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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 759-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984714

ABSTRACT

Objective: Bioinformatics analysis was used to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in macrophages of sepsis myocardial injury and to verify key genes. Methods: Experiment 1 (gene chip and bioinformatics analysis): The gene chip data GSE104342 of cardiac macrophages in septic mice was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. DEGs were obtained by R language analysis. DAVID online database was used to obtain gene ontology and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of DEGs. STRING online database was used for protein-protein interaction network analysis of DEGs, and then key genes were screened by using Cytoscape software and molecular complex detection (MCODE) plug-ins. Experiment 2 (sepsis model construction and related protein verification): Ten male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-14 weeks. Five mice were randomly selected as control group, and 5 mice were selected as the sepsis group by building a mice sepsis model in vivo. Echocardiography was used to detect the cardiac function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to assess the cardiac morphology. TUNEL staining was used to evaluate cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of differentiation antigen cluster 206 (CD206),inducible nitric oxide synthases (iNOS),F4/80,suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (Socs3) ,interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (Il1rn) and chemokine C-C motif ligand 7 (Ccl7) protein. RAW264.7 macrophages were cultured in vitro and divided into 2 groups: LPS groupstimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg/L) and blank control group treated with equal-volume phosphate buffer solution. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 in vitro. Results: Experiment 1: 24 647 genes were screened in GSE104342 dataset and 177 genes (0.72%) were differential expression, including 120 up-regulated genes and 57 down-regulated genes. Gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that DEGs were mainly involved in inflammatory response, immune response, apoptosis regulation and antigen processing and presentation. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that DEGs in cardiac macrophages of septic mice were mainly enriched in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, NOD like receptor signaling pathway. Three hub genes were obtained by STRING and Cytoscape analysis, including Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7. Experiment 2: In vivo, it was found that compared with the control group, the cardiac function of the sepsis mice decreased significantly, the myocardial cells were significantly edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber rupture, some myocardial nuclei dissolved and disappeared, and the cardiomyocyte apoptosis increased, suggesting that the sepsis myocardial injury model of mice was successfully constructed. Compared with the control group, the expression of CD206 in the myocardium of septic mice was down-regulated, the expression of iNOS, F4/80, Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 were up-regulated. In addition, there was co-localization between Socs3, Il1rn, Ccl7 and F4/80 protein. Compared with the blank control group, the expression of Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 significantly upregulated after LPS intervention in vitro by RT-PCR. Conclusions: The selected key genes Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 were up-regulated in myocardial macrophages of septic mice. Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 are expected to become new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of sepsis cardiac injury.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardium , Computational Biology , Sepsis , Macrophages , Cytokines , Gene Expression Profiling
2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 430-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) in placenta of pre-eclampsia (PE) pregnant women by high-throughput sequencing, and to construct the circRNA-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interaction network, so as to reveal the related pathways and regulatory mechanisms of PE. Methods: The clinical data and placentas of 42 women with PE (PE group) and 30 normal pregnant women (control group) who delivered in West China Second University Hospital from November 2019 to June 2021 were collected. (1) High-throughput sequencing was used to establish the differentially expressed circRNA profiles in placental tissues of 5 pairs of PE group and the control group. (2) Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression levels of 6 differentially expressed circRNAs in placental tissues of PE group and control group. (3) Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict the target miRNA and analyze the co-expressed mRNA to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. The differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways. (4) Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation and Kendall's tau-b correlation analysis were used to test the correlation between the three differentially expressed circRNAs and the risk of PE and clinical characteristics. (5) circRNA_05393 was selected for subsequent functional study. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression plasmid were used to knock down or increase the expression level of circRNA_05393 in trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo cells, respectively. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion ability of the trophoblasts in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of the trophoblasts. Results: (1) Seventy-two differentially expressed circRNAs were identified by high-throughput sequencing, of which 35 were up-regulated and 37 were down-regulated. (2) qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, circRNA_00673 (1.306±0.168 vs 2.059±0.242; t=2.356, P=0.021) and circRNA_07796 (1.275±0.232 vs 1.954±0.230; t=2.018, P=0.047) were significantly increased, while circRNA_05393 (1.846±0.377 vs 0.790±0.094; t=3.138, P=0.002) was significantly decreased. (3) The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network contained 3 circRNAs, 8 miRNAs and 53 mRNAs. GO functional annotation analysis showed that the biological process was mainly enriched in iron ion homeostasis, membrane depolarization during action potential and neuronal action potential. In terms of cellular components, they were mainly enriched in cytoskeleton and membrane components. In terms of molecular function, they were mainly enriched in the activity of voltage-gated sodium channel and basic amino acid transmembrane transporter. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that mRNAs in the interaction network were mainly enriched in complement and coagulation cascade, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) signaling pathway. (4) Logistic regression analysis showed that down-regulation of circRNA_05393 expression was a risk factor for PE (OR=0.044, 95%CI: 0.003-0.596; P=0.019). Correlation analysis showed that circRNA_05393 was significantly correlated with systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in PE pregnant women (both P<0.05). (5) Knock down or overexpression of circRNA_05393 significantly reduced or increased the migration and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells (all P<0.05), but had no significant effect on the ability of tube formation and proliferation (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The construction of circRNA expression profile in placenta and the exploration of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network provide the possibility to reveal the regulatory mechanism of specific circRNA involved in PE. Inhibition of circRNA_05393 may induce the progression of PE by reducing the migration and invasion of trophoblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Gene Expression Profiling
3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1040-1046, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985506

