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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 761-766, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921536

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical expression of P504s,E-cadherin,erythroblast transformation-specific related gene(ERG)and estrogen receptor(ER)in prostate adenocarcinoma in Tibet.Methods The clinical data of 15 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma diagnosed by the Department of Pathology of Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from September 2013 to September 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were assigned to prognostic grade groups based on Gleason score according to the WHO 2016 criteria.Immunostaining of P504s,E-cadherin,ERG,and ER was performed.Results The age of all 15 patients ranged from 61 to 86 years.The serum prostate specific antigen(PSA)concentration was ≥20 ng/ml in 12 patients and<20 ng/ml in 3 patients.Among the 15 patients,11 underwent needle biopsy,1 transurethral resection of the prostate,and 3 radical prostatectomy.Prognostic grouping results revealed 5 cases in grade groups 1-3,4 cases in grade group 4,and 6 cases in grade group 5.Immunohistochemistrically,15 cases(100%)were positive for P504s,E-cadherin and PSA;one case(7%)was positive for ERG;all cases were negative for P63,ER and CK34βE12.Thirteen cases were followed up for 2-48 months,with 2 cases treated with total prostatectomy and 11 cases with non-surgical treatment.Two cases were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Prostate adenocarcinoma is rare relatively in Tibet.The accuracy of diagnosis can be improved by using multiple immunohistochemical markers.The cases of grades 4 and 5 by pathological confirmed are relatively common in Tibet.P504s and E-cadherin are highly expressed in prostate adenocarcinoma patients in Tibet,while ERG presents low expression,ER is unexpressed.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Erythroblasts , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Receptors, Estrogen , Retrospective Studies , Tibet , Transurethral Resection of Prostate
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 317-320, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011982

ABSTRACT

Objective: To enrich the gene mutation sites and accumulate treatment experience of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) type Ⅱ by reporting one case of CDA patient with new mutation site of SEC23B and was successfully treated by homozygous allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: The mutation within SEC23B gene in a child case with the reduced hemoglobin for more than 3 months, and his family were analyzed in combination with literatures review. Results: A 3-day 5-month female child was admitted due to "decreasing hemoglobin for more than 3 months" , blood routine test showed HGB 44 g/L, positive for acid hemolysis test (Ham test) . Bone marrow showed that the proportion of erythroid line was 69%, mainly middle and late juvenile erythrocytes, binuclear and odd nucleated erythrocytes could be observed, and nuclear fragmentation and nuclear budding could be seen occasionally in nucleated erythrocytes, transmission electron microscopy disclosed that bone marrow harbored the typical double-layer membrane structure of nuclear erythrocytes. There were two unreported new mutation sites in the SEC23B gene, including 1504 G>C/wt and c. 2254-2255 insert A/wt. The two mutations were derived from the father and mother of the child respectively. At the late stage, the child was successfully treated with allo-HSCT, the original mutation turned negative. Conclusion: This study reported the mutation type of SEC23B gene insertion for the first time in China. Allo-HSCT could be utilized as a treatment for CDA.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital/genetics , China , Erythroblasts , Mutation , Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 445-450, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of Ter cells in the development of the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), we detected their quantity changes in the spleen of different stages of CIA mice and analyzed the correlation between Ter cells and the joint scores, and we also analyzed the correlation between Ter cells and the frequencies of T and B cell subsets, so as to further understand the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.@*METHODS@#The six to eight weeks DBA/1 mice were used to prepare CIA model. After the second immunization, we began to evaluate the joint score. According to the time of CIA onset and the joint score, the CIA mice were divided into three stages: early, peak and late stages. According to the final joint score, the CIA mice at the peak stage were subdivided into the high score group (score>8) and the low score group (score≤8). The frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the naïve mice and the CIA mice at various stages and the frequencies of T and B cell subsets in the spleen of the CIA mice at the peak stage were detected by flow cytometry, then we carried on the correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice was significantly higher than those of the naïve mice (8.522%±2.645% vs. 1.937%±0.725%, P<0.01), the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly lower than those of the low score group (6.217%±0.841% vs. 10.827%±0.917%, P<0.01). The frequencies of Th1 cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly higher than those of the low score group mice (1.337%±0.110% vs. 0.727%±0.223%, P<0.05). The frequencies of Th17 cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was higher than those of the low score group mice (0.750%±0.171% vs. 0.477%±0.051%, P=0.099). The frequencies of germinal center B cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly higher than those of the low score group mice (1.243%±0.057% vs. 1.097%±0.015%, P<0.05). Correlation analysis results showed that the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice at the peak stage was strongly negatively correlated with the frequencies of CD4+ T, Th1, Th17, and germinal center B cells, and was strongly positively correlated with the frequencies of B10 cells, indicating that these cells might have a protective effect in CIA. Studies on dynamic changes showed that the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice at the late stage was significantly lower than those at the peak stage (0.917%±0.588% vs. 8.522%±2.645%, P<0.001), suggesting the protective effect of these cells in arthritis.@*CONCLUSION@#Ter cells were significantly increased in the spleen of the CIA mice at peak stage, and were negatively correlated with joint scores and pathogenic immune cells, and positively correlated with protective immune cells. Ter cells were significantly decreased in the spleen of the CIA mice at the late stage. What we mentioned above suggests that Ter cells might be involved in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis as an immunomodulatory cell,but further in vivo and in vitro experiments are needed to verify its specific effects and mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arthritis, Experimental , Erythroblasts , Mice, Inbred DBA , Th17 Cells
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): 217-219, ago. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887349

