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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986925

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the diagnosis, surgical management and outcome of jugular foramen chondrosarcoma (CSA). Methods: Fifteen patients with jugular foramen CSA hospitalized in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Chinese PLA General Hospital from December 2002 to February 2020 were retrospectively collected,of whom 2 were male and 13 were female, aging from 22 to 61 years old. The clinical symptoms and signs, imaging features, differential diagnosis, surgical approaches, function of facial nerve and cranial nerves IX to XII, and surgical outcomes were analyzed. Results: Patients with jugular foramen CSA mainly presented with facial paralysis, hearing loss, hoarseness, cough, tinnitus and local mass. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) could provide important information for diagnosis. CT showed irregular destruction on bone margin of the jugular foramen. MR demonstrated iso or hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI and heterogeneous contrast-enhancement. Surgical approaches were chosen upon the sizes and scopes of the tumors. Inferior temporal fossa A approach was adopted in 12 cases, inferior temporal fossa B approach in 2 cases and mastoid combined parotid approach in 1 case. Five patients with facial nerve involved received great auricular nerve graft. The House Brackmann (H-B) grading scale was used to evaluate the facial nerve function. Preoperative facial nerve function ranked grade Ⅴ in 4 cases and grade Ⅵ in 1 case. Postoperative facial nerve function improved to grade Ⅲ in 2 cases and grade Ⅵ in 3 cases. Five patients presented with cranial nerves Ⅸ and Ⅹ palsies. Hoarseness and cough of 2 cases improved after operation, while the other 3 cases did not. All the patients were diagnosed CSA by histopathology and immunohistochemistry, with immunohistochemical staining showing vimentin and S-100 positive, but cytokeratin negative in tumor cells. All patients survived during 28 to 234 months' follow-up. Two patients suffered from tumor recurrence 7 years after surgery and received revision surgery. No complications such as cerebrospinal fluid leakage and intracranial infection occurred after operation. Conclusions: Jugular foramen CSA lacks characteristic symptoms or signs. Imaging is helpful to differential diagnosis. Surgery is the primary treatment of jugular foramen CSA. Patients with facial paralysis should receive surgery in time as to restore the facial nerve. Long-term follow-up is necessary after surgery in case of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Jugular Foramina , Retrospective Studies , Cough , Hoarseness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Chondrosarcoma/surgery
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 607-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980767

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes the status of application and research of Fu's subcutaneous needling for peripheral facial paralysis, and the characteristics of different stages of peripheral facial paralysis treated with Fu's subcutaneous needling are analyzed from the aspects of intervention timing, protocol design, needle insertion point, sweeping and reperfusion activity, tube retaining time and acupuncture frequency. It is found that there are no norms and standards in sweeping and reperfusion, tube retention and acupuncture frequency in clinical application,and the exploration of staged treatment is insufficient in the research. In the future, it is necessary to form standardized operation to promote clinical promotion, and improve the research on treatment rules and mechanism according to the characteristics of disease stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles
3.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 117-121, 20221115.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401563

ABSTRACT

La parálisis del VII par craneal o nervio facial, es una de las neuropatías más frecuentes. Sin embargo, la bilateral ocurre solo en el 0,3 a 2% de los casos. Se describe el caso de un paciente con parálisis facial periférica bilateral progresiva, secundaria a traumatismo craneoencefálico con fractura de ambos temporales, a quien se le realizó tratamiento médico con esteroides y fisioterapia con mejoría, por lo que se decidió expectar la conducta quirúrgica del nervio facial


Facial nerve palsy is one of the most common neuropathies. However, bilateral occurs only in 0.3 to 2% of cases. The case of a patient with progressive bilateral facial nerve palsy, secondary to cranioencephalic trauma with fracture of both temporal was treated with steroids and physiotherapy with subsequent resolution of symptoms, so it was decided dedicated wait for surgery


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Wounds and Injuries
4.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 884, 30 Diciembre 2022. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415664