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using bioinformatics methods to analyze the core pathogenic genes and related pathways in elderly osteoporosis. Methods: From November 2020 and August 2021, eight elderly osteoporosis patients who received treatment and five healthy participants who underwent physical examinations in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were selected as subjects. The expression level of RNA in the peripheral blood of eight elderly osteoporosis patients and five healthy participants was collected for high-throughput transcriptome sequencing and analysis. The gene ontology (GO) analysis Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was performed for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING website and Cytoscape software, and the most significant modules and hub genes were screened out. Results: Among the eight elderly osteoporosis patients, there were seven females and one male, with an average age of 72.4 years (SD=4.2). Among the five healthy participants, there were four females and one male, with an average age of 68.2 years (SD=5.7). A total of 1 635 DEGs (847 up-regulated and 788 down-regulated) were identified. GO analysis revealed that the molecular functions of DEGs were mainly enriched in structural constituents of the ribosome, protein dimerization activity, and cellular components were mainly enriched in the nucleosome, DNA packaging complex, cytosolic part, protein-DNA complex and the cytosolic ribosome. KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs were mainly enriched in systemic lupus erythematosus and ribosome. Gene UBA52, UBB, RPS27A, RPS15, RPS12, RPL13A, RPL23A, RPL10A, RPS25 and RPS6 were selected and seven of them could encode ribosome proteins. Conclusion: The pathogenesis of elderly osteoporosis may be associated with ribosome-related genes and pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Transcriptome , Protein Interaction Maps/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Osteoporosis/genetics
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 15-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971466

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a significant role in maintaining tissue morphology and functions, and their precise regulatory effectiveness is closely related to expression patterns. However, the spatial expression patterns of lncRNAs in humans are poorly characterized. Here, we constructed five comprehensive transcriptomic atlases of human lncRNAs covering thousands of major tissue samples in normal and disease states. The lncRNA transcriptomes exhibited high consistency within the same tissues across resources, and even higher complexity in specialized tissues. Tissue-elevated (TE) lncRNAs were identified in each resource and robust TE lncRNAs were refined by integrative analysis. We detected 1 to 4684 robust TE lncRNAs across tissues; the highest number was in testis tissue, followed by brain tissue. Functional analyses of TE lncRNAs indicated important roles in corresponding tissue-related pathways. Moreover, we found that the expression features of robust TE lncRNAs made them be effective biomarkers to distinguish tissues; TE lncRNAs also tended to be associated with cancer, and exhibited differential expression or were correlated with patient survival. In summary, spatial classification of lncRNAs is the starting point for elucidating the function of lncRNAs in both maintenance of tissue morphology and progress of tissue-constricted diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression Profiling , Neoplasms/genetics , Organ Specificity , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Transcriptome
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1916-1926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981411

ABSTRACT

The immunomodulatory effect of Saposhnikoviae Radix polysaccharide(SRP) was evaluated based on the zebrafish mo-del, and its mechanism was explored by transcriptome sequencing and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR). The immune-compromised model was induced by navelbine in the immunofluorescence-labeled transgenic zebrafish Tg(lyz: DsRed), and the effect of SRP on the density and distribution of macrophages in zebrafish was evaluated. The effect of SRP on the numbers of macrophages and neutrophils in wild-type AB zebrafish was detected by neutral red and Sudan black B staining. The content of NO in zebrafish was detected by DAF-FM DA fluorescence probe. The content of IL-1β and IL-6 in zebrafish was detected by ELISA. The differentially expressed genes(DEGs) of zebrafish in the blank control group, the model group, and the SRP treatment group were analyzed by transcriptome sequencing. The immune regulation mechanism was analyzed by Gene Ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)enrichment, and the expression levels of key genes were verified by RT-qPCR. The results showed that SRP could significantly increase the density of immune cells in zebrafish, increase the number of macrophages and neutrophils, and reduce the content of NO, IL-1β, and IL-6 in immune-compromised zebrafish. The results of transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that SRP could affect the expression level of immune-related genes on Toll-like receptor pathway and herpes simplex infection pathway to affect the release of downstream cytokines and interferon, thereby completing the activation process of T cells and playing a role in regulating the immune activity of the body.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Cytokines/genetics , Macrophages , Transcriptome
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1840-1850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981402