ABSTRACT

Es posible detectar normoblastos en los frotis de sangre periférica de los recién nacidos. En general, la cantidad de normoblastos por cada 100 leucocitos está en el intervalo de 0 a 10. Se observan con más frecuencia de lo usual ante una situación de hipoxia porque la hipoxia intrauterina aumenta la producción de eritrocitos. Sin embargo, no se había informado antes un caso de normoblastos multinucleados en un recién nacido a causa de la hipoxia. Presentamos el caso de un recién nacido con normoblastos multinucleados secundarios a hipoxia intrauterina. Este caso es importante porque es la primera vez que se han detectado normoblastos multinucleados en el frotis de sangre periférica de un recién nacido hipóxico.


Normoblasts may be seen in peripheral blood smear of newborns. The number of normoblasts per 100 white blood cells is generally in the range of 0-10.They can be seen more common than usual in hypoxic condition, because intrauterine hypoxia increases the production of red blood cells. However, multinucleated normoblasts in a newborn caused by hypoxia haven't been reported before. We present a newborn with multinucleated normoblasts secondary to intrauterine hypoxia. This case is important; because it is the first time multinucleated normoblasts in peripheral blood smear of a hypoxic newborn has been detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Erythroblasts , Hematologic Diseases/etiology , Hypoxia/complications , Hematologic Diseases/blood , Hypoxia/blood
5.
Journal of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons ; : 1-4, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167667

ABSTRACT

It has been known that extramedullary hematopoiesis occurring after birth can be developed in various diseases, and it is often found in hematologic diseases. Among these, congenital dyserythropoietic anemia is a rare disease characterized with increase of ineffective hematopoiesis and morphological abnormalities of erythroblasts. In congenital dyserythropoietic anemia, extramedullary hematopoiesis is very rare and only a few cases have been reported. Although treatment is not required if there is no symptom in extramedullary hematopoiesis, surgery or radiation therapy is effective in case that there is symptom or unresponsive anemia despite blood transfusion. This case report is about surgical treatment for extramedullary hematopoiesis in 23-year-old patients diagnosed of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Anemia , Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital , Blood Transfusion , Erythroblasts , Hematologic Diseases , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoiesis, Extramedullary , Parturition , Rare Diseases
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 45-50, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234035

