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1.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511056

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Mesmo com toda evolução tecnológica desses instrumentos, com o desenvolvimento das limas de liga de níquel-titanio (NiTi) e sistemas mecanizados, as fraturas podem ocorrer durante o preparo químico/mecânico. Existem três abordagens mais regulamente aplicadas para solucionar essa intercorrencia: tentativa de remoção do instrumento com ultrassom, tentativa de ultrapassálo (bypass) ou a obturação do segmento. Objetivo: Relatar um caso da técnica de bypass em instrumento fraturado no canal radicular. Descrição do caso: Paciente, sexo feminino, 47 anos, brasileira, sem condições sistêmicas associadas, foi encaminhada à clínica do Curso de Odontologia da UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brasil, para resolução de fratura de instrumento no canal mésio- vestibular do primeiro molar superior direito (16). Optou-se pelo tratamento pela técnica de bypass, que envolveu as seguintes etapas: anestesia, abertura, utilização de lima C-Pilot #08 para ultrapassar o instrumento fraturado, odontometria, escalonamento regressivo a partir da lima k#20, desinfecção com hipoclorito de sódio 5%, medicação com hidróxido de cálcio por 21 dias, agitação da substância irrigadora e obturação dos canais radiculares. Conclusão: O bypass ao instrumento é uma técnica conservadora, eficaz e uma solução adequada em casos de fratura de limas endodônticas dentro dos canais radiculares. Essa técnica visa preservar o máximo possível da estrutura dental original, evitando procedimentos mais invasivos.(AU)


Introduction: Even with all technological evolution of these instruments, with the development of nickel-titanium alloy (NiTi) files and mechanized systems, fractures can occur during chemical/mechanical preparation. There are three most commonly applie to resolve this complication: attempting to remove the instrument with ultrasound, attempting to bypass it, or obturating the segment. Objective: To report a case of bypass technique in fractured instrument in the root canal. Case description: A 47-year-old female patient from Brazil, with no associated systemic conditions, was referred to the clinic of the Dentistry Course at UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil, for resolution of an instrument fracture in the mesio-vestibular canal of the right upper first molar (16). Treatment was performed using the bypass technique, which involved the following steps: anesthesia, opening, use of a C-Pilot #08 file to bypass the fractured instrument, odontometry, regressive scaling from the k#20 file, disinfection with 5% sodium hypochlorite, medication with calcium hydroxide for 21 days, agitation of the irrigating substance and root canal filling. Conclusion: Instrument bypass is a conservative, effective technique and an adequate solution in cases of endodontic file fracture within root canals. This technique aims to preserve as much of the original tooth structure as possible, avoiding more invasive procedures.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Equipment Failure , Titanium , Radiography, Dental , Treatment Outcome , Nickel
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 115-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the malfunction and maintenance process of Carestream digital X-ray machine DRX-NOVA for reference.@*METHODS@#The fault of Carestream digital X-ray machine DRX-NOVA in 2011-2021 was summarized, the fault types were classified, and the maintenance process was summarized.@*RESULTS@#Fault types can be divided into three categories, each of which has its own characteristics and specific solutions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is necessary to master the principle of equipment to repair all kinds of equipment failures. Repair the machine should be careful, comprehensive consideration of the cause of the failure. To correctly understand and analyze the operation of the machine under normal conditions, we can accurately analyze the cause of failure, so that we can really solve the problem.


Subject(s)
X-Rays , Radiography , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Equipment Failure
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e233938, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1519306

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to find the incidence and awareness of endodontic instrument separation and its management among dental house officers, postgraduate trainees, demonstrators, consultants, and general dentists. Methods: This online questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted with the approval of the IRB in private and public dental hospitals and dental clinics in Punjab. The authors developed the survey tool, which comprises 24 closed-ended items regarding demographics, the incidence of file separation, and awareness about its management. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 24. The Chi-Square Test was used to compare percentages of categorical variables. Results: Postgraduate trainees experienced the most instrument separations (43.6%), made the most retrieval attempts (49.2%), and experienced the most secondary errors during retrieval (52.1%) (p<0.001). Around four out of ten respondents always informed the patients (39.6%) and department (41.6%) about errors. Manual files (69.8%), stainless steel files (75.8%), and short files (60.4%) were more frequently separated, and the most frequent cause was older fatigue files (57.7%). Manual files were more frequently broken in public dental institutes (p=0.003). Two-thirds of the file separations (72.5%) occurred during cleaning and shaping in the apical third of molars (65.1%), especially in mesiolingual canal (56.4%). Bypass attempt was the most common in symptomatic teeth (47.7%). Conclusions: Preventive approaches such as limiting file reuse and constructing a glide path can reduce the occurrence of file separation. Operators should be familiar with the number of uses of the instrument before fatigue and should be trained through workshops and refresher courses


