ≤ 29 ng/ml. 14 fueron deficientes y 4 insuficientes. El 59% (20) de los pacientes recibían medicación anticonvulsivante. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre G1 y G2 para sexo, edad, Z score de IMC, aporte de VitD, calorías recibidas/ GMB y medicación anticonvulsivante. Conclusión: El alto porcentaje de pacientes PC pediátricos con niveles subóptimos de VitD muestra que se trata de una población de riesgo y sugiere la necesidad del chequeo sistemático para una adecuada prevención y tratamiento


Introduction: Malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are frequent complications in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Objective: to analyze the levels of vitamin D (VitD) in CP patients receiving Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN). Material and Methods: Retrospective analytical cross-sectional study. CP patients, from 2 to 18 years old, with measured VitD at the end of winter 2021, were included. The following study variables were analyzed: sex, age, disability by Gross Motor Scale (GMS), nutritional status, antiepileptic drugs, formula, VitD intake, volume, access route, basal energy expenditure (BEE), according to Schofield P/T. They were grouped: Group I (GI VitD ≥ 30 ng/ml) GII (VitD ≤ 29 ng/ml). Results: 34 CP patients were included, 15 female (44.11 %), mean age 10.87 years (SD 4.78), all grade V (GMS). The mean BMI Z score (WHO) was -1.33 (SD 3.14). EN was daily in all, 33 due to gastrostomy and 1 due to SNG. The average contribution 1270 Kcal (DS243), 1.16 (Kcal received according to Schofield). The formulas provided 80 % of the VitD requirement. VitD blood levels showed: 16 patients (47 %) ≥ 30 ng/ml and 18 (52 %) ≤ 29 ng/ml. 14 (41.17 %) were deficient and 4 insufficient (11.76 %). 59 % (20) of the patients received anticonvulsant medication. No significant differences were found between G1 and G2 for sex, age, BMI Z score, VitD intake, calories received/GMB and anticonvulsant medication. Conclusion: The high percentage of pediatric CP patients with suboptimal levels of Vit D shows that it is a population at risk and suggests the need for systematic check-up for adequate prevention and treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Cerebral Palsy , Enteral Nutrition
16.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0422, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381965

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Verificar a adesão da equipe de enfermagem a um protocolo assistencial de fixação de cateter nasoenteral, após ação de educação em saúde. Método: Estudo quantitativo, transversal, de campo, observacional e descritivo, em um hospital no município do Rio de Janeiro. Constituiu-se de duas etapas: ação de educação em saúde sobre um protocolo de fixação de cateter nasoenteral e coleta de dados após ação de educação em saúde, sob a forma de observação não participante, com a utilização de instrumento contendo informações referentes à presença de fixação, tipo de fixação, registro da data do procedimento e condições da fixação do cateter nasoenteral. Resultados: As ações de educação em saúde abrangeram a participação de 133 profissionais de enfermagem. Dos 123 pacientes observados, 100% possuíam fixação, sendo a mais prevalente a fixação nasal (60,16% / n = 74). Em 68,29% (n = 84) não havia registro de data, 95,93% (n = 118) e 87,80% (n = 108) apresentavam boas condições de limpeza e aderência, respectivamente. Conclusão: Não se atingiu um resultado satisfatório quanto à adesão ao tipo de fixação e registro da data do procedimento. Apesar da adesão insatisfatória, houve alta correlação positiva entre a adesão dos profissionais nas ações de educação e razão de acerto do tipo de fixação


Objective:To verify the adherence of the nursing team to a care protocol for the fixation of a nasoenteral catheter, after a health education action. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional, field, observational and descriptive study in a hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro. It consisted of two stages: health education action on a nasoenteral catheter fixation protocol and data collection after health education action, in the form of non-participant observation, using an instrument containing information regarding the presence of fixation, type of fixation, record of the date of the procedure and conditions of fixation of the nasoenteral catheter. Results: Health education actions encompassed the participation of 133 nursing professionals. Of the 123 patients observed, 100% had fixation, the most prevalent being nasal fixation (60.16% / n = 74). In 68.29% (n = 84) there was no date record, 95.93% (n = 118) and 87.80% (n = 108) had good cleaning and adherence conditions, respectively. Conclusion: A satisfactory result was not achieved regarding adherence to the type of fixation and registration of the date of the procedure. Despite the unsatisfactory adherence, there was a high positive correlation between the professionals' adherence to the education actions and the correctness ratio of the type of fixation.


