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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e636-e638, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353058

ABSTRACT

El uleritema ofriógenes es un trastorno cutáneo benigno y poco frecuente que se presenta habitualmente en la infancia. Se caracteriza por pápulas foliculares eritematosas y queratósicas en el lateral de las cejas, que con el tiempo suelen evolucionar a alopecia cicatricial. Dicha entidad puede aparecer como manifestación clínica aislada o asociada a varios síndromes congénitos (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan y Rubinstein- Taybi, entre otros). Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 13 años con síndrome 18p- que consultó por lesiones puntiformes rugosas al tacto y pérdida de pelo en ambas cejas (uleritema ofriógenes), así como por hiperqueratosis pilar en brazos. Esta tríada, conocida como síndrome de Zouboulis, ha sido poco descrita en la literatura. Se considera que el reconocimiento del uleritema ofriógenes es de crucial importancia ya que, ante su presencia, debería realizarse una anamnesis y una exploración física exhaustivas en búsqueda de otras alteraciones que pudieran orientar a la existencia de un trastorno genético subyacente.


Ulerythema ophryogenes is a benign and rare skin disorder commonly presenting in childhood. It is characterized by erythematous and keratotic follicular papules located on the side of the eyebrows, and which over time tends to evolve into scarred alopecia. This entity may appear as an isolated clinical manifestation or associated with several congenital syndromes (18p-, Cornelia de Lange, Noonan, Rubinstein-Taybi, among others). We present a 13-year-old male with 18p- syndrome who consults for rough lesions and hair loss in both eyebrows (ulerythema ophryogenes), as well as for hyperkeatosis pilaris in both arms. This triad, known as Zouboulis syndrome, has been rarely reported in the literature. We consider that the recognition of ulerythema ophryogenes is of crucial importance since, in view of its presence, comprehensive anamnesis and physical examination should be performed in search of other alterations that could guide the existence of an underlying genetic disord


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Chromosome Disorders , Darier Disease , Abnormalities, Multiple , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Chromosome Deletion , Eyebrows/abnormalities
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 185-189, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131585

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To perform a long-term comparison of the quantitative efficacy of internal and external browpexy in combination with upper-lid blepharoplasty based on lateral and central eyebrow positions. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated internal and external browpexy with upper-lid blepharoplasty surgeries that were performed during the period between January 2012 and December 2017 in the oculoplastic surgery department of our hospital. Patients who had undergone periorbital and forehead surgery, who had ophthalmologic or neurological diseases, and who were Botox users were not included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative measurements were made on photographs taken in the same position. The distances from the pupil center and from the point of intersection between the horizontal line passing through the pupil and the vertical line passing through the lateral canthus to the upper eyebrow borders were measured. Photogrammetric analysis of eyebrow position was analyzed using Corel Draw software. Results: Preoperative and postoperative photographs of 70 eyelids were analyzed. Measurements were taken 24 months after surgery. Mean elevations of 2.10 and 3.19 mm were observed in the central region and lateral regions, respectively, in the internal browpexy group. These elevations were 2.66 and 3.03 mm in the external browpexy group and 0.48 and 0.55 mm in the control group. Eyebrow elevations in the central and lateral regions were not significantly different from baseline in the control group (p=0.126 and p=0.25). Internal and external browpexy showed statistically similar elevation values in the central and lateral regions (p=0.636 and p=0.342). Conclusions: External and internal browpexy surgery afforded adequate and similar elevations of the central and lateral brow, which were significantly different from those in the standard blepharoplasty group during long-term follow-up.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a comparação, a longo prazo, da eficácia quantitativa da sobrancelha interna e externa em combinação com a blefaroplastia da pálpebra superior com base nas posições lateral e central da sobrancelha. Métodos: Este estudo retrospectivo avaliou as cirurgias interna e externa da braquiterapia com blefaroplastia de pálpebra superior realizadas entre janeiro de 2012 e dezembro de 2017 no setor de cirurgia Oculoplástica de nosso hospital. Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia periorbitária e frontal, com doenças oftalmológicas ou neurológicas e usuários de Botox não foram incluídos no estudo. Medidas pré e pós-operatórias foram feitas em fotografias tiradas na mesma posição. Foram medidas as distâncias do centro da pupila e do ponto de intersecção entre a linha horizontal que passa pela pupila e a linha vertical que passa pelo canto lateral do olho até as bordas superiores da sobrancelha. A análise fotogramétrica da posição da sobrancelha foi analisada usando o software Corel Draw. Resultados: Foram analisadas fotografias pré e pós-operatórias de 70 pálpebras. As medidas foram feitas 24 meses após a cirurgia. Elevações médias de 2,10 e 3,19 mm foram observadas na região central e laterais, respectivamente, no grupo de sobrancelha interna. Essas elevações foram de 2,66 e 3,03 mm no grupo da sobrancelha externa e 0,48 e 0,55 mm no grupo controle (p=0,126, p=0,25). A sobrancelha interna e externa apresentou valores de elevação estatisticamente semelhantes nas regiões central e lateral (p=0,636, p=0,342). Conclusões: Cirurgia de sobrancelha externa e interna proporcionam elevações adequadas e semelhantes nas sobrancelhas central e lateral que foram significativamente diferentes daqueles no grupo de blefaroplastia padrão no acompanhamento a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 539-545, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047922

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Realizar levantamento na literatura médica sobre os tratamentos cirúrgicos e não cirúrgicos da ptose de sobrancelha e apresentar um fluxograma de decisão para elevação da sobrancelha. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura disponível no banco de dados da PUBMED seguindo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Elaboração de um fluxograma para abordagem da queda de sobrancelha baseado na experiência dos autores. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma abundância de artigos descrevendo diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas para correção da ptose de supercílio. As táticas cirúrgicas mais comuns foram a elevação interna do supercílio, elevação direta, elevação via temporal e ritidoplastia coronal / pré-triquial / endoscópica. Para a abordagem não cirúrgica foram encontradas o uso de toxina botulínica, preenchimento e fios de sustentação. Conclusão: Há diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas descritas na literatura para elevação da sobrancelha, demonstrando que não há uma tática ideal para todos os pacientes. O uso de fluxograma pode ajudar a realizar uma abordagem sistemática e personalizada e considerando característica de cada paciente.


Introduction: To review the medical literature regarding the surgical and non-surgical treatments of eyebrow ptosis and to present a decision flowchart for eyebrow lift. Methods: A systematic review of the literature available was held in PUBMED following inclusion and exclusion criteria. A flowchart was elaborated to systematize the approach to eyebrow ptosis based on the experience of the authors. Results: Several articles were included describing a variety of surgical and non-surgical correction techniques for eyebrow ptosis. The most common surgical approaches were internal eyebrow elevation, direct elevation, temporal elevation, and coronal/pretrichial/endoscopic rhytidoplasty. The non-surgical approaches found were botulinum toxin injections, fillers, and fixation threads. Conclusion: There are several surgical and non-surgical procedures described in the literature for lifting of the eyebrow, demonstrating that there is no ideal method for all patients. The use of a flowchart can help carry out a systematic and personalized approach according to the characteristics of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Review Literature as Topic , Rhytidoplasty , Lifting , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Workflow , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Rhytidoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Blepharoplasty/methods , Blepharoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Eyebrows/abnormalities
4.
Med. UIS ; 32(2): 59-65, mayo-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114969

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome 3M es un desorden autosómico recesivo, heterogéneo, poco común, llamado así por los tres investigadores que lo describieron por primera vez, Miller, Mckusck y Malvaux. Las características principales son retraso en el crecimiento prenatal y postnatal severo, dismorfias faciales y anomalías radiológicas. En sus manifestaciones estomatológicas presentan dolicocefalia, abombamiento frontal, cara triangular, labios gruesos, cejas pobladas, hipoplasia maxilar severa, facies melancólicas, retraso en la erupción dental severa y falta de crecimiento del macizo facial. El objetivo del artículo es la descripción de casos gemelares de 8 años y 6 meses de edad, que acuden a la Clínica de Atención Dental Avanzada de la Universidad de Monterrey, con confirmación del síndrome 3M por prueba sanguínea a los 4 años de edad por parte del Servicio de Genética del Hospital Universitario. Se realiza rehabilitación bucal de ambas niñas, y, posteriormente, son referidas a interconsulta con ortodoncia interceptiva. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(2): 59-65


Abstract 3M syndrome is very rare, it's a heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorder named after 3 researches who described it for the first time, Miller, Mckusck and Malvaux. Whose main characteristic are; delayed prenatal growth, severe postnatal growth, facial dysmorphia, radiological abnormalities, presence of dolichocephaly, frontal bulging, triangular face, thick lips, raised eyebrows, severe maxillary hypoplasia, melancholic facies, delayed severe dental eruption, lack of facial mass growth. The objective of the article is the description of twin cases that come to the Advanced Dental Care Clinic of the University of Monterrey; 8 years 6 months old, with confirmation of the 3M syndrome, with a blood test at 4 years of age by the Genetics Service of the University Hospital. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(2): 59-65


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Syndrome , Dwarfism , Orthodontics, Interceptive , Tooth Eruption , Twins , Women , Dental Care , Facies , Eyebrows , Face , Genes , Genetics , Growth , Hematologic Tests , Lip , Maxilla , Mouth Rehabilitation
5.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e3-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750171

ABSTRACT

Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (AED) is a rare hereditary disorder with a triad of sparse hair, dental hypoplasia, and anhidrosis. Here we report a case of AED with food allergy and atopic eczema. The patient was a 11-month-old boy admitted to our hospital with pyrexia for 2 weeks. He presented with a history of dry skin, eczema, and food allergy to egg. On clinical examination, his body temperature was 38.8°C, with dry skin and eczema almost all over the body, sparse eyebrows, and scalp hair. Laboratory investigations and physical examination did not show any evidence of infection. Radioallergosorbent test was positive to egg yolk, egg white, ovomucoid, milk, house dust, and house dust mite. As the child did not sweat despite the high fever, we performed the sweat test which revealed a total lack of sweat glands. Genetic examination revealed a mutation of the EDA gene and he was diagnosed as AED. His pyrexia improved upon cooling with ice and fan. His mother had lost 8 teeth and her sweat test demonstrated low sweating, suggestive of her being a carrier of AED. Atopy and immune deficiencies have been shown to have a higher prevalence in patients with AED. Disruption of the skin barrier in patients with AED make them more prone to allergic diseases such as atopic eczema, bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergy. Careful assessment of the familial history is essential to differentiate AED when examining patients with pyrexia of unknown origin and comorbid allergic diseases.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Body Temperature , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dust , Ectodermal Dysplasia , Eczema , Egg White , Egg Yolk , Eyebrows , Fever , Food Hypersensitivity , Hair , Humans , Hypohidrosis , Ice , Infant , Male , Milk , Mothers , Ovomucin , Ovum , Physical Examination , Prevalence , Pyroglyphidae , Radioallergosorbent Test , Rhinitis, Allergic , Scalp , Skin , Sweat , Sweat Glands , Sweating , Tooth
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762729

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Conventional upper blepharoplasty through a supratarsal incision is commonly performed for periorbital rejuvenation. However, the drawbacks of this technique include insufficient removal of lateral hooding and an unnatural postoperative appearance. Subbrow upper blepharoplasty with submuscular fascia fixation was developed to avoid these shortcomings. Herein, we report our experiences with this technique and present an objective analysis of the results. METHODS: Subbrow upper blepharoplasty was performed in 30 patients between June 2016 and October 2017. All patients had preoperative frontal view photographs, and the distance from the upper lid margin to the lower edge of the eyebrow was measured at the lateral limbus (LBD-L). RESULTS: Between preoperative and postoperative measurements, the LBD-L was shortened by an average of 0.800 and 0.833 mm on the right and left, respectively (P=0.047 and P=0.070). Most patients were satisfied with their aesthetic appearance and the improvement of their visual field. CONCLUSIONS: The lid-to-brow distance was minimally changed by the procedure, but the results were aesthetically favorable. This seemingly paradoxical finding is explained by the characteristics of the surgical procedure and the related anatomy. Among the various possible blepharoplasty techniques, subbrow upper blepharoplasty with submuscular fascia fixation has definite value for Asians.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Fascia , Humans , Rejuvenation , Visual Fields
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785438

ABSTRACT

Osteomas are benign, slow-growing osteogenic lesions frequently found in the craniomaxillofacial region. They can be classified as peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Reactive mechanisms to trauma or infection, as well as muscle traction, are thought to play a major role in the development of peripheral osteomas. In the present report, a 41-year-old woman presented with a slow-growing, painless mass on her left eyebrow. She had suffered trauma 15 years prior. In the computed tomography scan, a 2.5 × 2 × 0.7-cm radio-opaque tumor was detected just medial to the left supraorbital foramen, and a peripheral osteoma was clinically diagnosed. An elective operation under general anesthesia was planned. Following a suprabrow incision, subcutaneous and intramuscular dissection was performed. In the surgical plane deep to the corrugator muscles and superficial to periosteum, a branch of the supratrochlear nerve was encountered and preserved using a vessel loop. The osteoma beneath the periosteum was extracted in multiple fragments using a chisel and mallet to minimize trauma to the nerve. Contour and facial symmetry were corrected. To use a suprabrow incision, the surgeon must understand neighboring anatomical structures, including the course of the supratrochlear and supraorbital neurovascular bundles. When these structures are located adjacent to tumor lesions, careful surgical maneuvers should be performed to preserve them.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, General , Eyebrows , Female , Forehead , Humans , Muscles , Osteoma , Periosteum , Traction
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785306

ABSTRACT

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare multisystemic disorder that is characterized by mental retardation, prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, limb anomalies, and distinctive facial features, which include arched eyebrows that often meet in the middle (synophrys), long eyelashes, low-set ears, small and widely spaced teeth, and a small and upturned nose. Ophthalmic manifestations include long eyelashes, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, myopia, ptosis, and strabismus. There has been no report of surgical treatment for esotropia and unilateral ptosis in patients with CdLS in Korea. I report a patient with CdLS who underwent surgical treatment for esotropia and unilateral ptosis with a good surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
De Lange Syndrome , Ear , Esotropia , Extremities , Eyebrows , Eyelashes , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Korea , Myopia , Nasolacrimal Duct , Nose , Strabismus , Tooth
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740348

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of a PC-based facial asymmetry assessment program (PC-FAAP) and to compare the results of PC-FAAP with subjective regional scoring by raters in acute unilateral peripheral facial nerve paralysis (FNP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants were divided into 3 groups with 8 participants per group: group I, normal; group II, mild to moderate FNP; and group III, severe FNP. Using the PC-FAAP, the mouth asymmetry ratio (MAR), eyebrow asymmetry ratio (EAR), and complete eye closure asymmetry ratio (CAR) were calculated by comparing the movement of tracking points on both sides. The FNP grading scale (FGS) integrated each score, and the scores were weighted with a ratio of 5:3:2 (MAR:CAR:EAR). Subjective regional scoring was measured on a 0-100 scale score by three otologists. PC-FAAP and subjective scoring were compared in each group regarding the consistency of the results. RESULTS: The mean scores of the MAR, EAR, CAR, and FGS of each group were significantly different. PC-FAAP showed significant differences between the three groups in terms of MAR, EAC, CAR, and FGS. PC-FAAP showed more consistent results than subjective assessment (p < 0.001). The PC-FAAP was significantly more consistent in group I and group III (p < 0.001 and p=0.002, respectively). FGS in group III was the only parameter that showed a more consistent result in PC-FAAP than the subjective scoring (p=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: An FNP grading system using a PC-based program may provide more consistent results, especially for severe forms.


Subject(s)
Ear , Eyebrows , Facial Asymmetry , Facial Nerve , Mouth , Paralysis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Blepharoptosis is the drooping of the margin of the upper eyelid, which narrows the palpebral fissure and makes it difficult to open the eye. Various surgical methods are used to correct blepharoptosis and have been investigated in different studies. After surgery, blepharoptosis can relapse over time, which affects a patient’s satisfaction with the operation. However, few studies have investigated the long-term outcomes of patients after blepharoptosis surgery. METHODS: From 1991 to 2013, 325 patients (480 eyelids) underwent frontalis muscle transfer or Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement in our clinic. We analyzed 12 patients (13 eyelids) with severe ptosis who had been followed-up for more than 5 years. Six patients underwent frontalis muscle transfer for the correction of seven eyelids, while Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement was performed on six patients (six eyelids). The marginal reflex distance (MRD1), area of corneal exposure (ACE), and height of the eyebrow were used to analyze the objective outcomes, and the Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire was used for the analysis of subjective patient satisfaction. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the MRD1, ACE, and eyebrow height between the two methods used to correct ptosis. However, over the long-term (>5 years), the MRD1, ACE, and eyebrow height were better maintained in patients who underwent Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement than in patients who received frontalis muscle transfer. CONCLUSIONS: Both surgeries were effective for blepharoptosis correction. However, Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement was better for long-term maintenance after surgery than frontalis muscle transfer.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Recurrence , Reflex
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742275

ABSTRACT

Phthirus pubis usually infests the pubis, groin, buttocks and perianal region. It can sometimes infest the thighs, abdomen, chest, axillae and beard. Eyelashes and eyebrows may be involved in children. The involvement of the scalp is very rare. We describe a case of P. pubis infestation located exclusively on the scalp in an adult woman. Neither lice/nits nor skin lesions were observed elsewhere, including eyebrows, eyelashes, axillae, pubis, buttocks and perianal region (the patient was hairless in the axillae and pubis). A review of the literature is enclosed.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Adult , Axilla , Buttocks , Child , Eyebrows , Eyelashes , Female , Groin , Humans , Phthirus , Pubic Bone , Scalp , Skin , Thigh , Thorax
13.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 458-461, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716499

ABSTRACT

Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin A (BTXA) is commonly used for the treatment of forehead wrinkles. In practice, physicians often use an intradermal injection for this purpose, as they feel that there is a lower risk of adverse effects compared with intramuscular injection. However, there are no direct comparative studies between those two injection modalities. We conducted a 24-week long, double-blinded, split-face, pilot study of three participants to compare the efficacy and safety of intradermal or intramuscular injection of BTXA for the treatment of forehead wrinkles. Maximum improvement of wrinkles and the time to achieve maximum effect were similar for both methods. The brow level was lower on the intramuscular injection side throughout the follow-up period for all participants. Subjective satisfaction with wrinkles was similar on both sides, but patients felt more heaviness of the eyebrow on the intramuscular side. No serious side effects were noted. In conclusion, the anti-wrinkle effect of BTXA was not significantly different between intramuscular and intradermal injections. However, side effects such as eyebrow ptosis, and heaviness were more prominent after intramuscular injection.


Subject(s)
Botulinum Toxins , Eyebrows , Follow-Up Studies , Forehead , Humans , Injections, Intradermal , Injections, Intramuscular , Pilot Projects
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715184

ABSTRACT

We present a patient who showed a sterile abscess after facial bone fixation with bioabsorbable plates and screws. He had zygomaticomaxillary complex and periorbital fracture due to falling down. The displaced bones were treated by open reduction and internal fixation successfully using bioabsorbable plate system. However, at postoperative 11 months, abrupt painless swelling was noted on the previous operation sites, left lateral eyebrow and lower eyelid. By surgical exploration, pus-like discharge and degraded materials were observed and debrided. The pathologic analysis revealed foreign body reaction with sterile abscess. This complication followed by bioabsorbable device implantation on maxillofacial bone surgery has been rarely reported in which we call attention to the maxillofacial plastic surgeons.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Absorbable Implants , Accidental Falls , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Facial Bones , Foreign-Body Reaction , Humans , Plastics , Surgeons
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Forehead flaps are useful for facial reconstruction. Studies of these flaps have mostly focused on the results of the reconstruction. However, due to the scarring and changes on the forehead caused by the median forehead flap (MFF), surgeons may be reluctant to perform this flap. Research into the donor site is needed for practical purposes. METHODS: We examined 42 patients who underwent an MFF at Pusan National University Hospital from 1996 to 2016. Based on a retrospective chart review, we examined the occurrence of complications. We also evaluated scars on the forehead using the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) and assessed changes in the eyebrow position of 22 patients. RESULTS: No complications occurred in the 42 patients. The mean VSS score of the 22 patients was 2.8±0.79. The ratio of the height of the eyebrow on each side to the distance between the medial canthi increased postoperatively, meaning that both the left and right brows were elevated slightly (P=0.026 and P=0.014). However, the symmetry between the left and right sides did not change (P=0.979). The ratio of the interbrow distance to the distance between the medial canthi decreased slightly, meaning that the interbrow distance narrowed mildly (P < 0.001). Moreover, there were no noticeable changes in the brow position as seen in a photo overlay. CONCLUSIONS: There were no notable complications in the forehead. Forehead scarring was acceptable. No change in brow symmetry was observed via photographic measurements and a photo overlay. Therefore, we propose that the MFF is a useful choice for minimizing scarring or deformation of the donor site.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Eyebrows , Forehead , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Surgical Flaps , Tissue Donors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713279

ABSTRACT

Varying degrees of complications can occur after hyaluronic acid filler injections. Tissue necrosis due to interruption of the vascular supply is an early complication that can be severe. If the site of tissue necrosis due to the filler injection is the forehead, successfully reconstructing the region without distorting the key landmarks is challenging. We describe the case of a 50-year-old man who experienced widespread forehead skin necrosis after hyaluronic acid filler injection in the glabellar area. We successfully covered the forehead area with a 3×4-cm² midline necrotic tissue using the modified double-opposing rotation-advancement flap method. Although modified double-opposing rotation-advancement flap closure has the disadvantage of leaving a longer scar compared to conventional double-opposing rotation-advancement flap closure, the additional incision line made along the superior border of the eyebrow aids in camouflaging the scar and decreases eyebrow distortion. Therefore, it is believed that the modified double-opposing rotation-advancement flap technique is an excellent tool for providing adequate soft tissue coverage and minimal free margin distortion when reconstructing widespread skin necrosis in the central mid-lower forehead that can occur after filler injection in the glabellar area.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Dermal Fillers , Eyebrows , Forehead , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Methods , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Skin , Surgical Flaps
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741537

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Upper eyelid blepharoplasty has become one of the commonly practiced aesthetic operation. This upper eyelid blepharoplasty primarily conducted in aged person, while also addressing aesthetic concerns, include methods to rejuvenate the peri-orbital area and provide unobstructed eyesight. OBJECTIVE: Methods to affect rejuvenation of the peri-orbital area are variable and depend heavily on the patients. This makes evaluation of the patient a critically important component of the treatment process. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty requires treatment of the anterior and posterior lamella structures. Anterior lamella undergone a resection of the skin and orbicularis muscle to reduce the sagging appearance on the anterior surface of the upper eyelid. The retractor structures of the posterior lamella, especially the levator aponeurosis and the Müller's muscle, are advanced, tucked and plicated to the tarsus to add tension as needed to correct the blepharoptosis. This procedure, while also addressing aesthetic concerns, primarily adds tension to reduce or eliminate eyesight obstruction. Methods & Conclusion: These operation methods include : The plication procedures of posterior membranous septum and turn-over orbital septum to 2mm below the tarsus and traditional levartor complex tucking including levator aponeurosis and Müller muscle added. In addition to blepharoplasty and blepharoptosis in aged persons the brow-ptosis may also experience. This drooping of the eyebrow also contribute to eyesight obstruction and should be corrected. In general, treatment consists of a subbrow resection when the brow-lash distance is 25mm or more. When the brow-lash distance is less that 25mm, a supra-brow excision is required to prevent an angry or harsh appearance. However, when using the supra-brow method the possibility of an unwanted visible scar is more likely, a short incision direct brow-lift could be another alternative. But short incision brow-lift procedure can only use under the normal forehead muscle function.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Cicatrix , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Forehead , Humans , Methods , Orbit , Rejuvenation , Skin
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 138-141, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Numerous infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic complications secondary to tattoo placement have been reported in the literature. Within inflammatory complications sarcoidal granulomatous reactions have been described. We report two cases, a 55-year-old woman with yellowish infiltrated plaques on bilateral ciliary region, 16 years after the placement of a permanent tattoo in the eyebrows, and a 20-year-old tattoo artist who developed orange papules on 3 of his tattoos. Histopathology in both cases confirmed diagnosis of sarcoidal granulomatous reaction due to tattoo pigment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tattooing/adverse effects , Dermatitis/etiology , Dermatitis/pathology , Granuloma/etiology , Granuloma/pathology , Sarcoidosis/etiology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Dermis/pathology , Eyebrows
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