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1.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 018-029, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1402658

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en Paraguay es del 58 % en la población adulta, y 34,5 % en niños y adolescentes. Para enfrentar esta situación existen varios tratamientos, siendo el quirúrgico el medio terapéutico actual que permite obtener la mayor pérdida de peso y por tiempo más prolongado. Objetivo: describir la morbimortalidad de las cirugías bariátricas en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2017 y setiembre 2021. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos de todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de obesidad que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico entre enero 2017 a setiembre del 2021. Se recabaron 126 historias clínicas, 121 de ellos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: de 121 pacientes, 82 % eran mujeres y 18 % hombres, con una edad media de 37 años. Se realizó una gastrectomía vertical en 68 % y by-pass gástrico en 21 %, con una estadía hospitalaria promedio de 61 h. La fístula fue la complicación postoperatoria más frecuente (7 %) seguida de la dehiscencia de anastomosis (2 %). La morbilidad de la cirugía bariátrica fue 11 %, con una mortalidad del 1 %. Conclusión: la morbilidad de la cirugía bariátrica en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá es baja, con una mortalidad aceptable. La técnica más realizada es la gastrectomía vertical y la fístula es la complicación más común.


Introduction: the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Paraguay is 58 % in the adult population, and 34.5 % in children and adolescents. There are several treatments to deal with these conditions, with surgery being the current therapeutic option that allows for the greatest weight loss and for the longest time. Objective: to describe the morbidity and mortality of bariatric procedures at the Hospital Nacional, Itauguá from January 2017 to September 2021. Metodology: descriptive, observational, retrospective cross-sectional study, with a non- probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases of all patients diagnosed with obesity who received surgical treatment between January 2017 and September, 2021. 126 medical records were collected, 121 of them met the inclusion criteria. Results: of 121 patients, 82 % were women and 18 % men, with a mean age of 37 years. Vertical gastrectomy was performed in 68 % and gastric bypass in 21 %, with an average hospital stay of 61 hours. Fistula was the most frequent postoperative complication (7 %) followed by anastomosis dehiscence (2 %). The morbidity of bariatric surgery was 11 %, with a mortality of 1 %. Conclusion: the morbidity of bariatric surgery at the Hospital Nacional, Itauguá is low, with an acceptable mortality rate. The most common technique is sleeve gastrectomy and fistula is the most common complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Morbidity , Mortality , Overweight , Bariatric Surgery , Length of Stay , Obesity , Paraguay/epidemiology , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Prevalence , Diagnosis , Fistula
2.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 201-205, Jan.-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394949

ABSTRACT

Abstract The care of patients with enterocutaneous fistula constitutes a significant challenge owing to the alterations it usually brings about. For successful treatment, it is necessary to manage fluids and electrolytes adequately, provide practical nutritional support, and control sepsis until its eradication; thus, many fistulae close spontaneously. We present the case of a 36-year-old male patient with a four-month history of fecal-like umbilical secretion. When performing the fistulogram, we confirmed a fistulous tract of 9 cm, which ended at the level of the sigmoid colon, a rare location. In cases where the enterocutaneous fistula does not close, and surgical treatment is indicated, it is imperative to maximize perioperative care, decrease surgical time, choose the correct surgical technique, and prepare the patient for surgery to avoid complications with a fatal outcome.


Resumen La atención de los pacientes con fístula enterocutánea constituye un gran reto, por las alteraciones con las que suelen acompañarse. Para lograr un tratamiento exitoso es necesario realizar un adecuado manejo de los líquidos y electrolitos, brindar un apoyo nutricional eficaz y controlar la sepsis hasta lograr su erradicación; de esta manera, muchas fístulas cierran espontáneamente. Se expone el caso de un paciente de 36 años de edad, con un cuadro de secreción umbilical de aspecto fecaloideo de 4 meses de evolución. Al realizar la fistulografía se constató un trayecto fistuloso de 9 cm, el cual terminaba a nivel del colon sigmoide, localización poco frecuente. En los casos en que la fístula enterocutánea no cierre y tenga indicación de tratamiento quirúrgico, es necesario extremar los cuidados perioperatorios, minimizar el tiempo quirúrgico, elegir la técnica quirúrgica correcta y preparar al paciente para la cirugía, de modo que se eviten complicaciones que pueden tener un desenlace fatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colon, Sigmoid , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Fistula , Therapeutics , Bodily Secretions , Perioperative Care , Disease Eradication
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 83-89, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376909

