Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 38
Filter
1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 323-330, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971532

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism that mediates the effect of soybean isoflavones (SI) against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in light of the regulation of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), ferroptosis, inflammatory response and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 male SD rats were equally randomized into sham-operated group (Sham group), cerebral I/R injury group and SI pretreatment group (SI group). Focal cerebral I/R injury was induced in the latter two groups using a modified monofilament occlusion technique, and the intraoperative changes of real-time cerebral cortex blood flow were monitored using a laser Doppler flowmeter (LDF). The postoperative changes of cerebral pathological morphology and the ultrastructure of the neurons and the BBB were observed with optical and transmission electron microscopy. The neurological deficits of the rats was assessed, and the severities of cerebral infarction, brain edema and BBB disruption were quantified. The contents of Fe2+, GSH, MDA and MPO in the ischemic penumbra were determined with spectrophotometric tests. Serum levels of TNF-α and IL-1βwere analyzed using ELISA, and the expressions of GPX4, MMP-9 and occludin around the lesion were detected with Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The rCBF was sharply reduced in the rats in I/R group and SI group after successful insertion of the monofilament. Compared with those in Sham group, the rats in I/R group showed significantly increased neurological deficit scores, cerebral infarction volume, brain water content and Evans blue permeability (P < 0.01), decreased Fe2+ level, increased MDA level, decreased GSH content and GPX4 expression (P < 0.01), increased MPO content and serum levels of TNF-α and IL-1β (P < 0.01), increased MMP-9 expression and lowered occludin expression (P < 0.01). All these changes were significantly ameliorated in rats pretreated with IS prior to I/R injury (P < 0.05 or 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#SI preconditioning reduces cerebral I/R injury in rats possibly by improving rCBF, inhibiting ferroptosis and inflammatory response and protecting the BBB.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Soybeans/metabolism , Occludin/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Blood-Brain Barrier/ultrastructure , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Isoflavones/therapeutic use , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery
2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 115-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971474

ABSTRACT

Ex vivo culture-amplified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied because of their capacity for healing tissue injury. MSC transplantation is a valid approach for promoting the repair of damaged tissues and replacement of lost cells or to safeguard surviving cells, but currently the efficiency of MSC transplantation is constrained by the extensive loss of MSCs during the short post-transplantation period. Hence, strategies to increase the efficacy of MSC treatment are urgently needed. Iron overload, reactive oxygen species deposition, and decreased antioxidant capacity suppress the proliferation and regeneration of MSCs, thereby hastening cell death. Notably, oxidative stress (OS) and deficient antioxidant defense induced by iron overload can result in ferroptosis. Ferroptosis may inhibit cell survival after MSC transplantation, thereby reducing clinical efficacy. In this review, we explore the role of ferroptosis in MSC performance. Given that little research has focused on ferroptosis in transplanted MSCs, further study is urgently needed to enhance the in vivo implantation, function, and duration of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Iron Overload/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1597-1605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970632

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether chrysin reduces cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury(CIRI) by inhi-biting ferroptosis in rats. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose chrysin groups(200, 100, and 50 mg·kg~(-1)), and a positive drug group(Ginaton, 21.6 mg·kg~(-1)). The CIRI model was induced in rats by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion(tMCAO). The indexes were evaluated and the samples were taken 24 h after the operation. The neurological deficit score was used to detect neurological function. The 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) staining was used to detect the cerebral infarction area. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the morphological structure of brain tissues. Prussian blue staining was used to observe the iron accumulation in the brain. Total iron, lipid pero-xide, and malondialdehyde in serum and brain tissues were detected by biochemical reagents. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR), immunohistochemistry, and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expression of solute carrier fa-mily 7 member 11(SLC7A11), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 4(ACSL4), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2) in brain tissues. Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed restored neurological function, decreased cerebral infarction rate, and alleviated pathological changes. The low-dose chrysin group was selected as the optimal dosing group. Compared with the model group, the chrysin groups showed reduced content of total iron, lipid peroxide, and malondialdehyde in brain tissues and serum, increased mRNA and protein expression levels of SLC7A11 and GPX4, and decreased mRNA and protein expression levels of TFR1, PTGS2, and ACSL4. Chrysin may regulate iron metabolism via regulating the related targets of ferroptosis and inhibit neuronal ferroptosis induced by CIRI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ferroptosis , Signal Transduction , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Cerebral Infarction , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 82-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970108

