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Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380223, 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439114


Purpose: To explore the role and mechanism of curcumin (Cur) in reducing oxidative stress damage in rats with nephrolithiasis induced by ethylene glycol (EG). Methods: Thirty male rats were divided into normal control, model, positive (10% potassium citrate), Cur-10 (10 mg/kg curcumin) and Cur-20 (20 mg/kg curcumin) groups. Results: The results of kidney tissue section stained by hematoxylin-eosin and von Kossa showed that curcumin treatment can inhibit the formation of kidney stones. The biochemical test results showed that the urea (Ur), creatinine (Cr), uric acid (UA), inorganic phosphorus and Ca2+ concentrations in urine decreased after being treated with curcumin. There were significant differences between different doses of curcumin (P < 0.05). Compared with the Cur-10 group, Cur-20 had a more significant inhibitory effect on malondialdehyde (MDA) (P < 0.05). In addition, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection and immunohistochemical results indicated that the osteopontin (OPN) in the kidney was significantly reduced after curcumin treatment. Conclusion: Curcumin could reduce the oxidative stress damage caused by EG-induced kidney stones.

Animals , Male , Rats , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Ethylene Glycol/analysis , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Osteopontin/analysis , Nephrolithiasis/veterinary
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 195-201, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951536


Abstract This study investigated the bond strength of two experimental root canal sealers based on MTA and butyl ethylene glycol disalicylate: MTAe and MTAe-HA. The reference materials used for comparison were AH Plus and MTA Fillapex. Twenty human upper incisors were selected and one 1 mm slice was obtained from the cervical third of each root. On the coronal surface of each slice, four 0.9 mm wide holes were drilled through the dentine. Standardized irrigation was performed and holes were filled with one of the four tested sealers: AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, MTAe, and MTAe-HA. The filled slices were stored in a PBS solution (pH 7.2) for 7 days at 37 °C. A push-out assessment was performed with a 0.7 mm plunger tip. Load was applied at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until sealer displacement. The results were expressed in MPa. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to assess the effect of each sealer on the push-out bond strength. Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction was used to isolate the differences. The alpha-type error was set at 0.05. Significant differences among medians values obtained by materials were observed (p<0.001). AH Plus displayed the highest value of bond strength (p<0.001). In contrast, MTA Fillapex presented the lowest bond strength among all tested sealers (p<0.001). Experimental sealers showed intermediary bond strength values, with no statistical differences between them (p>0.05). In conclusion, experimental root canal sealers presented suitable bond strength outcomes when compared to MTA Fillapex.

Resumo Esse estudo investigou a resistência de união de dois cimentos endodônticos experimentais à base de MTA e butiletilenoglicol dissalicilato: MTAe e MTAe. Os materiais de referência utilizados para comparação foram os cimentos endodônticos MTA Fillapex e AH Plus. Vinte incisivos superiores humanos foram selecionados e um slice dentinário de 1 mm de espessura foi obtido do terço cervical de cada raiz. Na superfície coronária de cada slice, quatro orifícios com 0,9 mm de diâmetro foram confeccionados através da dentina. Uma irrigação padronizada foi realizada e os orifícios foram preenchidos com um dos quatro cimentos endodônticos avaliados: AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, MTAe, e MTAe-HA. Os slices preenchidos foram armazenados em solução PBS (pH 7,2) durante 7 dias a 37°C. O ensaio de push-out foi realizado por meio de um dispositivo com 0,7 mm de diâmetro. A carga foi aplicada com a velocidade de 0,5 mm/min até a obtenção de deslocamento do material obturador. Os resultados foram expressos em MPa. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi aplicado para avaliar o efeito da resistência de união de cada cimento endodôntico. O teste de Mann-Whitney com correção de Bonferroni foi utilizado para isolamento das diferenças. O erro do tipo-alfa foi fixado em 0,05. Diferenças significantes entre os valores de medianas obtidos pelos materiais foram observados (p<0,001). O AH Plus demonstrou os maiores valores de resistência de união (p<0,001). Em contraste, o MTA Fillapex apresentou a menor resistência de união entre todos os cimentos testados (p<0,001). Os cimentos experimentais demonstraram valores intermediários, com ausência de diferenças estatísticas entre si (p>0,05). Em conclusão, os cimentos endodônticos experimentais à base de MTA e butiletilenoglicol dissalicilato apresentaram resultados adequados de resistência de união quando comparados ao MTA Fillapex.

Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Ethylene Glycol/chemistry , Ethylene Glycols/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Salicylates/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 350-356, fev. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895565


The cryopreservation of somatic tissue in collared peccaries promotes an alternative source of genetic material of this specie. The solid-surface vitrification (SSV) is a great option for tissue conservation; nevertheless, the optimization of SSV requirements is necessary, especially when referred to cryoprotectants that will compose the vitrification solution. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the effect of the presence of 0.25 M sucrose in addition to different combinations (only or association) and concentrations (1.5 M or 3.0 M) of ethylene glycol (EG) and/or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the somatic tissue vitrification of collared peccaries. Subsequently, we tested six combinations of cryoprotectants with or without sucrose in Dulbecco modified Eagle medium (DMEM) plus 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Thus, 3.0 M EG with sucrose was able to maintain normal tissue characteristics compared with non-vitrified (control), especially for the volumetric ratio of epidermis (61.2 vs. 58.7%) and dermis (34.5 vs. 36.6%), number of fibroblast (90.3 vs. 127.0), argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) ratio (0.09 vs. 0.17%) and nucleus area (15.4 vs. 14.5 µm2) respectively. In conclusion, 3.0 M EG with 0.25 M sucrose and 10% FBS resulted in a better cryoprotectant composition in the SSV for somatic tissue of collared peccaries.(AU)

A criopreservação de tecido somático em catetos promove uma fonte alternativa de material genético nesta espécie. A vitrificação em superfície sólida (VSS) é uma ótima opção para a conservação do tecido; contudo, a otimização dos requerimentos da VSS é necessária, especialmente quanto aos crioprotetores que irão compor a solução de vitrificação. Portanto, o objetivo foi avaliar o efeito da presença de 0,25 M de sacarose em adição com diferentes combinações (individual ou associação) e concentrações (1,5 M ou 3,0 M) de etilenoglicol (EG) e/ou dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO) na vitrificação de tecido somático de catetos. Subsequentemente, nós testamos seis combinações de crioprotetores com ou sem sacarose em meio de Eagle modificado por Dulbecco (DMEM) acrescido de 10% de soro fetal bovino (SFB). Assim, 3,0 M de EG com sacarose foi capaz de manter as características normais do tecido comparado com o não vitrificado (controle), especialmente para a proporção volumétrica da epiderme (61,2 vs. 58,7%) e derme (34,5 vs. 36,6%), número de fibroblastos (90,3 vs. 127,0), razão da região argirófila organizadora de nucléolo (AgNOR) (0,09 vs. 0,17%) e área do núcleo (15,4vs.14,5 µm2), respectivamente. Em conclusão, 3,0 M de EG com 0,25 M de sacarose e 10% de SFB resultaram na melhor composição de crioprotetores na VSS para tecido somático de catetos.(AU)

Animals , Artiodactyla , Cryoprotective Agents , Ethylene Glycol , Sucrose , Tissues/cytology , Vitrification
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1489-1496, set.-out. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-947122


The efficiency of an alternative freezing protocol for goat embryos of different morphology and quality was tested. Fifty-eight embryos on Day 6-7 stage were transferred as fresh or after freeze-thawing (n=29/group). For freezing, embryos were placed into 1.5M ethylene-glycol solution for 10min. During this time, they were loaded in the central part of 0.25mL straw, separated by air bubble from columns containing PBS/BSA 0.4% plus 20% BFS. Straws were then frozen using a freezing machine from 20ºC to -6ºC at a cooling rate of 3ºC/min, stabilization for 15min (seeding after 5min), from -6 C to -32ºC at 0.6 C/min,and plunged into liquid nitrogen. Frozen embryos were thawed for 30s at 37ºC in a water bath. Embryos subjected to fresh transfer were maintained in holding medium (37ºC). Fresh and frozen-thawed embryos were transferred at day 7 post-estrus to 30 recipients. Kidding and kid born rates were similar (P> 0.05), respectively, for recipients receiving fresh (66.7% or 10/15; 55.2% or 16/29) or frozen-thawed (60% or 9/15; 51.7% or 15/29) embryos. The cryopreservation of goat embryos using slow-freezing protocol and 1.5MEG resulted in similar efficiency rates of fresh embryos.(AU)

