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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2): 146-153, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1104408

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de cáries em pré-escolares, por meio do índice ceo-d. Método: Estudo transversal, desenvolvido entre fevereiro e outubro de 2016, com 189 crianças pré-escolares, com idade de cinco anos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de exame clínico, sistematizados no Microsoft Excel® e analisados com estatística descritiva segundo diretrizes do manual da Pesquisa SB-Brasil 2010. Resultados: Obteve-se índice ceo-d 4,48, com predominância de 90,4% do componente cariado, 3,4% extração indicada, 6,1% obturado. Apenas 20,1% da amostra obteve ceo-d = 0 (não apresentou lesões de cárie) e 68,7% nunca visitou o dentista até o momento da realização da pesquisa. Conclusão: A análise dos resultados dos componentes "c", "e" e "d" do índice ceo-d infere que a alta prevalência da doença cárie está relacionada a fatores diversos, como higiene oral precária, medo/ansiedade, dificuldade de acesso aos serviços de saúde bucal ou escassez destes para a faixa etária. (AU)


Objective: To verify the prevalence of caries disease in preschoolers using the ceo-d index. Method: Cross-sectional study, developed between February and October 2016, with 189 preschoolers with age of five years. The data were collected through clinical examination, systematized in Microsoft Excel® and analyzed with descriptive statistics according to guidelines of SB-Brazil 2010 Research Manual. Results: The ceo-d index was 4.48, with a predominance of 90.4% of the carious component, 3.4% indicated extraction, and 6.1% obturated. Only 20.1% of the sample obtained ceo-d = 0 (did not present caries lesions) and 68.7% never visited the dentist until the moment of the research. Conclusion: The analysis of the results of the components "c", "e" and "d" of the ceo-d index infers that the high prevalence of caries disease is related to diverse factors such as poor oral hygiene, fear/anxiety, difficulty accessing health services or shortage of these for the age group. (AU)


Objetivo: Verificar la prevalencia de caries en los niños en edad pré-escolar, por medio del índice ceo-d. Método: Estudio transversal, desarrollado entre febrero y octubre de 2016, con 189 niños de cinco años. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de examen clínico, sistematizados en Microsoft Excel® y analizados con estadísticas descriptivas de acuerdo con las directrices del Manual de Investigación SB-Brasil 2010. Resultados: Se obtuvo un índice ceo-d 4,48, con predominancia de 90,4% del componente cariado, 3,4% extracción indicada, 6,1% obturado. Solamente 20,1% de la muestra obtuvo ceo-d = 0 (no presentó lesiones de caries) y 68,7% nunca visitó al dentista hasta el momento de la realización de la investigación. Conclusión: El análisis de los resultados de los componentes "c", "e" y "d" del índice ceo-d, indica que la alta prevalencia de la caries está relacionada a factores diversos como higiene oral precaria, miedo/ansiedad, dificultad de acceso a los servicios de salud bucal o escasez de estos para esta franja de edad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Child Health , Epidemiologic Studies , Oral Health , Dental Caries
4.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1)01/01/2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095352

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: investigar as internações por doenças respiratórias no Triângulo Mineiro (Minas Gerais, Brasil), discutindo-as no contexto da atenção em saúde, e a pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico, descritivo e quantitativo sobre as doenças do aparelho respiratório nas macrorregiões de saúde Triângulo do Norte e Triângulo do Sul, de janeiro de 2014 a dezembro de 2019. Foram utilizados dados provenientes do Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), disponíveis no endereço eletrônico do Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS). Os dados foram apresentados por números absolutos, frequência relativa e medidas de tendência central. Resultados: nesse período, houve 76.745 internações por doenças do aparelho respiratório no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), com aspecto crescente desde 2018. As cidades de Uberlândia e Uberaba somam juntas quase metade desse total. Com os serviços hospitalares e profissionais foram gastos, aproximadamente, 90 milhões de reais. As faixas etárias cuja internação foi mais frequente foram a de 1 a 4 anos e a de 80 anos ou mais. As maiores frequências de óbitos concentraram-se no segundo e terceiro trimestre do ano e entre os indivíduos acima de 60 anos. Conclusões: O contexto caótico e oneroso ao SUS, decorrente das internações por doenças respiratórias, agravar-se-á ao se somar ao cenário de pandemia por COVID-19. Por isso, é imperiosa a prevenção dos fatores de risco e a promoção de saúde por meio da melhora na atenção primária em saúde, bem como a ampliação e a reorganização da rede hospitalar.(AU)


Objective: to investigate the hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in the Triângulo Mineiro (Minas Gerais, Brazil), and discuss them in the context of health care and the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: epidemiologic, descriptive, and quantitative study on Respiratory Tract Diseases in Triângulo do Norte and Triângulo do Sul health macroregions, from January 2014 to December 2019. It was used data from the Informational Hospital System of the Unified Health System (SIH/SUS), available at the electronic address of the Information Technology Department of Unified Health System (DATASUS). Data were presented by absolute numbers, relative frequency, and central tendency measures. Results: in this period, there were 76.745 hospitalizations for Respiratory Tract Diseases at SUS, with a growing aspect since 2018. Uberlandia and Uberaba cities together add up to half of that amount. It was spent approximately 90 million of Brazilian Reals currency on hospital and professional services. The age groups whose hospitalization was more frequent were from 1 to 4 years and 80 years or more. Most deaths were concentrated in the second and third trimesters of the year and among individuals over 60 years of age. Conclusions: the chaotic and onerous context to SUS resulting from hospitalizations for respiratory tract diseases will become more severe by adding the COVID-19 pandemic scenario. Therefore, it is imperative to prevent risk factors and promote health by improving primary health care, as well as the hospital network ampliation and reorganization.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Unified Health System , Health Profile , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Health Care (Public Health) , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786076

