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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248721

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas osteocondrales (FOC) traumáticas de rodilla en la edad pediátrica, son lesiones que acompañan hasta un 30% de las luxaciones agudas de rótula (LAR). Si no se mantiene una elevada sospecha clínica, es frecuente su retraso diagnóstico, pudiendo generar potenciales complicaciones. A propósito, presentamos el caso de una paciente de 12 años con una FOC post LAR que pasó inadvertida en la primera consulta, requiriendo la fijación del fragmento osteocondral con tornillos HCS a los 5 meses, logrando un excelente resultado funcional a los 54 meses de seguimiento.


Traumatic osteochondral fractures (OCF) of the knee in pediatric age are injuries that accompany up to 30% of acute patellar dislocations (APD). If high clinical suspicion is not maintained, its diagnostic delay is frequent, and may generate potential complications. Incidentally, we present the case of a 12-year-old patient with a post-APD OCF that went unnoticed in the first consultation, requiring fixation of the osteochondral fragment with HCS screws at 5 months. Achieving an excellent functional result at 54 months follow-up.


As fraturas osteocondrais traumáticas (FOC) do joelho em idade pediátrica são lesões que acompanham até 30% das luxações agudas da patela (LAP). Se uma alta suspeita clínica não for mantida, seu atraso no diagnóstico é frequente e pode gerar complicações potenciais. A propósito, apresentamos o caso de um paciente de 12 anos com FOC pós-LAP que passou despercebido na primeira consulta, exigindo fixação do fragmento osteocondral com parafusos HCS em 5 meses. Obtendo um excelente resultado funcional aos 54 de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Knee Injuries/surgery , Knee Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patellar Dislocation/complications , Fracture Fixation , Knee Injuries/etiology
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 258-262, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a common type of fracture and affect a significant number of subjects with osteoporosis. Despite the high fracture risk, the concomitant occurrence of vertebral fractures at non-contiguous levels is very rare. We report the case of a patient with three burst dorsolumbar spine fractures at non-contiguous levels who was treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty and transpedicular posterior fixation. Six months after the surgery, the patient walks autonomously and without pain; in addition, there is no radiological evidence of fracture reduction loss.


Resumo As fraturas vertebrais osteoporóticas são um tipo comum de fratura e afetam um número significativo da população com osteoporose. Apesar do elevado risco de fratura, a ocorrência concomitante de fraturas vertebrais em níveis não contíguos é muito rara. Reportamos o caso de uma paciente com três fraturas explosivas da coluna dorsolombar em níveis não contíguos, tratada com cifoplastia e fixação posterior transpedicular por via percutânea. Seis meses após a cirurgia, a paciente tem marcha autônoma, sem dor, e, radiologicamente, não existem evidências de perda de redução das fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Kyphoplasty , Fracture Fixation
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 230-234, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aims to identify preoperative characteristics of the patient, of the injury, as well as of imaging, which would point towards a type IV fracture. The present study shall help the operating team to predict more accurately the type IV pattern preoperatively, leading to improved counselling of the caregivers, planning of surgery, as well as preparedness regarding open reduction, if such situation arises. Methods A retrospective study was conducted, including patients that met the following criteria: 1) age < 16 years old; 2) Gartland type-III and type-IV supracondylar fractures; and 3) with complete records. Demographic data like age, gender, laterality, mode of injury, hospital duration of the injury, history of previous attempts of closed reduction, open/closed fracture, distal neurovascular status, and radiographic data like angulation, translation, osseous apposition and fracture comminution were collected. Results Hospital duration of the injury and previous attempts of closed reduction were the factors that had a statistically significant difference among types III and IV fractures (p < 0.05). A diagnosis of type IV supracondylar fractures was significantly more likely in the presence of valgus angulation of the distal fragment ≥ 17º (odds ratio [OR] = 20.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.45-118.65). Flexion angulation ≥ 10º (OR = 5.32; 95% CI = 0.24-119.88) of the distal fragment predicted Gartland type IV with a sensitivity of 41% and a specificity of 100%. Conclusion The preoperative evaluation of suspected Gartland IV fractures can help the operating surgeon in predicting such injuries. Nonradiographic factors like increased hospital duration of the injury, attempts at previously closed reduction, and radiographic parameters like valgus and flexion angulation were more likely to be associated with type IV fractures. Level of evidence III.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivo identificar características pré-operatórias do paciente e da lesão, bem como da imagem que apontaria para uma fratura tipo IV. O presente estudo ajudará a equipe operacional a prever com mais precisão o padrão tipo IV pré-operatório, levando a um melhor aconselhamento dos cuidadores e planejamento da cirurgia, bem como a uma melhor preparação em relação à redução aberta, se tal situação surgir. Métodos Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado, incluindo pacientes que atendiam os seguintes critérios: 1) idade < 16 anos; 2) fraturas supracondilares Gartland tipos III e IV; e 3) com registros completos. Foram coletados dados demográficos como idade, gênero, lateralidade, modo de lesão, duração hospitalar de lesão, histórico de tentativas anteriores de redução fechada, fratura aberta/fechada, estado neurovascular distal e dados radiográficos como angulação, translação, aposição óssea e cominação de fratura. Resultados A duração hospitalar de lesões e as tentativas anteriores de redução fechada foram os fatores com diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as fraturas tipo III e IV (p < 0,05). O diagnóstico de fraturas supracondilares tipo IV foi significativamente mais provável na presença de angulação em valgo de fragmento distal ≥ 17º (odds ratio [OR] = 20,22; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95% = 3,45-118,65). A angulação de flexão ≥ 10º (OR = 5,32; IC95% = 0,24-119,88) do fragmento distal previram Gartland tipo IV com sensibilidade de 41% e especificidade de 100%. Conclusão A avaliação pré-operatória de suspeitas de fraturas de Gartland IV pode ajudar o cirurgião operacional a prever tais lesões. Fatores não radiográficos, como o aumento da duração da lesão hospitalar, tentativas de redução previamente fechada e parâmetros radiográficos como valgo e angulação de flexão foram mais propensos a estarem associados a fraturas tipo IV. Nível de evidência III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Retrospective Studies , Elbow Joint , Fractures, Bone , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation , Humeral Fractures
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 251-255, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251334

