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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9549, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142579

ABSTRACT

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a duplex probe-directed recombinase amplification (duplex-PDRA) assay that can perform real-time detection of two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) in four reactions in two tubes at 39°C within 30 min. The sensitivity of duplex-PDRA was 2×103-104 copies per reaction and no cross-reactivity was observed. A total of 382 clinical samples (179 prostate cancer patients and 203 controls) from northern China were collected and tested by duplex-PDRA assay and direct sequencing. The genotyping results were completely identical. In addition, the association analysis of two SNPs with prostate cancer risk and bone metastasis was conducted. We found that the TT genotype of rs6983267 (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.78; P=0.005) decreased the risk of prostate cancer, while the CA genotype of rs1447295 (OR: 1.89; 95%CI: 1.20-2.96; P=0.005) increased the risk of prostate cancer. However, no association between the two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) and bone metastasis in prostate cancer was found in this study (P>0.05). In conclusion, the duplex-PDRA assay is an effective method for the simultaneous detection of two SNPs and shows great potential for widespread use in research and clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Recombinases , Genotype
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01452020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143891

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the association between genetic polymorphisms in exon 1 (A/O alleles) and promoter regions at positions -550 (H/L variant, rs11003125) and -221 (X/Y variant, rs7096206) MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving 114 Brazilians infected with Schistosoma mansoni, who were subjected to follow-up for three years after specific treatment for schistosomiasis to estimate the probability of periportal fibrosis regression. RESULTS: A risk association was observed between polymorphism at the exon 1 MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the polymorphism of exon 1 MBL2 may potentially be used to predict periportal fibrosis regression in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Schistosomiasis/genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Exons/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics
3.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 104-117, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352998

ABSTRACT

La autoinmunidad es la consecuencia de la pérdida de control y regulación de la respuesta inmune. Se re-porta que ocurre entre 5 y 9% de patologías a nivel mundial. A las enfermedades con esta anomalía se les denomina autoinmunes y se clasifican de acuerdo con el órgano o sistema afectado. Las reumáticas involucran al tejido conectivo y las articulaciones. Los factores asociados a su aparición incluyen: edad, género, medioam-biente y genéticos. La susceptibilidad genética indica la presencia de uno o varios genes asociados al desarrollo de determinada enfermedad, cuya expresión podría ser el producto de la migración, selección, recombinación y adaptación de genes entre las poblaciones, lo que explica la variación fenotípica y la expresión clínica resultan-te. Los estudios de asociación del genoma completo (GWAS por sus siglas en inglés) han permitido identificar múltiples genes involucrados con enfermedades reumáticas, destacan el lupus eritematoso sistémico y artritis reumatoide, asociadas con más de 60 alelos, y otras como la espondilitis anquilosante, en donde la asociación ha sido primordialmente con un gen y sus polimorfismos. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo informar el estado de la susceptibilidad determinada genéticamente para estas enfermedades y el impacto que tiene sobre la expresión clínica. Se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed y la base de datos de la biblioteca Cochrane, se incluyeron artículos relacionados con las palabras clave propuestas desde el 2000. La revisión identifica genes y la asociación con estas enfermedades, expone la diversidad existente y justifica continuar la búsqueda de genes en todas las poblaciones.


Autoimmunity is the consequence of the loss of control and regulation of the immune response. It is reported that between 5 and 9% of pathologies occur worldwide. Diseases with this abnormality are called autoimmune and are classified according to the organ or system affected. Rheumatic diseases involve connective tissue and joints. Factors associated with its appearance include age, gender, environment, and genetics. Genetic suscepti-bility indicates the presence of one or more genes associated with the development of a certain disease, whose expression could be the product of migration, selection, recombination and adaptation of genes between popu-lations, which explains the phenotypic variation and the resulting clinical expression. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have allowed the identification of multiple genes involved with rheumatic diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, associated with more than 60 alleles, and others such as ankylosing spondylitis, where the association has been primarily with a gene and its polymorphisms. This review aims to report the status of genetically determined susceptibility to these diseases and the impact it has on clinical expression. A search was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane library database, articles related to the proposed keywords from the year 2000 were included. The review identifies genes and the association with these diseases, exposes the existing diversity and justifies continuing the search for genes in all populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/congenital , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Genetic Research , Autoimmunity/immunology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genes , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/congenital
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e019, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132747