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death worldwide, is strongly affected by diet. Diet can affect CVD directly by modulating the composition of vascular plaques, and indirectly by affecting the rate of aging. This review summarizes research on the relationships of fasting, meal timing, and meal frequency with CVD incidence and progression. Relevant basic research studies, epidemiological studies, and clinical studies are highlighted. In particular, we discuss both intermittent and periodic fasting interventions with the potential to prevent and treat CVD.


Subject(s)
Aging , Blood Pressure , Caloric Restriction , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Diet , Epidemiologic Studies , Fasting , Incidence , Meals
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Most cohort studies used food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) to evaluate coffee consumption as it assesses habitual dietary patterns, whereas some studies have used the 24-hour recalls (24HR) as it elicits in-depth description of foods and the amount eaten. The aim of this study was to compare FFQs and 24HR to assess the consumption of various types of coffee.METHODS: We included 25,904 participants aged 40 years or older from the Health Examinees (HEXA) Study of the Korean Genome and Epidemiologic Study (KoGES). Each participant completed one FFQ and one-day (n=11,280) or two-day 24HR (n=14,624). We classified coffee types into: black coffee, coffee with sugar and cream, and coffee with sugar alone or cream alone. We compared the proportions of nondrinkers, black coffee, and coffee with sugar and cream through FFQ and 24HR.RESULTS: Among those who completed one FFQ and one-day 24HR, 39.4% of “nondrinkers” on one-day 24HR reported that they did not drink coffee on their FFQs. Whereas among those who complete two-day 24HR, 71.2% of “nondrinkers” on two-day 24HR said that they did not drink coffee on their FFQs. Among those who completed one FFQ and oneday 24HR, 58.3% marked “black coffee” on one-day 24HR said that they drank black coffee on their FFQs. Among those who complete two-day 24HR, 58.8% marked “black coffee” on two-day 24HR said that they drank black coffee on their FFQs. The kappa coefficients and percent agreements were 0.4 and 59.6%, respectively, for the comparison of coffee intake between FFQ and one-day 24HR, and 0.6 and 72.8%, respectively, for the comparison of coffee intake between FFQ and two-day 24HR.CONCLUSIONS: We found discrepancies between FFQs and 24HR in the types of coffee consumed. Such limitations should be considered when using the 24HR data to examine the effect of coffee consumption on disease development.


Subject(s)
Coffee , Cohort Studies , Epidemiologic Studies , Genome
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811292

ABSTRACT

E-cigarettes (ECs) and heated tobacco products (HTPs) have become popular in Korea; hence, it is important to determine whether ECs and HTPs are less hazardous than combustible cigarettes (CCs). In general, the levels of harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) are lower in ECs and HTPs than in CCs, although the levels of some heavy metals and HPHCs are higher in ECs and HTPs than in CCs. ECs and HTPs showed possible adverse effects on respiratory and cardiovascular system function, which could result in chronic respiratory and cardiovascular system diseases in animals. An analysis of biomarkers showed that ECs had possible adverse health effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, in addition the effects of HTP on respiratory and cardiovascular systems were not significantly different than those of CC. Epidemiological studies identified positive associations between EC use and asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and myocardial infarction. Only one epidemiologic study reported a positive association between ever using HTPs and asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis among adolescents. Modelling studies of ECs did not show consistent findings regarding the health effects compared with those of CCs. A modeling study of HTPs, performed by tobacco industry, has been criticized for many unfounded assumptions. Lower levels of HPHCs in ECs and HTPs, compared with those in CCs, cannot be directly translated into health benefits because the relationship between exposure and effects is non-linear for cardiovascular diseases and because the duration of exposure is more important than the level of exposure in determining lung cancer mortality. In summary, there is no definite health benefit in using ECs or HTPs instead of CCs, for the individual or the population; hence, tobacco control measures should be the same for ECs, HTPs, and CCs. ECs and HTPs have become popular in Korea; hence, it is important to determine whether ECs and HTPs are less hazardous than CCs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Asthma , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiovascular System , Dermatitis, Atopic , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems , Epidemiologic Studies , Hot Temperature , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Metals, Heavy , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Rhinitis, Allergic , Smoking , Tobacco Industry , Tobacco Products , Tobacco
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-816617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare endocrine tumors originating from chromaffin cells. PPGLs are associated with a high mortality rate and several complications. To date, no epidemiological studies have been conducted on PPGLs in Asia. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and prognosis of PPGLs in Korea using nationwide data.METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Service Database, subjects with a principal diagnosis of PPGLs on two or more occasions between 2003 and 2014 who satisfied the operational definition of PPGLs were included. Incidence, prevalence, complications, metastasis, and mortality were investigated.RESULTS: In total, 1048 subjects with a mean age of 47.6±16.1 years were included. There was no sex preponderance. The overall prevalence of PPGLs was 2.13 per 100,000 persons, and the overall age-standardized incidence rate was 0.18 per 100,000 person-years. Malignant PPGLs accounted for 17.7% (185 of 1,048) of cases, and 94 subjects exhibited metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Among initially non-metastatic PPGLs, 9.5% (nine of 954) eventually metastasized after a mean duration of 78.1±41.4 months. The 5-year survival rates for non-metastatic and metastatic PPGLs at diagnosis were 97% and 84%, respectively. Multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for covariates showed that metastatic PPGLs were associated with a 2.40-fold higher risk of mortality than non-metastatic PPGLs (95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 4.17; P=0.002).CONCLUSION: PPGLs are rare in Korea, and the prognosis of these endocrine tumors varies depending on whether they are benign or malignant. This epidemiological study paves the way for further research on PPGLs.