ABSTRACT

Los terceros molares son piezas dentarias correspondientes a la dentición permanente y se encuentran por detrás de los segundos molares. Erupcionan entre los 18 y 27 años aproximadamente, tienen variedad de formas, anomalías y disposición diversa. Normalmente se encuentran total o parcialmente retenidos en el hueso maxilar. La retención es muy frecuente y afecta aproximadamente al 75% de la población. La causa principal es por la falta de espacio dentro de la boca. La patología derivada de la retención de un tercer molar puede generar diferentes alteraciones: abscesos, sinusitis, reabsorción de las raíces de los dientes adyacentes, caries del molar retenido y/o del segundo molar, úlceras en la mucosa contigua, podrían generar quistes, ameloblastomas y ulceraciones leucoqueratósicas que pueden degenerar en carcinomas, alteraciones nerviosas o vasomotoras: dolores faciales, trismus, y parálisis facial ipsilateral. Las extracciones profilácticas de terceros molares asintomáticos están justificadas cuando los terceros molares se encuentran bajo prótesis removible que puede estimular su erupción, molares semierupcionados que pueden generar pericoronitis, caries o problemas periodontales; pacientes que van a ser sometidos a radioterapia; cuando el diente incluido interfiera en una cirugía ortognática. Si el molar retenido presenta sintomatología por parte del paciente está aconsejada su extracción quirúrgica.


The third molars are dental pieces corresponding to the permanent dentition and are located behind the second molars. They erupt between the ages of 18 and 27 approximately, have a variety of shapes, anomalies, and diverse dispositions. They are normally fully or partially retained in the maxillary bone. Retention is very frequent and affects approximately 75% of the population. The main cause is due to the lack of space inside the mouth. The pathology derived from the retention of a third molar can generate different alterations: abscesses, sinusitis, resorption of the roots of adjacent teeth, caries of the retained molar and/or second molar, ulcers in the contiguous mucosa, could generate cysts, ameloblastomas and leukokeratotic ulcerations that can degenerate into carcinomas, nervous or vasomotor disorders: facial pain, trismus, and ipsilateral facial paralysis. Prophylactic extractions of asymptomatic third molars are justified when the third molars are under removable prosthesis that can stimulate their eruption, semi-erupted molars that can generate pericoronitis, caries or periodontal problems; patients who are going to undergo radiotherapy; when the included tooth interferes with orthognathic surgery. If the retained molar presents symptoms on the part of the patient, its surgical extraction is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Surgery, Oral , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth, Unerupted , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar, Third , Periodontal Abscess , Root Resorption , Sinusitis , Trismus , Ameloblastoma , Oral Ulcer , Cysts , Dental Caries , Facial Paralysis
5.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(3): 435-439, jul.-set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403594

ABSTRACT

En las últimas décadas, se ha incrementado el reporte de manifestaciones neurológicas asociadas con la infección por el virus de chikunguña. Se informa el caso de un adulto joven previamente sano que presentó parálisis facial izquierda aislada después de una infección reciente por el virus de chikunguña en el trópico colombiano. Se describen aspectos importantes de la fisiopatología del virus y su tropismo por el sistema nervioso central y periférico, y se sugiere considerar este virus en el diagnóstico diferencial de la parálisis facial en pacientes con infección confirmada por el virus de chikunguña en regiones tropicales endémicas o en aquellos con antecedente de viajes recientes a dichas regiones.


A significant raise in the reports of neurological manifestations due to Chikungunya virus has been described worldwide. Here, we describe a case report of a previously healthy young adult who developed isolated left facial palsy after a confirmed Chikungunya virus infection in the Colombian tropics. We suggest considering this virus as a differential diagnosis for facial palsy in patients with confirmed Chikungunya virus infection who live in endemic regions or report a history of recent travel to these regions.


Subject(s)
Chikungunya virus , Facial Paralysis , Tropical Ecosystem
6.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e54511, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396769

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Paralisia Facial é uma das sequelas mais comuns em pacientes pós- Acidente Vascular Cerebral, podendo ocasionar uma série de consequências negativas para autopercepção. Objetivos: Avaliar autopercepção dos pacientes quanto à paralisia facial pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral na fase aguda e verificar se está relacionada às condições sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: Trata-se de estudo descritivo observacional com 86 pacientes com paralisia facial pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade acima de 18 anos, escala de Glasgow maior que 13 e compreensão preservada. Dados sócio-demográficos e clínicos foram extraídos do prontuário. A mímica facial foi avaliada com protocolo House & Brackmann (1985) e a autopercepção quanto aos incômodos físicos e psicossociais pelo questionário de auto-avaliação da condição facial. Foram realizadas análises descritiva e de associação com significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: O grau de comprometimento da paralisia facial variou entre moderado a paralisia total. A maioria dos pacientes avaliou a face em repouso como boa, movimento da face como péssima e ruim, sendo os lábios com pior classificação. Os pacientes relataram muito prejuízo nas atividades sociais, muita insatisfação com a face e médio prejuízo da alimentação. A análise de associação revelou que a autopercepção da face em repouso está associada ao sexo e ao comprometimento neurológico. Conclusão: Os pacientes na fase aguda do Acidente Vascular Cerebral possuem autopercepção de que a paralisia facial impacta no movimento dos lábios e atividades psicossociais, sendo pior para as mulheres e naqueles com o nível de comprometimento neurológico moderado e grave.