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis and autophagy of follicular granulosa cells play an important regulatory role in the process of ovarian follicular atresia in animals. Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis and pyroptosis are also involved in the process of ovarian follicular atresia. Ferroptosis is a form of cell death caused by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Studies have confirmed that autophagy- and apoptosis-mediated follicular atresia also have typical characteristics of ferroptosis. Pyroptosis is a pro-inflammatory cell death dependent on Gasdermin protein, which can regulate ovarian reproductive performance by regulating follicular granulosa cells. This article reviews the roles and mechanisms of several types of programmed cell death independently or interactively regulating follicular atresia, in order to expand the theoretical research on follicular atresia mechanism and provide the theoretical reference for the mechanism of programmed cell death-induced follicular atresia.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Follicular Atresia , Apoptosis , Cell Death , Ferroptosis , Pyroptosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 345-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986140

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a type of regulated cell death driven by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation that has received extensive attention in recent years. A growing body of evidence suggests that ferroptosis contributes to the progression of drug-induced liver injury. Therefore, the role and mechanism of ferroptosis in the process of drug-induced liver injury deserve further extensive and in-depth exploration, which will aid in the discovery of novel biomarkers as well as the identification of potential approches of targeting ferroptosis to intervene in drug-induced liver injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Ferroptosis , Iron/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1068-1074, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985517

ABSTRACT

To explore whether PPARA is involved in the process of ferroptosis in hepatoma cells, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPARA) was comprehensively analyzed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through public database and experimental data, including the expression, the functions and the potential roles of tumor progression. The research design is experimental research,data analysis based on bioinformatics and cell experiment. From January 2022 to August 2022, relevant cell experiments were conducted in the Basic Medical Laboratory of the General Hospital of the Southern Theatre of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The expression and the correlation with clinicopathologic features of PPARA in HCC were analyzed by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. To study the protein expression of PPARA in HCC and normal tissues through the Human Protein Atlas (HPA). The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network between PPARA and the core factor of ferroptosis was constructed based on Search Tool for the Retrival of Interacting Genes/Protein (STRING) database, then, the correlation between PPARA and the core gene Glutamate-cysteine Ligase Catalytic Subunit (GCLC) was analyzed by Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA). Assessed the expression of PPARA in HCC cell lines SK-HEP-1, SMMC-7721, MHCC-97H, BEL-7402 and normal liver cell L02 by Western Blot (WB) and the changes of PPARA expression after 48h treatment with ferroptosis inducer Erastin were observed. Single factor analysis of variance was used to compare the expression of PPARA between groups in GEPIA database. The expression of PPARA in GSE25097 and GSE112790 data was compared by rank sum test. Survival analysis was performed using time series test method. The difference of PPARA expression between clinical and pathological features was compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The correlation between the expression of GCLC and PPARA was compared by the method of Spearman correlation. The expression of PPARA in cell lines was compared by paired T test. The results showed that the RNA and protein expression of PPARA in HCC was lower than that in normal tissues (P<0.05). PPARA alterations were correlated with patient clinicopathological features and prognosis (P<0.05). The PPI constructed by STRING database suggests that PPARA interact with the key factors of ferroptosis, such as NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 (NFE2L2), Heme Oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), Tumor Protein P53 (TP53), GCLC, Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 (DPP4), Citrate Synthase (CS), Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase (ALOX15) and Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long Chain Family Member 4 (ACSL4). Furthermore, the PPARA was significantly associated with GCLC validated via GEPIA database(R=0.6, P<0.05). The expression of PPARA increased after treatment with ferroptosis inducer Erastin for 48 h by WB. In conclusion, the expression of PPARA is lower in HCC with a poor prognosis. PPARA interacts with GCLC in regulating ferroptosis in HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Ferroptosis , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors/genetics
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 684-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the ferroptosis triggered by in different pathways during cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced liver injury in septic mice, and to investigate whether mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) can alleviate sepsis-induced liver injury by inhibiting ferroptosis.@*METHODS@#Sixty 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (Sham group), CLP group, ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostain-1 (Fer-1) group, ALDH2-specific agonist Alda-1 group, iron chelator deferasirox Fe3+ chelate (DXZ) group and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, with 10 mice in each group. The septic liver injury was induced by CLP in mice model. In the Sham group, only laparotomy was performed without ligation and puncture of the cecum. 10 mL/kg 5% DMSO, 5 mg/kg Fer-1, 50 mg/kg DXZ and 10 mg/kg Alda-1 were injected intraperitoneally 1 hour before CLP in the DMSO, Fer-1, DXZ and Alda-1 groups respectively. At 24 hours after operation, eyeball blood and liver tissue were collected from anesthetized mice. The hepatic structure and inflammatory infiltration were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum, the levels of hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of ALDH2, ferroptosis-related proteins glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) and transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1) in liver tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Sham group, the mice in CLP group showed varying degrees of congestion, disorganized hepatocyte arrangement, inflammatory cell infiltration at 24 hours after operation. Compared with the CLP group, the mice in the Fer-1 group, DXZ group and Alda-1 group liver morphology, liver injury and inflammatory cell infiltration was improved. Compared with Sham group, the serum levels of ALT and AST, the contents of MDA