ABSTRACT

Uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferase(UGT) is a highly conserved protein in plants, which usually functions in secondary metabolic pathways. This study used the Hidden Markov Model(HMM) to screen out members of UGT gene family in the whole genome of Dendrobium officinale, and 44 UGT genes were identified. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the structure, phylogeny, and promoter region components of D. officinale genes. The results showed that UGT gene family could be divided into four subfamilies, and UGT gene structure was relatively conserved in each subfamily, with nine conserved domains. The upstream promoter region of UGT gene contained a variety of cis-acting elements related to plant hormones and environmental factors, indicating that UGT gene expression may be induced by plant hormones and external environmental factors. UGT gene expression in different tissues of D. officinale was compared, and UGT gene expression was found in all parts of D. officinale. It was speculated that UGT gene played an important role in many tissues of D. officinale. Through transcriptome analysis of D. officinale mycorrhizal symbiosis environment, low temperature stress, and phosphorus deficiency stress, this study found that only one gene was up-regulated in all three conditions. The results of this study can help understand the functions of UGT gene family in Orchidaceae plants and provide a basis for further study on the molecular regulation mechanism of polysaccharide metabolism pathway in D. officinale.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium/genetics , Plant Growth Regulators , Glycosyltransferases/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Mycorrhizae , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3015-3036, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981246

ABSTRACT

To explore the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to biosynthesis of active ingredients in wolfberry fruits of different varieties of Lycium barbarum L. and reveal the molecular mechanism of the differences of active ingredients, we utilized Illumina NovaSeq 6000 high-throughput sequencing technology to conduct transcriptome sequencing on the fruits of 'Ningqi No.1' and 'Ningqi No.7' during the green fruit stage, color turning stage and maturity stage. Subsequently, we compared the profiles of related gene expression in the fruits of the two varieties at different development stages. The results showed that a total of 811 818 178 clean reads were obtained, resulting in 121.76 Gb of valid data. There were 2 827, 2 552 and 2 311 DEGs obtained during the green fruit stage, color turning stage and maturity stage of 'Ningqi No. 1' and 'Ningqi No. 7', respectively, among which 2 153, 2 050 and 1 825 genes were annotated in six databases, including gene ontology (GO), Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) and clusters of orthologous groups of proteins (KOG). In GO database, 1 307, 865 and 624 DEGs of green fruit stage, color turning stage and maturity stage were found to be enriched in biological processes, cell components and molecular functions, respectively. In the KEGG database, the DEGs at three developmental stages were mainly concentrated in metabolic pathways, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and plant-pathogen interaction. In KOG database, 1 775, 1 751 and 1 541 DEGs were annotated at three developmental stages, respectively. Searching the annotated genes against the PubMed database revealed 18, 26 and 24 DEGs related to the synthesis of active ingredients were mined at the green fruit stage, color turning stage and maturity stage, respectively. These genes are involved in carotenoid, flavonoid, terpenoid, alkaloid, vitamin metabolic pathways, etc. Seven DEGs were verified by RT-qPCR, which showed consistent results with transcriptome sequencing. This study provides preliminary evidences for the differences in the content of active ingredients in different Lycium barbarum L. varieties from the transcriptional level. These evidences may facilitate further exploring the key genes for active ingredients biosynthesis in Lycium barbarum L. and analyzing their expression regulation mechanism.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/metabolism , Fruit/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Lycium/metabolism , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Transcriptome
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2897-2913, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981239

ABSTRACT

MADS-box gene family is a significant transcription factor family that plays a crucial role in regulating plant growth, development, signal transduction, and other processes. In order to study the characteristics of MADS-box gene family in Docynia delavayi (Franch.) Schneid. and its expression during different stages of seed germination, this study used seedlings at different stages of germination as materials and screened MADS-box transcription factors from the transcriptome database of D. delavayi using bioinformatics methods based on transcriptome sequencing. The physical and chemical properties, protein conservative motifs, phylogenetic evolution, and expression patterns of the MADS-box transcription factors were analyzed. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression of MADS-box gene family members during different stages of seed germination in D. delavayi. The results showed that 81 genes of MADS-box gene family were identified from the transcriptome data of D. delavayi, with the molecular weight distribution ranged of 6 211.34-173 512.77 Da and the theoretical isoelectric point ranged from 5.21 to 10.97. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the 81 genes could be divided into 15 subgroups, among which DdMADS27, DdMADS42, DdMADS45, DdMADS46, DdMADS53, DdMADS61, DdMADS76, DdMADS77 and DdMADS79 might be involved in the regulation of ovule development in D. delavayi. The combination of the transcriptome data and the qRT-PCR analysis results of D. delavayi seeds indicated that DdMADS25 and DdMADS42 might be involved in the regulation of seed development, and that DdMADS37 and DdMADS38 might have negative regulation effects on seed dormancy. Previous studies have reported that the MIKC* subgroup is mainly involved in regulating flower organ development. For the first time, we found that the transcription factors of the MIKC* subgroup exhibited a high expression level at the early stage of seed germination, so we speculated that the MIKC* subgroup played a regulatory role in the process of seed germination. To verify the accuracy of this speculation, we selected DdMADS60 and DdMADS75 from the MIKC* subgroup for qRT-PCR experiments, and the experimental results were consistent with the expression trend of transcriptome sequencing. This study provides a reference for further research on the biological function of D. delavayi MADS-box gene family from the perspective of molecular evolution.


