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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 190-194, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obesity is an independent risk factor for esophageal symptoms, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and motor abnormalities. When contemplating bariatric surgery, patients with obesity type III undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and also esophageal manometry (EMN), and prolonged pHmetry (PHM) as part of their pre-operative evaluation. OBJECTIVE: Description of endoscopy, manometry and pHmetry findings in patients with obesity type III preparing for bariatric surgery, and correlation of these findings with the presence of typical GERD symptoms. METHODS: Retrospective study in which clinical symptoms of GERD were assessed, focusing on the presence of heartburn and regurgitation. All patients underwent EMN, PHM and most of them EGD. RESULTS: 114 patients (93 females-81%), average age 36 years old, average BMI of 45.3, were studied. Typical GERD symptoms were referred by 43 (38%) patients while 71 (62%) were asymptomatic. Eighty two patients (72% of total) underwent EGD and 36 (42%) evidenced esophageal abnormalities. Among the abnormal findings, hiatal hernia was seen in 36%, erosive esophagitis (EE) in 36%, and HH+EE in 28%. An abnormal EMN was recorded in 51/114 patients (45%). The main abnormality was a hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter (LES) in 32%, followed by ineffective esophageal motility in 25%, nutcracker esophagus in 19%, IEM + hypotensive LES in 10%, intra-thoracic LES (6%), hypertensive LES (4%), aperistalsis (2%) and achalasia (2%). Among the 43 symptomatic patients, 23 (53%) had abnormal EMN and 31/71 asymptomatic cases (44%) also presented this finding (P=0.30). PHM showed abnormal reflux in 60/114 patients (53%), with a predominance of bi-positional reflux (42%), followed by supine reflux (33%) and upright reflux (25%). Abnormal PHM was found in 26/43 symptomatic cases (60%) and also among 34/71 asymptomatic cases (48%) (P=0.19). CONCLUSION: Manometric abnormalities were common in obesity type III patients, the most frequent being hypotensive LES, followed by IEM. Most patients were asymptomatic. There was no correlation between the finding of motor abnormalities and the presence of symptoms. More than half the patients had abnormal reflux at PHM. We found no significant correlation between abnormal reflux and the presence of symptoms.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A obesidade é fator de risco independente para sintomas esofagianos, doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) e alterações motoras. Pacientes com obesidade tipo III, candidatos à cirurgia bariátrica foram submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA) e também realizaram esofagomanometria (EMN) e pHmetria prolongada (PHM) como parte da avaliação pré-operatória. OBJETIVO: Em um grupo de pacientes com obesidade tipo III em pré-operatório de cirurgia bariátrica, descrever os achados endoscópicos, manométricos e pHmétricos, correlacionando-os com a presença de sintomas típicos de DRGE. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo, de pacientes com obesidade tipo III, candidatos a cirurgia bariátrica. A avaliação clínica focalizou a presença de sintomas típicos de DRGE (pirose/regurgitação); todos foram submetidos a EMN, PHM e a maior parte à EDA, realizada previamente. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 114 pacientes, 93 (81%) do sexo feminino, média de idade de 36 anos e IMC médio de 45,3. Sintomas típicos de refluxo foram referidos por 43 (38%) pacientes e 71 (62%) eram assintomáticos. EDA foi realizada por 82 (72%) pacientes, havendo anormalidades esofagianas em 36 (42%). Entre os anormais, havia hérnia hiatal (HH) em 36%, esofagite erosiva (EE) em 36% e HH + EE em 28%. A EMN foi anormal em 51/114 (45%). Entre os anormais, predominou o esfíncter esofagiano inferior (EEI) hipotenso em 32%, seguido por motilidade esofagiana ineficaz (MEI) em 25%, esôfago em quebra-nozes (19%), EEI hipotenso + MEI (10%), EEI intra-torácico (6%), EEI hipertenso (4%), aperistalse (2%) e acalasia (2%). Dentre os 43 sintomáticos, 23 (53%) apresentavam EMN anormal, sendo que em 31 dos 71 (44%) assintomáticos a EMN também era anormal (P=0,30). A PHM revelou refluxo anormal em 60 (53%) pacientes. Predominou o refluxo anormal biposicional (42%) seguido do refluxo supino (33%) e refluxo ereto (25%). Dentre os 43 pacientes sintomáticos, 26 (60%) apresentavam PHM anormal, sendo que em 34 dos 71 assintomáticos a PHM também era anormal (48%) - P=0,19. CONCLUSÃO: Alterações manométricas foram comuns em obesidade tipo III, sendo as mais frequentes o EEI hipotenso, seguida de motilidade ineficaz. A maioria dos pacientes era assintomática. Mais da metade dos pacientes apresentou refluxo anormal à PHM. Não houve diferença significativa entre o achado de refluxo anormal e a presença de sintomas. Não houve relação entre o achado de alterações motoras e a presença de sintomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Esophageal Motility Disorders/diagnosis , Esophageal Motility Disorders/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Bariatric Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Heartburn , Manometry
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3231-3238, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251940