Introduction: Facial palsy is one of the most common sequelae in post-stroke patients, bringing a series of negative consequences for self-perception. Objective: To evaluate patients' self-perception regarding facial palsy after acute stroke and verify if it is related to sociodemographic and clinical conditions. Method: This is a descriptive observational study with 86 patients with facial paralysis after acute stroke admitted to a public hospital. The inclusion criteria were age over 18 years, Glasgow scale above 13 and preserved understanding. Socio-demographic and clinical data were extracted from the medical records. Facial mimicry was assessed using the House & Brackmann protocol (1985) and self-perception of physical and psychosocial discomfort using the facial condition self-assessment questionnaire. Descriptive and association analyses were performed with statistical significance of 5%. Results: The degree of impairment of facial paralysis varied from moderate to total paralysis. Most patients rated the resting face as good, face movement as very bad and bad, with the lips being the worst rated. The patients reported a lot of damage in social activities, a lot of dissatisfaction with the face and medium impairment on eating. The association analysis revealed that self-perception of the face at rest is associated with sex and neurological impairment. Conclusion: Patients in the acute phase of stroke have a self-perception that facial paralysis impacts on lip movement and psychosocial activities, being worse for women and those with moderate and severe neurological impairment.


Introducción: La parálisis facial es una de las secuelas más comunes en pacientes post-accidente cerebrovascular, que puede causar una serie de consecuencias negativas para la auto-percepción. Objetivos: Evaluar la auto-percepción de los pacientes con respecto a la parálisis facial después del accidente cerebrovascular en la fase aguda y verificar si está relacionada con condiciones sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: Este es un estudio descriptivo observacional con 86 pacientes con parálisis facial después del accidente cerebrovascular. Los criterios de inclusión tenían una edad superior a los 18 años, glasgow escalaba más de 13 y se conservaba la comprensión. Los datos sociodemográficos y clínicos se extrajeron de los registros médicos. El mimetismo facial fue evaluado usando el protocolo house &brackmann (1985) y la auto-percepción de las molestias físicas y psicosociales explora la autoevaluación de la condición facial. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y asociativos con una significación estadística del 5%. Resultados: El grado de afectación de la parálisis facial osciló entre la parálisis moderada y total. La mayoría de los pacientes calificaron la cara en reposo como buena, el movimiento facial como malo y malo, siendo los labios los peor valorados. Los pacientes reportaron mucho deterioro en las actividades sociales, mucha insatisfacción con el deterioro facial y medio de los alimentos. El análisis de la asociación reveló que la autopercepción de la cara en reposo se asocia con el sexo y el deterioro neurológico. Conclusión: Los pacientes en la fase aguda del accidente cerebrovascular tienen la autopercepción de que la parálisis facial afecta el movimiento de los labios y las actividades psicosociales, siendo peor para las mujeres y aquellos con el nivel de deterioro neurológico moderado y grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Self Concept , Stroke/complications , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Psychosocial Impact , Facial Expression , Sociodemographic Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 57-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928858

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews some recent studies on the recognition and evaluation of facial paralysis based on artificial intelligence. The research methods can be divided into two categories: facial paralysis evaluation based on artificial selection of patients' facial image eigenvalues and facial paralysis evaluation based on neural network and patients' facial images. The analysis shows that the method of manual selection of eigenvalues is suitable for small sample size, but the classification effect of adjacent ratings of facial paralysis needs to be further optimized. The neural network method can distinguish the neighboring grades of facial paralysis relatively well, but it has a higher requirement for sample size. Both of the two methods have good prospects. The features that are more closely related to the evaluation scale are selected manually, and the common development direction may be to extract the time-domain features, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the evaluation accuracy of facial paralysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Face , Facial Paralysis/diagnosis , Neural Networks, Computer
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 425-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927400