Subject(s)
Asia , Chromaffin Cells , Diagnosis , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mortality , National Health Programs , Neoplasm Metastasis , Paraganglioma , Pheochromocytoma , Prevalence , Prognosis , Survival Rate
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782277

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although many epidemiological studies have reported the inverse associations between greenness and health outcomes, inconsistent associations in allergic diseases remain an issue. We aimed to identify associations between greenness and allergic diseases among Korean adults.METHODS: In total, 219,298 adults from the 2009 Korea Community Health Survey were included in this study. Individuals' allergy-related conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis, were evaluated. To identify the amount of green areas (m²) per capita in each administrative region, we used the 2009 data for green areas from the Korean Statistical Information Service.RESULTS: The risk for atopic dermatitis in the highest quartile of green areas was significantly lower compared with that of the lowest quartile. Physician's diagnosis and current treatment of odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were 0.82 (0.73–0.91) and 0.77 (0.64–0.92), respectively. Similarly, the association results for allergic rhinitis showed that the highest level of green areas was significantly associated with a decreased risk of allergic rhinitis in full-adjustment model quartiles. Physician's diagnosis and current treatment of OR (95% CI) were 0.94 (0.89–0.99) and 0.91 (0.82–1.00), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: We observed inverse associations of green areas with atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis in Korean adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic , Diagnosis , Epidemiologic Studies , Health Surveys , Humans , Immune System , Information Services , Korea , Odds Ratio , Parks, Recreational , Rhinitis, Allergic
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782254

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few epidemiological studies examined the association between fried food intake and hypertension. This study examined whether fried food intake was associated with higher prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined in a cross-sectional study of the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL).SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included a total of 428 women aged 20–57 years who have ever been married to Korean men. Prehypertension was defined as 120 - < 140 mmHg of SBP or 80 - < 90 mmHg of DBP and hypertension as SBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg. Fried food intake was assessed using one-day 24-hour recall. Fried foods were categorized into total, deep/shallow and pan/stir fried foods. The odds ratio (OR)s and 95% confidence interval (CI)s were calculated using multivariate logistic regression.RESULTS: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined was 41.36% in this population. High fried food intake was associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined. The odds of having prehypertension and hypertension was higher in the 3rd tertile of fried food intake among fried food consumers compared to non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.24, 4.87; P for trend = 0.004). Separate analysis for types of frying showed that deep and shallow fried food intake was associated with prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined for comparing the 3rd tertile vs. non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.93; 95% CI = 1.57-5.47; P for trend = < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the evidence that high fried food intake was significantly associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined among Filipino women married to Korean men.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Eating , Emigrants and Immigrants , Epidemiologic Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Prehypertension , Prevalence
11.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 83-87, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782133

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Pityriasis
12.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-10, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1087815

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Este estudo avaliou o acesso aos serviços odontológicos em áreas cobertas pela Estratégia Saúde da Família em Campina Grande, Paraíba, comparando as séries temporais dos anos de 2009 e 2014. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo quantitativo, analítico, com desenho do tipo transversal, de base populacional, do seguimento de dois estudos, com dados primários coletados prospectivamente, longitudinal ou de seguimento. O estudo teve como variável dependente o acesso a saúde bucal, e no grupo de variáveis independentes encontram-se os fatores sociodemográficos. A análise dos dados foi realizada através do SPSS 18.0, em duas etapas: uma descritiva e outra analítica. Na primeira foram feitas as distribuições de frequência das variáveis quantitativas, na segunda foram testadas as associações, utilizando-se o teste qui quadrado de Pearson. Para todas as análises foi considerado significante o nível de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: Os fatores sociodemográficos associados ao acesso no estudo de 2009 foram: idade, estado civil, renda do respondente e escolaridade. Em 2014, além desses, esteve associada a renda familiar. Conclusão: Constata-se que o acesso aos serviços odontológicos não ocorre de forma igualitária, não sendo a população de baixa renda a que mais se beneficia, indicando, pois, uma lacuna na equidade do acesso.


Aim:This study evaluated the access to dental services in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy in Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, comparing the time series of the years 2009 and 2014. Methods: This was a quantitative, analytical study with a population-based cross-sectional design, following two studies, with prospectively collected, longitudinal, or follow-up primary data. The study had access to oral health as the dependent variable, and socio-demographic factors in the group of independent variables. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18.0, in two steps: one descriptive and one analytical. In the first, frequency distributions of quantitative variables were made, while in the second, associations were tested using Pearson's chi-square. For all analyzes, a level of 5% (p <0.05) was considered significant. Results: The socio-demographic factors associated with access in the 2009 study were: age, marital status, respondent income, and education. In 2014, besides these, the study was associated with family income. Conclusion: It appears that access does not occur equally, and it is not the low-income population that benefits most, thus indicating a gap in equity of access.


Subject(s)
Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Health Surveys , Dental Care , Family Health Strategy , Dental Health Services , Health Services Accessibility , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e180626, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040199

ABSTRACT

Buscou-se analisar as representações da sexualidade e prevenção em cartazes produzidos pelo Departamento de Doenças de Condições Crônicas e Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis (DCCI) a partir da diretriz da prevenção combinada (PC), adotada em 2013. Realizou-se análise de conteúdo, de caráter descritivo e documental, dos cartazes de campanhas do dia 1º de dezembro (2013-2017). Resultados apontam que aspectos relacionais do uso do preservativo teriam menos relevância, ao passo que a individualização do cuidado vem se acirrando sob a lógica de "testar para se conhecer". Nota-se a oferta de alternativas de prevenção, por meio do símbolo do tripé "preservativo, teste e comprimido", ou de novas tecnologias como a profilaxia pré-exposição (PrEP) e Profilaxia Pós Exposição (PEP). Isso sugere que, desde seu lançamento, a PC passou a orientar as campanhas do DCCI, em oposição a campanhas anteriores que privilegiavam populações-alvo e o preservativo masculino.(AU)


El objetivo fue analizar las representaciones de la sexualidad y prevención en carteles producidos por el Departamento de Enfermedades de Condiciones Crónicas e Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual (DCCI, por sus siglas en portugués), a partir de la directriz de prevención combinada (PC), adoptada en 2013. Se realizó el análisis de contenido, de carácter descriptivo y documental de los carteles de campañas del día 1º de diciembre (2013-2017). Los resultados señalan que aspectos relacionales del uso del preservativo tendrían menos relevancia, mientras que la individualización del cuidado se recrudece bajo la lógica de "hacer test para conocerse". Se observa la oferta de alternativas de prevención a través del símbolo del trípode: "preservativo, test y comprimido" o de nuevas tecnologías como PrEP y PEP. Eso sugiere que, desde su lanzamiento, la PC pasó a orientar las campañas del DCCI, en oposición a campañas anteriores que privilegiaban a poblaciones-objetivo y el preservativo masculino.(AU)


The article sought to analyze representations of sexuality and prevention on posters produced by the Department of Chronic Conditions Diseases and Sexually Transmitted Infections (DCCI) stemming from the combination prevention (CP) guidelines adopted in 2013. A descriptive and documental content analysis of posters relative to the World Aids Day (December 1st) was carried out (2013-2017). Results indicate that relational aspects of condom use appear to be less relevant, and increments of the individualization of care under the logic of "know your status" are becoming stronger. It is also possible to notice preventive alternatives, by way of the tripod symbol: "condom, test and pill", or new technologies such as PrEP and PEP. This suggests that the CP has been guiding the DCCI campaigns since its launch, as opposed to previous campaigns focusing on target populations and male condoms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , Sexuality , Posters as Topic , Health Promotion/supply & distribution , Brazil , Epidemiologic Studies , Information Storage and Retrieval/statistics & numerical data
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 44-65, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1100307

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O alto consumo de medicamentos no Brasil impulsiona o desenvolvimento de estratégias para promoção do uso racional dos mesmos, especialmente em população mais vulneráveis. Objetivo: Traçar o perfil socioeconômico, demográfico e farmacoterapêutico dos alunos incluídos na presente pesquisa; bem como, promover atividades de educação em saúde.Metodologia: Trata-se de uma pesquisa epidemiológica transversal, quantitativa e descritiva realizada com 33 alunos do terceiro e quarto ciclos do programa de Educação de Jovens e Adultos de uma escola pública de João Pessoa-PB. Os dados foram coletados através de formulário, ficha de medicamentos e atividades de educação em saúde. Resultados:A maioria dos estudantes jovens e adultos com idade abaixo de 60 anos(75,7%), predominando o sexo feminino(69,6%)e parda(63,3%). Quase metade dos participantes é constituída de desempregados(45,5%). Parte dos alunos(39,9%) afirmaram ter renda mensal de até um salário mínimo. Para realização desse projeto foram efetuadas atividades que proporcionavam, através de metodologias ativas, a educação e promoção do uso racional de medicamentos e o autocuidado. Quanto ao perfil farmacoterapêutico observa-se interações medicamentosas entre anti-hipertensivos, hipoglicemiantes, anti-tireoidiano e medicamentos isentos de prescrição, apresentando presença de automedicação. As classes medicamentosas predominantes foram os analgésicos, anti-hipertensivos, anti-inflamatórios,antiácidos e hipoglicemiantes. Conclusões:O desenvolvimento de práticas educativas no âmbito da Educação de Jovens e Adultos incentivam o diálogo e a participação dos envolvidos, com grande potencial para ampliação do acesso às informações associadas ao autocuidado em saúde em suas famílias, escola e comunidade (AU).


