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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 74-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the role and importance of fibular fixation in tibiofibular fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the comparison of the efficacy of fixation of the fibula with or without fixation on the treatment of tibiofibular fractures was searched through the databases of China Knowledge Network, Wipu, Wanfang, The Cochrane Library, Web of science and Pubmed, and statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. The rates of malrotation, rotational deformity, internal/external deformity, anterior/posterior deformity, non-union, infection, secondary surgery and operative time were compared between the fibula fixation and non-fixation groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 publications were included, six randomised controlled trials and five case-control trials, eight of which were of high quality. A total of 813 cases were included, of which 383 were treated with fibula fixation and 430 with unfixed fibulae.Meta-analysis results showed that fixation of the fibulae in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures reduced the rates of postoperative rotational deformity[RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.10, 0.45), P<0.000 1] and internal/external deformity[RR=0.34, 95%CI(0.14, 0.84), P=0.02] and promoted fracture healing [RR=0.76, 95%CI(0.58, 0.99), P=0.04]. In contrast, the rates of poor reduction [RR=0.48, 95% CI(0.10, 2.33), P=0.36], anterior/posterior deformity[RR=1.50, 95%CI(0.76, 2.96), P=0.24], infection[RR=1.43, 95%CI(0.76, 2.72), P=0.27], secondary surgery[RR=1.32, 95%CI(0.82, 2.11), P=0.25], and operative time[MD=10.21, 95%CI(-17.79, 38.21), P=0.47] were not statistically significant (P>0.05) for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous fixation of the tibia and fibula is clinically more effective in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Tibia/surgery , Fracture Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 101-105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970964

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Various surgical modalities are available to treat Neer types 2 and 5 unstable fractures of lateral end clavicle but none of them are standardized. Arthroscopic fixation of the displaced lateral end clavicle fractures provides good short-term results but mid- to long-term outcomes are not available. The purpose of this study was to show the mid- to long-term radiological and functional outcomes of these fractures treated arthroscopically by a TightRope device, and to show the complications associated with this procedure.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted over 2 years from January 2014 to December 2015 with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Active patients aged 18-50 years with acute (less than 3 weeks) displaced fracture of lateral end of the clavicle, with a minimum 5-year follow-up were included in the study. Patients with associated fractures of the proximal humerus, glenoid, scapula and acromioclavicular joint injuries were excluded from the study along with open fractures and neurovascular injuries. The outcomes were assessed by objective (complications and radiographic examination) and subjective criteria (quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score, the Constant-Murley score and the visual pain analogue scale). The data were analyzed by SPSS version 21.0.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 42 patients were operated during the study period and 37 were available with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Thirty were male and 7 were female with a mean age of 29.5 years and a mean follow-up of 6.1 years. The mean quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score was 68.2 ± 4.6 preoperatively and 1.27 ± 2.32 at final follow-up (p < 0.001); the mean visual pain analogue scale score was 6.85 ± 2.2 preoperatively and 0.86 ± 1.60 at final follow-up (p < 0.001). The average Constant-Murley score was 93.38 ± 3.25 at the end of the follow-up. There were 2 fixation failures, with established non-union and 3 patients developed radiographic acromioclavicular joint arthritis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arthroscopic TightRope fixation of displaced lateral end clavicular fractures provides good radiological and functional outcomes at mid- to long-term follow-up. With the low complication rates and high patient satisfaction, this technique can be considered as a primary option in the surgical treatment of these fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open , Pain , Treatment Outcome
4.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 13(1): 1321-1323, abr.-sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1551397

ABSTRACT

La displasia fibrosa (DF) o displasia ósea es una ano- malía del desarrollo óseo rara, con una frecuencia de entre el 5% y 7% de los tumores óseos benignos, dentro de estas lesiones, 50-70% son monostóticas, 20-30% son poliostóticas y 3%-10% presentan un síndrome de McCune-Albright (DF, pigmentación cutánea y puber- tad precoz). Se caracteriza por el reemplazo del hueso normal y la médula ósea por tejido fibroso. Se presenta paciente masculino de 15 años de edad, mestizo con an- tecedente de fracturas a repetición y deformidad ósea, se establece diagnóstico mediante imagen en donde se observa lesiones líticas con biopsia positiva para DF. La afección no tiene tratamiento específico, su abordaje es multidisciplinario y representa un desafío médico...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/diagnosis , Fractures, Bone/complications
5.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 47(2): 31-38, Jul 01, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526658

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de embolismo graso es una complicación severa, aun-que poco frecuente de trauma grave. Es desencadenado por el paso de partículas de grasa hacia la microcirculación en varios órganos. La tríada característica: lesión pulmonar, hemorragia petequial y disfunción neurológica. Su prevalencia varía se-gún los criterios diagnósticos y la causa desencadenante, dificultando su detección temprana. Presentación del caso: Caso 1. Paciente 22 años, masculino, sufrió accidente automovilístico con fracturas abierta de fémur, tibia y peroné derechos, resueltas quirúrgicamente, a las 5 horas del evento sufre deterioro respiratorio, petequias conjuntivales, torácicas y en extremidades; posteriormente deterioro de concien-cia, estatus epiléptico y síndrome de hiperactividad simpática paroxística. Caso 2. Paciente 29 años, masculino, sufrió volcamiento del vehículo en el que viajaba, sufriendo fracturas cerradas de tibia, peroné y fémur izquierdas, luego de la cirugía traumatológica sufrió deterioro del estado de conciencia, petequias conjuntivales e hipoxemia.Diagnósticos e intervenciones: los dos pacientes fueron operados para resolución traumatológica dentro de las primeras 24 horas, luego del aparecimiento de síntomas neurológicos se sometieron a neuroimagen encontrándose el patrón de "campo de es-trellas" y recibieron corticoides.Resultados: Caso 1 el desenlace fue estado vegetativo, Caso 2 recuperación completa.Conclusión: La detección es imprescindible para establecer el tratamiento temprano, planificar la cirugía traumatológica o diferirla y estimar el pronóstico según la evolu-ción. El síndrome de embolia grasa cerebral es una causa rara del síndrome de hipe-ractividad simpática paroxística