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discover the techniques for ex vivo generation and cryopreservation of erythroid progenitor cells (EPCs)derived from umbilical cord blood (UCB)mononuclear cells (MNCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>UCB was chosen as the source of EPCs. Erythrocytes were precipitated by hydroxyethyl starch (HES). MNCs were separated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. Erythroid progenitor cell were generated from MNC ex vivo in suspension culture supplemented with stem cell growth factor, insulin growth factor, erythropoietin, Fms- liketyrosinekinase ligand, transferrin and dexamethasone. Cell maturation was evaluated by morphologic analysis and CD71/CD235a expression profiling. In vitro induced cells were cryopreserved using different cryopreservation media. The cell survival rate, phenotype and proliferation curves were detected after cell thawing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the extension of culture time, the total number of cells increased significantly accompanied with the elevation of CD71 and CD235 positive populations. After 14- day inducing, the cells reached to approximately 110 times of the starting number with the cell viability as (88.92±0.95)%. The percentages of cell surface markers were (86.77±9.11)% for CD71 and (64.47±16.67)% for CD71/CD235, respectively. With the extension of inducing time, wright- Giemsa staining showed that the middle erythroblasts appeared mostly at day 10, and the late erythroblasts were seen at day 14. The red pellets were present at day 14, which indicated the more production of hemoglobin. Colony forming assay showed that erythroid colonies at induction day 7 were higher than that for non-induced cells (326.00±97.96vs 61.60±20.03 per 2 000 cells). With the extension of culture time, the number of erythroid colonies decreased. Induced EPCs were preserved with different cryopreservation solutions, in which 10% DMSO were better than 5% DMSO. Additionally, 10% DMSO + 2% HSA showed no different with 10% DMSO + 5% HSA. Combined 50% plasma with 2% HSA was more effective.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This non- serum culture media could effectively induced and expanded EPCs, and 10% DMSO + 2% HSA + 50% plasma appeared to be a desirable cryopreservation solution for EPCs from UCB.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cryopreservation , Methods , Erythroblasts , Cell Biology , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Cell Biology , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , Umbilical Cord
7.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 53-59, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Engineered blood has the greatest potential to combat a predicted future shortfall in the US blood supply for transfusion treatments. Engineered blood produced from hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) derived red blood cells in a laboratory is possible, but critical barriers exist to the production of clinically relevant quantities of red blood cells required to create a unit of blood. Erythroblasts have a finite expansion capacity and there are many negative regulatory mechanisms that inhibit in vitro erythropoiesis. In order to overcome these barriers and enable mass production, the expansion capacity of erythroblasts in culture will need to be exponentially improved over the current state of art. This work focused on the hypothesis that genetic engineering of HSC derived erythroblasts can overcome these obstacles. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research effort was to improve in vitro erythropoiesis efficiency from human adult stem cell derived erythroblasts utilizing genetic engineering. The ultimate goal is to enable the mass production of engineered blood. METHODS: HSCs were isolated from blood samples and cultured in a liquid media containing growth factors. Cells were transfected using a Piggybac plasmid transposon. RESULTS: Cells transfected with SPI-1 continued to proliferate in a liquid culture media. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis on culture day 45 revealed a single population of CD71+CD117+ proerythroblast cells. The results of this study suggest that genetically modified erythroblasts could be immortalized in vitro by way of a system modeling murine erythroleukemia. CONCLUSION: Genetic modification can increase erythroblast expansion capacity and potentially enable mass production of red blood cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult Stem Cells , Culture Media , Erythroblasts , Erythrocytes , Erythropoiesis , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Engineering , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute , Plasmids
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1184-1189, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246794

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>Objective: To study the effect of PD98059, a specific inhibitor of Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, on the proliferation and apoptisis of bone marrow CD71(+), CD235a(+) nucleated erythrocytes in patients with high altitude polycythemia (HAPC) and the pathogenesis of HAPC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CD71(+) and CD235a(+) nucleated erythrocytes in HAPC patients and controls (patients with simple obsolete stracture) were sorted by using the immunemagnetic beads, then were added with 5, 10, 20 µmol/L of PD98059 and DMSO (as control) and were cultured for 72 h under hypoxia. The cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V and PI double staining, the cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 method, at same time the erythroid colong-formation ability of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) treated with 5, 10, 20 µmol/L of PD98059 and DMSO was observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the increase of PD98059 concentration, the apoptosis rate of bone marrow CD71(+) and CD235a(+) nucleated erythrocytes in HAPC patients was enhanced (r=0.807,P<0.01), while the proliferation rate of CD71(+) and CD235a(+) nucleated erythrocytes in HAPC patients dereased (r=0.502,P<0.01). The erythroid colong-formation ability of BMMNC in HAPC patients decreased with the increase of PD98059 concentration (r=0.504,P<0.01). There were statistic differences among different groups at 7 and 14 d.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MEK specific inhibitor PD98059 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of CD71(+) and CD235a(+) nucleated erythrocytes in HAPC patients, then inhibit the excessive accumulation of erythrocytes.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Altitude Sickness , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Erythroblasts , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Flavonoids , Flow Cytometry , Glycophorins
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(10): 455-459, out. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-762029