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor WU Xu 's experience of sequential therapy for peripheral facial paralysis. The sequential therapy refers to a staging treatment, but not rigidly adheres to it. With this therapy, the acupuncture- moxibustion regimen is modified flexibly in line with the specific symptoms of illness. At the acute phase of peripheral facial paralysis, warm acupuncture at Wangu (GB 12) is predominated and electroacupuncture is not recommended at the acupoints on the face. At the recovery phase, warm acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) is the main therapy and electroacupuncture is applied to the acupoints on the face appropriately. Besides, for the intractable case, the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle or skin needle should be combined and exerted in the local affected region. At the sequelae phase, in order to shorten the duration of illness, depending on the different types of facial paralysis, i.e. stiffness type, spasmodic type and flaccid type, the corresponding needling techniques are provided, i.e. bloodletting and moxibustion, strong stimulation with contralateral acupuncture and the technique for promoting the governor vessel and warming up yang.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Moxibustion
9.
Archives of Orofacial Sciences ; : 151-156, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT@#Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare multisystem disease. Although GPA is rare, it commonly presents in a localised stage where its manifestation involves the upper or lower respiratory tract before progressing to a generalised stage. Therefore, most patients with GPA will visit an oral surgeon or an otolaryngologist to seek treatment. However, the diagnosis of GPA is often delayed as GPA is not frequently considered as a differential diagnosis in common oral and facial diseases. The lack of gold standard investigation for the diagnosis of GPA makes management of this case, a diagnostic conundrum. We herein report a patient who was diagnosed with bilateral acute otitis media and left mastoiditis complicated with facial nerve palsy, and later developed tongue ulceration one month after his initial presentation. The ear, facial and oral symptoms represent a diagnostic red herring to a full-blown generalised stage of GPA.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Oral Ulcer , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(8): e370803, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402975

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe the microsurgical anatomical aspects of the extratemporal facial nerve of Wistar rats under a high-definition video system. Methods: Ten male Wistar rats (12­15 weeks old), without veterinary diseases, weighing 220­280 g, were used in this study. All animals in this study were submitted to the same protocol and by the same surgeon. A 10-mm incision was made below the bony prominence of the right or left ear, and extended towards the angle of the mandible. The dissection was performed and the main branches of the facial nerve were dissected. Results: The main trunk of the facial nerve has a length of 0.88 ± 0.10 mm and a length of 3.81 ± 1.03 mm, measured from its emergence from the stylomastoid foramen to its bifurcation. Seven branches originating from the facial nerve were identified: posterior auricular, posterior cervical, cervical, mandibular, buccal, temporal, and zygomatic. Conclusions: The anatomy of the facial nerve is comparable to that of humans, with some variations. The most observed anatomical division was the distribution in posterior auricular, posterior cervical, cervical, mandibular, buccal, temporal, and zygomatic branches. There is no statistical difference between the thickness and distance of the structures compared to the contralateral side.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Microdissection/veterinary , Facial Nerve/anatomy & histology , Facial Paralysis/surgery , Microsurgery/veterinary , Video-Assisted Surgery/veterinary
11.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20220020, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1405508

ABSTRACT

Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) has been shown to be a neurological manifestation of COVID-19. The current study presents two cases of PFP after COVID-19, along with a rapid review of known cases in the literature. Both case reports were conducted following CARE guidelines. We also performed a systematic review of PFP cases temporally related to COVID-19 using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases on August 30, 2021, using a rapid review methodology. The two patients experienced PFP 102 and 110 days after COVID-19 symptom onset. SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected in nasal samples through reverse-transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) testing. Anosmia was the only other neurological manifestation. PFP was treated with steroids in both cases, with complete subsequent recovery. In the rapid review, we identified 764 articles and included 43 studies. From those, 128 patients with PFP were analyzed, of whom 42.1% (54/128) were male, 39.06% (50/128) female, and in 23 cases the gender was not reported. The age range was 18 to 59 (54.68%). The median time between COVID-19 and PFP was three days (ranging from the first symptom of COVID-19 to 40 days after the acute phase of infection). Late PFP associated with COVID-19 presents mild symptoms and improves with time, with no identified predictors. Late PFP should be added to the spectrum of neurological manifestations associated with the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection as a post COVID-19 condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Paralysis/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Neuromuscular Diseases/etiology
12.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 380-386, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362116

ABSTRACT

Intoduction The pathways of the facial nerve are variable, and knowledge of that is essential. The worst impact caused by facial paralysis is related to quality of life, especially regarding the self-esteem and social acceptance on the part of the patients, leading to social isolation and disruption on their mental health. Case Report A 33-year-old female patient, with a stage-T3 acoustic neurinoma, presented with a moderate dysfunction (grades II to III) according to the House- Brackmann (HB) Facial Nerve Grading System. A 43-year-old male patient, with a stage- T4B trigeminal schwannoma, underwent a resective surgery and presented grade-VI dysfunction according to the HB scale. And a female patient with a stage-T4A acoustic neurinoma presented grade-IV dysfunction according to the HB scale. Discussion We performed a literature review of papers related to surgeries for masseteric-facial nerve anastomosis and compiled the results in table; then, we compared these data with those obtained from our cases. Conclusion The masseteric nerve is the one that shows the best prognosis among all the cranial nerves that could be used, but it is also necessary to perform well the surgical technique to access the facial branch and consequently achieve a better masseteric-facial nerve anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Facial Nerve/surgery , Hypoglossal Nerve/surgery , Mandibular Nerve/surgery , Prognosis , Nerve Transfer/rehabilitation , Facial Paralysis/complications , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation
13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 625-630, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355737

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Como los otros herpesvirus alfa, el virus de la varicela-zóster (VZV) permanece en estado de latencia en los ganglios neurales después de la infección primaria (varicela). La reactivación de una infección latente por VZV en los ganglios de la raíz dorsal, produce el herpes zóster. La erupción que este provoca se caracteriza por lesiones cutáneas metaméricas que se acompañan de dolor neurítico y comprometen con mayor frecuencia a ancianos y sujetos inmunocomprometidos, en especial, aquellos infectados con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (HIV). Las complicaciones que se observan en esta población de pacientes incluyen neumonía, hepatitis y compromiso del sistema nervioso central (meningitis y encefalitis). Varios síndromes clínicos se asocian con el herpes zóster de localización craneal, incluida la parálisis facial periférica y el síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt, el cual constituye la segunda causa de parálisis facial periférica y tiene una gran variedad de presentaciones clínicas. La parálisis facial se presenta en 60 a 90 % de los casos de síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt, puede preceder o aparecer después de las lesiones cutáneas y tiene peor pronóstico que la parálisis de Bell. Se describen aquí dos casos de herpes zóster del ganglio geniculado, con parálisis facial periférica que coincidió con la aparición de las lesiones cutáneas vesiculosas en el conducto auditivo externo y el pabellón auricular (síndrome de Ramsay-Hunt multimetamérico). En ambos casos, se identificó el genoma del VZV mediante PCR en el líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR).


Abstract | Like other alpha-herpesviruses, the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) remains latent in the neural ganglia following the primary varicella infection. The reactivation of the VZV in the dorsal root ganglia results in herpes zoster. Herpes zoster eruption is characterized by localized cutaneous lesions and neuralgic pain mostly in older and immunocompromised persons, especially those living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most commonly reported complications include VZV pneumonia, meningitis, encephalitis, and hepatitis. Several neurologic syndromes have been described associated with herpes zoster localized in cranial areas including peripheral nerve palsies and the Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, which has a varied clinical presentation and is the second most common cause of peripheral facial paralysis. Facial paralysis in this syndrome occurs in 60 to 90% of cases and it may precede or appear after the cutaneous lesions with a worse prognosis than idiopathic Bell paralysis. Here we present two cases of herpes zoster from the geniculate ganglia with peripheral facial paralysis that appeared simultaneously with vesicular herpetic otic lesions (multimetameric Ramsay-Hunt syndrome). In the two cases, amplifiable varicella-zoster viral DNA was found in the cerebrospinal fluid by RT-PCR Multiplex.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Herpes Zoster , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369791

ABSTRACT

La Parálisis Facial (PF) es una condición infrecuente en pacientes pediátricos, representa un problema clínico relevante y conlleva diversas implicaciones. Tanto el curso natural como el tratamiento y pronóstico no se encuentran bien documentados en la literatura, más aún en sujetos sometidos a cirugía. Se presentan 2 casos de PF sometidos a cirugía reconstructiva, niño de 9 años y niña de 8, ambos casos revisados de forma retrospectiva. Se planteó un bordaje y evaluación kinésica estructurado como tratamiento para estos pacientes. El sistema de graduación facial Sunnybrook (SGFS) fue usado para evaluar resultados funcionales. Durante el seguimiento los sujetos mostraron mejoras continuas con una ganancia promedio de 30 puntos en el SGFS. En nuestra experiencia, la rehabilitación kinésica estructurada con el enfoque presentado, parece ser un coadyuvante efectivo en potenciar el proceso de recuperación de la función muscular y simetría facial en sujetos con PF sometidos a cirugía reconstructiva.


Facial Palsy (FP) is an uncommon condition in pediatric patients, it represents a serious linical problem and carries various implications. Both the natural course, as well as the treatment and prognosis are not well documented in the literature especially in subjects undergoing surgery. Two cases of FP undergoing reconstructive surgery are presented, a 9-year-old boy and an 8-year-old girl, both cases reviewed retrospectively. A structured kinesic approach and valuation was proposed as a treatment for these patients. The Sunnybrook Facial Grading System (SGFS) was applied to evaluate functional outcomes. During follow-up the subjects showed continuous improvement with an average increment of 30 points in the SGFS. In our experience, structured kinesic rehabilitation with the approach presented, seems to be an effective adjunct in enhancing the process of recovery of muscle function and facial symmetry in subjects with FP undergoing reconstructive surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Postoperative Period , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation , Physical Therapy Modalities , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Recovery of Function
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(3): 222-228, 15/09/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362108

ABSTRACT

Introduction The side-to-end hypoglossal-facial anastomosis (HFA) technique is an excellent alternative technique to the classic end-terminal anastomosis, because itmay decrease the symptoms resulting from hypoglossal-nerve transection. Methods Patients with facial nerve palsy (House-Brackmann [HB] grade VI) requiring facial reconstruction from 2014 to 2017were retrospectively included in the study. Results In total, 12 cases were identified, with a mean follow-up of 3 years. The causes of facial paralysis were due to resection of posterior-fossa tumors and trauma. There was improvement in 91.6% of the patients (11/12) after the HFA. The rate of improvement according to the HB grade was as follows: HB III - 58.3%; HB IV - 16.6%; and HB II - 16.6%. The first signs of improvement were observed in the patients with the shortest time between the paralysis and the anastomosis surgery (3.5months versus 8.5 months; p » 0.011). The patients with HB II and III had a shorter time between the diagnosis and the anastomosis surgery (mean: 5.22 months), while the patients with HB IV and VI had a longer time of paresis (mean: 9.5 months; p » 0.099). We did not observe lingual atrophy or changes in swallowing. Discussion and Conclusion Hypoglossal-facial anastomosis with the terminolateral technique has good results and low morbidity in relation to tongue motility and swallowing problems. The HB grade and recovery appear to be better in patients operated on with a shorter paralysis time.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/rehabilitation , Facial Nerve/surgery , Facial Paralysis/rehabilitation , Hypoglossal Nerve/surgery , Medical Records , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Plastic Surgery Procedures/rehabilitation , Recovery of Function , Facial Paralysis/surgery , Facial Paralysis/etiology
16.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 18(1): 36-41, ene.-jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1395494

ABSTRACT

El virus varicela zoster produce cuadros clínicos por reactivación del mismo en años posteriores a la primoinfección, en sujetos con condiciones particulares, como situaciones de estrés, inmunodepresión, radioterapia, estados infecciosos que cursen con fiebre, entre otros. El síndrome de Ramsay Hunt es uno de ellos. Se caracteriza por una tríada de parálisis facial periférica, vesículas herpéticas en oído externo y otalgia. Objetivo: pr esentar un caso típico del síndr ome de Ramsay Hunt, métodos diagnósticos y tratamiento realizado. Presentación de caso clínico: paciente femenina, de 21 años, originaria de Tegucigalpa, Honduras, se presentó al Hospital Escuela Universitario por cuadro de seis días de evolución, de cambios inflamatorios en el oído externo izquierdo, en la región del pabellón auricular y el conducto auditivo externo, con presencia de vesículas herpéticas eritematosas con costras y restos hemáticos, otorrea, hiperemia, prurito y otalgia intermitente. También refirió parálisis de hemicara izquierda de cuatro días de evolución. Examen físico: conducto auditivo externo izquierdo presentaba vesículas con costras. Hubo ptosis palpebral izquierda e incapacidad para realizar las mímicas faciales. Tratamiento intrahospitalario: aciclovir 800 mg vía oral cada 6 horas, dexametasona 8 mg IV cada 8 horas, diclofenaco 75 mg IV cada 12 horas; citidina-5- monofosfato disódico, más uridin-5-trifosfato trisódico, 1 comprimido cada 12 horas; mupirocina ungüento al 1Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. ORCID 0000-0002-2346-4209 2Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Departamento de Cirugía. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. 3Hospital Escuela Universitario, Departamento de Cirugía, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Autor de correspondencia: Paola Andrea Hincapié Gaviria, paolahincapie23@gmail.com Recibido: 10/07/2020 Aceptado: 03/03/2021 al 2%, aplicado en oído externo cada 8 horas y ejercicios de fisioterapia. Conclusión: el síndrome de Ramsay Hunt se diagnóstica, fundamentalmente, mediante hallazgos clínicos. El tratamiento empírico y adecuado, acompañado de una buena terapia posterior, anticipa un pronóstico favorable sin secuelas neurológicas...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Herpes Zoster Oticus/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Facial Paralysis/complications , Geniculate Ganglion
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-9, abr. 30, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381739

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Among the broad range of symptoms of the Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), patients can present craniofacial manifestations. Consequently, the participation of the dental surgeon in the evaluation of the stomatognathic system using a multidisciplinary approach model is very important. Objective: To identify the craniofacial and neurological manifestations of the Guillain-Barré Syndrome in patients from three hospitals in the district of Lambayeque, Peru, in 2019. Material and Methods: A descriptive, prospective, and cross-sectional study was carried out in 59 patients diagnosed with GBS by means of a clinical evaluation carried out by previously calibrated neurologists (k=0.911). Additionally, an oral evaluation of the oral hygiene index, the periodontal status, and the oral pH was carried out. Data were processed using frequency distribution tables. Results: 4 4.07% of the patients presented at least one functional alteration, such as unilateral limitation for facial expressions (25.42%), dysphagia (18.64%), alteration in phonation (11.86%), and loss of the sense of taste (6.78%), showing involvement of the corresponding cranial nerves. In addition, unfavorable conditions of oral hygiene and acid pH were observed in some cases, which proved adverse for the periodontal structures of the patients. Conclusion: The study found craniofacial manifestations of GBS, such as cases of unilateral facial palsy, dysphagia, difficulty in phonation, and loss of the sense of taste, due to the alteration of the cranial nerves that command these functions. In addition, poor oral hygiene, and the presence of acidic pH in some patients created an adverse environment for the integrity of the periodontal structures


Introducción: El Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) dentro de su amplia sintomatología puede presentar manifestaciones craneofaciales, por lo que resulta importante la participación del cirujano dentista en la evaluación del sistema estomatognático desde un modelo de abordaje multidisciplinario. Objetivo: Identificar las manifestaciones neurológicas craneofaciales del Síndrome de Guillain-Barré en pacientes de tres establecimientos de salud de Lambayeque, Perú en el año 2019. Materiales y Metodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y transversal, con 59 pacientes diagnosticados con SGB, mediante una evaluación clínica realizada por médicos neurólogos previamente calibrados (k=0,911). Adicionalmente se realizó una evaluación bucodental del índice de higiene oral, del estado periodontal y del pH bucal, siendo procesados los datos mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencias. Resultados: El 44,07% de pacientes presentaron por lo menos una alteración funcional, identificando limitación unilateral para expresiones faciales (25.42%), disfagia (18.64%), alteración en la fonación (11.86%) y pérdida del sentido del gusto (6.78%), evidenciando compromiso de los pares craneales correspondientes. Además se observaron condiciones desfavorables de higiene oral y de pH ácido en algunos casos, que resultaron adversas para las estructuras periodontales de los pacientes. Conclusión: Fueron encontradas manifestaciones craneofaciales del SGB, identificando casos con parálisis facial unilateral, disfagia, dificultad para la fonación y pérdida del sentido del gusto, debido a la alteración de los pares craneales que comandan esas funciones. Además las condiciones desfavorables de higiene oral y la presencia de pH ácido en algunos casos, propiciaron un ambiente adverso para la integridad de las estructuras periodontales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Peru/epidemiology , Phonation , Acids , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cranial Nerves , Facial Expression , Facial Paralysis
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