and ROS, and the expression of TFR1 protein in CLP group were significantly increased, while the activity of SOD and the expressions of ALDH2, GPX4 and FSP1 protein in CLP group were significantly decreased. Compared with CLP group, serum ALT and AST levels in Fer-1, DXZ and Alda-1 groups were significantly decreased [ALT (U/L): 45.76±10.81, 37.30±2.98, 36.40±12.75 vs. 73.06±12.20, AST (U/L): 61.57±2.69, 52.41±6.92, 56.05±8.29 vs. 81.59±5.46, all P < 0.05], and the contents of MDA, ROS and TFR1 protein expression in liver tissue were significantly decreased [MDA (μmol/L): 0.60±0.10, 0.57±0.18, 0.83±0.39 vs. 1.61±0.30, ROS (fluorescence intensity): 270.34±9.64, 276.02±62.33, 262.05±18.55 vs. 455.38±36.07, TFR1/GAPDH: 0.90±0.04, 1.01±0.09, 0.55±0.08 vs. 1.18±0.06, all P < 0.05], and the SOD activity and ALDH2, GPX4 and FSP1 protein expressions in liver tissue were significantly increased [SOD (kU/g): 88.77±8.20, 88.37±4.47, 93.43±7.24 vs. 50.27±3.57, ALDH2/GAPDH: 1.10±0.15, 1.02±0.07, 1.14±0.07 vs. 0.70±0.04, GPX4/GAPDH: 1.02±0.12, 0.99±0.08, 1.05±0.19 vs. 0.71±0.10, FSP1/GAPDH: 1.06±0.24, 1.02±0.08, 0.93±0.09 vs. 0.66±0.03, all P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the parameters between DMSO group and CLP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both GPX4 and FSP1 mediated ferroptosis are involved in liver injury in septic mice. Activation of ALDH2 and inhibition of ferroptosis can alleviatehepatic injury. ALDH2 may play a protective role by regulating FSP1 and GPX4 mediated ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial , Ferroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sepsis , Disease Models, Animal
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 376-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 specific activator, Alda-1, can alleviate brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by inhibiting cell ferroptosis mediated by acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4/glutathione peroxidase 4 (ACSL4/GPx4) pathway in swine.@*METHODS@#Twenty-two conventional healthy male white swine were divided into Sham group (n = 6), CPR model group (n = 8), and Alda-1 intervention group (CPR+Alda-1 group, n = 8) using a random number table. The swine model of CPR was reproduced by 8 minutes of cardiac arrest induced by ventricular fibrillation through electrical stimulation in the right ventricle followed by 8 minutes of CPR. The Sham group only experienced general preparation. A dose of 0.88 mg/kg of Alda-1 was intravenously injected at 5 minutes after resuscitation in the CPR+Alda-1 group. The same volume of saline was infused in the Sham and CPR model groups. Blood samples were collected from the femoral vein before modeling and 1, 2, 4, 24 hours after resuscitation, and the serum levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100 β protein were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At 24 hours after resuscitation, the status of neurologic function was evaluated by neurological deficit score (NDS). Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed, and brain cortex was harvested to measure iron deposition by Prussian blue staining, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) contents by colorimetry, and ACSL4 and GPx4 protein expressions by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Sham group, the serum levels of NSE and S100β after resuscitation were gradually increased over time, and the NDS score was significantly increased, brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly increased, GSH content and GPx4 protein expression in brain cortical were significantly decreased, and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly increased at 24 hours after resuscitation in the CPR model and CPR+Alda-1 groups, which indicated that cell ferroptosis occurred in the brain cortex, and the ACSL4/GPx4 pathway participated in this process of cell ferroptosis. Compared with the CPR model group, the serum levels of NSE and S100 β starting 2 hours after resuscitation were significantly decreased in the CPR+Alda-1 group [NSE (μg/L): 24.1±2.4 vs. 28.2±2.1, S100 β (ng/L): 2 279±169 vs. 2 620±241, both P < 0.05]; at 24 hours after resuscitation, the NDS score and brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly decreased [NDS score: 120±44 vs. 207±68, iron deposition: (2.61±0.36)% vs. (6.31±1.66)%, MDA (μmol/g): 2.93±0.30 vs. 3.68±0.29, all P < 0.05], brain cortical GSH content and GPx4 expression in brain cortical was significantly increased [GSH (mg/g): 4.59±0.63 vs. 3.51±0.56, GPx4 protein (GPx4/GAPDH): 0.54±0.14 vs. 0.21±0.08, both P < 0.05], and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly decreased (ACSL4/GAPDH: 0.46±0.08 vs. 0.85±0.13, P < 0.05), which indicated that Alda-1 might alleviate brain cortical cell ferroptosis through regulating ACSL4/GPx4 pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alda-1 can reduce brain injury after CPR in swine, which may be related to the inhibition of ACSL4/GPx4 pathway mediated ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase , Ferroptosis , Brain Injuries , Glutathione , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Ligases , Iron
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 173-206, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982584

