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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 817-823, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385648

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las células epiteliales del amnios (hAECs) son células madre pluripotenciales; tienen capacidad de diferenciarse en células de las tres capas embrionarias. Como tales, se utilizan en algunas terapias regenerativas en medicina. Este estudio tiene por objetivo describir un protocolo de aislación de las células epiteliales del amnios (hAECs) a partir de placentas humanas de partos por cesárea, así como su caracterización y comportamiento in vitro. Se aislaron hAECs de 20 placentas de partos por cesárea con un protocolo optimizado. Se caracterizaron las células mediante citometría de flujo, microscopia óptica y de fluorescencia, y se evaluó la proliferación de las células mediante MTT a los 1, 3, 5 y 7 días con y sin β-mercaptoetanol en el medio de cultivo. El análisis histológico del amnios mostró un desprendimiento prácticamente completo de las células después de la segunda digestión del amnios. El promedio de células obtenidas fue de 10.97 millones de células por gramo de amnios. Las hAECs mostraron una proliferación limitada, la cual no fue favorecida por la adición de β-mercaptoetanol en el cultivo. Se observó un cambio de morfología espontanea de epitelial a mesenquimal después del cuarto pasaje. Las células epiteliales del amnios pueden ser aisladas con un protocolo simple y efectivo, sin embargo, presentan escasa capacidad proliferativa. Bajo las condiciones de este estudio, la adición de β-mercaptoetanol no favorece la capacidad proliferativa de las células.


SUMMARY: human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) are pluripotent stem cells; they have the ability to differentiate into cells of the three embryonic layers, and are used in various regenerative therapies in medicine. This study aims to describe a protocol for the isolation of amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) from human placentas from cesarean delivery, as well as their characterization and culture conditions in vitro. hAECs were isolated from 20 cesarean delivery placentas with an optimized protocol. The cells were characterized by flow cytometry, light and fluorescence microscopy, and the proliferation of the cells was evaluated by MTT at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days with and without β-mercaptoethanol in the culture medium. Histological analysis of the amnion showed a practically complete detachment of the cells of the underlying membrane after the second digestion. The average number of cells obtained was 10.97 million cells per amnion. The hAECs perform a limited proliferation rate, which was not favored by the addition of β-mercaptoethanol in the culture. A spontaneous morphology change from epithelial to mesenchymal morphology is exhibited after the fourth passage. The epithelial cells of the amnion can be isolated with a simple and effective protocol, however, they present little proliferative capacity. Under the conditions of this study, the addition of β-mercaptoethanol does not favor the proliferation of the cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Separation/methods , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Amnion/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Microscopy
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e033, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089391

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of our study was to isolate populations of keratinocyte stem cells based on the expression of cell surface markers and to investigate whether the culture could affect their phenotype. keratinocytes from human oral mucosa were sorted based on the expression of the epithelial stem cell markers p75NTR and CD71. We also examined the co-expression of other epithelial stem markers such as integrins β1 and α6 and their stem cell-like proprieties in in vitro assays. Three passages after being sorted by MACS, more than 93% of the p75NTR+ve cells lost the expression of p75NTR, while 5.46% of the p75NTR-ve gained it. Within the small population of the p75NTR+ve cells, 88% co-expressed other epithelial stem cell markers such as integrins β1 and α6, while only 28% of p75NTR-ve cells co-expressed these markers. These results were confirmed by sorting cells by FACS. Additionally, when double staining was used for sorting cells, 99% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve and 33% of the p75NTR-veCD71+ve cells expressed both integrins, but just one week after culture, only 1.74% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve cells still expressed p75NTR and only 0.32% still expressed CD71. Similar results were obtained when co-culturing p75NTR+ve and p75NTR-ve populations before analysis. Our results suggest that phenotype changes may be part of an intrinsic cellular mechanism to conserve levels of protein expression as they may found in the human body. In addition, in vitro culture may not offer ideal conditions for epithelial stem cell maintenance due to phenotype changes under standard culture conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phenotype , Stem Cells/cytology , Keratinocytes/cytology , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , Receptors, Transferrin/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Cell Separation/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor/analysis , Flow Cytometry/methods , Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5831, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839293

ABSTRACT

The epithelium is a highly dynamic system, which plays a crucial role in the homeostasis of the intestinal tract. However, studies on the physiological and pathophysiological functions of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) have been hampered due to lack of normal epithelial cell models. In the present study, we established a reproducible method for primary culture of mouse IECs, which were isolated from the viable small intestinal crypts of murine fetuses (on embryonic day 19), using type I collagenase and hyaluronidase in a short span of time (≤20 min). With this method, continuously growing mouse IECs, which can be subcultured over a number of passages, were obtained. The obtained cell lines formed a tight cobblestone-like arrangement, displayed long and slender microvilli, expressed characteristic markers (cytokeratin 18 and Notch-1), and generated increasing transepithelial electrical resistance and low paracellular permeability during in vitro culture. The cells also had enzymatic activities of alkaline phosphatase and sucrase-isomaltase, and secreted various cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), responding to the stimulation of Escherichia coli. These results show that the primary-cultured mouse IECs obtained by the method established here had the morphological and immunological characteristics of IECs. This culture system can be a beneficial in vitro model for studies on mucosal immunology and toxicology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase , Intestine, Small/cytology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagenases , Cytokines/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hematoxylin , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(3): 175-180, 2017. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-859826

