Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 157
Filter
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 428-432, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058718

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La estenosis del conducto auditivo interno con aplasia/hipoplasia del nervio cocleovestibular es una patología muy infrecuente. Suele ser unilateral y puede acompañarse de aplasia/hipoplasia del nervio facial y otras malformaciones del oído interno. Se presentan aquí dos casos clínicos de pacientes pediátricos con estenosis del conducto auditivo interno unilateral con compromiso del séptimo y octavo par craneal ipsilateral. Se describen las historias y evaluaciones clínicas, hallazgos audiovestibulares, hallazgos imagenológicos, tratamientos indicados y sus resultados.


ABSTRACT Congenital internal auditory canal stenosis associated with aplasia/hypoplasia of the cochleovestibular nerve is a very infrequent pathology. It is usually unilateral and may be accompanied by aplasia/hypoplasia of the facial nerve and other malformations of the inner ear. We hereby present two clinical cases of pediatric patients with congenital internal auditory canal stenosis, with involvement of the seventh and eighth ipsilateral cranial nerve. The medical histories and clinical evaluations, audiovestibular findings, imaging findings, treatments and their results are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/etiology , Ear, Inner/abnormalities , Audiometry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(7): 460-469, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Facial nerve injury, affecting mainly the marginal mandibular branch, is the most frequent neurologic complication from parotidectomy. Objective To test a modified Sunnybrook Facial Grading System as a new tool to assess the facial nerve function following parotidectomy, emphasizing the marginal mandibular branch. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 73 post-parotidectomy patients (40 female, 18-84 years old, mean age 53.2 years) with facial nerve sparing, referred to the Department of Physical Therapy. All patients had parotid neoplasms or advanced skin cancer, and were followed by the principal author between 2006 and 2014. Results The muscles innervated by the marginal mandibular branch were the most frequently affected (72.6%), particularly in patients undergoing neck dissection (p = 0.023). The voluntary movement scores obtained with the modified system were significantly lower compared with the original version (p < 0.001). The best and worst scores were observed in patients with benign parotid tumors and skin cancer, respectively. Patients requiring neck dissection (p = 0.031) and resection of other structures (p = 0.021) had the lowest scores, evidenced only with the modified version. Patients with malignant tumors had significantly worse ratings, regardless of the Sunnybrook system version. The post-physiotherapy analysis involved 50 patients. The worst facial rehabilitation outcomes were related to the marginal mandibular branch function. Conclusion The modified Sunnybrook Facial Grading System improved the marginal mandibular branch assessment, preserving the evaluation of other facial nerve branches.


RESUMO A lesão do nervo facial é a principal complicação neurológica relacionada às parotidectomias e, em geral, o ramo marginal mandibular é o mais frequentemente acometido. Objetivo Testar um Sistema Sunnybrook de Graduação Facial modificado (mS-FGS) como uma nova ferramenta para avaliar a função do nervo facial após a parotidectomia, enfatizando o ramo marginal mandibular. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, baseado em prontuários de 73 casos (40 do sexo feminino, 18-84 anos, idade média = 53,2), submetidos à parotidectomia, com preservação do nervo facial. Todos os pacientes apresentavam neoplasias parotídeas ou câncer de pele avançado, e foram tratados pela autora principal entre 2006 e 2014. Resultados Neste estudo, os músculos inervados pelo ramo marginal mandibular foram os mais acometidos (72,6% dos casos), principalmente nos pacientes que realizaram esvaziamento cervical (p = 0,023). Os Escores de Movimento Voluntário obtidos pelo sistema modificado foram inferiores aos obtidos pelo original (p < 0,001). As melhores pontuações foram observadas em pacientes com tumores benignos parotídeos e os piores resultados, naqueles com câncer de pele. Pacientes que necessitaram de esvaziamento cervical e ressecção de outras estruturas, além da parótida, apresentaram escores menores (p = 0,031 e p = 0,021), evidenciados apenas pelo sistema modificado. Os tumores malignos geraram escores significativamente menores, independentemente do instrumento empregado. A análise pós fisioterapia envolveu 50 casos. Os piores resultados, após a intervenção fisioterapêutica, também foram observados nos músculos inervados pelo ramo marginal mandibular. Conclusão A avaliação da disfunção facial pós-parotidectomia, através do Sistema Sunnybrook com a modificação proposta permitiu uma apreciação mais detalhada do ramo marginal mandibular, sem prejuízo à avaliação dos demais ramos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Facial Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Facial Nerve/surgery , Parotid Gland/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Skin Neoplasms/physiopathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Parotid Neoplasms/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Facial Nerve Injuries/surgery , Facial Nerve Injuries/etiology , Facial Nerve Injuries/physiopathology , Facial Nerve/physiopathology , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Facial Paralysis/physiopathology , Patient Outcome Assessment
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 133-136, mar.-abr. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003576