Este estudo testou a eficiência de protocolo alternativo de criopreservação de embriões caprinos de diferentes qualidades morfológicas. Foram utilizados 58 embriões, coletados entre o sexto e o sétimo dia do ciclo estral (n=29/grupo). Embriões congelados passaram por solução 1,5M etilenoglicol por 10min e foram aspirados durante esse tempo para parte central de palheta 0,25mL, separada por bolhas de ar de colunas contendo PBS 0,4% BSA e 20% SFB. As palhetas foram congeladas em máquina de congelação de 20ºC a -6ºC, com taxa de resfriamento de 3ºC/min, estabilização por 15min (seeding após 5min), -6ºC a -32ºC a 0,6ºC/min, e imersas em nitrogênio líquido. Os embriões foram descongelados por 30s a 37ºC, em água. Embriões frescos foram mantidos em solução de manutenção (37ºC). Embriões frescos e congelados/descongelados foram transferidos para 30 receptoras no sétimo dia do ciclo estral. A taxa de partos e a de crias nascidas (respectivamente) foram similares (P>0,05) para receptoras recebendo embriões frescos (66,7% ou 10/15; 55,2% ou 16/29) ou congelados/descongelados (60,0% ou 9/15; 51,7% ou 15/29). O protocolo de criopreservação de embriões utilizado no presente estudo resultou em índices de eficiência semelhantes aos de embriões frescos.(AU)

Animals , Male , Ethylene Glycol/administration & dosage , Ruminants/genetics , Semen Preservation/statistics & numerical data , Cooling Agents , Embryo Transfer/veterinary
Rev. colomb. cir ; 33(3): 265-271, 2018. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-915806


Introducción. El término "body packer" hace referencia a sujetos portadores de objetos intraabdominales extraños, que contienen drogas ilícitas con fines de contrabando. La mayoría son pacientes asintomáticos, en quienes se instaura conducta expectante, observación clínica estrecha y administración de medicamentos para la evacuación de los paquetes, con miras a prevenir posibles complicaciones, como obstrucción intestinal o intoxicación, asociadas a su transporte intraabdominal. Materiales y método. Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal de linealidad retrospectiva en pacientes admitidos en la E.S.E Hospital Universitario del Caribe entre los años 2014 y 2016,bajo la sospecha diagnóstica de "body packer". Luego de una revisión de las bases de datos institucionales se analizaron variables demográficas y clínicas de los sujetos incluidos en el estudio. Resultados. Se incluyeron 4 pacientes de género masculino, entre los 22 y 66 años de edad. La cantidad de cápsulas transportadas en promedio fue de 43, para una máxima de 74. La cocaína fue la sustancia que más se identificó. Para la evacuación de los paquetes se empleó irrigación intestinal con polietilenglicol. El tiempo de evacuación máximo fue de 48 horas y no hubo complicaciones asociadas al manejo proporcionado. Discusión. Estudios respecto al tema, como este, confirman la seguridad del manejo conservador del paciente asintomático y apoyan el uso de polietilenglicol dada su efectividad para lograruna limpieza intestinal completa y por su bajo riesgo de complicaciones asociado a su uso en comparación con otros métodos, así como la menor necesidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas. Se requieren estudios prospectivos aleatorizados controlados a partir de los cuales se determinen, con base en mayor evidencia, las mejores prácticas a seguir

Introduction. The term "body packer" refers to subjects carrying intraabdominal foreign objects that contain illicit drugs for contraband purposes. The majority of patients are asymptomatic, in whom expectant management is established, with close clinical observation and administration of medications for evacuation of the packages, with prevention of possible complications such as intestinal obstruction or intoxication associated with intraabdominal transport. Materials and method. A retrospective linearity cross sectional study was carried out in patients admitted to the Hospital Universitario del Caribe, Cartagena, Colombia, under the diagnostic suspicion of "body packer" in the period 2014 and 2016. After a review of the institutional databases, demographic and clinical variables of the study subjects were analyzed. Results. Four patients were included, male, ages 22 to 66 years. The average number of capsules transported was 43, with maximum of 74. Cocaine was the substance mainly identified. Intestinal irrigation with polyethylene glycol was used for intestinal evacuation. The maximum evacuation time was 48 hours and there were no complication associated with the given management. Discussion. The existing studies on the subject, as well as this one, confirm the safety of the conservative management in the asymptomatic patient and support the effectiveness of polyethyleneglycol in achieving complete intestinal cleansing and the low risk of complications associated with its use with respect to other methods, together with diminished need for surgical intervention. Controlled randomized prospective studies are required to provide greater evidence in order to determine the best practice to be followed

Humans , Body Packing , Radiography, Abdominal , Ethylene Glycol , Drug Trafficking
Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine ; : 54-2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72426


BACKGROUND: Studies on the hematologic toxicity of ethylene glycol ethers in humans are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between exposure to solvents (containing 2-butoxyethanol and 2-ethoxyethanol) and hematological effects. METHODS: Thirty-four screen-printing workers who were exposed to 2-butoxyethanol and 2-ethoxyethanol and 37 non-exposed clerical workers were selected using data from the health care facilities that provided regular health screening services. Student's t-tests and Pearson's chi-square tests were used to compare differences in hematological parameters between the exposed and the control groups. A multivariate analysis was performed using the multiple logistic regression models to adjust for other variables. RESULTS: The chi-square test showed the reticulocyte percentages and corrected reticulocyte counts to be significantly higher in the exposed group. The t-tests showed a significant increase in white blood cell counts, reticulocyte percentages, and corrected reticulocyte count (i.e., reticulocyte index) in the exposed group, with p-values of 0.002, 0.004, and 0.002, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed the odds ratio for the corrected reticulocyte counts to be 16.30 for the exposed group, when compared with that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to 2-butoxyethanol and 2-ethoxyethanol was significantly associated with reticulocytosis, necessitating the implementation of preventive measures for workers prone to occupational exposure to ethylene glycol ethers.

Humans , Clergy , Delivery of Health Care , Ether , Ethers , Ethylene Glycol , Leukocyte Count , Logistic Models , Mass Screening , Multivariate Analysis , Occupational Exposure , Odds Ratio , Reticulocyte Count , Reticulocytes , Reticulocytosis , Solvents
Electrolytes & Blood Pressure ; : 47-51, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149586


Ethylene glycol is a widely used and readily available substance. Ethylene glycol ingestion does not cause direct toxicity; however, its metabolites are highly toxic and can be fatal even in trace amounts. Poisoning is best diagnosed through inquiry, but as an impaired state of consciousness is observed in most cases, poisoning must be suspected when a significantly elevated osmolar gap or high anion gap metabolic acidosis is found in blood tests. Hemodialysis and alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors such as ethanol and fomepizole are a part of the basic treatment, and timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial because any delays can lead to death. However, there are few reported cases in Korea, and no report on the use of fomepizole. Herein, we report a case of acute renal failure caused by ethylene glycol poisoning that was treated with fomepizole and hemodialysis and present a literature review.

Acid-Base Equilibrium , Acidosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Alcohol Dehydrogenase , Consciousness , Diagnosis , Eating , Ethanol , Ethylene Glycol , Hematologic Tests , Korea , Poisoning , Renal Dialysis , Renal Replacement Therapy
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology ; : 79-85, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53376


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and adverse effect of fomepizole in the management of acute ethylene glycol or methanol poisoning in children. METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and KoreaMed were searched using terms related to fomepizole, ethylene glycol, methanol and pediatric. All studies, regardless of study design, reporting effectiveness or safety endpoints in children were included. Reference citations from identified publications were reviewed. Only reports written in English or Korean languages were included. The reference search was performed by two authors. RESULTS: Twenty-two relevant literatures were finally included. They were one narrative review, 4 retrospective case series, and 17 case reports (19 cases). Case reports were classified as 5 fomepizole only, 8 fomepizole with other therapies, and 6 no fomepizole. All patients from the literatures were fully recovered without long term sequelae. Adverse effects of fomepizole were reported including anaphylaxis, thrombophlebitis and nystagmus. CONCLUSION: There are insufficient literatures regarding fomepizole treatment in children with ethylene glycol or methanol poisoning. The benefits or harms are not clearly established based on the clinical evidences. More prospective comparative studies are required in the future.

Child , Humans , Anaphylaxis , Ethylene Glycol , Methanol , Pediatrics , Poisoning , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Thrombophlebitis
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 8-14, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165800


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementing vitrification and warming solutions with two types of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) and the combination thereof on the follicular integrity of vitrified-warmed mouse ovaries. METHODS: Ovaries (n=154) were obtained from 5-week-old BDF1 female mice (n=77) and vitrified using ethylene glycol and dimethyl sulfoxide with the supplementation of 10 mg/mL of Flavobacterium frigoris ice-binding protein (FfIBP), 10 mg/mL of type III AFP, or the combination thereof. Ovarian sections were examined by light microscopy after hematoxylin and eosin staining, and follicular intactness was assessed as a whole and according to the type of follicle. Apoptosis within the follicles as a whole was detected by a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling assay. RESULTS: The proportion of overall intact follicles was significantly higher in the type III AFP-supplemented group (60.5%) and the combination group (62.9%) than in the non-supplemented controls (43.8%, p<0.05 for each). The proportion of intact primordial follicles was significantly higher in the FfIBP-supplemented (90.0%), type III AFP-supplemented (92.3%), and combination (89.7%) groups than in the non-supplemented control group (46.2%, p<0.05 for each). The proportions of non-apoptotic follicles were similar across the four groups. CONCLUSION: Supplementation of the vitrification and warming solutions with FfIBP, type III AFP, or the combination thereof was equally beneficial for the preservation of primordial follicles in vitrified mouse ovaries.

Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antifreeze Proteins , Apoptosis , Deoxyuridine , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Ethylene Glycol , Fertility Preservation , Flavobacterium , Hematoxylin , Microscopy , Ovary , Vitrification
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 109-116, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222531


PURPOSE: Extracorporeal treatment has been used increasingly to treat patients with acute ethylene glycol poisoning. We analyzed all patients with acute poisoning of ethylene glycol during a recent 10-year period to provide clinical recommendations for adequate application of continuous renal replacement therapy for these patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review study was conducted for patients whose final diagnosis were “toxic effects of glycols or other alcohols,” between October 2006 and September 2016. The basal characteristics of patients, suspected amount of ingestion, intention of poisoning, concomitant alcohol ingestion, mental state at admission, time from exposure to admission, chief complaint, length of hospital stay, method of treatments, laboratory results including acute kidney injury and urine oxalate crystal, as well as treatment results were examined. RESULTS: A total number of 14 patients were included in this study. Nine patients (64.3%) underwent continuous renal replacement therapy; 5 patients (35.7%) underwent ethanol mono-therapy. Between the antidote therapy group and the extracorporeal treatment group, there was a significant difference in the levels of plasma bicarbonate, chloride, anion gap, pH, and base excess in arterial blood gas analysis, as well as the calculated osmolar gap. One patient expired due to multi-organ failure, while the others recovered completely. CONCLUSION: Continuous renal replacement therapy was most frequently chosen as a treatment method in patients with acute ethylene glycol poisoning. Further research regarding indication of continuous renal replacement therapy and combing therapy with other treatment will be necessary to determine the best treatment method.

Animals , Humans , Acid-Base Equilibrium , Acute Kidney Injury , Blood Gas Analysis , Comb and Wattles , Diagnosis , Eating , Ethanol , Ethylene Glycol , Glycols , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Intention , Length of Stay , Methods , Plasma , Poisoning , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies
JBUMS-Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2017; 23 (4): 84-92
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189803


Background and Aim: Due to the effects of herbs in the prevention of kidney stones, the present study aimed at assessing the effect of aqueous eryngium campestre on the prevention of pathologic alterations caused by calcium oxalate crystals induced by ethylene glycol in the cortex and medulla of rats'kidneys

Materials and Methods: To conduct the study 40 male Wistar rats, weighing 200 - 250 gr were randomly divided into 5 equal groups; i.e. the healthy control group that just received water, the negative control group receiving water with 1% ethylene glycol, the prevention groups, which in addition to 1% ethylene glycol in water were daily gavaged with 100 mg/kg, 200mg/kg, and 400 mg/kg of the plant extract. After 30 days all rats were killed and slides from each one's kidneys were prepared. The slides were stained applying H/E method and the number of their calcium oxalate crystals was checked

Results: It was found that there was a significant difference between the number of their calcium oxalate crystals in the control health and negative groups [P<0.05]. But, in the prevention group gavaged 100 mg/kg there was no significant difference with the negative group, [P>0.05]. However, in the 200mg/kg prevention group compared to the negative control one there was a significant difference in reducing the number of the crystals [P<0.05]. But in 400mg/kg the prevention group there was no significant difference with the negative control group [P>0.05]

Conclusion: It was discovered that aqueous extract of eryngium campestre is effective in preventing the accumulation of calcium oxalate crystals in the kidney

Animals, Laboratory , Calcium Oxalate , Rats, Wistar , Ethylene Glycol , Kidney , Kidney Cortex , Kidney Medulla , Plant Extracts , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal , Kidney Calculi/therapy
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(6): 1116-1125, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769752


Purpose: Sodium thiosulfate (STS) is clinically reported to be a promising drug in preventing nephrolithiasis. However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of mitochondrial KATP channel in the renal protection mediated by STS. Materials and Methods: Nephrolithiasis was induced in Wistar rats by administrating 0.4% ethylene glycol (EG) along with 1% ammonium chloride for one week in drinking water followed by only 0.75% EG for two weeks. Treatment groups received STS, mitochondrial KATP channel opener and closer exclusively or in combination with STS for two weeks. Results: Animals treated with STS showed normal renal tissue architecture, supported by near normal serum creatinine, urea and ALP activity. Diazoxide (mitochondria KATP channel opening) treatment to the animal also showed normal renal tissue histology and improved serum chemistry. However, an opposite result was shown by glibenclamide (mitochondria KATP channel closer) treated rats. STS administered along with diazoxide negated the renal protection rendered by diazoxide alone, while it imparted protection to the glibenclamide treated rats, formulating a mitochondria modulated STS action. Conclusion: The present study confirmed that STS render renal protection not only through chelation and antioxidant effect but also by modulating the mitochondrial KATP channel for preventing urolithiasis.

Animals , Male , Antioxidants/pharmacokinetics , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Ethylene Glycol , Nephrolithiasis/prevention & control , Potassium Channels/pharmacology , Thiosulfates/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Calcium Oxalate/metabolism , Chelating Agents/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Nephrolithiasis/pathology , Potassium Channels/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Thiosulfates/therapeutic use
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 1008-1013, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767054


ABSTRACT Objective: In this study, anti-inflammatory effects of Royal Jelly were investigated by inducing renal inflammation in rats with the use of ethylene glycol. For this purpose, the calcium oxalate urolithiasis model was obtained by feeding rats with ethylene glycol in drinking water. Materials and Methods: The rats were divided in five study groups. The 1st group was determined as the control group. The rats in the 2nd group received ethylene glycol (1%) in drinking water. The rats in the 3rd group were daily fed with Royal Jelly by using oral gavage. The 4th group was determined as the preventive group and the rats were fed with ethylene glycol (1%) in drinking water while receiving Royal Jelly via oral gavage. The 5th group was determined as the therapeutic group and received ethylene glycol in drinking water during the first 2 weeks of the study and Royal Jelly via oral gavage during the last 2 weeks of the study. Results: At the end of the study, proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-18 levels in blood and renal tissue samples from the rats used in the application were measured. Conclusion: The results have shown that ethylene glycol does induce inflammation and renal damage. This can cause the formation of reactive oxygen species. Royal Jelly is also considered to have anti-inflammatory effects due to its possible antiradical and antioxidative effects. It can have positive effects on both the prevention of urolithiasis and possible inflammation during the existing urolithiasis and support the medical treatment.

Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Fatty Acids/pharmacology , Nephrolithiasis/chemically induced , Nephrolithiasis/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethylene Glycol , Fatty Acids/therapeutic use , /analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Nephritis/chemically induced , Nephritis/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 155-169, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29883


OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of three different cryoprotectants on basic stem cell characteristics for the possibility of using well defined, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and serum free freezing solutions to cryopreserve human Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) following controlled rate freezing protocol. METHODS: The mesenchymal stem cells isolated from human Wharton's jelly were cryopreserved using 10% DMSO, 10% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and a cocktail solution comprising of 0.05 M glucose, 0.05 M sucrose and 1.5 M ethylene glycol following controlled rate freezing protocol. We investigated the post-thaw cell viability, morphology, proliferation capacity, basic stem cell characteristics, in vitro differentiation potential and apoptosis-related gene expression profile before and after cryopreservation. RESULTS: The cryoprotectant 10% DMSO has shown higher post-thaw cell viability of 81.2+/-0.58% whereas 10% PVP and cocktail solution have shown 62.87+/-0.35% and 72.2+/-0.23%, respectively at 0 h immediately thawing. The cell viability was further reduced in all the cryopreserved groups at 24 h later post-thaw culture. Further, the complete elimination of FBS in cryoprotectants has resulted in drastic reduction in cell viability. Cryopreservation did not alter the basic stem cell characteristics, plasticity and multipotency except proliferation rate. The expression of pro-apoptotic BAX and p53 genes were higher whilst p21 was lower in all the cryopreserved groups when compare to the control group of WJMSCs. CONCLUSION: Although 10% DMSO has shown higher post-thaw cell viability compare to 10% PVP and cocktail solution, the present study indicates the feasibility of developing a well-defined DMSO free cryosolution which can improve storage and future broad range applications of WJMSCs in regenerative medicine without losing their basic stem cell characteristics.

Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Cryopreservation , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Ethylene Glycol , Freezing , Genes, p53 , Glucose , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Plastics , Povidone , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Sucrose , Transcriptome , Wharton Jelly
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 929-931, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312082


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the method of capillary column gas chromatography for determination of ethylene glycol in workplace air.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ethylene glycol in workplace air was collected with silicone tube, desorbed with methanol, separated with FFAP (nitroterephthalic acid-modified polyethylene glycol)capillary column, and measured with flame ionization detector.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The detection limit of ethylene glycol was 0.41 mg/L, the lower limit of quantification was 1.4 mg/L, the range of measurement was 1.4~163.9 mg/L, and the minimum detectable concentration was 0.3 mg/m3 (1.5 L of air was collected as the sample). This method had a good repeatability, the relative standard deviation was 1.4%~5.2%, the average desorption efficiency was 94.4%~101.7%, and the sampling efficiency was 99.2%~100%. The penetrating capacity of 200 mg silicone was higher than 6.9 mg, and the samples could be preserved for 14 days at room temperature.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method has a low detection limit, high accuracy, and good precision, which is feasible for determination of ethylene glycol in workplace air.</p>

Air Pollutants, Occupational , Chromatography, Gas , Ethylene Glycol , Workplace
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 115-119, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93558


OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the survival rate of vitrified mouse blastocysts depending on the presence or absence of sucrose in vitrification solution. METHODS: Mouse two-cell embryos were collected and cultured to blastocysts. Two vitrification solutions were prepared. The control solution was composed of 25% glycerol, 25% ethylene glycol, and 0.5 M sucrose (G25E250.5S) containing 2.5 mL glycerol, 2.5 mL ethylene glycol, 2 mL SSS, and 0.855 g sucrose in 5 mL PB1. The experimental solution was composed of 25% glycerol and 25% ethylene glycol (G25E25) and contained 2.5 mL glycerol and 2.5 mL ethylene glycol in 5 mL PB1. Artificial shrinkage was conducted by aspirating the blastocoelic fluid using an ICSI pipette. To examine the effect of sucrose in the vitrification solution on the survival rate of mouse blastocysts, the shrunken-equilibrated blastocysts were rehydrated or vitrified after being exposed to one of the two vitrification solutions. After exposure and the vitrification-thawing process, the re-expansion rate and hatching rate were evaluated after 6 hours of in vitro culture. RESULTS: The re-expansion rate of mouse blastocysts exposed to vitrification solution with and without sucrose were not different in the experimental solution (without sucrose) (98%) and the control solution (with sucrose) (92%) (p>0.05). The hatching rate was higher in the experimental solution (95%) than in the control solution (88%), but did not differ across two treatments (p>0.05). The re-expansion rate of mouse blastocysts vitrified in the control solution was 92% and 94%, respectively (p>0.05), and the hatching rate was higher in the experimental solution (90%) than in the control solution (74%) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Sucrose need not be added in vitrification solution for freezing of artificially shrunken mouse blastocysts.

Animals , Mice , Blastocyst , Cryopreservation , Embryonic Structures , Ethylene Glycol , Freezing , Glycerol , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Sucrose , Survival Rate , Vitrification
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 109-111, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84047


Oxalate nephropathy is commonly caused by ethylene glycol, vitamin C, and foods like star fruit that contain a lot of oxalate. Peanuts also have high oxalate contents. However, case reports of peanut-induced oxalate nephropathy are not common. Here, we describe a case of peanut-induced acute oxalate nephropathy with acute kidney injury and intend to demonstrate the conditions under which peanut-induced oxalate nephropathy is likely to occur.

Acute Kidney Injury , Arachis , Ascorbic Acid , Ethylene Glycol , Fruit , Oxalates
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 99-102, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251354


The effects of mouse oocyte vitrification on mitochondrial membrane potential and distribution were explored in this study. The collected mouse oocytes were randomly divided into vitrification and control groups. Ethylene glycol (EG) and dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) were used as cryoprotectants in the vitrification group. The mitochondrial function and distribution in the oocytes were examined by using the fluorescent probes, JC-1 and Mito Tracker green. The results showed that the ratio of red to green fluorescence in mouse oocytes was significantly decreased after thawing in the vitrification group as compared with the control group (1.28 vs. 1.70, P<0.05). The percentage of polarized distribution of the mitochondria in oocytes was conspicuously reduced in the vitrification group when compared with the control group (31% vs. 63%, P<0.05). It was suggested that vitrification significantly affects the mitochondrial function and distribution in oocytes and reduces the potential of oocyte fertilization and embryo development.

Animals , Female , Mice , Cryopreservation , Methods , Cryoprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Pharmacology , Ethylene Glycol , Pharmacology , Fluorescent Dyes , Metabolism , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Physiology , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Oocytes , Physiology , Temperature , Vitrification
Int. j. morphol ; 31(3): 802-808, set. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-694958


One of the plastic base material, widely used in the plastics industry in various countries, is a ester phthalate. These compounds will be oxidizedin the body to 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME). Effect of 2-ME on human health and the environment depends on the number, duration and frequency of exposure. 2-ME and its metabolites in the body can damage cells and tissues. The body can be exposed by 2-ME through the air, water and soil. Western blot results showed that the protein Vimentin was detectable in the control group at GD-11 to 17, meanwhile GFAP protein was detachable in the control group atGD- 12 to GD-18. After administration 2-ME, the expression of Vimentinprotein were changed, and started at GD- 12 up to GD-18. whereas the expression of GFAP protein began at GD-11 up to GD-17. The Changes on timetable protein expression of Vimentin and GFAP affect corticogenesis disorder. The disorder caused by the existence of these proteins as a result of 2-Methoxyethanol. Disorder of corticogenesis process were sub-plate and cortical plate of the cerebral cortex of fetus brains of mice at GD-18. Generally, it can be concluded that changes inprotein expression of Vimentin and GFAP causedby 2-ME. The Vimentin more important during the period of fetal brain development. GFAP and Vimentin is a protein involved in response to damage caused by a teratogenic agent, so that cells in the cerebral cortex, has dedifferentiation.

Uno de los materiales a base de plástico, ampliamente utilizado en la industria en varios países, es un éster de ftalato. Estos compuestos se oxidan en el cuerpo a 2-metoxietanol (2-ME). El efecto del 2-ME en la salud humana y el medio ambiente depende de la cantidad, duración y frecuencia de exposición. El 2-ME y sus metabolitos en el cuerpo puede dañar las células y tejidos. El cuerpo puede ser expuesto al 2-ME a través del aire, agua y suelo. Los resultados de Western blot mostraron que la proteína vimentina fue detectable en el grupo de control en GD-11 a 17, por su parte proteína GFAP fue detectable en el grupo de control en GD-12 a GD-18. Después de la administración de 2-ME, la expresión de la proteína vimentina cambió, y comenzó a detectarse en GD-12 hasta GD-18, mientras que la expresión de la proteína GFAP se inició en GD-11 hasta GD-17. Los cambios en el momento de expresión de las proteínas vimentina y GFAP afectan produciendo trastornos de la corticogénesis. El trastorno causado por la existencia de estas proteínas como resultado de 2-metoxietanol a nivel del proceso corticogénesis fue en la subplaca y la placa cortical de la corteza cerebral del cerebro de fetos de ratones en GD-18. En general, se puede concluir que existen cambios en la expresión de las proteínas vimentina y GFAP causados por el 2-ME. La vimentina es muy importante durante el período de desarrollo del cerebro fetal. GFAP y vimentina son proteínas implicadas en la respuesta a los daños causados por un agente teratogénico, de modo que las células en la corteza cerebral presentan desdiferenciación.

Animals , Mice , Cerebral Cortex , Ethylene Glycol/toxicity , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Vimentin , Blotting, Western , Cerebral Cortex/growth & development , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/physiology , Teratogens , Vimentin/physiology