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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the result of genetic testing and therapeutic prospect of 2042 unrelated Chinese pedigrees affected with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) from a single center from 2005 to 2019.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected for the detection of DMD gene variants with combined multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), next generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#DMD and BMD have respectively accounted for 78.60% and 21.40% of the pedigrees, which included 33 female probands. Variants of the DMD gene were detected in 1986 pedigrees (97.26%). Large deletions, duplications and small-scale mutations have respectively accounted for 71.85%, 8.76% and 19.39%. Common deletions and duplications have included deletion of exons 45-50 and duplications of exon 2, while no hot spot was found with small-scale mutations. For 1595 pedigrees affected with DMD, 935 (58.62%) were hereditary and 660 (41.38%) were de novo in origin. 34.28% (700/2042) of the patients had symptoms which could be relieved by gene therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#This has been the largest single-center study of DMD pedigrees, which has attained definite diagnosis in 97.26% of the patients. The results have enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected families upon their subsequent pregnancies, enriched the spectrum of DMD gene variants, as well as facilitated study of the mechanism of DMD gene mutations and exploration of clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
China , Dystrophin/genetics , Exons/genetics , Female , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/therapy , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the etiology of a patient with severe symptoms of DMD and to trace its pathogenic gene, so as to provide a basis for genetic counseling and clinical intervention.@*METHODS@#Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique was used to analyze exon deletion/repetitive variant of DMD gene, and further analysis was performed by chromosome G-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and SNP array analysis.@*RESULTS@#The MLPA results of the proband showed that the exon 1-79 of DMD gene were deleted, the G-banding karyotype of blood sample was 46, XY, and the deletion of the short arm of X chromosome was found by FISH. SNP array results showed that 5.8Mb (29 628 158-35 434 714) deletion occurred in the Xp21.2p21.1 region of X chromosome, and the patient was diagnosed as the contiguous deletion syndrome involving the genes of IL1RAPL, MAGEB1-4, ROB, CXorf2, GM, AP3K7IP, FTHL1, DMD, FAM47A, TMEM47, and FAM47B.@*CONCLUSION@#The exact pathogenic site of this family is the deletion of 5.8 Mb (29 628 158-35 434 714) in the Xp21.2p21.1 region of X chromosome, which can be used for prenatal diagnosis. High resolution SNP array technique plays an important role in detecting potential chromosome abnormalities in patients.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin/genetics , Exons , Female , Gene Deletion , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 8-13, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) can be efficiently produced in recombinant Escherichia coli by the overexpression of an operon (NphaCAB) encoding PHB synthetase. Strain improvement is considered to be one of critical factors to lower the production cost of PHB in recombinant system. In this study, one of key regulators that affect the cell growth and PHB content was confirmed and analyzed. RESULT: S17-3, a mutant E. coli strain derived from S17-1, was found to be able to achieve high cell density when expressing NphaCAB with the plasmid pBhya-CAB. Whole genome sequencing of S17-3 revealed genetic alternations on the upstream regions of csrA, encoding a global regulator cross-talking between stress response, catabolite repression and other metabolic activities. Deletion of csrA or expression of mutant csrA resulted in improved cell density and PHB content. CONCLUSION: The impact of gene deletion of csrA was determined, dysfunction of the regulators improved the cell density of recombinant E. coli and PHB production, however, the detail mechanism needs to be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Biopolymers/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Deletion , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Metabolic Engineering , Ligases/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for two brothers affected with globozoospermia.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out for both patients. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Whole exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing and qRT-PCR verification revealed a heterozygous c.384dup (p.Glu129*) variant in the DPY19L2 gene in the two brothers and their mother. A large heterozygous deletion, spanning approximately 164.5 kb and encompassing the entire DPY19L2 gene, was detected on chromosome 12 of the two patients and their father.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.384dup (p.Glu129*) variant and deletion of the DPY19L2 gene probably underlie the pathogenesis of globozoospermia in the two patients, which was in keeping with the autosomal recessive inheritance of disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Gene Deletion , Genetic Variation , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Pedigree , Siblings , Teratozoospermia , Genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1115-1122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the significance of various abnormal signal patterns appreared in CML and B-ALL patients by using BCR/ABL/ASS1 tricolor dual-fusion probe, and to explore its application value in detecting BCR/ABL fusion gene and ASS1 gene deletion.@*METHODS@#50 newly diagnosed CML patients and 50 newly diagnosed B-ALL patients were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with BCR/ABL/ASS1 tricolor dual-fusion probe. Meanwhile, karyotype analysis was performed on all the patients using the 24 hours short-term culture and R-banding.@*RESULTS@#Among the 50 CML patients, Ph was found in 49 cases, 5 normal interphase karyotype was observed in 1 case. FISH detection showed that BCR/ABL fusion gene existed in all patients (100%), while the positive signal pathway showed that 1R1G2B2F was observed in 39 cases (78%), 2R1G2B1F in 2 cases (4%) and 1R1G2B1F in 6 cases (12%), simultaneous existence of 1R1G1B1F and 1R1G2B3F in 1 case (2%), 2R1G1B1F in 1 case (2%) 1R1G3B3F in 1 case (2%). FISH detection also showed that the karyotype of 6 case at ASS1 gene deletion (1R1G1B1F) all were simple t (9; 22) translocation, and other abnormalities not were observed. Among 50 cases of B-ALL, Ph was found in 13 cases, the numerical aberration and structural aberration of non t (9; 22) in 16 cases, normal karyotype in 20 cases, absence of mitotic phase in 1 case. FISH detection showed that 16 cases (32%) had BCR/ABL fusion gene including 13 cases (26%) of 1R1G2B2F, 1 case (2%) of stimultaneous exitance of 1R1G2B2F and 1R1G3B3F 1 case (2%) of 2R1G1B1F, 1 case (2%) of 1R1G3B2F. FISH detection also showed that 3 cases had BCR/ABL fusion gene, including 1 case with ASS1 gene deletion (2R1G1B1F), 1 case with classical t (9; 22) translocation (1R1G2B2F) and 1 case with BCR/ABL fusion gene and increase of ASS1 gene copy (1R1G3B3F).@*CONCLUSION@#Tricolor dual-fusion FISH probe for detecting BCR/ABL fusion gene and ASS1 gene deletion is simple, rapid, sensitive and stable. It can detect various forms of molecular fusion and avoid the false positive results due to coincidental overlap of signals generated by D-FISH probe and ES-FISH probe. In addition, this detection method not only can directly observe the presence or absence of ASS1 gene deletion, but also improve the reliability of the positive results of newly diagnosed BCR/ABL fusion gene and accuracy of monitoring results of minimal residual disease for the subsequent visit.


Subject(s)
Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Gene Deletion , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Reproducibility of Results
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with supravalvular aortic stenosis.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to conventional G-banding karyotyping, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and his parents. aCGH has identified a de novo 278 kb deletion encompassing the ELN gene in 7q11.23, which overlapped with the critical region of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). MLPA has confirmed above findings.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband was diagnosed with atypical WBS. Deletion of the ELN gene may predispose to supravalvular aortic stenosis in the proband.


Subject(s)
Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Williams Syndrome , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case with homozygous deletion of large β gene cluster and its clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#A total of 71 001 peripheral blood samples were subjected to capillary electrophoresis and conventional testing for common thalassemia mutations. The genotypes of suspected β gene cluster deletions were analyzed by Gap-PCR and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Their hematological characteristics were compared by statistical analysis R software.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-nine cases were detected with Chinese @*CONCLUSION@#The carrier rate for large fragment deletions of β gene cluster in Huizhou region is rather high, for which the value of HbF is significantly increased. Attention should be paid to screening and diagnosis of rare genotype to prevent missed diagnosis and/or misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Gene Deletion , Homozygote , Humans , Multigene Family/genetics , Phenotype , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD)/Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) so as to provide a theoretical basis for disease management, gene therapy, and prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data and gene detection results of 52 children with BMD/DMD. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect the DMD gene. The children with negative results of MLPA were further screened by exon chip capture combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS). The mothers of 20 probands were validated by sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The pathogenic genes for BMD/DMD were detected in 50 children by MLPA and NGS, with a detection rate of 96%. Among the 52 children, 36 (69%) had gene deletion, 7 (13%) had duplication, and 7 (13%) had micromutation. Among the 43 children with deletion/duplication, 32 had DMD and 11 had BMD; 37 children (86%) met the reading frame rule, among whom 27 (96%) had DMD and 10 (67%) had BMD. All 7 children with micromutation had DMD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The reading frame rule has an extremely high predictive value for DMD but a limited predictive value for BMD.


Subject(s)
Child , Dystrophin , Female , Gene Deletion , Genotype , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200401, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135257

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Candida glabrata yeast is the second cause of candidiasis worldwide. Differs from other yeasts since assimilates only glucose and trehalose (a characteristic used in rapid identification tests for this pathogen) by secreting into the medium a highly active acid trehalase encoded by the CgATH1 gene. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to characterise the function of the acid trehalase in the physiopathology of C. glabrata. METHODS Gene deletion was performed to obtain a mutant ath1Δ strain, and the ability of the ath1Δ strain to grow in trehalase, or the presence of trehalase activity in the ath1Δ yeast cells, was verified. We also tested the virulence of the ath1Δ strain in a murine model of infection. FINDINGS The ath1Δ mutant strain grows normally in the presence of glucose, but loses its ability to grow in trehalose. Due to the high acid trehalase activity present in wild-type cells, the cytoplasmic neutral trehalase activity is only detected in the ath1Δ strain. We also observed a significantly lower virulence of the ath1Δ strain in a murine model of infection with either normal or immunocompromised mice. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The acid trehalase is involved in the hydrolysis of external trehalose by C. glabrata, and the enzyme also plays a major virulence role during infectivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Trehalase/metabolism , Virulence/genetics , Candida glabrata/genetics , Trehalase/physiology , Trehalase/genetics , Trehalose/analysis , Virulence/physiology , Candidiasis , Gene Deletion , Candida glabrata/physiology , Candida glabrata/metabolism , Candida glabrata/pathogenicity , Genes, Fungal , Hydrolases
10.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(5): 463-470, Sep.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286544

ABSTRACT

The first draft of the human genome sequencing published in 2001 reported a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Given that these polymorphisms could practically represent all the variability involved in the susceptibility, protection, severity, among other aspects, of various common diseases, as well as in their response to medications, it was thought that they might be “the biomarkers of choice” in personalized genomic medicine. With the new information obtained from the sequencing of a larger number of genomes, we have understood that SNPs are only an important part of the genetic markers involved in these traits. In addition to SNPs, other variants have been identified, such as insertions/deletions (INDELs) and copy number variants (CNVs), which – in addition to classic variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) and short tandem repeats (STRs) – originate or contribute to the development of diseases. The use of these markers has served to identify regions of the genome involved in Mendelian diseases (one gene-one disease) or genes directly associated with multifactorial diseases. This review has the purpose to describe the role of STRs, VNTRs, SNPs, CNVs and INDELs in linkage and association studies and their role in Mendelian and multifactorial diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Variation/physiology , Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetic Markers , Genome, Human , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Gene Deletion , Tandem Repeat Sequences , Lod Score , Mutation
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 250-257, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011159

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To verify the presence of variants in HNF1B in a sample of the Brazilian population selected according to the presence of renal cysts associated with hyperglycemia. Subjects and methods We evaluated 28 unrelated patients with clinical suspicion of HNF1B mutation because of the concomitant presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) or prediabetes and renal cysts. Genotyping was accomplished using Sanger sequencing or multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). In positive cases, available relatives were recruited. Results We found two patients with HNF1B mutations. The first presented the variant p.Pro328Leufs*48(c.983delC) and had DM, renal cysts, and hypomagnesemia. The second presented a heterozygous whole gene deletion in HNF1B, DM, renal cysts, body and tail pancreatic agenesis, and hypomagnesemia; this alteration was also found in his two siblings and his father. Conclusion The recruitment of suspected cases of HNF1B gene mutations in Brazilians due to hyperglycemia and renal cysts presents two positive cases. Our cases contribute to the annotation of clinical and biochemical phenotypes of this rare form of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta/genetics , Hyperglycemia/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Gene Deletion , Diabetic Nephropathies/complications , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/complications , Hyperglycemia/complications
12.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(2): 152-156, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003732

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El síndrome de Rett (RTT) es un trastorno neurológico progresivo caracterizado por producir una regresión del desarrollo psicomotor en niñas previamente sanas. La mayoría de los casos son causados por variantes patogénicas en el gen MECP2, que codifica para la proteína methyl CpG- binding protein 2. OBJETIVO: Describir la frecuencia y el tipo de variantes patogénicas en MECP2 en mujeres chilenas con diagnóstico clínico de RTT. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se invitó a participar en este estudio a mujeres chilenas con sospecha clínica de RTT. Se reunió información clínica mediante un cuestionario. Se analizaron variantes patogénicas en MECP2 mediante el método de secuenciación de Sanger y se utilizó Multiple Ligation-dependant Probe Amplification (MLPA) para la detección de duplicaciones y deleciones. RESULTADO: El estudio incluyó 14 pacientes con sospecha de RTT, de las cuales 8 (57%) pacientes tuvieron variantes patogénicas. Las restantes permanecen sin diagnóstico molecular. CONCLUSIÓN: Variantes patogénicas en MECP2 están presentes en pacientes chilenas con RTT. Es probable que haya otros genes o diagnósticos involucrados en las pacientes sin hallazgos en MECP2. A partir de este trabajo, el diagnóstico molecular está disponible en Chile.


INTRODUCTION: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by regres sion of psychomotor development in previously healthy girls. Most cases are due to pathogenic va riants in the MECP2 gene which encodes for the methyl CpG-binding protein 2. OBJECTIVE: To des cribe the frequency and type of pathogenic variants in the MECP2 gene in Chilean female patients with clinical diagnosis of RTT. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Chilean women with clinical suspicion of RTT were invited to participate in the study. Clinical data were collected through a questionnaire. MECP2 pathogenic variants were analyzed by Sanger sequencing method and Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) was used to detect duplications or deletions. RESULTS: The study in cluded 14 patients with suspected RTT, of which eight (57%) patients had pathogenic variants. The other patients remain without molecular diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Pathogenic variants in MECP2 are present in Chilean patients with RTT. It is likely that there are other genes or diagnoses involved in patients without MECP2 findings. As of this study, molecular diagnosis is available in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Rett Syndrome/genetics , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/genetics , Genetic Markers , Rett Syndrome/diagnosis , Chile , Genetic Testing/methods , Gene Deletion , Gene Duplication
13.
Mycobiology ; : 242-249, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760535

ABSTRACT

Betaine derivatives are considered major ingredients of shampoos and are commonly used as antistatic and viscosity-increasing agents. Several studies have also suggested that betaine derivatives can be used as antimicrobial agents. However, the antifungal activity and mechanism of action of betaine derivatives have not yet been fully understood. In this study, we investigated the antifungal activity of six betaine derivatives against Malassezia restricta, which is the most frequently isolated fungus from the human skin and is implicated in the development of dandruff. We found that, among the six betaine derivatives, lauryl betaine showed the most potent antifungal activity. The mechanism of action of lauryl betaine was studied mainly using another phylogenetically close model fungal organism, Cryptococcus neoformans, because of a lack of available genetic manipulation and functional genomics tools for M. restricta. Our genome-wide reverse genetic screening method using the C. neoformans gene deletion mutant library showed that the mutants with mutations in genes for cell membrane synthesis and integrity, particularly ergosterol synthesis, are highly sensitive to lauryl betaine. Furthermore, transcriptome changes in both C. neoformans and M. restricta cells grown in the presence of lauryl betaine were analyzed and the results indicated that the compound mainly affected cell membrane synthesis, particularly ergosterol synthesis. Overall, our data demonstrated that lauryl betaine influences ergosterol synthesis in C. neoformans and that the compound exerts a similar mechanism of action on M. restricta.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents , Betaine , Cell Membrane , Cryptococcus , Cryptococcus neoformans , Dandruff , Ergosterol , Fungi , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Humans , Malassezia , Methods , Skin , Transcriptome
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1749-1753, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of BAX gene deletion on the sensitivity of BCR-ABL-induced B-ALL cells of mice to imatinib and the related mechanism.@*METHODS@#The target gene-knock out (BAX) mice were used as bone marrow cell donors; the wild type bone marrow cells(B6BM) and BAX bone marrow cells(B6BM-BAX) of mice were transfected by using reverse transcription virus, then the BCR-ABL transfected B6BM cells and B6BM-BAX cells were treated with imatinib at different concentration (0,0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 μmol/L) for 48 hours. The number of viable cells was detected by trypan blue, the flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis, the Western blot was used to detect the changes of BAX, Caspase expression.@*RESULTS@#In BCR-ABL transfected bone marrow cells treated with imatinib, the numbers of viable cells of BAX deletion group was significantly higher than that of wild type groups with statristcal difference(P<0.05), and effect- and dose-dependency(r=-0.9533 for BAX deletion group, and r=-0.9812 for wild type group). The flow cytometry showed that the cell apoptosis in BAX deletion group signifincantly decreased, compared with wild type group(P<0.05). The Western blot showed that the expression of apoptotic protein Caspase 3 in BAX deletion group was significantly higher than that in wild type group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BAX deletion can reduce the sensitivity of BCR-ABL-induced B-ALL cells to imatinib.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Gene Deletion , Imatinib Mesylate , Mice , Piperazines , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762777