Objetivo:Verificar la adhesión del equipo de enfermería a un protocolo de asistencia para la fijación de catéter nasoenteral, después de una acción de educación en salud. Método: Estudio cuantitativo, transversal, de campo, observacional y descriptivo en un hospital de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro. Constó de dos etapas: acción de educación en salud sobre un protocolo de fijación de catéter nasoenteral y recolección de datos después de la acción de educación en salud, en la forma de observación no participante, utilizando un instrumento que contiene información sobre la presencia de fijación, tipo de fijación, registro de la fecha del procedimiento y condiciones de fijación del catéter nasoenteral. Resultados: Las acciones de educación en salud contaron con la participación de 133 profesionales de enfermería. De los 123 pacientes observados, el 100% presentaba fijación, siendo la más prevalente la fijación nasal (60,16% / n = 74). En el 68,29% (n = 84) no hubo registro de fecha, el 95,93% (n = 118) y el 87,80% (n = 108) tuvieron buenas condiciones de limpieza y adherencia, respectivamente. Conclusión: No se logró un resultado satisfactorio en cuanto a la adherencia al tipo de fijación y registro de la fecha del procedimiento. A pesar de la adhesión insatisfactoria, hubo una alta correlación positiva entre la adhesión de los profesionales a las acciones de educación y la razón de acierto del tipo de fijación.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Enteral Nutrition , Equipment and Supplies , Enterostomal Therapy , Nursing Assessment , Nursing, Team
18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1368446

ABSTRACT

A doença crítica promove um estado hipercatabólico associado a uma resposta inflamatória intensa. Admite-se que essas alterações contribuem para o aumento do gasto de energia e para a elevação do catabolismo proteico. Objetivo: analisar a adequação calórico-proteica da terapia de nutrição enteral e o seu impacto no desfecho clínico de pacientes críticos. Método: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal prospectivo realizado com 36 pacientes internados em unidades de terapia intensiva. A adequação da oferta calórico-proteica foi obtida pela relação percentual a partir do quarto dia de implementação da terapia nutricional. Realizou-se o teste de Shapiro Wilk para averiguar a normalidade dos dados e a partir disso, foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney ou de t-Student não pareado. Foi realizada a análise de regressão logística com estimativa de seu coeficiente. Para a regressão estimou-se o intervalo de confiança de 95% e nível de significância de 5%. Foi utilizado o software STATA® versão 14.0 nesta análise. Resultados: Ao avaliar 36 pacientes verificou-se que a sobrevida foi menor entre os indivíduos que apresentaram o menor percentual de adequação calórica (p=0,010) e proteica (p=<0,001). Observou-se que oferta proteica impactou mais expressivamente os desfechos clínicos, ao aumento de 1% na média de adequação proteica as chances de óbito diminuíram 21%. Conclusão: O menor percentual de adequação calórico-proteica foi associado a menor sobrevida de pacientes críticos. Ainda, observou-se que o percentual de adequação proteica se associou mais expressivamente aos desfechos clínicos nessa amostra


The critical illness promotes a hypercatabolic state associated with an intense inflammatory response. It is recognized that those changes contribute to the rise of consumption of energy expenditure and to protein metabolism rise. Objective: to analyze the adequacy caloric-protein of enteral nutrition therapy and its impact on the clinical outcome of critical patients. Method: This is a prospective longitudinal study conducted with 36 hospitalized patients in intensive care units. The caloric-protein adequacy was acquired by percent ratio from the fourth day of nutritional therapy implementation. The Shapiro Wilk test was performed to check the data normality and based on that the Mann-Whitney test or unpaired Student t test was applied. The logistic regression analysis was performed with an estimate of its coefficient. For regression, it was estimated the confidence interval of 95% and significance level of 5%. In this analysis was utilized the STATA® software version 14.0. Results: In the evaluation of 36 patients, it was found that survival was lower among the individuals who had the lower percentage of caloric adequacy (p=0,010) and protein (p=<0,001). It was observed that the protein supply impacted expressively the clinical outcome with an increase of 1% in the average protein adequacy, the chances of death decreased by 21%. Conclusion: The lower percentage of caloric-protein adequacy was associated with lower mortality of critical patients. In addition, in this sampling, it was observed that the protein adequacy percentual joined expressively in the clinical outcome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Enteral Nutrition , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/therapy , Critical Care , Nutrition Therapy , Body Mass Index , Survival Analysis , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Sepsis/therapy , COVID-19/therapy , Inpatients
19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1368708

ABSTRACT

Investigar o uso de drogas vasoativas e a sua relação com a intolerância dietoterápica em pacientes críticos. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal retrospectivo realizado em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTIs) de um hospital público de Goiânia, no período de setembro de 2020 a junho de 2021. Realizou-se o levantamento de dados em prontuários eletrônicos do início da terapia nutricional enteral (TNE) correlato ao uso de droga vasoativa (DVA) até o 3° dia de internação. Resultados: A análise incluiu 40 pacientes, observou-se a prevalência do sexo masculino (72,50%) e a média de idade observada foi de 53,67 ± 19,86 anos. Nesse estudo o uso de uma DVA (77,50%) foi mais prevalente do que o uso de duas ou mais DVAs. Verificou-se uma relação significativa entre desfecho clínico e uso de DVA, de modo que, o óbito foi mais frequente naqueles que usavam duas ou mais DVAs (p=0,016). Também foi observada a associação entre a hipoglicemia e o uso de DVA. Essa intercorrência foi frequente naqueles com uso de duas ou mais DVAs (p=0,030). O uso de DVA não se associou a intolerância dietoterápica, porém observamos que a obstipação foi a intercorrência mais prevalente (42,50%). Conclusão: O uso de DVA não se associou a intolerância dietoterápica nessa amostra. Porém observamos uma relação significativa entre o uso de DVA e o óbito. Ainda, verificou-se que a hipoglicemia também se relacionou ao uso de DVA


To investigate the use of vasoactive drugs and its relationship with dietary intolerance in critically ill patients. Methods: This is a retrospective longitudinal study carried out in intensive care units (ICUs) of a public hospital in Goiânia, from September 2020 to June 2021. Data were collected from electronic medical records from the beginning of the enteral nutritional therapy (ENT) correlated with the use of vasoactive drugs (VAD) until the 3rd day of hospitalization. Results: The analysis included 40 patients, there was a prevalence of males (72.50%) and the mean age observed was 53.67 ± 19.86 years. In this study, the use of one VAD (77.50%) was more prevalent than the use of two or more VADs. There was a significant relationship between clinical outcome and use of VAD, so that death was more frequent in those who used two or more VADs (p=0.016). An association between hypoglycemia and the use of VAD was also observed. This complication was more frequent in those using two or more VADs (p=0.030). The use of VAD was not associated with gastrointestinal intolerance (GI), but we observed that constipation was the most prevalent complication (42.50%). Conclusion: The use of VAD was not associated with GA in this sample. However, we observed a significant relationship between the use of VAD and death. Furthermore, it was found that hypoglycemia was also related to the use of VAD


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Agents/adverse effects , Enteral Nutrition , Critical Care , Food Intolerance/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
20.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1379114

ABSTRACT

A terapia nutricional é uma das intervenções terapêuticas mais utilizadas em cuidados intensivos, quando aplicada de forma correta auxilia na diminuição de complicações metabólicas, no equilíbrio imunológico, além de amenizar a perda de massa corporal do paciente gravemente enfermo. Objetivo: avaliar a associação dos indicadores antropométricos e o consumo proteico com o desfecho clínico de pacientes críticos em uso de terapia nutricional enteral (TNE) exclusiva. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo de caráter observacional analítico, com a utilização de dados de pacientes adultos e idosos em uso exclusivo de TNE desenvolvido em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Realizado por meio da coleta de dados secundários registrados nos prontuários de pacientes ≥ 18 anos, que receberam terapia nutricional enteral exclusiva por pelo menos 72 horas. Utilizou-se os indicadores antropométricos índice de massa corporal (IMC) e circunferência do braço. Para a estimativa das necessidades proteicas, considerou-se a recomendação da American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. A adequação nutricional foi realizada por meio da coleta diária do volume da formula enteral prescrita e administrada. Nas análises utilizaram-se testes paramétricos e não paramétricos e foi considerado significante p < 0,05. Resultado: Participaram do estudo 52 pacientes que estiveram em uso de nutrição enteral exclusiva internados na UTI no hospital por pelo menos de 72 horas durante a etapa de coleta de dados. Desses pacientes a maioria era do sexo masculino (76,9%), com idade média de 45,7 anos (DP=15,0, mínimo 20 e máximo 71). O tempo de internação médio foi de 12 dias. Os diagnósticos de AIDS (síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida) (46,1%) e COVID-19 (13,4%) foram os mais prevalentes. Foram identificados que quase 60% da amostra não tinham comorbidades e o desfecho clínico mais frequente foi a alta hospitalar. Conclusão: Neste estudo não foi verificado associações entre os desfechos clínicos avaliados (alta ou óbito) com o aporte proteico ofertado e os indicadores antropométricos, assim também como não tiveram entre as variáveis demográficas e clínicas investigadas


Nutritional therapy is one of the most used therapeutic interventions in intensive care, when correctly applied, it helps to reduce metabolic complications, immune balance, in addition to mitigating the loss of body mass in seriously ill patients. Objective: to evaluate the association of anthropometric indicators and protein consumption with the clinical outcome of critically ill patients using exclusive enteral nutritional therapy (EN). Materials and Methods: This is a prospective, observational, analytical study, using data from adult and elderly patients exclusively using EN developed in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Performed by collecting secondary data recorded in the medical records of patients ≥ 18 years old, who received exclusive enteral nutritional therapy for at least 72 hours. Anthropometric indicators body mass index (BMI) and arm circumference were used. For the estimation of protein requirements, the recommendation of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition was considered. Nutritional adequacy was performed through the daily collection of the volume of the prescribed and administered enteral formula. Parametric and non-parametric tests were used in the analyses, and p < 0.05 was considered significant. Result: The study included 52 patients who had been using exclusive enteral nutrition and were hospitalized in the ICU for at least 72 hours during the data collection stage. Of these patients, the majority were male (76.9%), with a mean age of 45.7 years (SD=15.0, minimum 20 and maximum 71). The mean hospital stay was 12 days. The diagnoses of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) (46.1%) and COVID-19 (13.4%) were the most prevalent. It was identified that almost 60% of the sample had no comorbidities and the most frequent clinical outcome was hospital discharge. Conclusion: In this study, there were no associations between the evaluated clinical outcomes (discharge or death) with the protein intake offered and the anthropometric indicators, as well as they did not have between the demographic and clinical variables investigated


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Enteral Nutrition , Critical Care/methods , Body Mass Index , Communicable Diseases/therapy , Prospective Studies , Intensive Care Units
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