ABSTRACT

Abstract Matrix degradation is an important event in the progression, invasion and metastasis of malignant head and neck lesions. Imbalances, mutations and polymorphisms of MMPs and their inhibitors are observed in several cancer subtypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the MMP-7 gene promoter (181 A/G) and MMP-9 (-1562 C/T) polymorphisms in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). MMP-7 (rs11568818) and MMP-9 (rs3918242) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in 71 cases of OTSCC. Normal tissue specimens were obtained from 60 healthy volunteers to serve as the control. The MMP-7 G allele and MMP-9 T allele were more frequent in the OTSCC group than the control group, but only when these two SNPs were taken together was a significant association found with the nodal metastasis of OTSCC (p < 0.001). Based on our results, SNPs in the promoter region of MMP-7 and MMP-9 appear to be associated with greater risk of developing OTSCC, and with a higher propensity to form metastatic tumors. In this respect, molecular studies investigating polymorphisms may be useful in predicting tumor behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10465, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153508

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is related to a higher risk of neonatal mortality, minor cognitive deficit, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. In previous studies, genetic variants in the FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated) and PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma) genes have been associated with metabolic disease, body mass index, and obesity among other outcomes. We studied the association of selected FTO (rs1421085, rs55682395, rs17817449, rs8043757, rs9926289, and rs9939609) and PPARγ (rs10865710, rs17036263, rs35206526, rs1801282, rs28763894, rs41516544, rs62243567, rs3856806, and rs1805151) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with IUGR, through a case-control study in a cohort of live births that occurred from June 1978 to May 1979 in a Brazilian city. We selected 280 IUGR cases and 256 controls for analysis. Logistic regression was used to jointly analyze the SNPs as well as factors such as maternal smoking, age, and schooling. We found that the PPARγ rs41516544 increased the risk of IUGR for male offspring (OR 27.83, 95%CI 3.65-212.32) as well as for female offspring (OR=8.94, 95%CI: 1.96-40.88). The FTO rs9939609 TA genotype resulted in a reduced susceptibility to IUGR for male offspring only (OR=0.47, 95%CI: 0.26-0.86). In conclusion, we demonstrated that PPARγ SNP had a positive effect and FTO SNP had a negative effect on IUGR occurrence, and these effects were gender-specific.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , PPAR gamma/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Fetal Growth Retardation/genetics , Genotype
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 275-291, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880954

ABSTRACT

Although genome-wide association studies have identified more than eighty genetic variants associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk, biological mechanisms of these variants remain largely unknown. By integrating a large-scale genotype data of 15 581 lung adenocarcinoma (AD) cases, 8350 squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) cases, and 27 355 controls, as well as multiple transcriptome and epigenomic databases, we conducted histology-specific meta-analyses and functional annotations of both reported and novel susceptibility variants. We identified 3064 credible risk variants for NSCLC, which were overrepresented in enhancer-like and promoter-like histone modification peaks as well as DNase I hypersensitive sites. Transcription factor enrichment analysis revealed that USF1 was AD-specific while CREB1 was SqCC-specific. Functional annotation and gene-based analysis implicated 894 target genes, including 274 specifics for AD and 123 for SqCC, which were overrepresented in somatic driver genes (ER = 1.95, P = 0.005). Pathway enrichment analysis and Gene-Set Enrichment Analysis revealed that AD genes were primarily involved in immune-related pathways, while SqCC genes were homologous recombination deficiency related. Our results illustrate the molecular basis of both well-studied and new susceptibility loci of NSCLC, providing not only novel insights into the genetic heterogeneity between AD and SqCC but also a set of plausible gene targets for post-GWAS functional experiments.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Genetic Heterogeneity , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#We performed an updated meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and the childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CALL) susceptibility.@*METHODS@#All the case-control studies were updated on October 5, 2020, through Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) electronic database. The heterogeneity in the study was tested by the Q test and I@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 case-control studies were selected, including 7014 patients and 16,428 controls. There was no association of CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism with CALL (CC vs CT + TT: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.94-1.26; CC + CT vs TT: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.94-1.30; C vs T: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.92-1.13). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, there is no significant association of this polymorphism and CALL risks among Asian and Caucasian populations in the three genetic models (CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, and C vs T).@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis found no significant association between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and susceptibility to CALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IKAROS family Zinc finger 3 (IKZF3) gene and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from 286 children with ALL and 382 healthy children were collected and divided into ALL group and control group, respectively. The genotypes of IKZF3 gene at rs62066988 C > T and rs12946510 C > T were detected by quantitative PCR with TaqMan detection system, and their correlation with ALL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs62066988 in ALL group were 58.39%, 37.06% and 4.55%, respectively, while those in control group were 69.19%, 27.68% and 3.13%, respectively. The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs12946510 in ALL group were 58.16%, 34.75% and 7.09%, respectively, while those in control group were 55.76%, 37.43% and 6.81%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the distribution frequency of CT/TT genotype at rs62066988 was significantly increased in the ALL group (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.16-2.19, P=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of rs12946510 C > T polymorphism between ALL group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The CT/TT genotype of IKZF3 at the site of rs62066988 is associated with the increased risk of ALL in children.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of receptor gene (P2X7, VDR and SLC19A1) polymorphisms with risk suffering from acute leukemia (AL) in Fujian area.@*METHODS@#Ninety-three cases of newly diagnosed AL as AL group and 90 persons not suffered from hematologic and other tumors as control group were selected and used for comparative analysis of receptor gene polymorphisms and risk suffering from AL between case and control groups. The bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, from which the DNA was extracted. The PCR-RFLP was used to detect 8 SNP sites (P2X7: rs208294, rs2230911, rs3751143; VDR: rs2228570, rs7975232; SLC194A1: rs1051266, rs1131596, rs3788200) of receptor genes related with the environment response, and the genotypes analysis was used to the correlation of receptor gene polymorphisms with risk suffering from adult AL.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate logistic analysis showed that as compared with control group, P2X7 rs208294 T>C mutation and rs3751143 A>C mutation in codominant model, dominant model and over-dominant model were higher in case group, moreover the differences were statistically significant (PA mutation could increase the risk suffering from AL (PC mutation is one of protective factors against adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between maternal reduced folate carrier (@*METHODS@#A hospital-based case-control study was conducted. The mothers of 683 infants with CHD who attended the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hunan Children's Hospital, from November 2017 to March 2020 were enrolled as the case group. The mothers of 740 healthy infants without any deformity who attended the hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the exposure data of subjects. Venous blood samples of 5 mL were collected from the mothers for genetic polymorphism detection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of @*RESULTS@#After control for confounding factors, the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal @*CONCLUSIONS@#Maternal


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Reduced Folate Carrier Protein/genetics , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1031-1042, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878118

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that resulted from the severe destruction of the insulin-producing β cells in the pancreases of individuals with a genetic predisposition. Genome-wide studies have identified HLA and other risk genes associated with T1D susceptibility in humans. However, evidence obtained from the incomplete concordance of diabetes incidence among monozygotic twins suggests that environmental factors also play critical roles in T1D pathogenesis. Epigenetics is a rapidly growing field that serves as a bridge to link T1D risk genes and environmental exposures, thereby modulating the expression of critical genes relevant to T1D development beyond the changes of DNA sequences. Indeed, there is compelling evidence that epigenetic changes induced by environmental insults are implicated in T1D pathogenesis. Herein, we sought to summarize the recent progress in terms of epigenetic mechanisms in T1D initiation and progression, and discuss their potential as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in the T1D setting.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Humans , Incidence , Twins, Monozygotic
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 696-702, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142599