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar resultados obstétricos e neonatais em gestantes com fetos pequenos para a idade gestacional após 35 semanas segundo a contagem de eritroblastos (EB) no sangue de cordão umbilical.MÉTODOS: A contagem de EB por 100 leucócitos no sangue do cordão umbilical foi obtida de 61 gestantes com fetos pequenos para a idade gestacional e Doppler umbilical normal. Estas foram divididas em 2 grupos: EB≥10 (grupo estudo, n=18) e EB<10 (grupo controle, n=43). Resultados obstétricos e neonatais foram comparados entre os grupos. Para a análise estatística, foram utilizados teste do χ2e t de Student, com nível de significância adotado de 5%.RESULTADOS: A média±desvio padrão de EB por 100 leucócitos foi de 25,0±13,5 para o grupo estudo e de 3,9±2,2 para o grupo controle. Os grupos EB≥10 e EB<10 não diferiram estatisticamente em relação à idade materna (24,0 versus 26,0 anos), primiparidade (55,8 versus 50%), comorbidades (39,5 versus 55,6%) e idade gestacional no parto (37,4 versus 37,0 semanas). O grupo EB≥10 apresentou maior taxa de cesárea (83,3 versus 48,8%, p=0,02), sofrimento fetal (60 versus 0%, p<0,001) e pH<7,20 (42,9 versus11,8%, p<0,001). O peso de nascimento e o percentil de peso para a idade gestacional foram significativamente menores no grupo EB≥10 (2.013 versus 2.309 g; p<0,001 e 3,8 versus 5,1; p=0,004; respectivamente). Não houve nenhum caso de Apgar de 5º minuto abaixo de 7.CONCLUSÃO: A contagem de EB acima de 10 por 100 leucócitos no sangue do cordão umbilical foi capaz de identificar maior risco de parto cesárea, sofrimento fetal e acidose de nascimento em fetos pequenos para a idade gestacional com dopplervelocimetria de artéria umbilical normal.


PURPOSE: To analyze the obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with small for gestation age fetuses after 35 weeks based on umbilical cord nucleated red blood cells count (NRBC).METHODS: NRBC per 100 white blood cells were analyzed in 61 pregnancies with small for gestation age fetuses and normal Doppler findings for the umbilical artery. The pregnancies were assigned to 2 groups: NRBC≥10 (study group, n=18) and NRBC<10 (control group, n=43). Obstetrical and neonatal outcomes were compared between these groups. The χ2 test or Student's t-test was applied for statistical analysis. The level of significance was set at 5%.RESULTS: The mean±standard deviation for NRBC per 100 white blood cells was 25.0±13.5 for the study group and 3.9±2.2 for the control group. The NRBC≥10 group and NRBC<10 group were not significantly different in relation to maternal age (24.0 versus 26.0), primiparity (55.8 versus 50%), comorbidities (39.5 versus55.6%) and gestational age at birth (37.4 versus 37.0 weeks). The NRBC≥10 group showed higher rate of caesarean delivery (83.3 versus 48.8%, p=0.02), fetal distress (60 versus 0%, p<0.001) and pH<7.20 (42.9 versus11.8%, p<0.001). The birth weight and percentile of birth weight for gestational age were significantly lower on NRBC≥10 group (2,013 versus 2,309 g; p<0.001 and 3.8 versus 5.1; p=0.004; respectively). There was no case described of 5th minute Apgar score below 7.CONCLUSION: An NRBC higher than 10 per 100 white blood cells in umbilical cord was able to identify higher risk for caesarean delivery, fetal distress and acidosis on birth in small for gestational age fetuses with normal Doppler findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Erythroblasts , Pregnancy Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Umbilical Cord/blood supply , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Count , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Retrospective Studies , Rheology
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 144-147, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution characteristics of blood cells autophagy in hematologic diseases, as well as their possible pathomechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis of electron microscopy specimens of 3 277 patients with hematological diseases were performed. The blood cells autophagy was observed by transmission electron microscopy, and its distribution characteristics were analyzed. The pathomechanism of blood cell autophagy was explored in combination with clinical examination and diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 15 samples were found to have mature granulocytes or nucleated erythrocytes autophagy. Of them, 6 cases were myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 2 acute leukemia, 1 in each of aplastic anemia, pure red cell aplastic anemia, thalassemia, iron deficiency anemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma and polycythemia vera. Among 15 cases, 11 cases were found to have mature granulocytes autophagy, 4 cases nucleated erythrocytes autophagy. Besides autophagy, apoptosis occurred in 9 cases, cytolysis in 6 cases, megaloblastic change in 5 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mature granulocytes or nucleated erythrocytes autophagy occurred more frequently in MDS among hematologic diseases, dyshaematopoiesis including apoptosis, cytolysis and megaloblastic change could induce autophagy function enhancement.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Erythroblasts , Granulocytes , Hematologic Diseases , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Retrospective Studies
11.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 18-25, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114286

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Research on RBC production from hematopoietic stem cells has been conducted competitively in many countries. However those were in vitro successes and many hurdles still remain for large scale transfusable RBC production from stem cells. A need for large volume of culture media is a crucial factor for culture condition which researchers must overcome. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of two commercial serum-free media, StemPro(R)-34 SFM and Stemline II hematopoietic stem cell expansion medium, in RBC differentiation from cord derived stem cells. METHODS: We cultured cord derived CD34+ cells in vitro and evaluated over the periods of 7 days, 14 days, 17 days and 21 days in culture for expanded cell count, cell morphology and differential count using the Wright Giemsa stain. RESULTS: Cell expansion and RBC differentiation developed rapidly in Stemline media compared to StemPro media. Enucleated RBCs were observed at 10~14 culture days and orthochromatic erythroblasts were shown up to 50% among culture cells at 17 days in Stemline media. The enucleated RBCs were observed at 17 days in StemPro Media. Although the erythroblasts in StemPro media are slow at differentiation, they maintain continuous expansion up to 21 days. CONCLUSION: In Stemline media, the expansion and differentiation to mature RBCs are processed much faster, but the cell condition slows down after 17 days. In the RBC production aspects, Stemline media is better than StemPro media as a rapid differentiation because it reduces the cost due to in vitro short culture duration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Azure Stains , Cell Count , Culture Media , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Erythroblasts , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Stem Cells
12.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 153-157, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63290

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Engineered blood has the greatest potential to combat a predicted future shortfall in the blood supply for transfusion treatment. The production of red blood cells from hematopoietic stem cells in the laboratory is possible but the mass production of red blood cells to the level present in a blood transfusion unit is currently not possible. The proliferation capacity of the immature red blood cell will need to be increased to enable mass production. This work focused on the hypothesis that exogenous c-Myc can delay the differentiation process of highly proliferative immature erythroblasts, and increase the proliferation capacity of erythroblast cell cultures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research effort was to improve in vitro erythropoiesis from stem cells without gene transfection with the eventual goal of producing blood for transfusion treatment in a manner that could be easily translated into clinical medicine. METHODS: The hematopoietic stem cell containing mononuclear cell fraction of venous blood samples was cultured in a liquid media containing erythroblasts growth factors with and without exogenous c-Myc combined with a cell-penetrating peptide. The cells were maintained in the liquid culture media for 23 days. Viable cells were counted and analyzed with flow cytometry. RESULTS: Our results show a 4 fold increase in expansion of the erythroblasts grown in the c-Myc containing growth media compared to the control. Eighty percent of these cells retained the CD117 surface receptor, indicating immature cells. CONCLUSION: Exogenous c-Myc blocks the differentiation and improves in vitro expansion of human erythroblasts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult Stem Cells , Blood Transfusion , Cell Culture Techniques , Clinical Medicine , Culture Media , Erythroblasts , Erythrocytes , Erythropoiesis , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Stem Cells , Transfection
13.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 131-137, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164499

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The BC-6800 (Mindray, China) is a recently developed hematology analyzer that utilizes 'SF Cube Technology' to improve the reliability of complete blood counts (CBC), white blood cell (WBC) differentials, and erythroblast counts. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the BC-6800 for CBC, WBC differentials, reticulocyte counts, and erythroblast counts and analyzed the efficiency of its flag system. METHODS: Specimens from 100 healthy controls and 95 patients were used. We performed precision and correlation studies of CBC, WBC differentials, reticulocyte counts, and erythroblast counts. We also analyzed the efficiency of the flag system in detecting abnormal blood cells. RESULTS: The coefficients of variation (CVs) of precision were 0.9800 for CBC except erythrocyte indices, and >0.9500 for WBC differentials except monocyte and basophil. The WBC differentials and erythroblast counts obtained using the BC-6800 were well correlated with those of manual counts. The efficiencies of the flag system were 77.9% for Blasts, 82.1% for Immature Gran, 86.3% for Atypical Lymph, and 92.6% for NRBC present. CONCLUSIONS: The BC-6800 showed good precision and correlation with pre-existing hematology analyzers. The flag systems were quite efficient for detecting abnormal blood cells. Our study demonstrated that the BC-6800 hematology analyzer exhibits suitable performance and is helpful in routine laboratories.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basophils , Blood Cell Count , Blood Cells , Eosinophils , Erythroblasts , Erythrocyte Indices , Hematology , Leukocytes , Monocytes , Neutrophils , Reticulocyte Count , Statistics as Topic
14.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 46(4): 677-681, dic. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-671976

ABSTRACT

Se comunica el diagnóstico de un caso de histoplasmosis asociada al SIDA a partir de la microscopía de un extendido hemático realizado en oportunidad del procesamiento de una muestra enviada al laboratorio para un estudio hematológico. El extendido, fijado con metanol y teñido con solución de Giemsa al 10% reveló, con objetivo de 100X, estructuras levaduriformes de 2-4 µ de diámetro dentro de las células leucocitarias sanguíneas, con la típica tinción en casquete y la presencia de un halo claro periférico, que caracterizan microscópicamente a Histoplasma capsulatum. Luego, para confirmar el hallazgo micológico, se procedió a teñir el mismo preparado con la técnica de Grocott, la cual puso de manifiesto levaduras de color pardo, dentro de los leucocitos sanguíneos. El paciente, deteriorado clínica e inmunológicamente (<50 linfocitos T CD4+/µL), falleció al día siguiente de efectuado el diagnóstico, a pesar de las medidas terapéuticas tomadas. Este hallazgo pone de manifiesto la necesidad de contar, en un Centro de Referencia de Enfermedades Infecciosas, con operadores entrenados para reconocer estructuras microbianas de importancia diagnóstica en extendidos hemáticos, aún en el Laboratorio General. El diagnóstico inmediato de ésta y otras infecciones graves, como el paludismo, a partir de estas muestras permite instalar un tratamiento etiológico y mejorar las posibilidades de éxito terapéutico.


A case of AIDS-associated histoplasmosis diagnosed by microscopy from a blood smear performed during a hematologic study was reported. The smear, fixed with methanol and stained with 10% Giemsa solution, revealed with a 100X objective, 2-4 µ-diameter yeast - like structures within the leuMicrobiología contakocytes, showing a typical staining in cap and a peripheral clear halo, characteristic of Histoplasma capsulatum. To confirm the mycological finding, the same smear was stained with the Grocott technique, showing brownish yeasts in the leucocytes. The patient, clinically deteriorated and with advanced immunological disorder (<50 T CD4+ lymphocytes/µL), died the next day after the diagnosis was made, in spite of the established treatments. This finding highlights the need to have operators trained in the recognition of microbiological structures of diagnostic importance in hematological smears in a Reference Center of Infectious Diseases, and even in the General Laboratory. The immediate diagnosis of this and other serious infections, as Malaria, enables the etiologic treatment and increases the possibilities of therapeutic success.


Comunica-se o diagnóstico de um caso de histoplasmose associada à AIDS, de uma microscopia de extensão sanguínea realizada por ocasião do processamento de uma amostra enviada ao laboratório para um estudo hematológico. A extensão, fixada com metanol e corada com solução de Giemsa a 10%, revelou com objetivo de 100X, estruturas leveduriformes de 2-4 µ diâmetro dentro de células leucocitárias do sangue, com a típica coloração em tampão e a presença de um halo claro periférico, os quais caracterizam microscopicamente a Histoplasma capsulatum. Em seguida, para confirmar o achado micológico, foi corada a mesma preparação com a técnica de Grocott, que mostrou leveduras de cor parda, dentro dos leucócitos sanguíneos. O paciente clínica e imunologicamente deteriorado (<50 células T CD4+/ µL) morreu um dia após o diagnóstico, apesar das medidas terapêuticas adotadas. Este achado evidencia a necessidade de contar, em um Centro de Referência para Doenças Infecciosas, com operadores treinados para reconhecer estruturas microbianas de importância diagnóstica em extensões sanguíneas, mesmo no Laboratório Geral. O diagnóstico imediato desta e de outras infecções graves como a Malária, a partir de uma extensão sanguínea torna possível instalar um tratamento etiológico e melhorar as chances de êxito terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Histoplasmosis/blood , Histoplasmosis/complications , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Argentina , Azure Stains , Erythroblasts
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 51-53, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788184

ABSTRACT

Pure red cell aplasia is characterized as a normocytic anemia associated with reticulocytopenia and the absence of erythroblasts in the bone marrow. Pure red cell aplasia can be induced by various causes such as thymoma, connective tissue disease, viral infection, lymphoma, and adverse drug reactions. There have been only a few reports of pure red cell aplasia associated with acute viral hepatitis A. In Korea, no case of pure red cell aplasia caused by acute hepatitis A has yet been reported. We recently experienced a case of acute viral hepatitis A complicated by pure red cell aplasia. The patient was successfully treated with corticosteroids. Here we report this case and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anemia , Bone Marrow , Connective Tissue Diseases , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Erythroblasts , Hepatitis , Hepatitis A , Korea , Lymphoma , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure , Thymoma
16.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 51-53, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170940

ABSTRACT

Pure red cell aplasia is characterized as a normocytic anemia associated with reticulocytopenia and the absence of erythroblasts in the bone marrow. Pure red cell aplasia can be induced by various causes such as thymoma, connective tissue disease, viral infection, lymphoma, and adverse drug reactions. There have been only a few reports of pure red cell aplasia associated with acute viral hepatitis A. In Korea, no case of pure red cell aplasia caused by acute hepatitis A has yet been reported. We recently experienced a case of acute viral hepatitis A complicated by pure red cell aplasia. The patient was successfully treated with corticosteroids. Here we report this case and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anemia , Bone Marrow , Connective Tissue Diseases , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Erythroblasts , Hepatitis , Hepatitis A , Korea , Lymphoma , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure , Thymoma
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 259-264, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the implications of erythroblasts periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) stain for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) dyserythropoiesis, diagnosis and differential diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PAS stain of bone marrow (BM) erythroblasts in 406 MDS patients, 207 non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA), 144 immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), 67 megaloblastic anemia (MegA), 76 iron deficiency anemia (IDA), 50 paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and 50 acute erythroid leukemia (AEL) as well as some related laboratory parameters in MDS patients were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PAS-positive detection rate was significantly higher in MDS (53.0%) than in NSAA (14.5%), ITP (27.1%) and PNH (16.0%), but was significantly lower in MDS than in AEL (84.0%) (all P = 0.000). There was no significant difference in PAS-positive detection between MDS and MegA (46.3%), or MDS and IDA (40.8%) (P = 0.310, 0.052, respectively). Erythroblasts PAS-positive rate (Median, M = 1%) and PAS-positive scores (M' = 2) was significantly lower in MDS than in AEL (M = 8%; M' = 17), and significantly higher than in NSAA (M = 0%; M' = 0), ITP (M = 0%; M' = 0), PNH (M = 0%; M' = 0), MegA (M = 0%; M' = 0), and IDA (M = 0%; M' = 0) (all P < 0.05). The cut-off value of PAS-positive rate and score for distinguishing MDS from the other groups except AEL were 0.5% and 0.5, with a sensitivity and specificity of 60.8% and 74.4%, respectively. For MDS patients, the percentage of BM erythroid cells was significantly higher in PAS-positive group than in PAS-negative group (P < 0.05), and so were megakaryocyte count, lymphocyte-like micromegakaryocytes count and percentage of micromegakaryocyte (P = 0.002, 0.000, 0.000, respectively). HGB, MCV, MCH and MCHC were significantly lower in PAS-positive group (all P < 0.05), and so was the neutrophil alkaling phosphatase (NALP) (P = 0.000). PAS-positive detection rate, positive rate and score were higher in MDS patients with abnormal karyotype than with normal karyotype, and were also higher in IPSS high/intermediate-risk 2 group than in low/intermidiate-risk 1 group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The positive reaction of erythroblasts PAS stain is an indicator of dyserythropoiesis. It is helpful to the diagnosis of MDS patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Erythroblasts , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Diagnosis , Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Staining and Labeling
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 763-766, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of 'erythroblast island (EI)' formation in the bone marrow of patients with immun-related hemocytopenia (IRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The category of BM-auto antibody (au Ab) in 48 patients with IRP was detected with FCM. The BM-au Ab in the 'EI' of these cases were explored with immuonhistofluorescence (IF). Clinical and laboratory characteristics of these cases were also analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IgG could be detected in the 'EI' on the BM smear of 14 cases (29.17%), BM-au Ab mainly deposited at the edge/membranes between macrophage and erythroblasts rather than cyto plasm. Positive reaction were seen in all the cases with GlycoAIgG. The red blood cell count [(1.8 ± 0.5) × 10(12)/L] and hemoglobin level [(59.6 ± 16.2)g/L] were significantly lower than that in the IF(-) group [(2.5 ± 0.9) × 10(12)/L and (83.4 ± 25.0) g/L] (P < 0.05). The percentage of reticulocyte [(2.0 ± 0.8)%], serum level of IBIL [(9.4 ± 4.7) µmol/L], percentage of erythroblats in sternum BM (0.441 ± 0.139) and response rate to therapy (85.7%) in IF(+) group were significantly higher than that in IF(-)group [(1.3 ± 1.0)%, (6.6 ± 6.7)µmol/L, 0.298 ± 0.082, 61.3%, respectively] (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Macrophage was connected with erythroblasts through autologous IgG in the 'EI's of some patients with IRP. 'EI' were the places where macrophages devoured and destroyed erythroblasts rather than erythroid development and differentiation. The pathogenetic mechanism of IRP might be associated with macrophages phagocytosing and destroying BM hematopoietic cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Cell Count , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Coombs Test , Erythroblasts
19.
Journal of Shaheed Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2010; 17 (5): 330-336
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-125437