Introduction: Fat embolism syndrome is a severe, although rare complication of major trauma. It is triggered by the passage of fat particles into the microcirculation in various organs. The characteristic triad: lung injury, petechial hemorrhage and neurological dysfunction. Its prevalence varies according to the diagnostic criteria and the triggering cause, making its early detection difficult. Case presentation: Case 1. Patient 22 years old, male, suffered a car accident with open fracture of the right femur, tibia and fibula, surgically resolved, 5 hours after the event he suffered respiratory impairment, conjunctival, thoracic and extre-mity petechiae; later impaired consciousness, status epilepticus and paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity syndrome. Case 2. Patient 29 years old, male, suffered overturning of the vehicle in which he was traveling, suffering closed fractures of the left tibia, fibula and femur, after trauma surgery he suffered impaired consciousness, conjunctival petechiae and hypoxemia.Diagnoses and interventions: Both patients underwent surgery for trauma reso-lution within 24 hours, after the appearance of neurological symptoms they un-derwent neuroimaging finding "star field" pattern, both received corticosteroids.Results: Case 1 the outcome was vegetative state, Case 2 complete recovery.Conclusion: Detection is essential to establish early treatment, to plan trauma sur-gery or to defer it and to estimate prognosis according to evolution. Cerebral fat em-bolism syndrome is a rare cause of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity syndrome.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Young Adult , Fractures, Bone/complications , Accidents, Traffic , Consciousness Disorders , Femur/injuries
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5): 597-602, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409855

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A secondary cause can be found in up to one third of women with osteoporosis, potentially modifying their therapeutic approach. AIM: To determine the prevalence of secondary causes and risk factors for decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis. Material and Methods: We included postmenopausal women with a diagnosis of osteoporosis or low BMD who consulted for the first time in an endocrinology clinic between October 2018 and March 2020. A complete medical history, physical examination and a standardized laboratory assessment to identify secondary causes were performed. RESULTS: During the study period, 114 women were evaluated, 30 of them with low BMD and 84 with osteoporosis. After obtaining a medical history and a structured laboratory screening, at least one secondary cause was found in 50% of patients with osteoporosis and in 67% of those with low BMD. Most patients with no identified secondary cause had at least one risk factor for fragility fractures. Conclusions: A structured evaluation that includes medical history and standardized laboratory study in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or low BMD, is a valuable tool to identify secondary causes of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/epidemiology , Bone Density , Postmenopause , Minerals
7.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 89(2): 131-135, jul.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1359452

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La exposición ósea puede ser consecuencia de fracturas traumáticas abiertas o cerradas con complicaciones, así como secundarias a procesos infecciosos. La cobertura del miembro inferior con defecto cutáneo se basa en la preservación de la perfusión sanguínea y nerviosa para favorecer la consolidación ósea y así el salvamento del miembro. Descripción de los casos: Se describe la reconstrucción con colgajo muscular rotacional pediculado de sóleo y/o gastrocnemio en 16 pacientes con complicaciones asociadas a fracturas expuestas en miembros inferiores con defectos de partes blandas y pérdida de cobertura cutánea, realizados en el Servicio de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Hospital Escuela (HE) durante el período 2012-2015. Se realizó colocación de colgajo con sóleo en 50.0% (8/16) y gastrocnemio en 50.0% (8/16). El éxito terapéutico calificado quirúrgica y funcionalmente fue del 87.5% (14/16). Conclusión: Con la técnica de reconstrucción realizada a estos pacientes se logró disminuir la frecuencia de complicaciones y por consiguiente evitar la amputación de la extremidad afectada...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Flaps , Fractures, Bone/complications , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery , Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical
8.
Actual. osteol ; 16(1): 67-76, Ene - abr. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140042

ABSTRACT

La displasia fibrosa (DF) es una enfermedad infrecuente del hueso, no hereditaria, producida por una mutación activadora del gen GNAS, responsable de codificar la unidad a-estimuladora de la proteína G (Gsa). La presentación clínica de la enfermedad es muy variada, pues adopta desde formas asintomáticas hasta otras marcadamente sintomáticas. En los últimos años, el análisis exhaustivo de bases de datos de pacientes con DF ha permitido conocer más sobre su historia natural. En este artículo se revisa la información actualmente disponible sobre algunos aspectos que ayudarán al mejor enfoque clínico del paciente, como son: la utilidad clínica de los marcadores óseos, los factores pronósticos para el desarrollo de fracturas, la DF como condición predisponente para el desarrollo de tumores específicos, nuevas perspectivas sobre la fisiopatología del dolor óseo y nuevas estrategias terapéuticas. Un mayor conocimiento sobre la historia natural de esta enfermedad finalmente redundará en la mejor calidad de vida de los pacientes con DF. (AU)


Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is an infrequent, non-hereditary bone disease caused by a somatic mutation of the GNAS gene, responsible for encoding the a-subunit of the G-protein (Gsa). The clinical presentation of the disease varies greatly, with some patients being asymptomatic and others markedly symptomatic. The exhaustive analysis of the database from patients with FD has allowed to learn more about the natural history of this disease. This article reviews the current information available on the clinical utility of bone markers, the prognostic factors for the occurrence of fractures, the evidence supporting as a predisposing condition for the development of specific tumors, new perspectives on the pathophysiology of bone pain, and emerging therapeutic strategies. A greater understanding of the natural history of this disease will allow to make better medical decisions, which will ultimately contribute to improve FD patients' quality of life. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Musculoskeletal Pain/physiopathology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/etiology , Quality of Life , Tamoxifen/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Biomarkers , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Musculoskeletal Pain/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/diagnosis , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/physiopathology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/therapy , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Narcotics/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 102-103, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372344

ABSTRACT

Introducción Las fracturas pélvicas se asocian a sangrado arterial y/o venoso, ocasionando mortalidad elevada. El objetivo del estudio es diseñar, implementar y evaluar un protocolo para el tratamiento de fracturas pélvicas Materiales y métodos estudio prospectivo observacional, de pacientes con fractura pélvica que ingresaron a la clínica Medical. Variables: edad, sexo, arteria comprometida, lesión unilateral o bilateral, tipo de fractura pélvica (clasificación de Tile), indicación de la arteriografía, acceso uni o bilateral, éxito angiográfico, complicaciones del procedimiento, lesiones asociadas, mortalidad a 30 días, mecanismo de trauma, días de estancia en cuidado intensivo. Resultados 56 pacientes con fractura pélvica, 17 pacientes se llevaron a arteriografía pélvica por sospecha de sangrado, 14 pacientes tenían sangrado arterial, promedio de 36 años, las arterias más comúnmente lesionadas fueron la arteria hipogástrica, arteria sacra lateral y la arteria obturatriz. la mayoría de sangrados se asociaron a fracturas tipo C, las lesiones asociadas se encontraron en un 34% de casos, la indicación de la arteriografía fue inestabilidad hemodinámica al momento del ingreso, el control del sangrado se logró en el 86% de casos, la punción fue única en el 100% de casos, se requirió empaquetamiento pélvico 12% de casos. Discusión El trauma pélvico asociado a accidentes de motocicleta es común, el manejo multidisciplinario y la oportuna intervención del cirujano vascular es decisiva para el diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano de las lesiones vasculares pélvicas; la realización de un protocolo de manejo con un algoritmo de embolización mostró ser efectivo y seguro para el control del sangrado pélvico. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Background Pelvic fractures are frequently associated with arterial and / or venous bleeding, leading to high mortality (10 and 50%). Aim of study is to show our experience, based on an institutional protocol developed for the management of the patient with major pelvic trauma. Methods We conducted a prospective observational study for a 3 years period of time. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, artery involved, unilateral or bilateral lesion, type of pelvic fracture (Tile classification), indication of arteriography, unilateral or bilateral access, angiographic success, complications of the procedure, associated injuries, mortality at 30 days, trauma mechanism, days of stay in ICU and floor. Results We found 56 patients with pelvic fracture, 17 patients were taken to pelvic arteriography due to suspected bleeding, 14 patients had arterial bleeding, with an average age of 36 years, the arteries most commonly injured were the hypogastric artery, lateral sacral artery and the obturator artery, 50% of cases the bleeding was bilateral, the majority of bleeds were associated with type C fractures, associated lesions were found in 34% of cases, the indication of arteriography was hemodynamic instability at the time of admission, control of bleeding was achieved in 86% of cases (n: 15), the puncture was unique in 100% of cases (n: N: 14), pelvic packing was required in 2 patients (12%) Discussion Pelvic embolization for pelvic fracture is a safe and feasible procedure. A multidisciplinary approach and a high suspicion of pelvic arterial injury must be always in mind. Mortality in our trial was very low comparative with previous reports. Evidence Level: III


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pelvis/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Fractures, Bone/complications , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemorrhage/therapy , Pelvis/surgery , Angiography , Prospective Studies , External Fixators , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Iliac Artery/diagnostic imaging
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 510-513, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057461

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is an anesthesia performed through the infraclavicular route described in the literature as a safe and effective route for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow. The following report describes the case of a patient whose traditional plexus blocking techniques presented ultrasound visualization difficulty, but the costoclavicular approach was easy to visualize for anesthetic blockade. Case report: A grade 3 obese patient scheduled for repair of left elbow fracture and dislocation. Ultrasound examination revealed a distorted anatomy of the supraclavicular region and the axillary region with skin lesions, which made it impossible to perform the blockade in these regions. It was decided to perform an infraclavicular plexus block at the costoclavicular space, where the brachial plexus structures are more superficial and closer together, supported by a muscular structure, lateral to all adjacent vascular structures and with full view of the pleura. The anesthetic block was effective to perform the procedure with a single injection and uneventfully. Conclusion: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is a good alternative for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow, being a safe and effective option for patients who are obese or have other limitations to the use of other upper limb blocking techniques.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O bloqueio de plexo braquial via costoclavicular é uma anestesia feita por via infraclavicular, já descrita na literatura como uma via segura e efetiva para anestesia de membro superior distal ao cotovelo. O relato a seguir trata de um paciente em que as técnicas tradicionais para bloqueio de plexo apresentavam dificuldade de visibilização à ultrassonografia, já a via costoclavicular foi de fácil visibilização para execução do bloqueio anestésico. Relato de caso: Paciente com obesidade grau 3 a ser submetido a correção de fratura e luxação de cotovelo esquerdo apresentava anatomia da região supraclavicular distorcida à avaliação ultrassonográfica e região axilar com lesões de pele, que impossibilitavam o bloqueio nessas regiões. Optou-se por fazer o bloqueio de plexo via infraclavicular no espaço costoclavicular, região onde as estruturas do plexo braquial estão mais superficiais e unidas, amparadas por uma estrutura muscular, laterais a todas as estruturas vasculares adjacentes e com a visibilização plena da pleura. O bloqueio anestésico foi efetivo para a realização do procedimento sob punção única em pele e sem intercorrências. Conclusão: O bloqueio de plexo braquial via costoclavicular é uma boa opção para anestesia de membro superior distal ao cotovelo, é uma opção segura e efetiva para pacientes obesos ou que tenham outras limitações à aplicação de outras técnicas de bloqueio de membro superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arm , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Dislocations/complications , Elbow Joint/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Obesity/complications , Elbow Joint/surgery
11.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(3): 146-149, may.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248652

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las lesiones por el colapso escafosemilunar avanzado y el colapso avanzado por seudoartrosis del escafoides son consecuencia de un traumatismo que origina la fractura de escafoides y la consecuente seudoartrosis, resultando en una cinemática anormal de la muñeca y en una lesión de ligamento escafosemilunar, respectivamente. Las opciones quirúrgicas actuales para el tratamiento incluyen artrodesis parcial y carpectomía de la línea proximal del carpo. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, transversal y descriptivo en el período comprendido de Enero de 2010 a Diciembre de 2015. Se estudiaron 52 pacientes operados con artrodesis de cuatro esquinas y 19 pacientes manejados con carpectomía. Resultados: Del total de 71 pacientes, 62 fueron masculinos y nueve femeninos. Para el procedimiento de carpectomías, fueron 14 varones y cinco mujeres, para los pacientes con artrodesis de cuatro esquinas se incluyeron 48 masculinos y cuatro femeninos. Se identificaron 48 pacientes con colapso avanzado por seudoartrosis del escafoides y 23 pacientes con colapso escafosemilunar avanzado. Se realizaron 19 carpectomías y 52 artrodesis de cuatro esquinas del total de pacientes, 65 de ellos cursaron sin ninguna complicación, tres pacientes con retardo de la consolidación, dos con dolor residual, y uno con proceso infeccioso superficial. Discusión: La técnica de artrodesis de cuatro esquinas implica mayor tiempo de cirugía y de costos en relación con la carpectomía; sin embargo, la artrodesis tiene una reincorporación más rápida al trabajo con mejoría del dolor con respecto a la carpectomía; la decisión final en nuestra institución dependerá del caso y de la actividad del paciente.


Abstract: Advanced scafosemilunar collapse (SLAC) and advanced scaphoid pseudoarthrosis (SNAC) collapse are the result of trauma causing scaphoid fracture and the consequent pseudoarthrosis resulting in abnormal kinematics of the wrist and a scapholunate ligament injury, respectively. Current surgical options for SLAC/SNAC treatment include partial arthrodesis, carpal proximal row resection. Material and methods: Retrospective, cross-cutting and descriptive study was carried out in the period from January 2010 to December 2015. 52 patients operated on with 4-cornered arthrodesis and 19 patients with carpectomy were studied. Results: 71 patients, 62 male patients and 9 female patients were analysed. For the carpectomy procedure were 5 female patients, for patients with four-corner arthrodesis 48 male patient and 4 female patient were included. 48 patients with SNAC and 23 patients with SLAC were identified. 19 carpectomies and 52 arthrodesis of four corners of the total patients 65 of them were carried without any complications, 3 patients with delay of consolidation two with residual pain, and one with superficial infectious process. Discussion: The four-corner arthrodesis technique involves longer surgery and costs in relation to carpectomy, however arthrodesis has a faster return to pain-improvement work with respect to carpectomy; the final decision will depend on the case, the patient's activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthrodesis/methods , Carpal Bones , Scaphoid Bone/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(1): 99-103, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977428

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Ultrasound-guided upper limb blocks may provide great benefits to patients with serious diseases. Patients with Steinert's disease have muscle weakness and risk of triggering myotony or malignant hyperthermia due to the use of anesthetic agents and surgical stress. The objective of this report was to demonstrate a viable alternative for clavicle fracture surgery with upper trunk and supraclavicular nerve block, thus reducing the spread of local anesthetic to the phrenic nerve in a patient with muscular dystrophy. Case report: A 53-year-old male patient with Steinert's disease, associated with dyspnea, hoarseness and dysphagia, referred to the surgical theater for osteosynthesis of clavicle fracture. Upper limb (1 mL 0.75% ropivacaine) and supraclavicular nerve block (1 mL 0.75% ropivacaine in each branch) were combined with venous anesthesia with propofol under laryngeal mask (infusion pump target of 4 mcg.mL-1). Upon awakening, the patient had no pain or respiratory complaints. He was transferred to the ICU for immediate postoperative follow-up with discharge from this unit after 24 h without complications. Conclusions: The superior trunk and cervical plexus block associated with venous anesthesia under laryngeal mask, without the use of opioids, proved to be adequate in the case of a patient with clavicle fracture and Steinert's disease. With the use of ultrasonography in regional anesthesia it is possible to perform increasingly selective blocks, thus allowing greater security for the anesthetic-surgical procedure and lower morbidity for the patient.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Bloqueios seletivos dos membros superiores guiados por ultrassom podem trazer grandes benefícios em pacientes portadores de doenças graves. Pacientes portadores da doença de Steinert apresentam fraqueza muscular e riscos de desencadear miotonia ou hipertermia maligna devido ao uso de agentes anestésicos e ao estresse cirúrgico. O objetivo deste relato foi mostrar uma opção viável para a cirurgia de fratura de clavícula com bloqueio do tronco superior e nervo supraclavicular, diminui-se assim a dispersão do anestésico local para o nervo frênico em paciente com distrofia muscular. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 53 anos, portador de doença de Steinert, associada a dispneia, rouquidão e disfagia. Encaminhado ao bloco cirúrgico para osteossíntese de fratura de clavícula. Feito bloqueio de tronco superior (1 mL ropivacaína a 0,75%) e de nervo supraclavicular (1 mL de ropivacaína 0,75 em cada ramificação) associado à anestesia venosa com propofol sob máscara laríngea (alvo de 4 mcg.mL-1 em bomba de infusão). Ao despertar, o paciente apresentava-se sem dor ou queixas respiratórias. Admitido em CTI para acompanhamento do pós-operatório imediato com alta dessa unidade após 24 horas sem intercorrências. Conclusões: O bloqueio do tronco superior e do plexo cervical associado à anestesia venosa sob máscara laríngea, sem uso de opioides, mostrou-se adequado no caso de fratura da clavícula em paciente com doença de Steinert. Com o uso da ultrassonografia em anestesia regional é possível fazer bloqueios cada vez mais seletivos e possibilitar assim maior segurança para o procedimento anestésico-cirúrgico e menor morbidade para o paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Clavicle/surgery , Clavicle/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Brachial Plexus Block , Cervical Plexus Block , Myotonic Dystrophy/complications , Fractures, Bone/complications , Middle Aged
13.
Actual. osteol ; 14(3): 205-218, sept. - dic. 2018. ilus., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052695

ABSTRACT

La diabetes es una enfermedad crónica asociada con importantes comorbilidades. El sistema esquelético parece ser un objetivo adicional de daño mediado por diabetes. Se acepta que la diabetes tipo 1 y tipo 2 se asocian con un mayor riesgo de fractura ósea. Varios estudios han demostrado que los cambios metabólicos causados por la diabetes pueden influir en el metabolismo óseo disminuyendo la calidad y la resistencia del hueso. Sin embargo, los mecanismos subyacentes no se conocen por completo pero son multifactoriales y, probablemente, incluyen los efectos de la obesidad, hiperglucemia, estrés oxidativo y acumulación de productos finales de glicosilación avanzada. Estos darían lugar a un desequilibrio de varios procesos y sistemas: formación de hueso, resorción ósea, formación y entrecruzamiento de colágeno. Otros factores adicionales como la hipoglucemia inducida por el tratamiento, ciertos medicamentos antidiabéticos con un efecto directo sobre el metabolismo óseo y mineral, así como una mayor propensión a las caídas, contribuirían al aumento del riesgo de fracturas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo describir los mecanismos fisiopatológicas subyacentes a la fragilidad ósea en pacientes diabéticos. (AU)


Diabetes is a chronic disease associated with important comorbidities. The skeletal system seems to be an additional target of diabetes mediated damage. It is accepted that type 1 and type 2 diabetes are associated with an increased risk of bone fracture. Several studies have shown that metabolic changes caused by diabetes can influence bone metabolism by decreasing bone quality and resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely known but they are multifactorial and probably include the effects of obesity, hyperglycemia, oxidative stress and accumulation of advanced glycosylation end products. These would lead to an imbalance of several processes and systems: bone formation, bone resorption, formation and collagen crosslinking. Other additional factors such as treatment-induced hypoglycemia, certain antidiabetic medications with a direct effect on bone and mineral metabolism, as well as an increased propensity for falls, would contribute to the increased risk of fractures in patients with diabetes mellitus. This review aims to describe the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying bone fragility in diabetic patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/metabolism , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/drug therapy , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Glycosylation , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Hyperglycemia/complications , Hypoglycemia/chemically induced , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Obesity/complications
14.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 15(2): 24-34, jul.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-988615

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas nasales son frecuentes en los traumas centro faciales, debido a que la pirámide nasal está constituida por hueso delgado, que se proyecta de forma prominente en la parte media de la cara siendo susceptible cuando ocurre un trauma facial. La información sobre el manejo de fracturas nasales, establece que el tratamiento óptimo de las mismas constituye el pilar para evitar secuelas funcionales o estéticas en los pacientes. Objetivo: recopilar información actualizada acerca de anatomía nasal, signos clínicos, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las fracturas nasales para el manejo correcto de estos traumas nasales. Material y métodos:la información obtenida es el resumen de 20 artículos que contienen puntos esenciales y recientes, seleccionados de 147 artículos en inglés y español. Se consultaron bases de datos como Hinari, Scielo, Biblioteca Cochrane y Pubmed; utilizando palabras claves fractura nasal y manejo Conclusión: es fundamental contar con un manejo estandarizado para saber qué conducta seguir de acuerdo al tipo de fractura nasal y así hacer una distinción clara sobre que fracturas se pueden resolver de forma inmediata y en cuales se puede postergar la reducción...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Nerve Injuries , Fractures, Bone/complications , Ethmoid Bone , Nose/injuries
15.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 70(2): 279-286, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-843659

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: understand the experience of the elderly with falls followed by femoral fracture and elaborate theoretical model of this process of lived experience. Method: qualitative research with theoretical saturation through analysis of the ninth nondirected interview of elderly who underwent such experience. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed according to Grounded Theory. Results: three categories emerged (sub-processes): evaluating signs and symptoms of fracture after the fall; feeling sad and insecure with the new condition; and finding oneself susceptible to fractures. From realignment of these categories (sub-processes) we could abstract the central category (process), recognizing oneself as vulnerable to falls in the concreteness of the fracture. Conclusion: the theoretical model considering the Symbolic Interactionism signals the implementation of continued program for fall prevention, with teaching strategies that encourage the elderly to reflect on the concreteness of contexts in which there is risk of occurring injury to their health.


RESUMEN: Objetivos conocer la experiencia de ancianos con caídas seguidas por las fracturas del fémur y elaborar un modelo teórico de la experiencia de este proceso. Método: investigación cualitativa con la saturación teórica, mediante el análisis de la novena entrevista no directiva de ancianos que experimentaron esta experiencia. Las entrevistas fueron audio grabadas, transcritas y analizadas según la Teoría Fundamentada en los Datos. Resultados: surgieron tres categorías (sub): la evaluación de los signos y síntomas de la fractura después de la caída; sentirse triste e inseguro con la nueva condición; y descubrirse susceptible a las fracturas. Después de la realineación de estas categorías (subproceso), fue posible abstraer la categoría central (proceso), reconociéndose vulnerable a caídas en la realidad de la fractura. Conclusión: el modelo teórico a la luz de la interacción simbólica señala la aplicación del programa continuo de prevención de caídas, con estrategias de enseñanza que fomentan los ancianos a reflexionar sobre los contextos concretos en los que existe un riesgo de daño a su salud.


RESUMO Objetivos: compreender a experiência de idosos com quedas seguidas de fraturas do fêmur e elaborar modelo teórico desse processo de vivência. Método: pesquisa qualitativa com saturação teórica mediante análise da nona entrevista não diretiva de idosos que vivenciaram tal experiência. As entrevistas foram audiogravadas, transcritas e analisadas segundo a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. Resultados: emergiram três categorias (subprocessos): avaliando sinais e sintomas de fratura após a queda; sentindo-se triste e inseguro com a nova condição; e descobrindo-se suscetível a fraturas. Do realinhamento dessas categorias (subprocessos), foi possível abstrair a categoria central (processo), reconhecendo-se vulnerável a quedas na concretude da fratura. Conclusão: o modelo teórico à luz do Interacionismo Simbólico sinaliza a implementação de programa continuado de prevenção de quedas, com estratégias de ensino que estimulem o idoso a refletir sobre a concretude de contextos nos quais haja risco de ocorrências do agravo à sua saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Accidental Falls , Vulnerable Populations/psychology , Fractures, Bone/psychology , Femur/injuries , Aged, 80 and over/psychology , Aged/psychology , Qualitative Research , Fractures, Bone/complications , Grounded Theory , Life Change Events , Middle Aged
16.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(6): 284-290, nov.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949765

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Valorar las complicaciones y secuelas del tratamiento de la fractura-luxación de Lisfranc (FLL). Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohortes ambispectivo trasversal de 83 pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura-luxación de Lisfranc. Se utilizó un protocolo de recopilación de datos con variables relacionadas con la lesión, parámetros clínicos, terapéuticos, complicaciones y escalas de valoración clínica. Resultados: 66 pacientes (79.5%) presentaron complicaciones tanto precoces como tardías. Las complicaciones precoces sumaron nueve casos de edema postoperatorio, tres de infección superficial, dos de necrosis cutánea que precisó injerto libre de piel (ILPH), uno de lesión vascular, uno de tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP), uno de pérdida de reducción en el postoperatorio precoz, uno de mala reducción que precisó de nueva intervención. Entre las complicaciones tardías, 41 pacientes (49.40%) presentaron signos radiológicos de artrosis en la articulación tarsometatarsiana, cinco con enfermedad de Sudeck que precisó tratamiento, ocho con descalcificación por desuso, 12 con edema residual, uno con pérdida de reducción en fase tardía, uno con cicatriz hipertrófica y brida retráctil, uno con osteomielitis crónica, uno con seudoartrosis, tres con intolerancia/infección tardía al material de osteosíntesis; también hubo reintervención de siete pacientes en fase de secuelas donde se les realizó artrodesis. No se observó ninguna rotura de material de osteosíntesis. Casi la mitad de los pacientes (49.4%) recibieron algún tipo de indemnización económica tras el accidente. Conclusiones: El tratamiento de las FLL debe realizarse lo antes posible, ya que la estabilización en un breve plazo de tiempo puede ayudar a mejorar los resultados. La reducción anatómica no predice los buenos resultados. Un número importante de pacientes refirió dolor residual.


Abstract: Objective: To value the complications and sequels for patients with Lisfranc's fracture-luxation (FLL). Material and methods: A transverse ambispective study of cohorts was realized of 83 patients by diagnosis of Lisfranc's fracture-luxation. There was in use a protocol of withdrawal of information with variables related to the injury, clinical, therapeutic parameters, complications and scales of clinical valuation. Results: 66 patients (79.5%) presented complications grouping early and late. Analyzing the early complications, we observe 9 cases of postoperatory edema with inflammation and swelling, 3 cases of superficial infection, 2 cases of necrosis cutaneous that precise graft should free of skin (ILPH), 1 case of vascular complication, 1 case of pulmonary embolis (TEP), 1 case of loss of reduction in the precocious postoperatory, 1 case of bad reduction that was necessary new intervention. The late complications presented the following distribution: 41 patients (49.40%) presented radiological signs of degenerative osteoarthritis in the tarsometatarsal joint, 5 cases of Sudeck's disease that needed treatment, 8 cases of decalcification for disuse, 12 cases of edema and residual inflammation, 1 case of loss of reduction in late phase, 1 case of hypertrophic scar with retractable bridle, 1 case of chronic osteomyelitis, 1 case of seudodegenerative osteoarthritis, 3 cases of late intolerance/infection to the osteosynthesis material, reintervention of 7 patients in phase of sequels where they were realized artrodesis. No break of material was observed of osteosynthesis. Almost the half of the patients (49.4%) they received some type of economic indemnification after the accident. Conclusions: The treatment of the FLL must be realized as soon as possible, providing that the general condition of the patient and of the soft parts allows it, since the stabilization in the brief space of time can help to improve the results. The anatomical reduction cannot grant a good result. An important number of patients had residual pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Dislocations/complications , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Osteoarthritis , Radiography , Treatment Outcome , Edema/etiology , Necrosis/etiology
17.
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 70(3): 323-329, jul.-set. 2016. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797091

ABSTRACT

Fraturas faciais foram provocadas principalmente por acidentes de trânsito (37,3%), e por agressões físicas (33%), vitimando predominantemente pacientes do gênero masculino (83,7%).Ocorreram mais frequentemente na faixa etária entre 21 e 30 anos (38,2%). A frequência de homens e mulheres vitimados entre a primeira e a terceira décadas de vida foi bastante similar.As fraturas mandibulares isoladas foram significativamente predominantes (48%), seguidas pelas zigomáticas (19,7%) e pelas nasais (19,7%). As agressões físicas foram mais frequente mente responsáveis pelas fraturas mandibulares, zigomáticas, nasais, maxilares e frontais, enquanto as fraturas pan faciais e Le Fort resultaram mais frequentemente de acidentes de trânsito.


Facial fractures were mainly caused by traffic accidents (37.3%) and physical abuse (33%), victimizing mostly male patients (83.7%). Occurred more frequently in the age group between21 and 30 years (38.2%). The frequency of men and women victimized between the first and third decades of life was very similar. Isolated mandibular fractures were significantly predominant(48%), followed by zygomatic (19.7%) and the nose (19.7%). The assaults were mostoften responsible for mandibular fractures, zygomatic, nasal, maxillary and frontal, while the panfaciais fractures and Le Fort resulted more often aciteeth transit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/statistics & numerical data , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures/complications , Mandibular Fractures/prevention & control , Maxillary Fractures/complications , Maxillary Fractures/prevention & control , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/diagnosis , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control
18.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 50(3): 357-365, set. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837613

ABSTRACT

La sarcopenia asociada a la edad es una condicion caracterizada por una disminucion de la masa y fuerza muscular de causa multifactorial. El hueso y el musculo son dos tejidos que se encuentran interrelacionados entre si. Las fuerzas mecanicas aplicadas sobre el hueso son aquellas originadas por la contraccion muscular, lo cual condiciona las propiedades del hueso como masa, tamano, forma y arquitectura. Por la tanto, la disminucion de la masa y fuerza muscular conduciran a una disminucion de la cantidad y calidad osea. De esta manera, la sarcopenia es una condicion que en adultos mayores incrementa el riesgo de caidas y fracturas por fragilidad osea, por lo que se propone el termino de osteosarcopenia para identificar aquellos adultos mayores con mayor riesgo de fracturas por fragilidad osea. En la actualidad, el desarrollo de un consenso sobre los criterios diagnosticos de osteosarcopenia son demandados por la comunidad medica ya que estos permitirian identificar a los pacientes con mayor riesgo de desarrollar fracturas osteoporoticas, realizar intervenciones terapeuticas adecuadas y mejorar la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores.


Age-related sarcopenia is a condition which typically shows a decline in muscle mass and strength due to multifactorial causes. Bones and muscles are two interrelated tissues. The mechanical forces applied on bones are those derived from muscle contraction, conditioning bone properties, such as mass, size, shape and architecture. Therefore, the decline of muscle mass and strength would lead to a decrease in bone quality and quantity resulting in bone frailty. For this reason, sarcopenia is a condition that increases the risk of suffering falls and fractures in older adults. Currently, osteosarcopenia is the term used to identify those older adults with a greater risk of fractures due to bone frailty; however, a consensus of the medical community is needed for developing diagnostic criteria which makes it possible to identify patients with a high risk of developing osteoporotic fractures, to perform adequate therapeutic interventions and to improve the quality of life of older adults.


A sarcopenia associada à idade é uma condição caracterizada por uma diminuição da massa e da força muscular derivada de uma série de causas. O osso e o músculo são dois tecidos que se encontram inter-relacionados entre si. As forças mecânicas aplicadas sobre o osso são aquelas originadas pela contração muscular, que condiciona as propriedades do osso, tais como a massa, o tamanho, a forma e a arquitetura. Portanto, a diminuição da massa e da força muscular conduzirão à uma diminuição da quantidade e da qualidade ósseas. Desta maneira, a sarcopenia é uma condição que em adultos idosos incrementa o risco de quedas e fraturas em razão da fragilidade óssea, razão pela qual se propõe o termo osteo-sarcopenia para identificar a aqueles idosos com maior risco de fraturas por fragilidade óssea. Na atualidade, o desenvolvimento de um consenso sobre os critérios diagnósticos da osteo-sarcopenia é demanda da comunidade médica, na medida em que permitiria identificar os pacientes com maior risco de desenvolver fraturas osteoporóticas, realizar intervenções terapêuticas adequadas e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Fractures, Bone/complications , Osteoporosis , Sarcopenia/complications , Aging , Frail Elderly , Osteogenesis Imperfecta
19.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(4): 323-327, jul. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788902

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Reportar un caso de grave fractura pélvica y sangrado masivo tratado inicialmente con packing pélvico. Caso clínico Paciente precipitado hemodinámicamente debido a varias fracturas abiertas, entre las que se incluye fractura pélvica con importante diástasis púbica. Se decide intervención quirúrgica procediendo a fijación externa de la pelvis, y posteriormente se realiza un packing extraperitoneal dado el gran hematoma extraperitoneal con sangrado en sábana. Finalmente, se practica arteriografía donde se ve sangrado arterial activo dependiente del tronco pudendo obturador y de la arteria glútea superior izquierda que se embolizan, con posterior estabilización hemodinámica. Conclusión La arteriografía puede mejorar el control de la hemorragia en los pacientes con sangrado arterial y hemodinámicamente estables, pero el packing tiene prioridad en los pacientes con fracturas de pelvis e inestabilidad hemodinámica.


Aim To report a case of severe pelvic fracture and massive bleeding initially treated with pelvic packing. Clinical case Patient who falls off a high place, hemodynamically unstable due to several open fractures including a pelvic fracture with significant pubic diastasis. It is decided to operate on the patient, proceeding to external fixation of the pelvis and performing, afterwards, an extraperitoneal packing due to the large extraperitoneal hematoma with oozing hemorrhage. Lastly an arteriography is done, where active arterial bleeding is observed localized at the obturator pudendal trunk and the left superior gluteal artery, which are embolized with hemodynamic stabilization. Conclusion Arteriography can improve hemorrhage control in hemodynamically stable patients with arterial bleeding, but packing has the priority on patients with pelvic fractures and hemodynamic instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pelvic Bones/surgery , Hemostatic Techniques , Fractures, Bone/complications , Exsanguination/therapy , Peritoneum , Accidental Falls , Multiple Trauma , External Fixators , Emergency Treatment/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Exsanguination/etiology , Hemodynamics
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 72 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867914

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica flexural dos instrumentos de níquel- titânio, Hyflex CM (Coltène, EUA) e TF Adaptive (SybronEndo, EUA) em diferentes situações experimentais. Todas as limas que foram selecionadas possuíam conicidade 0,04 e diâmetro de ponta 35. Utilizou-se um dispositivo desenvolvido especificamente para realizar o ensaio flexural dinâmico. Os instrumentos TF Adaptive foram divididos em 3 grupos de acordo com o ângulo de curvatura do ensaio: 45º, 60º e 90º e cada grupo subdividido em 2 subgrupos de acordo com o tipo de movimento: rotação contínua e Adaptive. Cada subgrupo era composto por 15 instrumentos TF Adaptive, totalizando 90 instrumentos. Quinze instrumentos Hyflex CM formavam o grupo 4, no ensaio com ângulo de curvatura 90 graus e rotação contínua. A simulação foi realizada em canais artificiais de aço com ângulo de 45, 60, 90 graus e raio 5m m. O número de ciclos e o tempo em segundos até a fratura foram tabulados e analisados. Entretanto, a fadiga cíclica flexural foi significante maior nos três grupos em movimento Adaptive. E as limas TF Adaptive em seu próprio movimento tiveram maior número de ciclos e tempo até a fratura quando comparadas as Hyflex CM no ensaio de 90 graus. Portanto, conclui-se que o sistema Adaptive (limas TF Adaptive + movimento Adaptive) foi mais seguro à resistência á fadiga flexural, e no ensaio de 90 graus o sistema Adaptive foi mais resistente quando comparado com as limas Hyflex CM no movimento de rotação contínua.


The aim of this work to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance flexural the instruments of nickel-titanium, HyFlex CM (Coltène, USA) and TF Adaptive (SybronEndo, USA) in different experimental situations. All files that were selected had 0.04 taper and tip diameter 35. We used a device developed specifically to perform the dynamic flexural test. The TF Adaptive instruments were divided into 3 groups according to the angle of curvature of the test: 45, 60 and 90 and further divided in two subgroups according to the type of movement: continuous rotation and Adaptive. Each group consisted of 15 instruments TF Adaptive totaling 90 instruments. Fifteen HyFlex CM instruments formed the group 4 in the trial of bend angle 90 degrees and continuous rotation. The simulation was performed in artificial steel angled channels 45, 60, 90 degrees and radius 5m m. The number of cycles and the time in seconds until fracture were tabulated and analyzed. However, the cyclical flexural fatigue was significantly greater in the three groups Adaptive motion. And the TF Adaptive files on your own movement had a higher number of cycles and time to fracture when the HyFlex CM compared in 90-degree test. Therefore, it is concluded that the adaptive system (TF Adaptive Motion + Adaptive files) was safer resistance to flexural fatigue, and 90 degrees test Adaptive system is more resistant when compared with the HyFlex files into continuous.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/diagnosis , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Dental Instruments/adverse effects , Dental Instruments/statistics & numerical data , Dental Instruments , Alloys/adverse effects
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