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to identify the energy required for synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removal of three implant types: cannulated screws, dynamic hip screws (DHS), and proximal femoral nail (PFN). Methods Twenty-five synthetic proximal femur bones were used: 10 were kept intact as the control group (CG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of 3 cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration (CSG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a dynamic compression screw (DHSG), and 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a proximal femur nail (PFNG). All samples were biomechanically analyzed simulating a fall on the greater trochanter using a servo-hydraulic machine to determine the energy (in Joules [J]) required for fracture. Results All samples presented basicervical fractures. The energy required for fracture was 7.1 J, 6.6 J, 6 J, and 6.7 J for the CG, CSG, DHSG and PFNG, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference (considering a 95% confidence interval) in energy among the study groups (p = 0.34). Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the energy required to cause a synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removing all three implant types and simulating a fall over the greater trochanter.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura do fêmur proximal em osso sintético após retirada de três modelos de implantes: parafusos canulados, parafuso dinâmico do quadril (dynamic hip screw-DHS) e haste femoral proximal (proximal femoral nail-PFN). Métodos Foram utilizados 25 modelos de ossos sintéticos da extremidade proximal do fêmur: 10 unidades de grupo controle (GC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada de 3 parafusos canulados colocados em configuração de triângulo invertido (GPC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada do parafuso de compressão dinâmico (GDHS), e 5 unidades após colocação e retirada da haste de fêmur proximal (GPFN). Uma análise biomecânica foi realizada em todas as amostras simulando uma queda sobre o grande trocânter utilizando uma máquina servo-hidráulica com o objetivo de verificar a energia (em Joules [J]) necessária até a ocorrência de fratura nos diferentes grupos. Resultados Todos os grupos apresentaram fratura basocervical. Os grupos GC, GPC, GDHS e GPFN apresentaram, respectivamente, valores de 7.1J, 6.6J, 6J e 6.7J de energia até ocorrência da fratura. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (intervalo de confiança de 95%) na energia entre os grupos de estudo (p = 0,34). Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa nos valores de energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur após a retirada de três tipos de implantes utilizando modelos sintéticos simulando queda sobre o grande trocânter.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Device Removal , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation , Hip/surgery , Hip Fractures
5.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 11-18, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342590

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar la evaluación clínica, imagenológica y funcional de pacientes con fracturas avulsivas tibiales del ligamento cruzado posterior (FTALCPs) fijadas con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta. MÉTODOS: Los pacientes con FTALCP operados entre 2010 y 2017 fueron revisados retrospectivamente. Criterios de inclusión: fracturas agudas, desplazadas, test de cajón posterior grado III, lesiones combinadas de rodilla, seguimiento > 12 meses. Se excluyeron pacientes > 65 años, con FTALCPs bilaterales, lesiones del ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP) intrasustancia, test de cajón posterior grados I-II, fracturas expuestas, lesiones neurovasculares, y seguimientos < 12 meses. Objetivo primario: medir la estabilidad clínica mediante test de cajón posterior y radiografía de estrés arrodillada comparativa. Objetivos secundarios: nvaluar la consolidación en radiografías, complicaciones y funcionalidad con las escalas de Lysholm y Tegner. Resultados Se incluyeron 20 pacientes, con edad media de 41 años (rango: 32 a 61 años). El seguimiento promedio fue de 33,9 meses (rango: 12 a 82 meses). La estabilidad clínica mejoró en 93% (cajón posterior postoperatorio grados 0 y I) de los pacientes. La radiografía de estrés arrodillada mostró una diferencia promedio de 2,6 mm (rango: 0,1 mm a 6,8 mm) de traslación posterior al comparar con el lado sano. Todas las fracturas consolidaron. Siete pacientes presentaron complicaciones. El puntaje promedio de la escala de Lysholm al final del seguimiento fue de 85,17. El promedio preoperatorio del puntaje en la escala de Tegner no varió significativamente en comparación con el postoperatorio. CONCLUSIONES: La fijación de fracturas avulsivas tibiales del LCP con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta es efectiva en restaurar la estabilidad posterior y lograr la consolidación ósea. La funcionalidad clínica a mediano plazo es buena, a pesar del alto número de complicaciones y lesiones concomitantes. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: tipo IV.