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is defined as an iron-dependent regulated form of cell death driven by lipid peroxidation. In the past decade, it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases that together involve almost every organ of the body, including various cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, liver diseases, kidney diseases, endocrine metabolic diseases, iron-overload-related diseases, orthopedic diseases and autoimmune diseases. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis and its regulatory pathways could provide additional strategies for the management of these disease conditions. Indeed, there are an expanding number of studies suggesting that ferroptosis serves as a bona-fide target for the prevention and treatment of these diseases in relevant pre-clinical models. In this review, we summarize the progress in the research into ferroptosis and its regulatory mechanisms in human disease, while providing evidence in support of ferroptosis as a target for the treatment of these diseases. We also discuss our perspectives on the future directions in the targeting of ferroptosis in human disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferroptosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Cardiovascular Diseases , Iron , Musculoskeletal Diseases
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 411-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of ferroptosis-related genes in multiple myeloma(MM) through TCGA database and FerrDb, and build a prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes for MM patients.@*METHODS@#Using the TCGA database containing clinical information and gene expression profile data of 764 patients with MM and the FerrDb database including ferroptosis-related genes, the differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes were screened by wilcox.test function. The prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes was established by Lasso regression, and the Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn. Then COX regression analysis was used to screen independent prognostic factors. Finally, the differential genes between high-risk and low-risk patients were screened, and enrichment analysis was used to explore the mechanism of the relationship between ferroptosis and prognosis in MM.@*RESULTS@#36 differential genes related to ferroptosis were screened out from bone marrow samples of 764 MM patients and 4 normal people, including 12 up-regulated genes and 24 down-regulated genes. Six prognosis-related genes (GCLM, GLS2, SLC7A11, AIFM2, ACO1, G6PD) were screened out by Lasso regression and the prognostic model with ferroptosis-related genes of MM was established. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the survival rate between high risk group and low risk group was significantly different(P<0.01). Univariate COX regression analysis showed that age, sex, ISS stage and risk score were significantly correlated with overall survival of MM patients(P<0.05), while multivariate COX regression analysis showed that age, ISS stage and risk score were independent prognostic indicators for MM patients (P<0.05). GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the ferroptosis-related genes was mainly related to neutrophil degranulation and migration, cytokine activity and regulation, cell component, antigen processing and presentation, complement and coagulation cascades, haematopoietic cell lineage and so on, which may affect the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Ferroptosis-related genes change significantly during the pathogenesis of MM. The prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes can be used to predict the survival of MM patients, but the mechanism of the potential function of ferroptosis-related genes needs to be confirmed by further clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Ferroptosis , Prognosis , Hematopoietic System , Blood Coagulation
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 375-381, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981946

