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Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1082-1087, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010172


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of gastric antrum ultrasonography in evaluating gastric emptying after oral administration of 300 mL carbohydrates two hours before cesarean section, and to analyze the risk factors of gastric emptying in pregnant women.@*METHODS@#From August 2020 to February 2021, a total of 80 patients, aged 22-43 years, body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m2, gestational age≥36 weeks, falling into American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, scheduled for cesarean sections in Peking University International Hospital were recruited and divided into two groups: the intervention group (n=40)and the control group (n=40). In the intervention group, solid food was restricted after 22:00, the patients were required to take 300 mL carbohydrates two hours before cesarean section. In the control group, solid food and liquid intake were restricted after 22:00 the night before surgery. All the patients received assessment of preoperative feeling of thirst and starvation with visual analogue scale (VAS). The cross-sectional area (CSA)of gastric antrum was measured in supine position and right supine position before anesthesia, the gastric volume (GV)and the gastric volume/weight(GV/W)of the two groups was further calculated. Perlas A semi-quantitative grading assessments were performed in each patient. The blood pressure and heart rate were recorded at admission(T0), 5 minutes after anesthesia (T1), immediately after fetal delivery (T2) and at the end of the surgery (T3). The occurrence of nausea and vomiting during the operation and 24 hours after the operation were recorded.@*RESULTS@#One case in each group was excluded because the antrum was not clearly identified during the ultrasound assessments. In the semi-sitting position, the CSA was (5.07±1.73) cm2 in the intervention group vs. (5.24±1.96) cm2 in the control group, respectively; in the right lateral decubitus position, CSA was (7.32±2.17) cm2 in the intervention group vs. (7.25±2.24) cm2 in the control group, GV was (91.74±32.34) mL vs. (90.07±31.68) mL, GV/W was (1.27±0.40) mL/kg vs. (1.22±0.41) mL/kg, respectively; all the above showed no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). Perlas A semi-quantitative grading showed 0 in 20 patients (51.3%), 1 in 16 (41%), 2 in 3 (7.7%)in the intervention group and 0 in 22 (56.4%), 1 in 15 (38.5%), 2 in 2 (5.1%)in the control group, the proportion of Perlas A semi-quantitative grading showed no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). For the patients with Perlas A semi-quantitative grade 2 (3 cases in the intervention group and 2 cases in the control group), metoclopramide 0.2 mg/kg was intravenously injected before anesthesia. No aspiration case was observed in this study. The intervention group was endured less thirst and hunger (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in blood pressure and heart rate between the two groups at each time point (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative hypotension between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea intraoperatively and postoperatively between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasonography of gastric antrum can provide objective basis for evaluating gastric emptying of pregnant women perioperatively. 300 mL carbohydrates intake two hours before surgery, which does not increase GV and the risk of reflux aspiration, and is helpful in minimizing disturbance to the patient's physiological status, therefore leading to better clinical outcome.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Gastric Emptying/physiology , Cesarean Section , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Carbohydrates , Nausea
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e98-e101, abril 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363992


La prucaloprida acelera el vaciamiento gástrico en adultos con gastroparesia. No existen estudios con este medicamento en niños con gastroparesia. Se presenta un niño de 8 años que consultó por síntomas posprandiales de un mes de duración, con diagnóstico de gastroparesia por gammagrafía de vaciamiento gástrico. No mejoró con metoclopramida, domperidona, eritromicina y esomeprazol. Recibió prucaloprida durante dos períodos (durante 178 y 376 días) a dosis de 0,03-0,04 mg/kg/día. Presentó mejoría en el seguimiento con el índice cardinal de síntomas de gastroparesia y gammagrafías de vaciamiento gástrico. Por la buena respuesta, la prucaloprida podría ser una opción terapéutica en la gastroparesia pediátrica.

Prucalopride has been used in adults with gastroparesis, accelerating gastric emptying. There are no studies with this drug in gastroparetic children. An 8-year-old boy is presented who consulted for a month of postprandial symptoms, with a diagnosis of gastroparesis by gastric emptying scintigraphy. He did not improve with metoclopramide, domperidone, erythromycin, and esomeprazole. He received prucalopride for two periods (for 178 and 376 days) at doses: 0.03 - 0.04 mg/kg/day, presenting improvement in the follow-up with the cardinal gastroparesis symptom index and gastric emptying scintigraphy. Due to the good response, prucalopride may be a therapeutic option in pediatric gastroparesis.

Humans , Male , Child , Benzofurans/therapeutic use , Gastroparesis/diagnosis , Gastroparesis/drug therapy , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Gastric Emptying
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20476, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403722


Abstract Melatonin (MLT) reportedly reduces side effects associated with certain antineoplastic agents. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of MLT on cisplatin (CP)-induced gastric emptying (GE) delay. Mice were intraperitoneally pretreated with vehicle (ethanol 5%; control group), MLT (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg), or N-acetylcysteine (NAC; 150 mg/kg), followed by CP treatment (5 mg/kg). Pharmacological modulation was analyzed using relevant receptor antagonists (luzindole: non-selective MT1/MT2 antagonist; 5 mg/kg or 4-P-PDOT: selective MT2 antagonist; 4 mg/kg) before treatment with MLT plus CP. All treatments were performed once daily for three days. GE was assessed using phenol red. Gut morphology was examined using scanning electron microscopy and optical microscopy. Compared with the control, CP decreased GE. Pretreatment with NAC and MLT (5 and 10 mg/kg) did not prevent CP-induced gastric dysmotility; however, pretreatment with 20 mg/kg MLT prevented this effect. In addition, luzindole and 4-P-PDOT suppressed MLT-mediated gastroprotection against cytotoxic effects of CP. CP caused degeneration of the gut mucosa, which was attenuated by MLT treatment. Thus, 20 mg/kg MLT prevented the GE delay and decreased CP-induced adverse effects on the gut mucosa. In addition, the gastroprotective activity was mediated via the MT2 receptor.

Animals , Female , Mice , Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/analysis , Gastrointestinal Diseases/chemically induced , Melatonin/adverse effects , Acetylcysteine/agonists , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Gastric Emptying , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18630, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364418


Abstract The objective of the present investigation was to design, optimize and characterize the gastro retentive floating levofloxacin tablets and perform in-vivo evaluation using radiographic imaging. The floating tablets were prepared by using polymers i.e hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC-K4M) and carbopol-940 individually and in combination by nonaquous granulation method. All the Formulations were evaluated for swelling index (S.I), floating behavior and in-vitro drug release kinetics. The compatibility study of levofloxacin with other polymers was investigated by FTIR, DSC, TGA and XRD. Results from FTIR and DSC revealed no chemical interaction amongst the formulation components. The optimized formulation (F11) showed floating lag time (FLT), total floating time (TFT) swelling index (S.I) of 60 sec, >16h and approximately 75 %, respectively. Moreover, F11 showed zero order levofloxacin release in simulated gastric fluid over the period of 6 h. X-ray studies showed that total buoyancy time was able to delay the gastric emptying of levofloxacin floating tablets in rabbits for more than 4 hours. In conclusion the optimized formulation (F11) can be used for the sustained delivery of levofloxacin for the treatment of peptic ulcer.

Drug Liberation , Peptic Ulcer/classification , Tablets/pharmacology , X-Rays/adverse effects , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Drug Compounding/instrumentation , Process Optimization/analysis , Levofloxacin/analysis , Gastric Emptying/drug effects
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 493-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943025


Delayed gastric emptying is a syndrome of gastric motility disorder with slow gastric emptying as the main sign, provided that mechanical factors such as intestinal obstruction and anastomotic stricture are excluded. The incidence of delayed gastric emptying after colon cancer surgery is 1.4%, mainly after transverse colon cancer surgery. Most of the studies on delayed gastric emptying are case reports, lacking systematic studies. The diagnoses and treatments can be draw on the experience of delayed gastric emptying after pancreatic surgery. Our retrospective study indicated that the incidence of delayed gastric emptying after surgery for transverse colon cancer was 4.0%, higher than that for other colon cancer. Patients who underwent gastrocolic ligament lymph node dissection were at higher risk than those who did not (3.6% vs. 0.8%). Gastrocolic ligament lymph node dissection and stress are causative factors for delayed gastric emptying after surgery for transverse colon cancer. We add the gastrografin test upon the diagnostic criteria of the International Study Group for Pancreatic Surgery, which is simple and practical. Nasogastric tube decompression, enteral nutrition combined with parenteral nutrition, glucocorticoids, and prokinetic agents can cure most patients with postoperative delayed gastric emptying. All the patients with postoperative delayed gastric emptying were cured in our studies. Strict indications for gastrocolic ligament lymph node dissection (patients with cT3-4 and cN+) may decrease the occurrence of delayed gastric emptying after surgery for transverse colon cancer.

Humans , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis/surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 180-184, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285315


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation with mannitol is a well-established method in Brazil. However, factors that interfere with the gastric emptying time period are yet to be known. Knowing these factors may favor the examination scheduling logistics and the individualized orientation for each patient. OBJECTIVE: Know the factors that can contribute to the gastric emptying time after intestinal preparation with express mannitol. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study to know factors that may contribute on the gastric emptying timing: predominant type of diet, comorbidities, medication usage, previous surgeries, number of evacuation per week, bearer of bowel obstipation, fecal type, diet type, number of evacuations after the home usage of bisacodyl before the ingestion of mannitol and number of evacuations after the ingestion of mannitol until reaching a proper bowel preparation. Before starting the colonoscopy exam, an upper digestive endoscopy exam was made to aspirate the gastric content. RESULTS: Sample was composed of 103 patients, 55 (53.4%) women, medium age 61 (±12.1) years, medium weight 75.3 (±14.1) kg, medium height 1.7 (±10) m and medium BMI of 26.6 (±3.9) kg/m2. Average gastric residual volume was 120.9 (0-900) mL. Gastric residual volume (GRV) below 100 mL (GRV ≤100 mL) occurred in 45 (43.6%) patients, 24 (53.3%) women, medium age of 61.0 years and medium BMI of 26.7 kg/m2. Gastric residual volume above 100 mL (GRV >100 mL) occurred on 58 (56.3%) patients, 29 (50%) women, medium age of 61.0 years and medium BMI of 26.2 kg/m2. Comparing both groups, average fasting time period after the ingestion of mannitol was significantly higher on the group with GRV ≤100 mL than group with GRV >100 mL, 123.1 (60-246) vs 95.3 (55-195) minutes, respectively. There was also statistical significance concerning the usage of ezetimibe 6 (13.7%) in the group with GRV ≤100 mL and statistical significance in the group with GRV >100 mL concerning the usage of paroxetine 3 (6.7%) and tadalafil 3 (6.7%) and surgical history of prostatectomy 3 (6.7%) and bridle withdrawal 3 (6.7%). CONCLUSION: We may conclude in this study that the usage of ezetimibe and fasting above 2 hours after the ingestion of mannitol decrease significantly the incidence of a GRV >100 mL. The usage of paroxetine, tadalafil and surgical history of prostatectomy or bridle withdrawal may contribute to increase de incidence of a GRV >100 mL.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O preparo intestinal com manitol é um método bem estabelecido no Brasil. No entanto, os fatores que interferem no tempo de esvaziamento gástrico ainda não são conhecidos. O conhecimento desses fatores pode favorecer a logística de agendamento do exame e a orientação individualizada para cada paciente. OBJETIVO: Estudar os fatores que podem contribuir para o tempo de esvaziamento gástrico após o preparo intestinal com manitol expresso. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo observacional prospectivo com o objetivo de conhecer os seguintes fatores que podem contribuir no tempo de esvaziamento gástrico: tipo de dieta predominante, comorbidades, uso de medicamentos, cirurgias anteriores, número de evacuações por semana, portador de obstipação intestinal, tipo fecal, tipo de dieta, número de evacuações após o uso domiciliar de bisacodil antes da ingestão de manitol e número de evacuações após a ingestão de manitol até atingir o preparo intestinal adequado. Antes de iniciar o preparo intestinal, os pacientes responderam a um questionário clínico. O endoscópio foi introduzido para aspirar o conteúdo gástrico, antes de iniciar a colonoscopia. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 103 pacientes, sendo 55 mulheres, com média de idade de 61 anos, peso médio de 75,3 kg, altura média de 1,7 m e IMC médio de 26,6 kg/m2. O volume residual gástrico médio medido foi 120,9 (0-900) mL. Volume residual gástrico inferior a 100 mL (VRG ≤100 mL) foi encontrado em 45 (43,6%) pacientes, sendo 24 (53,3%) mulheres, com média de idade de 61,0 anos e IMC médio de 26,7 kg/m2. Volume residual gástrico acima de 100 mL (VRG >100 mL) ocorreu em 58 (56,3%) pacientes, sendo 29 (50%) mulheres, com idade média de 61,0 anos e IMC médio de 26,2 kg/m2. Comparando os dois grupos, notou-se que o tempo médio de jejum após a ingestão de manitol foi significativamente maior no grupo com VRG ≤100 mL do que no grupo com VRG> 100 mL, 123,1 (60-246) vs 95,3 (55-195) minutos, respectivamente. Também houve significância estatística em relação ao uso de ezetimiba 6 (13,7%), sendo maior no grupo com VRG ≤100 mL. Além disso, houve significância estatística no grupo com VRG >100 mL quanto ao uso de paroxetina 3 (6,7%) e tadalafil 3 (6,7%) e história cirúrgica de prostatectomia 3 (6,7%) e retirada de bridas 3 (6,7%). CONCLUSÃO: Podemos concluir neste estudo que o uso de ezetimiba e o jejum acima de 2 horas após a ingestão de manitol diminuem significativamente a incidência de um VRG> 100 mL. O uso de paroxetina, tadalafil e história cirúrgica de prostatectomia ou retirada de bridas podem contribuir para o aumento da incidência de um VRG >100 mL.

Humans , Male , Female , Stomach , Mannitol , Residual Volume , Gastric Emptying , Gastrointestinal Contents , Middle Aged
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(2): e1592, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345019


ABSTRACT Background: The delay in gastric emptying is the second most frequent complication after duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation, that increases hospitalization time and hospital costs. Aim: To identify factors that contribute to the appearance the delay in this surgical procedure. Method: Ninety-five patients were submitted to duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation. After retrospective analysis of the medical records, it was observed that 60 had prolonged hospitalization due to complications. Thus, univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze predictors of delayed gastric emptying. Results: Delay was present in 65% (n=39) and pancreatic fistula in 38.3% (n=23). Univariate analysis revealed that the presence of pancreatic complications (pancreatic fistula, p=0.01), other intracavitary complications with the appearance of abdominal collections (p=0.03) and hypoalbuminemia (p=0.06) were responsible, also confirmed by the multivariate analysis. In those who presented delay without a determined cause, it was observed that high levels of total bilirubin (p=0.01) and direct bilirubin (p=0.01) could be related to it. Conclusion: The delay in gastric emptying in patients undergoing duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation is due to intracavitary complications.

RESUMO Racional: O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico é a segunda complicação mais frequente após a realização da duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica, aumentando o tempo de internação e custos hospitalares. Objetivo: Identificar fatores que contribuem para o aparecimento desse retardo nesse procedimento cirúrgico. Método: Noventa e cinco doentes foram submetidos à duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica. Após análise retrospectiva dos prontuários observou-se que 60 apresentaram internação prolongada por complicações. Assim, utilizou-se a regressão logística uni e multivariada para análise de fatores preditores do retardo. Resultados: O retardo esteve presente em 65% (n=39) e a fístula pancreática em 38,3% (n=23). A análise univariada revelou que a presença de complicações pancreáticas (fístula pancreática, p=0,01), outras complicações intracavitárias com aparecimento de coleções abdominais (p=0,03) e hipoalbuminemia (p=0,06) foram os responsáveis, resultados estes também confirmados pela análise mutilvariada. Naqueles que apresentaram retardo sem causa determinada, observou-se que níveis elevados de bilirrubina total (p=0,01) e bilirrubina direta (p=0,01) poderiam estar relacionados a ele. Conclusão: O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico nos pacientes submetidos à duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica é decorrente de complicações intracavitárias.

Humans , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Gastroparesis/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatic Fistula , Gastric Emptying
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 428-433, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142331


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Electrogastrography (EGG) is a noninvasive technique for the assessment of gastric myoelectrical activity using electrodes placed on the abdominal surface. Changes in gastric myoelectrical activity may be associated with diseases such as gastroparesis, functional dyspepsia, nausea, and recurrent vomiting. In Brazil, no studies to date have assessed gastric myoelectrical activity using multichannel EGG in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVE: To establish normal values of transcutaneous multichannel EGG in healthy Brazilian individuals. METHODS: This was a prospective study including 20 healthy individuals who underwent EGG. Recording was performed during two periods: a preprandial recording was performed for 30 minutes, and a postprandial recording was performed for 30 minutes after a soft-solid meal of 400 kcal (20 grams of proteins, 60 grams of carbohydrates, and 9 grams of fat). RESULTS: We assessed dominant frequency (DF) parameters, %DF distribution, the instability coefficient, and the power ratio (PR). A total of 20 individuals (11 women and 9 men) with a mean age of 39.5±7.4 years were included. Mean DF (95%CI) ranged from 2.4 to 3.1 cpm in the resting phase and 2.6 to 3.2 cpm in the postprandial period. The %DF in normogastria range was >70% in all healthy individuals. We identified that only one individual did not present a positive response to the test meal, and the other 19 individuals showed a PR greater than 1. The instability coefficient did not change significantly with meal intake. CONCLUSION: Multichannel EGG may be applied in future studies to evaluate gastric motility disorders in the Brazilian population.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Eletrogastrografia (EGG) é técnica não invasiva que avalia a atividade miolétrica gástrica utilizando eletrodos localizados na superfície abdominal. Alterações na atividade miolétrica gástrica podem estar associadas a distúrbios como gastroparesia, dispepsia funcional, náuseas e vômitos recorrentes. No Brasil, não há estudos até o momento que tenham avaliado a atividade miolétrica gástrica pela EGG multicanal transcutânea em indivíduos saudáveis. OBJETIVO: Estabelecer valores de normalidade da EGG multicanal transcutânea em indivíduos brasileiros saudáveis. MÉTODOS: Este foi um estudo prospectivo, incluindo 20 indivíduos saudáveis submetidos a EGG. O registro foi realizado em dois períodos: um período pré-prandial foi registrado por 30 minutos, e um período pós-prandial por 30 minutos após a ingesta de uma dieta de prova com consistência sólida e pastosa de 400 kcal (20 gramas de proteínas, 60 gramas de carboidratos e 9 gramas de gordura). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados os parâmetros de frequência dominante (FD), distribuição da % de FD, coeficiente de instabilidade e "power ratio" (PR). Foram incluídos 20 indivíduos (11 mulheres e 9 homens) com idade média de 39,5 +/- 7,4 anos. A FD média (95%CI) variou de 2,4 a 3,1 cpm no período de basal (pré-prandial) e de 2,6 a 3,2 cpm no período pós-prandial. A % da FD na faixa de normogastria foi >70% em todos os indivíduos saudáveis. Identificamos que apenas um indivíduo não apresentou resposta positiva a refeição de prova, e os outros 19 indivíduos apresentaram PR>1. O coeficiente de instabilidade não mudou significativamente com a ingesta da refeição de prova. CONCLUSÃO: A EGG multicanal transcutânea pode ser aplicada em estudos futuros para a avaliar distúrbios da motilidade gástrica na população brasileira.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Electromyography , Stomach , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Dyspepsia , Gastric Emptying , Middle Aged
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1725-1730, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1143678


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Bronchoaspiration of gastric content is associated with high morbidity and mortality, but evaluating this complication is a difficult task. However, gastric ultrasonography can safely assess gastric content and prevent bronchoaspiration. Therefore, a systematic review was performed in order to verify the efficacy of ultrasonography in the qualitative and quantitative analyses of gastric content. METHODS: A literature review of articles published between 2009 and 2019 in the PubMed and LILACS databases was conducted using combinations of the keywords "gastric ultrasound," "gastric emptying," and "gastric content." RESULTS: Of the 20 articles found, 19 chose the antral region as the best site for qualitative analysis of the gastric content. Regarding quantitative measurement, the most commonly used method to calculate the gastric volume in eight articles was the formula "Gastric Volume = 27 + (14.6 × ATAG) − (1.28 × Age)," in which the area of the transverse section of the gastric antrum (ATAG) could also be calculated by the largest antral diameters or by free tracing. CONCLUSION: An efficient evaluation of the gastric content can be performed by ultrasonography of the antral region, contributing to greater safety in the clinical management of patients with increased risk for bronchoaspiration during airway management.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: A broncoaspiração do conteúdo gástrico associa-se à alta morbimortalidade, porem a avaliação desta complicação é tarefa dificil. Por outro lado, a ultrassonografia gástrica avalia o conteúdo gástrico com segurança, podendo evitar a broncoaspiração. Portanto, foi realizada revisão sistemática com objetivo de verificar a aplicabilidade da ultrassonografia na análise qualitativa e quantitativa do conteúdo gástrico. MÉTODOS: Revisão de literatura de artigos publicados entre 2009 e 2019 nas bases de dados PubMed e LILACS usando combinações das palavras chave: "Gastric ultrasound", "gastric emptying" e "gastric content". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 20 artigos. A região antral foi escolhida em 19 artigos como melhor local do ponto de vista qualitativo para analisar o conteúdo gástrico. A respeito da mensuração quantitativa, o método mais utilizado para cálculo do volume gástrico, escolhido em 8 artigos, foi através da fórmula Volume gástrico = 27 + (14,6 x ATAG) - (1,28 x Idade), em que a Área da Secção Transversa do Antro Gástrico (ATAG) pode ser igualmente calculada pelos maiores diâmetros antrais ou pelo seu traçado livre. CONCLUSÃO: A ultrassonografia da região antral permite boa avaliação do conteúdo gástrico, trazendo maior segurança ao manejo clínico de pacientess com risco aumentado para broncoaspiração no manejo da via aerea.

Humans , Pyloric Antrum/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Contents/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Gastric Emptying
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 289-292, Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135619


Gastric emptying and plasma glucose were evaluated in young and adult dogs, fed with dry and wet food, submitted to different periods of pre-anesthetic fasting (6, 8, and 12 hours). Forty healthy dogs were selected, which were segmented into four groups according to the age group and type of diet. It was evaluated the gastric emptying by ultrasound and serum glycemia. Only 17.5% presented complete gastric emptying, and no significant differences were found between the 6 and 8-hour fasting evaluations, or between the age groups and the diets, considering significance level p<0.05. Mean plasma glucose values from the groups indicated normal glycemia at all times of evaluation. A significant difference was found between the means of glycemia in young and adult dogs, with the 8-hour fasting with wet diet (p=0.03) and with 12 hours with dry diet (p=0.04). Healthy young and adult dogs, in physiological equilibrium, maintain average values of plasma glucose despite prolonged periods of pre-anesthetic fasting, which may be necessary, since 8-hour fasting for solid food is not enough to provide complete gastric emptying.(AU)

Avaliou-se o esvaziamento gástrico e a glicemia plasmática em cães jovens e adultos, alimentados com ração seca e úmida, submetidos a diferentes períodos de jejum pré-anestésico (6, 8 e 12 horas). Foram selecionados 40 cães hígidos, os quais foram segmentados em 4 grupos de acordo com a faixa etária e o tipo de dieta administrada. Foi avaliado o esvaziamento gástrico por ultrassonografia e a glicemia sérica. Apenas 17,5% apresentaram completo esvaziamento gástrico, não sendo encontradas diferenças significativas entre as avaliações com 6 e 8 horas de jejum, ou entre as faixas etárias e dietas, considerando nível de significância p<0,05. Os valores médios da glicose plasmática dos grupos indicaram normoglicemia em todos os momentos de avaliação. Foi encontrada diferença significativa entre as médias da glicemia dos cães jovens e adultos, no período de 8 horas de jejum com dieta úmida (p=0,03) e com 12 horas nos animais com dieta seca (p=0,04). Conclui-se que cães hígidos jovens e adultos, em equilíbrio fisiológico, mantêm valores normais de glicemia plasmática apesar de períodos prolongados de jejum pré-anestésico, os quais podem ser necessários, tendo em vista que 8 horas de jejum alimentar de sólidos não é suficiente para proporcionar completo esvaziamento gástrico.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Blood Glucose/analysis , Fasting , Gastric Emptying , Hypoglycemia/veterinary , Anesthesia/veterinary , Diet/veterinary
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 10-16, 20200000. graf, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369693


Antecedentes: La duodenopancreatectomía cefálica (D.P.C.) es el procedimiento quirúrgico aceptado para el tratamiento de los tumores malignos y benignos del confluente bilio-duodenopancreático. Lugar de aplicación: hospital nacional de clínicas y clínica privada. Diseño: estudio protocolizado y prospectivo. Material y método: entre diciembre 2000 y diciembre 2014 se operaron 96 dpc. De ellos, 54 del sexo masculino y 42 del femenino, cuyas edades oscilaron entre 27 y 79 años de edad (media de 59 años). El promedio del período de tiempo entre el inicio de los síntomas y la primera consulta fue de 81 días (rango 10 a 129 días). A todos los pacientes se les llevo a cabo ecografía y tac de abdomen. Resultados: con respecto a la mortalidad dentro de los 30 días, fallecieron 5 pacientes (4, 80 %). Posteriormente, fallecieron dentro de los 90 días 5 pacientes más (9,3 %). Con respecto a la morbilidad, las dividimos en clínicas que fueron 17 pacientes (16,32 %) y 50 fueron quirúrgicas (48 %). Dentro de ellas la fistula pancreática estuvo en 32 pacientes (30,72 %). Con respecto al vaciamiento gástrico estuvo presente en 19 (18,24 %) y finalmente 5 (4,80 %) tuvieron una hemorragia intra peritoneal. Ocho pacientes tuvieron una fistula biliar (7,62 %). Conclusiones: los resultados de nuestro trabajo, apoyan el concepto que cirujanos con bajo volumen de d.P.C. Anuales, pero con una estricta formación en instituciones con infraestructura adecuada y un equipo multidisciplinario, pueden también obtener buenos resultados en las lesiones malignas y benignas del confluente bilio-duodeno-pancreático

Background: Cephalic pancreatoduodenectomy (CPD) is the surgical procedure of choice accepted for the management of both the malignant and the benign tumors of the bilio- duodeno pancreatic confluence. Setting: Clinico- National Hospital and private practice. Desing: protocoled and prospective study. Methods: between december 2000 and december 2014, 96 cpd have been operated. Of these, 54 were men and 42 were women, with ages ranged between 27 to 79 years (average 59 years). The time between the onset of symptoms and the first consultation period. Averaged 81 days (range 10-129 days). All the patients were submitted to ultrasound and ct of the abdomen. Results: with reference to mortality within 30 days, 5 patients (4, 80%) died. Subsequently, 5 more patients died within 90 days (9.3%). With reference to morbidity, we divided them in two, clinicals that were 17 patients (16.32%) And 50 were surgical (48%). Within pancreatic fistula included 32 patients (30, 72%). With reference to the gastric emptying, it was present in 19 (18.24%) And finally 5 (4.80%) Had intra peritoneal bleeding. In addition, 8 patients had a biliary fistula (7.62%). Conclusions: the results of our study support the concept that surgeons with low volume of cpd annually, but with strict training in institutions with adequate infraestructure and a multidisciplinary team, can also obtain good results in the malignant and benign lesions of the biliary-duodeno-pancreatic confluence.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Morbidity , Mortality , Ultrasonography , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Gastric Emptying
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(3): e1548, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152623


ABSTRACT Background: Gastrointestinal disorders are frequently reported in patients with Parkinson's disease whose disorders reduce the absorption of nutrients and drugs, worsening the clinical condition of patients. However, the mechanisms involved in modifying gastrointestinal pathophysiology have not yet been fully explained. Aim: To evaluate its effects on gastrointestinal motility and the involvement of the vagal and splanchnic pathways. Methods: Male Wistar rats (250-300 g, n = 84) were used and divided into two groups. Group I (6-OHDA) received an intrastriatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (21 µg/animal). Group II (control) received a saline solution (NaCl, 0.9%) under the same conditions. The study of gastric emptying, intestinal transit, gastric compliance and operations (vagotomy and splanchnotomy) were performed 14 days after inducing neurodegeneration. Test meal (phenol red 5% glucose) was used to assess the rate of gastric emptying and intestinal transit. Results: Parkinson's disease delayed gastric emptying and intestinal transit at all time periods studied; however, changes in gastric compliance were not observed. The delay in gastric emptying was reversed by pretreatment with vagotomy and splanchnotomy+celiac gangliectomy, thus suggesting the involvement of such pathways in the observed motor disorders. Conclusion: Parkinson's disease compromises gastric emptying, as well as intestinal transit, but does not alter gastric compliance. The delay in gastric emptying was reversed by truncal vagotomy, splanchnotomy and celiac ganglionectomy, suggesting the involvement of such pathways in delaying gastric emptying.

RESUMO Racional: Distúrbios gastrintestinais são frequentemente relatados em pacientes com doença de Parkinson cujos distúrbios reduzem a absorção de nutrientes e fármacos, agravando o quadro clínico dos pacientes. No entanto, os mecanismos envolvidos na alteração da fisiopatologia gastrintestinal ainda não foram totalmente elucidados. Objetivo: Avaliar os seus efeitos sobre a motilidade gastrintestinal e o envolvimento das vias vagal e esplâncnica. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos (250-300 g, n=84) foram utilizados e divididos em dois grupos. O grupo I (6-OHDA) recebeu injeção intraestriatal de 6-hidroxidopamina (21 µg/animal). O grupo II (controle) recebeu solução salina (NaCl, 0,9%) nas mesmas condições. O estudo do esvaziamento gástrico, trânsito intestinal, complacência gástrica e operações (vagotomia e esplancnotomia) foram realizadas 14 dias após a indução da neurodegeneração. Refeição teste (vermelho de fenol+glicose 5%) foi utilizada para avaliar a taxa de esvaziamento gástrico e o trânsito intestinal. Resultados: A doença de Parkinson retardou o esvaziamento gástrico e o trânsito intestinal em todos os tempos estudados; porém, alterações da complacência gástrica não foram observadas. O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico foi revertido por pré-tratamento com vagotomia e esplancnotomia+gangliectomia celíaca, sugerindo assim, o envolvimento de tais vias nos distúrbios motores observados. Conclusão: A doença de Parkinson compromete o esvaziamento gástrico, bem como o trânsito intestinal, mas não altera a complacência gástrica. O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico foi revertido pela vagotomia troncular, esplancnotomia e gangliectomia celíaca, sugerindo o envolvimento de tais vias no retardo do esvaziamento gástrico.

Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Parkinson Disease , Vagotomy/adverse effects , Gastric Emptying/physiology , Gastrointestinal Motility/physiology , Gastrointestinal Transit/physiology , Rats, Wistar
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 361-364, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826730


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical therapeutic effect of herb-partitioned moxibustion at point in patients of diabetic gastroparesis differentiated as spleen and stomach deficiency and retention of turbid dampness as well as its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 134 patients with diabetic gastroparesis were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 67 cases in each one. In the observation group, herb-partitioned moxibustion at point was adopted, 40 min each time, once a day for 5 times a week. In the control group, itopride hydrochloride tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 50 mg each time, three times a day. A total of 6 weeks of treatment was required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI) scores, 4-hour gastric emptying rate, TCM symptom score, as well as the levels of plasma motilin and serum gastrin were observed in the patients of the two groups. Additionally, the clinical therapeutic effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the score of every item of GCSI, TCM symptom scores and the levels of plasma motilin and serum gastrin were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the patients of the two groups (<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (<0.05). Regarding 4-hour gastric emptying rates, which were increased as compared with those before treatment in the two group (<0.05), and the rate in the observation group was higher remarkably than that in the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.5% (62/67) in the observation group, higher than 74.6% (50/67) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herb-partitioned moxibustion at point relieves the clinical symptoms in the patients with diabetic gastroparesis and increases the gastric emptying rate, which is probably related to the regulation of the levels of plasma motilin and serum gastrin.

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Diabetes Mellitus , Gastric Emptying , Gastrins , Blood , Gastroparesis , Therapeutics , Motilin , Blood , Moxibustion
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(4): 219-225, Oct-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1042732


Abstract Background: The administration of perioperative fluids is a controversial issue that can be associated with the development of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after Whipple procedure. Objective: To evaluate whether intraoperative fluid management along with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) protocols affect outcomes following major pancreatic resection. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017, collecting all patients scheduled for duodenopancreatectomy (DP). Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the use of ERAS protocols and the use of a fluid therapy algorithm. Results: A total of 67 patients were analyzed, 49.3% of which were females. The most frequent diagnoses were Pancreatic Cancer n:48 (71.6%), followed by intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm n:6 (9%). The majority of patients were in the ERAS group n:46 (68.7%); 80.4% and 95.7% of them did not develop pancreatic fistula or delayed gastric emptying (DGE) respectively, and the incidence for both was 11.94%. Fluid therapy was below 5000 mL (P=0.001) with blood loss less 300 mL (P = 0.001) in the ERAS group. The length of stay was shorter in the ERAS group (7 days, interquartilel range 5-12, P < 0.001). No differences in 30 days mortality were found. Conclusion: The implementation of ERAS protocols in DP did show a decrease in intraoperative blood loss, intravenous fluids therapy, need for transfusion, DGE, or total hospital stay. However, intraoperative fluid restriction in DP did not show a reduction in the development of POPF.

Resumen Introducción: La administración de fluidos durante el perioperatorio es un tema controvertido que puede asociarse a complicaciones como la fístula pancreática después de realizar el procedimiento de Whipple. Objetivo: Evaluar si los protocolos de manejo de líquidos dentro de las recomendaciones de recuperación acelerada después de cirugía (ERAS) afectan los desenlaces después de intervención pancreática mayor. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo entre enero de 2012 y enero de 2017. Se recopilaron todos los pacientes a quienes se les practicó duodenopancreatectomía. Se dividieron en dos grupos según el uso de protocolos ERAS y el uso de algoritmos para terapia hídrica. Resultados: Se analizaron 67 pacientes, el 49,3% correspondió al sexo femenino. Los diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron cáncer de páncreas n: 48 (71,6%), seguido de neoplasia mucinosa papilar intraductal n: 6 (9%). La mayoría de los pacientes se encontraban en el Grupo ERAS n:46(68,7%).En dicho grupo, el 80,4% y el 95,7% no desarrollaron fístula pancreática o retraso del vaciamiento gástrico y la incidencia fue del 11,94%, respectivamente. La terapia hídrica estuvo por debajo de 5000 ml (p = 0,001) con una pérdida sanguínea inferior a 300 ml (p=0,001) en el grupo ERAS. La estancia hospitalaria fue más corta en el grupo ERAS (7 días, rango intercuartil [RIC] 5-12, p =<0,001). No hubo diferencias en la mortalidad a 30 días. Conclusión: La implementación de protocolos ERAS en la duodenopancreatectomía mostró una menor pérdida sanguínea, menor terapia hídrica, menor necesidad de transfusión, menor retraso del vaciamiento gástrico y menor estancia hospitalaria. Sin embargo, la terapia hídrica restrictiva no redujo el desarrollo de fístula pancreática postoperatoria.

Humans , Postoperative Complications , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Fluid Therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Cohort Studies , Mortality , Pancreatic Fistula , Guidelines as Topic , Gastric Emptying , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Length of Stay , Neoplasms
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 115-121, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003401


Abstract Background and objectives: Preoperative fasting may lead to undesirable effects in the surgical patient in whom there is a stimulus to ingesting clear liquids until 2 hours before anesthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the gastric emptying of two different solutions using ultrasound. Methods: In a prospective, randomized, blind study, 34 healthy volunteers ingested 200 mL of two solutions without residues in two steps: an isotonic solution with carbohydrates, electrolytes, osmolarity of 292 mOsm.L-1, and 36 kcal; and other nutritional supplementation with carbohydrates, proteins, electrolytes, osmolarity of 680 mO.L-1, and 300 kcal. After 2 hours, a gastric ultrasound was performed to assess the antrum area and gastric volume, and the relation of gastric volume to weight (vol.w-1), whose value above 1.5 was considered a risk for bronchoaspiration. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was a significant difference between all parameters evaluated 2 hours after the ingestion of nutritional supplementation compared to fasting. The same occurred when the parameters between isotonic solution and nutritional supplementation were compared 2 hours after ingestion. Only one patient had vol.w-1 <1.5 2 hours after ingestion of nutritional supplementation; and only one had vol.w-1 >1.5 after ingestion of isotonic solution. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that gastric emptying of equal volumes of different solutions depends on their constitution. Those with high caloric and high osmolarity, and with proteins present, 2 hours after ingestion, increased the gastric volumes, which is compatible with the risk of gastric aspiration.

Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O jejum pré-operatório pode levar a efeitos indesejáveis no paciente cirúrgico, em que há um estimulo à ingestão de líquidos sem resíduos até 2 horas antes da anestesia. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o esvaziamento gástrico de duas soluções diferentes por meio da ultrassonografia. Métodos: Em um estudo prospectivo, randomizado, cego, 34 voluntários saudáveis ingeriram 200 mL de duas soluções sem resíduos, em duas etapas: uma solução isotônica com carboidratos, eletrólitos, osmolaridade de 292 mOsm.L-1 e 36 kcal; e outra suplementação nutricional, com carboidratos, proteínas, eletrólitos, osmolaridade de 680 mOs.L-1 e 300 kcal. Após 2 horas, fez-se ultrassonografia gástrica com avaliação da área do antro e volume gástrico e relação do volume gástrico sobre o peso (vol.p-1), cujo valor acima de 1,5 foi considerado risco para broncoaspiração. Considerou-se p< 0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Houve diferença significativa entre todos os parâmetros avaliados 2 horas após a ingestão de suplementação nutricional em relação ao jejum. O mesmo ocorreu quando foram comparados os parâmetros entre solução isotônica e suplementação nutricional 2 horas após a ingestão. Apenas um paciente apresentou vol.p-1< 1,5 2 horas após a ingestão de suplementação nutricional; e apenas um apresentou vol.p-1 > 1,5, após a ingestão de solução isotônica. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou que o esvaziamento gástrico de volumes iguais de diferentes soluções depende de sua constituição. Aqueles com alto valor calórico e alta osmolaridade, e com proteínas presentes, 2 horas após a ingestão, aumentaram os volumes gástricos, compatíveis com o risco de aspiração gástrica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ultrasonography/methods , Dietary Supplements , Gastric Emptying/physiology , Isotonic Solutions/administration & dosage , Osmolar Concentration , Stomach/diagnostic imaging , Energy Intake/physiology , Carbohydrates/administration & dosage , Proteins/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Fasting/psychology , Electrolytes/administration & dosage
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8103, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974278


Dipyrone (metamizole), acting through its main metabolites 4-methyl-amino-antipyrine and 4-amino-antipyrine, has established analgesic, antipyretic, and spasmolytic pharmacological effects, which are mediated by poorly known mechanisms. In rats, intravenously administered dipyrone delays gastric emptying (GE) of liquids with the participation of capsaicin-sensitive afferent fibers. This effect seems to be mediated by norepinephrine originating from the sympathetic nervous system but not from the superior celiac-mesenteric ganglion complex, which activates β2-adrenoceptors. In rats, in contrast to nonselective non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, dipyrone protects the gastric mucosa attenuating the development of gastric ulcers induced by a number of agents. Clinically, it has been demonstrated that dipyrone is effective in the control of colic-like abdominal pain originating from the biliary and intestinal tracts. Since studies in humans and animals have demonstrated the presence of β2-adrenoceptors in biliary tract smooth muscle and β2-adrenoceptor activation has been shown to occur in dipyrone-induced delayed GE, it is likely that this kind of receptors may participate in the reduction of smooth muscle spasm of the sphincter of Oddi induced by dipyrone. There is no evidence that dipyrone may interfere with small bowel and colon motility, and the clinical results of its therapeutic use in intestinal colic appear to be due to its analgesic effect.

Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Ampyrone/pharmacology , Antipyrine/pharmacology , Dipyrone/pharmacology , Gastric Emptying/drug effects , Autonomic Nerve Block , Dipyrone/administration & dosage , Rats, Wistar
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 365-371, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764494


The role of surgical intervention in patients with diabetic gastroparesis is unclear. We report a case of a 37-year-old man with a history of recurrent episodes of vomiting and long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy did not reveal any findings of reflux esophagitis or obstructive lesions. A gastric emptying time scan showed prolonged gastric emptying half-time (344 minutes) indicating delayed gastric emptying. Laboratory tests revealed elevated fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c, 12.9%) and normal fasting C-peptide and insulin levels. We performed Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy to treat gastroparesis and improve glycemic control, and the patient showed complete resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms postoperatively. Barium swallow test and gastric emptying time scan performed at follow-up revealed regular progression of barium and normal gastric emptying. Three months postoperatively, his fasting serum glucose level was within normal limits without the administration of insulin or oral antidiabetic drugs with a reduced HbA1c level (6.9%). Long-limb Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy may be useful to treat severe diabetic gastroparesis by improving gastric emptying and glycemic control.

Adult , Humans , Barium , Blood Glucose , C-Peptide , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagitis, Peptic , Fasting , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis , Glycated Hemoglobin , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Vomiting
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 126-136, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739855


PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of breast milk olfactory stimulation on physiological responses, oral feeding progression, and body weight in preterm infants. METHODS: A repeated measures design with nonequivalent control group was used. The participants were healthy, preterm infants born at a gestational age of 28~32 weeks; 12 in the experimental group and 16 in the control group. Data were collected prospectively in the experimental group, and retrospectively in the control group, by the same methods. Breast milk olfactory stimulation was provided 12 times over 15 days. The data were analyzed using the chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and linear mixed models using SPSS 19. RESULTS: The gastric residual volume (GRV) of the experimental group was significantly less than that of the control group. The heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration rate, transition time to oral feeding, and body weight were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that breast milk olfactory stimulation reduces GRV and improves digestive function in preterm infants without inducing distress.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Body Weight , Breast , Gastric Emptying , Gestational Age , Heart Rate , Infant, Premature , Milk, Human , Oxygen , Prospective Studies , Residual Volume , Respiratory Rate , Retrospective Studies , Smell , Vital Signs
Neonatal Medicine ; : 67-71, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741661


Pylorospasm is a cause of delayed gastric emptying in young infants. As in patients with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, most pylorospasm patients present with projectile vomiting. However, unlike that in case of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, no persistent pyloric stenotic lesions are present. As such, follow-up using serial gastrointestinal fluoroscopy or ultrasonography can be helpful in diagnosing patients with clinical signs of gastroparesis. Most cases can be treated conservatively, but some patients require pharmacologic treatment. Antispasmodics have been proposed as a treatment for pylorospasm, but their use in neonates and infants has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a case of pylorospasm diagnosed in the neonatal period and successfully treated with intravenous atropine.

Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Atropine , Fluoroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis , Parasympatholytics , Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic , Pylorus , Spasm , Ultrasonography , Vomiting
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 171-172, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740762


No abstract available.

Animals , Gastric Emptying , Methods