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença de Lyme é uma infecção sistêmica causada pela espiroqueta Borrelia burgdorferi e transmitida pelo carrapato do gênero Ixodes sp. e espécie Amblyomma cajennense. A doença costuma se manifestar em três estágios clínicos distintos, que podem variar de acordo com as características de cada hospedeiro. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar o caso de uma paciente de 33 anos com doença de Lyme que apresentou como manifestações neuroftalmológicas diplopia, lagoftalmo paralítico e ceratite punctata, com exames laboratoriais negativos. Embora a espiroqueta Borrelia burgdorferi tenha maior tropismo pelos tecidos da pele, sistema nervoso e articulações, o acometimento ocular não deve ter sua importância diminuída, sendo descrito neste relato de caso, que abordou os aspectos mais pertinentes à doença para auxiliar seu diagnóstico e tratamento.


Abstract Lyme disease is a systemic infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted by the tick of the genus Ixodes sp. and species Amblyomma cajennense. The disease usually manifests itself in three distinct clinical stages, which may vary according to the characteristics of each host. The objective of this paper is to report the case of a 33-year-old patient with Lyme disease who presented as neuro-ophthalmological manifestations diplopia, paralytic lagophthalmos and punctate keratitis, with negative laboratory tests. Although the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi has a greater tropism in the tissues of the skin, nervous system and joints, the ocular involvement should not be diminished, being described in this case report, which approached the most pertinent aspects to the disease to aid its diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lyme Disease/complications , Diplopia/etiology , Eye Diseases/etiology , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Borrelia Infections/transmission , Ceftriaxone/administration & dosage , Lyme Disease/diagnosis , Lyme Disease/drug therapy , Borrelia burgdorferi Group/isolation & purification , Ixodes , Lyme Neuroborreliosis/complications , Amblyomma , Nervous System Diseases/etiology
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(4): 385-391, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985743

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La glándula parótida es el sitio más común de tumores de glándulas salivales, correspondiendo al 75%-85% de éstos y al 3% de todos los tumores de cabeza y cuello. Ochenta por ciento de ellos corresponden a tumores benignos. Objetivos: Analizar la experiencia quirúrgica en tumores parotídeos operados en el Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente. Material y método: Revisión de todos los pacientes con tumores parotídeos operados en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello, del Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente entre enero del año 2011 y abril del año 2016. Las cirugías fueron realizadas por el mismo equipo quirúrgico. Se registraron datos demográficos, clínicos, quirúrgicos, histológicos y resultados posoperatorios. Resultados: En el periodo descrito se operó un total de 94 pacientes. 84,3% correspondieron a tumores benignos y 15,7% a tumores malignos. El 62,9% corresponde a pacientes de sexo femenino y 37,1% de sexo masculino, representando una relación de 1,69:1. La incidencia de parálisis facial transitoria fue de 16,1%, y de ellos solo un paciente mantuvo una parálisis permanente. Conclusión: Los tumores malignos representaron el 15,7%, siendo menor a lo reportado en la literatura. Se presenta una gran serie de tumores parotídeos tratados quirúrgicamente a nivel nacional, con una baja tasa de complicaciones.


Abstract Introduction: Parotid gland is the most common site of salivary gland tumors, corresponding to 75-85% of these and 3% of all head and neck tumors. 80% of them correspond to benign tumors. Aim: To analyze the surgical experience in parotid tumors operated in the Guillermo Grant Benavente Hospital. Material and Method: Review of all patients with parotid tumors operated in the Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Unit of Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente between January 2011 and April 2016. All surgeries were performed by the same surgical team. Demographic, clinical, surgical, histological and postoperative results were recorded. Results: In the period described, a total of 94 patients were operated on. 84.3% corresponded to benign tumors and 15.7% to malignant tumors. 62.9% corresponds to female patients and 37.1% male, representing a ratio of 1.69:1. The incidence of transient facial paralysis was 16.1%, and of these, only one patient maintained permanent paralysis. Conclusions: Malignant tumors represented 15.7% of cases, being less than reported in the literature. This article presents a large series of parotid tumors treated surgically in our country, with a low associated complication rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Facial Nerve Injuries/etiology , Facial Paralysis/etiology
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000380

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La parálisis facial periférica implica una disfunción del VII par. Predomina la forma idiopática o de Bell. Su tratamiento se basa en el uso de corticoides y en las demás causas depende de la patología de base. El presente estudio describe la incidencia, la etiología y el grado de afectación de la parálisis facial en la población del Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín. MÉTODO: Revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes que concurrieron a la guardia del Servicio de Otorrinolaringología entre enero de 2013 y septiembre de 2017, y revisión bibliográfica...