ABSTRACT

Bisphenol A is a common environmental factor and endocrine disruptor that exerts a negative impact on male reproductive ability. By exploring bisphenol A-induced testicular cell death using the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mouse model, we found that a ferroptosis phenomenon may exist. Mice were divided into six groups and administered different doses of bisphenol A via intragastric gavage once daily for 45 consecutive days. Serum was then collected to determine the levels of superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde. Epididymal sperm was also collected for semen analysis, and testicular tissue was collected for ferritin content determination, electron microscope observation of mitochondrial morphology, immunohistochemistry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analysis. Exposure to bisphenol A was found to decrease sperm quality and cause oxidative damage, iron accumulation, and mitochondrial damage in the testes of mice. In addition, bisphenol A was confirmed to affect the expression of the ferroptosis-related genes, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) in mouse testicular tissues. Accordingly, we speculate that bisphenol A induces oxidative stress, which leads to the ferroptosis of testicular cells. Overall, the inhibition of ferroptosis may be a potential strategy to reduce male reproductive toxicity caused by bisphenol A.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Testis/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Semen , Oxidative Stress
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3046-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2176-2183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981348

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect and the potential mechanism of leonurine(Leo) against erastin-induced ferroptosis in human renal tubular epithelial cells(HK-2 cells), an in vitro erastin-induced ferroptosis model was constructed to detect the cell viability as well as the expressions of ferroptosis-related indexes and signaling pathway-related proteins. HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro, and the effects of Leo on the viability of HK-2 cells at 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 μmol·L~(-1) were examined by CCK-8 assay to determine the safe dose range of Leo administration. A ferroptosis cell model was induced by erastin, a common ferroptosis inducer, and the appropriate concentrations were screened. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effects of Leo(20, 40, 80 μmol·L~(-1)) and positive drug ferrostatin-1(Fer-1, 1, 2 μmol·L~(-1)) on the viability of ferroptosis model cells, and the changes of cell morphology were observed by phase contrast microscopy. Then, the optimal concentration of Leo was obtained by Western blot for nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2) activation, and transmission electron microscope was further used to detect the characteristic microscopic morphological changes during ferroptosis. Flow cytometry was performed to detect reactive oxygen species(ROS), and the level of glutathione(GSH) was measured using a GSH assay kit. The expressions of glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), p62, and heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) in each group were quantified by Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that Leo had no side effects on the viability of normal HK-2 cells in the concentration range of 10-100 μmol·L~(-1). The viability of HK-2 cells decreased as the concentration of erastin increased, and 5 μmol·L~(-1) erastin significantly induced ferroptosis in the cells. Compared with the model group, Leo dose-dependently increased cell via-bility and improved cell morphology, and 80 μmol·L~(-1) Leo promoted the translocation of Nrf2 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Further studies revealed that Leo remarkably alleviated the characteristic microstructural damage of ferroptosis cells caused by erastin, inhibited the release of intracellular ROS, elevated GSH and GPX4, promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2, and significantly upregulated the expression of p62 and HO-1 proteins. In conclusion, Leo exerted a protective effect on erastin-induced ferroptosis in HK-2 cells, which might be associated with its anti-oxidative stress by activating p62/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Sincalide/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Glutathione
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 255-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981003

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hypoxia often brings irreversible damage to the central nervous system, which seriously endangers human health. It is of great significance to further explore the mechanism of hypoxia-associated brain injury. As a programmed cell death, ferroptosis mainly manifests as cell death caused by excessive accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides. It is associated with abnormal glutathione metabolism, lipid peroxidation and iron metabolism, and is involved in the occurrence and development of various diseases. Studies have found that ferroptosis plays an important role in hypoxia-associated brain injury. This review summarizes the mechanism of ferroptosis, and describes its research progress in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury, neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage, obstructive sleep apnea-induced brain injury and high-altitude hypoxic brain injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Ferroptosis , Apoptosis , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Brain Injuries , Iron , Reperfusion Injury
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 886-898, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980847