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Grape is one of the most important fruit crops across the world and can be consumed in different ways. There has been a growing interest in the role of antioxidants such as resveratrol, which can be found in grape skin, in oral and dental tissues. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of different presentations of resveratrol on cell proliferation and epithelial thickness of the oral mucosa of Wistar rats. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: water/control, red wine, grape juice, 12% alcoholic solution/ethanol and aqueous solution of resveratrol. Samples of palatal and tongue mucosa were collected for a histomorphometric analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining and the argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) technique for quantification of cell proliferation. Results: As to epithelial thickness, both the tongue and the palate showed a statistically significant difference between the control group and the other groups, with greater decrease in the resveratrol and the wine groups. In the suprabasal layer of both the tongue and the palate epithelium, red wine reduced the rate of cell proliferation, while ethanol increased it. In the basal layer of the tongue epithelium, there was a statistically significant difference between the control, the grape juice and the resveratrol groups and the ethanol group, with increased cell proliferation in the ethanol group. Conclusions: Wine does not interfere in the physiological renewal of the basal layer of the buccal epithelium and exerts a protective action by reducing the cell proliferation rate of the suprabasal layer (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Epithelium/anatomy & histology , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Ethanol/chemistry , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/analysis , Rats, Wistar/anatomy & histology , Vitis/chemistry , Wine/analysis
6.
Rev. biol. trop ; 64(2): 521-536, abr.-jun. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843295

ABSTRACT

AbstractThe golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei is an invasive species that has quickly dispersed and colonized several potential different habitats distributed all over the world, causing environmental and economic impacts. Thus, in order to contribute to a better understanding of the reproductive aspects of L. fortunei, we described the cellular dynamic of the male and female germinal epithelium during the annual reproductive life history of this species, with the use of high resolution histology. An approximate of 1 200 specimens of L. fortunei were sampled periodically on the upper Paraná River floodplain (Brazil), from March 2010 to December 2012. Based on the activity of the germinal epithelium and consequent germ cell development, this study has resulted in the recognition of the following reproductive phases: Developing, Spawning Capable, Regressing and Regenerating. In the characterization of these phases, the following germ cells were described for males: spermatogonia, primary and secondary spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa. Cell nests, oogonia, early prophase oocytes, previtellogenic oocytes and vitellogenic oocytes (early vitellogenic oocytes, middle vitellogenic oocytes and full-grown oocytes) were described for females. The morphological data and reproductive parameters obtained, showed the value of the cellular dynamics of the germinal epithelium, for the understanding of the cyclic gonadal events during the adult reproductive life of the mollusk in general. These results on the gametogenesis of this invasive species may be a fundamental tool for the development of control strategies and programs implementation, to reduce their proliferation and impacts in natural local environments. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (2): 521-536. Epub 2016 June 01.


ResumenEl mejillón dorado Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) es una especie invasora que se ha dispersado rápidamente y ha colonizado diferentes hábitats potenciales distribuidos por todo el mundo, causando impactos ambientales y económicos. El control de esta especie depende del conocimiento de los aspectos reproductivos. Entre marzo 2010 y diciembre 2012 fueron muestreados periodicamente alrededor de 1 200 especímenes de L. fortunei en la planicie de inundación del Alto Rio Paraná, Brasil. Con el fin de contribuir con una mejor comprensión de los aspectos reproductivos de L. fortunei, se describió la dinámica celular del epitelio germinativo masculino y femenino durante la vida reproductiva anual de esta especie, mediante histología de alta resolución basada en la actividad del epitelio germinal y el consecuente desarrollo de las células germinales. En este estudio se reconocieron las siguientes fases reproductivas: desarrollo, capacidad de desove, regresión y regeneración. En los machos se describieron las siguientes células germinales: espermatogonias, espermatocitos primarios y secundarios, espermátidas y espermatozoides. Mientras que en las hembras se estudiaron: nidos celulares, ovogonias, ovocitos profásicos tempranos, ovocitos pre-vitelogénicos y ovocitos vitelogénicos (ovocitos vitelogénicos tempranos, ovocitos vitelogénicos y ovocitos completamente desarrollados).Los datos morfológicos y parámetros reproductivos que se muestran aquí confirman cómo la dinámica celular del epitelio germinal permite la comprensión de los acontecimientos cíclicos gonadales durante la vida reproductiva de adultos del molusco, en general. El conocimiento de la gametogénesis de esta especie invasora puede convertirse en una herramienta fundamental para el desarrollo de estrategias de control y aplicación de programas para disminuir su proliferación en ambientes naturales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Oogenesis/physiology , Spermatogenesis/physiology , Mytilidae/cytology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Mytilidae/physiology , Gonads/cytology
7.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 42(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795982

