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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719357

ABSTRACT

A 66-year-old postmenopausal woman received routine gynecologic check-up. Transvaginal ultrasonography and abdominal and pelvic computed tomography showed about 5-cm cystic mass in uterus with solid component and the patient had thin endometrium and the serum level of CA 125 was normal. We performed a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and found tumor which had brownish cystic fluid and about 2 cm sized and colored in light yellowish, polypoid protruding solid mass, located within the myometrial wall. Histopathological examination of frozen section revealed malignancy. The tumor was confined within the myometrium and its histologic type was clear cell adenocarcinoma. Finally we identified that the myometrial mass was clear cell adenocarcinoma originated from adenomyosis pathologically. The malignant transformation of adenomyosis is very rare. When we find a cystic change with solid component in adenomyosis patients, clear cell adenocarcinoma should be suspected as a differential diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging should be considered for further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell , Adenomyosis , Aged , Animals , Diagnosis, Differential , Endometrium , Female , Frozen Sections , Humans , Hysterectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mice , Myometrium , Ultrasonography , Uterus
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of frozen section diagnosis and factors associated with final pathological diagnosis upgrade in patients with mucinous ovarian tumors. METHODS: This study included 1,032 patients with mucinous ovarian tumors who underwent frozen section diagnosis during surgery. Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of frozen section diagnosis was calculated. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with diagnosis upgrade in the final pathology report. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of frozen section diagnosis were 99.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]=98%–99.6%) and 82.2% (95% CI=77.9%–85.7%), respectively, for benign mucinous tumors; 74.6% (95% CI=69.1%–79.4%) and 96.7% (95% CI=95.2%–97.8%), respectively, for mucinous borderline ovarian tumors; and 72.5% (95% CI=62.9%–80.3%) and 98.8% (95% CI=97.9%–99.3%), respectively, for invasive mucinous carcinomas. The multivariate analysis revealed that mixed tumor histology (odds ratio [OR]=2.8; 95% CI=1.3–6.3; p=0.012), tumor size >12 cm (OR=2.5; 95% CI=1.5–4.3; p=0.001), multilocular tumor (OR=2.9; 95% CI=1.4–6.0; p=0.006), and presence of a solid component in the tumor (OR=3.1; 95% CI=1.8–5.1; p12 cm, multilocular tumor, and presence of a solid component in the tumor were independent risk factors for final pathological diagnosis upgrade based on frozen section diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Humans , Mucins , Multivariate Analysis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pathology , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762691

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) is widely performed for axillary staging in patients with breast cancer. Based on the results of frozen section examination (FSE), surgeons can decide to continue further axillary dissections. This study aimed to verify the accuracy of FSE for SLNs. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 4,219 patients who underwent SLNB for primary invasive breast cancer between 2007 and 2016 at the Severance Hospital. We evaluated factors associated with the false-negative results of FSE for SLNs using the Generalized Estimating Equations model. RESULTS: A total of 1,397 SLNs from 908 patients were confirmed to be metastatic. Seventy-one patients (1.7%) had confirmed pathologic N2 or N3 stage. Among metastatic SLNs, micrometastasis was found in 234 (16.8%). The overall accuracy of SLNB was 98.5%. The sensitivity and false-negative rate of FSE were 86.4% and 13.6%, respectively. Several clinicopathological factors, including the size of SLN metastases, suspicious preoperative axillary lymph nodes, and luminal B subtype, were associated with a higher rate of false-negative results. CONCLUSION: Most patients were not indicated for axillary lymph node dissection. Some patients may show transition in their permanent pathology due to the size of the metastatic node. However, the false-negative results of FSE for SLNs based on the size of the metastatic node did not change our practice. Therefore, intraoperative FSE for SLN should not be routinely performed for all breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , False Negative Reactions , Frozen Sections , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Pathology , Phenobarbital , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Surgeons
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766012

