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1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 33-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009473

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish U251 cells with inhibited expression of interferon-γ inducible protein 30 (IFI30), and to investigate the effect of IFI30 on cell biological function as well as its underlying mechanism. Methods Three knockdown sequences which target IFI30 were designed online and 3 small interfering RNAs (siRNA) were synthesized. After transfection, the inhibition efficiency was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The siRNA sequence with the highest inhibition efficiency was selected to create short hairpin RNA (shRNA) plasmids. The recombinant plasmids and packaging plasmids were co-transfected into HEK293T cells to prepare lentivirus. The glioma U251 cells were transfected with lentivirus, and the positive cells were screened by puromycin. CCK-8 assay, 5-ethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) and colony formation assays were used to analyze cell proliferation; the flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and apoptosis; the TranswellTM assay was used to detect cell invasion; the wound-healing assay was employed to detect cell migration, and western blot analysis to detect the protein expresison of cyclin D1, B-cell lymphoma factor 2 (Bcl2), epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin), neural cadherin (N-cadherin), signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1). Results The sequence which effectively target IFI30 was screened and U251 cell line capable of inhibiting the IFI30 expression was successfully established. When IFI30 expression was knocked down, the proliferation of U251 cells was inhibited, along with increased ratio of cells in the phase G0/G1, the decreased phase S, the increased rate of cell apoptosis. The cell invasion and migration capabilities was also reduced. The decreased expression of cyclin D1, Bcl2 and N-cadherin were observed in U251 cells, and the expression of E-cadherin and the phosphorylation of STAT1 were found increased. Conclusion Knockdown of IFI30 inhibits the proliferation, invasion and migration of human glioma cell U251 and promotes its apoptosis by activating STAT1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclin D1/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Interferon-gamma , RNA, Small Interfering , Apoptosis/genetics , Cadherins , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Glioma/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Oxidoreductases Acting on Sulfur Group Donors , STAT1 Transcription Factor/genetics
2.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 82-86, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012457

ABSTRACT

@#Although melanoma only accounts for 1% of skin cancers, it is responsible for most skin cancer deaths. Glioblastoma multiforme, a high-grade astrocytoma, is the most aggressive and devastating primary brain tumor. These two diseases remain to be the biggest therapeutic challenge in both specialties of dermatology and neuro-oncology. A 53-year-old Filipino male who presented with a 2-year history of generalized dark brown and black patches on the body developed weakness and numbness of the left extremities. Biopsy and immunohistochemical staining of the skin revealed nodular melanoma with adjacent regressing melanoma. Biopsy of the intracranial mass showed glioblastoma multiforme. One month after the partial excision of the intracranial mass, the patient expired due to brain herniation. Nodular melanoma and glioblastoma multiforme may occur concomitantly in a patient. A review of the literature suggests a shared genetic predisposition. Its existence carries a poor prognosis and requires early detection to start aggressive treatment.


Subject(s)
Melanoma , Glioma , Glioblastoma , Association
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 394-407, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007758

ABSTRACT

Gliomas tend to have a poor prognosis and are the most common primary malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Compared with patients with other cancers, glioma patients often suffer from increased levels of psychological stress, such as anxiety and fear. Chronic stress (CS) is thought to impact glioma profoundly. However, because of the complex mechanisms underlying CS and variability in individual tolerance, the role of CS in glioma remains unclear. This review suggests a new proposal to redivide the stress system into two parts. Neuronal activity is dominant upstream. Stress-signaling molecules produced by the neuroendocrine system are dominant downstream. We discuss the underlying molecular mechanisms by which CS impacts glioma. Potential pharmacological treatments are also summarized from the therapeutic perspective of CS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma/pathology , Signal Transduction , Risk Factors , Anxiety , Brain Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Med. U.P.B ; 42(1): 85-95, ene.-jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1416209

ABSTRACT

El perfil molecular de los gliomas permite garantizar la precisión del diagnóstico, informar el pronóstico e identificar opciones de tratamiento. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo exponer que con la secuenciación de próxima generación (NSG) el diagnóstico de los pacientes con oligodendrogliomas puede ser más exacto. Además, con un dispositivo de diagnóstico in vitro, basado en la NSG (F1CDx), en el que se utilizan los bloques de parafina de gliomas para analizar hasta 395 genes relacionados con cáncer (incluido IDH 1 y 2), se puede también informar la pérdida de la totalidad del brazo corto del cromosoma 1 y del brazo largo del cromosoma 19 (codeleción 1p/19q), a diferencia de la hibridación fluorescente in situ (FISH) que detecta desde la más mínima deleción, lo cual los hace sensibles pero no específicos ya que el FISH es incapaz de distinguir entre la pérdida de la totalidad del brazo del cromosoma y una deleción focal. Esta distinción es importante ya que la sobrevida es inferior en tumores con deleción parcial en rela­ción con los oligodendrogliomas, que tienen por definición la pérdida total de ambos cromosomas. Se hace también alusión a otras plataformas genómicas como GlioSeq y GLIO-DNA panel, que pueden cumplir la misma función. En conclusión, la F1CDx puede determinar con precisión 1p/19q con una concordancia del 96.7% frente a FISH. Los casos en que el FISH dio positivo y no concordaban con F1CDx, era porque no se trataba de oligodendrogliomas. F1CDx también analiza todos los genes que permiten la aproximación más exacta al diagnóstico de oligodendroglioma.


Molecular profiling of gliomas helps ensure diagnostic accuracy, inform prognosis, and identify treatment options. This review aims to show that with next generation sequencing (NGS) the diagnosis of patients with oligodendrogliomas can be more accurate. In addition, with an in vitro diagnostic device, based on NSG (F1CDx), in which glioma paraffin blocks are used to analyze up to 395 cancer-related genes (including IDH 1 and 2), it is also possible to report the loss of the entire short arm of chromosome 1 and the long arm of chromosome 19 (1p/19q codeletion), unlike fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) that detects even the slightest deletion, making them sensitive but not specific, as FISH is unable to distinguish between the loss of the entire arm of the chromosome and a focal deletion. This distinction is important since survival is lower in tumors with partial deletion compared to oligodendrogliomas, which by definition have the total loss of both chromosomes. Reference is also made to other genomic platforms such as GlioSeq and GLIO-DNA panel, which can fulfill the same function. In conclusion, the F1CDx can accurately determine 1p/19q with a concordance of 96.7% against FISH. The cases in which the FISH was positive and did not agree with F1CDx, it was because they were not oligodendrogliomas. F1CDx also analyzes all the genes that allow the most accurate approach to the diagnosis of oligodendroglioma.


O perfil molecular de gliomas ajuda a garantir a precisão do diagnóstico, informar o prognóstico e identificar as opções de tratamento. Esta revisão tem como objetivo mostrar que com o sequenciamento de próxima geração (NSG) o diagnóstico de pacientes com oligodendrogliomas pode ser mais preciso. Além disso, com um dispositivo de diagnóstico in vitro baseado em NSG (F1CDx), no qual blocos de parafina de glioma são usados para analisar até 395 genes relacionados ao câncer (incluindo IDH 1 e 2), também é possível relatar a perda do todo o braço curto do cromossomo 1 e o braço longo do cromossomo 19 (codeleção 1p/19q), ao contrário da hibridização fluorescente in situ(FISH) que detecta desde a menor deleção, o que os torna sensíveis, mas não específicos, pois o FISH é incapaz de distinguir entre a perda de todo o braço do cromossomo e uma deleção focal. Essa distinção é importante, pois a sobrevida é menor nos tumores com deleção parcial em relação aos oligodendrogliomas, que por definição apresentam a perda total de ambos os cromossomos. Também é feita referência a outras plataformas genômicas, como GlioSeq e painel GLIO-DNA, que podem cumprir a mesma função. Em conclusão, o F1CDx pode determinar com precisão 1p/19q com uma concordância de 96,7% versus FISH. Os casos em que FISH foi positivo e não concordaram com F1CDx, foi porque não eram oligodendrogliomas. O F1CDx também analisa todos os genes que permitem a abordagem mais precisa para o diagnóstico de oligodendroglioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma , Oligodendroglioma , Survival , In Vitro Techniques , Diagnosis , Neoplasms
5.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 686-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009418