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Non-syndromic orofacial clefts have a complex etiology due to the contribution from both genetic and environmental risk factors, as well as the interaction between them. Among the more than 15 susceptibility loci for non-syndromic orofacial clefts with considerable statistical and biological support, the IRF6 is the most validated gene by the majority of studies. Nonetheless, in genetically heterogeneous populations such as Brazilian, the confirmation of association between non-syndromic orofacial clefts and IRF6 common variants is not a consolidated fact and unrecognized IRF6 variants are poorly investigated. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of IRF6 polymorphisms with non-syndromic orofacial clefts development in a population from northeast Brazil. Methods: Blood samples of 186 non-syndromic orofacial clefts patients and 182 controls from Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, were obtained to analyze IRF6 polymorphisms (rs2235371, rs642961, rs2236907, rs861019, and rs1044516) by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Non-syndromic orofacial clefts patients were classified in cleft lip and palate, cleft palate only and cleft lip only groups. Results: The genotype and allele frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphism rs2235371 in IRF6 showed significant differences in patients with cleft palate when compared to the controls, whereas no association was shown between rs642961, rs2236907, rs861019, and rs1044516 and non-syndromic orofacial clefts. Conclusion: The association found between rs2235371 and isolated cleft palate should be interpreted with caution due to the low number of individuals investigated, and more studies with larger sample size are needed to confirm these association. In addition, there is a lack of association of the rs642961, rs2236907 and rs861019 polymorphisms with non-syndromic orofacial clefts susceptibility.


Resumo Introdução: As fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas possuem uma etiologia complexa devido à contribuição de fatores de risco genéticos e ambientais, assim como a interação entre eles. Dentre os mais de 15loci de susceptibilidade para as fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas com considerável suporte estatístico e biológico, o IRF6 é o gene mais validado pela maioria dos estudos. Apesar disso, em populações geneticamente heterogêneas como a brasileira, a confirmação da associação entre as fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas e as variantes mais comuns do IRF6 ainda não é um fato consolidado e outras variantes não tão conhecidas IRF6 são pouco investigadas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação de variados polimorfismos do IRF6 com o desenvolvimento das fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas em uma população do nordeste do Brasil. Método: Amostras de sangue de 186 pacientes com fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas e 182 controles do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, foram obtidas para analisar os polimorfismos do IRF6 (rs2235371, rs642961, rs2236907, rs861019 e rs1044516) por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real. Os pacientes com fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas foram classificados em fenda labiopalatina, fenda palatina isolada e fenda labial isolada. Resultados: As frequências genotípica e alélica do polimorfismo de único nucleotídeo rs2235371 no IRF6 mostraram-se significativamente diferentes em pacientes com fenda palatina isolada quando comparadas às dos controles, enquanto que nenhuma associação foi encontrada entre rs642961, rs2236907, rs861019 e rs1044516 e risco para o desenvolvimento das fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas. Conclusão: A associação encontrada entre rs2235371 e fenda palatina isolada deve ser interpretada com cautela devido ao baixo número de indivíduos investigados, sendo necessários mais estudos com um tamanho amostral maior para confirmar essa associação. Além disso, não foram encontradas associações significativas entre os demais polimorfismos do IRF6 rs642961, rs2236907, rs861019 e rs1044516 e a susceptibilidade às fendas orofaciais não sindrômicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1560-1565, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143635

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the deletion polymorphisms of the genes of the glutathione S-transferase family GSTT1 and GSTM1 in patients with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), comparing them with a control population. METHODS: Blood was collected from 219 women (110 with PCOS and 109 controls) and genomic DNA was extracted. For the analysis of polymorphisms, the technique used was multiplex PCR. In the statistical analysis, the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used. RESULTS: There is no association between the GSTM1 null and GSTT1 null genotypes with PCOS when analyzed separately (P = 0.616 and P = 0.188). The analysis of the combined genotypes showed differences between the groups (P < 0.05), evidencing that the genotypic combination GSTT1 positive and GSTM1 negative is more frequent among patients. In the multivariate analysis, smoking was more frequent in the control group (OR = 0.22; 95% CI - 0.87-0.57; P = 0.002) while the presence of a family history of PCOS (OR = 2, 96; 95% CI - 1.54-5.68; P = 0.001) was more frequent in women with PCOS. CONCLUSIONS: In the studied sample, the deletion polymorphisms of the GSTT1 and GSTM1 genes isolated are not associated with PCOS, but in combination, they may be implicated in the etiology of the condition.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar os polimorfismos de deleção dos genes da família glutationa S-transferase GSTT1 e GSTM1 em pacientes com síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP), comparando-as com uma população controle. MÉTODOS: Foi colhido sangue de 219 mulheres (110 com SOP e 109 controles) e extraído o DNA genômico. Para análise dos polimorfismos, a técnica empregada foi PCR multiplex. Na análise estatística foi utilizado o teste do qui-quadrado e regressão logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: Não há associação dos genótipos GSTM1 nulo e GSTT1 nulo com SOP quando analisados isoladamente (p=0,616 e p=0,188). A análise dos genótipos combinados mostrou diferenças entre os grupos (p<0,05), evidenciando que a combinação genotípica GSTT1 positivo e GSTM1 negativo é mais frequente entre as pacientes. Na análise multivariada, o hábito tabagista foi mais frequente no grupo controle (OR=0,22; IC 95% - 0,87-0,57; p=0,002), enquanto que a presença do histórico de SOP familiar (OR=2,96; IC 95% - 1,54-5,68; p=0,001) foi mais frequente nas mulheres com SOP. CONCLUSÕES: Na casuística estudada, os polimorfismos de deleção dos genes GSTT1 e GSTM1 isolados não estão associados a SOP, mas em combinação podem estar implicados na etiologia da condição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/genetics , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype
15.
Medwave ; 20(10): e8053, 30-11-2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145818

ABSTRACT

La alopecia areata es un tipo común de alopecia no cicatricial. Aunque la patogénesis exacta permanece sin dilucidar, se piensa que la alopecia areata tiene una etiología multifactorial en donde se interrelacionan predisposición genética y factores ambientales. En pacientes susceptibles, se han documentado que el estrés, infecciones y microtraumas disminuyen las citoquinas inmunosupresoras que normalmente mantienen el privilegio inmune del folículo piloso. Actualmente no hay terapia curativa para la alopecia areata, aunque ciertos tratamientos pueden inducir el crecimiento del cabello en un porcentaje de pacientes. Se postula que la simvastatina restablece el privilegio inmune y ezetimibe aportaría un efecto inmunomodulador y antiinflamatorio. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 23 años con alopecia areata, exitosamente tratada con simvastatina y ezetimibe.


Alopecia areata is a common type of non-scarring alo¬pecia. Although the exact pathogenesis remains elusive, alopecia areata is thought to have a multifactorial etiology described as an interplay of genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. In patients with genetic susceptibility, stress, infection, and microtrauma have been documented to decrease immunosuppressive cytokines that generally maintain the hair follicle's immune privilege. There is currently no curative therapy for alopecia areata, although some treatments can induce hair growth in a percentage of patients. It has been postulated that simvastatin reestablishes the immune privilege, and ezetimibe would provide an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effect. We report a case of a 23 years-old woman with alopecia areata successfully treated with simvastatin/ezetimibe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Alopecia Areata/genetics , Alopecia Areata/drug therapy , Ezetimibe/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1396-1401, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136166