ABSTRACT

Abstract Endoluminal vacuum therapy (EVAC) is a promising alternative for the endoscopic management of gastrointestinal fistulas or perforations that do not respond to endoscopic procedures using clips and stents or are even refractory to surgical procedures. In this case report, we describe the successful endoscopic closure of an esophagogastric anastomotic fistula using EVAC, connected to a vacuum system through a probe in the cavity, which did not close with clip management given the friability and edema of the peri-wound tissue. In conclusion, it is a successful alternative to treat these complications, which are sometimes difficult to resolve.


Resumen La terapia de vacío endoluminal (Endo-Vac) es una alternativa promisoria en el manejo endoscópico de las fístulas o perforaciones gastrointestinales, que no responden a procedimientos endoscópicos cuando se utilizan técnicas como clips, stents o incluso refractarias a procedimientos quirúrgicos. En este reporte de caso describimos el cierre endoscópico exitoso de una fístula anastomótica esofagogástrica, utilizando la terapia Endo-Vac, conectada a un sistema de vacío mediante una sonda en la cavidad, que no presentó cierre inicial a manejo con clips, dada la friabilidad y el edema del tejido perilesional. Se concluye que esta es una alternativa exitosa en el cierre de estas complicaciones, que en ocasiones son de difícil resolución.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Vacuum , Anastomosis, Surgical , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Fistula , Jejunostomy , Deglutition Disorders , Stents
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939651

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 11 years, was admitted due to intermittent fever for 15 days, cough for 10 days, and "hemoptysis" for 7 days. The boy had fever and cough with left neck pain 15 days ago, and antibiotic treatment was effective. During the course of disease, the boy developed massive "hemoptysis" which caused shock. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed a left pyriform sinus fistula with continuous bleeding. In combination with neck and vascular imaging examination results, the boy was diagnosed with internal jugular vein injury and thrombosis due to congenital pyriform sinus fistula infection and neck abscess. The boy was improved after treatment with temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation for the closure of pyriform sinus fistula, and no recurrence was observed during the follow-up for one year and six months. No reports of massive hemorrhage and shock due to pyriform sinus fistula infection were found in the searched literature, and this article summarizes the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this boy, so as to provide a reference for the early diagnosis of such disease and the prevention and treatment of its complications.


Subject(s)
Abscess/surgery , Cough , Fever/complications , Fistula/surgery , Hemoptysis/complications , Humans , Male , Neck , Shock
5.
Sahel medical journal (Print) ; 25(1): 9-14, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1379327

ABSTRACT

Background: Obstetric fistula (OF) continues to be a major health problem in developing countries such as Nigeria. It is a communication between the vagina and bladder/rectum following prolonged obstructed labor that leads to urine/and fecal leakage per vaginam. There is a paucity of information on cost of accessing care by women with OF. Objective: The study was to evaluate the cost implications of accessing care and treatment among women with OF in the National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Ningi Bauchi, state. Materials and Methods: A prevalence-based cost-of-illness approach was employed in this study to estimate the cost of fistula treatment from the patients' perspective. Data on costs of health-care utilization of services rendered to the patients in the facility and indirect costs were estimated. The data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS V21). Results: A total of 75 women participated in the study. The total costs incurred by all the 75 patients amounted to Nigerian Naira (NGN) 8211640.00 (USD 26923.41). The average cost of accessing care for fistula per patient was NGN109488.50 (USD 358.98). Direct cost accounted for 5751740.00 (USD 18858.16), whereas the indirect cost was 2785600.00 (USD9133.11). There was a significant difference in cost of care between patients that were teenagers compared to those who were not (P = 0.04) and the type of treatment (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The cost of illness of OF is high in the studied area, and the patients are from the low socioeconomic background. Both the direct and indirect costs were high relative to the national minimum wage in Nigeria. The age of the patients and the type of treatment received by the patient accounted for the differences in cost of illness between the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vaginal Fistula , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Therapeutics , Cost of Illness , Fistula , Facilities and Services Utilization
6.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(1): 96-99, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391399