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent cell death pathway that is different from apoptosis, pyroptosis, and necrosis. The main characteristics of ferroptosis are the Fenton reaction mediated by intracellular free divalent iron ions, lipid peroxidation of cell membrane lipids, and inhibition of the anti-lipid peroxidation activity of intracellular glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis can be involved in the pathological processes of many disorders, such as ischemia-reperfusion injury, nervous system diseases, and blood diseases. However, the specific mechanisms by which ferroptosis participates in the occurrence and development of acute leukemia still need to be more fully and deeply studied. This article reviews the characteristics of ferroptosis and the regulatory mechanisms promoting or inhibiting ferroptosis. More importantly, it further discusses the role of ferroptosis in acute leukemia and predicts a change in treatment strategy brought about by increased knowledge of the role of ferroptosis in acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Cell Death , Iron/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380723, 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1429534

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Stroke is an acute cerebrovascular disease. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) is an active ingredient extracted from Astragalus membranaceus with an established therapeutic effect on central nervous system diseases. This study examined the neuroprotective properties and possible mechanisms of AS-IV in stroke-triggered early brain injury (EBI) in a rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. Methods: The neurological scores and brain water content were analyzed. 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was utilized to determine the infarct volume, neuroinflammatory cytokine levels, and ferroptosis-related genes and proteins, and neuronal damage and molecular mechanisms were evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dutp nickend labeling (TUNEL) staining, western blotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: AS-IV administration decreased the infarct volume, brain edema, neurological deficits, and inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, and NF-κB, increased the levels of SLC7A11 and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), decreased lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and prevented neuronal ferroptosis. Meanwhile, AS-IV triggered the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and alleviated ferroptosis due to the induction of stroke. Conclusion: Hence, the findings of this research illustrate that AS-IV administration can improve delayed ischemic neurological deficits and decrease neuronal death by modulating nuroinflammation and ferroptosis via the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Saponins , Brain Injuries/therapy , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Astragalus Plant/chemistry , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/analysis , Neuroimmunomodulation , Stroke/complications , Ferroptosis
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 405-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of cisplatinresistant testicular cancer cells (I-10/DDP) and the effect of carbenoxolone on the activity of RSL3 against testicular cancer.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to evaluate the survival rate of I-10/DDP cells following treatment with RSL3 (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 μmol/L) alone or in combination with carbenoxolone (100 μmol/L) or after treatment with Fer-1 (2 μmol/L), RSL3 (4 μmol/L), RSL3+Fer-1, RSL3+carbenoxolone (100 μmol/L), or RSL3+Fer-1+carbenoxolone. Colony formation assay was used to assess the proliferation ability of the treated cells; wounding-healing assay and Transwell assay were used to assess the invasion and migration ability of the cells. The expression of GPX4 was detected using Western blotting, the levels of lipid ROS were detected using C11 BODIPY 581/591 fluorescent probe, and the levels of Fe2+ were determined with FerroOrange fluorescent probe.@*RESULTS@#RSL3 dose-dependently decreased the survival rate of I-10/DDP cells, and the combined treatment with 2, 4, or 8 μmol/L RSL3 with carbenoxolone, as compared with RSL3 treatment alone, resulted in significant reduction of the cell survival rate. The combination with carbenoxolone significantly enhanced the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on colony formation, wound healing rate (P=0.005), invasion and migration of the cells (P < 0.001). Fer-1 obviously attenuated the inhibitory effects of RSL3 alone and its combination with carbenoxolone on I-10/DDP cells (P < 0.01). RSL3 treatment significantly decreased GPX4 expression (P=0.001) and increased lipid ROS level (P=0.001) and Fe2+ level in the cells, and these effects were further enhanced by the combined treatment with carbenoxolone (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Carbenoxolone enhances the inhibitory effect of RSL3 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of cisplatin-resistant testicular cancer cells by promoting RSL3-induced ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carbenoxolone/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Fluorescent Dyes/pharmacology , Lipids , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Reactive Oxygen Species , Testicular Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 256-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the contribution of ferroptosis to myocardial injury in mouse models of sepsis and the role lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) in ferroptosis.@*METHODS@#Adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis group, and CLP + Fer-1 group where the mice received intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/mL Fer-1 (5 mg/kg) 1 h before CLP. The left ventricular functions (including LVEF%, LVFS%, LVIDd and LVIDs) of the mice were assessed by echocardiography at 24 h after CLP. Myocardial injury in the mice was observed with HE staining, and the changes of myocardial ultrastructure and mitochondria were observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Serum TNF-α level was measured with ELISA, and the changes of myocardial iron content were detected using tissue iron kit. The protein expressions of myocardial Lcn2, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) were determined with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The septic mice showed significantly decreased LVEF%, LVFS% and LVIDd and increased LVIDs at 24 h after CLP (P < 0.05), and these changes were significantly improved by Fer-1 treatment. Sepsis caused obvious myocardial pathologies and changes in myocardial ultrastructure and mitochondria, which were significantly improved by Fer-1 treatment. Fer-1 treatment also significantly ameliorated sepsis-induced elevations of serum TNF-α level, myocardial tissue iron content, and Lcn2 protein expression and the reduction of GPX4 and FSP1 protein expression levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GPX4- and FSP1-mediated ferroptosis are involved in myocardial injury in mice with CLP-induced sepsis, and inhibition of ferroptosis can attenuate septic myocardial injury, in which Lcn2 may play a role.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Ferroptosis , Heart Injuries , Lipocalin-2 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sepsis/metabolism
19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 143-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of microRNA-132 (miR-132) and its potential role in the development of atherosclerosis (AS).@*METHODS@#Thirty AS samples and 30 samples of normal peripheral vessels were collected from atherosclerotic patients undergoing peripheral angiostomy in our hospital for detecting the expression level of miR-132 using RT-qPCR. The expression of miR-132 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) was up-regulated by liposome transfection, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), localization relationship between ROS and mitochondria, functional changes of mitochondrial reactive oxygen superoxide species (mtROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) were analyzed by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. The activity of mitochondrial redox respiratory chain complex (type I, II, III, IV and V) in HUVECs was detected using ELISA, and the expression levels of key iron death proteins were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#RT-qPCR results showed that miR-132 was significantly up-regulated in atherosclerotic plaques compared with normal vascular samples (P < 0.001). Compared with control HUVECs, HUVECs overexpressing miR-132 showed a significantly increased level of intracellular ROS (P < 0.001), and most of ROS was colocalized with mitochondria. HUVECs overexpressing miR-132 also showed significantly decreased MMP (P < 0.001) and obviously increased mtROS (P < 0.001) and opening of mPTP (P < 0.001), which led to mitochondrial REDOX respiratory chain stress disorder. The key iron death protein GPX4 was significantly down-regulated and the oxidized protein NOX4 was significantly increased in miR-132-overexpressing HUVECs (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-132 promotes atherosclerosis by inducing mitochondrial oxidative stress-mediated ferroptosis, which may serve as a promising therapeutic target for AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Ferroptosis , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 108-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the interaction between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ferroptosis in methylglyoxalinduced injury of mouse embryonic osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1 cells).@*METHODS@#MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with methylglyoxal to establish a cell model of diabetic osteoporosis. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the viability of MC3T3-E1 cells. Rhodamine 123 staining followed by photofluorography was used to examine mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). The intracellular ROS level was detected by 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining with photofluorograph. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the cells was detected using an ALP kit, the number of mineralized nodules was determined with alizarin red S staining, and the level of iron ions was detected using a detection kit. The expression level of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4, a marker protein that inhibits ferroptosis) in the osteoblasts was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with 0.6 mmol/L methylglyoxal for 24 h significantly inhibited the expression level of GPX4 (P < 0.001), increased intracellular iron ion concentration, decreased the cell viability, increased the loss of MMP and intracellular ROS level, decreased both ALP activity and the number of mineralized nodules in the cells (P < 0.001). Co-treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with 2 mmol/L N-acetylcysteine (NAC, a ROS scavenger) and methylglyoxal significantly increased the expression level of GPX4 (P < 0.01); co-treatment with 4 mmo/L FER-1 (a ferroptosis inhibitor) and methylglyoxal obviously decreased the intracellular ROS level (P < 0.001). Co-treatment of the cells either with NAC and methylglyoxal or with FER-1 and methylglyoxal attenuated methylglyoxal-induced injuries in the osteoblasts (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The interaction between ROS and ferroptosis pathway plays an important role in methylglyoxal-induced injury of mouse embryonic osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Survival , Ferroptosis , Osteoblasts , Pyruvaldehyde/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL