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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 753-758, 20230906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511135

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El íleo biliar es una complicación rara de la colelitiasis y su incidencia varía del 1 al 4 %. Consiste en la migración de un cálculo de la vesicular biliar al tracto gastrointestinal, generando obstrucción intestinal. Presenta síntomas inespecíficos dependiendo del nivel de la obstrucción, lo que hace que su diagnóstico no suela ser precoz, repercutiendo en el deterioro clínico del paciente. Es especialmente grave en pacientes de edad avanzada y con comorbilidades. Casos clínicos. Se reportan los casos de dos pacientes con dolor abdominal difuso, en quienes se diagnosticó íleo biliar por tomografía. Se realizó manejo quirúrgico, el primero mediante técnica abierta y estrategia de dos pasos, y el otro mediante técnica laparoscópica. Discusión. El íleo biliar es una etiología rara de obstrucción intestinal. El cálculo migra debido a una fistula colecisto-entérica y el nivel de obstrucción es con mayor frecuencia la válvula ileocecal. Los síntomas son inespecíficos y dependen del nivel de obstrucción: dolor abdominal difuso mal caracterizado, náuseas, vómito, ausencia de flatos. El diagnóstico se hace mediante tomografía abdominal, en la cual se evidencia la tríada de Rigler. El manejo es quirúrgico, con enterotomía para extraer el cálculo y resolver la obstrucción. Conclusión. El íleo biliar es una patología que debe ser considerada en el abordaje de la obstrucción intestinal, aunque sea poco frecuente. El manejo quirúrgico es clave para resolver el cuadro de obstrucción intestinal; aún así genera importante morbimortalidad en especial en pacientes de avanzada edad.


Introduction. Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis, its incidence varies from 1% to 4%. It consists of the migration of a stone from the gallbladder to the gastrointestinal tract, causing intestinal obstruction. It presents with non-specific symptoms depending on the level of the obstruction, which means that its diagnosis is not usually early, with repercussions on the clinical deterioration of the patient, being serious especially in elderly patients and with comorbidities. Clinical cases. Two patients with diffuse abdominal pain are reported. A tomographic diagnosis was made showing gallstone ileus. Surgeries were performed, in the first case using an open technique and a 2-step strategy, and on the second one using a laparoscopic technique. Discussion. Gallstone ileus is a rare etiology of intestinal obstruction. Symptoms are usually poorly characterized: diffuse abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, absence of flatus. The diagnosis is made by abdominal tomography in which Rigler's triad is evident. Management is surgical through enterotomy to remove the stone and resolve the obstruction. Conclusion. Gallstone ileus is a rare pathology that should be considered in the approach to intestinal obstruction. Surgical management is key to resolving intestinal obstruction. Even so, it generates significant morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallstones , Intestinal Obstruction , Postoperative Complications , Cholelithiasis , Digestive System Fistula , Biliary Fistula
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1037-1046, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980885

ABSTRACT

With the accelerated aging society in China, the incidence of biliary surgical diseases in the elderly has increased significantly. The clinical characteristics of these patients indicate that improving treatment outcomes and realizing healthy aging are worthy of attention. How to effectively improve the treatment effect of geriatric biliary surgical diseases has attracted widespread attention. This paper reviews and comments on the hotspots and difficulties of biliary surgery in older patients from six aspects: (1) higher morbidity associated with an aging society, (2) prevention and control of pre-operative risks, (3) extending the indications of laparoscopic surgery, (4) urgent standardization of minimally invasive surgery, (5) precise technological progress in hepatobiliary surgery, and (6) guarantee of peri-operative safety. It is of great significance to fully understand the focus of controversy, actively make use of its favorable factors, and effectively avoid its unfavorable factors, for further improving the therapeutic effects of geriatric biliary surgical diseases, and thus benefits the vast older patients with biliary surgical diseases. Accordingly, a historical record with the highest age of 93 years for laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration has been created by us recently.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures , Gallstones , Laparoscopy , Treatment Outcome , Aging , Retrospective Studies
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 238-242, out.2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400152

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a colelitíase é uma das doenças mais comuns do trato digestivo, acometendo 6-10% da população adulta. Destes, aproximadamente 8- 20% apresentam coledocolitíase associada. A estratificação de risco de coledocolitíase pré-operatória nos portadores de colelitíase busca subsidiar a definição de uma terapêutica mais adequada, em tempo hábil, para cada caso. Objetivo:estratificar o risco pré-operatório de coledocolitíase em pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia em um hospital terciário. Metodologia:estudo observacional descritivo, retrospectivo, a partir da análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia por cálculos biliares em um hospital público em João Pessoa, Paraíba, entre agosto de 2021 e janeiro de 2022, durante a pandemia de COVID-19. A estratificação de risco foi realizada a partir do estabelecido pela Sociedade Americana de Endoscopia Digestiva (ASGE) em 2010. Resultados: foram selecionados 41 pacientes, a maior parte do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 49,6 anos, em sua maioria submetidos a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica, sem colangiografia intraoperatória. O exame de imagem mais realizado no pré-operatório foi a ultrassonografia de abdome. De acordo com os critérios da ASGE, 18 (43,9%) pacientes foram classificados como baixo risco, 19 (46,4%) foram estratificados no risco intermediário, e 4 foram de alto risco (9,7%). Conclusão: apesar de uma amostra de tamanho limitado, evidencia-se frequência relevante do risco alto ou intermediário de coledocolitíase em portadores de colelitíase. A estratificação de risco para coledocolitíase é uma ferramenta importante a ser utilizada de rotina no pré-operatório da colecistectomia nos pacientes com diagnóstico de colelitíase.


Introduction: gallstones are one of the most common diseases of the digestive tract, affecting 6-10% of the adult population. Of these, approximately 8-20% have associated choledocholithiasis. Preoperative risk stratification of choledocholithiasis in patients with cholelithiasis seeks to allow setting of a proper therapy, in a timely manner, for each case. Objective: stratify preoperative risk of choledocholithiasis in patients undergoing cholecystectomy in a tertiary hospital. Methods: descriptive, retrospective observational study, based on the analysis of medical records of patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gallstones in a public hospital in João Pessoa, Paraíba, between August 2021 and January 2022, during COVID-19 pandemic. Risk stratification was performed based on American Society for Digestive Endoscopy (ASGE) criteria from 2010. Results: 41 patients were evaluated. Most of them were female, with a mean age of 49.6 years, most of whom underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy without intraoperative cholangiography. The most common imaging performed preoperatively was abdominal ultrasound. According to ASGE criteria, 18 (43.9%) patients were classified as low risk, 19 (46.4%) were stratified into intermediate risk, and 4 scored high risk (9.7%). Conclusion: despite a limited sample size, there is a relevant prevalence of high or intermediate preoperative risk of choledocholithiasis in patients with cholelithiasis. Risk stratification for choledocholithiasis is an important tool to be routinely used in the preoperative period of cholecystectomy in patients with diagnosis of cholelithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Choledocholithiasis , Epidemiology, Descriptive
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 695-700, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396507

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de Bouveret es una variante del íleo biliar, de rara presentación dentro de las causas de obstrucción intestinal, generada por la impactación de un lito biliar a nivel del duodeno, secundario a la formación de una fístula bilioentérica. Es más común en mujeres en la octava década de la vida, con múltiples comorbilidades. y presenta síntomas inespecíficos, documentándose la triada de Rigler hasta en el 80 % de las tomografías de abdomen. La cirugía sigue siendo el tratamiento de elección. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 76 años, con múltiples antecedentes y cuadros previos de cólico biliar, que consultó por dolor abdominal y signos de hemorragia de vías digestivas altas y se documentó un síndrome de Bouveret. Fue tratada en la misma hospitalización mediante extracción quirúrgica del cálculo con posterior resolución de su sintomatología.Conclusión. A pesar de que el síndrome deBouveret es una entidad de infrecuente presentación, los cirujanos generalesdeben estar familiarizados con esta patología, en el contexto del paciente que consulta con un cuadro de obstrucción intestinal, conociendo el valor de la tomografía de abdomen y la endoscopia de vías digestivas altas, teniendo en cuenta la edad y las condiciones del paciente para definir el manejo quirúrgico más adecuado.


Introduction. Bouveret's syndrome is a variant of gallstone ileus, of rare presentation within the causes of intestinal obstruction, generated by the impaction of a biliary stone at the level of the duodenum, secondary to the formation of a biliary-enteric fistula. It is more common in women in the eighth decade of life, with multiple comorbidities, and presents non-specific symptoms, with Rigler's triad being documented in up to 80% of abdominal CT scans. Surgery remains the treatment of choice. Clinical case. We present the case of a 76-year-old patient, with history of multiple episodes of biliary colic, who consulted for abdominal pain and signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Bouveret's syndrome was documented. She was treated in the same hospitalization by surgical extraction of the stone with subsequent resolution of her symptoms. Conclussion. Although Bouveret's syndrome is an entity of infrequent presentation, general surgeons must be familiar with this pathology in the context of the patient who presents with intestinal obstruction, knowing the value of abdominal tomography and upper GI endoscopy, taking into account the age and conditions of the patient to define the most appropriate surgical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallstones , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Intestinal Obstruction , Digestive System Fistula , Biliary Fistula , Duodenal Obstruction
8.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(2)abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402394

ABSTRACT

A hypertensive, diabetic woman underwent a successful Whipple procedure at the age of 84 due to carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. She presented an extremely rare complication 24 months after the surgery, consisting of acute cholangitis due to multiple biliary lithiases associated with a bilioenteric anastomotic stricture. The diagnosis was confirmed with computed tomography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and cholangiography. The patient was successfully treated with multiple percutaneous transhepatic cholangioplasties (AU)


Uma mulher hipertensa e diabética foi submetida a um procedimento bem-sucedido de Whipple aos 84 anos devido a um carcinoma da ampola de Vater e apresentou uma complicação extremamente rara 24 meses após da cirurgia, consistindo em colangite aguda devido à presença de litíase biliar múltipla associada com estenose da anastomose bilio-entérica. O diagnóstico foi confirmado com tomografia computadorizada, colangiopancreatografia por ressonância mag-nética e colangiografia.O paciente foi tratado com sucesso com múltiplas colangioplastias transhepáticas percutâneas (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Period , Gallstones/complications , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Digestive System Neoplasms
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408234

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abdomen catastrófico o abdomen hostil es una entidad quirúrgica de gran importancia por la pérdida de los distintos espacios entre los órganos de la cavidad abdominal y las estructuras de la cavidad abdominal. Estas alteraciones producen cambios anatómicos grandes por un síndrome adherencial severo. Objetivo: Demostrar la presentación de un abdomen catastrófico posterior a manejo de íleo biliar en un paciente adulto. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 43 años que producto de un abdomen agudo obstructivo por íleo biliar evolucionó tórpidamente en otra casa asistencial. Se realizaron 3 intervenciones quirúrgicas, hasta llegar a nuestra casa asistencial donde se le trata de manera multidisciplinaria e integral. Estuvo 120 días hospitalizado y se le realizó 5 intervenciones quirúrgicas para aplicación y recambio de terapia de presión negativa abdominal abierta (ABThera). Durante la última intervención al encontrar una cavidad limpia y sin fugas se realiza gastroentero anastomosis en Y de Roux con una buena evolución clínico-quirúrgica hasta el alta, con seguimiento dos meses posteriores por consulta externa. Conclusiones: El abdomen catastrófico es un reto para el manejo por los cirujanos porque se requiere aparte de un vasto conocimiento también el apoyo de otras especialidades para poder combatir esta entidad(AU)


Introduction: Catastrophic abdomen or hostile abdomen is a surgical entity of great significance due to the loss of the different spaces between organs and the structures of the abdominal cavity. These alterations produce major anatomical changes due to a severe adhesive syndrome. Objective: To show the presentation of a catastrophic abdomen following gallstone ileus management in an adult patient. Clinical case: A 43-year-old male patient who, as a consequence of an acute obstructive abdomen due to gallstone ileus, had a torpid evolution into another care facility. Three surgical interventions were performed before he arrived at our care facility, where he was treated in a multidisciplinary and comprehensive way. He was hospitalized for 120 days and underwent five surgical interventions for application and replacement of the open abdomen negative pressure therapy (ABThera). During the last intervention, upon finding a clean cavity without leaks, a Roux-en-Y gastroenteric anastomosis was performed, with a good clinical-surgical evolution until discharge and follow-up of two months thereafter in the outpatient clinic. Conclusions: Catastrophic abdomen is a challenge to be managed by surgeons because it requires, apart from vast knowledge, the support of other specialties to combat this entity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Gallstones , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/methods , Aftercare
10.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 24-28, ene. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391599

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de la investigación es analizar la incidencia de los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de colelitiasis en pacientes menores de 40 años colecistectomizados en el Hospital Ricardo Baquero González. Periodo enero 2019 ­ diciembre 2021.Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo; se analizaron los datos de los de los pacientes diagnosticados e intervenidos por litiasis vesicular. Resultados: Arrojaron que la muestra fue de 151 pacientes; 70% es de sexo femenino y el 30% masculino. El 41% de los pacientes tiene menos de 40 años. En los factores de riesgo se destaca que el 42% son del tipo familiar, el 40% de las mujeres utiliza anticonceptivos orales y el 40% de los pacientes presenta sobrepeso. Conclusión: Se concluye que los casos de litiasis vesicular se encuentran asociados de forma mayoritaria al sexo femenino y a factores de riesgos familiares y al sobrepeso; en cuanto a las mujeres, hubo alta incidencia de casos de litiasis vesicular en aquellas que emplean anticonceptivos orales. Además, en la investigación se observó un aumento en los casos de litiasis vesicular en pacientes que no se encuentran dentro de los grupos de riesgo, como son mujeres menores de 40 años, con peso normal y con pocas gestas(AU)


he objective of the research is to analyze the incidence of risk factors for the development of cholelithiasis in patients under 40 years of age who underwent cholecystectomy at the Ricardo Baquero González Hospital. Period January 2019 - December 2021.Methodi: retrospective study was carried out; Data from patients diagnosed and operated on for gallstones were analyzed. Results: showed that the sample was 151 patients; 70% are female and 30% male. 41% of patients have an age under 40 years old. In the risk factors, it is highlighted that 42% are of the family type, 40% of the women in the sample use oral contraceptives and 40% of the patients are overweight. Concluded: From the investigation it is concluded that the cases of vesicular lithiasis are mostly associated with the female sex and family risk factors and overweight; As for women, there was a high incidence of cases of gallstones in those who use oral contraceptives. In addition, the investigation observed an increase in cases of gallstones in patients who are not within the risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy , Gallstones/complications , Risk Factors , Cholelithiasis/complications , Lithiasis/complications
11.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(2): 79-83, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553973

ABSTRACT

La litiasis coledociana es una complicación poco frecuente asociada a la litiasis vesicular. Puede ser resuelta mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) o en su defecto, una exploración de las vías biliares por abordaje convencional (cirugía abierta) o laparoscópico. Objetivos: Determinar la efectividad del abordaje laparoscópico versus el convencional en la exploración de las vías biliares como tratamiento de la litiasis coledociana. Métodos : Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y comparativo con una muestra de 31 pacientes con litiasis coledociana seleccionados de manera no aleatoria. Resultados : Ambos grupos fueron comparables en edad, sexo, frecuencia de litiasis vesicular y CPRE preoperatoria. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue 4,52 versus 3,49 horas para los abordajes laparoscópico y convencional respectivamente. En el grupo laparoscópico se usó tubo de Kehr en 21% de los pacientes y en 79 % sutura primaria. En el grupo convencional se usó tubo de Kehr en 29% de los pacientes y en 71 % sutura primaria. La fuga biliar fue la complicación más frecuente. La estancia hospitalaria fue 3,14 días en el grupo laparoscópico versus 5,23 días en el grupo convencional, sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa. Conclusión : No se logró demostrar una superioridad evidente de alguno de los grupos estudiados, sin embargo nuestros pacientes podrían beneficiarse de las ventajas del abordaje laparoscópico en términos de tener menor dolor postoperatorio y una reincorporación más rápida a sus actividades habituales. Estudios similares con mayor número de casos son necesarios para llegar a datos más concluyentes(AU)


Common bile duct (CBD) lithiasis are an unusual complication associated to gallbladder stones. It can be resolved by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or, alternatively, a CBD exploration by conventional (open surgery) or laparoscopic approach.Objectives : To determine the effectiveness of laparoscopic approach versus conventional approach in CBD exploration as a treatment for choledochal lithiasis.Methods : A prospective and comparative study was carried out with a non-random intentionally selected sample consisting of 31 patients with CBD stones.Results : Both groups had no statistical differences regarding age, sex, frequency of gallbladder stones, and preoperatory ERCP. The average surgical time was 4.52 versus 3.49 hours for the laparoscopic and conventional approaches, respectively. In laparoscopic group, Kehr tube was used in 21% of patients and primary closure in 79%. In conventional group, Kehr tube was used in 29% of patients versus 71% of patients with primary closure. Biliary leak was the most frequent complication. Hospital stay was 3.14 days in the laparoscopic group versus 5.23 days in the conventional group, with no statistically significant difference.Conclusion : It was not possible to demonstrate an evident superiority of any of the groups studied, however our patients could benefit from the advantages of the laparoscopic approach in terms of less postoperative pain and faster return to their usual activities. Similar and larger studies are necessary to achieve stronger and conclusive data(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , General Surgery , Bile Ducts , Laparoscopy , Lithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 4-9, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927609

ABSTRACT

Benign gallbladder diseases are common in surgery department,and the incidence rate is increasing in recent years.Currently,nonstandard treatment existed in the surgical management of benign gallbladder diseases in China.Based on relevant domestic and foreign literature,guidelines,and expert consensus,this consensus expounds on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of common benign gallbladder diseases such as gallstone,cholecystitis,gallbladder polypoid,gallbladder adenomyosis,gallbladder variation and deformity,complications after cholecystectomy.Further,recommendations related to diagnosis and treatment were presented to improve the standardization of surgical diagnosis and treatment of benign gallbladder diseases in China,so as to eliminate the clinical harm of gallbladder diseases and reduce the incidence rate of gallbladder cancer and prevent the occurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Consensus , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallstones/surgery
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 286-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in the treatment of common bile duct stones. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for 158 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis admitted to the Number One Hospital of Zhangjiakou from January 2015 to December 2019.The patients were assigned into three groups according to the diameters of cystic duct and common bile duct,degrees of abdominal infection and tissue edema,and operation method.Group A(16 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,transcystic choledochoscopic exploration for stone removal;Group B(94 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,T tube drainage;Group C(48 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,primary closure of the common bile duct.The operation time,residual rate of stones,and complication(bleeding,bile leakage,and wound infection) rate were compared between groups. Results The operation time of groups A,B,and C was(95.1±14.7),(102.2±18.1),(110.1±16.4) minutes,respectively,which showed no statistical difference between each other(F=0.020,P=0.887).One case in group A had residual stones,while no residual stone appeared in groups B and C.The overall stone clearance rate was 99.4% and the overall complication rate was 1.9%.There was no perioperative death. Conclusion It is generally safe and effective to carry out laparoscopic cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for stone removal in suitable populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 427-433, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la litiasis biliar tiene una prevalencia actual en Occidente del 10-20%. El 7-16% de los pacientes presentan también coledocolitiasis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis es difícil de establecer. Objetivo: establecer nuestra experiencia en el estudio de la patología biliar complicada y el manejo de la coledocolitiasis en dos tiempos, como terapéutica de elección. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional. Pacientes con patología biliar sometidos a procedimientos en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Vidal, desde el 30/06/2019 al 30/12/2019. Resultados: la ecografía hepato-bilio-pancreática (HPB) es específica, con exactitud del 80,9% y sensibilidad del 50%. La colangio resonancia magnética (CRNM) es 100% específica, tiene exactitud del 84,6% y sensibilidad de 67%. La colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP -por sus siglas en inglés-), durante la primera colangiografía mostró en el 100% litiasis coledociana, pero, luego del tratamiento, la colangiografía de "control" muestra 0% de sensibilidad, 100% especificidad, con exactitud del 15,4%. En los hallazgos intraoperatorios, el cístico dilatado en asociación con alteraciones humorales ha demostrado una sensibilidad del 100%, especificidad del 90% y tasa de exactitud de 93,6%. Conclusión: la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) es el procedimiento de referencia ("gold standard") en el abordaje de la patología biliar complicada, siendo su uso sistemático. La asociación entre alteraciones de parámetros humorales y el cístico dilatado resulta un parámetro con alto valor predictivo para la presencia de litiasis coledociana.


ABSTRACT Background: Nowadays, the prevalence of gallstones ranges between 10 and 20% in Western world, and 7-16% of the patients also present choledocholithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is difficult. Objective: To establish our experience in the evaluation of complicated gallstone disease and two-stage management of choledochal lithiasis as standard or care. Material and methods: This prospective and observational study included patients hospitalized with gallstone disease undergoing procedures in the Department of General Surgery of Hospital Vidal from June 30, 2019, to December 30, 2019. Results: Ultrasound of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas was specific, with accuracy of 80.9% and sensitivity of 50%. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) had a sensitivity of 100%, accuracy of 84.6% and sensitivity of 67%. As for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was made in 100% of the cases during the first cholangiography while "control" cholangiography had a sensitivity of 0%, specificity of 100% and accuracy of 15.4%. The presence of a dilated cystic duct intraoperatively in association with abnormal biochemical parameters had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 90%, and accuracy of 93.6%. Conclusion: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is the gold standard procedure for the management of complicated gallstone disease. The association of biochemical parameters and a dilated cystic duct has high predictive value for choledochal lithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biliary Tract , Cholangiography , Lithiasis , Pancreas , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cystic Duct , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver , Methods
15.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(3): 391-398, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347356

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad litiásica biliar es una patología frecuente en mujeres embarazadas, y las complicaciones relacionadas con los cálculos biliares durante el embarazo pueden generar desenlaces adversos tanto en la madre como en el feto. La coledocolitiasis en el embarazo requiere de una aproximación diagnóstica adecuada y su manejo busca minimizar los riesgos de las intervenciones médicas. Se describen dos casos de mujeres embarazadas quienes presentan coledocolitiasis documentada por colangiorresonancia. Se realizó el tratamiento con la combinación de ultrasonido endoscópico (USE) y colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada (CPRE) sin fluoroscopia, con lo cual se logró resolver la coledocolitiasis sin exponer al feto a radiación ionizante, se confirmó la permeabilización del colédoco y se observó una adecuada evolución posoperatoria tanto materna como fetal.


Abstract Biliary lithiasis is a common condition in pregnant women, and complications related to gallstones during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes in both the mother and the fetus. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy requires an adequate diagnostic approach to minimize the risks of medical interventions. The following are two cases of pregnant women with choledocholithiasis diagnosed using magnetic resonance cholangiography. Treatment included a combination of endoscopic ultrasound and retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) without fluoroscopy, achieving the resolution of choledocholithiasis, without exposing the fetus to ionizing radiation, confirming the permeabilization of the common bile duct, and observing an adequate postoperative evolution of both the mother and the fetus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ultrasonics , Fluoroscopy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pregnant Women , Choledocholithiasis , Pathology , Radiation, Ionizing , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Gallstones , Lithiasis
16.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 101-108, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178954

ABSTRACT

La litiasis vesicular sintomática puede presentarse asociada a litiasis de la vía biliar principal, siendo necesaria la utilización de medios diagnósticos adecuados para su posterior tratamiento. En este trabajo, se sugiere la evaluación mediante las guías de la Sociedad Americana para Endoscopia Gastrointestinal (American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ASGE), usando factores como la edad, pruebas hepáticas y hallazgos ecográficos, categorizando a los pacientes en baja, intermedia y alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis. Estudio de diseño retrospectivo, observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos, sobre pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática y sospecha de litiasis de la via biliar principal internados en la II Cátedra de Clínica Quirúrgica, del Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo, entre los años 2017 a 2019. Con los siguientes resultados, de un total de 339 pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular sintomática, el 6,64% tuvo el diagnóstico de coledocolitiasis asociada. En cuanto a los predictores muy fuertes de coledocolitiasis el más frecuentemente (68,6%,) encontrado fue el nivel de la bilirrubina total ≥ 4mg/dl; de los predictores fuertes el 70,6% presentaba la vía biliar principal dilatada; de los predictores moderados, el 84,3% presentó las enzimas hepáticas alteradas. En conclusión, se pudo identificar que la mayoría de los pacientes presentó alta probabilidad de coledocolitiasis y la conducta tomada fue realizar en primer lugar una colangiografía retrógrada endoscópica, con fines terapéuticos y luego colecistectomía, correspondiente al manejo correcto establecido por las guías actuales internacionales.


Symptomatic gallstones can occur associated with lithiasis of the main bile duct, requiring the use of adequate diagnostic tools for subsequent treatment. In this paper, we suggest using the guidelines of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), that uses factors such as age, liver tests, and ultrasound findings, categorizing patients as those with low, intermediate, and high probability. of choledocholithiasis. A Retrospective, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases, on patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones and suspected stones of the main bile duct admitted to the the 2nd Surgical Department and Service of Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, between the years 2017 to 2019. With the following results; of a total of 339 patients with the diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones, 6.64% had associated choledocholithiasis. Regarding the very strong predictors of choledocholithiasis, the most frequent (68.6%) was the total bilirubin level ≥ 4mg / dl; 70.6% had a dilated main bile duct as a strong predictor; as a moderate predictor, 84.3% had altered liver enzymes. In conclusion, it was possible to identify that most of the patients presented a high probability of choledocholithiasis and the action taken was to first perform an endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, for therapeutic purposes, and then cholecystectomy, corresponding to the correct management established by current international guidelines.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bilirubin , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy , Gallstones , Lithiasis , Liver , Sampling Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Endoscopy
17.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(1): 66-69, 15/03/2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342146

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La coledocolitiasis es una patología con alta tasa de migración al duodeno de cálculos pequeños. No obstante, la migración asintomática de cálculos mayores a 1 cm (macrolitiasis) es atípica. A continuación, presentamos un caso de migración de un macrocálculo ubicado en colédoco medio. CASO CLÍNICO: Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 27 años que consulta por epigastralgia postprandial de 4 meses de evolución. La ecografía abdominal mostró barro biliar y un macro-cálculo en colédoco, con Colangio-RM se confirmó diagnóstico. Se decidió realizar una colecistectomía laparoscópica, con colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO). EVOLUCIÓN: Durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica, no se evidenció cálculos en la colangiografía intraoperatoria, ante la discordancia entre las imágenes preoperatorias la CIO, se realizó instrumentación transcística con canastilla de Dormia, sin extracción de cálculos. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente, sin complicaciones dadas por la migración del macro-cálculo. Se realizó CRM posquirúrgica, sin evidencia de imágenes endoluminales en la vía biliar. CONCLUSIÓN: La patología biliar es dinámica, pudiendo presentar migración litiásica, aún en macro cálculos o cálculos de difícil manejo. Si bien la ecografÍa y la CRM tienen alta sensibilidad para su diagnóstico; la CIO es fundamental para hacer diagnóstico y tratamiento de la patología litiásica resolviéndola en un solo tiempo operatorio evitando procedimientos múltiples.(au)


BACKGROUND: Common bile duct lithiasis is a pathology with a high rate of migration of small stones to the duodenum. However, asymptomatic migration of stones larger than 1cm (macrolithiasis) is atypical. We present a case of migration of a macrocalculus located in the middle of the common bile duct. CASE REPORTS: We present the case of a 27-years-old man, who consulted for postprandial epigastric pain, that started 4 months ago. Abdominal ultrasound showed biliary sludge and common bile duct macrocalculus, with Cholangio-MRI the diagnosis was confirmed. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography was performed. EVOLUTION: During the laparoscopic cholecystectomy, no stones were evidenced in the intraoperative cholangiograpy. Due to the disagreement between the preoperative IOC images, transcystic instrumentation with a Dormia basket was performed, without stone extraction. The patient had a favorably evolution, without complications due to the stone migration. Postoperative MRC was performed, without evidence of endoluminal images in the bile duct. CONCLUSIONS: Biliary pathology is dynamic, with the possibility of gallstone migration, even for large gallstones and complicated cases. Although ultrasound and MRI have high sensitivy for diagnosis; IOC is essential to diagnose and treat lithiasic pathology, resolving it in a single operating time, avoiding multiple procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bile Ducts , Calculi , Cholangiography , Gallstones , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Common Bile Duct , Lithiasis , Choledocholithiasis , Pain , Therapeutics , Ultrasonography , Methods
19.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 32(4): 5653-5655, dic. 2021. imag
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428286

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar es una causa infrecuente de obstrucción intestinal mecánica que afecta a los adultos mayores, predominantemente a las mujeres. En la mayoría de los casos es causada por la impactación de un cálculo biliar en el intestino a través de una fístula bilioentérica y clínicamente se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y emesis aguda o subaguda. Se requiere una evaluación con imágenes abdominales para confirmar el diagnóstico, determinar la ubicación del cálculo ectópico y el tamaño del mismo. Entre las modalidades de imagen disponibles, la tomografía de abdomen es el estándar de oro; sin embargo, cuando no está disponible se puede utilizar una radiografía de abdomen simple. Su manejo es principalmente quirúrgico. Este caso es de importancia por la rareza de su presentación al ser en un hombre, con un cálculo relativamente pequeño; adicionalmente, por la relevancia que tienen las imágenes de abdomen en el diagnóstico de esta patología.


Gallstone ileus is an infrequent cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction that affects older adults, predominantly women. In most cases it is caused by the impaction of a gallstone into the bowel through a bilioenteric fistula and is clinically characterized by abdominal pain and acute or subacute emesis. Evaluation with abdominal imaging is required to confirm the diagnosis, determine the location of the ectopic stone and its size. Among the imaging modalities available, abdominal tomography is the gold standard; however, when it is not available, a simple abdominal radiograph can be used. Management is mainly surgical. This case is of importance given the rarity of its presentation being in a man, with a relatively small calculus; additionally, because of the relevance of abdominal imaging in the diagnosis of this pathology.


Subject(s)
Gallbladder , Gallstones , Ileus
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1093-1100, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878150

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in the liver and pigment gallstones of patients with hepatolithiasis, its role in pigment gallstone formation remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the function of OPN in pigment gallstone formation.@*METHODS@#Rats were fed a chow diet (CD) or lithogenic diet (LD) for 10 consecutive weeks; blocking tests were then performed using an OPN antibody (OPN-Ab). Incidence of gallstones and levels of several bile components, OPN, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) were analyzed. To determine TNF-α expression in hepatic macrophages and both CYP7A1 and bile acid (BA) expression in liver cells, recombinant rat OPN and recombinant rat TNF-α were used to treat rat hepatic macrophages and rat liver cells, respectively. Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were used to analyze qualitative data, Student t-test or one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze qualitative data.@*RESULTS@#Incidence of gallstones was higher in LD-fed rats than in CD-fed rats (80% vs. 10%, P < 0.05). BA content significantly decreased in bile (t = -36.08, P < 0.01) and liver tissue (t = -16.16, P < 0.01) of LD-fed rats. Both hepatic OPN protein expression (t = 9.78, P < 0.01) and TNF-α level (t = 8.83, P < 0.01) distinctly increased in the LD group; what's more, CYP7A1 mRNA and protein levels (t = -12.35, P < 0.01) were markedly down-regulated in the LD group. Following OPN-Ab pretreatment, gallstone formation decreased (85% vs. 25%, χ2 = 14.55, P < 0.01), liver TNF-α expression (F = 20.36, P < 0.01) was down-regulated in the LD group, and CYP7A1 expression (F = 17.51, P < 0.01) was up-regulated. Through CD44 and integrin receptors, OPN promoted TNF-α production in macrophage (F = 1041, P < 0.01), which suppressed CYP7A1 expression (F = 48.08, P < 0.01) and reduced liver BA synthesis (F = 119.4, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#We provide novel evidence of OPN involvement in pigmented gallstone pathogenesis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diet/adverse effects , Gallstones/etiology , Lithiasis , Liver , Liver Diseases , Osteopontin/genetics
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