OBJECTIVE: To report mid-term clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes following open reduction and fixation of posterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fractures (PCLTAFs) with cannulated screws. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with PCLTAF operated on from August 2010 to April 2017. Patients with acute fractures, with more than 2 mm of displacement and grade III on the posterior drawer test, combined or not to knee injuries, were included. Patients older than 65 years of age, with bilateral avulsion fractures, intrasubstance posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) lesions, stable grade-I to -II on the posterior drawer test, concomitant neurovascular injuries, mid-substance tears, open fractures, and less than 12 months of follow-up were excluded. Primary outcomes: the clinical stability was assessed using the posterior drawer test and a single comparative knee stress radiograph. Secondary outcomes: radiographic consolidation, complications, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score. RESULTS: In total, 20 patients with a mean age of 41 years (range: 32 to 61 years) were included. The mean follow-up was of 33.9 months (range: 12 to 82 months). Clinical stability (grade 0 or I on the posterior drawer test) was observed in 93% of the patients. The mean difference in contralateral posterior displacement was of 2.6 mm (range: 0.1 mm to 6.8 mm) on a single comparative knee stress radiograph. All fractures presented radiological consolidation. Seven patients developed complications. The mean Lysholm score at the last follow-up visit was of 85.17. The postoperative Tegner activity scores did no vary significantly compared to the preinjury scores. CONCLUSIONS: Cannulated screw fixation of a displaced PCLTAF through a posterior approach restores clinical and radiographic stability and has excellent union rates. The mid-term functional outcomes are good despite the high rates of combined knee lesions and postoperative complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation/methods , Tibial Fractures/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Avulsion , Fracture Fixation/instrumentation
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 27-31, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252429

ABSTRACT

Fraturas faciais podem ocorrer de forma isolada ou concomitante a outras lesões. O complexo zigomático orbitário (CZO) ocupa uma posição proeminente da face, deixando-o bastante susceptível a traumas de alto e baixo impacto, que podem causar afundamento facial. O trauma de face frequentemente resulta em danos ao tecido ósseo, tecido mole e elementos dentários, causando prejuízo na função e estética do paciente. Os acidentes automobilísticos são uma das causas mais significativas de traumas faciais. As fraturas do terço médio da face incluem as que afetam a maxila, o zigoma e complexo NOE. O presente estudo tem por objetivo relatar o caso clínico de um paciente de 47 anos, sexo masculino, vítima de acidente automobilístico (carro x carro). Diagnosticado com fratura do CZO direito, classe IV. Foi realizada redução incruenta da fratura de arco zigomático; redução e fixação interna rígida de fratura de parede lateral de órbita e pilar zigomático com instalação de camadas de surgicel na região para melhora do contorno, resultando em regressão do afundamento malar e consequente reestabelecimento estético funcional. Estudos como este podem ser fonte de referência em busca constante pelo aprimoramento profissional, objetivando completo domínio teórico-prático das formas de condutas e tratamentos específicos à situação em questão... (AU)


Facial fractures may occur in isolation or concomitantly with other injuries. The zygomatic orbital complex (ZOC) occupies a prominent position of the face, leaving it quite susceptible to high and low impact trauma, which can cause facial sinking. Face trauma often results in damage to bone tissue, soft tissue and dental elements, causing injury to the patient's function and aesthetics. Auto accidents are one of the most significant causes of facial trauma. Fractures of the middle third of the face include those affecting the maxilla, the zygoma, and the NOE complex. The present study aims to report the clinical case of a 47-year-old male patient, victim of an automobile accident (car x car). Diagnosed with right CZO fracture, class IV. A non-invasive reduction of the zygomatic arch fracture was performed; reduction and rigid internal fixation of lateral wall orbital fracture and zygomatic pillar with installation of surgicel layers in the region to improve the contour, resulting in regression of the malar sinking and consequent functional aesthetic reestablishment. Studies like this can be a source of reference in constant search for professional improvement, aiming at a complete theoretical-practical domain of the forms of conduct and treatments specific to the situation in question... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Zygoma , Zygomatic Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation , Surgical Fixation Devices , Facial Bones
7.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 44-48, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252443

ABSTRACT

Fraturas faciais geralmente resultam traumas, e podem ocorrer de forma isolada ou concomitante a outras lesões. O trauma na região facial resulta em danos não só em tecido ósseo, mas também em tecido mole e dentição, causando um prejuízo na função e na estética do paciente. Os acidentes automotores permanecem sendo uma das causas mais significativas de traumas faciais. As fraturas do terço médio da face incluem a maxila, zigoma e o complexo naso órbito etimoidal; podem ser classificadas em: fraturas Le Fort I, II ou III, fraturas do complexo zigomático maxilar, fraturas de arco zigomático ou fraturas naso órbito etimoidais. Elas podem ser unilaterais ou bilaterais, simétricas ou assimétricas. Este estudo objetiva-se em relatar o caso clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 31 anos, vítima de acidente automobilístico (carro/ anteparo). O paciente foi diagnosticado com fratura do tipo Le Fort II e nasal onde foi realizado o tratamento de redução e fixação interna rígida das fraturas de maxila e redução incruenta de fratura nasal, resultando em melhora da condição do paciente. As fraturas Le Fort são predominantemente causadas por colisões de alta energia. Portanto o tratamento é imprescindível para a devolução da função, estética e autoestima do paciente... (AU)