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pathologic diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms is made by comparing light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and molecular cytogenetic findings with clinicoradiologic observations. Intraoperative frozen cytology smears can improve the diagnostic accuracy for CNS neoplasms. Here, we evaluate the diagnostic value of cytology in frozen diagnoses of CNS neoplasms. METHODS: Cases were selected from patients undergoing both frozen cytology and frozen sections. Diagnostic accuracy was evaluated. RESULTS: Four hundred and fifty-four cases were included in this retrospective single-center review study covering a span of 10 years. Five discrepant cases (1.1%) were found after excluding 53 deferred cases (31 cases of tentative diagnosis, 22 cases of inadequate frozen sampling). A total of 346 cases of complete concordance and 50 cases of partial concordance were classified as not discordant cases in the present study. Diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative frozen diagnosis was 87.2%, and the accuracy was 98.8% after excluding deferred cases. Discrepancies between frozen and permanent diagnoses (n = 5, 1.1%) were found in cases of nonrepresentative sampling (n = 2) and misinterpretation (n = 3). High concordance was observed more frequently in meningeal tumors (97/98, 99%), metastatic brain tumors (51/52, 98.1%), pituitary adenomas (86/89, 96.6%), schwannomas (45/47, 95.8%), high-grade astrocytic tumors (47/58, 81%), low grade astrocytic tumors (10/13, 76.9%), non-neoplastic lesions (23/36, 63.9%), in decreasing frequency. CONCLUSIONS: Using intraoperative cytology and frozen sections of CNS tumors is a highly accurate diagnostic ancillary method, providing subtyping of CNS neoplasms, especially in frequently encountered entities.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Central Nervous System , Cytogenetics , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Humans , Meningeal Neoplasms , Methods , Neurilemmoma , Pituitary Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785333

ABSTRACT

The primary function of intraoperative frozen consultation is to provide an as accurate and prompt diagnosis as possible during surgery and to guide the surgeon in further management. However, the evaluation of frozen section (FS) is sometimes difficult because of suboptimal tissue quality and frozen artifacts compared with routinely processed tissue section. The pathologist responsible for the FS diagnosis requires experience and good judgment. Ovarian tumors are a heterogeneous group of tumors including primary surface epithelial tumors, germ cell tumors and sex cord-stromal tumors, secondary tumors, and other groups of tumors of uncertain histogenesis or nonspecific stroma. Intraoperative FS is a very important and reliable tool that guides the surgical management of ovarian tumors. In this review, the diagnostic key points for the pathologist and the implication of the FS diagnosis on the operator’s decisions are discussed.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Judgment , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors
7.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 75-84, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tumors are locally invasive but rarely metastatic. However, aggressive metastatic variants are being increasingly reported in elderly people. Here we investigated the clinical utility of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as a predictive biomarker for aggressive BCC variants. METHODS: Thirty-five pathologically confirmed cases of BCC that underwent surgical removal in the Plastic Surgery Department between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012 were studied. VEGF expression was analyzed in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue by immunohistochemical staining. Positive staining was defined as more than 10% of the tumor cells showing immunoreactivity. The associations of VEGF expression with various clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: The face was the most prevalent site (28/35), with 15 cases from the nose, 6 cases from the eyelid, and 5 cases from the cheek. The patients were aged between 41 and 86 years, with a mean age of 69.26 ± 173.903 years. The mean BCC size was 1.34 ± 3.853 cm, with a range of 0.3 cm to 12.0 cm. The mean tumor invasion depth from the basement epidermal membrane was 0.17 ± 0.035 cm, with a range of 0.03 cm to 1.10 cm. A mean of 5.66 ± 20.938 intraoperative frozen section slides were examined. VEGF was not expressed in 14 of the 35 patients (40.0%), whereas 42.9% of the patients had low expression and 17.1% of the patients had high expression. VEGF expression was significantly associated with age (P = 0.022), size (P = 0.030), site (P = 0.013), tumor invasion depth (P = 0.019), and number of intraoperatively frozen sections (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that VEGF expression as assessed by immunohistochemistry can predict aggressive or poor prognosis in BCC.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Cheek , Eyelids , Frozen Sections , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Membranes , Nose , Prognosis , Surgery, Plastic , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738580