ABSTRACT

A fístula liquórica para o osso temporal constitui um evento raro que decorre da comunicação anormal entre o espaço subaracnóideo e as células da mastoide, permitindo que o líquido cefalorraquidiano flua para as porções pneumatizadas do osso temporal. Tem como consequência a hipotensão intracraniana espontânea, caracterizada por perda de líquor e pela manifestação clínica de cefaleia ortostática. Acredita-se que a hipotensão intracraniana espontânea crie condições hemodinâmicas favoráveis à ocorrência de trombose venosa cerebral, uma desordem potencialmente fatal e de difícil diagnóstico, visto a inespecificidade de sinais clínicos e sintomas. Dessa forma, é pertinente atentar para a possibilidade de trombose venosa cerebral em pacientes com fístulas liquóricas, especialmente quando houver mudança do padrão da cefaleia, que passa de ortostática a intensa e contínua.


Temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid fistula is a rare event that results from abnormal communication between the subarachnoid space and the mastoid cells, allowing the cerebrospinal fluid to flow into the pneumatized portions of the temporal bone. It leads to spontaneous intracranial hypotension, characterized by loss of cerebrospinal fluid and orthostatic headache as a clinical manifestation. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is believed to create favorable hemodynamic conditions to the occurrence of cerebral venous thrombosis, a potentially fatal disorder of difficult diagnosis given the nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. Therefore, it is pertinent to consider the possibility of cerebral venous thrombosis in patients with cerebrospinal fluid fistulas, especially when there is a modification in the headache pattern from orthostatic to intense and continuous pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cerebral Veins/physiopathology , Venous Thrombosis/physiopathology , Intracranial Hypotension/diagnosis , Fistula/diagnosis , Headache/complications
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401939

ABSTRACT

La fisura palatina es una malformación congénita que afecta al paladar. Una fístula es la falla en la cicatrización en el sitio de reparación quirúrgica. Está presente en nuestro medio en un importante número de fístulas oronasales posterior a palatoplastias. El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar los factores de riesgo de fisuras palatinas en pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente mediante palatoplastias La población de estudio fueron 82 pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Materno Infantil. En los resultados, la media de edad en el grupo de pacientes con fístula fue 1 año 2 meses, en el grupo sin fístula fue de 1 año. El más afectado es el sexo masculino y aumentan el riesgo de fístula los grados moderado y severo en 1.22 veces. También la exposición a más de dos cirugías aumenta 2.65 veces, el grado 4 aumenta 3.1, la desnutrición representa 2.93 veces. La prevalencia de fístulas es del 13%. Los factores de riesgo son: grado de fisura palatina moderado y severo, haber estado sometido a más de dos cirugías. De acuerdo al defecto primario el grado 3 y el grado 4 y la desnutrición también son factores de riesgo.


Cleft palate is a congenital malformation that affects the palate. A fistula is the failure of healing at the site of surgical repair. It is present in our environment in a significant number of oronasal fistulas after palatoplasty. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors for palatal clefts in patients surgically treated with palatoplasty. The study population consisted of 82 patients who were admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Service of the Maternal and Child Hospital. In the results, the mean age in the group of patients with fistula was 1 year 2 months, in the group without fistula it was 1 year. The most affected is the male sex and the moderate and severe degrees increase the risk of fistula by 1.22 times. Exposure to more than two surgeries also increases 2.65 times, grade 4 increases 3.1, malnutrition represents 2.93 times. The prevalence of fistulas is 13%. The risk factors are: moderate and severe degree of cleft palate, having undergone more than two surgeries. According to the primary defect, grade 3 and grade 4 and malnutrition are also risk factors.


Subject(s)
Fistula
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 408-418, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356950

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la fístula faringocutánea es la complicación más común luego de una laringectomía total. Los factores implicados en su aparición son estudiados por numerosos autores sin obtener resultados concluyentes. Objetivo: Evaluar las causas de aparición de fístula faringocutánea y describir los factores de riesgo implicados en la aparición de fístulas faringocutáneas en la población estudiada. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo, observacional, con análisis estadístico de variables. Se consideraron 55 pacientes a quienes se les realizó una laringectomía total inicialmente o como rescate, desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2019, con una proporción hombre/mujer de 48/7. La edad media fue de 61,3 años. El 96,36% con diagnóstico anatomopatológico de carcinoma epidermoide. Análisis estadístico (prueba de chi cuadrado-prueba de Mann-Whitney) de variables relacionadas con la aparición de fístula faringocutánea. Resultados: la incidencia de fístulas alcanzó el 20% de los pacientes laringectomizados. Cerraron espontáneamente el 72,73% de las fístulas y requirieron el uso de colgajos, 3 (27,27%) pacientes. De los pacientes fistulizados, el 63,64% tenían radioterapia previa. El uso de sonda nasogástrica para alimentación se prolongó en dichos pacientes por más de 15 días. El tiempo de internación promedio de los pacientes fistulizados fue de 23 días. Conclusión: en nuestro medio, el factor más asociado a la aparición de fístulas tras laringectomía fue el uso de radioterapia previa. La fístula en estos pacientes tardó más tiempo en cerrarse y requirió en algunos casos reconstrucciones más complejas.


ABSTRACT Background: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most common complication after total laryngectomy. The factors associated with its development have been studied by several authors without conclusive results. Objective: To evaluate the causes for the development of PCF and to describe the risk factors associated with PCF in the population studied. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective and observational study with statistical analysis of the variables. A total of 55 patients undergoing initial or salvage total laryngectomy from January 2000 to December 2019 were included. Male-to-female ratio was 48/7. Mean age was 61.3 years. The pathological diagnosis was epidermoid carcinoma in 96.36% of the cases. Statistical analysis: (chi square test and Mann-Whitney test) of the variables related with the development of pharyngocutaneous fistula. Results: The incidence of fistula in patients with laryngectomy was 20%. Spontaneous closure occurred in 72.73% and 3 patients (27.27%) required the use of flaps. In patients with fistula, 63.64% had previous radiotherapy. In these patients, the use of nasogastric tube feeding lasted > 15 days. Mean length of hospital stay in patients with fistula with 23 days. Conclusion: In our environment, previous radiotherapy was the most significant factor associated with the development of fistula. In these patients, fistula took longer to close and required more complex reconstructions in some cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fistula , Laryngectomy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Laryngectomy/adverse effects , Length of Stay
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 655-660, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is a relatively rare type of disease in clinical practice, most occurring during childhood, but doctors have insufficient knowledge regarding this disease, easily misdiagnosing it. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of deep neck abscess due to congenital piriform sinus fistula in children. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 21 cases from January 2016 to August 2018 in our hospital. The onset age, clinical characteristics, auxiliary examination and clinical treatment of the patients was summarized to analyze the diagnosis, treatment characteristics and prognosis. Results: Children from 11 days to 12 years-old were enrolled, with an average age of 3.5 years. Twenty patients had left congenital piriform sinus fistula and 1 had right congenital piriform sinus fistula. Cervical enhanced computed tomography imaging showed gas-liquid equilibrium or air-shadow in the abscesses in 18 cases, and neck ultrasound demonstrated gas echo in the thyroid region in 10 cases. All patients underwent low temperature plasma to seal the internal fistula and returned to the hospital for electronic laryngoscope and neck ultrasound examination at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the surgery. No recurrence occurred in any patient. Conclusion: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is an important cause of deep neck abscess in children. The presence of purulent gas-liquid equilibrium or air shadow in cervical-enhanced computed tomography or ultrasound suggests a high possibility of the presence of an internal fistula, and endoscopic low temperature ablation can be done at the same time as the diagnostic endoscopy.