INTRODUCTION: Peripheral facial paralysis implies a dysfunction of the seventh pair. The idiopathic or Bell form predominates. Its treatment is based on the use of corticosteroids; and in the other causes depends on the underlying pathology. The present study describes the incidence, etiology and degree of involvement of facial paralysis in the population of the Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín. METHOD: Review of medical records of patients who attended the otorhinolaryngology service ward between january 2013 and september 2017, and literature review…


INTRODUÇÃO: A paralisia facial periférica implica uma disfunção do sétimo par. Predomina a forma idiopática ou de Bell. O seu tratamento baseia-se no uso de corticosteróides; e nas outras causas depende da patologia subjacente. O presente estudo descreve a incidência, etiologia e grau de envolvimento da paralisia facial na população do Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín. MÉTODO: Revisão dos registros médicos de pacientes atendidos na sala de atendimento de Otorrinolaringologia entre janeiro de 2013 e setembro de 2017 e revisão da literatura...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Facial Paralysis/epidemiology , Otitis Media/complications , Retrospective Studies , Herpes Zoster Oticus/complications , Bell Palsy/complications
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(4): 619-631, dic. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-950928

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. El grupo de investigación del Laboratorio de Neurofisiología Comportamental de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia ha descrito modificaciones estructurales y electrofisiológicas en neuronas piramidales de la corteza motora producidas por la lesión del nervio facial contralateral en ratas. Sin embargo, poco se sabe sobre la posibilidad de que dichos cambios neuronales se acompañen también de modificaciones en las células gliales circundantes. Objetivo. Caracterizar el efecto de la lesión unilateral del nervio facial sobre la activación y proliferación de las células de la microglía en la corteza motora primaria contralateral en ratas. Materiales y métodos. Se hicieron pruebas de inmunohistoquímica para detectar las células de la microglía en el tejido cerebral de ratas sometidas a lesión del nervio facial, las cuales se sacrificaron en distintos momentos después de la intervención. Se infligieron dos tipos de lesiones: reversible (por compresión, lo cual permite la recuperación de la función) e irreversible (por corte, lo cual provoca parálisis permanente). Los tejidos cerebrales de los animales sin lesión (grupo de control absoluto) y de aquellos sometidos a falsa cirugía se compararon con los de los animales lesionados sacrificados 1, 2, 7, 21 y 35 días después de la lesión. Resultados. Las células de la microglía en la corteza motora de los animales lesionados irreversiblemente mostraron signos de proliferación y activación entre el tercero y séptimo días después de la lesión. La proliferación de las células de la microglía en animales con lesión reversible fue significativa solo a los tres días de infligida la lesión. Conclusiones. La lesión del nervio facial produce modificaciones en las células de la microglía de la corteza motora primaria. Estas modificaciones podrían estar involucradas en los cambios morfológicos y electrofisiológicos descritos en las neuronas piramidales de la corteza motora que comandan los movimientos faciales.


Abstract Introduction: Our research group has described both morphological and electrophysiological changes in motor cortex pyramidal neurons associated with contralateral facial nerve injury in rats. However, little is known about those neural changes, which occur together with changes in surrounding glial cells. Objective: To characterize the effect of the unilateral facial nerve injury on microglial proliferation and activation in the primary motor cortex. Materials and methods: We performed immunohistochemical experiments in order to detect microglial cells in brain tissue of rats with unilateral facial nerve lesion sacrificed at different times after the injury. We caused two types of lesions: reversible (by crushing, which allows functional recovery), and irreversible (by section, which produces permanent paralysis). We compared the brain tissues of control animals (without surgical intervention) and sham-operated animals with animals with lesions sacrificed at 1, 3, 7, 21 or 35 days after the injury. Results: In primary motor cortex, the microglial cells of irreversibly injured animals showed proliferation and activation between three and seven days post-lesion. The proliferation of microglial cells in reversibly injured animals was significant only three days after the lesion. Conclusions: Facial nerve injury causes changes in microglial cells in the primary motor cortex. These modifications could be involved in the generation of morphological and electrophysiological changes previously described in the pyramidal neurons of primary motor cortex that command facial movements.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Microglia/pathology , Facial Nerve Injuries/pathology , Facial Paralysis/physiopathology , Motor Cortex/pathology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Afferent Pathways , Cell Division , Rats, Wistar , Pyramidal Cells/physiology , Pyramidal Cells/pathology , Axotomy , Facial Nerve Injuries/complications , Facial Nerve Injuries/physiopathology , Facial Muscles/innervation , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Facial Paralysis/pathology , Nerve Crush , Nerve Regeneration
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(2): 201-204, ago. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-793966