Subject(s)
MADS Domain Proteins/metabolism , Phylogeny , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant , Transcription Factors/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2874-2896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981238

ABSTRACT

Glutamate receptor-like (GLR) is an important class of Ca2+ channel proteins, playing important roles in plant growth and development as well as in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this paper, we performed genome-wide identification of banana GLR gene family based on banana genomic data. Moreover, we analyzed the basic physicochemical properties, gene structure, conserved motifs, promoter cis-acting elements, evolutionary relationships, and used real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to verify the expression patterns of some GLR family members under low temperature of 4 ℃ and different hormone treatments. The results showed that there were 19 MaGLR family members in Musa acuminata, 16 MbGLR family members in Musa balbisiana and 14 MiGLR family members in Musa itinerans. Most of the members were stable proteins and had signal peptides, all of them had 3-6 transmembrane structures. Prediction of subcellular localization indicated that all of them were localized on the plasma membrane and irregularly distributed on the chromosome. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that banana GLRs could be divided into 3 subclades. The results of promoter cis-acting elements and transcription factor binding site prediction showed that there were multiple hormone- and stress-related response elements and 18 TFBS in banana GLR. RT-qPCR analysis showed that MaGLR1.1 and MaGLR3.5 responded positively to low temperature stress and were significantly expressed in abscisic acid/methyl jasmonate treatments. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that GLR, a highly conserved family of ion channels, may play an important role in the growth and development process and stress resistance of banana.


Subject(s)
Musa/metabolism , Phylogeny , Abscisic Acid/metabolism , Temperature , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Hormones/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 680-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the driving gene of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence and progression and its potential as new therapeutic target of HCC.@*METHODS@#The transcriptome and genomic data of 858 HCC tissues and 493 adjacent tissues were obtained from TCGA, GEO, and ICGC databases. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) identified EHHADH (encoding enoyl-CoA hydratase/L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase) as the hub gene in the significantly enriched differential pathways in HCC. The downregulation of EHHADH expression at the transcriptome level was found to correlate with TP53 mutation based on analysis of the TCGA- HCC dataset, and the mechanism by which TP53 mutation caused EHHADH downregulation was explored through correlation analysis. Analysis of the data from the Metascape database suggested that EHHADH was strongly correlated with the ferroptosis signaling pathway in HCC progression, and to verify this result, immunohistochemical staining was used to examine EHHADH expression in 30 HCC tissues and paired adjacent tissues.@*RESULTS@#All the 3 HCC datasets showed signficnatly lowered EHHADH expression in HCC tissues as compared with the adjacent tissues (P < 0.05) with a close correlation with the degree of hepatocyte de-differentiation (P < 0.01). The somatic landscape of HCC cohort in TCGA dataset showed that HCC patients had the highest genomic TP53 mutation rate. The transcriptomic level of PPARGC1A, the upstream gene of EHHADH, was significantly downregulated in HCC patients with TP53 mutation as compared with those without the mutation (P < 0.05), and was significantly correlated with EHHADH expression level. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that EHHADH expression was significantly correlated with abnormal fatty acid metabolism in HCC. The immunohistochemical results showd that the expression level of EHHADH in HCC tissues was down-regulated, and its expression level was related to the degree of hepatocytes de-differentiation and the process of ferroptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#TP53 mutations may induce abnormal expression of PPARGC1A to cause downregulation of EHHADH expression in HCC. The low expression of EHHADH is closely associated with aggravation of de-differentiation and ferroptosis escape in HCC tissues, suggesting the potential of EHHADH as a therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Transcriptome , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Fatty Acids , Peroxisomal Bifunctional Enzyme
11.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 34-41, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980361

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sepsis is a life-threatening multiple-organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection and is the leading cause of death in non-cardiac intensive care facilities. Early reliable prediction of sepsis outcomes leads to cost-efficient resource allocation and therapeutic strategies. However, there are still no reliable markers to predict the outcome of patients at the initial stage of sepsis. Analyzing transcription profiles enables researchers to predict early outcomes using transcripts and their expression patterns. Transcriptomic profiling of septic patients has been done recently; however, analysis of prognostic outcomes is still scarce.@*Objective@#This study aimed to determine transcriptional indicators that may be useful in the prognosis of the severity of sepsis.@*Methods@#This is a prospective cohort study of Filipino patients admitted for sepsis at the national tertiary referral hospital in Manila, Philippines. We conducted differentially expressed gene analysis, network analyses, and area under the curve study of publicly available datasets of surviving vs. non-surviving sepsis patients to identify candidate prognosticator markers. Quantitative PCR was used to characterize the expression of each marker. A model using ordinal logistic regression analysis was done to determine which among the markers can best predict the outcome of sepsis severity.@*Results@#We identified ACTB, RAC1, STAT3, and UBQLN1 as candidate mRNA prognosticators. The expression of STAT3, a gene involved in immunosuppression, is inversely correlated with the severity of sepsis.@*Conclusion@#Transcriptomic markers such as STAT3 can predict the severity of patients with sepsis. Early detection of its inverse expression may prompt early and more aggressive management of patients.


