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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1520021

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas expuestas de pierna son lesiones frecuentes, sus principales complicaciones son la infección y la dificultad en la consolidación ósea. El abordaje ortoplástico implica llevar a cabo principios y prácticas de ambas especialidades en forma conjunta, evitando el tratamiento por separado de los problemas que surgen de estas lesiones graves y así intentar disminuir al mínimo las complicaciones. Nuestro objetivo es transmitir la importancia del enfoque ortoplástico en las fracturas expuestas. Se reporta el caso de un paciente adulto, con una fractura de pierna, tibia y peroné expuesta, que requirió múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos en vistas a preservar el miembro. Fueron necesarias variadas estrategias para controlar la infección ósea y reconstruir las partes blandas y óseas. Con el estímulo de la movilidad del tobillo y pie, se logró comenzar a restituir la función del miembro desde el inicio; permitiendo, a las 6 semanas de evolución, el apoyo del miembro mediante una fijación ósea estable. A los 24 meses de seguimiento clínico y radiográfico evidenciamos paciente y familia satisfechos con un excelente resultado funcional según score ASAMI. Se concluye que en pacientes con fracturas expuestas graves, es clave el abordaje ortoplástico para lograr mejores resultados.


Open leg fractures are frequent injuries; the infection and difficulty in bone healing are their main complications. The orthoplastic approach involves carrying out principles and practices of both specialties together, avoiding separate treatment of the problems that arise from these serious injuries and thus minimizing complications. The objective of the article is to convey the importance of the orthoplastic approach in open fractures. We report the case of an adult patient, with an open fractured leg, to required multiple surgical procedures to preserve the limb. Various strategies were necessary to cure the bone infection and reconstruct the soft tissue and bone. The limb function restore was possible promoting the ankle and foot mobility from the beginning and it allowed weight-bearing on the limb through stable bone fixation, at 6 weeks of evolution. We evidenced a patient and family satisfied with an excellent functional result according to the ASAMI score, at 24 moths of clinical and radiographic follow-up. It is concluding that in patients with severe open fractures, the orthoplastic approach is key to obtain better results.


As fraturas expostas da perna são lesões frequentes, suas principais complicações são infecção e dificuldade de consolidação óssea. A abordagem ortoplástica envolve a realização conjunta de princípios e práticas de ambos ases especialidades, evitando o tratamento separado dos problemas decorrentes dessas lesões graves e minimizando assim as complicações. Nosso objetivo é transmitir a importância da abordagem ortoplástica nas fraturas expostas. É relatado o caso de um paciente adulto, com fratura de perna, tíbia e fíbula expostas, necessitando de múltiplos procedimentos cirúrgicos para preservação do membro. Várias estratégias foram necessárias para curar a infecção óssea e reconstruir os tecidos moles e o osso. Foi possível começar a restaurar a função do membro desde o início, com a estimulação da mobilidade do tornozelo e do pé; com 6 semanas de evolução, concedendo cargas ao membro por meio de fixação óssea estável. Apresentou boa evolução, aos 24 meses de acompanhamento clínico y radiográfico, constatamos a satisfação do paciente e família. com um excelente resultado funcional de acordo a pontuação ASAMI. Conclui-sé que em pacientes com fraturas expostas graves, a abordagem ortoplástica é fundamental para obter melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fractures, Open/surgery , Leg Injuries/surgery , Catastrophic Illness , Follow-Up Studies , External Fixators , Treatment Outcome , Focal Infection/complications , Fracture Fixation , Fractures, Open/complications
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 303-307, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009482

ABSTRACT

A 19-year-old man had an accidental fall from the 2nd floor and sustained multiple injuries. On radiological evaluation, the patient had symmetrical quadruple limb involvement with bilateral humerus shaft, bilateral olecranon, bilateral femur shaft, and bilateral patella fractures. The patient was actively managed using damage control orthopaedics, and a sequence of skeletal fixation was planned based on the hemodynamic stability and periodical serum lactate assessment. Symmetrical quadruple limb fractures are very rare, which could be associated with higher mortality. A meticulous clinical evaluation, periodical blood parameter assessment and strict adherence to the principles of damage control orthopaedics can be conducive to prevent life-endangering complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Femoral Fractures/complications , Femur , Fracture Fixation , Accidental Falls , Radiography
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 901-904, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009157

ABSTRACT

There are inconsistencies in treatment outcomes, measurement instruments, and criteria for assessing clinical effectiveness in studies related to distal radius fractures (DRF), resulting in potential biases and failing to provide high-quality clinical evidence. To address these challenges, international researchers have reached a consensus on developing the core outcome indicator set for distal radius fractures(COS-DRF). However, it's important to note that the existing COS-DRF framework could not reflect the unique characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment. Currently, there are no established standards for treatment outcomes and measurement instruments specific to TCM clinical research, nor has a COS-DRF been established for TCM clinical studies in China. In light of these gaps, our research team aims to construct a core set of treatment outcomes for TCM clinical research on distal radius fractures. This involves compiling a comprehensive list of treatment outcomes and measurement instruments, initially derived from a thorough literature review and expert consensus, which will then undergo further refinement and updates based on real-world clinical experiences, incorporating feedback from 2 to 3 rounds of expert consensus or Delphi questionnaire surveys. Our goal is to establish a COS-DRF or CMS-DRF that aligns with the principles and practices of TCM, and provide high-quality evidence for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , East Asian People , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Wrist Fractures/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Review Literature as Topic , Fracture Fixation/standards
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 798-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the needle puncture safety and clinical efficacy of manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of Chinese Osteosynthesis (CO) theory.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 118 patients with trimalleolar fractures admitted from December 2010 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three patients were treated with manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame(observation group). Sixty-five patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws(control group). The operation time, hospitalization days, non-weight-bearing time of the affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, incidence of complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 1 month after operation, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score of ankle joint before and 1 year after operation were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 70 months, with an average of(35.28±14.66) months. There were statistically significant in operation time, hospitalization days, non-load-bearing time of affected limbs, clinical healing time of fractures and VAS score one month after operation between the two groups. One month after operation, the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group(t=3.343, P=0.001). The operation time of the observation group was significantly shorter than that of the control group(t=9.091, P=0.000). The hospitalization days in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group(t=5.034, P=0.000). The non-load-bearing time of the affected limb in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=11.960, P=0.000). The clinical healing time of fracture in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=4.007, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in AOFAS score between the two groups one year after operation(t=0.417, P=0.678). In the observation group, there were 2 cases of pinhole infection and 3 cases of loss of reduction less than 2 mm. There were 3 cases of surgical incision infection in the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups(χ2=0.446, P=0.504).@*CONCLUSION@#Manual reduction combined with external fixation is safe and effective in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of CO theory, and the function of ankle joint recovers well after operation. This therapy has good clinical value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , East Asian People , External Fixators , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Manipulation, Orthopedic/methods , Fracture Fixation/methods , Open Fracture Reduction/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 217-222, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981931

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The present study aimed to treat fractures of the distal end of the radius in children with Robert Jones (RJ) bandage. The objective was to compare this treatment modality with the cast regarding the frequency of the complication occurrence, child comfortability, and family satisfaction.@*METHODS@#The study was a randomized controlled non-inferiority clinical trial including children with recent (less than 5 days) fractures at the distal end of the radius OTA/AO 23-A2, which is usually treated conservatively. Those with open fractures, pathological fracture, severely displaced fracture that needs reduction or multiple injuries were excluded. The participants were divided randomly into 2 groups according to the treatment modalities. Group 1 was treated by plaster of Paris cast (the control group), and Group 2 by modified RJ bandage (the trial group). The difference between the 2 groups was found by the Chi-squared test. The difference was considered statistically significant when the p value was less than 0.05.@*RESULTS@#There were 150 children (aged 2 - 12 years, any gender) included in the study, 75 in each group. The complications occured in 5 (3.3%) cases only, pressure sores of 3 cases in Group 1 and fracture displacement of 2 cases in Group 2. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of complication occurrence between both modalities of treatment (p = 0.649). Children treated by RJ bandages were more comfortable than those treated by the cast (97.3% vs. 73.3%, p < 0.001) with a statistically significant difference between them. Contrary to that, the families were more satisfied with the cast than RJ bandage (88.0% vs. 81.3%), but without a statistically significant difference (p = 0.257).@*CONCLUSION@#RJ bandage is a non-inferior alternative to the cast for the treatment of fractures at the distal end of the radius that can be treated conservatively in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Radius Fractures/therapy , Wrist Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Bandages , Upper Extremity , Casts, Surgical
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 204-210, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981924

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The aim of this study was to analyze if any difference exists on the type of immobilisation (above elbow vs. below elbow) in the conservative treatment of distal end radius fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#The study was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. An electronic literature search was performed up to 1st October 2021 in Medline, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane database using the search terms, "distal end radius fractures OR fracture of distal radius", "conservative treatment OR non-surgical treatment", "above elbow immobilisation" and "below elbow immobilisation". Randomized clinical trials written in English, describing outcome of distal end radius fractures in adults by conservative or non-surgical means using above elbow immobilisation or below elbow immobilisation were included and assessed according to the risk of bias assessment (RoB2) tool by Cochrane collaboration. Non-randomized clinical trials, observational studies, retrospective studies, review articles, commentaries, editorials, conference presentations, operative techniques and articles without availability of full text were excluded from this review. The meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager version 5.4.1 (The Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark).@*RESULTS@#Six randomized clinical trials were included for quantitative review. High heterogeneity (I2 > 75%) was noted among all the studies. The standard mean difference (MD) between the disability of the arm, shoulder and hand scores in both the groups was 0.52 (95% CI: -0.28 to 1.32) which was statistically non-significant. There was no statistical difference in the radial height (MD = 0.10, 95% CI: -0.91 to 1.12), radial inclination (MD = 0.5, 95% CI: -1.88 to 2.87, palmar tilt (MD =1.06, 95% CI: -0.31 to 2.43) and ulnar variance (MD = 0.05, 95% CI: -0.74 to 0.64). It was observed that shoulder pain occurred more commonly as a complication in above elbow immobilisation and the values were statistically significant (above elbow: 38/92, 41.3%; below elbow: 19/94, 20.2%).@*CONCLUSION@#This two-armed systematic review on the above elbow or below elbow immobilisation to be used for conservative treatment of the distal end radius fracture in adults resulted in non-significant differences in terms of functional and radiological scores among the 2 groups but significant increase in the complication rates in the above elbow group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Elbow , Fracture Fixation/methods , Conservative Treatment , Retrospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Wrist Fractures , Radius Fractures/surgery
7.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(1): e262504, 2023. graf, il
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421316

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Evaluate the treatment outcome and the performance of the uCentum spinal fixation system in treating traumatic, degenerative, and tumoral diseases of the spine. Methods: This is a therapeutic study to investigate treatment outcomes and level of evidence III, including twenty-three adult patients of both sexes undergoing surgical treatment of degenerative (13 patients), traumatic (04 patients), or tumor diseases (06 patients). Patients were prospectively evaluated using clinical parameters: pain (visual analog scale), clinical and functional assessment questionnaires (SF-36, Oswestry and Roland-Morris), and radiological criteria (arthrodesis consolidation, loosening, breakage or deformation of the implants). Results: Twenty patients were followed for a period of 01 month to 12 month (mean 6,5±7,77). Three patients died due to complications unrelated to the primary disease (traumatic brain injury, septicemia, and lung tumor). Improvements were observed in clinical parameters and scores of the evaluation questionnaires used. No implant-related complications (breakage, loosening, deformation) were observed. Conclusion: the uCentum fixation system showed great versatility for performing the surgical treatment, allowing the performance of open, percutaneous procedures, the introduction of acrylic cement inside the implants, and conversion of polyaxial screws into monoaxial screws intraoperatively. Level of Evidence III; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the Results of Treatment.


Resumo: Objetivos: Avaliar o resultado do tratamento e o desempenho do sistema uCentum de fixação vertebral no tratamento de doenças traumáticas, degenerativas e tumorais da coluna vertebral. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo terapêutico de investigação dos resultados do tratamento e nível de evidência III, incluindo vinte e três pacientes adultos de ambos os sexos submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico de doenças degenerativas (13 pacientes), traumáticas (04 pacientes) ou tumorais (06 pacientes). Os pacientes foram prospectivamente avaliados por meio de parâmetros clínicos: dor (escala visual analógica), questionários de avaliação clínica e funcional (SF-36, Oswestry e Roland-Morris), e critérios radiológicos (consolidação da artrodese, soltura, quebra ou deformação dos implantes). Resultados: vinte pacientes foram seguidos por um período de 01 a 12 meses (média 6,5 ± 7,77). Três pacientes foram a óbito devido a complicações não relacionadas com a doença primária (trauma cranioencefálico, septicemia e tumor pulmonar). Foi observada melhora dos parâmetros clínicos e escores dos questionários de avaliação utilizados. Não foram observadas complicações relacionadas com os implantes (quebra, soltura, deformação). Conclusão: o sistema de fixação uCentum apresentou grande versatilidade para a realização do tratamento cirúrgico, permitindo a realização de procedimentos abertos, percutâneos, introdução de cimento acrílico no interior dos implantes e conversão dos parafusos poliaxiais em monoaxiais no intra-operatório. Nível de Evidencia III; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


Resumen: Objetivos: Evaluar el resultado del tratamiento y el desempeño del sistema de fijación vertebral uCentum en el tratamiento de enfermedades traumáticas, degenerativas y tumorales de la columna vertebral. Métodos: Este es un estudio terapéutico para investigar los resultados del tratamiento y el nivel de evidencia III, que incluye veintitrés pacientes adultos de ambos sexos sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico de enfermedades degenerativas (13 pacientes), traumáticas (04 pacientes) o tumorales (06 pacientes). Los pacientes fueron evaluados prospectivamente mediante parámetros clínicos: dolor (escala analógica visual), cuestionarios de evaluación clínica y funcional (SF-36, Oswestry y Roland-Morris) y criterios radiológicos (consolidación de artrodesis, aflojamiento, rotura o deformación de los implantes). Resultados: veinte pacientes fueron seguidos durante un período de 1 a 12 meses (media 6,5 + 7,77). Tres pacientes fallecieron por complicaciones no relacionadas con la enfermedad primaria (lesión cerebral traumática, septicemia y tumor pulmonar). Se observaron mejoras en los parámetros clínicos y puntuaciones de los cuestionarios de evaluación utilizados. No se observaron complicaciones relacionadas con el implante (rotura, aflojamiento, deformación). Conclusión: el sistema de fijación uCentum mostró una gran versatilidad para realizar el tratamiento quirúrgico, permitiendo la realización de procedimientos abiertos, percutáneos, introducción de cemento acrílico en el interior de los implantes y conversión de los tornillos poliaxiales en tornillos monoaxiales en el intraoperatorio. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fracture Fixation , Orthopedic Procedures
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420056

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas acetabulares con compromiso del cartílago trirradiado (CTR) en pacientes pediátricos son muy poco frecuentes, difíciles de diagnosticar y complejas de tratar; pudiendo dejar graves secuelas. Generalmente son producto de accidentes de tránsito de alta energía cinética. Debido a su baja prevalencia no hay grandes series en la bibliografía y por ende tampoco existe un consenso terapéutico. Realizamos una puesta a punto del tema a propósito de un atípico caso de una niña de 9 años con una fractura del acetábulo con compromiso del CTR, producido por un traumatismo de baja energía cinética. Registramos su diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico, evaluamos su resultado clínico - radiológico y funcional mediante el Hip Harris Score (HHS) al final de su seguimiento de 5 años.


Acetabular fractures with compromise of the triradiate cartilage (TRC) in pediatric patients are very rare, difficult to diagnose and complex to treat, also can leave serious consequences. They are generally product of high energy kinematics. Due to its low prevalence, there are no large series in the literature and therefore there is no therapeutic consensus. We carried out a recapitulation of the subject regarding an atypical case of a 9-year-old girl with an acetabulum fracture with compromise of the TRC, produced by a low kinetic energy trauma. We recorded the diagnosis and surgical treatment, and also, we evaluated the clinical-radiological and functional results through the Hip Harris Score (HHS) at the end of their 5-year follow-up.


As fraturas acetabulares com compromisso da cartilagem trirradiada (TRC) em pacientes pediátricos são muito poco frecuentes, de difícil diagnóstico e complexas de tratar; e podem deixar sérias consequências. Geralmente são o produto de acidentes de trânsito de alta energia cinética. Devido à sua baixa prevalência, não há grandes séries na literatura e, portanto, não há consenso terapêutico. Realizamos uma atualização do tema referente a um caso atípico de uma menina de 9 anos com fratura de acetábulo com comprometimento do CTR, produzida por um trauma de baixa energia cinética. Registramos seu diagnóstico e tratamento cirúrgico, avaliamos seus resultados clínico-radiológicos e funcionais por meio do Hip Harris Score (HHS) ao final de seu seguimento de 5 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation
9.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-7, nov. 23, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437172

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mandibular fractures are the most common facial fractures affecting various anatomical sites of the mandible. Among the various mandibular fractures, management of condylar fractures remains a challenging task for surgeons. Case Report: We report the case of a 28 year old male patient who presented with pain in the chin and restricted mouth opening. Computed tomography revealed a sagittal fracture of the right condylar head with medial displacement of the fractured fragments. Management of diacapitular fractures includes open reduction and internal fixation of the right condyle using a single lag-screw. Results: The postoperative outcomes were favorable, where normal mandibular movements, desired dental occlusion and exact positioning of the condyle with rigid fixation were established thereby maintaining the shape of the condyle. Conclusion: Use of single lag screw fixation is highly recommended as it greatly supports the stabilized fracture fragments and also aid in prevention of fracture fragment rotation medially.


Introducción: Las fracturas mandibulares son las fracturas faciales más comunes que afectan a diversos sitios anatómicos de la mandíbula. Entre las diversas fracturas mandibulares, el manejo de las fracturas condilares sigue siendo una tarea desafiante para los cirujanos. Reporte del Caso: Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años que consultó por dolor en el mentón y restricción de la apertura de la boca. La tomografía computarizada reveló una fractura sagital de la cabeza condilar derecha con desplazamiento medial de los fragmentos fracturados. El tratamiento de las fracturas diacapitulares incluye la reducción abierta y la fijación interna del cóndilo derecho con un solo tirafondo. Resultados: Los resultados postoperatorios fueron favorables, donde se establecieron los movimientos mandibulares normales, la oclusión dentaria deseada y el posicionamiento exacto del cóndilo con fijación rígida manteniendo así la forma del cóndilo. Conclusión: Se recomienda encarecidamente el uso de una fijación con un solo tornillo de tracción, ya que soporta en gran medida los fragmentos de fractura estabilizados y también ayuda a prevenir la rotación medial de los fragmentos de fractura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fracture Fixation/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Mandibular Condyle/injuries , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Fractures/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(3): 27-31, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399758

ABSTRACT

As fraturas nasais são de grande incidência dentre as fraturas faciais, podendo envolver também outras estruturas da face. O diagnóstico é baseado no exame físico, o qual muitas vezes é dificultado devido ao edema formado na região. A palpação dos contornos ósseos, verificação de presença de crepitação nasal, alterações de permeabilidade e assimetrias locais são algumas das alterações sugestivas de fraturas nasais. Além disso, a inserção do ligamento cantal medial pode ser perdida devido ao trauma ou devido ao deslocamento ósseo em que ele se encontra inserido. Exames de imagem, como radiografias e Tomografias Computadorizadas, são utilizados para a visualização das fraturas ósseas e planejamento cirúrgico. A redução aberta dos ossos nasais é indicada para fraturas de maior complexidade e cominuição, tendo em vista o adequado reposicionamento dos ossos, cartilagens e ligamentos deslocados. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo é relatar a redução aberta de uma fratura dos ossos nasais com perda de inserção do ligamento cantal medial direito, sob anestesia geral... (AU)


Nasal fractures are of great incidence among facial fractures, and may also involve other facial structures. The diagnosis is based on physical examination, which is often hampered due to the edema formed in the region. Palpation of bone contours, checking for the presence of nasal crackling, changes in permeability and local asymmetries are some of the changes suggestive of nasal fractures. In addition, the insertion of the medial canthal ligament may be lost due to trauma or due to the bone displacement in which it is inserted. Imaging exams, such as radiographs and CT scans, are used for visualizing bone fractures and surgical planning. The open reduction of the nasal bones is indicated for fractures of greater complexity and comminution, in view of the appropriate repositioning of the bones, cartilage and dislocated ligaments. Thus, the aim of this study is to report the open reduction of a fracture of the nasal bones with loss of insertion of the right medial canthal ligament, under general anestesia... (AU)


Las fracturas nasales son de gran incidencia entre las fracturas faciales, y también pueden involucrar otras estructuras faciales. El diagnóstico se basa en el examen físico, que a menudo se ve obstaculizado por la inflamación que se forma en la región. La palpación de los contornos óseos, confirmación de la presencia de crepitantes nasales, alteraciones de la permeabilidad y asimetrías locales son algunas de las alteraciones sugestivas de fracturas nasales. Además, la inserción del ligamento cantal medial puede perderse debido a un traumatismo o al desplazamiento del hueso en el que se inserta. Las pruebas de imagen, como las radiografías y las tomografías computadorizadas, se utilizan para visualizar las fracturas óseas y planificar la cirugía. La reducción abierta de los huesos nasales está indicada para las fracturas de mayor complejidad y conminución, en vista del reposicionamiento adecuado de los huesos, cartílagos y ligamentos dislocados. Así, el objetivo de este estudio es relatar la reducción abierta de una fractura de los huesos nasales con pérdida de inserción del ligamento cantal medial derecho, bajo anestesia general... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skull Fractures/surgery , Open Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation , Nasal Bone/injuries , Accidents, Traffic
13.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1)abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1409041

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas supracondíleas de húmero constituyen el segundo tipo de fracturas más frecuentes en niños. La prevalencia mundial oscila entre 3 y 16 por ciento, con predominio en varones. La urgencia de una atención inmediata radica en la prevención de complicaciones y secuelas. Objetivo: Describir los resultados del tratamiento de las fracturas supracondíleas de húmero en niños con fijación interna percutánea. edad, sexo, tipo de tratamiento empleado, complicaciones, y resultados finales obtenidos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, en pacientes con fracturas supracondíleas de húmero en niños, atendidos en el Hospital Carlos Manuel de Céspedes de Bayamo, entre 2018 y 2019. Se calcularon frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes. Se evaluaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, tipo de tratamiento empleado, complicaciones, y resultados finales obtenidos. Resultados: Las fracturas supracondíleas de húmero fueron más frecuentes en el sexo masculino (69,6 por ciento) y en el grupo de edad comprendido entre 6 y 10 años para ambos sexos. El 60,8 por ciento de estas fracturas se trataron con reducción y fijación interna con agujas de Kirchner. En el grupo con fijación interna predominaron las de tipo IV y en el grupo que no requirió fijación interna predominó el tipo I. En general, en los pacientes con fijación interna predominaron los resultados excelentes y buenos. Conclusiones: Se obtuvieron mejores resultados en los casos donde se realizó la reducción combinada con fijación interna(AU)


Introduction: Supracondylar fractures of the humerus are the second most frequent type of fractures in children. The worldwide prevalence ranges between 3 and 16 percent, with predominance in males. The urgency of immediate care lies in the prevention of complications and sequelae. Objective: To describe the results of the treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children with percutaneous internal fixation. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out in patients with supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children, treated at Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Hospital in Bayamo, from 2018 to 2019. Absolute frequencies and percentages were calculated. The variables evaluated were age, sex, type of treatment used, complications, and final results obtained. Results: Supracondylar fractures of the humerus were more frequent in males (69.6 percent) and in the age group between 6 and 10 years for both sexes. 60.8 percent of these fractures were treated with reduction and internal fixation with Kirchner wires. In the group with internal fixation, type IV predominated, also type I predominated in the group that did not require internal fixation. In general, excellent and good results predominated in patients with internal fixation. Conclusions: Better results were obtained in patients who underwent reduction combined with internal fixation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Humeral Fractures/drug therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Fracture Fixation/methods
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 23-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365752

ABSTRACT

Abstract Supracondylar humeral fracture represents ~ 3 to 15% of all fractures in children. It is the fracture that most requires surgical treatment in the pediatric population. Advances in treatment and care have contributed to a reduction in the most dramatic complication: Volkmann ischemic contracture. Nevertheless, the risks inherent to the fracture remain. Absence of palpable pulse in type-III fractures is reported in up to 20% of the cases. Careful sensory, motor, and vascular evaluation of the affected limb is crucial in determining the urgency of treatment. Older children, male patients, floating elbow, and neurovascular injury are risk factors for compartment syndrome. Medial comminution can lead to varus malunion, even in apparently innocent cases. The recommended treatment of displaced fractures is closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. Technical errors in pin placement are the main cause of loss of reduction. There is enough evidence for the addition of a third lateral or medial Kirschner wire in unstable fractures (types III and IV). Medial comminution may lead to cubitus varus even in mild displaced fractures. Based on current concepts, a flowchart for the treatment of supracondylar humeral fracture in children is suggested by the authors.


Resumo A fratura supracondiliana do úmero representa cerca de 3 a 15% de todas as fraturas na criança, sendo a que mais requer tratamento cirúrgico na população pediátrica. Apesar de os avanços no tratamento e na assistência terem contribuído para uma redução drástica da complicação mais temida, a contratura isquêmica de Volkmann, os riscos inerentes à fratura permanecem. Ausência de pulso palpável em fraturas tipo III é reportada em até 20% dos casos. Uma cuidadosa avaliação sensitiva, motora e vascular do membro acometido é fundamental na determinação da urgência do tratamento. Crianças mais velhas, sexo masculino, cotovelo flutuante, e lesão neurovascular são fatores de risco para a síndrome de compartimento. A cominuição medial pode levar à consolidação em varo, mesmo nos casos aparentemente inocentes. O método de escolha para o tratamento da fratura desviada é a redução fechada e fixação percutânea. Os erros na fixação e posicionamento inadequado dos implantes são as principais causas de perda de redução. Já existem evidências suficientes para a utilização de um terceiro fio de Kirschner, lateral ou medial, nas fraturas instáveis (tipo III e IV). Baseado nos conceitos atuais, um fluxograma para o tratamento da fratura supracondiliana do úmero na criança é sugerido pelos autores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Elbow/injuries , Fracture Fixation , Humeral Fractures/classification , Humeral Fractures/complications , Humeral Fractures/therapy
15.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 16(1): 4923-4930, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1410557

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. L'enjeu majeur dans le management de l'ostéoporose est l'identification des sujets à risque par la quantification du risque fracturaire. L'objectif de l'étude était d'évaluer le risque fracturaire chez les patients ayant consulté pour douleur du squelette axial. Méthodes. Il s'agissait d'une série des cas multicentriques menée sur des patients recrutés dans 8 hôpitaux de Kinshasa. Les paramètres d'intérêt comme l'âge, le sexe, l'alcoolisme, le tabagisme, la fracture de hanche chez un parent de 1er degré ou une fracture personnelle de fragilité ont été collectés auprès de chaque patient. La mesure de la densité osseuse avait été réalisée par absorptiométrie biphotonique à rayons X. Le risque fracturaire a été évalué par le calcul de l'indice fracturaire FRAX. Ce risque était élevé lorsque la probabilité de survenue de fracture de hanche était ≥ 3% et/ou des fractures ostéoporotiques majeures ≥ 20%. Des tests statistiques usuels ont été utilisés pour l'analyse des résultats. Résultats. 90 patients dont 75 femmes étaient inclus. Leur âge moyen était de 63, 5±12ans.L'ostéoporoseétaitdiagnostiquée chez 34,4% des patients, l'ostéopénie chez 43,9% et 16,7% avaient une densité minérale osseuse normale. Aucune fracture ostéoporotique n'a été observée dans la présente étude, mais près de 30% de l'ensemble de l'échantillon avaient un risque fracturaire élevé. L'ostéoporose était associée, dans environ 80% des cas (p<0,005), à un risque fracturaire élevé. Conclusion. La présente étude a montré que le risque fracturaire était élevé chez les patients atteints d'ostéoporose. Elle met en lumière la nécessité d'un dépistage précoce de cette pathologie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Fracture Fixation , Osteoporosis , Absorptiometry, Photon , Risk
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1189-1192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy of external placement of micro-locking plate combined with small incision reduction in treating proximal phalanx comminuted fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 17 patients with proximal phalanx comminuted fractures were treated with micro-locking plate combined with small incision open reduction, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 16 to 64 years old with an average of (37.2±20.1) years old. Two patients were accompanied by soft tissue extrusion and opening injuries, which were treated with fixed treatment after the first-stage emergency debridement. Curative effect was evaluated according to total active flexion scale (TAFS) of American Hand Surgery Association at 6 months after operation;and fracture healing, nailing, local soft tissue healing, complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 6 to 12 months with an avaerge of(9.3±3.6) months. Two patients occurred delayed union, 1 occurred local skin necrosis and was treated with the second-stage skin grafting to repair wound surface. No external screw breakage or infection was reported, skin soft tissue healed favorably and reached bony union, the union time from 12 to 24 weeks with an average of (15.7±2.1) weeks. According to TAFS standard, 9 patients got excellent result, 5 good and 3 poor at 6 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#External micro-locking plate combined with small incision reduction in treating proximal phalanx comminuted fracture, which has advantages of good condition of skin and soft tissue, simple operation, early functional exercise, good range of motion of interphalanx joint, and function score of recovery period is high.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Finger Phalanges/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 54-58, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928481

ABSTRACT

Wide-awake local anesthesia has many advantages. We describe a new method to use wide-awake local anesthesia with more flexibility. A 32-year-old man with a severe right-hand contracture after an iatrogenic tourniquet accident during an anterolateral thigh flap for a partial hand amputation underwent contracture release using external fixation after proximal row carpectomy and subsequent tenolysis. We performed most of the tenolysis procedure under general anesthesia and the final stage with an intraoperative assessment of active finger movement and dissection under local anesthesia. He regained his grip strength 2.5 years post-injury. General anesthesia is useful to treat a surgical site with extensive hard scars, whereas local anesthesia is useful for adjusting tension in an awake patient. The indication for wide-awake surgery is yet to be established; our method of combining general and local anesthesia in the tenolysis procedure illustrates the possibilities in expanding this method.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Brain Neoplasms , Contracture/surgery , Dissection , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Wakefulness
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 85-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical effect of calcium sulfate on promoting natural healing of docking sites during bone transport.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on the patients with posttraumatic chronic osteomyelitis treated by bone transport and calcium sulfate implantation from January 2013 to January 2018. There were 23 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 61 years old with an average of (44.30±10.00) years, the courses of disease ranged from 3 to 86 months with an average of(13.26±16.47) months. Sixteen patients with posttraumatic chronic osteomyelitis were caused by internal fixation of closed fractures, and 11 patients were caused by open fractures. The length of bone defects after debridement ranged from 4 to 14 cm with an average of(9.11±2.57) cm. Postoperative complications, natural healing rate of the docking sites, external fixation index were observed, Checketts & Otterburn pin-tract infection classification was used to evaluate pin-tract infection, and Paley evaluation criteria was used to evaluate bone and function results.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-seven patients were followed up from 26 to 41 months with an average of (31.32±3.37) months. It did not happened skin embedded between bone stumps in all patients. All patients obtained bone union at (17.78±5.43) months after operation.Among them, 25 patients healed naturally in the docking sites, 2 patients with poor compliance healed after debridement and bone grafting in the docking sites. One patient occurred equines deformity, and no re-fracture or recurrence of infection occurred. According to Checketts & Otterburn pin tract infection classification, 22 patients (41 pin tracts)occurred pin-tract infection with varying degrees. The average external fixation index was (2.02±0.24) months/cm(ranged from 1.6 to 2.4 months/cm). According to Paley evaluation criteria, bony results showed 21 patients obtained excellent results, 5 good, and 1 moderate;functional results showed 19 patients got excellent results, 7 good, and 1 moderate.@*CONCLUSION@#During bone transport, the implantation of calcium sulfate on the bone defect areas could prevent skin embedding between the bone stumps, benefit for the natural healing of the docking sites, and could avoid the second-stage debridement and bone grafting for most patients. However, it should be noted that compliance needs to be increased.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Bone Transplantation , Calcium Sulfate , Fracture Fixation , Horses , Osteomyelitis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(2): 82-88, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1518434

ABSTRACT

Se comparó la osteodesis por técnica lateral de Dorgan con la técnica Cruzada tradicional o de "Banderillero" en fracturas supracondíleas de húmero Gartland II y III. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo correlacional con diseño experimental. Se incluyeron 24 pacientes, los cuales se distribuyeron en 2 grupos: Grupo A (13 pacientes): técnica de Dorgan y Grupo B (11 pacientes): la técnica Cruzada. La mayor frecuencia de pacientes se encontró entre los 10 y 14 años para el Grupo A y 6 a 9 años para el Grupo B. Se encontró predominio del sexo masculino con 78% de los casos. El mecanismo de producción de la fractura más frecuente fue el indirecto. Mayor frecuencia de las fracturas Gartland III en 62,5% casos y desplazamiento posterior en 66,66%. Según los Criterios de Flynn, los resultados post operatorios para el Grupo A: Pérdida del Ángulo de Acarreo: 7,7% Excelente, 53,8% Bueno y 38,5% Regular, y Pérdida de Movilidad: 7,7% Excelente, 38,5% Bueno y 53,8% Regular; para el Grupo B: Pérdida del Ángulo de Acarreo: 54,5% Bueno, 27,3% Regular y 18,2% Malo, y Pérdida de Movilidad: 9,1% Excelente, 81,8% Bueno y 9,1% Malo. La tasa de complicaciones fue de 7,7% para el Grupo A y 18,2% para el Grupo B (p<0,05). La osteodesis con técnica de configuración lateral de Dorgan presentó menor tasa de complicaciones comparada con la técnica Cruzada, sin embargo, ésta última tuvo mejor recuperación de los rangos articulares(AU)


Osteodesis using the Dorgan lateral technique was compared with traditional crossover or "Banderillero" technique in Gartland II and III supracondylar humerus fractures. A descriptive correlational study with experimental design was made. 24 patients were included, and distributed into 2 groups: Group A (13 patients): Dorgan's technique and Group B (11 patients): crossover technique. The highest frequency of patients was found between 10 and 14 years for Group A and 6 to 9 years for Group B. A predominance of the masculine sex was found with 78% of the cases. The most frequent mechanism for producing the fracture was indirect. Higher frequency of Gartland III fractures in 62,5% cases and posterior displacement in 66,66%. According to Flynn Criteria, the postoperative results for Group A: Loss of Motion: 7,7% Excellent, 53,8% Good and 38,5% Fair, and Angle of Movement: 7,7% Excellent, 38,5% Good and 53,8% Regular; for Group B: Angle of load: 54,5% Good, 27,3% Regular and 18,2% Bad, and Angle of Movement: 9,1% Excellent, 81,8% Good and 9,1% Bad. The complication rate was 7,7% for Group A and 18,2% for Group B (p <0,05). Osteodesis with the Dorgan lateral configuration technique presented a lower rate of complications compared to the Cross technique, however, the latter had better recovery of the joint ranges(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Humeral Fractures, Distal/surgery , Humeral Fractures , Bone Wires , Closed Fracture Reduction , Open Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 717-725, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357145

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objeticve To compare the range of motion (ROM), return-to-work time, visual analogue score (VAS), disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (QuickDASH), and radiographic outcomes of two methods of definitive internal fixation in active patients with boxer's fractures, operated in the first week. Methods This was a prospective, randomized trial, in which 50 patients, with a mean age range of 18 to 40 years old, were randomized and treated to definitive intramedullary fixation using 2 headless screws (n = 20) or bouquet (2 or 3 Kirschner wires) (n = 20). The patients were assessed on return-to-work time, ROM, patient reported QuickDASH outcome, VAS, and radiographic evaluation at 6 months. Results At 6 months, there were no differences between the two groups in terms of ROM, postoperative pain (VAS), or QuickDASH score. The overall complication rate was 4.76% in the screw group, compared with 5% in the bouquet-fixation group. Conclusions In the treatment of the active patients with unstable boxer's fractures, headless screws and bouquet fixation proved to be a safe and reliable treatment. The outcomes were similar in both groups.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a amplitude de movimento (ADM), o tempo de retorno de trabalho, a pontuação na escala visual analógica (EVA), o escore no questionário abreviado incapacidade do braço, ombro e mão (QuickDASH, na sigla em inglês) e os resultados radiográficos de dois métodos de fixação interna definitiva em pacientes ativos com fraturas do boxer; operados na primeira semana. Métodos Este foi um ensaio prospectivo randomizado, no qual 50 pacientes, com idade mediana na faixa de 18 a 40 anos, foram randomizados e tratados com fixação intramedular definitiva utilizando 2 parafusos de compressão (n = 20) ou buquê (2 ou 3 fios de Kirschner) (n = 20). Os pacientes foram avaliados em relação ao tempo de retorno ao trabalho, à ADM, ao desfecho relatado pelo paciente no questionário QuickDASH, à EVA e à avaliação radiográfica aos 6 meses. Resultados Aos 6 meses, não houve diferenças entre os 2 grupos em termos de ADM, dor pós-operatória (EVA) ou escore no QuickDASH. A taxa global de complicações foi de 4,76% no grupo de fixação com parafusos, em comparação com 5% no grupo de fixação com a técnica do buquê. Conclusões Parafusos de compressão e fixação com buquês provaram ser tratamentos seguros e confiáveis para pacientes ativos com fraturas instáveis. Os resultados foram semelhantes nos dois grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Seismic Waves Amplitude , Metacarpal Bones , Fracture Fixation
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