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the possibility of IgG Fc binding protein (FCGBP) acting as a prognostic marker of low-grade glioma (LGG) and its correlation with immune infiltration. Methods The expression of FCGBP was analyzed in pan-cancer using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotypic tissue expression (GTEX), and China Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database. Then, GSE15824 and GSE68848 datasets were selected for further verification. And gene expression Profile Interaction analysis (GEPIA) database and R language were used to analyze the relationship between FCGBP and survival prognosis. Metascape and GSEA were used for functional annotation and enrichment analysis. Finally, the expression of FCGBP gene in LGG immune microenvironment and its correlation with immune cells were analyzed by TIMER database. Results FCGBP was highly expressed in LGG tissues, indicating poor prognosis of LGG patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and COX analysis showed that FCGBP was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of LGG. Moreover, Gene Ontology (GO) demonstrated that FCGBP was involved in cell metabolism, localization, positive, and negative regulation of biological processes, as well as biological adhesion, response to viral and microbial stimulation, and inflammation. GSEA pathway enrichment analysis showed that FCGBP was significantly correlated with Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway, Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway, chemokine pathway, and P53 pathway. In addition, FCGBP expression was positively correlated with the expression of most immune cells in the immune microenvironment of LGG. Conclusion The high expression of FCGBP in LGG is a risk factor for survival and prognosis, and it is positively correlated with the expression of immune cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Glioma/genetics , China , Gene Ontology , Immunoglobulin G , Tumor Microenvironment , Cell Adhesion Molecules
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 764-771, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the growth-inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects of piroctone olamine (PO) on glioma cells and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human glioma cell lines U251 and U373 were treated with PO and the changes in cell proliferation were detected using CCK-8 assay and EdU assay. Clone formation assay and flow cytometry were used to examine the changes in clone formation ability and apoptosis of the treated cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells and morphological changes of the mitochondria were detected using JC-1 staining and a fluorescence probe, respectively. The expressions of mitochondrial fission protein DRP1 and the fusion protein OPA1 were determined with Western blotting. Transcriptome sequencing and differential gene enrichment analysis was performed, and the expression levels of PI3K, AKT and p-AKT in the treated cells were verified using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that PO significantly inhibited the proliferation of U251 and U373 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P < 0.001). EdU test showed that the proliferative activity of PO-treated cells was significantly decreased, and the number of cell colonies also decreased significantly (P < 0.01). PO treatment significantly increased apoptotic rates (P < 0.01), decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and caused obvious changes in mitochondrial morphology of the cells. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that the down-regulated genes were significantly enriched in the PI3K/AKT pathway, which was verified by Western blotting showing significantly down-regulated expression levels of PI3K, AKT and p-AKT in PO-treated cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PO interferes with mitochondrial fusion and fission function through the PI3K/AKT pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and increasing apoptosis of glioma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 376-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, pathological diagnosis and prognosis of diffuse midline glioma (DMG) with H3K27 alteration in adults. Methods: Twenty cases of H3K27-altered adult DMG diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled from 2017 to 2022. All cases were evaluated by clinical and imaging presentations, HE, immunohistochemical staining and molecular genetics; and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The ratio of male to female was 1∶1, and the median age was 53 years (range from 25 to 74 years); the tumors were located in the brainstem (3/20, 15%) and non-brainstem (17/20, 85%; three in thoracolumbar spinal cord and one in pineal region). The clinical manifestations were non-specific, mostly dizziness, headache, blurred vision, memory loss, low back pain, limb sensation and/or movement disorders, etc. Microscopically, the tumors showed infiltrative growth, with WHO grade 2 (3 cases), grade 3 (12 cases), and grade 4 (5 cases). The tumors showed astrocytoma-like and oligdendroglioma-like, pilocytic astrocytoma-like and epithelioid-like patterns. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for GFAP, Olig2 and H3K27M, and H3K27me3 expression was variably lost. ATRX expression was lost in four cases, p53 was strongly positive in 11 cases. Ki-67 index was about 5%-70%. Molecular genetics showed p. k27m mutation in exon 1 of H3F3A gene in 20 cases; BRAF mutation in two cases: V600E and L597Q mutation in one case each. Follow up intervals ranged from 1 to 58 months, and the survival time for brainstem (6.0 months) and non-brainstem (30.4 months) tumors was significantly different (P<0.05). Conclusions: DMG with H3K27 alteration is uncommonly found in adults, mostly occurs in non-brainstem, and can present in adults of all ages. Owing to the wide histomorphologic features, mainly astrocytic differentiation, routine detection of H3K27me3 in midline glioma is recommended. Molecular testing should be performed on any suspected cases to avoid missed diagnosis. Concomitant BRAF L597Q mutation and PPM1D mutation are novel findings. The overall prognosis of this tumor is poor, with tumors located in the brainstem showing worse outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Histones/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/metabolism , Glioma/pathology , Astrocytoma/pathology , Mutation
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 240-262, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982569

ABSTRACT

Detailed characterizations of genomic alterations have not identified subtype-specific vulnerabilities in adult gliomas. Mapping gliomas into developmental programs may uncover new vulnerabilities that are not strictly related to genomic alterations. After identifying conserved gene modules co-expressed with EGFR or PDGFRA (EM or PM), we recently proposed an EM/PM classification scheme for adult gliomas in a histological subtype- and grade-independent manner. By using cohorts of bulk samples, paired primary and recurrent samples, multi-region samples from the same glioma, single-cell RNA-seq samples, and clinical samples, we here demonstrate the temporal and spatial stability of the EM and PM subtypes. The EM and PM subtypes, which progress in a subtype-specific mode, are robustly maintained in paired longitudinal samples. Elevated activities of cell proliferation, genomic instability and microenvironment, rather than subtype switching, mark recurrent gliomas. Within individual gliomas, the EM/PM subtype was preserved across regions and single cells. Malignant cells in the EM and PM gliomas were correlated to neural stem cell and oligodendrocyte progenitor cell compartment, respectively. Thus, while genetic makeup may change during progression and/or within different tumor areas, adult gliomas evolve within a neurodevelopmental framework of the EM and PM molecular subtypes. The dysregulated developmental pathways embedded in these molecular subtypes may contain subtype-specific vulnerabilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , Glioma/pathology , Neural Stem Cells/pathology , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 499-507, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Glioma is the most common malignant tumor in the central nervous system, and the hypoxic microenvironment is prevalent in solid tumors. This study aims to investigate the up-regulation of genes under the condition of hypoxia and their roles in glioma growth, as well as their impact on glioma prognosis.@*METHODS@#The hypoxia-related dataset with glioma was screened in the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO), and the differentially expressed genes were analyzed between hypoxia and normoxia through bioinformatics, and chromosome 10 open reading frame 10 (C10orf10) was verified and screened in hypoxia-treated cells through real-time PCR and Western blotting. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) datasets were downloaded to analyze the mRNA expression of C10orf10 in different grades of glioma and its impact on prognosis. The glioma specimens and follow-up data of 68 gliomas who underwent surgical treatment in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from March 2017 to January 2021 were collected, and real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of C10orf10 in different grades of glioma, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between the expression C10orf10 and prognosis. The glioma cells, which could interfere the expression of C10orf10, were constructed, and the effect of C10orf10 on the proliferation of glioma cells was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the condition of normoxia, the expression levels of C10orf10 mRNA and protein were significantly up-regulated in glioma cells under hypoxia (P<0.001), and the mRNA expression level of C10orf10 in glioma tissues was up-regulated with the increase of WHO grade in glioma (P<0.001). Based on Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the higher the mRNA expression level of C10orf10 was, the shorter the survival time of the patient was (P<0.05). And the expression of C10orf10 mRNA was higher in recurrent gliomas than that in primary gliomas in the CGGA database (P<0.001). Knockdown of C10orf10 could significantly inhibit the growth of glioma cells both under hypoxia and normoxia (both P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression level of C10orf10 can promote the proliferation and prognosis of glioma, which is expected to become a prognostic marker and therapeutic target for glioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System , Glioma/genetics , Hypoxia , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1071-1080, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lactic acid-induced upregulation of PLEKHA4 expression on biological behaviors of glioma cells and the possible molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#GEO database and GEPIA2 website were used to analyze the relationship between PLEKHA4 expression level and the pathological grade of glioma. A specific PLEKHA4 siRNA was transfected in glioma U251 and T98G cells, and the changes in cell proliferation ability were assessed by real-time cell analysis technology and Edu experiment. The colony-forming ability of the cells was evaluated using plate cloning assay, and cell cycle changes and cell apoptosis were analyzed with flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of PLEKHA4 was detected by PCR in glioma samples and controls and in glioma cells treated with lactic acid and glucose. Xenograft mice in vivo was used to detect tumor formation in nude mice; Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of cyclinD1, CDK2, Bcl2, β-catenin and phosphorylation of the key proteins in the MAPK signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The results of GEO database and online website analysis showed that PLEKHA4 was highly expressed in glioma tissues and was associated with poor prognosis; PLEKHA4 knockdown obviously inhibited the proliferation and attenuated the clone-forming ability of the glioma cells (P < 0.05). Flow cytometry showed that PLEKHA4 knockdown caused cell cycle arrest in G1 phase and promoted apoptosis of the cells (P < 0.01). PLEKHA4 gene mRNA expression was increased in glioma samples and glioma cells after lactate and glucose treatment (P < 0.01). PLEKHA4 knockdown, tumor formation ability of nude mice decreased; PLEKHA4 knockdown obviously lowered the expression of cyclinD1, CDK2, Bcl2 and other functional proteins, inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK and p38 and reduced the expression of β-catenin protein (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#PLEKHA4 knockdown inhibited the proliferation of glioma cells and promoted apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of the MAPK signaling pathway and expression of β-catenin. Lactic acid produced by glycolysis upregulates the expression of PLEKHA4 in glioma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Up-Regulation , beta Catenin/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Lactic Acid , Cell Line, Tumor , Glioma/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1023-1028, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a noninvasive method for prediction of 1p/19q codeletion in diffuse lower-grade glioma (DLGG) based on multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics.@*METHODS@#We collected MRI data from 104 patients with pathologically confirmed DLGG between October, 2015 and September, 2022. A total of 535 radiomics features were extracted from T2WI, T1WI, FLAIR, CE-T1WI and DWI, including 70 morphological features, 90 first order features, and 375 texture features. We constructed logistic regression (LR), logistic regression least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LRlasso), support vector machine (SVM) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) radiomics models and compared their predictive performance after 10-fold cross validation. The MRI images were reviewed by two radiologists independently for predicting the 1p/19q status. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate classification performance of the radiomics models and the radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The 4 radiomics models (LR, LRlasso, SVM and LDA) achieved similar area under the curve (AUC) in the validation dataset (0.833, 0.819, 0.824 and 0.819, respectively; P>0.1), and their predictive performance was all superior to that of resident physicians of radiology (AUC=0.645, P=0.011, 0.022, 0.016, 0.030, respectively) and similar to that of attending physicians of radiology (AUC=0.838, P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Multiparametric MRI radiomics models show good performance for noninvasive prediction of 1p/19q codeletion status in patients with in diffuse lower-grade glioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Chromosome Aberrations , Area Under Curve , Glioma/genetics , ROC Curve
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 143-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971621

ABSTRACT

Gliomas are the most common central nervous system tumours; they are highly aggressive and have a poor prognosis. RGS16 belongs to the regulator of G-protein signalling (RGS) protein family, which plays an important role in promoting various cancers, such as breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer. Moreover, previous studies confirmed that let-7c-5p, a well-known microRNA, can act as a tumour suppressor to regulate the progression of various tumours by inhibiting the expression of its target genes. However, whether RGS16 can promote the progression of glioma and whether it is regulated by miR let-7c-5p are still unknown. Here, we confirmed that RGS16 is upregulated in glioma tissues and that high expression of RGS16 is associated with poor survival. Ectopic deletion of RGS16 significantly suppressed glioma cell proliferation and migration both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, RGS16 was validated as a direct target gene of miR let-7c-5p. The overexpression of miR let-7c-5p obviously downregulated the expression of RGS16, and knocking down miR let-7c-5p had the opposite effect. Thus, we suggest that the suppression of RGS16 by miR let-7c-5p can promote glioma progression and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in glioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Glioma/genetics , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Line, Tumor
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 393-408, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971565

ABSTRACT

Glioma is the most common and lethal intrinsic primary tumor of the brain. Its controversial origins may contribute to its heterogeneity, creating challenges and difficulties in the development of therapies. Among the components constituting tumors, glioma stem cells are highly plastic subpopulations that are thought to be the site of tumor initiation. Neural stem cells/progenitor cells and oligodendrocyte progenitor cells are possible lineage groups populating the bulk of the tumor, in which gene mutations related to cell-cycle or metabolic enzymes dramatically affect this transformation. Novel approaches have revealed the tumor-promoting properties of distinct tumor cell states, glial, neural, and immune cell populations in the tumor microenvironment. Communication between tumor cells and other normal cells manipulate tumor progression and influence sensitivity to therapy. Here, we discuss the heterogeneity and relevant functions of tumor cell state, microglia, monocyte-derived macrophages, and neurons in glioma, highlighting their bilateral effects on tumors. Finally, we describe potential therapeutic approaches and targets beyond standard treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma/metabolism , Neuroglia/metabolism , Carcinogenesis/pathology , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 273-291, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971555

ABSTRACT

MAGED4B belongs to the melanoma-associated antigen family; originally found in melanoma, it is expressed in various types of cancer, and is especially enriched in glioblastoma. However, the functional role and molecular mechanisms of MAGED4B in glioma are still unclear. In this study, we found that the MAGED4B level was higher in glioma tissue than that in non-cancer tissue, and the level was positively correlated with glioma grade, tumor diameter, Ki-67 level, and patient age. The patients with higher levels had a worse prognosis than those with lower MAGED4B levels. In glioma cells, MAGED4B overexpression promoted proliferation, invasion, and migration, as well as decreasing apoptosis and the chemosensitivity to cisplatin and temozolomide. On the contrary, MAGED4B knockdown in glioma cells inhibited proliferation, invasion, and migration, as well as increasing apoptosis and the chemosensitivity to cisplatin and temozolomide. MAGED4B knockdown also inhibited the growth of gliomas implanted into the rat brain. The interaction between MAGED4B and tripartite motif-containing 27 (TRIM27) in glioma cells was detected by co-immunoprecipitation assay, which showed that MAGED4B was co-localized with TRIM27. In addition, MAGED4B overexpression down-regulated the TRIM27 protein level, and this was blocked by carbobenzoxyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucine (MG132), an inhibitor of the proteasome. On the contrary, MAGED4B knockdown up-regulated the TRIM27 level. Furthermore, MAGED4B overexpression increased TRIM27 ubiquitination in the presence of MG132. Accordingly, MAGED4B down-regulated the protein levels of genes downstream of ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7) involved in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced apoptotic pathway. These findings indicate that MAGED4B promotes glioma growth via a TRIM27/USP7/receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIP1)-dependent TNF-α-induced apoptotic pathway, which suggests that MAGED4B is a potential target for glioma diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Specific Peptidase 7 , Cisplatin , Temozolomide , Transcription Factors , Glioma , Cell Proliferation , Melanoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1447-1459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine whether miRNA-128-3p regulates malignant biological behavior of glioma cells by targeting KLHDC8A.@*METHODS@#Dual-luciferase reporter assays, qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to verify the targeting of miRNA-128-3p to KLHDC8A. Edu assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and would healing assay were used to determine the effects of changes in miRNA-128-3p and KLHDC8A expression levels on malignant behavior of glioma cells. Rescue experiment was carried out to verify that miRNA-128-3p regulated glioma cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration by targeting KLHDC8A.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of KLHDC8A was significantly increased in high-grade glioma tissue and was closely related to a poor survival outcome of the patients. Overexpression of KLHDC8A promoted glioma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and miRNA-128-3p overexpression inhibited proliferative and metastatic capacities of glioma cells. Mechanistically, KLHDC8A expression was directly modulated by miRNA-128-3p, which, by targeting KLHDC8A, inhibited malignant behavior of glioma cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Upregulation of miRNA-128-3p inhibits uncontrolled growth of glioma cells by negatively regulating KLHDC8A expression and its downstream effectors, suggesting that the miRNA-128-3p-KLHDC8A axis may serve as a potential prognostic indicator and a therapeutic target for developing new strategies for glioma treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Up-Regulation
16.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 38(2): 66-70, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383398

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: Las crisis epilépticas son la manifestación clínica inicial en un 30-50 % de los pacientes con tumores cerebrales. Algunos de los tumores más frecuentes, como los gliomas y los meningiomas se asocian con manifestaciones epilépticas. En el país no hay estudios que especifiquen cuáles son los tumores del encéfalo más frecuentemente relacionados con epilepsia. OBJETIVO: Determinar los tumores del encéfalo más frecuentes relacionados con epilepsia en pacientes del hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, en Cúcuta, Colombia entre los años 2015 y 2018. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio retrospectivo. Se recolectaron historias clínicas de pacientes mayores de 18 años que ingresaron al servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, en Cúcuta, Colombia con diagnóstico de tumor del encéfalo entre el año 2015 y el 2018. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 220 historias, el 56 % correspondió al sexo femenino y la media de edad fue de 48 años; 98 (45 %) de los casos presentó crisis epilépticas. El tumor del encéfalo más frecuente relacionado con epilepsia fue el glioma (46 casos). El tipo de glioma que más se relacionó con crisis epilépticas fue el glioblastoma (27 casos); 82 % de los gliomas de bajo grado se manifestaron con epilepsia, y 71 % de los de alto grado (70,6 %). En los hombres el tumor más frecuente relacionado con epilepsia fue el glioblastoma y en las mujeres el meningioma. La localización tumoral más frecuente fue la región frontal (27 %). CONCLUSIONES: Los gliomas son el tipo de tumor cerebral más común relacionado con epilepsia, siendo el glioblastoma el tumor más frecuente de este grupo.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Seizures are the initial clinical symptom in 30 to 50 % of patients with brain tumors. With a high percentage, gliomas and meningiomas have been reported as tumors associated with epilepsy, these also being frequent tumors in Colombia. Currently in the country there are no studies that specify which are the most frequent brain tumors related to epilepsy, an investigation being necessary to clarify these data. OBJECTIVE: To determine the most frequent brain tumors associated with epilepsy in patients at the Erasmo Meoz University Hospital in Cúcuta. METHODS: Medical records were collected from all patients over 18 years of age who were admitted to the Neurosurgery service of the Erasmo Meoz University Hospital in Cúcuta with a diagnosis of brain tumor between 2015 and 2018. RESULTS: 220 patients were included, 56% were female. The mean age was 48 years; 98 cases (45%) presented with epilepsy. The most frequent brain tumor related to epilepsy were gliomas (46 cases). The glioma with the highest frequency of seizures was glioblastoma (27 cases). Low-grade gliomas had a higher percentage of epilepsy (82%) than high-grade gliomas (71%). In men, the most frequent tumor related to epilepsy was glioblastoma and in women, meningioma. The most frequent location was the frontal region (27%). CONCLUSIONS: Gliomas are the most common type of brain tumor associated with epilepsy, with the most common tumor in this group being glioblastoma.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Glioma , Neoplasms , Seizures , Epilepsy
17.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(1): 1-14, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388413

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los tumores cerebrales se caracterizan por su gran morbilidad y mortalidad. La gran mayoría corresponde a tumores secundarios (metástasis). Dentro de los tumores primarios del sistema nervioso central, los gliomas corresponden al 30% de éstos. En EEUU, entre el 2007-2011, se estima una incidencia aproximada de 21,4 casos por 100.000 habitantes. Los recientes avances en la comprensión molecular de la biología de estos tumores han permitido mejorar sustancialmente su clasificación, posibilitando realizar un mejor correlato con los desenlaces clínicos y el pronóstico. En esta línea, hoy en día es posible estratificar a los pacientes por riesgo y entregar tratamientos capaces de prolongar la sobrevida global entre 5-7 años, para los gliomas grado II y III. El presente consenso, elaborado por un panel multidisciplinario de expertos de diversas sociedades científicas chilenas y, por tanto, de todas las especialidades involucradas en el manejo médico-quirúrgico de las personas portadoras de gliomas cerebrales. A la luz de este nuevo conocimiento desarrollado al alero de la oncología molecular, esta propuesta ofrece un insumo de utilidad clínica real, que, articulado a una revisión actualizada en relación con el tratamiento y seguimiento de estos pacientes, permite entender la relevancia de estos biomarcadores en el manejo de precisión de la enfermedad. Cabe señalar que, este manuscrito emerge de la misma fuerza de trabajo, que elaboró el Protocolo Clínico de Gliomas del Adulto 2019, publicado por el Ministerio de Salud, y que ha diferencia de esta, que ofrece los detalles clínicos-operativos, como flujogramas y dosis, nuestra revisión intenta relevar los avances imagenológicos y moleculares y como estos impactan en el manejo actual de la enfermedad.


Brain tumors are characterized by high morbidity and mortality. The vast majority correspond to secondary tumors (metastasis). On the other hand, within the primary tumors of the central nervous system, gliomas correspond to 30% of these. In the US, between 2007-2011, an approximate incidence of 21.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants was estimated. Recent advances in the molecular understanding of the biology of these tumors have made it possible to substantially improve their classification, allowing a better correlation with clinical outcomes and prognosis. Along these lines, today, it is possible to stratify patients by risk and deliver treatments capable of prolonging global survival between 5-7 years, for grade II and III gliomas. The present consensus, prepared by a multidisciplinary panel of experts from various Chilean scientific societies and, therefore, from all the specialties involved in the medical and surgical therapy. Enlightened from the molecular oncology, this proposal offers an input of clinical utility, which, together with an updated review in relation to the treatment and follow-up of these patients, allows us to understand the relevance of these biomarkers in precision disease management. It should be noted that this manuscript emerges from the same work force, which prepared the Clinical Protocol for Adult Gliomas 2019, published by the Ministry of Health, and that differs from it, which offers clinical-operative details, such as flowcharts and dose, our review attempts to reveal imaging and molecular advances and how they impact the current management of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Glioma/diagnosis , Glioma/therapy , Chile , Consensus
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 314-318, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935532