Resumo Introdução: A fístula congênita do seio piriforme é uma doença relativamente rara na prática clínica; a maioria se manifesta na infância; entretanto, os médicos geralmente têm conhecimento insuficiente sobre essa condição clínica e seu diagnóstico é facilmente feito de forma errônea. Objetivo: Identificar as características do abscesso cervical profundo devido à fístula congênita de seio piriforme em crianças. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 21 casos de janeiro de 2016 a agosto de 2018 em nosso hospital. Idade de início, características clínicas, exames auxiliares e tratamento clínico dos pacientes foram resumidos para analisar o diagnóstico, as características do tratamento e o prognóstico. Resultados: Foram incluídas crianças de 11 dias a 12 anos, com média de 3,5 anos. Vinte pacientes tinham fístula congênita de seio piriforme no lado esquerdo e um no lado direito; a tomografia computadorizada cervical com contraste mostrava distribuição líquido-gasosa ou sombra aérea nos abscessos em 18 casos. O ultrassom cervical demonstrou eco gasoso na região da tireoide em 10 casos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a plasma de baixa temperatura para queimar a fístula interna e retornaram ao hospital para exame com laringoscópio eletrônico e ultrassonografia cervical aos 3 meses, 6 meses e um ano após a cirurgia. Não houve recorrências. Conclusão: A fístula congênita de seio piriforme é uma causa importante de abscesso cervical profundo em crianças. A presença de conteúdo líquido-gasoso purulento ou sombra gasosa na tomografia computadorizada ou no ultrassom cervical sugere uma alta possibilidade da presença de uma fístula interna e a ablação endoscópica a baixa temperatura pode ser feita ao mesmo tempo que a endoscopia diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pyriform Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Fistula , Retrospective Studies , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Neck/diagnostic imaging
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 1032-1036, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study is describing a technique with the use of a tunica vaginalis flap (TVF) to cover the suture line during anterior urethroplasty in patients with kippered urethra due to chronic indwelling catheterization (CIC). We studied 5 patients (mean age=50.2) with a neurogenic bladder that developed urethral erosion after a long period of CIC. Foley catheter was removed on the 14th postoperative day. One patient developed wound infection and utethrocutaneous fistula, which was conservatively managed and after 12 months of follow-up all the patients didn't report difficulties in intermittent self-catheterization. In conclusion, a urethroplasty with TVF technique may be a viable method for repairing penile urethral erosions, but further studies are required with a bigger sample to confirm our results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fistula , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Surgical Flaps , Urethra/surgery
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 84-88, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285217

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A fístula da artéria coronária (FAC) é uma conexão direta entre uma ou mais artérias coronárias e câmaras cardíacas ou um grande vaso; pode estar associada à cardiopatia congênita. Objetivo Estabelecer os padrões de trajetos de FAC a partir de dados ecocardiográficos e correlacioná-los com aspectos clínicos e cardiopatias congênitas. Métodos Um total de 7.183 prontuários médicos de crianças menores de 5 anos de idade com cardiopatia submetidas a ecodopplercardiograma colorido foram analisados utilizando o teste de correlação de Spearman para associar sinais, sintomas e cardiopatia à FAC, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados Vinte e seis crianças (0,0036%) apresentaram FAC, nos seguintes trajetos: da artéria coronária direita para o ventrículo direito (26,92%), da artéria coronária esquerda para o ventrículo direito (23,08%), do ramo interventricular anterior para o ventrículo direito (23,08%), da artéria coronária direita para o átrio direito (11,54%), da artéria coronária esquerda para o tronco pulmonar (7,69%) e do ramo interventricular anterior para o tronco pulmonar (7,69%). Em 57,69% dos pacientes, houve uma correlação positiva entre sintomas e a FAC (p = 0,445), relacionada à dispneia ou cianose (53,84%). Em 96,15%, a cardiopatia congênita estava associada à FAC; principalmente, a comunicação interventricular e a comunicação interatrial, em 34,62% dos casos, correlacionaram-se positivamente com a FAC (p = 0,295). O trajeto da FAC foi representado em três dimensões pelo software de modelagem, texturização e animação Cinema 4D R19. Conclusão A FAC é uma entidade anatômica incomum que apresenta quadro clínico compatível com dispneia e cianose e está associada a cardiopatias congênitas, principalmente com a CIV ou a CIA. De acordo com as análises ecocardiográficas, as fístulas na ACD, na ACE ou no RIVA representam aproximadamente um terço dos pacientes, com trajeto prioritário para as câmaras cardíacas direitas.