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Equipment Failure , Endodontists/statistics & numerical data , Pakistan , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(3): 144-150, May.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251848

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The emergence of coronavirus disease 19 pandemic and novel research on the high transmissibility of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has raised controversies over the use of face masks to prevent community transmission. Specific regulations need to be fulfilled to use a face mask as part of the personal protective equipment and high quality of evidence supporting its use to prevent respiratory viral infections, including SARS-CoV-2, is lacking. However, its widespread use is becoming a standard practice in some countries and discrepancies between health authorities on their policy have led to controversy. The aim of this review is to provide an outlook on recent research in this matter and areas of opportunity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Masks , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Respiratory Protective Devices , Program Evaluation , Communicable Disease Control/legislation & jurisprudence , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Aerosols , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Air Microbiology , Equipment Design , Equipment Failure , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
6.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(2): 147-152, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134815

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease has increased the demand for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) care. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between some risk factors for AVF failure (advanced age, female sex, diabetes, obesity, central venous catheter, previous fistula, and hospitalization) and having a Doppler ultrasound performed preoperatively. Methods: A prospective study was performed with 228 dialysis patients from Imperatriz, Maranhão. Half of the sample was randomly selected to receive preoperative Doppler ultrasound and the other half did not, from the period of October 2016 to September 2018. Results: There were 53 total failures corresponding to 23.2% of our sample, which is almost double that of the patients in the clinical group. Considering the failures and risk factors associated with the overall sample, there was a statistically significant association between a central venous catheter on the same side of the AVF with P = 0.04 (Odds Ratio 1.24) and obesity with P = 0.05 (Odds Ratio 1.36), which was not repeated in the Doppler ultrasound group individually. There was no statistically significant difference between the Doppler group and clinical group with respect to the amount of days of previous AVF hospitalization and failure. Conclusions: We concluded that the reduction of failures with an introduction of the Doppler was statistically significant in the overall sample, but establishing a relationship between specific risk factors and failure was only possible with two of the risk factors in the study - obesity and central venous catheter on the same side of the AVF.


RESUMO Introdução: A crescente prevalência de doença renal crônica aumentou a demanda por confecção de fístula arteriovenosa (FAV). O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a relação entre alguns fatores de risco para falha da FAV (idade avançada, sexo feminino, diabetes, obesidade, cateter venoso central, fístula prévia e hospitalização) e a realização de ultrassonografia Doppler no pré-operatório. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo com 228 pacientes em diálise em Imperatriz, MA. Metade da amostra foi randomizada para receber ultrassonografia Doppler no pré-operatório. A outra metade dos pacientes não foi submetido a exame ultrassonográfico. O estudo incluiu pacientes atendidos no período de outubro de 2016 a setembro de 2018. Resultados: Houve 53 falhas (23,2%) em nossa amostra, quase o dobro do número dos pacientes no grupo clínico. Considerando as falhas e os fatores de risco associados à amostra geral, houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre catéter venoso central do mesmo lado da FAV (P = 0,04; Razão de Chances: 1,24) e obesidade (P = 0,05; Razão de Chances: 1,36), o que não foi reproduzido no grupo de ultrassonografia Doppler individualmente. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo Doppler e o grupo clínico em relação à quantidade de dias de internação e falha da FAV. Conclusões: A redução de falhas com a introdução do Doppler foi estatisticamente significativa na amostra geral, mas só foi possível estabelecer uma relação entre fatores de risco específicos e falha em dois dos fatores estudados, obesidade e catéter venoso central no mesmo lado da FAV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/instrumentation , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Age Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler/statistics & numerical data , Equipment Failure/statistics & numerical data , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
8.
RFO UPF ; 25(1): 112-117, 20200430. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357743