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and treatment strategies of pituicytoma. Methods: Twenty-one cases of pituicytoma were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University and Jinling Hospital, Nanjing, China from 2009 to 2020. The clinical data of 21 pituicytoma patients was retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: Twenty-one patients aged 4 to 68 years, including 8 males and 13 females. All patients underwent surgical treatment. Histologically, the tumor was consisted almost entirely of elongate, bipolar spindle cells arranged in a fascicular or storiform pattern. Mitotic figures were rare. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were diffusely positive for S-100 protein (21/21), vimentin (15/15) and TTF1 (14/14), while they were weakly or focally positive for GFAP (13/16) and EMA (6/12). CKpan was negative in all cases and Ki-67 proliferation index was low (<5%). Among the 18 patients with follow-up, all survived and 2 relapsed after surgery. Conclusions: Pituicytoma is a rare low-grade glioma of the sellar area. It is easily confused with other sellar tumors. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult. It needs to be confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Microsurgery is the main treatment method at present.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Craniopharyngioma , Glioma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Pituitary Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 228-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Homeobox C10 (HOXC10) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cancer cells and to explore the role of HOXC10 gene in glioma microenvironment. Methods: The expression level of HOXC10 in high grade glioma (glioblastoma) and low grade glioma and its effect on patient survival were analyzed by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database. Hoxc10-siRNA-1, HOXC10-siRNA-2 and siRNA negative control (NC) were transfected into U251 cells according to the operation instructions of HOXC10-siRNA transfection. 100 ng/ mL recombinant protein chemokine ligand 2 (reCCL2) was added into the transfection group, and was labeled as HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 groups. The expressions of HOXC10 mRNA and target protein in each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The proliferation ability of cells in each group was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method. The migration ability of cells was detected by Transwell assay and Nick assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of chemokines in each group was detected by multiple factors. Co-incubation assays were performed to determine the role of HOXC10 and chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) in recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2-type macrophages). Results: The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 8.51, higher than 1.00 in low grade gliomas (P<0.001) in TCGA database. The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 0.83, higher than 0.00 in low grade gliomas (P=0.002) in CGGA database. The 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in TCGA database was 28.2%, lower than 78.7% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001), and the 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in CGGA database was 20.3%, lower than 58.0% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001). The numbers of cell migration in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (45±3) and (69±4) respectively, lower than (159±3) in NC group (P<0.05). The cell mobility of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group at 48 hours were (15±2)% and (28±4)% respectively, lower than (80±5)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expressions of vimentin in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (141 740.00±34 024.56) and (94 655.00±5 687.97), N-cadherin were (76 810.00±14.14) and (94 254.00±701.45), β-catenin were (75 786.50±789.84) and (107 296.50±9 614.53), lower than (233 768.50±34 114.37), (237 154.50±24 715.50) and (192 449.50±24 178.10) of NC group (P<0.05). The A value of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.44±0.05) and (0.32±0.02) at 96 hours, lower than 0.92±0.12 of NC group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10 siRNA-2 group were (10.23±1.24)% and (13.81±2.16)%, higher than (4.60±0.07)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL2 in U251 cells in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (271.63±44.27) and (371.66±50.21), lower than (933.93±29.84) in NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL5 (234.81±5.95 and 232.62±5.72), CXCL10 (544.13±48.14 and 500.87±15.65) and CXCL11 (215.75±15.30 and 176.18±16.49) in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were higher than those in NC group (9.98±0.71, 470.54±18.84 and 13.55±0.73, respectively, P<0.05). The recruited numbers of CD14(+) THP1 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (159.33±1.15) and (170.67±1.15), respectively, lower than (360.00±7.81) in NC group (P<0.05), while addition of reCCL2 promoted the recruitment of CD14(+) THP1 cells (287.00±3.61 and 280.67±2.31 in HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 group, respectively, P<0.05). The expressions level of M2-type macrophage-related gene TGF-β in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.30±0.02) and (0.28±0.02), respectively, lower than (1.06±0.10) in NC group (P<0.05). The expressions level of M1-related gene NOS2 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 were (11 413.95±1 911.85) and (5 894.00±945.21), respectively, higher than (13.39±4.32) in NC group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The expression of HOXC10 in glioma is high and positively correlated with the poor prognosis of glioma patients. Knockdown of HOXC10 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and metastasis of human glioma U251 cells. HOXC10 may play an immunosuppressive role in glioma microenvironment by promoting the expression of CCL2 and recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2 macrophages).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Glioma/pathology , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
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