Abstract Background Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a direct connection of one or more coronary arteries to cardiac chambers or a large vessel; it may be associated with congenital heart disease. Objective To establish CAF pathway patterns from echocardiographic data and to correlate them with clinical aspects and congenital heart disease. Methods A total of 7.183 medical records of children under the age of five years with cardiac disease submitted to color Doppler echocardiography and Spearman's Correlation test were used to associate signs and symptoms and cardiopathy to CAF with a significance level of 5%. Results Twenty six children (0.0036%) presented CAF: from the right coronary artery (RCA) to the right ventricle (RV) 26.92%, from the left coronary artery (LCA) to the RV 23.08%, from the anterior interventricular branch (AIVB) to RV 23.08%, RCA to right atrium (RA) 11.54%, LCA for pulmonary trunk (PT) 7.69% or AIVB for PT 7.69%. In 57.69% of the patients, there was a positively correlated symptomatology to CAF with p=0.445 related to dyspnea or cyanosis (53.84%); in 96.15%, congenital heart disease associated with CAF, mainly interventricular communication (IVC) or interatrial communication (IAC) in 34.62% positively correlated to CAF with p=0.295. CAF pathway was represented in three dimensions by software modeling, texturing and animation Cinema 4D R19. Conclusion CAF is an uncommon anatomical entity that presents a clinical picture compatible with dyspnea and cyanosis, and this is associated with congenital heart disease, mainly with IVC or IAC. According to echocardiographic analyzes, fistulas in RCA, LCA, or AIVB represent about one-third of the patients, with a priority pathway for right heart chambers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessel Anomalies/diagnostic imaging , Fistula , Heart Atria
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 89-90, July. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285234

ABSTRACT

Resumo A fístula da artéria coronária é uma anormalidade anatômica rara das artérias coronárias que afeta 0,002% da população geral e representa 14% de todas as anomalias das artérias coronárias. A sua relevância clínica concentra-se principalmente no mecanismo do fenômeno do roubo coronário, que causa isquemia funcional do miocárdio, mesmo na ausência de estenose; portanto, angina e dispneia aos esforços são sintomas comuns. A abordagem diagnóstica sugerida é orientada pelos sintomas dos pacientes e consiste em uma série de exames instrumentais, como ECG, teste de esteira, ecocardiografia, tomografia computadorizada, ressonância magnética cardíaca e angiografia coronária. Nos casos onde não é um achado acidental, a angiografia coronária é necessária para o planejamento terapêutico otimizado. As pequenas fístulas geralmente são assintomáticas e o prognóstico é excelente se forem tratadas medicamente com acompanhamento clínico e ecocardiografia no período de 2 a 5 anos. As fístulas grandes/gigantes e sintomáticas, ao contrário, devem ser submetidas a fechamento invasivo, por via transcateter ou ligadura cirúrgica, cujos resultados são equivalentes no acompanhamento de longo prazo. A profilaxia antibiótica para a prevenção da endocardite bacteriana é recomendada para todos os pacientes com fístulas da artéria coronária submetidos a procedimentos dentários, gastrointestinais ou urológicos. O acompanhamento ao longo da vida é sempre essencial para garantir que o paciente não sofra progressão da doença ou outras complicações cardíacas.