Subject(s)
Sepsis , Data Mining , Gene Expression Profiling
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 286-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970375

ABSTRACT

Gelsemium elegans is a traditional Chinese herb of medicinal importance, with indole terpene alkaloids as its main active components. To study the expression of the most suitable housekeeping reference genes in G. elegans, the root bark, stem segments, leaves and inflorescences of four different parts of G. elegans were used as materials in this study. The expression stability of 10 candidate housekeeping reference genes (18S, GAPDH, Actin, TUA, TUB, SAND, EF-1α, UBC, UBQ, and cdc25) was assessed through real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, GeNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder. The results showed that EF-1α was stably expressed in all four parts of G. elegans and was the most suitable housekeeping gene. Based on the coexpression pattern of genome, full-length transcriptome and metabolome, the key candidate targets of 18 related genes (AS, AnPRT, PRAI, IGPS, TSA, TSB, TDC, GES, G8H, 8-HGO, IS, 7-DLS, 7-DLGT, 7-DLH, LAMT, SLS, STR, and SGD) involved in the Gelsemium alkaloid biosynthesis were obtained. The expression of 18 related enzyme genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR using the housekeeping gene EF-1α as a reference. The results showed that these genes' expression and gelsenicine content trends were correlated and were likely to be involved in the biosynthesis of the Gelsemium alkaloid, gelsenicine.


Subject(s)
Genes, Essential , Gelsemium/genetics , Peptide Elongation Factor 1/genetics , Transcriptome , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Alkaloids , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reference Standards
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 44-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969804

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is a kind of metastatic tumor whose primary origin cannot be identified after adequate examination and evaluation. The main treatment modality of CUP is empiric chemotherapy, and the median overall survival time is less than 1 year. Compared with immunohistochemistry, novel method based on gene expression profiling have improved the sensitivity and specificity of CUP detection, but its guiding value for treatment is still controversial. The approval of immune checkpoint inhibitors and pan-cancer antitumor agents has improved the prognosis of patients with CUP, and targeted therapy and immunotherapy based on specific molecular characteristics are the main directions of future research. Given the high heterogeneity and unique clinicopathological characteristics of CUP, "basket trial" is more suitable for clinical trial design in CUP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary/genetics , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Microarray Analysis , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 592-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981904

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on human pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (HPVECs) cytoskeleton and perform biological analysis of the microRNA (miRNA) spectrum. Methods The morphology of HPVECs was observed by microscope, the cytoskeleton by FITC-phalloidin staining, and the expression of VE-cadherin was detected by immunofluorescence cytochemical staining; the tube formation assay was conducted to examine the angiogenesis, along with cell migration test to detect the migration, and JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential to detect the apoptosis. Illumina small-RNA sequencing was used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in NC and LPS group. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted by miRanda and TargetScan, and the functional and pathway enrichment analysis was performed on Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Further biological analysis of related miRNAs was carried out. Results After the LPS got induced, the cells became round and the integrity of cytoskeleton was destroyed. The decreased expression of VE-cadherin was also observed, along with the decreased ability of angiogenesis and migration, and increased apoptosis. Sequencing results showed a total of 229 differential miRNAs, of which 84 miRNA were up-regulated and 145 miRNA were down-regulated. The target gene prediction and functional enrichment analysis of these differential miRNA showed that they were mainly concentrated in pathways related to cell connection and cytoskeleton regulation, cell adhesion process and inflammation. Conclusion In vitro model of lung injury, multiple miRNAs are involved in the process of HPVECs cytoskeleton remodeling, the reduction of barrier function, angiogenesis, migration and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Cytoskeleton , Gene Expression Profiling
15.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 509-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981893

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify immune-related molecular markers in an attempt to predict prognosis of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). Methods Immune related genes (IREGs) was analyzed based on the TCGA database. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and Cox regression analysis were used to establish risk models. According to the median risk score, COAD patients were divided into high risk and low risk groups. The prognostic difference were compared between the two groups. The function of the model was validated using GEO. Results A total of 1015 IREGs was obtained. The established model consisted of three genes: RAR related orphan receptor C (RORC), leucine-rich repeat Fli-I-interacting protein 2 (LRRFIP2) and lectin galactoside-binding soluble galectin 4 (LGALS4). The high-risk group had significantly poorer prognosis than low-risk group in the GEO database, and it was validated using a GEO database. Further analysis via univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that risk model could function as independent prognostic factor for COAD patients. Conclusion The risk model based on IREGs can predict the prognosis of patients with COAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Lectins
16.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 20-28, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981591