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El páncreas ectópico es una entidad poco común. Como tumor submucoso de origen congénito, frecuentemente presenta un curso asintomático, aunque con posibles complicaciones. Su diagnóstico de certeza se basa en la endoscopia, el ultrasonido endoscópico y la histología, que permiten adoptar una conducta expectante o quirúrgica. El paciente estudiado presentó un páncreas ectópico localizado en antro gástrico asociado a síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico rebeldes a tratamiento, los cuales motivaron el estudio endoscópico, con el consecuente hallazgo de dicha entidad (AU).


ABSTRACT Ectopic pancreas is a little common entity. As congenital-originated sub mucous tumor, it frequently presents an asymptomatic course, though with possible complications. Its definitive diagnosis is based in the endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound and histology, allowing to adopt an expectant or surgical behavior. The current patient presented an unresponsive-to-treatment ectopic pancreas located in the gastric antrum associated to gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms. This motivated the endoscopic study consequently leading to finding this entity (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pyloric Antrum/pathology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics/methods , Endoscopy/methods
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 457-461, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254260

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La Organización Mundial de la Salud define la obesidad como un incremento en el porcentaje de grasa corporal, generalmente acompañado de aumento en el peso, cuya cantidad y distribución condicionan la salud del individuo. Se caracteriza por ser una enfermedad crónica y de muy difícil manejo. La cirugía bariátrica es un procedimiento cada vez más frecuente, que ha demostrado ser la mejor opción terapéutica para el manejo de la obesidad moderada y severa, enfermedad que ha ido ganado terreno en el mundo. Según la Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia 2015, la incidencia de sobrepeso fue del 37,8 % y de obesidad del 18,7 %. Con el incremento de la cirugía bariátrica primaria, también se ha incrementado la frecuencia de la cirugía bariátrica de revisión, conversión y reversión, siendo la de conversión la más frecuente. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se analizaron los pacientes llevados a cirugía bariátrica de conversión en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados. En nuestra institución la cirugía de conversión corresponde al 8,8 %, y coincide con la estadística mundial para este procedimiento. La causa más frecuente, a diferencia de la literatura, es el reflujo gastroesofágico, seguido de la reganancia de peso. Discusión. Los resultados obtenidos en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio se asemejan a las cifras mundiales de procedimientos de conversión. Se obtiene la resolución de los síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico y el manejo adecuado de la reganancia de peso en un alto porcentaje de pacientes, con muy pocas complicaciones


Introduction. The World Health Organization defines obesity as an increase in the percentage of body fat, generally accompanied by an increase in weight, the quantity and distribution of which determine the health of the individual. It is characterized by being a chronic disease and very difficult to manage. Bariatric surgery is an increasingly fre-quent procedure, which has proven to be the best therapeutic option for the management of moderate and severe obesity, a disease that has been gaining ground in the world. According to the 2015 National Survey of the Nutri-tional Situation in Colombia, the incidence of overweight was 37.8% and obesity was 18.7%. With the increase in primary bariatric surgery, the frequency of revision, conversion and reversal bariatric surgery has also increased, with conversion being the most frequent.Methods. Retrospective observational study in which patients underwent bariatric conversion surgery at the San Ignacio University Hospital between 2014 and 2019 were analyzed.Results. In our institution, conversion surgery corresponds to 8.8%, and coincides with the world statistics for this procedure. The most frequent cause, unlike the literature, is gastroesophageal reflux, followed by weight gain.Discussion. The results obtained at the San Ignacio University Hospital are similar to the world figures for con-version procedures. Resolution of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and proper management of weight gain are obtained in a high percentage of patients, with very few complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity , Weight Loss , Gastroesophageal Reflux
4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 73-80, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251524

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) se define como el tránsito anormal del contenido gástrico hacia el esófago, que se da por una alteración de la barrera antirreflujo, causando síntomas o complicaciones. Para su correcto diagnóstico y abordaje terapéutico, se requiere de la integración de hallazgos clínicos, endoscópicos y monitorización del pH esofágico en 24 horas con o sin impedanciometría, la cual debe ser realizada con especificaciones técnicas, y su interpretación debe basarse en la mejor evidencia clínica disponible, con el objetivo de tener diagnósticos precisos que permitan tomar las mejores decisiones con los pacientes. Recientemente, en el Consenso de Lyon se han incorporado nuevas directrices para el diagnóstico de ERGE por monitorización de pH esofágico, las cuales se revisan en este artículo.


Abstract Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as the abnormal transit of gastric contents into the esophagus. It is caused by an alteration of the anti-reflux barrier, causing multiple symptoms or complications. In order to achieve accurate diagnosis and proper therapeutic approach, integration of clinical findings, endoscopic findings and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, with or without impedancometry, is required. These tests must be performed following technical specifications and their interpretation must be based on the best clinical evidence available to obtain accurate diagnoses that allow making the best decisions to the benefit of patients. Recently, the Lyon Consensus incorporated new guidelines for the diagnosis of GERD by esophageal pH monitoring, which are reviewed in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Electric Impedance , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Disease
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 5-9, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Heartburn and acid regurgitation are typical symptoms usually associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD is one of the gastrointestinal diagnosis with higher prevalence worldwide, significantly impairing patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of GERD-related symptoms in the Brazilian urban population. METHODS: National telephone survey with community-dwelling Brazilian individuals. Self-reported prevalence and frequency of symptoms (heartburn / regurgitation) were assessed. Individuals rated the impact of symptoms in their general well-being using a numeric scale from 1 to 10 (1 = no impact; 10 = very intense, preventing the person to eat and perform daily routine activities). Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: The final sample was comprised of 1,773 subjects, 935 (52.7%) females, an average of 40 years old. The prevalence of heartburn and regurgitation in the past 6 months was 26.2% (n=466) and 11.0% (n=196), respectively. Women presented higher prevalence (heartburn n=266, 28.5% and regurgitation n=119, 12.7%) than men (n=200, 23.1% and n=78, 8.9%, respectively) (P<0.05). Heartburn in the past week was reported by 175 individuals (9.8%), while regurgitation episodes by 67 (3.8%). Absence of impact of the symptom in the overall well-being was observed for 82 subjects (17.6%) with heartburn and 18 individuals (9.2%) with regurgitation. Very intense impact was reported by 46 subjects (9.8%) with heartburn and 41 (20.9%) with regurgitation. Women's well-being was more affected than men's (mean score 5.45 vs 4.71, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Heartburn and regurgitation were frequent symptoms, women with higher prevalence. These symptoms led to a substantial impact on individuals' well-being, women being more affected.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Pirose e regurgitação ácida são sintomas típicos usualmente relacionados à doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE). A DRGE é um dos diagnósticos gastrointestinais com maior prevalência mundial, afetando significativamente a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. OBJETIVO: Analisar o impacto de sintomas relacionados à DRGE em uma amostra da população brasileira urbana. MÉTODOS: Inquérito nacional via telefone com indivíduos brasileiros em contexto comunitário. O inquérito foi conduzido entre 6 de agosto e 12 de setembro de 2018. A prevalência autorrelatada e a frequência dos sintomas foram avaliadas. Os respondentes classificaram o impacto dos sintomas no seu bem-estar geral utilizando uma escala numérica de 1 a 10 (1 = ausência de impacto; 10 = impacto muito grave, impedindo a pessoa de comer ou realizar atividades da vida diária). Análises estatísticas descritivas e bivariadas foram conduzidas. RESULTADOS: A amostra final foi constituída por 1.773 indivíduos, 935 (52,7%) mulheres, com idade média de 40 anos. A prevalência de pirose e regurgitação nos últimos 6 meses foi de 26,2% (n=466) e 11,0% (n=196), respectivamente. Sexo feminino (pirose n=266, 28,5% e regurgitação n=119, 12,7%) apresentou prevalência mais alta do que o masculino (n=200, 23,1% e n=78, 8,9%, respectivamente) (P<0,05). Pirose na última semana foi relatada por 175 indivíduos (9,8%), enquanto episódios de regurgitação por 67 (3,8%). Ausência de impacto dos sintomas no bem-estar geral dos indivíduos foi observada para 82 respondentes (17,6%) com pirose e 18 (9,2%) daqueles com regurgitação. Impacto muito grave foi reportado por 46 (9,8%) indivíduos com pirose e 41 (20,9%) com regurgitação. Sexo feminino foi mais afetado pelos sintomas do que o masculino. CONCLUSÃO: Pirose e regurgitação foram bastante frequentes sendo o sexo feminino mais afetado. Tais sintomas levaram a impacto no bem-estar dos indivíduos, com maior prejuízo para mulheres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Heartburn/etiology , Heartburn/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1566, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248504

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The catheter of the esophageal pH monitoring is associated with nasal and throat discomfort, and different behave in patients. The capsule of the wireless pH monitoring may cause chest pain and complications. Aim: To compare the wireless and conventional pH monitoring concerning the degree of discomfort and limitations in daily activities, complications, ability to diagnose pathological reflux, and costs. Methods: Twenty-five patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux were prospectively submitted, in a simultaneous initial period, to 24-hour catheter esophageal pH monitoring and 48-hour wireless system. After removing each system, patients underwent a specific clinical questionnaire. Results: Fifteen patients (60%) pointed a higher discomfort in the introduction of the capsule (p=0.327). Discomfort and limitations in daily activities were lower on 2nd day (p<0.05); however, continued to be expressive (32% to 44%). Chest pain occurred in 13 (52%) patients. The diagnostic gain of pathological reflux was 12% with the wireless system (p=0.355). Conclusions: 1) There is no significant difference between the discomfort mentioned in the introduction of the capsule and the catheter; 2) during reflux monitoring, the wireless system provides significant less discomfort and limitations in daily activities; 3) there is no significant difference between the two methods in the ability to diagnose pathological reflux; 4) wireless pH monitoring has higher cost.