Abstract Coronary artery fistula is a rare anatomic abnormality of the coronary arteries that affects 0.002% of the general population and represents 14% of all anomalies of coronary arteries. Its clinical relevance focuses mainly on the mechanism of the coronary steal phenomenon, causing myocardial functional ischemia, even in the absence of stenosis; therefore, angina and effort dyspnea are common symptoms. The suggested diagnostic approach is driven by patients' symptoms, and it consists of a number of instrumental examinations like ECG, treadmill test, echocardiography, computed tomography scan, cardiac magnetic resonance, and coronary angiography. If it is not an incidental finding, coronary angiography is required in view of optimal therapeutic planning. Small fistulae are usually asymptomatic, and prognosis is excellent if they are managed medically with clinical follow-up and echocardiography every 2 to 5 years. Large/giant, symptomatic fistulae, on the contrary, should undergo invasive closure, via either transcatheter approach or surgical ligation, whose results are equivalent at long-term follow-up. Antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of bacterial endocarditis is recommended in all patients with coronary artery fistulae who undergo dental, gastrointestinal, or urological procedures. Life-long follow-up is always essential to ensure that the patient does not undergo progression of the disease or further cardiac complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Vessel Anomalies , Fistula , Coronary Angiography
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e269-e272, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248235

ABSTRACT

Las anomalías de las hendiduras y arcos branquiales son la segunda causa más común de lesiones congénitas de cabeza y cuello en niños. Representan el 8% de todas las malformaciones congénitas y el 30% de las de cabeza y cuello. Pueden permanecer asintomáticas o manifestarse como una tumefacción y asociarse a infecciones recurrentes supuradas en la región preauricular, subauricular o retroauricular, en las regiones de la parótida y/o del cuello. Fueron reportados casos asociados a malformaciones óticas.La tomografía computada de alta resolución y la resonancia magnética con gadolinio pueden ayudar al diagnóstico. El tratamiento médico antibiótico está indicado ante una infección aguda, además de incisión y drenaje en los procesos abscedados. El tratamiento definitivo es quirúrgico con la extirpación completa de la lesión. Se presenta a un niño de 6 años de edad con infección aguda en la región retroauricular derecha en el oído disgenésico


Branchial cleft anomalies are the second most common congenital head and neck lesions in children. The first congenital head and neck lesion is thyroglossal duct cysts. First branchial cleft anomalies are rare congenital head and neck malformations (8% of branchial cleft anomalies).The initial clinical manifestation was recurrent infections and/or discharge in auricular, periauricular, parotid or upper neck regions. These anomalies are extremely rare and other associated facial malformations were described.The computed tomography and magnetic resonance can help the diagnosis. The antibiotic treatment is indicated in acute infection. Also, incision and drainage are recommended in abscessed processes.In this report, we present a case of retroauricular sinus infection in a 6-year-old child with congenital ear anomalies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Branchial Region/abnormalities , Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear, External , Fistula/surgery
17.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 80-86, 30 junio 2021. tabs., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292944

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La fuga post manga gástrica es una complicación de los proce-dimientos bariátricos quirúrgicos, con prevalencia del 2,1%, en el que se emplea el abordaje endoscópico, describir su seguridad y éxito es relevante. OBJETIVO. Describir el abordaje endoscópico en el manejo de la fuga post manga gástrica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Revisión bibliográfica y análisis sistemático de artículos científicos. De un total de 384 artículos, 11 publicaciones de texto completo fueron seleccionados; 9 artículos fueron estudios retrospectivos y 2 revisiones sistemáticas. Los términos de búsqueda sobre el tratamiento endoscópico en fuga post manga gástrica se basaron en datos PubMed que cumplieron los criterios: leak, fístula, par-tial gastrectomy, gastrointestinal endoscopy. RESULTADOS. La literatura reportó se-guridad con cero mortalidad y tasa de éxito para sutura endoscópica del 80,0%, over the scope clip 86,3%, drenaje interno endoscópico 83,41%, septotomía endoscópica 100,0%, stents endoscópicos hasta del 95,0% y terapia vacuum endoscópica 87,5%. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evidenció que el abordaje endoscópico en el manejo de la fuga post manga gástrica fue seguro y exitoso; se necesita personal experto en las dife-rentes modalidades terapéuticas reportadas.