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen antigen targets for immunotherapy by analyzing over-expressed genes, and to identify significant pathways and molecular mechanisms in esophageal cancer by using bioinformatic methods such as enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and survival analysis based on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database.Methods By screening with highly expressed genes, we mainly analyzed proteins MUC13 and EPCAM with transmembrane domain and antigen epitope from TMHMM and IEDB websites. Significant genes and pathways associated with the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer were identified using enrichment analysis, PPI network, and survival analysis. Several software and platforms including Prism 8, R language, Cytoscape, DAVID, STRING, and GEPIA platform were used in the search and/or figure creation.Results Genes MUC13 and EPCAM were over-expressed with several antigen epitopes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue. Enrichment analysis revealed that the process of keratinization was focused and a series of genes were related with the development of esophageal cancer. Four genes including ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C were screened with significant P value of survival curve.Conclusions Genes MUC13 and EPCAM may be promising antigen targets or biomarkers for esophageal cancer. Keratinization may greatly impact the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer. Genes ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C may play important roles in the development of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/metabolism , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242603, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355852

ABSTRACT

Abstract Transcription factors (TF) are a wide class of genes in plants, and these can regulate the expression of other genes in response to various environmental stresses (biotic and abiotic). In the current study, transcription factor activity in sugarcane was examined during cold stress. Initially, RNA transcript reads of two sugarcane cultivars (ROC22 and GT08-1108) under cold stress were downloaded from SRA NCBI database. The reads were aligned into a reference genome and the differential expression analyses were performed with the R/Bioconductor edgeR package. Based on our analyses in the ROC22 cultivar, 963 TF genes were significantly upregulated under cold stress among a total of 5649 upregulated genes, while 293 TF genes were downregulated among a total of 3,289 downregulated genes. In the GT08-1108 cultivar, 974 TF genes were identified among 5,649 upregulated genes and 283 TF genes were found among 3,289 downregulated genes. Most transcription factors were annotated with GO categories related to protein binding, transcription factor binding, DNA-sequence-specific binding, transcription factor complex, transcription factor activity in RNA polymerase II, the activity of nucleic acid binding transcription factor, transcription corepressor activity, sequence-specific regulatory region, the activity of transcription factor of RNA polymerase II, transcription factor cofactor activity, transcription factor activity from plastid promoter, transcription factor activity from RNA polymerase I promoter, polymerase II and RNA polymerase III. The findings of above results will help to identify differentially expressed transcription factors during cold stress. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the regulation of the transcription activity of many genes. Therefore, this study provides the molecular basis for improving cold tolerance in sugarcane and other economically important grasses.


Resumo Fatores de transcrição (FT) são uma ampla classe de genes em plantas e podem regular a expressão de outros genes em resposta a vários estresses ambientais (estresses bióticos e abióticos). No presente estudo, a atividade do fator de transcrição na cana-de-açúcar foi examinada durante o estresse pelo frio. Inicialmente, as leituras de transcrição de RNA de duas cultivares de cana-de-açúcar (ROC22 e GT08-1108) sob estresse frio foram baixadas do banco de dados SRA NCBI. As leituras foram alinhadas em um genoma de referência e as análises de expressão diferencial foram realizadas com o pacote R / Bioconductor edgeR. Com base em nossas análises no cultivar ROC22, 963 genes TF foram significativamente regulados positivamente sob estresse pelo frio entre um total de 5.649 genes regulados positivamente, enquanto 293 genes TF foram regulados negativamente entre um total de 3.289 genes regulados negativamente. No cultivar GT08-1108, 974 genes TF foram identificados entre 5.649 genes regulados positivamente e 283 genes TF foram encontrados entre 3.289 genes regulados negativamente. Os fatores de transcrição, em sua maioria, foram anotados com categorias GO relacionadas à ligação de proteína, ligação de fator de transcrição, ligação específica de sequência de DNA, complexo de fator de transcrição, atividade de fator de transcrição em RNA polimerase II, atividade de fator de transcrição de ligação de ácido nucleico, atividade de corepressor de transcrição, sequência específica da região reguladora, atividade do fator de transcrição da RNA polimerase II, atividade do cofator do fator de transcrição, atividade do fator de transcrição do promotor do plastídio, atividade do fator de transcrição do promotor da RNA polimerase I, polimerase II e RNA polimerase III. As descobertas dos resultados acima ajudarão a identificar fatores de transcrição expressos diferencialmente durante o estresse pelo frio. Ele também fornece uma análise abrangente da regulação da atividade de transcrição de muitos genes. Portanto, este estudo fornece base molecular para melhorar a tolerância ao frio em cana-de-açúcar e outras gramíneas economicamente importantes.