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: reportar um caso clínico de ultrapassagem de instrumento endodôntico fraturado em terço médio de canal mésiovestibular de molar superior permanente, utilizando a técnica de instrumentação reciprocante associada à instrumentação convencional manual e ao gel de E.D.T.A. 24%. Relato de caso: paciente do sexo masculino, 24 anos, normossistêmico, compareceu ao consultório odontológico privado com queixa de dor espontânea e encaminhamento para tratamento endodôntico do dente 17. O diagnóstico foi pulpite irreversível sintomática com indicação de tratamento endodôntico primário. A lima principal escolhida foi a Reciproc® R25 M-wire (VDW), que, durante a instrumentação do canal mésiovestibular, sofreu fratura por torção em terço médio, inviabilizando a continuação em direção apical. Considerações finais: a associação da técnica convencional manual das limas Hedströen com a técnica reciprocante de corte reverso da lima Wave One® Gold Primary e o uso do gel de E.D.T.A. 24% permitiram ultrapassagem do fragmento de lima fraturado em terço médio do canal mésiovestibular do dente 17, promovendo selamento hermético, limpeza, modelagem e obturação satisfatórias.(AU)


Objective: to report a clinical case of a fractured endodontic instrument in the middle third of the permanent maxillary molar maxillary canal using the technique instrumentation reciprocation with technique to conventional manual instrumentation and the E.D.T.A. 24% gel. Case report: a 24-yearold normosystemic male patient came to the private dental office complaining of spontaneous pain and referred for endodontic treatment of tooth 17. The diagnosis was irreversible symptomatic pulpitis with indication for primary endodontic treatment. The main file chosen was the Reciproc® R25 M-wire (VDW), which during the instrumentation of the mesiobuccal canal suffered torsional fracture in the middle third, preventing continuity in the apical direction. Final considerations: the association of the conventional manual Hedströen file technique with the reciprocal reverse cutting technique of the Wave One® Gold Primary file and the use of E.D.T.A. 24% gel allowed the fractured file fragment to be overcome in the middle third of the mesiobuccal canal of tooth 17, promoting hermetic sealing, cleaning, modeling and satisfactory filling. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Equipment Failure , Radiography, Dental , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Molar/diagnostic imaging
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 467-470, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942764

ABSTRACT

This paper is a summary of the three types of faults that have occurred in the recent years in the Carestream DR7500:hardware failure, software failure, and communication failure. The specific cases of three types of faults are introduced in a case-by-case basis.


Subject(s)
Equipment Failure , Maintenance , Radiographic Image Enhancement
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 92-94, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the performance of the GE cyclotron MINItrace system before and after the upgrade.@*METHODS@#The upgrade of the MINItrace system included replacing the silver target with the Nb syetem and adopting the latest RF control and management system and lastest ion source system.The failrue rate and production efficiency were retrospectively analyzed before and after the upgrade.@*RESULTS@#After the upgrade, the cyclotron failure rate decreased by 86.2%, the average capacity increased by 45%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#After the upgrade of MINItrace cyclotron, the failure rate is sharply reduced, and the production efficiency is grately improved.


Subject(s)
Cyclotrons/standards , Equipment Failure , Retrospective Studies
11.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(6): 915-918, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512360

ABSTRACT

Arterial catheterization is a common procedure performed for invasive blood pressure as well as cardiac output monitoring and blood sampling for analysis. The fracture or embolization of arterial catheters are rare but serious complications, and may cause vascular thrombosis or occlusion. Ultrasound can be used to identify the intravascular fragment, however their removal may be complex. The authors report a case of intra-arterial catheter fracture in the radial artery, confirmed by ultrasound and surgically removed. This case may alert to be aware of this complication when using this invasive method, helping to prevent future complications for patients.