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The relationship between the clinicopathological and sociodemographics characteristics of acral melanomas diagnosed at BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the frequency of VEGF gene insertion (I) / deletion (D) polymorphism (rs35569394) in patients with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and to compare with a control population to verify its association with the pathology. METHODS: 206 women participated in this study, 103 with PCOS (group of patients) and 103 without the disease (control group). After extraction of genomic DNA from the samples, molecular analysis was performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and electrophoresis in polycrylamide. Descriptive analysis, univariate analysis and logistic regression model were used. Results were presented in odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI), considering the significance of p <0.05. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences between patients and controls for allele frequencies (χ2 = 1.16, p = 0.56). The genotypic frequency distribution was in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium for the patients (χ2 = 2.42; p <0.05), but not for the control group (χ2 = 7.26; p <0.05). Regarding risk factors for the syndrome, a history of familial PCOS is more frequent among women with the syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, there is no association between VEGF gene I / D polymorphism and PCOS.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a frequência do polimorfismo de inserção (I)/ deleção (D) do gene VEGF (rs35569394) em pacientes com Síndrome dos Ovários Policísticos (SOP) e comparar com uma população controle para verificar sua associação com a patologia. MÉTODOS: Participaram desse estudo 206 mulheres sendo 103 com SOP (grupo de pacientes) e 103 sem a doença (grupo controle). Após extração do DNA genômico das amostras, a análise molecular foi realizada por Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase e eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida. Utilizou-se análise descritiva, análise univariada e modelo de regressão logística. Os resultados foram apresentados em odds ratio (OR) e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC-95%), considerando a significância de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças estatísticas entre as pacientes e controles para as frequências alélicas (χ2 = 1,16, p = 0,56). A distribuição da frequência genotípica estava em equilíbrio de Hardy Weinberg para as pacientes (χ2= 2,42; p<0,12), mas não para o grupo controle (χ2= 7,26; p<0,05). Em relação aos fatores de risco para a síndrome, a história de SOP familiar é mais frequente entre as mulheres com a síndrome. CONCLUSÕES: Na casuística estudada, não há associação entre o polimorfismo I/D do gene da VEGF e a SOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles , Gene Frequency , Genotype
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 466-470, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132335

ABSTRACT

Abstract Homeostasis between salivary calcium and phosphorus is important for maintaining oral health. The aim of this study was to evaluate if polymorphisms in ESR1 (Estrogen Receptor Alpha), ESR2 (Estrogen Receptor Beta) and miRNA17 (microRNA17) are associated with calcium and phosphorus levels in saliva. Saliva from 276 12-year-old children were collected by masticatory stimulation and calcium and phosphorus levels were determined by Mass Spectrometry. Genomic DNA was extracted from remaining saliva and genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 (rs12154178, rs1884051, rs9340799 and rs2234693), in ESR2 (rs4986938 and rs1256049) and in miRNA17 (rs4284505) were genotyped using TaqMan chemistry and a real-time PCR equipment. Statistical differences in genotype and allele distributions between 'low' and 'high' calcium and phosphorus levels were determined using chi-square or Fisher´s exact tests. The analysis was also adjusted by sex (alpha of 5%). ESR1 rs9340799 had the less common genotype associated with higher calcium levels (p=0.03). The less common allele of ESR1 rs1884051 was associated with lower phosphorus levels (p=0.005) and there was an excess of heterozygotes for miRNA17 rs4284505 among individuals with lower calcium levels (p=0.002), both adjusted by sex. This study provides evidence that genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 and miRNA17 are involved in determining salivary calcium and phosphorus levels.


Resumo A homeostasia entre cálcio e fósforo salivares é importante para a manutenção da saúde bucal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se polimorfismos genéticos no receptor de estrógeno alfa (ESR1), receptor de estrógeno beta (ESR2) e no microRNA17 (microRNA17) estão associados com os níveis salivares de cálcio e fósforo. Saliva de 276 crianças com 12 anos de idade foi coletada com estímulo mastigatório e os níveis de cálcio e fósforo foram determinados por Espectrofotometria de Massa. O DNA genômico foi extraído da saliva remanescente e os polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1 (rs12154178, rs1884051, rs9340799 e rs2234693), em ESR2 (rs4986938 e rs1256049) e no miRNA17 (rs4284505) foram genotipados pela reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real utilizando sondas TaqMan. As diferenças estatísticas nas distribuições alélicas e genotípicas entre "baixo" e "alto" níveis de cálcio e fósforo foram determinadas usando os testes qui-quadrado e teste exato de Fisher. As análises foram ajustadas por sexo (alfa de 5%). O polimorfismo rs9340799 em ESR1 foi o genótipo menos comum associado com altos níveis de cálcio (p=0,03). O alelo menos comum em ESR1 rs1884051 foi associado com baixos níveis de fósforo (p=0,005) e houve um excesso de heterozigotos para miRNA17 rs4284505 entre os indivíduos com baixos níveis de cálcio salivar (p=0,002), ambos ajustados pelo sexo. Este estudo fornece evidências de que polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1 e miRNA17 estão envolvidos na determinação dos níveis de cálcio e fósforo salivares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Calcium , MicroRNAs/genetics , Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics , Phosphorus , Polymorphism, Genetic , Saliva , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
18.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(2): 467-471, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136441

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the present study aimed to evaluate the association between the rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene and the susceptibility to preeclampsia (PE) in a Brazilian population. Methods: the study group comprised 61 women who were diagnosed with PE. The control group included 116 women who did not show changes in their blood pressure levels during their pregnancies. The rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene was amplified by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed using the SNPStat program to evaluate the risk of the CYP11B2 gene rs1799998 polymorphism contributing to PE. Results: the PE group had the following genotypes: 1.64% CC, 91.80% CT, and 6.56% TT. In the control group, the observed genotypic frequencies were: 11% CC, 73% CT, and 16% TT. The genotypic frequency distribution did not fit the Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) in either study group. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant difference for the rs1799998 polymorphism in the recessive model. Conclusion: the results suggest an association between the recessive model of C/C genotype of the rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene and susceptibility to PE.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar a associação entre o polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 e a suscetibilidade à PE em uma população brasileira. Métodos: participaram desse estudo 61 mulheres com PE e 116 mulheres normotensas. O polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 foi amplificado por PCR alelo-específica. O risco do polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 contribuir com a PE foi avaliado pela análise de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: as frequências genotípicas observadas foram 1.64% CC, 91.80% CT e 6.56% TT no grupo PE e 11%CC, 73%CT e 16%TT grupo controle. A distribuição da frequência genotípica não estava em Equilíbrio de Hardy Weinberg em nenhum dos grupos estudados. A análise de regressão logística múltipla demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa para o polimorfismo rs1799998 no modelo recessivo. Conclusão: o presente trabalho sugere associação do genótipo C/C no modelo recessivo, do polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 com a suscetibilidade a PE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pre-Eclampsia/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP11B2 , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Brazil , Genetic Markers , Logistic Models , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Profile
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 370-375, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132588

ABSTRACT

Abstract Instruction: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify a precise estimation of the association between rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene and susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed to collect data up to July 8, 2018. Finally, 4 eligible articles were included in this meta-analysis comprising 2410 subjects. The pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the strength of the association. Results: Significant association was found in the overall population in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.707, 95% confidence interval = 0.594-0.841) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.189, 95% confidence interval = 1.062-1.333). When stratified by source of the subjects, we also found association between rs3735715 and noise-induced hearing loss risk in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.634, 95% confidence interval = 0.514-0.783) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.206, 95% confidence interval = 1.054-1.379). Conclusion: Rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may influence the susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Additional large, well-designed and functional studies are needed to confirm this association in different populations.


Resumo Introdução: Perda auditiva induzida por ruído é uma das principais doenças ocupacionais causadas pela interação gene-ambiente. O Grainy Like 2, ou GRHL2 é um gene que tem sido considerado como candidato. Nesse sentido, muitos estudos avaliaram a associação entre o GRHL2 e perda auditiva induzida por ruído, embora os resultados sejam ambíguos e conflitantes. Objetivo: Identificar uma estimativa precisa da associação entre o polimorfismo rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 e a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Método: Uma pesquisa abrangente foi feita para coletar dados até 8 de julho de 2018. No fim, quatro artigos elegíveis foram incluídos nesta metanálise, abrangeram 2.410 indivíduos. As odds ratios agrupadas com intervalos de confiança de 95% foram usadas para avaliar a força da associação. Resultados: Uma associação significante foi encontrada na população geral no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,707, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,594-0,841) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,189, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,062 a 1,333). Quando estratificados pelo local de trabalho dos indivíduos, também encontramos associação entre rs3735715 e risco de perda auditiva induzida por ruído no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,634, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,514 ± 0,783) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,206, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,054- 1,379). Conclusão: O polimorfismo Rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 pode influenciar a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Estudos adicionais, amplos, bem desenhados e funcionais são necessários para confirmar essa associação em diferentes populações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/genetics , Genotype , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/genetics
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 203-208, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131642

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing global health concern defined by excessive hepatic fat content in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption. OBJECTIVE: Given the pivotal role of insulin resistance in NAFLD, we hypothesized that insulin (INS) and insulin receptor (INSR) gene polymorphisms may be associated with NAFLD risk. METHODS: A total of 312 subjects, including 153 cases with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 159 controls were enrolled in this case-control study. Four polymorphisms in INS (rs3842752, rs689) and INSR (rs1052371, rs1799817) genes were genotyped using PCR-RFLP method. RESULTS: The cases with NAFLD were older and had higher BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, as well as higher serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and gamma glutamyl transferase than the controls (P<0.001). The "TT" genotype of INSR rs1799817 compared with "CC" genotype occurred more frequently in the controls than the cases with NAFLD and the difference remained significant after adjustment for confounding factors (P=0.018; OR=0.10, 95%CI=0.02-0.76). However, no significant difference was found for INS rs3842752, INS rs689, and INSR rs1052371 gene polymorphisms between the cases with NAFLD and the controls either before or after adjustment for the confounders. CONCLUSION: These findings corroborate the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms related to insulin resistance play a role in NAFLD susceptibility. Specifically, the INSR rs1799817 "TT" genotype had a protective effect for NAFLD. However, our results remain to be validated in other studies.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (NAFLD) é uma preocupação global crescente da saúde definida pelo excesso de teor de gordura hepática na ausência de consumo excessivo de álcool. OBJETIVO: Dado o papel crucial da resistência à insulina no NAFLD, criou-se a hipótese de que os polimorfismos genéticos da insulina (INS) e do receptor de insulina (INSR) podem estar associados ao risco de NAFLD. MÉTODOS: Um total de 312 indivíduos, incluindo 153 casos com NAFLD comprovado por biópsia e 159 controles foram inscritos neste estudo de caso-controle. Quatro polimorfismos em genes INS (rs3842752, rs689) e INSR (rs1052371, rs1799817) foram genotipados utilizando o método PCR-RFLP. RESULTADOS: Os casos com NAFLD foram mais idosos e apresentaram maior IMC, pressão arterial sistólica, pressão arterial diastólica, bem como níveis séricos mais elevados de aspartato aminotransferase, de alanina aminotransferase e de gama glutamil transpeptidase do que os controles (P<0,001). O genótipo "TT" de INSR rs1799817 em comparação com o genótipo "CC" ocorreu com mais frequência nos controles do que os casos com NAFLD e a diferença permaneceu significativa após ajuste para fatores de confusão (P=0,018; OR=0,10, IC95%=0,02-0,76). No entanto, não foi encontrada diferença significativa para INS rs3842752, INS rs689 e INSR rs1052371 polimorfismos genéticos entre os casos com NAFLD e os controles antes ou depois do ajuste para os fatores de confusão. CONCLUSÃO: Esses achados corroboram a hipótese de que os polimorfismos genéticos relacionados à resistência à insulina desempenham um papel na suscetibilidade do NAFLD. Especificamente, o genótipo INSR rs1799817 "TT" teve um efeito protetor para o NAFLD. No entanto, nossos resultados necessitam ser validados em outros estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Receptor, Insulin/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Case-Control Studies , Insulin/genetics , Middle Aged
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