ABSTRACT

La parálisis facial asociada a cambios bruscos de presión en el oído medio es un fenómeno poco común que ha sido reportado tanto en actividades de buceo como en aviación. Se produciría una incapacidad, por parte de la tuba auditiva, de equilibrar las presiones entre el oído medio y el ambiente, lo que generaría una neuropraxia del facial en presencia de ciertas condiciones. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que desarrolló un cuadro de parálisis facial recidivante durante vuelos comerciales, se describe la evaluación realizada y la probable fisiopatología involucrada.


Facial paralysis, associated with sudden changes in pressure in the middle ear, is a rare phenomenon that has been reported in both diving and aviation. It occurs because the Eustachian tube is unable to compensate middle ear pressure changes which would lead to a facial neuropraxia in the presence of certain conditions. A case of a patient who developed recurrent facial paralysis during comercial flights. The possible involved pathophysiology is described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Air Travel , Barotrauma/complications , Facial Paralysis/diagnosis , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Altitude , Recurrence
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 82(4): 447-451, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794977

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland tumors represent 3-10% of all head and neck neoplasms. These tumors occur predominantly in major salivary glands. The parotid gland is affected most often, ranging from 36.6% to 83%. The pleomorphic adenoma comprises 45-60% of all salivary gland tumors. Several surgical approaches have been described to treat this tumor. Lesion of the facial nerve is one of the most serious complications that can occur after parotid gland surgery. OBJECTIVES: To determine possible predictive factors related to the occurrence of peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) after superficial parotidectomy in the surgical treatment of the pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland. METHODS: This was a primary, observational, case-control study performed through the revision of patients' charts and histopathological reports. Data was obtained from 1995 to 2014. The analyzed events were: tumor's length and depth; duration of the disease referred by the patient (more than 1, 5 or 10 years); primary or secondary surgical approach. RESULTS: The analysis showed that tumor lengths equal or superior to 3.0 cm were a risk factor of PFP with an odds ratio of 3.98 (p = 0.0310). Tumor depths equal or superior to 2.0 cm were also a risk factor with an odds ratio of 9.5556 (p = 0.0049). When the tested event was secondary surgery to recurrent tumors we have found an odds ratio of 6.7778 (p = 0.0029). CONCLUSION: Tumors with 3.0 cm or more in length and/or 2.0 cm or more in depth have a significant higher risk of facial nerve injury. Secondary surgery to recurrent tumors also has a much higher risk of evolving with facial palsy after superficial parotidectomy.


Resumo Introdução: Os tumores de glândulas salivares representam de 3 a 10% de todas as neoplasias de cabeça e pescoço. Esses tumores ocorrem predominantemente nas glândulas salivares maiores. A glândula parótida é afetada na maioria das vezes, variando de 36,6 a 83%. O adenoma pleomórfico abrange 45-60% de todos os tumores de glândulas salivares. Diversas abordagens cirúrgicas foram descritas para o tratamento desse tumor. A lesão do nervo facial é uma das complicações mais graves que podem ocorrer após cirurgia de glândula parótida. Objetivos: Determinar possíveis fatores preditivos relacionados à ocorrência de paralisia facial periférica (PFP) após parotidectomia superficial no tratamento cirúrgico de adenomas pleomórficos de glândula parótida. Método: Estudo preliminar, observacional, de caso-controle, realizado por meio de revisão dos prontuários de pacientes e laudos histopatológicos. Os dados foram obtidos no período de 1995-2014. Os eventos analisados foram o tamanho do tumor no maior diâmetro e a profundidade, o tempo de doença referido pelo paciente (mais de 1, 5 ou 10 anos) e a abordagem cirúrgica primária ou secundária. Resultados: A análise mostrou que o tamanho do tumor igual ou superior a 3,0 cm foi um fator de risco para PFP, com uma razão de chance de 3,98 (p = 0,0310). A profundidade do tumor igual ou superior a 2,0 cm também foi um fator de risco, com uma razão de chance de 9,5556 (p = 0,0049). Quando o evento testado foi cirurgia secundária para tumores recorrentes, encontramos uma razão de chance de 6,7778 (p = 0,0029). Conclusão: Os tumores de 3,0 cm ou mais de comprimento e/ou 2,0 cm ou mais de profundidade apresentam um risco significativamente maior de lesão do nervo facial. A cirurgia secundária para tumores recorrentes também apresenta um risco maior de evoluir com paralisia facial após parotidectomia superficial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(12): 998-1001, Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767616