Introduction:The high consumption of medicines in Brazil drives the development of strategies to promote their rational use, especially in the most vulnerable populations. Objective:Draw the socioeconomic, demographic and pharmacotherapeutic profile of the students included in this research; as well as promoting health education activities. Methodology:This is a cross-sectional, quantitative and descriptive epidemiological research carried out with 33 students from the third and fourth cycles of the Youth and Adult Education program of a public school in João Pessoa-PB. The data were collected through a form, medication form and health education activities. Results:The majority of young and adult students under the age of 60 (75.7%), predominantly female (69.6%) and brown (63.3%). Almost half of the participants are unemployed (45.5%). Part of the students (39.9%) said they had a monthly income of up to one minimum wage. In order to carry out this project, activities were carried out that provided, through active methodologies, education and promotion of the rational use of medicines and self-care. Regarding the pharmacotherapeutic profile, drug interactions are observed between antihypertensive drugs, hypoglycemic agents, anti-thyroid agents and non-prescription drugs, with the presence of self-medication. The predominant drug classes were analgesics, antihypertensives, anti-inflammatories, antacids and hypoglycemic agents. Conclusions:The development of educational practices within the scope of Youth and Adult Education encourages dialogue and the participation of those involved, with great potential for expanding access to information associated with self-care in health in their families, school and community (AU).


Introducción: El alto consumo de medicamentos en Brasil impulsa el desarrollo de estrategias para promover su uso racional, especialmente en las poblaciones más vulnerables. Objetivo:Dibujar el perfil socioeconómico, demográficoy farmacoterapéutico de los estudiantes incluidos en esta investigación; así como promover actividades de educación para la salud. Metodología:Esta es una investigación epidemiológica transversal, cuantitativa y descriptiva realizada con 33 estudiantes del tercer y cuarto ciclo del programa de Educación para Jóvenes y Adultos de una escuela pública en João Pessoa-PB. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de un formulario, formulario de medicamentos y actividades de educación para la salud.Resultados:La mayoría de los estudiantes jóvenes y adultos menores de 60 años (75.7%), predominantemente mujeres (69.6%) y marrones (63.3%). Casi la mitad de los participantes están desempleados (45,5%). Parte de los estudiantes (39.9%) dijeron que tenían un ingreso mensual de hasta un salario mínimo. Para llevar a cabo este proyecto, se llevaron a cabo actividades que proporcionaron, a través de metodologías activas, educación y promoción del uso racional de medicamentos y autocuidado. En cuanto al perfil farmacoterapéutico, se observan interacciones farmacológicas entre fármacos antihipertensivos, agentes hipoglucemiantes, agentes antitiroideos y medicamentos sin receta, con presencia de automedicación. Las clases de drogas predominantes fueron analgésicos, antihipertensivos, antiinflamatorios, antiácidos y agentes hipoglucemiantes. Conclusiones:El desarrollo de prácticas educativas en el ámbito de la educación de jóvenes y adultos fomenta el diálogo y la participación de los involucrados, con un gran potencial para ampliar el acceso a la información asociada con el autocuidado en salud en sus familias, escuelas y comunidades (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Mainstreaming, Education/methods , Health Education , Prescription Drug Overuse , Health Promotion , Brazil , Epidemiologic Studies , Demography
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 125-139, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1100318

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As neoplasias malignas ocupam o segundo lugar em causa de mortalidade no Brasil. Embora o país detenha grande número de dentistas em relação aos outros países, estudos apontam que o diagnóstico é feito tardiamente, levando assim, o câncer de boca como o oitavo câncer mais letal. Objetivo:Descrever a epidemiologia do câncer bucal no estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Método:Estudo epidemiológico descritivo do tipo ecológico realizado a partir dos casos diagnosticados de câncer bucal nos anos de 2000 a 2014. Resultados:Foram notificados 1.198 casos, sendo 714 óbitos; a região da língua e base de língua foi a mais acometida (33,63%), com predominância de 63,18% do sexo masculino. Conclusões:O câncer bucal está ganhando destaque e estudos como este poderão subsidiar a proposição de políticas públicas e o planejamento de ações mais efetivas, para o diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento nos estágios iniciais da doença (AU).


Introduction:Malignant neoplasms are the second leading cause of death in Brazil. Although the country has a large number of dentists compared to other countries, studies indicate that the diagnosis is made late, thus leading to oral cancer as the eighth most lethal cancer.Objective:To describe the epidemiology of oral cancer in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.Methods:A descriptive epidemiological study of the ecological type carried out from the diagnosed cases of oral cancer in the years 2000 to 2014. Results:A total of 1198 cases were reported, of which 714 were deaths; The region of the tongue and tongue base was the most affected (33.63%), with a predominance of 63.18% of males.Conclusions:Oral cancer is gaining prominence and studies such as this may support the proposal of public policies and the planning of more effective actions for the early diagnosis and treatment in the early stages of the disease (AU).


Introducción:las neoplasias malignas son la segunda causa de mortalidad en Brasil. Aunque el país tiene una gran cantidad de dentistas en relación con otros países, los estudios muestran que el diagnóstico se hace tarde, por lo qu el cáncer de boca es el octavo cáncer más letal.Objetivo:Describir la epidemiología del cáncer oral en el estado de Rio Grande do Norte. Método:Estudio epidemiológico descriptivo del tipo ecológico realizado en base a los casos diagnosticados de cáncer oral en los años 2000 a 2014. Resultados:se reportaron 1.198 casos, de los cuales 714 fueron muertes; la región de la lengua y la base de la lengua fue la más afectada (33,63%), con un predominio del 63,18% de varones. Conclusiones: el cáncer oral está ganando protagonismo y estudios como este pueden respaldar la propuesta de políticas públicas y la planificación de acciones más efectivas para el diagnóstico y tratamiento tempranos en las primeras etapas de la enfermedad (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Public Policy , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Ecological Studies , Public Health Surveillance , Epidemiologic Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 214-224, Sept-Dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1116039

ABSTRACT

En la Argentina, las embarazadas presentan alta prevalencia (80%) de hipovitaminosis D y de sobrepeso u obesidad (27,4%). Ambas condiciones pueden aumentar la morbimortalidad materno-fetal. Bajos niveles de vitamina D se han relacionado con aumento del colesterol total, LDL, triglicéridos (Tg) y descenso de HDL. Objetivo: evaluar los niveles de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) y su relación con el perfil lipídico en pacientes embarazadas de alto riesgo. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal entre septiembre de 2016 y abril de 2017. Se excluyeron pacientes que recibieron suplementos de vitamina D, con disfunción tiroidea no compensada, malabsorción, insuficiencia cardíaca, renal o hepática y dislipidemia familiar. Niveles circulantes de 25OHD < 30 ng/ml se consideraron hipovitaminosis. Resultados: se evaluaron 86 embarazadas de 29,3 ± 7,1 años durante la semana 28 ± 6,5. El IMC pregestacional fue 28,3 ± 6,5 kg/m2 y la ganancia de peso 7 ± 4,3 kg. Perfil lipídico: colesterol total 240 ± 54 mg/dl; LDL 156 ± 54 mg/dl; HDL 66 ± 15 mg/dl; Tg 204 ± 80 mg/dl. La media de 25OHD fue de 23,8 ± 9 ng/ml, con una prevalencia de hipovitaminosis D de 77,9 %. Las pacientes con hipovitaminosis D presentaron mayores valores de colesterol total y LDL (p < 0,05), con tendencia no significativa a presentar mayores valores de Tg. Conclusión: en embarazadas de alto riesgo se observó una alta prevalencia de hipovitaminosis D, asociada con mayores concentraciones de colesterol total y LDL. (AU)


In Argentina, pregnant women have a high prevalence (80 %) of hypovitaminosis D and verweight/obesity (27.4%), conditions that can increase maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) have been linked to an increase in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and a decrease in HDL cholesterol. Objective: to evaluate the levels of vitamin D and its relationship with the lipid profile in high risk pregnant patients. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study between September 2016 and April 2017. Patients who received vitamin D supplements or had non-compensated thyroid dysfunction, malabsorption, heart failure, renal or hepatic failure, or familial dyslipidemia were excluded. Hypovitaminosis D was defined as a circulating level of 25OHD < 30 ng/ml. Results: We assessed 86 women of 29.3 ± 7.1 years during pregnancy week 28 ± 6.5. Pre-gestational BMI was 28.3 ± 6.5 kg/m2. Their weight gain was 7 ± 4.3 kg. Lipid profile: total cholesterol 240 ± 54 mg/dl; LDL cholesterol 156 ± 54 mg/dl; HDL cholesterol 66 ± 15 mg/dL; TG 204 ± 80 mg/dl. The mean 25OHD level was 23.8 ± 9 ng/ml, with a 77.9 % prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. Patients with hypovitaminosis D had higher values of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (p<0.05), and a non-significant trend toward higher triglyceridemia. Conclusion: A high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, associated with high total and LDL cholesterol was found in high risk pregnant women. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Avitaminosis/metabolism , Vitamin D/metabolism , Pregnancy, High-Risk/metabolism , Argentina/epidemiology , Avitaminosis/blood , Avitaminosis/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analysis , Vitamin D/blood , Epidemiologic Studies , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Pregnancy, High-Risk/blood , Dyslipidemias/metabolism , Overweight/metabolism , Obstetric Labor, Premature/metabolism , Cholesterol, LDL/analysis , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Obesity/metabolism
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1266-1271, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1022627

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess the health profile, based on the individual registry named e-SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde [Unified Health System]), in regards to the users of basic health care services in Ijuí city, Rio Grande do Sul State. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 400 registered users in 15 Family Health Strategies, within the age group from 20 to 59 years old and according to the e-SUS individual registry. Results: There was a predominance of wage earners with a work permit and low education level. Users with low schooling were five times more likely to develop diabetes mellitus (p=0.01), whereas high education users were hospitalized more frequently (p=0.03). It was observed an association between participating in a community group and the female gender (p=0.013), having high education level and private health insurance plan (p=0.001). Conclusion: The profile of the users shows a direct relationship between low level of schooling and chronic noncommunicable diseases and inversion of hospitalizations


Objetivo: Verificar o perfil de saúde, baseado no cadastro individual e-SUS, de usuários dos serviços de atenção básica da cidade de Ijuí/RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 400 usuários cadastrados em 15 Estratégias de Saúde da Família, na faixa etária de 20 a 59 anos, baseado no cadastro individual e-SUS. Resultados: Verificou-se predomínio de assalariado com carteira de trabalho, baixa escolaridade. Os usuários com escolaridade baixa tiveram cinco vezes mais chance de desenvolver diabetes mellitus (DM) (p=0,01), com escolaridade alta internaram com maior frequência (p=0,03). Observou associação entre participar de grupo comunitário e o sexo feminino (p=0,013) e apresentar alta escolaridade e possuir plano de saúde privado (p=0,001). Conclusão: O perfil dos usuários mostra relação direta da baixa escolaridade com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e inversa às internações


Objetivo: Verificar el perfil de salud, basado en el registro individual e-SUS, de usuarios de los servicios de atención básica de la ciudad de Ijuí/RS. Metodos: Estudio transversal, con muestra de 400 usuarios registrados en 15 Estrategias de Salud de la Familia, en el grupo de edad de 20 a 59 años, basado en el registro individual e-SUS. Resultados: Se verificó predominio de asalariado con carnet de trabajo, baja escolaridad. Los usuarios con escolaridad baja tuvieron cinco veces más posibilidades de desarrollar diabetes mellitus (DM) (p = 0,01), con escolaridad alta internaron con mayor frecuencia (p = 0,03). Se observó asociación entre participar en el grupo comunitario y el sexo femenino (p = 0,013) y presentar alta escolaridad y tener un plan de salud privado (p = 0,001). Conclusión: El perfil de los usuarios muestra relación directa de la baja escolaridad con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles e inversa las internaciones


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Unified Health System/statistics & numerical data , Health Profile , Family Health Strategy , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiologic Studies
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 460-468, July 2019. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040719

ABSTRACT

Rabies affects several domestic species, causing significant economic losses due to the death of animals in characteristic areas of the southern region of Rio Grande do Sul. In this context, this work aimed to study the epidemiology of rabies outbreaks observed in cattle from January 2008 to December 2017, through its space and time distribution in the southern region of Rio Grande do Sul. We performed an observational and ecological retrospective through the analysis of data recorded in necropsy protocols performed in cattle at the "Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico" of the "Universidade Federal de Pelotas" (LRD-UFPel). A descriptive data analysis aimed at evaluating the distribution of cases over time. The statistical analysis was performed with Gretl statistical software 1.9.12 (GNU Regression, Econometric, and Time-series Library). To the existence of stationarity was verified with the Dickey-Fuller test, considering a value of p<0.05. From January 2008 to December 2017, 1418 bovine diagnostic materials were received at the LRD-UFPel, and 160 outbreaks of rabies were confirmed in 160 farms located in the 24 municipalities of the LRD-UFPel area of influence. We observed 591 cattle out of a total of 25,886 infected with the virus. We conclude that rabies does not exhibit seasonality in the study region, with a tendency to decrease in frequency in the next years. The disease has an epidemic characteristic in most of the analyzed months (2012-2014), remaining endemic in the remaining period (2011, 2015 and 2016) with sporadic episodes of epidemics in these years. We also observed that as the incidence of the disease increased in the animals and in the properties, there was a geographical spread of the virus for the majority (54.16%) of the municipalities in the area of influence of the LRD-UFPel.(AU)


A raiva afeta várias espécies domésticas, causando perdas econômicas significativas pela morte de animais em áreas bem características da região Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a epidemiologia dos surtos de raiva observados em bovinos de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2017, por meio de sua distribuição no espaço e no tempo na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Foi realizado um estudo observacional e ecológico retrospectivo, por meio da análise de dados registrados nos protocolos de necropsias realizadas em bovinos no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD-UFPel). Foi feita análise descritiva dos dados para avaliar a distribuição dos casos ao longo do tempo. Para a análise temporal foi utilizado o software estatístico Gretl 1.9.12 (GNU Regression, Econometricand Time-series Library). Para verificar a existência da estacionariedade utilizou-se o teste de Dickey-Fuller aumentado, considerando um valor de p<0,05. No período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2017, foram recebidos no LRD-UFPel 1418 materiais de bovinos para diagnóstico, sendo confirmados 160 surtos de raiva em 160 propriedades situadas nos 24 municípios da área de influência do LRD-UFPel. O número de animais infectados pelo vírus foi de 591 bovinos de um total de 25.886. O presente estudo permitiu concluir que a raiva não tem sazonalidade na região do estudo, tendo tendência de queda na frequência nos próximos anos. A doença tem característica epidêmica na maioria dos meses analisados (2012-2014), mantendo-se endêmica no período restante (2011, 2015 e 2016) com episódios esporádicos de epidemias nestes anos. Observou-se ainda, que na medida em que aumentou a incidência da doença nos animais e nas propriedades, houve disseminação geográfica do vírus para a maioria (54,16%) dos municípios da área de influência do LRD-UFPel.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rabies/veterinary , Rabies/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Time Series Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(2): 311-321, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to assess the use of pacifier and feedingbottle and their determinants in children from a municipality of Southwest Bahia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was performed with 354 children younger than 12 months old. The event was categorized in: exclusive use of pacifier, exclusive use of feeding bottle,use of pacifier and feeding bottle, and not use any of them. Multinomial analysis with logistic regression was applied, and those who did not use any artificial nipples were thereference variable. Results: it was observed that 11.9% of the children exclusively used pacifiers, 21.2% only use bottles and 32.8% used both of them. The following factors were associated with the exclusive use of pacifiers: low maternal schooling level (eight or less years of education), lack of previous experience with breastfeeding, difficulty in postpartum breastfeeding, and lack of incentive to breastfeeding in puericulture. The exclusive use of feeding bottle was associated with unmarried mothers, aged 35 years old or older, and with less years of education (eight or less years). Women who worked outside home and had difficulty in breastfeeding had greater chance of giving both artificial nipples to the children. Conclusions: the findingspresent different featuresrelated to the exclusive or combined use of pacifiers and feeding bottles, being important to direct health professionals conducts towards mothers' orientation.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o uso de chupeta e mamadeira e seus determinantes em crianças de um município da região Sudoeste da Bahia. Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com 354 crianças menores de 12 meses. O evento foi categorizado em uso de chupeta exclusivo, uso de mamadeira exclusiva, uso de chupeta e mamadeira e não faz uso de ambas. Empregou-se análise multinomial com regressão logística tendo os que não usavam bicos artificiais como variável de referência. Resultados: observou-se que 11,9% das crianças faziam uso exclusivo de chupeta, 21,2% de mamadeira, 32,8% de ambos. Estiveram associadas ao uso exclusivo de chupeta: uma menor escolaridade materna (oito ou menos anos de estudo), ausência de experiência anterior com amamentação, dificuldade de amamentar no pós-parto e falta de incentivo à amamentação na puericultura. O uso exclusivo de mamadeira foi associado a mães sem companheiro, com idade de 35 anos ou mais e com menor escolaridade (oito ou menos anos de estudo). Mulheres que trabalhavam fora do lar e que tiveram dificuldade de amamentar apresentaram maior chance de fazerem uso de ambos os bicos artificiais. Conclusões: os resultados mostram características diferentes em relação ao uso exclusivo ou conjunto de bicos e mamadeiras, sendo importantes para direcionar as condutas dos profissionais de saúde para as orientações as mães.