La introducción de un catéter arterial es un procedimiento realizado regularmente para evaluar la presión arterial invasiva, el gasto cardíaco y tomar muestras de sangre para su análisis. La fractura y la embolización de los catéteres arteriales son complicaciones poco frecuentes pero graves y pueden causar trombosis u oclusión de la arteria. La ecografía puede usarse para identificar el fragmento intravascular, pero la extracción puede ser compleja. Presentamos un caso de fractura intravascular del catéter de la arteria radial confirmada por ecografía y extirpada quirúrgicamente. Este caso señala la necesidad de prestar atención a esta complicación cuando se usa el monitoreo invasivo, para evitar complicaciones futuras para los enfermos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Device Removal , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Rupture , Radial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Equipment Failure , Anesthetics/administration & dosage
13.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 89(3): 216-221, jul.-sep. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149070

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Anticoagulation is the primary management to prevent venous thromboembolism; inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) provide a mechanical prophylactic alternative when anticoagulation is contraindicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate in IVCF patients, whether the initiation of anticoagulation therapy is associated with decreased rates of recurrent thrombotic events and device-related complications. Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients that underwent insertion of IVCF. Subjects with IVCF were studied in two groups: those initiated on anticoagulation (A) and without anticoagulation (NA). Variables as indications for IVCF, anticoagulation, recurrence of thrombosis, complications, and reinterventions were examined. Results: From April 2007 to March 2014, 54 patients underwent IVCF placement; (61% of females), with mean age of 54 years (standard deviation ± 19). 28 (52%) were initiated on anticoagulation, during a mean follow-up period of 28 months, five experienced recurrent thrombosis and three were on the A group (p=0.5); when comparing patients that developed post-thrombotic syndrome, seven were in the A group and seven in the NA. Two patients with IVC rupture were in the A group (p=0.5), and the only case of IVCF migration occurred in the A group. 11 (20%) patients died from comorbidities nonrelated to the device or procedure (four in the A cohort). Conclusions: Patients with IVCF on anticoagulation have equivalent rates of thrombotic events and device-related complications than those patients NA.


Resumen Objetivo: La anticoagulación es la terapia de elección para la prevención de tromboembolismo venoso; los filtros de vena cava inferior (FVCI) proveen una alternativa mecánica profiláctica cuando la anticoagulación está contraindicada. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si la terapia anticoagulante se asocia con una tasa menor de eventos trombóticos recurrentes y complicaciones relacionadas con el dispositivo. Métodos: Los pacientes fueron categorizados en dos grupos: Aquellos a los que se les inicio anticoagulación (A) y aquellos que no (NA). Variables tales como indicación de la colocación del filtro, anticoagulación, recurrencia de trombosis y complicaciones fueron examinadas. Resultados: De abril de 2007 a marzo 2014, a 54 pacientes se les coloco un filtro (61% fueron mujeres), con una media de edad de 54 años [Desviación estándar (DE) ±19. Veintiocho (52%) fueron iniciados en anticoagulación y durante un seguimiento de 28 meses, 5 pacientes experimentaron recurrencia de trombosis, 3 en el grupo A (p=0.5). Al comparar los pacientes que desarrollaron síndrome posflebítico, 7 pertenecieron al grupo A y 7 al grupo NA. Dos pacientes con ruptura de vena cava pertenecieron al grupo A (p=0.5) y el único caso de migración del dispositivo ocurrió en el grupo A. Once (20%) pacientes fallecieron debido a comorbilidades no relacionadas con el dispositivo o el procedimiento. Conclusión: Pacientes con FVCI en anticoagulación tienen tasas de eventos trombóticos y complicaciones asociadas a los dispositivos equivalentes a aquellos pacientes sin anticoagulación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Vena Cava Filters/adverse effects , Foreign-Body Migration/epidemiology , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Recurrence , Thrombosis/etiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Equipment Failure
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 853-853, July-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Urological surgery is estimated to be the third most common cause of iatrogenic-retained foreign bodies 1. Presentation A 76-year old man was undergoing a transurethral resection of bladder tumor with a 26-Ch continuous flow resectoscope (Karl Storz, Germany). Before starting resection, a detachment of resectoscope sheath tip was noted. The ceramic tip was free-floating in the bladder lumen, and it would not fit within the sheath, making direct extraction using the loop impossible. An attempt was made to break it with a stone punch, but it was unsuccessful due to impossibility of closing it in the branches. Therefore, we decided to fragment the tip with holmium laser (RevoLix®, LISA Laser products, Germany), using an 800-micron, front-firing fiber. Laser device was settled at with 2.5 J energy and 5 Hz frequency. Ceramic appeared very hard, but it was difficult to carry on breaking with this setting because of tip retropulsion. Then, laser setting was switched to lower energy and higher frequency (1 J and 13 Hz). This setting guaranteed the same power of 13 W, but with minimal retropulsion. Results Tip was fragmented against the posterior bladder wall in seven pieces, which were retrieved trough the outer sheath. A total 5.62 kJ were used to fragment it. At the end, superficial lesions of the posterior bladder wall were highlighted. Surgical time was 55 minutes. Patient was discharged home next day without problems. Conclusions Holmium laser fragmentation is a safe and effective approach to remove foreign bodies from the bladder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Ceramics/radiation effects , Equipment Failure , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Radiation Dosage , Time Factors , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time
15.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 344-352, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765345