RESUMO Racional: O cateter da pHmetria esofágica associa-se ao desconforto nasal e na garganta, e comportamento diferente nos pacientes. A cápsula da pHmetria sem cateter pode causar dor torácica e complicações. Objetivo: Comparar as pHmetrias sem cateter e a convencional, em relação ao desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias, complicações, capacidade de diagnosticar refluxo patológico, e custos. Métodos: Vinte e cinco pacientes com sintomas de refluxo gastroesofágico foram prospectivamente submetidos, em um período inicial simultâneo, à pHmetria esofágica com cateter durante 24 h e à pHmetria sem cateter durante 48 h. Após a retirada de cada método, pacientes responderam o questionário clínico específico. Resultados: Quinze pacientes (60%) relataram maior desconforto na introdução da cápsula (p=0,327). Desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias foram menores no 2º dia (p< 0,05); entretanto, continuaram sendo expressivos (32% a 44%). Dor torácica ocorreu em 13 (52%) pacientes. O ganho diagnóstico no refluxo patológico foi de 12% com o sistema sem cateter (p=0,355). Conclusões: 1) Não há diferença significativa entre o desconforto relatado na introdução da cápsula e do cateter; 2) durante a monitorização do refluxo, o sistema sem cateter proporciona significativo menor desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias; 3) não há diferença significativa entre os dois métodos na capacidade de diagnosticar o refluxo patológico; 4) pHmetria sem cateter tem custo maior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Surveys and Questionnaires , Catheters , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 21-26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290951

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una alternativa de tratamiento rehabilitador para pacientes jóvenes con gran pérdida de estructura dental vinculada a lesiones de origen no bacteriano. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 36 años de edad, con reflujo gastroesofágico crónico bajo tratamiento médico, que concurrió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), en busca de un cambio estético en su sonrisa y relatando sensibilidad al calor, al frío y dolor al masticar. No manifestó sintomatología dolorosa a nivel muscular ni articular. En función de sus posibilidades económicas y de la etiología erosiva de las lesiones existentes en sus piezas dentarias, se llevó a cabo una rehabilitación oral adhesiva con resinas compuestas utilizando la sistematización de atención que sugiere la Cátedra. Las resinas compuestas actuales, en combinación con las técnicas y procedimientos desarrollados en este artículo han demostrado un adecuado comportamiento al ser utilizadas como restauraciones definitivas en pacientes que necesitan rehabilitación oral total debido a la gran pérdida de estructura dental por erosión ácida (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Dental Bonding , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation
8.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342393

ABSTRACT

The burden of gastrointestinal diseases and disorders (GIDD) remains high in Nigeria and varies across regions. This study wa s therefore designed to examine the prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases and disorders over a period of 5-years from January 2014 to December 2018 in Akure South of Ondo state, Nigeria. Descriptive retrospective study was employed and the medical records of all patients diagnosed for GIDD in the two selected health facilities were reviewed within the study period. In total, 12,323 medical records of patients with GIDD were included in this study. The prevalence of GIDD were 44.9% in the year 2014 with the lowest prevalence of 6.7% occurring in the year 2018. Over the 5-years period, lower GIDD cases were 91% compared to upper GIDD that was 9%. Peptic ulcer had the highest prevalence (55%) of lower GIDD followed by gastroenteritis (30%). Hiatal hernia had the highest prevalence (84%) for upper GIDD followed by dyspepsia (11%) and Gastroesophageal reflux disease (5%). Over a 5-year period, the prevalence of gastrointestinal disease and disorders in Akure south in this study shows that lower GIDD is more prevalent in the study area with peptic ulcer as the most predominant GIDD among the study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastroenteritis , Hernia
9.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 542-544, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156338

ABSTRACT

Resumen El hipo crónico es un síntoma que puede provocar una invalidez significativa y a menudo revela una enfermedad subyacente. A continuación, se presenta el caso de un varón de 68 años que ingresó con hipo de más de 3 meses de duración que se asociaba con epigastralgia, vómitos posprandiales y pérdida ponderal. Había sido intervenido en 2 ocasiones debido a una enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico y hernia hiatal, una primera en la que se realizó una fundoplicatura y, posteriormente, una reintervención consistente en el cierre de los pilares diafragmáticos y re-Nissen laparoscópico. La clínica se debía a una obstrucción hiatal por acodamiento de la fundoplicatura previa y fue resuelta mediante la reposición hiatal a los parámetros anatómicos y desmontaje del Nissen previo.