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el examen citológico de Papanicolaou tiene como objetivo el diagnóstico de lesiones precancerosas o cancerosas del cuello uterino, una evaluación hormonal y de flora bacteriana. Objetivos: determinar la proporción de hallazgos no neoplásicos y las anormalidades epiteliales escamosas y glandulares remitidos al área de Citología del Hospital Nacional Docente Madre Niño San Bartolomé. Métodos: se diseñó una investigación de tipo analítico-correlacional prospectiva de corte transversal en todos los frotices referidos de cinco redes y microredes de salud. El procesamiento citológico se realizó en conformidad con los requerimientos internacionales para citología. La interpretación citológica se realizó según el Sistema Bethesda. Resultados: de 72 644 extendidos cérvicouterinos evaluados mediante sistema de calidad del Sistema Bethesda, la proporción de resultados con alteraciones cérvico-uterinas (prevalencia 6,5 por ciento; IC: 95 por ciento: 6,32 por ciento, 6,68 por ciento), negativos posevaluación y Hallazgos no neoplásicos fue de 4724 (6,5 por ciento), 35 318 (51,7 por ciento) y 32 602 (48,2 por ciento) muestras, respectivamente (p< 0,005). La probabilidad posprueba fue de 89,3 por ciento (IC: 95 por ciento: 87,1 por ciento a 91,1 por ciento; likelihood ratio LR > 10) y se estableció una correlación directa significativa entre los hallazgos/NLIM y las edades de los pacientes (rho= 0,477; p< 0,005). Además, 46,53 por ciento de estos hallazgos corresponden a flora sugestiva de vaginosis bacteriana, 22,5 por ciento a cambios reactivos asociados a inflamación y 21 por ciento a metaplasia escamosa. La asociación más frecuente fue la metaplasia escamosa, vaginosis bacteriana e inflamación severa 5,5 por ciento (1495 resultados). Conclusiones: la proporción de hallazgos no neoplásicos fue considerable y las anormalidades epiteliales escamosas y glandulares estuvieron sobre el promedio estándar(AU)


Introduction: The Pap test aims at diagnosing precancerous or cancerous lesions of the cervix, hormonal evaluation, and bacterial flora. Objectives: Determine the proportion of non-neoplastic findings, squamous and glandular epithelial abnormalities referred to the district ofHospital Nacional Docente Madre Niño San Bartolome. Methods: A prospective, analytical, correlational, cross-sectional research was designedfor all vaginal smear which were referred from five health networks and micro-networks. Cytological processing was carried out in accordance with applicable international requirements. Cytologic interpretation was performed according to Bethesda System. Results: Out of 72,644 cervical smears evaluated by Bethesda quality system, the proportion of results with cervical uterine disorders (prevalence 6.5 percent CI 95 percent: 6.32 percent, 6.68 percent) were 4724 (6.5 percent) samples, negative posevaluación was 35318 (51.7 percent) samples, and nonneoplastic findings 32 602 (48.2 percent) samples, (p< 0.005). Posttest probability was 89.3 percent (CI 95 percent: 87.1 percent to 91.1 percent; likelihood ratio LR > 10) and a significant direct correlation was established between the findings/nLiM and ages of patients (rho= 0.477; p< 0.005). Moreover, 46.53 percent of NIM flora suggestive corresponds to bacterial vaginosis (BV), 22.5 percent to reactive changes associated with inflammation and squamous metaplasia 21 percent (MET). The most frequent association was MET, VB, and severe inflammation 5.5 percent (1495 results). Conclusions: The proportion of non-neoplastic findings was considerable; squamous and glandular epithelial abnormalities were above average standard(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology , Cervix Uteri/cytology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Papanicolaou Test/methods , Atypical Squamous Cells of the Cervix/cytology , Demography , Prospective Studies
8.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-11, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mammary cell cultures are convenient tools for in vitro studies of mammary gland biology. However, the heterogeneity of mammary cell types, e.g., glandular milk secretory epithelial or myoepithelial cells, often complicates the interpretation of cell-based data. The present study was undertaken to determine the relevance of bovine primary mammary epithelial cells isolated from American Holstein (bMEC US) or Swiss Holstein-Friesian (bMEC CH) cows, and of primary bovine mammary alveolar epithelial cells stably transfected with simian virus-40 (SV-40) large T-antigen (MAC-T) for in vitro analyses. This was evaluated by testing their expression pattern of cytokeratin (CK) 7, 18, 19, vimentin, and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA. RESULTS: The expression of the listed markers was assessed using real-time quantitative PCR, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy. Characteristic markers of the mesenchymal (vimentin), myoepithelial (α-SMA) and glandular secretory cells (CKs) showed differential expression among the studied cell cultures, partly depending on the analytical method used. The relative mRNA expression of vimentin, CK7 and CK19, respectively, was lower (P < 0.05) in immortalized than in primary mammary cell cultures. The stain index (based on flow cytometry) of CK7 and CK19 protein was lower (P < 0.05) in MAC-T than in bMECs, while the expression of α-SMA and CK18 showed an inverse pattern. Immunofluorescence microscopy analysis mostly confirmed the mRNA data, while partly disagreed with flow cytometry data (e.g., vimentin level in MAC-T). The differential expression of CK7 and CK19 allowed discriminating between immortal and primary mammary cultures. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of the selected widely used cell type markers in primary and immortalized MEC cells did not allow a clear preference between these two cell models for in vitro analyses studying aspects of milk composition. All tested cell models exhibited to a variable degree epithelial and mesenchymal features. Thus, based on their characterization with widely used cell markers, none of these cultures represent an unequivocal alveolar mammary epithelial cell model. For choosing the appropriate in vitro model additional properties such as the expression profile of specific proteins of interest (e.g., transporter proteins) should equally be taken into account.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Actins/analysis , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Keratins/analysis , Mammary Glands, Animal/cytology , Vimentin/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Antigens, Viral, Tumor , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells/chemistry , Flow Cytometry/methods , Mammary Glands, Animal/chemistry , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Primary Cell Culture , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1252-1259, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79766

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a prevalent chronic microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus involving disturbances in electrolytes and the acid-base balance caused by a disorder of glucose metabolism. NHE1 is a Na+/H+ exchanger responsible for keeping intracellular pH (pHi) balance and cell growth. Our study aimed to investigate roles of NHE1 in high glucose (HG)-induced apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal epithelial tubular cell line HK-2 was cultured in medium containing 5 mM or 30 mM glucose. Then, cell apoptosis, oxidative stress, NHE1 expression, and pHi were evaluated. NHE1 siRNA and inhibitor were used to evaluate its role in cell apoptosis. RESULTS: HG significantly increased cell apoptosis and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and 8-OHdG (p<0.05). Meanwhile, we found that HG induced the expression of NHE1 and increased the pHi from 7.0 to 7.6 after 48 h of incubation. However, inhibiting NHE1 using its specific siRNA or antagonist DMA markedly reduced cell apoptosis stimulated by HG. In addition, suppressing cellular oxidative stress using antioxidants, such as glutathione and N-acetyl cysteine, significantly reduced the production of ROS, accompanied by a decrease in NHE1. We also found that activated cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type I (PKG) signaling promoted the production of ROS, which contributed to the regulation of NHE1 functions. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that HG activates PKG signaling and elevates the production of ROS, which was responsible for the induction of NHE1 expression and dysfunction, as well as subsequent cell apoptosis, in renal tubular epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cation Transport Proteins/metabolism , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Glucose/pharmacology , Glutathione/metabolism , Kidney Tubules/cytology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers/metabolism
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(4): 1476-1482, Dec. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772341

ABSTRACT

The respiratory epithelium is the first line of contact with the external hazards. Thus it can be damaged and need to be replaced to avoid healing by fibrosis. Tracheal tissue engineering is an alternative promising treatment modality. Mesenchymal stem cell markers are surface proteins, which are responsible for some of these cells unique properties. The objective of this study was to detect the mesenchymal stem cell phenotype among the human nasal respiratory epithelial cells via two immunophenotyping techniques. Respiratory epithelial cells were cultured using co-culture technique, fibroblasts was removed at confluence leaving respiratory epithelial cells, which were passage further to passage 4. Cells were evaluated for mesenchymal stem cell markers that were CD73, CD90, CD105 and the hematopoietic stem cell marker CD45 at passage 1 (P1) and passage 4 (P4) using Flow cytometry and Immunocytochemistry techniques. Respiratory epithelial cells expressed the mesenchymal stem cell markers at P1 and maintain the expression these markers until P4. Using both techniques, to compare the values of mesenchymal stem cell markers expression at P1 to P4 there was no significant difference. This study indicates that respiratory epithelial cells derived from nasal turbinate retain some of mesenchymal stem cells properties even after serial passages. Both methods of Immunophenotyping are comparable.


El epitelio respiratorio es la primera línea de contacto con los peligros externos. Por lo tanto, puede ser dañado y necesita ser reemplazado para evitar uan cicatrización por fibrosis. La ingeniería de tejidos traqueales es una modalidad de tratamiento alternativo prometedora. Los marcadores de células troncales mesenquimales son proteínas de superficie, que son responsables de algunas propiedades únicas de estas células. El objetivo fue detectar el fenotipo de células troncales mesenquimales entre las células epiteliales respiratorias nasales humanas a través de dos técnicas de inmunofenotipaje. Fueron cultivadas las células epiteliales respiratorias utilizando la técnica de co-cultivo; los fibroblastos se eliminaron en la confluencia dejando solo células epiteliales respiratorias, resultantes de los 4 pasajes. Las células fueron evaluadas para encontrar marcadores de células troncales mesenquimales mediante CD73, CD90, CD105 y el marcador de células troncales hematopoyéticas CD45 en el paso 1 (P1) y el paso 4 (P4), usando citometría de flujo y técnicas de inmunocitoquímica. Las células epiteliales respiratorias expresaron los marcadores de células troncales mesenquimales en P1 y mantuvieron la expresión de estos marcadores hasta P4. No hubo diferencias significativas en el uso de ambas técnicas al comparar los valores de los marcadores de células troncales mesenquimales expresadas desde P1 a P4. Este estudio indica que las células epiteliales respiratorias derivadas de la concha nasal retienen algunas de las propiedades de células troncales mesenquimales, incluso después de pases seriados. Ambos métodos de inmunofenotipificación son comparables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Nasal Mucosa/cytology , Turbinates/cytology , Cell Culture Techniques , Flow Cytometry , Immunohistochemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Phenotype , Tissue Engineering
11.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(1): 234-247, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-736431

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de dor crônica e sua associação com a situação socioeconômica, demográfica e atividade física no lazer em idosos. MÉTODOS: Este estudo é parte do inquérito epidemiológico e transversal de base populacional e domiciliar EpiFloripa Idoso 2009-2010 realizado com 1.705 idosos (≥ 60 anos), residentes em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. A partir da resposta afirmativa de dor crônica, foram investigadas as associações com as variáveis obtidas por meio de entrevista estruturada. Realizou-se a estatística descritiva, incluindo cálculos de proporções e intervalos de confiança 95% (IC95%). Na análise bruta e ajustada, empregou-se regressão de Poisson, estimando-se as razões de prevalência, com intervalos de confiança de 95% e valores p ≤ 0,05. RESULTADOS: Dentre os idosos investigados, 29,3% (IC95% 26,5 - 32,2) relataram dor crônica. Na análise ajustada, observou-se que as variáveis sexo feminino, menor escolaridade e pior situação econômica ficaram associadas significativamente com maior prevalência de dor crônica; ser fisicamente ativo no lazer ficou associado significativamente com menor prevalência do desfecho. CONCLUSÕES: Percebe-se que a dor crônica é um agravo que acomete considerável parcela de idosos, havendo desigualdades sociais na sua frequência e sendo beneficamente afetada pela atividade física no lazer. É necessário que políticas públicas de saúde subsidiem programas multidisciplinares de controle da dor incluindo a prática regular de atividade física, voltada especificamente à promoção da saúde do idoso, evitando assim que a dor crônica comprometa a qualidade de vida desta população. .


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain and its association with socioeconomic and demographic status, and leisure physical activity in the elderly population. METHODS: This study is part of an epidemiological cross-sectional population-based household survey called EpiFloripa Elderly 2009-2010, which was conducted with 1,705 elderly individuals (≥ 60 years) residents of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. From the positive response to chronic pain, the associations with the variables were investigated through a structured interview. Descriptive statistics were conducted, including ratio calculation and 95% confidence intervals. In crude and adjusted analysis, Poisson regression was utilized, estimating prevalence ratios, with 95% confidence intervals and ≤ 0.05 p-values. RESULTS: Among the subjects, 29.3% (IC95% 26.5 - 32.2) reported chronic pain. Adjusted analysis showed that being female, having less years of schooling, and being in worse economic situation were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of chronic pain. Being physically active during leisure time was significantly associated with lower prevalence of the outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, it is clear that chronic pain affects a considerable amount of elderly individuals. Social inequalities are a harmful influence in these individuals' quality of life, inasmuch as those inequalities increase the frequency with which chronic pain afflicts them. At the same time, physical activity during leisure time decreases chronic pain frequency. It is fundamental that public health policies subsidize multidisciplinary pain management programs, which should include health targeted physical activity for the elderly, thus preventing the decrease in quality of life that chronic pain brings to this population. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Early Growth Response Protein 1/genetics , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/metabolism , /metabolism , Sulindac/analogs & derivatives , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Butadienes/pharmacology , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Early Growth Response Protein 1/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Intestines/cytology , Intestines/drug effects , Intestines/metabolism , Luciferases/genetics , Luciferases/metabolism , Microscopy, Confocal , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/antagonists & inhibitors , /antagonists & inhibitors , Nitriles/pharmacology , Pyridines/pharmacology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Sulindac/pharmacology , Transfection , Up-Regulation/drug effects , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1/genetics , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1/metabolism
12.
São Paulo med. j ; 133(1): 20-27, Jan-Fev/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733012

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Inadequate Pap smears do not provide satisfactory cell samples for evaluation, thus making it more difficult to detect cervical cytological abnormalities. The objective of this study was to determine the cytological and histological follow-up results from women with inadequate smear reports in primary healthcare centers in Santiago, Chile 2010-2011. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study at primary healthcare clinics in Santiago, Chile. METHODS: The population was taken from the “Cito-Expert" database of 2010. The data were then organized according to the cytological and histological follow-up results of 2,547 women with inadequate cervical cytological reports over the 12-month period. The samples were assigned to groups based on the cause of inadequacy (smears with endocervical cells alone; insufficient, hemorrhagic, inflammatory or poorly fixed samples; insufficient and hemorrhagic samples; or insufficient and inflammatory specimens). The data were analyzed using the “conditional probability tree diagram" and descriptive statistics. RESULT: Half of the women (n = 1,285) met the requirements of the Ministry of Health for repeating these inadequate smears, and 1,104 of these women had normal cytological results (85.9%). The detection rate for cervical lesions according to group ranged ...


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Esfregaços inadequados de Papanicolaou não fornecem amostra satisfatória de células para avaliação, ficando assim mais difícil detectar anomalias citológicas cervicais. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os resultados de seguimento citológico e histológico de mulheres com relatórios de esfregaços inadequados nas unidades básicas de saúde em Santiago, Chile, 2010-2011. DESENHO E LOCAL: Estudo prospectivo de coorte em unidades básicas de saúde em Santiago, Chile. MÉTODOS: A população foi selecionada do banco de dados Cito-Expert em 2010. Na sequência, os dados foram organizados pelos resultados de seguimento citológico e histológico de 2.547 mulheres com relatórios inadequados de citologia cervical pelo período de 12 meses. As amostras foram atri-buídas a grupos com base na causa de inadequação (esfregaços com células endocervicais; amostras insuficientes, inflamatórias, ou com má fixação, amostras insuficientes e hemorrágicas, ou espéci-mes insuficientes e inflamatórios). Os dados foram analisados com base no “conditional probability tree diagram" e estatísticas descritivas. RESULTADOS: Metade das mulheres (n = 1.285) preencheram os requisitos ...


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care/organization & administration , Papanicolaou Test/methods , Vaginal Smears/methods , Chile , Follow-Up Studies , Inflammation/diagnosis , Lost to Follow-Up , Papanicolaou Test/standards , Papanicolaou Test/statistics & numerical data , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Prospective Studies , Specimen Handling , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/diagnosis , Vaginal Smears/standards , Vaginal Smears/statistics & numerical data
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(1): 49-55, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-741590

ABSTRACT

Objective Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) is used clinically to promote periodontal tissue regeneration. However, the effects of EMD on gingival epithelial cells during regeneration of periodontal tissues are unclear. In this in vitro study, we purified ameloblastin from EMD and investigated its biological effects on epithelial cells. Material and Methods Bioactive fractions were purified from EMD by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography using hydrophobic support with a C18 column. The mouse gingival epithelial cell line GE-1 and human oral squamous cell carcinoma line SCC-25 were treated with purified EMD fraction, and cell survival was assessed with a WST-1 assay. To identify the proteins in bioactive fractions of EMD, we used proteome analysis with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by identification with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. Results Purified fractions from EMD suppressed proliferation of GE-1 and SCC-25. LC-MS/MS revealed that ameloblastin in EMD is the component responsible for inhibiting epithelial cell proliferation. The inhibitory effect of ameloblastin on the proliferation of GE-1 and SCC-25 was confirmed using recombinant protein. Conclusion The inhibitory effects of EMD on epithelial cell proliferation are caused by the biological activities of ameloblastin, which suggests that ameloblastin is involved in regulating epithelial downgrowth in periodontal tissues. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Dental Enamel Proteins/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Periodontium/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Gingiva/drug effects , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Silver Staining , Time Factors
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 367-371, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731047

ABSTRACT

This in vitro study evaluated the potential protective effect of vitamin E alpha-tocopherol (α-T) isomer against the toxicity of hydrogen peroxide (HP) applied on dental pulp cells. Odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells were seeded on 96-well plates for 72 h, treated with different concentrations of α-T (1, 3, 5, and 10 mM) for different times (1, 4, 8, and 24 h) and then exposed or not to a 0.018% HP solution for 30 min. In positive and negative control groups, cells were exposed to HP or culture medium (DMEM containing 5% DMSO), respectively. Cell viability was assessed by the MTT assay and the absorbance numeric data, expressed as percentage values, were subjected to the statistical analysis by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α=5%). Considering the cells in the negative control as having 100% of cell viability, all combinations of α-T concentrations and pretreatment times showed a protective effect against HP cytotoxicity. Significant reduction of cell viability (59%) was observed in the positive control compared with the negative control. The highest values of pulp cell viability were obtained after pretreatment with 1 and 3 mM α-T concentrations for 24 h followed by exposure to HP (126% and 97% of cell viability, respectively). Under the tested conditions, the most effective cell protection against the cytotoxic effects of HP was provided by the lowest concentrations of α-T (1 and 3 mM) applied for 24 h.


Neste estudo, foi avaliado o potencial protetor do isômero alfa-tocoferol da vitamina E (-T) contra a ação tóxica do peróxido de hidrogênio (PH) aplicado sobre células pulpares. Células odontoblastóides MDPC-23 foram semeadas em placas de 96 compartimentos por 72 h, tratadas com diferentes concentrações de α-T (1, 3, 5 e 10 mM) por diferentes períodos (1, 4, 8 e 24 h) e, então, expostas ou não a uma solução com 0,0018% de PH por 30 min. Nos controles positivo e negativo, as células foram expostas ao PH ou meio de cultura (DMEM contendo 5% de DMSO), respectivamente. A viabilidade celular foi avaliada pelo teste do MTT e os valores numéricos de absorbância, expressos em porcentagem, foram submetidos a análise estatística pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α=5%). Considerando as células do grupo controle negativo como apresentando 100% de viabilidade celular, todas as combinações de α-T, nas diferentes concentrações, e tempos de pré-tratamento demonstraram um efeito protetor contra a citotoxicidade do PH. Redução significativa da viabilidade (59%) foi observada para o grupo controle positivo comparado ao controle negativo. Os maiores valores de viabilidade celular foram obtidos após pré-tratamento com 1 e 3 mM de α-T por 24 h seguido de exposição ao PH (126% e 97% de viabilidade celular, respectivamente). Assim, de acordo com as condições experimentais, o efeito protetor mais efetivo contra os efeitos tóxicos do PH foi observado para as menores concentrações de α-T (1 e 3 mM) aplicado por 24 h.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Esophagus/cytology , Telomerase/metabolism , Telomere/metabolism , Apoptosis/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Size , Cell Division/physiology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomaviridae/metabolism
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(5): 455-461, May 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-714717

ABSTRACT

As células-tronco tumorais (CTTs) pertencem a uma pequena população de células dentro do tumor com propriedades de autorrenovação e diferenciação em outros tipos celulares. Neste estudo avaliou-se o comportamento tanto das porções mesenquimais quanto das epiteliais de seis carcinossarcomas (CSs), 11 carcinomas em tumores mistos (CTMs) grau I, 11 grau II e 10 grau III. Nas porções epiteliais dos CS e CTM foram observadas imunomarcações para os anticorpos CD44, CD24, Oct-4 e ALDH-1. Nas porções mesenquimais dos CS, nas porções epiteliais dos CTMs graus II e III não houve imunomarcação para o ALDH-1. Concluiu-se que as CTTs são expressas em proporções iguais tanto nas porções mesenquimais quanto nas epiteliais dos CSs e ausentes nas porções mesenquimais bem diferenciadas de CTMs.


Cancer stem cells belong to a small population of cells within the tumor with properties of self-renewal and differentiation into other cell types. In this study, the behavior of both portions, mesenchymal and epithelial, was evaluated. Six carcinosarcomas (CSs), 11 carcinomas within mixed tumors (CWMTs) grade I, 11 grade II, and 10 grade III were evaluated. In the epithelial portions of the CS and CWMTs was observed immunostaining for antibodies CD44, CD24, Oct-4 and ALDH-1. In the mesenchymal portions of the CS, in the epithelial portions of CMTs grades II and III no immunostaining for ALDH-1 was found. It was concluded that the tumor stem cells are expressed in equal proportions in the epithelial and mesenchymal portions of the CS. No immunostaining in the mesenchymal portions of well-differentiated CWMTs was seen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Carcinoma/veterinary , Carcinosarcoma/veterinary , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Neoplastic Stem Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154560

ABSTRACT

Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common tumor of the salivary glands. About 90% of these tumors occur in the parotid gland and 10% in the minor salivary glands. The most common sites of PA of the minor salivary glands are the palate, followed by lips and cheeks. Throat, floor of the mouth, tongue, tonsil, pharynx, retromolar area and nasal cavity are rarely involved. Here, we report a case of PA of the cheek in a 42-year-old female. The mass was excised and the patient was followed for 3 years post operatively with no recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnosis , Adult , Cheek , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Female , Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Salivary Glands, Minor
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : S139-S145, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51698

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effect of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma-induced-inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells). We treated HK-2 cells with CoCl2 before the administration of TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma. To regulate hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression, the cells were treated CoCl2 or HO-1 siRNA. CoCl2 reduced the generation of ROS induced by TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma. TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-treated-cells showed an increase in the nuclear translocation of phosphorylated NF-kappaBp65 protein, the DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaBp50 and NF-kappaB transcriptional activity and a decrease in IkappaBalpha protein expression. These changes were restored by CoCl2. We noted an intense increase in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) production in TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-treated cells. We demonstrated that this effect was mediated through NF-kappaB signaling because an NF-kappaB inhibitor significantly reduced MCP-1 and RANTES production. CoCl2 effectively reduced MCP-1 and RANTES production. The expression of HO-1 was increased by CoCl2 and decreased by HO-1 siRNA. However, knockdown of HO-1 by RNA interference did not affect MCP-1 or RANTES production. We suggest that CoCl2 has a protective effect on TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-induced inflammation through the inhibition of NF-kappaB and ROS in HK-2 cells. However, CoCl2 appears to act in an HO-1-independent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Chemokine CCL2/metabolism , Chemokine CCL5/metabolism , Cobalt/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Heme Oxygenase-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Inflammation , Interferon-gamma/pharmacology , Kidney Tubules, Proximal/cytology , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , NF-kappa B p50 Subunit/genetics , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : S146-S154, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51697

ABSTRACT

The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is influenced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Effect of bilirubin on HIF-1 expression in proximal tubular cells was investigated under physiological oxygen concentration, which is relative hypoxic condition mimicking oxygen content in the medulla of renal tissue. The human kidney (HK2) cells were cultured in 5% oxygen with or without bilirubin. HIF-1alpha protein expression was increased by bilirubin treatment at 0.01-0.2 mg/dL concentration. The messenger RNA expression of HIF-1alpha was increased by 1.69+/-0.05 folds in the cells cultured with 0.1 mg/dL bilirubin, compared to the control cells. The inhibitors of PI3K/mTOR, PI3K/AKT, and ERK 1/2 pathways did not attenuate increased HIF-1alpha expression by bilirubin. HIF-1alpha expression decreased by 10 microM exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); scavenger of ROS with or without bilirubin in the HK2 cells increased HIF-1alpha concentration more than that in the cells without bilirubin. Exogenous H2O2 decreased the phosphorylation of P70S6 kinase, which was completely reversed by bilirubin treatment. Knockdown of NOX4 gene by small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased HIF-1alpha mRNA expression. In coonclusion, bilirubin enhances HIF-1alpha transcription as well as the up-regulation of HIF-1alpha protein translation through the attenuation of ROS and subunits of NADPH oxidase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilirubin/pharmacology , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Kidney Tubules, Proximal/cytology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3/metabolism , NADPH Oxidases/antagonists & inhibitors , Oxygen/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA Interference , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Transcriptional Activation/drug effects , Up-Regulation/drug effects
19.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 459-469, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7401

ABSTRACT

Entamoeba histolytica is a tissue-invasive protozoan parasite causing dysentery in humans. During infection of colonic tissues, amoebic trophozoites are able to kill host cells via apoptosis or necrosis, both of which trigger IL-8-mediated acute inflammatory responses. However, the signaling pathways involved in host cell death induced by E. histolytica have not yet been fully defined. In this study, we examined whether calpain plays a role in the cleavage of pro-survival transcription factors during cell death of colonic epithelial cells, induced by live E. histolytica trophozoites. Incubation with amoebic trophozoites induced activation of m-calpain in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, incubation with amoebae resulted in marked degradation of STAT proteins (STAT3 and STAT5) and NF-kappaB (p65) in Caco-2 cells. However, IkappaB, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB, was not cleaved in Caco-2 cells following adherence of E. histolytica. Entamoeba-induced cleavage of STAT proteins and NF-kappaB was partially inhibited by pretreatment of cells with a cell-permeable calpain inhibitor, calpeptin. In contrast, E. histolytica did not induce cleavage of caspase-3 in Caco-2 cells. Furthermore, pretreatment of Caco-2 cells with a calpain inhibitor, calpeptin (but not the pan-caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk) or m-calpain siRNA partially reduced Entamoeba-induced DNA fragmentation in Caco-2 cells. These results suggest that calpain plays an important role in E. histolytica-induced degradation of NF-kappaB and STATs in colonic epithelial cells, which ultimately accelerates cell death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caco-2 Cells , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Calpain/genetics , Caspase 3/genetics , Caspases , Cell Death , Colon/cytology , Entamoeba histolytica/physiology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , I-kappa B Proteins/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/cytology , NF-kappa B/genetics , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , STAT5 Transcription Factor/genetics , Signal Transduction
20.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e125-2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113786

ABSTRACT

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lysophospholipid involved in numerous physiological responses. However, the expression of LPA receptors and the role of the Hippo signaling pathway in epithelial cells have remained elusive. In this experiment, we studied the functional expression of LPA receptors and the associated signaling pathway using reverse transcriptase-PCR, microspectrofluorimetry, western blotting and immunocytochemistry in salivary gland epithelial cells. We found that LPA receptors are functionally expressed and involved in activating the Hippo pathway mediated by YAP/TAZ through Lats/Mob1 and RhoA/ROCK. Upregulation of YAP/TAZ-dependent target genes, including CTGF, ANKRD1 and CYR61, has also been observed in LPA-treated cells. In addition, based on data suggesting that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha induces cell apoptosis, LPA upregulates TNF-induced caspase-3 and cleaved Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP). However, small interfering RNA treatment to Yes-associated protein (YAP) or transcriptional co-activator with a PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) significantly decreased TNF-alpha- and LPA-induced apoptosis, suggesting that YAP and TAZ modulate the apoptotic pathway in salivary epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Gene Expression Regulation , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lysophospholipids/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid/genetics , Salivary Glands/cytology , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
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