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is one of the major chronic neurological diseases affecting many patients. Resection surgery is the most effective therapy for medically intractable epilepsy, but it is not feasible in all patients. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an adjunctive neuromodulation therapy that was approved in 1997 for the alleviation of seizures; however, efforts to control epilepsy by stimulating the vagus nerve have been studied for over 100 years. Although its exact mechanism is still under investigation, VNS is thought to affect various brain areas. Hence, VNS has a wide indication for various intractable epileptic syndromes and epilepsy-related comorbidities. Moreover, recent studies have shown anti-inflammatory effects of VNS, and the indication is expanding beyond epilepsy to rheumatoid arthritis, chronic headaches, and depression. VNS yields a more than 50% reduction in seizures in approximately 60% of recipients, with an increase in reduction rates as the follow-up duration increases. The complication rate of VNS is 3–6%, and infection is the most important complication to consider. However, revision surgery was reported to be feasible and safe with appropriate measures. Recently, noninvasive VNS (nVNS) has been introduced, which can be performed transcutaneously without implantation surgery. Although more clinical trials are being conducted, nVNS can reduce the risk of infection and subsequent device failure. In conclusion, VNS has been demonstrated to be beneficial and effective in the treatment of epilepsy and various diseases, and more development is expected in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Brain , Comorbidity , Depression , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Equipment Failure , Follow-Up Studies , Headache Disorders , Seizures , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve
16.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 112-117, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of revision cochlear implant (CI) surgery for better speech comprehension targeting patients with low satisfaction after first CI surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eight patients who could not upgrade speech processors because of an too early CI model and who wanted to change the whole system were included. After revision CI surgery, we compared speech comprehension before and after revision CI surgery. Categoies of Auditory Performance (CAP) score, vowel and consonant confusion test, Ling 6 sounds, word and sentence identification test were done. RESULTS: The interval between surgeries ranged from eight years to 19 years. Same manufacturer’s latest product was used for revision surgery in six cases of eight cases. Full insertion of electrode was possible in most of cases (seven of eight). CAP score (p-value=0.01), vowel confusion test (p-value=0.041), one syllable word identification test (p-value=0.026), two syllable identification test (p-value=0.028), sentence identification test (pvalue=0.028) had significant improvement. Consonant confusion test (p-value=0.063), Ling 6 sound test (p-value=0.066) had improvement but it is not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Although there are some limitations of our study design, we could identify the effect of revision (upgrade) CI surgery indirectly. So we concluded that if patient complain low functional gain or low satisfaction after first CI surgery, revision (device upgrade) CI surgery is meaningful even if there is no device failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cochlear Implants , Comprehension , Electrodes , Equipment Failure
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 303-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the high-risk fault risk of CT simulator and the main causes of the risk, and to put forward effective risk management strategies.@*METHODS@#The failure mode and effect analysis method was used to identify and control the operational fault risk of CT simulator.@*RESULTS@#5 major fault components, 8 fault failure models and 17 failure causes were analyzed. The top 5 failure causes are:anode target surface burn caused by direct scanning without warming up the tube (590.4), tube failure (518.2), burnout of joints caused by aging of high voltage cables (424.2), motor carbon brush wear (304.8) and belt break (296.4).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The failure mode and effect analysis method can effectively identify the risk of equipment failure, and thus specifically formulate risk management and control measures to ensure the normal operation of equipment and the safety of doctors and patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Equipment Failure , Risk Management , Methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reference Standards
18.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 344-352, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788773

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is one of the major chronic neurological diseases affecting many patients. Resection surgery is the most effective therapy for medically intractable epilepsy, but it is not feasible in all patients. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an adjunctive neuromodulation therapy that was approved in 1997 for the alleviation of seizures; however, efforts to control epilepsy by stimulating the vagus nerve have been studied for over 100 years. Although its exact mechanism is still under investigation, VNS is thought to affect various brain areas. Hence, VNS has a wide indication for various intractable epileptic syndromes and epilepsy-related comorbidities. Moreover, recent studies have shown anti-inflammatory effects of VNS, and the indication is expanding beyond epilepsy to rheumatoid arthritis, chronic headaches, and depression. VNS yields a more than 50% reduction in seizures in approximately 60% of recipients, with an increase in reduction rates as the follow-up duration increases. The complication rate of VNS is 3–6%, and infection is the most important complication to consider. However, revision surgery was reported to be feasible and safe with appropriate measures. Recently, noninvasive VNS (nVNS) has been introduced, which can be performed transcutaneously without implantation surgery. Although more clinical trials are being conducted, nVNS can reduce the risk of infection and subsequent device failure. In conclusion, VNS has been demonstrated to be beneficial and effective in the treatment of epilepsy and various diseases, and more development is expected in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Brain , Comorbidity , Depression , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Equipment Failure , Follow-Up Studies , Headache Disorders , Seizures , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 388-390, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Improve the integrity of the digestive electron microscope equipment and reduce the cost of equipment failure maintenance.@*METHODS@#By studying the composition and function of the digestive electron microscope system and analyzing the causes of common faults, a targeted preventive maintenance plan is developed, equipment users are graded, and a training system is established.@*RESULTS@#The user of the device can skillfully analyze the cause of the malfunction and timely deal with the sudden failure of the diagnosis and treatment, thereby reduce the risk of diagnosis and treatment and the investment in hospital maintenance.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through the analysis and processing of the digestive electron microscope system, point detection leakage, grading training, preventive maintenance can significantly improve the equipment integrity rate, reduce the risk of clinical diagnosis and treatment, effectively reduce the number of equipment failures, and reduce maintenance costs.


Subject(s)
Equipment Failure , Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital , Microscopy, Electron
20.
Neurointervention ; : 27-34, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741676

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Complete removal of air bubbles from balloons for neurovascular angioplasty is cumbersome. We compared the preparation difficulty, air removal efficiency, and air collection pattern of six different balloon catheter preparation methods to propose a better preparation method for both initial and second balloon uses, especially for small-profile angioplasty balloon catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 neurovascular angioplasty balloon catheters with nominal diameters of 2 mm were prepared to test six different preparation methods: the instruction for use method (method A), simplified method using a syringe (method B) and four newly devised preparation methods using inflating devices (methods C–F). Serial radiographs were obtained while the balloons were gradually inflated. We measured the time for each preparation and the bubble number, analyzed their distribution in the balloon, and calculated the contrast filling ratio (contrast filling area/total balloon area) for initial and second ballooning. The whole process was repeated three times. RESULTS: The preparation time varied widely (11.5 seconds [method D] to 73.3 seconds [method A]). On initial inflation, the contrast filling ratio at 8 atm was the highest (100%) with methods A and F. On second inflation, the ratio was again highest with method A (99.5%), followed by method F (99.2%). Initial ballooning tended to show a uniform pattern of single bubble in the distal segment of the balloon; in contrast, second ballooning showed varying patterns in which the bubbles were multiple and randomly distributed. CONCLUSION: None of the six methods were able to completely exclude air bubbles from the balloon catheters including the second ballooning; however, the method of repeating aspiration with high-volume inflating device (method F) could be a practical option considering the simplicity and efficiency of preparation.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Angioplasty, Balloon , Catheters , Clothing , Embolism, Air , Equipment Failure , Inflation, Economic , Intracranial Arteriosclerosis , Methods , Syringes
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