Abstract Chronic hiccups is a rare symptom that can lead to significant disability and often reveals an underlying disease. The following is the case of a 68-year-old man who was admitted due to hiccups that had lasted more than 3 months associated with epigastric pain, postprandial vomiting, and weight loss. He had undergone surgery twice due to gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia. During the first procedure, a fundoplication was performed, and then, he underwent a reoperation consisting of diaphragmatic pillars closure and laparoscopic Nissen. The symptoms were caused by a hiatal obstruction due to the kinking of the previous fundoplication and were resolved by repositioning the hiatus to anatomical parameters and dismantling the previous Nissen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Hiccup , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Fundoplication , Hernia, Hiatal
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 404-408, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142351

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines are available to steer decisions regarding diagnosis, management and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Despite this, variations in physician's practices regarding gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms are well described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To describe practices of physicians from different specialties on the management of patients with typical symptoms of GERD (heartburn and regurgitation) in a Brazilian sample. METHODS: National online survey enrolling a sample of general practitioners, gastroenterologists, cardiologists and otolaryngologists. The survey was conducted from August 6th to September 12th, 2018. Subjects answered a structured questionnaire addressing variables regarding physicians' profile (age, sex, specialty, practice setting, years in practice, type of medical expense reimbursement), their patients characteristics and prescribing behaviors. RESULTS: The final weighted sample was comprised of 400 physicians, 64% male, with an average of 15 years of experience. Physicians' estimates of gastroesophageal symptoms prevalence among their pool of patients was 37.6% for the total sample, reaching 70.3% among gastroenterologists. The medical specialty with lower average percentage of patients presenting gastroesophageal symptoms was otolaryngology (24.5%). Physicians reported that they request ancillary tests for 64.5% of patients with GERD typical symptoms. The most common diagnostic test was endoscopy (69.4%), followed by video nasolaryngoscopy (16.6%). The percentage of patient to whom endoscopy is performed was significantly higher among gastroenterologists and general practitioners as compared to otolaryngologists and cardiologists, while video nasolaryngoscopy is markedly more frequent among otolaryngologists. In terms of therapeutic options, the most frequently reported strategy was lifestyle modifications followed by proton pump inhibitors. CONCLUSION: Overall patients' profile and patterns of GERD diagnosis and management seem different between gastroenterologists, general practitioners, otolaryngologists, and cardiologists. Clinical guidelines should address this variability and include other medical specialties besides gastroenterologists in their scope.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Diretrizes clínicas estão disponíveis para orientar decisões sobre diagnóstico, manejo e tratamento de desordens gastrointestinais. Apesar disso, variações nas práticas relacionadas aos sintomas de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) são observadas na literatura. OBJETIVO: Descrever os conhecimentos e práticas relacionados ao manejo de pacientes com sintomas típicos de DRGE (pirose e regurgitação) em uma amostra brasileira de médicos de especialistas e não especialistas. MÉTODOS: Inquérito nacional online investigando a conduta frente ao diagnóstico de DRGE em uma amostra de médicos generalistas, gastroenterologistas, cardiologistas e otorrinolaringologistas. O inquérito foi conduzido entre 6 de agosto e 12 de setembro de 2018. Os sujeitos responderam a um questionário estruturado avaliando variáveis relacionadas ao perfil dos médicos (idade, sexo, especialidade, contexto de prática, anos de experiência, tipo de reembolso de despesas médicas), características dos pacientes e comportamentos de prescrição. RESULTADOS: A amostra final ponderada foi composta por 400 médicos, 64% homens, com um tempo médio de experiência de 15 anos. A estimativa dos médicos a respeito da prevalência de sintomas gastroesofágicos entre seus pacientes foi de 37,6% para a amostra total, alcançando 70,3% entre gastroenterologistas. A especialidade médica com menor percentual de pacientes apresentando sintomas gastroesofágicos foi otorrinola­ringologia (24,5%). Os médicos requisitaram exames complementares em 64,5% dos pacientes com sintomas típicos de DRGE. O exame diagnóstico mais frequente foi endoscopia (69,4%), seguida de nasolaringoscopia (16,6%). O percentual de pacientes nos quais uma endoscopia é realizada é significativamente maior entre gastroenterologistas e médicos generalistas, quando comparado a otorrinolaringologistas e cardiologistas, enquanto nasolaringoscopia é marcadamente mais frequente entre otorrinolaringologistas. Em termos de opções terapêuticas, a estratégia mais frequentemente reportada foi modificações no estilo de vida, seguida de inibidores da bomba de prótons. CONCLUSÃO: De modo geral, o perfil de pacientes e os padrões de diagnóstico e manejo de DRGE parecem diferir entre gastroenterologistas, médicos generalistas, otorrinolaringologistas e cardiologistas. Diretrizes clínicas devem abordar esta variabilidade e incluir outras especialidades médicas além de gastroenterologistas em seu escopo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy , Physicians , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
11.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 11(2): 1186-1196, oct. 2020-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283077

ABSTRACT

Acta Pediátrica Hondureña, Vol. 11 No.2/ Octubre 2020 a Marzo 2021 1186 El reflujo gastroesofágico (RGE) es el paso fisio- lógico del contenido gástrico hacia el esófago, presente en condiciones normales a cualquier edad y es uno de los problemas gastrointestinales más comunes en niños. El estado nutricional es adecuado y muchas veces por arriba de los per- centiles de peso y talla y es un niño "vomitador feliz". En cambio, la enfermedad por reflujo gas- troesofágico (ERGE) está asociada con síntomas molestos respiratorios, digestivos, trastornos durante el sueño, lesiones dentales las que en un gran número de casos pasan desapercibidas y son notadas hasta que han causado un daño signifi- cativo y pueden ir desde prurito, ardor de muco- sa, aumento de la sensibilidad dental y lingual, sabor amargo, erosiones hasta caries dental, estas cumplen un importante papel en la edad pediá- trica, sobre todo cuando el niño presenta trastor- nos en las funciones neurosensoriales, motoras, como daño neurológico secundario a encefalo- patía hipóxico isquémica, defectos del tubo neu- ral, atresia esofágica y enfermedades degene- rativas. Dentro de las complicaciones de ERGE cabe resaltar neumonía por broncoaspiración, otitis, faringoamigdalitis, crup y compromiso en el estado nutricional. La ERGE tiene gran impor- tancia médica y social debido al incremento en su incidencia y a los síntomas duraderos ya que reducen la calidad de vida. La habilidad de poder distinguir entre las mani- festaciones clínicas de RGE y ERGE en los dife- rentes grupos etarios nos permite identificar que pacientes deben ser extensamente evaluados y manejados con tratamiento conservador o si es- tos requieren ser derivados al odontólogo pedia- tra. Debido a que existe desconocimiento acerca de las lesiones dentales que se producen en la ERGE decidimos hacer la presente revisión ya que es muy importante que el personal de salud: estudiantes, médicos y odontólogos sean capaces de identificar, diagnosticar e implementar reco- mendaciones apropiadas, dar tratamiento espe- cífico tanto desde el punto de vista médico como dental dadas las repercusiones que esta conlleva y así derivar oportunamente...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Sleep Wake Disorders , Dentin Sensitivity
12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 372-376, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138796

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tríada de Herbst es una manifestación inusual de la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico y de otras patologías esofágicas. Se caracteriza por la presencia de anemia, acropaquias (hipocratismo digital) y enteropatía perdedora de proteínas. Al ser una condición anecdótica, la información disponible deriva de los reportes de caso. La fisiopatología aún no es clara. Se reporta el caso de una escolar, en quien se revierten los síntomas una vez se realiza el manejo quirúrgico.


Abstract The Herbst triad is a rare manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease and other esophageal pathologies. It is characterized by the presence of anemia, digital clubbing, and protein-losing enteropathy. Since evidence on this condition is anecdotal, the available information is mostly derived from case reports and its physiopathology remains unclear. The following is the case of a schoolchild, whose symptoms were reversed once she underwent surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Pathology , Protein-Losing Enteropathies , Signs and Symptoms , Anemia
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(6): 831-841, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139378

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, immune-mediated disease, induced by food allergens, clinically characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. Pathologically there is a predominant eosinophilic inflammation. This disease is relatively new, and its definitions have evolved over time. Its prevalence and incidence are increasing and causes clinical problems both in children and adults. Its symptoms include food impaction, dysphagia, symptoms that resemble gastroesophageal reflux, abdominal pain, and vomiting. It can also have extra-digestive symptoms such as rhinosinusitis, chronic cough, recurrent croup and hoarseness. EoE can be associated with other atopic conditions, such as asthma, eczema and food allergies. The diagnosis is made by the analysis of endoscopic biopsies (> 15 eosinophils per high power field). Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are currently accepted as a treatment for EoE. The clinical and pathological improvement with the use PPIs ceased to be a criterion to define Esophageal eosinophilia responsive to PPIs as a differential diagnosis, since this condition is currently considered within the EoE spectrum. There are three main treatment approaches for EoE: diet, drugs and dilation. Its diagnosis and early treatment are key to avoid or delay its complications, such as stenosis and severe esophageal dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/diagnosis , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/therapy , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 150-153, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131645

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is associated with slower transit of the bolus through the pharynx and upper esophageal sphincter. Functional heartburn has similar symptoms to gastroesophageal reflux disease, however, the symptoms are not caused by reflux. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate oral and pharyngeal transit in patients with functional heartburn, with the hypothesis that, similar to patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, they have changes in pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter transit time. METHODS: Oral and pharyngeal transit was evaluated by videofluoroscopy in eight women with functional heartburn, five with mild dysphagia for solid foods, and 12 female controls. Controls and patients swallowed in duplicate 5 mL and 10 mL of liquid and paste boluses. RESULTS: No difference in the oral or pharyngeal transit time was found between patients and controls. No aspiration of bolus into the airways was detected in any individual. Pharyngeal residues were detected in the same proportion of swallows, in patients (12.5%) and controls (15.0%), after swallows of 10 mL paste bolus. CONCLUSION: Oral, pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter transit time are similar in patients with functional heartburn to healthy controls.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença do refluxo gastroesofágico está associada ao trânsito mais lento do bolo deglutido pela faringe e esfíncter superior do esôfago. Pirose funcional tem sintomas similares aos de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, entretanto eles não são consequência de refluxo. OBJETIVO: Como na pirose funcional os sintomas são semelhantes aos da doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, o objetivo desta investigação foi avaliar a duração do trânsito do bolo deglutido pela boca, faringe e esfíncter superior do esôfago em pacientes com pirose funcional, com a hipótese de que esses pacientes também apresentem alteração no trânsito. MÉTODOS: Pelo método videofluoroscópico foi avaliado o trânsito oral e faríngeo de oito pacientes do sexo feminino com pirose funcional, cinco com disfagia leve para alimentos sólidos, e 12 indivíduos controles do sexo feminino. Controles e pacientes deglutiram em duplicata 5 mL e 10 mL de bolos com a consistências líquida e pastosa. RESULTADOS: Com bolo líquido e pastoso não houve diferença na duração do trânsito oral, faríngeo e pelo esfíncter superior do esôfago entre controles e pacientes. Não houve aspiração do bolo para as vias aéreas em nenhum indivíduo. Os resíduos faríngeos foram observados na mesma proporção das deglutições em pacientes (12,5%) e controles (15%), com a deglutição de 10 mL de bolo pastoso. CONCLUSÃO: A duração do trânsito oral, faríngeo e pelo esfíncter superior do esôfago foi semelhante nos pacientes com pirose funcional e controles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pharynx , Heartburn , Deglutition Disorders , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Deglutition , Manometry
15.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e1775, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126498

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico es un trastorno funcional, multifactorial, del tracto gastrointestinal superior. Las alteraciones bucales han sido consideradas como parte de sus manifestaciones extraesofágicas. Objetivo: Determinar las alteraciones bucales encontradas en pacientes con enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en 37 pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, presencia de alteración, signos y síntomas, y localización. Se confeccionó base de datos con registros, se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes. Resultados: El 48,6 por ciento de los pacientes presentó alguna alteración bucal, como sensación de ardor o urente (40,5 por ciento) y eritema (35,1 por ciento). Entre las regiones afectadas se encontraron paladar blando/úvula (72,2 por ciento) y lengua (61,1 por ciento). Conclusiones: Casi la mitad de los pacientes afectados por reflujo gastroesofágico presentó alguna manifestación bucal. Las más frecuentemente encontradas fueron: la sensación de ardor o urente, eritema, sensación de boca seca y ulceraciones. Las localizaciones más frecuentes fueron paladar blando/úvula y lengua(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a functional multifactorial disorder of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Oral alterations are considered to be extraesophageal manifestations of this disease. Objective: Determine the oral alterations found in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Methods: An observational descriptive study was conducted of 37 patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease. The variables analyzed were age, sex, presence of alteration, signs and symptoms, and location. A database was developed with the information recorded, and absolute frequencies and percentages were estimated. Results: Of the patients studied, 48.6 percent had some sort of oral alteration, such as a burning sensation (40.5 percent) and erythema (35.1 percent). The regions affected included the soft palate / uvula (72.2 percent) and the tongue (61.1 percent). Conclusions: Almost half of the patients affected by gastroesophageal reflux had some sort of oral manifestation, the most common of which were a burning sensation, erythema, a dry mouth sensation and ulcerations. The most common locations were the soft palate / uvula and the tongue(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of aerophagia in children.@*MEYJODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 46 children with aerophagia who were diagnosed and treated in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from October 2011 to September 2019.@*RESULTS@#Among these 46 children, 15 (33%) had Tourette syndrome. Abdominal distension was the most common symptom and was observed in 45 children (98%). The 24-hour esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring showed a mean number of 341 times of air swallowing and a mean number of 212 times of gas reflux, and 95% of gas refluxes occurred in the upright body position. Compared with those without Tourette syndrome, the children with Tourette syndrome had a significantly higher incidence rate of air swallowing symptoms (67% vs 6%, P<0.001), but there were no significant differences in other symptoms and the results of 24-hour esophageal impedance. Dietary adjustment, psycho-behavioral therapy, and drug intervention significantly improved the scores of clinical symptoms and quality of life, among which psycho-behavioral therapy was an important intervention measure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some children with aerophagia may have Tourette syndrome, and such children are more likely to have air swallowing symptoms. Psycho-behavioral therapy is one of the most important treatment methods, and children with aerophagia tend to have a good prognosis after treatment.


Subject(s)
Aerophagy , Child , Electric Impedance , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the differences in reflux patterns in 24-hour esophageal pH-impedance monitoring in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), reflux hypersensitivity (RH) and functional heartburn (FH) and explore the possible mechanism of symptoms in patients with heartburn and negative endoscopic findings.@*METHODS@#Seventy-nine patients with heartburn as the main symptoms but negative endoscopic findings, including 35 with NERD, 16 with RH and 28 with FH, were enrolled in this study.All the patients underwent 24-h esophageal pH-impedance monitoring and esophagogastroscopy, and the results were compared among the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#Acid reflux episode was significantly increased and weakly alkaline reflux episode was significantly decreased in NERD group in comparison with RH group and FH group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with NERD, RH and FH had different reflux patterns.Acid reflux is predominant in the NERD, while weakly alkaline reflux is significantly increased RH and FH.In patients with normal esophageal acid exposure but without symptoms or without recorded symptoms during esophageal pH-impedance monitoring, analysis of the total reflux episode, mixed reflux episode, proximal acid reflux episode and percentage can help in the differential diagnosis between RH and FH.


Subject(s)
Electric Impedance , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Heartburn/etiology , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on gastroesophageal reflux asthma between the needling technique of acupuncture (acupuncture for promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and reducing the reversed ) and omeprazole enteric capsules (OME).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with gastroesophageal reflux asthma were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each one. The basic treatment for anti-bronchial asthma was provided in both of the groups. Additionally, OME was prescribed for oral administration in the western medication group, twice a day, 20 mg each time, for 8 weeks. In the acupuncture group, the needling technique of acupuncture was added. The needles were inserted at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T. Acupuncture was given once in the morning on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday respectively, totally for 8 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of reflux disease diagnostic questionnaire (RDQ), the score of asthma control test (ACT) and the tenderness threshold at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#①The remarkably effective and curative rate was 46.7% (14/30) in the acupuncture group, higher than 3.3% (1/30) in the western medication group (<0.01). The asthma control rate was 66.7% (20/30) in the acupuncture group, higher than 13.3% (4/30) in the western medication group (<0.01). ②RDQ score after treatment was lower than that before treatment in either group (<0.05). The decrease range of RDQ score in the acupuncture group was larger than that of the western medication group (<0.05). After treatment, ACT score was increased as compared with that before treatment in either group (<0.05) and the increase range of ACT score in the acupuncture group was larger than that of the western medication group (<0.05). ③The tenderness thresholds at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T to T and T to T were all increased after treatment as compared with those before treatment in the acupuncture group separately (<0.05). In the western medication group, the thresholds were only increased at the sites inferior to the spinous processes of T, T and T after treatment as compared with those before treatment separately (<0.05). After treatment, the tenderness thresholds at T to T in the acupuncture group were all higher than the western medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The needling technique of acupuncture effectively relieves the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux asthma and improves the quality of life in the patients and its effect is better than omeprazole enteric capsules.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma , Therapeutics , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Therapeutics , Humans , Omeprazole , Therapeutic Uses , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1374-1378, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the rules of acupoint selection in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in China using data mining technology.@*METHODS@#The published literature of treating gastroesophageal reflux disease with acupuncture was retrieved from electronic databases from January 1, 1983 to December 1, 2019, including SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP database. Acupuncture prescription database was established, and the rules of acupoint selection were explored by statistical software SPSS 20.0 and SPSS Modeler 18.0.@*RESULTS@#A total of 92 articles were included into this analysis, involving 92 acupuncture prescriptions, 76 acupoints. The total frequency of using these acupoints reached 549 times. Zhongwan (CV 12) was the most frequently used acupoint; the often selected meridians were conception vessel, stomach meridian, governor vessel, bladder meridian; the acupoints located at the abdomen, lower limbs and back were commonly selected; crossing points in the specific acupoints were commonly selected; the most frequently used group was Zusanli (ST 36)-Zhongwan (CV 12) and Neiguan (PC 6).@*CONCLUSION@#Treating gastroesophageal reflux disease by acupuncture in China is dominated by


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Data Mining , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy , Humans , Meridians
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