Subject(s)
Child , Epidemiologic Studies , Child Care , Pacifiers/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Bottles , Brazil , Breast Feeding , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postpartum Period
20.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(2): 209-216, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094392

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos portadores de fissuras orofaciais, atendidos em um Centro de Referência do Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos Estudo descritivo, baseado em dados secundários de prontuários médicos. Informações sociodemográficas do portador e da mãe, uso de medicamentos durante a gestação, aspectos clínicos e cirúrgicos relacionados às fissuras, histórico familiar da malformação e consanguinidade dos pais foram investigadas. Os dados foram analisados descritivamente, com o uso do programa estatístico SPSS (Statistical Package for te Social Sciences), no qual foram obtidas medidas de frequência, média e desvio padrão. Resultados 51,1% dos portadores de fissuras orofaciais eram do sexo feminino, 46,2% menores de um ano e 54,4% eram procedentes na zona urbana. A maioria das mães encontrava-se na faixa etária entre 16 a 25 anos durante o período gestacional e relatou uso de medicação em 59,2% dos casos. A fissura transforame incisivo foi a mais diagnosticada (34,4%). No momento de cadastro ao Centro de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, 90,5% dos indivíduos ainda não haviam realizado tratamento cirúrgico. História familiar de fissura foi observada em 29,8% dos casos estudados e em apenas 7,1% desses foi reportado consanguinidade entre os pais. Conclusão Os fatores socioeconômicos e genéticos podem exercer influência sobre o desenvolvimento de fissuras orofaciais, o que exige uma maior atenção governamental assim como novos estudos para melhor investigação.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To describe the clinical-epidemiological profile of patients with orofacial fissures treated at a reference center from northeast Brazil. Materials and Methods Descriptive study, based on secondary data obtained from medical records. Sociodemographic information of patients and their mothers, use of medication during pregnancy, clinical and surgical aspects related to fissures, family history of malformation, and consanguinity among the parents were investigated. Data were analyzed descriptively using the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) statistical program to obtain frequency, mean and standard deviation measures. Results 51.1% of the patients with orofacial fissures were female, 46.2% were under one year of age and 54.4% lived in urban areas. The majority of mothers were between the ages of 16 and 25 during the gestational period, and 59.2% reported the use of medication. Cleft lip and palate were the most prevalent types of fissures (34.4%). On admission to the Craniofacial Anomaly Rehabilitation Center, 90.5% of the individuals had not yet undergone surgical treatment. Family history of fissure was found in 29.8% of the cases studied, but inbreeding among parents was reported in only 7.1% of them. Conclusion Socioeconomic and genetic factors can influence the development of orofacial fissures; this requires greater governmental attention as well as new studies for better investigation.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Describir el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de los portadores de fisuras orofaciales, atendidos en un Centro de Referencia del Nordeste de Brasil. Métodos Estudio descriptivo, basado en datos secundarios de pronóstico médicos. La información sociodemográfica del portador y de la madre, uso de medicamentos durante la gestación, aspectos clínicos y quirúrgicos relacionados con las fisuras, historia familiar de la malformación y consanguinidad de los padres fueron investigadas. Los datos fueron analizados descriptivamente, con el uso del programa estadístico SPSS (Statistical Package for te Social Sciences), en el cual se obtuvieron medidas de frecuencia, media y desviación estándar. Resultados 51,1% de los portadores de fisuras orofaciales eran del sexo femenino, 46,2% menores de un año y 54,4% eran procedentes en la zona urbana. La mayoría de las madres se encontraban en el grupo de edad entre 16 a 25 años durante el período gestacional y relató uso de medicación en el 59,2% de los casos. La fisura transforam incisiva fue la más diagnosticada (34,4%). En el momento de la inscripción en el Centro de Rehabilitación de Anomalías Craneofaciales, el 90.5% de los individuos aún no se habían sometido a tratamiento quirúrgico. La historia familiar de fisura fue observada en el 29,8% de los casos estudiados y en apenas el 7,1% de esos fue reportado consanguinidad entre los padres. Conclusión Los factores socioeconómicos y genéticos pueden influir en el desarrollo de fisuras orofaciales, lo que exige una mayor atención gubernamental así como nuevos estudios para una mejor investigación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Cleft Lip/epidemiology , Cleft Palate/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
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