ABSTRACT

Congenital hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle is a rare cause of asymmetrical crying facies in newborns. The clinical manifestations range from mild to severe asymmetry and may persist up to adulthood. In the current case, the patient did not exhibit other congenital anomalies or paralysis of other branches of the facial nerve. This adult patient presented with severe asymmetrical lower lip deformity during full mouth opening since birth. A chromosomal study for the detection of 22q gene deletion yielded negative results. The electromyography findings of the lower lip were insignificant. Depressor labii inferioris muscle resection was not effective, but bidirectional (horizontal and vertical) fascia lata grafting improved the aesthetic appearance of the asymmetrical lower lip. The patient showed improved lower lip symmetry during full mouth opening at 1 year after the surgery. Therefore, the details of this rare case are reported herein.


Subject(s)
Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Crying , Electromyography , Facial Nerve , Facies , Fascia Lata , Gene Deletion , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lip , Mouth , Paralysis , Parturition , Transplants
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide genetic testing for two brothers with mental retardation and epilepsy.@*METHODS@#Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was used to detect copy number variations in the two patients, their parents and maternal grandparents. Methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) was utilized to delineate the deleted region in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#A 138 kb deletion in 15q11.2 region was detected by aCGH in both patients, which encompassed part of the UBE3A gene. MS-MLPA has narrowed down the region to exons 8 to 14 of the UBE3A gene. The same deletion was also found in their mother and grandfather.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathogenesis of this rare form of recurrent Angelman syndrome may be attributed to the partial deletion of maternal UBE3A gene.


Subject(s)
Angelman Syndrome , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Gene Deletion , Humans , Male , Sequence Deletion , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children with IKAROS family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) deletion, and to observe the effect of increasing the intensity of chemotherapy on the prognosis of this disease.@*METHODS@#A total of 278 children diagnosed with ALL between December 2015 and February 2018 were systematically treated according to the Chinese Children's Leukemia Group-ALL 2008 protocol (CCLG-ALL 2008). The patients were divided into an IKZF1-deleted group and a control group according to the presence or absence of IKZF1. The IKZF1-deleted group was treated with the regimen for high-risk group (HR) in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, while the control group received different intensities of chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification. The clinical features and event-free survival rate (EFS) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 24 (8.6%) cases of 278 children were found to have large deletions of exons of the IKZF1 gene. The IKZF1-deleted group had significantly higher proportions of cases with white blood cell count ≥50×10/L at initial diagnosis, BCR-ABL1 fusion gene positive, minimal residual disease ≥10% on the 15th day of induction remission treatment, minimal residual disease-high risk and clinical risk classification-high risk compared with the control group (P<0.05). The 3-year EFS rate (76%±10%) in the IKZF1-deleted group was lower than that in the control group (84%±4%), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.282). The estimated 3-year EFS rate in the IKZF1-deleted-non-HR group (actually treated with the chemotherapy regimen for HR in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol) was 82%±12%, which was lower than that in the control-non-HR group (86%±5%), but there was no significant difference (P=0.436).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL children with IKZF1 deletion have worse early treatment response, and increasing the intensity of chemotherapy might improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Gene Deletion , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor , Genetics , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765949

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abdominal pain can be evoked or exacerbated after gastrointestinal cold stimulation in some patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), indicating a low temperature-induced sensitization of visceral perception. We investigated the role of vagal transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1, a cold-sensing ion channel) in cold-aggravated visceral mechanonociception in a stress-induced IBS animal model. METHODS: TRPA1 expression was examined in antral biopsies of healthy controls and IBS-D patients. Abdominal symptoms were assessed before and after warm or cold water intake. The visceromotor response (VMR) to colorectal distention (CRD) following intra-antral infusion of cold saline was measured in animals undergoing sham or chronic water avoidance stress. TRPA1 expression, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, and neuronal calcium influx in vagal afferents were assessed. RESULTS: Compared to healthy controls, IBS-D patients displayed elevated antral TRPA1 expression, which was associated with symptom scores after cold (4°C) water intake. Intra-antral infusion of cold saline increased VMR to CRD in naive rats, an effect dependent on vagal afferents. In stressed rats, this effect was greatly enhanced. Functional blockade and gene deletion of TRPA1 abolished the cold effect on visceral nociception. TRPA1 expression in vagal (but not spinal) afferents increased after stress. Moreover, the cold-induced, TRPA1-dependent ERK1/2 activation and calcium influx in nodose neurons were more robust in stressed rats. CONCLUSIONS: Stress-exaggerated visceral mechanonociception after antral cold exposure may involve up-regulation of TRPA1 expression and function on vagal afferents. Our findings reveal a novel mechanism for abnormal gastrointestinal cold sensing in IBS.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Animals , Ankyrins , Biopsy , Calcium , Cold Temperature , Drinking , Gene Deletion , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Models, Animal , Neurons , Nociception , Phosphorylation , Protein Kinases , Rats , Stress, Psychological , Up-Regulation , Vagus Nerve , Visceral Pain , Water
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the identification of DMD gene deletions during prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#G-banded karyotyping and CMA were performed on fetuses with ultrasonographic soft markers but no family history for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD). Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatograghy (DHPLC) was used to detect DMD gene mutations in umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood samples from the mothers.@*RESULTS@#For fetus 1, analysis of amniocytes showed a normal karyotype, while CMA detected a 119 kb deletion at Xp21.1 (32 565 489 - 32 681 461), which encompassed exons 10 to 16 of the DMD gene. The result was confirmed by DHPLC analysis. The mother was found to have loss of heterozygosity in the same region. For fetus 2, karyotyping of amniocytes also showed a normal male karyotype, while CMA detected a 254 kb deletion at Xp21.1 (32 104 604 - 32 358 874), which encompassed exons 41 to 44 of the DMD gene. The same deletion was not detected in the mother. DHPLC analysis confirmed the presence of both deletions.@*CONCLUSION@#Two fetuses harboring DMD gene deletions but without a family history were discovered. CMA can improve the efficiency for detecting single gene diseases caused by deletions.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin , Genetics , Exons , Female , Fetus , Gene Deletion , Humans , Incidental Findings , Male , Microarray Analysis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics , Pregnancy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with autism.@*METHODS@#High-throughput sequencing was carried out to detect copy number variations in the patient.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing found that the patient has carried a 0.11 Mb deletion in distal 2p16.3 spanning from genomic position 50 820 001 to 50 922 000, which resulted removal of exon 6 and part of intron 7 of the NRXN1 gene. The same deletion was not found his parents and brother.@*CONCLUSION@#Partial deletion of the NRXN1 gene may underlie the disease in this patient.


Subject(s)
Autistic Disorder , Genetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Gene Deletion , Humans , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics
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