INTRODUCTION. Post gastric sleeve leakage is a complication of surgical bariatric procedures, with a prevalence of 2,1%, in which the endoscopic approach is used, describing its safety and success is relevant. OBJECTIVE. To describe the endos-copic approach in the management of post gastric sleeve leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Bibliographic review and systematic analysis of scientific articles. From a total of 384 articles, 11 full-text publications were selected; 9 articles were retrospective studies and 2 systematic reviews. Search terms on endoscopic treatment in postgastric sleeve leak were based on PubMed data that met the criteria: leak, fistula, partial gastrectomy, gastrointestinal endoscopy. RESULTS. The literature re-ported safety with zero mortality and success rate for endoscopic suture 80,0%, over the scope clip 86,3%, endoscopic internal drainage 83,41%, endoscopic septotomy 100,0%, endoscopic stents up to 95,0% and endoscopic vacuum therapy 87,5%. CONCLUSION. It was evidenced that the endoscopic approach in the management of post gastric sleeve leak was safe and successful; expert personnel are needed in the different therapeutic modalities reported


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Bariatric Surgery , Gastrectomy , Obesity , Sutures , Drainage , Anastomotic Leak , Fistula
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e518-e521, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292695

ABSTRACT

La tiroiditis aguda supurada es una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría; de origen infeccioso, cuya etiología más frecuente es bacteriana. Su presentación típica en niños es la aparición de una tumoración en la cara anterior del cuello, con signos de flogosis, dolorosa, caliente y eritematosa, que excursiona con la deglución, y puede o no estar acompañada de fiebre, disfagia o disfonía. En niños, las anomalías congénitas, principalmente la fístula del seno piriforme, predisponen a la infección de la glándula, por lo que es importante la resolución quirúrgica del defecto anatómico para prevenir las recurrencias. El diagnóstico rápido, basado en la clínica y los estudios por imágenes, es importante para comenzar en forma temprana con un tratamiento antibiótico adecuado.Se presenta una paciente de 3 años, previamente sana, con tumoración cervical izquierda dolorosa y asociada a fiebre. Durante la internación, se arribó al diagnóstico de tiroiditis aguda supurada secundaria a fístula de seno piriforme.


Acute suppurative thyroiditis is an infectious disease, uncommon in children, caused by various microorganisms, being bacteria the most frequently involved. The typical presentation includes the appearance of a tumor in combination with signs of swelling in the anterior aspect of the neck, which is painful on palpation and is associated with warmth and erythema. It usually moves with swallowing and the patient can suffer fever, dysphagia or dhysfonia. In children, congenital anomalies can lead to the gland's infection, and the surgical excision of them is important to prevent recurrency. A quick diagnosis, based on clinical manifestations and imaging studies, is necessary to install an adequate antibiotic treatment. We present the case of a 3-year-old patient, who was previously healthy, with a painful left cervical tumor associated with fever. During the hospitalization, we reached the diagnosis of acute suppurative thyroiditis caused by an underlying pyriform sinus fistula


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/complications , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/diagnosis , Pharyngeal Diseases , Pyriform Sinus , Fistula/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Neck
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e167-e170, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152119

ABSTRACT

La fístula perilinfática de causa traumática es una patología poco habitual. En general, es causada por lápices, hisopos, hebillas de pelo y fósforos.Dentro de los síntomas más frecuentes, los pacientes pueden presentar hipoacusia y vértigo. Su diagnóstico requiere un examen físico completo que incluya otomicroscopía, audiometría ytomografía computada de ambos peñascos. El tratamiento depende de la sintomatología del paciente. En general, en un principio, es conservador, pero puede llegar a requerir cirugía. Se presenta un caso clínico de un niño de 6 años con fístula perilinfática secundaria a un traumatismo del oído izquierdo por un hisopo, que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico


Traumatic perilymphatic fistula is an unusual pathology. Generally caused by pencils, swabs, hair buckles, and matches. Among the most frequent symptoms, patients can present hearing loss and vertigo.Diagnosis requires a complete physical examination that includes otomicroscopy, audiometry and computed tomography of both boulders. Treatment depends on the patient's symptoms. In general, it is conservative at first, but may require surgery.We present a clinical case of a 6-year-old boy with perilymphatic fistula secondary to left ear trauma due to swab, which required surgical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Perilymph , Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Ear, Middle , Fistula/surgery
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