Subject(s)
Saccharum/genetics , Saccharum/metabolism , Cold-Shock Response/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Cold Temperature , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gene Expression Profiling
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e385723, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519884

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study evaluated the DNA damage caused by repeated doses of xylazine-ketamine and medetomidine-ketamine anesthesia in the liver and kidneys. Methods: In this study, 60 rats were used. The rats were divided into group 1 (xylazine-ketamine), and group 2 (medetomidine-ketamine), and these anesthetic combinations were administered to the rats at repeated doses with 30-min intervals. The effects of these anesthetic agents on the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene for DNA damage were investigated. Results: According to the gene expression results, it was observed that a single dose of xylazine-ketamine was 2.9-fold expressed, while first and second repeat doses did not show significant changes in expression levels. However, in the case of the third repetition, it was observed to be 3.8-fold overexpressed. In the case of medetomidine-ketamine administration, it was observed that a single-dose application resulted in a 1.04-fold expression, while the first and the third repeat doses showed a significant down expression. The samples from the second repeat dose administration group were found to have insignificant levels of expression. Conclusions: This study can contribute to understanding the safe anesthetic combination in research and operations in which xylazine-ketamine and medetomidine-ketamine combinations are used.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Xylazine/administration & dosage , DNA , Gene Expression Profiling , Anesthesia , Ketamine/administration & dosage
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 241 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526964

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Exposições químicas podem variar em populações geograficamente distintas, com diferentes hábitos, estilos de vida e características individuais. Alguns elementos químicos encontrados no ambiente são capazes de alterar a expressão gênica humana. Objetivos: a) quantificar as concentrações de elementos potencialmente tóxicos (EPTs: As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sn, e Zn) na urina da população de Limeira, e nas peças de joias e pó de solda; b) quantificar as concentrações de EPTs no sangue dos participantes de Limeira e Volta Redonda; c) avaliar os riscos de doenças associadas à exposição ocupacional; d) avaliar o impacto da exposição ocupacional na expressão gênica de trabalhadores formais e informais. Métodos: O grupo Exposto foi composto por trabalhadores informais que realizam soldagem de joias e bijuterias em ambiente domiciliar na cidade de Limeira, SP; e por trabalhadores formais da Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, em Volta Redonda, RJ. O grupo Controle incluiu moradores dos mesmos bairros dos trabalhadores, mas que não desenvolviam nenhuma atividade diretamente relacionada à exposição química. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para quantificação de glicose, insulina, perfil lipídico, EPTs e para análise transcriptômica. Em Limeira, também foi quantificada a concentração de EPTs na urina. Para transcriptômica, o RNA foi extraído e hibridizado com Agilent SurePrint G3 Human Gene Expression 8x60K v2 Microarray. O pré-processamento, análise estatística e de vias de interesse foram realizados no software GeneSpring GX. Todos os participantes preencheram questionários sobre hábitos, percepção de risco, morbidade referida e exposição ocupacional. A associação entre exposição a EPTs e desfechos de saúde foi testada por modelo de regressão de Poisson multivariado. Resultados: Nos trabalhadores informais, foram detectados 16 genes superexpressos e 33 subexpressos em comparação com os controles (fold-change > 2). A análise de vias indicou genes enriquecidos em vias do processo inflamatório (quimiocinas MAPK, receptor Toll-like e NF-kappa B). Nos trabalhadores formais, foram encontrados 20 genes superexpressos e 50 subexpressos, com vias relacionadas à resposta imune e ao processo de aterosclerose. O único gene diferencialmente expresso (DEG) em comum nas duas populações foi o IFI27 relacionado na literatura a diferentes tipos de câncer. A produção informal de joias de Limeira foi associada a exposição dos trabalhadores ao Cd, com concentrações significativamente maiores na urina e no sangue dos trabalhadores comparado aos controles. Além disso, foi observada uma associação positiva entre as concentrações de Cd no sangue e a glicemia. As concentrações de As e Pb também foram maiores no sangue dos trabalhadores informais comparado aos controles, sendo que participantes com concentrações de Pb superiores a 2,6 µg dL-1 apresentaram prevalência de manifestações neurológicas 2,3 vezes maior (IC 95%: 1,17 - 4,58; p = 0,02). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos EPTs entre os grupos de Volta Redonda, provavelmente devido ao uso de equipamentos de proteção individual e à poluição ambiental na região. Conclusão: As diferenças na expressão gênica relacionadas à exposição ocupacional estão associadas, principalmente, à inflamação e à resposta imune. Os resultados sugerem que a exposição ocupacional prolongada a elementos tóxicos pode levar a consequências negativas para a saúde, como por exemplo, um aumento da prevalência de manifestações neurológicas. Os resultados exploratórios desta tese são um ponto de partida para estudos em populações sensíveis e pouco estudadas, especialmente, de países em desenvolvimento. Análises adicionais devem ser realizadas para investigar efeitos diretos e validar associações causais.