Facial fractures usually result from trauma, and may occur in isolation or concomitantly with other injuries. Trauma in the facial region results in damage not only to bone tissue but also to soft tissue and dental elements, which causes a loss in the patient's function and esthetics. Automotive accidents remain one of the most significant causes of facial trauma. Fractures of the middle third of the face include maxilla, zygoma and the nasoorbitoethmoid; may be classified as: Le Fort I, II or III fractures, maxillary zygomatic complex fractures, zygomatic arch fractures, or nasoorbitoethmoid. They can be unilateral or bilateral, symmetrical or asymmetric. The present study aims to report the clinical case of a 31 years, male patient, victim of an automobile accident (car/fixed shield). The patient was diagnosed with le Fort II and nasal fracture, where the treatment of reduction and rigid internal fixation of maxilla fractures and reduction of nasal fracture were performed, resulting in improvement of the patient's condiction. Le Fort fractures are predominantly caused by high energy collisions. Therefore the treatment is essential for the return of the function, aesthetics and increase of the patient's self-esteem... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Fracture Fixation , Maxillary Fractures , Maxillofacial Injuries , Face/surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of plate internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixator (EF) in treating distal radius fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From establishment of database to August, 2019, randomized controlled trial (RCT) about open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixation (EF) in treating distal radius fractures was conducted by using computer-based databases, including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Medline, Cochrane library databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of included study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Palm angle, ulnar deflection angle, radius height, grip strength, ulnar variation, disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, total complication rate, infection rate and tendon rupture between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCT were included with 1 730 patients, 873 patients in ORIF group and 857 patients in EF group. Meta analysis result showed that after operation at 12 months, there were no significant difference in radial height [@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with EF in treating distal radius fracture, ORIF has better clinical effects in postoperative complications, palm angle, ulnar deviation angle, ulnar variation rate and infection rate. While there were no significant difference between in DASH score, radial height, tendon rupture and carpal tunnel syndrome better EF and ORIF. For the patient pursue rapid recovery of function, ORIF is better choice.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects.@*METHODS@#Totally 92 patients of open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects were chosen form January 2018 to July 2019, and randomly divided into external fixation group and internal fixation group, 46 patients in each group. In external fixation group, there were 29 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 62 years old, with an average of (37.45±10.92) years old;according to AO classification, 15 patients were type A, 22 patients were type B and 9 patients were type C;according to Gustilo classification, 21 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type ⅢA, 10 patients were type ⅢB, 5 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by fracture reduction with locking plate external fixation. In internal fixation group, there were 31 males and 15 females, aged from 23 to 60 years old, with an average of(36.88±10.64) years old;according to AO classification, 18 patients were type A, 20 patients were type B and 8 patients were type C; according to Gustilo classification, 22 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type ⅢA, 7 patients were type ⅢB, 6 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by traditional open reduction with plate internal fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time and postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared, bone mineral density, osteocalcin, blood calcium and phosphorus before operation and 1 month after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.92±2.46) months. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time of external fixation group were significantly better than that of internal fixation group(@*CONCLUSION@#Locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with severe post-traumatic bone defects has advantages of less trauma, reliable fixation, shorter fracture healing time, and could improve bone metabolic activity with less postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Technology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy of external fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture with two different pin layout.@*METHODS@#From April 2000 to April 2018, 140 cases of femoral neck fracture were treated with closed reduction and percutaneous pin external fixation, among them 121 cases were followed up for more than 1 year, including 31 cases in traditional group, 12 males and 19 females, aged 45 to 74(65.4±8.4) years;90 cases in modified group, 39 males and 51 females, aged 12 to 75 (64.5±7.8) years. In traditional group, the first needle was put on the femoral talus, the second and third needles were put under the tension line, and the three needles were not on the same line in the lateral phase; in modified group, the first needle was drilled into the lateralcortex of the femur, obliquely penetrating the distal and proximal end of the femoral talus fracture, and the other two needles were drilled into the medial cortex of the femoral neck and the femoral talus, respectively. The operation time, hospital stay, postoperative ambulation time, femoral neck shortening rate, fracture healing time, fracture healing rate and femoral head necrosis rate of the two groups were observed and compared. Harris hip function score was used one year after operation.@*RESULTS@#These 121 patients were followed-up, the follow up time of traditional group was 13 to 45(30.5±11.4) months;the follow-up time of modified group was 14 to 120(34.5±12.5) months. There was no significant difference in operation time, hospital stay and femoral head necrosis rate between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional group, the modified group has the advantages of lower femoral neck shortening rate, shorter fracture healing time, higher fracture healing rate and higher Harris hip function score.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , External Fixators , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate specific technique and clinical effects of closed folding top consolidation maneuver combined with splint fixation maneuver for consolidation and cedar bark external fixation splint for the treatment of double fractures of distal ulna and radius in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 17 children with double fractures of distal ulna and radius were treated with closed folded apex consolidation maneuver, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 4 to 11 years old with an average of (7.29±2.34) years old. The fractures were fixed with cedar bark splint and followed up for 6 months, and alignment of fracture was evaluated according to the latest X-rays by follow up, and function of the affected limbs was evaluated by Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen of 17 children were successfully reset immediately, and 2 children were successfully reset again. The average fixed time was (25.00±3.35) days. At 6 months of follow up, 12 patients got excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair, and 0 poor according to Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria. The position of all children were larger than 3/4, and 10 children were received anatomical reduction, alignment of 4 children was less than 10°, 3 children was less than 15°. No complications such as fracture displacement, nonunion, compartment syndrome, and forearm rotation dysfunction occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#Restoration of distal radius double fracture in children with the combination of the closed folding and top fixation maneuver and splint fixation maneuver has advantages of higher success rate, lower complications, which could reduce operating difficultyand pain of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Radius , Radius Fractures/therapy , Splints , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , Ulna Fractures
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas del húmero distal corresponden al 2% de todas las fracturas. Son los pacientes más añosos, los que presentan mayor desafío terapéutico. Suelen presentarse con huesos osteoporóticos, lo que conlleva a producir fracturas con mayor conminución articular y metafisaria; así como también dificultar una fijación estable y rígida de las mismas, que permita una movilidad precoz. Estas características generan controversia a la hora de elegir el tratamiento adecuado. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar la bibliografía de la última década, acerca de cuál es la mejor opción terapéutica para las fracturas de húmero distal en pacientes añosos. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través de los buscadores electrónicos PubMed y Timbó en agosto 2019. La búsqueda llego a un total de 475 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 24 según criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Discusión: La mayoría de los estudios analizados son estudios de serie de casos retrospectivos. En los trabajos revisados, existen fracturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Se analizaron los resultados de los distintos tratamientos realizados según parámetros clínicos, scores funcionales y complicaciones. Conclusiones: El tratamiento conservador es una opción válida para aquellos pacientes en los que el terreno no permita una intervención quirúrgica. Para las fracturas tipo extra-articulares y parcialmente articulares, la reducción abierta y fijación interna es el tratamiento de elección. Para las fracturas articulares completas, no hay diferencias significativas en cuanto a scores utilizados entre la reducción abierta y fijación interna con la artroplastia de codo. Faltan estudios prospectivos que comparen ambos tratamientos.


Introduction: Distal humerus fractures account for 2% of all fractures. It is the elderly patients who present the greatest therapeutic challenge. Osteoporotic bones, more common in this population, lead to the production of fractures with greater joint and metaphyseal comminution. As a result, stable and rigid fixation becomes more difficult, hindering early mobility. These characteristics generate controversy when choosing the appropriate treatment. The aim of this study is to review the literature of the last decade regarding the best therapeutic option for distal humerus fractures in elderly patients. Methods: A systematized search was performed through the electronic search engines PubMed and Timbó in august 2019. The search reached a total of 475 articles, of which 24 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Discussion: Most of the studies analyzed are retrospective case series studies. In the articles reviewed, there are both extra and intra-articular fractures. The results of the different treatments performed were analyzed according to clinical parameters, functional scores and complications. Conclusions: Conservative treatment is a valid option for those patients where the terrain does not allow surgical intervention. For extra-articular and partial-articular fractures, open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice. For complete articular fractures, there are no significant differences in scores used between open reduction and internal fixation and elbow replacement. There is a lack of prospective studies comparing both treatments.


Introdução: Fraturas do úmero distal correspondem a 2% de todas as fraturas. São os pacientes mais idosos os que apresentam maior desafio terapêutico. Geralmente apresentam-se com ossos osteoporóticos, o que implica produzir fraturas com maior cominuição articular e metafisária; assim como também dificultar uma fixação estável e rígida das mesmas, que permita uma mobilidade precoce. Estas características geram controvérsia na escolha do tratamento adequado. O objetivo deste estudo é rever a bibliografia da última década, sobre qual é a melhor opção terapêutica para fraturas de úmero distal em pacientes idosos. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa sistematizada através dos buscadores eletrônicos Pubmed e Timbó em agosto 2019. A pesquisa chegou a um total de 475 artigos, dos quais 24 foram selecionados segundo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Discussão: A maioria dos estudos analisados são estudos de série de casos retrospectivos. Nos trabalhos revisados, existem fraturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Foram analisados os resultados dos diferentes tratamentos realizados segundo parâmetros clínicos, scores funcionais e complicações. Conclusões: O tratamento conservador é uma opção válida para os pacientes em que o terreno não permita uma intervenção cirúrgica. Para fraturas tipo extra-articulares e parcialmente articulares, a redução aberta e fixação interna é o tratamento de escolha. Para fracturas articulares completas, não há diferenças significativas em termos de scores utilizados entre a redução aberta e a fixação interna com artroplastia do cotovelo. Faltam estudos prospectivos que comparem os dois tratamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , External Fixators/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow/adverse effects , Conservative Treatment/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ilizarov Technique/adverse effects , Closed Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Open Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects
14.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(2): 40-46, oct. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342377

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar los resultados radiológicos a corto y mediano plazo de pacientes operados de fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo, describir la morfología de la fractura, presencia de lesiones asociadas y la necesidad de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) durante la evolución. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo-descriptivo de una serie consecutiva de 40 pacientes operados entre julio de 2012 y julio de 2017 por fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo. Treinta y siete hombres y tres mujeres con una edad promedio de 41 años fueron operados (mediana de seguimiento 17,7 meses). Se registró el mecanismo del accidente y presencia de lesiones asociadas. Se registraron el número de fragmentos que presentaba la fractura, presencia de impactación marginal, compromiso de la cabeza femoral, presencia de fragmentos intra-articulares y complicaciones postoperatorias. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: Todos los casos fueron secundarios a un accidente de alta energía. Un 70% de los pacientes presentó luxación posterior. La mayoría de los pacientes presentó una fractura entre 2 y 5 fragmentos (70%), 47,5% de los pacientes presentó impactación marginal, 37,5% compromiso de la cabeza femoral en zona de carga, 30% fragmentos intra-articulares. La complicación que más frecuente se observó fue la artrosis post-traumática la cual se presentó en un 22,5%. Cinco pacientes (12,5%) requirieron ATC. CONCLUSIÓN: Aunque se categorizan dentro de los patrones simples, las fracturas de pared posterior son lesiones complejas. La tomografía axial computada preoperatoria es esencial para determinar lesiones intra-articulares dada su alta frecuencia y también permite realizar un buen plan preoperatorio.


OBJECTIVE: Evaluate radiologic results in short and medium-term in surgically treated patients with acetabular posterior wall fracture. Describe fracture morphology, the presence of associated lesions and the necessity of total hip arthroplasty (THA) during the evolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective-descriptive study design of 40 patients treated during July 2012 and July 2017 for acetabular posterior wall fracture. 37 men and 3 women, 41 years old mean age. The mean follow-up was 17.7 months. Accident mechanism and presence of associated lesions were registered, as well as the number of fragments of the fracture, the presence of marginal impaction, femoral head compromise, intra-articular fragments and postoperatory complications. Wilcoxon test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Every case resulted due to a high energy accident. 70% of patients had posterior luxation of the hip. 70% of patients presented 2 to 5 fragments. 47.5% of patients presented marginal impaction, 37.5% compromised femoral head and 30% intra-articular fragments. The most frequent complication was post-traumatic arthrosis, which appeared in 22.5% of patients. Five patients required THA. CONCLUSION: Though it is categorized as simple fracture pattern, posterior wall fractures are complex. Preoperatory CT scan is essential to determine intra-articular lesions due to its high frequency and permits to plan an adequate intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Acetabulum/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/diagnostic imaging
15.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 209-212, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the Schanz screw insertion angle and the loss of the regional kyphosis correction in thoracolumbar burst fractures following posterior short instrumentation surgery. Methods Patients with a thoracolumbar burst fracture between levels T11-L2 were divided into two groups (parallel and divergent) according to the angle formed between the Schanz screw and the vertebral plateau. Regional kyphosis was evaluated in preoperative, immediate postoperative and last follow-up radiographs. Results Of the 58 patients evaluated, 31 had a parallel assembly and 27 had a divergent assembly. When we analyzed the angle of kyphosis, no statistical difference was observed between the pre- and postoperative radiographs. However, a statistical difference in the last follow-up radiographs and in the final loss of the kyphosis correction was confirmed. Conclusion The insertion of Schanz screws with a divergent assembly presents better radiographic results with less loss of kyphosis correction angle when compared with the parallel assembly technique. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective cohort study.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o ângulo de inserção do pino de Schanz e os resultados da perda de correção da cifose regional nas fraturas toracolombares do tipo explosão após tratamento cirúrgico com instrumentação curta por via posterior. Métodos Os pacientes com fratura toracolombar do tipo explosão entre os níveis de T11-L2 foram divididos em dois grupos (paralelo e divergente) de acordo com o ângulo formado entre o pino de Schanz e o platô vertebral. Foi avaliada a cifose regional nas radiografias pré-operatória, pós-operatória imediata e do último acompanhamento. Resultados Dos 58 pacientes avaliados, 31 apresentaram uma montagem paralela e 27 uma montagem divergente. Ao analisarmos o ângulo da cifose, não se observou diferença estatística nas radiografias pré- e pós-operatória imediata. Porém, verificou-se uma diferença estatística nas radiografias do último acompanhamento e na perda final de correção da cifose. Conclusões A inserção do pino de Schanz com uma montagem divergente apresenta melhores resultados radiográficos com menor perda do ângulo de correção da cifose quando comparada com a técnica de montagem paralela. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo de coorte retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivo Comparar el ángulo de inserción del tornillo de Schanz y los resultados de la pérdida de corrección de la cifosis regional en las fracturas toracolumbares del tipo explosión después del tratamiento quirúrgico con instrumentación corta por vía posterior. Métodos Los pacientes con fractura toracolumbar del tipo explosión entre los niveles de T11-L2 fueron divididos en dos grupos (paralelo y divergente) de acuerdo con el ángulo formado entre el tornillo de Schanz y la meseta vertebral. Fue evaluada la cifosis regional en las radiografías preoperatoria, posoperatoria inmediata y del último acompañamiento. Resultados De los 58 pacientes evaluados, 31 presentaron un montaje paralelo y 27 un montaje divergente. Al analizar el ángulo de la cifosis, no se observó diferencia estadística en las radiografías pre y postoperatoria inmediata. Sin embargo, se verificó una diferencia estadística en las radiografías del último acompañamiento y en la pérdida final de corrección de la cifosis. Conclusiones La inserción del tornillo de Schanz con un montaje divergente presenta mejores resultados radiográficos con menor pérdida del ángulo de corrección de la cifosis cuando comparada con la técnica de montaje paralelo. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Fixation , Kyphosis
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 167-171, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090670

ABSTRACT

The naso-orbito-ethmoidal region is composed of delicate bones and when fractured may result in significant aesthetic-functional impairment. Diagnosis through clinical and imaging findings is extremely important for surgical planning. This study aims to report a case of type III fracture of the naso-orbito-ethmoidal region. Patient D.R.S., female, 13 years old, attended the emergency department of Hospital dos Fornecedores de Cana de Piracicaba (HFCP) - SP with complaint of pain in the fronto-nasal region and respiratory distress after trauma in face of baseball bat. Physical examination showed edema and short blunt injury in the region of the nasal dorsum and frontal region, bilateral periorbital hematoma, hyposphagma in right eye and traumatic telecanthus. When analyzing the computed tomography, it was observed fracture of the nasal bones, also affecting the medial wall of the orbit. The procedure was osteosynthesis of the fractures and reconstruction of the nasal dorsum. The fracture traces were exposed from coronal access, reduction of fractures and use of calvarial bone graft for nasal dorsum reconstruction. The fracture and the graft were fixed with plates of 1,6mm. Postoperative computed tomography analysis showed good graft positioning, but there was still a slight sinking of the left lateral wall of the nose. In a second moment another surgical intervention was done to reduce this wall and an internal containment device was installed. Currently the patient is in a state of observation and a follow-up period of 665 days. In cases of complex nasoorbito-ethmoidal fractures early diagnosis and treatment is essential to minimize sequelae and provide a better aesthetic and functional result.


La región etmoidal nasoorbital está compuesta de huesos delicados y, cuando se fractura, puede provocar una lesión estética-funcional significativa. El diagnóstico mediante hallazgos clínicos y de imagen es de suma importancia para la planificación quirúrgica. El paciente D.R.S., mujer, 13 años, leucoderma, asistió al servicio de emergencia del Hospital de Proveedores de Caña de Azúcar de Piracicaba quejándose de dolor en la región frontal-nasal y dificultad para respirar después de un traumatismo en la cara con un palo. El examen físico reveló edema y lesión contundente en el dorso nasal y la región frontal, hematoma periorbitario bilateral, hiposfagma del ojo derecho y telecanto traumático. Al analizar la tomografía computarizada se observó fractura de los huesosnasales en libro abierto, afectando también la pared medial de la órbita. El enfoque aplicado fue la osteosíntesis de fracturas y la reconstrucción del dorso nasal. Los rastros de fractura se expusieron del abordaje coronal, se redujeron las fracturas y se usaron injertos de casquete para reconstruir el dorso nasal. La fractura y el injerto se fijaron con placas de sistema de 1,6 mm y se realizó la cantopexia de los ligamentos cantales mediales. Se requirió cirugía reparadora secundaria para la corrección de la pared lateral de la nariz, que persistió en el postoperatorio. Actualmente el paciente se encuentra en un estado de conservación y período de seguimiento de 665 días. En casos de fracturas nasoorbitales-etmoidales complejas, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento tempranos son esenciales para minimizar las secuelas y proporcionar un mejor resultado estético y funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Skull Fractures/surgery , Ethmoid Bone/surgery , Open Fracture Reduction/methods , Nasal Bone/surgery , Orbital Fractures/surgery , Skull Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ethmoid Bone/injuries , Fracture Fixation , Nasal Bone/injuries
17.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e240, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139105

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El tratamiento de las fracturas del tobillo tiene importancia en la recuperación de la movilidad e independencia del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Evaluar el resultado obtenido al transcurrir un año del tratamiento quirúrgico mediante reducción y fijación de las fracturas inestables en pacientes mayores de 65 años. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo; pacientes mayores de 65 años, atendidos entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 por fractura de tobillo desplazada, en el Hospital Universitario General Calixto García Íñiguez y el Centro de Investigaciones en Longevidad, Envejecimiento y Salud, que fueron evaluados un año después. Resultados: De un total de 31 pacientes, 6 hombres y 25 mujeres con una edad media de 73,4 ± 3,5 años, 12 presentaban deterioro cognitivo, 18 llevaban terapia anticoagulante y 14 ingerían más de cuatro medicamentos diariamente. Predominaron los grupos con 3 y 4 puntos del índice de Charlson, la mayoría se ubicó en ASA III de riesgo anestésico y fracturas Dannis-Weber tipo C, 29 fracturas fueron cerradas. Las complicaciones fueron escasas; 27 de 31 pacientes se ubicaron como excelente o bueno según la escala AOFAS; 3 ± 2 en la escala visual de dolor; 86 por ciento podían realizar sus actividades de la vida diaria, Conclusiones: El resultado del tratamiento quirúrgico de las fracturas de tobillo en mayores de 65 años fue bueno y con baja incidencia de complicaciones que pueden relacionarse con condiciones mórbidas previas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The ankle fracture treatment is important in the recovery of mobility and independence of geriatric patients. Objective: To evaluate the results after one year of surgical treatment by reduction and fixation of unstable fractures in patients older than 65 years. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in patients older than 65 years, treated from January 2017 to December 2018 due to displaced ankle fracture, at General Calixto García Íñiguez University Hospital and the Research Center for Health, Longevity and Aging. These patients were assessed a year later. Results: Out of a total of 31 patients, 6 men and 25 women with a mean age of 73.4 ± 3.5 years, 12 had cognitive impairment, 18 were on anticoagulant therapy and 14 were taking more than four medications daily. Groups with 3 and 4 points of Charlson index predominated, the majority were located in ASA III of anesthetic risk and Dannis-Weber type C fractures, 29 fractures were closed. Complications were rare and 27 out of 31 patients ranked as excellent or good according to the AOFAS scale, 3 ± 2 on the visual pain scale, 86 percent of performing activities of their daily life. Conclusions: The result of the surgical treatment of ankle fractures in people older than 65 years was good and with a low incidence of complications that may be related to previous morbid conditions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Observational Study
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2001, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126492

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Describe the clinical management of an atypical Le Fort I fracture case. Case presentation: A 33-year-old patient was brought to the Surgical and Maxillofacial Traumatology Service of Humberto Lucena Senatorial Emergency and Trauma Hospital in Joao Pessoa (PB), Brazil, after undergoing physical aggression. The patient was conscious and lucid. Clinical examination revealed sinking of the middle third of the face with edema and bilateral periorbital ecchymosis. Visual acuity and ocular motricity were preserved in both eyes. A cut-contusion injury on the upper lip, maxillary mobility when handled and discrete occlusal dystopia were also observed. Imaging examination identified a high bilateral Le Fort I fracture. The therapeutic approach chosen was fracture reduction and fixation with plates and screws. After a period of two months, the patient is healing well without any apparent functional or aesthetic alteration. Conclusions: Atypical Le Fort I fractures are not frequent; however, a number of etiologies besides the impact force may bring about them. Treatment should be based on the one for classical Le Fort I fractures with adjustments to the surgical access approach(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir los manejos clínicos realizados en una víctima de fractura de Le Fort I atípica. Reporte de caso: Un hombre de 33 años fue llevado al Servicio de Traumatología Quirúrgica y Maxilofacial del Hospital de Trauma y Emergencias Senatorial Humberto Lucena - Joao Pessoa (PB), Brasil, víctima de agresión física. El paciente estaba consciente y lúcido. Clínicamente, se observó hundimiento del tercio medio de su cara con edema y equimosis periorbital bilateral. La agudeza visual y la motricidad ocular se conservaron en ambos ojos. También se observaron herida constuso-cortante en el labio superior, movilidad maxilar cuando se manipula y discreta distopia oclusal. El examen de imagen identificó una fractura bilateral alta de Le Fort I. El enfoque terapéutico elegido fue la reducción de la fractura y la fijación con placas y tornillos. Después de un período de 2 meses, el paciente está evolucionando bien sin aparentes alteraciones funcionales o estéticas. Conclusiones: las fracturas atípicas de Le Fort I no son frecuentes, sin embargo, diferentes etiologías añadidas a la fuerza de impacto pueden justificarlas. El tratamiento debe basarse en las fracturas clásicas de Le Fort I con ajustes en el abordaje de acceso quirúrgico(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Fracture Fixation/methods , Contusions/therapy
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 121-124, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092678

ABSTRACT

Abstract The use of cephalomedullary devices has gained popularity in the treatment of proximal femoral fractures. Despite their biomechanical advantages, several complications are well described in the literature. One of these complications, which is rarely reported, is the medial migration of the cephalic screw. The authors present this unusual complication in a case of a long-nail implant, which was treated with removal of the implants as a first step, and posterior osteosynthesis with a locked proximal femur plate as a second step, as well the outcome until fracture consolidation and resolution of the case.


Resumo O uso dos dispositivos cefalomedulares tem ganhado popularidade no tratamento das fraturas do fêmur proximal. Apesar das vantagens biomecânicas, várias complicações são descritas, entre as quais a migração medial do parafuso cefálico é pouco conhecida. Os autores apresentam um caso dessa complicação incomum em um implante de haste longa tratada em dois tempos cirúrgicos para a retirada dos implantes e posterior osteossíntese com placa bloqueada para fêmur proximal, assim como o desfecho até a consolidação da fratura e resolução do caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Equipment and Supplies , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
20.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-7, 01/01/2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103705

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: apresentar um caso de coxa vara após tratamento de fraturas ipsilaterais da diáfise e do colo do fêmur com implante único e revisar sistematicamente a literatura sobre o assunto. Metodologia: foi realizada pesquisa em maio de 2019 nas bases de dados do PubMed, Clinicalkey e Google Scholar, com limite de data nos últimos cinco anos. Os seguintes termos de indexação foram usados para a busca: "intertrochanteric and ipsilateral shaft fractures" e " femoral neck and ipsilateral shaft fractures". Apenas estudos clínicos que apresentassem sugestões de manejo no tratamento de fratura do fêmur proximal e diafisário ipsilateral foram selecionados. Foram excluídos os estudos nos quais não apresentavam indicação da técnica de tratamento, assim como artigos de revisão e capítulos de livros ou periódicos não indexados. Resultados: finalizou-se a busca com número total de 21 artigos encontrados. Nenhum dos métodos de fixação disponíveis (implante único ou múltiplo) mostrou clara superioridade para abordar a associação de fraturas do fêmur proximal e diáfise do fêmur ipsilateral. No relato de caso, mesmo com a consolidação em varo do colo femoral, o quadro do paciente evoluiu bem. A fratura do colo era basocervical e, possivelmente, teve um comportamento mais próximo à fratura transtrocantérica, o que explica a evolução favorável, mesmo com desvio. Conclusão: nenhum método mostrou evidente superioridade ao outro. Deve-se atentar para a redução estável e a fixação rígida da fratura proximal, sobretudo do colo, embora a fixação da fratura diafisária não deva dificultar as ações sobre a fratura proximal.


Objective: to present a case of coxa vara after treatment of ipsilateral fractures of the shaft and femoral neck with a single implant and systematically review the literature on the subject. Methods: research was conducted in May 2019 in the databases of PubMed, Clinicalkey and Google Scholar, with date limit in the last five years. The following indexing terms were used for the search: "intertrochanteric and ipsilateral shaft fractures" and "femoral neck and ipsilateral shaft fractures". Only clinical studies that presented management suggestions for the treatment of proximal and ipsilateral femoral shaft fractures were selected. Studies in which they did not have an indication of treatment technique were excluded, as well as review articles and chapters of non-indexed books or journals. Results: the search was completed with a total number of 21 articles found. None of the available fixation methods (single or multiple implants) showed clear superiority to address the association of fractures of the proximal femur and diaphysis of the ipsilateral femur. In the case report, even with varus consolidation of the femoral neck, the patient evolved well. The neck fracture was basocervical and possibly had a behavior closer to the transtrochanteric fracture, which explains the favorable evolution, even with deviation. Conclusion: no method showed an evident superiority to the other. Attention should be paid to ensure stable reduction and rigid fixation of the proximal fracture, especially the neck, and fixation of the shaft fracture should not hamper the actions on the proximal fracture.


Subject(s)
Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Hip Fractures
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