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Facial diplegia (FD) is a rare neurological manifestation with diverse causes. This article aims to systematically evaluate the etiology, diagnostic evaluation and treatment of FD. Method The study was performed retrospectively and included 17 patients with a diagnosis of FD. Results Patients were diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) (11), Bickerstaff’s brainstem encephalitis (1), neurosarcoidosis (1), non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (1), tuberculous meningitis (1) herpes simplex reactivation (1) and idiopathic (1). In addition, two patients had developed FD during pregnancy. Conclusion Facial diplegia is an ominous symptom with widely varying causes that requires careful investigation.


RESUMO Objetivo Diplegia facial (DF) é uma manifestação neurológica rara proveniente de diferentes causas. Este artigo visa avaliar sistematicamente a etiologia, avaliação diagnóstica e tratamento de DF. Método O estudo foi retrospectivo e incluiu 17 pacientes com diagnóstico de FD. Resultados Os pacientes foram diagnosticados como casos de síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) (11), encefalite de tronco de Bickerstaff (1), neurosarcoidose (1), linfoma não-Hodgkin’s (1), meningite tuberculosa (1) reativação de herpes simplex (1) e causa idiopática (1). Além disto, duas pacientes haviam desenvolvido DF durante a gestação. Conclusão Diplegia facial é uma manifestação com diversas causas que requer investigação cuidadosa.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Facial Paralysis , Facial Paralysis/diagnosis , Facial Paralysis/drug therapy , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Retrospective Studies
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 319-324, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768344

ABSTRACT

Introduction Most patients after either superficial or total parotidectomy develop facial deformity and Frey syndrome, which leads to a significant degree of patient dissatisfaction. Objective Assess the functional outcome and esthetic results of the superiorly based sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) flap after superficial or total parotidectomy. Methods A prospective cohort study for 11 patients subjected to parotidectomy using a partial-thickness superiorly based SCM flap. The functional outcome (Frey syndrome, facial nerve involvement, and ear lobule sensation) and the esthetic results were evaluated subjectively and objectively. Results Facial nerve palsy occurred in 5 cases (45%), and all of them recovered completely within 6 months. The Minor starch iodine test was positive in 3 patients (27%), although only 1 (9%) subjectively complained of gustatory sweating. The designed visual analog score completed by the patients themselves ranged from 0 to 3 with amean of 1.55 _ 0.93; the scores fromthe blinded evaluators ranged from1 to 3 with a mean 1.64 _ 0.67. Conclusion The partial-thickness superiorly based SCM flap offers a reasonable cosmetic option for reconstruction following either superficial or total parotidectomy by improving the facial deformity. The flap also lowers the incidence of Frey syndrome objectively and subjectively with no reported hazard of the spinal accessory nerve.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Parathyroid Glands , Sweating, Gustatory , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Surgical Flaps
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(3): 178-180, June 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757102

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Guillain-Barré es una enfermedad desmielinizante aguda con una forma clásica que se presenta con debilidad muscular y ausencia de reflejos. Existen múltiples variantes y formas atípicas de la enfermedad, entre otras la diplejía facial con parestesias. Asimismo, la ausencia de reflejos en este síndrome es característico pero no constante, ya que en un 10% de los pacientes los reflejos están presentes. Se presenta aquí el caso de una mujer de 33 años con paresia facial bilateral, parestesias y debilidad de miembros inferiores e hiperreflexia, una forma de presentación infrecuente de este síndrome.


Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute demyelinating disease which presents in a classic form with muscular weakness and the lack of reflexes. There are multiple variations and atypical forms of the disease, being facial diplegia with paresthesia one of them. Also, the absence of reflexes in this syndrome is typical but not constant, since 10% of patients present reflexes. We describe a case of atypical presentation with bilateral facial palsy, paresthesia, brisk reflexes and weakness in the lower limbs in a 33 year old woman.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Paresthesia/etiology
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156566

ABSTRACT

Proteus syndrome is one of the very rare syndromes with occurrence of cerebriform connective tissue nevus. The aim of the present manuscript was to present a case of Proteus syndrome in an unusual facial location, which to the best of our knowledge, is being reported for the first time. The unusual occurrence further strengthens the mosaical basis of its etiopathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Female , Nevus/pathology , Proteus Syndrome/complications , Proteus Syndrome/diagnosis
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 72(7): 496-499, 07/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-714594

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report 4 different neurological complications of H1N1 virus vaccination. Method: Four patients (9, 16, 37 and 69 years of age) had neurological symptoms (intracranial hypertension, ataxia, left peripheral facial palsy of abrupt onset, altered mental status, myelitis) starting 4-15 days after H1N1 vaccination. MRI was obtained during the acute period. Results: One patient with high T2 signal in the cerebellum interpreted as acute cerebellitis; another, with left facial palsy, showed contrast enhancement within both internal auditory canals was present, however it was more important in the right side; one patient showed gyriform hyperintensities on FLAIR with sulcal effacement in the right fronto-parietal region; and the last one showed findings compatible with thoracic myelitis. Conclusion: H1N1 vaccination can result in important neurological complications probably secondary to post-vaccination inflammation. MRI detected abnormalities in all patients. .


Objetivo: Relatar quatro diferentes complicações neurológicas da vacina contra o vírus H1N1. Método: Quatro pacientes (9, 16, 37 e 69 anos) tinham sintomas neurológicos (hipertensão intracraniana, ataxia, paralisia facial esquerda de inicio abrupto, estado mental alterado e mielite) iniciando-se 4 a 15 dias após vacinação contra H1N1. RM foi realizada em quatro pacientes na fase aguda e em um paciente na fase crônica. Resultados: Dos quatro pacientes, um apresentou hipersinal em T2 no cerebelo, interpretado como cerebelite aguda; um, com paralisia facial esquerda, tinha realce dos condutos auditivos internos, maior à direita; um tinha hipersinal em T2 no cortex parieto-occipital direito; um apresentou sinais compatíveis com mielite torácica. Conclusão: A vacinação contra o H1N1 pode resultar em importantes complicações neurológicas, provavelmente secundárias a inflamação pós-vacinal. A RM detectou anormalidades em todos os pacientes. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/immunology , Influenza Vaccines/adverse effects , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Cerebellar Ataxia/etiology , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Intracranial Hypertension/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myelitis/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 33(1)mar. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-721651

ABSTRACT

Objective: Facial palsy may still occur after removal of large vestibular schwannomas. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcome of patients submitted to facial reanimation and make a concise revision about modern techniques available to reanimate a paralyzed face. Methods: A retrospective study of was performed about the surgical results of 12 patients submitted to hypoglossal-facial neurorrhaphy. These patients were submitted to radical removal of large vestibular schwannomas (> 3 cm) before and anatomic preservation of the facial nerve was not possible. Results: In 10 cases (83%) patients had a good outcome with House-Brackmann facial grading III. In two other cases the facial grading was IV and VI. All patients were follow-up for at least one year after the reanimation procedure. Conclusion: Hypoglossal-facial neurorrhaphy is a very useful technique to restore facial symmetry and minimize the sequela of a paralyzed face. Long last palsy seemed to be the main reason of poor outcome in two cases...


Paralisia facial pode ocorrer após remoção de schwannomas vestibulares volumosos.Neste artigo é descrito o resultado obtido em pacientes submetidos à reanimação facial, bem comoé realizada uma revisão concisa das técnicas modernas disponíveis para reanimação de uma faceparalisada. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo do resultado cirúrgico de 12 pacientes submetidos àneurorra&a hipoglosso-facial. Todos esses pacientes foram operados anteriormente de schwannomasvestibulares volumosos (> 3 cm) e não foi possível a preservação anatômica ou funcional do nervofacial. Resultados: Em 10 casos (83%), observou-se boa recuperação da paralisia e gradação &nal IIIna escala de House-Brackmann. Em dois outros casos, um paciente evoluiu com grau IV e outro comgrau VI. Todos os pacientes foram seguidos por pelo menos um ano após o procedimento. Conclusão:A neurorra&a hipoglossal-facial é uma técnica útil para restaurar a simetria facial e minimizar as sequelasde uma face paralisada. Paralisia de longa duração foi a causa de insucesso em dois casos nesta série...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hypoglossal Nerve , Neuroma, Acoustic/complications , Facial Paralysis/surgery , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Nerve Regeneration
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL