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1.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 150-154, 20230000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442517

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los quistes epidermoides son el tercer tumor más común del ángulo pontocerebeloso (APC). Es infrecuente detectar simultáneamente un colesteatoma infiltrativo del oído medio (OM). Caso clínico: paciente de 51 años acude a urgencias por cefalea hemicraneal intensa, pulsátil secundaria a hidrocefalia aguda, requirió ventriculostomía. En la resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral contrastada se reporta una masa en el APC sugestivo de quiste epidermoide y simultáneamente un colesteatoma infiltrativo del OM. La paciente fue intervenida primero con resección de colesteatoma del OM; en un segundo tiempo resección del quiste epidermoide del APC por vía translaberíntica. El posoperatorio la evolución clínica fue satisfactoria. Discusión: los quistes epidermoides del APC son histopatológicamente idénticos al colesteatoma del OM y pueden ser secundarios a estos. Conclusión: se debe individualizar el manejo sin descartar la posibilidad de tener las dos enfermedades de manera simultánea.


Introduction: cysts are the third most common tumor of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). It is rare to simultaneously detect an infiltrative cholesteatoma of the middle ear (OM). Clinical case: a 51-year-old patient attended the emergency department due to intense throbbing hemicranial headache secondary to acute hydrocephalus, requiring ventriculostomy. Contrast-enhanced cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reported a mass in the APC suggestive of an epidermoid cyst and simultaneously an infiltrative cholesteatoma of the OM. The patient underwent first surgery with resection of the OM cholesteatoma; in a second stage, resection of the epidermoid cyst of the APC through a translabyrinthine approach. The postoperative clinical evolution was satisfactory. Discussion: APC epidermoid cysts are histopathologically identical to OM cholesteatoma and may be secondary to them. Conclusion: management must be individualized without ruling out the possibility of having both diseases simultaneously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ear , Epidermal Cyst , Cerebellopontine Angle , Cholesteatoma , Headache
2.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 478-482, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007930

ABSTRACT

Epidermoid cysts are generally benign neoplastic lesions, the etiology of which is unclear and is mainly related to epithelial cells left in the tissues during the embryonic period and traumatically implanted in the tissues. The most common intraosseous sites are the phalanges and the skull. Epidermoid cysts occurring in the jaws are clinically rare. In this paper, we report a case of epidermoid cyst occurring in the mandible with embedded teeth and discuss the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of epidermoid cysts in the jaws in the context of the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Skull , Mandible , Diagnosis, Differential , Epithelial Cells
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 366-370, sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409948

ABSTRACT

Resumen El quiste epidérmico es una lesión benigna y común de la piel. Se desarrolla por un bloqueo de la unidad pilosebácea, con la consecuente proliferación de células epiteliales y secuestro de queratina. El 7% se desarrollan en cabeza y cuello, sin embargo, son infrecuentes en canal auditivo externo. Su patrón de crecimiento es lento y progresivo durante años, siendo asintomáticos. Al aumentar de tamaño causan sintomatología variable, acorde a su localización; en el canal auditivo tienen un comportamiento obstructivo que genera síntomas como otalgia e hipoacusia. Se presenta caso de una paciente de 69 años, con acúfeno e hipoacusia progresiva derecha. Durante la otoscopia se observó una neoformación obstructiva del 100% de la luz del conducto. Se realizaron estudios de imagen que reportaron tumoración de características quísticas de conducto auditivo derecho, bien circunscrita, sin erosión ósea. Para el diagnóstico definitivo, se realizó resección quirúrgica y biopsia reportando quiste epidérmico. Durante el seguimiento posoperatorio sin hallazgos de recidiva.


Abstract The epidermal cyst is a common and benign lesion of the skin. It develops due to a blockage of the pilosebaceous unit, with the consequent proliferation of epithelial cells and keratin sequestration. Seven percent develop in the head and neck; however, they are infrequent in the external auditory canal. Its growth pattern is slow and progressive over the years, being asymptomatic. As they increase in size, they cause variable symptoms, according to their location. In the ear canal they have an obstructive behavior that generates symptoms such as earache and hearing loss. A case of a 69-year-old female with tinnitus and progressive right hearing loss is presented. At otoscopy, a 100% obstructive neoformation of the canal lumen was observed. Imaging studies showed a well circumscribed, cystic tumor of the right ear canal, without bone erosion. For the definitive diagnosis, a resection and biopsy were performed, reporting an epidermal cyst. During follow up there was no recurrence of tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ear Canal/diagnostic imaging , Ear Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Ear Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ear Canal/surgery , Ear Diseases/surgery , Ear Diseases/pathology , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/pathology
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 199-202, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389857

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los quistes laríngeos son muy infrecuentes y en su mayoría de etiología benigna. Se reportan dos casos de pacientes adultos que presentaron lesiones quísticas en vallécula glosoepiglótica con diagnóstico histológico de quiste epidermoide. Los quistes epidermoides en vallécula pocas veces han sido reportados en la literatura, pueden ser asintomáticos o por su localización producir síntomas como sensación de ocupación faríngea, tos o incluso dificultad respiratoria.


Abstract Laryngeal cysts are very infrequent and mostly benign. Two cases are presented of adult patients who presented cystic lesions in the glossoepiglottic vallecula with histological diagnosis of epidermoid cyst. Epidermoid cysts in vallecula have rarely been reported in the literature, they can be asymptomatic or due to their location produce symptoms such as pharyngeal occupation sensation, cough or even respiratory difficulty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/etiology , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Laryngoscopy
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 201-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928532

ABSTRACT

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new form of ultrasound (US) that can dynamically display microvessels in a highly sensitive manner. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CEUS for characterizing testicular lesions in comparison with conventional US. Forty-seven patients with testicular lesions were enrolled. The histopathology results revealed that 31 cases were neoplastic (11 cases of seminomas, 8 nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 8 lymphomas, 2 Leydig cell tumors, and 2 nonspecific tumors), and 16 cases were nonneoplastic (8 cases of infarctions, 3 epidermoid cysts, and 5 inflammation). The indicators of shallow lobulated morphology and cystic-solid echogenicity on conventional US were suggestive of germ cell tumors. More indicators on CEUS were found to be useful for characterizing testicular lesions. All the neoplastic lesions showed hyperenhancement on CEUS. Moreover, germ cell tumors presented with heterogeneous enhancement (73.7%, 14/19), a twisted blood vessel pattern, rapid wash-in and wash-out, and peripheral rim hyperenhancement signs. Lymphoma was characterized by nonbranching linear vessel patterns (87.5%, 7/8), rapid wash-in and slow wash-out. In nonneoplastic lesions, infarction and epidermoid cysts showed no enhancement, and abscesses were observed with marginal irregular enhancement. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CEUS for differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions were 100%, 93.8%, and 97.9%, respectively, and these values were higher than those for conventional US (90.3%, 62.5%, and 80.9%, respectively). CEUS can sensitively reflect the microvascular perfusion in testicular lesions and offers high accuracy for characterizing them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst , Lymphoma , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
6.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 23(3): [13], dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404879

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: El tumor epidermoide es una lesión benigna que representa cerca del 1 % de las neoplasias intracraneales, su origen es embrionario y son frecuentes en la línea media. Objetivo: Presentar un caso poco frecuente de un quiste epidermoide dentro del cuarto ventrículo, que debutó con hidrocefalia en un paciente de la quinta década de la vida. Presentación clínica: Paciente blanco, masculino, de 49 años que debutó con cefalea, vértigos e inestabilidad para la marcha. Al examen físico neurológico se encontraba consciente, con manifestaciones de un síndrome cerebeloso vermiano. Los estudios de tomografía axial computarizada y de resonancia magnética nuclear simple y contrastada demostraron una lesión homogénea, redondeada con poca captación de contraste, dentro del cuarto ventrículo acompañada de una hidrocefalia triventricular. La estrategia quirúrgica se orientó primero a colocar una derivación ventrículo peritoneal y en un segundo momento se realizó el tratamiento quirúrgico directo a la lesión a través de una craniectomía medial de fosa posterior. Después de la durotomía se observó la lesión nacarada, de aproximadamente 2 cm de diámetro, encapsulada que permitió su resección completa y el restablecimiento de la circulación del líquido cefalorraquídeo. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente con recuperación total de sus manifestaciones clínicas y sin secuelas. Conclusiones: Los quistes epidermoides, aunque predominan en la línea media son muy raros dentro del sistema ventricular. La resonancia magnética es el estudio de elección, el diagnóstico positivo es histopatológico y la resección quirúrgica completa permitieron la curación del enfermo.


ABSTRACT Background: Epidermoid cyst is a benign lesion that represents about 1 % of intracranial neoplasms, of embryonal origin and frequent in the media line. Objective: To present a rare case of an epidermoid cyst within the fourth ventricle in a patient who had hydrocephalus in the fifth decade of life. Clinical report: 49 years old, white male patient, who presented headache, dizziness and gait instability. He was conscious when neurologic physical examination, with appearances of a cerebellar vermis syndrome. Computed axial tomography also simple and contrasted nuclear magnetic resonance imaging studies showed a homogeneous, rounded lesion with low contrast acquisition, within the fourth ventricle, accompanied by triventricular hydrocephalus. The surgical strategy was first oriented to place a ventricle-peritoneal shunt, then direct surgical treatment of the lesion through a posterior fossa medial craniotomy. After dural surgery, a pearly lesion was observed, approximately 2 cm diameter, encapsulated, which allowed its complete resection and the reestablishment of cerebrospinal fluid circulation. The patient evolved positively with total recovery of his clinical manifestations and without any sequela. Conclusions: Epidermoid cysts, although predominant in the media line are very rare within the ventricular system. Magnetic resonance imaging is the choice study, the positive histopathological diagnosis and complete surgical resection allowed the patient to be cured.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Fourth Ventricle/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
7.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-5, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284513

ABSTRACT

Epidermoid cyst is a type of cutaneous cyst commonly found in daily practice. The facial area is the most common area for emergence of this benign condition. Simple extirpation is usually performed to remove epidermoid cysts. However, in rare cases, epidermoid cysts can evolve into malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or can mimic them, which adds difficulty when making a proper diagnosis. In cases of doubt, histopathology plays a key role in aiding diagnosis. This case report is about a 33-year-old woman with suspected nodular lesion that mimicked BCC, but after histopathological analysis was confirmed to be epidermoid cyst


El quiste epidermoide es un tipo de quiste cutáneo que se encuentra frecuentemente en la práctica diaria. El área facial es el área más común para la aparición de esta lesión benigna. La extirpación quirúrgica simple es el procedimiento habitual para eliminar los quistes epidermoides. Sin embargo, en casos raros, los quistes epidermoides pueden evolucionar en neoplasias malignas como el carcinoma basocelular (CCB) o pueden imitarlos, lo que añade dificultad al hacer un diagnóstico adecuado. En caso de duda, la histopatología desempeña un papel clave en la ayuda al diagnóstico. Este informe de caso trata sobre una mujer de 33 años con sospecha de lesión nodular que imitaba el CCB, pero después de que se confirmó con el análisis histopatológico, que se trataba de un quiste epidermoide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Epidermal Cyst/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst/surgery
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 653-657, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278359

ABSTRACT

Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii is an ovarian pathologic change characterized by replacement of the normal single layered cuboidal epithelium of the rete ovarii by a stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. Uterus and ovaries from a local slaughterhouse pregnant crossbreed cow were evaluated through ultrasound, macroscopically and histologically. Grossly, there were multiple cysts in both ovaries, which were histologically characterized as rete ovarii cysts with squamous metaplasia and intraluminal accumulation of keratinized material. Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii has been previously reported in cows, however this is the first report of this condition in a pregnant animal, demonstrating that this ovarian change is compatible with pregnancy.(AU)


A metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii é uma patologia ovariana caracterizada pela substituição do epitélio simples cuboidal normal da rete ovarii por um epitélio estratificado escamoso queratinizado. Útero e ovários de uma vaca mestiça gestante, proveniente de abatedouro, foram avaliados por ultrassonografia, macroscopia e histologia. Verificaram-se vários cistos em ambos os ovários, histologicamente caracterizados como cistos de rete ovarii com metaplasia escamosa, com acúmulo intraluminal de material queratinizado. Metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii foi relatada anteriormente em vacas, porém este é o primeiro relato em que essa alteração ovariana é compatível com manutenção da ciclicidde ovariana e gestação na vaca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Pregnancy, Animal/physiology , Estrous Cycle/physiology , Epidermal Cyst/veterinary , Epithelium/pathology , Metaplasia/veterinary
9.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 37(3): 84-87, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417159

ABSTRACT

El esteatocistoma es un hamartoma quístico de la porción media de las unidades folículo sebáceas que afecta principalmente el ducto sebáceo. Comúnmente se encuentra de manera múltiple y se transmite en forma autosómica dominante; en algunos casos se presenta en un contexto no familiar y en otros puede ser solitario. La primera descripción del esteatocistoma múltiple (EM) muy probablemente corresponde a Jamieson en 1873. La forma solitaria de esteatocistoma fue descrito por primera vez en 1982 por Brownstein y existen pocos casos descritos en la literatura Presentamos un caso clínico de paciente varón joven con tumoración solitaria en cuero cabelludo que fue extirpado cuyo resultado histopatológico fue de esteatocistoma solitario.


Steatocystoma is a cystic hamartoma of the middle portion of the sebaceous follicular units that mainly affects the sebaceous duct. It commonly presents in multiple forms and is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner; in some cases, it occurs in a non-familial context and in others it may be solitary. The first description of steatocystoma multiplex (MS) is most likely by Jamieson in 1873. The solitary form of steatocystoma was first described in 1982 by Brownstein and there are few cases described in the literature. We present a clinical case of a young male patient with a solitary tumor on the scalp that was excised and whose histopathological result was solitary steatocystoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/pathology , Epidermal Cyst/diagnosis , Epidermal Cyst/pathology , Scalp , Skin Diseases/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Hamartoma/diagnosis
10.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 37(1): 25-27, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400861

ABSTRACT

La fascitis nodular es una masa subcutánea, benigna, autolimitada, que puede simular un sarcoma de tejidos blandos en su presentación clínica e histopatológica. Debido a que la mayoría de las descripciones de esta condición provienen de pacientes caucásicos, es necesario enfatizar su existencia en poblaciones poco representadas en la literatura. Se presenta el caso de un paciente mexicano, masculino, de 49 años, quien fue inicialmente mal diagnosticado y tratado como quiste epidérmico. Tras la recurrencia de la lesión, se realizó una adecuada técnica de biopsia y estudios de imagen, confirmando el diagnóstico de fascitis nodular. El presente reporte resalta la importancia de abordar con cautela las masas subcutáneas que puedan simular tanto tumores benignos como malignos para mejorar el pronóstico de los pacientes.


Nodular fasciitis is a benign, self-limited, subcutaneous tumor that may resemble a soft tissue sarcoma both clinically and histopathologically. Since most descriptions derive from Caucasian patients, further awareness is necessary in underrepresented populations. Here, we present a case of nodular fasciitis in a 49-year-old Mexican male who had been misdiagnosed and mistreated as an epidermal cyst. After recurrence, an adequate biopsy and imaging studies confirmed the diagnosis of nodular fasciitis. This case illustrates the importance of properly studying subcutaneous masses that can mimic a wide array of benign and malignant tumors to improve overall patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fasciitis/pathology , Fasciitis/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Epidermal Cyst , Fasciitis/surgery , Fasciitis/epidemiology
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021318, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285425

ABSTRACT

Epidermal inclusion cyst (EIC) of the thyroid is extremely rare in the clinical practice. A handful of cases have been documented in the past in the world literature. A giant EIC of the thyroid is hitherto unreported. This lesion may arise from the squamous metaplasia of the thyroid follicular cells. Though non-neoplastic, giant forms can cause compression of the vital structures of the neck. In the present case, we have described a giant epidermal inclusion cyst successfully managed with surgical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland/abnormalities , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Rare Diseases , Metaplasia
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 535-538, dic. 2020. graf, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288166

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El carcinoma sebáceo es un tumor anexial raro que presenta un curso clínico agresivo con tendencia a la recurrencia local y metástasis a distancia. En el 75% de los casos se presenta en la región periocular, aunque puede aparecer en cualquier parte del cuerpo donde existan glándulas sebáceas. Presentamos un caso clínico de esta rara patología y su resolución.


ABSTRACT Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare and aggressive neoplasm derived from the adnexal epithelium of the sebaceous glands with a tendency to local recurrence and distant metastasis In 75% of cases the tumor develops in the periocular region but it can appear in any area with sebaceous glands. We report a case of this rare condition and its resolution.


Subject(s)
Sebaceous Glands/pathology , Carcinoma/surgery , Perineum/pathology , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms , Biopsy , Epidermal Cyst/surgery
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(3): 150-158, jul./set. 2020. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1377520

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous tumors are common in dogs. These tumors include both benign and malignant lesions. Immunohistochemical evaluation of these tumors can aggregate information regarding the origin and degree of malignancy of the lesions. Focusing on this matter, sixty-one samples including normal skin and sebaceous tumors were selected from dogs of various breeds and ages, with no predilection for sex, from the archive of Veterinary Pathology Service of Federal Fluminense University, Niterói/RJ, Brazil. The samples underwent to histological processing, routine staining and immunohistochemistry with anti-PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen). Descriptive statistical analysis was performed, the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the distribution of anti-PCNA labelling in different groups of variables. In case there were more than two groups, the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was performed. The mean age of the affected animals was 10.56 years. The most affected breeds were Caniches and Cocker Spaniels, as well as mixed breed animals. There was immunostaining of PCNA in both benign and malignant tumors, as well as in hyperplasic lesions with varying intensity. Most of the tumors were neoplasms which represented 67.27% of the total sample; within these, 75.00% were benign. The most frequent neoplasm was sebaceous adenoma (37.74%). Results indicated no statistical difference in the distribution of anti-PCNA labelling between the groups of sex, age, reproductive status, localization, size of tumor, and histopathological diagnosis. Although there are not many studies analyzing anti-PCNA labelling in sebaceous tumors, several of them pointed out to the predictive value in other neoplasms. With this matter in mind, we intended to evaluate the expression of anti-PCNA in canine sebaceous tumor and a possible association with the malignancy of the lesions.


Tumores sebáceos são comuns em cães. Tais tumores incluem lesões benignas e malignas. A avaliação imunohistoquímica desses tumores pode agregar informações sobre a origem e o grau de malignidade das lesões. Para este fim, sessenta e uma amostras, incluindo pele normal e tumores sebáceos foram selecionadas de cães de várias raças e idades, sem predileção por sexo, do arquivo do Serviço de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói/RJ, Brasil. As amostras passaram por processamento histológico, coloração de rotina e imuno-histoquímica com anti-PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen). Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritivas além dos testes de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para comparar a distribuição da marcação de anti-PCNA entre grupos de variáveis. Para variáveis com mais de dois grupos, aplicou-se a Análise de Variância (ANOVA). A idade média dos animais afetados foi de 10.56 anos. As raças mais afetadas foram Caniches e Cocker Spaniel, e ainda animais sem raça definida. Houve imunomarcação de PCNA em tumores benignos, malignos, e ainda em lesões hiperplásicas com intensidade variada. A maioria dos tumores eram neoplásicos representando 67.92% do total; destes, 75.00% eram benignos. O adenoma sebáceo foi a neoplasia mais frequente (37.74%). Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas nas distribuições de anti-PCNA entre os grupos das variáveis sexo, idade, status reprodutivo, localização e tamanho do tumor e diagnóstico histopatológico. Embora não haja estudos com anti-PCNA em tumores sebáceos caninos, numerosas publicações apontam seu valor preditivo em outras neoplasias. Com isso, a finalidade deste estudo foi avaliar a expressão de anti-PCNA em tumores sebáceos caninos e sua possível associação com a malignidade das lesões.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Adenoma/veterinary , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/analysis , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Epidermal Cyst/veterinary , Pathology, Veterinary/methods
14.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 73-75, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117016

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Quiste epidermoide de inclusión es una lesión dérmica benigna frecuente, predominante en hombres de 30-40 años, originada por secuestro de restos epidérmicos, oclusión pilosebácea o implantación traumática de elementos epiteliales en la dermis.Caso clínico: Paciente femenino de 75 años de edad la cual presenta tumoración perineal de 4 años de evolución, con aumento progresivo en el último año ocasionando disconfort. Resonancia magnética nuclear, muestra lesión quística. Escisión quirúrgica incluyendo capsula en su totalidad. Anatomía patológica, quiste de inclusión epidérmica. Control a los 6 meses sin evidencia de recidiva.Conclusión: El quiste epidérmico gigante de inclusión perineal es raro, por lo cual hay que descartar otras patologías similares. El tratamiento quirúrgico debe evitar la escisión fraccionada e incluir la capsula en forma completa, de lo contrario la recidiva es una constante.


Introduction: The epidermoid inclusion cyst is a frequent benign dermal lesion, predominantly in men aged 30-40, caused by sequestration of epidermal remains, pilosebaceous occlusion or traumatic implantation of epithelial elements in the dermis.Case report: A 75-year-old female patient who has 4 years of evolution perineal tumor with a progressive increase in size in the last year causing discomfort. MRI shows a cyst lesion. Surgical excision including capsule. Pathological anatomy, epidermoid inclusion cyst. Following at 6 months without evidence of recurrence.Conclusion: The giant epidermoid cyst of perineum is rare, therefore we must rule out other similar pathologies. Surgical treatment should avoid fractional excision and include the capsule completely, otherwise recurrence is a constant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Perineum/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Epidermal Cyst/pathology , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(1): 41-45, 15/03/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362435

ABSTRACT

Epidermoid cysts constitute congenital, benign and rare lesions, corresponding to 0.2% to 1.8% of all intracranial tumors. Only 5% of the cases are located in the fourth ventricle. Despite their genesis in intrauterine life, they are usually diagnosed between the third and fifth decades of life due to their very slow growth pattern. The image weighted by the diffusion of the magnetic resonance is essential to establish the diagnosis. The ideal treatment consists of emptying the cystic content with complete capsule resection. In the present work, we report the case of a 31-year-old female with cerebellar syndrome that evolved with intracranial hypertension. The symptomatology was due to an obstructive hydrocephalus by an epidermoid cyst located inside the fourth ventricle, which was confirmed by the pathological anatomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fourth Ventricle/injuries , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/physiopathology , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Decompressive Craniectomy/methods , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(1): 47-52, feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092774

ABSTRACT

Los tumores vulvares son un desafío diagnóstico en la práctica clínica por las múltiples etiologías subyacentes. CASO CLÍNICO: Adolescente de 13 años que presentó dos nódulos vulvares de un mes de evolución, asociados a leve dolor. Ecografía preoperatoria sospecha un quiste de inclusión epidérmica, el que se confirmó con biopsia excisional.


Vulvar tumors are a diagnostic challenge in clinical practice due to the multiple underlying etiologies. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old adolescent who presented two vulvar nodules of one month of evolution, associated with mild pain. Preoperative ultrasound suspected an epidermal inclusion cyst, which was confirmed with excisional biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Vulvar Diseases/complications , Vulvar Diseases/diagnosis , Epidermal Cyst/complications , Epidermal Cyst/diagnosis , Vulvar Diseases/surgery , Epidermal Cyst/surgery
19.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 83(4): 180-182, oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057422

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los quistes epidermoides del testículo son tumores benignos que representarían aproximadamente el 1% de todas las masas testiculares. Clínicamente es una patología poco sintomática, que se presenta como un aumento de volumen testicular o es detectado en exámenes de rutina. La ecografía demuestra una lesión focal del testículo, ovalada, heterogénea, con múltiples capas lineales hiperecogénicas concéntricas que da el signo clásico de "capas de cebolla" o con morfología de "anillo", y que no presenta flujo al Doppler color (Figuras1,2y3). Cabe señalar también que se ha descrito la presencia de calcificaciones murales o una imagen hiperecogenica central como forma de presentación. Es necesario tener en cuenta que existen algunas publicaciones que describen casos aislados en que esta apariencia ecográfica característica podría también estar presente en teratomas, el cual sería su principal diagnóstico diferencial. La importancia del conocimiento de esa lesión radica en la alta probabilidad de ser una lesión benigna, que puede ser tratada con enucleación y no necesariamente requerir orquiectomia extendida, ya que hasta ahora, no existen reportes de malignización, diseminación ni recurrencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Epidermal Cyst
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(3): 44-47, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253813

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os cistos epidermoides são anomalias de desenvolvimento incomum na região de cabeça e pescoço. Possuem um crescimento lento progressivo, podendo atingir grandes proporções, contendo queratina em seu interior. A teoria mais aceita sobre a origem desses cistos afirma que eles são derivados dos restos epiteliais retidos na linha média, durante o fechamento dos 1° e 2° arcos branquiais, na terceira e na quarta semana de vida intrauterina. São lesões assintomáticas e, dependendo da extensão, podem causar alterações estéticas e funcionais. Relato de caso: Este artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico, tratado de maneira cirúrgica, de um cisto epidermoide localizado no assoalho da cavidade bucal. Considerações Finais: Apesar de ser uma entidade rara e benigna, esse tipo de doença não deve ser subestimado. Dada a sua relevância, é importante realizar o diagnóstico diferencial tanto clínico como anatomopatológico, uma vez que o conhecimento dessa lesão por parte do cirurgião-dentista é fundamental para um diagnóstico precoce e um tratamento adequado, garantindo a saúde do paciente... (AU)


Introduction: Epidermoid Cysts are an unusual development in the region of the head and neck. It develops slowly and can reach large proportions, and some of them can contain keratin in its interior. The most accepted theory about the origin of the cysts is that they are derived from epithelial debris retained in the midline. This happened at the closure of the 1st and 2nd gill arches, usually after the third and fourth week of intrauterine life. They are asymptomatic lesions, and depending on the extent, it can cause aesthetic and functional alterations. Case report: The purpose of this article is to discuss the origin, location, classification, clinical characteristics and surgical treatments of an epidermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth. Final considerations: This type of disease, despite being a rare and benign entity, should not be underestimated. It is interesting to make the differential diagnosis both clinical and anatomopathological. Therefore, it is of great importance the knowledge of this injury by the dental surgeon for an early diagnosis and an appropriate treatment, guaranteeing the health of the patient... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Surgery, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms , Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst , Mouth Floor , Wounds and Injuries , Keratins , Mouth
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