Introduction: Chemical exposures may vary in geographically distinct populations, with different habits, lifestyles, and individual characteristics. Objectives: a) to determine potentially toxic elements' (EPTs: As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sn, and Zn) in the urine of the population of Limeira, and in jewelry pieces and soldering powder; b) determine the PTEs concentrations in the participants' blood from Limeira and Volta Redonda municipalities; c) investigate disease risks associated with occupational exposure; d) to evaluate the impact of occupational exposure on gene expression profile. Methods: The exposed group was composed of informal workers who perform soldering of jewelry inside their houses in the city of Limeira, SP; and formal workers from a steel company in the city of Volta Redonda, RJ. Control participants were recruited from the same neighborhoods without occupational chemical exposure. Blood samples were collected for blood glucose, insulin, lipid profile, and PTE determinations, and for transcriptomic analysis. In Limeira, PTE concentration in urine was also determined. RNA was extracted and hybridized to Agilent SurePrint G3 Human Gene Expression 8x60K v2 Microarray for transcriptomics analysis. Pre-processing, statistical, and pathway analysis were performed in GeneSpring GX software. All participants completed questionnaires about household risk, reported morbidity, and occupational exposure. The association between PTEs exposure and health outcomes was tested by a multivariable robust Poisson regression model. Results: 16 up- and 33 down-regulated genes (fold-change > 2) were observed in the informal workers. Pathway analysis revealed genes enriched in inflammatory process (MAPK, Toll-like receptor, and NF-kappa B chemokine signaling pathways). In formal workers, 20 up- and 50 down-regulated genes were found with pathways related to immune response and atherosclerosis development. The gene IFI27 which has been associated with various types of cancer was the only one commonly differentially expressed between informal and formal workers. Informal jewelry production in Limeira increased exposure to Cd, with significantly higher concentrations in the urine and blood of informal exposed workers compared to controls. Furthermore, a positive association was observed between blood Cd concentrations and glycemia. The blood concentration of As and Pb were also Participants with Pb concentrations higher than 2.6 µg dL-1 showed a prevalence of neurological manifestations 2.3 times higher (95% CI: 1.17 - 4.58; p = 0.02) than those with lower lead concentrations. No significant differences were observed between formal workers from Volta Redonda and their control group, probably, because of the use of individual protection equipment and the environmental pollution in the region. Conclusion: Differences in gene expression related to occupational exposure are mainly associated with inflammation and immune response. The results suggest that prolonged occupational exposure to toxic elements could lead to negative health outcomes, such as higher prevalence of neurological manifestations. These exploratory results are a starting point for analysis in sensitive and understudied populations, especially in developing countries. Further analysis should be carried out to investigate its direct effects and to validate causal associations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Health , Toxic Substances , Gene Expression Profiling , Exposome
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 501-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935176

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the differentially expressed circular RNA (circRNA) in the myocardium of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) mice, and analyze their possible biological functions and related regulatory network. Methods: C57BL/6 mice, aged 8 weeks, and weighing were 21-27 g. Eight mice were selected as the control group and 15 mice were selected as the experimental group. The diabetic mice model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in the experimental group. One week after injection, the fasting blood glucose level of mice was measured, and 12 diabetic mice were included in the final experimental group. All mice were fed for 12 weeks under the same laboratory conditions. The cardiac structure and function were detected by echocardiography. Diabetic mice with the left ventricular ejection fraction less than 60% and the E/A less than 1.6 were selected as DCM group (n=3). Mice in DCM group and control group were then sacrificed under deep anesthesia. RNA was extracted from myocardial tissue. High-throughput RNA sequencing technology was used to sequence and identify the RNA in the myocardial tissue of DCM group and normal control group, and the difference was analyzed by DeSeq2. The analysis results were verified at the tissue level by RT-qPCR, and the differential circRNA were analyzed by GO and KEGG pathway analysis. The differentially expressed circRNA-microRNA(miRNA) interaction was predicted by the miRNA target gene prediction software. Results: A total of 63 differentially expressed circRNAs were found in the myocardium of DCM mice. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the tissue level expression of 8 differentially expressed circRNAs was consistent with the sequencing results, of which 7 were up-regulated and 1 was down-regulated. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the up-regulated circRNAs was mainly related to AMPK signal pathway and intercellular adhesion junction pathway, and the down-regulated circRNA was mainly related to cardiomyopathy. Go analysis showed that the up-regulated circRNA was mainly related to the binding process of ions, proteins, kinases and other factors in terms of molecular function, and was involved in regulating the intracellular structure, especially the composition of organelles in terms of cell components. The functional analysis of molecular function and cell components showed that the up-regulated circRNA were related to the cell component origin, recruitment and tissue, and thus participated in the regulation of cell biological process. The down regulated circRNA was related to catalytic activity in terms of molecular function, protein kinase binding process, transferase and calmodulin activity, and was closely related to the components of contractile fibers and the composition of myofibrils. These differentially expressed circRNAs were also related to biological processes such as lysine peptide modification, sarcomere composition, myofibril assembly, morphological development of myocardial tissue, myocardial hypertrophy and so on. Conclusions: In this study, we detected the novel differentially expressed circRNAs in the myocardium of DCM mice, and bioinformatics analysis confirmed that these circRNAs are related to oxidative stress, fibrosis and death of cardiomyocytes, and finally participate in the pathophysiological process of DCM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Mice, Inbred C57BL , MicroRNAs/genetics , Myocardium , RNA, Circular , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
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