ABSTRACT

Increased numbers of nucleated red blood Cells [NRBC] circulating in the blood of neonates can be associated with relative hypoxia and adverse outcomes. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the NRBC count during the first week of life in neonates diagnosed with asphyxia as compared to healthy neonates and to determine the short-term morbidity and mortality for the affected babies. The cross-sectional study compared 15 healthy neonates with 15 neonates diagnosed with asphyxia confirmed by pH of cord blood or Apgar scores. The nucleated red blood cell [NRBC] counts were calculated right after birth, and on days 3 and 7, and the hematological parameters of umbilical cord blood were also evaluated. The infants were followed for mortality and associated morbidity. Statistical analysis was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test, analysis of variance, chi-square tests, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. A p- value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The initial NRBC counts were significantly higher in the asphyxiated group than in the control group and the difference remained significant through the end of first week. All of the umbilical cord blood parameters were significantly lower in the study group and were negatively correlated with the NRBC count. At birth, higher NRBC count correlated with higher mortality. Results show that NRBC count is a useful predictive factor for neonatal asphyxia through the end of the first week of life, although a larger study population and a longer follow up period seems to be necessary


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Erythrocyte Count , Fetal Blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythroblasts
20.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 39-44, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Bone tissues for clinical application can be improved by studies on osteoblast differentiation. Runx2 is known to be an important transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation. However, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 treatment to stimulate Runx2 is not sufficient to acquire enough bone formation in osteoblasts. Therefore, it is necessary to find other regulatory factors which can improve the transcriptional activity of Runx2. The erythroblast transformation-specific (ETS) transcription factor family is reported to be involved in various aspects of cellular proliferation and differentiation. METHODS: We have noticed that the promoters of osteoblast differentiation markers such as alkaline phosphatase (Alp), osteopontin (Opn), and osteocalcin (Oc) contain Ets binding sequences which are also close to Runx2 binding elements. Luciferase assays were performed to measure the promoter activities of these osteoblast differentiation markers after the transfection of Runx2, myeloid Elf-1-like factor (MEF), and Runxs+MEF. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was also done to check the mRNA levels of Opn after Runx2 and MEF transfection into rat osteoblast (ROS) cells. RESULTS: We have found that MEF, an Ets transcription factor, increased the transcriptional activities of Alp, Opn, and Oc. The addition of Runx2 resulted in the 2- to 6-fold increase of the activities. This means that these two transcription factors have a synergistic effect on the osteoblast differentiation markers. Furthermore, early introduction of these two Runx2 and MEF factors significantly elevated the expression of the Opn mRNA levels in ROS cells. We also showed that Runx2 and MEF proteins physically interact with each other. CONCLUSIONS: Runx2 interacts with MEF proteins and binds to the promoters of the osteoblast markers such as Opn nearby MEF to increase its transcriptional activity. Our results also imply that osteoblast differentiation and bone formation can be increased by activating MEF to elicit the synergistic effect of Runx2 and MEF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Alkaline Phosphatase , Antigens, Differentiation , Bone and Bones , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Erythroblasts , Luciferases , Osteoblasts , Osteocalcin , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proteins , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factors , Transfection
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