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of the eyelid. CASE SUMMARY: A 70-year-old male presented with a 5-month history of a right upper eyelid mass. The mass appeared as 1.2 × 1.2 cm on the right upper eyelid. A mass excision was performed under frozen section control. The tumor was completely excised with a safety margin clearance and an upper eyelid reconstruction was performed. Histopathological examination revealed a tumor composed of small atypical cells which showed a high nuclear/cytoplasm ratio, nuclear molding, and increased mitotic activity. Immunohistochemical examination revealed positive reactivity for Ki-67, synaptophysin, CD56, and negative reactivity for chromogranin, cytokeratin 20, and thyroid transcription factor-1. CONCLUSIONS: Primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the eyelid is extremely rare, but the tumor has high malignancy and readily metastasizes. Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a rapidly growing eyelid mass.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Merkel Cell , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Diagnosis, Differential , Eyelids , Frozen Sections , Fungi , Humans , Keratin-20 , Male , Synaptophysin , Thyroid Gland
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742113

ABSTRACT

Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor in the liver, which is composed of blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose cells. The proportion of each component varies, making a diagnosis difficult. This paper reports a case of AML in the liver without adipose tissue, mimicking a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which was diagnosed by a surgical tissue biopsy. A 65-year-old woman was admitted for an evaluation of a hepatic mass that had been detected by ultrasonography. The serologic markers of viral hepatitis B and C were negative. The liver function tests and alpha fetoprotein level were within the normal limits. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.9 cm sized mass in segment 6 of the liver with early arterial enhancement and washout on the delayed phase accompanied by a rim-like enhancement, which is similar to the imaging findings of HCC. A frozen section examination during surgery indicated a hepatocellular neoplasm and suggested the possibility of HCC. On the other hand, the final pathologic diagnosis was epithelioid myoid type of AML with no adipose tissue component. The tumor cells were positive for human melanocyte B-45 and negative for cytokeratin and hepatocyte paraffin 1. This paper reports a very rare case of AML without adipose tissue in the liver mimicking HCC that was diagnosed by a surgical tissue biopsy.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aged , alpha-Fetoproteins , Angiomyolipoma , Biopsy , Blood Vessels , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Female , Frozen Sections , Hand , Hepatitis B , Hepatocytes , Humans , Keratins , Liver Function Tests , Liver , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Melanocytes , Muscle, Smooth , Paraffin , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 331-341, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179809

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of microscopic invasion to determine the adequate resection margin in early gastric cancer (EGC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed that included patients who underwent gastrectomy for clinical early gastric cancer (cEGC) at Seoul National University Hospital between January 2007 and December 2010. After subtracting the microscopic resection margin from the gross resection margin for each proximal or distal resection margin, microscopic invasion was represented by the larger value. Microscopic invasion and its risk factors were analyzed according to the clinicopathologic characteristics. RESULTS: In total, 861 patients were enrolled in the study. Microscopic invasion of cEGC was 6.0±12.8 mm, and the proportion of patients with microscopic invasion ≥0 mm was 78.4%. In the risk group, tumor location, pT stage, and differentiation did not significantly discriminate the presence of microscopic invasion. The microscopic invasion of EGC-IIb was 13.9±16.8 mm, which was significantly greater than that of EGC-I. No linear correlation was observed between the overall tumor size and microscopic invasion (R=0.030). The independent risk factors for microscopic invasion ≥20 mm were EGC-IIb vs. EGC-I/IIa/IIc/III (odds ratio [OR], 3.103; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.533–6.282; P=0.002) and male vs. female sex (OR, 1.655; 95% CI, 1.012–2.705; P=0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Male sex and EGC-IIb were independent risk factors for microscopic invasion ≥20 mm. Examination of intraoperative frozen sections is highly recommended to avoid resection margin involvement, especially in cases of EGC-IIb.


Subject(s)
Female , Frozen Sections , Gastrectomy , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seoul , Stomach Neoplasms
11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 176-182, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207531

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Intraoperative frozen-section analysis of the lumpect-omy margin during breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is an excellent method in obtaining a clear resection margin. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of intraoperative circumferential frozen-section analysis (IOCFS) of lumpectomy margin during BCS for breast cancer, and to find factors that increase the conversion into mastectomy. METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, 509 patients with breast cancer underwent IOCFS during BCS. The outer surfaces of the shaved lumpectomy margins were evaluated. A negative margin was defined as no ink on the tumor. All margins were evaluated using the permanent section analysis. RESULTS: Among the 509 patients, 437 (85.9%) underwent BCS and 72 (14.1%) finally underwent mastectomy. Of the 483 pathologically confirmed patients, 338 (70.0%) were true-negative, 24 (5.0%) false-negative, 120 (24.8%) true-positive, and 1 (0.2%) false-positive. Twenty-four patients (4.7%) among total 509 patients had undetermined margins as either atypical ductal hyperplasia or ductal carcinoma in situ in the first IOCFS. The IOCFS has an accuracy of 94.8% with 83% sensitivity, 99.7% specificity, 93.4% negative predictive value, and 99.2% positive predictive value. Sixty-three cases (12.4%) were converted to mastectomy, the first intraoperatively. Of the 446 (87.6%) patients who successfully underwent BCS, 64 patients received additional excisions and 32 were reoperated to achieve clear margin (reoperation rate, 6.3%). Twenty-three of the reoperated patients underwent re-excisions using the second intraoperative frozen section analysis, and achieved BCS. Nine cases were additionally converted to mastectomy. No significant differences in age, stage, and biological factors were found between the BCS and mastectomy cases. Factors such as invasive lobular carcinoma, multiple tumors, large tumor, and multiple excisions increased the conversion to mastectomy. CONCLUSION: The IOCFS analysis during BCS is useful in evaluating lumpectomy margins and preventing reoperation.


Subject(s)
Biological Factors , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Carcinoma, Lobular , Frozen Sections , Humans , Hyperplasia , Ink , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Methods , Reoperation , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648851

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) frequently occurs as multifocal and bilateral tumors. However, multifocality and bilaterality are not easy to detect preoperatively and contralateral remnant tumor might lead to reoperation after hemithyroidectomy. We aimed to demonstrate the frequency of bilaterality and predictive factors for occult contralateral PTC when a frozen biopsy of hemithyroidectomy shows multifocal PTCs in one of the lobes. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: One hundred and thirty patients with PTC were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent hemithyroidectomy and frozen biopsy, followed by total thyroidectomy because of ipsilateral multifocality. Medical records, pathologic results, and preoperative ultrasound results were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups depending on bilaterality (unilateral or bilateral). RESULTS: Bilaterality was detected in 74 of 130 patients (56.9%). Bilateral group showed more number of carcinomas (3.9±1.4 vs. 2.3±0.9) and more tendency of existence of contralateral nodule (87.8% vs. 55.3%). Tumor size of 1 cm or more and contralateral nodules were significant predictive factors for the existence of occult contralateral PTC. The suspicious sonographic feature of contralateral nodule had 75.7% sensitivity and 75% specificity for detecting bilaterality. CONCLUSION: The incidence of bilateral PTC is high in patients with ipsilateral multiple tumors. When the frozen biopsy result shows multifocality in one of the lobes, the remnant tumor may lead to reoperation under recent guidelines on thyroid surgical extent. Characteristics of contralateral nodule can help physicians and patients to make the decision regarding surgical extent.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Frozen Sections , Humans , Incidence , Medical Records , Methods , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroidectomy , Ultrasonography
13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 400-403, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194952

ABSTRACT

Two consecutive surveys for breast surgeons in Korea were conducted to comprehend the practice patterns and perceptions on margin status after breast-conserving surgery. The surveys were conducted online in 2014 (initial) and 2016 (follow-up). A total of 126 and 88 responses were obtained in the initial and follow-up survey, respectively. More than 80% of the respondents replied to routinely apply frozen section biopsy for intraoperative margin assessment in both surveys. Re-excision recommendations of the margin for invasive cancer significantly changed from a close margin to a positive margin over time (p=0.033). Most of the respondents (73.8%) defined a negative margin as “no ink on tumor” in invasive cancer, whereas more diverse responses were observed in ductal carcinoma in situ cases. The influence of guideline establishment for negative margins has been identified. A high uptake rate of intraoperative frozen section biopsy was noted and routine use needs reconsideration.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Follow-Up Studies , Frozen Sections , Ink , Korea , Mastectomy, Segmental , Surgeons , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110377

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: When differential diagnosis is difficult in thyroid follicular lesions with overlapping histological features, the immunohistochemical staining can help confirm the diagnosis. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of rapid immunohistochemical stains of CD56 and cytokeratin 19 on frozen sections of thyroid follicular lesion and explore the possible gains and limitations of the practice. METHODS: Eighty-six nodules of 79 patients whose intraoperative frozen sections were selected as the control group, and 53 nodules of 48 patients whose intraoperative frozen sections were subject to rapid immunohistochemistry were selected as the study group. RESULTS: Five nodules (6%) in the control group were diagnosed as follicular neoplasm and six nodules (7%) were deferred. In the study group, six nodules (11%) were follicular neoplasm and none were deferred. Three nodules (4%) in the control group showed diagnostic discrepancy between the frozen and permanent diagnoses, but none in the study group. The average turnaround time for the frozen diagnosis of the control group was 24 minutes, whereas it was 54 minutes for the study group. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative rapid immunohistochemical stains significantly decreased the diagnostic discrepancy in this study. Considering the adverse effects of indefinite frozen diagnosis or discrepancy with permanent diagnoses, the intraoperative rapid immunohistochemical stain can help to accurately diagnose and hence provide guidance to surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Coloring Agents , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Frozen Sections , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Keratin-19 , Thyroid Gland
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer. Of the 4 million skin lesions excised annually worldwide, approximately 2 million are considered cancerous. In this study, we aimed to describe a regional experience with skin cancers treated by a single senior surgeon and to provide a treatment algorithm. METHODS: The medical records of 176 patients with head and neck non-melanocytic skin cancer (NMSC) who were treated by a single surgeon at our institution between January 2010 and May 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and their data (age, sex, pathological type, tumor location/size, treatment modality) were analyzed. Patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) who were classified as a high-risk group for nodal metastasis underwent sentinel node mapping according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. RESULTS: Among the patients with NMSC who were treated during this period, basal cell carcinoma (BCC; n=102, 57.9%) was the most common pathological type, followed by cSCC (n=66, 37.5%). Most lesions were treated by complete excision, with tumor-free surgical margins determined via frozen section pathology. Thirty-one patients with high-metastasis-risk cSCC underwent sentinel node mapping, and 17 (54.8%) exhibited radiologically positive sentinel nodes. Although these nodes were pathologically negative for metastasis, 2 patients (6.5%) later developed lymph node metastases. CONCLUSION: In our experience, BCC treatment should comprise wide excision with tumor-free surgical margins and proper reconstruction. In contrast, patients with cSCC should undergo lymphoscintigraphy, as nodal metastases are a possibility. Proper diagnosis and treatment could reduce the undesirably high morbidity and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Head , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoscintigraphy , Medical Records , Mortality , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms , Skin
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(8): 533-541, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792405

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To validate the innovative Dry Ice method, comparing it with two standard methods currently used for tissue processing in Mohs surgery, the Heat Sink method and the Miami Special. METHODS: Forty eight samples of pigs kin with the standard beveled Mohs technique were used, and randomly allocated into six groups. Each group was processed with one of the 3 methods and evaluated for: The freezing time, the depth required to cut into the block to obtain a complete section, and the quality of histological slides analyzed with a image software. The statistical analysis was performed with the software SAS(r) System. The inferential analysis was made by one-way ANOVA. RESULTS: The Miami Special showed a processing time significantly shorter than Dry Ice method and Heat Sink method. There was no significant difference in the depth required to cut into the blocks, and area of surgical margins visualized. CONCLUSION: The Dry Ice method was as efficient as the other two methods currently used in Mohs surgery, considering the individual advantages and disadvantages of each method.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mohs Surgery/standards , Tissue Embedding/methods , Frozen Sections/methods , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Swine , Analysis of Variance , Mohs Surgery/instrumentation , Disease Models, Animal , Dry Ice
17.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 31(1): 17-26, ene.-mar. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: lil-780634

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La citología obtenida mediante aspiración con aguja fina (cACAF) y la biopsia por congelación, se consideran actualmente pilares en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades nodulares de la glándula tiroides. El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar su rendimiento en el diagnóstico de las neoplasias malignas de la glándula tiroides en la E.S.E. Hospital Universitario del Caribe. Materiales y métodos. En forma prospectiva, entre abril de 2014 y junio de 2015, se compararon los resultados de cada una de las citologías y biopsias obtenidas por un radiólogo y un cirujano de cuello con los del estudio anatomo-patológico. Se calcularon la sensibilidad, la especificidad, el valor predictivo positivo, el valor predictivo negativo, la precisión diagnóstica, y la frecuencia de falsos positivos y falsos negativos. Se utilizó el índice kappa de concordancia para comparar el rendimiento de las citologías y las biopsias. Resultados. La población de estudio estuvo conformada por 85 pacientes, 92,9 % mujeres, con una edad promedio de 45,3 ± 14,7 años. Los resultados obtenidos para la citología obtenida mediante aspiración con aguja fina y la biopsia por congelación, respectivamente, fueron: sensibilidad, 80,0 % y 90,0 %; especificidad, 98,7 % y 100,0 %; valor predictivo positivo, 88,9 % y 100,0 %; valor predictivo negativo, 97,4 % y 98,7 %; precisión diagnóstica, 96,5 % y 98,8 %; porcentaje de falsos positivos, 1,2 % y 0,0 %, y porcentaje de falsos negativos, 2,4 % y 1,2 %; el índice kappa de concordancia fue de 0,952. Conclusiones. La cACAF y la biopsia por congelación mostraron un índice de concordancia de 0,952 en el diagnóstico de las neoplasias malignas de la glándula tiroides. Dichos resultados no sugieren el uso rutinario de la biopsia por congelación; sin embargo, sí sugieren su implementación en el manejo intraoperatorio de los pacientes con diagnósticos citológicos "sospechosos de malignidad", para disminuir la frecuencia de falsos positivos.


Introduction: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and frozen section (FS) are currently considered cornerstones in the diagnosis of thyroid gland nodular lesions. The main goal of the present study is to prospectively compare the performance of FNAC and FS in the diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the thyroid at the E.S.E Hospital Universitario del Caribe, Cartagena, Colombia. Methods: Between April 2014 and June 2015, FNAC and FS were obtained in a prospective way by a radiologist and a neck surgeon, respectively. The results of the FNAC and the FS were compared with the pathology report. The following performance parameters were included: sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, diagnostic accuracy, false positive and false negative percentage. The kappa index for concordance was used to compare the performance of FNAC and FS. Results: The population study consisted of 85 patients, 92,9% female, with average age 45,3 ± 14,7 years. The following performance parameters for FNAC and FS were determined: sensitivity 80,0% / 90,0%; specificity, 98,7% / 100,0%; positive predictive value 88,9% / 100,0%; negative predictive value, 97,4% / 98,7%; diagnostic accuracy 96,5% / 98,8%; false positives percentage, 1,2% / 0.0%, false negatives percentage, 2,4% / 1,2% and kappa index for concordance of 0.952. Conclusion: FNAC and the FS have a concordance index of 0.952 in the diagnosis of thyroid malignant neoplasms. These results do not suggest the routine use of FS, however they do suggest that the use of FS in the intraoperative management of patients with cytologic diagnosis of "suspicious for malignancy" lower even more the frequency of false positives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Cell Biology , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183280

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) is the most common variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Preoperative diagnosis of FVPTC is often confused with cPTC, follicular neoplasm (FN), and benign follicular lesion because of the paucity of nuclear changes of PTC and overlapping features with benign and other neoplastic follicular lesions. The aim of this study is to elucidate whether ultrasonography and/or intraoperative frozen section analysis (FSA) have a supplementary role in the diagnosis of FVPTC. METHODS: Fifty-five patients diagnosed with histologically confirmed FVPTC from January 2007 to December 2013 were identified. All patients had undergone either lobectomy with/without completion thyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy. Medical records, final histological reports and sonographic (US) findings were reviewed. All sonographic images, 53 fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) slides, and FSA slides for 24 cases were available for reexamination. RESULTS: Three histologic types of FVPTC were identified: encapsulated (n=39); infiltrative (n=15); and diffuse (n=1). There were two distinct sonographic patterns: FN-type (n=28) and PTC-type (n=27). The encapsulated type is more common in the FN-like pattern, compared to the PTC-like one (85.7% vs. 55.6%, P=0.009). Among the 24 cases in which sonographic images and FNAC and FSA slides were available for review, six cases (25%) were diagnosed as either FN in FNAC and suspicious PTC(R/O PTC)/PTC in FSA or R/O PTC/PTC in FNAC and FN in FSA. Among those 24 cases described above, 13 cases (54.2%) were diagnosed as either FN-type in US and R/O PTC/PTC in FNAC/FSA or PTC-type in US and FN in FNAC/FSA. CONCLUSION: It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis of FVPTC before definitive treatment even with US, FNAC and FSA. However the possibility of FVPTC must be considered, especially when diagnoses in US, FNAC and FSA are different and include R/O PTC/PTC and FN in the same case.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Frozen Sections , Humans , Medical Records , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81072

ABSTRACT

Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) is a rare disease entity that arises from the mesonephric duct system. FATWO is different than other gynecological cancers in terms of embryology. Here, we describe the case of a 52-year-old woman with malignant FATWO. The patient underwent explorative laparotomy and surgical staging after a frozen section revealed malignancy. Detailed examination of the pathologic findings were consistent with FATWO. Counseling and further testing were provided to the patient to assess the risk of germline mutation and epigenetic change. An O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene methylation test was positive, and all other tests were normal. This is the first study to report a case of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase methylation with FATWO in Korea.


Subject(s)
Counseling , Embryology , Epigenesis, Genetic , Epigenomics , Female , Frozen Sections , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Korea , Laparotomy , Methylation , Middle Aged , Rare Diseases , Wolffian Ducts
20.
Ultrasonography ; : 131-139, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731187

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological and imaging features of thyroid nodules surgically diagnosed as hyaline trabecular tumor (HTT), and to assess the role of cytology and frozen sections (FS) in the diagnosis of HTT. METHODS: This study included 21 thyroid nodules in 21 patients treated from August 2005 to March 2015 (mean age, 53.3 years) who were either diagnosed as HTT or had HTT suggested as a possible diagnosis based on cytology, FS, or the final pathology report. Patients' medical records were retrospectively reviewed for cytopathologic results and outcomes during the course of follow-up. Sonograms were reviewed and categorized. RESULTS: Twelve nodules from 12 patients were surgically confirmed as HTT. Ultrasonography (US)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) was performed on 11 nodules, of which six (54.5%) were papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) or suspicious for PTC and three (27.3%) were HTT or suspicious for HTT. Intraoperative FS suggested the possibility of HTT in seven nodules, of which four (57.1%) were confirmed as HTT. US-FNA suggested the diagnosis of HTT in 10 nodules, of which three (30.0%) were confirmed as HTT. Common US features of the 12 pathologically confirmed cases of HTT were hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity (83.4%), absence of calcifications (91.7%), parallel shape (100.0%), presence of vascularity (75.0%), and probable benignity (58.3%). CONCLUSION: HTT should be included in the differential diagnosis of solid tumors with hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity and otherwise benign US features that have been diagnosed as PTC through cytology.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Frozen Sections , Humans , Hyalin , Medical Records , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
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